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МИНИСТЕРСТВО НАУКИ И ВЫСШЕГО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ

РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ

ФЕДЕРАЛЬНОЕ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОЕ БЮДЖЕТНОЕ ОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНОЕ УЧРЕЖДЕНИЕ


ВЫСШЕГО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ
«ПЯТИГОРСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ»

Александр Юрьевич Багиян


Любовь Михайловна Хачересова

Vocabulary Builder: Towards Proficiency

учебное пособие
по закреплению лексического материала
(уровень С1-C2 CEFRL)

Пятигорск – 2018
УДК
ББК

Багиян А.Ю., Хачересова Л.М. Vocabulary Builder: Towards Proficiency: учебное пособие по
закреплению лексического материала (уровень С1-C2 CEFRL). – Пятигорск: Издательство
ФГБОУ ВО «ПГУ», 2018. – 146 с.

Учебное пособие является дополнением к УМК “Objective Proficiency” (UK: Cambridge


University Press, 2013. – 280 p.) и рассчитано на освоение, закрепление и расширение имеющегося
в указанном УМК лексического материала. Структурно пособие состоит из 7 юнитов, каждый из
которых имеет следующие элементы: Essential Vocabulary; Exercises (SB), Exercises (WB), Back
Translation. Список основных лексических единиц, равно как и весь комплекс упражнений,
составлены на основе аутентичного языкового материала современного английского языка.
Пособие может быть использовано не только при работе с УМК “Objective Proficiency”, но
и для самостоятельного изучения английского языка на продвинутом этапе.

Экспертное заключение:
Повилас Ионович Шлейвис
доктор филологических наук, профессор, заслуженный работник образования РФ
(ФГБОУ ВО «Пятигорский государственный университет»)

Рецензенты:
Ширяева Татьяна Александровна
доктор филологических наук, профессор,
заведующая кафедрой английского языка и профессиональной коммуникации
(ФГБОУ ВО «Пятигорский государственный университет»)

Армен Владимирович Вартанов


кандидат педагогических наук, доцент, проректор по управлению развитием инновационной среды,
коммерциализации результатов интеллектуальной деятельности и региональному взаимодействию
(ФГБОУ ВО «Пятигорский государственный университет»)

ISBN

© А.Ю. Багиян, 2018


© Л.М. Хачересова, 2018
© ФГБОУ ВО «Пятигорский
государственный университет», 2018
Contents
Unit 1. Ring the changes ............................................................................................................................................................... 5
Exercises (SB) ........................................................................................................................................................................... 15
Vocabulary (pp. 8-9) ............................................................................................................................................................ 15
Prepositions ........................................................................................................................................................................ 15
Phrasal Verbs ...................................................................................................................................................................... 17
Vocabulary (pp. 10-11) ........................................................................................................................................................ 17
Vocabulary (pp. 12-13) ........................................................................................................................................................ 18
Vocabulary (pp. 14-15) ........................................................................................................................................................ 19
Exercises (WB) ......................................................................................................................................................................... 20
Vocabulary (WB pp. 4-5) ..................................................................................................................................................... 20
Vocabulary (WB pp. 6-7) ..................................................................................................................................................... 22
Back Translation ...................................................................................................................................................................... 23
Unit 2. Expectation ...................................................................................................................................................................... 26
Exercises (SB) ........................................................................................................................................................................... 38
Vocabulary (pp. 16-17) ........................................................................................................................................................ 38
Vocabulary (pp. 18-19) ........................................................................................................................................................ 42
Prepositions ........................................................................................................................................................................ 42
Vocabulary (pp. 20-21) ........................................................................................................................................................ 43
Prepositions ........................................................................................................................................................................ 45
Vocabulary (pp. 22-23) ........................................................................................................................................................ 46
Exercises (WB) ......................................................................................................................................................................... 47
Vocabulary (WB pp. 8-9) ..................................................................................................................................................... 47
Vocabulary (WB pp. 10-11) ................................................................................................................................................. 48
Back Translation ...................................................................................................................................................................... 49
Unit 3. Strange behaviour ........................................................................................................................................................... 51
Exercises (SB) ........................................................................................................................................................................... 59
Vocabulary (pp. 24-25) ........................................................................................................................................................ 59
Prepositions ........................................................................................................................................................................ 59
Proverbs .............................................................................................................................................................................. 61
Vocabulary (pp. 26-31) ........................................................................................................................................................ 62
Exercises (WB) ......................................................................................................................................................................... 65
Vocabulary (WB pp. 12-15) ................................................................................................................................................. 65
Back Translation ...................................................................................................................................................................... 69
Unit 4. Sweet Rituals ................................................................................................................................................................... 71
Exercises (SB) ........................................................................................................................................................................... 79
Vocabulary (pp. 32-33) ........................................................................................................................................................ 79

4
Prepositions ........................................................................................................................................................................ 80
Vocabulary (pp. 34-36) ........................................................................................................................................................ 82
Exercises (WB) ......................................................................................................................................................................... 86
Vocabulary (WB pp. 16-19) ................................................................................................................................................. 86
Prepositions ........................................................................................................................................................................ 86
Back Translation ...................................................................................................................................................................... 89
Unit 10. Globalisation ................................................................................................................................................................. 91
Exercises (SB) ........................................................................................................................................................................... 96
Vocabulary (pp. 84-87) ........................................................................................................................................................ 96
Vocabulary (pp. 88-90) ........................................................................................................................................................ 98
Prepositions ........................................................................................................................................................................ 98
Exercises (WB) ....................................................................................................................................................................... 101
Vocabulary (WB pp. 40-41) ............................................................................................................................................... 101
Back Translation .................................................................................................................................................................... 103
Unit 11. For better, for worse ................................................................................................................................................... 105
Exercises (SB) ......................................................................................................................................................................... 113
Vocabulary (pp. 92-93) ...................................................................................................................................................... 113
Prepositions ...................................................................................................................................................................... 113
Vocabulary (pp. 94-95) ...................................................................................................................................................... 117
Vocabulary (pp. 96-97) ...................................................................................................................................................... 118
Vocabulary (pp. 98-99) ...................................................................................................................................................... 119
Exercises (WB) ....................................................................................................................................................................... 120
Vocabulary (WB pp. 44-45) ............................................................................................................................................... 120
Back Translation .................................................................................................................................................................... 123
Unit 20. A sense of humour ...................................................................................................................................................... 125
Exercises (SB) ......................................................................................................................................................................... 130
Vocabulary (pp. 168-169).................................................................................................................................................. 130
Vocabulary (pp. 170-171).................................................................................................................................................. 131
Phrasal Verbs .................................................................................................................................................................... 131
Vocabulary (pp. 172-175).................................................................................................................................................. 132
Exercises (WB) ....................................................................................................................................................................... 135
Vocabulary (WB pp. 80-83) ............................................................................................................................................... 135
Back Translation .................................................................................................................................................................... 136
References ................................................................................................................................................................................. 139
Unit 1. Ring the changes

Essential vocabulary Translation / Notes

Student’s book
Page 8

1. Everyone goes through changes, whether by

choice or because of something outside their

control. = out of / beyond one’s control

2. a change for the better  a change for the worse

3. a change of heart

4. out of the blue

5. to fall into place

6. to go downhill

7. smth is on the cards

8. the rest is history => the rest is silence

9. a key change in smb’s life

10. a life-changing moment

11. to make redundant

12. to gain media attention

13. to meet “Mr Right”

14. to head the wrong way

15. to step in for someone

16. to be dragged along to a party by a friend

Unit 1. Ring the changes


17. to catch one’s eye

6
18. to jump at the opportunity

19. a turning point for sb || a turning point in one’s life

20. an overnight sensation

21. a sell-out concert

22. arrogant => arrogantly

23. It was just one lucky break, all down to being in

the right place at the right time.

24. to trip over smth

25. to help sb out

26. to cheer sb up

27. to run out of … (money)

28. to take a look at …

29. to settle in

30. It’s funny how you can hit a run of bad luck: one

moment, things are moving along quite normally

in your life and then, bam, something comes out of

the blue and knocks you sideways and then, wham,

something else.

31. to live beyond one’s means

32. to catch up with sb

33. to pay sb off little by little from one’s salary

34. to cut back on workforce

35. to think straight

Unit 1. Ring the changes


36. I got in with a bad crowd and one thing led to

7
another.

37. to track sb down

38. to have a roof over one’s head

39. almost 20 years ago to the day …

40. a mind-numbingly awful day at work

41. It was a rut, my job was going nowhere. => to be

(stuck) in a rut

42. to stare gloomily at one’s reflection in the puddle

43. Is this really all there is to life?!

44. imperceptibly

45. as if by magic

46. gravelly voice

47. to come across

48. to hand out

Page 9

49. to do smth against one’s will

50. to describe smth in detail

51. to take on (staff)

52. recruitment

53. to be the sustainer of mankind

54. acupuncturist

55. to flow through the body

Unit 1. Ring the changes


56. to perform almost supernatural feats (a

8
remarkable, skilful or daring action)

57. to bring smth about => to bring out the best (worst)

in sb

Page 10

58. knitting => crocheting => knitwear

59. needle crafts exploded in ways entirely unforeseen

by previous generations

60. to approve of smth

61. a subversive group of knitters

62. to be created (entirely) out of yarn

63. for those not in the know, …

64. to busk on the underground

65. because I refused to be dictated to

66. to be in one’s early / middle / late seventies

Page 11

67. to alter the meaning

68. to successfully handle the problem

69. to do smth by hand

70. across the centuries, …

71. to be transformed by innovation

72. obvious => evident => transparent

73. the rapid growth of technology

Unit 1. Ring the changes


74. to immeasurably improve smth

9
75. white goods

76. a noticeable increase in personal wealth

77. to keep up with

78. to embrace even more sophisticated technological

aids

79. to be depleted (by mankind) to such an extent that

Page 12

80. to suffer huge devastation

81. flood protection levees

82. things are back to normal

83. deforestation

84. in the space of only a few years

85. clunky big machines

86. to be prevalent

87. if the weather is unfavourable, …

88. to respond to one’s plea for …

89. ceasefire

90. disposable

91. to have far-reaching consequences

Page 13

92. to be unconsciously attracted to sb

Unit 1. Ring the changes


93. to judge sb by smth

10
94. to do smth by chance => to blow a chance

95. to revolusionise the dye industry

96. to a large extent

97. to affect both lifestyle and diet => affect  effect

98. the earliest evidence of dentistry

99. to pick up on things through facial features

100. to push smth forward

101. to set the ball rolling

102. notably => notably missing

103. pharmaceutical industry

104. to capture all the important information

105. to be unduly informal

106. lack of clarity => a lack of smth || to lack smth

107. wordiness

Page 14

108. extracurricular activities => curriculum vitae

(CV)

109. beneficial effects

110. animal kingdom

111. to fascinate

112. a compulsive collector of gadgets =>

compulsive ideas

113. constrain => constraint

Unit 1. Ring the changes


114. domesticity => domesticate => domestication

11
115. strong => strength => to strengthen

116. to have the misfortune to …

117. to replace => irreplaceable

118. she showed her deep disapproval by slamming

the door in our faces

119. to evict the occupants from the building

120. the outcome of the meeting was rather

inconclusive

121. a second-hand car which is barely roadworthy

Page 15

122. within the framework of …

123. edition revised and updated

124. outbreak of disease

125. to get a windfall

126. it was the downfall of his great expectations

127. downturn in prices

128. it’s only skin deep

129. chameleon

130. to do smth wilfully

131. ancestors

132. to mark out differences

133. to do smth for practical reasons

134. smth points to the conclusion that …

Unit 1. Ring the changes


135. key factor

12
136. the dominant life-form on our planet

137. to distance oneself from smth

138. kinship

139. How to underline in a lasting way the

significance of an individual becoming an adult

member of society?

140. Arguably, …

141. the expressive capabilities of …

142. to be infinitely less successful

Workbook

Pages 4-5

143. to overdo smth

144. to over-indulge in food or drink

145. not to discuss topics of a religious nature

146. to reach the top of the corporate ladder

147. to block one’s career path

148. one’s bread and butter

149. upwardly modile = moving or able to move to

a higher social class, for example by becoming

richer

150. to skirt = to go around the edge of something

Unit 1. Ring the changes


151. discretion => discretion is the better part of

13
valour

152. corporate high-fliers

153. function room

154. to boast about sth

155. to be an asset to sth [qualifications, experience]

156. to goof on smth = make a silly mistake; make

fun of …

Page 6

157. to find oneself in some bizarre situation

158. rejuvenation massage

159. to adapt (easily) to new environments

160. to have smth altered

161. to be resistant to certain drugs

162. humans evolved from apes

163. prices fluctuate according to the season

164. to change one’s tune => to be in tune with smb

165. The Italian restaurant is nowhere near as good

since it changed hands

166. to change one’s ways

167. I would change places with him for the world!

168. a change of clothes

169. to change the subject

Unit 1. Ring the changes


Page 7

14
170. to make off with smth = steal smth

171. to get smb down = depress smb

172. I feel like I’m getting nowhere with my online

campaign.

173. to come up against smth = encounter smth

174. to get smth over with = finish

175. to get the application form in = submit it

176. news gets around = spreads

177. to make up for smth = offset smth

178. to get the message across = convey it

179. to carry out research = conduct it

180. to get the parcel off = dispatch it

181. smth important has come up = has arisen

182. I’ve lost track of …

183. It never crossed my mind (that) …

184. Look on the bright side

185. to be a far cry from smth

186. I’ll keep you posted

187. to set/put the record straight

Unit 1. Ring the changes


Exercises (SB)

15
Vocabulary (pp. 8-9)

Exercise_V-1. Fill in the right word.

1. It doesn't take long to have a life-____________ experience. Sometimes a


weekend workshop will do it. Sometimes a chance encounter is sufficient. LIFE

2. To keep the company alive, half the workforce is being made


GRAVELLY
____________.
3. I was looking around the store for a present for my mom, and this book REDUNDANT
caught my ____________.
4. Miley Cyrus was an ____________ sensation after she was cast for the FEAT

show 'Hannah Montana'.


EYE
5. Don't assign him anything else right now—he's so stressed about this case
that he can't think ____________. OVERNIGHT
6. We're stuck in a ____________ —let's move abroad for the summer and
shake things up! CHANGING

7. Why is everyone accepting that all there is to ____________ is work?


RUT
8. In the following passage from the chapter entitled "Superhuman" a
seemingly ordinary man performs an extraordinary ____________ of STRAIGHT
strength to rescue a cyclist who has been run over by a car.
9. A ____________ voice is low and rather rough and harsh.

Prepositions

Exercise_P-1. Fill in the gaps with appropriate prepositions.

1. And now here was a shiny new fence, built ____________ of the blue while our backs were turned.
2. Mark complains about his teaching job a lot, but I knew if he were offered a tenured position in the
school, he would jump ____________ the opportunity.
3. This could be the turning point ____________ his miserable, despicable life.
4. You should take a long hard look ____________ the issues before committing yourself.

Unit 1. Ring the changes


5. Bit by bit, in the perceptions of ordinary folk, the pieces of this jigsaw are beginning to fall

16
____________ place.
6. The possibility of a celebrity guest is not the only change ____________ the cards for this year's
festival.
7. It's four years ____________ the day since he was killed.
8. As if ____________ magic, the waiter suddenly appeared with a tray of drinks.
9. The way was set for much-needed change, but would things change ____________ the better?
10. It is hard to keep a roof ____________ your head and food in the fridge when you get paid $6.50 an
hour.

Exercise_P-2. Fill in the gaps with appropriate prepositions.

IN OUTSIDE TO IN OF AT IN
AGAINST IN BEYOND OUT IN

1. If you are like most people, at some point in your life, you've no doubt had to deal with a situation
that was ____________ your control.
2. The biggest change ____________ life occurred when I got married.
3. The key to success is to be ____________ the right place ____________ the right time.
4. The team seems to have come to the end of its run ____________ bad luck.
5. I agreed to help him paint the house, and one thing led ____________ another until I ended up
helping him fix his kitchen.
6. The defendant knew he could not be made to testify ____________ his will.
7. We know roughly what he wants to do, but we haven’t discussed his plans ____________ detail
8. Mrs. Smith must bring ____________ the best ____________ her students—they all get good grades
in her class and are very engaged with the subject matter.
9. If you keep living ____________ your means, you'll deplete your bank account before you know it.
10. Do you need a turning point ____________ your life? If you answered ‘no’, then you are the most
needy of all.

Unit 1. Ring the changes


Phrasal Verbs

17
Exercise_Ph-1. Fill in the appropriate prepositions.

1. A substitute stepped ____________ for the injured player.


2. The place was filled with sleeping people. I tripped ____________ perfect strangers on my way to the
door.
3. Any chance you can help me ____________ with the name of a good plumber?
4. Cheer ____________, honey—tomorrow's another day.
5. They returned home from South Africa when their money ran ____________.
6. She seems to have settled ____________ quickly at her new company.
7. The lack of sleep caught ____________ with her, and she began to doze off.
8. All those weeks of studying will pay ____________ when you take the exam.
9. If you cut ____________ on fat and sugar, you’ll definitely lose weight.
10. They won’t hand ____________ your phone number without permission.
11. Please just move ____________. There is nothing to see here.

Vocabulary (pp. 10-11)

Exercise_V-2. Match the synonyms.

