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420749062.

xls

leadscrew_design.xls
To design leadscrews
By Alex Slocum, last modified 2/12/04 by Alex Slocum
Enter numbers in BOLD, output in RED
Force (no help from gravity), thrust (N) 500 Backdriveability
Lead, (mm) 1
2  r
Coefficient of friction, mu 0.2
p
Screw pitch diameter, dscrew (mm) 6 cos 
Thrust bearing diameter, dthrust (mm) 9
Thread angle (deg), alpha (rad) 30 0.524
Thread root stress concentration, scf 1.5
Beta 0.1666667
Torque required at screw, gamscrew (N-mm) 431
Torque required at thrust bearing, gamthrust(N-mm) 450
Thrust bearing efficiency, etathrust 49%
Total torque, gamtotal (N-mm) 881
Backdriveable? NO
Thread efficiency to generate force, et 18%
Total system efficiency, eta 9%
Estimated torsional stress, tau (N/mm^2) 13.95
Tensile stress, sig (N/mm^2) 21.83
Mises equivelant stress, sigma (N/mm^2) 48.84
Gearbox ratio, n 1
Travel, s (mm) 50 Cantileve
Time to travel, tt (s) 5 mode n k
Motor speed, w (rpm, rad/s) 600 63
Gearbox efficiency, etagearbox 90%
1 1.875
Motor torque, gammotor (N-mm) 979 2 4.694
Power, Preq (watts) 62 3 7.855
Shaft Stability 4 10.996
Travel length L (mm, m) 1000 1 n (2n-1)/2
root diameter dr (mm, m) 18 0.018 for leadscrews (else enter root diameter same as outer
outer diameter do (mm, m) 0.006
density rho (kg/m^3) 7900
Modulus E (M/m^2) 2.00E+11
Area A 2.8274E-05 based on diameter
Inertia I (m^4) 5.153E-09 based on root diameter

Cantilevered
Simply Supported
Fixed-simple fixed-fixed
Buckling load (N) 2546 10172 20818 40709
First critical frequency (rpm) 2280 6404 10003 14512
2nd critical frequency (rpm) 14292 25606 32413 40002
3rd critical frequency (rpm) 40022 57619 67617 78429
4th critical frequency (rpm) 78429 102424 115638 129635

linc 0.0417
Shaft support K 3.142

Unsupported shaft length (m) Position/L( Critical wn (rad/sec) Travel (m)

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420749062.xls

1.00 0.00 6404 671 0.0000


0.96 0.04 6972 730 0.0417
0.92 0.08 7621 798 0.0833
0.88 0.13 8364 876 0.1250
0.83 0.17 9221 966 0.1667
0.79 0.21 10217 1070 0.2083
0.75 0.25 11384 1192 0.2500
0.71 0.29 12763 1337 0.2917
0.67 0.33 14408 1509 0.3333
0.63 0.38 16393 1717 0.3750
0.58 0.42 18819 1971 0.4167
0.54 0.46 21825 2286 0.4583
0.50 0.50 25614 2682 0.5000
0.54 0.54 21825 2286 0.5417
0.58 0.58 18819 1971 0.5833
0.63 0.63 16393 1717 0.6250
0.67 0.67 14408 1509 0.6667
0.71 0.71 12763 1337 0.7083
0.75 0.75 11384 1192 0.7500
0.79 0.79 10217 1070 0.7917
0.83 0.83 9221 966 0.8333
0.88 0.88 8364 876 0.8750
0.92 0.92 7621 798 0.9167
0.96 0.96 6972 730 0.9583
1.00 1.00 6404 671 1.0000

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420749062.xls

  
Raising torque D pitch
2r  cos     
  raise 
cos  (cos     )
 cos     
 lower 
(   cos  )

EI cEI
n  k2 F buckle 
L 4
L
2

Cantilevered Simply Supported Fixed-Simple Fixed-Fixed


mode n k c k c k c k c
1 1.875 2.47 3.142 9.87 3.927 20.2 4.730 39.5
2 4.694 6.283 7.069 7.853
3 7.855 9.425 10.210 10.996
4 10.996 12.566 13.352 14.137
n (2n-1)/2 n (4n+1)/4 (2n+1)/2
nter root diameter same as outer diameter)

8000

7000

6000
Critical Speed (rpm)

5000

4000 Page 3

3000
6000
420749062.xls

Critical Speed (rpm)


5000

4000

3000

2000

1000
0.00 0.10 0.20 0.30 0.40 0.50 0.60 0.70 0.80 0.90 1.00

Position (m)

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420749062.xls

Fixed-Fixed
k c
4.730 39.5
7.853
10.996
14.137
2n+1)/2

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420749062.xls

0.70 0.80 0.90 1.00

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