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UNIFIED COUNCIL

A n I S O 9 0 0 1 : 2008 C e r t i f i e d O r g a n i s a t i o n

NATIONAL LEVEL SCIENCE TALENT SEARCH EXAMINATION


Paper Code: UN 423
Solutions for Class : 11 (PCM)
Mathematics
4. (B) Given limit
1. (B) The given equation is equivalent to
2 sin2 (( π /2) cos2 x) =2 sin2 (( π /2) sin 2x) ⎛ x3 2 5 ⎞
x1/ 2 ⎜ x + + x + ...... ⎟
⎝ 3 15 ⎠
⇒ cos2 x = sin 2x = lim 3/ 2
x →0
⎪⎧⎛ x 2 x3 ⎞ ⎪⎫
⇒ cos x (cos x – 2 sin x) = 0 ⎨⎜ 1 + x + + + ...... ⎟ − 1⎬
⎩⎪⎝ 2! 3! ⎠ ⎭⎪
⇒ 1 – 2 tan x = 0 as cos x ≠ 0,
x ≠ (2n + 1) π /2
⎛ x2 2 4 ⎞
⇒ tan x = 1/2 x 3/ 2 ⎜ 1 + + x + ...... ⎟
⎝ 3 15 ⎠
lim 3/ 2
1 − ta n 2 x 3 = x →0
⎛ x x2 ⎞
⇒ cos 2x = 2
= x 3/ 2 ⎜ 1 + + + ...... ⎟
1 + ta n x 5 ⎝ 2 6 ⎠
2. (D) The index of (x – a) is 8 which are even
8

and so the middle term in the expansion


⎛ x2 2 4 ⎞
⎛8 ⎞
th ⎜1 + + x + ...... ⎟
3 15 ⎠ = 1 =1
of (x – a)8 is ⎜⎝ + 1⎟⎠ term i.e., 5th term.
2 lim ⎝ 3/ 2
= x →0
⎛ x x 2
⎞ (1)3/ 2
⎜1 + + + ...... ⎟
Now, the general term in the expansion of ⎝ 2 6 ⎠
(x – a)8 is
tr+1 = 8Cr(–1)r x8–rar Hence, the correct answer is (b).

Putting r = 4 in (i), we get 5. (B) Condition of collinearity

t5 = 8C4(–1)4 x4 a4 = 8C4x4a4. F+  


3. (A) log 3
x + log 4 3 x + log 6 3 x + ... + log 16 3 x = 36 ∆ = F + !  =
F+ F 
log x log x log x log x
⇒ + + + ... + = 36
log 3 log 3 4 6
log 3 log 16 3 ⇒ (p +1)(3 − 2p) − 1( 2p +1 − 2p − 2)

log x log x log x log x +1(4p 2 +2P − 6p − 6)= 0


⇒ + + + ... + = 36
log 31/2
log 31/4
log 31/6
log 31/16 ⇒ − 2p 2 +p+3+1+4p 2 − 4p − 6=0
⇒ 2p 2 − 3p − 2 =0
log x log x log x log x
⇒ + + + ... + = 36 ⇒ 2p 2 − 4p+p − 2=0
1 1 1 1
log 3 log 3 log 3 log 3 −1
2 4 6 16 ⇒ p = 2,
2
⎛ log x ⎞ 6. (B) When x = 2, y = 4 we have 4x + 3y = 4(2) +
⇒⎜
⎝ log 3 ⎟⎠
{2 + 4 + 6 + ... + 16} = 36
3(4) = 20.
⎛ log x ⎞ ⎧ 8 ⎫ ∴ (2, 4) ∈ R.
⇒⎜ ⎨ ( 2 + 16 )⎬ = 36
⎝ log 3 ⎟⎠ ⎩ 2 ⎭

1
⇒ log x = log 3 ⇒ x = 3.
2
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2x + 3 4x − 1 11. (B) Let a, b, c be the three sides of the triangle
7. (D) < ABC, such that a < b < c and a, b, c are in
5 2
A.P. with common difference d.
⇒ 2(2x + 3) < 5(4x – 1)
Then, d > 0 since a, b, c is an increasing
[Multiplying both sides by 10. A.P.

