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CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

1.1. BACKGROUND

BAPENDA is a supporting element of the Regional Government


which has the task of assisting the Mayor in determining policies in the
area of regional development planning and its assessment and
implementation. Planning Agency Regional Development was formed
based on needs, development and progress in the Field of Government
and technological advancements today, in order to help local governments
implement development, especially in the Government Field
In accordance with law number 32 of 2004 concerning Regional
Government, has given authority and freedom for Local Governments to
plan and fully establish its policies and programs. With regional autonomy,
the Regional Government is demanded to be more independent, so that
various regional development pioneers towards the goals and successes
will be an important agenda that must be prepared by the government by
the regional government. (Tarigan, 2004)

Regional development planning is a unit in the national


development planning system. The development planning mechanism is
very necessary in the preparation of the Regional Government Work Plan.
The goal of development planning is to make the development program in
the right direction and not gray. The urgency of development planning is
that the plan of development to be carried out is structured in a good and
systematic manner, so that in its implementation it is easy to control.
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1.2. SPECIFIC PROBLEM


Project Managament analysis in Buildings and sarpras of the
bapenda office of the province of west java project
1.3. PROBLEM FORMULA AND PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION
1.3.1 Problem Formula
1. How to calculate contract value of Buildings and sarpras of the
bapenda office of the province of west java project ?
2. How work method in implementarion of Buildings and sarpras of
the bapenda office of the province of west java project ?
1.3.2 Problem Identification

Bapenda of West Java Province is in charge of organizing technical


policies in the area of provincial development planning, organizing
coordination, guidance, control, facilitation and implementation of
provincial government affairs in the field of regional development planning.

Regional planning covers physical, economic, social and cultural


aspects, government, funding development, control and evaluation,
organizing and planning District / City Regions, as well as identifying,
processing and analyzing development data

1.4. VIEW AND PURPOSE


1.4.1 View
It This can be expected from the Project Management Analysis project
of bapenda office buildings and facilities in the province of West Java. This
can be used to determine policies in the field of development

1.4.2 Purpose
1. Analysis contract value Buildings and sarpras of the bapenda office
Project.
2. Project management analysis.
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CHAPTER II

THEORY

2.1. DEFINITION OF PROJECT MANAGEMENT

Project management is all the planning, execution, control, and


coordination of a project from the beginning (the idea) to the end of the
project to ensure the implementation of the project on time, on cost and
quality right (Ervianto, 2002).

Project managament is planning, organizing, leading, and


controlling of source to achieve short time period that has been determined
(Soeharto,1999).

According to Soeharto (1999), purpose of project management as follow:

1. In order to make several activities accomplish in the right time, in this


case is not going to be late for finishing a project.
2. Suitable cost, it means there is no additional cost or same budget
according to planning.
3. Quality is suitable according to requirement.
4. Activity process is suitable according to requirement.
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2.2. NETWORK PLANNING

Network planning is a desciption of events and activity that can be


expected will be happen and made in cronological also with logical
connection and related between an event or activity. With this network
management can arrange the planning in accomplishing a project with time
and cost as efficient as possible.

Function of network planning will be mentioned as follow:

1. To control the project.


2. To know about work critical line.
3. For requirement of tender document in project auction.
4. Knowing which work that must be priority and can be finish in right
time.

2.3. TOTAL COST OF PROJECT

In general total cost of construction project divided into two groups,


there are direct cost and in-direct cost.

1. Direct cost is cost of everything that will become result


permanent component of project, that involve:

a. Cost material;
b. Cost of labours;
c. Cost of tools;
d. Cost of subcontractor and others.
2. Indirect cost is everything that is not result component of project,
but needed during implementation process also commonly is it
happen outside of project and it called fix cost. Although its
characteristic is fix, but it must be controlled in order not to pass
through of budget. There are:
a. Staff payment;
b. Consultant cost (planner and supervisor);
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c. Temporary facility in project;


d. Construction equipment;
e. Tax, insurance;
f. Overhead cost;
g. Profit.

So total cost of project is sum between direct cost and indirect cost,
which that cost is very depend on duration of accomplishing the project.

2.4. CASH FLOW

Cash flow based on meaning word is flow of deposit. However


based on true meaning is cash budget, but word of cash flow is so famous,
then meaning of cash flow is fund deposit. Cash flow is one of planning
product, between other planning product such as time scedule,
construction method, cost budget. Cash flow also is liquidity controlling.

Essential of liquidity controlling is always to manage the condition in


order not to deficit or even according to program must have to deficit then it
have to organized as minimum as possible and can be solve into surplus.
Main aspect from cash flow diveded into two aspects. There are:

1. Acceptance Scedule
2. Output Scedule

While for other aspects are early deposit, finance, and end deposit.

Acceptance scedule in general can be seen with the ways of


payment that controlled in contract, so chance to control acceptance
scedule is not easy, however can be taken with changing the way of
payment in order to give more benefit through negotiation. Output scedule
controlled by company, but it is reffering to company program.
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Policy that be appointed can controls output scedule, which is


between cash or credit. Here is engineer role to take decision in project on
project liquidity controlling. So, cash flow in a project have to evaluate
during implementation process of project.

2.4.1. Acceptance Scedule

For construction project, realization of acceptance is determined by


the way of payment that determined in construction contract. The way of
payment in conctruction will be mentioned as follow:

 Down payment or without down payment


 Monthly payment
 Progress payment
 Turn key payment

For disbursement of work down payment require process as follow:

 Preparing warranty of bank and other requirement.


 Manufacture of down payment document based on contract.
 Survey process against down payment document.
 Accomplishing payment of news.
 Payment process.

For disbursement of monthly payment require process as follow:

 Work achievement of news that signed by authorized officer.


 Manufacture of achievement document based on contract.
 Survey process against achievement document.
 Accomplishing payment of news.
 Payment process.
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For disbursement of turn key payment require process as follow:

 Handover news on building.


 Manufacture of payment document based on contract.
 Survey process against payment document.
 Payment process.
2.4.2. Output Scedule

Basic guidance of output scedule is work activity program, whereas


have direct influance. As an example, if activity getting bigger then the
output also bigger, but inlinear connection depends on payment (cash or
credit).

According to accountant system cost output of company can for


support various puposes as follow:

1) Direct cost, contain of:


a. Cost of material;
b. Cost of labours;
c. Cost of tools;
d. Cost of subcontractor and others.
2) Indirect cost, contain of:
a. Staff payment;
b. Consultant cost (planner and supervisor);
c. Tax, insurance;
d. Overhead cost;

Output of project financing, its system depends on project


operational policy that have determined. Operational policies that related
with ouptput are:

 Payment in cash
 Payment in credit
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A. Payment of Wage

In general payment of wage can be disbursed in manor of cash


once a week. There is also several foremans that have enough cost, so
capable for paid once in a month. In general payment of wage in project
based on the result of work or achievement. So payment of wage can be
bigger if result of work or acievement from labor is big, otherwise if result
or acievement of work is small then payment of wage will also small.

B. Payment of Material

For payment of material can be done with cash or credit, depends


on situation and condition. For price material which lean to rise up and
unpredictable, generally force to apply payment in cash. Whereas for
credit payment, generally for price of material that stable or can be rise up
but predictable.

Requirement of material during construction project really depend on work


programs that have been assembled. It means if activity work is getting
higher then it needs more material compares to lower activity.

Scedule of output cash flow for material is affected by various things:

 Project activity
 Stock policy
 Payment policy (cash or credit)

Payment for material that have been explained above is include payment
for tools need, there are:

 Fuel
 Oil Material
 Spare part
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C. Payment of preparation and Finishing

Payment of preparation and finishing work basically using three


way above, there are:

 Payment for wage


 Payment for material or tool
 Payment for lump sum

So if in preparation and finishing of work that using labor, then its


use payment for wage, if it needs to buymaterial, using payment for
material and if there is a work that wholesale, then the manner of payment
using payment of sub-contractor.

2.4.3. Early Deposit

Generally in every project requires early deposit for start the


activity. Early project that provided for project, generally is not too big,
example for output on first month. Another next month if there is deficit,
then it have covered with loan (from bank, company or other financial
institute).

Definition of early deposit is various cost that have to provided in early


project ativity, that this cost need returned from acceptance of project in
the end of work.

2.4.4. Financial

Definition of financial is decision about finance to resolve and adjust


deposit condition after early deposit. However if deposit condition is
already deficit after early deposit, then it have to put in loan cost and if
deposit condition is surplus after early deposit, it can be used to return the
loan for pressing loan interest.
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2.4.5. End Deposit

End deposit is deposit condition on end month whereas total of


early deposit and total financial. In general the total of end deposit
appointed the minimum value, which is used as guidance in financial
policy.

No Description Month Explanation


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
1 Work 5 15 26 38 53 73 82 90 95 100 - -
Achievement
(%)
2 Acceptance:
(Million Rp)
DP 20% - 200 - -
Termin of - - - 160 - 200 - 200 - - 190 -
Work
Warranty - - - - - - - - - - - 50
(5%)
Total of - 200 0 160 - 200 - 200 - - 190 50
Acceptance
3 Output:
(Million Rp)
Wage 10 20 25 25 30 30 25 20 20 5
Material - 100 - 100 - - 100 - 100 -
Tool 5 5 5 8 4 3 4 3 3 3
Sub-Con - - 40 - 60 - - - - -
Overhead 12 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 5
Total 27 135 80 143 104 43 139 33 133 18 5

Table 2.1 Detail of Acceptance & Output


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2.5. CRITICAL PATH METHOD (CPM)


Critical path method (CPM) is a method with using arrow diagram in
determining critical line so then its also called critical line diagram. Critical
Path Method (CPM) change one number of certain activity duration
estimation, besides that in Critical Path Method known several terms as
follow:
1. Earliest Start (ES) is the earliest event or fastest time of a activity.
2. Earliest Finish (EF) is the earliest finish of a activity.
3. Late Start (LS) is the latest of activity that have to start.
4. Late Finish (LF) is the latest of activity that have to finish.
5. Free Float (FT) is maximum grace period which a activity can be late
without distrubing the start of next activity.
6. Total Float (TF) is maximum grace period which a activity can be late
without distrubing the finishing of next activity.

Image 2.1 Network of AOA

Time calculation project can be done with two steps. First step is
calculating ES and EF, the second step calculating LS and LF. Calculation
ES and EF is forward pass, which is started from earliest activity to the last
activity of project. Calculation LS and LF is backward pass, which is
started from the last activity to the first activity. Time calculation project
can be done with using with assist of network of AOA.
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The following are a few benefits of the critical path method:

 It shows the graphical view of the project.


 It discovers and makes dependencies visible.
 It helps in project planning, scheduling, and controlling.
 It helps in contingency planning.
 It shows the critical path, and identifies critical activities that
requiring special attention.
 It helps you assign the float to activities and flexibility to float
activities.
 It shows you where you need to take action to bring project back on
track.

2.6. S – CURVE
2.6.1. Definition of S-Curve

S – Curve is a graphic that ilustrate progress of project that plotted


in absis axis that indicate time unit during implementation of project, and
ordinate absis that indicate cost cumulative percentage during
implementation of project.

