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Problem 15.

252

A drum of radius 4.5 in. is mounted on


a cylinder of radius 7.5 i A cord is
7 5 in.
wound around the drum, and its
4.5 in extremity E is pulled to the right with a
A constant velocity of 15 in./s, causing
B E the cylinder to roll without sliding on
7.5 in D plate F. Knowing that plate F is
F
stationary determine: (a) the velocity
stationary,
of the center of the cylinder, (b) the
acceleration of point D of the cylinder.

Problem 15.252
Solving Problems on Your Own
4.5 in
A A drum of radius 4.5 in. is mounted on a
cylinder of radius 7.5 in. A cord is wound
B E
7.5 in around the drum, and its extremity E is
D F pulled to the right with a constant velocity
off 15 in./s,
i / causing i th
the cylinder
li d tto rollll without
ith t sliding
lidi on plate
l t F.
Knowing that plate F is stationary, determine: (a) the velocity of the
center of the cylinder, (b) the acceleration of point D of the cylinder.
1. Determine velocities in a body under general plane motion:
Velocities can be determined either by method of instantaneous
center of rotation, or by considering the motion of the body as the
sum of a translation and a rotation. C
vA vA
vB A ω
A A vA
= + rB/A vB
B B B vB/A B
A vA
vB = vA + vB/A vB/A = ω x rB/A
Problem 15.252
Solving Problems on Your Own
4.5 in
A A drum of radius 4.5 in. is mounted on a
cylinder of radius 7.5 in. A cord is wound
B E
7.5 in around the drum, and its extremity E is
D F pulled to the right with a constant velocity
off 15 in./s,
i / causing i th
the cylinder
li d tto rollll without
ith t sliding
lidi on plate
l t F.
Knowing that plate F is stationary, determine: (a) the velocity of the
center of the cylinder, (b) the acceleration of point D of the cylinder.
2. Determine accelerations in a body under general plane motion:
Draw (a) a plane motion diagram, (b) translation diagram, and
(c) rotation diagram.
ωk y’
A
A aA A aA αk aB/Ax’
= + (aB/A)n
B B aA (aB/A)t
aB B
(a) (b) (c)
aB = aA + aB/A or aB = aA + (aB/A )n + (aB/A ) t

Problem 15.252 Solution


4.5 in Determine velocities in a body under
A general plane motion.
B E (a) The velocity of the center
7.5 in D F of the cylinder (point A).
Si
Since disk
di k rolls
ll without
ith t sliding
lidi vD = 0
vE = vB = 15 in/s
vB = (BD) ω
A vA 15 in/s = (3 in ) ω
vB vE
B E ω = 5 rad/s
D F
vA = (AD) ω = ( 7.5 in )( 5 rad/s )

vA = 37.5 in/s
Problem 15.252 Solution
4.5 in Determine accelerations in a body
A under general plane motion.
B E (a) The acceleration of point D.
7.5 in D F

ω
aA = 0
A = A + A
(aD)y (aD/A)n
D (aD)x D D
aA = aD = 0 α=0
aD = aA + (aD/A)n
[(aD)x ] + [(aD)y ] = [0 ] + [ 7.5 ω2 ]
aD = (7.5 in)( 5 rad/s )2 aD = 187.5 in/s2

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