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Общероссийский математический портал

А. И. Сафонов, О. В. Холостова, О периодических движениях гамильтоновой си-


стемы в окрестности неустойчивого равновесия в случае двойного резонанса тре-
тьего порядка, Вестн. Удмуртск. ун-та. Матем. Мех. Компьют. науки, 2016,
том 26, выпуск 3, 418–438
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20537/vm160310

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21 мая 2019 г., 18:02:03
 
    


 
  
 
  

 

   
   
 
       

          
     


 
 
             
 
  
        
     
   
       
     
   
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 ! "#$%"&% '%%(
E&!& %* !&"( 2π0#'"  & -&,!" !&
  &* !*& /( &" < '2" F&,! H(qj , pj , t; ε) C, qj  pj
(j = 1, 2) G //+ '!  '#' *%  & & ,( t G &*(
ε G &" &! 30 < ε  14 -!*( #!  ε = 0 -&,! !& 
%! &( !  !& /)' ' !&"
 !, # '! qj = 0( pj = 0 <)- !! G % *
&!&" !&(  '!! '!- -&,! H !#  !, D! 0
% * !"#  "& /%(  !!! .+* )*
!& " )& +- %* &! #! && $'!!#' ')0
! ±iλj
A & #!!,( #! # λj ( 2λj  λ1 ± λ2  **.!* 2& #& 3 !&
! ) -  !- *'4 - /& # qj  pj (j = 1, 2) &%
/!,* !-( #!/  '!! &!&- * -&,! !**
 
H(qj , pj , t; ε) = 12 λ1 (q12 + p21 ) + 12 σλ2 (q22 + p22 ) + H3 (qj , pj , t; ε) + H4 (qj , pj , t; ε) + O5 , 3

4
(0) (1)
Hk (qj , pj , t; ε) = Hk (qj , pj ) + εHk (qj , pj , t) + O(ε2 ) (k = 3, 4),
=   :<( >  !
 
  
- # σ &! )#
 −1( Hk G ' ! -&$ k0" !(
 O5 G  & *!" !( !!, qj  pj (j = 1, 2)
 # λ1  λ2 !'( #!
m1 λ1 + m2 λ2 = l, 3
4
- m1( m2( l G 2 #  |m1| + |m2| = 3( !  !& ) !* ) !!,-
*'
: * !&- /! 7(9  !!, 7
9( / & )!, )  ( 
 )& !1 3
4  !! ! !,'  ) # λj (j = 1, 2)(    

(   3
4 &.!* / # λ1  λ2 & !-( )& )  (
  &%! ! '  !"#!  !&(  
(  - #  !
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 " /! / & #!!,( #! # λ1  λ2 ).!* & ) / 3k1( k2 G
2 #4 7
9
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λ1 = k1 + ,
3
5
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6
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1
6
3
4
1
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3
1
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6
2
λ1 = k1 + ,
3
λ2 = k2 + .
5
6
3
=4
- '&/2 3λ1( λ1 + 2λ2  3λ1( λ1 − 2λ2   #*$ 3
4  3
=4 !!!
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!!,- *' >!&!&( #!   #*$ 3
4  3
=4 2& **.!* !'% # 2λ1−
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*'
E  /! 7
9 / ')( #! * ')$  # "- ) !!,0
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 3 ε0'!!  !"#- !,- * !&4 #'$ %0
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 '!$  !& &.!* !"# #' %*
 !! ) !$ D!  & D! -&,! !&  &+
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$'! * &!&$ )$  #  / !  / 0
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 ) ! *"+*%'"% ,%-./$"%%! "./0 ,%-./$"%0

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4 * '#'$ )& &$( +.+$ -
! '!  :# &!& !& . #!, -&,!  & /)' .(0)' !%0
!" )& &$ qj , pj → q̃j , p̃j 3j = 1, 24( #!%.+ . <& H3 (qj , pj )
!!," !  &) .+ . <& H 4 (qj , pj ) #!!"
(0)
!  I*$J '0
!$ ϕj ( rj ( )&$ <& & q̃j = 2rj sin ϕj ( p̃j = 2rj cos ϕi (j = 1, 2)( /)0
" -&,! )1!*  
H̃(ϕj , rj , t) = λ1 r1 +σλ2 r2 +c20 r12 +c11 r1 r2 +c02 r22 +εH̃3 (ϕj , rj , t)+εH̃4 (ϕj , rj , t)+O5/2 . 3
4
(1) (1)

C, O5/2 G ' ! -&$  & *!" ! !!, rj1/2 (j = 1, 2)(
&.+$  -& '!& ϕj  & t  2π
 !,  !& ) !*  #" 3
4  &+ /)'" ' !%!" 2π 00
#"  & '#'" )& &$ #!%&  <&$ Hk (ϕj , rj , t) (1)
> #'$ %*$ -&,!" !& =

 
  
-&  )& -&'&  & -&,! '  3) &&
!*& % /)#*4

3/2
Ĥ = λ1 r1 + σλ2 r2 + c20 r12 + c11 r1 r2 + c02 r22 + ε ar1 cos[3ϕ1 − 3λ1 t + 3ϕ∗1 ] +

1/2
+ br1 r2 cos[ϕ1 + 2σϕ2 − (λ1 + 2λ2 )t + ϕ∗1 + 2σϕ∗2 ] +
+ ε d r1 r2 cos[2ϕ1 − 2σϕ2 − (2λ1 + 2λ2 )t + 2ϕ∗ ] + O5/2 , 3 4
- a( b( d( ckl( ϕ∗j ( ϕ∗ G '!!
"&  ε0'!!, # '!( *  3 4 '#' . )& &$
3 !!,. ε 4 −2

rj = ε2 Rj , ϕj = Φj , (j = 1, 2).