1. approve of smb a) transform

2. deplete b) have a good opinion of smb

3. subversive c) riotous

4. unforeseen d) evident

5. sophisticated e) experienced

6. transparent f) decrease

7. yarn g) wool

8. alter h) assistance

9. immeasurably i) unanticipated

10. aid j) immensely

Unit 1. Ring the changes


Vocabulary (pp. 12-13)

18
Exercise_V-3. Match the word with its definition and translate the example sentences.

1. the cutting down of trees in a large area, or the a) WORDINESS


destruction of forests by people
2. damage and destruction b) PREVALENT

3. existing commonly or happening frequently c) DEVASTATION

4. negative and showing that you do not like something; d) DENTISTRY


not giving you an advantage or a good chance of
success
5. an agreement, esp. between two armies, to stop e) CEASEFIRE
fighting
6. intended to be thrown away after use f) DISPOSABLE

7. change (something) radically or fundamentally g) CLUNKY

8. the treatment of diseases and other conditions that h) DEFORESTATION


affect the teeth and gums, especially the repair and
extraction of teeth and the insertion of artificial ones
9. the quality of containing too many words i) REVOLUSIONISE

10. heavy and solid in an ugly way j) UNFAVOURABLE

1. Deforestation is destroying large areas of tropical rain forest.


2. The storm left behind it a trail of devastation.
3. Drought conditions have been prevalent across the area for several years.
4. Of those surveyed, 62 percent said they had an unfavourable opinion of the president.
5. During that time, the government wants to examine the implementation of the ceasefire agreement.
6. Further investigation showed they also contained hospital waste, including disposable syringes and
surgical gloves.
7. This fabulous new theory will revolutionize the whole of science.

Unit 1. Ring the changes


8. The Health Minister said she wanted patients to have easier access to locally-run NHS dentistry

19
services.
9. Smith learned to write more crisply under his editor, who didn't tolerate wordiness.
10. The clunky handsets looked old-fashioned as soon as they were launched.

Exercise_V-4. Finish the words in the gaps. Pay attention to grammar.

1. He thought he’d b____________ his chance of happiness.


2. It was by c____________ that I found out the truth.
3. I have asked a number of times for an update and am disappointed at the lack of c____________.
4. Maximizing efficiency and cost savings by c____________ all enterprise content and managing it
consistently within your information governance program is the ultimate goal.
5. I think it will be easier to become comfortable driving now that I've set the b____________ rolling
with driving lessons.
6. They decided to push f____________ with the production of their war film, despite protests from
activist groups decrying its historical inaccuracies.
7. What do you call a person who p____________ up on things really quickly? - Having a knack for
things?
8. It is possible that the difference in setting could a____________ the way personal topics impact on
participation rates.
9. Decision-making was to a large e____________ outside his control.
10. What was n____________ missing from Dyke's lecture last week was any mention of sport, in
particular football.

Vocabulary (pp. 14-15)

Exercise_V-5. Word-formation.

1. Disney's Animal ____________ is a zoological theme park at the Walt


KING
Disney World Resort in Bay Lake, Florida, near Orlando.

2. The study provides evidence of a ____________ effect of MCT with an


emphasis on cognitive-language performance of patients with early-stage BENEFIT
AD.

Unit 1. Ring the changes


3. The company plans to ____________ its hand (=make itself more

20
STRONG
powerful) in Europe by opening an office in Spain.
4. Doctors are very concerned about an ____________ of tuberculosis in an
BREAK
East London School.
5. As I have said, the inspectors are responsible for ensuring that all vehicles
ROAD
are safe and ____________.
6. A work both director and composer left unfinished felt fragmentary,
CONCLUDE
____________ and, all too often, artistically baffling.
7. Fathers have a unique and ____________ role to play in child
PLACE
development.
8. In this respect, Odysseus represents the male flight from ____________
DOMESTIC
and intimacy in quest of independence.
9. People are quick to slap that label on you, and then just as eager to predict
FALL
your ____________.
10. Thousands of workers have lost their jobs in the economic ____________.
TURN

11. Firms with stronger technological ____________ are more likely to realize
CAPABLE
e-commerce value.

Exercises (WB)

Vocabulary (WB pp. 4-5)

Exercise_V-6. Explain the meaning of the words/phrases in bold and translate the whole sentences.

1. After a heart attack you have to be careful not to overdo it/things.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

2. Going to business school is no longer considered an essential rung on the way to the top of the
corporate ladder.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 1. Ring the changes


3. Health and education are the sort of bread-and-butter issues that people vote on.

21
_____________________________________________________________________________________

4. I know you want to try that risky skateboard jump, but remember that discretion is the better part of
valor.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________

5. The company was once a high-flier in the disk drive business.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

6. The bridge would be an asset to both the local community and to visitors from further afield.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

7. He is constantly insulted, made fun of, and goofed on and he takes it like a retarded puppy.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

8. The premises also includes the Olympia function room, which is rented out for social occasions.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

9. Young professionals must create their own career paths by seeking out opportunities to develop
skills and experience, networking with the right people and plotting each turning point along the road.

_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________

10. The golf course is surrounded by hills and boasts some of the finest scenery in the country.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 1. Ring the changes


Vocabulary (WB pp. 6-7)

22
Exercise_V-7. Fill in the gaps with appropriate words. Pay attention to grammar.

1. "It never ____________ my mind to give up," he said. "It became an obsession."
2. You've changed your ____________ all of a sudden! Only yesterday you were saying you thought
Christmas presents were a waste of money.
3. Then the place changed ____________, from one American owner to another, received a lick and a
polish and the Mexican menu was revamped.
4. He is more in ____________ with his players today, because he has asked them for their opinions.
5. They broke into the house and ____________ off with our television and our stereo.
6. It was so boring that I wanted to get the interview ____________ with as quickly as possible.
7. Have you gotten your application form ____________ yet?
8. I’ve lost ____________ of what she’s doing now.
9. I expect I shall manage,’ she said, determined to look on the ____________ side.
10. They are a ____________ cry from the people that surrounded me when I was a member of the
Liberal party.
11. I hadn't seen Richard since Terry's wedding, but my friends had kept me ____________ on all the
news that went on while I was gone.
12. If your life is going ____________, it's probably because you haven't made plans.
13. She wanted to put the record ____________ and deny that she had ever been convicted.

Unit 1. Ring the changes


Back Translation

23
CARD 1

1. Было бы не невежливо прерывать их разговор.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

2. Как мы ни старались уговорить ее спеть на вечере, она уклонилась/отвертелась от этого, сказав,


что боится сцены.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

3. Нэнси не надо было снова заводить отношения с Биллом.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

4. Известно, что он всегда с презрением относился к\смотрел на диванных лежебок. (couch potatoes)

_____________________________________________________________________________________

5. Я не понимаю людей, которые говорят, что дети связывают. (твою свободу)

_____________________________________________________________________________________

6. Я уверена, что если бы ему пришлось противостоять буре, наводнению или пожару, он бы
хорошо проявил себя.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

7. Призыв президента к единению кажется задел ответную сторону / вызвал отклик у


американского народа.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

8. Когда бы он ни стоял перед вызовом, он привык не торопиться.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

9. Если вдруг что-то странное привлечет твое внимание, не делай ничего поспешного, позвони 911.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

10. Пора ему научиться не жить не по средствам. Рано или поздно он наверняка закончит в тюрьме.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 1. Ring the changes


CARD 2

24
1. Вместо того, чтобы найти выход, администрация компании только и делает, что сокращает
рабочую силу.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

2. Живя изо дня в день в привычной рутине, она не могла не спрашивать себя: «Неужели в этом
вся жизнь?» И решила принять участие в шоу «Мы ищем таланты». И кто бы мог подумать! Она
сразу стала сенсацией!

_____________________________________________________________________________________

3. Если бы они больше обращали на мальчика внимание, он бы не связался с дурной компанией.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

4. Несколько месяцев он, должно быть, был в свободном полете/падении, так сказать. Но сейчас
говорят, он нашел хорошую работу и хорошо зарабатывает ею на жизнь.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

5. Жаль, ты приукрасил свой рассказ. Это только сделало тебя смешным.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

6. Ему лучше не делать замечаний, не относящихся к обсуждаемой проблеме. Это ничего не делает,
кроме как злит председателя.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

7. Неужели мои сбережения так тают/на исходе? Еще два таких месяца вероятнее всего оставят
меня без гроша.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

8. Говорят, П. достиг вершины карьеры/карьерной лестнице. Это наверняка сильно повысит его
самооценку.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

9. Маловероятно, чтоб какой-то мужчина привык жить в тени своей жены.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

10. Стоило ей подняться по карьерной лестнице, как те, кто прежде свысока смотрели на нее, начали
приглашать ее на всякие вечеринки и мероприятия.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 1. Ring the changes


CARD 3

25
1. Целеустремленный и способный, как он, человек не может не быть ценностью/ценным для
любого образованного учреждения.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

2. Наличие большого количества денег не обязательно придает/добавляет класс и лоск.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

3. Чем больше инициативы вы проявите, тем больше докажете свою ценность.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

4. Не добившись успеха в том, чтобы сделать фирму процветающей, он все еще считает
себя/рассматривает себя важной фигурой.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

5. Врач требует, чтобы ты сменила обстановку.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

6. В последнее время ходят какие-то странные новости/слухи.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

7. Почему бы не попробовать донести до них вашу идею (message)/ мысль по другому.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

8. Жаль, ты позволяешь такому пустяку вызывать у тебя депрессию/приводить себя в уныние.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

9. Если бы не болезнь, я бы уже давно наверстал упущенное.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

10. Предлагаю позавтракать и покончить с этим.

_____________________________________________________________________________________

11. Если б я только не отказался от их щедрого предложении!

_____________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 1. Ring the changes


26
Unit 2. Expectation

Essential vocabulary Translation / Notes

Student’s book
Page 16

1. get off the beaten track

2. be able to chill out

3. have to rough it

4. end up doing sth

5. The tragicomic disappointments of travel are a


staple of office chat. (= one that is basic, most
important, or standard)
6. spend a fortune

7. get by on a shoestring budget

8. be a culture vulture

9. get back to nature

10. be in the lap of luxury => luxury (n) → luxurious

(adj)

11. to live up to one’s expectations => to exceed one’s

expectations

12. be liable to do sth

13. rich => enrich => enrichment

14. life is worth living

15. constraints of work

16. embody an understanding

Unit 2. Expectation
17. go wrong

27
18. dreary fellow travelers

19. lethargy (= apathy)

20. look forward to sth (doing sth)

21. feel oblivious to (of) sth = (feel unaware of sth)

22. to cloud one’s appreciation of smth

23. melancholy and regrets were my bedfellows … =>

misery makes strange bedfellows

Page 17

24. the setting was sublime

25. to have a row /raʊ/

26. rigid logic

27. to do smth at your peril

28. to be (critically) dependent on smth => dependent

(adj) → dependency (n)

29. the need for understanding (love, expression,

respect)

30. anticipation of travel

31. itineraries of the major shipping companies

32. to experience the… pleasant sides of a… sea

voyage

33. inconveniences such as sea-sickness, storms or

uncongenial fellow passengers

Unit 2. Expectation
34. to provoke => to provoke smb into doing smth =>

28
thought-provoking

35. to alter a previous pattern of behaviour (= change

attitude)

36. some conditions must be met for other aims to be

achieved

37. to raise a topic => raise ≠ rise

38. frequent travelers

39. independent travelers

40. travelers on packages

41. seasoned travelers

42. intrepid travelers

43. weary travelers

44. to recharge one’s batteries

45. discerning travelers

46. an armchair travelers

47. inveterate travelers

48. to settle down in one place

49. unwary travelers

50. the ideas put forward by the writer

51. It is better to travel hopefully than to arrive

Unit 2. Expectation
Page 18

29
52. to get the sack

53. air travelers

54. … while building work goes ahead

Extension activity 1 (simile) - a figure of speech


involving the comparison of one thing with another
thing of a different kind, used to make a description
more emphatic or vivid, usually introduced by as or
like (e.g., as brave as a lion, crazy like a fox).

1. as good as gold

2. as thin as a rake

3. fits like a glove

4. as light as a feather

5. like chalk and cheese

6. as white as a sheet

7. as red as a beetroot

8. as stubborn as a mule

9. as cool as a cucumber

10. as fit as a fiddle

11. as flat as a pancake

12. like water off a duck’s back

Page 19

55. in the region of (= about)

56. on the brink/verge of

57. a scientific breakthrough

58. to some extent (= partly)

Unit 2. Expectation
59. in conjunction with (= together with)

30
60. on behalf of (= instead of)

61. in vain (= without success)

62. on the grounds (of / that) (= because)

63. with the exception of (= not including)

64. to download / upload a file

Page 20

65. get one’s goat (= annoy one)

66. get carried away (= get overexcited)

67. fork out (= pay)

68. hefty (= large)

69. to be on a tight budget => to be on a shoestring

budget

70. to let one’s imagination run wild

71. to be dead set on doing sth (= be determined to do

sth) => to set one’s heart/hopes on doing smth

72. his ideas are (very much) in line with mine

73. to make compromises

Recording

74. circumnavigation (= round-the-world trip)

75. to trace smth with your fingertip

76. nagging doubts => to nag

77. work out a route

78. get repetitive

Unit 2. Expectation
79. to get carried away

31
80. thumb a lift (= to hitchhike)

81. figure out a budget

82. to be on the safe side

83. be fun

84. to make it as an entrepreneur (a doctor…)

85. to make sb do sth

86. to make a huge impression on smb

87. to teach sb the importance of stamina

88. to learn a sense of direction

89. to thrive on challenges

90. my childhood was nothing like that

91. to take on challenges

92. to try to fulfil one’s hopes and aspirations

93. according to the latest survey, commissioned by…

94. keep track of sth (one’s money, etc.)

95. be content that…

96. the average teenager (salary, etc.)

97. be in line with (= similar to…)

98. shoulder the burden

99. foot the bill

100. face the music

101. face/stomach the idea

102. toe the line

Unit 2. Expectation
103. elbow people aside

32
Page 21

104. to do well academically

105. to have a conversation with the interlocutor

106. by and large

107. for the most part

108. I’m in two minds about …

109. I’m ambivalent about …

Teacher’s book (ex. 3, Possible answers)

110. given the chance and the choice, I’d …

111. to be incredibly stimulating

112. to sample

113. to become a super sleuth

114. to have more respect for smb

115. I’m not cut out to become an entrepreneur

116. to have some sort of inner drive which pushes

you on to obtain your objective

117. to mix socially with people from different

backgrounds

118. to be an heir to a fortune => heir to the throne

=> heirloom

119. to walk down the aisle

120. the horse tossed its mane and neighed

121. plaice

Unit 2. Expectation
Page 22

33
122. compulsory question

123. to present opposing or complementary

viewpoints

124. use your time wisely

125. information-rich digital age

126. to play a fundamental role in society

127. to breathe more life into smth

128. to necessitate smth

129. to broaden the horizons (of)

130. to neglect one’s responsibility

131. in an attempt to do smth

132. the dumbing down of exhibitions is widespread

=> to dumb smth down

133. to be compromised by (technological wizardry)

134. to trivialise (smth) and provide a content-lite

‘experience’

135. the wealth of information online

136. judicious use of technology

137. to make smth more accessible to the public

138. at the expense of …

139. the resent shift in policy in undesirable

140. to lose sight of (one’s core role in society)

Unit 2. Expectation
Page 23

34
Teacher’s book (ex. 3, Suggested answers)

141. to be of benefit to smb

142. to be more meaningful and ‘hands-on’

143. to try to engage a broader cross-section of the

public

144. to implement => implementation

145. museums are ignoring their original function

146. to see smth as regrettable

147. to raise the issue of …

148. to take steps to do smth

149. an unfortunate outcome

150. the message = the subject matter = the content

Teacher’s book (ex. 5-6, Suggested answers)

151. to promote the transfer of knowledge

152. the actual subject matter has become

subservient to the method of delivery

153. to act appropriately in embracing the new

technology at one’s disposal

154. to benefit from some experience

155. any transfer of knowledge is a positive

outcome

156. to contribute to a better-educated society

Unit 2. Expectation
Workbook

35
Pages 8-9

Recording

157. cope with the hassle of doing sth

158. a mountain walking holiday with a touring

group

159. snow-capped mountains

160. be (well and truly) hooked on (travel)

161. my first solo trip

162. to be second nature to smb

163. rise to the challenge

164. sink or swim (case, situation)

165. be a great eye-opener

166. make a mistake and you’re reliant on yourself

to sort it out => to sort sth out

167. soak up the atmosphere

168. the experience of being overseas

169. to go into smth with an open mind

170. to have a preconception

171. to get/be put to the test

172. your first time alone abroad is the making of

you

173. to be a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity

174. to be an efficient place

Unit 2. Expectation
175. to run on time

36
176. delayed flights

177. … and such like

178. to be hard-pushed to get ready in time => to be

packing into the small hours

179. to sign a lease

180. let me know how you’re fixed

181. cost-effective => cost-effectiveness

182. to be essential to one’s success

183. to stay (fairly) settled with smth

184. spells of sunshine

185. patchy rain

Pages 10-11

186. advisory board

187. by no means

188. within reason

189. on its own merits => in its own right

190. over the top

191. be at odds with

192. in all honesty

193. beyond all expectations

194. out of one’s control

195. to have no recollection of …

196. to have no qualms about …

Unit 2. Expectation
197. to have no option but …

37
198. to be a treat ≠ have no appeal

199. to suffer anguish and apprehension at the mere

thought of (flying)

200. to outnumber smb

201. feeling of disquiet

202. to appear awkward and unwieldy

203. to depend solely on the expertise of the crew

204. there is little comfort for us in the numerous

statistical complications which show that …

205. pitch dark

206. rain was lashing down under the orange airport

lights => to lash down

207. to dislocate one’s shoulder with the weight of

one’s backpack

208. to stumble upon smth

209. to my horror, I discovered that …

210. to redirect smb to the tramline

211. to peer around in vain

212. I hauled my weary limbs along a dark and

muddy path …

Unit 2. Expectation
Exercises (SB)

38
Vocabulary (pp. 16-17)

Exercise_V-1. Match the phrases with their definitions and translate the following sentences.

