Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 7






Page | 1
I. Expression of Offering help

 Offer means to give something physical or abstract to someone which can be taken as
a gift or a trade.
 Offer can be in terms of food, money, solutions, friendship or a bargain
 Offer means to give help. It can be taken or refused.

 If we classify into their level of formality (situation), consider the speaker and
listener, here they are:
Can I help u? Need some help? May I be of assistant?
Let me help you … I’ll do it for you. Might I help at all?
Shall I … Want a hand …? Perhaps I could assist in some way?
If you like I could … Can I help out? If we can be any of assistance, please
What can I do to help …? You look like you could do do not hesitate to contact us again.
Would you like any help …? with some help… (usually for written)
Is there anything I can do …?
I will …

 Responding Help

To respond help, people may accept or refuse an offer of helps. The common respons
for help is “Thank you”. The examples of the responses are:


That’s very kind of you. Cheers! You’re most kind.
Yes, please. Thanks very much. That’s extremely
If you’re sure it’s no trouble. Just what I needed …! kind/good/thoughtful of you.
Lovely! / Great!

 Refusing an offering help :


No, thank you. No, it’s OK. Thanks It’s very good of you to offer, but …
No, really, I can manage. Thanks a lot, but … Please don’t trouble yourself about
That’s very kind f you, but … Nice thought, but … …
Don’t think so, thank you. No, don’t worry. That’s extremely kind of you, but …
No, it’s all right, really. I’m very grateful for your offer.
Thank you for offering, but … However…
No, don’t bother, really.

Page | 2
 Dialoge about offering a help

Example 1 :

Formal Dialogue Informal Dialogue

Person 1: Can I get you something to drink? Person 1: Are you up for some dinner?
Person 2: Yes, that would be nice, Thank you Person 2: Hey, thanks. What’s on the menu?
———————————————- ——————————————-
Person 1: May I offer you some tea? Person 1: What about something to drink?
Person 2: Sure, do you have any coffee?
Person 2: Thank you.

Example 2 :

A: Would you like me to help you on your new project?

B: I would love the help! Would you prefer helping with the writing part or is programming
more your thing?
A: I would enjoy helping with the writing portion.
B: Perfect! You’ll be working alone on that portion. Do you like to work alone?
A: That is OK sometimes.
B: Our first meeting is next Monday. Could you meet with us at that time?
A: No, I can’t be there.
B: Please send me your background information before the meeting so I can look at it.
A: I can send that information to you.
B: OK. I look forward to working with you. Enjoy your week!

Page | 3
II. Expression of Sugesstion

 Expression of suggestion
Suggestion is introduce or propose an idea or a plan for consideration. Suggestion can
be taken or rejected, it’s up to the person who receives the suggestion. The purpose of
suggestion is to give or propose our ideas based on our opinion. We also can use
suggestion to give our friends advice on what they might do in a certain situation. For
example, your best friends will throw a birthday party next week. You can suggest
him/her about the place of the party, the cake flavor, etc.

Ex :
1. If I were you, I would take care this dog.
2. You should keep it out of the children’s reach.

 Expression of Imperative
This conditional sentence is used to tell someone to do something if he / they want a
condition to occur.

Ex :
1. If you want to master the tricks, search in youtube and study them seriously.
2. If you want to finish your homework, stop playing mobile games now!

 Conditional Sentences :

a. Type 1
A possible condition and its probable result. Form :

If + subject + VI (Simple Present Tense) + Subject + will + VI (Simple

Present tense)


If + subect + (be) present + adjective/noun+Subject + will be

+ adjective/noun

Ex : If I study hard, I will pass the final examination.

If I study hard, I will pass the final examination.

Page | 4
b. Type 2
A hypothetical condition and its probable result. Form :

If + subject + V2/simple past tense + Subject + would + Vl/past future tense


If + subject + were + adjective/noun + Subject + would be + adjective/noun

Ex : Rony would buy a new car if he got the job in foreign company.

c. Type 3
An unreal past condition and its probable result in the past

If + subject + had + V3/past perfects + subject + would have + V3/past perfect


if + subject + had been + adjective/noun + subject + would have been +


Ex : If I had had enough time, I would have come to your wedding party.

 Write Sentences

a. If clause + suggestion :
1. If you want to get better, you should see a doctor.
2. If you want to get up early in the morning, why don't you stop watching TV.
3. If you want to speak English well, you had better join a good English course.
4. If I were you, I would take care this dog.

b. If clause + Imperative :
1. If you want to finish your homework, stop playing mobile games now!
2. If you want to take a good picture, choose a correct setting for the camera
3. If you want to take a good picture, choose a correct setting for the camera
4. If you want to master the tricks, search in youtube and study them seriously.

Page | 5
III. Caption Text

a. Definition of Caption
Caption text is brief description, heading, or title that identifier or introduces a
document, graphic, photograph, or table

b. Social Function/Purpose
Helping readers or viewers to understand more information that might not be
in photos or videos.

c. Structure
 The tittle
 The lead
 Section heading

d. Language Feature
 Exclamation
 Question
 Adjecvtive phrase
 Personal phrase

e. Massege of a caption
Message in caption is words that someone wants to send to the readers or

f. What are the criteria of a good caption?

1. Caption must explain the image using words, sentences or phrases.

2. To make a good caption, we must pay attention to the image quality so that
the caption is more interesting

3. Make sure the caption provides true, accurate, and useful information

4. A good caption usually explains something that is not visible in the photo.
For example there is a picture of the beach, then we can use a caption that
describes the details of the photo starting from the location, time, or event.

5. In making a caption, avoid using words showing, described, look on, above,
below, etc.

6. Caption usually does not start with an article (a, an, or the).

Page | 6
g. Kinds of Caption

Caption Education

Arti :

Sukses kelihatannya dihubungkan dengan aksi.

Orang sukses selalu maju. Mereka membuat
kesalahan, akan tetapi mereka tidak menyerah –
Conrad Hilton

Caption Motivational

Arti :

Anda tidak pernah bisa berhenti, pemenang tidak

pernah berhenti, dan orang yang menyerah tidak
pernah menang

Caption about Life

Arti :

Mimpi tidak menjadi kenyataan

melalui sihir, dibutuhkan keringat,
tekad, dan kerja keras.

Page | 7