We have: a > b ⇒ am > bm ∀ m > 0] ∴ We have : a = b – d and c = b + d


Let A, B, C be the angles opposite to the
⇒ 4x + 6 < 20x – 5
sides a, b, c respectively.
⇒ 0 < 16x – 11 Then, A < B < C.
[Adding (–4x – 6) on both sides. [Side opposite the largest angle is the
We have: a > b ⇒ a + m > b + longest]
m ∀ m ∈R] We have: C = 2A (given)

⇒ 11 < 16x [Adding 11 on both sides] And so, B = π – (A + C) = π – (A + 2A) = π


– 3A.
11 1
⇒ <x [Multiplying on both Now, by sine Formula, we have:
16 16
sides] a b c
= =
⎡ 11 ⎞ sin A sin B sin C
∴ x ∈ ⎢ , ∞⎟
⎣ 16 ⎠
b−d b b+d
⇒ = =
8. (A) tan (ð cos θ) sin Α sin ( π − 3A ) sin 2A

⎛ π ⎞ b−d b b+d
= cot (ð s in θ ) = tan ⎜ ± − π sin θ ⎟ ⇒ = =
⎝ 2 ⎠ sin A sin 3A sin 2A
π
⇒ π cos θ = ± − π sin θ b sin 3A b + d sin 2A
2 ⇒ = and =
b−d sin A b−d sin A
1
⇒ cos θ + sin θ = ±
2 b b+d
⇒ = 3 − 4sin 2 A and = 2cos A
⎛ π⎞ 1 b−d b−d
⇒ 2 cos ⎜ θ − ⎟ = ±
⎝ 4⎠ 2 [Using sin 3A = 3 sin A – 4 sin3 A]

⎛ π⎞ 1 b b+d
⇒ cos ⎜ θ − ⎟ = ± ⇒ = 3 – 4 sin2A and = 2 cosA
⎝ 4 ⎠ 2 2 b−d b−d
[3 – 4 sin2A = 3 – 4(1 – cos2A) = 4 cos2A – 1]
4n +7

9. (A) ∑i
k =1
k
= i1 + i2 + i3 + i4 + i5 + i6 + i7 + i8 + ... +
b ⎛b+d⎞
2

⇒ =⎜ ⎟ −1
i4n+1 + i4n+2 + i4n+3 + i4n+4 + i4n+5 + i4n+6 + i4n+7 b−d ⎝b−d⎠
= 0 + 0 + ... + 0 + i – 1 – i = –1.
(b + d ) − (b − d )
2 2
b 4bd
10. (B) The desired point is the foot of the ⇒ = =
(b − d ) (b − d )
2 2
perpendicular from the origin on the line b−d
3x – 4y = 25.
⇒ 4d = b – d ⇒ b = 5b.
The equation of a line passing through the
origin and perpendicular to 3x –4y = 25 is ∴ The sides of the triangle are
4x + 3y = 0. a = b – d = 5d – d = 4d, b = 5d and
Solving these two equations we get x = 3, c = b + d = 5d + d = 6d.
y = – 4. Hence, the sides are in the ratio 4 : 5 : 6
Hence, the nearest point on the line from
the origin is (3, –4).

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12. (C) (A ∪ B)' ∪ (A' ∩ B) = A' as shown in the 16. (A) Let x 1 and x 2 be the two roots of the
following venn-diagrams: equation
x2 – 2ax + a2 = 0
Then, x1 + x2 = 2a
) *
x1 + x 2
(Α∪Β)′ (Α′ ∩Β) (Α ∪ Β)′ ∪ (Α′ ∩ Β) = Α′ ⇒ =a
2

13. (D) Number of ways to enter the palace = 7. i.e., Arithmetic mean of the roots, A = a.

Number of ways to come out of the palace Also, x1x2 = a2 [Product of the roots]
= 12.
⇒ x1x 2 = a
∴ By the fundamental principle of
counting: i.e., Geometric Mean of the roots, G = a.

Total number of ways in which a person Clearly, A = G.


can enter and come out of the palace 17. (B) By Binomial Expansion:
= 7 × 12 = 84. (1 + x)20 = 20C0 + 20C1x + 20C2x2 + ... +
14. (C) Putting x = cos θ , we get
20
C20x20
The general term in this expansion is given
d ⎧⎪ 2 ⎛ −1 1 + x ⎞ ⎫⎪ by
⎨sin ⎜⎜ cot ⎟⎬
dx ⎩⎪ ⎝ 1 − x ⎟⎠ ⎭⎪ tr+1 = 20Crxr. Its coefficient is 20Cr.
∴ Coefficient of (m + 1)th term = coefficient
of (m + 3)th term
d ⎧ 2 ⎡ −1 θ ⎤⎫ d ⎛ 2 θ⎞
= ⎨sin ⎢cot cot ⎥ ⎬ = ⎜⎝ sin ⎟⎠ ⇒ 20Cm = 20Cm+2 ⇒ 20
C20–m = 20Cm+2 [3 20
Cm
dx ⎩ ⎣ 2 ⎦⎭ dx 2
= 20C20–m]