1. off the beaten track a) to live without the modern comforts and
conveniences of one's home or daily life

2. exceed one’s expectations b) stimulating careful consideration or attention

3. make strange bedfellows c) a person who is very interested in the arts, especially
to an obsessive degree

4. culture vulture d) on or within a very tight or limited financial budget

5. congenial atmosphere e) have an argument

6. recharge one's batteries f) to regain one's energy, liveliness, or motivation


through a period of rest or recreation

7. in the lap of luxury g) to excitedly anticipate something

8. look forward to smth h) in conditions of great comfort and wealth

9. on a shoestring i) to be much bigger or better than expected

10. thought-provoking j) in a place where few people go, far from any main
roads and towns

11. seasoned traveller k) to be connected in a certain situation or activity but


to be extremely different in overall characteristics,
opinions, etc.

12. rough it l) pleasant in a way that makes you feel comfortable


and relaxed

13. have a row m) a person who has travelled a lot

Unit 2. Expectation
1. I'm looking forward to visiting my family this Christmas – I haven't been home for the holidays in

39
years!

__________________________________________________________________________________

2. I thought that the two writers would make strange bedfellows, given the drastically different nature
of their writing, but their books actually have a lot of parallels in terms of themes and constructs.

__________________________________________________________________________________

3. We were living on a shoestring for a while after our baby was born, but, luckily, I got a promotion,
and our situation has improved a bit.

__________________________________________________________________________________

4. The department provides a congenial atmosphere for research.

__________________________________________________________________________________

5. This year’s sales have exceeded all expectations.

__________________________________________________________________________________

6. The fact that he grew up in the lap of luxury was used to discredit the candidate's claim of wanting
to represent working-class citizens.

__________________________________________________________________________________

7. The farmhouse we stayed in was completely off the beaten track.

__________________________________________________________________________________

8. I love going camping – roughing it for a few days is exhilarating, and it makes you appreciate your
things all the more when you get back.

__________________________________________________________________________________

9. If you're a culture vulture, New York has everything you could want - opera, theatre, museums, and
more.

__________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 2. Expectation
10. Companies need to remember that vacations are crucial for employees to be able to recharge their

40
batteries so that they can maintain their productivity.

__________________________________________________________________________________

11. They had a row about his staying out all night.

__________________________________________________________________________________

12. He began discussing this issue with the confidence of a seasoned traveller.

__________________________________________________________________________________

13. This is an entertaining yet thought-provoking film.

__________________________________________________________________________________

Exercise_V-2. Fill in the right word.

ANTICIPATION UNDERSTANDING RIGID INTREPID SETTLED


HOPEFULLY RAISE CHILL CONSTRAINTS STAPLE PERIL FORTUNE

1. The ____________ of travel was a more powerful driver of happiness than anything participants
experienced overseas or conjured up in post-trip nostalgia.
2. The need for ____________ and acceptance of gender issues and the commitment to help
resolve those issues are crucial.
3. A ____________ logic' is a logic that is restricted to fixed domains of objects.
4. This ____________ traveller is looking forward to ticking off one more far-flung destination
from her bucket-list.
5. Have you ____________ down in your new house yet?
6. Bill: I can't wait till I get my high school diploma.
Fred: You should concentrate on enjoying high school instead. It is better to travel
____________ than to arrive.

Unit 2. Expectation
7. The view was expressed that the paragraph should indicate a somewhat broader scope for a party

41
to be able to ____________ a topic outside the agenda.
8. If anything major happens we’re going to find out, so let’s ____________ out and just do what
we need to do.
9. Becoming more familiar with the ____________ of working life and visiting firms make it
easier to accept the idea of women pursuing an occupation.
10. Field reports, news and feature programmes on peacekeeping and humanitarian affairs are a
____________ of United Nations Radio programmes.
11. When we advise other nations about how to devise better systems of government, our own
historical skepticism about the power of pure democracy can be neglected only at our
____________.
12. They must have spent a ____________ on flowers alone.

Exercise V-3. Word-formation.

1. Mrs. Miller ____________ everything I admire in a teacher. BODY

2. We turn to wild nature for new crops and new drugs, as well as for the beauty
RICH
that ____________ our lives.
3. In the sitcom she plays a New York executive who's totally ____________ to
OBLIVION
the feelings of others.
4. He was seen as an effective leader, despite being taciturn and ____________. CONGENIAL

5. Even with all that new technology can offer, success remains ____________
DEPEND
on leadership.
6. The ____________ boutique hotel is just five minutes from Oxford Street, in
LUXURY
an area renowned for its lively atmosphere.
7. The parents of these children neither know, nor care where they are, so long
as they are not causing them any ____________, or harassing people in their CONVENIENT
own locality.

Unit 2. Expectation
Vocabulary (pp. 18-19)

42
Prepositions

Exercise_P-1. Fill in the gaps with appropriate prepositions.

1. Energy is measured in calories and comes principally from carbohydrates and fats, and
____________ a lesser extent from protein.
2. The country is teetering ____________ the brink ____________ a massive financial crisis.
3. It took a great deal of courage to admit that all her efforts had been ____________ vain.
4. The worksheets are designed to be used ____________ conjunction ____________ the new
coursebooks.
5. ____________ behalf ____________ everyone here, may I wish you a very happy retirement.
6. You probably picked up my keys instead ____________ yours.
7. Costings at November 1991 prices suggest that the scheme will cost ____________ the region
____________ £1.3 million.
8. The players should all be fit for Saturday’s game, ____________ the possible exception
____________ Davis.
9. Owen was against it, ____________ the grounds ____________ expense.

Exercise EA-1. Fill in the appropriate word.

1. I've always been thin as a ____________, even when I try to pack on some muscle.
2. If you say that a child is being as good as ____________, you are emphasizing that they are
behaving very well and are not causing you any problems.
3. My daughters are like ____________ and cheese these days—one loves baseball and the other
loves ballet.
4. If you say that something is as flat as a ____________, you are emphasizing that it is completely
flat.
5. The material in the coat is durable and waterproof, but feels as light as a ____________.
6. I was worried losing his job was going to trigger his depression, but it seemed to roll off him like
____________ off a ____________'s back.

Unit 2. Expectation
7. Marilyn turned as white as a ____________ when the policeman told her that her son had been in a

43
car wreck.
8. These shoes are too big – I need to find ones that fit like a ____________ so that I don't trip.
9. I was red as a ____________ when the teacher made me speak in front of the whole class.
10. My toddler is as ____________ as a mule, and he'll throw a tantrum any time he doesn't get what
he wants.
11. Practicing meditation has helped me to be as cool as a ____________ in times of trouble.
12. Yes, I did have surgery a few months ago, but I'm as fit as a ____________ now.

Vocabulary (pp. 20-21)

Exercise V-4. Translate the following sentences.

1. That guy just gets my goat every time he opens his mouth.

___________________________________________________________________________________

2. If you want the most cutting edge technology, you'd better be prepared to fork out the dough for it.

___________________________________________________________________________________

3. We tried to have some organized games for the kids, but they all started running wild as soon as
they got here.

___________________________________________________________________________________

4. When I was a little boy, I set my heart on becoming a fighter pilot.

___________________________________________________________________________________

5. This gives an opportunity for your message to gain more attention from the reader and perhaps to
make a deeper impression.

___________________________________________________________________________________

6. The willingness to take on challenges starts at an early age and grows with support and
encouragement.

___________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 2. Expectation
7. They can't tell us how to live and not face the music when their own conduct is questioned.

44
___________________________________________________________________________________

8. The reproducible arts of photography and printmaking still remain, by and large, categorised as
lesser arts.

___________________________________________________________________________________

9. Are you sure you’re really cut out to be a teacher?

___________________________________________________________________________________

10. Walking down the aisle on your wedding day will be one of the most incredible experiences of your
life.

___________________________________________________________________________________

11. This was excellent: ambitious, important-and, as it happened, in line with my own growing
interests.

___________________________________________________________________________________

12. The fish hawkers on the beach stalls opposite sell plaice still flapping, straight out of the sea.

___________________________________________________________________________________

Exercise V-4. Fill in the sentences with the appropriate word.

1. Planning a vacation is half the ____________.


LINE
2. According to the recent ____________, 27.3 per cent of respondents,
especially representatives of national minorities, had not heard about the SURVEY
amendments to educational legislation.
FUN
3. We try to keep our prices in ____________ with our competitors.
4. I just couldn't ____________ the idea of telling Sawyer that you weren't
FOOT
coming home.
5. The forestry industry operates for the most ____________ in small towns FACE
and villages.

Unit 2. Expectation
6. He ordered drinks and then left me to ____________ the bill! LINE

45
7. He then interfered with media freedoms and those who would not toe the
SHOULDER
____________ were shut down.
8. It's obvious that he's not used to living on a ____________ budget.
TIGHT
9. With the American consumer likely to remain on ice, the same 30% must
also continue to ____________ the burden of a sluggish economic recovery. PART
10. Executive Summary Canadians are ____________ about whether or not
AMBIVALENT
they would report tax cheating by someone they know to the authorities.
11. The ____________ is usually an amateur or a consulting detective.
OBTAIN
12. States having established among themselves a European union called 'the
Union' on which they confer competences to ____________ objectives they SLEUTH
have in common.

Prepositions

Exercise P-1. Fill in the gaps with appropriate prepositions (particles).

1. Think for a moment of the young single mother who has to figure ____________ her budget to the
dollar when she has no income for two weeks.
2. ____________ and large, most of the people in the town work at the factory.
3. We'll keep him under observation just to be ____________ the safe side.
4. As pioneers in our field, we operate in a fast-paced, dynamic and entrepreneurial environment. The
nature of our work means we respond to world events as they happen, so we look for individuals
with a can-do attitude who are innovative and thrive ____________ challenges.
5. Let's drive around a little, work ____________ escape routes.
6. It seems that our sense ____________ direction is not always reliable.
7. Member States also noted the importance ____________ international cooperation and the
importance ____________ data interoperability between countries.
8. When you elbow ____________ the big boys, there's a good chance they won't like it.
9. I was ____________ two minds whether or not to come this morning.
10. Do you mix ____________ a wide variety of people in your job?
11. My cousin Robert is the only heir ____________ my uncle’s fortune.
12. Supervisors keep track ____________ forms, using printed checklists.

Unit 2. Expectation
13. The manager warned his young players not to get carried ____________ by the emotion of the

46
occasion.
14. I’ve pushed ____________ with the work because I want to finish it today.

Vocabulary (pp. 22-23)

Exercise V-5. Word-formation.

1. Instead of serving dishes in courses, a Thai meal is served all at once,


permitting dinners to enjoy ____________ combinations of different COMPLEMENT
tastes.
2. Today, European Agriculture plays a ____________ role in our societies. FUND
3. Both types of transactions ____________ the use of nostro accounts
NECESSARY
with correspondent banks.
4. By increasing cross-border exchanges and getting young people
involved in civic activities, the programme can help counter prejudice, BROAD
____________ horizons and fight apathy.
5. She was responsible for the ____________ of the plan. IMPLEMENT
6. I see it as inordinately ____________ that we have manoeuvred
REGRET
ourselves into this situation
7. Pedagogical freedom is not an absolute; it is instrumental and
____________ to the university's overarching interest in promoting free SERVE
inquiry and debate.
8. Human society cannot neglect the ____________ of caring for the
RESPONSIBE
welfare of people with disabilities.
9. The incident could have ____________ consequences for the
DESIRE
government.
10. Maybe we will benefit beyond belief in ____________ some of these
valuable philosophies and using them in practical solutions for all our BRACE
welfare.
11. You have to be very ____________ about how you spend the taxpayers'
JUSTICE*
money.
12. However, training with just one or two people can put you in a rut, make
SECTION
sure you roll with as wide a ____________ of the club as possible.

Unit 2. Expectation
Exercises (WB)

47
Vocabulary (WB pp. 8-9)

Exercise V-6. Match the words in two columns to make a phrase. Make sentences with these
phrases.

_____________________________________
1. cope a) nature to smb _____________________________________

_____________________________________
2. go into smth b) to the test _____________________________________

a once-in-a- _____________________________________
3. c) with an open mind _____________________________________
lifetime
_____________________________________
4. have d) sunshine _____________________________________

_____________________________________
5. sink e) a lease _____________________________________

_____________________________________
6. soak up f) or swim situation _____________________________________

_____________________________________
7. rise g) into the small hours _____________________________________

_____________________________________
8. be essential h) the atmosphere _____________________________________

_____________________________________
9. spells of i) opportunity _____________________________________

_____________________________________
10. be packing j) a preconception _____________________________________

with the hassle of _____________________________________


11. put smth k) _____________________________________
doing smth
_____________________________________
12. be truly l) to one’s success _____________________________________

Unit 2. Expectation
_____________________________________

48
13. be second m) to the challenge _____________________________________

_____________________________________
14. sign n) hooked on smth _____________________________________

Vocabulary (WB pp. 10-11)

Exercise V-7. Translate the following sentences and make the sentences of your own, using the
active vocabulary.

1.
She’s really has gone completely over-the-top with this wedding.
You may think that two visits to a takeaway in a week is a bit over the top, but there was good reason.
2.
She had felt different and increasingly at odds with her family, in particular her mother Fanny.
That’s odd – I thought I left my glasses on the table but they’re not here.
3.
Employers clearly hoped that the workers would stay longer, but their efforts were largely in vain.
I am vain enough to want to look good, but not to style my hair and paint my toenails.
4.
An output coal tar pitch is withdrawn from the processing vessel.
The subway froze in its tracks, and thousands of people found themselves trapped in stuffy box cars
and pitch-dark tunnels.
5.
He offered to advise them about means of gaining assistance under the social welfare system.
Although the sums paid are by no means small, they are a far cry from what the jet set pay across the
water.
6.
Women have been lashed for not being properly clothed – for wearing thin socks or brightly coloured
shoes – and jailed for speaking to men on the streets.
Rain has lashed down all day, saturating the lush landscape.
7.
I wouldn't support any system that wasn't based purely on merit.
The situation of each person must, however, be assessed on its own merits.

Unit 2. Expectation
Back Translation

49
CARD 1

1. Боюсь, мне придется отдыхать вдали от туристских троп этим летом. – Разобьете
палаточный лагерь? – Да, Это – любимый вид отдыха для Ани.
________________________________________________________________________________
2. Не расстраивайся. Такое удовольствие полностью расслабиться и вернуться назад к
природе.
________________________________________________________________________________
3. Очень возможно, что он обойдется малыми средствами, если присоединится к нашей
туристической группе.
________________________________________________________________________________
4. Не думаете ли Вы, что предвкушение отдыха - самое лучшее, что в нем есть? – Конечно,
более того, наш отдых часто идет не так, как надо.
________________________________________________________________________________
5. Твой сосед, кажется, закоренелый путешественник. – Да, и к тому же, отчаянный.
________________________________________________________________________________
6. С нетерпением жду кругосветное путешествие. Пора нам разработать интересный
маршрут.
________________________________________________________________________________
7. Наша промышленность находится на грани кризиса. А правительство только и делает,
что обсуждает ситуацию.
________________________________________________________________________________
8. Здесь у всех, за исключением Ника, есть билеты для путешествия. Это, в какой-то
степени, его вина.
________________________________________________________________________________
9. Я увидел, как играет Барселона, и с этот момента я подсел на футбол.
________________________________________________________________________________
10. Поездка в Москву была для него единственной в жизни возможностью увидеть большой
город, но он был вынужден отказаться из-за болезни мамы.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 2. Expectation
50
CARD 2

1. Моя сестра – очень скромная. Услышав ваши шутки, она всегда краснеет как рак.
________________________________________________________________________________
2. Мы никогда не были за границей. Обычно мы ездили в отпуск всей семьей по нашей
стране.
________________________________________________________________________________
3. Когда Вы собираетесь делать то, что Вы не готовы делать, это – ситуация «была не
была».
________________________________________________________________________________
4. Поездка за границу оказалась откровением для меня. Я посмотрел мир и вернулся совсем
другим человеком.
________________________________________________________________________________
5. Находясь в горах, Вы вдыхаете атмосферу горного воздуха и получаете удовольствие.
________________________________________________________________________________
6. Вы с вашим братом совершенно не похожи. И все же, вы всегда готовы помочь друг
другу.
________________________________________________________________________________
7. Посмотрите на нашего учителя. Он всегда свеж как огурчик.
________________________________________________________________________________
8. Мама с нетерпением ждет возможности испытать удовольствие от морского
путешествия. Она так устала от домашних обязанностей.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
9. Мое первое самостоятельное путешествие было в Испанию. Оно все еще свежо в мой
памяти.
________________________________________________________________________________
10. Боюсь, Вам придется держать ответ за все, что Вы сделали.
_______________________________________________________________________________

Unit 2. Expectation
51
Unit 3. Strange behaviour

Essential vocabulary Translation / Notes

Student’s book
Page 24

Recording

1. careful re-examination of all kinds of traditional

lore

2. forecast the weather (predict changes in the

weather)

3. come out with – (say)

4. to feel (rather) skeptical about smth

5. 4. be in current use

6. 5. Is there any truth in it?

