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Secure Shell (SSH)

SSH, also known as Secure Shell or Secure Socket Shell, is a network protocol
that gives users, particularly system administrators, a secure way to access a computer
over an unsecured network. SSH also refers to the suite of utilities that implement the
SSH protocol. Secure Shell provides strong authentication and encrypted data
communications between two computers connecting over an open network such as the
internet. SSH is widely used by network administrators for managing systems and
applications remotely, allowing them to log into another computer over a network,
execute commands and move files from one computer to another
Functions that SSH enables include:
 Secure remote access to SSH-enabled network systems or devices, for users as well
as automated processes;
 secure and interactive file transfer sessions;
 automated and secured file transfers;
 secure issuance of commands on remote devices or systems; and
 secure management of network infrastructure components.
SSH can be used interactively to enable terminal sessions, and should be used instead
of the less secure Telnet program. SSH is also commonly used in scripts and other
software to enable programs and systems to remotely and securely access data and
other resources.
How to Configure OpenSSH on CentOS 7

For that purpose you can use the following :

# yum install openssh openssh-server openssh-clients openssl-libs

Once the packages are installed you are ready to connect to the server via SSH. The default configuration file for the sshd

daemon is /etc/ssh/sshd_config and most of the settings for the daemon are defined in this file. Before making any

changes, it is recommended to make a copy of the original configuration file so if you experience some problem you can

revert the changes back the default.


# cp /etc/ssh/sshd_config /etc/ssh/sshd_config.orig

To view and edit the configuration file you can use a text editor of your choice. We are going to use nanobecause of its

simplicity.
# vi /etc/ssh/sshd_config

The first thing you might like to change is the listening port number. By default, the SSH daemon listens on port 22 and for

security reasons you can change the number to something else. Change the line:
Port 22
to
Port 2022

Once you make the changes you can save and close the file. In order for the changes to take effect, you should restart the

SSH daemon.
# systemctl restart sshd.service