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BFC 10202





Malaysia is one of the country that rich natural environment sources. Her natural resources
including the palm oil gas, natural rubber, and other is widely known around the globe. But with
the change of time and socio-economic needs, this environment has been facing numerous
problems such as illegal logging, illegal hunting and others. The impact of these issues has been
tremendously affected the natural environment of Malaysia. In order to prevent and control these
situations, the Government of Malaysia has come with the environmental laws and policies
including international initiatives to ensure the quality of life and natural environment for the
people of this land. However, the enforcement of the laws is still in low level. This article is
about the environment issue in Malaysia and how to nature conservation practices in Malaysia.


The urbanization in Malaysia state is rapidly happening for the current year. The
economy is quite strong and has been exploited by the colonial capitalist system that has been
significant impact with the help of the immigrants from China and India facing with regional and
ethnic income disparities, rural poverty, concentration of development activities in a few areas
which had ready access to available infrastructure, and persistent disease hazards. In Malaysia,
there are many things that are practiced for conserving nature. For examples are gathering forest
and national park, reforestation, silviculture and WFF agency efforts. It can help conserve the
environment better and safely. Everyone must play an important role in practicing conserving
nature no matter children, teenagers or adults.

Steps to Conservation and Conservation of Natural and

1) Gathering Forest and National Parks.

Various measures are taken by the government for the preservation and conservation of natural
plants and wildlife in Malaysia. Among them include gaze forests and parks as wildlife

The National Forestry Council is set up by the government to manage, preserve and conserve
forests throughout Malaysia. This council re-regulates forestry activities by setting the area of
forest that can be cut in each state every year. This step ensures that excess destruction does not
occur. In addition, this event will strengthen the state of natural forests maintained by the
establishment of forest reserves, recreational forest, wildlife protection and national parks.

Among the examples of such forest areas include the Matang Paya Sea Reserves in Perak, the
Not Forests in Perak and the Forests Save Sungai Lalang in Semenyih, Selangor. National parks
include Endau-Rompin National Park, Niah National Park, and Kinabalu National Park.
Deforestation and wildlife activities in these areas are banned.

Figure 1.1 National Parks - deforestation and wildlife hunting are banned here

The Department of Wildlife and National Park (PERHILITAN) is also responsible for the
protection of wildlife in our country. The first wildlife sanctuary in Malaysia was established in
1903, the Chior Protection Area in Perak. Currently, there are 55 wildlife sanctuaries nationwide.

Some sepsis of extinct wildlife have been identified and protected under the Wildlife
Protection Act 1972. These include rhinoceros, wildlife, tigers, elephants, orangutans and some
species of birds.

Figure 1.2 Distribution of national parks and wildlife sanctuaries in Malaysia.


Afforestation is a cultivated forests that have been cut down with fast and short plant species.
Trial attempt is carried out since the 1920s in Peninsular Malaysia. In this way temperature
humidity can be sustained and consequently increasing environmental temperatures can be
avoided especially in large urban areas such as in Kuala Lumpur. The trees' designs can rapidly
grow, within 15 years. For example, pine, mangroves, botanical and botanical trees are planted in
Bukit Tinggi Pahang. The Forestry Department of Malaysia needs to play an important role in
implementing this step efficiently and efficiently. Examples of forestry that have been
implemented are as in Kemasul Forest Reserve, Pahang Forest Reserve and Paya Laut, Perak. In
addition, reforestation can prevent the occurrence of landslides.

Figure 1.3 reforestation of mangrove tree.

3) Silviculture treatment

Silviculture treatments make sure only valuable trees are given the opportunity to grow. Trees
that are worthless and compete with other trees are poisoned or cut. Silviculture treatments are
carried out in forest fields. This step is aimed at preserving extinct tree species such as Cengal,
Jelutong and Rattan.

Figure 1.4 ways to know the age of tree.


(i)Cutting roots / climbing (CL)

Cutting Roots / Climbing (CL) is a forest rehabilitation treatment to provide assistance to the
residences living after the harvesting. This treatment is conducted no later than three (3) years
after Forest Inventory After Felling (Post-F). It involves cutting root / climbing activities that
disturb the living growth.


 To free the RS tree species from root / clam disturbance to the improvement of the
standalone quality and to help grow.

(ii)Impressive Plants

Vine is a forest rehabilitation treatment on poor forest areas and open spaces. The rich crop
activity will help increase the productivity of a forest area to reach the desired level, especially in
terms of composition and quality of the species.


(i) to increase the stock of poor forest stands with the composition of high quality and quality
species for subsequent harvesting.

(ii) to rehabilitate open areas to become re-stocked with quality and quality species in order to
become a source of forest produce

(iii)Affected Mangrove and Species Plants on the National Coastline

In general, the coastal areas of this country comprise various forms of geographical and geo-
morphological conditions varying from one place to another, such as sloping and sandy beaches,
muddy soils such as mangroves, delta, river estuaries and rivers influenced by salty water. This
area is somewhat sensitive when disturbed either by development or naturally such as a wave or
flood shot. Coastal area is a unique ecosystem located along muddy and sandy coastal areas that
are an important habitat for various flora and fauna including life marine. This area is usually
covered by swampy forests and coastal forests that play an important role as a fortress to break
down, restrain and minimize the impact of wind and sea waves.