7. at the last count

8. be around (for a while)

9. be accurate

10. short-term/long-term weather forecasting

11. birds depend on the weather conditions for flying

12. stand very little/a good chance of doing sth

13. be imminent (inevitable)

14. a drop in temperature

15. a rise in humidity

Unit 3. Strange behaviours


16. get worse/better (about the weather)

52
17. the wind started to get up

18. despite common sense (telling you otherwise), …

19. thing are about to brighten up

20. there’s some truth behind …

21. be intrinsically linked

22. (have) a vested interest in smth

23. We do not like to feel that things are happening

with no purpose whatsoever

24. the victims of chance and circumstance

25. a life and death situation

26. to base one’s predictions on smth

27. clutch at straws

28. (through) thick and thin – в горе и радости

29. fame and fortune – слава и богатство

30. touch and go – критическая ситуация

31. first and foremost – first of all

32. time and again – много раз

33. give and takе – взаимные уступки

34. life and soul (of the company) – душа …

35. flesh and blood – плоть и кровь

36. high and dry – брошенный, покинутый

37. (in) black and white

Unit 3. Strange behaviours


Page 25

53
38. be dubious of/about sth

39. 2. cautious about…

40. 3. skeptical of…

41. 4. mystified by/about…

42. 5. annoyed by/about

43. 6. convinced by/about

44. 7. certain of/about

45. Money is the root of all evil

46. Early to bed, early to rise, makes a man healthy,

wealthy and wise

47. If you give a man a fish you feed him for a day, but

teach him to fish and you feed him for life

48. A friend in need is a friend indeed

49. Don’t count your chickens until they are hatched

50. date as far back as 1784

51. in-depth scientific research into the phenomenon

(detailed) - исчерпывающий

52. impending earthquake

53. act as geosensors

54. detect objects (earthquakes)

55. put smth to good use

56. the coming catastrophe

57. it comes as no surprise (that)

Unit 3. Strange behaviours


Page 26

54
58. have a grain of truth in …

59. a rise in sth

60. defendants in crimes

61. plead for leniency – просить о снисхождении

62. an extenuating circumstance –смягчающее

обстоятельство

63. feel invigorating

64. succumb to the temptation of laziness

Page 27

65. to venture (out)

66. to render smth obsolete

67. given that

68. on condition that

69. but for/without

70. even if

71. provided that/as long as

72. unless

73. suppose/supposing

Page 28

74. to be overtaken by a sports car

75. to be overcharged

76. anger – rage, fury

77. fear – dread, terror

Unit 3. Strange behaviours


78. happiness – bliss, delight

55
79. sadness – sorrow, dejection

80. surprise – astonishment, incredulity

81. boredom – apathy, tedium

82. irrational outbursts of (wild-eyed, foaming-at-the-

mouth) fury

83. (a set of) unwritten rules

Page 29

84. an unpredictable outcome

85. It’s undeniable that…

86. be unconscious of…

87. insignificant damage (to the car)

88. irreplaceable (sth)

89. inexhaustible supply of

90. unassertive/non-assertive type of person - (modest)

91. inconclusive (advice) – неубедительный,

безрезультатный

Page 30

92. to all extent and purposes

93. to be (hugely) advantageous

94. to lend itself to smth (=to be good for a particular

use)

95. to be / stay undeterred (by)

Unit 3. Strange behaviours


Page 31

56
96. to take off (= start being successful)

97. to have little likelihood (of)

98. to jeopardise (one’s safety) => to be put in

jeopardy (= at risk)

99. to come to terms with …

100. to be given no choice / alternative / option but

to …

Workbook

Pages 12-13

101. blue collars  white collars

102. a display of greed (jealousy, pride, anger…)

103. take to the streets

104. irrational sense of unfairness

105. a feeling of injustice

106. the minimum wage has to go up

107. concern about fairness

108. become indignant at (the slightest discrepancy

in …)

109. to sour the atmosphere => the atmosphere

turned sour, however, as soon as …

110. get agitated

111. to devour food with gusto

112. petty (adj.) – insignificant

Unit 3. Strange behaviours


113. in the long run

57
114. take advantage of sb (sth)

115. a public outcry – общественный протест

116. learn a thing or two from smb (smth)

117. to break up fights over smth

118. a figment of the imagination

119. to return safe and sound

Pages 14-15

120. hostile => hostility

121. funny little ways

122. eating habits

123. unusual conduct

124. proud bearing

125. a raise in crime rates

126. to take action

127. female intuition

128. a bad omen

129. a sure sign

130. a sixth sense

131. second sight

132. a sneaking suspicion

133. to be haunted by guilt

134. to relieve the tedium (of the journey)

135. to explode with rage

Unit 3. Strange behaviours


136. don’t vent your frustration on me

58
137. to allay one’s fears about smth

138. to conceal one’s disgust

139. to find a new lease of life

140. prohibitive prices

141. to pass the law

Unit 3. Strange behaviours


Exercises (SB)

59
Vocabulary (pp. 24-25)

Prepositions

Exercise_P-1. Fill in the gaps with appropriate prepositions / particles.

1. As a consequence, staff and the computer application ____________ current use are functioning at
less than full efficiency.
2. ____________ the last count, 50 people were coming to this event, so we're definitely going to
need to bring in more chairs.
3. This critique has some truth ____________ it, but is overblown.
4. Consumers may find prices higher or lower than average, depending ____________ where they buy
gas.
5. One must understand that any rise ____________ unemployment that is due to a rise
____________ imports cannot be permanent.
6. Despite these variables, predictions ____________ future timelines can be based on past
experience, both within the Special Court and similar international judicial bodies.
7. I'm dubious ____________ his promises to change his ways.
8. Many experts remain skeptical ____________ his claims.
9. We assure the international community that the assistance we receive for relief, rehabilitation and
reconstruction will be put ____________ good use to help the country bounce back to pre-tsunami
conditions.
10. Mr. Fathalla said that he had been convinced ____________ Mr O'Flaherty's arguments.

Exercise_V-1. Fill in the gaps with appropriate words.

1. She's always been there for me through thick and ____________, so I can't turn my back on her
now.
2. I am not naive, I do not believe life to be as ____________ and white as stated above.
3. The doctors said it was touch and ____________, but he pushed through.
4. Described as vivacious and the ____________ and soul of the party, she was never short of an
invitation to a charity gala on South Africa's high society circuit.

Unit 3. Strange behaviours


5. One wonders why, after being put off ____________ and again, she continues to persist.

60
6. The relationship between IT and the rest of the business needs to be like a marriage with a good
deal of mutual give and ____________.
7. Dublin is thought of ____________ and foremost for its literary heritage.
8. I imagine she thought you were giving her another shot at fame and ____________, but she was
walking to her death.
9. Fortunately, the Australian people know their leaders are just ____________ and blood and not a
species without sin.
10. In the end, it is the taxpayer who will have to foot the bill if small fishing communities are left high
and ____________.
11. But that was an honest mistake, and not as unpleasant as it sounds, which is good to know, in case
you're ever in a ____________.and death situation.

Exercise_V-2. Fill in the gaps with appropriate words.

LORE WHATSOEVER IN-DEPTH INTEREST DROP SURPRISE


SHORT-TERM RE-EXAMINATION CIRCUMSTANCES

1. Further, the inclusion of the situation in the Special Committee's programme of work and
discussions thereon can serve no purpose ____________.
2. Quite the contrary, if the army now has a free hand, it is the result of a combination of chance and
temporary ____________.
3. Utilization of fishery resources on the high seas is by no means the vested ____________ of a small
number of countries.
4. Due to the existing snow and subsequent ____________ in temperature, certain roads may be icy.
5. First of all, a universally acceptable technical methodology needed to be developed with regard to
____________ forecasting.
6. There are 11 organizations of the United Nations system currently engaged in activities relating to
the cultural heritage and traditional ____________ of the indigenous peoples in different
international legal systems.

Unit 3. Strange behaviours


7. However, the constant ____________ of the basic principles and their application appeared to have

61
created an unstable environment over the past five years.
8. In 2004, in the framework of a scientific research programme, space technologies were used for an
____________ study of solar-terrestrial links and the subsequent development of a system of
heliogeophysical monitoring.
9. It comes as no ____________ that a recent move by the United States House of Representatives
ensures that such divisive projects do not receive United States support.

Proverbs

Exercise_Prov-1. Fill in the chart and make up dialogues using the proverbs below.

Proverb Meaning / Explanation Russian Equivalent

1. Money is the root of all evil

Early to bed, early to rise, makes


2.
a man healthy, wealthy and wise

If you give a man a fish you feed


3. him for a day, but teach him to
fish and you feed him for life

4. A friend in need is a friend indeed

Don’t count your chickens until


5.
they are hatched

Unit 3. Strange behaviours


62
Dialogue 1

Dialogue 2

Dialogue 3

Dialogue 4

Dialogue 5

Vocabulary (pp. 26-31)

Exercise V-3. Word-formation.

Send your bill to the Law Society if you think you've been
1. CHARGE
____________.
What an ____________ approach this can be for students who
2. believe they cannot find time to practice in a certain period of the VIGOUR
semester.
Try to resist the ____________ of eating the roasted walnuts before
3. TEMPT
you need them!
All claimants claim that there was a conspiracy by the ____________
4. DEFEND
to injure them by unlawful means.
This is a good combination as Aquarius is a wacky, ____________
5. PREDICT
sign, but Capricorn is sensible and steady.

Unit 3. Strange behaviours


The expression on her face caught between amusement and utter

63
6. INCREDULOUS
____________.
Depression refers to a state of ____________, loneliness, and
7. DEJECT
hopelessness.
Sometimes I miss the camaraderie of having that singular purpose
8. EXHAUST
and naive spark and ____________ energy.
Few come to Italy without thinking that it would be ____________
9. DELIGHT
to live there.
The ____________ election result sparked a scramble to see which
10. CONCLUDE
party could come up with a majority.
The limestone statue is priceless and all of these items are
11. REPLACE
____________.

Exercise_V-3. Match the synonyms and translate the following sentences.

1. extenuating a) lessening, justifying

2. fury b) unreasonable, incoherent

3. leniency c) forbearance, compassion

4. obsolete d) out-of-date, archaic

5. insignificant e) determined, insistent

6. unassertive f) humble, prudent

7. impending g) threaten, imperil

8. undeterred h) approaching, imminent

9. advantageous i) fundamentally, by its very nature

10. jeopardise j) beneficial, favourable

11. irrational k) irrelevant, meaningless

12. intrinsically l) ferocity, rage

Unit 3. Strange behaviours


1. Hunger and poverty, the main reasons for their poaching, are not treated by the courts as

64
extenuating circumstances.
___________________________________________________________________________________
2. The ferocity of the piranha fish has made it famous.
___________________________________________________________________________________
3. I would like to thank them for their continuing forbearance and understanding, and for their hard
work throughout the year.
___________________________________________________________________________________
4. Weapons that would have been invincible twenty years before are now vulnerable and obsolete.
___________________________________________________________________________________
5. The defendant’s lawyer argued that his past offenses were irrelevant to this case.
___________________________________________________________________________________
6. The Government also regards it as especially important that the elderly, children, the handicapped
and other unassertive groups should have equal cultural rights, and pays special attention to their
participation in creative activities.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
7. Further impending changes in government legislation may make the pressure experienced during
the social security changes seem almost normal.
___________________________________________________________________________________
8. Undeterred by his early failures, he decided to keep writing.
___________________________________________________________________________________
9. Immigrants presumably want to migrate because it is advantageous for them to do so.
___________________________________________________________________________________
10. Any criminal prosecution could imperil the company's then-imminent public offering of $ 35
million in stock.
___________________________________________________________________________________
11. Some of them feel a need to defend this by writing indigestible, difficult to understand books that
are incoherent.
___________________________________________________________________________________
12. Development cooperation is now intrinsically about imparting knowledge and creating what has
been referred to as "social and organizational capital".
___________________________________________________________________________________
Unit 3. Strange behaviours
Exercises (WB)

65
Vocabulary (WB pp. 12-15)

Exercise V-4. Match the phrases with their definitions and translate the following sentences.

1. a feeling of injustice a) something imagined or created by your mind

2. prohibitive prices b) express one’s opposition to something in public


and often violently

3. a blue collar c) an employee whose job entails, largely or entirely,


mental or clerical work, such as in an office

4. take to the streets d) a feeling of the lack of fairness or justice

5. a figment of the imagination e) an occasion when you become more energetic and
active than before

6. a sixth sense f) a power of perception like but not one of the five
senses; a keen intuitive power

7. allay one’s fears about smth g) prices so high or great they restrict or prevent
something

8. a white collar h) make smth legal

9. a new lease of life i) a working class person who performs manual


labor

10. a bad omen j) to reduce excitement or emotion about smth

11. to pass the law k) an event or happening that you take as a sign of
something horrible to come

Unit 3. Strange behaviours


1. The terms "blue collar" and "white collar" are occupational classifications that distinguish workers

66
who perform manual labor from workers who perform professional jobs; historically, blue-collar

workers wore uniforms, usually blue, and worked in trade occupations.

2. Persistent anger and feelings of injustice—directed toward a particular person, circumstance, or

yourself—have a steep price tag: they rob you of happiness in the moment and have negative

impacts on your health.

3. My sixth sense told me something awful was going to happen.

4. Hotel prices in the major cities are high but not prohibitive.

5. Thousands of people have taken to the streets to protest against the military coup.

6. The senseless killings going on in some parts of our country is a bad omen to our corporate

existence as a nation.

7. I thought I heard the sound of my front door opening last night but it turned out to be a figment of

my imagination.

8. White-collar worker is a salaried professional or an educated worker who performs semi-

professional office, administrative, and sales-coordination tasks, as opposed to a blue-collar

worker, whose job requires manual labor.

9. In this way he can discuss current information with his wife and help to allay her fears.

10. In 1647 Parliament passed a law making the celebration of Christmas illegal.

11. The project suddenly got a new lease of life when the developers agreed to provide some more

funding.

Exercise V-5. Collocations.

Collocations in use Your own examples

1. He was driven by greed for money and


power.

Unit 3. Strange behaviours


2. I knew that the next day I would be consumed

67
with guilt.

3. Parked vehicles that arouse suspicion should


be reported to the police.

4. She had been in the habit of drinking five or


six cups of coffee a day.

5. He threw her one look, then turned away in


disgust.

6. They nearly had a fight over who should


move first.

7. These computers range in price from £1,300


to £2,000.

8. His blunt comments really soured the


atmosphere.

9. The press became uniformly hostile to the


new administration.

10. They argue that the possible risks attached to


such vaccines vastly outweigh any
advantages.

Unit 3. Strange behaviours


Exercise V-6. Translate the following sentences.

68
1. To refuse such debates is an admission of discomfort or a display of inexcusable arrogance.
___________________________________________________________________________________
2. What's important is to grab each day that we do have and to live it with grace, and gusto.
___________________________________________________________________________________
3. Though he strongly disagreed with it, Undran had been known to explode once in a while towards
petty matters such as scratches on car doors or streaks on the windows.
___________________________________________________________________________________
4. Engineering skills are no longer appreciated in this country and we will all suffer in the long run for
it.
___________________________________________________________________________________
5. Kids, you know how I've told you about Lily's "you're dead to me" look- that expression she gets
just before she explodes in white-hot rage?
___________________________________________________________________________________
6. Israel cannot vent its frustration on blameless Lebanon under such an elastic and all-encompassing
umbrella.
___________________________________________________________________________________
7. The fund has been given a new lease of life with the creation of the Innovative Management Project
for the National Women and Development Fund.
___________________________________________________________________________________
8. In many cases, the growth in imprisonment could not be explained by increasing crime rates alone.
___________________________________________________________________________________
9. Between the date of submission of the report and 1 June 1998, rubber truncheons had been used by
prison officers to break up fights between inmates in eight cases.
___________________________________________________________________________________
10. Of course, in a way, they all fancied me, because I was quite good looking and charming, in my
own little way, with my funny English.
___________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 3. Strange behaviours


Back Translation

69
CARD 1

1. Если бы не падение температуры, было бы достаточно тепло.


