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GK Capsule for
IDBI Assistant Manager 2019 Exam
Dear readers,

This GK Capsule is a complete docket of important Banking Awareness & Current Affairs news and events
that occurred in last 4.5 months (1 January 2019 – 12th May 2019). This file is important and relevant for all
competitive exams like Banking, Insurance, SSC and UPSC Exams.

News related to RBI

May 2019

1. Bank credit grows 13.2% in FY19: RBI 2. RBI enhances Housing-Loan limits Under Priority
• Bank credit grew by 13.2% in the financial Sector Lending for RRBs, SFBs – The Reserve Bank of
year 2018-19 as compared to 10.3% in the India has decided to enhance the housing loan limits
previous financial year, mainly aided by for Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) and Small Finance
loans to services and retail sector. Deposit Banks (SFBs) for eligibility under priority sector
growth also gained momentum, growing lending.
by 10% as compared to 6.7% a year ago. • Housing loans given by RRBs and SFBs to
RBI Data- individuals up to INR 35 lakh in
• The Reserve Bank of India’s data on the metropolitan centers (with population of
deployment of gross credit across different 10 lakh and above).
sectors shows healthy credit growth in the • INR 25 lakh in other centers, provided the
services sector followed by retail sector. overall cost of the dwelling unit in the
• Credit growth in services sector till the metropolitan centers and
middle of February was 23.7% and in • at other centres does not exceed INR 45
retail sector it was 16.7%. Credit growth in lakh and INR 30 lakh, respectively, will be
the industry sector was 5.6%. eligible for classification under priority
sector lending.

April 2019

1. RBI cuts key interest rate by 0.25% to 6%

• On 04 April 2019, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has reduced the key interest rate, repo rate by 25 basis points
or 0.25 per cent to 6 per cent.
• The central bank, however, kept monetary policy stance at 'neutral'.
• In the second policy review under Governor Shaktikanta Das, the six-member Monetary Policy Committee voted
4:2 in favour of the rate cut.
• RBI projected GDP growth at 7.2 per cent for the financial year 2019-20.
• Reverse repo rate under the LAF stands adjusted to 5.75% and the marginal standing facility (MSF) rate and the
Bank Rate to 6.25%.
• RBI expects economic growth to be in the range of 6.8-7.1 per cent in the first half of the current financial year, and
in the range of 7.3-7.4 per cent in the second half with “risks evenly balanced”.


Current Rates is as follows:

1. Repo Rate 6.00% (changed)

2. Reverse Repo Rate 5.75% (changed)
3. CRR (Cash Reserve Ratio) 4.00% (unchanged)
4. SLR (Statutory Liquidity Ratio) 19.00% (changed)
5. MSF (Marginal Standing Facility) 6.25% (changed)
6. Bank Rate 6.25% (changed)

2. RBI sells entire stake in NHB, Nabard to govt for Rs government through amendments to the Nabard
1,470 cr Act of 1981 and the NHB Act of 1987 which were
• The Reserve Bank has sold its entire stakes in notified on January 19, 2018 and March 29, 2018,
the National Housing Bank (NHB) and the respectively.
National Bank for Agriculture & Rural About NABARD
Development (Nabard) to government for Rs • NABARD is responsible for regulating and
1,450 crore and Rs 20 crore, respectively. supervising the functions of Co-operative banks
• With this divestment, the government now and RRBs.
holds 100 percent stake in both these financial • Harsh Kumar Bhanwala is the current Chairman of
institutions. NABARD.
• The central bank has sold its stake in NHB on
March 19, while it sold the stake in Nabard on About NHB
February 26. • Now NHB is not a wholly owned subsidiary of RBI
Note: as the government holds the 100% stake in it.
• RBI had 100% shareholding in NHB, which • NHB was set up on July 9, 1988 under the National
was divested for ₹1,450 crore. Housing Bank Act, 1987.
• The Nabard stake was divested in two phases • NHB is the regulator for housing finance
— RBI had 72.5% stake in Nabard amounting companies.
to ₹1,450 crore, out of which 71.5%, worth It aims at-
₹1,430 crore was divested in October 2010 • Promoting housing finance institutions both at
and the residual shareholding was divested on local and regional levels.
February 26 this year for ₹20 crore. • Providing financial and other support to such
• In 2007, the government acquired 59.73 per institutions.
cent stake held by RBI in the country’s largest • Promoting the market potentials to cater the
bank SBI for Rs 35,531.33 crore. housing needs of all segments of the
• It was the Narasimhan Committee that population.
recommended the transfer of RBI’s stake in • Dakshita Das is the current MD & CEO of NHB.
State Bank of India, Nabard and NHB to the
• Its head office is in New Delhi.
government to differentiate the central bank’s 3. RBI issues ₹50 notes signed by Governor
role as the owner of banks and the sector Shaktikanta Das
• The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on 16 April
2019, issued ₹50 denomination banknotes
• The Narasimham panel had stated that RBI could bearing the signature of Governor Shaktikanta
not own those entities which are regulated by it. Das.
• The move is part of ending the cross-holding in • The design of these notes is similar in all
regulatory institutions and follows the respects to ₹50 banknotes in Mahatma Gandhi
recommendation of second Narasimham (new) series.
committee report of October 2001. About Rs. 50 banknotes
• The current change in the capital structure of both • The base colour of the new note is fluorescent blue.
these financial institutions was brought in by the


• It has a motif of Hampi with Chariot on the reverse, • Currency chests are branches of selected banks
depicting the country’s cultural heritage. authorised by the RBI to stock rupee notes and
• The dimension of the banknote is 66 mm x 135 coins.
mm. • The responsibility for managing the currency in
• On the reverse side, the note has a ‘Swachh Bharat‘ circulation is vested in the RBI.
logo printed on it with its slogan. 6. RBI injected Rs 2.98 lakh crore liquidity in 2018-19
4. RBI proposes to allow fintech start-ups to test • According to the RBI reports, the Reserve Bank
regulatory sandbox of India injected a total liquidity of Rs 2.98 lakh
• Reserve Bank of India (RBI) released a 14 page crore in the market in 2018-19.
draft document named “Enabling Framework • According to the First Bi-monthly Monetary
for Regulatory Sandbox. Policy Statement for 2019-20, the systemic
• The Reserve Bank of India proposed that liquidity moved into deficit during February 7-
fintech start-ups could set up regulatory March 31 from a daily net average surplus of
sandbox or live-testing of innovative products Rs 27,928 crore during February 1-6, 2019,
and services in segments such as retail reflecting the build-up of Centre’s cash
payments, money transfer, artificial balances.
intelligence and data analytics in the financial • Simultaneously, total durable liquidity injected
sector. by the RBI through OMOs aggregated Rs
• The concept of a RS was mooted by a 2,98,500 crore for 2018-19.
committee headed by RBI Executive Director 7. Banks close FY19 with 13.24% credit growth,
Sudarshan Sen. The panel, which submitted its deposits up 10.03%
report in November 2017, had called for a • According to the Reserve Bank data, bank
regulatory sandbox to help firms experiment credit rose 13.24 percent to Rs 97.67 lakh
with fintech solution. crore for the fortnight to March 29.
5. Reserve Bank of India issues norms for banks to • Deposits have grown by 10.03 percent to Rs
set up currency chests 125.72 lakh crore during the same period.
• The Reserve Bank of India issued a • This is the second consecutive double-digits
guideline for banks to set up new currency credit growth after the same had declined to
chests. 4.54 percent in FY17 at Rs 78.41 lakh crore,
• RBI specify minimum standards for setting which was the lowest since 1963.
up new currency chests - the minimum 8. Reinsurance brokers permitted to open foreign
area of the strong room/ vault should be at currency accounts: RBI
least 1,500 sq ft. • The Reserve Bank of India said reinsurance
• For those banks situated in hilly/ brokers have been permitted to open non-
inaccessible places, the minimum area of interest bearing foreign currency accounts
the strong room/ vault should be at least with banks for undertaking transactions.
600 sq ft. • Earlier, the Insurance Regulatory and
• Besides, the new chests should have a Development Authority of India (Irdai) had
processing capacity of 6.6 lakh pieces of issued notification in this regard.
banknotes per day. • Foreign currency account refers to a bank
• For those situated in the hilly/ inaccessible account held or maintained in currency other
places, capacity of 2.1 lakh pieces of than the currency of India or Nepal or Bhutan.
banknotes per day. 9. RBI tweaks LCR norms to boost liquidity
• RBI further stated that – under the subject • In a bid to further improve the cash position of
to ground realities and reasonable banks, the RBI on April 04, provided additional
restrictions the currency chests should 2 per cent liquidity window to the lenders by
have Chest Balance Limit (CBL) of Rs tweaking liquidity coverage ratio (LCR) norms.
1,000 crore. • As per RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das, this
About Currency Chest move will harmonise the liquidity


requirements of banks and release additional Ways and Means Advances (WMA)
money for lending. • Ways and Means Advances is the temporary
• LCR indicates the proportion of highly liquid loan facility provided by the RBI to the centre
assets held by banks to ensure their ability to and state governments.
meet short-term obligations. • The WMA scheme was introduced in 1997 to
10. RBI sets the limits for Ways and Means Advances meet any temporary mismatches in the
(WMA) receipts and payments of the government.
• The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in • The WMA needs to be vacated after 90 days.
consultation with the government of India has The interest rate for WMA is currently charged
set the limits for Ways and Means Advances at the repo rate.
(WMA) for the first half of the financial year • The limits for WMA are decided by the RBI and
2019-20 (April 2019 to September 2019) at Rs in consultation with the Government of India.
75000 crore.

March 2019

1. RBI to issue guidelines on regulatory sandbox: RBI 2. RBI sets NBFC-MFIs' average base rate at 9.21% for
Governor April-June
• The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) will issue • According to the RBI notification, the
guidelines within two months for fintech applicable average base rate to be charged by
companies to test their new products on a Non-Banking Financial Company – Micro
small group of users before scaling up. Finance Institutions (NBFC-MFIs) to their
• It was announced by the RBI Governor borrowers for the quarter beginning April 01,
Shaktikanta Das. 2019 will be 9.21 per cent
What is regulatory Sandbox? 3. Branches of Vijaya, Dena Bank to function as BoB
• A regulatory sandbox is a framework set up by a outlets from April 1: RBI
regulator that allows FinTech startups to conduct • According to the RBI, all branches of Vijaya
live experiments in a controlled environment Bank and Dena Bank will function as branches
under supervision. of Bank of Baroda from April 1, 2019.
Benefits • The merger of Vijaya Bank and Dena Bank with
• It enables fintech companies to launch innovative Bank of Baroda will be effective from April 1,
products at lower costs in less time. 2019.
• It also enables them to do virtual testing of their • Customers, including depositors of Vijaya Bank
new products and services. and Dena Bank will be treated as customers of
• It allows these companies to test the viability of the Bank of Baroda with effect from April 1, 2019.
product without any expensive methods. Note:
Background • According to the Scheme of Amalgamation,
• India is one of the fastest growing financial shareholders of Vijaya Bank will get 402 equity
technology markets across the globe, and the shares of BoB for every 1,000 shares held.
industry research has now projected around $1 • In the case of Dena Bank, its shareholders will get
trillion and small and medium-sized enterprises 110 shares of BoB for every 1,000 shares they held.
credit will be digitally disbursed by the end of 4. RBI relaxes forex norms for FPIs and FVCIs
2025. • The Reserve Bank of India eased foreign
• In 2017, RBI’s working group on FinTech and exchange management (deposit) regulations
digital banking also had recommended pertaining to opening of accounts by foreign
introduction of regulatory sandbox/innovation portfolio investors (FPIs) and foreign venture
hub within a well-defined space and duration to capital investors (FVCIs), and opening of non-
experiment with FinTech solutions. resident ordinary (NRO) account by long-term
visa (LTV) holders.


• The central bank said that banks, which are 7. A new Ways and Means limits for the state
authorised to deal in foreign exchange, can governments has been fixed by RBI
allow SEBI-registered FPI and FVCI to open • On 18th March 2019, Reserve Bank of India
and maintain a non-interest-bearing foreign proposed to replace the previous expenditure-
currency account for the purpose of making based system with a rule-based approach in
investments. fixing new Ways and Means limits for the state
• Further, such banks can open only one non- governments and set up a panel to recommend
resident ordinary (NRO) account for a citizen the parameters of the new system.
of Bangladesh or Pakistan, belonging to • The objective of this reform is to prevent
minority communities in those countries, automatic monetization of deficits.
namely Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis • To bridge temporary liquidity mismatches
and Christians, residing in India and who has Reserve Bank of India which acts as debt
been granted a long-term visa (LTV) by the manager for state governments make available
Central government. short-term loan for them. This short-term loan
• The account will be converted to a resident facility is called Ways and Means
account once such a person becomes a citizen 8. Indian banks' deposits rose 9.8 per cent y/y in a
of India. fortnight to March 1: RBI
5. RBI raises FPI investment limit in G-Secs • According to the Reserve Bank of India's
• The Reserve Bank of India upped the weekly statistical supplement data, Indian
investment limit for FY2019-20 for foreign banks' loans rose 14.6 percent in the two
portfolio investors (FPI) in Central weeks to March 1 from a year earlier, while
government securities (G-Secs) to 6 per cent deposits rose 9.8 percent.
of outstanding stock of securities from 5.5 per • Outstanding loans rose by 891.1 billion rupees
cent in FY2018-19. ($12.90 billion) to 95.29 trillion rupees in the
• The limit for FPI investment in State two weeks to March 1.
development loans (SDLs) and corporate • Bank deposits rose by 1.11 trillion rupees to
bonds has been left unchanged at 2 per cent 122.30 trillion rupees in the two weeks to
and 9 per cent of outstanding stocks. March 1.
6. Implementation of Indian Accounting Standards 9. SBI, ICICI & HDFC Bank to comply with additional
deferred by RBI capital norms by Apr 1: RBI
• On 22nd March 2019, Reserve Bank of India • The Reserve Bank said that; SBI, ICICI Bank
postponed the implementation of the Indian and HDFC Bank will have to comply with
Accounting Standards (Ind AS) by banks until additional capital requirement norms by April
further notice for the reason of requisite 1 as the banks continue to remain 'too big to
legislative amendments, which are still under fail' lenders, referred to as D-SIB or domestic
consideration of the government. systemically important bank.
Note: • SIBs are subjected to higher levels of
• Earlier, Reserve Bank of India had postponed supervision so as to prevent disruption in
the implementation of the Indian Accounting financial services in the event of any failure.
Standards (Ind AS) by the banks in April 2018 • "The additional Common Equity Tier 1 (CET1)
by one year. requirement for D-SIBs has already been
• Legislative amendments are recommended by phased-in from April 1, 2016 and will become
the Reserve Bank of India. fully effective from April 1, 2019.
• From 1st April 2018, Indian Accounting • The additional CET1 core capital requirement
Standards (Ind AS) are the norms which are in case of the State Bank of India applicable
required to be implemented for Scheduled from April 1 has been prescribed at 0.6 per
Commercial Banks (SCBs), excluding Regional cent of Risk Weighted Assets (RWAs) while for
Rural Banks (RRBs). the other two banks it is 0.4 per cent.


• The Reserve Bank had issued the Framework • This scheme is through an auction and is open
for dealing with D-SIBs in July 22, 2014. to all banks which want to swap their dollars
• The D-SIB framework requires the RBI to for rupees.
disclose the names of banks designated as D- • Minimum bid size for the auction is set at $25
SIBs starting from 2015 and place these banks million and banks will be allowed to submit
in appropriate buckets depending upon their multiple bids.
Systemic Importance Scores (SISs). 11. RBI Notifies Norms for 2% Interest Subsidy Scheme
• Based on the bucket in which a D-SIB is placed, for Short-term Crop Loans –
an additional common equity requirement has • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has notified
to be applied to it. the norms for banks with regards to two per
About SIB: Systematically Important Bank cent interest subvention or subsidy for short-
• RBI evaluates some banks on the basis of Size, term crop loans during 2018-19 and 2019-20
Interconnectedness, Lack of readily available under the interest subvention scheme
substitutes or financial institution approved by the central government.
infrastructure and Complexity. • Under the interest subvention scheme, the
• RBI has given different weightage for different central government provides short term crop
parameters and there is a bucket for each loan up to one year for a loan up to Rs. 3 lakhs.
indicator. Hence, if a bank achieves all these The Central government provides an interest
parameters is known as Systematically subvention of 2 per cent for these short term
Important Bank. crop loans.
10. RBI to inject liquidity via forex swaps 12. RBI relaxes norms for trade credit
• The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has decided to • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) relaxed norms
inject rupee liquidity into the system through for imports of capital and non-capital goods by
long-term foreign exchange buy/sell swap — a raising the trade credit limit to $150 million
first-of-its-kind instrument used for liquidity under the automatic route.
management. • For others, the limit is up to $50 million or
• The RBI would conduct dollar-rupee buy/sell equivalent per import transaction.
swap auction of $5 billion for a three-year • Trade credits (TCs) refer to the credits
tenor on March 26. extended by the overseas supplier, bank,
• This is the first time the central bank is using a financial institution and other permitted
foreign exchange auction to augment banking recognised lenders for maturity for imports of
liquidity after generally using bond purchases capital and non-capital goods permissible.
for the same all these years. RBI has infused • Earlier, under the automatic route, banks were
more than Rs 2.36 lakh crore through such permitted to approve trade credit up to $20
purchases so far this fiscal. million. TCs beyond $20 million were required
approval from the RBI.

February 2019

1. RBI Lifts Cap on FPI Investments in Corporate was stipulated that no FPI should have an
Bonds – exposure of more than 20% of its corporate
• The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) withdrew the bond portfolio to a single corporate (including
20% limit on investments by FPIs in corporate exposure to entities related to the corporate).
bonds of an entity with a view to encourage 2. RBI to pay Rs 28,000 Crore as Interim dividend to
more foreign investments. Government – The Reserve Bank has announced that
• As part of the review of the FPI investment in it will transfer an interim surplus of 28,000 crore
corporate debt undertaken in April 2018, it


rupees to the central government for the half-year Maharashtra and Indian Overseas Bank for
ended 31st December 2018. non-compliance of norms related to
• The central bank follows a July-June financial monitoring end use of funds, exchange of
year and usually distributes the dividend in information, classification and reporting of
August after annual accounts are finalised. frauds and on the restructuring of accounts.
• With this interim transfer, the government will 6. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has lifted the Prompt
get a total of Rs 68,000 crore from the central Corrective Action (PCA) framework operational curbs
bank in the current fiscal. The RBI had on Bank of India (BoI), Bank of Maharashtra (BoM) and
transferred Rs 40,000 crore to the government Oriental Bank of Commerce (OBC).
in August 2018. 7. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) set up an expert
3. RBI, Bank of Japan Sign Bilateral Swap committee under former Sebi chairman U K Sinha to
Arrangement – Reserve Bank of India and Bank of suggest long-term solutions for the economic and
Japan have signed a Bilateral Swap Arrangement financial sustainability of the MSME sector.
(BSA). 8. New Policy for Overseas Borrowings - The Reserve
• The BSA provides for India to access 75 billion Bank has come out with a new policy for overseas
US dollars whereas the earlier BSA had borrowings. The RBI has rationalized the earlier policy
provided for 50 billion dollars. The BSA was in consultation with the Government of India.
approved by the Union Cabinet in January this Key points
year. • The new policy allows all eligible borrowers to
4. RBI doubles the limit of bulk deposits from Rs. 1 raise External Commercial Borrowings (ECB)
Crore to Rs 2 Crore - Reserve Bank of India decided to up to $750 million or equivalent per financial
treat deposits to over Rs.2 crore as ‘bulk’ as they year under the automatic route replacing the
doubled the limit for the same from the earlier existing sector wise limits.
Rs.1crore. • The minimum average maturity period
• According to current RBI rules, last reviewed (MAMP) has been kept at three years for all
in January 2013, banks have the option of not ECBs.
permitting premature withdrawals of ‘large 9. RBI raised collateral-free farm loan limit from Rs. 1
rupee term deposits’ of INR 1 crore and above. Lakh to Rs. 1.6 Lakh - The Reserve Bank of India
5. RBI penalises banks for violating various norms - raised the limit of collateral-free agricultural loans to
The Reserve Bank has imposed a monetary penalty of Rs. 1.6 lakh from the current Rs. 1 lakh with a view to
two million rupees each on HDFC Bank, IDBI Bank help small and marginal farmers.
and Kotak Mahindra Bank for non-compliance of 10. The Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme 2018-19 - The
various Know Your Customer/ Anti-Money Laundering Centre in consultation with the Reserve Bank of India
norms. has decided to allow a discount of 50 rupees per gram
• RBI also imposed a monetary penalty of 1.5 from the issue price to those investors who apply
Crore rupees each on Allahabad Bank, Bank of online and make the payment through digital mode.

January 2019

1. RBI launches SRPHi - The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) • Around 6000 individuals from various socio-
has launched Survey on Retail Payment Habits of economic backgrounds across six cities would be
Individuals (SRPHi). The Survey will capture covered under the survey.
payment habits of individuals in cities of Delhi, • The survey seeks qualitative responses from
Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bengaluru and individuals on their payment habits. The findings
Guwahati. of the survey will provide insights into awareness
Key points – and usage habits of digital payment products.
• Sigma Research & Consulting Pvt Ltd has been 2. FDI rose 18% in FY18 to Rs 28.25 lakh crore: RBI
engaged by RBI to conduct the fieldwork of the data


• Reserve Bank of India has released a data on • RBI in the exercise of powers conferred under
“Census on Foreign Liabilities and Assets of Section 47 A of the Banking Regulation Act,
Indian Direct Investment Companies, 2017-18” 1949 has levied a penalty.
which shows that the Foreign Direct 7. RBI to inject Rs 37,500 crore through OMO in
Investment (FDI) has increased 18% to Rs. February - The Reserve Bank of India has stated that it
28.25 lakh crore in FY18. will inject Rs 37,500 crore into the system through the
Key points purchase of government securities in February to
• Overseas direct investment (ODI) by Indian increase liquidity.
companies increased by 5% to Rs 5.28 lakh 8. RBI releases the Financial Stability Report
crore. • The Reserve Bank of India has released the
• The census showed that Mauritius continued 18th issue of the Financial Stability Report
to be the largest source of FDI in India (19.7%) (FSR).
followed by the US and UK. • The FSR reflects the collective assessment of
the Sub-Committee of the Financial Stability
• In case of overseas investment by Indian
and Development Council (FSDC) on risks to
companies, Singapore (17.5%) was the major financial stability, as also the resilience of the
destination, followed by the Netherlands and financial system.
Mauritius. • The Report also discusses issues relating to the
3. RBI forms committee to boost digital payments – development and regulation of the financial
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has constituted a five- sector.
member High-Level Committee on Deepening of Digital Financial Institutions: Performance and risks
Payments to encourage digitisation of payments and • Credit growth of scheduled commercial banks
enhance financial inclusion. (SCBs) has improved between March 2018 and
• The committee is headed by UIDAI’s former September 2018, driven largely by private
Chairman Nandan Nilekani. sector banks (PVBs).
4. Sri Lanka’s Central Bank Gets USD 400 Million • The asset quality of banks showed an
Swap from RBI - According to Sri Lanka’s Central improvement with the gross non-performing
assets (GNPA) ratio of SCBs declining from
Bank, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has agreed to
11.5% in March 2018 to 10.8% in September
provide USD 400 million under a swap arrangement
to boost the island nation’s reserves.
• Under the baseline scenario, the GNPA ratio
• The RBI has agreed to provide the funds under may decline from 10.8% in September 2018 to
its SAARC (South Asian Association for 10.3% in March 2019.
Regional Corporation) Swap facility. • Analysis of the financial network structure for
5. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has approved the the period September 2017 – September 2018
appointment of V Vaidyanathan as Managing Director reveals a shrinking inter-bank market and
(MD) and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of IDFC First increasing bank linkages with asset
Bank for three years period. management companies-mutual funds (AMC-
Note: MFs) for raising funds and with
• In December 2018, IDFC Bank and non- NBFCs/Housing Finance Companies (HFCs) for
banking financial company Capital First lending.
9. RBI provides for One-Time restructuring of Loans
completed their merger, creating a combined
to MSMEs
loan asset book of Rs 1.03 lakh crore for the
• Reserve Bank allowed a one-time restructuring
merged entity IDFC First Bank. of existing debt up to Rs 25 crore for the
6. RBI slaps fine of Rs 1 crore on State Bank of India – companies which have defaulted on payment
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has slapped Rs 1 crore but the loans given to them have continued to
penalty on the country's largest lender State Bank of be classified as standard assets.
India (SBI) for not monitoring the end use of funds in • The decision will help the micro, small and
respect of one of its borrowers. medium enterprises (MSMEs) which are facing
a cash crunch in the wake of demonetization
and GST implementation.


• To be eligible for the scheme, the aggregate challenges being faced by MSMEs and suggest
exposure, including non-fund based facilities of ways and measures to rejuvenate them.
banks and NBFCs, to a borrower should not • The eight-member committee would be
exceed Rs 25 crore as on January 1, 2019, and chaired by former Securities and Exchange
the restructuring has to be implemented by Board of India chairman UK Sinha.
31st of March 2020. • The other members of the committee are Ram
10. RBI forms expert U.K. Sinha committee to Mohan Mishra, Pankaj Jain, PK Gupta, Anup
rejuvenate MSMEs Bagchi, Abhiman Das, Sharad Sharma, and
• The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has formed an Bindu Ananth.
expert committee to look into the various

GDP growth rate projection by various Org.

Org. GDP growth rate projection

RBI RBI reduced 2019-20 growth projection for India to
7.2% from 7.4% earlier
World Bank (Global Economic Prospects report) 7.5 percent in fiscal year 2019-20
real GDP growth is estimated at 7.2 per cent in 2018-19
International Monetary Fund (IMF) 7.3% in 2019 (2019-20) and 7.5% in 2020
Asian Development Bank (ADB) India’s growth forecast was lowered for 2019-20 to 7.2%
from 7.6% estimated earlier.
Fitch rating reduced the GDP forecasts for India for the next financial
year 2019-20 starting from April 1 to 6.8 per cent
followed by 7.1 per cent in 2021-22.
Moody's Indian economy is expected to grow at 7.3% in 2019-20.
UN's World Economic Situation and Prospects 7.6 % in 2019-20
Crisil Ratings 7.3 % in 2019-20
Central Statistics Office (CSO) 7.2% in 2018-19
India Ratings and Research (Ind-Ra) lowered India’s growth forecast for the current fiscal
(2019-20) to 7.3%, from the earlier projection of 7.5 %.

Rank of India in different Indexes

1. Cancer Preparedness Index 2019 - India Ranks 19th •

The report ranks countries based on the
• India was ranked 19th out of 28 countries in strength of its startup ecosystem.
the Index. • China was ranked 27th.
• Index is released by the Economist • Bangalore, New Delhi, and Mumbai were the
Intelligence Unit (EIU). top cities in the Indian startup ecosystem.
• Top 3 countries are Australia (1st), • Top three countries are: United States,
Netherlands (2nd) and Germany (3rd). United Kingdom and Canada.
• Bottom three are Saudi Arabia (28th), 3. India Ranks 140th In World Press Freedom Index –
Romania (27th) and Egypt (26th). • India ranked 140th out of 180 countries in
2. Global Startup Ecosystem – India was ranked 17th the World Press Freedom Index 2019.
position among 100 countries. • Index is released by Reporters Without
• It was released by StartupBlink. Borders.

• The index is topped by Norway followed by • Malaysia ranks 1st among the countries with
Finland and Sweden. the highest number of impacted species
4. WEF Global Energy Transition Index – India rank 76th (125).
on a global energy transition index. • Southeast Asian tropical forests, including
• The report stated that India is amongst the those in India’s Western Ghats, Himalaya,
countries with high pollution levels and has a and north-east, are among the ‘hotspots’ of
relatively high CO2 intensity in its energy threatened species.
system. • However, these very areas are also ‘cool-
• Sweden remains on the top and is followed spots’ (the world’s last refuges where high
by Switzerland and Norway in the top three. numbers of threatened species still persist).
• The index is compiled by Geneva-based 8. Inclusive Internet Index 2019 – India has been ranked
World Economic Forum (WEF). 47th.
5. World Happiness Report 2019 – India is ranked • Sweden has topped the rankings followed by
140th out of 156 nations. Singapore and the US.
• The World Happiness Report was released • The Inclusive Internet Index 2019 was
by the Sustainable Development Solutions prepared by the Economist Intelligence Unit
Network for the United Nations. (EIU) for Facebook.
• For the second consecutive year, Finland • The ‘Inclusive Internet’ score was based on
topped the list. the scores of availability, affordability,
• Denmark ranked second followed by relevance and readiness categories.
Norway. 9. International IP index 2019
• Pakistan ranked 67th, Bhutan 95th, China • India has jumped eight places to 36th position
93rd, Bangladesh 125th, and Sri Lanka 130th on the International Intellectual Property (IP)
while South Sudan ranked last in the World Index.
Happiness Report. • The US, the UK, Sweden, France and Germany
6. India Ranks 11th in Gold Holding: WGC Report – The remained the top five economies on the
World Gold Council its latest report highlights the intellectual property index in 2019
quantum of gold holding by the different countries. • In 2018, India was ranked at 44th position.
• India has the 11th largest gold reserve and 10. Corruption Perception Index 2018
the current holding pegged at 607 tonnes. • India has improved its ranking by 3 points by
• The top spot is occupied by US gold reserves moving onto 78th position in the Corruption
of 8,133.5 tonnes, followed by Germany with Perceptions Index 2018 published by
3,369.7 tonnes. Transparency International.
• International Monetary Fund (IMF) ranks • China and Pakistan, in a list of 180 countries,
third on the list with total gold reserves of lagged far behind than India at 87th and 117th
2,814 tonnes. position respectively.
• The World Gold Council is the market • Somalia has been ranked last with a score of 10
development organisation for the gold behind South Sudan and Syria.
industry and it aims to stimulate and sustain 11. India ranks 54th in 'Bloomberg Innovation Index’ of
demand for gold, provide industry 60 economies
leadership, and be the global authority on the • For the first time ever, India has been ranked in
gold market. Bloomberg’s 2019 list of most innovative
• The members of the World Gold Council countries in the world.
include gold mining companies. • India has grabbed the 54th spot among 60
7. India ranks 16th in terms of Highest Number of countries in the Bloomberg Innovation Index
impacted Species in Hotspots – A recent study with a score of 47.93 out of 100.
published in PLOS Biology found that human impacts on • South Korea has topped the Bloomberg
species occur across 84% of the earth’s surface and India Innovation Index for the sixth time in a row with
ranks 16th in such impacts, with 35 species impacted on a total score of 87.38.
an average. • Germany ranked second, Finland stood on the
third spot.

12. Global Talent Competitive Index 2019: 16. World Bank's ease-of-doing-business 2019: India
• India ranked at 80th positions on the Global ranked at 77
Talent Competitive Index (GTCI) 2019. • India’s jumped 23 places to 77 among 190
• The index is released by INSEAD business school countries in the World Bank’s Ease of Doing
in partnership with Tata Communications and Business 2019 index.
Adecco Group. • The World Bank on October 31, 2018 released
• Switzerland topped the index which is followed the Doing Business Report 2019 titled as ‘Doing
by Singapore and the US. Business 2019: Training for Reform’, assessing
• Last year in 2018, India was ranked at 81st and ranking countries on the basis of ease of
position. doing business in the year 2018.
13. Democracy Index 2019: The Economist Intelligence • In its annual 'Doing Business' 2019 report, the
Unit (EIU) has released the Democracy Index which World Bank said India has improved on six of the
ranks 167 countries by 60 indicators across five broad 10 parameters on starting and doing business in
categories. a country.
• Top 3 countries in the list are – Norway, Iceland • The biggest improvements have been in the
and Sweden. indicators related "construction permits" and
• Australia and New Zealand are the only “full "trading across borders.
democracies” in the entire Asia-Pacific region • Last year, India ranked at 100th position.
• India was at the 41st place with a score of • The top 3 economies in the ease of doing
7.23/10 and was placed in the flawed business rankings are New Zealand, Singapore,
democracies category. and Denmark.
14. India Ranks 79th, Japan Tops List of Most Powerful 17. IMD World Talent Ranking: India Ranks 53rd
Passports - According to the Henley Passport Index, • Switzerland has topped the list of the IMD World
India jumped two positions from 81st in 2018 to 79th in Talent Ranking 2018 for the fifth year in a row.
2019. Japan retained its top spot as the world’s most • Among the BRICS countries, South Africa remains in
travel-friendly passport. the middle position (50th) performing better than
15. India 6th in GDPR Readiness Index: CISCO - Nearly India (53rd) and Brazil (58th) but lagging behind
65% of Indian organizations are better prepared for the China (39th) and Russia (46th).
European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation The Top 3 countries in the list are:
(GDPR), making the country the sixth leading nation • Switzerland, Denmark, Norway
globally in the GDPR readiness index, global networking
leader, according to CISCO.
18. Climate Change Performance Index 2019: • As per the WEF’s Global Gender Gap
• India ranked at 11th position. Report 2018, Iceland topped the list having
• As per the Index, Sweden has topped the closed more than 85.8% of its overall
list while India was on 11th position. gender gap.
• Saudi Arabia came last, in 60th place, • The Report was published for total 149
partly due to its obstructive role during countries.
international climate negotiations. • Norway and Sweden were on 2nd and 3rd
19. WEF Gender Gap Index 2018: position, respectively.
• India has been ranked 108th in World
Economic Forum (WEF) gender gap index

Economy News

May 2019

1. SEBI bars NSE from securities market for 6 months: 2. Chief Economic Advisor appointed as Advisory
Co-Location Case - The Market regulator Securities and Council Member in 15th Finance Commission - The
Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has barred National Chief Economic Advisor (CEA) to Central government, Dr.
Stock Exchange (NSE) from accessing the securities Krishnamurthy Subramanian is appointed as twelfth (12)
market for six months and also imposed a fine of ₹1,000 member of Advisory Council of Fifteenth (15th) Finance
crore on NSE in co-location case. Commission (FCc).
Co-Location Case Fifteenth Finance Commission
• Co-location refers to system wherein a broker’s • It was constituted in November 2017, to give
server is kept in the exchange premises to reduce recommendations for tax devolution and
latency (as it directly influences the amount of time other fiscal matter for five fiscal years, 1
trader takes to interact with market), or delay in April 2020- 31 March 2025.
computing terms, while executing trades. • It is chaired by N. K. Singh.

April 2019

11. Government hikes customs duty on wheat to 40% follow-on public offer is not less than ₹2 lakh, while
• The government has hiked the customs duty on the same is ₹10 lakh in case of InvIT.
wheat to 40 percent from 30 percent to curb imports 13. Microsoft becomes world’s third company to be
and protect the domestic industry. worth $1 Trillion
• The Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs • Microsoft is now the third U.S. company to surpass a
(CBIC), through a notification, has hiked the basic market value of $1 trillion, after Apple and Amazon.
customs duty (BCD) on wheat to 40 percent. 14. Wipro acquires Philippines largest personal care
• The government has fixed wheat's minimum support company Splash Corporation
price (MSP) or the price at which it buys from • Wipro Consumer Care announced that it has signed a
farmers, at Rs 1,840 per quintal, up from Rs 1,735 a definitive agreement to acquire Splash Corporation, a
year earlier, as part of its decision to fix the support personal care company based in the Philippines.
price at a minimum of 1.5 times the production cost. • Splash is the largest Filipino personal care player and
12. SEBI reduces minimum subscription requirement for amongst the top five in that market with revenue of
REITs, InvITs $80 million.
• Markets regulator Sebi has reduced the • The company has built iconic brands namely
minimum subscription requirement as well as SkinWhite, body lotions; Maxi-peelexfoliants and
defined trading lots for Real Estate Investment Vitress, a leave-on hair conditioner.
Trusts (REITs) and Infrastructure Investment 15. Business sentiments down by 7.7% in second
Trusts (InvITs). quarter compared to last year: D&B report
• REITs have to offer their units in lots worth at • As per a Dun & Bradstreet (D&B) report,
least ₹50,000 in initial and follow on public business sentiments continue to decline for the
offers. country's financial and macro-economic
• The minimum value of a single lot should be ₹1 conditions in the second quarter of the year
lakh in the case of InvITs. compared to the same period a year before.
• Markets regulator Sebi came out with guidelines • D&B Composite Business Optimism Index
for determination of allotment and trading lot conclude 78.4 scores during Q2 2019 as
size for REITs and InvITs. compared to 85.0 during Q2 2018, a decline of
Note: 7.7%.
• Currently, in the case of an REIT issue, the minimum • According to D&B report, the business
subscription from any investor in an initial offer and sentiments were improved by 6.3% compared to
the first quarter of 2019.

• D&B Composite Business Optimism Index stands during the 2018-19 FY, the first time in three
at 78.4 during Q2 2019, an increase of 6.3% as years.
compared to Q1 2019. • India's finished steel exports fell by 34% to 6.36
16. IMF & World Bank launch Quasi-Cryptocurrency in million tonnes while finished steel imports rose
Exploration of Blockchain Tech 4.7% to 7.84 million tonnes.
• The International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the • India's steel imports increased by 1.9% to 7.29
World Bank have jointly launched a private million tonnes in April-February, the first 11
blockchain and quasi-crypto currency called as months of the current fiscal year, while exports
“Learning Coin”. fell by 35.3% to 5.77 million tonnes.
• The new 'quasi-cryptocurrency' is intended to be 21. Ministry of External Affairs sets up Indo-Pacific Wing
used as a tool to explore how blockchain and • The Ministry of External Affairs has set up an
cryptocurrencies work. Indo-Pacific division in the foreign office.
• It will only be available for use within the IMF • The Indo-pacific division is intended to give a
and the World Bank. coherent architecture to the Indo-Pacific policy
• It has no monetary value, means it is not a true articulated by PM Narendra Modi at the Shangri-
cryptocurrency. La Dialogue in 2018.
• After the testing period, the IMF and the World • This division is the brainchild of current foreign
Bank may use blockchain technology to create secretary Vijay Gokhale.
smart contracts, fight money laundering, and • The Indo-Pacific Wing is currently headed by
improve transparency. joint secretary Vikram Doraiswami.
17. Election Commission launches Voter Turnout app 22. Asian Tea Alliance launched in China
• The Election Commission of India (ECI) has • The Asian Tea Alliance (ATA), a union of five tea-
launched a Voter Turnout app for the voters growing and consuming countries, was launched
across the country to see the realtime availability in Guizhou in China.
of voter turnout during the election season in the • The members of the alliance are the Indian Tea
country. Association, China Tea Marketing Association,
18. Reliance retail become the first Indian retail Indonesian Tea Marketing Association, Sri Lanka
company to cross more than Rs 1 lakh crore in Tea Board and Japan Tea Association.
annual revenues • The Alliance will work towards enhancing global
• On 19th April 2019, Reliance retail has become consumption of tea, while creating a
the first Indian retail company to clock more sustainability agenda for the future of Asian tea.
than Rs 1 lakh crore in annual revenues. • The Alliance was formed based on the
• The retail venture of Reliance Industries Memorandum of Understanding signed between
reported an income of Rs 1,30,556 crore for Indian tea Association and China tea Marketing
2018-19, 89% more than the previous year’s Rs Association in December 2018 to promote tea
69,198 crore. consumption in India, China, U.S., Russia, Europe,
19. ADB committed highest-ever $3 bn in sovereign and West Asia.
loans to India in 2018 23. Government meets fiscal deficit of 3.4% in 2018-19
• According to the annual report, the Asian • The Finance Ministry is believed to have met
Development Bank (ADB) agreed to provide a the revised fiscal deficit target of 3.4 per cent
total of USD 3 billion in sovereign loans to India in the last fiscal 2018-19.
in 2018, which is the highest ever loan amount • The direct taxe collections fell short by Rs
since sovereign operations began in the country 50,000 crore.
in 1986. • The GST collections, however, touched Rs
• ADB committed several projects in India, 1.06 lakh crore in March and the gross GST
including in Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya revenues overshot the target of Rs 11.47 lakh
Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Assam and crore, which also partly helped adjust for the
Odisha. shortfall on the direct taxes front.
20. India becomes net steel importer in 2018-19 24. Unemployment in 11 states exceeds national
• Preliminary government data given to Reuters average, shows NSSO report
showed that India was a net importer of steel

• According to the National Sample Survey Office’s serve the purposes of any political entity or any
(NSSO’s) annual survey, as many as 11 states had individual entity connected to it.
an unemployment rate higher than the pan- • The ban was concerned with the biopic film on
Indian average in 2017-18. Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
• As per the report, Haryana, Assam, Jharkhand, • Election Commission has invoked powers under
Kerala, Odisha, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Punjab, Tamil Article 324 that prohibits display/exhibit any
Nadu, Telangana, and Uttar Pradesh face higher biopic/publicity material when Model Code of
unemployment rates than the national average. Conduct is in force.
• While nine states, including Kerala have been 28. Airtel, FICCI Ladies Organisation launch women’s
part of the list even back in 2011-12, states such safety app, My Circle
as Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, and Uttar • Telecom operator Bharti Airtel and the FICCI
Pradesh have also become part of the list. Ladies Organisation (FLO) launched a safety app
• The survey was conducted during the 2017-18 – My Circle - aimed at aiding women in event of
period. distress or an emergency situation, by sending an
25. Google Pay launches gold buying, partners MMTC- SOS alert.
PAMP India • My Circle app enables women to send SOS alerts
• Google has partnered with bullion refiner MMTC- to any five of their family or friends in 13
PAMP India to allow Google Pay users to buy and languages including English, Hindi, Tamil,
sell gold through the app. Telugu, Malayalam, Kannada, Marathi, Punjabi,
• Through this partnership with India's only LBMA Bangla, Urdu, Assamese, Oriya, and Gujarati.
accredited gold refinery, Google Pay users will be 29. NGT imposes Rs 100-crore penalty on Andhra
able to buy 99.99 per cent 24-karat gold, Google Pradesh govt over illegal sand mining
said in a statement. • A bench headed by National Green Tribunal
26. Kanpur ranked 1st as the most polluted city (NGT) Chairperson Justice Adarsh Kumar Goel
• According to the Air Quality in India 2014-2019' has slapped an interim penalty of Rs 100 crore
report, Kanpur in Uttar Pradesh is the most on the Andhra Pradesh government for inaction
polluted city in the world and is ranked one on to prevent illegal sand mining in the state.
the list. • The green panel said it is the duty of the
• Faridabad in Haryana has been ranked second government to provide complete protection to
and Varanasi, Prime Minister Narendra Modi's the natural resources as a trustee of the public at
Lok Sabha constituency, is ranked third on the large.
WHO's list of 15 most polluted cities. 30. Govt retains general provident fund interest rate at
• WHO’s report states that Varanasi in Uttar 8% for Apr-Jun quarter
Pradesh is witnessing a rise in the number of • The government has retained the interest
people suffering from allergies and respiratory rate for General Provident Fund (GPF) and
problems due to huge amount of construction in other related schemes at 8 per cent for the
the city. April-June quarter.
• Delhi is ranked sixth on the list. • The rate is in line with that of Public
• Fourteen of the 15 cities, including four in Uttar Provident Fund.
Pradesh, on the World Health Organisation • The interest rate on GPF was at 8 per cent in
(WHO) list of most polluted cities in the world the January-March quarter of 2018-19.
are in India, it said. Note:
• Gaya and Patna in Bihar are fourth and fifth on • GPF is a provident fund account where only central
the list, while Delhi is sixth and Uttar Pradesh government employees are entitled to be a member
capital Lucknow is seventh. and those specific government employees are
27. Election Commission invokes Article 324 to defer PM allowed to contribute a part of their salary and are
Modi biopic entitled to the lump sum fund at the time of
• India’s Electoral Commission has issued an order retirement
to ban display of any biopic or publicity material 31. India’s population grew at 1.2 % average annual rate
during Manual Code of Conduct, which could sub between 2010 and 2019: UN report

• According to a report by the United Nations $5.78 trillion, overtaking Japan's $5.76 trillion
Population Fund, India’s population grew at an tally for the first time since 2015.
average annual rate of 1.2 per cent between 35. India's steel demand to grow by over 7% in FY19,
2010 and 2019 to 1.36 billion, more than double FY20
the annual growth rate of China. • As per the Indian Steel Association India's steel
• India’s population in 2019 stood at 1.36 billion, demand is likely to grow by over 7 percent in
growing from 942.2 million in 1994 and 541.5 2019 and 2020, driven by sectors like
million in 1969. construction, capital goods and railways.
• India’s population grew at average annual rate of • "The Indian Steel Association has forecast India's
1.2 per cent between 2010 and 2019, the UN steel demand to grow by 7.1 percent in the
sexual and reproductive health agency said in the calendar year 2019 and by 7.2 percent in the
State of World Population 2019 report. calendar year 2020.
• According to the report, in India, total fertility • The World Steel Association had recently
rate per woman was 5.6 in 1969, dropping to 3.7 estimated steel demand in India to touch 103
in 1994 and 2.3 in 2019. million tonnes in 2019, against 96 million tonnes
• India’s population composition in 2019, the logged in 2018 and 110 million tonnes in 2020.
report said 27 % of the country’s population was 36. Fitch keeps India rating at 'BBB-' with stable outlook
in the age bracket of 0-14 years and 10-24 years • Global rating agency Fitch Ratings kept India’s
each, while 67 % of the country’s population was sovereign rating unchanged at the lowest
in the 15-64 age bracket. investment grade of ‘BBB-’ with a stable outlook.
• Six per cent of the country’s population was of • This is the 13th year in a row that Fitch has rated
the age 65 and above. India at 'BBB-'. Fitch had last upgraded the rating
32. Airtel confirms it has received conditional nod for from 'BB+' to 'BBB-' with a stable outlook on
merger with TTSL August 1, 2006.
• Bharti Airtel has confirmed that it has received 37. NIIF-Roadis to set up platform to invest in Road
in-principal approval from the telecom Projects
department for merger with Tata Teleservices • The National Investment and Infrastructure
(TTSL). Fund (NIIF) and global transport infrastructure
• For Airtel, the merger will bring in an additional operator Roadis will jointly set up a platform to
178.5 MHz of spectrum in three bands that are invest up to $2 billion of equity in road projects
widely used for 4G, an area in which the Mittal- in India.
led company is expanding to keep pace with • The platform would target toll-operate-transfer
Reliance Jio Infocomm. models and acquisitions of existing road
33. PayU acquires digital financial security firm Wibmo concessions.
for USD 70 mn Note:
• Digital payments facilitator PayU has acquired • Roadis is a fully owned subsidiary of the Public
US-based financial technology firm Wibmo for Sector Pension Investment Board which is one of
USD 70 million (about Rs 484 crore), that will Canada’s largest pension funds.
help the company scale-up its business. 38. GST revenue touches record high of 1.06-lakh crore
• Wibmo, a digital payment security and mobile in March: FinMin
payment technologies firm, will continue to • GST collections for March have hit a record high of
operate and serve all of its clients as a wholly- over ₹1.06 lakh-crore.
owned subsidiary of PayU. • GST revenue in March 2019 grew 15.6 per cent year-
34. Hong Kong's stock market overtakes Japan to be on-year. The revenue for the March 2019 quarter
world's third largest was 14.3 per cent higher YoY.
• Hong Kong's stock market has overtaken Japan • The monthly average of GST revenue during FY19
to become the world's third most valuable, was ₹98,114 crore, 9.2 per cent higher than FY18.
behind only the US and China.’ 39. Paytm Money receives Sebi approval to start stock
• According to Bloomberg data, the market value broking services
of the companies listed in Hong Kong stood at • Paytm Money, the investment and wealth
management arm of mobile payment platform

Paytm, has received approval from securities and • Bharatiya Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) has
capital markets regulator Sebi (Securities & received licence from the Department of
Exchange Board of India) to start stock broking Telecommunications to provide Internet and
services. mobile services on flights.
40. CCI approves L&T's proposal to acquire up to 66.15% • BSNL and its satellite partner, Inmarsat, will be
stake in Mindtree able to offer in-flight connectivity to airlines
• The Competition Commi-ssion of India (CCI) on “later this year, once the ground infrastructure
April 05, approved engineering and construction and associated approvals are in place.
major Larsen & Toubro’s (L&T’s) proposal to • According to the rules, passengers can make
acquire up to 66.15 per cent stake in Mindtree. phone calls or use Internet when a flight is at a
41. Reliance Mutual Fund customers can now carry out minimum height of 3,000 m in Indian airspace to
voice-based transactions avoid interference with terrestrial mobile
• The Reliance Nippon Life Asset Management networks.
(RNAM) has partnered with internet major- 44. Manipur’s Phayeng Village Receives India’s First
Google, enabling the customers of Reliance Carbon Positive Tag
Mutual Fund to carry out voice-based financial • A small village, Phayeng, in the North Eastern
transactions. state of Manipur, has been tagged as India’s first
• This is a first of its type endeavour in India. carbon-positive settlement.
42. Reliance Jio acquires Haptik for Rs 700 crore • It is a first of its kind project in the South Asian
• Reliance Industries Ltd announced that its country.
subsidiary Reliance Jio has acquired Mumbai- • The transformation was done using funds under
based Haptik -- one of the world's largest National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change
conversational Artificial Intelligence (AI) (NAFCC), a central scheme to support adaptation
platforms -- for about Rs 700 crore. to climate change impact in various states.
• Reliance will hold about 87 per cent of the • A village is given the tag of carbon-positive
business, with the rest being held by Haptik's settlement if it cuts off more carbon than it emits
founders and employees via stock options. to reduce formation of greenhouse gases and
43. BSNL gets licence for WiFi on flights mitigate the effects of climate change.