> +!& )!& )& &$ Φj ( Rj → Φ̃j ( R̃j (j = 1, 2)  <& &


R̃j = Rj , Φ̃1 = Φ1 + ϕ∗1 − λ1 t, Φ̃2 = Φ2 + ϕ∗2 − σλ2 t. 3 4
K! ! '#' /)( )& )*+" < '2"
S = (Φ1 + ϕ∗1 − λ1 t)R̃1 + (Φ2 + ϕ∗2 − σλ2 t)R̃2 .

 ) ,!! )& 3 4 "*  Rj (j = 1, 2) #!, -&,! #!%!*(


 -&$  )& -&'& 3!!,-  #!!- *'  Rj1/24 #)!
&*(  -&,! 3 4 /) !* ' 
 
H = ε aR̃1 cos 3Φ̃1 + bR̃1 R̃2 cos(Φ̃1 + 2σ Φ̃2 ) + c20 R1 + c11 R1 R2 + c02 R2 + O(ε3 ). 3 =4
∗ 2 3/2 1/2 2 2

:-& O5/2  3 =4 !#  && Φ̃j ( R̃j1/2 3j = 1, 24  t( #  Φ̃j


 & 2π   t  & 12π  12π  # '' &,1 /+ '! #
2π  2π/λj 3j = 1, 24( & !1* 3 4( 3
4( 3
=4
C&!&( #! 'D<<2! c11( a  b  3 =4 &% #!!, %!,& "!0
!,(  c11 < 0( ! '#'* )& Φ̃j → −Φ̃j 3 !!,. −14 &*! )' c11
  !& -  -& && &% /!,* %!,! )$
'D<<2! a  b
:& +  '#' . )& &$ 3 !!,. ξ−14 
b2
R̃j = ξ R̂j , Φ̃j = Φ̂j (j = 1, 2), ξ= 2
c11
3 4
 &  . )& . & . τ  <&  τ = (ε2 b2/c11) t
/)" -&,! &! 
3/2 1/2
Γ̂1 = αR̂1 cos 3Φ̂1 + R̂1 R̂2 cos(Φ̂1 + 2σ Φ̂2 ) + γ20 R̂12 + R̂1 R̂2 + γ02 R̂22 + O(ε), 3 4
a c20 c02
α= , γ20 = , γ02 = .
b c11 c11
  # 3
=4 /) -&,! 3
4 !* -#& /)&;  0
) ,!!  #!* -&,!  3 4(  '!&  &*!,  !%"
)'  σ
-*   #$ -&,!$ σ = 1  σ = −1(  #&  -&,!(
$'!$ * &!&$  # "- ) !!,- *' 3)' ˆ 
&&  '&4L
3/2 1/2
Γ1 = αR1 cos 3Φ1 + R1 R2 cos(Φ1 + 2Φ2 ) + γ20 R12 + R1 R2 + γ02 R22 + O(ε), 3 ?4
3/2 1/2 2 2
Γ2 = αR1 cos 3Φ1 + R1 R2 cos(Φ1 − 2Φ2 ) + γ20 R1 + R1 R2 + γ02 R2 + O(ε). 3 @4
=   :<( >  !
 
  
F&,! 3 ?4 !#!  #.  $ ,$ 3-  '&/2-4 )0
 !!,- *'(  -&,! 3 @4 G  #. ,- -  /- '&/20
- ) K! -&,! )*! ! !$ &! α( γ20  γ02 E)"
'D<<2! α  3 ?4  3 @4 #!& %!,&( 'D<<2! γ20  γ02  #$
#!!" ! !!, Rj &- ! &!, )#* ./- )'
1/2

 1 ! "."23 *%"#3 -"./04 ##$-


>!/*  3 ?4  3 @4 -& O(ε)(  #& /% 3&,4 -&,0
!L
3/2 1/2
Γ1 = αR1 cos 3Φ1 + R1 R2 cos(Φ1 + 2Φ2 ) + γ20 R12 + R1 R2 + γ02 R22 , 3
4
3/2 1/2 2 2
Γ2 = αR1 cos 3Φ1 + R1 R2 cos(Φ1 − 2Φ2 ) + γ20 R1 + R1 R2 + γ02 R2 . 3 4
* ,"1- * / ! /)#*
Ψ1 = 3Φ1 , Ψ2 = Φ1 ± 2Φ2 . 3 4
/% !& "( .+ )&* &$ Ψj ( Rj (j = 1, 2)(
&.! 
dΨ1 9 1/2 3 R2
= αR1 cos Ψ1 + cos Ψ2 + 6γ20 R1 + 3R2 ,
dτ̂ 2 2 R1/2
1
 
dΨ2 1/2 3 1 R2
= R1 α cos Ψ1 ± 2 cos Ψ2 + cos Ψ2 + 2(γ20 ± 1)R1 + (1 ± 4γ02 )R2 ,
dτ̂ 2 2 R1/2
2 3 =4
dR1 1/2
= R1 (3αR1 sin Ψ1 + R2 sin Ψ2 ) ,
dτ̂
dR2 1/2
= ±2R1 R2 sin Ψ2 ,
dτ̂
- $"  %" )' !!! .! -&,! 3
4  3 4
"& %* * &,$ !& *  .  #! !&
3 =4(  #&( #!( '& 3 !"#-4 !,- %* *( &.!* 0
%* *( * '!$ R2 ≡ 0(   )#* # Ψ1  R1 .!*
!1*&
3 1/2
sin Ψ1 = 0, αδ1 + 2γ20 R1 = 0 (δ1 = cos Ψ1 = ±1, δ1 γ20 < 0).
2
K!!  #" !* ' !&  " !,. /  # ) !!,-
*' 7
( 9(  &'$ D!" !& ') %* * !"#
"& %* * &,$ !&( !# ! $ * /$ 0
!& % *!,* * sin Ψj = 0( j = 1, 2(   )#* # R1 
R2 ).!* !&"  $ -/#'$ "
3 1/2 1 R2
3 4
αR1 δ1 + δ2 + 2γ20 R1 + R2 = 0,
2 2 R1/2
1
1/2
δ2 R1 + R1 + 2γ02 R2 = 0,
-  /)#* δj = cos Ψj ( (δj = ±1, j = 1, 2)
 &+ !- * !& 3 4 '.#& R2 ) - *  0
1& !&  
1/2
2(4g − 1)R1 + 3(2αδ1 γ02 − δ2 )R1 − 1 = 0, g = γ02 γ20 , 3 4
1/2
R2 = −
δ2 + R1
γ02
. 3 ?4
> #'$ %*$ -&,!" !& =
 
