You are on page 1of 7

COVER

THE DERIVATION PROCESS OF SUFFIXES AND PREFIXES


IN A SHORT STORY
“A SCANDAL IN BOHEMIA”
BY SIR ARTHUR CONAN DOYLE

ISNA HARTATIK

1518351069

ENGLISH DEPARTMENT FACULTY OF ARTS UDAYANA


UNIVERSITY DENPASAR
2017
TABLE OF CONTENTS

COVER ........................................................................................................................ i
TABLE OF CONTENTS ............................................................................................ i
ABSTRACT ................................................................................................................ 2
1. INTRODUCTION........................................................................................ 2
2. LITERATURE REVIEW ........................................................................... 3
3. RESEARCH METHOD .............................................................................. 3
4. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORKS ........................................................... 4
5. DISCUSSION ............................................................................................... 4
6. CONCLUSIONS .......................................................................................... 6
7. REFERENCES ............................................................................................. 6

i
2

THE DERIVATION PROCESS OF SUFFIXES AND PREFIXES


IN A SHORT STORY
“A SCANDAL IN BOHEMIA”
BY SIR ARTHUR CONAN DOYLE

Isna Hartatik

1518351069
English Department, Faculty of Arts, Udayana University
E-mail address: isnahartatik25@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

The analysis is about the type of derivational process: prefixation and


suffixation in short story entitled “A Scandal in Bohemia”. The data is qualitative
that expressed mostly in the form of words. The method of collecting data is
classifying the suffixation and prefixation that make a new lexemes.
The theory of this study is proposed by Booij (2007) divided the derivation
into three categories (including the derivation of nouns, verbs, and adjectives). The
finding showed that there are seven kind of suffixes and prefixes in the story of “A
Scandal of Bohemia” such as prefixation: un– and for suffixation: –er, –ness, –less,
–ly, –able, –ment.

Key words: derivation, lexemes, suffixation, prefixation

1. INTRODUCTION

Linguistics is the study of these knowledge systems in all their aspects: how
is such a knowledge system structured, how is it acquired, how is it used in the
production and comprehension of messages, and how does it change over time. The
part of linguistics that is concerned with the structure of language is divided into a
number of subfields, such as phonetics, phonology, syntax, pragmatics, semantics,
and morphology.

2
3

According to Haspelmath (2002:2), Morphology is the study of the internal


structure of words. Somewhat paradoxically, morphology is both the oldest and one
of the youngest subdisciplines of grammar.
According to Booij (2007:4), The sub-discipline of linguistics that deals with
such patterns is called morphology. The existence of such patterns also implies that
words may have an internal constituent structure. For instance, walking can be
divided into the constituents walk and -ing. Therefore, morphology deals with the
internal constituent structure of words as well.
Then, The definition of morphology is the sub-discipline of linguistic that
deals with internal structure of words.

 Problem of study

What are the types of derivational prefixes and suffixes found in short
story of “A Scandal in Bohemia” by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle?

2. LITERATURE REVIEW

Morphology deals with internal structure of words, the systematic covariation


in the form and meaning.
Word-formation is traditionally divided into two kinds: derivation and
compounding. Whereas in compounding the constituents of a word are themselves
lexemes, this is not the case in derivation. For instance, -ity is not a lexeme, and
hence taxability is a case of derivation. (Booij, 2007:5)
The derivation of nouns ending in -er from verbs is productive in English, but
the derivation of nouns in -th from adjectives is not: it is hard to expand the set of
words of this type such as depth, health, length, strength, and wealth. (Booij,
2007:18).
.

3. RESEARCH METHOD
The research method of this paper classified into three parts: data source,
techniques of collecting data, and analysing data. The data source is taken from the
short story entitled “A Scandal in Bohemia” by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle in Sherlock

3
4

Holmes: Short Stories #2. The method used to collecting data is library research
based on the information from the data (A Scandal in Bohemia) through the
following steps. First, determining the object of this study. In case, choose the
derivational processes that make new lexemes. According to Booij (2007:51),
Lexemes belong to lexical categories such as N (Noun), V (Verb), and A (Adjective)
and the derived lexemes may belong to a different category than their bases. Second,
classifying the suffixation and prefixation from the data. The analysing based on
qualitative data because the data is expressed mostly in the form of words.

4. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORKS
Derivational meanings are much more diverse than inflectional categories.
Besides cross-linguistically widespread meanings such as agent noun (for example:
drink - drinker), quality noun (for example kind – kindness) and facilitative adjective
(e.g. read - readable), and also we could find highly specific meanings that are
confined to a few languages. (Haspelmath, 2002:68)

The basic function of derivational processes is used to make new lexemes


and commonly change the word-class of that, (for example: nouns can be derived
from verbs, adjectives from nouns, and so on.)

5. DISCUSSION
According to Booij (2007: 52), he divided the derivation into three categories,
they are derivation of nouns; derivation of adjectives; derivation of verbs.

1. Derivation of Nouns

A – N Suffixation Love Lover

Clever Cleverness

V – N Suffixation Amaze Amazement

Conceal Concealment

Arrange Arrangement

4
5

Establish Establishment

Prefixation - -

N – N Suffixation Kind Kindliness

Prefixation - -

2. Derivation of Adjectives

N – A Suffixation Comfort Comfortable

Hope Hopeless

Care Careless

Kind Kindly

V – A Suffixation - -

Prefixation - -

A – A Suffixation - -

Prefixation - -

3. Derivation of Verbs

Absolute Absolutely

N – V Suffixation Deep Deeply

Particular Particularly

Successful Successfully

Nice Nicely

A – V Suffixation Careless Carelessly

Certain Certainly

Beautiful Beautifully

5
6

Hard Hardly

Eager Eagerly

Slow Slowly

Easy Easily

Certain Uncertain
Prefixation
Corteous Uncorteous

V – V Suffixation - -

Prefixation - -

6. CONCLUSIONS
Morphology is the study of the structure of words, or how words are formed.
Morphology has two principal word-building processes which are inflectional and
derivational. The derivational process creates a new word from existing word or
could make new lexemes, sometimes changing grammatical category (for example,
changing a noun to an adjective).

There are seven kind of suffixes and prefixes in the story of “A Scandal of
Bohemia”. But in the data does not cover the whole derivative word of class. Such as
derived verbs to nouns, verbs to verbs, verbs to adjectives, etc.

7. REFERENCES

Booij, Geert. 2007. The Grammar of Words: An Introduction to Morphology. [PDF]

Doyle, Sir Arthur Conan. Sherlock Holmes: Short Stories #2. Jakarta: Gramedia
Pustaka Utama.

Haspelmath, Martin. 2002. Understanding Morphology. [PDF]