March 2019
1. India's April-February fiscal deficit at 134% of FY player in the country based on the current
target: Govt data market capital after State Bank of India (SBI) and
• According to the government data, India's April- also PFC will be the third-highest profit-making
February fiscal deficit touched Rs 8.51 trillion financial player in India.
($123.07 billion), or 134.2 per cent of the • PFC taking over REC makes it a dominant player
budgeted target for the current fiscal year. not only in the power sector but also in the entire
• The fiscal deficit for April-February 2018-19 financial market space.
stood at Rs 8.51 lakh crore against the revised 3. India to be among top-10 media markets by 2021:
estimate (RE) of Rs 6.34 trillion for the entire Study
year. • According to a joint study by ASSOCHAM-PwC,
2. PFC is now the second largest Govt-Owned Financial India is expected to be among the top-10
firm after SBI entertainment and media markets globally by
• State-owned Power Finance Corporation (PFC) 2021 in terms of absolute numbers.
has completed the acquisition of majority stake • The country's per capita media and
in REC Ltd by transferring Rs 14,500 crore to the entertainment spending is likely to be capped at
government. $32 or Rs 2,080 by 2021.
• The merger of both the entities is expected to be • The market size is expected to reach $52.68
completed in the next fiscal year in consultation billion in 2022 from $30.36 billion in 2017, it
with the government. claimed. "It (India) is set to be in the top 10
• This acquisition and merger will make PFC entertainment and media markets globally by
second-largest government-owned financial

2021 in terms of absolute numbers," the study 6. Govt exceeds disinvestment target this fiscal,
said. proceeds touch Rs 85,000 crore
• During the same period in India, the segment is • The Government said it has exceeded its
expected to grow from $297 million to $823 disinvestment target for the current fiscal by Rs
million in 2022 at a CAGR of 22.6 percent. 5,000 crore and the proceeds have touched Rs
• With increasing smartphone penetration and 85,000 crore.
lower data tariffs, VoD is showing promising • According to the Finance Minister, Arun Jaitley,
growth," the report said. as against a target of Rs 80,000 crore for
4. Small savings schemes' interest rates to remain disinvestment for the current year, the
unchanged for Apr-Jun quarter divestment receipts have touched Rs 85,000
• According to a government notification, interest crores on 22 March 2019.
rates on small saving schemes such as National • The government has set a target of Rs 90000
Savings Certificate and Public Provident Fund crore for fiscal 2019-20.
will remain unchanged for the April-June Note:
quarter. • Disinvestment refers to the process of public asset
• Interest rates on small savings schemes is reset sales by the government of India.
before each quarter and depends on government 7. India has highest number of poor despite 27 crores
bond yields in the previous quarter. moving out of poverty in 10 years: MPI report
Interest rate on Small savings scheme is as follows– • The Global Multidimensional Poverty Index
• Public Provident Fund and the National Savings (MPI) 2018 Report was recently published by the
Certificate – 8%. United Nations Development Programme
• Kisan Vikas Patra - 7.7% (UNDP) and the Oxford Poverty and Human
• The interest rate for the five-year Senior Citizens Development Initiative.
Savings Scheme - 8.7% • The MPI provides data about “who is poor” and
• Saving deposit – 4% “how they are poor”.
• Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana – 8.5%
India’s progress
• Term deposits of 1-5 years will yield an interest rate
in the range of 7-7.8%. • According to the report; India has reduced its
Note: poverty rate drastically from 55% to 28% in 10
• Based on the recommendations of the Shyamala years, with 271 million people moving out of
Gopinath panel, interest rates on these schemes are poverty between 2005-06 and 2015-16.
reviewed before the end of every quarter, and • However, India still had 364 million poor in
accordingly, new rates are announced for the next 2015-16, the largest for any country, although it
quarter. is down from 635 million in 2005-06.
5. Govt notifies new accounting standard on leases; • The report, covering 105 countries, dedicates a
effective from April 1 chapter to India because of this remarkable
• According to the government sources; the progress.
government has notified a new accounting standard • Of the 364 million people who were MPI poor in
Ind AS 116 that will bring in more transparency in 2015-16, 156 million (34.6%) were children.
recognition and disclosures about leases in • In India, poverty reduction among children, the
companies’ balance sheets. poorest states, Scheduled Tribes, and Muslims
• The Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 116 is was fastest, the report says.
expected to have a significant impact on various State-wise Report
industries, including aviation where airlines mostly
operate planes on lease.
• Bihar was the poorest state in 2015-16, with more
• Ind AS 116 — to be effective from April 1 — sets out than half its population in poverty.
the principles for recognition, presentation and
• The four poorest states —Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar
disclosure of leases. It has been notified by the
Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh — were still home to
Corporate Affairs Ministry.
196 million MPI poor people, which was over half of
• Ind AS 116 is the equivalent of IFRS (International all the MPI poor people in India.
Financial Reporting Standards) 116.

• Jharkhand had the greatest improvement, followed exports, following a road map suggested by an
by Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, and EEPC India-Deloitte strategy paper, based on
Nagaland. inputs from the Commerce Ministry and the
• At the other end, Kerala, one of the least poor regions industry.
in 2006, reduced its MPI by around 92%. • Engineering exports, which contribute 25% of
8. 34th GST Council meeting held in New Delhi India's total export basket are projected at $80-
• On 19th March 2019, Union Finance Minister Arun 82 billion in the current financial year ending
Jaitley chaired 34th meeting of the Goods and March 31, according to EEPC India Chairman
Services Tax Council in New Delhi. Ravi Sehgal.
• It discussed the operational details for 12. India Energy Modelling Forum
implementation of the recommendations made by • Niti Ayog in association with the United States
the 33rd meeting of the council. Agency for International Development (USAID)
• The tax rate for under construction flats slashed to organized the first workshop on the development of
5% and affordable homes to 1% without input tax the India Energy Modelling Forum (IEMF).
credit (ITC) by the GST Council. • The workshop was organized under the Sustainable
• Currently 12% GST is levied with input tax credit on Growth Pillar of the India-U.S. Strategic Energy
payments made for under construction properties. It Partnership.
will be effective from April 1st. • Under the Strategic Partnership, the United
9. Bank of England recognized Metropolitan Clearing States and India will pursue four primary pillars
Corporation of India Ltd (MCCIL) as a Third-Country of cooperation:
Central Counterparty (TC-CCP) • Oil and Gas
• Metropolitan Clearing Corporation of India Ltd • Power and Energy Efficiency
(MCCIL) has become the first clearing • Renewable Energy and Sustainable Growth
corporation in India to receive recognition as a • Coal
Third-Country Central Counterparty (TC-CCP) by 13. SpiceJet becomes first Indian low-cost airline to join
Bank of England for offering various clearing IATA
services to UK-based entities. • SpiceJet has joined global airlines’ grouping
• The recognition has been granted under United International Air Transport Association (IATA)
Kingdom’s Temporary Recognition Regime as a member, becoming the first Indian low-cost
(TRR). carrier to get the membership.
Metropolitan Clearing Corporation of India Ltd • The IATA represents more than 290 airlines,
• It is a subsidiary of Metropolitan Stock Exchange of including Air India, Jet Airways and Vistara.
India Ltd. (MSE) recognised by SEBI as clearing 14. Wholesale inflation increases to 2.93% in February
corporation and started its operations on 16th • According to the data released by commerce and
February 2009. industry ministry, India’s wholesale inflation rate
10. 4th Round of FTA talks between India and Peru held inched up to 2.93 percent in February, compared
in Lima to 2.6 percent in January.
• 4th Round of Free Trade Agreement (FTA) talks • Latest price data released on March 14 showed
between India and Peru concluded in Lima on 15th that wholesale vegetable prices grew 6.82
March. percent in February compared to a fall of (-) 4.21
• The FTA agreement is aimed to enhance the two-way percent in January and the 15.26 percent in
commerce between India and Peru. February 2018.
• The Bilateral trade between India and Peru has been • Overall wholesale inflation rate was 2.74 percent
increased from 1.77 billion dollars in 2016-17 to 3.13 in February 2018.
billion dollars in 2017-18 and Lima ranked third 15. Industrial production growth slows to 1.7% in
among export destination for India in Latin America January 2019
and Caribbean region. • The Central Statistics Office (CSO) has released
11. India sets ‘aspirational’ target for engineering the data for the Index of Industrial Production
exports at $200 billion by 2025 (IIP) for the month of January.
• Raising the bar, India has set an aspirational
target of $200 billion by 2025 for engineering

• The IIP data shows that: - Industrial output • NHPC Limited, formerly known as National
growth stood at 1.7 per cent in January against Hydroelectric Power Corp. was incorporated as
the 2.6% growth recorded in December 2018. Central Govt. Enterprise for development of Hydro
• The CSO has revised the industrial production Power in Central Sector on 7th November 1975.
growth for December 2018 has been revised • Over the years NHPC has evolved as the largest
upwards from 2.4% to 2.6%. central utility for hydropower development in India.
Note: 19. MSME sector created most jobs in last four years:
• Index of Industrial Production (IIP) is a composite Survey
indicator that measures the changes in the volume of • According to a survey by the Confederation of
production of a basket of industrial products during Indian Industry (CII), among all the sectors,
a given period with respect to the volume of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs)
production in a chosen base period. was the largest job creator in the last four years –
• The base year for the IIP is 2011-12. with growth of 13.9 per cent.
16. Infosys to open innovation hub in Romania • The report titled ‘Survey on Jobs Creation and
• Infosys will be opening a new digital innovation Outlook in MSME Sector’ said hospitality and
centre in Bucharest, Romania, that would focus tourism, followed by textiles and apparel, and
on developing offerings for clients based on metal products were the other top job-creating
cutting-edge digital technologies including cloud, sectors in this period.
big data, artificial intelligence and machine • Top States - Maharashtra, Gujarat and Telangana
learning. were the largest job generators.
17. Income tax exemption limit on gratuity doubled to Rs • The survey focussed on jobs creation, ease of
20 lakh filling up vacancies, and impact of government
• According to the labour ministry the income tax initiatives on jobs creation in the report.
exemption limit on gratuity has been doubled to 20. Life insurers register 33% growth in new premium
Rs 20 lakh from the existing Rs 10 lakh, a move income at Rs 18,209 cr in February, IRDAI data
that will benefit employees who are not covered shows
by the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972. • According to Insurance Regulatory and
• "Ministry of Finance has enhanced the income Development Authority of India (IRDAI) data,
tax exemption for gratuity under Section 10 India's life insurance industry witnessed a rise of
(10) (iii) of the Income Tax Act, 1961 to Rs 20 32.7 percent in its collective new premium
lakhs. income at Rs 18,209.50 crore during February
• The Payment of Gratuity Act 1972 makes it 2019.
mandatory for the employers to pay their • The life insurers had collected first-time
employees gratuity at the time of quitting, premium worth Rs 13,724.96 crore in same
provided certain conditions were met. month a year ago.
18. NHPC to acquire Lanco Teesta Hydro Power Ltd • LIC, which has the largest market share of 66.26
(LTHPL) percent, registered a growth of 42.2 percent in
• The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs its new year premium at Rs 12,055.81 crore
(CCEA) has approved the acquisition of debt- during the month.
laden Lanco’s 500 MW Teesta hydro-electric 21. OECD reduced the world economic growth forecasts
power project in Sikkim by state-owned NHPC. for the year 2019
• NHPC will take over debt-laden Lanco’s 500 MW • The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and
Teesta hydro-electric power project for Rs 907 Development (OECD) has reduced its 2019
crore in Sikkim. forecast for global economic growth to 3.3% for
Note: the current year, down from 3.5% it predicted
• Teesta Stage-Vl Hydro Electric Project is a Run of earlier.
River (RoR) project in Sirwani Village of Sikkim to 22. US withdrawal of GSP benefit from India
utilize the power potential of Teesta River Basin in a • The US decision to withdraw duty benefits on
cascade manner. Indian products under the Generalized System of
About NHPC Preferences (GSP) programme will not have a

significant impact on exports to America, a top • The portal provides credit up to Rs 1 crore to
government official said. micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) in
• India exports goods worth USD 5.6 billion just 59 minutes or less than an hour.
under the GSP, and the duty benefit is only USD • Upon approval, the loan is disbursed in 7-8
190 million annually, Commerce Secretary Anup working days.
Wadhawan said. 25. NGT slaps Rs 500 crore fine on Volkswagen
• The withdrawal will become applicable after 60 • The National Green Tribunal on 07 March 2019,
days of the issue of a notification on the same slapped a fine of Rs 500 crore on German auto
and would affect India-US trade. major Volkswagen for damaging the
What is GSP? environment through the use of "cheat device" in
• Normally, developed countries offer import duty its diesel cars in India.
sops to underdeveloped and developing ones for • A bench headed by NGT chairperson Justice
import of goods. These incentives are not Adarsh Kumar Goel directed the carmaker to
available to other developed countries from deposit the amount within two months.
whom the goods are being sourced. 26. PM inaugurates IOC's Ennore LNG terminal
• Such a system of preferential treatment to • Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 06 March
developing countries is known as generalized 2019, inaugurated Indian Oil Corp's Rs 5,150
system of preferences (GSP) in trade parlance. crore LNG import terminal at the Kamarajar port
Background in Ennore, Tamil Nadu.
• GSP (Generalised System of Preferences) was • The Ennore terminal is the first LNG terminal on
introduced in 1976 as a US trade preference the east coast in South India that will serve
programme to promote economic development by customers in the southern and eastern region.
allowing duty-free entry for thousands of products 27. Enhanced Access and Service Excellence (EASE)
from designated beneficiary countries — both Index Report
developing and developed. • The Indian Banks Association (IBA) organized its
23. India Q3 GDP growth moderates to 6.6%, slowest in 5 conference on ‘Reforms Journey for EASE in
quarters Public Sector Banks (PSBs) in New Delhi.
• According to the Central Statistics Office (CSO) • EASE index is prepared by the Indian Banking
data, India's economic growth slowed to a 5- Association (IBA) and Boston Consulting Group.
quarter low of 6.6 per cent in October-December • It is commissioned by the Finance Ministry.
period of this fiscal. • The report shows visible progress made on each of 4
• The CSO revised downward its GDP growth elements of Government’s 4R’s strategy including
forecast for 2018-19 to 7% from 7.2% projected recognition, recovery, recapitalisation and
earlier. reforms.
24. emerges largest Fintech Award
lending platform • Punjab National Bank has been ranked first
• According to a report by global financial firm, among public sector banks in the
Credit Suisse, web portal implementation of ‘reforms agenda’, followed by, launched has Bank of Baroda and State Bank of India.
emerged as the country’s largest online lending • Punjab National Bank with a score of 78.4 out of
platform, with loan sanctions exceeding over Rs 100 has been ranked first under the theme of
35,000 crore. EASE (Enhanced Access & Service Excellence).
• The portal was launched by PM Narendra Modi • PNB is followed by BoB (77.8), SBI (74.6),
in November 2018 in a bid to make banking Oriental Bank of Commerce (69), Canara Bank
transparent and hassle-free. (67.5) and Syndicate Bank (67.1).
Key points • Sunil Mehta, the Managing Director and CEO, of
PNB, received the award.

Banking & Financial Awareness

May 2019

1. India Ratings downgrades Yes Bank with Negative Outlook – India Ratings has downgraded the YES bank’s long-term
rating to ‘IND AA-’ with a negative outlook, while reaffirming short-term rating. ICRA has also downgraded the long-term
ratings of the lender.
2. Bharti AXA Ties Up with Wishfin to offer policies via WhatsApp – Bharti AXA General Insurance, a private non-life
insurer, has tied up with financial marketplace Wishfin’s insurance arm Wishpolicy, to offer two-wheeler insurance to
customers via WhatsApp.
3. LIC HFL launches Udyam Centre in Bengaluru – LIC Housing Finance (LIC HFL) has launched ‘Udyam’, a skilling center
in Bengaluru. It was launched in association with Lok Bharti Education Society, the implementing partner.

April 2019

1. Government raises authorised capital of Allahabad • The new scheme will offer loan at 20 basis points
Bank to ₹8,000 crore lesser than the interest rate on the existing car
• The central government after consultation with loan schemes.
the Reserve Bank of India has increased the • The scheme comes with the longest repayment
authorised capital of the Allahabad Bank from period of up to 8 years.
₹3,000 crore to ₹8,000 crore. • The loan is offered with zero processing fee for
• The government has increased the authorised the first 6 months of the launch.
capital of the Allahabad Bank by ₹5,000 crore to
₹8,000 crore. Note:
• SBI along with Wipro joined the Climate Group's
• The headquarters of Allahabad Bank is in Kolkata. EV100 initiative for enhancing the launch of electric
• SS Mallikarjuna Rao is the current MD & CEO of vehicles worldwide.
Allahabad Bank.
• SBI has already notified 100% migration to EVs
2. Kotak Bank launches debit card-based e-mandate on (Electric Vehicles) by 2030 in order to decrease
NPCI’s API platform carbon footprints, thus being in line with the
• Kotak Mahindra Bank (Kotak) has launched the government’s pledge of ensuring 30% EVs on road
first debit card-based authentication solution on by 2030.
NPCI’s (National Payments Corporation of India) 4. SBI General launches cyber defence insurance for
e-Mandate (electronic mandate) API (Application businesses
Program Interface) platform. • SBI General Insurance has launched a product –
• With this, it has become the first ever Destination cyber defence insurance to protect businesses
Bank to go live with both Net Banking and Debit from financial and reputational losses due to
Card-based e-mandate authentication. cyber attacks. This offers protection against the
Note: growing threat of cyber breaches.
• Uday Kotak is current MD & CEO of Kotak Mahindra • It is designed to protect against major insurable
Bank. cyber exposures like hacking attacks, identity
• Its headquarters is in Mumbai. theft, disclosure of sensitive information and
• e-NACH: Electronic National Automated Clearing business interruption.
House; OTP: One Time Password. 5. IndusInd Bank receives NCLT approval for Merger
3. SBI launches Green Car Loan with Bharat Financial Inclusion – National Company
• State Bank of India launched the country’s first Law Tribunal (NCLT) approved the merger of private
‘Green Car Loan’ (Electric Vehicle) to encourage sector lender IndusInd Bank with Bharat Financial
customers to buy electric vehicles. Inclusion (BFIL), a microfinance company.

6. NCLT nod for IndusInd Bank, Bharat financial avail an Insta Credit loan in their Bajaj Finserv
inclusion merger Wallet which they can use to pay their electricity
• National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) approved bills on EMI.
the merger of private sector lender IndusInd Bank • The campaign is aimed to help their customers
with Bharat Financial Inclusion (BFIL), a finance the high electricity bills that may arise
microfinance company. due to extensive usage of conditioners during
• Earlier, IndusInd Bank had received ‘No Objection’ summer.
from Reserve Bank of India, National Stock Exchange 10. Airtel Payments Bank partners with Bharti AXA
and Bombay Stock Exchange. General Insurance for two-wheeler insurance
• Now Bharat Financial will become a subsidiary of • Airtel Payments Bank announced it has
IndusInd Bank. partnered with Bharti AXA General Insurance for
Note: a two-wheeler insurance product offering.
• IndusInd Bank Headquarter: Mumbai, CEO: Romesh 11. Canara Bank becomes the first public sector bank in
Sobti. India to meet RBI’s EMV mandate
NCLT Headquarter: New Delhi. • The Reserve Bank of India had mandated all
7. Bajaj Allianz launches Total Health Secure Goal plan banks to migrate the magnetic strip based
• Bajaj Allianz General Insurance in collaboration ATM/Debit cards to EMV chip-and-PIN payment
with Bajaj Allianz Life Insurance launched their cards by December 31, 2018.
first product 'Total Health Secure Goal'. • In this direction, Canara Bank in association with
• The new insurance product is a combination of ACI Worldwide has announced that Canara Bank
two existing plans - Health Guard policy by Bajaj has successfully rolled out major new
Allianz General Insurance, and iSecure from Bajaj functionality for this, to support EMV card across
Allianz Life Insurance. its ATM network.
• Under Health Guard policy, a customer can • With this Canara Bank has become the first
choose the option between a Silver or a Gold Plan Public Sector bank to meet RBI’s EMV mandate.
with an insured sum ranging from Rs 1.5 lakh to Note:
Rs 50 Lakh. • Canara Bank has around 6,300 branches and more
8. Canara Bank, life insurance arm launch than 10,000 ATMs.
'Webassurance' • The headquarters of Canara Bank is in Bengaluru,
• Canara Bank and its life insurance partner Karnataka.
Canara HSBC Oriental Bank of Commerce Life 12. IDRBT Sets Up 5G Lab for Banking, Financial Sector
Insurance Saturday announced the launch of • The Institute for Development and Research in
'Webassurance'. Banking Technology (IDRBT), has launched a 5G
• Four life insurance products of Canara HSBC OBC Use Cases Lab for banking and financial sector.
Life would be made available to customers of • The 5G lab will develop and domesticate 5G use
Canara Bank, covering the key needs of child cases and set up a research and development
future, savings and investments, retirement experience platform for banking and financial
planning and protection. services.
Note: Note:
• Canara HSBC OBC Life is jointly owned by two • IDRBT is established by the Reserve Bank of
public sector banks - Canara Bank (51 per cent) and India in 1996, the institution works at the
Oriental Bank of Commerce (23 per cent) and HSBC intersection of banking and technology.
Insurance Holdings (26 per cent), the Asian • IDRBT headquarters is in Hyderabad.
insurance arm of banking and financial services 13. IDBI Bank launches ‘NRI-Insta-Online’ Paperless
groups HSBC. Account Facility
9. Bajaj Finserv launches industry first proposition to • IDBI Bank has launched 'NRI-Insta-Online'
pay electricity bill on EMIs account opening process for Non-Resident
• Bajaj Finserv through its lending arm Bajaj Indians (NRIs) residing in Financial Action Task
Finance Ltd. has launched a unique proposition Force (FATF) member countries.
through its campaign #BijliOnEMI wherein Note:
customers buying air-conditioners on EMI can

• The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) was • Forbes has compiled a first-ever list of the
established in July 1989 by a Group of Seven (G-7) World's Best Bank 2019 in terms of customer
Summit in Paris. services and technological advancements.
• FATF is an inter-governmental body which devices • India's largest public sector bank, the State Bank
policy and sets standards to promote effective of India (SBI), did not even make it to top 10 of
implementation of legal, regulatory and operational the list and was ranked 11th by the customers.
measures to combat money laundering, terrorist • Interestingly, Kotak Mahindra Bank and IDFC
financing and other related threats to the integrity of Bank had managed to gain the fourth and fifth
the international financial system. spot respectively.
• The body has 38 member countries, including the US, • Syndicate Bank, PNB, Allahabad Bank, Vijaya
UK, India, Japan, China and France, among others. Bank and Axis Bank were ranked from sixth to
• FATF headquarters is in Paris, France. tenth respectively.
14. Bandhan Bank gets CCI nod for merger with Gruh • On the other hand, the country's second largest
Finance public sector bank, Bank of Baroda (BoB) was
• Bandhan Bank has received approval from the ranked 16th and was followed by Paytm
Competition Commission of India (CCI) for the Payments Bank.
proposed scheme of amalgamation of Gruh • Canara Bank was placed at the 30th position by
Finance with the bank. customers.
• Gruh Finance, the affordable housing finance arm • Forbes had partnered with Statista, a market
of HDFC Ltd, was taken over in January by research company, to measure the best banks in
Bandhan Bank in a share-swap deal. 23 countries.
About Bandhan Bank • The banks were rated on the basis of 5 key
• Bandhan Bank started as a micro-finance company in attributes - trust, digital services, financial advice
2001. and fees.
• Bank received banking licence by Reserve Bank of 18. LIC gets 12 years from RBI to cut stake in IDBI Bank,
India in 2014. says report
• The headquarters is in Kolkata, West Bengal. • According to the report, the Reserve Bank of
• Chandra Shekhar Ghosh is the Founder and MD & India (RBI) has given Life Insurance Corporation
CEO of Bandhan Bank. of India (LIC) 12 years to reduce its stake by 10
• Tagline – Aapka Bhala, Sabki Bhalai. percent in IDBI Bank.
15. Non-life insurers witness 13% rise in premium: • RBI has stipulated that after 12 years LIC has to
IRDAI report reduce stake in IDBI Bank by 10 percent to 40
• According to the IRDAI data, Non-life insurance percent.
firms registered a rise of 13 per cent in their • LIC has 51 percent controlling stake in the bank,
collective premium income to Rs 1.70 lakh crore making the insurer the lender's majority
in the financial year ended March. shareholder.
16. Indiabulls General Insurance gets preliminary nod • The government is the other major investor in
from IRDAI IDBI Bank owning 46.46 per cent while the rest
• Indiabulls General Insurance, a subsidiary of is with the public.
Indiabulls Integrated Services said it has 19. Emirates Islamic becomes world's first Islamic bank
received preliminary approval from regulator to launch banking via WhatsApp
Irdai to foray into non-life business. • Emirates Islamic has announced the launch
17. HDFC best bank in India: Forbes of Chat Banking services for customers via
• HDFC Bank emerged as the country’s top bank as WhatsApp.
per the Forbes magazines' 'World's Best Bank' • With this Emirates Islamic became the first
survey. bank in the Islamic banking sector to provide
• After HDFC Bank, ICICI Bank took the second such service.
spot, while DBS was at the third rank in Forbes • The bank’s customers will now able to
list of Indian banks. conduct daily banking activities via
WhatsApp in a seamless and hassle-free

Note: • As of December-end, HDFC MF manages assets to
• Emirates Islamic formerly known as Emirates Islamic the tune of Rs 3.35 trillion, while those of ICICI
Bank was launched in 2004. Prudential MF stood at Rs 3.08 trillion.
• The headquarters is located in Dubai, United Arab • SBI Asset Management Co. Ltd climbed two
Emirates. places from the fifth to the third spot with an
• The bank was established to deliver banking services AUM of ₹2.83 trillion.
in line with Shari'a principles Top 5 asset management company in India:
20. SBI inks co-origination loan pact with Paisalo Digital • HDFC Asset Management, ICICI Prudential Asset
Ltd Management, SBI Asset Management, Aditya Birla
• With a vision to empower Micro Small and Sun Life Asset Management, Reliance Nippon Asset
Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) and small Management.
businesses, PAISALO Digital Limited signed the 23. Bank of Baroda becomes second largest PSU bank
first co-origination loan agreement with State after SBI
Bank of India (SBI). • On April 1, 2019 Bank of Baroda (BoB) became
• Introducing a platform for the last mile customer, the second largest state-owned lender after
the loan ticket is designed at Rs 10,000 to 2 lakh. merging Dena Bank and Vijaya Bank into itself as
• The company expects to disburse 200,000 loan part of the first three-way amalgamation.
applications in FY20. • Government has also infused Rs 5,042 crore into
• PAISALO Digital Limited operates business in Bank of Baroda by way of preferential allotment
various states including Uttar Pradesh, of equity shares.
Maharashtra, Himachal Pradesh, Gujarat, • Centre’s shareholding in the merged entity is
Rajasthan, Delhi, Haryana, Punjab, Uttarakhand 65.7%.
and Bihar. • BoB now has over 9,500 branches, 13,400 ATMs,
• The company serves customers with 118 85,000 employees to serve 12 crore customers.
branches in rural areas, serviced by a team of • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) had said that
persons over 1500. branches of Dena Bank and Vijaya Bank would
Note: function as BoB outlets from April following the
• PAISALO Digital Limited is a systemically amalgamation.
important non-deposit taking NBFC registered • The bank will have a business mix of Rs 15 lakh
with the Reserve Bank of India and has been in crore of balance sheet, with deposits and
operations since 1992. advances of Rs 8.75 lakh crore and Rs 6.25 lakh
21. RBL Bank ties up with CreditVidya for improving crore, respectively.
customer experience 24. Kotak Mahindra Bank first lender to charge for UPI
• RBL Bank has partnered with credit profiler use
CreditVidya to improve and boost the bank’s • Kotak Mahindra Bank (Kotak) stated that it will
customer experience. charge customers for UPI transactions starting
• This in turn will allow it to improve user 1st of May 2019
experience and build customised offerings • For each Kotak Bank account, the first 30 UPI
for over 15 lakh customers, the bank said. fund transfers will be free, after which a charge
• "RBL Bank will leverage CreditVidya's big will be levied on all fund transfers from the bank
data underwriting platform across its credit account.
card and mobile banking apps," the lender • This will be applicable across all platforms,
said. including Paytm, PhonePe, Google Pay or
• According to data released by the Association of Truecaller Pay among others.
Mutual Funds in India (Amfi), • The bank will charge Rs 2.50 per transaction for
22. HDFC MF surpasses ICICI Prudential to become an amount value below or equal to Rs 1,000, and
India's top asset manager Rs 5 per transaction will be levied for a payment
• According to data released by the Association of value above Rs 1,000.
Mutual Funds in India (Amfi), HDFC Mutual Fund 25. Lakshmi Vilas Bank board approves merger with
has piped ICICI Prudential MF to become the Indiabulls Housing Finance
country's largest asset management company.

• The board of The Lakshmi Vilas Bank Ltd. has • The charge for transactions above ₹1,000 has
approved a scheme of amalgamation with been retained at 50 paise.
Indiabulls Housing Finance Ltd. Note:
• Under the scheme of amalgamation, • The National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI)
shareholders of Lakshmi Vilas Bank will receive is an umbrella organisation for operating retail
0.14 equity share worth Rs 2 each of Indiabulls payments and settlement systems in India.
Housing Finance for every one share of Rs 10 • The NPCI (Founded in 2008) is a not-for-profit
each they hold. This means for every 100 shares organisation registered under section 8 of the
of LVB, shareholders will get 14 shares of Companies Act 2013.
Indiabulls Housing Finance. 27. In a first, SEBI gives nod to Rs 10,000 crore ‘Airport
• The merged entity will be "amongst the top eight Fund’
private banks in India by size and profitability", • For the first time SEBI (Securities and Exchange
with a net worth of Rs 19,472 crore, a loan book Board of India) has approved an “airport’ specific
of Rs 1.23 lakh crore, and a combined workforce fund“.
of 14,302 employees. • The name of the fund is “Taking Off To the Future
26. NPCI cuts UPI usage fees to promote wider adoption Airport Fund“. It can raise a capital amounting to
• The National Payments Corporation of India 1.5$bn (Rs. 10,000 crore).
(NPCI), which runs the Unified Payments • The fund has been approved by SEBI under
Interface (UPI) network, has slashed usage fees “Category II Alternate Investment Fund”.
for small transactions to expand the system’s • A minimum capital contribution of Rs. 3500
adoption among banks and payment service crore and a maximum of Rs. 7000 crore is
providers (PSPs). targeted by the fund.
• For UPI transactions up to ₹1,000, the charge has • India is presently the third largest aviation
been cut to 10 paise from 25 paise. market in the world.

March 2019

1. Govt to infuse Rs 5,042 cr into Bank of Baroda equipment, and market linkage for sale of
• The government has finalised the decision to agriculture produce.
infuse Rs 5,042 crore into public sector lender 3. PNB inks pacts to sell 13% in housing arm for ₹1,852
Bank of Baroda (BoB) ahead of its amalgamation crore
of Dena Bank and Vijaya Bank with itself. • Punjab National Bank (PNB) has sold 13.01 per
• The proposed merger will be affected from April cent stake in PNB Housing Ltd (PNBHF) to
1, 2019. General Atlantic Group and VardePartners for
2. BoB set to develop digital agri platform ‘Baroda ₹1851.60 crore at ₹850 per share.
Kisan’ for farmers • After the transaction, Punjab National Bank will
• Bank of Baroda has signed a memorandum of continue to hold a strategic stake of 19.78% in
understanding with agriculture services the housing finance company and will remain the
companies to develop an agriculture digital promoter and strategic shareholder of the
platform, Baroda Kisan, which will provide company, the lender informed the stock
solutions for agricultural requirements. exchanges.
• The initiative is being executed by ITCoE of 4. IDBI Bank receives nod to handle import, exports
Bank of Baroda, in partnership with IBM transactions with Iran: Sources
India. • The IDBI Bank has received government
• The platform intends to make a holistic approach approval to handle import and export
towards solving agricultural plights by means of transactions with Iran.
providing reliable and customised information, • This move would help in promoting two-way
inputs for use, convenience of renting farm trade amid US sanctions on the Persian Gulf

• IDBI Bank has been identified to route the Bank and has kept the outlook stable, citing
payments. strong profitability and healthy asset quality.
• Iran is India's third-largest oil supplier after Iraq • The agency has assigned a long-term local and
and Saudi Arabia. foreign currency bank deposit and issuer rating
• IDBI Bank has been identified to route the of Baa3 to the lender.
payments. UCO Bank had in the previous round 9. ICICI Bank launches two instantaneous home loan
of sanctions handled rupee payments. facilities
5. ICICI Pru Mutual Fund launches Bharat Consumption • Private sector lender ICICI Bank announced the
Scheme launch of two instantaneous home loan facilities,
• On 26th March 2019, ICICI Prudential Mutual one of which would enable instant and paperless
Fund launched ICICI Prudential Bharat home loan approval of up to ₹1 crore.
Consumption Scheme to get advantage from the • The ‘Instant Home Loan’ service enables pre-
Indian consumption market, which is considered approved salaried customers of the bank to avail
as one of the fastest growing consumption final sanction letter digitally and instantly for
markets globally. loans up to ₹1 crore for a tenure of up to 30
• Nifty India Consumption Index is the benchmark years (based on the age of the customer) using
for the Scheme. internet banking facility.
• It will be managed by Rajat Chandak, Dharmesh • The ‘Insta Top Up Loan’initiative would enable
Kakkad and Priyanka Khandelwal will manage existing home loan customers of the bank to avail
the overseas investments. the facility of topping up their loan immediately
• The offer will open on 26th March and close on up to ₹20 lakh for a tenure up to 10 years, in a
9th April 2019. completely digital and paperless manner.
Features of this scheme are: 10. India posts highest growth in patent applications in
• Minimum investment of this scheme is Rs 5,000 WIPO during 2018
and in multiples of one rupee thereafter. • On 19th March 2019, India registered the highest
• Penalty for leaving the scheme is 1 percent if growth of 27% among countries in patent
investments are redeemed within 12 months applications in 2018 with the World Intellectual
from the date of allotment. Property Organization (WIPO).
6. has named cricketer Virender Sehwag as • India filed 2013 international patent applications
its Brand Ambassador during the year.
• - an online insurance web • In the volume of patent filings, India fall below
aggregator has roped in legendary cricketer China and the US. China is expected to overtake
Virender Sehwag as it's Brand Ambassador. the US as the leading hub for global innovation as
• He will be the face of its biggest marketing per WIPO.
campaign of insurance products covering term World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
insurance, health insurance, life insurance, car • WIPO was created in 1967 "to encourage creative
insurance and others. activity, to promote the protection of intellectual
7. Tamil Nadu banks to amalgamate property throughout the world".
• Indian Bank, said the Department of Financial • Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland
Services, Ministry of Finance, has issued a 11. J&K Bank to sell a stake in PNB Metlife for ₹ 185 cr
notification for amalgamation of Pallavan Grama • Jammu and Kashmir Bank said it proposes to sell
Bank (sponsored by Indian Bank) and Pandyan its stake in PNB Metlife India to private equity
Grama Bank (sponsored by Indian Overseas player Oman India Joint Investment Fund II for ₹
Bank) in Tamil Nadu into a single Regional Rural 185 crore.
Bank. • According to the J&K Bank, bank has executed
• The new bank will be called Tamil Nadu Grama share purchase agreement with Oman India Joint
Bank, with its head office at Salem, under the Investment Fund II for sale of 4.1 crore shares of
sponsorship of Indian Bank. PNB MetLife India Insurance Company Ltd.
8. Moody’s assigns stable outlook to IndusInd Bank • Jammu and Kashmir Bank holds 5 per cent stake
• Global rating agency Moody’s has assigned a in the insurance venture.
Baa3 rating to private sector lender IndusInd Note:

• PNB MetLife India Insurance is a joint venture 16. Bandhan Bank acquire Gruh Finance
between MetLife International Holdings Inc, • Reserve Bank of India provided no objection to
Punjab National Bank, Jammu and Kashmir Bank, Bandhan Bank for the proposed acquisition of
M Pallonji and Company Pvt Ltd and other Gruh Finance.
private investors. • Gruh Finance Limited is an Ahmedabad
12. Avenue India joins as new sponsor shareholder of headquartered Subsidiary of HDFC Limited.
Arcil • It is a Housing Finance Company (HFC)
• Asset Reconstruction Company (India) (Arcil) recognized by the National Housing Bank (NHB)
announced Avenue India Resurgence Pte Ltd as and it was taken over in January by Bandhan
its new sponsor shareholder following Bank in a share-swap deal.
completion of the secondary purchase from a few 17. HDFC Bank becomes 3rd company to cross Rs 6 lakh
existing shareholders. crore m-cap
• Avenue India is an arm of the New York- • HDFC Bank has become the third listed entity to
headquartered global investment firm, Avenue achieve a market cap of Rs 6 lakh crore after
Capital Group. Reliance Industries and TCS.
• In November 2018, Avenue reportedly acquired • On 13th March 2019, shares of the country’s
a 27 per cent stake in Arcil. largest private bank gained 2.6% to hit an all-
13. Aviva Life Insurance launches Wings to empower time high of Rs 2,226.
women at the workplace • This resulted in the market capitalisation of the
• Aviva Life Insurance has announced the launch bank reaching nearly Rs 6.1 lakh crore for the
of ‘Wings’, a specially designed mentorship first time, which makes it more valuable than all
program to empower the female workforce. the listed public sector banks put together.
• Aviva Life Insurance is a joint venture between
Dabur Invest and Aviva International Holdings, a
• Reliance Industries, the most valuable company, has
UK-based insurance group, whose association
a market cap of Rs 8.5 lakh crore while TCS is slightly
with India goes back to 1834.
behind at Rs 7.5 lakh crore.
14. SBI Yono App to allow cardless withdrawals
18. India ranks 11th in gold holding: World Gold Council
• The State Bank of India has launched the YONO
• India, which is the world’s largest consumer of
Cash service for its customers which will allow
gold, has the 11th largest gold reserve, with the
them to withdraw cash from ATMs without their
current holding pegged at 607 tonnes, as per the
debit cards.
latest report by the World Gold Council (WGC).
• Such SBI ATMs will be called YONO Cash Point.
• The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is
• SBI customers can use the YONO app on their
included and is third on the list with total gold
smartphones to withdraw cash from SBI ATMs,
reserves of 2,814 tonnes.
or YONO Cash Points, without using their debit
• The list is topped by the U.S., which claims of
and credit cards.
gold reserves of 8,133.5 tonnes, followed by
Germany with 3,369.7 tonnes.
• On 3 December 2018, SBI appointed Swapna as
• Italy and France complete the top five list with
the brand ambassador for its digital app 'YONO'
reserves of a little over 2,400 tonnes each.
(You only need one).
• Meanwhile, among Asian countries, China and
• YONO’ is the first digital banking platform which
Japan have more reserves of the precious metal
offers customized products to customers.
when compared to India. China – WGC takes into
15. Fresh NPAs to moderate in FY'20: ICRA
account only ‘Mainland China’ – has reserves of
• According to the ratings firm Icra; fresh NPAs in
1,864.3 tonnes, while Japan has gold reserves of
the banking sector are expected to moderate to
765.2 tonnes
1.9 to 2.4 perc ent in FY'20.
19. SBI launches doorstep banking service for senior
• Icra expects gross NPAs of the banking sector to citizens over 70 & differently-abled
8.3 lakh crore or 7.9 per cent for March 2020, as
• State Bank of India (SBI) has launched doorstep
compared to estimated 9.2 per cent as of March
banking service for senior citizens over 70 years
of age and differently-abled customers.

