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Geological Models

are used to model categorical data. This is often geology, but can also
include weathering and alteration, as well as other data types. Geological
models let you create surfaces, then cut the surfaces against each other to
create volumes.
Numeric Models
are used to model numerical data. This is often assay data, but can also
include geotech, contaminant, or temperature values, as well as other values
which have been sampled numerically.
Combined Models
let you combine multiple models together to create a model made up of
overlapping volumes. For example, if a weathering model (weathered vs
fresh rock) and a geological model (granite vs dacite) were combined, the
result would be a combined model showing separate volumes of weathered
granite, weathered dacite, fresh granite and fresh dacite.

Block Models
are similar to those in other packages. Block models can be created with the
block size specified, then existing models including geological models,
interpolant models and combined models can be evaluated against the
blocks. Block models with a large number of blocks are supported, and can
be easily visualised in 3D.
Creating a new geological model
The tools in the Geological Models folder can be used to model any type of
categorical data, including, but not limited to: weathering, geology, alteration,
mineralised zones, geotechnical domains, structural domains, etc...
While models are commonly created based on borehole data, it is also
possible to create a 3D model with no boreholes at all. These models could
be created from a geological map, or geophysical survey images, etc.
We will begin by building a geological model from boreholes.

Creating a New Geological Model


To create a new Geological Model:
1. Right click on the Geological Models folder and select New Geological Model.
The New Geological Model window will appear, which lets you set a number of
parameters for the geological model, including the Base lithology column to use,
the Surface resolution, the Model Extents and the Name.
 Selecting the Base Lithology
The chosen Base lithology column specifies which column of borehole data will be
used in the geological model. However, models do not have to be created from
borehole data. If the model is being created from a geological map, or a different
data type that isn't available in the base lithology dropdown, you can select <None>
from the dropdown list. This will let you define the lithologies/codes manually once
the geological model has been created.
Note: The Base lithology column is the only parameter that cannot be changed in
a Geological Model once it's been created, so choose thoughtfully!
2. For this first example, we have boreholes and we will use the Simple_Lith
column.