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4/18/2019 Batch Data Communication (BDC) Procedure in Overview, PDF Book in SAP ABAP


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Batch Data Communication (BDC) Procedure in Overview

 shobha kumari ||  21 May 2018 6:23 pm ||  0 Download 

BATCH INPUT CONCEPTS:

The SAP System offers two primary methods for transferring data into the System

from other SAP Systems and non-SAP Systems. These two methods are

collectively called "batch input" or "Batch data Communication."

Basic technique for data transfer with batch input

Both batch input methods work by carrying out normal SAP transactions, just as a

user would. However, batch-input can execute the transactions automatically and is therefore suitable for entering large

amounts of data that are already available in electronic form.

The batch input technique offers these advantages for transferring data:

No manual interaction is required during data transfer. If the data to be transferred is already available in electronic form

(on a tape, for example), then you can enter the data automatically into the SAP System using batch input.

Batch input ensures data integrity. Batch input enters data into the SAP System using the same transactions that

interactive users do. Batch input data is therefore submitted to all of the checks and controls that apply to data entered

by normal interactive means.

The batch input methods

There are several ways to process batch input data in the SAP System.

Batch input processing methods.

The first processing method could be called "classical batch input." In it, an ABAP/4 program reads the external data that is

to be entered in the SAP System and stores the data in a "batch-input session." A session stores the actions that are required

to enter your data using normal SAP transactions.

When the program has finished generating the session, you can run the session to execute the SAP transactions in it. You can

either explicitly start and monitor a session with the batch-input management function (System --> Services --> Batch

input) or have the session run in the background processing system.

This method uses the function modules BDC_OPEN, BDC_INSERT, and BDC_CLOSE to generate sessions.

In the second method, your program uses the ABAP/4 CALL TRANSACTION USING statement to run an SAP transaction.

Batch-input data does not have to be deposited in a session for later processing. Instead, the entire batch-input process takes

place inline in your program.

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than the other techniques.

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4/18/2019 Batch Data Communication (BDC) Procedure in Overview, PDF Book in SAP ABAP

All three batch-input methods use a common data structure for holding the instructions and data for SAP transactions. This

structure is defined as structure BDCDATA in the ABAP/4 Dictionary.

Read more about BDC call transaction-PO with items

For help in selecting the method to use, please see SELECTING A BATCH-INPUT METHOS (11).

Typical uses of batch input.

Uses of batch input include the following:

Transferring data from another system when you install your SAP System

Regularly transferring data that is captured by a non-SAP system in your company into the SAP System. Assume, for

example, that data collection in some areas of your company is still performed by a non-SAP system. You can still

consolidate all of your data in the SAP System by exporting the data from the other system and reading it into the SAP

System with batch input.

You can also use batch input to transfer data between two R/3 Systems. However, there are more direct methods for doing

this, such as RFC (remote function calls).

Application support for batch-input.

The SAP applications provide pre-programmed support for batch input transfers for many of SAP's Business Objects.

To implement one of the supported data transfers, you must often write the program that exports the data from your non-SAP

System. This program, known as a "data transfer" program must map the data from the external system into the data

structure required by the SAP batch input program.

Should you wish to write a transfer program that executes outside the SAP System, then the SAP applications provide

definitions of the required data formats for the exports. From these definitions, you can generate code for the data structures

to include in your export program. You can also write such programs in ABAP/4, which lets you take advantage of the comfort

and conveniences of the SAP Development Workbench.

Once you have exported the data, you can then use a standard, pre-programmed SAP report to import the data.

This program uses one of the batch input methods to process the data and add it to the SAP System.

You can find information on pre-defined batch-input programs in the SAP Customizing System.

Choose Tools --> Customizing.

Then display either your Enterprise IMG (Implementation Guide) projects or the SAP standard IMG.

In the project display, use the Expand function to display all nodes in the project.

You can then search for relevant topics with the keywords batch input and transfer.

Read more about Batch Input Interview Question and Answer

In this book you will learn about batch input programming concepts and how to program data transfer and batch

input processing programs.

1) Batch Input Concepts

2) Transferring Data: Batch Input Procedure in Overview


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3) Writing a Data Transfer Program

4) Analyzing SAP Transactions

5) Generating an SAP Data Structure

6) Data Conversions

7) Initializing an SAP Data Structure

8) Generating a Sequential File

9) Sample Program: Data Transfer

BATCH INPUT PROGRAMS

10) Writing a Batch Input Program: Procedure in Overview

11) Selecting a Batch-Input Method

12) Using the Batch Input Data Structure

13) Programming Techniques: Entering Data and Executing Functions<

CREATING SESSIONS

14) Creating Batch Input Sessions

15) Creating a Session with BDC_OPEN_GROUP

16) Adding Data to a Session: BDC_INSERT

17) Closing a Session: BDC_CLOSE_GROUP

18) Processing Batch Input Sessions

CALL TRANSACTION USING

19) Using CALL TRANSACTION USING for Batch Input

20) Using CALL DIALOG with Batch Input

GENERAL INFORMATION AND SAMPLE PROGRAM

21) Direct Input

22) Sample Batch Input Program

23) Batch Input recording for transaction runs

24) Batch Input Authorizations

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