• Eligible customers can avail this service at a • Assuming that RBI keeps the repo rate unchanged in
nominal fee of ₹100 per transaction for financial its next credit policy in April, the interest rate on
transactions and ₹60 for non-financial savings accounts from May 1 will be 3.5% (6.25-
transactions. 2.75%).
• According to a statement, doorstep banking • However, if RBI reduces report rate by another 25
services are available to KYC- compliant account basis points in its next meeting, then SBI savings
holders, with a valid mobile number registered bank interest rate will come down to 3.25% from
with the bank and residing within 5 kilometres May 1.
radius from their home branch. • For all cash credit accounts and overdraft accounts
• This service will not be available for accounts above Rs 1 lakh, floor rate will be 2.25% above the
operated jointly, minor accounts, and accounts of repo rate, SBI said. On this floor rate, SBI will charge
non-personal nature. a risk premium based on the risk profile of the
• Cash pickup and deliver, check pickup, check- borrower. So from May 1, the base rate for these
book slip, life certificate and form 15 pickup are accounts will be 8.5%.
some of the services that will be provided. • For savings account holders with balances up to Rs 1
20. PNB sanctions debt worth Rs 689 cr to 1,600 MSMEs lakh and borrowers with cash credit and overdraft
via 59minute loan portal limits up to Rs 1 lakh, interest rates will remain fixed.
• The Punjab National Bank (PNB) has sanctioned 22. Bank of Baroda launches child daycare facility at HQ
loans worth Rs 689 crore to over 1,600 Micro, • Bank of Baroda has launched Crèche – Child
Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) through Daycare facility within its Mumbai Corporate
the portal as part of Office premises.
its effort to promote such industries. • The public sector bank said it will bear 60% of
• Under the Mudra Yojana, the bank has offered costs for each child, the rest to be borne by
loan to over 2.69 lakh small entrepreneurs this parent.
fiscal (till February 14, 2019). 23. PM releases new series of coins for Divyang kids
Note: • The Prime Minister Narendra Modi on March 07,
• portal was launched by 2019 released the new series of visually
PM Narendra Modi in November 2018 to provide impaired friendly circulation coins, in New Delhi.
easy access to credit for MSMEs. • Rs.1, Rs.2, Rs.5, Rs.10 and Rs.20 are the various
• MSMEs through this portal can avail loans of up to Rs denominations of coins released as part of the
1 crore in 59 minutes or less than an hour. new series.
• It is a strategic initiative of Small Industries • The coins were released at a function at 7, Lok
Development Bank of India (SIDBI) led PSB Kalyan Marg, where visually impaired children
consortium incubated under the Department of were specially invited.
Financial Services (DFS), Ministry of Finance. • The Prime Minister thanked the National
• Other partner banks are the State Bank of India (SBI), Institute of Design for the design, Security
Bank of Baroda, PNB, Vijaya and Indian Bank. Printing and Minting Corporation of India
21. SBI first bank to link savings bank interest to RBI Limited and the Ministry of Finance for the
repo rate introduction of new coins.
• In a first, State Bank of India has decided to link 24. Bad assets and bankruptcy code: Lenders recover
interest rates on savings bank account to an almost half of Rs 1.43-lakh crore defaulting advances
external benchmark from May 1, 2019. • Lenders have recovered about half the defaulting
• With this SBI becomes the first Indian bank to advances of Rs 1.43 lakh crore stuck in 82 cases
link both deposit rate and lending rate to an that have been resolved so far in the past two
external benchmark. years, signalling that the Insolvency and
Key points: Bankruptcy Code (IBC) has become increasingly
• SBI said for savings bank account having an average effective in extricating funds from bad assets.
balance of more than Rs 1 lakh, the effective interest • The law came into effect in December 2016.
rate will be 2.75% less than the repo rate (which is 25. NBFCs with Rs 1,000 crore assets want public deposit
6.25% currently) from May 1. access

• Non-banking finance companies (NBFCs) with awards passed by the ombudsman within a
assets exceeding Rs 1,000 crore want the central period of 30 days from the receipt of the award.
bank to allow them to accept public deposits. 30. DBS Bank announces launch of wholly-owned
• Industry leaders have been making this demand subsidiary for India
with the regulator to allow the access of public • Singapore’s DBS Bank announced the launch of
deposit for large NBFCs that have been in its locally incorporated wholly-owned
operation for a long time and have proven track subsidiary, DBS Bank India Ltd (DBIL), and its
records,” said Raman Agarwal, chairman, Finance plan to establish over 100 customer touch points
Industry Development Council (FIDC). — a combination of branches and kiosks —
• There are more than 10,000 NBFCs and around across 25 cities in the next 12-18 months.
100 are allowed to accept public deposits. NBFCs Note:
with assets of at least Rs 500 crore are •
considered systemically important. • DBS set up a representative office in India in
26. IRDAI, NHA form working group to curb fraud in 1994 and opened its first bank branch in 1995.
Ayushman Bharat scheme • It currently operates in 12 cities: Delhi, Mumbai,
• The Insurance Regulatory and Development Bengaluru, Chennai, Kolkata, Pune, Nashik, Surat,
Authority of India (IRDAI) and the National Kolhapur, Salem, Cuddalore and Moradabad.
Health Authority (NHA) have formed a working • Earlier DBS was known as The Development
group on the Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Bank of Singapore Limited.
Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY). • DBS Bank headquarter is in Singapore.
• The joint working group, to be chaired by 31. Reliance AIF to launch its first commodity-focused
Dinesh Arora, Deputy CEO of NHA, will have 10 fund
members from both the organisations. • Anil Ambani-led Reliance Alternative Investment
• In six months, it will submit a report on how to Fund, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Reliance
detect and deter fraud through a common Nippon Life Asset Management, plans to mop-up
repository and capacity-building. ₹ 700 crore soon with the launch of its first
27. SBI, Hitachi arm to roll out digital payment’s commodity fund Reliance Commodity Plus AIF.
platform • The minimum investment per investor in the
• State Bank of India (SBI) and Hitachi Payment fund has been fixed at ₹ one crore. Initially, the
Services Pvt Ltd launched their merchant- fund will be open for 45 days and can be
acquiring joint venture, SBI Payment Services Pvt extended depending on the demand, sources
Ltd (SBIPSPL), in Mumbai, for establishing a said.
digital payments platform for India and other Note:
countries in the region. • Reliance AIF will be the first Indian asset
• The joint venture (SBI has a 74 per cent stake, management company to foray into commodity
and the balance is with Hitachi Payment derivatives market after it was allowed by the
Services) will facilitate expansion of the digital market regulator SEBI last year.
payments landscape in India via its digital 32. IFFCO Tokio launches India’s first policy to protect
payments platform. bank locker
28. United Bank, HDFC Life sign bancassurance deal • IFFCO Tokio General Insurance Company
• United Bank of India has signed a bancassurance announced the launch of Bank Locker
deal with private life insurer HDFC Life Protector Policy, which is the first policy in the
Insurance Company. industry to protect the contents of a bank locker
• Through this partnership, United Bank’s such as jewellery and other valuables.
customers will be able to take advantage of HDFC Key points
Life’s expertise in life insurance products, • The policy offers a cover against various risks
distribution and customer service. including fire, earthquake, burglary, holdup,
29. Resolution of complaints within 30 days: infidelity by a bank staff or any act of terrorism.
• According to insurance ombudsman regulations, • Apart from jewellery and valuables, one can also
it is mandatory for insurers to comply with the insure important documents kept in a locker as

an add-on cover. The policy can be sold both as a • The app features an animated character 'Diya',
retail and a group policy for banks. who encourages children to read stories aloud
• The policy offers seven options of sum insured and helps if the child is unable to pronounce a
ranging from Rs 3 lakh to Rs 40 lakh and word.
above. • The app currently offers 50 Hindi and 40 English
• The premium rate is affordable with a cover of stories from Storyweaver, the open source digital
Rs 3 lakh available at just Rs 300, which is less platform for multilingual children's stories from
than Rs 1 per day. Bengaluru-based NGO Pratham Books.
• IFFCO Tokio is a joint venture between the 34. IRCTC launches payment aggregator IRCTC iPay
Indian Farmers Fertilizer Co-operative (IFFCO) • Indian Railway Catering and Tourism
and its associates and Tokio Marine and Nichido Corporation (IRCTC) has launched its own
Fire Group which is also the largest listed payment aggregator system, IRCTC iPay. This a
insurance group in Japan. step towards promoting the government’s Digital
• K. Srinivasa Gowda is the Chairman of IFFCO India initiative.
Tokio Chairman. • IRCTC iPay is a prepaid card cum wallet.
• Its headquarters is in Gurugram, Haryana. • With IRCTC iPay passengers will not need any
33. Google launches 'Bolo' app to tutor children to read third-party platforms as the IRCTC iPay provides
Hindi, English payment options like credit card, debit card, UPI
• Google launches a new app 'Bolo' that aims to – Unified Payment Interface, International Card.
help primary school students learn to read in
Hindi and English.

February 2019

1. LIC launches Micro Bachat plan with assured sum of from 8.55% for the 2018-19 fiscal year. The
Rs 2 lakh – LIC’s Micro Bachat is a regular premium, announcement was made by Labour Minister Santosh
non-linked, participating micro-insurance plan which Gangwar.
offers a combination of protection and savings. 4. GST Council Reduces GST Rate on Real Estate
• Minimum Basic Sum Assured: Rs. 50,000 Projects – The Goods and Services Tax (GST) Council
• Maximum Basic Sum Assured: Rs. 2 lakh met for its 33rd meeting and slashed GST rate on under-
• The Basic Sum Assured is available in multiples construction residential properties and the affordable
of Rs.5,000 housing projects.
• Minimum Age at entry: 18 years (completed) • In case of non-affordable houses, the GST rate for
• Maximum Age at entry: 55 years (nearer under-construction flats and houses has been
birthday) brought to 5% without Input Tax Credit (ITC),
• Policy Term: 10 to 15 years.. down from the present 12%.
2. HDFC ERGO Launched 1st-of-its-kind Trip Protector’ • In case of affordable houses, the GST rate has
Policy been reduced to 1% without ITC from 8%.
• HDFC ERGO General Insurance Company, India’s 5. Soon 90% of GST payers to file quarterly return: FM
third-largest non-life insurance provider in the • The GST Council allowed the filing of GST returns
private sector, announced the launch of ‘Trip with an annual turnover of up to Rs 5 crore at
Protector’ insurance policy, a pioneering policy quarterly.
in the non-life insurance segment in India. 6. Yes Bank wins The Aegis Graham Bell Award 2018 –
• HDFC ERGO General Insurance Company is a Aegis Graham Bell Award 2018 announced Yes Bank as
51:49 joint venture between the Housing the winner in ‘Innovation in Data Science’ category for
Development Finance Corporation Ltd. (HDFC) their industry-first project ‘Yes EEE (Engage Enrich
and ERGO International AG. Excel)’ at Panaji, Goa.
3. EPFO Hikes Interest Rates on EPF by 0.1% - 7. Fino Payments Bank (FPB) has announced the launch
Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation has hiked of a sweep account facility in association with Suryoday
interest rate on employees’ provident fund to 8.65% Small Finance Bank (SSFB). This partnership will help

FPB address the issue of deposit limits that all the products, should be created for the insurance industry as
payment banks face at the moment. well.
8. NTPC signs pact with SBI for Rs 5000 crore Term Note:
Loan - NTPC has announced that it has signed a term • The committee on the regulatory sandbox
loan agreement for Rs 5,000 crore with State Bank of approach in insurance sector in India was
India. constituted by IRDAI last September.
9. NPA under Mudra Yojana stands at Rs 7,277 cr - The • The committee set up under the chairmanship of
Government informed Parliament that loans worth Rs Randip Singh Jagpal has now submitted its
7,277.31 crore of public sector banks under Pradhan recommendations.
Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY) have turned bad at the end 13. Two RRBs to be merged to form Tamil Nadu Grama
of March 2018. Bank - Two regional rural banks (RRBs) – Pallavan
Note: Grama Bank and Pandyan Grama Bank – will be merged
• Loans under PMMY can be covered under Credit to form the Tamil Nadu Grama Bank as per the Finance
Guarantee Fund for Micro Units (CGFMU). Ministry notification.
• CGFMU has been formed with the purpose of • The integration will be effective from April 1,
guaranteeing payment against default in micro 2019.
loans up to Rs 10 lakh extended to eligible • The new Tamil Nadu Grama Bank will be under
borrowers by the member lending institutions the sponsorship of Indian Bank.
(MLIs). 14. ADB buys 14% stake in Annapurna Finance - The
10. SBI UK Chief honoured ‘Freedom of the City of Asian Development Bank (ADB) has bought a 14% stake
London’ in micro-financier Annapurna Finance for Rs 137 crore,
• Mr. Sanjiv Chadha (State Bank of India’s UK reinforcing the belief that India’s microfinance sector is
chief) has been honoured with the ‘Freedom of on course to attract long-term funds from global lenders
the City Of London’ in recognition of his and investors.
contribution to promoting the bilateral relations. 15. GST collection increases in January - The data from the
• Mr. Chadha was nominated for the honour by Ministry of Finance shows that goods and services tax
Lord Mayor of London Peter Estlin and Sheriff collections stood at Rs. 1,02,503 crore in the month of
Vincent Keaveny. January.
11. Ujjivan Small Finance Bank launches Kisan Suvidha 16. India is the most digitally mature country in the
Loan - ‘Kisan Suvidha loan’ for small and marginal world: Research
farmers has been launched by Ujjivan Small Finance • According to the latest Dell Technologies Digital
Bank. Transformation Index, India is the most digitally
Note: mature country in the world.
• It provides loans to individuals with an amount • The study revealed that emerging markets are
ranging from Rs. 60000 to Rs. 2 Lakh to fulfil the the most digitally mature, with India, Brazil and
customized needs of the mass market segment. Thailand topping the global ranking.
• The head office of is in Bengaluru. • In contrast, developed markets are slipping
12. IRDAI constitute Randip Singh Jagpal (IRDAI chief behind: Japan, Denmark and France received the
general manager) committee - A committee of the lowest digital maturity scores.
Indian insurance regulator, IRDAI, has recommended
that a facilitating environment to support deployment of
technical innovation, similar to that for FinTech

January 2019

1. Cabinet approves the merger of Vijaya Bank & Dena • After the merger, Bank of Baroda will become
Bank with Bank of Baroda third-largest bank after State Bank of India and
• The Union cabinet has approved the merger of ICICI Bank.
Vijaya Bank & Dena Bank with Bank of Baroda.
• The merger will be effective from April 2019.

• In terms of assets - Bank of Baroda will become • It will establish an additional means for the
third biggest public sector bank, behind State central financial transfer systems of the two
Bank of India and HDFC Bank. countries and enable banks to directly deal with
Note: each other in conducting financial remittances.
• The amalgamation will be the first-ever three-way 5. Cabinet approves recapitalisation of Exim Bank to
consolidation of banks in the country. the tune of Rs. 6,000 crores
• The Alternative Mechanism (AM) headed by Finance • On 16th January 2019, the Cabinet approved a
Minister, Arun Jaitley, gave its in-principal approval capital infusion of Rs 6,000 crore in Export-
for the structure of the amalgamation. Import Bank of India (EXIM Bank).
2. GST exemption limit doubled for small businesses • The Cabinet also approved an increase in the
• The Goods and Services Tax (GST) Council has authorized capital of Exim Bank from Rs. 10,000
doubled the GST exemption limit to Rs 20 lakh crores to Rs. 20,000 crores.
for northeastern states and Rs 40 lakh for the Note:
rest of the country. • Exim Bank of India (Exim Bank) was established in
• The increased (exemption) limit (of Rs 40 lakh) 1982 under an Act of Parliament as the apex financial
is applicable for those businesses who deal in institution for financing, facilitating and promoting
goods and also do intra-state trade and not for India's international trade.
those who do inter-state transactions. • It is regulated by RBI. The bank headquarters is in
Note: Mumbai.
• The taxpayers with an aggregate turnover of Rs 6. India to surpass UK in World’s largest Economy
40 lakh would now be exempted from the GST. Rankings in 2019: PwC - India is likely to surpass the
• For the north eastern states, the exemption United Kingdom in the world’s largest economy rankings
would now be Rs 20 lakh. in 2019, to become the world’s fifth largest economy,
• Currently, businesses with a turnover of up to Rs according to a report by global consultancy firm PwC.
20 lakh is exempt from GST registration, while 7. WEF Report: India to become world's third largest
the limit for hilly and north eastern states is Rs consumer market by 2030
10 lakh. • According to the World Economic Forum (WEF)
• The GST Composition Scheme, under which small report, India is set to become the world's third
traders and businesses pay a 1 per cent tax based largest consumer market behind only USA and
on turnover, can be availed by businesses with a China by 2030.
turnover of Rs 1.5 crore, against the earlier Rs 1 • Currently, India is the world's sixth largest
crore, with effect from April 1. economy, with the annual GDP growth rate of
3. India allows Iran’s Bank Pasargad to open a branch 7.5%.
in Mumbai - On January 09, 2019, India permitted an 8. Nepal’s Central Bank announces the ban of Indian
Iranian private bank ‘Bank Pasargad’ to open its branch Notes above Rs100
in Mumbai. The bank is expected to begin its operations • According to Nepal’s central bank circular, Indian
by March 2019. currency of Rs. 200, Rs.500 and Rs. 2,000
About Bank Pasargad denominations cannot be carried and used for
• Bank Pasargad is an Iranian private bank which trading.
offers retail, commercial and investment banking • Under the new regulation, Nepali citizens cannot
services. carry these denominations to countries other
• It’s headquartered is in Tehran, Iran. than India.
• The bank was established in year 2005. • Indian notes of Rs 100 or below, are allowed for
4. UAE & Saudi central banks launch common digital trading and conversion.
currency called 'Aber’ 9. PSU banks to bring down govt equity to 52% - The
• The central banks of the UAE and Saudi Arabia Finance Ministry has asked the public sector banks to
have launched a common digital currency called gradually reduce the government’s equity to 52 per cent.
"Aber". Currently, some of the public sector banks have
• It will be used in financial settlements between government’s holding beyond 75 per cent.
the two countries through Blockchains and Note:
Distributed Ledgers technologies.

• Dilution of the government’s stake will help 16. MoU between the Indian Army and Punjab National
banks to meet 25 per cent public float norms set Bank
by the SEBI. • Indian Army and Punjab National Bank (PNB)
10. The Union Cabinet approved a proposal for a USD 75- have signed a Memorandum of Understanding
billion bilateral swap arrangement between India and (MoU) on the Defence Salary Package.
Japan, a move aimed at enhancing the RBI's ability to 17. HDFC Standard Life Insurance renamed to HDFC Life
manage exchange rate volatility. Insurance – HDFC Standard Life Insurance has changed
11. Goods and Services Tax Appellate Tribunal - The its name to HDFC Life Insurance following the receipt of
Union Cabinet headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi relevant approvals from regulatory authorities.
has approved the setting up of National Bench of Goods 18. The Central Statistics Office (CSO), Ministry of Statistics
and Services Tax Appellate Tribunal. and Programme Implementation on January 7, 2019
• The National Bench of the Goods and Services released the First Advance Estimates of National Income
Tax Appellate Tribunal will be situated in New at Constant (2011-12) and Current Prices, for the
Delhi. financial year 2018-19.
12. Bihar top state in terms of GDP growth in FY18: Crisil Key points:
report (i) Per capita income grew 45% under Narendra
• Bihar has been ranked the top state in terms of Modi regime, says CSO - The income earned by an
GSDP (Gross State Domestic Product) growth in average Indian doubled in seven years, from Rs 63,642
financial year 2017-18, according to a report by per year in 2011-12 to Rs 1.25 lakh in 2018-19, the first
Crisil. advance estimates of national income released by the
• The state has topped the list by clocking 11.3 Central Statistics Office (CSO) show.
percent GSDP growth in fiscal 2018. It was • Under the current National Democratic Alliance
ranked at eighth spot in fiscal 2017 with 9.9 (NDA) government, per capita income has grown
percent GSDP growth. 45 per cent, from 2014-15 to 2018-19.
• The second spot has been secured by Andhra • The Per Capita Net National Income during 2018-
Pradesh, whose GSDP growth in FY18 jumped to 19 is estimated to be ₹1,25,397 showing a rise of
11.2 percent. Gujarat listed third with growth of 11.1 per cent as compared to ₹1,12,835 during
11.1 percent. 2017-18 with the growth rate of 8.6 percent.
13. Allahabad Bank & SBI Life join hand for (ii) National Income –
bancassurance partnership – • In terms of growth rates, the National
• Allahabad Bank and SBI Life Insurance came Income registered a growth rate of 12.5 per
together and signed a bancassurance pact to sell cent in 2018-19 as against the previous
the policies of the insurer from over 3,200 year’s growth rate of 10.1 per cent.
branches of Allahabad Bank across the country. (iii) Agriculture has a share of nearly 14 per cent,
14. YES Bank ties up with Maharashtra to onboard fair while industry has a little over 30 per cent and the
price shops as BCs remaining 56 per cent belongs to services.
• The Maharashtra government has partnered (iv) Gross Domestic Product: The growth in GDP
with private sector lender YES Bank, under its e- during 2018-19 is estimated at 7.2percent as
PDS State programme, to onboard fair price compared to the growth rate of 6.7per cent in 2017-
shops (FPS) as Business Correspondent Agents. 18.
• “YES Bank will onboard close to 40 percent of all 19. China’s Economy Grew At 6.6% in 2018 - China’s
fair price shops in Maharashtra, spanning 12 economy grew at 6.6% in 2018, its slowest rate in almost
districts such as Palghar, Thane, Pune, Kolhapur, 3 decades.
Latur. 20. Govt forms GoM for GST issues in real estate - The
15. Direct Tax Collections for F.Y. 2018-19 up to Union Government has constituted a seven-member
December 2018 Group of Ministers (GoM) to boost the real estate sector
• According to the provisional figures of Direct Tax under the GST regime. Nitin Patel (Deputy Chief Minister
collections 2018, the gross collections are at Rs. of Gujarat) will be the convener of the GoM.
8.74 lakh crore which is 14.1% higher than the 21. The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Ropar has
gross collections for the corresponding period of developed an Android app ‘Roshni’ that would help the
last year.

Visually Impaired to recognise currency notes in Business FinCredit India Pvt. Ltd. (SBFC), a systemically
Chandigarh. important Non-Banking Finance Company for
Note: entrepreneurs, to jointly provide credit worth up to Rs 1
• The Roshni app can recognise both old and new crore to MSMEs for a tenure of 15 years. Under this
notes and gives audio information as to which arrangement, ICICI Bank will co-originate loan against
note you are holding in your hands. property with SBFC at a mutually agreed ratio.
• The Roshni is the first Android App that works 26. The Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises has
successfully with new INR currency notes. established an Export Promotion Cell. The cell aims to
22. Cabinet approves amendments to Currency Swap create to create a sustainable ecosystem for micro, small
arrangement for SAARC nations - The Union Cabinet and medium enterprises (MSMEs).
headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved 27. Government merges three regional rural banks into
the amendments to the framework on currency swap single RRB with effect from January 1
arrangement for SAARC member countries. The • The government has amalgamated three
amendments incorporate a standby facility of USD 400 Regional Rural Banks -- Punjab Gramin Bank,
million. Malwa Gramin Bank and Sutlej Gramin Bank --
23. HDFC Mutual Fund has pipped ICICI Prudential MF to into a single RRB with effect from January 1,
become the country’s largest asset management 2019.
company after a gap of over two years. • The sponsor banks of the RRBs are National
Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development
24. Syndicate Bank and SBI Life Insurance signed a
(NABARD), the Government of Punjab and
bancassurance pact aiming to offer a comprehensive
Punjab National Bank, State Bank of India and
financial planning solution to its customers. Punjab and Sind Bank, it added.
25. ICICI Bank, in a first-of-its-kind programme, signed a
Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Small
28. PPF and Sukanya Samriddhi interest rates kept unchanged
• The interest rate on 1-year post office time deposits, a small savings scheme, has been increased by 10 basis points
(bps) for the January-March, 2019 quarter. According to a circular issued by the Finance Ministry, interest rates of
other small savings schemes like Public Provident Fund (PPF) and Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY) have been
kept unchanged.

Schemes Interest rate (in %)

5 yr Senior Citizen Savings Scheme (Paid Quarterly) 8.7%
Post office Savings Deposits 4%
Public Provident Fund (PPF) 8%
National Savings Certificate (NSC) 8%
Kisan Vikas Patra (maturity in 112 months) 7.7%
Sukanya Samriddhi Account (SSA) 8.5%
five-year Term Deposit 7.8%
five-year post office recurring deposit 7.3%
post office Monthly Income Scheme (MIS) 7.7%
1 Year post office time deposits 7%

Banking & Financial terms

1. AEPS – Aadhar Enabled Payment System 8. BBPS – Bharat Bill Payment System
2. APBS – Aadhar Payment Bridge System 9. BCA -Baseline Credit Assessment
3. ATM – Automated Teller Machine 10. BHIM - Bharat Interface for Money
4. ALM - Asset Liability Management 11. BLRA: Bank Led Resolution Approach
5. AIIB - Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank 12. CBL - Chest Balance Limit
6. AMFI - Association of Mutual Funds in India 13. CMFRI - Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute
7. BIS - Bureau of Indian Standards 14. CBS – Core Banking System

15. CIDR - Central Identities Data Repository 66. TRR - Temporary Recognition Regime
16. CTS – Cheque Truncation System 67. TReDS - Trade Receivables Discounting System
17. CDR - Corporate Debt Restructuring 68. RTGS – Real Time Gross Settlement
18. CASA – Current Account Saving Account 69. USSD - Unstructured Supplementary Services Data
19. CAD – Capital Account Deficit 70. UIDAI - Unique Identification Authority of India
20. CRA - Counterparty Risk Assessment 71. VPA - Virtual Payment Address.
21. CRR – Cash Reserve Ratio 72. WMA - Ways and Means Advances
22. ECS – Electronic Clearing Service 73. TIEA - Tax Information and Exchange Agreement
23. DNS - Domain Name System 74. NRETP - National Rural Economic Transformation
24. DEAF - Depositor Education and Awareness Fund Project
25. EFTPOS - Electronic funds transfer at point of sale
75. IBC - Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code
26. EFT – Electronic Fund Transfer.
76. GSP - Generalised System of Preferences
27. FRBM - Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management
28. LGD - Loss Given Default 77. IFFCO - Indian Farmers Fertilizer Co-operative
29. LTV- Loan To Value 78. PMJAY - Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana
30. LRS - Liberalized Remittance Scheme 79. NBFC - Non-banking finance companies
31. LCR - Liquidity Coverage Ratio 80. SWIFT - Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial
32. GNFV - Gross Negative Fair Value Telecommunications
33. SFTs: Securities financing transactions 81. NHB – National Housing Bank
34. HCE - Host Card Emulation 82. NGT - National Green Tribunal
35. PFE - Potential Future Exposure 83. DSIB – Domestically Systematically Important Bank
36. IIP - Index of Industrial Production 84. RWAs - Risk Weighted Assets
37. IBBI - Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India 85. TCs - Trade credits
38. IFC - International Finance Corporation 86. CSO - Central Statistics Office
39. IDRBT - Institute for Development and Research in 87. ASSOCHAM - Associated Chambers of Commerce and
Banking Technology Industry of India
40. Ind As - Indian Accounting Standards 88. WPI - Wholesale Price Index
41. ICAAP - Internal Capital Adequacy Assessment Process 89. FTA - Free Trade Agreement
42. IFSC - Indian Financial System Code
90. NHB - National Housing Bank
43. IMPS - Immediate Payment Service
44. IMPS - Interbank Mobile Payment Service 91. YONO - You only need one
45. MMID - Mobile Money Identifier 92. ARC - Asset Reconstruction Company
46. MPIN - Mobile Personal Identification Number 93. D-SIBs - Domestic Systemically Important Banks
47. NPA – Non- Performing Assets 94. MFIs - Micro Finance Institutions
48. NSFR - Net Stable Funding Ratio 95. FPIs - Foreign portfolio investors
49. NPCI - National Payment Corporation of India 96. FVCIs - Foreign venture capital investors
50. NFS – National Financial Switch 97. PPF - Public Provident Fund
51. NSFR - Net Stable Funding Ratio 98. NSC - National Savings Certificate
52. NACH – National Automated Clearing House 99. CbC - Country-by-Country
53. NEFT – National Electronic Fund Transfer 100.WEF - World Economic Forum
54. NFC - Near field communication 101.MPI - Multidimensional Poverty Index
55. NDTL – Net Demand and Time Liabilities.
102.UNDP - United Nations Development Programme
56. NASSCOM - National Association of Software and
103.UPI - Unified Payments Interface
Services Companies
104.NPCI - National Payments Corporation of India
57. NIIF - National Investment and Infrastructure Fund
105.CII - Confederation of Indian Industry
58. OTC – Over the Counter
59. PIN – Personal Identification Number 106.NBCC - National Buildings Construction Corporation
60. PAC - Personal Access Code 107.NSSO - National Sample Survey Office
61. PCA - Prompt Corrective Action 108.EMV - Europay, MasterCard, Visa.
62. PCR – Public Credit Registry 109.FATF - Financial Action Task Force
63. PCR - Provisioning Coverage Ratio
64. PSPs - Payment Support Providers
65. TC-CCP - Third-Country Central Counterparty


Important Committees

1. BP Sharma (retired GOI secretary) - The Union 9. Environment Ministry Constitutes Committee to
Government has constituted an expert committee to Implement National Clean Air Programme - The
“revisit the criteria” for determining the “creamy layer” Union Environment Ministry has constituted a
for OBCs which was laid down in 1993. committee to implement the National Clean Air
Note: The committee will “revisit the criteria evolved by Programme (NCAP), which aims to reduce particulate
the Prasad committee” and give recommendations for matter (PM) pollution by 20%-30% in at least 102 cities
“redefining, simplifying and streamlining the concept of by 2024.
creamy layer” while keeping in view the SC’s • The committee will be chaired by the Secretary,
observations in Indira Sawhney case. Union Environment Ministry. It would be
2. Amitabh Kant (Niti Aayog CEO) committee - National headquartered in New Delhi.
Mission on Transformative Mobility and Battery Storage, 10. B V R Mohan Reddy committee - not to allow setting up
which is being set up to promote clean and sustainable of new Engineering colleges from 2020.
mobility initiatives in the country. Note:
3. Suresh Mathur committee – to review the regulatory • The Panel headed by IIT-Hyderabad chairman B
framework on microinsurance and recommend V R Mohan Reddy has suggested All India Council
measures to increase the demand for such products. for Technical Education (AICTE) not to allow
4. Bimal Jalan Panel - to suggest how the central bank setting up of new Engineering colleges from
should handle its reserves and whether it can transfer its 2020.
surplus to the government. 11. Nandan Nilekani committee - to boost digital payments
5. Anoop Satpathy Committee - Recommends Rs 9,750 and enhance financial inclusion.
Monthly National Minimum Wage 12. U.K. Sinha committee - to suggest long-term solutions
Note: for the economic and financial sustainability of the MSME
• submitted its report on “Determining the sector.
Methodology for Fixation of the National 13. Committee headed by NITI Aayog member (health) -
Minimum Wage” to the Government. The Union government has constituted a high-power
• It recommended the fixation of need-based committee headed by NITI Aayog member (health) to
National Minimum Wage (NMW) for India at Rs monitor the pricing of medicines and healthcare
375 per day or Rs 9,750 per month irrespective products.
of sectors, skills, occupations and rural-urban 14. Government sets up Committee to Explore Prepaid
locations for a family comprising of 3.6 Payments by Discoms to Generator Companies - On
consumption units. the recommendation of Cabinet Secretary P K Sinha, the
• The Present NMW is Rs. 4,576. government constituted a committee under the Central
6. Sanjeev Sharma (income tax commissioner) Electricity Authority (CEA) to explore prepaid payments
Committee - to look into the matter of taxation related by state electricity distribution companies to power
pain points and submit its final report and plants.
recommendations by mid-March. 15. Praveen Kutumbe committee - Insurance Regulatory
7. Jasmine Shah Committee – The Delhi government Development Authority of India (IRDAI) has set up a
constituted a committee to “reform higher education” in panel headed by Praveen Kutumbe, to identify
the capital. The committee will be chaired by DDC vice- domestically systematically important insurers (SIIs) and
chairperson Jasmine Shah. an augmented regulatory framework is logically
8. CPWD Constitutes 8-member Committee to Chart Out established in this regard.
Design Policy - The Central Works Public Department 16. Cherukuri Raghavendra Babu committee - The
(CPWD) has constituted an expert committee to Madras High Court has set up an expert committee to
formulate a design policy for building construction and find a solution to root out invasive species of plants from
infrastructure development. the Western Ghats.
• The committee has been set up under the 17. Sushil Modi Committee - Bihar Deputy Chief Minister
chairmanship of CPWD’s Additional Director Sushil Modi will head the 7-member committee to look
General M K Sharma. into revenue shortfall being faced by the states after the

GST roll-out and suggest steps for augmenting 24. Umesh Sinha committee - The Committee headed
collections. Deputy Election Commissioner Umesh Sinha has
18. Nitin Patel committee - The government has submitted the report on revisiting the section 126 of the
constituted a seven-member Group of Ministers (GoM) to Representation of the People Act.
boost the real estate sector under the GST regime. • The committee had nine officers from the
Deputy Chief Minister of Gujarat Nitin Patel is the Election Commission and one nominated
convener of the GoM. member each from I&B Ministry, Law Ministry,
19. Sankar De committee - SEBI constituted a “Research IT Ministry, National Broadcasters Association
Advisory” committee which will assist in formulating and Press Council of India.
policy to undertake research relevant for development 25. Dr Jitendra Nagpal committee - The Union Human
and regulation of capital markets. The committee is Resource Development Ministry has constituted a task
headed by Sankar De. force to look into the issues of suicides of the students in
20. Justice Ranjana Prakash Desai committee – The Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas (JNV) residential schools.
Lokpal Search Committee headed by former Supreme • The task force has been constituted under the
Court judge Ranjana Prakash Desai held its first Chairmanship of Psychiatrist, Dr Jitendra Nagpal.
meeting and discussed modalities related to the 26. Akhilesh Ranjan Committee – for drafting New Direct
appointments of the chief and members of Lokpal. Tax Legislation (Law)
21. SC sets up panel for to suggest reforms for holding 27. Dr. Bibek Debroy (The Economic Advisory Council to
competitive exams - The Supreme Court favoured the Prime Minister) Committee - to assess key
setting up of a three-member high-powered committee challenges and suggest reforms in logistics development
comprising Nandan Nilekani, a co-founder of tech giant and associated commerce.
Infosys, and renowned computer scientist Vijay P 28. Rajiv Kumar (NITI Aayog Vice Chairman) Committee
Bhatkar to suggest reforms for conducting of competitive – to look at selling of 149 small and marginal oil and gas
examinations fairly by government bodies. fields of state-owned the Oil and Natural Gas Corporatio
22. Sudhir Mungantiwar committee (Maharashtra Finance (ONGC) and Oil India Limited (OIL) to private and foreign
Minister) – to examine uniformity of taxation on lottery companies to boost domestic output.
under GST or other issues arising out of it. 29. Namrita Mahindro committee - to promote Augmented
Note: Under GST, state-organized lottery falls under the and Virtual Reality (AR/VR) technology to drive
12% tax slab while state-authorized lottery attracts 28% economic growth, job creation, and skill development in
tax. the country.
23. MS Swaminathan committee - The Delhi government Note:
has decided to introduce the Minimum Support Price • The committee is formed by the Internet and
(MSP) for farmers based on the recommendations of the Mobile Association of India (IAMAI).
National Commission on Farmers (NCF) headed by MS • IAMAI headquartered is in Mumbai.
• The National Commission on Farmers (NCF) was
constituted on November 18, 2004 under the
chairmanship of Professor M.S. Swaminathan.

Agreement & Deals

April 2019

1. Exim Bank funds projects worth USD 267 mn in and for financing road project in the African
Rawanda nation.
• The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) said Exim Bank 2. BoM joins M1Xchange TReDS platform for MSME bill
has provided soft loans of USD 266.60 million to discounting
Rawanda for various projects. • Bank of Maharashtra (BoM) has partnered with
• The funding, done in three separate tranches to M1Xchange Trade Receivables Discounting
Rawanda, is to support agricultural projects, System (TReDS) platform for MSME bill
development of special economic zones (SEZs) discounting.

Note: • Microsoft India and Tata Trusts have signed an
• Trade Receivables Discounting System (TReDS) agreement to jointly work for the development of
is a digital platform to support micro, small and handloom clusters in the Eastern and North-
medium enterprises (MSMEs) to get their bills Eastern parts of the country.
financed at a competitive rate through an auction • The two entities will provide business and
where multiple registered financiers can communication skills, design education and
participate. digital literacy to handloom weavers in order to
3. India to partner with Japan and UAE to set up two improve their business prospects.
projects in Africa 9. Indian Government clears procurement of 464
• India is joining hands with Japan and the United Russian tanks under the T-90 Project
Arab Emirates (UAE) to implement two projects • The Cabinet Committee of Security has cleared
in Africa as it seeks to extend its footprint on the the procurement of 464 Russian tanks from
continent. Russia under T-90 project in a deal worth over
• India will build a cancer hospital in Kenya in Rs 13,500 crore.
collaboration with Japan. 10. CMFRI signs agreement with ISRO to save coastal
• India will set up an information and wetlands
communications technology (ICT) centre in • The Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute
Ethiopia in collaboration with UAE. (CMFRI) and the Indian Space Research
4. SEFL partnered with Bank of Baroda to offer joint Organisation (ISRO) have joined hands to map,
loans for infrastructure equipment validate and protect smaller wetlands in coastal
• Srei Equipment Finance (SEFL) has entered into regions.
an alliance with Bank of Baroda to offer joint • The programme is aimed at restoring them
loans for infrastructure equipment under a co- through coastal livelihood programmes.
lending arrangement. Note:
5. India, Sweden ink pact to collaborate on solutions for • The Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute is
smart cities, clean tech one of the largest marine fishery research institutes
• India and Sweden launched a joint programme that in India located in Kochi, Kerala India.
will work towards addressing a range of challenges 11. BSE, HDFC Bank tie up to strengthen startup platform
around smart cities and clean technologies among • The BSE has signed a memorandum of
others. understanding (MoU) with HDFC Bank with an
• The programme was co-funded by Indian objective to strengthen the BSE Startups
Department of Science and Technology (DST) and platform.
Swedish agency Vinnova. 12. India, Sri Lanka agree to increase cooperation in
6. IIT Madras collaborates with GE to establish India’s security and defence spheres
first ‘Cold Spray’ SMART lab • India and Sri Lanka have agreed to increase
• Indian Institute of Technology Madras has cooperation in security and defence spheres in
established a ‘Cold Spray’ SMART (Surface several areas, including regional security,
Modification and Additive Research Technologies) curbing drug smuggling and human trafficking.
Laboratory in collaboration with General Electric 13. NTPC signs Rs 2,000 cr term loan pact with Canara
(GE). Bank
• This is the first of its kind High-Pressure Cold Spray • National Thermal Power Corporation (NPTC) has
(HPCS) facility being installed in any academic inked a term-loan agreement with Canara Bank
institute in India. to raise Rs 2,000 crore, which would be used to
7. TCS, Google partner to build industry-specific cloud part finance its capital expenditure.
solutions • "A term loan agreement for Rs 2,000 crore was
• Tata Consultancy Services has partnered with signed with Canara Bank on April 5, 2019.
Google Cloud to build industry-specific cloud 14. Karnataka Bank in pact with Bharti AXA
solutions. • Karnataka Bank has entered into a memorandum
8. Microsoft, Tata Trusts tie up to help develop of understanding with Bharti AXA Life Insurance
handloom clusters Company to distribute the latter’s life insurance

15. BSE, India INX become first Indian exchanges to sign 17. India and Chile exchange three MoUs for cooperation
MoU with Moscow Exchange • India and Chile signed three MoUs in the fields of
• BSE (earlier known as Bombay Stock Exchange) mining, culture and empowerment of persons with
and India International Exchange (India INX) disabilities.
have signed a memorandum of understanding • Chile announces it will allow visa-free entry to
with Moscow Exchange (MOEX) to connect Indians holding valid US Visa.
investor community and companies in both Note:
countries besides allowing a capital formation • The capital of Chile is – Santiago
platform. • The currency of Chile is - Peso
• BSE and India INX are the first Indian exchanges 18. Bureau of Indian Standards inks an MoU with IIT,
to enter into the MoU with Moscow exchange. Delhi
Note: • The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) has inked a
• The Bombay Stock Exchange is an Indian stock Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the
exchange located at Dalal Street, Mumbai. Indian Institute of Technology in Delhi to
Established in 1875, the BSE is Asia's first stock collaborate in the field of standardisation and
exchange. conformity assessment.
• The India International Exchange is India's first • BIS and IIT Delhi have also agreed to set up a
international stock exchange, opened in 2017. It is Centre of Excellence in the field of
located at the International Financial Services Centre, standardization, testing and conformity
GIFT City in Gujarat. assessment.
• It is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Bombay Stock 19. US approves sale of 24 MH-60R Seahawk helicopters
Exchange to India for USD 2.6 billion
16. Tata Power, Indraprastha Gas ink pact for rooftop • The US has approved the sale of 24 multi-role
solar projects MH-60R Seahawk maritime helicopters to India
• Tata Power has signed a pact with Indraprastha at an estimated cost of USD 2.6 billion.
Gas Limited (IGL) for setting up rooftop solar • The helicopters are designed to operate from
projects in the country. frigates, destroyers, cruisers and aircraft
Note: carriers.
• Tata Power is India's largest integrated power utility,
IGL is country's largest CNG distribution company.

March 2019

13. India extends Rs. 35.5 million financial grant to establishment of Centre of Excellence in IT and
Nepal Bi-Oceanic Railway project.
• India has extended a financial grant of 35.5 Note:
million Nepalese rupees for the construction of • President Ram Nath Kovind has been conferred with
an educational campus in Nepal under the the highest State honor of Bolivia, “Condor de Los
Development Partnership Programme. Andes en el Grado de Gran Collar” during his visit to
• The educational campus was jointly inaugurated Bolivia.
by District Coordination Committee and Campus 15. IIT Kharagpur, Wipro partner for research in 5G & AI
management committee on 22nd March 2019. • Wipro and Indian Institute of Technology
14. India & Bolivia sign 8 MoUs in various fields Kharagpur (IIT Kharagpur) signed a
including culture, mining, space Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to
• India and Bolivia signed eight MoUs in the fields collaborate on high-impact, industry-focused
of culture, Visa waiver arrangement for applied research in the areas of 5G and AI.
diplomats, exchange between diplomatic 16. Infosys & French Open Team up for Digital
academies, mining, space, traditional medicine, Innovation

• Infosys and Roland-Garros Grand Slam tennis • LEAP is a funding arrangement provided by Japan
tournament, also called the French Open, International Cooperation Agency (JICA) which is
announced a three-year strategic technology administered by ADB.
partnership. 23. IBBI and SEBI sign pact for Effective Implementation
• The partnership aims to re-imagine the tennis of IBC
experience for the fans and the players globally. • Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI)
17. India, US ink pact to check tax evasion by MNCs and Securities and Exchange Board of India
• India and United States (US) signed an (SEBI) have signed a Memorandum of
agreement for Exchange of Country-by-Country Understanding (MoU) to assist and co-operate
(CbC) Reports (local filing) to check tax evasion with each other for the effective implementation
by Multi National Cooperation’s (MNCs). of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code.
• The agreement aims to ensure that all tax 24. Maldives sign agreement with Exim Bank to Finance
authorities have access to same information Infrastructure Projects
about MNC’s value chain and resulting tax • Maldives finance ministry has signed an agreement
consequences. with India’s Export-Import Bank (EXIM) for line of
18. India-African Union sign MoU on strengthening credit (LOC) of 800 million US dollars to finance the
cooperation in healthcare sector: MEA new government’s infrastructure projects.
• According to the Ministry of External Affairs 25. SBI signed MoU with Bank of China for Business
(MEA), an agreement has been signed between Opportunities
India and the African Union to initiate and • State Bank of India has signed a pact with the Bank of
strengthen the cooperation in health sector. China to boost business opportunities.
19. ICICI Lombard partnered with MobiKwik to provide • SBI has signed an MoU to enhance business synergies
cyber-insurance between both the banks.
• ICICI Lombard and digital financial services • SBI has a branch in Shanghai and BOC is opening its
company MobiKwik entered into a partnership branch in Mumbai.
to provide cyber insurance cover of Rs. 50000. 26. India & Afghanistan signed an MoU on digital
• The service will be available through an app at education initiatives
Rs. 99 per month along with an insured sum of • The Ministry of Human Resource Development
Rs. 50000. (HRD) has signed a memorandum of understanding
20. WhatsApp and NASSCOM Foundation collaborated to (MoU) with the Afghanistan government at Indian
tackle misinformation Institutes of Technology (IIT) Madras to work on a
• WhatsApp has joined hands with NASSCOM digital education initiative
Foundation, to tackle the challenge of • This collaboration hopes to contribute to bilateral
misinformation. relations and beget mutual benefits for the two
• The aim of the partnership is to train 100,000 countries.
Indians to spot false information and provide 27. India and ADB sign $26 Million Loan Agreement for
tips and tricks to stay safe on WhatsApp. Additional Financing to Assam Urban Project
21. India, US to Sign Pact for Exchange of Country-By- • The Government of India and the Asian
Country Reports Development Bank (ADB) signed a $26 Million
• Both India and the US will sign an agreement to Loan Agreement to provide additional financing
facilitate the exchange of country-by-country (CbC) for improving drainage infrastructure in
reports filed by the ultimate parent corporations Dibrugarh town of Assam under the ongoing
based in either of the countries. Assam Urban Infrastructure Investment
22. ADB to invest $50 million in Solar Power Project Program.
Developer Avaada 28. IBBI Signs Cooperation Agreement with IFC
• Asian Development Bank (ADB) has inked an • The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India
agreement to invest USD 50 million in solar energy (IBBI) has signed a Cooperation Agreement with
project developer Avaada Energy Pvt Ltd to help the the International Finance Corporation (IFC), a
company scale up rapidly. member of the World Bank Group (WBG).
• The agreement will enable IFC to assist IBBI to
further build the capacity of insolvency

professionals, and insolvency professional 33. India signs loan agreement with World Bank for
agencies for the purposes of the Code. Uttarakhand Disaster Recovery Project
29. Korea Exim Bank Extends Rs 4,100 crore Loan for • India signed a loan agreement with the World
Vizag Metro Bank for 96 Million US dollars for additional
• Korea Exim Bank has come forward to extend a financing of Uttarakhand Disaster Recovery
Rs 4,100 crore loan for Visakhapatnam Metro Project.
Rail project. • World Bank has been supporting the State
• The Export–Import Bank of Korea, also Government since 2014 to restore housing and
commonly known as the Korea Exim bank, is the rural connectivity and to build the resilience of
official export credit agency of South Korea. communities.
• The bank headquarters is located in Seoul, South 34. India signs loan Agreement with the World Bank for
Korea. USD 25.2 Million for Chhattisgarh Public Financial
30. India Extends USD 250 million To Nepal for Management and Accountability Program
Reconstruction of Infrastructures • The World Bank and the Government of India
• India has extended a grant assistance of up to has signed a USD 25.2 Million Loan Agreement
USD 250 million to Nepal for the reconstruction on March 5, 2019 to support Chhattisgarh Public
of infrastructures in the areas of housing, Financial Management and Accountability
education, health and cultural heritage that was Program.
destroyed during the devastating April 2015 35. AIIB to provide USD 455 mn for Andhra rural roads
earthquake which saw the death of over 9,000 project
people. • The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
• Earlier this month, India said that it will will provide a loan of USD 455 million to finance
reconstruct 72 education facilities in Nepal that the Andhra Pradesh Rural Roads Project.
were damaged during the earthquake. 36. Centre, ADB sign 926 million loan agreement to
31. India, World Bank and Representatives of 5 States operationalize two lines of Mumbai Metro
signed loan agreement for DRIP • The Centre and the Asian Development Bank
• The Government of India, the World Bank and (ADB) have signed a 926 million dollar loan
the representatives of Five States sign the Loan agreement to operationalize two lines of the
Agreement for Additional Financing of $137 Mumbai Metro Rail System.
Million for the Dam Rehabilitation and • It is the single largest infrastructure project loan
Improvement Project (DRIP). in ADB history approved by the ADB Board.
• This agreement will help rehabilitate and 37. India signs legal agreements with the World Bank –
modernize over 220 selected large dams in the The Government of India, Government of Himachal
States of Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Pradesh (GoHP) and the World Bank signed a $40 Million
Odisha, Tamil Nadu and Uttarakhand. Loan Agreement to help bring clean and reliable drinking
• The $137 Million Loan from the International water to the citizens of the Greater Shimla area, who
Bank for Reconstruction and Development have been facing severe water shortages and water-
(IBRD), has a 3-year grace period, and a final borne epidemics over the last few years.
maturity of 16 years. 38. India & Brunei sign pact to exchange information on
32. World Bank to provide $250 mn to boost rural tax, banking matters
income • India and Brunei signed an agreement for
• World Bank to provide 250 Million dollars for exchange of information in tax matters which
the National Rural Economic Transformation will help curb tax evasion and tax avoidance.
Project (NRETP) to boost Rural Incomes across Note:
13 States in India. • The capital of Brunei is - Bandar Seri Begawan
• An agreement in this regard was signed between • The currency of Brunei is – dollar
the World Bank and the Government of India. • Brunei is a country located in Southeast Asia on the
• Wold Bank said in a statement that the loan will island of Borneo.
help women in rural households develop viable
enterprises for farm and non-farm products.