On S-curve diagram can be known the cost that is needed in unit


time, progress of work based on volume that generated. Controlling
against implementation of project is done with comparing actual S-curve
position to plan S-curve.
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Image 2.2 S-Curve

2.6.2. Function of S-Curve

In general S-cuve has function. The function of S-Curve will be


mentioned as follow:

1. S-curve as management tool to evaluate and controlling the time and


the cost to finish the project.
2. S-curve as management tool to evaluate achievement of payment
according to progess of work.
2.6.3. Benefit of S-Curve

Benefit of this S-curve is a lot besides as indication tool and


monitoring progress of work in project, there are various of other benefit of
S-curve as follow:

 As tool that can make prediction of finishing the project;


 As based counting of escalation project;
 As support tool to calculate cash flow;
 As tool to accelerate finishing the project;
 As fundamental evaluation of managerial policy in macro.
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2.6.4. Making S-Curve


2.6.4.1. Procedure of Making S-Curve

The procedures of making S-curve are will be mentioned below.

1. Make the bar chart from every acivity according to finishing time.
2. Make weighting on every activity.
3. Weighting can be done by cost of every activity divided by total of
cost, then multiplied by 100 percent.
4. After each weight of activity already calculated, then distribute weight
of activity appropriate with the time that is needed to finishing the
activity.
5. Weight of activity on every time per period is summed up in
cumulative.
6. The number of cumulative on every period is plotted on ordinate axis
(Y) in graphic and time on absis axis (X).
7. With connecting all dots between ordinate (Y) and absis (X) will be
obtained S-Curve.
2.6.4.2. Weighting

In general every project of Consultant service generate end product


can be form of report, in implementation of work include stages as follow;
(i) Preparation Stge; (ii) Implementation Stage; (iii) Report Stage.

Weighting on every work stage generally identical with cost value


that need to be taken out for finishing the work. On project of construction
the biggest weight is on implementation stage, because in implementation
concerned about responsiblity, knowledge, complexity, and sufficient skill
of man resource that invloved in project.

2.7. TIME COST TRADE OFF METHOD


In planning a project besides time variable and source, cost
variable has important role. Cost is one of important aspect in
management, which the cost that appear must be controlled as minimum
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as possible. Cost management must notice time variable, because there is


tight related between planning time of project with cost of project.
In this time trade off analysis with changes with accomplishing time
of poject then it also change the cost that will be spend. If accomplishing
time is made faster then direct cost of project will be grow up and indirect
cost will be decline. There are few ways that can be used to implement of
accelerating accomplishing time project. There are as follow:
1. Adding work hour
Working time can be done with adding work hour per day, without
adding worker. This adding is to make bigger production in one day, so
accomplishing a work activity will be faster. That needed to be noticed
in adding work hour is how long a labour working in one day. If a labour
is too long working then productivity of that labour will decline because
of exhausted.
2. Adding labour
Adding labour mean to add amount of labour in one unit work to
execute certain activity without adding work hour. In adding amount of
labour that need to be noticed is availability of work space, because
adding a labor in a activity can not disturb ussage of worker for other
activity that is been running at same time. besides that, must be
equalized of supervise because crowded work space and minimum
supervise will decline productivity.
3. Switching or adding equipment
Adding equipment mean to add productivity. Also need to be
noticed with adding direct cost of mobilization and demobilization of
equipment. Project period can be accelerated with swiching tools or
equipment that has more productivity, also need to be noticed the area
to provide space for that equiment and its infuence of labour
productivity.
4. Selecting quality mansource
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Quality mansource is labour that has high productivity with good


result. With using labour with good quality, then a activity will be faster
to finish.
5. Using effective construction method
Construction method is related with work system and control
execution to certain methode, also availability of source that is needed.
That ways can be done with seperately or even combination, for
example combination of adding work hour also adding amount labor, it
is commonly called shift.
2.8. BUDGET PLAN (RAB)

The Budget Plan (RAB) is a calculation of the amount of costs


required for materials and wages, as well as other costs associated with
the implementation project. In its application in the field Budget Plan is a
tool to control the amount of the cost of completion of work in sequence in
accordance with the planned. This Budget Plan is in the cost proposal
outside the technical proposal which is the completeness of the
administration of a construction service company. In addition RAB is an
estimate made before the execution of a physical project commenced by
the Owner, Engineer, and Contractor Planner.

The purpose of making RAB is as follows:

a. In order for the required development costs to be known


beforehand,
b. To anticipate the possibility of congestion in the development
process,
c. To prevent wasteful use of the use of cost estimates (Cost
Estimate) or in popular terms called the Budget Plan (RAB)
before it should be understood as a Cost Budget Plan
submitted by the contractor as the bid price and submitted at
the time of the tender.
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After the project runs, every expenditure is occurred recorded in


accordance with the items contained in the Budget Plan (RAB) and made
Realization of Employment Cost (RBP). The amount of use of project
funds in this RBP should be smaller or at least equal to those listed in the
RAB, in order to obtain corporate profits.

But in an effort to gain this advantage should not reduce the quality
and quantity of work. Therefore it takes a cost control to achieve that goal.

2.9. PLANNING OF COST PROJECT


2.7.1. Stage Planning of Cost Project

In preparing the Project Cost Estimate (PCE) or at least the Budget


Plan (RAB) can be simply divided into two steps, namely the preparation
phase and the RAB preparation stage itself. This is because in the
preparation of RAB there are two main factors that always combined that
is experience factor and construction cost analysis factor (covering wage,
labor and material)

The stages of costing are as follows:

a. Work Volume Calculation

The volume of work is often called Bill Of Quantity (BQ), is


one of the processes in the Renacana Budget (RAB) calculation, as
the project scope has been translated to a work package, the
volume calculation of each Work Package WP}) in accordance with
the characteristics of the type of work.
The basic of volume calculation is the drawing plan (bestek)
made by the consultant planner. In determining the needs of this
workforce there are two results of the calculation of the volume of
work, which consists of:
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a. The volume of the offer document work, which is a


document that has been created by the planner
consultant.
b. The volume of the recalculation work, which is a volume
recalculated by the author.

The volume of work based on the contract offer document is


the volume of work the workforce needs plan that has been first
planned by the consultant planner. Below is a work volume table as
follows :

Work volume calculation formula :


a. Volume for work item area (𝑚2 )
= Length x Width
b. Volume for job item categorization (𝑚3 )

= Length x Width x Heihgt

c. Work item volume length (m)

= Length or Height

d. Volume for work item area (ls, unit)


= Appropriate deal

b. Analysis of Work Unit Price

Analysis of unit price serves as a preliminary guide to the


calculation of the budget plan in which there are numbers that
indicate the amount of material, labor and cost union work.
To get the price list both materials and wages can be
obtained through various media, among others:

a. List of prices issued by the Local Government.


b. List of prices issued by a particular agency. Materials and
wage price journals.
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CHAPTER III

METHODOLOGY

3.1. IDEA METHODE


3.1.1. Kind and Source of Data
Secondary data is obtained from related instantion that can support
this Project Managament Analysis, or even so from another agency and
several sources, so can be collected the data that is needed. This data
can be in form qualitative data which is data that is not numeral. Another is
quantitative data which is numeral, it contains more detail data and also
contain measurement units.
All data that for support this essay is got from Dinas Perumahan
danTata Ruang of District Cirebon West java.

3.1.2. Collecting Data Methode


Library study methode which is searching support reference books
that is related with project managament analysis for completing the theory
and this project managament anlysis essay.
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3.2. PLOT IDEA

Start

Data

Management

Calculating Calculating Analysis of Analysis of


of Volume of Material Labor Work
Equipment Method

Calculating of Cash FLow

NO

Check

YES

Bar Chart, CPM & S-Curve

Conclusion

Finish

Image 3.1 Flowchart


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3.3. PLANNING AND SCEDULE OF PROJECT


3.3.1. Planning of Project
Project The project that will be the case study of Project Case
Analysis is the Building and Sarpras Project of the West Java provincial
Bapenda office.
The scope of this project involves foundation, 1 st floor, 2nd floor, 3rd
floor, 4th floor.

Image 3.2. Location of Problem Identification


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CHAPTER IV

RESEARCH RESULT AND DISCUSSION

4.1. PROJECT OVERVIEW


To improve services in the field of development planning, the West
Java Regional Government through the APBD that has been provided will
rehabilitate the Sarpras building of the Bapenda office in order to create
development planning services in the West Java region.

4.1.1 Project General Data

Project Name : Building and Sarpras of the Bapenda


Office Province West Java Project
Project Location : JL. Soekarno hatta No 528 Bandung City
Project Owner : Bandung City Government
Total Projet Cost : Rp. 13,705,909,207
Planning Consultant : PT. Rajaya Rekayasa
Contractor : PT. Ritter Dinamika
4.1.2 Job Description

a. Preparatory Work
1) Clearing of land

2) Measurement and installation of bouwplank

b. Work of soil and foundation

1) Foundation work wells and pile.

2) Excavation work ground for pile cap and sloop.

3) Work of heap.

4) Work floor work under pile cap and sloof.


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c. The work of reinforced concrete structures


1) Work of foundation wells

2) Work of foundation pile cap

3) Work of sloof

4) Work of column

5) Work of beam

6) Work of floor plates

7) Work of stairs

d. Architectural work
1) Work of wall, plastering and panning

2) Work of ceramic

3) Work of frames, doors and windows

4) Work of plafond

5) Work of railing stairs

6) Work of exterior building facilities

e. Work of mechanical electrical

1) Work of electrical installation

2) Work of installation water


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4.2. PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION METHOD

4.2.1. Prepatory Work


Implementation of preparatory work is one method in the
implementation of construction. The application of this method is
closely related to the condition of the field and the type of project
undertaken. several things that must be prepared in the initial steps of
the start of the Project:

a. Project Location Cleaning

b. Making Safety Fences

c. Board of Directors of Keet & Warehouse Manufacturing

d. Equipment Procurement

e. Mapping of Buildings and Land Surface Elevations to Building


Piles

f. Local Security Mobilization & Demobilization

g. Planking Board

h. Work Water Supply :

- Existing Water Sources and Supply of Pumping Equipment.

4.2.2. Work of Soil and Foundation Work


a. Foundation work wells with a depth of 12 meters

b. Work of excavation ground pile cap and sloof

1) Before carrying out the excavation, the position of excavation


and size as shown in the picture has been confirmed as
correct and must get the approval of the field supervisor
directors.
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2) Excavation of foundation soils can be started after installation


of bouwplank and stakes approved by directors or field
supervisors.