  
 3 4 **!* '!& !!, R11/2 /$& "! *( 
'!$  &! !2!, +! ' & !-( " ' %0
 /#!, !2!,!, # R2 ) 3 ?4   !  .+
-#*  &! )#  # R1L
γ02 > 0, δ2 = −1 : R1 < 1;
γ02 < 0, δ2 = 1 : R1 > 0; 3 @4
γ02 < 0, δ2 = −1 : R1 > 1.

 γ02 > 0( δ2 = 1 # R2 ) 3 ?4 !2!,(  ! R2 > 0 1*  &!


E&!&  3 4 - '&! &!  '!- !$#  αL
D = 36γ022 2
α − 36δ1 δ2 γ02 α + 32g + 1, 3 B4
'!"(  . #,( &! '&!( "
2
Dα = 1152γ02 (1 − 4g).

"& *(  '!$ '&! D %!


 Dα < 0( !  g > 14 ( !(   %!,! !1- 'D<<2!  3 B4(
# D %!,  $ )#*$ α
 !, Dα  0( !  g  14 ( !- '!" !$# D &!  +!$ '*

2 (1 − 4g)
3δ1 δ2 γ02 ± 2 2γ02
α1,2 = 2 , α1 > α2 .
6γ02
) * %* D!$ '" !!,  *  #!& * α > 0( "&
/! )#" &! g( γ02  α(  '!$  ! D > 0 K! /!
!  !/2

%+.5% ! E1 ! D > 0
 g  γ02 (δ1 , δ2 ) α
1
,∞ ∀γ02 ∀ (δ1 , δ2 )
4
(−1, 1)
γ02 > 0 α>0
(1, −1)
  (1, 1)
γ02 < 0
1 1 (−1, −1)
− ,
32 4 (1, 1)
γ02 > 0
(−1, −1)
(−1, 1)
(
0 < α < α2 α > α1
γ02 < 0
  (1, −1)
1
−∞, − ∀γ02 ∀ (δ1 , δ2 ) α > α1
32

 "$ /!*$ /  * %!,! '" R11/2 *


3 4  * 3 @4  D!& #!, 1" / !/1(   &! α  *  #
 # !, -#*
 !! &! g( γ02  α * /!  )#& #& 3!  *
  $4 "!!,$ %!,$ 1" !& 3 4( !*.+$ *&
3 @4; D! /!   !/2 
==   :<( >  !
 
  
%+.5% )! %* *
g γ02 < 0 γ02 > 0
', R10+ L ', R10+ L

1

(
(−1, 1) α > 0 ; (1, −1)( α>0 ;
4
,∞
(1, 1) (
α>0 ; (−1, −1) ( 0 < α < α ;
(
(1, −1) α > α ;
', −
L ', R10+ L
(1, −1)( ;
R10
(−1, −1) α > 0 ( ; α>0
  P3: (
(1, −1) 0 < α < αpm ; (−1, −1) ( 0 < α < α ;
( ;
1 1 1
, P4: (−1, 1) α  αmp
', L
2
8 4 +
R10
(
(1, −1) α < α < αpm ;
( ;
1
(−1, 1) α  αmp
2
', R10L
− ', R10+ L
(−1, −1)( α>0 ; (1, −1)( α>0 ;
 
1 P5: (1, −1)( 0 < α < α ; (−1, −1) ( 0 < α < αmm ;
P4: (−1, 1)( ;
2
0,
8 α  αmp ', L

', R10+ L
2 R10
(−1, −1) ( α < α < αmm ;
(−1, 1)( 2 ;
2
α  αmp
', R10− L ', R10+ L
(−1, −1)( α > α ; (1, −1) (
α > α ;
  P4: (−1, 1)( α  αmp ; (−1, −1) 0 < α < αmm ( ;
', R10+ L
2 2

1
,0 (1, −1) (
0 < α < α ;
(−1, 1)( 2 ; ', L
32
α  αmp −
R10
(−1, −1) (
0 < α < αmm ;
( ;
2
P1: (1, −1) 0 < α < α
', R10− L ', L
+
R10
  (−1, −1) ( α > α ; (
(1, −1) α > α ;
−∞, −
1
P4: (−1, 1) ( α  αmp ; P2: (
(1, −1) αpm
1 <α<α
 ;
', L ', L
2
32 + −
R10 R10
(−1, 1) ( 2 ;
α  αmp (
(1, −1) αpm
1 <α<α


"!!,* , )#" &! g )  *!, ! 3" !/2


!/24( , &! γ02 G   ! γ02 < 0  γ02 > 0 3!"  !!" !/24
* '%" /! )&* &! g  γ02 ') )&%  # (δ1 , δ2) 
!#.+" & ) )&* &! α(  '!&  +! .!  !#'
* -#$

)#" α 

/)#*
αpp pm mp mm
= αj δ1 =−1,δ2 =−1 ,
j = αj δ1 =1,δ2 =1 , αj = αj δ1 =1,δ2 =−1 , αj = αj δ1 =−1,δ2 =1 , αj
4
α = |γ20 | (j = 1, 2).
3
 *#"'$ !/2 ')    !!! .+$ &!&&  #. 0
$ )#* R1 = R10( )&$ !&
±