January & February 2019

1. World Bank, UN Women and SIDBI plan ‘women’s for air passengers who book their tickets
livelihood bond’ to raise ₹300 cr – The World Bank, UN through its portal. IRCTC has tied up with Bharti-
Women (a United Nations entity dedicated to gender Axa for the offer.
equality and empowerment of women), and Small 6. India has signed a long-term contract with Uzbekistan
Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) have come for supply of uranium ore concentrates to widen its
together to launch a five-year tenor ‘women’s livelihood source base for the nuclear fuel.
bond’ to raise ₹300 crore. Note:
• The bonds, which will be raised by SIDBI with • Uzbekistan is the seventh largest exporter of
the support of World Bank and UN Women. uranium in the world.
• The coupon rate on these bonds will be 3 per • The Exim Bank signed an agreement with
cent per annum. Uzbekistan to extend a 200-million US dollar line
• SIDBI chairman - Mohammad Mustafa. of credit for financing housing and social
• SIDBI Hq – Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh. infrastructure projects.
2. Ministry of Coal signs an MoU with Ministry of 7. India and Sri Lanka signed an MoU to provide modern
Energy, Poland - The objective of this MoU is to foster infrastructural facilities to Swami Vipulananda Institute
relations in the field of coal mining and clean coal of Aesthetic Studies of Eastern University in Batticaloa
technologies through the already established Joint Coal district of Sri Lanka.
Working Group as well as research institutes and 8. India and China have signed the protocol for exports of
academia between the two countries. Indian tobacco leaves to China.
3. India and Bangladesh have signed an MOU for training 9. Israel Aerospace industries announces agreement
1800 Bangladesh Civil Servants at the National Centre for with Indian Navy and Cochin Shipyard – Israel
Good Governance (NCGG) Aerospace Industries (IAI) announced entering into
4. India & Germany join hands on Water and Waste agreements worth $93 million this for providing Naval
Management - India and Germany have joined hands for Medium Range Surface-to-Air Missile (MRSAM) systems
cooperation on Water and Waste Management. to India.
5. IRCTC Partners with Bharti AXA General Insurance 10. India and Japan-India Cooperative Actions (JICA) signed
• Indian Railway Catering and Tourism the loan agreements under the Japanese Official
Corporation (IRCTC), the Railways’ subsidiary, Development Assistance Loan Program.
will offer insurance of up to INR50 lakh for free

Rank of India in Different Reports/Survey

1. India 4th Biggest Military Spender in 2018: SIPRI 2. State of World Population 2019 – The United
Report – India was the world’s fourth biggest military Nations Population Fund has released the State of
spender in 2018 behind the United States, China, and World Population 2019 report.
Saudi Arabia, according to new data think tank • India’s population grew at an average
Stockholm International Peace Research Institute annual rate of 1.2 per cent between 2010
(SIPRI). and 2019 to 1.36 billion. It was more than
• India was the fifth largest military spender double the annual growth rate of China.
in 2017. • India’s population in 2019 stood at 1.36
• According to the SIPRI data, China was the billion. The population has grown from
second-largest military spender in 2018. 942.2 million in 1994 and 541.5 million in
India accounts for 3.7% of the global 1969.
defence spending.

• Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) in the (IGIA) of New Delhi has ranked at 12th spot in terms of
country dropped from 488 deaths per the busiest airport.
100,000 live births in 1994 to 174 deaths • World airport traffic rankings for 2018
per 100,000 live births in 2015. released by Airports Council International
• India has recorded an improvement in life (ACI).
expectancy at birth. The life expectancy at • The list of world’s busiest airports by
birth in 1969 was 47 years, growing to 60 passenger traffic ranking has been topped
years in 1994 and 69 years in 2019. by Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta
• 27 per cent of India’s population was in the International Airport (US) followed by
age bracket of 0-14 years and 10-24 years Beijing Capital International Airport
each, while 67 per cent of India’s (China) and Dubai International Airport
population was in the 15-64 age bracket. (UAE).
Six per cent of India’s population was of 7. Dhanbad tops 4G Availability Chart in India – A
the age 65 and above. report by OpenSignal, which is named as ‘OpenSignal’s
• United Nations Population Fund Hottest city for 4G Availability’ reveals the 4G
headquarters is in New York, U.S. Availability in India’s 50 largest cities.
3. Mukesh Ambani World’s 8th Richest with Net • Out of the 50 cities, Dhanbad, which is
Worth Of $54 bn – With a net worth of $54 billion, also known as the coal capital of India has
Reliance Industries Chairman Mukesh Ambani has the highest 4G availability of 95.3%,
broken into the global top 10 richest billionaire list followed by Ranchi which has 95% of 4G
compiled by Hurun Research. Availability.
• The Hurun Global Rich List 2019 is topped • Notably, both Ranchi and Dhanbad are two
by Amazon chief Jeff Bezos for the second cities in Jharkhand and they are the only
year in a row, while the senior Ambani is two cities to have over 95% of 4G
placed 8th with a network of Rs 3.83 coverage.
trillion. Ambani is the only Asian among • Interestingly, Srinagar, which is one of the
the top 10. remote areas in the country stood third on
4. Assam’s Hailakandi became the top Aspirational the list with 4G Availability score of 94.9%.
District – According to the Delta ranking report 8. 7 Indians Marked in “World’s 100 Most Influential
released by NITI Aayog, Assam’s Hailakandi has People in Climate Policy for 2019” – The “100 Most
become the top aspirational district among the 112 Influential People in Climate Policy” list is comprised of
aspirational districts of the country. seven Indian names including Union Ministers Piyush
• Hailakandi in Assam has made a giant leap Goyal and Dr Harsh Vardhan, who took important
from 52nd position to no. 1 position on the measures to combat climate change.
basis of its performance during November- • The list is prepared by Apolitical, a peer to
December 2018 and January 2019. peer learning platform for governments.
• For securing the first rank as an The list has been topped by Alexandria
aspirational district, Hailakandi will be Ocasio-Cortez (Congresswoman, US
given an allocation of Rs. 10 crore. Congress).
5. Worldwide Cost of Living Survey 2019 – 9. India highest Recipient of remittances at $79
• Singapore is the world’s most expensive billion in 2018: World Bank – As per the World Bank
city in the Worldwide followed by Hong Report, India retained its position as the world’s top
Kong and Paris. recipient of remittances with its diaspora sending a
• Zurich in Switzerland stood at the fourth whopping USD 79 billion back home in 2018.
position followed by Japan’s Osaka which • India was followed by China (USD 67
shared fifth place with Geneva, also in billion) and Mexico (USD 36 billion).
Switzerland. • The Report was titled as ‘World Bank’s
• The Economist Intelligence Unit has Migration and Development Brief’. Over
released the report. the last three years, India has registered a
6. IGI Airport Delhi becomes the 12th busiest Airport significant flow of remittances from USD
in the World – Indira Gandhi International Airport 62.7 billion in 2016 to USD 65.3 billion

10. UN Releases Global Environment Outlook 2019 15. Gujarat Emerges as best performing State in Start-
Report – The United Nation Environment Program Up Ranking 2018
(UNEP) has released the sixth edition of the Global • Gujarat has emerged as the best-
Environment Outlook (2019) titled ‘Healthy Planet, performing state in the Startup Ranking
Healthy People’. 2018.
11. Tata, Reliance & Airtel Emerge best Indian Brands • The National Report on States’ Startup
of 2019 - Tata, Reliance, and Airtel emerged as the top Ranking was unveiled by Department of
three Indian brands of 2019, according to a report Industrial Policy and Promotion, Ministry
published by Interbrand, part of the Omnicom Media of Commerce and Industry in New Delhi.
Group. • Karnataka, Kerala, Odisha and Rajasthan,
• Tata continued to hold the top position in with a score of more than 85 percentile,
the best Indian Brands ranking as its brand have been adjudged the top performers.
value grew by 6%, mainly due to Tata • Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh,
Consultancy Services (TCS). Madhya Pradesh and Telangana have been
• Knocking Airtel off from the 2nd spot, recognised as Leaders.
Reliance’s brand value grew by 12%, • 27 states and 3 union territories
bolstered by the success of Jio. Airtel stood participated in the ranking process.
at number 3. 16. Himachal Pradesh, Kerala tops NITI Aayog SDG
12. World Employment and Social Outlook Trends India Index: Baseline Report 2018
2019’ report released by ILO – The International • Himachal Pradesh and Kerala have
Labour Organization released World Employment and emerged as top performing states in Niti
Social Outlook Trends 2019 report. Aayog’s SDG India index 2018, which
• As per the report, unemployment rates will evaluates progress in social, economic and
fall to 4.9% in 2019 and remains steady in environmental terms.
2020. • Himachal Pradesh ranks high on
• Among the age group 15-24 the global providing clean water & sanitation, in
unemployment stood at 11.8% which is reducing inequalities & preserving
much higher than it is among other age mountain ecosystem.
groups. • Kerala’s top rank is attributed to its
• In the global labor market, 2 billion out of superior performance in providing good
3.3 billion people worked keeping their health, reducing hunger, achieving gender
economic security at risk in informal equality & providing quality education.
employment. • Chandigarh leads because of its
13. Raipur airport tops in Customer Satisfaction exemplary performance in providing clean
Survey: AAI water & sanitation, affordable & clean
• According to the Airport Authority of India, energy, generating decent work &
Swami Vivekananda Airport of Raipur has economic growth, & providing quality
been adjudged on top rank in the country in education.
Customer Satisfaction Survey round two for • The NITI Aayog released the Baseline
consecutive fourth time in a row, airport Report of the Sustainable Development
officials confirmed. Goals (SDG) India Index, which
14. Russia Emerges as World’s No. 2 Arms Producer: comprehensively documents the progress
SIPRI Report made by India’s States and Union
• A Swedish think tank Stockholm Territories towards implementing the
International Peace Research Institute 2030 SDG targets.
(SIPRI) announced that Russia has 17. 4 Indian-Origin Women in Forbes US Top 50
emerged as the world’s second-largest Females in Tech
arms producer after the United States. • Four Indian-origin technology executives have
• Russia surpassed Britain, which had held made it to the Forbes’ list of America’s 50
that spot since 2002 and remains Western women in technology space in 2018.
Europe’s No. 1 arms maker.

• The list includes Neha Narkhede, chief identity-management company Drawbridge;
technology officer and co-founder of streaming Padmasree Warrior, former chief technology
platform Confluent; Kamakshi officer (CTO) of Cisco, and Komal Mangtani,
Sivaramakrishnan, CEO, and founder of senior director at Uber.
18. India Skills Report 2019: Andhra Tops in 19. Malaria Cases Declined by 24% in India: WHO Report
Employability Rate, Talent Quality • The World Health Organisation (WHO) in a
• Andhra Pradesh has topped the list of states with report stated that India is the only country to
the highest employability followed by Rajasthan have recorded a substantial decline in malaria
and Haryana, as per the India Skills Report 2019. cases in 2017 out of the 11 highest burden
• The employability levels of B.Tech/B.E have countries worldwide.
increased across all the sectors, touching a new • India registered a 24% reduction in cases over
high of 63.11%, which remained at 42.08 last 2016, largely due to substantial declines of the
year. disease in the highly malarious state of Odisha,
• However, the employability levels of MBA and home to approximately 40 percent of all malaria
polytechnic stand low between 47.18% and cases in the country.
45.90%. According to the report, India accounted for 4% of global
• The survey was conducted jointly by Wheebox, malaria cases in 2017.
People Strong, Confederation of Indian Industry

Schemes launched by Union/State Govt.

April 2019

1. Utkarsh Bangla and Sabooj Sathi Schemes of West • Sabooj Sathi is a scheme of West Bengal
Bengal gets Global Recognition – government for distribution of bicycles to the
• The schemes of the West Bengal government students of class IX to XII studying in Govt. run
‘Utkarsh Bangla’ (skill training of youth) and and Govt. aided Schools and Madrashas.The
‘Sabooj Sathi’ (cycles for students) won the scheme was launched in September 2015.
World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) 2. Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) – The Union
awards of UN. Minister for Petroleum and Natural Gas Dharmendra
Note: Pradhan handed over the Seven Croreth LPG connection
• Utkarsh Bangla got the topmost award and under the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY).
emerged as a winner in the Capacity Building Key points
category and the Sabooj Sathi was ranked in the • The PMUY was launched by the Prime Minister
first five as a champion project under ICT Narendra Modi on 1st May 2016.
application: E-Government category. • Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) aims to
Utkarsh Bangla safeguard the health of women & children by
• Utkarsh Bangla Scheme is aimed at providing providing them with a clean cooking fuel – LPG.
vocational training to school dropouts. The • Under this scheme, LPG connections will be
beneficiaries of the scheme will be trained in provided to BPL families with a support of
driving, tailoring, repairing television and other Rs.1600 per connection.
electronic equipment’s, beautician courses etc. • The connection is provided in the name of the
Sabooj Sathi adult women of the family.

March 2019
1. Government brings transport scheme to boost boosting export of farm commodities to certain
agriculture exports countries in Europe and North America.
• The government has introduced a scheme for • Under the Transport and Marketing
providing financial assistance for transport and Assistance (TMA) scheme, the government
marketing of agriculture products with a view to would reimburse a certain portion of freight

charges and provide assistance for marketing of 6. CCEA Approves Phase 2 of FAME Scheme – The
agricultural produce. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has
• The scheme covers freight and marketing approved Rs 10,000 crore package over three years till
assistance for export by air as well as by sea 2022 for the second phase of Faster Adoption &
(both normal and refrigerated cargo). Manufacturing of Electric (and hybrid) vehicles
• The scheme would be applicable for a period as (FAME) scheme.
specified from time to time. Presently, it would Note:
be available for exports effected from March 1 • The FAME scheme is aimed at encouraging faster
this year to March 2020. adoption of Electric and hybrid vehicle by way of
2. Gram Samridhi Yojana – Gram Samridhi Yojana, a Rs offering an upfront incentive on the purchase of
3,000 crore scheme funded by the World Bank and the Electric vehicles and also by way of establishing
Government of India, is being worked upon by the a necessary charging Infrastructure for electric
Ministry of Food Processing Industries in order to vehicles.
strengthen the unorganised food processing sector • FAME II emphasizes on electrification of the
concentrated in rural areas. public transportation that includes shared
Key points transport.
• World Bank will be giving Rs 1,500 crore, Rs • The Scheme would provide incentives on
1,000 crore will be borne by the Centre while operational expenditure model for electric buses
state governments will put in Rs 500 crore. which will be delivered through State/city
• The scheme will be run in Uttar Pradesh, Andhra transport corporation (STUs).
Pradesh, Maharashtra and Punjab for a 5-year 7. Mukhyamantri Anchal Amrit Yojana – The
period in the initial phase and thereafter in other government of Uttarakhand has launched the
states of the country. Mukhyamantri Anchal Amrit Yojana to provide milk at
3. Textiles Minister launches scheme for development the Anganwadi Centres.
of Knitwear Sector – Union Minister of Textiles, Smriti Note: Under the Mukhyamantri Anchal Amrit Yojana, the
Zubin Irani launched a comprehensive scheme for the government would provide 100 ml milk twice a week for
development of knitting and knitwear sector under 2.5 lakh children at 20,000 Anganwadi Centres in the
PowerTex India in New Delhi. Apart from financial state.
incentives, the two key elements are Yarn Bank and 8. Jalamrutha Scheme of Karnataka – The government of
financial assistance for the solar energy scheme. Karnataka has launched the water conservation scheme
4. Notun Disha’ initiated by Tripura Government – The Jalamrutha.
government of Tripura announced ‘Notun Disha’ (New Note:
Direction) for assessing the academic level of students in • The scheme focuses on drought-proofing
classes III-VIII and then improving their current level. It measures, including protection and rejuvenation
was launched by state Education Minister Ratan Lal Nath. of water bodies.
5. CCEA approves Pradhan Mantri JI-VAN Yojana – The 9. Yuvashree Arpan Scheme of West Bengal – The Chief
Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved Minister of West Bengal Mamata Banerjee has unveiled a
the “Pradhan Mantri JI-VAN (Jaiv Indhan- Vatavaran new scheme Yuvashree Plan II or Yuvashree Arpan to
Anukool fasal awashesh Nivaran) Yojana” under the encourage entrepreneurship among youth.
Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas. Note: Under the Yuvashree Arpan Scheme around fifty
Objective – thousand Youths who have passed out of ITI or other
• To create 2G Ethanol capacity in the country and polytechnic institutes will be eligible to get financial
attract investments in this new sector. support of Rs One Lakh from the state MSME department
• To provide financial support to Integrated to set up their own business initiatives.
Bioethanol Projects using lignocellulosic biomass
and other renewable feedstock.

February 2019

1. HRD Ministry launches SHREYAS Programme – The 6. Assam launches PRANAM Commission to protect
Union Minister of Human Resources and Development parents of govt employees – The Chief Minister of
Prakash Javadekar launched the SHREYAS programme to Assam Sarbananda Sonowal has announced a PRANAM
provide industry-specific apprenticeship opportunities Commission to look after the issues related to the
to fresh graduates. Parents Responsibility and Norms for Accountability and
Note: Monitoring (PRANAM) Bill.
• SHREYAS stands for - Scheme for Higher Note: The bill proposes that if any complaints related to
Education Youth in Apprenticeship and Skills. ignorance towards parents or unmarried differently
• It is a programme basket comprising of three abled siblings, then 10 or 15 per cent of the employee’s
initiatives of the HRD, Ministry of Skill salary will be deducted by the government and paid to
Development and Entrepreneurship, and the the parents or differently abled siblings.
Ministry of Labour and Employment. 7. MP launched the Mukhyamantri Yuva Swabhiman
2. Odisha launched ‘Khushi’ scheme - The Odisha Cabinet Yojana - The government of Madhya Pradesh has
approved the ‘Khushi‘ scheme to provide free sanitary launched the Mukhyamantri Yuva Swabhiman Yojana to
napkins to school girls across the state. provide employment for youth.
• The scheme will benefit nearly 17.25 lakh school Key points
girls from Class VI to XII studying in government • The scheme guarantees 100 days of employment
and government-aided schools. every year to urban youths from economically
• The state government will spend INR 466 crore weaker sections (EWS).
over a period of 5 years to implement the • The youth would get Rs 4,000 stipend per month
scheme. and total Rs 13,500 for the 100 days period
3. CCEA approves launch of KUSUM scheme - The would be provided.
Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has • During this period, they would be given skill
approved the launch of KUSUM, Kisan Urja Suraksha development training, so that they become
evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan scheme. independent.
• The scheme aims to provide financial and water 8. Sujalam Sufalam Jal Sanchay Abhiyan – The
security to farmers through harnessing solar government of Gujarat has launched the second edition
energy capacities of 25.75 gigawatts (GW) by of the water conservation scheme Sujalam Sufalam Jal
2022. Sanchay Abhiyan.
4. Minister of Textiles inaugurates two Silk Projects in • The scheme aims to deepen water bodies in the
Assam – The Minister of Textiles, Smriti Irani state before monsoon to increase storage of
inaugurated two silk projects Soil to Silk Project and Eri rainwater to be used during times of scarcity.
Spun Silk Mill in Assam. 9. Odisha government launches KALIA Chhatra Bruti
Note: scholarship for Farmers Children –
• The Eri Silk Development Project aims to utilize • The government of Odisha has launched the
tapioca plantation for dual purpose i.e. the tuber KALIA Chhatra Bruti scholarship for the children
for food and the leaves for Eri silkworm. of farmers.
5. UNICEF Head lauds Poshan Abhiyaan – POSHAN • The Scholarship is under the KALIA, Krushak
Abhiyaan (National Nutrition Mission) is a flagship Assistance for Livelihood and Income
programme of the Ministry of Women and Child Augmentation, a scheme for financing farmers in
Development. Odisha.
• Poshan Abhiyaan has got global recognition for Key points
its effort to eradicate malnutrition. • Under the Scheme, Odisha would spend Rs 10,180
• The Mission is aimed at improving the crore over three years until 2020-21 in providing
nutritional status of Children from 0-6 years, financial assistance to cultivators and landless
Adolescent Girls, Pregnant Women and Lactating agricultural labourers.
Mothers in a time bound manner during the next • The government would provide Rs 10,000 per family
three years. as assistance for cultivation, Rs 5,000 each in the

Kharif and Rabi seasons, for five cropping seasons Benefits of the Scheme
between 2018-19 and 2021-22. • As per government norms, the farmers who hold
10. UP CM launches Scheme for Adolescent Girls – In land up-to 2 hectares will get the benefit of Direct
Uttar Pradesh, Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath launched Income support of Rs. 6,000 per year (500 Rs per
Scheme for Adolescent girls (SAG). The scheme focuses month)
on girls aged between 11 to 14 years who have left • This fund will be transferred directly into the bank
studies and will take steps for proper nutrition and accounts of beneficiary farmers through 3 equal
special care for them. instalments of Rs. 2000 every four months into the
11. Mega Pension Yojana - Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Aadhar ceded bank accounts of eligible landholding
Mandhan – Prime Minister Narendra Modi on March 05, SMFs families.
2019 launched the Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Mandhan • 2 per cent interest subvention to farmers pursuing
(PM-SYM) Yojana at Vastral in Gandhinagar, Gujarat. animal husbandry and fisheries.
Key points of the scheme • All farmers severely affected by severe natural
• Aim – to provide an assured monthly calamities will get 2% interest subvention who avail
pension provided to workers in the loan through Kisan Credit Card and additional 3%
unorganised sector. interest subvention upon timely repayment of crop
Benefits of the Scheme loans.
• Under the scheme, an assured monthly Fund allocation
pension of Rs 3,000 per month will be • The government has allocated Rs 75,000 crore
provided to workers in the unorganised towards the scheme for financial year 2020.
sector after 60 years of age. First Installment to be paid by 31 March 2019
Age limitation: Minimum age to invest in the scheme is 18 • The first instalment to eligible beneficiaries during
years and maximum age is 40 years. this financial year 2018-19 shall be for the period
Fund allocation from 01 December 2018 to 31 March 2019
• A sum of Rs. 500 crores have been allocated 13. Mukhyamantri Vridhajan Pension Yojna launched in
for the Scheme. Bihar- Bihar government has announced a universal old
Monthly contribution age pension scheme - Mukhyamantri Vridhajan Pension
• To avail of the scheme, workers will have to Yojna for all people above 60 years of age (except retired
contribute a minimal Rs 100 month per senior citizens of govt. service).
month. • All eligible person will get RS. 400 monthly
• This new pension scheme will run alongside Pension irrespective of caste, religion or
the existing Atal Pension Yojana, which community.
guarantees returns post-retirement. • The Scheme will come into force from the 1st
• The scheme is touted as to become the of April 2019.
world’s biggest pension scheme for the • The Chief Minister Nitish Kumar also
unorganised sector in five years. announced a pension of Rs. 6,000 for
12. Pradhan Mantri kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana journalists above 60 years of age.
(PMKSNY) - Finance Minister Piyush Goyal announced 14. Arundhati Scheme launched in Assam - The
this scheme while presenting the Interim Budget 2019- government of Assam has announced a new scheme
20 on February 01, 2019. called Arundhati to provide gold at free of cost to the
Key points of the scheme brides.
• Aim - to provide to provide income support Note:
to all small and Marginal landholding farmer. • Under the scheme, the government of Assam
• The scheme is particularly focused to those aims to provide 1 Tola Gold, at about Rs 38K
group of farmers (low and marginal income) as on today, to brides belonging to all such
who hold very less substantial area for communities of Assam where it is customary
cultivation of their crops. to provide gold at the time of the wedding.
Objective - The main objective of the government to launch • The government has set aside Rs 300 cr has
this scheme is the development of farmers by the provision been for the implementation of the
of financial assistance which can utilize by the farmer to Arundhati Scheme.
increase the crop production every year.


January 2019

1. Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana, as one of the components of PowerTex India scheme
Saubhagya scheme – 100% Houses in 25 States with an aim to avoid fluctuation in yarn price.
Electrified Under Saubhagya Yojana. The objectives of the Yarn Bank Scheme are:
• The country achieved yet another milestone • To provide interest-free corpus fund to
in the power sector with the completion of Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) or Consortium
electrification in 100% households in 25 to enable them to purchase yarn at a
states at year end. wholesale rate and give the yarn at a
• Now, only about 10.48 lakh households are reasonable price to the small weavers.
left to be electrified in 4 states – Assam, • To avoid middleman and local supplier’s
Rajasthan, Meghalaya and Chhattisgarh. brokerage charge on sales of yarn.
• The central government launched ‘Pradhan • Under the scheme, an interest-free corpus
Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana’ fund up to Rs.2.00 crore would be provided
(Saubhagya) in September 2017 to achieve to the Special Purpose Vehicle
the goal of universal household (SPV)/Consortium formed by power loom
electrification in the country by 31 March, weavers.
2019. 5. Madya Pradesh launched Employment Scheme “Yuva
2. Samwad with Students - Indian Space Research Swabhiman Yojana” for Urban Youth - Madhya
Organisation (Isro) has launched an outreach Pradesh Chief Minister Kamal Nath announced the
programme called Samwad with Students (SwS) in launch of the ‘Yuva Swabhiman Yojana’ for youths from
Bengaluru. the economically weaker sections in urban areas.
• Through the SwS initiative, ISRO aims to • Under this scheme, 100 days of employment
constantly engage youngsters across India to will be provided to youths from economically
capture their scientific temperament. weaker sections in urban areas. They will
3. Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana, (PMAY) - The Minister also be given skill training.
for Housing and Urban Affairs Hardeep Singh Puri 6. Kerala to launch ‘Pravasi Dividend Pension Scheme’ -
announced that the loan subsidy for the middle-income The Kerala government has floated a ‘Pravasi Dividend
group under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana, (PMAY) has Pension Scheme’ to provide regular pension to Non-
been extended till 31st March 2020. Resident Keralites on a one-time payment of Rs 5 lakh.
Note: 7. Odisha Announces Jiban Sampark Project – Odisha
• The Credit Linked Subsidy Scheme (CLSS) is a Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik has announced “Jiban
component under the PMAY-Urban. Sampark” project in partnership with UNICEF India to
• Under the scheme, the central government provides generate awareness about the development and welfare
interest subsidy or initiatives of state government among the Particularly
purchase/construction/extension/improvement of a Vulnerable Tribal Groups of the state.
house to cater Economical Weaker Section 8. Atal Solar Krishi Pump Yojana of Maharashtra –
(EWS)/Lower Income Group (LIG)/Middle Income Aim - to reduce losses due to non-payment of
Groups (MIG). electricity bills and also promote solar energy.
• The CLSS is being implemented by two central nodal Key points
agencies in India, namely Housing Urban • The government of Maharashtra has decided
Development Corp and National Housing Bank. to give two LED bulbs, a DC fan and a mobile
• For MIG-I, an interest subsidy of 4% has been charging socket as freebies to farmers
provided for loan amounts up to Rs.9 lakh. enrolling under the Atal Solar Krishi Pump
• For MIG-II, an interest subsidy of 3% has been Yojana.
provided for loan amount up to Rs.12 lakh. • The government would provide solar pumps
• Housing loans beyond Rs. 9 lakh and Rs. 12 lakhs will at subsidised rates for the farmers.
be at non-subsidized rates. • Under the Scheme, farmers with less than
4. Yarn Bank Scheme: The Ministry of Textiles, five acres will have to pay 5 per cent of the
Government of India had launched a Yarn Bank Scheme cost of a 3 HP solar pump while farmers with

more than five acres will get a 5 HP solar • States like Bihar and Assam were not able to
pump for Rs 30000. complete even a single project.
9. Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) - • Tamil Nadu topped the list by completing
• Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) 378 projects.
is the government-sponsored crop insurance Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban
scheme that integrates multiple stakeholders Transformation (AMRUT)
on a single platform. • Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban
• Under the scheme, there is a uniform Transformation (AMRUT) launched in 2015
premium of 2% to be paid by farmers for all aims to establish an infrastructure that could
Kharif crops, 1.5% for all Rabi crops and 5% ensure adequate robust sewage networks
in case of annual commercial and and water supply for urban transformation.
horticultural crops. • The mission period is up to March 2020.
10. Rashtriya Gokul Mission: The Ministry of Agriculture & 14. Sikkim CM launched ‘one family, one job’ scheme -
Farmers Welfare is implementing the scheme of Sikkim Chief Minister Pawan Kumar Chamling launched
Rashtriya Gokul Mission to conserve and develop the ‘One Family One Job’ scheme in Gangtok.
indigenous breeds in a focused and scientific manner. • Now, Sikkim has become the first state in the
Key points country to carry out such a programme for
• The scheme comprises of two components the people entitling them to state
namely National Programme for Bovine government employee benefits.
Breeding (NPBB) and National Mission on • Under this Scheme, every family one
Bovine Productivity (NMBP). government job has been allotted.
11. PM launches Gangajal Project - The Prime Minister 15. Madhu Babu Pension Yojana (MBPY) – The Odisha
Narendra Modi inaugurated the Gangajal Project. The Government has announced a hike of Rs 200 per month
Prime Minister launched civic projects worth Rs 2,980 in the social security pension under Madhu Babu Pension
crore in Agra. Yojana (MBPY).
Key points • The Madhu Babu Pension Yojana (MBPY) is a
• The Gangajal project aims to provide a better pension scheme under the Department of
supply of drinking water which will benefit Social Security and Empowerment of
the residents as well as tourists. Persons with Disabilities for the disabled, old
• The Gangajal project aims to bring 140 age persons in the state of Odisha.
cusecs of Ganga water to Agra to help in 16. Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana
meeting the drinking water demands in the (PMKKKY) -
city. • Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan
12. Pravasi Teerth Darshan Yojana – Prime Minister Yojana (PMKKKY) is aimed at the welfare of
Narendra Modi launched the Pravasi Teerth Darshan areas and people affected by mining-related
Yojana. operations, using the funds generated by
• Under the scheme, a group of Indian District Mineral Foundations (DMFs).
diaspora will be taken on a government- 17. MP launched 'Jai Kisan Rin Mukti Yojana' - Madhya
sponsored tour of religious places in India Pradesh Chief Minister Kamal Nath has launched the Rs
twice a year. 50,000-crore farm debt-waiver scheme named 'Jai Kisan
• The Scheme accords first preference to Rin Mukti Yojana'. It would benefit 55 lakh small and
people from Girmitiya countries such as marginal farmers.
Mauritius, Fiji, Suriname, Guyana, Trinidad 18. Dharmendra Pradhan launches Ujjwala sanitary
and Tobago, and Jamaica. napkin initiative - The Union Petroleum Minister
13. AMRUT Scheme: Only 20% of Projects completed - The Dharmendra Pradhan has launched the Ujjwala Sanitary
data from the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs has Napkin initiative in Bhubaneswar (Odisha).
revealed that - 19. West Bengal Govt. announced two Initiatives for
• With only a year to the deadline, only 20 per farmers –
cent of the total projects were completed • The West Bengal government has announced
utilising 3 per cent of the total funds two welfare initiatives for farmers, part of
approved. the ‘Krishi Krishak Bondhu’ scheme.

• The first of the two initiatives will provide Rs • Under the second initiative, farmers would
2 lakh to the family of a deceased farmer. get Rs 2,500 twice a year for growing a single
crop on one acre of land.


1. Atal Bimit Vyakti Kalyan Yojna: The Employees’ State (PMJAY), under Ayushman Bharat umbrella at
Insurance Corporation (ESIC) has approved a new Ranchi, Jharkhand.
scheme- Atal Bimit Vyakti Kalyan Yojna for Insured • The scheme aims to provide annual health
Persons covered under the Employees’ State Insurance insurance cover of Rs 5 lakh to 10.74 crore
Act. beneficiary families i.e. over 50 crore
Key points: beneficiaries across India.
• This scheme is a relief payable in cash directly to • It is touted as world’s largest healthcare scheme
their Bank Account in case of unemployment and that will serve beneficiary population that equals
while they search for new engagement. 27-28 European countries and almost equal to
• The eligibility for availing Super Specialty population of Canada, Mexico and US put
treatment for dependents of Insured Person has together.
now been relaxed to insurable employment of • The scheme will become operational from
one year with 156 days of contributions. September 25, 2018 i.e. on birth anniversary of
• The ESIC also approved the proposal for Deendayal Upadhyay.
increasing the funeral expenses from existing 10 Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY)
thousand rupees to 15 thousand rupees being • PMJAY is government-sponsored health insurance
paid on the death of Insured Person. scheme, that will provide free coverage of up to Rs 5
2. Swayangsiddha scheme - In an attempt to combat lakh per family per year in any government or
human trafficking, the West Bengal government rolled empanelled private hospitals all over India.
out a scheme, Swayangsiddha, in different districts of the • It will cover beneficiaries families identified on the
State. As the per the NCRB data, West Bengal has highest basis of Socio Economic Caste Survey (SECC) 2011 in
recorded case of trafficking among the States. 444 districts of 30 states/Union Territories.
Aim of the scheme – 5. Delhi Government launches India’s first scheme for
• The scheme aims to empower young boys and doorstep delivery of essential government services
girls to make informed choices so that they are • Delhi Government has launched scheme for
less vulnerable to trafficking and child marriage. doorstep delivery of 40 essential government
• Swayangsiddha means self-reliance and it will be services like caste and marriage certificates,
executed by the West Bengal Police. driving license and new water connections.
3. Petroleum Minister to launch ‘SATAT’ initiative - 6. Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay Sanrakshan Abhiyan
• Dharmendra Pradhan, Union Minister of (PM-AASHA) - The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime
Petroleum and Natural Gas & Skill Development Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved a new
and Entrepreneurship launched SATAT initiative Umbrella Scheme “Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay
to promote Compressed Bio-Gas as an SanraksHan Abhiyan’ (PM-AASHA). The Scheme is aimed
alternative, green transport fuel. at ensuring remunerative prices to the farmers for their
• Titled SATAT, the initiative is aimed at providing produce as announced in the Union Budget for 2018.
a Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable • Aim – The scheme aimed at ensuring
Transportation (SATAT) as a developmental remunerative prices to the farmers for their
effort that would benefit both vehicle-users as produce.
well as farmers and entrepreneurs. • Objective – To empower farmers and strengthen
4. Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana: the Agriculture sector.
• Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched • Allocation - The Cabinet has sanctioned Rs
ambitious Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana 15,053 crore to implement the PM-AASHA in

the next two financial years, of which Rs 6,250 • Age limit increased - The age limit for availing
crore will be spent this year. overdraft facility under it has also been revised
Components of PM-AASHA: Under the PM-AASHA, states to 18 to 65 years from the earlier 18 to 60 years.
would be allowed to choose from three schemes – • Accidental insurance cover raised - The
• Price Support Scheme (PSS), accidental insurance cover for new RuPay
• Price Deficiency Payment Scheme (PDPS) Cardholders has been raised from Rs. one lakh to
• Pilot of Private Procurement & Stockist Scheme Rs. two lakh.
(PPPS). 8. Swadesh Darshan Scheme: Tourism Ministry sanctions
7. Govt. revised Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana Rs. 80.37 crore for developing cruise tourism in Kerala.
(PMJDY) – The government has revised the PMJDY Note:
scheme, to further incentivize people’s participation in • The scheme was launched by Union Tourism
the scheme. Ministry with an objective to develop theme-
Key points based tourist circuits in the country.
• Overdraft facility doubled - The Finance • The first project under Swadesh Darshan Scheme
Minister Arun Jaitley stated that the overdraft ‘North East Circuit: Imphal and Khongjom’ was
facility has been doubled from Rs. 5,000 to Rs. inaugurated in Manipur.
10,000 under the Yojana. • The project covers two sites i.e. Kangla Fort and
Khongjom in Manipur.

Summits & Conference

May 2019

1. WTO Ministerial meeting of developing countries 4. The 16th Ministerial Meeting of Asia Cooperation
meeting held in – New Delhi, India Dialogue (ACD) was held in - Doha, Qatar.
2. Regional heads of Customs Administration of Asia Pacific Note: The theme of the meeting was “Partners in
Region of the World Customs Organisation (WCO) held in Progress”.
Kochi 5. The G7’s (Group of Seven) Environment Ministers meet
3. 15th Finance Commission’s meeting with RBI held in - to discuss Climate crisis held in - Metz, France
Mumbai, Maharashtra Note: The G-7 groups together the US, Britain, France,
Italy, Canada, Japan, and Germany.

April 2019

1. Saudi Arabia to host G20 Summit in 2020 governors from 19 countries and the European
Note: Union.
• Saudi Arabia (first G20 meeting in the Arab • It was founded in 1999 with the aim to discuss
world) will host the G20 summit on 21-22 policy pertaining to the promotion of
November 2020 in its capital Riyadh. international financial stability.
• First-ever ‘Japan’ will host this year's G20 2. Global Water Summit 2019 – London, United Kingdom
summit in Osaka (28-29 June 2019). 3. The second edition of Belt and Road Forum (BRF) was
• Italy will host the G20 Summit in 2021. held in Beijing, China
• India will host the G20 Summit in 2022 when the Note: The theme of this event was “Belt and Road
country celebrates its 75th year of Cooperation: Shaping a Brighter Shared Future”.
Independence. 4. 5th Asia Pacific Broadcasting Union (ABU) Media Summit
About G-20 on Climate Action and Disaster Preparedness held in
• The G20 (Group of Twenty) is an international Kathmandu, Nepal
forum for the governments and central bank Note:

• The theme of the two-day summit was “Media Note: The aim of the inaugural ‘AI Everything (AIE)’ is to
Solutions for Sustainable Future: Saving Lives, empower global dialogue on the future of government,
Building Resilient Communities”. business and society.
5. World’s foremost Artificial Intelligence (AI) Summit – 6. The Resilient Cities Asia-Pacific (RCAP) 2019 Congress
Dubai, UAE held in – New Delhi
7. 17th Middle East and North Africa (MENA) World
Economic Forum held in – Jordan

March 2019
1. FinTech Conclave held in - New Delhi 3. 46th session of the Council of Foreign Ministers of the
Note: Organisation of Islamic Co-operation (OIC) – Abu Dhabi,
• NITI Aayog has organized FinTech Conclave at UAE
Dr. Ambedkar International Center, New Delhi. Note:
• The Conclave was inaugurated by RBI Governor • The External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj had
Shaktikanta Das. been invited by Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed Al
2. The first BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Nahyan, Foreign Minister of the United Arab
Africa) Sherpa meeting held in – Curitiba, Brazil Emirates as the “Guest of Honour” to address the
Note: Inaugural Plenary.
• 11th BRICS Summit 2019 will be held in Brazil 4. 14th CII-EXIM Bank Conclave on India-Africa Project
the capital city Brasilia. Partnerships held in – New Delhi
• In 2020, Russia will host the 12th BRICS Summit. 5. International Digital Health Symposium held in – New
• BRICS member countries include - Brazil, Russia, Delhi
India, China and South Africa. Note: Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare,
Anupriya Patel, inaugurated the event.

February 2019

1. The 16th edition of BioAsia 2019 Asia’s largest Note:

biotechnology and life-sciences forum was conducted in- • The summit was hosted by the Ministry of Health
Hyderabad, Telangana. and Family Welfare in collaboration with the
Note: World Health Organization (WHO) and the
• The theme of the conference was ‘Life Sciences Global Digital Health Partnership (GDHP).
4.0 – Disrupt the Disruption’. 5. Conference on Future of Indian Banking – New Delhi
• It was inaugurated by the Governor of Telangana Note:
E.S.L Narasimhan. • Niti Ayog had hosted the conference in
2. ‘Aviation Conclave 2019’ – New Delhi association with the Foundation for Economic
Note: Growth and Welfare (EGROW Foundation).
• The Ministry of Civil Aviation organized the 6. International Vision Zero Conference - Mumbai,
conclave. Maharashtra
• Theme -''flying for all''. 7. 8th World CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility)
3. Rising India Summit 2019 – New Delhi Congress 2019 – Mumbai, Maharashtra
Note: Note: The theme of the year 2019 is ‘Sustainable
• Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed Development Goals (SDGs)’ to focus on corporate
Network-18 Rising India Summit, held in New strategies, innovation, and strategic alliances. Dr.
Delhi and laid out his vision for a ‘New India ‘. Soumitro Chakraborty won ‘CEO of the year’ award.
• The theme of the summit was, ‘Beyond Politics: 8. 4th India-ASEAN Expo and Summit – New Delhi
Defining National Priorities’. 9. 4th Agri Leadership Summit 2019 - Sonipat, Haryana
4. 4th Global Digital Health Partnership Summit held in – Note:
New Delhi

• Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmer’s • The theme of the conference was “State
Welfare, Radha Mohan Singh, inaugurated the Power, Business and Human Rights:
Summit Contemporary Challenges”.
• The theme of the summit was “Entrepreneurship 15. 2019 Asia LPG Summit was held in New Delhi - Mr.
& Agri-Business; Agri Allied – A Promising Sector Dharmendra Pradhan, Union Minister for petroleum and
and Agri Service- Direct Marketing”. natural gas, inaugurated the 2019 Asia LPG summit in
10. World Sustainable Development Summit (WSDS) 2019 New Delhi.
held in - New Delhi Note: India is the 2nd largest consumer of liquified
Note: natural gas (LPG) in the world after China.
• The theme of WSDS 2019 was ‘Attaining the 16. India to host 13th Conference of Parties of
2030 Agenda: delivering on our promise’. Convention on Conservation of Migratory Species –
• Frank Bainimarama, Prime Minister of Fiji was The conference will be held from 15th to 22nd February
honoured with the Sustainable Development 2020 at Gandhinagar in Gujarat.
Leadership Award 2019 for his outstanding Note:
contributions towards sustainable development • Union Environment Minister, Dr. Harsh
in Fiji. Vardhan, announced the Great Indian
• The Energy and Resources Institute’ (TERI) Bustard (GIB) as the mascot for the 13th
organized the summit. Conference of Parties (COP) of the UN
• Summit was inaugurated by Vice President Shri Convention on the Conservation of Migratory
M. Venkaiah Naidu. Species (CMS) to be held in Gujarat in 2020.
11. Early Ed Asia 2019, the two-day event, which is Asia’s • He also revealed that the bird has been
largest conference on Early Childhood, was held in fondly named by the ministry as ‘Gibi‘.
Jaipur, Rajasthan. The motto of the event was ‘Our 17. The 5th International Dam Safety Conference held in
Children. Our Future’. Bhubaneswar, Odisha.
12. India-U.S. Commercial Dialogue and India-U.S. CEO Note: Globally India ranks third after China and
Forum held in - New Delhi the USA in terms of the number of large dams with
Note: Union Minister for Commerce & Industry and Civil 5264 large dams in operation and 437 large dams
Aviation, Suresh Prabhu, chaired the meeting. under construction.
13. 7th World Government Summit held in Dubai - The 18. CREDAI’s Event ‘YouthCon-19’ held in New Delhi -
seventh session of the World Government Summit held Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed the CREDAI
in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE). YouthCon -19 in New Delhi’s Talkatora Stadium.
14. 1st LAWASIA Human Rights Conference 2019 held in • The event is organized by the Confederation
New Delhi – LAWASIA, in association with the Bar of Real Estate Developers’ Association of
Association of India, hosted its 1st LAWASIA Human India, CREDAI.
Rights Conference in New Delhi. • The theme for this YouthCon is ‘Next

January 2019

1. 2nd World Integrated Medicine Forum 2019 held • The Chief Election Commissioner of India,
in Goa Shri Sunil Arora and Election Commissioner
• Union Minister of State (Independent Shri Ashok Lavasa inaugurated the event.
Charge) for AYUSH Shri Shripad Yesso Naik, • The event was held on the occasion of 9th
inaugurated the event. National Voters Day which is observed on
• The theme for the forum is ‘Regulation of 25th January every year.
Homeopathic Medical Products; Advancing 5. 10th edition of the India Rubber Expo - 2019 (Asia's
global collaboration’. largest rubber expo) was held in Mumbai.
2. BRICS Summit 2019 - Brazil 6. World Economic Forum (WEF) annual meet held in
3. Global Investors Meet 2019 held in Chennai. Davos, Switzerland.
4. International Conference on ‘Making our Elections • The theme of the event is ‘Globalization 4.0:
Inclusive and Accessible’ held in New Delhi Shaping a Global Architecture in the Age of
the Fourth Industrial Revolution’.

7. 9th International Micro Irrigation conference held in • The Theme of the Dialogue was “A World
Aurangabad, Maharashtra. Reorder: New Geometries; Fluid
• The conference focused on the theme of Partnerships; Uncertain Outcomes”.
“Micro Irrigation and Modern • It was organized by Ministry of External
Agriculture”. Affairs in partnership with Observer
8. 15th Pravasi Bharatiya Diwas held in Varanasi, Research Foundation.
Uttar Pradesh 13. 106th Session of Indian Science Congress
• The theme of PBD convention 2019 is “Role Concludes in Jalandhar
of Diaspora in Building New India”. • It was concluded in Lovely Professional
9. 29th Indian Paint Conference 2019 held in Agra, University, Jalandhar on 07 January 2019.
Uttar Pradesh • It was inaugurated by Hon’ble Prime
• The theme of the Conference is ‘Paints Pe Minister Shri Narendra Modi and attended
Charcha – Naye Aayaam’. by Union Science & Technology Minister Dr.
10. First ‘National Consultation on Child Protection’ for Harsh Vardhanon.
2019 was held in New Delhi. • As a part of the Indian Science Congress,
11. First Global Aviation Summit held in Mumbai Women’s Science Congress was held which
• The theme of the summit is “Flying for all”. was inaugurated by Union Minister for
• It was organized by the Ministry of Civil Textiles & Industry Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani.
Aviation (MoCA) in collaboration with FICCI. • The Children’s Science Congress was
12. 4th edition of Raisina Dialogue held in New Delhi inaugurated by the Nobel Laureates Avram
Hershko from Israel and F. Duncan M.
Haldane from USA.

