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INTERNAL

What is API 6D ?

• Specification for Pipeline Valves. API Specification 6D is an adoption


of ISO 14313: 1999, Petroleum and Natural Gas Industries-Pipeline
Transportation Systems-Pipeline Valves. This International Standard
specifies requirements and gives recommendations for the design,
manufacturing, testing and documentation of ball, check, gate and plug
valves for application in pipeline systems.

1 © Metso Date Author Title


Neles or typical AP608 ball valve vs. typical API
6D Pipeline Ball Valves
Design feature Process valves , Neles Pipeline valves (API 6D)

Application Any process application ; Isolation


Isolation, ESD, switching,
control
Trim Always as minimum SS316 Typically Carbon Steel +
trim.Corrosion protection by ENP. Coating on top of that.
correct base material. Risk of corrosion since base
Coating not used for material. ENP coating thin
corrosion protection. and prone of wearing and
Enhanced corrosion tearing compared to Neles
resistant substrate for coatings.
coatings.
Bearings Solid stainless steel with Typically hardened metal
PTFE SS reinforcement. bearings (ENP, nitraded).
Solid stellite metal bearings ENP typically thin.
Seats Metal seats with hard facing Metal seats with hard facing
Full metallic bellows for high Metal seats with graphite
temp service (nickel alloy) back sealing.

© Metso
2 Date
Neles or typical AP608 ball valve vs. typical API
6D Pipeline Ball Valves
Design feature Process valves, Neles Pipeline valves
Packing Re-adjustable as standard. Non-adjustable O-ring
Reliable live loaded packing. High temperature
emission proof packing. with graphite rings.Higher
risk of fugitive emission.
Actuation Typically automated, high Typically manual operated
reliable field proven direct or Scoth-Yoke actuator
double crank piston which contain backlash.
actuator with enhanced
torque curve. Direct
connection from valve to
actuator w/o additional
backlash.
Linkages Same design practice as Designed for manual
valve itself for all possible operation and isolation
applications as standard service
Actuators Full line of Neles Pneumatic Any third party actuators
actuators – standard and
high cycle versions.

© Metso
3 Date
Metso Neles ball valves vs typical API 6D design
ESD/BDV application
Metso ball valves
Typical API 6D valve
• Safety and availability • Safety and availability
- Rigid stemball or stem to ball connection
(spline) - Weaker stem to ball connection
- Direct connection from ball to actuator - Non-adjustable O-ring type packing
- Live-loaded low emission packing à higher risk of fugitive emission
- Reliable piston type actuator with - Scotch-Yoke type of actuator has
enhanced double crank torque curve internal backlash
- Corrosion protection by base material à - Higher maintenance activitise on
coatings selected for preventing wearing proof test
- Low life cycle cost due to minimal - Higher risk of corrosion protection
maintenance activities
- Field proven failure rate values certified by
- Thin coatings
3rd party up to and including SIL 3 - Suitable for isolation (clean fluids)
- Suitable for critical, demanding
applications ESD and control

4 © Metso
Metso Neles ball valves vs typical API 6D design
ESD/BDV application
Metso ball valves Typical API6D valve

• Tightness (TSO) • Tightness (TSO)


- Long lasting excellent seat tightness - Sealing is non-wiping, no cleaning
- Suitable for impure and abrasive fluids à effect, hence the design is prone to
true metal to metal contact leak expecially if dirt such enter into
seat area
- Wiping seat to clean sealing surfaces
- Rigid pressure assisted seat ànon-
- Not suitable for impure , abrasive
fluids (severe service)– typically soft
sensitive to thermal fluctuation
seat
- Hard faced seat and ball against wear and
- Seat more prone to leak
impurities.
- Sealant injection not needed
- May require sealant injection

• Full stroke
• Full stroke
- Reliable hard coated bearings
- Bearings more prone to wear
- Rigid stemball or stem to ball connection
- Weaker stem to ball connection
- Reliable key way between valve and
actuator - Ball more prone to wear

5 - Long-lasting hard coated ball


© Metso
www.metso.com

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