Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 13

5/9/2019 Introduction to Transformer Turns Ratio Testing

Home / Technical Articles / Introduction to Transformer Turns Ratio Testing

Introduction to Transformer Follow TestGuy

Turns Ratio Testing


By testguy June 26, 2016 0 Comments

KEYENCE Pro le Projector


Sistem Pengukuran Dimensi Cepat dan Mudah digunakan, Gratis Uji Coba! KEYE
Popular topics right now
The transformer turns
ratio test is used to ATS Controller Display
Screen Corrupted
determine the number of
When To Conduct
turns in one winding of a Resistance Testing on
Utility Feeders?
transformer in relation to
the number of turns in Ground Study effects
The turns ratio test is used as both an
acceptance test and a maintenance
the other windings of the Community Posting
test, while the polarity test is primarily Competition Spring 2019
same phase of the an acceptance test. Photo: Megger - Enter to win cool prizes!
transformer.
I found another Study
Resource

The transformer polarity test determines the vectoral Level III Questions, seen
recently (from memory
relationships of the various transformer windings. The
bear with me), help?
transformer ratio test is used as both an acceptance
test and a maintenance test, while the polarity test is
primarily an acceptance test. Plastic
Equipm

The test equipment used is ordinarily a turns ratio Ad Qualite

tester designed for the purpose. If not available, input Order P

and output voltages can be measured, with at least 0.25


Ad semish
percent full-scale accuracy voltmeters, for
6 elect
approximation. Curren
explain
testguy.net

https://testguy.net/content/253-Introduction-to-Transformer-Turns-Ratio-Testing
Fast PC
1/13
5/9/2019 Introduction to Transformer Turns Ratio Testing
Fast PC
When a turns ratio test of transformer is performed, the
ratio should be determined for all no-load taps. If the
Ad PCB D
transformer is equipped with a load-tap changer (LTC),
Transfo
the ratio should be determined for each LTC position. If Resista
Explain
the transformer has both an LTC and a no-load-tap testguy.net

changer, then the ratio should be determined for each Insulat


Tester
position of the LTC to one position of the no-load-tap
changer and vice versa. testguy.net

Transfo
Test Pr
This test is useful in determining whether a transformer
has any shorted turns or improper connections and, testguy.net

in acceptance testing, verifying nameplate information. Transfo


Ratio (

testguy.net

TTR Tr
Guide
Safety Considerations Checks
testguy.net

Transfo
When testing transformers, caution must be used
and De
at all times. Observe all safety precautions and
testguy.net
follow OSHA lockout/tag out procedures before
3 Rout
testing. Be certain that the transformer to be tested and Ch
Filled T
is completely de-energized. Check every winding.
testguy.net
The procedures in the article should only be Curren
performed by workers who are qualified to service Basics
Unders
high voltage equipment. testguy.net

Three-
Transfo
Conne

Transformer Turns Ratio Test


testguy.net

Connections
When testing a transformer for turns ratio, the Test Your
connections is determined by: Matching parallel Knowledge
vectors.
Sharpen your skills with
our collection of quizzes
https://testguy.net/content/253-Introduction-to-Transformer-Turns-Ratio-Testing 2/13
5/9/2019 Introduction to Transformer Turns Ratio Testing

on electrical safety,
Transformer turns ratio test sets come in a variety of maintenance & testing of
electrical equipment and
styles and test connections, however all turns ratio
industry standards.
testers have at least two high leads and two low leads.
Basic setup procedures are explained below, consult the Tech Quiz
test set users manual for your specific setup instructions.
Study Guide

Make certain that all terminals of the transformer are


disconnected from line or load at the transformer.
Connections to ground may be left in place if desired.
Electrical Testing
Verify test set performance via preliminary checks before
References
testing, consult the user manual for your specific tester.
Protective Relay Protection
Element Tests

Capacitive Reactance - How to


Solve Series and Parallel
Capacitors

Circuit Breaker Accessories

Switchboard Ratings

Transformer Insulation Classes

Three-Phase Transformer Winding


Connections

Peak vs. Average vs. RMS Voltage


Transformer ratio test diagram, using a Single phase TTR test set. Photo:
Megger. Circuit Breaker Contact
Arrangements: Straight-through
vs. Blow-apart
Single-Phase Models: Connect the exciting leads (X1
SF6 Circuit Breakers
and X2) to the lower-voltage winding of the two windings
Ohm's Law & Watt's Law Cheat
to be compared. Match transformer polarity by Sheet
connecting the H1 secondary lead to the higher-voltage Protective Relaying Terms and
terminal which corresponds to the X1 connection. See De nitions

Figure. Connect the H2 lead to the other high voltage More...

terminal. Where both windings are grounded on one


side, connect X1 and H1 to the grounded sides. Always
excite the entire low-voltage winding. For polyphase

https://testguy.net/content/253-Introduction-to-Transformer-Turns-Ratio-Testing 3/13
5/9/2019 Introduction to Transformer Turns Ratio Testing

transformers, repeat procedure on each set of windings


to be measured.

Three-phase TTR testing connection diagram. Photo: EEP.

Three-Phase Models: Connect the H0, H1, H2, and H3


test cables to the corresponding high-voltage winding
terminals of the transformer under test. With delta
connected windings, H0 is not used. Connect the X0, X1,
X2, and X3 test cables to the corresponding low-voltage
winding of the transformer under test. With delta
connected windings, X0 is not used. It is possible to test
single phase two-winding transformers with a three-
phase TTR test set by only utilizing the H1, H2 and X1,
X2 leads.