Books & Author

1. Book titled “Game Changer” autobiography of - Shahid • It was banned by the British in 1920. Singh was
Afridi (Pakistan’s former Cricket team captain). The book present at Jallianwala Bagh on April 13, 1919,
is co-authored by Afridi and journalist Wajahat S Khan. and was 22 years old at the time.
2. Book titled “Indian Fiscal Federalism” authored by - Dr. • A book containing English translation of the 100-
Y. V. Reddy, former Governor of RBI and Chairman of the year-old classic Punjabi poem about Jallianwala
14th Finance Commission of India (The Chairman of 15th Bagh massacre, ‘Khooni Vaisakhi’ has been
Finance Commission of India, N.K. Singh launched the released in Abu Dhabi.
book) • India’s Ambassador to the UAE Navdeep Singh
3. Book titled ‘Saffron Swords’ authored by - Manoshi Sinha Suri commended the launch of the book.
Rawal • It will be published by Harper Collins India in
4. Book titled “The Third Pillar - How Markets and the State March to mark the centenary of the Jallianwala
leave the Community Behind” authored by –Raghuram Bagh.
Rajan (Former Governor of RBI) 9. Book titled “Quality, Accreditation & Ranking” authored
5. Book titled ‘Every Vote Counts: The Story of India's by - Dr. H Chaturvedi
Elections’ authored by - former Chief Election 10. Book titled ‘Mann Ki Baat – A Social Revolution on Radio’
Commissioner Navin Chawla. Former Vice-President 11. Arun Jaitley releases book titled ‘Mann Ki Baat – A Social
Hamid Ansari launched the book. Revolution on Radio’ authored by - BlueKraft Digital
6. Book titled “India Positive” authored by - Chetan Bhagat Foundation
7. Book titled ‘Simplicity & Wisdom’ authored by - Mr. 12. Book titled ‘Moving On, Moving Forward: A year in
Dinesh Shahra Office’ - Vice President M. Venkaiah Naidu
8. Book titled ‘ Khooni Vaisakhi’ authored by -- Nanak Singh 13. Book titled “Undaunted: Saving the Idea of India”
(Jallianwala Bagh survivor) authored by - P Chidambaram (former Finance
Note: A poem on the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, ‘Khooni Minister)
Vaisakhi’, by Punjabi writer Nanak Singh has now been 14. Book titled 'We are Displaced' authored by - Malala
translated into English. Yousafzai

15. A book titled ‘Changing India’ written by – Former PM 25. Novel ''Warlight'' - Michael Ondaatje (named in Man
Manmohan Singh Booker Prize list)
16. A book titled ‘Early Indians: The Story of Our Ancestors 26. Novel 'The English Patient' - Michael Ondaatje (winner
and Where We Came From’ written by Tony Joseph of Golden Man Booker International prize 2018)
17. A book titled ‘Blue Water Ahoy!’ written by – Vice 27. Book titled 'Winning Like Sourav: Think & Succeed Like
Admiral Anup Singh Ganguly' - Abhirup Bhattacharya
18. A book ‘Radio Kashmir in Times of Peace & War’ 28. The book ‘Straight Talk’ authored by___ Abhishek Manu
written by Dr Rajesh Bhat. Singhvi
19. A book ‘Yoga And Mindfulness’ - Mansi Gulati 29. Book ‘Calling Sehmat’ authored by - Harinder S. Sikka
20. Book titled 'The Rule Breakers' - Preeti Shenoy 30. Author of 'Smart Cities Unbundle' book - Dr. Samir
21. Book titled ‘Atal Ji Ne Kaha’ - Brijendra Rehi
31. Book titled “A Century is Not Enough “autobiography
22. Book titled '281 and Beyond' - VVS Laxman (veteran
cricketer) autobiography
of – Sourav Ganguly.
23. Book titled ‘No Spin’ - Shane Warne (veteran 32. Book titled ‘Imperfect’ autobiography of – Sanjay
cricketer) autobiography Manjrekar (cricketer-turned-commentator)
24. Book titled "Gandhi: The years that changed the world
(1914-1948)" - Ramachandra Guha.


May 2019

1. NR Madhava Menon - an educationist, scholar, the 4. Derek Sippy - Former Billiards Player
pioneering spirit behind modern legal education in India 5. Maramraju Satyanarayana Rao - Prominent writer and
2. Prof. Kirpal Singh - the first chronicler of Partition, who academician
started building an archive in 1954 6. Baidyanath Mishra - Renowned economist
3. Master Hirannaiah - Noted Kannada theatre
personality, satirist and TV actor

April 2019

1. J. Mahendran - Noted Tamil Director 9. Rama Sengupta - Veteran lady mountaineer

2. Kartik Chandra Rath - veteran dramatist, theatre 10. Pungam Kannan - Former India footballer
organiser, and Economics teacher 11. Negasso Gidada - former Ethiopian president
3. Sydney Brenner - Biologist Sydney Brenner who helped 12. K M Mani - Former Kerala Finance Minister and Kerala
decipher the genetic code and jointly won the 2002 Congress veteran (He is credited with the record of
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. (He was an presenting the State Budget 13 times as Finance
alumnus of Oxford University and was born in South Minister)
Africa) 13. Bhima Mandavi - BJP MLA Bhima Mandavi killed in a
4. Pradeep Choubey - Renowned Hindi poet massive Maoist attack at Dantewada district in
5. SK Shivakumar - Renowned Space Scientist and Former Chhattisgarh.
Director of Indian Space Research Organisation Satellite 14. V G Patel (Viharidas Gopaldas Patel) - Noted
Centre (ISAC). economist (He was the founder director of the
6. Jerrie Cobb - America’s first female astronaut candidate, Entrepreneurship Development Institute of India)
pilot 15. Navtej Hundal - Bollywood actor (The actor was last
7. Amar Paul - Eminent Bengali folk singer seen in Vicky Kaushal starrer ‘Uri: The Surgical Strike’
8. S Muthiah - Chennai’s famed chronicler, cartographer, which released in January this year. He played the role of
and journalist the Home Minister in the movie)

March 2019

1. Manohar Parrikar - Goa Chief Minister and former 7. Alan Krueger – Former White House economist and
defence minister. He was an IIT Mumbai graduate in Princeton University professor (He served as chief
metallurgical engineering and among the first members economist at the Department of Labor under President
of BJP in Goa. Bill Clinton and chair of the Council of Economic Advisers
2. Darryl D’Monte - Senior journalist and environmental from 2011 to 2013 under former President Barack
activist Obama.)
3. Anasuya Devi - Folk Artiste and Radio Commentator 8. Chinmoy Roy - Veteran Bengali actor
4. Ashita Passes - Malayalam Writer & Poet 9. Bharat Mohan Adhikari - Former Deputy Prime
5. Prafulla Rajguru - Veteran journalist and academician Minister of Nepal
6. Vinod Kashyap - Veteran Hindi Newsreader

January & February 2019

1. Hiten Bhaya - Former Planning Commission member 9. Raghbir Bhola - Former Indian hockey player
and ex-director of Indian Institute of Mass 10. Masazo Nonaka - The world’s oldest man, Masazo
Communication (IIMC) Nonaka of Japan, has died at the age of 113.
2. Mahesh Anand - Noted actor Mahesh Anand, best • Nonaka, who was officially recognized as the
known for playing the villain in several Bollywood films oldest male in the world by Guinness World
in the late 1980s and 1990s has passed away Records in April 2018.
3. Ramesh Bhatkar - Veteran Marathi actor 11. Mary Oliver - the Pulitzer Prize-winning poet
4. John Dingell - John Dingell, the longest-serving 12. Lenin Rajendran - Malayalam director and screenwriter
congressman in US history 13. Sir Michael Atiyah - a British mathematician who
5. George Fernandes - Former Defence Minister received the 1966 Fields Medal, also known as the ‘Nobel
6. Krishna Sobti - Eminent Hindi author. She was a for Mathematics,’ passed away at the age of 89
recipient of many coveted awards like Sahitya Akademi, 14. Dibyendu Palit - Renowned Bengali writer and Sahitya
Jnanpith awards. Akademi awardee
7. Russell Baker - the Pulitzer Prize-winning writer and 15. CH Loknath - Veteran Kannada actor
Columnist for The New York Times 16. Ramakant Achrekar - Veteran cricket coach Ramakant
8. Atin Bandyopadhyay - Sahitya Akademi award winning Achrekar, who trained Bharat Ratna Sachin Tendulkar
Bengali writer and Vinod Kambli, among others, passed away.

National Appointments

May 2019

1. Coach of Indian men’s national Volleyball Team - Dragan 4. Flipkart-owned fashion e-commerce platform Myntra
Mihailovic (Serbia) announced that it had appointed celebrity couple Virat
2. BSE appoints First Independent Woman Director Kohli and Anushka Sharma as its first brand
Jayshree Vyas to board ambassadors.
3. Senior IAS officer Dilip Kumar was appointed as the
Officer on Special Duty (OSD) in the office of Lokpal.
April 2019

1. First woman vice-chancellor of Jamia Millia Islamia - 3. First Chief Justice of newly constituted Andhra Pradesh
Professor Najma Akhtar High Court - Justice Vikram Nath
2. Secretary of Defence Finance - Gargi Kaul 4. New MD & CEO of Indian Overseas Bank - Karnam Sekar

5. New president of International Chamber of Commerce 10. New Chief Justice of Bombay High Court - Justice Pradeep
(ICC) – India - Vikramjit Singh Sahney Nandrajog
6. Managing Director of Life Insurance Corporation of India 11. One of the power brands of Emami Limited ‘Navratna’
(LIC) - Vipin Anand has appointed Bollywood actor Varun Dhawan as Brand
7. Deutsche Bank India CEO - Kaushik Shaparia (He succeed Ambassador
Ravneet Gill) 12. New Chairman cum Managing Director (CMD) of National
Note: Deutsche Bank AG is a German multinational Buildings Construction Corporation (NBCC) - Shiv Das
investment bank and financial services company Meena
headquartered in Frankfurt, Germany. 13. Uday Kumar Varma resigned from the post of The
8. Twitter India MD - Manish Maheshwari Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry
9. New Google India head - Mayuri Kango (Assocham) Secretary-General.

March 2019

1. New MD & CEO of ICICI Securities - Vijay Chandok 12. First Chairman of the newly constituted Lokayukta in
2. New Chief of Naval Staff - Admiral Karambir Singh (He Mizoram - C Lalsawta
replaced Admiral Sunil Lanba) 13. Kummanam Rajasekharan resigns as Mizoram Governor
3. First Lokpal or anti-corruption ombudsman of India - Note: Jagdish Mukhi, the Governor of Assam has been
Justice Pinaki Chandra Ghose (former Supreme Court given additional charge of the post of Governor of
judge) Mizoram.
4. New Chief Minister of Goa - Pramod Sawant (He became 14. India’s 1st Transgender Election Ambassador - The
the 11th Chief Minister of Goa) Election Commission of India has appointed transgender
5. New Chairman of Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) - MR social activist Gauri Sawant, as one of the 12 election
Kumar ambassadors from Maharashtra. She is the first
6. Non-Executive Chairman of Axis Bank - Rakesh Makhija transgender election ambassadors.
7. New Director of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) 15. PhonePe (UPI based payment app company) has
- Scientist Ajit Kumar Mohanty appointed Bollywood actor Aamir Khan as its Brand
8. New Finance Secretary - Subhash Chandra Garg (He Ambassador.
replaces Ajay Narayan Jha) 16. New Chancellor of Central University of Gujarat -
9. New Chairman of the National Commission for Backward Hasmukh Adhia
Classes - Bhagwan Lal Sahni 17. Supreme Court (SC) has appointed senior advocate as a
10. 15th Finance Commission Member - Ajay Narayan Jha mediator for resolving various disputes related to cricket
(He replaces Shaktikanta Das). administration in the country -- P S Narasimha
11. Non-executive chairman of Bank of Baroda - Hasmukh 18. Naresh Goyal steps down from Jet Airways Board
Adhia (Former Finance Secretary)

February 2019

1. First BCCI Ombudsman – Justice D.K. Jain (former 4. New Election Commissioner - Sushil Chandra
Supreme Court Judge) Note: Chief Election Commissioner – Sunil Arora
2. Non-Executive Chairman of IDBI - Hemant Bhargava 5. New chief of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) -
3. New Chairman of Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) - Rishi Kumar Shukla
Pramod Chandra Mody 6. New Civil Aviation Secretary - Pradeep Singh Kharola

January 2019

1. New Director General of NCC - Lt Gen Rajeev Chopra 5. New Interim Finance Minister - Piyush Goyal
2. New Chairman of Federal Bank - Dilip Sadarangani 6. New MD, CEO of IDFC First Bank - V Vaidyanathan
3. New CEO & MD of IDFC First Bank - V Vaidyanathan 7. New Director General (Investigation) of National
4. New MD & CEO of Yes Bank - Ravneet Gill Human Rights Commission - Prabhat Singh

8. New chief coach Boxing Women’s Team Coach - 14. New Chief Information Commissioner - Sudhir
Mohammed Ali Qamar Bhargava
9. New Director General of Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) - 15. Additional Solicitor Generals of India - Sanjay Jain and
Rajesh Chandra K M Nataraj
10. New Chairman of Ordnance Factory Board - Saurabh 16. New Railway Board Chairman - V K Yadav. He replaced
Kumar Ashwani Lohani
11. 1st Chief Justice of Telangana High Court - Justice TBN 17. Ashok Chawla resigned as chairman of the National Stock
Radhakrishnan Exchange of India Ltd (NSE)
12. New Chairman of LIC - Hemant Bhargava. He replaced 18. New CEO of IndiGo - Ronojoy Dutta
VK Sharma. 19. New Executive Chairman of National Legal Services
13. New MD & CEO of Axis Bank - Amitabh Chaudhry Authority (NALSA) - Justice AK Sikri

International Appointment

May 2019

1. Next President of Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) - Kumar Sangakkara (Former Sri Lankan Cricket team captain)
2. India’s Jagjit Pavadia has been re-elected with the highest number of votes by the UN Economic and Social Council to a
five-year term on International Narcotics Control Board (INCB), while China’s candidate Hao Wei lost.

April 2019

1. India’s Ambassador to Seychelles - General (Retd.) Dalbir 8. Chicago has created history by electing Lori Lightfoot an
Singh Suhag African American woman as its mayor for the first time.
Note: General Suhag was the 26th Army Chief of the 9. AIIFF President Praful Patel has become the first Indian
Indian Army from July 2014 to December 2016. to be elected as member of FIFA Executive Council.
2. New President of Ukraine - Volodymyr Zelensky 10. First Indian to be appointed Chair of the International
3. New Prime Minister of Palestine - Mohammed Ishtayeh Hockey Federation (FIH) Health and Safety Committee by
(He succeed Rami Hamdallah) the world governing body -- Col (Dr.) Bibhu Kalyan
4. New Prime Minister of Haiti - Jean Michel Lapin Nayak.
5. New Prime Minister of Israel - Benjamin Netanyahu re- 11. India’s Ambassador to South Africa - Jaideep Sarkar
elected for the fifth term in office 12. India’s Ambassador to Lebanon - Suhel Ajaz Khan
6. New President of Algeria - Abdelkader Bensalah
7. New President of World Bank - David Malpass
(appointed as 13th President of World Bank) (He
replaced Jim Yong Kim)

March 2019

1. First female President of Slovakia - Zuzana Caputova 6. Chief Scientist at WHO - Soumya Swaminathan, a Deputy
2. New Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of International Director-General of the World Health Organisation has
Cricket Council (ICC) - Manu Sawhney been named Chief Scientist of the WHO.
3. Nursultan Nazarbayev President of Kazakhstan resigned 7. India’s Ambassador to Vietnam - Pranay Kumar Verma
after nearly 30 years in power. 8. India’s Ambassador to Saudi Arabia - Dr. Ausaf Sayeed
4. New Prime Minister of Palestinian - Mohammad 9. UNDP appoints Padma Lakshmi as Goodwill
Shtayyeh Ambassador
5. India’s Ambassador to The Republic of Uzbekistan - Note: Padma Lakshmi is an Indian American television
Santosh Jha personality and food expert

February 2019

1. New Chairman of African Union - Egypt’s President 3. New Nepal Ambassador to India - Nilambar Acharya
Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi 4. New Ambassador of India to The Republic of
2. New Ambassador of India to The Republic of Argentina - Dinesh Bhatia
Colombia - Sanjiv Ranjan 5. New Ambassador of India to Bhutan - Ruchira Kamboj

January 2019

1. First Ever Female Hindu Civil Judge in Pakistan - Suman 4. New Prime Minister of Taiwan - Su Tseng-chang
Kumari has become the first Hindu woman to have been 5. New President of Venezuela - Nicolás Maduro
appointed as a civil judge in Pakistan. 6. New President of Brazil - Jair Bolsonaro
2. Regional Director of WHO South-East Asia - Poonam 7. New CEO of International Cricket Council (ICC) - Manu
Khetrapal Singh (re-appointed) Sawhney
3. New Malaysian King - Sultan Abdullah Sultan Ahmad

Honours & Awards

May 2019

1. France’s Highest Civilian Honour - Former ISRO chairman A S Kiran Kumar was conferred with France’s highest civilian
honour, Chevalier de l’Ordre national de la Legion d’Honneur, for his contribution to India-France space cooperation.
2. V K Krishna Menon Award - GD ‘Robert’ Govender, an Indian-origin journalist in South Africa, has been honoured in the
UK with 2019 V K Krishna Menon award for his outstanding contribution as a pioneer of decolonised journalism.

April 2019

1. Pulitzer Prize 2019 – border officials in Texas won the prestigious

• For Fiction - “The Overstory” by Richard Powers World Press Photo of the Year.
• For Drama - “Fairview” by Jackie Sibblies Drury • Veteran Getty photographer John Moore took the
• For Poetry - “Be With” by Forrest Gander picture in the Rio Grande Valley in June 2018.
• For Music - Prism, by Ellen Reid • Dutch-Swedish photographer Pieter Ten Hoopen
About Pulitzer Prize won the “World Press Photo Story of the Year
• The Pulitzer Prize is an award for achievements in Award” for the image of 2018 mass-migrant
newspaper, magazine and online journalism, caravan to the US border.
literature, and musical composition in the United 3. Saraswati Samman 2018 - Telugu poet K Siva Reddy
States. has been selected for the prestigious Saraswati Samman,
• It was established in 1917 by provisions in the will of 2018 for his collection of poetry titled Pakkaki
American (Hungarian-born) Joseph Pulitzer who had Ottigilite.
made his fortune as a newspaper publisher and is Note: The award, instituted by the KK Birla Foundation
administered by Columbia University in New York in 1991.
City. 4. Two West Bengal Government schemes win UN
2. World Press Photo Award 2019 - John Moore Awards - Two schemes of the West Bengal government
Note: for skill development- “Utkarsh Bangla” and distribution
• An image of a little girl crying, as she and her of bicycles to students “Sabooj Sathi” have won the
mother have been taken into custody by US prestigious World Summit on the Information Society
(WSIS) awards of the United Nations.

• The “Utkarsh Bangla” project aims at creating a Note: The national honour is bestowed by the President
pool of skilled candidates who are industry of South Africa on citizens who have made significant
ready, contributions to arts, literature, music, journalism,
• While under the “Sabooj Sathi” scheme, bicycles culture, and sports.
are distributed to students between class IX and 12. National Intellectual Property Award, 2019 – Dr.
XII studying in government run and government Benny Antony has been honoured with the National
aided schools and madrashas of the state. Intellectual Property Award, 2019 in the category of Top
5. Indian Oil Bags AIMA Managing India Award for Individual for Patents and Commercialization.
outstanding PSU – Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) has 13. Cleveland International Hall of Fame - Indian
bagged the prestigious ‘AIMA Managing India Award American scientist and social activist Sree Sreenath has
2019 for outstanding PSU of the year.’ The award was been inducted into the prestigious Cleveland
presented by former President Pranab Mukherjee to International Hall of fame for his contribution in
Sanjiv Singh, Chairman, Indian Oil. applications in systems biology, global issues, and
6. PM Modi awarded Russia’s highest state honour - sustainable development.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi was awarded with Order 14. National IP Award 2019 - The Intellectual Property
of St Andrew the Apostle – the highest state decoration of Rights Cell (IPR Cell) of Kerala Agricultural University
Russia, for exceptional services in promoting special and (KAU) has been selected for the National Intellectual
privileged strategic partnership between the two Property Award 2019.
countries. 15. World Press Freedom Hero - Dawn editor and
• This is the seventh international award that PM Columnist Cyril Almeida from Pakistan has won the IPI’s
Modi has been honoured with. (International Press Institute) World Press Freedom
7. Namami Gange Gets Global recognition at World Hero award in 2019.
Summit – The National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) Note: He won this award for his “critical” and “tenacious
was awarded the distinction of “Public Water Agency of coverage” of the civil-military relations in Pakistan.
the Year” by Global Water Intelligence at the Global 16. UN Medal of Honour - A total of 150 Indian
Water Summit in London. peacekeepers serving with the UN Mission in South
• The Global Water Awards are presented at the Sudan (UNMISS) have received medals of honour for
Global Water Summit, the major business their dedicated service and sacrifice.
conference for the water industry worldwide. 17. UK Royal Society Honour - Cipla Chairman Yusuf
8. Deenanath Mangeshkar Award 2019 – The prestigious Hamied
Master Deenanath Mangeshkar Award 2019 was 18. Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant Award - Sunil Kumar
awarded to National Award-winning filmmaker Madhur Gautam, Special Commissioner of Police (Operations)
Bhandarkar, popular scriptwriter Salim Khan and was honoured with ‘Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant Award‘
dancing diva Helen. for his book titled ‘Samvidhan Kavya‘
• Lifetime Award – Salim Khan. 19. Global Tech Prize - India’s education technology startup
• Special Award for the contribution to Indian ‘Dost Education’ won a $25,000 tech prize along with
cinema – Madhur Bhandarkar. two other winners from Tanzania and Egypt.
• Special Award – Helen. Note:
9. 2019 Tagore Literary Prize - Rana Dasgupta • The Next Billion Edtech Prize 2019, run by UK-
Note: The second edition of Rabindranath Tagore based Varkey Foundation, recognizes the most
Literary Prize was awarded to author Rana Dasgupta innovative technology destined to have a radical
for his 2010 novel “Solo“, a tale of estrangement and the impact on education in low income and emerging
ultimate failure of material existence. world countries.
10. Freedom of the City of London - Alice G. Vaidyan, 20. Celent Model Bank 2019 Award - Fincare Small
Chairman and Managing Director of the General Finance Bank (SFB) has been awarded the prestigious
Insurance Corporation (GIC) of India, India’s reinsurance Celent Model Bank 2019 Award in the category of
major, has been awarded the Freedom of the City of Financial Inclusion, for ‘Redesigning Lending to Reach
London in recognition of her work to promote insurance Small Businesses’.
ties between India and the UK. 21. World Press Freedom Prize 2019- Reuters journalists,
11. Ikhamanga Award 2019 - Ex-South Africa all-rounder Kyaw Soe Oo, and Wa Lone selected for the award
Jacques Kallis has been honoured with the Order of Note:
Ikhamanga in the Silver Division.

• The World Press Freedom Prize also known as 26. UAE honours PM Modi with highest Civilian award
UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Zayed Medal - PM Narendra Modi
Prize Note:
• Currently, they are serving 7-year prison • The UAE honoured PM Narendra Modi with
sentences in Myanmar. the prestigious Zayed Medal for giving a “big
22. Best Athletic Coach in Asia 2019 - Indonesian Eni boost’ to bilateral strategic ties.
Nuraeni was named by Asian Athletic Association (AAA) • President of the UAE Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al
as the best athletic coach in Asia for the short-haul run Nahyan conferred PM Modi with the award, the
category in 2019. highest decoration awarded to kings, presidents,
23. Virat Kohli Named Wisden’s Leading Cricketer - Team and heads of states.
India captain Virat Kohli has been named as the Wisden 27. Global Health Award - Vikram Patel
Almanack’s ‘Leading Cricketer of the Year’ for the third • Prof Patel has been awarded 2019, John Dirks,
straight time. Canada Gairdner Global Health Award for his
24. Smriti Mandhana named Wisden’s Leading Women’s world-leading research in global mental health.
Cricketer of The Year - Team India opener Smriti 28. Dr. Pawan Munjal, Chairman, Hero MotoCorp, the world’s
Mandhana has been named as the Wisden Almanack’s largest manufacturer of motorcycles and scooters, was
‘Leading Women’s Cricketer of the Year’. felicitated by the Asian Tour with a Special Achievement
25. Global Slag Company of The Year Award - Tata Steel Award for his contributions to Asian Golf.
has been named as the ‘Global Slag Company of the Year’

March 2019

1. Pravasi Bhartiya Samman - Swiss-based NRI scientist • Best Film – Raazi directed by Meghna Gulzar
Dr Rajendra Joshi has been conferred with the Pravasi • Best Actor in a Leading Role (Female) - Alia Bhatt
Bhartiya Samman Award by the President of India Ram for film ‘Raazi’
Nath Kovind. • Best Actor in a Leading Role (Male) - Ranbir
2. Oxford University’s Bodley Award - Nobel Prize- Kapoor for film ‘Sanju’
winning economist Amartya Sen awarded with the • Best Director - Meghna Gulzar for film Raazi
prestigious Bodley Medal, the highest honor granted by • Critics' Award for Best Film: AndhaDhun
the University of Oxford’s world-famous Bodleian • Best Short Film (Fiction): Rogan Josh
Libraries. • Best Short Film (Non-Fiction): The Soccer City
3. Croatia’s Highest Award - President Ram Nath 6. Vyas Samman 2018 - Hindi writer Leeladhar Jagudi
Kovind has been awarded the Grand Order of King honoured with Vyas Samman 2018 for his collection of
Tomislav with Sash and Grand Star by the President of poems “Jitne Log Utne Prem” published in 2013.
Croatia Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovic for his exceptional • The award carries an amount of Rs. 4 lakhs and it
contribution to the advancement of overall relations and was started by K K Birla foundation in 1991.
development of mutual cooperation between India and • Born in Dhangal village in Tehri Garhwal,
Croatia. Uttarakhand, Mr. Jagudi was awarded the Padma
Note: Croatia Capital: Zagreb, Currency: Croatian kuna. Shri in 2004
4. Global Teacher Prize For 2019 - Peter Tabichi, a
7. Abel Prize 2019 - University of Texas professor Karen
member of the Franciscan religious order has been Uhlenbeck has become the first woman to win the Abel
conferred with the prestigious Global Teacher Prize for Prize
2019 at a ceremony in Dubai. Note:
• It is a Norwegian prize awarded annually by the
• Peter Tabichi gives away 80% of his monthly King of Norway to one or more outstanding
income to the poor. mathematicians.
• The award recognises ‘exceptional’ teacher’s • The prize is named after the 19th century
commitment to pupils in a remote part of Norwegian mathematician Niels Henrik Abel.
Kenya’s Rift Valley.
8. Swachh Survekhshan-2019 Awards - President Ram
5. 64th Filmfare Awards - Winners of the 64th Filmfare Nath Kovind has presented Swachh Survekhshan-2019
Awards were announced at Jio Garden, BKC, Mumbai. Awards in New Delhi.
List of winners is as follows:

List of awards – 12. Shri. Venkaiah Naidu is the first Indian to receive an
• India’s cleanest city– Indore (MP) bagged honorary doctorate from the University of Peace.
award for the for third straight year 13. Chameli Devi Jain Award – The bilingual correspondent
Note: The second and third positions were with the BBC Priyanka Dubey has been named for the
clinched by Ambikapur in Chhattisgarh and Chameli Devi Jain Award for an Outstanding Woman
Mysore in Karnataka. Journalist for the year 2018.
• Cleanest big city - Ahmedabad has been named Note: The Chameli Devi Jain Award awards women
the cleanest big city with a population of more journalists for their exceptional contribution to the
than ten lakh. cause of journalism upholding standards of excellence
• Cleanest medium city - Ujjain has been through a sustained body of work.
awarded cleanest medium city having a 14. Pritzker Prize 2019 - Japanese Architect Arata Isozaki
population between 3 lakh to 10 lakh. has received the Pritzker Prize 2019.
• Cleanest Small city - New Delhi Municipal Note:
Council area was given the “Cleanest Small City” • He is the 46th laureate and eighth architect from
award. Japan to win the Pritzker Prize.
• Best Ganga Town - Uttarakhand’s Gauchar was • Pritzker Prize is an annual award to honour a living
adjudged the “Best Ganga Town”. architect or architects whose built work
• Cleanest capital - Bhopal has been named the demonstrates a combination of those qualities.
cleanest capital. • The award constituted by Pritzker family of Chicago
• Fastest Moving big city - Raipur won the through their Hyatt Foundation in 1979.
‘Fastest Moving Big City’. 15. Templeton Prize 2019 - Brazilian physicist and
• Fastest Moving medium city - Mathura- astronomer Marcelo Gleiser has been awarded the 2019
Vrindavan won the tag of Fastest Moving Templeton Prize
Medium City. 16. Windham-Campbell Prize - An Indian journalist, author
• Chhattisgarh has bagged the top spot in the and chief of The Wire, ‘Raghu Karnad’ received the
category of best performing states. prestigious Windham-Campbell prize
• Jharkhand is at the second spot while 17. Golden Peacock Award 2019 for innovative product -
Maharashtra is at the third. ACKO General Insurance a new-age digital insurance
Note: company was awarded the coveted Golden Peacock
Innovative Product Award – 2019, for their contextual
• Swachh Survekshan Awards are given by the Union
micro insurance product –“Ola Ride Insurance”
Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs based on the
18. India bags 1st prize at International ‘Golden City Gate
survey which covered all urban local bodies in the
Tourism Awards 2019’ in Berlin
19. Young Global Leaders 2019 – The Forum of Young
9. Yashwantrao Chavan National Award - Raghuram
Global Leaders, the World Economic Forum’s foundation
Rajan, former governor of RBI has been chosen for the
for remarkable leaders under 40 has released the list of
‘Yashwantrao Chavan National Award 2018’ by
Individuals with grit, foresight and potential to improve
Yashwantrao Chavan Prathisthan for his contribution to
the state of the world for the year 2019.
economic development.
10. University for Peace Confers Honorary Doctorate on • Andhra Pradesh IT minister Nara Lokesh, BJP
Vice President Venkaiah Naidu - Vice President MP Poonam Mahajan, Xiaomi India head Manu
Venkaiah Naidu was conferred Honorary Doctorate from Kumar Jain, Telangana government’s Chief
the UN established University of Peace. The university Innovation Officer Phanindra Sama, SaveLife
has stated that the degree of “Doctor Honoris Causa”( Foundation’s Piyush Tewari and Kaleidofin’s co-
Doctor of Philosophy) was conferred on the Indian Vice Founder Sucharita Mukherjee are the Indians
President recognising his contribution to the Rule of Law, featuring in the list of Young Global Leaders
democracy and sustainable development in India. 2019.
11. New Zealand PM’s Sir Edmund Hillary Fellowship - 20. Commonwealth Youth Award for the Asian Region - A
Rio Paralympics silver medallist Deepa Malik was named social entrepreneur from Tamil Nadu, Padmanaban
as the recipient of the New Zealand Prime Minister’s Sir Gopalan (founder of No Food Waste)
Edmund Hillary Fellowship for 2019 in recognition of her 21. International Sustainability ‘Green Era’ Award - TVS
inspiring achievements. Motor Company

22. Best Bank Award from the State Government of 26. Best Domestic Water Purifier 2019 - Kent RO Systems
Tamil Nadu – Indian Bank a Public Sector Bank (PSB), Pvt. Ltd. has received the Best Domestic Water Purifier
headquartered at Chennai, Tamil Nadu has been awarded Award 2018-19
the Best Bank Award by the Tamil Nadu government. 27. SKOCH Award, 2018 - The Odisha State Disaster
23. 2019 World’s Most Ethical Companies - Tata Steel Management Authority (OSDMA) has bagged the SKOCH
24. ‘Non-Life Insurer of the Year Award 2019’ - Bharti AXA Award, 2018 for its remarkable achievements in the field
General Insurance of disaster management.
25. Missile Systems Award - Satheesh Reddy, the Secretary Note: The award was presented at the 56th SKOTCH
of India’s Department of Defence R&D and Chairman of Summit held at New Delhi.
the Defence Research and Development Organisation 28. Bhagwan Mahavir Ahimsa Puraskar - Indian Air Force
(DRDO) has been chosen by the American Institute of Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman has been
Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) as the co-winner of chosen for the first Bhagwan Mahavir Ahimsa Puraskar
the 2019 Missile Systems Award. constituted by the Akhil Bharatiya Digambar Jain

February 2019

1. Oscar Awards 2019 announced: The 91st Academy to millions of children across India and Sulabh
Awards (Oscars) has been announced at the Dolby International for its contribution in improving
Theatre in Hollywood, the USA. the condition of sanitation in India and
Complete list of winners emancipation of manual scavengers.
• Best Picture - Green Book, directed by - Peter • For 2017: Ekal Abhiyan Trust for its
Farrelly contribution in providing Education for Rural
• Best Actress in a Leading Role - Olivia Colman for and Tribal Children in remote areas pan India,
film - The Favourite Rural Empowerment, Gender, and Social
• Best Actor in a Leading Role - Rami Malek for Equality.
film - Bohemian Rhapsody • For 2018: Japan’s Yohei Sasakawa for his
• Best Director - Alfonso Cuarón for Roma contribution in Leprosy Eradication in India and
• Best Foreign Language – Roma (Alfonso Cuaron's across the world.
Roma from Mexico has won Best Foreign 3. META Lifetime Achievement Award - Eminent Indian
language) playwright Mahesh Elkunchwar has been chosen for this
• Best Documentary Short film - Period. End of year’s META Lifetime Achievement Award.
Sentence Rayka Zehtabchi and Melissa Berton 4. AHF’s Player of The Year - Asian Hockey Federation has
Note: honored Indian skipper Harmanpreet Singh with the
• India-based Period End of Sentence has won 2018 Player of the Year award.
Documentary Short at 91stOscars Academy • Women team’s striker Lalremsiami has bagged
Awards. the Rising Player of The Year prize.
• The film talks about the stigma of menstruation 5. National Youth Parliament Festival 2019 awards -
in India. The National Youth Parliament Festival 2019 awards
• It is directed by Rakya Zehtabchi. were given by Prime Minister Narendra Modi at Vigyan
2. Gandhi Peace Prize - President Ram Nath Kovind Bhawan, New Delhi.
conferred the Gandhi Peace Prize for 2015, 16, 17 and 18 The winners from the national level competition are:
at a function in Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi. • 1st position– Shweta Umre from Maharashtra.
List of awards – • 2nd position– Anjanakshi M.S from Karnataka.
• For 2015: Vivekananda Kendra, Kanyakumari • 3rd position– Mamta Kumari from Bihar.
was given the award for its contribution in Rural Note:
Development, Education and Development of • The “Khelo India” app, which has been developed by
natural resources. Sports Authority of India was also launched at the
• For 2016: Jointly to Akshaya Patra Foundation event.
for its contribution in providing mid-day meals

6. Future for Nature Award - Divya Karnad became the NGO Yuwa
First Indian Woman to be honoured with the ‘Future for • The NGO Yuwa has been awarded the Laureus
Nature Award’ for her work on marine conservation. Sport for Good Award for the year 2019.
• She is the second Indian to receive this award • NGO Yuwa works specifically with girls from
after Dr. Charudutt Mishra. impoverished families in rural Jharkhand.
• It is a prestigious international award that • The NGO uses team sports and education to build
celebrates achievements in protecting wild character, confidence, and courage.
animals and plant species. • NGO Yuwa was founded in 2009 when American
7. National Water Awards 2018 – Maharashtra topped Franz Gastler moved to Jharkhand from Delhi.
the chart among the states for efforts in water 12. Seoul Peace Prize 2019 - Prime Minister Narendra
conservation. Modi has been honoured with the Seoul Peace Prize.
• Maharashtra Water Resources Regulatory Note:
Authority (MWRRA), Pune, was adjudged the • The South Korean government has awarded the
best water regulatory body in India. Seoul Peace Prize for PM Modi in recognition of
• Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh were given second his service to international cooperation, global
and third National Water Awards respectively in growth and human development.
best state category. • PM Modi is the 14th recipient of the award.
• The awards were presented by Nitin Gadkari, 13. Swachhata Excellence Awards 2019 - The Raigarh
Union Minister for Road Transport and Water Municipal Corporation of Chhattisgarh has won the
Resources, River Development and Ganga “Swachhata Excellence awards 2019”.
Rejuvenation in New Delhi. Note: Swachhata Excellence Awards were instituted by
8. Maharashtra State Government’s Shiv Chhatrapati Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs (MoHUA) in 2017.
Award - Mallakhamb coach, Uday Deshpande, and 14. EY Entrepreneur of the Year 2018 – India - The CEO and
batswoman, Smriti Mandhana Managing director of Eicher Motors, Siddhartha Lal has
9. International Human Rights Prize - Abdul Aziz been named the EY Entrepreneur of the Year for 2018
Muhamat (Sudanese refugee) 15. ‘Freedom of the City of London’ - The State Bank of
10. Football Ratna Award - Sunil Chhetri, the all-time India’s UK head Sanjiv Chadha has been honoured with
leading scorer for India in international football, has the ‘Freedom of the City of London’ award in recognition
been conferred the first ever Football Ratna honour by of his contribution to promoting the bilateral relations.
Football Delhi, the association governing the sport in 16. Ernst & Young Lifetime Achievement Award - Azim
Delhi. Premji Chairman of Wipro Ltd will be felicitated with the
11. Laureus World Sports Awards 2019 – The Laureus Ernst & Young Lifetime Achievement Award.
Sport for Good Award honours the achievements of those Note: Ernst & Young, famously known as EY is a
who have demonstrated a tremendous contribution to multinational professional services firm and is one of the
the sport or to society through sport. “Big Four” accounting firms.
List of awards is as follows: 17. Indo-Canadian filmmaker Deepa Mehta will be given the
• Sportsman of the Year: Novak Djokovic, (Serbia) Lifetime Achievement Award by the Academy of
Tennis. Canadian Cinema and Television.
• Sportswoman of the Year: Simone Biles (USA) 18. Indian Historian Sanjay Subrahmanyam wins Israel’s
Gymnastics. Dan David Prize 2019 - Noted Indian historian Sanjay
• Comeback of the Year: Tiger Woods (USA) Golf. Subrahmanyam has won Israel's prestigious Dan David
• Breakthrough of the Year: Naomi Osaka (Japan) Prize 2019 for his work on inter-cultural encounters
Tennis. between Asians, Europeans and people of North and
• Team of the Year: France World Cup Team South America during the early modern era.
(France) Football 19. National Film Development Corporation of India has
• Lifetime Achievement Award: Arsène Wenger, been declared winner under the Miniratna Category
France. (Category II) by Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium
• Sport for Good Award: NGO Yuwa (India). Enterprises (MSME).


January 2019

1. Bharat Ratna Award 2019 About Bhupen Hazarika

• Pranab Mukherjee, Nanaji Deshmukh, Bhupen • Bhupen Hazarika was born on September 8,
Hazarika awarded Bharat Ratna. 1926 in Sadiya, Assam.
• Nanaji Deshmukh, Bhupen Hazarika were • He was also one of the leading author-poets
conferred the award posthumously. of Assam with more than 1,000 lyrics and
• The Bharat Ratna has been conferred after a gap several short stories, essays and travelogues
of four years. to his credit.
• Former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee and • Bhupen Hazarika, popularly known as the
founder of Banaras Hindu University Madan 'Bard of Brahmaputra',.
Mohan Malviya were given the award by the • In May 2017, Prime Minister Narendra Modi
government in 2015. inaugurated India’s longest bridge (9.15
About Nanaji Deshmukh kms), which runs over the Lohit river in
• Nanaji Deshmukh was born in 1916 in a Marathi Assam. Modi named the Dhola-Sadia bridge
family in Parbhani, Maharashtra. As a child, he after Bhupen Hazarika.
was inspired by freedom fighter Bal Gangadhar About Pranab Mukherjee
Tilak. • Pranab Mukherjee was born in Mirati in Birbhum
• Nanaji established India's first Saraswati Sishu District of West Bengal on December 11, 1935 to
Mandir at Gorakhpur in 1950. freedom fighters.
• Nanaji Deshmukh had won in the 1977 Lok • He served as the 13th President of India from 2012
Sabha election from Balrampur. until 2017.
2. Padma Awards 2019
• The government on 25th January 2019 announced names of the Padma awardees 2019 on the eve of the 70th
Republic Day.
• This year 112 recipients have been selected for the prestigious awards. This includes 4 Padma Vibhushan, 14
Padma Bhushan and 94 Padma Shri awards.
• The Padma Vibhushan is awarded for exceptional and distinguished service; Padma Bhushan for distinguished
service of high order and Padma Shri for distinguished service in any field.
Here's the complete list of Padma awardees 2019:
Padma Vibhushan:

Name Field & State

Teejan Bai Art-Vocals-Folk (Chhattisgarh)
Ismail Omar Guelleh (Foreigner) Public Affairs (Djibouti)
Anilkumar Manibhai Naik Trade & Industry-Infrastructure (Maharashtra)
Balwant Moreshwar Purandare Art-Acting-Theatre (Maharashtra)

• About Teejan Bai- She is an exponent of a traditional performing art form, Pandavani, from Chhattisgarh. She was
born in Ganiyari village, Chhattisgarh. She has been awarded.
• About Ismail Omar Guelleh (Foreigner) - He is the President of Djibouti since 1999. He was re-elected in 2005, 2011
and again in 2016.
• Anilkumar Manibhai Naik- He is the Group Executive Chairman of Larsen & Toubro Limited. He was awarded the
Padma Vibhushan award on 25 January 2019.
• About Balwant Moreshwar Purandare – Balwant Moreshwar Purandare popularly known as Babasaheb Purandare
was conferred with the Padma Vibhushan Award 2019.


Padma Bhushan:


1. John Chambers (Foreigner) Trade & Industry Technology USA
2. Sukhdev Singh Dhindsa Public affairs Punjab
3. Pravin Gordhan (Foreigner) Public affairs South Africa
4. Mahashay Dharam Pal Gulati Trade & Industry- Food Processing Delhi

5. Darshan Lal Jain Social Work Haryana

6. Ashok LaxmanraoKukade Medicine- Affordable Healthcare Maharashtra

7. Kariya Munda Public Affair Jharkhand

8. Budhaditya Mukherjee Art-Music-Sitar West Bengal

9. Mohanlal Viswanathan Nair Art-Acting-Film Kerala

10. S Nambi Narayan Science & Engineering-Space Kerala

11. Kuldip Nayar (Posthumous) Literature & Education (Journalism) Delhi

12. Bachendri Pal Sports (Mountaineering) Uttarakhand
13. V K Shunglu Civil Service Delhi
14. Hukumdev Narayan Yadav Public Affairs Bihar

Padma Shri:


Rajeshwar Acharya Art-Vocal-Hindustani Uttar Pradesh
BangaruAdigalar Spiritualism Tamil Nadu
Illias Ali Medicine-Surgery Assam
Manoj Bajpayee Art-Acting-Films Maharashtra
Uddhab Kumar Bharali Science & Engineering- Assam
Grassroots Innovation
Omesh Kumar Bharti Medicine (Rabies) Himachal Pradesh
Pritam Bhartwan Art-Vocals-Folk Uttarakhand
Jyoti Bhatt Art-Painting Gujarat
Dilip Chakravarty Archaeology Delhi
Mammen Chandy Medicine (Hematology) West Bengal
Swapan Chaudhuri Art-Music-Tabla West Bengal
Kanwal Singh Chauhan Agriculture Haryana
Sunil Chhetri Sports (Football) Telangana
Dinyar Contractor Art-Acting-Theatre Maharashtra
Muktaben Pankaj Kumar Dagli Social Work (Divyang Welfare) Gujarat
Babulal Dahiya Agriculture Madhya Pradesh
ThangaDarlong Art-Music-Flute Tripura
Prabhu Deva Art-Dance Karnataka
Rajkumari Devi Agriculture Bihar
Bhagirathi Devi Public Affairs Bihar
Baldev Singh Dhillon Science and Engineering Punjab
Harika Dronavalli Sports (Chess) Andhra Pradesh

Godawari Dutta Art-Painting Bihar
Gautam Gambhir Sports (Cricket) Delhi

3. Subhash Chandra Bose Aapda Prabandhan Puraskaar • The award was conferred by Dr Jagdish Sheth of
• The government has instituted an annual award EMORY University on behalf of Kotler, who is
titled Subhash Chandra Bose Aapda Prabandhan currently unwell.
Puraskar. 5. D N Chakraborty Gets Assam Republic Day
• It will be announced every year on 23rd January, Journalism Award
the birth anniversary of Netaji Subhash Chandra • Assam government has conferred the Republic
Bose. Day Journalism Award 2019 to veteran journalist
• The Award carries a certificate and a cash prize and former editor Dhirendra Nath Chakraborty.
of 51 lakh rupees. • Chakraborty has been honored for his lifelong
• This year, 8th Battalion of National Disaster contribution to journalism in the state.
Response Force located at Ghaziabad has been 6. India Bags The Award of Excellence for ‘Best in Show’
selected for the Award for its commendable At NYTTS 2019
work in disaster management. • India received the Award of Excellence for ‘Best
• The award has been instituted to acknowledge in Show’ at the New York Times Travel Show
the contribution and selfless service of 2019, the largest travel show in North America.
organisations and individuals to humanity in the India was honoured during the Closing Bell
aftermath of any disaster. Ceremony at the New York Stock Exchange.
• The Ministry of Tourism, Government of India
participated as the ‘Presenting Partner’ in the
New York Times Travel Show (NYTTS 2019)
• This year, 8th Battalion of National Disaster
organised at Jacob K Javits Centre, New York.
Response Force located at Ghaziabad has been
7. Namita Gokhale wins Sushila Devi Literature Award
selected for the Award for its commendable
• Writer Namita Gokhale has won the Sushila Devi
work in disaster management.
Literature Award for her novel “Things to Leave
4. PM Narendra Modi honoured with first-ever Philip
Kotler Presidential award
• She was awarded in the ‘Best Book of Fiction
• Prime Minister Narendra Modi became the first
Written by a Woman Author’ category at the
recipient of the prestigious Philip Kotler
inaugural edition of Bhopal Literature and Art
Presidential award.
Festival (BLF).
• According to the citation of the award, Modi was
8. Nritya Shiromani award
selected for his “outstanding leadership for the
• Kathak exponent Anindita Neogy Anaam has
been honoured with the prestigious National
• The citation mentions initiatives such as Make in
Nritya Shiromani award for her contribution
India, Startup India, Digital India, and Swachh
towards preserving and promoting the dance
Bharat have positioned India as one of the most
form across the world.
lucrative manufacturing and business
9. Dr. Rattan Lal Honoured with 2019 Japan Prize
destinations in the world.
• India born, Dr. Rattan Lal, honoured with the
• “The award focuses on the triple bottom-line of
2019 Japan Prize for his contributions in the field
‘People, Profit and Planet’ which will be offered
of “Biological Production, Ecology”.
annually to the leader of a nation.
• He is a Distinguished University Professor of Soil
Note: Science at The Ohio State University in
Columbus, Ohio, U.S.A.
• The Philip Kotler Awards are bestowed in the 10. Sheikh Saud International Prize for Materials
name of world renowned Professor of Marketing Research awarded to C N R Rao
at Northwestern University, Kellogg School of • The first Sheikh Saud International Prize for
Management, Professor Philip Kotler. Materials Research has been awarded to C N R

• The award will be presented to Rao by Sheikh 15. President confers Ashoka Chakra on Lance Naik
Saud bin Saqr Al Qasimi ruler of Ras Al Khaimah Nazir Wani
emirate during the International Workshop on • India’s highest peacetime gallantry honour,
Advanced Materials at Ras Al Khaimah on Ashoka Chakra was awarded to Lance Naik
February 25. Nazir Wani posthumously.
11. MP Anurag Thakur Honoured with Sansad Ratna • Lance Naik Nazir Wani also holds the distinction
Award of being the first Kashmiri to be conferred the
• Anurag Thakur, member of Parliament (MP) Ashoka Chakra.
from Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh has been 16. Pravasi Bharatiya Samman Awards 2019
bestowed with Sansad Ratna Award for his • President Ram Nath Kovind conferred Pravasi
distinguished performance as a parliamentarian Bharatiya Samman Awards 2019 to 30 awardees.
under Jury Committee Special Award category. • The awards were conferred during the Pravasi
• He became the first BJP MP to receive the Jury Bharatiya Divas being held at Varanasi.
Committee award.
The winner of this prestigious award includes:
• The Sansad Ratna Award was set up & launched
in 2010 by Former President Dr. APJ Abdul
• Gita Gopinath chief economist of IMF
• Nihal Singh Agar, founding president of VHP
in Australia and
12. Woman’s Voice Award
• Ramesh Chotai, former president of Hindu
• US-based Indian poet Ranjani Murali received
Mandir and Cultural Centre in Canada.
the ‘Woman’s Voice Award’ at the Apeejay
• Girish Pant, a social worker has been
Kolkata Literary Festival (AKLF). The award
instrumental in rescuing several Indian
carries a cash prize of Rs 1 lakh apart from a
sailors stranded in UAE waters.
• Surender Singh Kandhari, chairman of the
13. ‘No Presents Please’ novel wins DSC Prize for South
Gurudwara Guru Nanak Darbar Sikh Temple,
Asian Literature 2018
is a philanthropist, businessman and a long-
• ‘No Presents Please’ is an English Novel
term Dubai resident.
translated from Kannada Work of Jayant
• Dr Zulekha, founder and chairperson of
Zulekha Healthcare Group, who came to the
• The novel was translated to English by Tejaswini
UAE in 1964, is believed to be the first female
practicing doctor in the country.
• The award was presented by eminent writer
17. Saraswati Samman 2017
Ruskin Bond to Jayant Kaikini and translator
• Noted Gujarati poet Sitanshu Yashashchandra
Tejaswini Niranjana.
has been awarded Saraswati Samman, 2017, for
• For the first time the award was being given to a
his poetry collection in Gujarati named “Vakhar”.
translated work and the jury wanted to recognise
• This is the 27th edition of the prestigious award
the outstanding contribution of Tejaswini
instituted by K.K.Birla foundation.
Niranjana, the translator.
• The award is given every year to an outstanding
14. 2018 ICC Awards: Virat Kohli Takes 3 Major Honours
work of an Indian citizen published during the
• Virat Kohli has become the first player in history
last 10 years in any of the languages mentioned
to win the Sir Garfield Sobers Trophy for ICC
in Schedule 8 of the constitution.
Cricketer of the Year, the ICC Men’s Test
18. Indian-American Gurinder Singh Khalsa Presented
Player of the Year and the ICC ODI Player of
with Rosa Parks Trailblazer Award
the Year awards.
• The Indian-American Sikh Gurinder Singh
• India captain becomes the first player to win all
Khalsa, who lives in Fishers of Indiana, US was
three of top awards after being named captain of
presented with the prestigious 2019 Rosa Park
the Test and ODI teams.
Trailblazer award after being selected for
• A right-handed top order batsman, Kohli has
champions of the diversity by the Indiana
made 64 centuries in international cricket—25
Minority Business Magazine.
in Test cricket and 39 in One Day Internationals
(ODI)—as of January 2019.