d ⎡1 ⎛ θ ⎞⎤ d ⎡ (1 − cos θ) ⎤ ⇒ 20 – m = m + 2 ⇒ 2m = 20 – 2 ⇒ m = 9.
= 2sin 2 ⎟ ⎥ =
dx ⎣⎢ 2 ⎝⎜ 2 ⎠ ⎦ dx ⎢⎣ 2 ⎥
⎦ 18. (D) X = Set of all positive divisors of 400
= {1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 10, 16, 20, 25, 40, 50, 80,
d ⎧1 ⎫ 1 100, 200, 400}
= ⎨ (1 − x)⎬ = −
dx ⎩ 2 ⎭ 2 Y = Set of all positive divisors of 1000
= {1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 10, 20, 25, 40, 50, 100, 125,
∴ The correct answer is (c)
200, 250, 500, 1000}
15. (B) The affixes of the points P, Q, R and S are We have : X ∩ Y = {1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 10, 20, 25,
z1 = 4 + i, z2 = 1 + 6i, z3 = –4 + 3i and 40, 50, 100, 200}
z4 = –1 – 2i respectively.
Hence, n(X ∩ Y) = 12.
PQ = |z2 – z1| = (1 − 4 ) 2
+ (6 − 1) = 34;
2
19. (B) We have tan A = a/b and tan B = b/a, so
a b
that tan A + tan B = +
QR = |z3 – z2| = ( − 4 − 1) 2
+ (3 − 6) = 34;
2
b a

a 2 + b2 c2
RS = |z4 – z3| = ( −1 + 4 ) 2
+ ( −2 − 3) = 34;
2
=
ab
=
ab

SP = |z1 – z4| = (4 + 1)2 + (1 + 2)2 = 34;


20. (D) a, b, c are in A.P. ⇒ b =
a+c
........ (i)
2
Also, PR = |z3 – z1| = ( − 4 − 4 ) 2 + ( 3 − 1) 2 = 68 Now, (a + 2b – c) (2b + c – a)(a + 2b + c)

⎧ ⎛ a + c ⎞ ⎫⎧ ⎛ a + c ⎞ ⎫
and QS = |z4 – z2| = ( −1 − 1) + ( −2 − 6) = 68.
2 2 = ⎨a + 2 ⎜
⎩ ⎝ 2 ⎟ − c ⎬ ⎨2 ⎜ 2 ⎟ + c − a ⎬
⎠ ⎭⎩ ⎝ ⎠ ⎭
{2b + 2b}

Thus, all the four sides of the quadrilateral [Using (i)], we get
PQRS are equal i.e., PQ = QR = RS = SP = = (2a)(2c)(4b) = 16abc.
34 and both the diagonals are equal i.e.,
PR = QS. Hence, PQRS is a square.

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26. (C) The sum of the coefficients in the
21. (C) xf(2) − 2 f (x) ⎡ 0⎤ expansion of (x+y)n = 4096
lim ⎢Form 0 ⎥
x →2 x−2 ⎣ ⎦ ⇒ nC0 + nC1 + nC2 + ... + nCn = 4096
xf(2) − 2 f '(x)
= lim ⇒ 2n = 4096 = 212 ⇒ n = 12.
x→2 1
Since n is even, the greatest coefficient is
= {f (2) − 2 f '(2)} = (4 − 2 × 4) = − 4
the coefficient of the middle term i.e., of

∴ The correct answer is (c). ⎛n ⎞


the ⎜⎝ + 1⎟⎠ th term i.e., of the 7th term.
22. (C) |(1 – i) (1 + 2i) (2 – 3i)| 2

