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MINI RESEARCH

IMPROVING STUDENT’S ABILITY TO VOCABULARY OF BUSINESS

ENGLISH BUSINESS

ABILITY TO VOCABULARY OF BUSINESS ENGLISH BUSINESS CREATED BY: 1. ASRI PRATIWI 2. BEATRIX GURNING (7183342008)

CREATED BY:

1. ASRI PRATIWI

2. BEATRIX GURNING (7183342008)

(7182142025)

3. NURNILAM SARI

(718 3342020)

REGULAR ACCOUNTING EDUCATION C FACULTY OF ECONOMICS STATE UNIVERSITY OF MEDAN

PREFACE

Thank you, we pray to God Almighty for the blessings and mercy the author can complete this Mini Riset.

The preparation of this paper the author realizes that the smooth writing of critical review journals is thanks to the help and motivation of various parties. Therefore the author would like to express his gratitude to the parties who have helped in the smooth writing of this mini riset.

In writing this paper, the author has tried to present the best. The author hopes that this mini riset can provide information and have value benefits for all parties.

Medan, May 15, 2019

Author

DAFTAR ISI

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

i

KATA PENGANTAR

ii

DAFTAR ISI

iii

BAB I PRELIMINARY

1

BAB II THEORITICAL REVIEW

2

BAB III METHOD OF RESEARCH

5

BAB IVDISCUSSION

7

BAB V CLOSING

10

A

LIST OF BOOKS

11

ATTACHMENT

12

 

A. Dokumentation

12

B. Quesioner

13

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A. INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY

A vocabulary is a set of familiar words within a person's language. A vocabulary, usually developed with age, serves as a useful and fundamental tool for communication and acquiring knowledge. Acquiring an extensive vocabulary is one of the largest challenges in learning a second language. Vocabulary is commonly defined as "all the words known and used by a particular person". Knowing a word, however, is not as simple as merely being able to recognize or use it. There are several aspects of word knowledge that are used to measure word knowledge.

B.

FORMULA FOR TROUBLE

1.

What is vocabulary?

2.

How to memorizing accounting vocabulary?

3.

How many students are available in accounting vocabulary?

C.

PURPOSE

1.

Knowing the meaning of vocabulary.

2.

Knowing how to memoring accounting vocabulary.

3.

Knowing how many students are available in accounting vocabulary

CHAPTER II

THEORITICAL REVIEW

In the process of learning a foreign language, we often hear how someone can fluently speak a foreign language by memorizing the "vocabulary". Especially in learning English, the vocabulary is the most important thing in the learning phase.

Definition of vocabulary, Penny (1991: 60), "Vocabulary can be defined, roughly, as the words we teach in the foreign language."

Barnhart (2008: 697), he interpreted the vocabulary as follows, "

used by person, class of people, profession, etc. (2) a collection or list of words, usually

in alphabetical order and defined. " Valette (1977) suggests that vocabulary is a word or group of words that have certain meanings.

(1) stock of words

From the definition of vocabulary put forward by experts, it can be seen that vocabulary is a new word that has meaning that is used from various languages that have meaning. Vocabulary will be a stage someone can make a sentence and can understand reading, can speak, write and listen well. Analysis of Beck and McKeown and their colleagues' studies, along with their own summary of their work (Beck, McKeown, & Omanson, in press), Mezynski's (1983) assessment of it, and Nagy's (1985) comments on it, lead to several conclusions. First, vocabulary instruction can markedly increase comprehension of texts that contain the words taught. Possibly the most dramatic illustration of this appeared in the McKeown et al. (1983) article, in which recall of the group receiving the most extensive instruction was nearly twice that of the uninstructed group, and in which prototypical recalls that graphically illustrated the effects of the instruction were presented.