√ 2
±
R10 =
3(2αδ1 γ02 − δ2 ) ±
4(1 − 4g)
D
, 3
4
- D G '&! 3 B4 %& )#. R10+  R10− !#! ! 0
 )# R2 = R20( #*&  <&  3 ?4
> #'$ %*$ -&,!" !& =
 
  
* )#" &!(  ')$  !/2 ( %* * &!0
&-  ! !! .!
  .+$ )$ / !   !"#! "$ %"
*
 6 ! "#$%$"(0 7#."3 7#$"8("#$ 9"."28 *%"#3

& )& +* '!  & , &,$ !&  -&,!& 3


4 
3 4  <& &
Φ1 = Φ10 + x1 , Φ2 = Φ20 + x2 , R1 = R10 + y1 , R2 = R20 + y2 ,

#&  )#* Φj0 (j = 1, 2) #*.!*(  #!& !1" 3 4( 


<& &

Ψ10 1 Ψ10
Φ10 = , Φ20 = Ψ20 − , Ψj0 = arccos δj .
3 2 3
!#* #!, -&,! )& +- %* &! L
 
9 3/2 1 1/2 1/2 1/2
Γ∗1,2 = − R10 δ1 − R10 R20 δ2 x21 ± 2R10 R20 δ2 x1 x2 − 2R10 R20 δ2 x22 +
2 2
   
3
8
−1/2 1
8
−3/2 1 −1/2
+ γ02 + αR10 δ1 − R20 R10 δ2 y1 + 1 + R10 δ2 y1 y2 + γ02 y22 ,
2
2
3=
4
- $"  %" )' !!! .! 3
4  3 4
!!# * !"#! %" * / & &!!, '' 0
* )'! '!#$ <& Γ∗1,2( *&  &+ '!* :,0
!
%" ) ')!( #! * /$ !& * %!," 0
! <& 3=
4 *!* ' !1*&
γ02 > 0, δ1 = δ2 = −1,

 * !2!," ! G ' !1*&


γ02 < 0, δ1 = δ2 = 1.

 !/2  &.!* #!  !#'( !*.+ & *&


:!!! .+ & !#'  *#"'$ !-  !!,- !/2$   !/2 2
%& 1<!&  )'.#  " &'
 : ! "+4"-0 7#."3 9"."28 *%"#3

* !,$ $ !#' '!# <& Γ∗1,2  **.!* )'0


& * 1*  / $ !"#! &!& $'!!#' 
)" !& " )& +- %*( &.+ 
λ4 + pλ2 + q = 0. 3
4
  *
p > 0, q > 0, D = p2 − 4q > 0, 3 4
! ' * 3
4 #! &&(   & % * !"#  0
"& /% ! 3 4 !*.! /$& * !"#! 
* &!&- %* * $!* /  ) D!$ ! *!*
=   :<( >  !
 
  
 !%& )'&( ! $'!!#'  &! '  %!,"
+!" #!,.(   !& M*  / !"#!  & /%. 
% *  !"#( #&  !,'  "& /%(    "
"" )#
* /$ -&,! 'D<<2! * 3
4 &.! L
√ √
p=−
1
128 (4g − 1)3 γ02
2
±p̂ D + p 
, q = ±9αδ1 δ2 R
3/2
10 R20 D, 3 4
- D G '&! 3 B4( $"  %" )' !!! .! $&  %&
)'& # R 10± ) <&  3
4
# p̂  p  % * p ) 3 4 

3
p̂ = ±648γ02 δ1 1 + 4g α3 ∓ 36δ2 γ022 2
32γ02 ± 16γ02 + 7 + 124g α2 ±

± 6δ1 γ02 320g2 + 4(64γ022 2
± 48γ02 + 49)g ± 48γ02 − 3 + 128γ02 α∓

∓ δ2 64(5 ± 8γ02 )g2 + 4(256γ02
2 2
± 112γ02 − 3)g + 1 + 32γ02 ;

p = −7776γ024
1 + 4g α4 + 6912δ2 γ02
3 2
δ1 2γ02 ± γ02 + 10g + 1 α3 −

2
− 144γ02 256g2 + 4(32γ02
2
± 24γ02 + 71)g ± 48γ02 + 112γ022
+ 3 α2 +

+ 192δ1 δ2 γ02 8(21 ± 4γ02 )g2 + 4(3 ± 20γ02 + 36γ022
)g + γ02 (18γ02 ± 5) α −
− 3072g 3 − 1024(1 ± γ02 )(1 ± 8γ02 )g2 + 8(1 − 640γ02
2 2
∓ 144γ02 )g + 2 + 64γ02 ,
#& $"  %" )' !!! ! -&,!& Γ∗1  Γ∗2 ) 3=
4
  # 1 !!# * !"#! %" * **.!0
* !'%  /$&& *& "&  #( '-  !,' /$&
* !"#!(  !'% *  !"#!
. q > 0 !!! .! *!, %" *( /)#& $ #) Pi (i =
= 1, . . . , 5);  !/2  !!! .+ & !#' )'.#  &' % * '%"
" !#' Pi (i = 1, . . . , 5) /  ! )   !!, * ) 3 4
E !#' Pi (i = 1, . . . , 5)  '! &! g  γ02 ')   0
'
* '%" !#'  q > 0 ) !* * )#" &! α( ')$
 !/2 
g
1
4
P3 P4
1
8
P5 P4

0 γ02
P1
1
P4 − 32
P2

#! !E% %" *( !*.+$ . q > 0


* !,$ %" * 3 )'.#$  &'   $ %&
1<!&  !/2 4 *!*  q < 0(  &! &!  !"#!,
> #'$ %*$ -&,!" !& =?
 