___________________________________________________________________________________
2. Если бы не повышение влажности, то здешний климат был бы мягким.
___________________________________________________________________________________
3. Начинался ветер. Если бы не ветер, мы бы пошли на прогулку.
___________________________________________________________________________________
4. Если бы Анна и Джон не любили друг друга, они не были бы готовы быть вместе и в горе, и
радости.
___________________________________________________________________________________
5. Известно, что Ник душа любой компании. Если бы он не был таковым, то они бы не
пригласили его на вечер.
___________________________________________________________________________________
6. У тебя хорошая возможность увидеть, как он работает. Он такой тщательный.
___________________________________________________________________________________
7. Они не понимали, что их ждёт неминуемая катастрофа. Если бы они об этом знали, они бы
давно уехали оттуда. Если бы только люди могли предвидеть землетрясения!
___________________________________________________________________________________
8. Наличие ребёнка кажется смягчающим обстоятельством для обвиняемой в преступлении.
___________________________________________________________________________________
9. Неудивительно, что взаимные уступки являются частью супружеской жизни. Если бы это
было не так, браки бы распадались.
___________________________________________________________________________________
10. Полагаю, в её действиях есть что то правдивое. Если бы она не волновалась о нём, она бы
так себя не вела.
___________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 3. Strange behaviours


CARD 2

70
1. Должно быть, что то заставило людей выйти на улицу. Скорее всего, это было выражение
гнева, только и всего.
___________________________________________________________________________________
2. Пора тебе чему то научиться в жизни. Не позволяй никому пользоваться тобой.
___________________________________________________________________________________
3. Чувство несправедливости – это то, что заставляет моего брата чувствовать себя мерзко. –А
что случилось? Нельзя отрицать, что твои родители всегда обращались с ним хорошо. – Да,
но у него проблемы с одноклассниками.
___________________________________________________________________________________
4. Моя сестра не понимает моих шуток и начинает негодовать, услыхав их. Жаль, что у неё нет
чувства юмора.
___________________________________________________________________________________
5. Я убеждён, что твой отец представляет собой неиссякаемый источник шуток по любому
случаю. Но, прежде всего, мне нравятся его хорошие манеры и гордое поведение.
___________________________________________________________________________________
6. Я уверен, что юность и счастье должны быть неразрывно связаны.
___________________________________________________________________________________
7. Я скептически отношусь к твоей просьбе о снисхождении. Ты много раз меня подводил.
___________________________________________________________________________________
8. Как ты думаешь, изменение погоды неизбежно? Хотел бы я знать. Долгосрочный прогноз
погоды может быть неправильным в конце концов.
___________________________________________________________________________________
9. Ты можешь дать исчерпывающий ответ на мой вопрос? Дам при условии, что ты позволишь
мне обратиться к справочнику.
___________________________________________________________________________________
10. Полетят птицы или нет зависит от погоды, не так ли? Да, похоже, что распогоживается.
___________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 3. Strange behaviours


Unit 4. Sweet Rituals

Essential vocabulary Translation / Notes

Student’s book
Page 32

Recording

1. ritual behaviour

2. to hold to the tradition of smth (doing smth)

3. [the amount of food] on offer

4. family meals at times of (celebration, crisis,…)

5. …weeks ahead of the occasion – задолго до

события

6. on the eve of the event

7. be stress-inducing

8. to slip into one’s (well-established) role

9. snide comments on sb

10. petty family rivalries

11. bodily assault

12. the gloves are off

13. hurry away to prepare coffee

14. to restore calm (peace, balance…)

15. all hostilities cease at this point…(stop)

16. draw to a close

Unit 4. Sweet Rituals


17. come to tea

72
18. to give smb some warning

19. to act nonchalant (nonchalant = dispassionate,

indifferent)

20. to make enough for a horse

21. to eat like a horse

22. make a lowing sound between bites (low [lau] –

мычать)

23. to approve of smth (doing smth)

24. uninhibited - раскованный, свободный (=

unrestrained)

25. 9. endear oneself to sb - расположить к себе

кого-то

26. to look (completely) content – pleased

27. to savour the aftertaste of – наслаждаться

послевкусием от (съеденного,…), смаковать

Teacher’s book (p. 204, ex. 3-4)

28. violence and political unrest [were a part of daily

life]

29. to be shortlisted [for a prize]

30. a set of short stories

31. to have plenty of culinary experience

32. to be plausible

33. to be ruled out

Unit 4. Sweet Rituals


34. the answer is rooted in …

73
35. with the exception of …

Similes that refer to animals

36. as quiet as a mouse

37. as slippery as an eel

38. as strong as an ox

39. as brave as a lion

Verbs associated with animals

40. to bark (an order)

41. to purr (with pleasure, contentment)

42. 3. to squawk (in surprise)

43. 4. to squeal (with delight)

Page 33

44. inwardly

45. penultimate

46. savour success

47. savour freedom

48. savour the memories of…

49. savour every word

50. to consume + equivalent, quantity, time, energy

51. to devour + books, news, food, resources

52. to relish + challenge, thought, the beauty of…

53. to swallow + pill, pride, news, insult

Unit 4. Sweet Rituals


Page 34

74
54. (fork) implements – утварь, инструменты

55. eating tools – приборы, используемые для еды

56. inventory of… – опись…

57. effeminacy – женоподобие (в мужчине) (female-

like behaviour )

58. scooping – зачерпывание

59. fastidious – привередливый, разборчивый

60. transgression – проступок, правонарушение

61. to proliferate – распространяться

62. in transition – в процессе изменения

63. in vogue – в моде

Page 35

64. spoon-feed sb – опекать, объяснять,

разжевывать, кормить из ложечки

65. be on a knife-edge – висеть на волоске

66. be silver-plated, copper-plated, gold-plated

67. be foil-wrapped

68. be sugar-coated

69. be vitamin (fat) -rich,

70. be vanilla-flavoured

71. be oven-proof (жаростойкий), foolproof

(защищенный от неосторожного обращения),

72. tamper-proof (защищен. от вмешательства)

73. be clown-like, doll-like, owl-like

Unit 4. Sweet Rituals


Page 36

75
Fruit may be:

74. fleshy, soft, juicy, watery, pulpy, overripe –

сочный, мягкий, мясистый, спелый

75. sweet, luscious, sugary – сладкий

76. tender, heavenly, exquisite, appetizing – нежный,

восхитительный, тонкий, возбуждающий

аппетит

77. fibrous, chewy, bitter, sour – жилистый, горький,

кислый

78. be great fruit-loving people

79. the icing on the cake (to ice a cake – покрыть торт

глазурью)

80. have a lot on one’s plate

81. put all one’s eggs in one basket

82. have bigger fish to fry

83. sweeten the pill

84. take sth with a pinch of salt

85. spill the beans – let the secret out

86. sell like hot cakes

87. get eggs on one’s face – be in an awkward

situation

88. eat humble pie – feel humiliated

Unit 4. Sweet Rituals


Recording

76
89. temperatures soar daily to over 40 degrees Celsius

90. perfect ripening weather for the mango, perfect

wilting weather for humans

91. a wicker basket

92. when the Moghul empire was in its decline, …

Teacher’s book (p. 207, Idiom spot)

93. the best thing since sliced bread

94. to know which side your bread is buttered

95. bread and butter

96. that’s the way the cookie crumbles

97. a tough cookie

98. chew the fat

99. have sour grapes

100. a/the gravy train

101. to be keen as mustard

102. smth/smb doesn’t cut the mustard

103. talk Turkey

Workbook

Pages 16-17

104. engage with = show interest in

105. thumb through = skim read a lot of text

106. serve up = present to the public

Unit 4. Sweet Rituals


107. open up = create or reveal

77
108. come up with = think of or suggest

109. hanker after = long for

110. do out in = decorate in a certain way

111. live up to = be as good as

Page 18-19

112. a thirst-quenching drink – утоляющий жажду

113. a mouth-watering smell - аппетитный

114. a fast-food outlet – торговая точка, где

можно поесть на быструю руку

115. free-range eggs – яйца от кур, находящихся

на свободном выгуле

116. low-fat yoghurt (curds, milk, etc.) –

обезжиренный

117. fresh-baked bread (pie, etc) -

свежеиспеченный

118. stir-fry/fried vegetables – овощи, жаренные в

раскалённом масле

119. water-thin slices = very thin slices

120. sun-dried tomatoes - высушенный на солнце;

вяленый

121. soft-centered (chocolates) - (Cookery) (of a

chocolate or boiled sweet) having a centre

consisting of cream, jelly, etc

Unit 4. Sweet Rituals


122. full-bodied (wine) – продукт (вино), от

78
которого полнеют

123. home-made/grown food – приготовленная

дома…

Unit 4. Sweet Rituals


Exercises (SB)

79
Vocabulary (pp. 32-33)

Exercise_V-1. Translate the following sentences and make sentences of your own, using the
vocabulary from the unit.

1. Ritualized behavior is characteristic of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), but it is also


observed in other, nonclinical contexts such as children's routines and cultural ceremonies.
___________________________________________________________________________________
2. Some of the courses are still on offer at the universities on a self-financing basis.
___________________________________________________________________________________
3. He's a chain-smoking pothead in a stress-inducing situation; he'll be out soon.
___________________________________________________________________________________
4. It is normally assumed that a sequence of well-defined and well-known family rivalries and
factions, such as Medici versus Soderini, Guelph versus Ghibelline, etc.
___________________________________________________________________________________
5. She's a sexy, cheerful, lively and uninhibited girl who married the wrong man.
___________________________________________________________________________________
6. She was talking about my present life in such a nonchalant way and acting as though it wasn't
important.
___________________________________________________________________________________
7. The final disc was surprisingly easy, considering how much I struggled through the penultimate
one.
___________________________________________________________________________________
8. I see from the cover of the book that it was shortlisted for this year's Orange prize for fiction.
___________________________________________________________________________________
9. The second case involved a bodily assault on a member of the Roma community by officers of the
Police of the Czech Republic.
___________________________________________________________________________________
10. His explanation sounds fairly plausible to me.
___________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 4. Sweet Rituals


Prepositions

80
Exercise_P-1. Fill in the gaps with appropriate prepositions / particles and write the sentences of
your own, using the vocabulary from the unit.

1. Hershey begins planning Halloween production a year ahead __________ the occasion, finishing
all production in September each year.
___________________________________________________________________________________
2. __________ the eve of the event, inspired by childhood visits to the famous Levens Hall in
Cumbria, Boston began cutting them into pairs of orbs and crosses and crowns.
___________________________________________________________________________________
3. Up to now, both sides in the dispute have been cautious, but now the gloves are __________ and a
serious confrontation is expected.
___________________________________________________________________________________
4. It can feel embarrassing at first but remember that children slip __________ role very easily and
will accept you if you signal it clearly.
___________________________________________________________________________________
5. Most people no longer approve __________ smoking in public places.
___________________________________________________________________________________
6. I have to hurry __________. Excuse me, please. It's an emergency.
___________________________________________________________________________________
7. It is possible to develop an allergy to a product you've been using for years, so don't rule this
possibility __________.
___________________________________________________________________________________
8. This feeling of rejection is often deeply rooted __________ childhood.
___________________________________________________________________________________
9. His love for children and affection for the sick have endeared him __________ all.
___________________________________________________________________________________
10. As the General's visit ended, the competition drew __________ a close.

___________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 4. Sweet Rituals


Exercise_V-2. Word-formation.

81
1. Any identity built on __________________ to others can change
HOSTILE
the object of its hostility as easily as a man changes his coat.
2. Only a free and __________________ press can effectively
RESTRAIN
expose deception in government.
3. I knew that a good performance on the test would
STORE
__________________ my parents' belief in me.
4. However, the unpleasant __________________ prevented me
TASTE
from adding this recipe to my all-time favourites list.
5. They can give a Saturday morning hangover at the coffee bar an
NONCHALANT
air of elegant __________________.
6. Most of our industrial __________________comes at a time that
REST
is most inconvenient to the customer or to the general consumer.

Exercise_V-3. Continue the phrase in each sentence.

1. Enjoy their unique and adaptable flavours, enjoy their rich and vibrant colours, smell the wonderful
aromatics and love the taste and savour the _________________.
2. Being goal oriented is something I would definitely recommend. But we need to be aware that if we
are being so forward focussed that we don’t take the time to savour _________________, we rob
ourselves of a great pleasure.
3. Read this, people, savour _________________ _________________, because it ties everything
together.
4. Teen criminals savour _________________ as parole ends life sentences.
5. Take a peek at the oldest sugar shack in the county and take home some of our “Maple Magic” to
savour the _________________ of your stay in Prince Edward County.

Unit 4. Sweet Rituals


Vocabulary (pp. 34-36)

82
Exercise_I-1. Fill in the gaps with the words from the box.

BREAD COOKIE PILL


HOT GRAPES TRAIN
PINCH CAKE TURKEY

1. Fine weather in the village on Sunday was the icing on the __________________ on what was a
great day at the Ballyroan Vintage Rally.
2. An increasing number of dating agencies are sweetening the __________________ by affecting
introductions with clients who share a particular interest, but the biggest innovation for the industry
has come with the internet.’
3. Her __________________ and butter work is commercial photography but artwork is her passion.
4. As you have always known, Canadians are sophisticated enough politically to see through the sour
__________________ of criticism.
5. Because you genuinely like this family and have proven your friendship, you need to talk
__________________ to Jane, explaining what parents are for.
6. I'm on the other side of the fence, and I've been critical of some of you lately, so I'll understand if
you take my advice with a __________________ of salt.
7. You don't know what it's like until you're there, and I'm a pretty tough __________________
myself.
8. The new book of poetry has being getting some rave reviews over the weekend and has been selling
like __________________ cakes in the local shops while the local post office is being kept busy
despatching copies to exiles of the area in distant lands.
9. It's nothing more than a gravy __________________ for big business to make huge amounts of
money from the public purse!

Unit 4. Sweet Rituals


Exercise_I-2. Fill in the gaps with appropriate words and explain the meaning of each idiom.

83
Sentence Meaning
1. I'm pretty gutted about not getting into the grad school program I
wanted, but that's just the way the cookie __________________.
2. I want Chris to help me with this project, but he claims he has
bigger __________________ to fry right now.

3. She has all her __________________ in one basket with this


merger deal. If it doesn't work out, I doubt her company can
survive.
4. These waterproof jeans are the best thing since sliced
__________________. I don't have to worry about getting
soaked!
5. These new kids are as keen as __________________ to be in the
choir, so we can definitely get them to clean up the choir room
for us.
6. I just have a lot on my __________________ right now while
I'm finishing up my degree and doing this huge project for work.
7. My sister and I haven't seen each other in nearly five years, so we
stayed up half the night chewing the __________________.
8. We had everything organized for Bruce's surprise party, but Kate
accidentally spilled the __________________ to him at work.
9. The CEO really had egg on his __________________ after he
went on stage to demonstrate the new product and couldn't get it
to work.
10. That guy looks like he's 110 years old—there's no way he'll be
able to __________________ the mustard stocking shelves all
day!
11. I know which side my bread is __________________ on, so I
was very nice to the recruiter and promptly sent her a thank you
card after our interview.

Unit 4. Sweet Rituals


Exercise_V-4. Continue the word in each sentence and translate it.

84
1. No, my daughter is off the bottle now—we're spoon-f_____________ her.
2. Oven roasted foil-w_____________ corn on the cob is easy to prepare with very little mealtime
clean up!
3. Part of the program would require states to develop more tamper-p_____________ birth certificates
and drivers licenses.
4. Hopi Native Americans had a tradition of clown-l_____________ characters who interrupted
serious dance rituals with ludicrous antics.
5. I am on a knife-e_____________ right now, waiting to hear if my contract has been extended – if
not, I'll need to find a new job.
6. Shop online for pure ceylon Dilmah vanilla-f_____________ tea 160 teabags as we take the
pleasure of being able to offer the best highest quality.
7. These foods hit a sweet spot: They're vitamin-r_____________ and easy to enjoy. Add them to
your next shopping list.
8. Unlike sterling silver, the tarnish on silver-p_____________ jewelry is, most of the time,
irreversible.
9. Roll up each piece of fish and put into an oven-p_____________ dish, pour over the marinade and
dot with the butter.
10. Pulling back the curtain on the sugar-c_____________ tactics of an industry once again under
attack, this documentary will give you a chilling feeling of déjà vu.

Exercise_V-5. Translate the following sentences.

1. It is interesting that one of the biggest selling books of the summer noted, and advocated, this shift
towards effeminacy.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2. He's a detail man, obsessively fastidious to the point that he still handles the steady-cam himself, to
get those shots just right.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 4. Sweet Rituals


3. The popularity of the stage ballet intensified a vogue for social dancing and for the staging of

85
private divertissements in the homes of the nobility and the bourgeoisie.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4. Trim off the small, fibrous roots and put the trimmed sections into pots filled with cuttings compost
so the tops are just buried.
___________________________________________________________________________________
5. Salmon is an exquisite delicacy and is also a complete health food, nutritionists tell us.
___________________________________________________________________________________
6. It is a luxuriously big Cabernet Sauvignon-driven wine, with heavy luscious fruit and firm, but
supple tannins.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
7. I don't remember whose idea it was, but we began to pick the overripe mangoes and to throw them
at the passing cars.
___________________________________________________________________________________
8. Traditionally, island women chewed up the leaves and stalks of the kava-kava plant and spat the
pulpy mass into the communal bowl.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
9. Glancing around the porch she saw new wicker furniture that went well with the old home.
___________________________________________________________________________________
10. He swore to me that he had left it back in my shed, but had to eat humble pie when he discovered it
was in his garage all the time.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
11. Unemployment may be falling but remains high and the city population continues to decline but
there is at last an unmistakeable air of optimism in the city and a belief that a revival is underway.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
12. One of my patio pot plants suddenly wilted and died.
___________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 4. Sweet Rituals


Exercises (WB)

86
Vocabulary (WB pp. 16-19)

Prepositions

Exercise_P-1. Fill in the appropriate preposition and make up the sentences of your own, using
the given phrases.