3) The excavation should reach hard soil, and if on the


excavation there are wood roots, dirt and loose soil parts (not
solid), then this part must be removed entirely then the hole
that occurs filled with sand deposits.

c. Work of landfill under pile cap, sloof and floor work

The work of filling carried out is a landfill. Ground surface that


have been excavated above it are given soil, then compressed
using a stamper tool.The soil is functioning to stabilize the
original soil surface. Landfill compacted so that it reaches the
thickness. Landfill corresponding to the working drawings and
the existing technical specification is about 7cm.

d. Work floor work under pile cap, sloof, and floor work after the
ground in the excavation and given a pile of soil, then made the
work floor with a mixture of concrete. Before the concrete mixis
placed, the ground floor is leveled first. Thickness of the work
floor is about 5 cm, after the work floor hardens then placed on
top of the foundation local plate.

e. Work of compaction

The landfill work is done after the foundation is over and has
hardened. The original soil of excavation is returned again, and
is used to hoard the foundation. The soil is compacted layer by
layer, either by manual or by means of a tool. Besides the soil is
also done on the surface of the floor. The part of the floor that
needs to be elevated is dumped with a landfill.
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4.2.3 Work of Structure

a. Work of Foundation

1) Material
 Concrete K-350
 Reinforcement BJTD fy 400 Mpa
 Wire binding
 Water
2) Equipment
 Barrow
 Crowbar
 Hoe
 Machine of water suction
 Theodolite
3) Man power
 Excavation work with diameter 1,2 m and depth 5 meter

a) Workers

b) Workman of fill

c) Foreman

 Work of reinforcement

a) Workers

b) Workman of reinforcement

c) Foreman

 Work of casting

a) Workers

b) Workman of stone

c) Foreman
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4) Method of work

a) Work of preparatory

 Measure and determine the position of the foundation


points.
 Fabrication of reinforcement bar
 reate schedule of casting foundation and continue to be
controlled
 Create a format for monitoring report foundation

b) Work of foundation

 Set the tool at the point position to be fill


 If the condition of the soil layer is good then the excavation
only until the depth is already planned
 Suction water in the excavation pit if there is water
infiltration
 Check whether the desired depth has been reached

c) Work of casting

 Making concrete K-300


 Pairs of reinforcement bar
 Check whether the theoretical volume of each hole is in
accordance with the volume of concrete casted into the
hole

d) Work of Foundation Pile Cap

1) Material

 Concrete
 Steel reinforcement BJ – 40
 Water
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 Wire binding

2) Equipment

 1 unit of generator as a helpful tool project lighting when


work takes place at night
 1 unit compressor as tool for cleaning formwork before in
cast
 1 unit of concrete pump as tool for casting plate
 1 unit of bar cutter as a tool for cutting reinforcement
 1 unit of concrete vibrator as a tool for concrete
compaction
 1 unit of bar bender as a tool to bend the reinforcement
bar

3) Man power

 Work of excavation pile cap

a) Workers

b) Workman for dig

c) Foreman

 Work of sand fill and work of floor

a) Workers

b) Foreman

 Work of installation formwork

a) Workers

b) Workman of wood

c) Foreman

 Work of reinforcement pile cap


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a) Workers

b) Workman of reinforcement bar

c) Foreman

 Work of casting pile cap the side

a) Workers

b) Workman of stone

c) Foreman

4) Method of work

a) Work of preparatory
- Measure and determine the position of the foundation
points
- Fabrication of steel bars
- Make a care for casting the well foundation and continue
to be controlled
b) Work of foundation pile cap
- Set the tool to the point where you want to dig
- Put formwork that has been fabricated
- Install reinforcement formwork based on concrete to be
cast
c) Casting work
- Order the concrete ready mix FC’ 31.2 MPa,
- Pour the ready mix into the earthen hole that has been
placed in reinforcement.

b. Work Of Sloop

1) Material
 Wood 4/6, 5/7
30

 Multiplex board with thickness of 12 mm


 Nails
 String
 Concrete iron
 Ready mix concrete fc’ 31,2 MPa
 Reinforcement BJTD 400 MPa
 Water

2) Equipment
 Hammer
 Theodolite
 Hoe
 Indicator
 Concrete mixer
 Concrete pump
 Saw
 Stationery as a marker
 Crowbar
 Water Hose

3) Man power
 Work of excavation pile cap
a) Workers
b) Workman of dig
c) Foreman
 Work of sand fill and floor work
a) Workers
b) Foreman
 Work of installation formwork
a) Workers
31

b) Workman of wood
c) Foreman
 Work of reinforcement pile cap
a) Workers
b) Workman of reinforcement bar
c) Foreman
 Work of casting pile cap the side
a) Workers
b) Workman of stone
c) Foreman

4) Method of work
a) Work of preparatory
Preparatory work that is done first is to study the plan
drawings or shop drawings to prepare the need for
cleaning in the field. After that, measurements are made
using Theodolite to determine the loan elevation in the
form of a marking in the column. From these
measurements a reference is obtained to take into
account the height of the beam and the elevation of the
floor in accordance with the plan drawings.
b) Installation of bouwplank
Work of bouwplank is to set up temporary wooden
stakes which function to determine the point where the
building will be built. The following conditions for
installing bouwplank are as follows :
 Position must be strong and not easily shaken,
 It is quite enough from the excavation plan, it is
attempted to do not shake rocking due to the
implementation of soil excavation,
 There are points or signs made,
32

 The top side of the billboard must be located in one


plane (horizontal) with another billboard board,
 Bouwplank yarn line is an axle (midline).

c) Work of floor work


Work of floor work with a thickness of 5 cm above the
foundation with a mixture of mortar 1pc: 3ps: 5kr.

d) Work of formwork
Formwork is an helper construction which is a mold / mal
and its complement on the side and bottom of a desired
concrete construction. Formwork is useful as a mold
used to hold concrete as long as the concrete is poured
and shaped according to the desired shape. Sloof
formwork on this project is made of Red Brick P.20cm x
L.10cm x T.5cm, and complementary materials along
with supporting tools that aim to form concrete in
accordance with the mold from casting to dry concrete
mix.

e) Work of reinforcement
The process of work of reinforcement in this project is as
follows:
 Assembly of reinforcement is done on the field.
 Assembly of reinforcement according to working
drawings.
 Next is the main reinforcement, before the
installation of the stirrup, first made a mark on the
main reinforcement with chalk.
33

 Installation of the stirrups, every meeting between


the main reinforcement and the stirrup bound by
wire with cross system.
 After the iron is installed in position and quite stiff,
then installed deck concrete in accordance with the
provisions. This decking concrete serves as a
concrete blanket.

f) Control of quality
There are 2 quality controls carried out.
The first quality control is Quality Control Before casting
is done including quality control of form and condition of
formwork, position and placement of cleaning, inter-
reinforcement distance, length of anchoring, thickness of
concrete decking (know concrete), size of reinforcing
steel used, position of water stop placement.
The second Quality Control is quality control when
casting. During the casting process, a mixture of
Concrete Mixer Truck is taken as a sample. Samples are
taken according to the conditions stated in the
specifications. Work This quality control will be carried
out together with a supervisory consultant
then the official report on quality control is made.
After the Sloof cleaning work is complete, casting can be
done. Sloof casting is done simultaneously with floor
plates and beams. Slump value in sloof casting has a
value between 10 cm to 14 cm. Casting of beams and
plates by using concrete pumps using concrete
readymix.
Before the casting process is carried out, it is necessary
to check formwork including: Position of the formwork
34

must be checked again whether it is in accordance with


the plan. Formwork must be straight, upright, not leaky,
and strong. In addition to this matter, before the casting
is carried out, the formwork is cleaned first by using a
compressor.
The implementation of Sloof casting is as follows :

 For the Sloof casting, concrete pumps are used to


distribute readymix concrete from the truck mixer
to the casting location, using a continuous casting
pipe.
 Stream readymix concrete to the casting location,
then solidify it using a vibrator.
 After the concrete has been compacted, the cast
surface leveling is done using manual tools.
 After the casting process is finished to the casting
limit, then finishing done.

g) Destruction of formwork
For plate of destruction formwork done after 14 days of
casting, while for beam of destruction formwork done 21
days after casting. As a support until the plate is
completely hardened.
h) Curing
After the casting is done, then to keep the quality of
concrete is maintained is done curing of concrete.
Curing of concrete is done by watering/wetting concrete
2 times a day for a week.
35

c. Work of Column

1) Material

 Deform steel reinforcement fy 100 Mpa


 Formwork structure column
 Ready mix concrete K- 350
 Cement
 Water

2) Equipment

 Theodolite
 Scaffolding
 Concrete mixer
 Concrete pump
 Anchor bolt
 Ring D16 – D20
 Hammer
 Indicator

3) Man Power

 Work of Installation Steel Reinforcement


a) Workers
b) Workman of Steel
c) Foreman
 Work of Steel Reinforcement
a) Workers
b) Workman of Steel
c) Foreman
36

4) Method of work

Procedure of implementation work of columns in the project


is entirely the same, although the dimensions and number of
reinforcement on each type of column are different.

The technical steps on the column work are as follows:


a) Determination of the column midpoint
The points of the midpoint columns obtained from the
measurement and batching results. This is adjusted to the
image that has been planned. How to specify the column
midpoint requires tools like:
- Theodolite
- Indicator
- Ink, and others
b) Process of implementation:
- The determination of the midpoint of the column with
theodolite and waterpass based on shop drawing by
using a predetermined reference from the nearest bench
mark point.
- Create the midpoint of the column from the loan line.
- Installation of the center point of the column.
c) Reinforcement of column
The work processes in this project are as follows:
- Installation of steel columns is carried out in the field.
- Installation of steel columns must be in accordance with
working drawings.
37

- The process is the installation of steel columns. Before


being installed, first make a sign in the steel column
using chalk
- Installation of rings, the meeting between the column
and foundation using rivets and in the weld fencing tight
.

d. Work of Beam, Floor Plate and Stairs

1) Material
 Wood 4/6, 5/7
 Multiplex board with thickness of 12 mm
 Nails
 String
 Iron D16 for extra
 Iron hack
 Iron wire mesh
 Ready mix concrete K - 350
 Water
2) Equipment
 Theodolite
 Scaffolding
 Hammer
 Trowel
 Indicator
 Stationery as a marker
 Concrete mixer
 Concrete pump
 Saw
 Hoe
 Water hose
38

3) Man Power
 Work of installation formwork
a) Workers
b) Workman of wood
c) Foreman
 Work of reinforcement
a) Worker
b) Workman of reinforcement bar
c) Foreman
 Work of casting
a) Workers
b) Workman of stone
c) Foreman
4) Method of Work
The work of the beam used is using profile steel WF
400.200.8.13, using profile steel the work gets faster
with the welding installation process.
a) Stage of preparatory
 Work of measurement
This measurement aims to regulate / ensure
evenness of beam heights, floor plates and
stairs. In this work the theodolithe measuring
plane is used.
 Marking of formwork
The work plate is a single work unit, because it is
carried out simultaneously. Making beam
formwork panels must be in accordance with the
working drawings. In cutting multiplex must be
careful and thorough so that the end result is in
accordance with the area of the plate or beam
that will be made.
39

b) Stage of beam and plate work


 Installation of steel beam
Stage of installation beam is as follows:
- steel lift using a mobile crane.
- after the steel is right, then attach the bolt and
ring using the spanner provided and then the
pair is welded to make it sturdy.
- then steel paint so that the quality of the steel
does not rust quickly.
 Installation of plate
Stage of installation plate is as follows:
- Scaffolding is arranged in parallel with the
scaffolding for the beam. Because the
position of the plate is higher than the beam,
the Scaffolding for the plate is higher than the
beam and it is necessary to play additional
frames using the Joint pin. Calculate the
height of the plate scaffolding by adjusting the
base jack and the U-head jack.
- In the U-head a wooden beam (girder) is
installed 6/12 parallel to the direction of the
cross brace and above the girder the suri is
mounted with its cross direction.
- Then pairs multiplex as the plate base. Also
attach the wall to the edge of the plate and
clamp it using the elbow. multiplex is installed
as closely as possible, so that there is no
cavity that can cause leakage when casting.
- All installation of formwork installed, must be
smeared with diesel oil as a lubricant so that
the concrete does not stick to the formwork,
40

so that it can facilitate demolition and


formwork is still in a suitable condition for the
next job.

