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Stainless Steel grade AISI 409

Grade 409 stainless steel is a Ferritic steel that offers good mechanical
properties and high-temperature corrosion resistance. It is commonly
considered as a chromium stainless steel, with applications in exhaust
systems of automobiles and applications that demand weldability.

Grade 409 steels are also available in highly stabilized forms, such as
grades S40930, S40920 and S40910. The stability of these grades is
provided by the presence of niobium, titanium, or both, in the
composition of steels.

The properties given below relate to annealed tubing of ASTM A268.

The specified properties may not be similar to other products such as
bar and coil.

Grade 409 stainless steels have excellent resistance to exhaust gas and
atmospheric corrosion, superior to that of 410 martensitic grades with
12% chromium and 3CR12. However, the corrosion resistance is lower
than that of grade 430 steels containing 17% chromium. The surface of
grade 409 steels is liable to mild corrosion, which limits the usage of
steels for decorative purposes. Grade 409 stainless steels offer scaling
resistance at temperatures up to 675°C during continuous operation,
and up to 815°C under intermittent conditions.

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Chemical Properties

C 0.08 max.
Mn 1.00 max.
Si 1.00 max.
P 0.045 max.
S 0.02/0.03 max.
Cr 10.05 – 11.75
Ni 0.5
Ti 6xC – 0.75

Mechanical Properties in room temperature

Yield Strength
Tensile Strength Elongation Rockwell B (HRB)
Grade 0.2% Proof (MPa) Brinell (HB) max
(MPa) min (% in 50mm) min max
409 450 240 25 75 131

Physical Properties

Elastic Mean Coefficient of Thermal Specific Electrical

Grade Modulus Thermal Expansion Conductivity Heat 0-100° Resistivity
(GPa) (μm/m/°C) (W/m.K) C (J/kg.K) (nΩ.m)
100°C 315°C 538°C 100°C 500°C
409 7800 200 460 600
11.0 11.7 12.4 25.8 27.5

Grade Specification Comparison

Old British
Grade Name Euronorm No Japanese JIS
409 409S19 X6CrTi12 1.4512 SUS 409

Resist atmospheric and automotive exhaust gas corrosion. Extensively used in auto exhaust systems. The typical
applications of grade 409 stainless steels are automotive exhaust tubing, catalytic converter systems, mufflers.

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