= |1 – i|.|1 + 2i|.|2 – 3i| Thus, the greatest coefficient in the


expansion is
[3 |z1.z2...zn|=|z1|.|z2|...|zn|] 12 × 11 × 10 × 9 × 8 × 7
n
Cn/2 = 12C6 = = 924.
{ 12 + ( −1)
2
}{
. }{
12 + 22 . 22 + ( −3)
2
} 27. (C)
6 × 5× 4 × 3× 2×1
The number of proper subsets of a set
having n elements is 2n–1.
= 2. 5. 13 = 130
∴ The number of proper subsets of {a, b, c}
23. (B) Total number of ways of selecting 6 out of i.e. of a set containing 3 elements is
10 friends = 10C6 = 210. 23 –1 i.e. 7.
Number of ways of selecting 6 out of 10 28. (A) Ler P (h, 0) divides the join of A(2,–3) and
friends when 2 particular friends are to be B(5, 6) in the ratio of λ : 1, such that the
always included (together) in each selection co-ordinates of point P are
= 10–2C6–2 = 8C4 = 70.
∴ Number of ways of selecting 6 out of 10 ⎛ 5λ + 2 6λ − 3 ⎞
⎜ , ⎟
friends when 2 particular friends are not ⎝ λ +1 λ +1 ⎠
together in any selection
Since, the point P lies on the x-axis,
= 210 – 70 = 140.
therefore, the y- part(ordinate) must be
24. (A) Here m1 = 2 – 3 and m2 = 2 + 3 zero.

If θ is the angle between lines, then 6λ − 3


⇒ =0
⎡ m1 − m 2 ⎤ λ +1
tan θ = ⎢ 1 + m m ⎥ 1
⎣ 1 2 ⎦ ⇒λ=
2
⎡ ⎤
2 − 3 −2− 3
⇒ tan θ = ⎢ ⎥ The ratio in which P on x-axis divided by
⎣ (
⎢1 + 2 − 3 2 + 3 )( ) ⎥
⎦ join of AB is 1 : 2
29. (C) When n = 1, we have :
2 3
⇒ tan θ = pn+1 + (p+1)2n–1 = p2 + (p+1)1 = P2 + p + 1,
1 + (4 − 3)
which is divisible by p2 + p + 1.
⇒ tan θ = 3
∴ θ = 60o ⎡ Note : p2 + p + 1 is not divisible by any of ⎤
25. (C) Let d be the common difference of the A.P. ⎢ ⎥
⎢ the remaining alternatives ⎥
a,b,c.
⎢ 2 3 ⎥
Then, b – a = d and c – b = d. ⎣ p − 1, p + 1 or p − 1. ⎦
∴ a = b – d and c = b + d.
We shall show that pn+1 + (p + 1)2n–1 is
Now, abc = 4 (given) divisible by p2+p+1 for all
⇒ (b – d) b (b + d) = 4 ⇒ b(b2 – d2) = 4 natural numbers n.
....... (i) Let P (n) : pn+1 + (p + 1)2n–1 is divisible by
But b – d < b
2 2 2
[Since both b 2
and d 2
p2 + p + 1.
are positive] Then, P (1) is true. [Proved above]
⇒ b.(b2 – d2) < b.b2 [3 be is positive] Let P (m) be true.
⇒ 4 < b3 ⇒ 22 < b3 ⇒ b > 22/3 [Using (i)] Then, pm+1 + (p + 1)2m–1 is divisible by p2 +
Thus, the minimum possible value of b is p + 1.
22/3.
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Let pm+1 + (p + 1)2m–1 = k (p2 + p + 1) 33. (C) The given equation can be written as
where k ∈ N.
1 + sin x
⇒ pm+1 = k (p2 + p + 1) – (p + 1)2m–1 = 2 cos x
cos x
Now, p(m+1)+1 + (p + 1)2(m+1)–1
= pm+2 + (p + 1)2m+1 = p.pm+1 + (p + 1)2m+1 ⇒ 1 + sin x = 2 cos2 x = 2 (1 – sin2 x)

= p {k (p2 + p + 1) – (p+1)2m–1} + (p + 1)2m+1 ⇒ 2 sin2 x + sin x – 1 = 0


= kp (p2 + p + 1) – p (p+1)2m–1 + (p + 1)2m+1 ⇒ (1 + sin x) (2 sin x –1) = 0
= kp (p2 + p + 1) + (p+1)2m–1 {–p + (p + 1)2} ⇒ sin x = – 1 or 1/2
= kp (p + p + 1) + (p+1)
2 2m–1
(p + p + 1)
2
Now sin x = – 1 ⇒ x = 3 π /2 for which the
= (p +p+1) {kp + (p+1)
2 2m–1
}, which is divisible by given equation is not meaningful and sin x
p2+p+1. = 1/2 ⇒ x = π /6 or 5 π /6.
∴ P (m+1) is true whenever P (m) is The required number of solutions is 2.
true.
Thus, P (n) is true for all n ∈ N. 1/ x
⎛ a x + bx ⎞
Hence, p + (p + 1)
n+1 2n–1
is divisible by p +
2 34. (B) Let y = lim ⎜ ⎟ , Then,
p + 1, for all n ∈ N.
x→0
⎝ 2 ⎠
1 ⎛ a x + bx ⎞
log y = lim log ⎜ ⎟
2
C2 2 n! 4! ( n − 4 ) ! 2 x→0 x
⎝ 2 ⎠
30. (C) = ⇒ × =
2
C4 1 2! ( n − 2) ! n! 1 log (a x + bx ) − log 2 0⎤