 Checking
After installation of the formwork plates is
considered finished, then checking the high level
on the of beams and plates using the waterpass,
if it is finished then the formwork for the plates
are ready.
 Reinforcement of plate
After the beam is installed. Next is the stage of
reinforcement plate is as follow :
- Reinforcement plate is done directly on the
formwork plate that is ready. Reinforced iron
was reported pulled up by workers using a
bucket and mounted on a formwork plate.
- Raft reinforcement with lower reinforcement
first. Plate cleaning uses 2 layers of M8 iron
wire mesh with a horizontal reinforcement
distance of 10 cm and a lower reinforcement
distance with a reinforcement of 12 cm.
- Then crossed and tied using tie wire.
- Place the concrete decking between the
reinforcement under the plate and the sheet
plate formwork. Also attach reinforcement
between the legs for reinforcement up and
down the plate.
 Process of casting plate
Supporting for casting work such as:
- Truck mixer
41

- Bucket
- Work lights
- Vibrator
- Grading board
The plate casting process as an example of
observation is as follows :
- After getting the casting permit approved, the
engineer contacts the batching plant to drill in
accordance with the quality and volume needed in
the field.
- Re-cleaning the area to be casted using the air
compressor until it is completely clean.
- Truck Mixer arrives at the project and reports to the
security guard then the officer from the ready mix
party submits the goods delivery receipt containing
the time of departure, arrival, time of completion,
volume.
- Buckets are prepared beforehand and then flushed
with water to clean the bucket from dust or the rest
of the previous casting. Then prepare a push
basket to take samples and test slumps that are
supervised by the engineer and the supervisor.
- After being declared OK, casting is ready to be
carried out.
- Samples taken together during the casting took
place, taken the concrete that came out of the truck
and then poured into the concrete pump car then
channeled using a boom pipe.
- After the boom pipe reaches the place to be casted,
the concrete pump officer is ready to remove the
fresh concrete into the casting area.
42

- Then the cast worker flattens the concrete to the


plate section leveled by scrub manually then
checks the level with the waterpass. 1 vibrator
worker inserts the device into a mixture of
approximately 5-10 minutes in each part that is
casted. Compaction is intended to prevent the
occurrence of air cavities in concrete that will
reduce the quality of concrete.
- After making sure the plates have been filled with
concrete, the concrete surface is flattened using a
long wooden block with regard to the pre-
determined plate thickness limit. For more details
can be seen in the picture.
- This work is carried out repeatedly until the
concrete meets the specified cast area, ideally the
casting time is 6 to 8 hours.
c) Stage of Stairs work
 Formwork of Stairs
Step formwork stairs as follow :
- Scaffolding is arranged in a row along the slope
and height of the landing beam. Because the
position of the sloping ladder is required to play
additional frames by using the Joint pin.
Calculate the height of the ladder scaffolding by
adjusting the base jack and the U-head jack.
- In the U-head a wooden beam (girder) is
installed 6/12 parallel to the direction of the
cross brace and above the girder the suri is
mounted with its cross direction.
- Then installed multiplex as the base of the stairs
according to the slope of the ladder multiplex
43

installed as closely as possible, so that there is


no cavity that can cause leakage when casting.
- All meeting formwork installed, should be
smeared with diesel oil as a lubricant so that the
concrete does not stick to the formwork, so that
it can facilitate the demolition and formwork
work still in a condition suitable for the next job.
 Checking
After the installation of the floor plate and stairs is
considered complete, then checking the level and
slope height on the floor plate and stairs with a
waterpass, if it is finished, the floor and stair plates
are ready.
 Reinforcement of Stairs
After reinforcing the floor plate installed. Next is the
stage of cleaning the stairs as follow :
- Reinforcement of stairs is done directly above
the formwork of the ladder that is ready.
- Reinforcement is raft with lower reinforcement
first. Reinforcement floors using iron in the form
according to the working picture with a distance
of 10 cm horizontal step distance and lower
reinforcement distance with reinforcement over
12 cm with thickness of the UK border 20/40.
- Next by crossing and tied using tie wire which is
connected to the plug of the reinforcement of
the floor plate and column.
- Place the concrete decking between the
reinforcement under the stairs and formwork.
Also attach the chicken feet to the reinforcement
up and down the stairs.
44

 Checking
After the floor and stairs are considered complete,
then a checklist / check for reinforcement is held.
The checks for beam construction are diameter and
number of main reinforcement, diameter, distance,
and number of stirrups, wire ties, and concrete
decking. For floor plate inspection, the distribution
of plate clearance to the beam, the amount and
distance of extra reinforcement, reinforcement
(sparing) in holes in the floor plate, concrete
decking, and cleanliness.
For cleaning stairs that need to be checked are the
number of steps and inclination steps that are
adjusted to the image and the bond with the column
and floor plate.
 Process of casting Stairs
Supporting for casting work such as:
- Truck mixer
- Bucket
- Work lights
- Vibrator
- Grading board
The stairs casting process as an example of
observation is as follows :
- After getting the casting permit approved, the
engineer contacts the batching plant to drill in
accordance with the quality and volume needed in
the field.
- Re-cleaning the area to be casted using the air
compressor until it is completely clean.
45

- Truck Mixer arrives at the project and reports to the


security guard then the officer from the ready mix
party submits the goods delivery receipt containing
the time of departure, arrival, time of completion,
volume.
- Buckets are prepared beforehand and then flushed
with water to clean the bucket from dust or the rest
of the previous casting. Then prepare a push
basket to take samples and test slumps that are
supervised by the engineer and the supervisor.
- After being declared OK, casting is ready to be
carried out.
- Samples taken together during the casting took
place, taken the concrete that came out of the truck
and then poured into the concrete pump car then
channeled using a boom pipe.
- After the boom pipe reaches the place to be casted,
the concrete pump officer is ready to remove the
fresh concrete into the casting area.
- Then the cast worker flattens the concrete to the
plate section leveled by scrub manually then
checks the level with the waterpass. 1 vibrator
worker inserts the device into a mixture of
approximately 5-10 minutes in each part that is
casted. Compaction is intended to prevent the
occurrence of air cavities in concrete that will
reduce the quality of concrete.
- After making sure the plates have been filled with
concrete, the concrete surface is flattened using a
long wooden block with regard to the pre-
46

determined plate thickness limit. For more details


can be seen in the picture.
- This work is carried out repeatedly until the
concrete meets the specified cast area, ideally the
casting time is 6 to 8 hours.

 Destruction of formwork
For besting demolition plates, it is carried out after 14
days of casting, while for beam demolition the
formwork is carried out 21 days after casting. As a
support until the plate is completely hardened.
 Curing
After the casting is carried out, then to maintain the
quality of concrete is maintained concrete treatment.
Concrete treatment is done by watering / soaking the
concrete 2 times a day for 1 week.

e. Work of Lift

A building that is large and tall, requires transportation facilities /


transportation that is convenient for the activity of moving people
and goods vertically. Vertical transport facilities that work
mechanically electrically are elevators or elevators.

1) Material
 Wood 4/6, 5/7
 Multiplex board with thickness of 12 mm
 Nails
 Yarn
 Iron hack
 Iron D 16
47

 Ready mix concrete K – 350


 Water

2) Equipment
 Theodolite
 Scaffolding
 Hammer
 Saw
 Concrete mixer
 Concrete pump
 Trowel
3) Man power
 Work of installation formwork
a) Workers
b) Workman of wood
c) Foreman
 Work of reinforcement
a) Worker
b) Workman of reinforcement bar
c) Foreman
 Work of casting Column Lift
a) Workers
b) Workman of stone
c) Foreman
4) Method of work
Column Jobs in the LIft Structure used are the UK Column.
15/30 which is used to buffer the rise and fall of the elevator
and plate The retaining wall with a thickness of 25 cm with a
depth of 200 cm as a pit where the Pit Lift or Hydraulic
Equipment on the elevator. Work This structure is carried out
48

directly in the planned location, starting from excavation of


soil excavation, installation of formwork, casting to
maintenance.
a. Stage of Preparation
 Measurement work
This measurement aims to regulate / ensure the
evenness of the Column height. In this work the
theodolithe measuring plane is used.
 Excavation work
Soil Excavation Work for pit wells in Pit Lift with
retaining wall of 25 cm thickness with a depth of
200 cm
 Formwork of column lift
Column formwork work on the lift structure by
preparing the main material include: 5/7 cassettes,
6/12 wooden blocks, multiplex boards.
 Reinforcement fabrication
Making Ground Retaining Wall Plate Pit Lift and
Column Wells In Elevator strictures, iron cutting
and bending is done as needed with the cutter bar
and bending bar. The construction of the beam is
carried out with a manufacturing system in the iron
bar and some are assembled on finished
formwork. Where as plate cleaning is done on top
of the finished formwork.
b. Preparation Stage of Plate Soil Retaining Wall Pit Lift
Column in Elevator stricture. The steps are as
follows:
 Excavation of Pit Lift Sumatran Land with a length
of 230 cm and width of 255 cm and depth of 200
cm.
49

 Installation of workstations for foundation stone 20


cm
 Formwork plate
Stage of extraction The retaining wall plate is as
follows :
- Arrange and prepare the MultiPlek Board
according to the width and height of the retaining
wall plate area.
- In multiplex installed the buffer to hold the
position of the formwork, namely wood beam
(girder) 6/12 parallel to the direction of the cross
brace and above the girder mounted with its
transverse direction so that there is no cavity
that can cause leakage when casting.
- All formwork installed, should be smeared with
diesel oil as a lubricant so that the concrete does
not stick to the formwork, so that it can facilitate
the demolition work and the formwork is still in a
condition suitable for the next job.
c. Checking
After installation of beam formwork and retaining wall
plate it is considered complete, then checking the
level of the beam formwork and the retaining wall
plate with a waterpass, if completed, the formwork
for the beam and the wall of the retaining plate are
ready.
d. Reinforcement of column lift
Stage reinforcement of column lift as follow :
 For the Construction of Column Lift Structure,
initially fabrication in the iron bar was then lifted
using roll to the location to be installed.
50

 Reinforced Iron Lift Structure column that has


been lifted and then placed on top of beam
formwork and iron beam end is inserted into
column formwork.
 Install concrete decking for the distance of the
concrete blanket on the base and side of the
beam and then tie it.
e. Reinforcement of plate retaining wall
After reinforcement the Lift Structure Column is
installed. Next is the stage of cleaning the retaining
wall plate as follow :
 Cleaning of the retaining wall plate is carried out
directly on the ready formwork plate. Iron
reinforcement is installed on the wall of the pit
elevator area, by workers.
 Reinforcement raft with lower reinforcement first.
Plate cleaning using 32 D 10 & 16 thread iron as
much as 2 layers with reinforcement distance.
 Then crossed and tied using tie wire.
 Place the decking concrete between the side
reinforcement of the plate and the base plate
formwork. Also attach reinforcement between the
legs for reinforcement up and down the plate.
f. Checking
the retaining wall plate is considered complete, then
a checklist / check for reinforcement is held. The
tests for cleaning are diameter and number of main
reinforcement, diameter, distance, and number of
stirrups, wire ties, and concrete decking. For floor
plate cleaning, the distribution of plate clearance to
columns, the amount and distance of extra
51

reinforcement, reinforcement (sparing) in holes in the


retaining plate, concrete decking, and cleanliness.
g) Casting Stage Plate of Pit Lift and Column Soil
Retaining Walls on the Elevator stricture are foundry
Administration :
 After the formwork and reinforcement are ready
the engineer checks to the location or zone to be
casted.
 After all OK, the engineer makes a cast permit
and submits a permit to the supervisor consultant
 Then the supervisor team conducted a survey to
the location submitted in the letter cast.
 After OK the supervisor consultant signs the
permit
 Cast permission is returned to the engineer and
foundry may be carried out.
h) Casting Process Soil Retaining Walls Pit Lift and
Column Walls In elevator strictures, plate casting is
carried out simultaneously with casting columns.
Supporting equipment for beam casting work
includes :
- Truck mixer
- Bucket
- Vibrator
- Grading board
- Work light
The plate casting process as an example of
observation is as follows :
 After getting the casting permit approved, the
engineer contacts the beaching plan to check
52

according to the quality and volume needed in the


field.
 Re-cleaning the area to be casted using the air
compressor until it is completely clean.
 Truck Mixer arrives at the project and reports to
the security guard then the officer of the ready
mix party submits the goods delivery receipt
containing the time of departure, arrival, time of
completion, volume.
 Buckets are prepared in advance, then flushed
with water to clean the bucket from dust or the
rest of the previous casting. Then prepare a push
basket to take samples and test slumps that are
supervised by the engineer and the supervisor.
 After OK, casting is ready.
 Samples taken together during the casting
process are taken. Concrete taken out of the truck
and then poured into a concrete pump car is then
distributed using a boom pipe.
 After the boom pipe reaches the place to be
casted, the concrete pump officer is ready to
remove the fresh concrete into the casting area.
 Then the cast worker flattens the fresh concrete
into the beam first, then for the scrub plate
manually, then check the level with the water
pass. The vibrator worker inserts the tool into a
mixture for approximately 5-10 minutes in each
part casted. Compaction is intended to prevent
the occurrence of air cavities in concrete that will
reduce the quality of concrete.
53