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Second, designing, delivering, and assessing vocabulary instruction that increases comprehension is not easy. More studies have failed, or at least failed to present a convincing case, than have succeeded. Third, in order to affect comprehension, vocabulary instruction probably needs to be fairly lengthy and to include frequent encounters with the words. Beck and McKeown have provided up to 20 minutes of instruction per word, and children have had up to 24 encounters with each word. Additionally, McKeown et al. (1985) found that while 12 encounters produced reliably higher recall scores, 4 encounters did not. Fourth, instruction in which words are grouped in semantic categories and taught in relationship to each other and to related concepts is likely to be particularly fruitful. In each of their studies, Beck and McKeown have taught vocabulary in sets of ten or so semantically related words. Fifth, instruction should probably be multifaceted and require active processing on the part of students. Beck and McKeown's instruction consisted of a variety of increasingly challenging activities, including matching words with definitions, associating new words with a variety of contexts, creating contexts for words, comparing and contrasting words to discover relationships, and using the words outside of class. Finally, instruction should probably include speeded training designed to build automaticity in word recognition and lexical access. Each of Beck and McKeown's studies included such training. From various lessons learned by experts, Hunt and Beglar stated that there are 7 principles that must be mastered in conducting vocabulary learning in English :

Principle 1: Provide opportunities for the incidental learning of vocabulary.

Principle 2: Diagnose which of the 3000 most common words learners need to study.

Principle 3: Provide opportunities for the intentional learning of vocabulary.

Principle 4: Provide opportunities for elaborating word knowledge.

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Principle 5: Provide opportunities for developing fluency with

known vocabulary.

Principle 6: Experiment with guessing from context.

Principle 7: Examine different types of dictionaries and teach

students how to use them.

From the research conclusions from the journal entitled Theory and Practice in Vocabulary Learning and Instructionfrom the results of research conducted in this journal, the researchers concluded 3 approaches to learning vocabulary, namely

Definitional, student learns a phrase or synonym that defines a word. Example: hamal = a porter or bearer.

Contextual

a) Student reads one or more sentences that are specifically illustrated the meaning of a word. Example: A hamal, or strong hired to carry goods, trudged down the path with many heavy boxes on his back.

b) While reading, a student learns part of the meaning of word

identity through using clues in context.

Conceptual, student learns the meaning of fits with related words or concepts. Example: Student compares and contrasts a hamal, a busboy, and a backpacke

From journal entitled “Building English Language Learners’ Academic Vocabulary Strategies & Tipsthis journal discusses tips on how parents teach vocabulary to children for example:

Give synonyms in the home language of students if possible.

Use a flash card with words and vocabulary definitions.

Create a graph with anchor words that connect students' knowledge with new words.

Find simple books that focus on one topic in the area of content and vocabulary of related content, especially books with illustrations.

Use a dictionary in the home language of a child or teenager.

Make vocabulary journals for younger students and review words regularly to make sure they are part of their vocabulary.

Collect and review words with their children after reading and before the exam.

Play the game to teach and strengthen new words with their children

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From the research conclusions from the journal entitled "Strategi Belajar Kosa Kata (Vocabulary) Mahasiswa TBI STAIN PAMEKASAN” said that Vocabulary has a very essential role in mastering foreign languages, especially English. Without mastering adequate vocabulary, students not only have difficulty communicating and cannot even communicate at all. Not mastering English grammar at all is still possible to be able to communicate if you have enough vocabulary. The series of words delivered is not grammatical, it can still be understood by audiences by understanding the meaning of the vocabulary. Vocabulary is interpreted as "the entire stock of words belonging to a branch of knowledge" or known by an individual. In a broader understanding 'vocabulary is not only confined to words but also includes how to use words and how to use words and relationships between words, phrases, categories of words and phrases. This indicates that the vocabulary is not merely a collection of words that we memorize and know their meaning but also the learning process in arranging those words. From the results of research conducted by Tidar University, it was concluded in the journal that "the vocabulary is the first and foremost important step in language acquisition. Students who want to learn English as their foreign language have to learn that element first. In a classroom where students are not comfortable with the second language, the teacher should make the language learning interactive and interesting vocabulary exercises. "

From the journal entitled “Penguasaan Kosakata dan Kemampuan Membaca Bahasa Inggris” states that "Vocabulary is the total number of words in a language. It is also a language of the words a person knows and uses in speaking and writing. Vocabulary or vocabulary is the sum of all words in a language; also the ability of words that are known and used by someone in speaking and writing. The vocabulary of a language always changes and develops because life is increasingly complex. The exact number of vocabulary words in English to date cannot be ascertained, but reliable estimates say about 1 million. Based on the definition above, it is clear that mastery of

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vocabulary is sufficient, it is important to be able to learn languages well. Besides speaking about language, it cannot be separated from vocabulary. Vocabulary is words that people understand both their meaning and usage. How many words does a person have to have? A person must have enough vocabulary to understand what is read and heard, can speak and write with the right words so that they can be understood by others.