= lim ⎢ form 0 ⎥
x→0 x ⎣ ⎦
4×3 2
⇒ = 1
( n − 2)( n − 3) 1 = lim x
x → 0 (a + b )
x
x x
(a log a + b log b)

⇒ n2 – 5n + 6 = 6 1
= (log a + log b) = log ab
⇒ n2 – 5n = 0 2
⇒ n(n – 5) = 0 ∴y = e log ab = ab

⇒ n = 0 or n = 5
⇒ n=5 [3 nC2 and nC4 are not Hence, the correct answer is (b).
defined for n = 0] 35. (C) The two digit natural numbers which leave
31. (C) y = loge (1 + x) a remainder 5 when divided by 7 are 12,
19, 26, ..., 89, 96
dy 1 Let S = 12+ 19 + 26 + ... + 89 + 96
⇒ =
dx (1 + x ) Let there be n terms in the A.P. 12, 19,
dy ⎤ 1 26, ..., 89, 96.
⇒ ⎥ =
dx ⎦ (x =1) 2 The first term of this A.P. is a = 12 and its
common difference d = 19 – 12 = 7.
∴ The correct answer is (C) Then the nth term tn = 96 ⇒ a + (n – 1)d =
x −1 96
32. (B) f (x) = ⇒ (x + 1) f (x) = x – 1
x +1 ⇒ 12 + (n – 1)(7) = 96 ⇒ 7n – 7 = 84 ⇒ n
= 13.
1 + f (x)
⇒ x{f(x) – 1} = – {1 + f(x)} ⇒ x = Thus, there are 13 terms in the A.P.
1 − f (x) 12,19,26,...,89,96.
n 1
Now, f(2x) = ∴S = (a + l) = (12 + 96) = 702.
2 2
⎧1 + f (x) ⎫ 36. (D) The given expression is equal to
2⎨ ⎬ −1
2x − 1 1−f (x) ⎭ 1 + 3 f(x) 3 f(x) + 1 (sin 47° + sin 61°) – (sin 11° – sin 25°)
= ⎩ = =
2x + 1 2⎨ + f
⎧ 1 (x) ⎫
⎬+1
3 + f(x) f(x) + 3
= 2 sin 54° cos 7° – 2 sin 18° cos 7°
⎩1 − f (x) ⎭
= 2 cos 7° (sin 54° – sin 18°)

⎡ 5 +1 5 − 1⎤
= 2 cos 7° ⎢ 4 − 4 ⎥ = cos 7°
⎢⎣ ⎥⎦
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2 3 2 3 Physics
37. (B) + 2 + 3 + 4 + ...∞
5 5 5 5 41. (B) Here, m1 = 10 kg, m2 = 5 kg, v1 = ?, v2
= 0, v = 4 m/s
⎛2 2 ⎞ ⎛ 3 3 ⎞
⎜⎝ + 3 + ...∞⎟⎠ + ⎜⎝ 2 + 5 + ...∞⎟⎠ Applying the principle of conservation of
5 5 5 5
linear momentum,
⎛ 2⎞ ⎛ 3⎞ m1v1 + m2v2 = (m1 + m2)v
⎜⎝ ⎟⎠ ⎜⎝ 2 ⎟⎠
5 5 ⎛ 2 25 ⎞ ⎛ 3 25 ⎞ 10v1 + 5 × 0 = (10 + 5)4 = 60
= + = . + .
⎛ 1⎞ ⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎜⎝ 5 24 ⎟⎠ ⎜⎝ 25 24 ⎟⎠
⎜⎝ 1 − ⎟ ⎜ 1 − ⎟
52 ⎠ ⎝ 52 ⎠ 60
v1 = = 6 m s −1
10
10 3 13
= + =
24 24 24 42. (C) d = 0.005 mm = 0.005 × 10–3 m,