19. Adi Godrej Conferred ICSI Lifetime Award • The Hindu Prize 2018 for Fiction - English
• Industrialist and Godrej Group Chairman Adi writer Neelum Saran Gour, author of Requiem
Godrej was conferred the ICSIs Lifetime in Raga Janki.
Achievement Award for ‘Translating Excellence • The Hindu Prize 2018 for non-fiction - Activist
in Corporate Governance into Reality’. Manoranjan Byapari, author of Interrogating
• The awards were instituted by The Institute of my Chandal Life: An Autobiography of a Dalit.
Company Secretaries of India (ICSI).
Other awards:
20. Andhra Pradesh bags CBIP award for Polavaram
• The Hindu Young World-Goodbooks Award for Best
• Andhra Pradesh was conferred with CBIP’s “Best
Book Fiction to Venita Coelho for Boy No: 32.
Implementation of Water Resources Project” for
• A Brush with Indian Art of Mamta Nainy received
better planning, implementation, monitoring and
The Hindu Young World-Goodbooks Award for Best
speedy execution of Polavaram multipurpose
Book Non-Fiction.
project on the Godavari River.
• Vinayak Varma’s Angry Akku received The Hindu
Polavaram Multipurpose project
Young World-Goodbooks Award for Best Picture
• Under the Polavaram Multipurpose project, a
Book: Story.
dam is constructed across the Godavari River in
• Rajiv Eipe’s Ammachi’s Amazing Machines received
West Godavari District and East Godavari District
The Hindu Young World-Goodbooks Award for Best
of Andhra Pradesh.
Picture Book: Illustration.
• The reservoir of the dam also spreads to parts of
23. Mohamed Salah Named African Footballer of The
Chhattisgarh and Orissa States.
21. Gandhi Peace Prize Conferred for Last 4 Years: The
• Liverpool’s Mohamed Salah has been named as
Gandhi Peace Prize for the years 2015, 2016, 2017 and
the 2018 Confederation of African Football
2018 has been conferred on the following:
Player of the Year.
• For 2015: Vivekananda Kendra, Kanyakumari
• For the second consecutive year he has won the
for their contribution in Rural Development,
Education , Development of natural resources.
• Houston Dash and South Africa forward Thembi
• For 2016: Jointly to Akshaya Patra
Kgatlana was named Women’s Player of the Year.
Foundation for its contribution in providing
• Mohamed Salah is an Egyptian professional
mid-day meals to millions of children across
footballer who plays as a forward for Premier
India and Sulabh International for its
League club Liverpool and the Egypt national
contribution in improving the condition of
sanitation in India and emancipation of manual
24. Vinesh Phogat becomes First Indian Athlete to
nominated in Laureus World Comeback of Year
• For 2017: Ekal Abhiyan Trust for their
contribution in providing Education for Rural
• Indian female wrestler Vinesh Phogat became
and Tribal Children in remote areas pan India,
the first Indian to be nominated for the
Rural Empowerment, Gender and Social Equality.
prestigious Laureus World Sports Award.
• For 2018: Shri Yohei Sasakawa for his
• She has been nominated in “Laureus World
contribution in Leprosy Eradication in India and
Sporting Comeback” category for the year 2019
across the world.
22. The Hindu Literary Prize 2018

Nobel Prize Winners 2018

1. Physiology or Medicine – James P. Allison (USA), Tasuku • Field - For their method of generating high-
Honjo (Japan) intensity, ultra-short optical pulses in the field of
• Field - For their discovery of cancer therapy by laser physics.
inhibition of negative immune regulation 3. Chemistry - George Smith (USA), Frances Arnold (USA),
2. Physics - Gérard Mourou (France), Arthur Ashkin (USA), Greg Winter (UK)
Donna Strickland (Canada)

• Field - For control of evolution and used it for 6. Alternative Nobel Literature Prize - Maryse Conde
purposes that bring the greatest benefit to Note:
humankind. • Maryse Conde, one of the Caribbean's most
4. Peace - Denis Mukwege (Democratic Republic of the renowned authors, has won an award created to
Congo), Nadia Murad (Germany) replace this year's Nobel Prize for Literature.
• Field - For their efforts to end the use of sexual • The Nobel Prize for Literature was suspended
violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict. after a crisis over its handling of allegations
5. Economic Sciences – William Nordhaus (US), Paul Romer against Frenchman Jean-Claude Arnault, the
(US) husband of one of the academy's members.
• Field - For work on climate change, and the
endogenous growth theory.

National Affairs

May 2019

1. Iraq remains India’s top supplier of Crude Oil in 2019 • Cyclone Fani, with wind speed of about 175
– According to data released by Directorate General of kilometres per hour, was the second-most
Commercial Intelligence and Statistics (DGCI&S), Iraq powerful cyclone to have hit Odisha after 1999.
remains India’s top crude oil supplier for second year in • The government, however, earned international
a row followed by Saudi Arabia & Iran. praise for its efforts to reduce casualty by
Note: shifting away more than 11 lakh people.
• India is world’s third largest importer of crude oil • Central Food Technological Research Institute
(7% of total crude oil imports) after China (world’s (CFTRI), has prepared nearly one lakh meals for
largest importer with 20.2% of total crude oil distribution in cyclone Fani hit areas of Odisha.
imports) and USA (13.8%). Note:
• India’s crude oil imports meets 80 % its oil needs. • Central Food Technological Research Institute
2. Konkan Railways signs agreement with Nepal (CFTRI) is a premier food research laboratory under
Railways – India and Nepal have inked a deal on Ministry of Science and Technology (MoS&T),
procurement of demo train that operates on diesel. Government of India.
• The contract agreement was signed between • It was established in 1950 and is headquartered in
India’s Konkan Railways Corporation Ltd and Mysore, Karnataka.
Nepal’s Department of Railways to supply two 5. India and Bangladesh to co-produce movie on Sheikh
1600 HP Diesel Electric Multiple Unit (DEMU) Mujibur Rahman – India and Bangladesh will jointly
train sets. produce a feature movie on life and works of
• The trains will be manufactured by Integrated Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (founding father
Coach Factory (owned and operated by Indian of People’s Republic of Bangladesh) and also a
Railways) in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. documentary on Bangladesh Liberation War (1971).
3. Vice president issued Postage Stamp to India’s state broadcaster Prasar Bharati will co-produce
commemorate 750th Birth Anniversary of Sri the film.
Vedanta Desika – On 2 May 2019, Vice President Shri M. 6. India Re-Elected as Observer to ‘Arctic Council’ –
Venkaiah Naidu released postage stamp in New Delhi to India was re-elected as Observer to the Arctic Council, an
commemorate 750th birth anniversary of Sri Vedanta intergovernmental forum.
Desikan and his great philosopher’s life and highly • The decision was taken during the 11th Arctic
valued work. Council ministerial meeting at Rovaniemi,
4. Cyclone FANI: 1.2 mn Evacuated as Powerful Storm Finland.
hits Odisha • The Council also appointed the International
• The severe cyclonic storm named Cyclone Fani Maritime Organisation (IMO) as a new Observer.
had recently made a landfall impact on May 3,
2019 in Puri on Odisha coast.

• India successfully got the Observer status in • The Arctic Council is formed of eight circumploar
2013 during the Kiruna Ministerial meeting held countries- Norway, Sweden, Finland, Iceland,
in Sweden. Denmark, Canada, US and Russia.
• India has its Arctic research station ‘Himadri’ in
Svalbard, Norway since 2008.

April 2019

1. National Institutional Ranking Framework 2019 – interactive bird park was launched in Gorai, Mumbai,
The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) Maharashtra.
rankings have been released by the Ministry of Human • It is home to over 500 exotic birds from more
Resource Development. The rankings list the best than 60 species.
institutions and universities of India. • It was launched by EsselWorld Leisure Pvt. Ltd,
Ranking is as follows the entertainment arm of $6-billion Essel Group.
• Overall rankings - The Indian Institute of 4. Gagandeep Kang becomes First Indian Female FRS –
Technology (IIT), Madras has topped the Professor Gagandeep Kang has become the first Indian
overall rankings of higher education institutions female scientist to be elected as a Fellow of the Royal
and is followed by IISc Bangalore and IIT-Delhi Society (FRS) in the UK fellowship’s 358-year-history.
ranked second and third in the overall rankings. • The 56-year-old is the Executive Director of
• Best University - In the University Category, IISc Translational Health Science and Technology
Bangalore has been ranked one followed by Institute at Faridabad.
Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) and the
Banaras Hindu University (BHU). 5. Ratnagiri refinery may now come up in
• Engineering institutions - IIT-Madras topped the Maharashtra's Raigad - The proposed $44 billion
ranking followed by IIT Delhi and IIT Bombay. refinery and petrochemicals project at Ratnagiri in
• Management schools - IIM Bangalore topped the Maharashtra may be shifted to neighbouring Raigad
ranking followed by IIM Ahmedabad and IIM district.
Calcutta Note:
• Jamia Hamdard has been announced as the top • Raigad is located in the Konkan region of the
varsity for Pharmacy. state.
• All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) • Maharashtra chief minister Devendra Fadnavis
has been adjudged as the best medical college. said that the state government has decided to
• National Law School of India University, relocate the proposed Ratnagiri refinery
Bengaluru, have been adjudged as the best following the protests by farmers and local
medical college law school. landowners, who feared the project may damage
2. RailTel turns 1600 railway stations into RailWire Wi- flora and fauna in the region, and affect Alphonso
Fi zone mango and cashew plantations.
• RailWire Wi-Fi by RailTel is now live at 1600 • The Ratnagiri refinery project, which was
railway stations across the country. announced in December 2015, was to be
• The Santacruz railway station in Mumbai became commissioned by 2022, but delays in land
the 1600th station to become a RailWire Wi-Fi acquisition have pushed the deadline to 2025.
zone. Note:
Note: • The Ratnagiri Refinery & Petrochemicals Ltd
• RailWire is a retail Broadband initiative of the (RRPCL), which is implementing the project is a joint
RailTel. venture between three state-run oil marketing
• RailTel is working to establish bringing fast and free companies—Indian Oil Corp. (IOCL), Hindustan
Wi-Fi at all stations (except the halt stations) within Petroleum Corp. (HPCL) and Bharat Petroleum Corp.
a year. (BPCL).
3. India’s first foreign interactive bird park launched in • Saudi Aramco and Abu Dhabi National Oil Co.
Mumbai – India’s first rain forest-themed foreign (Adnoc) will jointly own 50% of the Ratnagiri

refinery, with the remaining 50% owned by the • The Rs 98-crore project, for which the Ministry
Indian oil companies. of Environment, Forests and Climate Change
6. Guwahati railway station 1st to Get ISO Certification (MoEFCC) has allocated Rs 59 crores, spans three
in India – The Guwahati Railway Station in Assam has years -- 2018-19, 2019-20 and 2020-21 -- will
become the first ever railway station in the Indian focus on better management of the lion habitat,
Railways to get an ISO certification from the National disease control and veterinary care for them.
Green Tribunal (NGT) for “providing passenger 8. ICMR launches Malaria Elimination research alliance
amenities in a clean and green environment.” – The Indian Council of Medical Research has launched
Note: the ‘Malaria Elimination Research Alliance (MERA) India
• Many types of ISO certification exist and the one which is a conglomeration of partners working on
received by Guwahati Railway Station is ISO- malaria control in order to eliminate the disease from
14001, which is for Environment Management India by 2030.
System as per international norms which were • The National Vector Borne Diseases Control
upgraded in 2015. Thus, the station’s certificate Program (NVBDCP) of India has also developed a
reads ISO 14001: 2015. comprehensive framework to achieve the target
7. Centre allocates Rs 59 crore for Asiatic Lion of “Malaria free India by 2030”.
conservation in Gujarat’s Gir - In a bid to protect and • The Indian Council of Medical Research, the apex
conserve lions, identified as one of the endangered body in India for the formulation, coordination
species by the government, the Ministry of Environment and promotion of biomedical research, is one of
launched a three-year Asiatic Lion Conservation Project the oldest and largest medical research bodies in
in collaboration with the state of Gujarat, which is the the world
last habitat of the big cat. • ICMR headquarters is in New Delhi.

March 2019

1. Adani becomes first Indian port operator to record • Defence Research and Development Organisation
200 MMT cargo movement – Adani Ports and Special (DRDO), on 27th March 2019 successfully
Economic Zone (APSEZ) announced that it has recorded conducted an Anti-Satellite (A-SAT) missile test,
cargo movement of more than 200 million metric tonnes under Mission Shakti from Dr A P J Abdul Kalam
(MMT) at nine ports along the east and west coasts, Island in Odisha.
becoming the first Indian port operator to achieve the • A DRDO-developed Ballistic Missile, Defence
milestone. Interceptor Missile successfully engaged an
2. WhatsApp to Work with Nasscom to Impart Digital Indian orbiting target satellite in Low Earth Orbit
Literacy – WhatsApp and National Association of (LEO) in a Hit to Kill mode.
Software and Services Companies (Nasscom) have 4. Integral Coach Factory becomes World’s Largest Rail
decided to work together to impart digital literacy for Coach Manufacturer - Indian Railways’ Chennai based
curbing the menace of fake news before the general Integral Coach Factory (ICF) became world’s largest rail
elections. coach manufacturer after surpassing top Chinese
• WhatsApp and NASSCOM Foundation will train manufacturers.
nearly 1,00,000 Indians to spot false information Note:
and provide tips and tricks to stay safe on • ICF had manufactured 2,919 coaches from April
WhatsApp. 2018 to February 2019 as compared to 2,600
3. India becomes Elite Space Power –PM Modi announced coaches by Chinese manufacturers.
that India has entered its name as an elite space power. • The number of coaches manufactured were 40%
• An Anti-Satellite Weapon (A-SAT) successfully higher than those manufactured previous year in
targeted a live satellite on a low earth orbit. same time period.
• The name of this mission was ‘Mission Shakti’. Integral Coach Factory (ICF)
• After the US, Russia, and China, India is the • ICF is rail coach’s manufacturer located in Chennai,
fourth country to acquire this space capability. Tamil Nadu.

• It was inaugurated by first Prime Minister of India Pt. • The Lion Capitol symbol of Ashoka Pillar with the
Jawaharlal Nehru in 1955. legend “Satyamev Jayate” below it will be
• It is owned and operated by Central Government inscribed on its front side.
(Union Ministry of Railways) through Indian • The words “Bharat” in Hindi and “INDIA” in
Railways. English will be there on the right and left-hand
• It primarily manufactures rolling stock for Indian side of the symbol respectively.
Railways. 9. One Nation One Card – On 4th March 2019, Prime
• It manufactures range of coaches, including Linke- Minister Narendra Modi launched the indigenously
Hofmann-Busch (LHB), self-propelled train sets developed National Common Mobility Card (NCMC)
(SPTs) such as electrical multiple units (EMU). while inaugurating the first phase of the Ahmedabad
• It also exports railway coaches to other countries metro train service.
including Zambia, Philippines, Tanzania, Uganda, Objective –
Nigeria, Thailand, Myanmar, Taiwan, Vietnam, • To enable people to seamless payment for
Mozambique, Bangladesh, Angola and Sri Lanka. multiple transport system charges.
• It is one of three coach manufacturing facilities of Key points
Indian Railways with the other two being Rail Coach • The National Common Mobility Card (NCMC)
Factory, Kapurthala and Modern Coach Factory, program was envisaged by Ministry of Housing &
Raebareli. Urban Affairs (MoHUA).
5. Prime Minister of Guinea Dr. Ibrahima Kassory Fofana • The Gate & Reader prototype for this card has
visited India. been made by Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL)
• Guinea Capital: Conakry, Currency: Guinean under Make in India initiative.
franc. • The technology for this system is supported by
6. India extends USD 250 million to Nepal for indigenously developed payment ecosystem
Reconstruction of Infrastructures – India has extended Automatic Fare Collection Gate (AFCG) namely
a grant assistance of up to USD 250 million to Nepal for Swagat and an Open Loop Automatic Fare
the reconstruction of infrastructures in the areas of Collection (OLAFC) system called Sweekar.
housing, education, health and cultural heritage. • Single card can be used across the country -
7. CISF Creates New Guinness World Record – The You can use one single card i.e. One Nation
Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) created a new One Card for payments across all segments
Guinness World Record for the longest single moving line like - bus travel, metro, toll, parking, retail
bicycle parade at the Yamuna Expressway. shopping and even withdraw money.
Note: • This card runs as on RuPay card, which has been
• The world record was attempted to merged with the mobility card. So, people can
commemorate the 50 years of the paramilitary also withdraw money apart from using this
force CISF. Common Mobility Card for paying bills and fare.
• For creating the World Record the personnel of 10. New Visa Agreement between India, Maldives Comes
the central force rode 1,327 bicycles non-stop into Effect – The new visa agreement between India and
Maldives came into force. The new policy provides a
with a uniform distance between bicycles in a
liberal visa policy for Maldivian citizens seeking medical
single line.
treatment as well as education and business
8. Government announces new Rs 20 coin - The Centre
opportunities in India.
has announced a new Rs 20 coin which will come in 12-
11. India launches third IT corridor in China – India has
edged polygon (dodecagon) shape. The government is
launched its third IT corridor in China. The corridor will
also planning to release new coins of Re 1, Rs 2, Rs 5 and
facilitate partnerships between Indian and Chinese
Rs 10.
• National Association of Software and Services
• The Finance Ministry stated that the new Rs 20
Companies (NASSCOM) entered into a
coin will be made in copper, zinc and nickel. It
partnership with China’s Xuzhou city from
will be 27mm (millimeters) and weigh 8.54
Jiangsu Province in China to help develop the
IT corridor.

• The earlier two corridors launched at Dalian and • The implantation was carried out for 260 people
Guiyang cities. in record eight hours. This was the seventh
12. United States to set up six Nuclear Power Plants in world record set by the Department of
India – The United States and India agreed to strengthen Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities.
security and civil nuclear cooperation, including building 15. Hardeep S Puri launches e-Dharti App – Housing and
six U.S. nuclear power plants in India. Urban Affairs Minister Hardeep Puri has launched e-
13. PM Modi lays Foundation stone of AK-203 Assault Dharti app where all the three modules- Conversion,
Rifle Manufacturing Unit in Amethi – Prime Minister Substitution and Mutation related to properties have
Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone of a been made online.
manufacturing unit for AK-203 assault rifles at the • This enables the public to submit their
Ordnance Factory Board factory in Amethi, Uttar applications online by visiting the L&DO website.
Pradesh. This absolves the need to visit the office for
Note: submission of them and for follow up of their
• Amethi is the parliamentary constituency of applications.
Congress President Rahul Gandhi. 16. Azaadi Ke Diwane’ museum inaugurated at Red Fort
• The manufacturing unit is a joint venture – Union Minister Mahesh Sharma has inaugurated
between India and Russia to produce a ‘Azaadi Ke Diwane’ museum, dedicated to the unsung
modernised version of AK-47 rifles. heroes of the country’s freedom struggle, on the Red Fort
• One of the most advanced rifles in world, AK- premises in New Delhi.
203 will be made in Amethi. AK-203 is the latest Note:
derivative of the legendary AK-47 rifle. • The ‘AzaadikeDiwane’ museum talks about the
14. Department of Empowerment of Persons with sacrifices of great freedom fighters. It pays
Disabilities sets World Record – The Department of tribute to the selfless sacrifices of the
Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities under the revolutionaries, brave female freedom fighters
Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has set a and valiant children.
new world record. • It is built by the Archaeological Survey of India
• The department had undertaken the Modern (ASI).
Artificial Limbs (Legs) implantation in Gujarat’s

February 2019

1. e-Aushadhi Portal – Minister of State for AYUSH, Shri • The Kartarpur Sahib Gurdwara is located on the
Shripad Yesso Naik launched the e-Aushadhi portal for banks of the Ravi River, about three-four km
online licensing of Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and from the border in Pakistan.
Homoeopathy drugs. 3. Union Textiles Minister Inaugurates Titanwala
• The new e-portal, e-Aushadhi is an acronym for Museum in Rajasthan – Union Minister for Textiles
Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy Smriti Irani inaugurated the ‘Titanwala Museum’ in
Automated Drug Help Initiative. Bagru that showcases the Chhipa community’s Bagru
2. Dera Baba Nanak Land Post Designated as hand-block printing.
Immigration Centre for visiting Kartarpur Sahib – Note: Bagru printing is one of the traditional techniques
The notification issued by the Union Home ministry has of printing with natural colour followed by the chippas of
designated Dera Baba Nanak land post located in Rajasthan. The Bagru hand-block printing has a history
Punjab’s Gurdaspur district as an authorised of over 1000 years.
immigration checkpoint to exit and enter for visiting 4. PM Modi inaugurates National War Memorial in New
Kartarpur Sahib Gurdwara in Pakistan. Delhi - Prime Minister Narendra Modi dedicated a new
Note: National War Memorial, situated in the India Gate
• The Kartarpur Sahib Corridor connects complex in New Delhi, to the nation.
Kartarpur Gurdwara in Pakistan with Dera Baba 5. LADIS Portal Launched – The Inland Waterways
Nanak shrine in India’s Gurdaspur district. Authority of India (IWAI) launched a new portal LADIS –
Least Available Depth to aid in ensuring of optimum use
of National Waterways.

• LADIS will better facilitate the day to day 10. Saudi Becomes 73rd Nation to Sign International
operations of inland vessels plying on National Solar Alliance – Saudi Arabia became the 73rd nation to
Waterways and avoids any hindrance in service sign the International Solar Alliance.
and operation. • ISA was unveiled by PM Narendra Modi and
6. Virtual Experiential Museum inaugurated in former French President Francois Hollande in
Varanasi by PM Modi – Prime Minister, Mr. Narendra 2015.
Modi inaugurated the Virtual Experiential Museum • Headquarters is in Gwal Pahari, Gurugram,
(VEM) in Varanasi, established by the National Council of India.
Science Museum (NCSM). 11. India Withdraws Most Favoured Nation Status to
• The museum is set up inside the centrally Pakistan –
protected monument observatory of Man Mahal • Following the attack in Jammu & Kashmir’s
situated on the bank of the Ganges near holy Pulwama that left 44 CRPF personnel dead, India
Dashashwamedh Ghat at Varanasi. has withdrawn the MFN (Most Favoured Nation)
7. PM Modi Flagged Off 1st ever diesel to Electric status that it had granted to Pakistan.
Conversion Locomotive – Under ‘Make in India’ • India granted MFN status to Pakistan in 1996,
initiative, Indian Railways has created history by just a year after the formation of the WTO.
converting a diesel locomotive into electric locomotive Note:
for the first time in the world. This all new converted • Most Favoured Nation status is given to an
energy-efficient electric locomotive has been flagged off international trade partner to ensure non-
by PM Narendra Modi in Varanasi. discriminatory trade between all partner
8. Operation Digital Board launched by HRD Ministry – countries of the World Trade Organisation
The Human Resource Development (HRD) Ministry (WTO).
launched Operation Digital Board on the lines of • A country which provides MFN status to another
Operation Blackboard to provide better digital education country has to provide concessions, privileges,
in school. and immunity in trade agreements.
• Operation Digital Board has been launched on • It is the first clause in the General Agreement on
the lines of Operation Blackboard to provide Tariffs and Trade (GATT).
better digital education in schools. 12. India’s 1st Aqua Mega Food Park commissioned in
• Under Operation Digital Board seven lakh Andhra Pradesh
classrooms of 9th, 10th and 11th standards and • Union Minister of Food Processing Industries
two lakh classrooms of colleges and Universities Harsimrat Kaur Badal commissioned Godavari
will be equipped with digital boards in the next Mega Aqua Food Park at Tundurru Village in
three years. Bhimavaram Mandal, West Godavari District,
• The initiative is aimed at improving the quality of Andhra Pradesh.
education and offer new opportunities and new • It will be the first Mega Aqua Food Park
ways of teaching and learning. operationalised exclusively for fish and marine
9. Rajnath Singh launches Pan-India Number 112 for products processing in the state of Andhra
Women Safety – Pradesh.
• Home Minister Rajnath Singh and Minister for 13. Kareena Kapoor Khan appointed ambassador of
Women and Child Development Maneka Gandhi Swasth Immunised India campaign – Actress Kareena
launched a range of citizen safety initiatives in Kapoor Khan has been appointed as an ambassador of
New Delhi. Swasth Immunised India campaign. The Swasth
• Persons in distress can dial a pan-India number: Immunised India campaign has been launched by Serum
112. Institute of India (SII) and Network 18.
Note: 14. Deloitte launches WorldClass Initiative in India -
• The 112 helpline which was earlier launched in Deloitte has announced the launch of its global initiative
Himachal Pradesh and Nagaland was launched in 16 ‘WorldClass’ in India for the empowerment of women.
states and UTs by Union Home Minister Rajnath The initiative was launched by Deloitte’s Global CEO,
Singh under the Emergency Response Support Punit Renjen in the presence of Dharmendra Pradhan,
System (ERSS). Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas and Skill
Development and Entrepreneurship.

Note: 22. AYUSH Minister launches e-AUSHADHI portal -
• WorldClass programme in India will focus on Shripad Yesso Naik (Minister of State (IC) for AYUSH) has
improving girls retention rate in school, higher launched the e-AUSHADHI portal, for online licensing of
educational outcomes, and skills development Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homoeopathy drugs and
for women to access employment. related matters at New Delhi.
• In India, the initiative aims to support 10 million 23. India and Norway launched an initiative to Combat
girls and women by 2030 through education and Marine Pollution - The Ministry of Environment,
skills development. Forests and Climate Change signed a Letter of Intent
15. Railway Minister launches Rail Drishti Dashboard – establishing the India-Norway Marine Pollution Initiative
The Union Minister of Railways Piyush Goyal has together with the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
launched Rail Drishti dashboard. 24. The Union Cabinet has approved the proposal for
• It encompasses all the digitisation efforts in Extension of tenure of the National Commission for Safai
Indian Railways and promotes transparency and Karmacharis (NCSK) beyond 31st of March 2019 for
accountability. three years.
• The dashboard brings information from various 25. After China, India is world’s 2nd largest LPG
sources on a single platform and gives access to consumer & importer
key statistics and parameters to every citizen of • After achieving the target of distributing 8 crore
the country. cooking gas connections under its flagship
16. Sanskrit becomes second official language of Pradhan India became the second largest
Himachal Pradesh – Himachal Pradesh Assembly consumer of LPG in the world.
passed Official Language Amendment Bill 2019 to make • According to the Petroleum Minister
Sanskrit as second official of the state without discussion. Dharmendra Pradhan, imports of LPG grew 12.5
• With clearance of bill Himachal Pradesh became percent over the past five years to 12 million
second state in the in the country after metric tons (13 million tons) in 2018-19,
Uttrakhand to adopt such bill. surpassing Japan and putting India in second
17. President unveils a life-size portrait of Atal Bihari place behind China.
Vajpayee at Central Hall of Parliament • India imports LPG mainly from Saudi Arabia,
• President Ram Nath Kovind unveiled the life-size Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait and
portrait of former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Iran.
Vajpayee at the Central Hall of Parliament. 26. India's tourism sector registers 19% growth in 2018
18. 12th February: National Productivity Day - According to Union Minister K J Alphons, the country's
19. PM Narendra Modi inaugurates PETROTECH-2019 tourism sector fetched 234 billion US Dollar revenue last
• Narendra Modi inaugurated the three-day year, registering a growth of over 19%.
International Oil and Gas Conference 27. The Textile Minister Smriti Irani has launched the India
‘PETROTECH-2019’ (13th) at India Expo Mart in Size project (first-of-its-kind project in the history of the
Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh. country) in Mumbai.
• The ‘PETROTECH-2019’ is being organised under • The objective of the India Size to arrive at a
the aegis of the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural standard Indian Size for the ready-to-wear
Gas, Government of India. clothing industry.
• India is the 3rd largest consumer of crude oil and 28. Cabinet approves the establishment of Rashtriya
petroleum products. Kamdhenu Aayog - The Union Cabinet has approved the
20. Dera Baba Nanak land check post designated as an proposal for the establishment of Rashtriya Kamdhenu
immigration centre – The Union Government Aayog for conservation, protection and development of
designated Dera Baba Nanak land Check post in cows and their progeny.
Gurdaspur district of Punjab as an authorised Note:
immigration checkpoint to exit and entry for visiting • The Aayog will work in collaboration with
Kartarpur Sahib Gurdwara in Pakistan. Veterinary, Animal Sciences or Agriculture
21. Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed the University or departments or organizations of
CREDAI YouthCon -19 at Talkatora Stadium in New the Central or State Government engaged in the
Delhi. task of research in the field of breeding and
• The theme for this YouthCon is Next Generation. rearing of the cow, organic manure, biogas etc.

• Rashtriya Kamdhenu Aayog was announced in
the interim budget on the 1st Feb 2019.

January 2019

14. Cabinet Approves 10% Job Quota for ‘Economically 19. National Museum of Indian Cinema Inaugurated - The
Weaker’ Upper Castes - The Union Cabinet approved a Prime Minister Narendra Modi has inaugurated the
10% reservation for ‘economically backward’ upper National Museum of Indian Cinema (NMIC) at Films
castes in government jobs. Division of India premises in Mumbai.
Note: 20. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Museum - Prime
• On January 10, 2019 Parliament passed the Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the Subhash
Constitution (124th Amendment) Bill 2019 to Chandra Bose museum at Red Fort in New Delhi to mark
provide 10 per cent reservation in jobs and the Netaji’s 122nd birth anniversary.
educational institutions to economically backward • The museum in the Red Fort complex is also
section in the general category. important for the fact that INA trails were held
• Under the new amendment to the constitution, within the Red Fort complex.
people with an annual income below Rs. 8 lakh and Another Museum inaugurated at Red Fort in New Delhi is
owning ‘ fewer than five acres of land would be as follows
eligible for the reservation. • The Yaad-e-Jallian Museum provides an
Note authentic account of Jallianwala Bagh massacre
15. Gujarat became first state to implement 10% quota for happened on April 13, 1919.
economically weak in general category. • The Drishyakala-Museum on Indian Art
16. President Ramnath Kovind has given the assent to the showcases Indian art works from 16th century
124th constitutional Amendment Bill (which is now till India’s independence.
Constitution 103rd amendment Act) providing 10 per • The Museum on 1857- India’s first war of
cent reservation for economically weaker sections.The Independence portrays the historical narrative of
Important components of the 103rd constitutional 1857 war of independence, showcasing the valor
Amendment are: and sacrifices made by Indians during the period.
• The amendment changed two fundamental 21. The word Nari Shakti is chosen as the word of the
rights, Article 15 and 16. The amendments Year 2018 by the Oxford dictionaries. The
provide for the advancement of the announcement regarding this was made in the Jaipur
“economically weaker sections” of the society. Literature Festival (JLF).
• The amendment aims to fulfil the commitments 22. Vande Bharat Express - India’s fastest indigenous train,
of the directive principles of state policy under Train 18 named as Vande Bharat Express will run
Article 46, to promote the educational and between Delhi and Varanasi.
economic interests of the weaker sections of the • Train 18 is an indigenously developed world-
society. class train under Make in India.
17. The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion • The 16-coach train has been built completely in
(DIPP) has been renamed as the Department for India by Indian engineers in a span of 18 months
Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade. It will at the Integral Coach Factory, Chennai.
work under the Union Ministry of Commerce. 23. Sanrakshan Kshmata Mahotsav (SAKSHAM) was
18. Coins to commemorate MGR’s 102nd birth flagged off by Union Minister of Petroleum and Natural
anniversary - Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Edappadi K Gas Dharmendra Pradhan to promote and create
Palaniswami released two commemorative coins in the awareness among people on the need of oil and gas
denominations of Rs 100 and Rs 5 to mark the 102nd conservation for the future and the methods to do it.
birth anniversary of DR M G Ramachandran. • Sanrakshan Kshmata Mahotsav (SAKSHAM) is an
Note: annual flagship event of Petroleum Conservation
• DR M G Ramachandran popularly known as M. G. Research Association (PCRA) under the aegis of
R is an actor, filmmaker and politician who Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, Govt. of
served as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for India.
ten years between 1977 and 1987.

24. National Salt Satyagraha Memorial inaugurated at • It is located at east of Mumbai in Navi Mumbai,
Dandi - In commemoration of the 150th Birth Maharashtra.
Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, Prime Minister 28. State of Talent Acquisition 2019 Report: The report is
Narendra Modi on January 30, 2019 dedicated the released by the Mercer-Mettl’s
National Salt Satyagraha Memorial at Dandi in Navsari Key points
district, Gujarat to the nation. • India Companies are expected to raise their
• The memorial encapsulates the ideals of hiring budgets by 34 per cent and volumes by 31
Mahatma Gandhi- Agrah for Swadeshi, per cent in 2019.
Swatchagrah and Satyagraha. • Due to this increase in hiring the companies are
25. IIT Hyderabad launches B.Tech course in Artificial expected to raise their hiring budgets by at least
Intelligence 34 per cent compared to 20 per cent of
• IIT Hyderabad has announced the launch of a companies in 2018.
full-fledged bachelor’s programme in Artificial • The report notes that technology is employed
Intelligence (AI) technology. extensively in sourcing (88 per cent) candidates,
• IIT Hyderabad has become the first institute in while it is used the least when-boarding (49 per
the country to launch full-fledged Bachelor’s cent), candidates.
programme in AI technology. 29. Shehri Samridhi Utsav - The Union Ministry of Housing
• IIT Hyderabad will be the third institute to and Urban Affairs is organising a fortnight of events
globally to offer the B.Tech course in AI. named Shehri Samridhi Utsav all over the country with
26. Republic Day 26th January – India celebrates 70th an aim to extend the outreach of Deendayal Antyodaya
Republic Day Yojana – National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-
• President of South Africa Cyril Ramaphosa was NULM) to the poorest of poor and the most vulnerable.
the chief guest for this year's Republic Day 30. TRAI releases Tele-density data of India:
parade. Key facts are listed below:
• The theme of the 70th Republic Day parade is • The total number of mobile phone subscribers in
'life of Gandhi' which is a tribute to the father of India by the end of November was 117.18 crore
the nation Mahatma Gandhi on his 150th birth with a net addition of 17.39 lakh customers
anniversary. during the month.
• Lance Naik Nazir Ahmad Wani of Jammu and • The private access service providers held 89.99
Kashmir was posthumously conferred with the per cent market share of the wireless subscribers
Ashoka Chakra, India's highest peacetime whereas BSNL and MTNL, the two PSU access
gallantry award by President of India. service providers, had a market share of only
• The all-women Assam Rifles contingent created 10.01 per cent as on November 2018.
history this year by participating for the first • Reliance Jio led the subscription race in
time in a Republic Day (26th January) parade. November 2018 adding around 88.01 lakh
• The ICAR tableau in the Republic Day Parade has subscribers across the country.
won the first prize for its Kisan Gandhi theme. • State-run Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL)
• The Indian Council of Agricultural Research added around 3.78 lakh subscribers in
tableau with the theme "Mishrit Kheti, November, taking its total tally to 11.38 crore.
Khushiyon Ki Kheti" portrayed Gandhi with goats • Airtel added around 1.02 lakh new customers in
and a cow and Kasturba engaged with charkha November, taking its total tally to 34.18 crores.
and caring animals. • On the other hand, Vodafone Idea lost around
27. JNPT becomes only Indian port to be listed amongst 65.26 lakh subscribers.
world’s top 30 Container Ports - The Jawaharlal Nehru 31. Centre launches 5-yr Plan to Combat pollution in 102
Port Trust (JNPT), India’s premier container port got cities - The Environment Ministry launched the National
listed amongst the top 30 container ports globally, as per Clean Air Programme (NCAP) aimed at reducing toxic
the latest Lloyds Report. particulate matter in 102 Indian cities by 2024.
• JNPT notched up five spots, to be 28th on the list, Note:
compared to its previous ranking. • The NCAP will be a mid-term, five-year plan with
• Jawaharlal Nehru Port also known as Nhava 2019 as the first year, while 2017 will be the
Sheva, is the largest container port in India. base year for comparison of concentration.

• An amount of INR300 crore has been sanctioned and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act,
for this purpose. 1958, in 2018.
32. Election Commission wants ban on all party E-ads 48 These sites are:
hrs before polls • 125-year-old Old High Court Building in
• The Election Commission has sought an Nagpur, Maharashtra,
amendment to the law to prevent social • The Group of Temples in Ranipur Jharail in
media and other digital platforms from Bolangir district of Odisha,
carrying political advertisements in the final • 2 Mughal era monuments in Agra- Haveli of
48 hours before elections. Agha Khan and Hathi Khana,
• While Section 126 of the Representation of • The Neemrana Baori in Alwar district of
People Act prevents electronic media from Rajasthan,
airing political advertisements in the ‘silent • The Vishnu Temple in Kotali, Pithoragarh
period’ before elections. district in Uttarakhand.
33. ECI renew MoU with Election Commission of Bhutan 38. GST on Haj reduced from 18% To 5% - Union Minister
• On the sidelines of the international for Minority Affairs Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi stated that GST
conference, the Election Commission of India on Haj has been reduced from 18% to 5%.
renew Memorandum of Understanding 39. Norwegian Prime Minister Erna Solberg visited India.
(MOU) for cooperation in the field of election • The fourth edition of the Raisina Dialogue
management with the Election Commission was held in New Delhi.
of Bhutan. • Norway Prime Minister Erna Solberg
34. Ministry of Textiles and Government of India launched delivered an inaugural address in presence
Artisan Speak at Elephanta Caves (UNESCO heritage site) of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and
to strengthen the handlooms and textiles sector of India. External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj.
35. Union Cabinet approves setting up of 3 New AIIMS - The 40. The Southern Railway has bagged the number one
Union Cabinet headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi position for cleanliness in all the 17 railway zones in the
has approved the setting up of three new AIIMS country.
institutions. • This achievement was under the category of
• The three new institutions would come up at other than Premium Category trains in the recent
Vijaynagar at Samba of Jammu Region, Trains Cleanliness Survey conducted by IRCTC
Awantipora in Pulwama of Kashmir on all India level.
Region and Rajkot in Gujarat under the 41. The Union Civil Aviation minister Suresh Prabhu has
Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha yojana. inaugurated country’s first Geographical Indication (GI)
36. UGC to set up ‘CARE’ to Strengthen Research Store at International Airport at Dabolim, Goa.
Publication - The University Grants Commission (UGC) 42. Sakhi Centres - Sakhi centre or One Stop Centre (OSC) is
has decided to establish a Consortium for Academic and a fully sponsored scheme of Central Government.
Research Ethics (CARE). • These centres are set up through the Nirbhaya
• The Consortium for Academic and Research Fund under the National Mission for
Ethics (CARE) is tasked to scrutinise and Empowerment of women by the Ministry of
then compile a list of journals for social Women and Child Development.
sciences, humanities, language, arts, culture, 43. President gives assent to Right of Children to Free and
Indian Knowledge system etc. Compulsory Education (Amendment) Act, 2019 - The
• UGC has constituted a Committee under the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education
Chairmanship of Prof. P. Balram, to review (Amendment) Act, 2019 which was passed by the
its quality mandate relating to promotion of Parliament on January 3, 2019 received the assent of the
Research and to review the existing M.Phil/ President of India on January 10, 2019.
Ph.D Regulations. Key points:
37. Six monuments declared as National Importance in 2018 • The Bill seeks to amend the Right to
by ASI - Education (RTE) Act to abolish the “no-
• The Ministry of Culture announced that detention” policy in schools.
Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) declared
6 monuments as ‘protected and of national
importance’ under the Ancient Monuments

• Under the current provisions of the Act, no • British-era railway station Robertsgang
student can be detained up to class VIII renamed as Sonbhadra.
(8th). • Mughalsarai junction renamed after Deen
• As per the amendment, it would be left to the Dayal Upadhyay.
states to decide whether to continue the no- • Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport in
detention policy. Mumbai renamed as Chhatrapati Shivaji
• Now, states can choose to hold a regular ‘Maharaj’ International Airport.
examination either at the end of Classes 5 47. Government sets up Export Promotion Cell for MSMEs -
and 8, or both. • The MSME ministry has established an
• If a student fails, the amendment bill grants a export promotion cell to create a sustainable
provision to give her or him additional ecosystem for micro, small and medium
opportunity to take a re-examination within enterprises (MSMEs).
two months. 48. Go Green Initiatives in Indian Railways: Railways have
• If the students still do not pass the exam, the undertaken some major initiatives to Go Green.
state government may decide to detain them. • Ministry of Railways has planned to set up
• 1000 Mega Watt (MW) solar power by 2020-
Right to Education (RTE) Act 21 which would help Railways to source
• The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory about 10% of its electrical energy from
Education Act, 2009 (the Act) provides for free and renewable source.
compulsory education to all children of the age of six 49. Indian Forest Service to be renamed as Indian Forest
to fourteen years. and Tribal Service - The Ministry of Personnel, Public
• The Section 16 of the Act provides that no child Grievances and Pensions has initiated an inter-
admitted in a school shall be held back in any class or ministerial consultation note to rename the Indian Forest
expelled from school till the completion of Service as Indian Forest and Tribal Service.
elementary education. 50. Times Higher Education Emerging Economies
44. India’s Satyarup becomes world’s youngest University Rankings 2019
mountaineer to climb 7 peaks, 7 volcano summits – • The London-based Times Higher Education
Mountaineer Satyarup Siddhanta conquered Antartica's (THE), a global organisation that produces data,
highest point, Mount Sidley. analysis and expertise on higher education has
• With this feat, he became the first Indian and released the Emerging Economies University
youngest man (35 years and 262 days) to climb Rankings 2019.
the seven highest peaks and volcanic summits • The 2019 ranking comprises of 450 universities
across all continents. from 43 countries, across four continents.
45. Arunima Sinha has become the World's 1st woman • India has increased its representation in the
amputee to climb Mount Vinson, the highest peak in latest Times Higher Education (THE) Emerging
Antarctica. Economies University Rankings 2019, with 49
Note: institutes making it to the list as compared to 42
• Arunima Sinha (born 20 July 1988) is the first female last year.
amputee to climb Mount Everest. The standings of Indian universities are as follows
46. Centre Approves renaming of Allahabad as Prayagraj • The Indian Institute of Science - Bangalore
- The Union Home Ministry has approved the Uttar (IISc) has topped the rankings among
Pradesh government’s proposal to rename Allahabad as Indian institutes with 14th rank
Prayagraj. • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay
Note: ranked at 27th position.
• Ekana International Stadium in Lucknow • IIT Roorkee ranked at 35th position
renamed as 'Bharat Ratna Atal Bihari • IIT Kanpur ranked at 46th position and IIT
Vajpayee International Cricket Stadium'. Kharagpur at 55th rank.
• Jolly Grant (Dehradun) airport renamed after Note:
former prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee • China remained the most represented nation in the
• Agartala Airport renamed as Maharaja Bir annual listing, with 72 institutions in total. The
Bikram Manikya Kishore Airport. nation claimed four of the table’s top-five positions.