There are many other ways that can be used to improve student vocabulary mastery by listening to the radio, tapes, watching television, puzzle games and so on. In this way the level of vocabulary mastery and the organization of understanding of what is heard and watched on radio, cassette and television or in the game; can be improved, so that by itself, students' reading skills will also increase. From the journal entitled “Pentingnya Kemampuan Bahasa Inggris dalam Menyongsong ASEAN Community 2005” States that mastery of English is the basic capital in competing to face the era of globalization. In the era of globalization, the world is progressing and opening opportunities for scope between various countries. Only people who can speak English can take this golden opportunity. Where, English is very important in the career world. The world of work will basically give high appreciation to people who have good English skills. Where, to be able to join in the multi-language world of work in English is the main requirement.

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Chapter III

Method Of Reseach

A. Place And Time Of Activity

Pelaksanaan Mini Riset ini dilakukan di Universitas Negeri Medan, Fakultas Ekonomi pada jam 08.30 Wib sampai dengan selesai .

B. Activity Participants

Participants in the activity are students and students from the State

University of Medan. The study was conducted in the Department of

Accounting, namely the Accounting Education Study Program Class B and C .

C. Scope of Activities

The scope of the mini research activities are female students at the

Medan State University accounting education study program, who have

studied accounting, management and business. So here try to give a test to see

how much they understand about the use of English.

D. Implementation Method & Data Collection Techniques.

The research method used is a qualitative research method. This

research method was chosen on the grounds that qualitative research can reveal

and explain the problems that are the object of research in a narrative and in-

depth manner.The quantitative research was carried out by distributing 39

(thirty nine) questionnaires to accounting students B and C stambuk 2018.

1.

Observation

Research Data Collection with Observation. Observation or observation is

also one of the data collection techniques used in research. Observation as

a data collection technique has specific characteristics rather than other data

collection techniques (interviews) that are not necessarily as

communicating verbally to the object under study.

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2.Questionnaire

Fill in the questionnaire in the form of 80 (eighty) Vocabulary related to accounting, management and business.

Following The Research Steps :

1.Determine which study program students will be given a questionnaire 2.Start with an explanation of the purpose reseach 3.Carry out questionnaires and fill out questionnaires 4.Confirm the results of the questionnaire to members of the study for the sum of the data collection.

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CHAPTER IV

DISCUSSION

English is a primary need in communicating when all aspects of socio- economic life require us to use English to be able to communicate with anyone. At the college level, various departments have included English as a compulsory curriculum for their students.

After researching 40 accounting education students on Friday, May 10, 2019,

we found that there was a lack of mastery of the accounting vocabulary they had

40 people we surveyed received an average score of 70-95 of the 20 random questions we gave. With an average value after addition 81.4033. With the number of questions we provide with an assessment that the vocabulary used as a questionnaire is a very familiar basic vocabulary the value of 81.4033 includes still low.

The

We detected that the lack of mastery of English vocabulary was caused by several factors, namely:

1. Lack of student reading interest

2. Lack of English language library materials that can invite reading interest

3. Lack of a place for channeling student creativity related to the use of English

vocabulary outside of the course hours.

The importance of mastering accounting vocabulary especially for Accounting Education students cannot be denied, especially after the industrial revolution 4.0. Students should be able to master basic vocabulary in accounting. With wider coverage they also have to be able to master formal vocabulary. Because its use is needed when in the workforce later.

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Mastery of this vocabulary can be trained to use every day to get used to English, so that these students can master this accounting vocabulary which is very important for them.

Someone who has more vocabulary mastery will tend to be easier to capture information than those who have low vocabulary skills so that their reading comprehension becomes relatively higher as well. So it is important to have vocabulary mastery especially among students.

To enrich the vocabulary of the students, here are some tips that can be done to enrich your vocabulary in our opinion:

1. Keep reading as much and as consistently as possible. There is no better way to enrich your vocabulary than reading. Read various types of reading materials that are varied. The wider and in your reading material the more new words you learn from time to time.