38. (C) A = {1, 2}, C = {{1}, {2}} R = 10/2 = 5 cm = 0.05 m,


Clearly, A ∈ C. σ = 0.072 Nm–1
39. (C) 3 < 3t – 18 < 18........ (i) (given) Force required
⇒ 21 < 3t < 36 ........ (ii)
2 × 0.072 × 3.14 × ( 0.05)
2

[a > b ⇒ a + m > b + m ∀ m ∈ R] = × π R2 =
d 0.005 × 10 −3
∴ Alternative (B) is not true.
= 226 N
⇒ 7 ≤ t ≤ 12 ........ (iii)
43. (C) Here α = (10/2) rad s–2
⎡ a b ⎤ 1
⎢3 a > b ⇒ m > m ∀m > 0 ⎥ I = MR2 = × (0.2)2 = 0.02 kg ms2.
⎣ ⎦ 2
∴ Alternative (A) is not true. Here τ = I α = 5 × 0.02 Nm = 0.10 Nm.
⇒ 8 ≤ t + 1 ≤ 13 ........ (iv)
W 1
44. (D) η= W = η Q1 = × 1000 cals.
[Adding 1 on both sides] Q1 3
∴ Alternative (C) is true.
Again, from (iii) we have: 7 < t < 12 1000
= × 4.2 joule = 1400 J.
3
⇒ 14 < 2t < 24 [ M u l t i p l y i n g
both sides by 2] 45. (B) Mean value of refractive index.
⇒ 15 < 2t + 1 < 25 [Adding 1 on
1.49 + 1.50 + 1.52 + 1.54 + 1.48
both sides] nm =
5
∴ Alternative (D) is not true.
= 1.506 = 1.51
⎛ 3 − 4i x ⎞ 46. (C) Spring constant, k = F/x.
40. (C) We have: α − iβ = ⎜
⎝ 3 + 4i x ⎟⎠
1 1 4 × 9.8
× (0.05)
2
Workdone = k x2 = ×
3 − 4i x 3 − 4i x ⎡ z1 z ⎤ 2 2 0.02
⇒ α − iβ = = ⎢ = 1⎥
3 + 4i x 3 + 4i x ⎣ z2 z2 ⎦ = 2.45 J
2 47. (A) ρ = 0.09 kg m–3, vrms = 1.84 × 103 m s–1
2 3 − 4i x
⇒ α − iβ = 2
3 + 4i x 1 2
Pressure = P = ρνrms
3
32 + ( −4x )
2
9 + 16x 2 1
⇒ α 2 + β2 = = = 1. P= × 0.09 ×(1.84 × 103)2 = 1.015 × 105 N/m2
32 + ( 4x )
2
9 + 16x 2 3

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52. (D) A + B = 17 ................. (i)
g′ 2h 90
48. (D) At height h, =1− =
g R 100 A–B=7 ................. (ii)
On solving A = 12 units and B = 5 units
2h 90 10 1
or =1− = =
R 100 100 10 R= A 2 + B2 = 122 + 52 = 13 units.

or R = 20 h = 20 × 320 = 6400 km 53. (B) Impulse = change in linear momentum

At depth d, = m v – m u = 0.1 × 40 – 0.1 × (– 30)


54. (B) Sum of P.E. and K.E. of the ball at A =
g′ d 95 Sum of P.E. and K.E. of the ball at B. At
=1− =
g R 100 the point A, the ball is at rest, so K.E. = 0.
At B the speed of the ball is v. At B, h = 0
d 95 5 1 So, P.E. = 0
or =1− = =
R 100 100 20
(P.E. + K.E.) at A = (P.E. + K.E.) at B
R 6400 1
or d = = = 320 km
20 20 mgh + 0 = 0 + mv2
2
49. (C) Hydrogen atom is assumed to be at the L 2gh
origin
x1 = 0, m1 = m, x2 = 1.27 Å = 2 × 9.8 × 10
= 1.27 × 10–10 m = 14 m/s
m2 = 35.5 m 55. (B) Rate of change of speed
The position of centre of mass
dv
= tangential acceleration
m1 x 1 + m 2 x 2 dt
x=
m1 + m 2 tangential force
=
mass
m × 0 + 35.5 m × 1.27 × 10 −10
=
m + 35.5 m mg sin 30°
= = g sin 30°
m
45.08 × 10 −10 m
= ⎛ 1⎞
36.5 = 10 ⎜ ⎟ m / s2 = 5 m / s2
⎝ 2⎠
= 1.24 × 10–10 m