• Tsinghua University surpassed Peking University as • The Union Cabinet has cleared the constitution of
this year’s top institution overall. a National Health Authority (NHA) through an
51. IRDAI Raises Minimum Driver Insurance Cover to Rs executive order, thus taking the Pradhan Mantri
15 Lakh – The regulator directed all general insurers to Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY) out of the ambit of
provide a minimum CSl of Rs 15 lakh under Compulsory the Ministry of Health.
Personal Accident (CPA) cover for owner-driver under • Now, the ministry’s role will be limited to acting
Liability Only to all classes of vehicles at the premium as the nodal ministry for NHA in parliamentary
rate of Rs 750 per annum for annual policy. matters, like the presentation of annual reports.
• Currently, the capital sum insured (CSI) under • The NHA’s governing board will be chaired by
this section for motorised two-wheelers and the Minister for Health and Family Welfare, while
private cars/commercial vehicles is Rs 1 lakh its members will include NITI Aayog CEO and
and Rs 2 lakh, respectively. NHA CEO.
52. Prime Minister Narendra Modi released a 350-rupee 56. The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has imposed a fine of
commemorative coin as part of the 352nd birth 100 crore rupees on Meghalaya government for its
anniversary celebrations of Guru Gobind Singh in New failure to curb illegal coal mining in the state.
Delhi. The 57. The Union Housing and Urban Affairs Minister Hardeep
53. The Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi dedicated to the Singh Puri has launched the ‘Swachh Survekshan 2019.
Nation Multi-Modal Logistics Park (MMLP), at • The Swachh Survekshan 2019 aims to evaluate
Jharsugudaand in Odisha. The Multi-Modal Logistics Park the achievements in the cleanliness level in
(MMLP) at Jharsuguda is built at a cost of Rs 100 Crores. urban areas of the country.
54. Dr Jitendra Singh inaugurates ISRO's UNNATI 58. Govt approves additional assistance of over Rs 1,146
programme in Bengaluru - The Union Minister Dr. cr to Tamil Nadu
Jitendra Singh has inaugurated the UNNATI- (Unispace • The Union Government has approved the
Nanosatellite Assembly & Training) programme additional assistance of over 1146 crore rupees
organized by ISRO in Bengaluru. to Tamil Nadu (affected by the cyclone - Gaja)
• ISRO will train 90 officials from 45 countries in from National Disaster Response Fund.
three batches. • The approval was given by a High-Level
55. National Health Authority gets Cabinet nod Committee chaired by Home Minister Rajnath
Singh in New Delhi.

State Affairs

May 2019

1. Zero Pendency Courts Project – Zero Pendency • The odd-looking species is endemic to Western
Courts Project is the pilot project of the Delhi High Ghats. The title would help in protecting
Court. The pilot project was undertaken in certain species fragile habitat.
subordinate courts of Delhi to identify benchmarks for • Scientific Name: Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis
different types of cases timelines, number of judges (N. sahyadrensis).
required, case flow management rules and a host of • It is also known as Maveli frog or Pignose Frog.
other relevant factors. 3. Gujarat Assembly Passes Act to Allow Shops &
2. Purple Frog to be crowned Kerala’s state Businesses Remain Open 24X7 – ‘Gujarat Shops and
amphibian – Purple frog could be soon designated as Establishments (Regulation of Employment and
Kerala’s state amphibian. Conditions of Service) Act, 2019’ passed by Gujarat
• The proposal for this is being mooted by Assembly which came into force from May 1, 2019. The
Kerela’s leading Herpetologists (a specialist in Act will allow the shops and other businesses in the
study of reptiles and amphibians). state to operate 24×7.

4. Chhattisgarh Deploys 1st Anti-Naxal Women time has inducted women commandos in the District
Commando Unit – The Chhattisgarh police for the first Reserve Guard (DRG), its frontline anti-Naxal force.

April 2019

1. Himachal Pradesh Celebrates 72nd State Day – • Discolouration of Periyar and killing of fishes
Himachal Pradesh celebrated 72nd Himachal Day on have been a serious issue for the last couple of
15th April with gaiety and fervour. Himachal Day is years. About hundred Indian anchovies
celebrated to commemorate its creation. (Kozhuva) fishes were found dead along the
2. Nagaland observes 75th anniversary of Battle of banks of the Muttar river, a tributary of the
Kohima – Nagaland observed the 75th Anniversary of Periyar.
the Battle of Kohima. • According to the Pollution Control Board
• The event was attended by the representatives (PCB), the discolouration was due to the poor
from the UK and Japan who spoke on the quality of water as a result of eutrophication.
theme of ‘Remembrance, Reconciliation and • Periyar river is the longest river and with the
Rebirth’. largest discharge potential in the Indian state
• The Battle of Kohima was fought in three of Kerala.
stages from 3 April to 22 June 1944 around the 6. Telangana tops in eLearning training for Field Staff
town of Kohima in Nagaland in northeast India. – For the second year in succession, Telangana ranks
3. Rongali Bihu Festival celebrated in Assam – number 1 in the e-Learning training program of the
Assam’s most awaited festival – the Rongali Bihu, also Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT),
known as ‘Bohaag Bihu’ which marks the beginning of Government India.
the new Assamese calendar year started. Assam 7. Bengaluru's Bellandur Lake begins to froth once
celebrates major agricultural events as the festival of again – Bellandur Lake, which is one of the largest of
Bihu. the 262 lakes in Bengaluru, has spilt toxic foam many
Note: In Assam, three Bihu festivals are celebrated in a times in the recent past.
year called as Rongali Bihu or Bohag Bihu, Bhugali • Taking cognizance of it, the National Green
(Magh Bihu) and Kangali (Kati Bihu). Tribunal took the matter suo motu. Earlier in
4. Kandhamal Haldi Gets Geographical Indications April, it had directed immediate and complete
Tag – ‘Kandhamal Haldi’, a variety of turmeric shutdown of 76 polluting industries around
indigenous to southern Odisha, has earned the the lake. The directive came after a mound of
Geographical indication (GI) tag from Intellectual garbage was set on fire in February causing
Property India, an organization functioning under the massive pollution in the area.
auspices of the Union ministry of commerce & 8. Karnataka Government has decided to declare 2019 as
industry. the ‘Year of Water’ to emphasise the importance of
Note: Kandhamal in Odisha’s southern hinterland is water becoming a scarce commodity and the need to
famous for its turmeric cultivation, a spice that enjoys conserve it.
its pride of place in an array of cuisines. 9. The state of Odisha celebrates Odisha Divas or Utkala
5. Decolourisation of River Periyar – The River Periyar Divas every year on April 1st to commemorate the
in Kerala is again witnessing the decolourisation. state formation day.
• Periyar River of Kerala has turned black near
the Pathalam Regulator cum Bridge.

March 2019

1. Rajasthan Day is celebrated every year on March 30 to education curriculum of the state’s tribal-
commemorate the day on which the state of Rajasthan dominated districts.
came into existence. 5. New Railway Zone Announced for Andhra Pradesh
2. Vastradan Campaign sets Guinness World record - – Union Railway Minister Piyush Goyal announced a
Vastradan Campaign initiated by the erstwhile royal new railway zone for Andhra Pradesh, that is the
family of Udaipur has set the Guinness World Record Southern Coast Railway.
for the largest collection of clothes for donation. The Note:
campaign had collected more than 3 lakh items of • It will be headquartered in Visakhapatnam. It
clothing. will be the 18th zone in the country.
3. Madhya Pradesh Government increases 6. Bihar Diwas was celebrated on March 22nd across the
reservation Quota of OBCs to 27% - The Madhya state to commemorate the day when Bihar was carved
Pradesh government issued an ordinance increasing out of the Bengal Presidency in the year 1912. March
reservation quota for the Other Backward Classes 22nd 2019 was the 107th foundation day of the state.
(OBC) to 27% from the current 14%. 7. ‘Rice Knowledge Bank- Assam’ - Rice Knowledge
4. Ancient tribal language Gondi to be taught in tribal Bank-Assam, is an agriculture web portal. It was
districts of MP – In Madhya Pradesh, ancient tribal launched under the World Bank funded project – Agri-
language Gondi will be taught in tribal districts. business and Rural Transformation (APART).
• Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Kamal Nath Note: It is dedicated to magnifying knowledge on rice
has decided to include Gondi in the primary production technologies and techniques.

February 2019

1. 100 years of jallianwala bagh massacre – On April 6. India’s first district Cooling System to be built in
13, 2019 nation commemorates the 100th anniversary Amravati – India’s First District cooling system will
of the massacre of hundreds of innocent Indians by come up in Amravati, capital of the Andhra Pradesh.
British forces at the Jallianwala Bagh. • The government of Andhra Pradesh has
Note: On April 13, 1919, at Jallianwala Bagh, the entered into a 30-year concession with UAE-
British armed forces under the command of General based international cooling provider, The
Dyer opened 1,650 rounds of fire at the people agreement between the National Central
gathered for a peaceful protest, killing hundreds of Cooling Company (Tabreed) for the District
men, women and children trapped inside the garden Cooling System at Amaravati.
2. Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram celebrate 7. India’s first Agromet Forecast Centre inaugurated
Statehood Day – The North-Eastern States of in Karnataka – Union Minister for Science &
Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram celebrate Statehood Technology, Earth Sciences, Environment, Forest and
Day celebrated statehood day on February 20. Climate Change, Dr. Harsh Vardhan, inaugurated the
Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh celebrated the 32nd North Karnataka Agromet Forecasting and Research
and 47th Statehood Day respectively. Centre (NKAFC), India’s first agromet forecast centre,
3. Tamil Nadu became the first state in the country to get at University of Agricultural Sciences (UAS) in
a second Coast Guard district headquarters – Dharwad, Karnataka.
Thoothukudi. The first district headquarters is 8. Indus River dolphin declared as state aquatic animal
Chennai. of Punjab.
4. Bihar has become the first state to deploy specially- Note:
trained dogs to check smuggling of liquor which • In Punjab, the Indus River Dolphins are found
continues to take place inspite of the total ban imposed mainly in the Sutlej and Beas rivers.
in the state for the last 3 years. • Already, Punjab has Black Buck as its state
5. First Mega Food Park of Tripura inaugurated in animal, and Baaj, also known as northern
Agartala – Tripura’s first mega food park named goshawk (accipiter gentilis), as the official
Sikaria Mega Food Park Pvt Ltd at Village Tulakona in state bird

9. Shehri Samridhi Utsav launched across the country. It celebrated its Boori Boot Yollo festival (52nd) to
is an initiative of Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs welcome spring and a successful harvest.
(MoHUA). • Boori Boot Yollo is observed every year in the
10. Himachal’s first mega food park inaugurated in month of February.
Una - The Union Minister of Food Processing 20. Krishi Kumbh was organised in Motihari, Bihar. This is
Harsimrat Kaur Badal has inaugurated the mega food the largest Krishi Kumbh of Eastern India.
park at Village Singha in Una District, Himachal 21. Kerala has become the first State to set up a Price
Pradesh. Monitoring and Research Unit (PMRU) to track
11. Meghalaya Govt. to rename Dikkibandi stadium violation of prices of essential drugs and medical
after P A Sangma - The Meghalaya state Cabinet devices under the Drugs Price Control Order (DPCO).
presided over by Chief Minister Conrad K Sangma has 22. The 22nd AIIMS will set up in Haryana. During the
decided to rename the Dikkibandi Stadium in Tura Interim Budget 2019, Piyush Goyal made the
town after P. A. Sangma (former Lok Sabha Speaker & announcement to set up AIIMS in Haryana. The AIIMS
CM Meghalaya). would be established at Manethi village in Haryana’s
• The Dikkibandi Stadium was formerly known Rewari district.
as MP stadium. 23. J&K Govt. grants divisional status to Ladakh Region
12. Rajasthan passes 5% quota bill for Gujjars, four – The Jammu and Kashmir government ordered the
other communities – Rajasthan government has creation of a separate administrative division for
passed a Backward Classes, Amendment Bill, 2019 to Ladakh region.
provide 5% quota in jobs and educational institutions Note:
to ‘Gurjars’ and four other communities. • The State of Jammu and Kashmir had two
• The state government has also decided to administrative divisions of Jammu and
increase the ceiling of creamy layer from Rs. Kashmir earlier. Ladakh would be the third
2.5 lacks to Rs. 8 lacks. administrative division
13. The Telangana government has declared 2nd February 24. Prime Minister Narendra Modi dedicated to the nation
as 'appointing day' for the newly elected Sarpanches of the 1.33 million metric ton capacity Visakhapatnam
the Gram Panchayats in the state. Strategic Petroleum Reserve facility at Guntur in
14. Kerala has become the first Indian State to set up a Andhra Pradesh.
Price Monitoring and Research Unit (PMRU) to track 25. Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched a dedicated
violation of prices of essential drugs and medical 24×7 Satellite channel, ‘DD Arunprabha’ for
devices under the Drugs Price Control Order (DPCO). Arunachal Pradesh.
15. Himalayan Cloud Observatory has been set up in 26. Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched Film and
Tehri district, Uttarakhand – The Observatory has Television Institute in Jote, for Arunachal Pradesh -
been established in the SRT campus Badshahithaul and The permanent campus of Film and Television
is currently in the testing period. Institute would be established at Jollang-Rakap (Jote),
16. The 33rd edition of the Surajkund International Papum Pare, Arunachal Pradesh.
Crafts Mela (33rd) inaugurated at Faridabad • It would be the third Film and Television
(Haryana). Institute of Ministry of I&B (the other two are:
• This year Maharashtra is the theme state and FTII Pune and SRFTI Kolkata) and first in the
Thailand is the Partner Nation. North-East.
• 27. PM Narendra Modi lays the foundation for Sela
17. Bharat Rang Mahotsav’ held in New Delhi. It is the Tunnel –
international theatre festival of India, Organized by • Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the
National School of Drama (NSD). foundation stone for the strategically
18. India’s largest multi-cultural street festival ‘Kala Ghoda important Sela Tunnel Project (costing - Rs
Arts Festival’(KGAF) was held in South Mumbai, 687 crore) in Arunachal Pradesh.
Maharashtra. 28. Sarthi Sandesh Vahini flagged off by Uttar Pradesh
• The theme of KGAF 2019 is retrospection. Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath - The Uttar Pradesh
19. Arunachal Pradesh tribes celebrated Boori Boot Yollo state family welfare department has initiated the
festival - The Nyishi tribe of Arunachal Pradesh is Sarthi Sandesh Vahini mission to spread awareness
regarding family planning in urban and rural areas.


January 2019

1. Andaman to be First Island to operate Seaplanes 1.8-lakh-square-feet facility housing incubation set-ups
Under UDAN-3 – According to the Ministry of Civil across a string of segments in modern technology.
Aviation, islands in Andaman will soon be connected 8. PM Dedicates Kollam Bypass in Kerala to Nation -
by seaplanes that can land on or take-off from the PM Narendra Modi has dedicated the Kollam Bypass
water under the Ude Desh ka Aam Nagrik (UDAN) on the National Highway-66 to the nation.
scheme. • It reduces travel time between Alappuzha and
2. India’s longest single lane Steel Cable bridge Thiruvananthapuram.
opened in Arunachal Pradesh - The Chief Minister of • This is the first National Highway project in the
Arunachal Pradesh, Pema Khandu inaugurated India’s country taken up on a 50:50 Centre-State
longest single-lane steel cable suspension bridge over partnership.
Siang River in Upper Siang district of Arunachal 9. Union Cabinet approves expansion of Numaligarh
Pradesh. The bridge is 300-metre-long and is also refinery in Assam
known as byorung bridge. • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs
About river Siang has given its approval for the capacity
• The Siang River is considered as lifeline of expansion project of Numaligarh Refinery from
Arunachal Pradesh. The river is also called as 3 MMTPA (Million Metric Tonne Per Annum)
Dihang in the plain regions. to 9 MMTPA.
3. Arunachal Pradesh’s East Siang District achieves • Numaligarh Refinery Limited (NRL) was set up
100% electrification at Numaligarh in the district of Golaghat
• East Siang District (in Arunachal Pradesh) has (Assam) in accordance with the provisions
achieved 100% electrification under the made in the historic Assam Accord.
Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana- • The promoters of the NRL are Bharat
Saubhagya Scheme. Petroleum Corporation Ltd, Oil India Ltd &
4. Diffo Bridge in Arunachal Pradesh dedicated to the Government of Assam (GoA).
nation - Union Minister of Defence Nirmala Note:
Sitharaman inaugurated the 426 mtr long pre-stressed • Numaligarh Refineries receives 'Best Miniratna
concrete box girder type bridge over Diffo river on PSU' award - Numaligarh Refinery Limited (NRL)
Roing-Koron-Paya road in Arunachal Pradesh. has been awarded the best Strategic
• The bridge which has been constructed by the Performance (Financial Category) at the sixth
Border Roads Organisation (BRO) edition of Governance Now PSU Awards.
5. Arunachal Government declares Pakke Hornbill 10. The Union Minister for Tourism K J Alphons
fest as ‘State Festival’ inaugurated the First Swadesh Darshan “Development
• The Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh ‘Pema of North East Circuit” in Gangtok.
Khandu’ has declared Pakke Paga Hornbill 11. World Book Fair held in New Delhi. The theme of this
Festival (PPHF) as the ‘State Festival’ at Seijosa year is ‘Readers with Special Needs’.
in East Kameng district at Arunachal Pradesh. • The UAE’s third largest emirate Sharjah is the
• Pakke Paga Hornbill Festival (PPHF) is only guest of honour for the New Delhi World Book
conservation festival of Arunachal Pradesh. Fair.
6. Telangana to set up ‘Save Tiger Protection Force’ - 12. Women’s wall for Gender Equality in Kerala -
The Telangana government has decided to form a Around 30 lakh women stood shoulder to shoulder to
‘State Tiger Protection Force’ to save the Big Cat form Vanitha Mathil, “women’s wall” that ran across
population in the State. The 112-member-armed STPF the length of Kerala. The event was organised by the
will be headed by an Assistant Conservator of Forests Government of Kerala with the support of several
to protect the tiger population in Amarabad and Kawal political, religious and social groups.
Tiger Reserves. 13. Indian Panorama Film Festival was held in New Delhi.
7. India’s largest Startup Ecosystem Inaugurated in 14. National Health Agency to be restructured as
Kerala - India got its largest startup ecosystem when National Health Authority - The Union Cabinet
Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan inaugurated a headed by Prime Minister Modi has approved the

restructuring of existing National Health Agency as states, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand,
National Health Authority. Delhi, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh in the presence of
• The existing society, “National Health Agency” Union Water Resources Minister Nitin Gadkari.
has been dissolved and it is now restructured The important features of the project are:
as an Authority to effectively the implement • Renukaji Dam Multi-Purpose Project is a
Pradhan Mantri – Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY). storage project on the Giri river which is
15. J&K: Nitin Gadkari dedicates to nation Kerrian tributary of the Yamuna at Sirmour district of
Gandyal bridge in Kathua - Union Minister for Road Himachal.
Transport and Highways Nitin Gadkari on January 22, • A 148 m-high rock-filled dam would be
2019 dedicated to the nation Kerrian Gandyal bridge in constructed across the river Giri.
Kathua district of Jammu. Note:
• The bridge has been constructed over river • Along with the Renukaji dam multipurpose
Ravi in Kathua district in a record time of over project other two projects are planned in the
three years. Yamuna river basin, Lakhwar Project on the
• This will reduce the distance between the two River Yamuna in Uttarakhand, Kisau Project on
cities from 45 kms to 8.6 kms, which will save the River Tons in Uttarakhand and Himachal
on both time and fuel cost. for the effective utilisation of the water
16. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has laid the foundation resource.
stone for the Mandal Dam Project on the North Koel 23. For the first time, Antonov-32 AN-32 transport aircraft
River. The Mandal Dam Project would be boon for the of the Indian Air Force carried out a successful landing
states of Jharkhand and Bihar. at Sikkim’s Pakyong, one of the highest airfields in the
17. India’s second Tulip garden to come up in country.
Uttarakhand - Uttarakhand Government has obtained Note: Pakyong Airport is a Greenfield airport near
the permission to develop the Tulip garden in Gangtok, the capital of the state of Sikkim. It is the first
Pithoragarh district. greenfield airport to be constructed in the
• It will be the second Tulip garden (first in Northeastern Region of India.
Srinagar, J&K) in the country. 24. RPF Women Squad ‘JOYMATI BAHINI’ launched in
18. Sikkim to Introduce Universal Basic Income - The Guwahati - In Assam, Railway Protection Force (RPF)
ruling party of Sikkim, Sikkim Democratic Front (SDF) of Lumding Division has formally launched ‘JOYMATI
has assured the implementation of the universal basic BAHINI’, comprising women sub-inspector and
income in Sikkim by 2022. If things go as per plan, constables of the RPF at Kamkhaya Railway Station in
Sikkim would become the first state in the country to Guwahati.
implement the Universal Basic Income (UBI). 25. Union Minister Nitin Gadkari laid the foundation
Universal Basic Income (UBI) stones of 6 Namami Gange projects in Agra and
• Universal Basic Income (UBI) refers to a Mathura.
programme wherein the people are provided • The projects in Agra include comprehensive
with a fixed amount of money irrespective of Sewerage Scheme for the city with ‘One-City-
their income, resources or employment status. One-Operator’ approach on Hybrid Annuity
19. Puducherry Chief Minister V Narayanasamy has Mode.
announced to ban the production, sale and use of 26. Uttar Pradesh celebrates its 69th foundation day
single-use plastic products in the Union Territory from on 24th January
1st March 2019. 27. Veer Savarkar International Airport in Port Blair
20. The states of Tripura, Manipur and Meghalaya declared as an authorized Immigration Check post
celebrated their 47th Statehood Day on 21st January. • Veer Savarkar International Airport in Port
The states of Tripura, Manipur and Meghalaya became Blair has been declared as an authorized
full-fledged states on January 21, 1972. Immigration Check post for entry into/exit
21. Cyclone Pabuk - The India Meteorological Department from India with valid travel documents for all
(IMD) has issued an Orange alert for the Andaman classes of passengers.
Islands as cyclonic Pabuk moves towards the island. • This decision of the Union Government will
22. Agreement for Renukaji dam multipurpose project open up the Port Blair Airport for direct
Signed - The Agreement for the construction of international flight and immigration facilities.
Renukaji Dam Multi-Purpose Project was signed by six

28. Himachal Pradesh celebrates 49th Statehood Day on released the Ease of Doing Business Rankings for
25th January. Indian states.
29. Union Minister Gadkari inaugurates Atal Setu in Key points
Goa • In the latest ranking of Asia Competitiveness
• Union Minister Nitin Gadkari has inaugurated Institute's (ACI) EDB index, Andhra Pradesh
four-lane ‘Atal Setu’ (5.1-kilometer long) the bagged the top rank in 2018.
third Cable bridge across river Mandovi in • Maharashtra and Delhi came in second and
Panaji, Goa. This is the third bridge across third place respectively.
Mandovi River.
30. Andhra Pradesh No 1 in Ease of Doing Business
2018 - The Asia competitiveness institute (ACI) has

Arts & Culture

1. Kashi Vishwanath Corridor – Prime Minister 6. Baisakhi - Baisakhi is the Punjabi New Year celebrated
Narendra Modi has laid the foundation stone for the in the month of April by performing their folk dance,
Kashi Vishwanath Corridor. Bhangra and Gidda and feasting.
• The project envisions a massive makeover of 7. Puthandu - Puthandu is the Tamil New Year celebrated
the holy shrine and its surrounding areas. in the month of April by preparing Manga Pachadi a
• This massive makeover is the first after the traditional food to ring in their new year.
1780 AD when the Maratha queen Ahilyabai 8. Bohag Bihu - Bohag Bihu is the Assamese New year
Holkar of Indore renovated the temple and the celebrated by performing the folk dance Bihu and a
area surrounding it. grand buffet.
• The proposed 50-feet corridor will directly 9. Pohela Boishakh - Pohela Boishakh is the Bengali New
connect Ganga’s Manikarnika and Lalita Ghat Year celebrated with making many sweetmeats.
to the Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga Temple. 10. Bestu Varas - Bestu Varas is celebrated in Gujarat on
• The total cost of the project is pegged at Rs 600 the day after Deepavali. Marwaris in Rajasthan also
crore. celebrate their new year during Deepavali.
• The Kashi Vishwanath temple located on the 11. Vishu - Vishu is the Malayali New Year celebrated in
left bank of the holy river Ganga. the state of Kerala in the month of April.
2. Parsis Celebrate Navroz – Navroz is the Iranian New 12. Losoong - Losoong is the Sikkimese New Year and falls
Year celebrated by several ethnolinguistic in December at the end of harvesting. It is celebrated
communities around the world irrespective of their by performing Chham dance.
religious background. 13. Navreh - Navreh is the Kashmiri New Year celebrated
• In India Parsis who follow Zoroastrianism in the Hindu month of Chaitra.
celebrate Navroz. Navroz was celebrated on 14. Prayagraj Kumbha Mela 2019 makes it to the
March 21st. Guinness World Records – The Prayagraj Kumbh
3. New Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya Institute of Mela 2019 has made into Guinness World Records in
Archaeology Inaugurated – Prime Minister Narendra the following three sectors:
Modi has inaugurated the new Pandit Deendayal • Largest traffic and crowd management plan.
Upadhyaya Institute of Archaeology at Greater Noida • Biggest painting exercise of public sites under
in Uttar Pradesh. paint my city scheme.
• On the occasion, he also unveiled the statue of • Biggest sanitation and waste disposal
Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya at the campus mechanism.
and visited the Deendayal Museum in the Note:
Institute campus. • Kumbh Mela, the festival of the sacred pitcher
4. Ugadi/Yugadi - Ugadi festival celebrated in Karnataka, is the largest public gathering and collective
Telangana and Andhra Pradesh act of faith, anywhere in the world.
5. Gudi Padwa - Gudi Padwa is celebrated in the state of • This Hindu pilgrimage Kumbh Mela is
Maharashtra. celebrated four times over a course of 12 years

over four locations in India. The site of Kumbh • Ghumot is an indigenous earthen drum
Mela keeps rotating between one of the four fashioned as a designed clay pot, with the skin
pilgrimages on four sacred rivers as listed of the monitor lizard stretched taut across the
below: pot’s mouth, forming a drumhead.
• Haridwar on the Ganges in Uttarakhand • Ghumot is a percussion instrument widely
• Ujjain on the Shipra in Madhya Pradesh played during Ganesh Chaturthi Aarties.
• Nashik on the Godavari in Maharashtra 16. ‘Festival of India’ Begins in Kathmandu - A month-
• Prayagraj at the confluence of the Ganges, the long ‘Festival of India’ began in Kathmandu, Nepal, to
Yamuna, and the mythical Sarasvati in Uttar familiarise the new generation of the country about the
Pradesh. similarities between the two countries.
• The Kumbh Mela has been inscribed on the list 17. Foundation stone laid for Hastshilp complex in
of “Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity” New Delhi – The Union Minister for Textiles, Smriti
by UNESCO in 2017. Zubin Irani laid the foundation stone of a Hastshilp
15. Ghumot to be declared Goa’s heritage musical Complex in New Delhi. The complex would be named
instrument – The Art and Culture Minister of Goa, after Deendayal Upadhyaya as Deen Dayal
Govind Gaude has announced that Ghumot, an Antarashtriya Hastshilp Bhawan.
indigenous earthen drum will soon be notified as a
heritage instrument of Goa.

International Affairs

May 2019
1. Iran announces Partial Withdrawal from JCPOA - • It also calls for the government to work
Iran announced it will pull out of some commitments towards carbon neutrality before 2050 and for
under 2015 international nuclear agreement signed ministers to draft proposals within the next 6
with world powers, called Joint Comprehensive Plan Of months to restore the country’s environment
Action (JCPOA). and create a “zero waste economy.”
2. UK Parliament 1st in World to Declare Climate 3. Ireland becomes 2nd country to declare Climate
Emergency – The UK parliament became the first Emergency - Ireland has declared a climate
national legislative body in the world to declare a emergency in their country, to be the second country
climate change emergency. after Britain to do so.

April 2019

1. Vienna named the world's most liveable city – • The capital of India, New Delhi ranked at 162
Vienna tops the Mercer’s index of most liveable cities in Mercer’s Quality Of Living Index.
for the 10th year in a row. 2. Skytrax World Airport Awards 2019 – Skytrax
• Vienna was closely followed by Zurich in World Airport Awards which lists the Best 100
Switzerland. Auckland, Munich, and Vancouver Airports of the World was released by the UK-based
came in joint third. Skytrax, a consultancy firm which runs an airline and
• The Quality of Living Index 2019 was released airport review and ranking site.
by the Consulting Agency Mercer. Key points
Indian Cities in the List • Singapore’s Changi Airport has been
• Hyderabad and Pune topped the list among the crowned the world’s best aviation hub for the
Indian cities with a rank of 143. seventh time in a row. Singapore Changi
• Bengaluru was the second best with the Airport is well known for its rooftop swimming
ranking of 149. pool, two 24-hour movie theatres and
• Mumbai with the ranking of 154 stood third shopping spots.
among Indian cities. • Tokyo International Airport (Haneda), up one
place from 2018 stood at the second place.

• Incheon International Airport, ranked at activists that it could impinge on Americans’ right to
number three spot. bear arms.
• Indira Gandhi International Airport of New • Former US President Barack Obama signed the
Delhi stood at rank 59. treaty in 2013 and sent the treaty to the Senate
• Mumbai’s Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj for ratification.
International Airport stood at 64 9. Qatar to abolish Exit Visa system by 2019 – UN’s
• Rajiv Gandhi Hyderabad International Airport International Labour Organization (ILO) announced
stood at 66 that Qatar will officially abolish its Exit Visa system for
• Bengaluru’s Kempegowda International all foreign workers by the end of 2019.
Airport at 69 • Amnesty International (human rights group)
3. India to set up agriculture institute in Malawi – The report accused that Qatar, which will be
Ministry of External Affairs has signed an MoU with hosting 2022 World Cup was failing to
National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development implement reforms and stop widespread
Consultancy Service (NABCONS) for setting up India- labour abuse.
Africa Institute of Agriculture and Rural Development • As a result Qatar revived its pledge to reform
(IAIARD) in Malawi. labour section, and introduced a minimum
4. Global Cooling Coalition – The Global Cooling monthly minimum of 750 riyals ($206) and
Coalition was launched at the first Global Conference also agreed to work closely with ILO.
on Synergies between the 2030 Agenda and Paris 10. Sri Lankan President bans On Face-Covering in
Agreement held at Copenhagen, Denmark. Public – Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena
• The Global Cooling Coalition is supported by used his emergency powers to issue an order to ban
the UN, Climate and Clean Air Coalition, the burqa, veil or covering of face in public places in any
Kigali Cooling Efficiency Program and manner which prevents anyone from being identified.
Sustainable Energy for All (SEforALL). • It is placed to ensure national security,
5. World Immunization Week 2019 - World establish peaceful and cohesive society and not
Immunization Week 2019 is being observed from 24- aimed at inconvenience to any community
30 April with the theme Protected Together: Vaccines people.
Work. World Immunisation Week 2019 celebrates 11. Beirut, Lebanon sets a New Guinness World Record
Vaccine Heroes from around the world from parents – Lebanon’s capital Beirut has set a new Guinness
and community members to health workers and World Record for most number of national flags
innovators who help ensure we are all protected, at all displayed in one city for 24 hours.
ages, through the power of vaccines. 12. Lose to Win Programme – The government of UAE
6. Indonesia releases Special Stamp on Theme of has launched the Lose to Win Programme to assist the
Ramayana – Indonesia has released a special overweight employees in shedding extra kilos and
commemorative stamp on the theme of Ramayana to adopt a healthy lifestyle.
mark the 70th anniversary of the establishment of its
diplomatic ties with India. 13. Pakistan Approves Plan to Open Sharda Peeth
Corridor – Pakistan government has approved a
7. US declares Iran Force as Foreign Terrorist proposal to establish a corridor which would allow
Organisation – The US designated Iran’s Hindu pilgrims from India to visit Sharda Peeth in the
Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) a foreign terrorist region of Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK).
organisation. • Sharda Peeth Corridor will be the second
• It is the first time that the US has designated an corridor to be established after the Kartarpur
entity of another government as a terrorist Corridor which provides access to Gurudwara
organization, placing a group with vast Darbar Sahib at Kartarpur in Pakistan.
economic resources that answer only to Iran’s 14. Iran, Pakistan to Set up Border ‘Reaction Force’ –
supreme leader in the same category as al- Iran and Pakistan have agreed to set up a joint border
Qaida and the Islamic State. “reaction force” to combat the attacks by militant
8. US Withdraws from UN Arms Trade Treaty – US groups on both sides their frontier. Both the nations
President Donald Trump stated that his administration have decided to collaborate to form the joint quick
is withdrawing the U.S. signature from the U.N. Arms reaction force by increasing cooperation between
Trade Treaty, in response to concerns from gun rights border forces and intelligence agencies.

15. World’s 1st Malaria Vaccine launched in Africa – • The company decided to shut down the service
The world’s first-ever malaria vaccine was launched in after the discovery of a privacy bug which
a pilot project in Africa’s Malawi. The country is the impacted 52.5 million users.
first of three in Africa in which the vaccine, known as 18. Google’s Wing launches its 1st drone delivery
RTS,S, will be made available to children up to 2 years Service in Australia – Wing, the drone delivery
of age. company owned by Google’s parent company
• Ghana and Kenya will introduce the vaccine Alphabet, is launch its first public drone delivery
soon. About 93% of the world’s malaria- service in Canberra, Australia
related deaths in 2017 occurred in Africa. • Alphabet made its first delivery in Canberra
16. Russia Successfully Tests World’s First Floating after getting approval from the country’s civil
Nuclear Power Plant – Russia has successfully tested aviation authority.
the world’s first floating nuclear power plant (NPP), 19. London becomes 1st city to use pollution charge
Akademik Lomonosov, a subsidiary of Rosatom Zone - London is the first city in the world to
nuclear corporation stated. implement a 24-hour, seven day a week Ultra Low
• Reactors of the floating atomic block were Emission Zone (ULEZ), inside which vehicles will have
launched in November 2018. to meet tough emissions standards or face a charge.
17. Google company has announced to shut down its • Introduction of the ULEZ aims to reduce toxic
Google + service – Google is to shut down, its Google air pollution and protect public health.
Plus platform, which had originally conceived as 20. India is Guest of Honour country at ADIBF 2019 –
asocial networking option different from Facebook and The UAE has announced that India is the Guest of
Twitter. Honour country at the Abu Dhabi International Book
• Google has revealed that the consumer version Fair, ADIBF 2019.
of the service will shut down on April 2, 2019.

March 2019
1. Saudi Arabia replaces India as world’s largest arms 3. Oman signs agreement allowing United States
importer - According to the premier Stockholm Military to Use its Ports – Oman has signed an
International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Saudi agreement with the United States of America that allow
Arabia has replaced India to become the largest American ships and warplanes to take advantage of his
importer of arms in the world. ports and airports.
• In its report on ‘Trends in International Arms • The framework agreement is aimed at
Transfers 2018’ released, the institute bolstering Omani-American military relations.
identified Saudi Arabia, India, Egypt, Australia 4. President Kovind visit Croatia, Bolivia & Chile –
and Algeria as the five top arms importing President Ram Nath Kovind embarked on a state visit
countries. to Croatia, Bolivia and Chile to hold talks with the
• Five top arms exporting nations - United leaders of these countries and strengthen ties in trade,
States, Russia, France, Germany and China. investment and renewable energy.
• The US, Russia, France, Germany and China • Croatia Capital: Zagreb, Currency: kuna.
together accounted for 75 per cent of the total • Bolivia Capital: Sucre, Currency: boliviano.
volume of arms exports in 2014–18. • Chile Capital: Santiago, Currency: peso.
2. UK Issues New Black Hole Coin in Honour of 5. World’s first Wireless Electric Car charging station
Stephen Hawking – The United Kingdom has introduced by Norway – Oslo, the capital city of
commemorated professor Stephen Hawking in a new Norway will become the world’s first city to install
50p coin. The coin has references to the late physicist’s wireless, induction-based charging stations for its fleet
pioneering work on black holes. of electric taxis with an aim to have a zero-emission
• The coin was designed by British engraver and cab system by the year 2023 according to a report by
printmaker Edwina Ellis. Reuters.
• The Black Hole coin is a tribute to Hawking’s • Norway wants all new cars to be zero emission
research into black holes and his ability to by 2025 whereas other nations, like Britain
make science accessible for all. and France, have similar goals for 2040.

6. New Zealand bans Assault Weapons – Prime 11. Malaysia joins International Criminal Court –
Minister of New Zealand Jacinda Ardern has imposed Malaysia has become a member of the International
an immediate ban on assault weapons following the Criminal Court.
Christchurch massacre that claimed the lives of 50 • The ICC is the world’s only permanent war
mosque-goers. crimes court and aims to prosecute the worst
7. World’s Largest e-waste R=recycling hub opened at abuses when national courts are unable or
the Dubai Industrial Park – The world’s largest e- unwilling.
waste recycling plant has been opened in Dubai • Malaysia becomes the 124th member of the
Industrial Park, Dubai by ‘Enviroserve’ company with a court since its establishment in 2002.
total cost of $5 million. 12. Cyclone Idai Hits Mozambique, Malawi, Zimbabwe
• It will recycle Waste Electrical and Electronic – Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Malawi have been hit by
Equipment (WEEE), IT asset disposition a vicious cyclone ‘IDAI’ that has killed nearly 150
(ITAD), refrigerant gas and specialized waste. people.
8. In a 1st, UN Council passes resolution to Combat • Cyclone Idai has affected more than 1.5 million
terrorist financing – The UN Security Council has people in the three southern African countries,
unanimously passed the first-ever resolution ordering according to the UN and government officials.
members to enforce laws against terror financing. 13. Vice President’s visit to Paraguay & Costa Rica –
• UNSC resolution demands all states “ensure The Vice President of India, M. Venkaiah Naidu visited
that their domestic laws and regulations the Republic of Paraguay and the Republic of Costa
establish serious criminal offenses” to collect Rica.
funds or financial resources to terrorist groups • This was the first high-level visit from India to
or individual criminals. both these countries.
9. Japan unveils name of its new Imperial Era ‘Reiwa’ • The Vice President was also conferred an
– Japan has announced that the name of its new Honorary Doctorate by the University for
imperial era, set to begin on 1 May, will be ‘Reiwa’, Peace founded by the United Nations.
signifying order and harmony. The country’s current • Paraguay Capital: Asunción, Currency: guaraní.
era, Heisei, will end in April. • Costa Rica Capital: San José, Currency: colón.
10. Kylie Jenner becomes world’s youngest self-made 14. Kazakhstan renames its Capital Astana to
billionaire – According to Forbes billionaires' list, Nursultan – Kazakhstan has renamed its capital
Kylie Jenner has become the world's youngest self- Astana to Nursultan to honor outgoing leader
made billionaire. Nursultan Nazarbayev.
• The 21-year-old founded and owns Kylie • Mr. Nazarbayev, 78, served nearly 30 years as
Cosmetics, the three-year-old beauty business president of the nation.
that generated an estimated $360m in sales • The change was announced after Kassym-
last year. Jomart Tokayev was sworn in as president,
• She reached the milestone earlier than promising to seek his predecessor’s opinion on
Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg who key decisions.
became a billionaire aged 23.
February 2019

1. Kelly Knight Craft is the new US ambassador to the • Chabahar port is seen as a testimony of healthy
UN – US President Donald Trump has announced the cooperation between India, Iran and
nomination of Kelly Knight Craft as the new US Afghanistan this will ensure economic growth.
ambassador to the UN. 3. IOC Suspends India from Hosting Global Sporting
• The post of the US ambassador to the UN was Events – The International Olympic Committee (IOC)
vacant due to the resignation of Nikki Haley. has suspended all discussions with India regarding
2. Afghanistan launches New Export Route to India hosting of global sporting events in the backdrop of
through Chabahar Port – Afghanistan has launched a denial of visas to the two Pakistani Shooters.
new export route to India through the through the • The Pakistani shooters were supposed to
Chabahar Port of Iran. participate in the 25m rapid fire pistol event in
the ISSF World Cup.

4. FATF keeps Pakistan in Grey List for Failing to Stop • The cryptocurrency, called “JPM Coin”.
Terror Financing – The Financial Action Task Force 8. The first-ever World Pulses Day was celebrated on
(FATF) condemning the Pulwama Terror Attack has 10th February 2019.
decided to continue the ‘Grey’ listing of Pakistan for its 9. Abu Dhabi declared Hindi as an official language in
failure to stop funding of terrorist groups such as Jaish- courts – Abu Dhabi (capital of the United Arab
e-Mohammad, Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jamat-ud-Dawa. Emirates) declared Hindi as the third official language
• Grey list will endanger Pakistan’s handful of (Arabic and English) in its courts to make the justice
remaining banking links to the outside world. delivery system simple.
This would cause real financial pain to the 10. Dubai Airport retains the top position as World’s
fragile economy of Pakistan. busiest airport in 2018 –
About FATF - • Dubai International Airport (DXB) retained its
• The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is an position as the world’s busiest airport for
inter-governmental body established in 1989 international customer numbers for the fifth
by the Member of G7. consecutive year.
• The FATF has developed a series of 11. The International Year of the Periodic Table – The
Recommendations that are recognised as the United Nations has announced, 2019 as the
international standard for combating of money International Year of the Periodic Table of the
laundering and the financing of terrorism and Chemical Elements to highlight its first publication in
proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. 1869.
• Group of 7 (G7) is a group consisting of 12. Women with four children to get life tax exemption
Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the in Hungary - According to Hungarian Prime Minister
United Kingdom, and the United States. Viktor Orban, women in the country with four children
5. State of Emergency declared in Sudan – Sudanese or more will be exempted for life from paying income
President Omar al-Bashir has declared a year-long tax.
state of emergency, dissolving his cabinet and local 13. The government of Thailand has approved the
governments throughout the country. proposal to name Siamese fighting fish as the
6. Zimbabwe starts trading New Currency RTGS National Aquatic Animal.
dollar – Zimbabwe started to trade its new currency, 14. World Bank President Jim Yong Kim (58-years) step
the RTGS dollar. down from his position on 1st February 2019, much
• The bank unveiled a foreign exchange trading before the end of his term in 2022.
system that effectively devalued its quasi- • Kristalina Georgieva (World Bank CEO)
currency, the bond note, which was officially assume the role of interim President (from 1st
pegged at parity with the US dollar. of Feb 2019).
• The new currency replaces electronic bank 15. Macedonia signs accord to join NATO - Macedonia
savings called digital dollars and the bond signed an accord to join NATO to become the 30th
notes and was named after the real-time gross member of the US-led alliance.
settlement system that banks use to transfer Note:
money between each other. • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is
7. J P Morgan became first US Bank with an international alliance that consists of 29-
Cryptocurrency – JP Morgan rolled out the first US member states from North America and
bank cryptocurrency. Europe.
• The currency is designed to be decentralized • It was established at the signing of the North
so that no one has control over transactions Atlantic Treaty on 4 April 1949.
being sent over the network. • NATO headquarter is in Brussels, Belgium.
• Cryptocurrencies are used successfully to
move money between the bank and a client
which usually runs on a blockchain technology.

January 2019
1. Qatar withdraw its membership from OPEC 7. Rio de Janeiro will be World Capital of Architecture
• Qatar had decided to withdraw its for 2020: UNESCO
membership from Organisation of the • According to UNESCO (United Nations
Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) Educational, Scientific, and Cultural
effective from January 2019. Organization), the Brazilian city of Rio de
• Qatar left OPEC on 1 January 2019, after Janeiro will be the World Capital of
joining the organization in 1961, to focus on Architecture for 2020.
natural gas production, of which it is the • The city will host the World Congress of UIA, in
world's largest exporter in the form of liquified July 2020, an event that occurs every three
natural gas (LNG). years.
Note: 8. Venezuela breaks all diplomatic ties with the US -
• As of January 2019, now OPEC has 14- Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro announced that
member countries: Algeria, Angola, Congo, the country has cut off diplomatic relations with the
Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Iran, United States.
Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, • The capital of Venezuela is Caracas and the
UAE and Venezuela. currency is Venezuelan bolívar.
• The headquarter of OPEC is in Vienna, 9. Sugarcane juice declared as ‘national drink’ of
Austria. Pakistan.
2. US and Israel quit UNESCO citing bias 10. France introduced GAFA Tax on Global Internet,
• The United States (US) and Israel officially quit Technology Firm - The finance minister of France
the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Bruno Le Maire announced that France will introduce
Cultural Organization (UNESCO) with the close its own tax on large internet and technology
of 2018. companies from January 1.
Note: • France has been pushing hard for a new so-
• UNESCO headquarter is in Paris, France. called “GAFA tax” — named after Google,
3. Five nations assume charge as Non-Permanent Apple, Facebook and Amazon — to ensure the
Members of UN Security Council global giants pay a fair share of taxes on their
• Five nations (Belgium, Dominican Republic, massive business operations in Europe.
Germany, Indonesia and South Africa) 11. Palestine takes over chairmanship of G77 -
assumed the charge as the Non-Permanent Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas has pledged to
Members of the United Nations Security protect the interests of all 134 countries in the UN’s
Council (UNSC). Group of 77, as Palestine took the chairmanship of the
Note: group from Egypt for 2019.
• The U.N. Security Council has 15 members five 12. Italy, UN, launch Africa Centre for Climate and
of which (China, France, Russia, Britain, and Sustainable Development - Italian Prime Minister
the United States) hold permanent Giuseppe Conte along with UN representative has
membership and veto power. launched Africa Centre for Climate and Sustainable
4. Turkmenistan has launched its first messaging app development.
‘BizBarde’ • The new centre is located near the Food and
• BizBarde app will allow the exchange of Agriculture Organization headquarters in
messages, files, photos and videos. Rome.
5. Macedonia renamed as ‘The Republic of Northern • The major objective is boosting the
Macedonia’ - The Parliament of Macedonia has passed agricultural sectors and promoting rural
the resolution to amend the constitution of the country development in Africa.
to rename as the ‘Republic of Northern Macedonia’. • It will help in implementing the goals of the
• North Macedonia Capital: Skopje, Currency: UN’s 2030 Agenda and the landmark 2015
Denar Paris Climate Agreement to stop depending on
6. Justice Asif Saeed Khosa took oath as the 26th Chief fossil fuel and cap global warming.
Justice of Pakistan. 13. China is the largest producer of crude steel - World
Steel Association Report

• China is the largest producer of crude steel and 14. The United Nations observed the first official World
it accounts for more than 51 per cent of global Braille Day on 4th January to create awareness about
production. the importance of Braille for approximately 1.3 billion
• India has replaced Japan as the world’s second- people living with some form of distance or near vision
largest steel producing country. impairment.
• United States, at the 4th position, South Korea
is at 5th place), Russia is a 6th place.