  
>!&!&( #!    * -&,! /$ !( !' '' /"
# q  $'!!#'&  * $ '
:! ! "+4"-0 7#."3 7#$"8("#$ *%"#04 $"(& Pi (i = 1, . . . , 5)! 0
%&  !"#! !#' Pi (i = 1, . . . , 5) A & !, -   .+"
$& :#  !$&& !! &! +&  # #* $!"
p = 0  D = 0  $"  %" -2& α = α(γ02 , g)( &  !/2  )
 .+- )  !( #! ') #* &.!* !,'  !$ -2$(
 '!$  ! q = 0(  )#!(  $ * p = 0  D = 0 *.!*
& F&!#' &! !#' #* !&   '$  '! 0
&! γ02( g *& '#! )#  #( * '%- ) $ &!&
#* !! &! '!*& g = const  #*$(  '! &!0
 γ02( α( #  !#' !& -# '  &" /!(  !'%
' p = 0  D = 0 K! ' )/.! /!,  ',' /!"(  '%"
) '!$ )' # p  D $*.!*  /!*$( * '!$  0
* p > 0  D > 0(  &  !#' !"#  "& /%(
 !,$ /!*$  !"#
"(& P1 ! * !#' P1 !& -  !- ! #" $!" p = 0 
D = 0  $" -2" α = α  &" /! ! F&!#' &! !#' 0
#* $!" p = 0  D = 0  -2" α = 0 .!  !*.! /" '(
')   (
  (
* !&√-  !- ! !!!  0
 ' (
 !#' A(0, 0)( B (−5 + 3 3)/32, (4 − 3√3)/64( C (0, −1/36)(  !&#
  ' (
!#' !'L A (0, −1/36)( B (1/16, −1/32)( C (1/4, 0)( D (1/6, −1/36)
α α

g γ02
α 1
α
0 3
A
0 γ02 0 γ02
/4 4
B
α
1 C
− 36
1
− 32

4
α

0 1
√ γ02
(−5+3 3)
-4
32

#! )! #' P1 !& - !

*      


&!& '#! )#  # g ∈ (−1/32, −1/36)(
g = −1/36  g ∈ (−1/36, 0) '!"   &$ #" g = const ! 
 '$ ( 8 !!! C,    .+$ -#$  '$ !'& 0
=@   :<( >  !
 
  
*& ') -# '  &" /!(  '!" " G ' p = 0 
 %" " G ' D = 0 >!&!&( #!( '' ').! #!  D!&   $
 .+$  #*$( ' p = 0 - %!  /!( - D < 0 3 /!  !"0
#!4 >/!(  '!$  /$& * !"#!(   '$
)1!$
  '$ ( 8  $ #*$ &!*  !, '" p = 0  ! ! '"
D = 0 3 " !#'" &#*4 &!  $" -#" '" )/%
' -#(  γ02 → 0  γ02 → ∞( /%.!* ' *& '!
 !#' g = −1/36 $'! '! '#'/) &*!*   (   ! '0
" D = 0  '* p = 0 &.! /+ . !#' (0, 1/3)   ! * &,1$ )#"
&! g /+* !#' '$ #)!(   &!!#' !&*!* '  !
3 ( 4 * /N,1$ )#" g 3 ', - &" '!! )#* g = −1/364
/+* !#' '$ ''!  , γ02 3 ( 4 K!! <'! !%!* !0
#'L  '!! !#' γ02 = 0( g = −1/36( α = 1/3 !1* p = 0  D = 0 &- ! /!,
)1 !!, &! α  !   α = αp(γ02, g)  α = αD(γ02, g)
!!!( -
(36g + 1)2
αp = −
36g + 1
γ02 f (γ02 )
+ F (γ02 , g), αD =
γ02 fˆ(γ02 )
+ F̂ (γ02 , g). 3 =4
 D!& f (0)
= 0( fˆ(0)
= 0( F (−1/36, 0) = F̂ (−1/36, 0) = 1/3
)  #$ )%" 3 =4  !( #!  g → −1/36 − 0 && αp → +∞( 
g → −1/36 + 0 && αp → −∞ 3D! #!, ! p = 0 $! )   &"
/!   ')   ( 4(   g = −1/36  #& αp = 1/3 K! % ) ,!!
!*!*  ' '" α = αD(γ02, g)
α α
1
g 4 γ02
0 C

1 A
− 36 D

α α
1
− 32 B

4 0 1 γ02 0 1
6
1
4
γ02
/4 4
6

#! 1! #' P1 !& !- !

 ,"1& # &! g 3 ( 4 /+* !#' '$ p = 0  D =


= 0 ',)!   /2  ! #* '! γ02 "*  &'&,-
)#* γ02 = (−5 + 3√3)/32(  %!*  ! &,1* γ02   * 3&  (
4
 $ &!$ #*$ &.!*  /! !"#!  "& /%0
 " !#' P1 * !& - !
* * !"#! " !#' P1       
!
)&* &! g )/,&  ! % !
 g ∈ (−1/32, −1/36) ' p = 0  D = 0 &.!  /+ !#'   /2( ',0
)*+  "  ) !  !& g  D!&   !&" #! '! &!
&.!* ! /! !"#!  "& /% 3 ( 4  g = −1/36 *
-  '$ %!*  , !   $ #) D! !#' #)! >0
&  D!& ! * /!, !"#!
> #'$ %*$ -&,!" !& =B
 