1. When you have children, it becomes all about living _____________ to their expectations.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2. Now, most people hanker _____________ the German engine, 2.8 injection, but not me, no, no, no.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3. In particular, there is a need to open _____________ a channel for dialogue between the
Government and the NGO community.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4. Thumb _____________ all those pages of slashes, and see if anything sparks to you.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5. He wondered how States might engage _____________ partners with regard to legislation
regulating non-governmental organizations.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
6. Some Governments expressed disappointment that the working group had not been able to come
_____________ with one single proposal.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
7. He tried serving _____________ a few jokes to engage the audience, but they all fell flat.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 4. Sweet Rituals


Exercise_V-6. Match the words from different columns to make a phrase; make up sentences of

87
your own, using these phrases.

1.
fast- quenching outlet

2.
fresh- baked bread

3.
thirst- bodied drink

4.
stir- range vegetables

5.
water- grown smell

6.
full- fried wine

7.
mouth- watering food

8.
free- thin chocolates

9.
low- food yogurt

10.
soft- fat slices

11.
home- centered eggs

Your sentences:
1. _______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

2. _______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

3. _______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

Unit 4. Sweet Rituals


4. _______________________________________________________________________________

88
_______________________________________________________________________________

5. _______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

6. _______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

7. _______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

8. _______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

9. _______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

10. _______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

11. _______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________

Unit 4. Sweet Rituals


Back Translation

89
CARD 1

1. Не знаю, как вы, а мы придерживаемся традиции собираться за семейным столом по любому


возможному случаю (к примеру, празднуя что-то). – Не могу не одобрить это. Ничто так не
объединяет людей, как совместное времяпровождение.
___________________________________________________________________________________
2. Ты не возражаешь прийти к нам на чай в воскресенье? – Хотелось бы. Если бы не экзамены,
я бы с радостью присоединилась к вам.
___________________________________________________________________________________
3. Мелкое семейное соперничество кажется типичным для многих больших семей. – О, да.
Люди не могут без того, чтобы ссориться, а затем мириться.
___________________________________________________________________________________
4. Моя младшая сестра тиха как мышка. Вряд ли она примет участие в конкурсе по
английскому языку. – Лучше нам спросить у нее.
___________________________________________________________________________________
5. Я – большой любитель фруктов. Я люблю всякие фрукты: сладкие, горькие и кислые;
сочные и мясистые.
___________________________________________________________________________________
6. Я бы предпочла, чтобы ты спрятала свою гордость и простила ему оскорбление. Он сделал
это ненамеренно. – На его месте я бы была повежливее с людьми.
___________________________________________________________________________________
7. Эта книга раскупается нарасхват. Если бы я знала, что она будет такой интересной, я бы
давно купила ее.
___________________________________________________________________________________
8. На его место я бы так не рисковала всем. Ему следует быть более разборчивым в бизнесе.
___________________________________________________________________________________
9. Прекрати опекать своего сына. Он достаточно взрослый, чтобы знать как пользоваться
приборами для еды.
___________________________________________________________________________________
10. Мой друг – смелый как лев. Ему не нужна поддержка. - Не торопись с выводами.
Береженного и бог бережет.
___________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 4. Sweet Rituals


CARD 2

90
1. Я очень разборчива в отношении еды. Точки, где можно поесть на быструю руку, – не для
меня.
___________________________________________________________________________________
2. На месте Ани я бы не верила словам Ника. Он не тот человек, на которого можно
положиться.
___________________________________________________________________________________
3. Пора украсить твою комнату тонкими тонами вместо этих ярких. – Но мне нравятся яркие
краски.
___________________________________________________________________________________
4. Твоя мама предпочла бы, чтобы ты не выдал секрета. Но теперь, когда ты это сделал, тебя
могут использовать.
___________________________________________________________________________________
5. Мой друг привык выдвигать (предлагать) всякие интересные идеи. Прошлый раз, например,
он предложил, чтобы мы занялись благотворительной деятельностью. – Почему нет?
___________________________________________________________________________________
6. Повеселились у Ани на дне рождения? – В общем, да. Но мы бы получили большее
удовольствие, если бы еда оправдала наши ожидания. Она была невкусной. – Жаль, что вы
не остались у Ани дома, вместо того, чтобы идти в ближайшее кафе.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
7. Вечер вот-вот завершится. Он вам понравился? – Если бы я знала, что он будет таким
скучным, я бы не вообще не пошла. – Почему, что было скучного? Если бы я знала, что тебе
так трудно угодить, я бы не попросила тебя составить мне компанию.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
8. Мой брат, бывало, постоянно что-то ел (как лошадь). Бедная мама! Она бывала так занята,
пытаясь накормить его домашней едой. – Но он не выглядит, как будто много ел. – О, да.
Сейчас он совершенно другой. Он похудел с тех пор, как занялся теннисом.
___________________________________________________________________________________
9. Едва я упомянула имя Ник, как вся компания стала отпускать ехидные замечания в его
адрес. – На самом деле, он совсем не плохой, но беда в том, что он не умеет расположить к
себе людей.
___________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 4. Sweet Rituals


Unit 10. Globalisation

Essential vocabulary Translation / Notes

Student’s book
Page 84

1. to cause a stir

2. a living monument to sb/sth

3. to stand for sth

4. on a massive scale

5. to die out

6. cultural assimilation

7. On average

8. To give way(to the new)

9. to hold danger for sb/sth

10. to be well-off

11. to mourn sb/sth

12. extinction

13. staggering

14. dominant [language]

15. to strive/strove/striven (for/after sth)

16. to transmit

17. indigenous

18. intellectual and cultural diversity

19. multiplicity

Unit 10. Globalisation


20. smth is a curse rather than a blessing => count

92
your blessings => a blessing in disguise

21. to be better off

Page 85

22. to stem from (about idea)

23. to come from (about idea)

24. to rely heavily on smth

25. from one’s perspective

Page 86

26. quarry

27. the guests were whisked off to a smart restaurant

28. needless to say

29. to suppress one’s laughter

30. an elk

Page 87

31. to stand up for one’s rights

32. to splash (lots of) money on smth

33. not to turn a hair

34. to have a nice turn of phrase

35. not to know which way to turn

36. to turn as red as a beetroot

37. to turn the clock back

38. to turn a blind eye to sb/sth

Unit 10. Globalisation


39. to toss and turn

93
40. (to be) a turn up for the books

Page 88

41. to widen / cross the generation gap

42. to give out loans

Recording

43. there is much heated debate about …

44. what exactly are your objections to …?

45. to be detrimental to the economy

46. to become (too) dependent on smth / smb

47. a market-driven world

48. in the face of

49. it may look that way on the face of it, but …

50. with strings attached => no strings attached => to

pull the strings

51. to take smb down the road

52. to have a sneaking suspicion about smth

53. I hadn’t covered myself with glory during my

previous forays into …

54. I wasn’t exactly chomping at the bit to go through

it all again

55. to have smth up one’s sleeve

Unit 10. Globalisation


Page 89

94
56. a society cracking under the strain of too many

things

57. a response to the Western crisis of abundance

58. under scrutiny

Page 90

59. to be on the verge of extinction

60. a shrinking world

61. to leave aside the all-to-familiar (worries about sth)

62. the most particular

63. the dissemination of (news and comment)

64. the oppressed

65. solace

66. to inflict sth or sb

67. indispensable

68. unerring

69. console

70. innocuous

71. to negate sth

72. doom and gloom (statements)

73. when all is said and done

74. like it or lump it

75. when you come to think of it

76. all things considered

Unit 10. Globalisation


77. in the cold/clear light of day

95
78. all in all

79. in the final analysis

Workbook

Pages 40-41

80. a commitment

81. to release/to restrict the creative energy of sb

82. a backlash

83. to underpin (the global market)

84. squalor

85. to be beyond the reach (of sb/sth)

86. eclipse

87. to draw strength from sb/sth

88. to keep the peace

89. to negotiate sth

90. to trade sth for sth

91. consume-consumption

92. a worrying problem

93. equitable(ly)

94. to carry risks

95. sustained peace

96. to be the first to capture the benefits

97. to take (little) comfort in sth

98. to halve the scale of (world poverty)

Unit 10. Globalisation


Exercises (SB)

96
Vocabulary (pp. 84-87)

Exercise_V-1. Translate the following sentences and make sentences of your own, using the
vocabulary from the unit.

1. She’s been lying about me, and I won’t stand for it.
___________________________________________________________________________________
2. The wild population of koalas is in danger of dying out.
___________________________________________________________________________________
3. The alternatives were either to make a massive quarry or to mine into the fell.
___________________________________________________________________________________
4. Needless to say, any contributions of money will be gratefully received.
___________________________________________________________________________________
5. They had to create formal societies and cultures at the expense of looser indigenous ways.
___________________________________________________________________________________
6. Depression is something we allow to happen if we choose not to mourn.
___________________________________________________________________________________
7. The results of the survey were staggering – over half the children said that they went to school
without any breakfast.
___________________________________________________________________________________
8. Whenever I talked about his past life, he would go beetroot.
___________________________________________________________________________________
9. Some people predict the extinction of family life as we know it today.
___________________________________________________________________________________
10. Their disagreement stemmed from a misunderstanding.
___________________________________________________________________________________
11. The information is transmitted electronically to the central computer.
___________________________________________________________________________________
12. She has a nice turn of phrase, which should serve her well in journalism.
___________________________________________________________________________________
13. The quality of her work is well above average.
___________________________________________________________________________________
14. I know you’re unhappy that the relationship ended, but you’re better off without him.
___________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 10. Globalisation


Exercise_V-2. Fill in the missing word.

97
1. This band has caused a ____________________ with teenagers all across the nation – screaming
fans greet them everywhere they go!
2. Indeed, the "double dividend" is a ____________________ rather than a blessing, because it
confines women to the home.
3. We believe the Convention will protect and promote cultural ____________________ by
providing a far-reaching framework.
4. Property rights have been violated on a ____________________ scale since the beginning of the
armed conflict in Abkhazia.
5. The first stage of this review examines the organization's approach from a global
____________________.
6. Today, as a result of intensive ____________________ assimilation, the population of El Salvador
was extremely mixed, and distinguishing one ethnic group from another was difficult.
7. No single country, however powerful, can disregard global interdependence or turn a
____________________ eye to problems of global significance.
8. However, transnational pressures also ____________________ dangers for developing countries.
9. People can consciously ____________________ laughs, but few can make themselves laugh
convincingly.
10. Every night, it seems like I have to ____________________ and turn for 15 minutes before I get
comfortable, and then there's my wife, who falls asleep as soon as her head hits the pillow.
11. The Gabarrón Foundation is teaming up with the United Nations to stand up for
____________________.
12. Well, that's a turn-up for the ____________________ – I never thought he'd get the job.
13. They splashed out £3,000 ____________________ a holiday.

Unit 10. Globalisation


Vocabulary (pp. 88-90)

98
Prepositions

Exercise_P-1. Fill in the appropriate preposition.

1. As a result, mortgage banks could continue to give loans.

2. The international community cannot stand idly by the face of such provocative

actions.

3. I have tricks my sleeve like you cannot imagine.

4. Well, it's hard to tell until we get to take a look at that crime scene the light of day.

5. The bigger and comparatively economically more viable municipalities are " the verge

of a critical situation".

6. The situation is compounded by the fact that, more often than not, these groups – for a variety of

reasons – do not come scrutiny.

7. Government operations remain highly dependent external support.

8. Such arguments against evolution have become widespread and include objections

evolution's evidence, methodology, plausibility, morality, and scientific acceptance.

9. Well now when you tipped on your good deed, now why don't you just take off the

road?

10. The Centre promotes the exchange and dissemination development experiences

through technical assistance and training.

11. So, all in , I would still say the economy is a major issue for American voters at this

point.

Unit 10. Globalisation


Exercise_V-3. Complete the sentences with one of the words in the box.

99
INNOCUOUS OPPRESSED GLOOM INFLICT
UNERRING DETRIMENTAL INDISPENSABLE GAP
SOLACE THINK SHRINKING SNEAKING

1. These chemicals have a _________________ effect/impact on the environment.


2. They're not immune from foreign crises, but who is in a _________________ world?
3. She found _________________ in her memories of her grandmother.
4. The question is why an _________________ Hollywood film should provoke such a reaction.
5. Maybe it's the generation _________________ on my part, or they just have too much money.
6. The theoretical perspectives cited in the book are primarily about how _________________ groups
(e.g., slaves, peasants) have resisted their oppressors.
7. Israel is absolutely _________________ to the Jewish identity of American Jews.
8. But when you come to _________________ of it, how does that come about?
9. He has been _________________ in his choice of assistants and from all this wisdom the county
has benefited enormously.
10. The economic forecast contained the usual doom and _________________.
11. I have the _________________ suspicion that he has already taken a decision about this.
12. Detectives warned that the men could _________________ serious injury.

Exercise_V-4. Make up sentences / dialogues of your own using the phrases in bold.

1. there is much heated debate about …

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

2. to crack under the strain of …

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 10. Globalisation


3. like it or lump it

100
___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

4. in the final analysis

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

5. to pull the strings

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

6. all things considered

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

7. a market-driven world

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

8. chomp at the bit

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

9. crisis of abundance

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

10. no strings attached

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 10. Globalisation


Exercises (WB)

101
Vocabulary (WB pp. 40-41)

Exercise_V-5. Translate the following sentences and make sentences of your own, using the
vocabulary from the unit.

1. Your creativity is an energy that needs to be released, and it needs to be tapped into and released
on a daily basis.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
2. Further, the rise of British naval power and the continuing eclipse of the Dutch navy during the war
meant that Britain was confirmed as a major trading nation and one of the strongest economies of
Europe.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
3. The Millennium Development Goals aim to halve the scale of these problems, but this will require
a considerable increase in the efforts made by Western countries.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
4. The Sustained Peace for Development programme was a three year, multi‐agency project whose
primary aim was to promote peace building and effective conflict management in the border areas
between Sudan and South Sudan by strengthening capacity in national peacebuilding institutions
and increasing security and peace dividends for communities in the target areas.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5. But international agreements and plans for cooperation had to be crafted with care, because they
could also carry risks.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 10. Globalisation


6. Developed and developing countries alike were seeking ways to capture the benefits of

102
globalization while minimizing its risks.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
7. Freedom from want should therefore underpin efforts to enhance democracy.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
8. They are places of appalling squalor, repression and violence, where a few dollars earned by
running drugs is a good wage.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
9. About 1 million Sierra Leoneans remain beyond the reach of aid agencies in rebel-controlled areas.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
10. Churchill was right to say that a fair and equitable penal system lies at the heart of a healthy
civilisation.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
11. Michael Jordan, Elvis Stojko and millions of others both famous and obscure who were attacked by
the influenza virus this winter may take little comfort in such information, but scientists at the
National Institutes of Health believe they have discovered what makes a flu sufferer so miserable.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 10. Globalisation


Back Translation

103
CARD 1

1. Давно пора старому уступить место новому.