May 2019

1. 12th edition of Indian Premier League (IPL) 2019 – 2. Amul to sponsor Afghanistan in 2019 World Cup -
Mumbai beat Chennai by 1 run to win the 4th IPL title Amul has been announced as the principal sponsor of
• Mumbai Indian Captain – Rohit Sharma the Afghanistan cricket team for the upcoming World
• Man of the Match - Jasprit Bumrah Cup, slated to be held in England and Wales from May
• Earlier, Mumbai won the IPL title in 2013, 30.
2015, 2017 • The logo of brand Amul will appear on the
Cap holders leading arm of the Afghanistan team playing
• Orange Cap: David Warner (SRH) - 692 runs jerseys as well as on the training kits
• Purple Cap: Imran Tahir (CSK) - 26 wickets throughout the showpiece event.
• MVP: Andre Russell (KKR) - 510 runs and 11 3. Indian shooting ace Apurvi Chandela has been ranked
wickets the world number one in the women’s 10 metres air
Other awards rifle event.
• Subhman Gill (KKR): Emerging player of the 4. Asian Youth Women Handball Championship -
year Jaipur will host the 8th Asian Youth Women Handball
• Sunrisers Hyderabad (SRH): Playing in right Championship in August 2019.
spirit award Note: The previous edition in 2017 was held at Jakarta
in Indonesia.
• Hardik Pandya (MI): Fastest fifty of the season
5. Spain and Barcelona legend Xavi Hernandez has
(50 runs in 17 balls)
announced that he will retire from professional
• Andre Russell (KKR): Super striker of the
football at the end of the current season.
6. Sri Lanka’s former captain Kumar Sangakkara will
• KL Rahul (KXIP) : Stylish player of the season
become first Non-British president of Marylebone
• Rahul Chahar (MI): Gamechanger of the season
Cricket Club (MCC).

April 2019

1. Azlan Shah Hockey Cup 2019 - South Korea defeated Note: The trophy is named after the late Maharaja Sir
India in the final of Sultan Azlan Shah Cup 2019. Manmatha Nath Roy Chowdhary of Santosh (now in
• The final match was held at Azlan Shah Bangladesh).
Stadium in Ipoh, Malaysia. 3. Barcelona Open 2019 - Dominic Thiem (Austria) won
2. Santosh Trophy 2019 - Services' has won the 73rd the Barcelona Open 2019 after defeating Daniil
edition of premier domestic football tournament Medvedev (Russia).
‘Santosh Trophy’ by defeating Punjab 1-0 in the final at 4. Miami Open 2019 –
Ludhiana, Punjab. • Men’s Singles – Roger Federer (Switzerland)
defeated John Isner (United States)

• Women’s Singles - Ashleigh Barty (Australia) Indian junior players under world-renowned Serbian
defeated Karolina Pliskova (Czech Republic) coaches.
7. First Indian to be elected as a member of FIFA 20. Paris Marathon - Ethiopian athletes Gelete Burka
Executive Council - Praful Patel, president of All India (women’s race) and Abrha Milaw (men’s race) won the
Football Federation (AIFF), has become the first Indian 43rd edition of the Paris Marathon.
to be elected as a member of FIFA Executive Council. 21. Tiger Woods wins 2019 Masters to claim 15th
8. First Female Umpire in Men’s ODI - Australia’s Major in Golf - Famous Golfer Tiger Woods completed
Claire Polosak will become the first female umpire to one of the sport’s great all-time comebacks to end an
officiate in a men’s one-day international at the ICC 11-year major title drought at the Masters by claiming
World Cricket League Division a fifth Green Jacket.
9. Azerbaijan Grand Prix 2019 - Mercedes’ driver 22. Bajrang regains top Spot in World Wrestling rankings -
Valtteri Bottas beat his English teammate Lewis Bajrang Punia has regained the world number one
Hamilton spot in the men’s 65-kilogram freestyle category
10. Bahrain Grand Prix 2019 - Lewis Hamilton rankings.
11. Sam Curran Claims First Hat-Trick Of IPL 2019 – 23. Fabio Fognini became the first Italian to win an ATP
Sam Curran bagged the first hat-trick of Indian Premier Masters 1000 title at the Rolex Monte-Carlo Masters.
League (IPL) 2019 during Kings XI Punjab's clash He defeated Dusan Lajovic (Serbia)
against Delhi Capitals. 24. Asian Athletics Championships 2019 held at Doha
• The English all-rounder bagged the wickets of in Qatar - India ended at the fourth spot in the medals
Harshal Patel in the final delivery of the 18th tally with 3 Gold, 7 Silver and 7 Bronze.
over which was followed by two unplayable • Bahrain topped the table with 11 Gold, 7 Silver
yorkers to get rid of Kagiso Rabada and and 4 Bronze.
Sandeep Lamichhane respectively. • China was second with 9 Gold, 13 Silver, and 7
12. Saurav Ghosal became the first Indian male squash Bronze.
player to enter the top 10 in latest Professional Squash • Japan was third with 5 Gold, 4 Silver, and 9
Association (PSA) world rankings. Bronze.
13. Chief Coach of India Men’s Hockey Team - Graham 25. Pankaj Advani wins Asian Snooker Tour title
Reid (Australian) 26. Stuttgart’s Porsche Grand Prix 2019 - Tennis player
14. India Open 2019 (Badminton) Petra Kvitova (Czech Republic) beat Anett Kontaveit
• Men’s Singles - Viktor (Estonia) to win Stuttgart’s Porsche Grand Prix for her
Axelsen(Denmark)defeated Srikanth Kidambi second title of the year.
(India) 27. Asian Wrestling Championship 2019 – Iran topped
• Women’s Singles - Ratchanok the medal tally
Intanon(Thailand) defeated He Bingjiao Note:
(China) • Iran topped the medal tally with – 11 Gold,
15. Boxing World Cup 2019 - India bagged a Gold and 0 Sliver, 6 Bronze
two Silver medals at the Boxing World Cup at Cologne • China on second spot – 5 Gold, 5 Silver, 6
in Germany. Bronze
• Meena Kumari Maisnam (from Manipur) • Japan on third spot – 4 Gold, 7 Silver, 6
claimed the Gold medal in the 54 kg category. Bronze
16. Shuttler Harsheel Dani clinched dutch • India on 8th spot – 1 Gold, 6 Silver, 9 Bronze
International Badminton title - Former junior 28. All India Football Federation (AIFF) recommended
national champion Harsheel Dani defeated Mads names of National team footballers Gurpreet Singh
Christophersen of Denmark to clinch the Dutch Sandhu and Jeje Lalpekhlua for the prestigious Arjuna
International badminton title in The Hague, Award 2019.
Netherlands. 29. Cricketer Mithali Raj has been named as the goodwill
17. Lewis Hamilton wins Formula One’s 1,000th Race ambassador of the Indian team for the Street Child
18. Chinese Grand Prix - Lewis Hamilton (Mercedes) won Cricket World Cup.
the Chinese Grand Prix for a record sixth time. 30. Wisden’s Five Cricketers of the Year for 2018 –
19. The All India Tennis Association (AITA) has signed an • The Wisden has named Virat Kohli as the
MoU with Serbian Tennis Federation (STF) to train Leading Cricketer of the Year for 2018.

• Indian player Smriti Mandhana bagged the • Rashid Khan of Afghanistan bagged the
Women’s Leading Cricketer of the Year. Leading T20 Cricketer of the Year.

March 2019

1. Suresh Raina 1st Cricketer to score 5,000 Runs in • England won the U-17 World Cup for the first
IPL – Chennai Super Kings’ Suresh Raina has become time after beating Spain 5–2 in the final.
the first ever cricketer to reach 5,000 runs in Indian 7. Special Olympics World Games 2019 – UAE
Premier League. Note:
• The 32-year-old left-handed batsman achieved • Special Olympics World Games 2019 which
the feat after scoring 15 runs in the IPL 2019 was held from March 14 to March 21 in the
opener against Royal Challengers Bangalore. UAE has made history by welcoming a record-
2. SAFF Women’s Championship – India defeated Nepal breaking 200 nations ahead of the Games.
in the final by 3-1 in Biratnagar, Nepal. • The next Special Olympic Games are set to take
• India has lifted South Asian Football place in Sweden in 2021.
Federation SAFF Women’s Championship fifth • India won total 368 medals (85 gold, 154
time in a row. Silver, and 129 Bronze) at the Special Olympics
• India has clinched all five editions of SAFF World Summer Games, held at Abu Dhabi, UAE.
championship. 8. South African all-rounder JP Duminy announced that
3. Asian Youth Championship 2019 held in Hong Kong - he would retire from ODIs after the ICC World Cup in
India finishes 2nd, China Tops England.
Note: 9. Chris Gayle becomes first player to smash 500
• Indian youth team finish second in the overall Sixes in International Cricket - West Indies opener
medals tally with a total of 26 medals including Chris Gayle has become the first batsman ever to
8 gold, 9 silver and 9 bronze medals. smash 500 or more sixes in international cricket.
• China topped the overall medals tally with 31 10. Makran Cup - National Boxing champion Deepak
medals that included 12 gold, 11 silver and Singh (49kg) was the only Indian boxer to notch up the
eight bronze medals and gold medal in the Makran Cup held in Chabahar, Iran.
Japan finished third with 20 medals that 11. Roger Federer claims 100th ATP title of his career -
included 6 Gold, 8 Silver and 6 bronze. Roger Federer has claimed the 100th ATP title of his
4. Indian Super League (football) title - Bengaluru FC career after beating 20-year-old Greek Stefanos
clinched their maiden title after beating FC Goa, in the Tsitsipas in the final of the Dubai Tennis
final. Championships.
5. Australian F1 Grand Prix 2019 - Mercedes’ Valtteri 12. The Supreme Court appointed senior advocate PS
Bottas Narasimha as a mediator for resolving various disputes
6. U-17 Women’s Football World Cup in 2020 - India related to cricket administration within the cricket
will host the Under-17 Women’s Football World Cup in body, the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI).
2020. 13. Cricket to be re-introduced in Asian Games - The
Note: Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) has decided to
• This will be the second FIFA tournament India reintroduce Cricket in the 2022 Asian Games to be held
will be hosting, after the U-17 Men’s World at Hangzhou, China.
Cup in 2017.

February 2019

1. Afghanistan scores highest ever T20 International International Cricket Stadium in Dehradun,
score - Afghanistan scored 278 for the loss of three Uttarakhand against Ireland.
wickets from their allotted 20 overs, to register the Note: They toppled Australia’s record score of 263/3
highest-ever total in T20s at the Rajiv Gandhi which they achieved back in 2016 against Sri Lanka.

2. Irani Cup title 2018-19 - Vidarbha beat Rest of India 10. India's Rohit Sharma becomes highest run-scorer
to retain 2018–19 Irani Cup title in Nagpur. in T20 cricket – India's Rohit Sharma (31-year) has
Note: Vidarbha has now become the third team after become the highest run scorer in the Twenty20
Mumbai and Karnataka to clinch two Irani Cup titles in International history while playing against New
a row. Zealand in Auckland.
3. West Indian batsman Chris Gayle has announced that • Rohit Sharma (India) scored 2288 runs in
he will retire from One-day Internationals after the 92 matches.
forthcoming World Cup. • He also became first Indian and the third
4. ‘Clouded Leopard’ to be Mascot for National Games overall player to smash 100 sixes in T20
2022 - The Sports and Youth Ministry in the meeting cricket.
of Executive Committee of the National Games 2022 11. Smriti Mandhana becomes World No.1 Women’s
has chosen the Smiling Clouded Leopard to be the ODI batter - Indian women’s cricket team opener
Mascot for the National Games 2022. Smriti Mandhana has become the top-ranked batter in
Note: Meghalaya will host the 2022 National Games, women’s ODI cricket, as per the latest rankings
which is coinciding with its 50 years of statehood. released by the ICC.
5. Qatar Open title - Elise Merten, world number 21 12. Smriti Mandhana Scores India’s fastest-ever T20I
from Belgium beat world number 3, Simona Halep to Fifty - Indian opener Smriti Mandhana hammered the
win the Qatar Open held in Doha, Qatar. fastest fifty for India in Women’s T20Is in just 24 balls
6. Malaysia’s Nicol David most successful squash against New Zealand.
players of all time announced the retirement 13. Mithali Raj became First Woman to play 200 ODIs -
7. Cannes International Open Trophy - Indian India captain Mithali Raj has become the first woman
Grandmaster Abhijeet Gupta lifted the Cannes cricketer to play 200 ODIs.
International Open trophy. • She is also the highest run-scorer in ODIs
8. Sri Lanka cricket team became the first Asian side to with 6622 runs at an average of 51.33,
win a Test series in South Africa after winning the including 7 hundred.
series by 2-0. 14. Ricky Ponting appointed as Assistant Coach of
Note: Australia for 2019 World Cup. The main coach for the
• Before Sri Lanka, only Australia and England Australian Cricket team is Justin Langer.
have defeated South Africa in a Test series at 15. The 83rd edition of Senior National Badminton
home. Championships has begun in Guwahati.
9. Ranji Trophy – Vidarbha defeated Saurashtra by 78 16. Jamie Chadwick from England made history by
runs in the final. becoming the first female driver to win the MRF
Note: challenge title after scoring a triple win in the final
• The defending champions Vidarbha won round in Chennai.
the 85th Ranji Trophy title. 17. France’s Corentin Moutet has clinched the Chennai
• Aditya Sarwate of was Vidarbha was Open ATP Challenger tournament title after beating
declared man of the match. Andrew Harris of Australia in the singles final.
• Vidarbha became the sixth team to 18. Golfer Vani Kapoor has become the first Indian to grab
successfully defend their title. Australian Ladies PGA Tour (LPGA).
• Mumbai (Bombay) have won the 19. South Korean Footballer Ki Sung-yueng Announces
tournament the most number of times retirement.
with 41 wins. 20. The INS Dronacharya team won the Regatta trophy in
• Ranji Trophy is named after Ranjitsinhji the Kochi Area Pulling Regatta 2019 of the Southern
Vibhaji Jadeja, who was famously referred Naval Command (SNC) held in the Ernakulam Channel.
to as ‘Ranji’.

January 2019

1. Australian Open 2019: List of Winners

• Novak Djokovic defeated Rafael Nadal in the final to win the Australian Open 2019 title.
• With this he won a record seventh Australian Open title and a third successive Grand Slam.
• Novak Djokovic won the 15th Grand Slam title of his career.
• Naomi Osaka was the winner of the Women's Singles in 2019. It was her 2nd Grand Slam singles title.

Event Winner Runner-Up

Men’s Singles Novak Djokovic (Serbia) Rafael Nadal (Spain)
Women’s Singles Naomi Osaka (Japan) Petra Kvitova (Czech
Men’s Doubles Pierre-Hugues Herbert Henri Kontinen
(France) and Nicolas Mahut (Finland) and John
(France) Peers (Australia)
Women’s Doubles Samantha Stosur (Australia) Tímea Babos
and Zhang Shuai (China) (Hungary) and
Kristina Mladenovic
Mix Doubles Barbora Krejčíková (Czech Astra Sharma
Republic) and Rajeev Ram (Australia) and John-
(United States) Patrick Smith

2. Indonesia Masters Badminton Title 2019: List of Winners

Event Winner Runner-Up
Men’s Singles Anders Antonsen Kento Momota
(Denmark) (Japan)
Women’s Singles Saina Nehwal Carolina Marin
(India) (Spain)

3. Former South Africa all-rounder Johan Botha has who needed only 44 games to reach the
announced his immediate retirement from all forms of mark.
Cricket. 5. Virat Kohli becomes first Asian captain to win Tests
4. Mohammed Shami became Fastest Indian bowler in Australia, England and South Africa.
to reach 100 ODI Wickets - Mohammed Shami Note: Kohli became the 1st Indian captain to win
became the fastest Indian bowler to claim 100 ODI the opening Test of a series against Australia in
wickets, during the first one-dayer against New Australia
Zealand at Napier. Shami reached the milestone in his 6. India become first team to win bilateral series
56th match. across formats versus Australia - Virat Kohli-led
Note: Indian cricket team became the first visiting team to
• The Indian record was previously held by win bilateral series across the three formats against
Irfan Pathan, who got there in his 59th Australia.
match, against Pakistan in Abu Dhabi in 7. Rishabh Pant named ICC Emerging Player of The
2006. Year - Rishabh Pant was named the International
• The world record is currently held by Cricket Council’s (ICC) Emerging Player of The Year.
Afghanistan leg-spinner Rashid Khan, Note: With an unbeaten 159-run knock in the 4th
Test in Sydney, Rishabh Pant became the first

Indian wicket-keeper to score a Test century in 21. Egypt to host 2019 African Cup of Nations – Seven-
Australia. time champions Egypt have won the hosting rights for
8. Rohit Paudel of Nepal became the youngest batsman to the 2019 edition of the African Cup of Nations.
hit International Half-Century 22. Sydney & Brisbane to host $15 million ATP Cup in
9. West Indies captain Jason Holder has become the first 2020 - Australian cities Sydney and Brisbane have
player from the country in 45 years to top the list of been announced as the first two host locations for the
all-rounders in the International Cricket Council Test newest team event in men’s tennis for the multi-
Player Rankings after slamming an unbeaten double- million dollar ATP Cup from 2020.
century that helped script a memorable 381-run win 23. Khelo India Youth Games 2019 – The second edition
over England in the first Test in Bridgetown. of the Khelo India Youth Games was held from 09 Jan –
10. Ankita Raina wins ITF’s Tournament in Singapore – 20 Jan 2019 in Pune, Maharashtra.
India’s Ankita Raina has won the International Tennis Note:
Federation’s 25,000-dollar Women’s tournament in • Maharashtra tops medal tally with 228
Singapore. medals.
11. Kartik Sharma wins New South wales Men’s Amateur • Haryana stood on the second spot and
Golf Championship in Australia. Delhi is on the third spot.
12. Qatar defeated Japan to win First-ever Asian Cup title • The first edition of the Khelo India Youth
in Football Games 2018 was held at New Delhi.
13. Chennai’s Gukesh Crowned India’s Youngest State Gold Silver Bronze Total
Grandmaster - D Gukesh became the 2nd youngest
Grand Master in the world and the youngest Indian to 1.Maharashtra 85 62 81 228
achieve the feat at 12 years, 7 months and 17 days.
2. Haryana 62 56 60 178
14. Stephen Constantine resigns as Coach of Indian
Football Team - Indian football team head coach 3. Delhi 48 37 51 136
Stephen Constantine has stepped down after the
team’s shock 0-1 defeat to Bahrain which led to its exit
from the Asian Cup. 24. Hopman Cup: Roger Federer & Belinda Bencic
15. Shakil Ahmed sets world record in Indoor Rowing - retain title for Switzerland
Asian Cup gold medallist Shakil Ahmed has set up a • Switzerland’s Roger Federer and Belinda
world record in indoor rowing by completing 1 lakh Bencic secured victory over Germany’s
meters in above-40 years category in Kolkata. Angelique Kerber and Alexander Zverev
16. Bengaluru Raptors won 1st ever PBL Title – to win the Hopman Cup for the second
Bengaluru Raptors have won their first ever Premier year in a row.
Badminton League, PBL title. 25. The 80th National Table Tennis Championship was
• In the title clash played at Bengaluru, held at Jawaharlal Nehru Indoor Stadium in Cuttack.
Bengaluru edged out Mumbai Rockets, 26. Jasprit Bumrah becomes Highest International
with a 4-3 win. Wicket-Taker in 2018
17. Kartik Singh becomes Youngest Indian to win • Indian fast bowler Jasprit Bumrah became
Junior World title - Gurgaon’s 8-year-old Kartik Singh the highest international wicket-taker
has won the under-8 category at the Kids’ Golf World across formats in 2018.
Championship. • He took a total of 78 wickets in the
18. Albie Morkel retires from all forms of Cricket - calendar year.
South African all-rounder, announced his retirement 27. Smriti Mandhana named ICC Women’s Cricketer of
from all forms of cricket. the Year
19. Harendra Singh removed as Indian Men’s Hockey • India’s opener Smriti Mandhana has been
Team Coach. named as the International Cricket Council
20. Mary Kom Attains No. 1 position in AIBA Rankings (ICC) Women’s Cricketer of the Year.
– M C Mary Kom has attained number one position in • She also named as the ICC Women’s ODI
the International Boxing Association’s (AIBA) latest Player of the Year.
world rankings. 28. ICC Awards 2018 – The list of Awards is as follows:
• Sir Garfield Sobers Trophy for ICC
Cricketer of the Year: Virat Kohli

• ICC Men’s Test Player of the Year: Virat
Kohli Note:
• ICC ODI Player of the Year: Virat Kohli • Virat Kohli became the first player in
• ICC Emerging Player of the Year: Rishabh history to win the Sir Garfield Sobers
Pant Trophy for ICC Cricketer of the Year, the
• ICC Associate Player of the Year: Calum ICC Men’s Test Player of the Year and the
MacLeod ICC ODI Player of the Year awards.
• T20I Performance of the Year: Aaron Finch • He was also named the captain of the ICC
• ICC Spirit of Cricket award: Williamson Test and ODI teams of the year for 2018.
• Umpire of the Year: Kumar Dharmasena

Science & Defense

Military Exercise

April 2019

1. Varuna 19.1 - naval exercise between India & France.

• The first part of the Indo-French joint naval exercise, Varuna 19.1 conducted in Off Goa Coast.
• The second part, Varuna 19.2, is scheduled to be held at the end of May in Djibouti.
2. ‘Bold Kurukshetra–2019 - joint military exercise between India & Singapore held in Babina Cantonment in Jhansi.
3. African Lion 2019 - joint military exercise between Morocco and the US held in southern Morocco.
4. IN – VPN BILAT EX - bilateral maritime exercise between the Indian Navy and Vietnam Peoples’ Navy conducted at/ off
Cam Ranh Bay, Vietnam.

March 2019

1. AUSINDEX - bilateral joint exercise between India and Australia held in held in Vishakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh.
2. Mitra shakti-VI - bilateral joint exercise between India and Sri Lanka. The exercise is conducted annually as part of
military diplomacy in Sri Lanka.
3. AFINDEX-19 – Africa-India Field Training Exercise-2019 for India and African nations held at Aundh Military Station,
4. Al Nagah 2019 – bilateral joint exercise between India and Oman held at at Jabel Al Akhdar Mountains in Oman.
5. ‘Mainamati Maitree Exercise 2019’ – b/w India & Bangladesh
• Border Security Force (BSF) and Border Guards Bangladesh (BGB) took part in the ‘Mainamati Maitree Exercise
2019 which was held in held in Agartala, Tripura.

February 2019

1. ‘Sampriti 2019’ – (8th edition) joint military exercise between India & Bangladesh held in at Tangail, Bangladesh.
2. Vayu Shakti’ Exercise - Indian Air Force conducted mega exercise ‘Vayu Shakti’ in Pokhran, Rajasthan.
3. Cobra Gold Military Exercises – Thailand and the United States hosted the annual Cobra Gold military exercise in
• Apart from the 2 countries, 7 countries who participated in the exercise were India, Singapore, Japan, China,
Indonesia, Malaysia and South Korea.

January 2019

1. `Exercise Rahat´ - Joint Humanitarian Assistance and Note:

Disaster Relief Exercise `Exercise Rahat´ concluded in • Indian Coast Guard Ship ICGS Shaunak is
Jaipur, Rajasthan. the main Indian ship took part in the drills.
2. ‘Exercise Topchi’ - Indian Army carried out the annual • The ICGS Shaunkak is a 105-metre class
exercise named ‘Exercise Topchi’ which was held at Offshore Patrol Vessel and is one of the
Deolali Camp near Nashik. largest ships in the Indian Coast Guard.
3. ‘Aman 19’ - The 5-day multinational maritime exercise 6. IAFTX 2019: Indian Africa Field Training Exercise
‘AMAN-19’ in which 46 nations participated from all (IAFTX) will be held at Aundh Military Station and
over the world was formally commenced at Pakistan College of Military Engineering, Pune, Maharashtra.
Navy Dockyard in Karachi. The joint training exercise is being conducted with
4. ‘Cutclass Express 2019’ - INS Trikand, the frontline more than a dozen African countries & India.
warship of the Indian Navy, participated in a multi- 7. IMBEX 2018-19: bilateral army exercise between
national training exercise ‘CUTCLASS EXPRESS 2019’. India & Myanmar was held in Chandimandir Military
• The annual Exercise Cutlass Express is Station in Haryana.
sponsored by U.S. Africa Command 8. ‘Sea Vigil’: Indian Navy commenced the largest coastal
(USAFRICOM) and conducted by Naval defence exercise off the Indian coast.
Forces Africa (NAVAF).
5. Disaster Control Exercise: The coast guards of India
and Japan undertook disaster control, search and
rescue exercises off the coast of Yokohama in Japan.

Science & Technology


1. China Launches Its 2nd Generational Data Relay system in Asia’ at Osaka train station in Japan to
Satellite, Tianlian II-01 reduce energy demand and provide emergency backup
2. Astronomers Capture first-ever image of a Black power to trains in Japan.
Hole – Astronomers have taken the first-ever image of 5. Google launches new cloud platform Anthos –
a black hole, which is located in a distant galaxy known Google launched Anthos, a new open platform from
as ‘Messier 87’ (M87) around 55 million light-years Google Cloud, that lets users run applications from
away from Earth. anywhere.
• It was captured by the Event Horizon 6. Google has opened its first African artificial
Telescope (EHT), a network of eight linked intelligence (AI) centre in Ghana – Google has
telescopes. It measures 40 billion km space opened its first African artificial intelligence (AI)
across and has been described by scientists as centre in Accra, Ghana.
“a monster”. • The research laboratory will host software
3. ISRO launches PSLV C-45 carrying EMISAT & 28 engineers and research scientists to work on
Nano Satellites – The Indian Space Research projects dedicated to next-generation
Organisation (ISRO) has launched a Defence technology.
Intelligence Satellite, EMISAT in its 47th Polar Satellite • Note: Accra is the capital and Cedi is the
Launch Vehicle (PSLV) mission, along with 28 other currency of Ghana.
customer satellites, onboard the advanced PSLV-C45 7. South Korea launches World’s First National 5G
Rocket. Networks – South Korea launches the world’s first
• The PSLV C45 was launched from ISRO’s Satish fully-fledged 5G mobile networks. The system will
Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota. bring smartphones near-instantaneous connectivity 20
4. Tesla Builds its ‘largest Energy Storage System in times faster than the existing 4G allowing users to
Asia’ – Tesla has developed its ‘largest power storage download entire movies in less than a second.

8. Nepal launches Its first Satellite from USA - Nepal’s • Raavana 1 weights around 1.05 kg and is 1000
first satellite NepaliSat-1 was launched into space cubic centimetres in size.
from the Virginia-based station of the National • The minimum lifespan of the satellite is around
Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in the one and a half years and it is expected to be
US. active for five years.
• NepaliSat-1 will start rotating around the • Raavana 1 satellite was designed and built at
Earths orbit to collect information about the the Kyushu Institute of Technology in Japan by
country’s topography and Earths magnetic two Sri Lankan research engineers.
field. • Raavana 1 satellite’s camera mission is to
• The satellite also bears the Nepal flag and logo capture images of Sri Lanka and its
of Nepal Academy of Science and Technology neighbouring countries.
(NAST). 10. First privately funded mission to the Moon
• The satellite is equipped with a 5MP camera to ‘Beresheet’ spacecraft crashed into the moon’s surface
capture Nepal’s topography and a - Beresheet is an Israeli mission. It is the first privately
magnetometer to collect data related to the funded lunar mission.
Earth’s magnetic field. • Beresheet crashed during landing on lunar
9. Sri Lanka’s 1st Satellite ‘Raavana-1’ launched into surface.
Space – Sri Lanka’s first satellite Raavana-1 was • It was launched with a partnership between
launched into space from NASA’s Flight Facility on non-profit Spacell_ and government owned
Virginia’s east shore. aerospace company of Israel
• .


1. ISRO launches ‘Yuva Vigyani Karyakram’ for School She has been developed in collaboration with Sogou
Children – Indian Space Research Organisation has Inc, a search engine company.
launched ‘Yuva VIgyani Karyakram’, a ‘Young Scientist 4. Bandicoot- a drainage cleaning Robot Introduced
Programme’ for the School Children to be studying in in Chennai – Bandicoot, a drainage-cleaning robot, has
the 9th standard. been introduced for the first time in India at the
2. NASA to launch SPHEREx Mission to Investigate Kumbakonam city corporation as part of efforts to rid
Universe – NASA has announced a new space of manual scavenging at the cost of Rs 18 lakh in
telescope mission dedicated to understanding the Chennai, Tamil Nadu.
origins of life and the universe. 5. First Humanoid Police Robot KP-BOT launched in
• It’s called the Spectro-Photometer for the Kerala – Kerala Chief Minister, Pinarayi Vijayan,
History of the Universe, Epoch of Reionization inaugurated India’s first Humanoid Police Robot
and Ices Explorer or SPHEREx, for short. The named KP-BOT, ranked as Sub-Inspector (SI), at the
space agency is aiming for a 2023 launch. Police Headquarters in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.
3. China’s Xinhua unveils World’s First Female AI • The robot’s gender is declared female keeping
News Anchor – Chinese news agency Xinhua unveiled in mind women empowerment and gender
the world’s first female AI news anchor Xin Xiaomeng. equality.

January & February 2019

1. BSNL to Offer Data Connectivity Services via SMS in • The SMS based data connectivity will work
India with the help of a technology embedded in a
• BSNL has signed a partnership agreement with mobile App.
the French company Be-Bound to offer data • The connectivity is based on SMS sent to and
connectivity through SMS in areas where there fro between the app and the Be-Bound server.
is no Internet connectivity or signal breaks. • This technology was first introduced in France
and it is also being tested in some of the

African countries. In India, BSNL is in talks in collaboration with the Technical University
with some apps to implement the technology. of Munich (TUM) in Germany.
2. ISRO launches GSAT31 from French Guiana • The Institute will help to advance the growing
• India’s communication satellite GSAT-31 field of ethical research on new technology and
launched successfully from Kourou Launch will explore fundamental issues affecting the
Base, French Guiana (at Indian time- 2:31 use and impact of AI.
am). • The Institute will explore the ethical issues of
Note: AI and develop ethical guidelines for the
• GSAT-31 (India’s 40th communication responsible use of technology in society and
satellite) will provide transponder the economy.
capacity for DTH television and • TUM was ranked 6th in the world for AI
connectivity to services like VSATs for research by the Times Higher Education
ATMs, stock-exchanges, Digital Satellite magazine in 2018.
News Gathering DSNG and e-governance 6. Young Scientist Programme
applications. • Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has
• GSAT-31 had a lift-off mass of 2536 kg and announced Young Scientist Programme to
operational life of over fifteen years. inculcate and nurture space research fervour
3. Isro to set up Human Space Flight Centre in in young minds. Young Scientist programme is
Bengaluru Gaganyaan mission - The Indian Space part of Isro’s efforts to reach out to the student
Research Organisation (Isro) is setting up a ‘Human community.
Space Flight Centre’ in Bengaluru, which will support 7. Samwad with Students
its quest of making country’s maiden manned space • Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has
mission a success. launched an outreach programme called
Note: Samwad with Students.
• The total fund for the Gaganyaan • Isro’s outreach programme was aimed at
programme is Rs 10,000 crore. motivating young India and tapping their
4. ISRO Successfully launched PSLV C44 Carrying scientific potential.
Kalamsat & Microsat R satellite 8. Pune to soon be first city in country to see a traffic
• The Indian Space Research Organisation robot
successfully launched the PSLV C 44 carrying • The traffic police authorities of Pune are
Kalamsat and imaging satellite Microsat R. planning to introduce a robot named ‘Roadeo’
• The satellite was launched from the Sathish which would move around city roads,
Dhawan Space Centre Sriharikota, Andhra functioning as a quasi-traffic policeman and
Pradesh. cautioning commuters about traffic rules and
About Kalamsat offences.
• Kalamsat is a payload developed by students • Roadeo consists of 16-inch LED display to
and Chennai based Space Kidz India for the showcase traffic rules and other important
first time. messages such as ‘Wear a helmet’, ‘Do not
• Kalamsat, a 10-CM size cube and weighing 1.2 jump the signal’ and others.
kg said to be the lightest satellite of India. • It is a first of its kind initiative in the entire
About Microsat-R (military satellite) country.
• Microsat-R is an earth observing satellite • The Robot “Roadeo” is developed by SP
manufactured by DRDO and launched by Robotics Maker Lab, a Pune based laboratory
Indian Space Research Organisation. that trains people to learn about robotics and
• Microsat-R is primarily a dedicated military build tech themselves.
satellite for the Indian Armed Forces's 9. First manned mission to space by December 2021:
Integrated Space Cell. ISRO chief
5. Facebook to set up an Institute for Ethics in • ISRO Chairman Dr. K Sivan has announced
Artificial Intelligence that the organization is well prepared to
• Facebook grants $7.5 million to set up an meet the targets of launching Gaganyaan
Institute for Ethics in Artificial Intelligence (AI)

manned mission to outer space by • Chandrayaan-2 mission is a totally
December 2021. indigenous venture comprising of an
• Under Gaganyaan project, India is orbiter, a lander and a rover.
planning to send three astronauts to outer • The rover will observe the lunar surface
space for seven days and bring them back. and send back the data. This data will be
• The initial training for Gaganyaan will be useful for analysis of the lunar soil.
done in India and advanced training might • The payloads will collect scientific
happen in Russia. information on lunar topography,
• Women astronauts will be there on the mineralogy, elemental abundance, lunar
team. exosphere and signatures of hydroxyl and
The salient features of the Gaganyaan Mission are: • The 3,290-kg Chandrayaan-2 will orbit the
• The Mission aims to carry three human beings for Moon and perform the objectives of
a maximum period of seven days in space with the remote sensing the moon.
support of academia, the scientific community, Note:
industry, IAF and Isro (Indian Space Research • India’s first lunar probe Chandrayaan-1 was
Organisation). launched by the ISRO in October 2008 and
• India will launch two unmanned missions before operated till August 2009.
the final mission. 13. China’s Chang’e 4 probe makes historic touchdown
• The first unmanned test-flight will be launched in • China’s Chang’e 4 probe spacecraft has become the
December 2020. first spacecraft to land on the far side of the moon.
• The second unmanned test will be conducted in • Chang’e 4 is a Chinese lunar exploration mission
July 2021 and the human space flight will be that aims to achieve soft-landing on the far side of
launched in December 2021. the Moo
• A human-rated GSLV Mk-lll will be used to carry • The mission aims to deliver samples of Moon rock
the orbital module. and soil to Earth.
Union Cabinet approves budget for Gaganyaan project 14. Japan Launches Satellite for World’s 1st Artificial
• The Union Cabinet has approved a budget Meteor Shower
of Rs 10,000 crore for India’s Gaganyaan • Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency has
project. launched Tokyo-based startup Star-ALE’s
10. Govt allocates Rs 10,900 Cr For Development of 40 mini-satellite aimed to deliver the world’s first
Satellite Launch Vehicles artificial meteor shower.
• Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) 15. IIT-M recreates Space Fuel
Chairman Dr. K Sivan stated that the Union • The researchers from the Indian Institute of
Government has allocated 10,900 crore Technology-Madras (IIT-M) have recreated
rupees for the development of 40 satellite space fuel by simulating interstellar conditions
launch vehicles in the next 4 years. in the laboratory.
11. Paper Sensor to detect freshness of Milk • It is a big breakthrough for India in the
• Scientists from the Indian Institute of exploration of cleaner and sustainable
Technology, Guwahati, have developed a alternatives to fossil fuel.
paper kit to test the freshness of milk and 16. NASA Discovers new planet ‘HD 21749b’
determine how well the milk has been • The National Aeronautics and Space
pasteurized. Administration (NASA) of USA has discovered
12. Chandrayaan-2 mission launch most likely in Feb: a new planet.
ISRO • It is the third new planet discovered by the
• Indian Space Research Organisation (Isro) NASA mission, Transiting Exoplanet Survey
will most likely launch Chandrayaan-2, the Satellite (TESS).
country’s second mission to the Moon in • The new planet HD 21749b is outside our solar
the month of February. system and orbits a dwarf star 53 light years
The features of the Chandrayaan-2 mission are: away.

• HD 21749b orbits a bright star in the 17. IIT-H Launches full-fledged B.Tech in Artificial
constellation Reticulum. Intelligence
• It has the longest orbital period of all the three • Indian Institute of Technology-Hyderabad (IIT-
discoveries made by TESS. H) has announced the launch of a full-fledged
• HD 21749b orbits its star in a relatively bachelor’s programme in Artificial Intelligence
leisurely 36 days. (AI) technology from the new academic
• The other two discoveries made by the TESS session, a first for the country and only the
probe are Pi Mensae b and LHS 3844b. third globally.
• Pi Mensae b has an orbit of 6.3 days and LHS • The new course will have 20 seats and the
3844b has an orbit of just 11 hours. eligibility is clearing the JEE-Advanced test.

Defense News

May 2019

1. Indian Army to commemorate 2019 as ‘Year of the Indian Navy. The cost of the deal would be around
next of kin’ – The Indian Army is commemorating this Rs 3,600 crore.
year as the ‘Year of Next of Kin’ and plans to reach out 4. Indian Navy launches 4th Scorpene Class
to the next of kin of battle casualties, ex-servicemen Submarine INS Vela – The fourth of Indian Navy’s
and serving soldiers to inform them of entitled stealth Scorpene class Submarines of Project 75, INS
financial benefits, welfare schemes and help resolve Vela was launched at the Kanhoji Angre Wet Basin of
pension-related problems. Mazagon Dock Limited at Mumbai in Maharashtra.
2. First AH-64E (I) – Apache Guardian helicopter was
formally handed over to the Indian Air Force at Boeing 5. INS Ranjit to be decommissioned – INS Ranjit, an
production facility in Arizona, USA. Indian navy destroyer built by erstwhile USSR, is set to
• IAF had signed a contract with US Government be decommissioned. The third of the five Kashin-class
and M/s Boeing Ltd in Sep 2015 for 22 Apache destroyers, it was commissioned in 1983 and has
helicopters. rendered service to the Navy for over 36 years.
3. India to purchase 10 Kamov-31 Choppers from • The ship will be decommissioned at a solemn
Russia for INR 3,600 cr – Defence ministry has ceremony at the Naval dockyard in
approved the procurement of 10 Kamov Ka-31 Visakhapatnam.
Airborne Early Warning and Control helicopters for
April 2019

1. Navy Chief launches new guided Missile destroyer 3. India successfully test fires Sub-Sonic Cruise
‘INS Imphal’ – Indigenously designed ‘INS Imphal’ a Missile ‘Nirbhay’ - India has successfully test-fired
guided missile destroyer was launched by Navy Chief first indigenously designed and developed long-range
Sunil Lanba at Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Limited sub-sonic cruise missile ‘Nirbhay’ from a test range in
(MDL) in Mumbai. This ship is designed by the Indian Odisha.
Navy’s Directorate of Naval Designs, New Delhi. • The all-weather missile, has a 1,000-kilometre
2. INS Kolkata, INS Shakti to participate in IFR in strike range.
China – The Indian Navy will participate in • The missile has been developed by Bengaluru-
International Fleet Review (IFR) that is scheduled to based Aeronautical Development
take place in Qingdao, China as part of 70th Establishment (ADE), a lab under Defence
Anniversary celebrations of People’s Liberation Army Research and Development Organisation
Navy (PLA Navy). (DRDO).
• The Indian Navy would be represented in the 4. Indian Army builds Longest Suspension bridge
IFR by indigenously built stealth guided over River Indus in Leh-Ladakh – The Indian Army
missile destroyer INS Kolkata and fleet has successfully built the longest suspension bridge
support ship INS Shakti.

‘Matiri Bridge’ over the Indus River in the Leh-Ladakh 6. GRSE becomes first Indian Shipyard to deliver 100
region. Warships – Garden Reach Ship Builders and Engineers
• Built in a record time of 40 days ‘Maitri Bridge’ Ltd (GRSE) became the ‘first Indian shipyard’ to build
is longest Suspension Bridge over Indus River. and deliver 100 warships.
5. India’s 1st Indigenously built Dhanush Howitzer 7. Coast Guard Patrol Ship Veera Commissioned –
Inducted in Army – In a major boost to India’s Chief of Army Staff General Bipin Rawat commissioned
firepower, country’s first indigenously designed and the Indian Coast Guard Ship Veera at a ceremony held
developed Dhanush artillery gun was inducted in the at Naval Jetty at the dockyard at Vishakhapatnam,
Indian Army during a ceremony held at Ordnance Andhra Pradesh.
Factory in Jabalpur, MP. • Veera, third in the series of offshore patrol
• Dhanush 155mm/45 calibre towed gun vessels of the Coast Guard, was built by L&T at
system can be deployed in all types of terrains. its shipbuilding facility at Kattupalli in
• The Dhanush gun system is based on the Chennai.
designs of the Bofors howitzer which was
inducted in the Army in the 1980.

1. Chinook Helicopters inducted in Indian Air Force – WEAPON rocket system from Pokhran range in
The Indian Air Force formally inducted the CH 47 F(I)- Rajasthan.
Chinook heavy-lift helicopters into its inventory at Air 4. US Special Operations Forces hold Exercise with
Force Station Chandigarh. NSG In Hyderabad – The United States Special Forces
• IAF had signed a contract with M/s Boeing Ltd Group stationed in Japan is involved in a joint exercise
in September 2015 for 15 Chinook helicopters. with India’s National Security Guard in Hyderabad,
2. The Indian Navy’s state of the art Nuclear, Biological, aimed at enhancing the capabilities of the armed forces
and Chemical Training Facility (NBCTF) was of the two countries.
inaugurated by Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Sunil 5. ‘Vijit’ becomes 1st Indian Coast Guard Ship to visit
Lanba at INS Shivaji, Lonavala. The training facility has Indonesia – Indian Coast Guard Ship ‘Vijit’ became the
been named ABHEDYA, which means impenetrable in first-ever Coast Guard ship to visit Sabang, Indonesia.
3. Defence Research and Development Organization
(DRDO) successfully test fired the PINAKA guided

February 2019

1. Aero India 2019 held in Bengaluru – The 12th edition of international aerospace and defence exhibition, Aero India
2019 was held on February 24, 2019 at air force station Yelahanka in Bengaluru.
• It was inaugurated by Union Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman.
• The Aero India 2019 had tagline “The Runway to a Billion Opportunities” that aims to bolster business in the
international aviation sector and provide a platform to showcase India’s aeronautical advancements.
2. India signed deal with US to procure 72,400 Assault Rifles – The Indian Government has signed a deal with the US
under Fast Track Procurement (FTP) to avail the Indian Army with 72,400 new ‘Sig Sauer Assault Rifles’ which will
overhaul the army’s inventory of frontline rifles.
3. Hina Jaiswal becomes the First Indian Woman Flight Engineer – Flight Lieutenant Hina Jaiswal from Chandigarh,
became the First Indian Woman Flight Engineer of the Indian Air Force(IAF).
4. Iran’s First Semi-Heavy Missile-Equipped Submarine Fateh Unveiled – Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani unveiled the
first Iranian made semi-heavy submarine named ‘Fateh’capable of being fitted with missiles.
• It has subsurface-to-surface missiles with a range of about 2,000 km (1,250 miles) and is capable of reaching Israel
and U.S. military bases in the region.

January 2019

1. Iran announced the successful test flight of Hoveizeh mm/52 calibre Tracked Self-Propelled gun
long-range cruise missile. systems to the Indian Army in 2017.
2. Indian Navy test-fires LRSAM missile off Odisha 6. National Conference on Self Reliance in Defence
coast Manufacturing is organised at Hyderabad. The
• The Indian Navy has successfully test-fired National Conference is being held by Forum for
the long-range surface-to-air missile Integrated National Security in association with
(LRSAM) from warship INS Chennai, off Indigenous Defence Entrepreneurs Association.
the coast of Odisha. 7. Navy Chief Admiral Sunil Lanba Commissioned
• It was jointly developed by Defence New Naval Air Base ‘INS Kohassa’
Research and Development Organisation • Indian Navy Chief Admiral Sunil Lanba
(DRDO) and Israel Aerospace Industries commissioned the new Naval Air Base ‘INS
(IAI) for the Indian Navy. Kohassa’ at Diglipur in Andaman and
• LRSAM is capable of achieving a maximum Nicobar Islands.
speed of Mach 2 and has an operational • It will be the third naval air base in the
range of 70km. islands.
• LRSAM also known as Barak 8, the missile 8. India's second defence innovation hub to come up
can counter-attack aircraft, unmanned in Nashik, Maharashtra'
aerial vehicles (UAVs) and incoming anti- • Nashik in Maharashtra will be the site of
ship missiles. the country's second defence innovation
3. Women to get 20% jobs in Military Police hub after Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu.
• The Union Defence Minister Nirmala • India's first defence innovation hub will be
Sitharaman has announced the decision to set up in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. It will be
induct women in Personnel Below Officer set up by Coimbatore District Small
Rank, PBOR, role in Corps of Military Industries Association (Codissia).
Police. • In January last year, Sitharaman had
• The women will be inducted in a graded announced a fund of Rs 20 crore to set up
manner to eventually comprise 20% of the centre under Codissia in the city.
total Corps of Military Police. 9. Tamil Nadu Defence Industrial Corridor
4. Diffo Bridge of Arunachal Pradesh Inaugurated inaugurated in Tiruchirapalli
• In Arunachal Pradesh, Defence Minister • The Union Defence Minister Nirmala
Nirmala Sitharaman on January 18, Sitharaman inaugurated the Tamil Nadu
inaugurated the Diffo Bridge over Chipu Defence Industrial Corridor in
River in Lower Dibang Valley District. Tiruchirapalli, 300 km from Chennai a
• The construction of the Bridge was total investment of Rs 3,100 crore.
undertaken by the Project Udayak of the • The Defence Industrial Corridor will
Border Roads Organisation. include - Chennai, Hosur, Salem and
5. PM Modi inaugurates country’s first private Coimbatore, Tiruchirappalli as the nodes.
Howitzer plant • The Tamil Nadu Defence Industrial
• Prime Minister Narendra Modi Corridor — also called the Tamil Nadu
inaugurated the Armoured Systems Defence Production Quad.
Complex (ASC), developed by Larsen & Note:
Toubro (L&T) at Hazira near Surat in • This is the second Defence Industrial
Gujarat. Corridor to be inaugurated in the country
• This is the country’s first private facility after Uttar Pradesh.
where the K9 Vajra self-propelled • The first defence corridor was launched in
Howitzer guns will be manufactured. Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh in August 2018.
L&T had won the Rs 4,500-crore contract • Tamil Nadu Aerospace Park opened at
to supply 100 units of the K9 Vajra-T 155 Sriperumbudur in Chennai.