  
* )#" g ) ! g ∈ (−1/36, 0) 3 ( 4 /+* !#' '$ p = 0  D =
= 0  %" -2 α = 0 ',)!   /2  ! #* γ02 ( $* 
&'&,- )#* γ02 = 1/4  g = 0
"(& P2 ! '  * !#' P1 ( * )#" &!( !!! .+$ &
!#'& P2 !& /$ !( $! p = 0  D = 0  &.! #"pm $"
-#" $!,. α = α  &" /!  %" -2 α = α1 *
p = 0  D = 0 ) .!* 3&4 * !#'( -&!#' &! '!$  0
'! &! (γ02, g) )/%   =(
  (
* !& -  !-
! !!!   =(
&& $'! !#' A(0, −7/100)( B(0.0129, −0.1373)(
C (0, −1/4)(    (
G !#' A(0, −7/100)( B (1/16, −1/32)( C (1/10, −7/100) ( D (0, −1/4)
#! )#& * !& /$ ! **.!*  # g ∈ (−∞, −1/4)( g = −1/4(
g ∈ (−1/4, −7/100)( g = −7/100  g ∈ (−7/100, −1/32)
'!"  #" g = const  &" #! !! &! * !#'
P2      
')   =( 8 * $ )#" &! g 3g < −1/324
&.!*  /! * /$&$ " !"#! K.2* D!$ 0
/!"  /!"  !"#! !!! !  =(

α α

g γ02
0
1
− 32 α α
αpm
1
αpm
1
7 A
− 100 0 γ02 0 γ02
/4 4
B α α
− 14
C

α α
4 αpm αpm
1 1
0 γ02 0 γ02
-4 4
#! 6! #' P2 !& - !

 g ∈ (−∞, −1/4)  g ∈ (−1/4, −7/100) ' p = 0  D = 0 &.!  /+ . !#'
 %" -2 /! 3 =( 4 * -#" !#' g = −1/4 D!$  $ !
! /+" !#' '$ p = 0  D = 0 -# )!!(  '* p = 0 #)!
3 =( 4
 ! ! g ∈ (−1/4, −7/100)  # &! g '! &*!*L '0
* p = 0 /!! )-/  & )'! +  !, '" D = 0 3 =( 4
 $ ' -#& )#. g = −7/100 /+* !#' '$ p = 0  D = 0  %0
" -2 /!  $!  /'#!,(   g ∈ [−7/100, −1/32) /+$ !#'
'$ !; $'!"  #" * )#" g ) D!- ! ')   =( 
* !#' P2       
 # g ∈ (−∞, −1/4)( g = −1/4( g ∈ (−1/4, −7/100)(
g = −7/100  g ∈ (−7/100, −1/32) !!! .!  ( 8
=   :<( >  !
 
  
g 1
10 γ02 α α
0
1 B
− 32
7
− 100 A C

D
− 14 α α
αpm
1 αpm
1
0 γ02 0 γ02
4 /4 4
α α α

α 1 α α
3
αpm
1 αpm αpm
1
1
γ02 1 γ02 0 γ02
0 0
-4 4 4
10

#! :! #' P2 !& !- !

#!"  #" * ! g ∈ (−∞, −1/4) !'" %( '' * !& 0
- ! 3   =( 4;  #*$ &.!*  /! * /$&$ "
!"#! : !& g ! !#' #* '$ p = 0  D = 0  &#0
*  $ !" '" D = 0 ! !   g = −1/4 !*!* -#&(  D!&
'* p = 0 ! 3&  ( 4 (  g ∈ [−1/4, −7/100] 3 ( 84( ! '"
D = 0  &.! !#' &#*
 $ #) !#' g = −1/4  %" -2 /! ' p = 0  D = 0
, &.! /+ . !#' ( /2 '!" !!  #& g  !-! &'&,-
)#* γ02 = 0.1  g = −7/100 3 ( ( 4 * )#" g ) ! (−7/100, −1/32)
**.!* +  !, '" D = 0 3'.+**  % &.+"*  !,. D =
= 04  !* !, '" p = 0 K!  ' $*! ) /+" !#' %" -2
/! 3 ( 4( &!  $ *&  # )'! !!,* /!, !"#!
g g αpm
1
α
C 1 D 1
4 4

A B 1 1
8 8
0 γ02 0 γ02 0 γ02
4 /4 4
#! ;! #' P3 - !
* " !#' P3      
-&!#' &! 3/0
"(& P3 !
+$4 !#' #* $!" p = 0  D = 0  %"  $" -#0
> #'$ %*$ -&,!" !& =

 
  
& $!*& α = 0  α = αpm 1 ')    (
√ ( !!!

>!0
&#

 D!$

 '$ !#' &.!

'! A −(1 + 5 + −10 + 6 5)/16, 1/8 (
√ √
B −(1 + 5 − −10 + 6 5)/16, 1/8 ( C (−1/4, 1/4) ( D (−1, 1/4)( E (−0.8119, 0.1922) '0
!"   &$ #"  & ! g ∈ (1/8, 1/4)  +!* !#' P3
'#!  &*!*  &! ( !"   ( ;  '%& # &.!*
 /! * /$&$ " !"#!
g αpm
1
α
A 1
4

1
8
0 12 0 γ02
4 /4
0 γ02

#! <! #' P3 !- !

*       
$! p = 0  D = 0 &.! 3/+4 !#' #*
!,'  $" -#" $!,.( -&!#' &! '!$ ')   ?(
(
'! !#' A  B !'L A = (−1/2, 1/4)( B = (−0.4618, 0.2218)   &$ #0
*$ &!*  /!, !"#! 3 ?( 4
α

αmm
2
0 γ02

#! =! '!"  -<'  <'& g !#' P4 -  !- !
"(& P4 ! *      
$'!"  #" g = const  !
g ∈ (−∞, −1/4) !   @; &.!*  /! * /$&$ "
!"#!  $ #) !#' g = −1/4    ! g ∈ (−1/4, 1/4) $**
!, '" D = 0 #)! &!  $" /!,. !"#! 3D!!  #"   @
 ')4 : !& g /2 /+" !#' '$ p = 0  D = 0  %" -2
&!&" /! !!(  &'&, )# 3 g = 1/44  −1
*       
$'! #* '#! !' %( ''  * !&
- ! '&, )# /2 /+" !#' '$ p = 0  D = 0  %"
-2 /!  −1/2
"(& P5 ! * !#' P5      
$! p = 0  D = 0 &.! /+
!#' #*  %" -#" '!,. α = 0(    &$ #*$ G 
/+ !#'   /2;  D!&  # &.!*  /! * /$&$
" !"#! 3 B(
4
=   :<( >  !
 