___________________________________________________________________________________
2. Этот дом в Волгограде, конечно же, навсегда останется живым памятником человеческому
мужеству и товариществу.
___________________________________________________________________________________
3. Это дерево под нами представляет опасность для прохожих. Его давно надо было спилить.
___________________________________________________________________________________
4. В среднем около 30 тыс. людей в России ежегодно погибают в автоавариях. Ошеломляющая
цифра!
___________________________________________________________________________________
5. Все эти мрачные предсказания конца света только и делают, что приводят людей в
апатичное, пассивное настроение.
___________________________________________________________________________________
6. Зачем сочувствовать наркоманом? Никто же им этого не навязывал, так что им некого
винить, кроме самих себя.
___________________________________________________________________________________
7. В ясном свете дня все её ночные страхи казались недостойными внимания/на них не стоило
обращать внимание.
___________________________________________________________________________________
8. Что бы ты сказал, если бы я сообщил тебе, что Энн заняла второе место в нашем языковом
конкурсе? – Я бы сказал, что это большой сюрприз.
___________________________________________________________________________________
9. Я настаиваю, чтобы ты оставил в стороне эти надоевшие/давно знакомые восклицания о том,
что ничего нельзя изменить. Если подумать, то никто из вас пока что не сделал ни единого
усилия в этом направлении.
___________________________________________________________________________________
10. Её безошибочный инстинкт сказал ей, что лучшая тактика – это не обратить ни малейшего
внимания/проигнорировать.
___________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 10. Globalisation


CARD 2

104
1. Этот случай вызвал довольно большую шумиху. И политические митинги и демонстрации
проводились в широких масштабах во всех районах.
___________________________________________________________________________________
2. Ей хотелось, чтобы отец перестал закрывать глаза на то, что Эрик пьёт.
___________________________________________________________________________________
3. Распространение научных знаний вряд ли когда-либо будет остановлено.
___________________________________________________________________________________
4. Зачем спорить? Невозможно повернуть часы вспять.
___________________________________________________________________________________
5. Приняв всё во внимание, мы не можем не признать, что мы живём во все более
сжимающемся/уменьшающемся мире.
___________________________________________________________________________________
6. Именно из своих-то родителей он и черпает моральные силы.
___________________________________________________________________________________
7. Неудачное стечение обстоятельств/поворот событий сделало высшее образование
недостижимым для него.
___________________________________________________________________________________
8. Политика правительства по эконом. развитию страны должна подкрепляться/
поддерживаться какими-то действиями со стороны ведущих фигур в частном бизнесе.
___________________________________________________________________________________
9. Жаль, что твои задания не высвобождают, а ограничивают творческую энергию твоих
подопечных.
___________________________________________________________________________________
10. Невозможно отрицать, что в нашей жизни полно (непредвиденных) поворотов и острых
углов.
___________________________________________________________________________________
11. Едва продукция фирмы перестала встречаться на каждом углу/повсюду, как её конкуренты
попытались наилучшим образом воспользоваться этой ситуацией.
___________________________________________________________________________________
12. Эта маленькая страна в течении многих лет ведет переговоры о своём членстве в Евросоюзе,
но пока что с маленьким успехом.
___________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 10. Globalisation


Unit 11. For better, for worse

Essential vocabulary Translation / Notes

Student’s book
Page 92

1. ups and downs in relationship

2. to put stress on a marriage / relationship

3. character traits and personal attributes

Teacher’s book (p. 233, ex. 1-2)

4. to go through (some sort of) communication

breakdown

5. external factors that can impinge on a relationship

6. what counts above all (in a relationship) is …

7. to show some give and take => ability to

compromise

8. friction in the relationship

Recording

9. to be on a high

10. she is the one for me

11. love at first sight

12. she treated me more like a big brother, if anything

13. I decided I’d better cast my net elsewhere

14. to have money to burn

Unit 11. For better, for worse


15. to rub along (fairly well)

106
16. it was baffling

17. I knew deep down she wouldn’t pull that trick any

more

18. to work long hours

19. a streak (of theatricality)

20. it dawned on me that …

21. to fend off the problem, I threw myself into my job

22. to pick up on anything different about smb

23. as time went on, there was growing pressure on me

to do smth

24. she didn’t even seem mildly phased by the

revelation that …

25. absolute rapture

Page 93

26. to revel in (doing) sth

27. to bombard sb/sth with sth

28. slushy (message, letter, monologue)

29. to pop a question

30. suffocating

31. to blurt out a problem / secret

32. to bottle up a problem / emotions

33. to choke back tears / emotions

34. to fend off criticism / blows / accusations

Unit 11. For better, for worse


35. to keep up appearances

107
36. to shoot down an argument / accusations

37. to sweep aside an argument / accusations /

criticism

38. to tease out a problem / secret

39. to tone down criticism / accusations

40. to whip up rage / emotions

41. to tie the knot

42. to cast one’s net

43. a bolt from the blue

44. (to have) time on one’s hands

45. to call the tune

46. to carry a torch for sb

47. to roll up one’s sleeves

48. at death’s door

49. to give sb the cold shoulder

50. to get a grip (on sb/sth)

51. to have one’s hands tied

52. to lose one’s grip on sb

53. to have sth up one’s sleeve

54. to clutch at a straw/straws

55. to grasp the nettle on sth

56. to get to grips with sb/sth

Unit 11. For better, for worse


Page 94

108
57. to find sth amiss

58. something/nothing is amiss

59. to surf the web

60. to be bowled down

61. to find smth completely devastating

62. to find smth particularly upbeat

63. absolutely staggering

64. doubly disappointing

65. fairly laid-back

66. highly suspicious

67. remarkably accurate

68. slightly embarrassed

69. somewhat envious

70. utterly miserable

Page 95

71. to be a hit with sb

72. self-affirming (person)

73. low self-image

74. self-esteem

75. to have an utterly bleak future ahead of smb

76. gimmick

77. to be absolutely crucial to lasting relationships

78. bullish though this statement may be, …

Unit 11. For better, for worse


79. to make inroads into one’s life

109
Page 96

80. clubbable (animals)

81. o sign up for (a music society)

82. to further one’s career

83. to pursue (common goals); in the pursuit of (one’s

goal)

84. a feeling of belonging

85. to enable sb to do …

86. to conform to/with (sb, the law, rules, fashion etc)

87. a biased attitude

88. (be) coupled with …

89. to suppress (doubts, emotions)

90. the rationality of group decision-making

91. a craving for uniformity

92. to exert pressure on smb

93. dissenter

Page 97

94. homogeneity

95. a bias

96. a shortcoming, a flaw

97. to reach polarized decisions

98. group think

Unit 11. For better, for worse


99. inherent (morality, quality); inherent in syh

110
100. to give rise to sth

101. closed-mindedness

Pages 98-99

Recording

102. to be head over heels in love with smb

103. to be taken with smb / smth

104. she struck me as really fun and sparkling

105. she’s been there through thick and thin

106. there have been times when money’s been

extremely tight

107. smth is always tricky

108. to be at the top of one’s game

109. to be shrewd about people

110. it was his intellect that drew me to him

111. to be really well matched

112. to get on like a house on fire

113. a whirlwind romance

114. it’s her warm personality that keeps me close

115. kindred spirits

116. my workmates fixed me up with someone

Unit 11. For better, for worse


Workbook

111
Pages 44-45

117. to settle scores (amicably) with sb

118. to settle a dispute

119. warring (people, countries, etc.)

120. a feud, to feud

121. a bystander

122. to curdle the atmosphere (at work, at home

etc.)

123. to grab/take the bull by the horns

124. to sort sth out

125. acrimony; acrimonious

126. a clash of (personalities)

127. backstabbing; to stab sb in the back (fig)

128. to put oneself in sb’s shoes

129. (it is) easier said than done

130. (not) to feel up to (doing) sth

131. to act as a buffer zone

132. to harness (negative energy)

133. to put downers on sth (ideas, plans etc.)

134. a dullard

135. a loudmouth

136. to settle (a case, a dispute etc.) through

mediation

137. a mediator

138. to dump on smb

Unit 11. For better, for worse


Pages 46-47

112
139. to stick it out (with sb)

140. to pin sth down

141. make a success of (one’s life)

142. to exercise one’s skills/the skills of

143. to stand the test of time

144. marriage vows

145. the time apart is a small price to pay if it means

we get a better life at the end of it

Unit 11. For better, for worse


Exercises (SB)

113
Vocabulary (pp. 92-93)

Prepositions

Exercise_P-1. Fill in the appropriate preposition and translate the following sentences.

1. Oh, we’ve had our share of ups and ___________________, like any married couple.
2. The government's spending limits will seriously impinge ___________________ the education
budget.
3. Climate change, urbanization and environmental degradation are threatening to put stress
___________________ freshwater sources, impacting negatively on human health, prosperity and
security.
4. For a wealthier couple in the same situation, the wife may perceive that the husband is unwilling to
make a sacrifice for his family and that can cause friction ___________________ the relationship.
5. And I knew deep ___________________ from the beginning, exactly how this would end. It was
never, a matter of how. It was always, a matter of when.
6. Once I pulled up to the bank, it dawned ___________________ me that I had forgotten my wallet.
7. He just asked me things like 'How do you feel on a scale of 0 to 3?' and at the time I was
___________________ a high.
8. Love ___________________ first sight is hard to explain. Some people swear they’ve fallen prey
to its mystical power (sometimes more than once), while others chalk it up to folklore and too many
viewings of Baz Luhrmann’s Romeo + Juliet (or reading Shakespeare’s original).
9. I felt that everywhere I went in the city there was history staring at me, but the Polish didn’t seem
phased ___________________ having the most notorious concentration camp just around the
corner.
10. Mold is an inconvenient and often dangerous issue many homeowners face, but did you know there
are ways you can fend ___________________ the problem?

Unit 11. For better, for worse


Exercise PhV-1. Match the phrasal verb with its definition.

114
to push or send away an attacker or other unwanted
blurt smth out
person
to try to get information or understand a meaning that
choke smth back
is hidden or not clear
to belittle or disregard someone or something as being
fend smb off
unimportant or untrue

tease smth out to excite or incite strong emotions

to force yourself not to show how angry or upset you


bottle smth up
are

shoot smth down to maintain an amicable relationship; not quarrel

to say something suddenly and without thinking,


whip up
usually because you are excited or nervous

tone smth down to make something less intense, ostentatious, or harsh

refuse to talk about things that make you angry or


sweep smth aside
worried
to foil a plan through criticism; to counter an idea
rub along
with criticism

Exercise PhV-2. Translate the following sentences.

1. I kept trying to raise these problems with the management team, but they swept me aside every time
I spoke up.
2. "John has had an accident," she said, choking back the tears.
3. He blurted everything out about the baby, though we'd agreed to keep it a secret for a while.
4. She spent the entire evening fending off unwanted admirers.
5. You should really tone down the angry rhetoric in the article, or people won't take it seriously.

Unit 11. For better, for worse


6. My flatmate and I rub along okay together.

115
7. If you bottle your anger up, it will only grow worse, and soon you won't be able to contain it.
8. He raised a good point, but the others shot him down almost immediately.
9. It took me a while to tease the truth out of him.
10. Mrs. Johnson always knew how to whip up enthusiasm among the students.

Exercise_I-1. Translate the following sentences and make sentences of your own, using the given
idioms.

1. So when are you two going to tie the knot?


________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
2. We always thought of Michael as a life-long bachelor, so it certainly was a bolt from the blue
when he returned from his vacation sporting a wedding ring!
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
3. I've carried a torch for her since high school, but I've never been able to tell her how I feel.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
4. She offered to take a pay cut to keep her job, but she was just clutching at straws.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
5. Mom calls the tune for Thanksgiving dinner, so you better get her approval for any dish you
want to bring.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
6. She thinks you started that rumor about her—that's why she's been giving you the cold shoulder
all day.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
7. I always encourage my students to cast their nets wide when contemplating potential careers.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 11. For better, for worse


8. After losing her job, Sarah needed to calm down and get a grip on herself in order to drive

116
home safely.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
9. Our kids had too much time on their hands last summer break, so we decided to enroll them in a
few different summer camps to keep them occupied.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
10. I can't help you. I was told not to, so I have my hands tied.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
11. You've been putting off making that phone call for days - I think it's about time you grasped the
nettle!
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
12. I know you're disappointed, but you need to roll up your sleeves and redouble your efforts.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
13. The president has failed to come to grips with the two most important social issues of our time.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
14. Are you starting to lose your grip on reality?
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
15. There are many parts of the environment that are now at death's door due to the effects of
pollution.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________
16. If he won’t cooperate, she has a few tricks up her sleeve she could try.
________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 11. For better, for worse


Vocabulary (pp. 94-95)

117
Exercise_V-1. Complete the words so that the sentences make sense.

1. If you’ve been using the Internet from the time before iPhones were made out of aluminum,
you’ve noticed that we no longer “surf the w_________________” nearly as much anymore.
2. The government is particularly u_________________ on unemployment, predicting that the
jobless total will rise by just 10,000 this year, according to the draft of the government's spring
economic forecast.
3. It was completely d_________________ really," John says. "They tried chemotherapy and
radiotherapy for a while, which went on for over a year.
4. Human intuition is remarkably a_________________ and free from error.
5. These statistics of what you consume in your lifetime are absolutely s_________________.
6. Looking utterly m_________________, Norm Macdonald tried to explain his strew of publicity
tour blunders, starting with his controversial #MeToo comments.
7. On most days I am a fairly l_________________ and patient person. Admittedly, I get flustered
easily but, then I get over it and deal with it quickly.
8. Tom looked slightly e_________________ when his name was called out.
9. Jealous people are negative minded, and hence, they are somewhat e_________________.
10. Whilst not providing absolute proof of a cross-border helicopter flight, it was considered highly
s_________________ by the inquiry.
11. Well, this is the thing, I'm embarrassed to say, that I watched this woman work from every angle,
time and again, and I couldn't find anything a_________________.

Exercise_V-2. Fill in the appropriate words from the box.

HIT RELATIONSHIPS BOWLED


SELF-IMAGE GIMMICK SELF-ESTEEM
SELF-AFFIRMING BULLISH BLEAK

1. The Wellesley food is a _________________ with our Residents!


2. The proposal to cut taxes was nothing but a campaign _________________.
3. Does he suffer from low _________________?
Unit 11. For better, for worse
4. Examples of _________________ events include: receiving positive feedback from others;

118
reflecting upon positive aspects of oneself.
5. Prisoners would be brought through this courtyard, knowing the _________________ future ahead
of them, thought Matthew.
6. Her _________________ doesn’t depend entirely on professional success.
7. Here are five keys to creating long lasting _________________. While many people think that
honesty in a relationship should be a no-brainer, this is often taken for granted.
8. Last year, I was too _________________ on the economy, convinced that Terror War spending
would cause enough increase in aggregate demand to jumpstart us out of the doldrums.
9. They _________________ down the street on their new bicycles.

Vocabulary (pp. 96-97)

Exercise_V-3. Word-formation.

1. He either has to begin reforms, or he has to _________________ the


PRESS
opposition.
2. All _________________ have been systematically and ruthlessly
DISSENT
eliminated.
3. He's clearly _________________ - a man you can take anywhere. CLUB
4. We tend to experience less ethnic food because fast-food had indirectly
UNIFORM
influenced us to crave for _________________ and predictability.
5. A feeling of _________________ describes this sense of truly fitting
or meshing, especially with friends, family members, or other BELONG
sympathetic folks.
6. Therefore, the chapter argues that to understand the
_________________ of group decision-making, these two factors, in
RATIONAL
addition to the competency of group members, must be taken into
consideration.
7. _________________: it is another ‘we’ attitude of a person or society
CLOSE-MINDED
whereby the person or society considers itself on the right.
8. My father had some _________________ as a businessman, but he
SHORT
was a good father.
9. Not only are there biases in decision-making groups, but groups also
POLAR
tend to reach _________________ decisions.

Unit 11. For better, for worse


Vocabulary (pp. 98-99)

119
Exercise_V-4. Translate the following sentences and make up the sentences of your own, using
the given vocabulary.

1. Dogs will stand by your side through thick and thin.


___________________________________________________________________________________
2. On the acting front, we have three top actors working at the top of their game.
___________________________________________________________________________________
3. We were emailing, phoning or writing daily, sending each other love songs, head over heels in love
and planning our future, both feeling totally alive for the first time in years.
___________________________________________________________________________________
4. England's bizarre match against Italy a week ago, when Clive Woodward's men started like a house
on fire and then stuttered almost to a standstill, did offer some positive pointers for Scotland.
___________________________________________________________________________________
5. Frustrated by being broke or tired of living paycheck to paycheck? Great tips for getting by when
money is tight & surviving this tough time!
___________________________________________________________________________________
6. A whirlwind romance is more like an instant emotional attraction to each other. We've all
experienced or heard of dating problems such as: love bombing, benching, bread-crumbing,
ghosting, zombieing, haunting, gas-lighting, the slow fade and other issues.
___________________________________________________________________________________
7. Kindred spirits are the people in our lives who just 'get us'. They seem to think about things in the
same way as us and usually have the same values.
___________________________________________________________________________________
8. Not only were they in love, they were also very well matched.
___________________________________________________________________________________
9. Her observations of people quickly gave her a shrewd idea of people's personalities and hence she
could, for example, give friends advice on what to expect when associate with certain others.
___________________________________________________________________________________
10. Carla is so taken with her new boyfriend that she gushes about him 24 hours a day.
___________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 11. For better, for worse


Exercises (WB)

120
Vocabulary (WB pp. 44-45)

Exercise_V-5. Match the words with their definitions and translate the following sentences.

a person who tends to talk too much in an offensive or


bystander
tactless way
(of two or more people or groups) in conflict with each
acrimonious
other
control and make use of (natural resources), especially to
backstabbing
produce energy

harness (typically of speech or a debate) angry and bitter

dullard a slow or stupid person

loudmouth a solemn promise

the action or practice of criticizing someone in a


vow
treacherous manner while feigning friendship
a person who is present at an event or incident but does
warring
not take part

1. Military officials have said the order to strike again would not have been given had many
bystanders been present.
2. Certainly the tone of her letters changes and the pace of the relationship becomes more settled,
albeit fiery and sometimes acrimonious.
3. Television is a world of giant egos and back-stabbing.
4. In January Wavegen was awarded a £2.1m grant to develop a new prototype to harness wave
energy.
5. The liberal majority of the country were painted as racist dullards who would not take part in
profitable foreign adventures for fear of being killed.

Unit 11. For better, for worse


6. It would be much more productive to ignore the loudmouths and engage the moderate majority

121
which actually is open to honest debate.
7. Nuns celebrated their solemn vows with a marriage ceremony and a ring signifying their wedding to
Christ.
8. Indeed, human rights are the middle ground on which they tried to bring together the warring
groups.

Exercise V-6. Translate the following sentences and make sentences of your own, using the
vocabulary from the unit.

1. I grabbed the bull by its horns and confronted my manager about the blatant sexism in the office.

___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

2. Before being quick to judge someone for their actions, you should always try to put yourself in their
shoes.

___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

3. My job is to sort out the recyclables so that all the paper, plastic, aluminum, and glass goes to the
right part of the facility.

___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

4. Without question, this tax scandal has put a downer on the senator's likelihood of being re-elected.

___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

5. I know you're confident in your idea, but starting a company from the ground up is easier said than
done.

___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 11. For better, for worse


6. As computer technology improves, it's ironically getting harder and harder to find a piece of

122
equipment that can stand the test of time.

___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

7. As to Australia's involvement - originally we supported the Dutch in trying to hold onto West New
Guinea, as we preferred another colonial power to act as a buffer zone between Australia and any
potential invader from the north.

