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Welcome!

By: Edith Olivas, Karina Crosby, Lauren Santos, TImmy Gaynor and
Nico Ruiz.
Everyone please make a name
card with the paper on your desks
please.
Main Objective:

How were children affected by the Spanish Civil war?


REPUBLICAN

A republican is a member of a republic


government in which the government
believes in limited interference in daily
life as it would lead to a better
functioning state.
NATIONALIST

A nationalist strongly identifies with their


own nation and supports its interest.
★ Communism- “Classless Society”
★ Communism, a type of government system, where
people do not own any property. Communism
expresses the ideas that the government or the
whole community owns everything. Everyone is
supposed to share the wealth.
★ Anarchism-

A political belief that no


government should exist.
★ Basque Refugee-

★ Refugee children from


both sides of the
conflict, no matter
where they’re from.
The Effects…
- Children became orphans.
- Children of all ages were forced to leave their country, home and family into evacuation.
- Had to learn to support themselves.
- They were called “Basque Refugees”
- Loneliness and depression along with other emotional issues.
- Sanitary Conditions.
- Hygiene habits had been disturbed.
- Over crowded in the refugee camps.
- May have not had clean water or food.

- Last but not least, the disappearing of so many children that may have been given away
to either armies or to illegal adopting.
ART

One of the thousands of drawings kids created for A famous piece created by Pablo Picasso that was done
after war and during the war therapy while in the after the mass burning ruins in Guernica in result of
colony camps. This was the “La Casa Ben Leider” German planes bombing the city. Thousand were killed
one of the residential school for refugee children (A and almost another thousand were injured.
Children Colony).
Spain!!!!!!

Portugal!!
History of the Spanish Civil War
- Spanish Civil War first took place in Spain between 1936 and 1939.
- One side was Republican.
- The other side were the Nationalists.
- With the help the Nationalist had from the other countries they were better armed.
- The Nationalist took victory.
- In the 1970’s Franco put Prince Juan Carlos as his successor. Carlos returned Spain to
being a democracy.
- Spain has been a constitutional monarchy ever since.

This is Franco (right) and Prince Juan Carlos


(left) -
1) The game that was featured to represent war in the
Broken City in 1936-1939

2) The time when the Civil War started to take place.


1) Young Franco with then
older Hitler pictured in a
government meeting.

2) Franco (before passing) and


Prince Juan Carlos
1) Marketing of the
Nationalist
winning the war.

2) Marketing of the
Republicans
winning the war.
1) Juan Carlos being
crowned, at the
beginning of turning
Spain back to
democracy.

2) Franco being
dis-thrown by Juan
Carlos from the
dictatorship he made.
Why didn’t Spain get involved in WW2?
Franco and it’s new government decided it would be best to stay put in Spain and
rebuilt itself after their civil war.
Connection to our book:
These children left behind their parents and
were forced to experience frightening situations
that led to them prematurely becoming adults
and having to support themselves physically
and emotionally.

Connection: The main character Ani, suffers


lots of loss including separation from her dad
and first best friend, death of her mom, and
overall trauma form explosions and the
massacre around her. She was a Basque
refugee and Spy for the Republican side.
Connection to our movie:
Lots of children also had to completely change
their lifestyles to stay alive during the war. It led
to so much fear just to stay alive.

Connection: There was a close relationship


between a student and a teacher and when the
teacher had to be taken away for being
“republican” the boy and his family cut off all
communication with the teacher and started to
act in a cowardly manner towards him by yelling
rude words when he was being taken to be
executed in order for the child family not being
taken for also being Republican.
Simulation
We will hand out pieces of paper and you will read the text and
decide which out of the 3 options your group wants to choose,
we will go over the decisions and what actually happened after
each question.
Event 1:
The Spanish civil war lasted from 1936 to 1939. Republicans loyal to the left-leaning Second Spanish
Republic, in alliance with the Anarchists and Communists, fought against the Nationalists, an alliance of
Falangists, Monarchists, and Catholics, led by General Francisco. The war caused many problems in
Spain and families were torn apart from the war.It is 1939 and the nationalists are winning the war and
you live in a small town in Spain and your family are republicans. Your family is conflicted on what to do
in because the nationalists are moving into your town and you don’t want to be in danger. Below is a list
of 3 options of what your family can do choose 1 and write why you choose it.

1: Your family can pack up everything that they own and leave during the night to migrate to a new
country such as France, Portugal, or Italy.

2: You can stay In your town and hide out in your home and try to avoid confrontation and not get into
fights with the nationalists.

3: The parents can choose to run away and let the kids fend for themselves. The parents would do this
because it is a better and safer option for them because they don’t have to deal with the kids.
Event 2:
The Spanish civil war lasted from 1936 to 1939. Republicans loyal to the left-leaning Second
Spanish Republic, in alliance with the Anarchists and Communists, fought against the
Nationalists, an alliance of Falangists, Monarchists, and Catholics, led by General Francisco.
The war caused many problems with Spain and families were torn apart from the war. You and
your friend are outside playing soccer in a field near your homes and you see many planes flying
above and your run to hide under a nearby tree then all you hear are loud crashes all around
you!!!!!! Your town is getting bombed by the germans you must decide what to do.

1: You run and hide at the barn that is half a mile away but have the risk of getting killed

2: You go and dive in the ditch that is only five feet away and hope that nothing bad happens.

3:You run back to your homes to be with your families but have the risk of getting killed.
Event 3:
The Spanish civil war lasted from 1936 to 1939. Republicans loyal to the left-leaning Second
Spanish Republic, in alliance with the Anarchists and Communists, fought against the
Nationalists, an alliance of Falangists, Monarchists, and Catholics, led by General Francisco.
The war caused many problems with Spain and families were torn apart from the war. You are
at home with your family one day then you get a knock on your door and it is the nationalists at
the door and they take your family and load them into the bus when you are driving down the
street you see your teacher who is a good friend of yours. Everyone on the bus starts yelling at
all of the republicans and saying mean things.What do you do?

1: yell with them and say rude things back at all of them and make the teacher feel bad

2: you yell back with them then you say a message to the teacher to make him feel good

3: say nothing so you don't get in trouble


KAHOOT!
What did you learn?
Work Cited
Jorge Nisguritzer, The Lost Children of the Spanish Civil War, 21 August, 2018.

Jason Rodriguez, Guernica at 80: Nearly 4,000 child refugees arrive in the UK – archive, 1937, 23 May 2017.

“Children Drawings of the Spanish Civil War”, Abraham Lincoln Brigade Archives.

“The Spanish Civil War”, Donquijote.

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