Transformer Turns Ratio Test


Values
Turns ratio test results should not deviate by more than
one-half percent from either the adjacent coils or the
calculated ratio. Test values outside of this tolerance
may indicate a shorted or open transformer winding.
Check all test set connections and perform a self test on
the TTR and retest if necessary.

https://testguy.net/content/253-Introduction-to-Transformer-Turns-Ratio-Testing 4/13
5/9/2019 Introduction to Transformer Turns Ratio Testing

References

Transformers: Basic, Maintenance and Diagnostics


– U.S. Department of the Interior

NFPA 70B: Recommended Practice for Electrical


Equipment Maintenance, 2016 Edition

Megger 550005 Series TTR Instruction Manual

Megger TTR320 series TTR Instruction Manual

Megger TTR300 series TTR Product Sheet

ANSI/NETA Standard for Acceptance Testing


Specifications for Electrical Power Equipment and
Systems 2013

ANSI/NETA 2015 Standard for Maintenance


Testing Specifications - Bound

Shop Related Products

Transformers: Transformers: Transformers: Transformers:


The IDW$49.99
$39.95 The IDW$49.99
$49.85 The IDW$49.99
$33.99 Robots in
Collection Collection Collection Disguise: A New
Volume 1 Volume 4 Volume 5 $7.99
Mission
(48) (16) (15) (6)

Ads by Amazon

Share this page

https://testguy.net/content/253-Introduction-to-Transformer-Turns-Ratio-Testing 5/13
5/9/2019 Introduction to Transformer Turns Ratio Testing

Tags
acceptance testing, codes and standards, maintenance,
megger, neta, nfpa 70b, osha, polarity, reference guides,
safety, tap changers, test equipment, test procedures,
transformers, ttr, turns ratio, turns ratio testing

Comments
Login or Register to comment.

Also on TestGuy

https://testguy.net/content/253-Introduction-to-Transformer-Turns-Ratio-Testing 6/13
5/9/2019 Introduction to Transformer Turns Ratio Testing

Network Protector Basics: Applications, Operation, and


Testing

Infrared Thermography for Electrical Distribution Systems

https://testguy.net/content/253-Introduction-to-Transformer-Turns-Ratio-Testing 7/13
5/9/2019 Introduction to Transformer Turns Ratio Testing

Protective Relay Testing and Maintenance Overview

Surge Arresters: Selection, Application and Testing


Overview

https://testguy.net/content/253-Introduction-to-Transformer-Turns-Ratio-Testing 8/13
5/9/2019 Introduction to Transformer Turns Ratio Testing

Ground Fault Protection Systems: Performance Testing


Basics

Power Cable Testing and Diagnostics Overview

https://testguy.net/content/253-Introduction-to-Transformer-Turns-Ratio-Testing 9/13
5/9/2019 Introduction to Transformer Turns Ratio Testing

Zone Selective Interlocking (ZSI) Basic Principles

Transformer Winding Resistance Testing Explained

https://testguy.net/content/253-Introduction-to-Transformer-Turns-Ratio-Testing 10/13
5/9/2019 Introduction to Transformer Turns Ratio Testing

Electrical Shock and Arc Flash PPE Overview

10 Electrical Distribution System Arrangements Explained

https://testguy.net/content/253-Introduction-to-Transformer-Turns-Ratio-Testing 11/13
5/9/2019 Introduction to Transformer Turns Ratio Testing

Transformer Diagnostics and Condition Assessment

6 electrical tests for Current Transformers explained

More...

https://testguy.net/content/253-Introduction-to-Transformer-Turns-Ratio-Testing 12/13
5/9/2019 Introduction to Transformer Turns Ratio Testing

Explore TestGuy NETA Certification Help and Support


Training
Sign Up Now Terms of Service
Follow us NETA Study Guide
Log in Privacy Statement
(Start Here)
Tag Cloud Advertise with Us
Level 2 Study Guide
Electrical Testing Contact Us
Level 3 Study Guide
Forum
Level 4 Study Guide
P&C / Relay Testing
Practice Exams
Forum
Level 2 Forum
Safety & Arc-Flash
Level 3 Forum
Forum
Level 4 Forum
Tech Quiz
Start Your Career
Technical Articles

Electrical Testing NICET Electrical


Power Testing
References

Electrical Videos NICET Level 1-4


Forum
Industry Links

Back to Top

All times are GMT -6. The time now is 07:33 PM.

Powered by vBulletin® Version 4.2.5


Copyright © 2019 vBulletin Solutions Inc. All rights reserved.

This website is not affiliated with, maintained, authorized, endorsed or sponsored by the International Electrical Testing Association (NETA) or any
of its affiliates. The information presented on this website should not be used to replace any kind of classroom or group study led by a certified
instructor. The use of all copyrighted material on this website is provided for the purposes of teaching, scholarship, and research, and is therefore
considered to be covered as "fair use" as specified in 17 USC § 107 - Limitations on exclusive rights: Fair use. If you are the owner of copyrighted
material on this website and feel that our use of such material is not covered under 17 USC § 107, please contact us. TestGuy.net is a participant
in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by
advertising and linking to amazon.com. Copyright © 2019 TestGuy.net. All rights reserved.

https://testguy.net/content/253-Introduction-to-Transformer-Turns-Ratio-Testing 13/13