50. (C) Power = = Fv

⎛ dm ⎞ 30° T
F = v⎜
⎝ dt ⎟⎠

⎧ d (ρ × volume ) ⎫
= v⎨ ⎬ ( ρ = density)
30

⎩ dt ⎭ mg sin 30°
°

mg cos 30°
mg
⎧ d ( volume ) ⎫
⎬ = ρv ( Av ) = ρAv
2
= ρv ⎨ 1
⎩ dt ⎭ 56. (B) Workdone = × Y × (strain)2 × volume
2
∴ power P = ρ Av3 For a given strain, workdone ∝ Y.

or P ∝ v3 As Y for copper is less than that of steel,


so less work is done on copper spring than
51. (D) Sudden compression causes heating and that on steel spring.
rise in temp. With the passage of time,
temp, falls and hence pressure also
decreases.

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57. (A) As on the surface of planet g = (GM/R2)
mg ′ 30 g′ 1
63. (A) Given, = or =
2 mg 90 g 3
g M MM ⎛ R E ⎞ 1 1
× (4) =
2
= ×⎜ ⎟ =
g E ME ⎝ R M ⎠ 80 5
R2 R2 1
Now g' = g or g' = g =
(R + h) 2
(R + h)2
3
g 9.8
∴ gM = = = 1.96 m / s2
5 5 R 1
or = or ( R + h) = 3 R
Further more as escape velocity R+h 3

ve = (2GM / R) or h = ( )
3 − 1 R = 0.73 R

4 ⎛4 ⎞
vM MM R E 1 1 64. (B) πR 3 = 106 ⎜ πr 3 ⎟
= × = ×4 = 3 ⎝3 ⎠
vE ME R M 80 20
or R = (102r)
Ui = 106 (4 π r2)T
( )
i.e., vM = v E / 20 = (11.2/4.47) = 2.5 km/s.
Uf = (4 π R2)T
58. (A) Mass = m = 700 gm = 0.7 kg
Uf 1
Radius of gyration = K = 20 cm = 0.2 m ∴ =
U i 102
Moment of inertia = I = mK2 = 0.7 × 0.2 × 65. (B) Thrust = normal force
0.2 = 0.028 kg m2.
Mass ejected per sec = 250 × 10–3 kg s–1
59. (C) Let a be the acceleration of sprinter for
Change of velocity = 8000 m s–1
time t = 4 s.
1 2 1 m (v − u)
Distance travelled in 4 s = at = ×a× F=
2 2 t
42 = 8 a
= Mass per sec × Change of velocity
Velocity of sprinter at time 4 sec is F = 250 × 10–3 × 8 × 1000 = 2000 N
v = at = a × 4 = 4 a
Chemistry
Distance covered by sprinter with uniform
velocity in time 4 sec to 9 sec (= 5 s) = 4 a
× 5 = 20 a 1 2 3 4 5
66. (B) CH! – CH – CH – CH – CH!
As per question, 8 a + 20 a = 140
H!C CH CH!
or a = 5 m s–2 3-Ethyl-2-methylpentane

P1 T1 67. (D) O2– (8 + 2 = 10) and Mg2+ (12 – 2 = 10) are


60. (D) = isoelectronic with F– (9 + 1 = 10)
P T
68. (A) CH4 + 2O2 → CO2 + 2H2O, ∆ H1 = – x kJ
T 2 P × 293 .......... (i)
or T1 = P1 = = 586 K = 313° C
P P

61. (B) Here, m = 120 g = 0.12 kg 3


CH3OH + O → CO2 + 2H2O, ∆ H2 = – y kJ
2 2
m/s .......... (ii)
Subtracting (ii) from (i), we get

1
CH4 + O → CH3OH, ∆ H3 = –ve
2 2
1 1
KE = mv2 = × 0.12 × 29 = 1.74 joule. i.e., – x – (–y) = –ve
2 2
62. (A) Work done in a cyclic process = area y – x = –ve.
between the cycle Hence, x > y
= AB × BC
= (2P – P) × (2V – V)
= PV
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69. (B) 74. (D) 2K2CrO4 + 2HCl ⎯⎯
→ K2Cr2O7 + 2KCl +
2BCl3 + 3H2(g) → 2 B + 6 HCl H2O
75. (B) According to the experimental findings, all
3 mol 2 mol
2−
carbon to oxygen bonds in CO 3 are
3×22.4 L (STP) 2×10.8 g = 21.6 g
equivalent. Therefore, the carbonate ion
= 67.2 L is best described as a resonance hybrid of
70. (C) the canonical forms I, II and III shown
below.
We can write, 2 HI(g) H2(g) + I2(g) – –
:O: :O: :O:

:
Initial pressure, 0.2 atm, 0 0
C C C
Equilibrium partial presssure, – – – – :

: :
:O: :O: :O: :O: :O :O

:
(0.2 − 0.04 ) (0.2 − 0.04 ) 1 11 111
0.04 atm
2 2
76. (B) The equation is BaO 2 + H 2 SO 4
= 0.08 = 0.08 ⎯⎯
→ BaSO4(s) + H2O2
The most electronegative atom in the
[H ][I ] = 0.08 × 0.08 = 4
2 2 products is oxygen. The oxidation state of
Then, Kp =
[HI] 2
(0.04 ) 2
O in H2O2 is –1, whereas that is BaSO4 is
–2.
71. (D) Na2CO3 is completely dissociated to Na+ and
2− 62 0.444
CO 3 ions thus giving high concentration 77. (D) %P = × × 100 = 40.
222 0.31
2−
of CO 3 ions which would precipitate Mg2+
78. (D)
as MgCO3.
72. (C) From the given data,
2 Mg + O2 → 2MgO
2 × 24 32 g 2 (24 + 16)
0.5 g
n(H2) = 2 g / mol = 0.25 mol = 48 g = 80 g
30 g Mg will react completely with O2 =
10 g 32
× 30 = 20 g
n(O2) = 32 g / mol = 0.31 mol 48
∴ O2 left = 30 – 20 = 10 g
15 L 80
n(H2) = 22.4 L / mol = 0.67 mol MgO formed = × 30 = 50 g
48
79. (D) CCl 4 has tetrahedral, symmetrical
5L structure, hence does not show dipole
n(N2) = 22.4 L / mol = 0.22 mol
moment.
Number of molecules ∝ No. of moles of 80. (C) Boron halides, BX3 have only six electrons
the gas (three from B atom and three from three
halogen atoms) around central B atom and
So, 15 L of H2 gas at STP will contain the thus B octet is not complete. Hence, boron
maximum number of molecules. halides behave as electron deficient
compounds or Lewis acids.
⎛1 1⎞ 3 ⎛ 1 1⎞ 5 ⎛1 1⎞ 7
73. (A) ⎜⎝ 2 − 2 ⎟⎠ = , ⎜⎝ 2 − 2 ⎟⎠ = ,⎜ − ⎟ =
81. (A)
1 2 4 2 3 36 ⎝ 32 4 2 ⎠ 144
and so on.
A + 2B C
Thus, 1/ λ decreases from transition n = 2
Initial moles 1 0.5
to n = 1, to n = 3 to n = 2 and so on or λ
Moles at eqm. 0.9 0.3 0.1
increases in the reverse order, i.e., λ is
maximum for n = 5 to n = 4. As by de Molar concs. 0.3 0.1 0.1/3
Broglie equation, λ ∝ 1/p, therefore,
0.1 / 3
momentum p will be maximum for the K= = 11.11
0.3 × (0.1)
2
transition n = 2 to n = 1.

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82. (B) Here, IE 2 involves the removal of an
electron from the inert gas configuration
(1 s2 2s2 p6)

83. (C) PbS + 4 H2O2 → PbSO4 ↓ + 4H2O ( l )

84. (C) The boiling points of benzene (353 K) and


chloroform (334 K) differ by 19° and hence
can be separated by distillation.
85. (B) Given
Amount of the gas, n = 4.0 mol
Volume of the gas, V = 5 dm3
Pressure of the gas, P = 3.32 bar
R = 0.083 bar dm3 K–1 mol–1
From the gas equation, PV = nRT

PV 3.32 bar × 5 dm 3
T= = = 50 K
nR 4.0 mol × 0.083 bar dm 3 K −1 mol −1

86. (B) Eqm. const. is constant at constant


temperature.
87. (A) MgSO4 . 7 H2O. Because of smaller size,
Mg2+ ions are extensively hydrated.
88. (C) The process (C) cannot go by itself after
initiation.
89. (B) Graphite is thermodynamically, the most
stable allotrope of carbon. That is why
∆ f H° (graphite) is taken as zero.

∆ f H° (diamond) = + 1.90 kJ mol–1

∆ f H° (fullerene) = + 38.1 kJ mol–1

90. (B) Heterocyclic and aromatic, i.e., furan.

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