___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

8. While I was sick, I didn't feel up to doing much besides napping and watching TV.

___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

9. The president never let reporters question him long enough for them to pin him down on any issue
they brought up.

___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

10. Going to the dentist once a year is no fun, but it's a small price to pay for having healthy teeth.

___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 11. For better, for worse


Back Translation

123
CARD 1

1. Его постоянно забрасывали/атаковали сентиментальными письмами от поклонников, и он


наслаждался своей популярностью. Эта его тщеславная черта была для меня новостью.
___________________________________________________________________________________
2. Пора правительству засучить рукава и серьезно взяться за проблему безработицы.
___________________________________________________________________________________
3. Бесполезно хвататься за соломинки.
___________________________________________________________________________________
4. Он в нее тайно влюблен со студенческих лет, но она не готова выйти замуж/укрепить узы
брака. – Ну, она так же и не игнорирует его/не проявляет холодности к нему.
___________________________________________________________________________________
5. Теперь, когда у тебя полно свободного времени, почему бы не взяться серьезно за книгу о
путешествиях, которую ты давно хочешь начать?
___________________________________________________________________________________
6. Их согласие принять участие в Конкурсе на лучший бизнес проект, стало полной
неожиданностью. – Ну, я всегда подозревал, что у них что-то припасено/есть в запасе.
___________________________________________________________________________________
7. Фильм наверняка будет пользоваться огромным успехом у публики, и я был бы рад
заключить/составить контракт, чтобы показывать его в нашем кинотеатре. Но у меня
связаны руки. Музыку тут заказывает м-р Б./всем тут заправляет.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
8. Мне жаль сообщить вам, что мы теряем контроль над здешним рынком. Говоря
метафорически, мы на пороге смерти. – Я чувствовал, что что-то не так. Нам ничего не
останется как пошире забросить невод еще где-либо.
___________________________________________________________________________________
9. Теперь, когда у него каникулы, он только и делает, что сидит в сети.
___________________________________________________________________________________
10. Люди тратят месяцы в поисках занятий/работы, которые дали бы им возможность содержать
семьи.
___________________________________________________________________________________
11. Я не привыкла оказывать давление на кого-либо. Зачем подавлять человеческие желания?
Так что ты волен записываться в любой музыкальный кружок или дискуссионный клуб,
который тебе по душе.
___________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 11. For better, for worse


CARD 2

124
1. По-моему мнению человек должен был давно обуздать силу ветра. Это сэкономило бы кучу
электричества.
___________________________________________________________________________________
2. Они бы предпочли, что бы мы решили этот спор через посредников.
___________________________________________________________________________________
3. Эта его новая пьеса вряд ли выдержит проверку времени.
___________________________________________________________________________________
4. Ты вечно критикуешь/неодобрительно высказываешься мои планы/идеи.
___________________________________________________________________________________
5. Такие люди, как он не остановятся перед тем, чтобы нанести удар в спину/действовать
исподтишка, предательски.
___________________________________________________________________________________
6. Я не могу больше это выносить. Если мы не определим причину этой странной перемены
настроения, я сойду с ума.
___________________________________________________________________________________
7. Если он хочет продвинуть свою карьеру и добиться успеха в жизни, ему лучше сразу взять
быка за рога.
___________________________________________________________________________________
8. Видно было, как несколько крикунов подначивают толпу и многочисленных зевак атаковать
полицию.
___________________________________________________________________________________
9. Я предлагаю свести, так сказать, счеты с ними, как можно более дружески.
___________________________________________________________________________________
10. В отличии от нас, стадных животных, N едва ли когда-либо подчиняется/соглашается с
законом моды.
___________________________________________________________________________________
11. К чему иметь такое пристрастное/предвзятое отношение? Вкупе с твоим отсутствием
информации, это дает мне возможность заключить, что ты неправ в своей оценке этой
компании.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
12. Впервые с тех пор, как он покинул приют, у него появилось теплое чувство, что он свой
(кому-то)/он не один.
___________________________________________________________________________________
13. Его природное/врожденное чувство справедливости дало толчок/вызвало неприятие
группового мышления.
___________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 11. For better, for worse


Unit 20. A sense of humour

Essential vocabulary Translation / Notes

Student’s book
Page 168

1. a (central) hallmark of civilization

2. to have(n’t) the heart to do sth

3. to get heavy

4. a labour-saving device

5. to learn sth through a process of trial and error

6. to live life on the edge

7. an indeterminable source

8. to have sth/nothing/little to do with…

9. to take up (doing) sth

10. to convert sth into sth

Page 169

11. to pretend to be uncritical of the American way of

life

12. to get one’s priorities right

13. to waste a lot of time unnecessarily

14. without any fuss

15. to make someone feel intimidated

Unit 20. A sense of humour


Page 170

126
16. go down with flu

17. (the tide) to go out

18. go in for a competition

19. (food) to go off

20. (money) to go on (doing) sth

21. go with sth (in colour)

22. go over sth

23. go off (e.g. fireworks)

24. go for sth

25. go without sth

26. to go to one’s head

Page 171

27. to go over and over sth (in one’s mind)

28. (sb) to go on record as saying

29. to go to waste

30. to go off at a tangent

31. to make a faux pas

32. partition wall

Page 172

Recording

33. to deviate from the norm

34. a vexed issue

35. to a great/little extent

36. a potent factor/agreement

Unit 20. A sense of humour


37. a haven for sb

127
38. the man in the street

39. to be ambivalent about sth/sb

40. to be piqued by sth

41. to do as one pleases

42. to throw off the constraints of (normal life)

43. a hobby horse

44. havoc broke loose

Page 173

45. in lieu of

46. ad infinitum

47. ad nauseam

48. par excellence

49. quid pro quo

50. faux pas

51. prima facie

52. niche

53. risqué

54. protégé

55. fracas

56. cul-de-sac

57. clique

58. nom de plume

59. bête noire

Unit 20. A sense of humour


60. tete a tete

128
61. hoi polloi

62. coup de grace

Page 174-175

63. in-flight magazine

64. bread-winner

65. multiplicity

66. exhilarating

67. domesticity

68. denouement

69. order ideas logically and to best effect

70. include rhetorical questions to preface opinions

Workbook

Pages 80-83

71. prankster

72. to dismantle

73. to carry negative implications

74. to make a go of (one’s career)

75. to go by the rules

76. to come to a stop

77. to stop off (at the shops)

78. to go into sth

79. to go up

Unit 20. A sense of humour


80. to stop at nothing

129
81. to stop up a hole with sth

82. to go down well

83. to put a stop to sth

84. to have a go at doing sth

85. (the alarm) to go off

86. to stop over/off in N for a short time

Text: A sense of humour

87. the reverse side of the coin (from sth)

88. to roar with laughter

89. a comedy of manner

90. to come into one’s own

91. to live up to sth

92. to do sth on the assumption that …

93. slapstick

94. fallible

95. to be subject to sth

96. to render sb/sth ridiculous/helpless

97. homespun

98. to give rise to sth

99. to draw on (the classical tradition)

100. to be a vehicle of social criticism

Unit 20. A sense of humour


Exercises (SB)

130
Vocabulary (pp. 168-169)

Exercise_V-1. Make up sentences using the phrases in bold.

1. to live life on the edge

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

2. a labour saving device

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

3. to get one’s priorities right

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

4. not to have the heart to do smth

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

5. to pretend to be uncritical of smth

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

6. without any fuss

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 20. A sense of humour


7. to have little to do with smth

131
___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

8. a central hallmark of civilization

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

9. to waste a lot of time unnecessarily

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

10. an indeterminable source

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

Vocabulary (pp. 170-171)

Phrasal Verbs

Exercise_PhV-1. Fill in the appropriate preposition / word.

1. Initially it was only a few who went with the mysterious illness. (begin to suffer from

an illness)

2. A car bomb exploded outside a police academy yesterday, and when police set up a checkpoint to

close the area, a second car bomb went , authorities said. (explode or fire)

3. Another reason I have started the practice at least on a small scale is that I hate to see so much

potential going to . (be unused or expended to no purpose)

4. I go the figures, checking and double-checking, just in case I may have got them

wrong. (examine, consider, or check the details)

Unit 20. A sense of humour


5. Even when I was single, I never went that playing-with-fire kind of

132
dallying - not that I was a prude. (like or habitually take part in an activity)

6. Otherwise they would have suffered another two and a half hour wait before the tide

went again, by which time it would have been dark. (ebb; recede to low tide)

7. Lily began feeling the alcohol go to her after her 6th drink, and she almost passed out.

(make someone dizzy or slightly drunk)

8. Yep, those were hard times. We had a lot of fun, too. I never remember us ever

going . (suffer lack or deprivation)

9. The choice to go the proposal seemed risky, so the NSNU board approved the first ad.

(give one's consent or agreement to a person or their views)

Vocabulary (pp. 172-175)

Exercise_V-2. Give the definition of each word and make up your own sentence with it.

1. DEVIATE
Definition: _________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
Example: __________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

2. CONSTRAINT
Definition: _________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
Example: __________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

3. MULTIPLICITY
Definition: _________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
Example: __________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

Unit 20. A sense of humour


4. VEXED
Definition: _________________________________________________

133
__________________________________________________________
Example: __________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

5. AMBIVALENT
Definition: _________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
Example: __________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

6. DOMESTICITY
Definition: _________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
Example: __________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

7. EXTENT
Definition: _________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
Example: __________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

8. HAVOC
Definition: _________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
Example: __________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

9. EXHILARATING
Definition: _________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
Example: __________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

10. PIQUED
Definition: _________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
Example: __________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________

Unit 20. A sense of humour


Exercise_V-3. Translate the following sentences and match the table below.

134
1. It is their arrogance that guarantees their failures (or limited success) will repeat ad infinitum.
2. That was indiscreet, but you'd have to be very naïve not to imagine that there are a lot of implicit
quid pro quos out there.
3. He has won a reputation for being a designer par excellence.
4. The donations were made in lieu of presents on the occasion of her 70th birthday.
5. Great-uncle Edward was my father's bête noire.
6. The inherent risks of nuclear power have been debated ad nauseam.
7. She is better known under her nom de plume of Daniel Stern.
8. Correcting other people's children is a faux pas that will earn you a cold shoulder from the
respective parent.
9. The Solicitor argues that these comparative data are not of sufficient quality to overcome the prima
facie case of obviousness made by the prior art.

PHRASE TRANSCRIPTION MEANING

referring to something that has been done or


IN LIEU OF repeated so often that it has become annoying or
tiresome

QUID PRO QUO instead

AD INFINITUM better or more than all others of the same kind

NOM DE PLUME a person or thing that one particularly dislikes

a favor or advantage granted or expected in return


FAUX PAS for something

an embarrassing or tactless act or remark in a social


AD NAUSEAM situation

PRIMA FACIE a pen name

PAR EXCELLENCE again and again in the same way; forever

based on the first impression; accepted as correct


BÊTE NOIRE until proved otherwise

Unit 20. A sense of humour


Exercises (WB)

135
Vocabulary (WB pp. 80-83)

Exercise_V-4. Fill in the appropriate word.

RULES FALLIBLE HOMESPUN GO


SLAPSTICK STOP IMPLICATIONS CRITICISM
PRANKSTERS DISMANTLING REVERSE NOTHING

1. Police are warning that ______________________ will be punished if they go over the top during
the ‘mischief’ period around Halloween and Bonfire Night.
2. Nevertheless, benefiting from abuses may carry negative ______________________ for companies
in the public perception.
3. If you want to play this game with us, you must go by the ______________________.
4. Try to ______________________ off for at least an hour to explore the medieval town.
5. I assure you, ma'am, we will stop at ______________________ to catch that thief.
6. I know a lot of this work is new to you, but just have a ______________________ and let me know
if you have any questions.
7. Ireland had set about ______________________ England's ambitious plans with such zeal that to
fall at the final fence was unthinkable.
8. John giggled at the ______________________, not quite understanding what all of the fear in the
air was about.
9. Writers may use literature as a vehicle of social ______________________.
10. They now say that clinical trials are misused, abused, misleading, biased, and
______________________.
11. The professionalism of the recent past, the thing that made the late '90s art world seem corporate
and unsafe, is morphing into something less predictable, more ______________________.
12. The ______________________ side of the coin depicts the monument on Cemetery Ridge to the
72nd Pennsylvania Infantry.

Unit 20. A sense of humour


Back Translation

136
CARD 1

1. Мы узнали из неустановленного источника, что Х предпочитает опасную жизнь/жизнь на


краю.
___________________________________________________________________________________
2. Я бы предпочел научиться чему-то методом проб и ошибок, чем так, чтобы мне это
преподнесли на блюдечке.
___________________________________________________________________________________
3. Облегчающие труд приборы – это тоже признак цивилизации.
___________________________________________________________________________________
4. Если бы занялся плаванием в более раннем возрасте, то сейчас мог бы выступать в
соревнованиях.
___________________________________________________________________________________
5. Пора тебе научиться слушать людей, а не отклоняться внезапно от темы в середине
разговора.
___________________________________________________________________________________
6. Посмотри, как он взволнован. Должно быть, успех ударил ему в голову.
___________________________________________________________________________________
7. У тебя, кажется, не хватает мужества признать, что ты совершил глупую ошибку.
___________________________________________________________________________________
8. Он все прокручивал в уме предложение м-ра Х, не замечая, что оно имеет мало отношения к
проекту.
___________________________________________________________________________________
9. Если бы ты не забыл включить холодильник, мясо бы не испортилось. Терпеть не могу,
когда вещи пропадают впустую.
___________________________________________________________________________________
10. Едва один из детей слег с простудой, как детскую превратили в лазарет.
___________________________________________________________________________________
11. Начальник требует, чтобы ты заново просмотрел цифры.
___________________________________________________________________________________
12. Жаль, что эти с трудом заработанные деньги не пошли на что-то более полезное.
___________________________________________________________________________________
13. Мы с успехом могли бы обойтись без этих предметов роскоши.
___________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 20. A sense of humour


CARD 2

137
1. Вы действительно ожидаете, что он будет жить в соответствии со своим образом щедрого
человека?
___________________________________________________________________________________
2. Известно, что их встреча в Пятигорске дала толчок необоснованным сплетням/слухам.
___________________________________________________________________________________
3. Говорят, людям свойственно ошибаться. Неудивительно, что их слабости подвергаются
критике.
___________________________________________________________________________________
4. Я не мог не расхохотаться и смех сделал меня таким беспомощным, что я не смог подняться
со стула.
___________________________________________________________________________________
5. Жаль, что в фильме столько примитивного юмора.
___________________________________________________________________________________
6. Драматургам следует обращаться к классической традиции, только тогда их творения займут
подобающее место с течением времени.
___________________________________________________________________________________
7. Я предлагаю посмотреть на обратную сторону медали. Нельзя осуждать чисто
развлекательные книги, основываясь на предположении, что они не имеют образовательной
ценности.
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
8. Быть на диете сродни чтению только одного вида книг.
___________________________________________________________________________________
9. Пора тебе понять, что комедия нравов – это такое же сильное орудие общественной критики,
как чисто сатирическая пьеса.
___________________________________________________________________________________
10. Я бы предпочел, чтобы ты не досаждал ему своими доморощенными философскими
теориями.
___________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 20. A sense of humour


CARD 3

138
1. Или Вы руководствуетесь правилами, или наше сотрудничество закончится/придет к концу.
___________________________________________________________________________________
2. Если бы у тебя был какой-то здравый смысл, ты бы не стал в это вдаваться.
___________________________________________________________________________________
3. Пора властям положить конец этому беззаконию.
___________________________________________________________________________________
4. Вряд ли их брак увенчается успехом. Трудно увидеть более неподходящую друг другу пару
(ill-suited).
___________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________
5. Почему бы не попробовать создать свой собственный бизнес?
___________________________________________________________________________________
6. Если бы сигнал тревоги не включился, весь бы дом охватило пламя / сгорел.
___________________________________________________________________________________
7. Предлагаю вам на пару дней остановиться на море.
___________________________________________________________________________________
8. Тебе бы лучше законопатить щели в раме ватой, чтоб не проникал холод.
___________________________________________________________________________________
9. Кто бы подумал, что он ни перед чем не остановится, чтобы ухватить этот контракт.
___________________________________________________________________________________
10. Кажется, его презентацию не очень хорошо принимают.
___________________________________________________________________________________
11. Едва он нажал на кнопку, как лифт остановился.
___________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 20. A sense of humour


References

1. The Oxford English Dictionary – https://en.oxforddictionaries.com

2. Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary – https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com

3. Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English – https://www.ldoceonline.com/

4. Collins English Dictionary & Thesaurus – https://www.collinsdictionary.com

5. Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners – https://macmillandictionary.co

6. Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary – https://dictionary.cambridge.org

7. Oxford Collocations Dictionary – http://www.ozdic.com

8. Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary – https://www.thesaurus.com &

https://www.dictionary.com

9. Reverso Context – http://context.reverso.net

10. The Free Dictionary by Farlex – https://idioms.thefreedictionary.com

11. Word Reference Online Dictionary – http://www.wordreference.com

12. ABBYY Lingvo Dictionary – https://www.lingvolive.com

13. Multitran Dictionary – https://multitran.ru

14. Corpus of Contemporary American English – https://corpus.byu.edu/coca/

15. British National Corpus – http://www.natcorp.ox.ac.uk/

16. Google Search – http://www.google.com

17. Ludwig.guru Linguistic Search Engine – https://ludwig.guru

References
Notes
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Notes

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Unit 20. A sense of humour


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Unit 20. A sense of humour


Notes

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Unit 20. A sense of humour


Notes

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Unit 20. A sense of humour

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