  
* !#' P5       
$! p = 0  D = 0  '.!*  -#0
& $!*&;  #*$( $'!"  '!$ !   B( ( &!*
 /!, !"#!
α α α α

0 γ02 0 γ02
4 /4
#! >! '!"  -<'  <'& g !#' P5 -  !- !

*%(0 '%(3 9%*%-$*% g! E&!& ! )#* &! g( %+ 


-2$  &$ !
  
 g = 1/4  3 4 !!* "& !!, R11/2  &! 0
! 1
1/2
R̂1
1
= (2αδ1 γ02 − δ2 )−1 .
3
3 4
* %!,! # R̂j (j = 1, 2) -.!  .+ -#*  0
&! )#L
γ02 > 0, δ1 = 1, δ2 = −1, α > 0; 3 4
γ02 > 0, δ1 = −1, δ2 = −1, 0 < α <
1
3γ02
; 3 ?4
γ02 < 0, δ1 = −1, δ2 = 1, α > −
1
2γ02
; 3 @4
γ02 < 0, δ1 = 1, δ2 = −1, −
1
3γ02
<α<−
1
2γ02
. 3 B4
 '%& ) D!$  # !& /$ ! &!* ! % *
 * '!# <& -&,! )& +- %*( "&( #! 0
!!# * !"#! *!* ' !1*& γ02 > 0( δ1 = δ2 = −1( α < 1/(2γ02 )(
'!& !*!  #" 3 ?4
* !1$* %" *  & /$& * !"#! *
/$ !& /" # !!! .+- $'!!#'- * 3
4 #0
*!*  <&  3/2
q = 27αR̂1 R̂2 (2δ1 αγ02 − δ2 )δ1 δ2 .
>!.  !( #! * &! )#( !*.+$ *& 3 4( 3 @4( 3 B4(
 !1 q < 0( D!& !!! .+ %* *  !"#0

  
 g = 1/8 -2 αpm
1
= α g=1/8 = αmm
2
.!( /)#& $ #)
α  /!( )&" *&
g=1/8 g=1/8

γ02 > 0, 0 < α < α∗ (δ1 = δ2 = −1),

&!*  % *( * '!- *.!* !!# * !"0
#! 3& !/2 4
> #'$ %*$ -&,!" !& =
 
  
  /$&$ " !"#! )&!&( #! * /$ -&,!0
 )# g = 1/8 **!* -#& &% !#'& P3  P5 3& !/2 4 '
 ! )  (   ?(
(  g → 1/8 /+* !#' '$ p = 0  D = 0  $" -2
$!  /!, -#$ !2!,$ )#" γ02(  D!& * !& -
!  (  $!   B(
(  * !& !- !  ?(  $!   B(  >/0
! /$&$ " !"#!   !"#! * &!&" "
!#' .! .!  B(
( 
C# g = 1/8 %! !'%  ! /!  +!* " !#' P4; !0
!! .+ # &! ( ')"pm  @ mm
  
 g = −1/32  -2$ &&L α1 g=−1/32= α2 g=−1/32= 0 :- !/2 (
#!, %" *( * '!$ D! )#* **.!* $& -2& )&0
* α( .!  #!!( * &!&-  #* ! %" *(
* '!$ *.!* !!# * !"#!
α

α

1 γ02
16

#! ?! '!"  #* !#' P1,2 * -&,! Γ2


 & /$& * !"#! C# g = −1/32 **!* -#&
&% & !#'& P1  P2 3& !/2 4 %** -2  &" /!
 D!& # !  ,. /2 * !& - ! '#!"  #*(
!#.+" &  #.( &!  ''   (  * !& !- !(  !0
!!   (
 (
( ' p = 0  D = 0 &.!  %" -2 α = 0  /+ .
!#'  /2" γ02 = 1/16 3& 
4
C# g = −1/32 %!* !'%  ! /!  +!* " !#'
P4 (  !!! .+- #* !   @
 ; ! *"(#& 23

 !, Ψj = Ψj0 = arccos δj ( Rj = Rj0 3j = 1, 24 G  ) &!$ %" 0


* !& 3 =4 # R10 #*!*  <&  3
4 3 3 44(  #
R20 *)  R10 !1& 3 ?4 F&,!& !&&  &,& -&,!0
& 3
4( 3 4 ')& %. * !#! % * Φj = Φj0(
Rj = Rj0 3j = 1, 24( -( - 3 4(
 
Ψ10 Ψ20 Ψ10
Φ10 = , Φ20 =± − .
3 2 6

E&!&  !&  -&,!& 3 ?4( 3 @4  '!! $ 0


%" * /%" 3&,"4 !&  . !& &% &!!,
'' ')" .  )& +*& *' ε( &.+&  τ  T ∼ ε  D!& '
2

$'!!#'$ " )$ " )& +-−2%* &,0


$ !& &.! *' 2(  #!! )& +" G *' ε '& /)&(
==   :<( >  !
 
  
&! &! )"  #" !  '  )#  #'$ 1*$ '0
)"$ !& 7=9(  ) '%- %* * &," !& %!*
!( T 0#'  τ ( !#'  ε 1 !!! .+" " 0
!&  -&,!& 3 ?4  3 @4( &.+ 
Φj = Φ̃j (τ ) = Φj0 + O(ε), Rj = R̃j (τ ) = Rj0 + O(ε) (j = 1, 2).

