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Conference Paper · July 2014

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Dr S Nagakishore Bhavanam University College of Engineering & Technology, Acharya Nagarjuna University, Guntur University College of Engineering & Technology, Acharya Nagarjuna University, Guntur

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Proceedings of International Conference on Innovations in Electronics and Communication Engineering (ICIECE 2014) 18 th & 19th July 2014 Guru Nanak Institutions, Hyderabad.

Automatic Speed Control and Accident Avoidance Of vehicle using Multi Sensors

S Nagakishore Bhavanam

Dept. of ECE, ANUCET Acharya Nagarjuna University Guntur, India kishore.ece.anu@gmail.com

Abstract The Objective of this project is to develop a system to keep the vehicle secure and protect it by the occupation of the intruders. The main aim of the project to develop a system automatic speed control of vehicle and accident avoidance using eye blink sensor and ultrasonic sensor .whenever any obstacle is detected in running vehicle depends on distance automatically control the speed of vehicle. The driver in sleeping /drowse position the eye blink sensor detects the eye blink is not more than 30 sec eye closed vehicle stop the automatically, it is not manually. Give alarm to driver alert.

The ultrasonic sensor system continuously sends signals and monitors any car or other obstacles are in front of car. The distance up to which ultrasonic sensor can work may be up to 4 meter. When any obstacle or vehicle detected by ultrasonic sensor system it will send signal to the embedded board.

After receiving this signal embedded board sends a signal to the motor to reduce the car speed automatically which can control car speed immediately. Vehicle is controlled automatically without any manual operation when the vehicle is at 4 meter distance away from the front vehicle. Also give alarm to alert to the driver.

Many accidents at High-ways are taking place due to the close running of vehicles, all of sudden, if the in front vehicle driver reduces the speed or applied breaks, then it is quite difficult to the following vehicle driver to control his vehicle, resulting accident. To avoid this kind of accident, the warning system, which contains alarm and display system can arrange at rear side of each and every vehicle. If any short circuit occurs in engine part smoke sensor detecting and give alert to driver and stop the vehicle.

Index Terms Embedded System, Micro controller, Keil,

I. INTRODUCTION

A accident avoidance system is an automobile safety system designed to reduce the severity of an accident. Also known as precrash system, forward collision warning system or collision mitigating system, it uses radar and sometimes laser and camera sensors to detect an imminent crash. Once the detection is done, these systems either provide a warning to the driver when there is an imminent collision or take action autonomously without any driver input (by braking or steering or both)

the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety

Administration (NHTSA) began studying whether to make

In

2009,

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Vasujadevi M

Dept. Of ECE Chalapathi Institute of Engineering & Technology Guntur, India vasujadevi@gmail.com

frontal collision warning systems and lane departure warning systemsmandatory.

In 2011, a question was submitted to the European Commission regarding stimulation of these "collision mitigation by braking" systems. [2] The mandatory fitting of Advanced Emergency Braking Systems in commercial

vehicles will be implemented on 1 November 2013 for new vehicle types and on 1 November 2015 for all new vehicles in the European Union. This could, according to the impact

assessment, ultimately

prevent around 5,000 fatalities and

50,000 serious injuries per year across the EU.

In an important 2012 study by the nonprofit research organization Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, researchers examined how particular features of crash- avoidance systems affected the number of claims under various forms of insurance coverage. They found that two crash- avoidance features provide the biggest benefits:

(a) autonomous braking that would brake on its own, if the driver does not, to avoid a forward collision, and (b) adaptive headlights that would shift the headlights in the direction the driver steers. Unexpectedly, they found lane departure systems to be not helpful, and perhaps harmful, at the circa 2012 stage of development.

Collision avoidance features are rapidly making their way into the new vehicle fleet.

II. BLOCK OF DIAGRAM

The below figure can represents the block diagram of the design.

fleet. II. B LOCK OF D IAGRAM The below figure can represents the block diagram of

Fig.1 Block Diagram

Proceedings of International Conference on Innovations in Electronics and Communication Engineering (ICIECE 2014) 18 th & 19th July 2014 Guru Nanak Institutions, Hyderabad.

Software requirement:

1. Keil micro vision-3

2. Micro flash

Hardware requirement:

1. Microcontroller (at89s52)

2. Power supply.

3. Ultrasonic sensor

4. Smoke sensor.

5. Eye blink sensor.

6. LCD display

7. Buzzer.

8. Dc motor

III. CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

Circuit Diagram:

Buzzer. 8. Dc motor III. C IRCUIT D IAGRAM Circuit Diagram: Fig.2 Circuir Diagram The above

Fig.2 Circuir Diagram

The above figure can represents the circuit diagram of our design. Coming to the operation, Many accidents at High-ways are taking place due to the close running of vehicles, all of sudden, if the in front vehicle driver reduces the speed or applied breaks, then it is quite difficult to the following vehicle driver to control his vehicle, resulting accident. To avoid this kind of accident, the warning system, which contains alarm and display system can arrange at rear side of each and every vehicle. The circuit is designed such that whenever the infrared signal is interrupted, logic high signal is generated and it is fed to microcontroller, on receipt of this signal, the controller activates the display board and alarm automatically

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Flow Chart:

the display board and alarm automatically 66 Flow Chart: Fig.3 Flow Chart IV. H ARDWARE D

Fig.3 Flow Chart

IV. HARDWARE DEVELOPMENT

The below figure can represents the Hardware development for the design of Automatic Speed Control and Accident Avoidance of vehicle using Multi Sensors.

:
:

Fig.4 Hardware Development Board

Proceedings of International Conference on Innovations in Electronics and Communication Engineering (ICIECE 2014) 18 th & 19th July 2014 Guru Nanak Institutions, Hyderabad.

V. CONCLUSION

The project Automatic Speed Control Of Vehicle Using Ultrasonic Sensors, Eye Blink Sensor. has been successfully designed and tested. Integrating features of all the hardware components used have developed it. Presence of every module has been reasoned out and placed carefully thus contributing to the best working of the unit. Secondly, using highly advanced IC s and with the help of growing technology the project has been successfully implemented.

Advantages:

13. www.fisita2012.com

14. www.link.spinger.com

15. www.summitpoint-raceway.com

16. www.askguru.com

17. www.journaldatabase.org

18. www.index-of-files.in

19. www.abt.com

20. www.ajer.org

21. www.ijettjournal.org

Low cost, less complxcity

By the using of this system we can

control the speed

very easyly. Reliable

Easy to implement

Disadvantage This system can operate certain distance only.

Applications:

This system can be used to avoid accidents.

Tranportation applications.

REFERENCES

[1]

"The 8051 Microcontroller Architecture, Programming & Applications"By Kenneth J Ayala.

[2]

"The 8051

Microcontroller

&

Embedded

Systems"

by

Mohammed Ali Mazidi and

Janice Gillispie Mazidi

[3]

International

journal

of

scientific

&engineering

research,

[4]

volume 4 oct 13 ATMEL AVR studio &ATmega 16 data sheet.

[5]

The 8051 micro controller Architecture, Programming &

[6]

Applications by Ramesh S.Gaonkar Electronic components by D.V.Prasad

[7]

Fundamentals of micro processors and micro computers by B.Ram

[8]

International journal of volume 3, 2012.

engineering

trends and technology,

Weblinks:

1. www.mitel.databook.com

2. www.atmel.databook.com

3. www.franklin.com

4. www.keil.com

5. www.google.com

6. www.wikipedia.com

7. http://www.ijser.org

8. www.8051freeprojectsinfo.com

9. www.8052.com

10. www.microsoftsearch.com

11. www.nxp.com

12. www.national.com

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