2. Pay attention and realize the new words that you meet while reading. If you don't know the exact meaning or purpose of a word, try to understand from the context of the sentence. Put a word that you don't understand so you can see it again later. After that you can confirm the meaning of the word in the dictionary. Another easier way is to directly ask the meaning of the word to someone around you or someone you think knows.

3. Try to use the new word immediately. Once you understand the new word, you can try using it in the form of conversation or writing. Writing a word in a sentence will help you remember the word. Using new words immediately will speed up the process of absorbing and storing these words in the vocabulary bank in your brain.

When students have been able to understand this accounting vocabulary, they should be able to practice its use in daily life. So that mastery of this vocabulary can continue to be improved at any time.

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For the mastery of new vocabulary, actually this is all related to the effort and willingness. The more practice and the greater the willingness in the self, the more proficient the mastery of the English vocabulary is.

Even though it is related to accounting vocabulary, we can begin mastering English vocabulary starting from listening to English songs, watching English films, or also textbooks in English. In addition to this technique, making papers in English can also increase the ability to use English vocabulary.

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A. Conclution

CHAPTER V

CLOSING

Vocabulary has a very essential role in mastering foreign languages, especially English. Without mastering adequate vocabulary, of course you will have difficulty when working with business partners from foreign countries. Because English is an international language. Which is the language used in communication between countries.

Mastery of English vocabulary is quite important. Because the vocabulary of a language always changes and develops because life is increasingly complex. The exact number of vocabulary words in the English language to date cannot be ascertained, but it is estimated that those who can be trusted say about 1 million.

Many ways can be used to improve vocabulary. Because English is the basic capital in competing to face the era of globalization.

B. Suggestion

For the use of English, you should increase your memorization of vocabulary. because English is the basic capital to face the era of globalization going forward.

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ATTACHMENT

Nama

:

Prodi

:

Stambuk

:

 

No

Vocabulary

Arti

1

Account

 

2

Account Receivable

 

3

Value

 

4

Capital

 

5

Tax

 

6

Account Title

 

7

Balance

 

8

Company

 

9

Demand

 

10

Acount Payable

 

11

Bank Loan

 

12

Petty Cash

 

13

Expense

 

14

Cost

 

15

Equipment

 

16

Director

 

17

Cash

 

18

Land

 

19

Money

 

14

 

20

Owner

 

Nama

:

Prodi

:

Stambuk

:

 

No

Vocabulary

Arti

1

Office

 

2

Company

 

3

Payment

 

4

Plan

 

5

Purchases

 

6

Reward

 

7

Balance

 

8

Stock

 

9

Staff

 

10

Support

 

11

Trade

 

12

Rest

 

13

Report Form

 

14

Sales

 

15

Skill

 

16

Service

 

17

Purchase Discount

 

18

Profit

 

15

19 Problem 20 Propety
19 Problem 20 Propety

19 Problem

20 Propety

19 Problem 20 Propety
19 Problem 20 Propety

Nama

:

Prodi

:

Stambuk

:

No

Vocabulary

Arti

1

Price

 

2

Product

 

3

Recording

 

4

Offer

 

5

Net Income

 

6

Material

 

7

Merchandise

 

8

Market

 

9

Manufacturing

 

10

Law

 

11

Customer

 

12

Copyright

 

13

Difficulty

 

14

Goodwill

 

15

Help

 

16

Cash In Bank

 

17

Cash Sale

 

16

18 Depreciation

19 FreightOut

20 Gross Lost

Nama

:

Prodi

:

Stambuk

:

No

Vocabulary

Arti

1

Machine

 

2

Management

 

3

Market rate

 

4

PartnerShip

 

5

Raw material

 

6

Refference

 

7

Rent Income

 

8

Tracks

 

9

Surplus

 

10

Tax Accounting

 

11

Unit Cost

 

12

Ledger

 

13

Industry

 

14

Insurance

 

15

Income

 

17

16

Income Statement

17

Departement

18

Deviden

19

Cash Flow

20

Brand

18

DOCUMENTATION

DOCUMENTATION 19
DOCUMENTATION 19

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