*  /!" !,! )& &$(   OO


 ( "&
!#.+ & #' % !&  $& -&,!& 3

4( 0
!#'  ε  &.+  t ( " 12π K! % &!  3'!! ξ
  3 44
 
qj = ε 2ξRj0 sin ϕj + O(ε2 ), pj = ε 2ξRj0 cos ϕj + O(ε2 ) (j = 1, 2),
ϕ1 = λ1 t + Φ10 − ϕ∗1 , ϕ2 = σλ2 t + Φ20 − ϕ∗2 . 3
4
 !1*$ 3
4 *  - 3*' ε4 #! #'$ %"(
'%* ) '!$ %! !,' IJ -&' 3   ' 4 # λj t  !
% &* -& O(ε )  %*$ * qj ( pj %!( /+ -*( ./ -&'
2

# nt( n1λ1t( n2λ2t 3n( n1( n2 G 2 #4


 !"# %* * &,$ !& $*!   !"# 0
#' %* $ !& %* *( &! * )#" 0
&! ) /!" * !!#$  !,' /$&$ " !"#!(
$*!  #' %* $ !&( !"#  "& /%
K! !%*  .! ) "! !  ε $'!!#'$ ')!"
!!! .+$ )$ " )& +- %*
67689 :7;< =;> ?
, @ABCDEDF )G HIB JDBCKLMDN 3LOBKCLAMN PQABPBD NIRSDBLDIB DC PQLMCDMNLCSD KMA4KTD 3LOBKCLAMN PD BDTKCLAM
PKMN TDN 4D UJVKMLN4DNQK RTINLDIBN PDFBDN PD TLODBCSD 22 WBJVL3DN XDDBTKMPKLNDN PDN HJLDMJDN YZKJCDN DC
XKCIBDTTDN ,[\[ HDB . ]A4 , ^ ..\_.5-
. `DCV a+Y bDN ANJLTTKCLAMN KICAIB PQIMD RANLCLAM PQDcILTLOBD PKMN TD JKN PQDZLNCDMJD PQIMD BDTKCLAM TLMSDKLBD
NL4RTD DMCBD TDN MA4OBDN 3LOBKCALBDN 22 WBJVL3DN XDDBTKMPKLNDN PDN HJLDMJDN YZKJCDN DC XKCIBDTTDN ,\,,
HDB . ]A4 ,/ ^ .d5_.[0
0 `DCV a+Y bDN ANJLTTKCLAMN KICAIB PQIMD RANLCLAM PQDcILTLOBD PKMN TD JKN PQDZLNCDMJD PQIMD BDTKCLAM TLMSDKLBD
NL4RTD DMCBD TDN MA4OBDN 3LOBKCALBDN %NILCD& 22 WBJVL3DN XDDBTKMPKLNDN PDN HJLDMJDN YZKJCDN DC XKCIBDTTDN
,\,. HDB 0W ]A4 , ^ ,[/_.,0
d '  = ;       "     '( e ,\1[ 0,. 
/ 9 =: '  = >   " 
" 22 7    "
6 
f8#
 "g ,\1\ ; d 6 /[_,0\
5 '  = > "   22 e  
 " '( h .--,
6 ,,d_,0-
1 i 8! 8                 
 "  
" 22 7 
    ' "      ,\\5
j 0 6 ,51_,1/
[ '  = 8                  
       22  
    " ,\\/ ; /\ ! d
6 /5\_/[-
\ '  =           

        
  " #  22 7 
    ' "      ,\\/
j / 6 0d_dd
,- i 8!              "  
" 
    22 9   
 ,\\5 ; 0d ! 0 6 0,._0,5
,, '  =     
             22
 
    " ,\\d ; /[ ! / 6 01_d[
,. i 8! 8   "  
"        
 22  

    " ,\\1 ; 5, ! d 6 //5_/5/


> #'$ %*$ -&,!" !& =
 
  
,0 '  = 8         
       
     22  
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A. I. Safonov, O. V. Kholostova
On the periodic motions of a Hamiltonian system in the neighborhood of unstable equilibrium
in the presence of a double three-order resonance
Citation: Vestnik Udmurtskogo Universiteta. Matematika. Mekhanika. Komp’yuternye Nauki, 2016, vol. 26,
no. 3, pp. 418–438 (in Russian).

Keywords: Hamiltonian system, multiple resonance, stability, periodic motion.

MSC2010: 70H05, 70H14, 70H15, 70K45


DOI: 10.20537/vm160310

The paper considers the motion of a near-autonomous time-periodic two-degree-of-freedom Hamiltonian


system in a neighborhood of trivial equilibrium being stable in the linear approximation. The third-order
double resonance (fundamental and Raman) is assumed to occur in the system, at that Raman resonance
can be strong or weak. In both cases the equilibrium considered is unstable in a full nonlinear system.
Normalization of Hamiltonians of the perturbed motion is carried out in the terms up to the fourth order with
respect to disturbance, taking into account the existing resonances. The problem of the existence and number
of equilibrium positions of the corresponding approximate (model) systems is solved, and sufficient and
necessary conditions for their stability are obtained. By Poincare’s small parameter method, periodic motions
of the initial full systems generated from the equilibrium positions of the model systems are constructed. The
question of their stability in the linear approximation is solved. In particular, the conditions of the existence
of stable (in the linear approximation) periodic motions in a small neighborhood of the unstable trivial
equilibrium are obtained.

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Received 20.08.2016

Safonov Aleksei Igorevich, Post-Graduate Student, Department of Theoretical Mechanics, Moscow Aviation
Institute (National Research University), Volokolamskoe shosse, 4, Moscow, 125993, Russia.
E-mail: lexafonov@mail.ru
Kholostova Ol’ga Vladimirovna, Doctor of Physics and Mathematics, Professor, Department of Theoretical
Mechanics, Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Volokolamskoe shosse, 4, Moscow,
125993, Russia.
E-mail: kholostova o@mail.ru

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