 After ensuring the beams and plates have all


been filled with concrete, the fresh concrete
surface is flattened using a long wooden block
with regard to the pre-determined plate thickness
limit. For more details can be seen in the picture
 This work is carried out repeatedly until the
concrete meets the specified cast area, ideally the
casting time is 6 to 8 hours.
i) Demolition of Formwork
For besting demolition plates, it is carried out after
14 days of casting while the column for demolition of
formwork is carried out 21 days after casting. As a
support until the plate is really hardened.
j) Curring
After the casting is carried out, then to maintain the
quality of concrete is maintained concrete treatment.
Concrete treatment is done by watering / soaking
the concrete 2 times a day for 1 week.

f. Work of Roof
The roof work is not concrete located above the wall which
functions as the upper floor and also the roof terrace. The work is
not concrete itself using fc '26.4 Mpa concrete and uses steel
reinforcement.
1) Material
 Ready mix concrete fc ’26.4 Mpa
 Steel reinforcement
 Yarn
 Multiplex board with thickness of 12 mm
 Wire
 Water
54

 Wood 4/6, 5/7

2) Equipment
 Theodolite
 Saw
 Hammer
 Concrete mixer
 Concrete pump
 Stationery as a marker
 Crowbar
 Water hose
 Hoe

3) Man power
 Work of installation formwork
a) Workers
b) Workman of steel
c) Foreman
 Work of reinforcement
a) Worker
b) Workman of reinforcement bar
c) Foreman
 Work of casting of roof
a) Workers
b) Workman of stone
c) Foreman

4) Method of work
a. Stage of Preparation
Preparatory work that was done first
55

is studying plan drawings or shop drawings to


prepare business needs in the field. After that,
measurements were made using Theodolite to
determine the elevation in the form of a marking on
the roof. From these measurements, a reference is
given to determine the floor elevation according to
the plan drawing.
b. Work of formwork
Formwork is a temporary auxiliary construction which
is a mold / mall along with its complement on the side
and bottom part of a desired concrete construction.
Formwork is useful as a temporary mold used to hold
concrete as long as the concrete is poured and
shaped according to the desired shape. Formwork on
this project is made of wood 5/7, multiplex 12 mm
and complementary material along with supporting
tools that aim for the formation of concrete in
accordance with the mold starting from casting to the
dry concrete mixture.
c. Work of Reinforcement
The process of Reinforcement work in this project are
as follows :
 Reinforcement or assembly of reinforced plat is
done in place.
 The column reinforcement assembly must match
the working drawing.
 Next is the installation of reinforcement D10 - 200,
each meeting between the main reinforcement
and the stirrup is tied by wire with a cross system.
 After the iron is installed in its position and quite
stiff, then decking concrete is installed according
56

to the provisions. This decking concrete functions


as a concrete blanket.
d. Checking
After the installation of beam formwork, floor plates
and stairs are considered complete, then checking
the level and slope height of the beam formwork,
floor plates and stairs with a waterpass, if it is
finished, the formwork for beams, floor plates and
stairs is ready.
e. Work of casting
 Re-cleaning the area to be casted using an air
compressor until it is completely clean.
 Truck Mixer arrives at the project and reports to
the security guard then the officer of the ready
mix party submits the goods delivery receipt
containing the time of departure, arrival, time of
completion, volume.
 Buckets are prepared in advance, then flushed
with water to clean the bucket from dust or the
rest of the previous casting. Next, prepare a push
basket to take samples and a slump test which is
supervised by the engineer and the supervisor,
namely the slump value of 12 plates 2cm (10 cm
to 14 cm)
 After being declared OK, casting is ready to be
carried out.
 Roof casting using a concrete pump using ready
mix concrete.
 Stream readymix concrete to the casting location,
then compact it using a vibrator.
57

 After the concrete has been compacted, the


surface of the castings is done using manual
tools.
 After the casting process is finished to the casting
limit, finishing is done.
f. Curing
After the casting is carried out, then to maintain the
quality of concrete is maintained concrete treatment.
Concrete treatment is done by watering / soaking the
concrete 2 times a day for 1 week.

4.2.4 Work of Architecture

a. Work of Wall, Plastering, and Wall Coverings

Before starting to install lightweight bricks, prepare several work


tools, such as roskam, long jidar of steel or aluminum. After that
do the stirring, is as follow :
 Masukan adukan kering Semen instan ke dalam bak
adukan.
 Tuang air sebanyak 6,0-6,5 liter untuk kantong Semen
instan pasangan bata ringan.
 Aduk campuran diatas hingga rata.
Then, clean the surface of the debris, dirt and oil which can
reduce the adhesiveness of the mixture. Then, install a brick
with a space of 10 mm thick, in 1 x 24 hours after the light brick
has been installed, you can plaster the lightweight brick wall
using plestaran and 1x24 hours later you can use the acian.

b. Work of Granite and Ceramics


58

 Granite and Ceramics, which will be installed soaked into a


water bath for one hour. Then aerated by placing it in the
place where the granite and ceramic stand.
 The base line of the pair is determined along the edge of the
floor. Determination of this peil for all units. Then horizontal
and vertical direction threads are installed on the floor
according to the shop drawing elevation. Flat and elbow
thread position. If the floor meets a wall with a layer of
ceramic, then the position of the floor must be adjusted to
the one on the wall.
 Ceramics that function as heads are installed along the
base line that has been installed. Check cervical sensitivity
with elbow iron and elevation evenness with a water pass.
 Another part of the floor surface is filled with mortar / specs
so that the next ceramic can be installed according to its
position until it is finished. Worked so that there is no weld
of iron.
 After installing everything, the ceramic surface is tapped
with a rubber hammer to get a flat surface. Ceramic
elevation is checked again with a water pass.
 Then the surface of the installed ceramic pair is cleaned
with a cloth or wet cloth to clean.
 In order to avoid rising floors (inflated floors) it is made
dilated for each particular area.
 The sidelines of the nad are filled with cast / grout nad using
spoon species. This filling is done if the ceramic position
has come out or the species has dried. Nad tidied up using
cape.
 After leaving it to dry, clean the surface of the ceramic pair
that has been installed nad from the remains of corn nad
using a cloth or wet cloth to clean.
59

c. Work of Frames, Doors, and Windows


 Install frames, doors, windows and partitions made of
aluminum and aluminum at locations that have been
determined according to the working drawings.
 Put a frame ready to be attached to the wall with the help of
rubber or wood.
 Adjust the position of the frame with a rubber or wooden
wedge.
 Adjust the line / frame position to the wall.
 Lubricate the wall through the frame hole, aim the drill for
the screw.
 Fisher input into the drill hole.
 Fasten fisher with a screwdriver.
 Install the door leaf, the window that has the glass attached.
 Install accessories for door and window fixtures.
 Finish walls with mortars, and sealants.
 To avoid defects in installed aluminum profiles, give paper
insulation protectors where they are prone to scratches.

d. Work of Plafond
 The plafond elevation is marked and lines are drawn on the
walls and axles of the room and nail hook points on the
ceiling at a distance according to the shop drawing.
 Nail hooks are installed by firing on existing signs at a
distance of 60 × 120 cm. The ceiling frame hanger is
installed which consists of a hanger and clip adjuster.
Position perpendicular to the installation.
 The edge frame (steel hollow) and the wall angle profile as
the edge list are installed right on the ceiling of the elevation
60

sign. Then the hanging hook placement distance is


determined.
 Thread pulls are installed as a guide for determining
alignment and ceiling frame height. Then the main ceiling
frame (top cross rail) can be installed per distance of 120
cm.
 Next the divider frame with a distance of 60 cm is installed
using a locking clip. Check the elevation and distance of the
ceiling frame.

e. Work of Painting
 Clean the surface of the walls from dust and dirt spit
plastering with a cloth or scrap.
 Protect material or other work with paper or duct tape so as
not to get spray paint.
 Use scrap for the cracked part of the wall, then plamir and
wait until dry.
 Puree plamir by using sandpaper.
 If the surface is flat, do the painting until more or less 3
times the finish or the painted part is evenly distributed.
 Clean the splash of paint that fouled by using a washcloth.

f. Work of Railing Stairs


 As and marking markings for railling ladder positions
according to the image.
 Determine the location of the stairs according to the picture.
 Install the railling pole at the beginning of the trap stairs and
on the landing of the upper floor.
 Pull the thread between the two railling.
 Install the railling pole according to the specified distance.
61

 Turn off the railling pole stand.


 Install horizontal railling by supporting the pole.
 Horizontal railling connection for traps next.

 Flatten and smooth the connection, clean the railling stairs


that have been installed.

g. Work of building exterior facilities


 Because the front view area does not have a foothold at the
time of processing, then establish a scafolding to help
facilitate the workmanship at height.
 Prepare rough mixture (kamprot) and the equipment such as
a wire filter and stirring spoon.
 Make a 3 cm thick kamprotan then attach the Andesite stone
to the side facade.
 Wait for it to dry, then begin to paint.
 For wall-mounted ACP plate work, pull the thread as a guide
to alignment and frame height according to the image.
 Tighten the frame with Fisher after the wall is aimed at using
a drill.
 Take Fiber ACP that has been prepared in size, prepare
screws and tighten with a drill.
 Check the elevation and distance of the ACP.
 Paint and clean the remaining ACP wrap plastic.

4.2.5 Work of Mechanical electrical

a. Electrical work

Before electrical work is carried out, it is necessary to show


examples of materials, types and brands that will be used for
approval.
62

 Procurement of materials for electrical work is stored around


the location closest to the work area and protects itself from
possible material damage causing a collision of hardware,
while other materials are stored in a closed warehouse.
 The technical implementation of this work is in accordance
with design drawings, RKS and technical specifications of
electrical and mechanical work.
 Implementation of electrical and mechanical work in
accordance with planning and requires further control, so
that it is carried out by people who are competent in their
fields.
 For electrical work, telephone, ducting, and fire alarm
installation works carried out before plastering and walls
and ceiling installation.
 Installation of Stop and Switches are mounted neatly on the
wall according to their placement in the plan drawings, after
all the fire installation and installation of sockets and
switches are installed then given the lights according to the
technical specifications and plan drawings.

b. Work of Water Installation

The sanitation work carried out included the work of installing


clean water and dirty water pipes, rainwater exhaust pipes,
installation of water taps, Floor Drain, Toilet, and so on. This
installation is based on the owner's approval and is seen by the
supervisor's consultant.
63

4.3 TIME PLANNING AND COST

In determining the activities to be carried out to complete the project


Building and sarpras of the bapenda office province west java
agency needs to pay attention to the factors that usually affect
project implementation. Factors that usually affect the project
implementation time are weather or season, weather is identified
from the survey results at the project site besides weather factors,
the factors formulated in the calculation of time planning are
holidays or national holidays, if the project period is holiday or
national then the holiday is included in project planning.