(i) To conserve coastal areas to become more stable as a natural protective layer to prevent and
reduce the extent of destruction of infrastructure facilities, property, land settlement and loss of
land due to wave blows and strong winds.

(ii) To conserve natural habitats for the conservation of biological diversity.

(iii) To establish a strong and stable natural buffer zone for reducing the needs and costs of
implementing coastal erosion control measures in the future.

(iv)Post-F Forest Forest Inventory (Post-F)

After Forest Log Inventory is implemented for the purpose of obtaining accurate information and
updates on living quarters as well as information on the existence of climbing, roaming and other
plants to determine the type of silvicultural treatment that should be carried out on an area. This
inventory is implemented within two (2) to five (5) years after a compartment or subcomponent
is produced.


(i) Collecting accurate and meaningful information on the stock position, content, condition and
distribution of all big trees, sticks, saplings and seedlings so that the real picture of the true forest
after harvesting and the proper silvicultural treatment can be determine.

(ii) Collect information relating to forest physiography such as elevation, steepness, condition
and type of soil, ecology and river systems of the area so that optimal silvicultural practice can
be planned and forest management to avoid adverse effects on nature around.

(iii) Collect information on the availability of rattan, bamboo, climb, roaming and other plants in
order to be planned for treatment after harvesting for the forest area.

4) World Wide Fund (WFF)

What is the World Wide Fund (WFF)? What is the role of the WFF in Malaysia? The biggest
goal of WFF is to save wildlife. The WFF focuses on the population of the most ecologically,
economically and culturally important species in the wild. This is what WWF calls our main
species, an iconic animal that serves as an ambassador for conservation. WFF is also working on
wildlife threatened by irresponsible human pressure such as illegal fishing and excessive use.

The WFF will continue to use the best science to link the baseline work with high-level policy
negotiations to create long-term solutions that benefit wild animals as well as those who live
with them. WFF is responsible for creating awareness and knowledge, attracting interest and
actively participating in environmental issues to international and local communities. In line with
the goals and roles, the WFF can be regarded as a socialization agent for forming individual and
community changes to the environment.

WFF Malaysia also strives to bring awareness to the public through on going campaigns or
programs :

 WFF Malaysia in collaboration with IKEA Malaysia company implements an educational

program to provide awareness on the importance of environmental and animal
conservation, waste management and recycling interests.
 WFF has implemented the Russell E. Train Education for Nature Program (EFN)
program. Potential or proven individuals capable of addressing environmental issues in
their respective homes will be given the necessary knowledge and skills. This EFN
program will help individuals selected to proceed study and train local communities to
achieve WWF's mission.
 WFF Malaysia, through the Eco-Schools Project, planned by WWF globally, to ensure
environmental education can be provided to pupils around the world.


Based on the research I have studied, there are many efforts by Malaysia to practice
conserving nature. Natural nature is very important in life and needs to be preserved for future
generations. Among the efforts undertaken in Malaysia which have been described above are
gathering forest and national park, reforestation, silviculture and WFF agency efforts.

The way in which nature is practiced in Malaysia to conserve nature for gathering forest and
national park is to create a national park, forest reserve and others. If not practiced in Malaysia,
future generations cannot recognize flora and fauna in the past, now and in the future.
Reforestation is also being practiced in Malaysia to maintain forest reserves for animals in the
forest to have shelters and forest products not extinct by irresponsible human activities. In
addition, civic cultures are also being practiced in Malaysia to preserve nature in Malaysia. This
treatment is very important in maintaining the treasures of the earth. If the earth's treasures are
not conserved, then the earth has no valuable value. Finally, the WFF agency also plays an
important role in ensuring the community is preserving nature. It must be active in order for
nature's love to be cultivated by society today. Among the efforts undertaken by WFF agencies
are the campaigns and programs as written above.

We must be responsible for preserving and conserving nature so that in good condition. If
nature is not polluted and destroyed, we will live in a safe and comfortable environment. In
addition, future generations can also feel what we have seen now


1. https://books.google.com.my/books?id=vHFKZw9JE_gC&printsec=frontcover&dq=cons
2. https://pemuliharaanalamsekitar.weebly.com/
3. https://books.google.com.my/books?redir_esc=y&id=UxdABAAAQBAJ&q=penghutana
4. https://www.worldwildlife.org/initiatives/wildlife-conservation
5. https://www.slideshare.net/pakcham/peranan-wwf-sebagai-agen-sosialisasi-45271444

6. BFC 10102 NATURE CONSERVATION, Third Printing (Teaching & Learning

Module),9/2017,Radin Maya Saphira Radin Mohamed, Aeslina Abdul Kadir , Rafidah
Hamdan , Norzila Othman & Azra Munirah Mat Daud.