The stages carried out in making project planning for Building and
sarpras of the bapenda office province west java are as follows :

a. Based on experience

b. Conduct a survey to the project location

c. Surveys are conducted to deal with the situation of the project


location, such as to get a land condition (whether it is relatively
flat, contoured or even a swamp) and do it to land or land.

d. Identify the project

- Identification of government requirements

- Identification of environmental disturbances

- Identify seasonal patterns at the project location

e. Picture of Bestek
64

4.3.1 List of Estimated Time Activities

Table 4.1 Estimated Time Activities

DURATION
NO JOB DESCRIPTION TOTAL PRICE BOBOT
(WEEK)
I PREPARATION WORK Rp 14,446,144.00 0.11 3
II STRUCTURE WORK Rp 7,971,061,668.65 58.16 19
Strukture using concrete fc' = 31,2 Mpa, K-350, slump 12 ± 2 cm, w/c = 0,48 Rp 1,448,080,065.16 10.57 3
First floor, Elevation -0,50, ± 0.00 until + 4,00 Rp 1,245,753,086.60 9.09 2
Second floor, Elevation +4,00 until +8,00 Rp 1,252,554,006.20 9.14 2
Third floor, Elevation +8,00 until. +12.00 Rp 1,209,413,965.08 8.82 2
Fourth floor, Elevation +12,00 until +16.00 Rp 1,240,698,837.97 9.05 2
Fifth floor, Elevation +16,00 until +18.72 Rp 187,325,179.98 1.37 1
Main staircase work Rp 1,387,236,527.67 10.12 7
III WORK OF WALL Rp 682,865,617.50 4.98 8
IV WORK OF DOOR AND WINDOW Rp 2,174,391,460.00 15.86 6
V WORK OF PLAFOND Rp 308,204,822.00 2.25 2
VI WORK OF FLOOR COUTING AND WALL Rp 1,128,701,712.55 8.24 6
VII WORK OF FINISHING Rp 203,340,844.40 1.48 6
VIII WORK OF BUILDING EXTERIOR FACILITIES Rp 84,659,938.50 0.62 5
IX WORK OF MECHANICAL, ELECTRICAL , AND PLUMBING Rp 1,138,237,000.00 8.30 5
( A ) TOTAL Rp 13,705,909,207.60 100.00 60.00
( B ) PPN = 10% X (A) Rp 1,370,590,920.76
( C ) Amount of construction costs + PPN 10% Rp 15,076,500,128.36
( D ) Rounded off Rp 15,076,500,200.00

4.3.2 Compilation of the Budget Plan


To compile a Cost Budget Plan (RAB), the author takes the
following steps :

- Collect data on the type of tool prices / equipment, material /


material rental and labor wages based on Cirebon district unit
prices.
- Analyze the material and wages of work for the project to be
implemented.
- Analyze the method of work to be carried out
65

Tabel 4.2 List of Material Unit Price

NO. DESCRIPTION CODE UNIT UNIT PRICE (RP)

A INGREDIENT, ADHESIVE, and FINISHED MATERIAL


1 Soil fill A01 m3 Rp 60,000.00
2 Top Soil A02 m3 Rp 90,000.00
3 Sand fill A03 m3 Rp 150,000.00
4 Sand Tide A04 m3 Rp 160,000.00
Sand Concrete A05 3
5 m Rp 222,000.00
6 Split Stone A06 m3 Rp 175,000.00
7 Split 2-3 A07 m3 Rp 222,000.00
Sirtu A08 3
8 m Rp 175,000.00
9 Agregat Kelas A A09 m3 Rp 252,400.00
10 Agregat Kelas B A10 m3 Rp 259,200.00
11 Agregat 5-10 & 10-15 A11 m3 Rp 235,000.00
12 Agregat 0-5 A12 m3 Rp 214,000.00
13 Portland Cement (1 zak = 50 kg) A13 kg Rp 1,100.00
14 Portland Cement (1 zak = 50 kg) A14 zak Rp 55,000.00
15 Color Cement A15 kg Rp 9,000.00
16 Red Brick Class 1 A16 bh Rp 850.00
17 Brick 600x200x100 A17 m3 Rp 880,000.00
18 Cement Instan Adhesiv Install Brick, @40kg A18 zak Rp 150,000.00
19 Cement Instan Pelester, @40kg A19 zak Rp 60,000.00
20 Cement Instan Acian, @40kg A20 zak Rp 158,500.00
21 Ready Mix K-350 A21 m3 Rp 1,050,000.00
Ready Mix K-300 A22 3
22 m Rp 950,000.00
23 Rental Concrete Pump/m3 A23 m3 Rp 50,000.00
24 Vibrator A24 rent-day Rp 300,000.00
Water A25 3 Rp 1,700.00
25 m
26 Spacer A26 bh Rp 7,500.00
27 Semen Instan Floor hardener @ 25 kg A27 kg Rp 16,200.00
28 Wood Glue A28 kg Rp 60,000.00
29 Paving Block Warna Octagon, t = 8 cm, Mutu Beton K-450 A29 m2 Rp 205,000.00
30 Paving Block Natural Octagon, t = 8 cm, Mutu Beton K-450 A30 m2 Rp 179,000.00
31 Paving Block Classic Set, t = 8 cm, Mutu Beton K-450 A31 m2 Rp 225,000.00
32 Paving Block Warna truepave Natural t = 6 cm, Mutu Beton K-450 A32 m2 Rp 105,000.00
33 Grass Block t = 8 cm, Mutu Beton K-450 A33 m2 Rp 142,500.00
34 Kansteen Beton K.10.1 600x300x180 A34 bh Rp 74,000.00
35 Greffel Ø30 cm A35 m1 Rp 72,600.00
36 Greffel Ø20 cm A36 m1 Rp 52,800.00
37 U-Ditch 300x400x1200 A37 bh Rp 397,650.00
38 Tutup U-Ditch 300 LD A38 bh Rp 139,700.00
39 Rooster A39 bh Rp 6,800.00
40 Glass Block A40 bh Rp 25,000.00
66

41 Batu Andesit 30x60 A41 m2 Rp 140,000.00


Water Stop PVC Lebar 230-320 mm A42 1 Rp 235,000.00
42 m
43 Panel Beton Pracetak 240.40.5, Mutu Beton K-400 A43 lbr Rp 152,350.00
44 H-Beam, h = 300 cm, Mutu Beton K-400 A44 btg Rp 332,200.00
45 Buis Beton Ø60 cm, l = 1,00 m A45 m1 Rp 420,000.00
46 Buis Beton Ø30 cm, l = 1,00 m A46 m1 Rp 121,000.00

NO. DESCRIPTION CODE UNIT UNIT PRICE (RP)

B WOODEN MATERIAL
Wooden Board Is Contained B01 3
1 m Rp 1,500,000.00
2 Beam Contained B02 m3 Rp 1,500,000.00
3 Dolken dia 8 s/d 10 cm B03 btg Rp 31,000.00
4 Wood Class III B04 m3 Rp 1,500,000.00
Beam Class II B05 3
5 m Rp 3,000,000.00
6 Plywood Phenolic Film 12 mm, uk. 1,20 x 2,40 B06 lbr Rp 215,000.00
7 Plywood Phenolic Film 15 mm, uk. 1,20 x 2,40 B07 lbr Rp 265,000.00
Metal Sheet, t = 0,85 mm lebar 1,00 m, sekualitas Bondeck B08 2
8 m Rp 125,000.00
9 Multipleks 9 mm, uk. 1,20 x 2,40 B09 lbr Rp 125,000.00
10 Multipleks 12 mm, uk. 1,20 x 2,40 B10 lbr Rp 166,000.00

C METAL MATERIALS
1 Plain steel , BJTP, fy 240 MPa, U24 C01 kg Rp 10,000.00
2 Reinforcing steel deform, BJTD, fy 400 Mpa C02 kg Rp 10,500.00
3 Wiremesh M8, 2,1 x 5,4 meter, Mutu Baja U50 C03 kg Rp 8,900.00
4 Wiremesh M10, 2,1 x 5,4 meter, Mutu Baja U50 C04 kg Rp 9,150.00
5 Concrete Wire C05 kg Rp 23,000.00
6 Barbed Wire C06 m1 Rp 6,200.00
7 Iron Strip C07 kg Rp 15,000.00
8 Zinc Wave C08 lbr Rp 44,000.00
9 Wire C09 m2 Rp 12,500.00
10 Electric Welding Wire C10 kg Rp 25,000.00
11 Steel Profil, IWF/INP/DIR/DIN/CHANEL C11 kg Rp 11,000.00
12 Nail 1cm-3cm C12 kg Rp 19,000.00
13 Nail 4cm-12cm C13 kg Rp 15,000.00
14 Nail Sekrup 3" C14 bh Rp 1,000.00
15 Nail Pisher 3" C15 bh Rp 1,500.00
16 Ram Shet 12 cm s/d 20 cm C16 bh Rp 6,100.00
17 Nail Ripet C17 bh Rp 100.00
18 Pipe Galvanis Medium A 4", t = 4,5 mm @6 m C18 m1 Rp 240,000.00
19 Pipe Galvanis Medium A 3", t = 4 mm @6 m C19 m1 Rp 165,000.00
20 Pipe Galvanis Medium A 2", t = 3,6 mm @6 m C20 m1 Rp 102,500.00
21 Pipe Galvanis Medium A 1,5", t = 3,2 mm @6 m C21 m1 Rp 75,000.00
22 Pipe Galvanis Medium A 1", t = 3,2 mm @6 m C22 m1 Rp 45,000.00
23 Pipe Galvanis Medium A 1/2", t = 2,6 mm @6 m C23 m1 Rp 25,000.00
24 Hollow Galvanis 20x40mm, t = 2 mm C24 m1 Rp 17,000.00
25 Hollow Galvanis 40x40mm, t = 2 mm C25 m1 Rp 22,700.00
67

26 Hollow Galvanis 40x60mm, t = 2 mm C26 m1 Rp 33,000.00


27 Hollow Galvanis 40x80mm, t = 2 mm C27 m1 Rp 33,500.00
28 Pipe Stainless Steel Ø2", t = 3,90 mm C28 m1 Rp 126,500.00
29 Pipe Stainless Steel Ø1" t = 3,65 mm C29 m1 Rp 91,000.00
30 Hollow Alumunium 40x80mm, t = 2 mm C30 m1 Rp 33,500.00
31 Anchor Bolt D16 s. d. D22 C31 bh Rp 75,000.00
32 Myrrh+Ring D16 s. d. D22 C32 bh Rp 25,000.00

NO. DESCRIPTION CODE UNIT UNIT PRICE (RP)

D PARTITION WALL MATERIALS


1 Iron Partisi, Metal Stud C.75 D01 m1 Rp 16,000.00
2 Gypsumboard Waterproof, 1200x2400 mm, tebal 12 mm D02 lbr Rp 85,000.00

E DOOR MATERIAL AND WINDOW


1 Sills Alumunium 4", Coating Putih E01 m1 Rp 110,000.00
2 Daun Jendela Alumunium, Coating Putih E02 m1 Rp 110,000.00
3 Daun Pintu Alumunium, Coating Putih E03 m
1 Rp 110,000.00
4 Sills Alumunium 3", Silver E04 m1 Rp 75,000.00
5 Leaf Window Alumunium, Silver E05 m1 Rp 75,000.00
6 Leaf Door Alumunium, Silver E06 m1 Rp 75,000.00
7 U-Alumunium E07 m1 Rp 15,000.00
8 Frame Glass Curtainwall, Stopsol, 5 cm x 4,2 cm & 3,8 cm x 3,8 cm E08 m2 Rp 680,000.00
9 Engineering Door Panel Kayu Oven, Honey Comb Double HPL, Wood E09 unit Rp 1,500,000.00
Edging
10 Jalusi Alumunium E10 m
2 Rp 65,000.00
11 Engsel Pintu,Stainless Steel 4"x3"x3", E11 psg Rp 100,000.00
12 Engsel Casement Iron Friction Stay 8" E12 psg Rp 55,000.00
13 Casement Handle E13 psg Rp 35,000.00
14 Lever Handle, LHTR 0019 SSS+PSS E14 psg Rp 290,000.00
15 Lever Set, LS T6300 ET SSS E15 psg Rp 256,000.00
16 Cylinder, CYL TC DL65 mm SN E16 bh Rp 177,000.00
17 Sealant E17 m1 Rp 4,500.00
18 Flushbolt 6"+12" E18 psg Rp 370,000.00
19 Mortise Lock MTS 8585 SSS E19 bh Rp 240,000.00
20 Floor Hinges, Setara Deckson FH 84 E20 psg Rp 810,000.00
21 Path Fitting, PT 10, 20+US 10, Setara Deckson E21 psg Rp 675,000.00
22 Path Fitting, PT 24/30/40, Setara Deckson E22 psg Rp 675,000.00
23 Pull Handle, PH 802 32x800 SSS+PSS E23 psg Rp 1,125,000.00
24 Pull Handle, PH 802 32x600 SSS+PSS E24 psg Rp 960,000.00
25 Pull Handle, PH 802 25x400 SSS+PSS E25 psg Rp 500,000.00
26 Pull Handle PH D855 19X152 SSS E26 psg Rp 355,000.00
27 Spider Fitting E27 bh Rp 350,000.00
28 ISEO Single Point Idea 941111334A E28 unit Rp 500,000.00
29 Hinge SUS 304, ESS-DL 4,5x4x3 mm 2BB SSS E29 psg Rp 100,000.00
30 ISEO Trim External Control 94011003T E30 unit Rp 250,000.00
31 Door Closer, DCL 105 NHO (60-120 kg) E31 unit Rp 175,000.00
32 Handle ISEO LHSR Curva Ø22 mm E32 psg Rp 200,000.00
33 Cylinder, ISEO Double Cylinder F6-70 mm SN E33 bh Rp 170,000.00
34 Mortise Lock MTS IL DL8672 PANIC E34 bh Rp 150,000.00
35 Sliding Rail (Rail, Breket, Roda, Door Stop, dll) E35 unit Rp 550,000.00
36 Pull Plate, HDL PP 012 SSS E36 psg Rp 31,000.00
68

37 Plain Glass 5 mm E37 m2 Rp 94,000.00


38 Plain Glass 5 mm Layer Sandblassticker E38 m2 Rp 444,000.00
39 Plain Glass 8 mm E39 m2 Rp 365,000.00
40 Plain Glass 8 mm Layer Sandblast sticker E40 m2 Rp 715,000.00
41 Plain Glass 10 mm E41 m2 Rp 350,000.00
42 Tempered Glass, t = 12 mm+Sandblassticker E42 m2 Rp 800,000.00
43 Tempered Layer, t = 10 mm E43 m2 Rp 400,000.00
44 Tempered Layer, t = 10 mm+Sandblassticker E44 m2 Rp 750,000.00
45 Glass Curtain Wall, Stopsol Silver Blue Green, t = 8 mm E45 m2 Rp 850,000.00
46 Sandblass Sticker, Lebar 120 cm E46 m1 Rp 350,000.00

NO. DESCRIPTION CODE UNIT UNIT PRICE (RP)

F ROOF MATERIAL
1 Roof Tross Space Frame F01 Rp 1,225,000.00
Pipe STK 400
Ball Join JIS S45C/ AISI 1045
Galvanized pipe lining material with base paint coating
2 Work Roof Cover F02 Rp 1,576,126.80
Stik Drat M16-M20
Usuk Pipe Galvanis
Reng Hollow Galvanis
Water Proof membrane
Panel Enamel
3 Metal Sheet Crimp Curve, t = 0,45 mm TCT sekualitas Lysaght Trimdex F03 m2 Rp 125,000.00

G PLAFON MATERIAL
1 Hollow Galvanis untuk Plafond 40x40mm, t = 0,4 mm G01 m1 Rp 7,000.00
Metal Furing C G02 1
2 m Rp 13,500.00
3 Sekrup Gypsum/GRC G03 kg Rp 60,000.00
4 GRC 1200x2400, t= 6 mm G04 lbr Rp 60,000.00
5 Gypsumboard 120 x 240 t = 9 mm G05 lbr Rp 74,650.00
6 Cement Compound Adhesive, @20kg G06 kg Rp 4,900.00
7 Joint Tape @75 m G07 roll Rp 27,500.00
8 Pek. Drop Ceilling Plafond Gypsumboard G08 m1 Rp 75,000.00
9 Pek. Curtain Box G09 m1 Rp 95,000.00
Plafond Alumunium Spandrell Warna Coating 10 cm G10 2 Rp 175,000.00
10 m

H FLOOR COATING MATERIAL and WALL


1 Granite Tile 60X60 Polished H01 m2 Rp 337,700.00
2 Granite Tile 60X60 Rustic/Unpolished H02 m2 Rp 290,000.00
Granite Tile 30X60 Polished H03 2 Rp 337,700.00
3 m
4 Granite Tile 30X60 Unpolished H04 m2 Rp 290,000.00
5 Granite Tile 60X120 Polished H05 m2 Rp 577,000.00
6 Granite Tile 60X120 Rustic/Unpolished H06 m2 Rp 577,000.00
Granit Alam Polished (Terpasang) H07 2 Rp 850,000.00
7 m
8 Granite Tile 60X60 Polished H08 m2 Rp 100,000.00
9 Granite Tile 60X60 Rustic/Unpolished H09 m2 Rp 100,000.00
10 Granite Tile 30X60 Polished H10 m2 Rp 100,000.00
Granit Alam Unpolished (Installed) H11 2 Rp 950,000.00
11 m
12 Alumunium Composite Panel H12 m2 Rp 275,000.00
69

NO. DESCRIPTION CODE UNIT UNIT PRICE (RP)

I FINISHING MATERIAL/PAINTING
1 Base Paint I01 kg Rp 19,000.00
2 Wall Paint Interior I02 kg Rp 46,200.00
3 Wall Paint Exterior I03 kg Rp 99,000.00
4 Wood Paint/Iron I04 kg Rp 62,200.00
5 Paint Spasius I05 kg Rp 55,000.00
Water Proofing Membrance I06 2 Rp 100,000.00
6 m
7 Integral Waterproofing I07 ltr Rp 50,000.00
8 Vernis I08 ltr Rp 59,000.00
9 Putty I09 kg Rp 29,000.00
10 Plamir I10 kg Rp 15,000.00
11 Terpentin/Pengencer I11 ltr Rp 8,000.00
12 Brush I12 bh Rp 11,000.00
13 Paint Roll I13 bh Rp 23,000.00
14 Sandpaper I14 lbr Rp 3,500.00
15 Menie Paint I15 kg Rp 27,000.00
16 Asphalt I16 kg Rp 16,200.00
17 Kerosene I17 liter Rp 13,500.00
18 Mark Paint I18 kg Rp 55,000.00
19 Thinner I19 liter Rp 25,000.00
20 Blass Bit I20 kg Rp 32,800.00
21 Solar I21 liter Rp 6,500.00
22 Lubricant I22 liter Rp 45,000.00

J PILE/DRILLING TOOLS
1 Land Drilling Cost J01 m1 Rp 250,000.00
• Cleaning, leveling and hardening of locations
for the position of the drill machine pedestal
• Making mud tubs, tubs control and sewers
for circulation of drill mud
• Planting 1-2 cm safety casings
at the position of the drill point if the soil layer formation
the top to be drilled is a layer
Formation That Easily Collapses
2 Reinforced Concret Piles Square 30x30 J02 m1 Rp 326,865.00
3 Reinforced Concret Piles Square 25x25 J03 m1 Rp 311,300.00
4 Destruck Heah Foundation J04 ttk Rp 150,000.00
70

NO. DESCRIPTION CODE UNIT UNIT PRICE (RP)

K HEAVY EQUIPMENT RENTAL COST


1 Crane 5-10 ton K01 day-rent Rp 200,000.00
2 Tool, Jacked in Pile, Hydraulic Jacked Piling Sytem K02 day-rent Rp 185,000.00
3 Connecting Tool K03 bh Rp 95,000.00
4 Asphalt Distrbutor K04 hour Rp 266,000.00
5 Compressor K05 hour Rp 156,800.00
6 Wheel Loader K06 hour Rp 196,100.00
7 AMP K07 hour Rp 431,200.00
8 Genset K08 hour Rp 440,000.00
9 Asp. Finisher K09 hour Rp 431,200.00
10 P. Tire Roller K10 hour Rp 446,600.00
11 Excavator K11 hour Rp 196,100.00
12 Dump Truck K12 hour Rp 548,900.00
13 Motor Grader K13 hour Rp 235,300.00
14 Tandem Roller K14 hour Rp 418,300.00
15 Water Tanker K15 hour Rp 235,400.00
16 Vibro Roller K16 hour Rp 431,200.00

Tabel 4.3 List of Labor

NO. DESCRIPTION CODE UNIT UNIT PRICE (RP)

1 Worker MP01 Man / Day Rp 100,000.00


2 Worker MP02 Man / Day Rp 125,000.00
3 Head worker MP03 Man / Day Rp 150,000.00
4 Foreman MP04 Man / Day Rp 175,000.00
5 Operator MP05 Man / Day Rp 175,000.00
6 Assistent Operator MP06 Man / Day Rp 100,000.00
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123

4.4. Calculation Of Volume Work

Volume work is counting the number of contents in one unit.


Volume is also referred to as Kubikasi Work according to Bestek
Image and Detail Image. volume arrangements are arranged
systematically with table-lane lines with grouping of preparatory
work, earthworks and foundations, concrete structural work, wall
work, floor and wall work, frame work, doors and windows, ceiling
work, painting work, roof work, work sanitair, railing work, face and
yard work, electrical installation work and water installation work.
(Ir. H. Bactiar Ibrahim).

The calculation of the volume of work in the Analysis of the


Construction Project of Building and sarpras of the Bappeda office
province west java is as follows :
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135

4.5. DEVELOPMENT OF PROJECT SCHEDULING

a. Analysis Bar Chart

Table 4.5 Table Bar Chart

NO JOB DESCRIPTION DURATION UNIT

I Preparation Work 3 WEEK


II Structure Work
Bottom structure 3 WEEK
First floor, Elevation -0,50, ± 0.00 until + 4,00 2 WEEK
Second floor, Elevation +4,00 until +8,00 2 WEEK
Third floor, Elevation +8,00 until. +12.00 2 WEEK
Fourth floor, Elevation +12,00 until +16.00 2 WEEK
Fifth floor, Elevation +16,00 until +18.72 1 WEEK
Main staircase work 7 WEEK
III Work of Wall 8 WEEK
IV Work of door and window 6 WEEK
V Work of plafond 2 WEEK
VI Work of floor couting and wall 6 WEEK
VII Work of Finishing 6 WEEK
VIII Work of Building Exterior Facilities 5 WEEK
IX Work of Mechanical, Electrical , and Plumbing 5 WEEK
TOTAL 60

Image 4.1 Bar Chart (Attachment)

b. Analysis Curva S

Image 4.2 S-Curve (Attachment)


136

c. Analysis Critical Path Method

1) Identifying Activities

The first step taken in compiling network planning is


identifying activities, namely by doing work and identifying the
project scope, outlining and solving it into activities on the
project, the activities of the Construction Project of Building and
sarpras of the Bapenda office province west java are as follows :

Table 4.6 List Code of Activity


CODE
NO JOB DESCRIPTION DURATION
OF ACTIVITY
I Preparation Work 0 A
II Structure Work
Bottom structure 3 B
First floor, Elevation -0,50, ± 0.00 until + 4,00 2 C
Second floor, Elevation +4,00 until +8,00 2 D
Third floor, Elevation +8,00 until. +12.00 2 E
Fourth floor, Elevation +12,00 until +16.00 2 F
Fifth floor, Elevation +16,00 until +18.72 1 G
Main staircase work 7 H
III Work of Wall 8 I
IV Work of door and window 6 J
V Work of plafond 2 K
VI Work of floor couting and wall 6 L
VII Work of Finishing 6 M
VIII Work of Building Exterior Facilities 5 N
IX Work of Mechanical, Electrical , and Plumbing 5 O
TOTAL 60

2) Determining Relationships Between Activities

In CPM, compile components according to the order of logic


of dependence through the basis of making work term, so that it
is known for activities from the beginning of the project until the
completion of the project as a whole.
137

There are several possibilities that can occur from the


relationship between activities that are arranged into a chain for
activities with the logic of their dependencies, namely :

1. An activity can be carried out simultaneously with other


activities.

2. An activity can be carried out if the reverse activity has


been completed,

3. A job in a way that is independent without having to wait


for previous activities.

The sequence of activities that are in accordance with the


logic of their dependence on the construction project of the
Building and sarpras of the Bapenda office province west java
are, the order of activities - and as such can be in the table
below :

Table 4.7 List Activity Project

CODE
NO JOB DESCRIPTION DURATION PREDECESSOR
OF ACTIVITY
I Preparation Work 3 A
II Structure Work
Bottom structure 3 B A
First floor, Elevation -0,50, ± 0.00 until + 4,00 2 C B
Second floor, Elevation +4,00 until +8,00 2 D C
Third floor, Elevation +8,00 until. +12.00 2 E D
Fourth floor, Elevation +12,00 until +16.00 2 F E
Fifth floor, Elevation +16,00 until +18.72 1 G F
Main staircase work 7 H D
III Work of Wall 8 I D
IV Work of door and window 6 J I
V Work of plafond 2 K O
VI Work of floor couting and wall 6 L G,K,N
VII Work of Finishing 6 M L
VIII Work of Building Exterior Facilities 5 N J
IX Work of Mechanical, Electrical , and Plumbing 5 O H
TOTAL 60
138

3) Forward Calculation

Table 4.8 Forward Calculation

CODE OF FORWARD
NO JOB DESCRIPTION DURATION
ACTIVITY CALCULATION
ES EF
I Preparation Work 3 A 0 3
II Structure Work
Bottom structure 3 B 3 6
First floor, Elevation -0,50, ± 0.00 until + 4,00 2 C 6 8
Second floor, Elevation +4,00 until +8,00 2 D 8 16
Third floor, Elevation +8,00 until. +12.00 2 E 10 12
Fourth floor, Elevation +12,00 until +16.00 2 F 12 13
Fifth floor, Elevation +16,00 until +18.72 1 G 13 16
Main staircase work 7 H 15 20
III Work of Wall 8 I 16 22
IV Work of door and window 6 J 22 27
V Work of plafond 2 K 20 31
VI Work of floor couting and wall 6 L 27 33
VII Work of Finishing 6 M 39 39
VIII Work of Building Exterior Facilities 5 N 27 33
IX Work of Mechanical, Electrical , and Plumbing 5 O 20 22
TOTAL 60

Image 4.3 Diagram Forward Calculation (Attachment)


139

4) Backward Calculation

Table 4.9 Backward Calculation

CODE OF BACKWARD
NO JOB DESCRIPTION DURATION
ACTIVITY CALCULATION
LS LF
I Preparation Work 3 A 0 3
II Structure Work
Bottom structure 3 B 3 6
First floor, Elevation -0,50, ± 0.00 until + 4,00 2 C 6 8
Second floor, Elevation +4,00 until +8,00 2 D 8 16
Third floor, Elevation +8,00 until. +12.00 2 E 24 26
Fourth floor, Elevation +12,00 until +16.00 2 F 26 27
Fifth floor, Elevation +16,00 until +18.72 1 G 27 33
Main staircase work 7 H 20 25
III Work of Wall 8 I 16 22
IV Work of door and window 6 J 22 27
V Work of plafond 2 K 27 33
VI Work of floor couting and wall 6 L 16 33
VII Work of Finishing 6 M 39 39
VIII Work of Building Exterior Facilities 5 N 27 33
IX Work of Mechanical, Electrical , and Plumbing 5 O 36 37
TOTAL 60

Image 4.4 Diagram Backward Calculation (Attachment)


140

5) Identifying the Critical Path

Table 4.10 Total Float

CODE OF FORWARD BACKWARD TOTAL


NO JOB DESCRIPTION DURATION DESCRIPTION
ACTIVITY CALCULATION CALCULATION FLOAT
ES EF LS LF
I Preparation Work 3 A 0 3 0 3 0 Critical Path
II Structure Work
Bottom structure 3 B 3 6 3 6 0 Critical Path
First floor, Elevation -0,50, ± 0.00 until + 4,00 2 C 6 8 6 8 0 Critical Path
Second floor, Elevation +4,00 until +8,00 2 D 8 16 8 16 0 Critical Path
Third floor, Elevation +8,00 until. +12.00 2 E 10 12 24 26 14 Not a Critical Path
Fourth floor, Elevation +12,00 until +16.00 2 F 12 13 26 27 14 Not a Critical Path
Fifth floor, Elevation +16,00 until +18.72 1 G 13 16 27 33 17 Not a Critical Path
Main staircase work 7 H 15 20 20 25 5 Not a Critical Path
III Work of Wall 8 I 16 22 16 22 0 Critical Path
IV Work of door and window 6 J 22 27 22 27 0 Critical Path
V Work of plafond 2 K 20 31 27 33 2 Not a Critical Path
VI Work of floor couting and wall 6 L 27 33 16 33 0 Not a Critical Path
VII Work of Finishing 6 M 39 39 39 39 0 Critical Path
VIII Work of Building Exterior Facilities 5 N 27 33 27 33 0 Critical Path
IX Work of Mechanical, Electrical , and Plumbing 5 O 20 22 36 37 15 Not a Critical Path
TOTAL 60

Image 4.5 Diagram Identifying the Critical Path (Attachment)


141

From the calculation of Total Float table, it can be determined the


critical path where the critical path has Float Total equal to 0 (zero),
so that it can be clarified as follows:

a. Which has a Float Total equal to 0 (zero) is an A-B-C-D-I-J-N-O


activity, so the path that passes through these activities is a
critical path.

b. The project completion period is 60 weeks

c. The longest duration of time is wall work within 8 weeks ( I ) and


the fastest duration of work on the 5th floor within 1 week ( G )
142

6) Cash Flow

Table 4.11 Cash Flow


60 Weeks Duration
Budget Plan Rp 13,705,909,208
PERIOD PROGRESS PLAN CASH FLOW PLAN
CUMULATIVE
MONTH WEEK WEEK WEEK WEEKLY MONTHLY
AUGUST 1 0.04 0.04 Rp 4,815,381 Rp 4,815,381
2018 2 0.04 0.07 Rp 4,815,381 Rp 9,630,763 Rp 9,630,763
3 0.04 0.11 Rp 4,815,381 Rp 14,446,144
SEPTEMBER 4 3.52 3.63 Rp 482,693,355 Rp 497,139,499
2018 5 3.52 7.15 Rp 482,693,355 Rp 979,832,854
6 8.07 15.22 Rp 1,105,569,898 Rp 2,075,771,990 Rp 2,085,402,752
7 11.18 26.40 Rp 1,532,688,395 Rp 3,618,091,148
OCTOBER 8 11.05 37.45 Rp 1,514,518,835 Rp 5,132,609,982
2018 9 11.01 48.46 Rp 1,508,591,251 Rp 6,641,201,233
10 6.59 55.05 Rp 903,884,268 Rp 5,459,682,749 Rp 7,545,085,501
11 4.71 59.76 Rp 645,933,426 Rp 8,191,018,927
NOVEMBER 12 4.71 64.48 Rp 645,933,426 Rp 8,836,952,352
2018 13 6.37 70.85 Rp 873,580,826 Rp 9,710,533,178
14 4.93 75.78 Rp 675,404,179 Rp 2,840,851,856 Rp 10,385,937,357
15 4.31 80.08 Rp 590,045,977 Rp 10,975,983,334
DECEMBER 16 4.31 84.39 Rp 590,045,977 Rp 11,566,029,310
2018 17 2.79 87.17 Rp 381,749,811 Rp 11,947,779,121
18 2.61 89.79 Rp 358,359,579 Rp 1,920,201,343 Rp 12,306,138,700
19 0.12 89.91 Rp 16,931,988 Rp 12,323,070,688
JANUARY 20 1.50 91.41 Rp 205,048,940 Rp 12,528,119,627
2019 21 1.74 93.15 Rp 238,939,081 Rp 12,767,058,708
22 1.74 94.89 Rp 238,939,081 Rp 699,859,089 Rp 13,005,997,788
23 1.62 96.51 Rp 222,007,093 Rp 13,228,004,881
FEBRUARY 24 1.62 98.13 Rp 222,007,093 Rp 13,450,011,974
2019 25 1.62 99.75 Rp 222,007,093 Rp 13,672,019,067
26 0.25 100.00 Rp 33,890,141 Rp 699,911,419 Rp 13,705,909,208
TOTAL Rp 13,705,909,208 Rp 13,705,909,208
143

BAB V

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

A. CONCLUSIONS

1. Based on the calculation of the Cost Budget Plan (RAB) to complete


the construction of the Building and sarpras of the Bapenda office
province west java to the final stage, it costs approximately the same
amount Rp. 13.705,909,208 (Thirteen Billion Seven Hundred Five
Million Nine Hundred Nine Two hundred Eight Rupiahs)

2. From the calculation of the work weight it is estimated that the


completion of the Building and sarpras of the Bapenda office province
west java work based on the scheduling analysis of the Critical Path
Method Construction of Building and sarpras of the Bapenda office
province west java takes 60 weeks.

3. The Critical Path Method can determine the critical trajectory that
occurs in the project, namely the preparatory work – Structure work –
First floor – Second Floor – Third Floor – Fourth Floor – Fifth Floor –
Main Staircase work – Work of wall – Work doors and windows –
Work of plafond – Work of floor couting and wall – Work of
Mechanical, Electrical, and Plumbing – Work of Building Exterior
Facilities – Work of finishing.
144

B. RECOMMENDATIONS

1. In terms of planning the scheduling of the completion of a project not


only analyzing it based on the calculation of the weight of the work,
but it is strongly influenced by experience in the field and good
coordination.

2. More detailed studies are needed to get the right costing and
scheduling.

3. For the method of implementation in the field with the planned one, it
should be appropriate to get the maximum results.

4. Prices of wages and materials in accordance with the stipulated


provisions of the Bandung City in order to obtain a budget that is in
accordance with the field.

5. The CPM method is very helpful to overcome the probability of project


completion time.