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# DELHI PUBLIC SCHOOL

HOLIDAY ACTIVITIES 2019-20
CLASS - VIII

NAME SEC.
Summer Vacation is the most sought after period of the year.

## ^Holidays not only bring respite from the monotonous routine

and the growing heat but also provide time to mingle with

## the box ideas, take a trip to a new destination and spend

some family time. In this way this becomes the golden period

meaningfully.

## loo^ forward to having you bacf^ and sharing your

earch.

j
ENGLISH

Imagine yourself as a candidate from your area, who is going to contest the
Lok Sabha elections. Draft a manifesto stating your aims and policies.

VOTE
OR

## Poster: Create an informational poster highlighting the significance of voting

in a democratic country.

## Holiday Home work should be done in English F.C.

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MATHS
IT'S ELECTION TIME IN INDIA AGAIN!!

17th Lokshabha election considered to be the biggest election festival of India. It's for 545

seats in Lokshabha. This election result will decide the next PRIME MINISTER of INDIA!!

Now keep your eyes open. Each state has fixed no. of seats in Lokshabha. Choose any 10

States.

1.Write the number of seats in tabular form and represent it as a bar graph.

2.Collect how much voting % was done in the selected states. Represent this data as a bar

graph.

3.Observe the exit polls coming in Newspapers & News channels. Collect the predicted

data & the final result for your selected 10 states, Present in tabular form & compare it

## using Double Bar Graph.

4.Make a collage using all the statistical graphs (Bar graph, Pictograph, Pie Chart etc)

Note:

## 1.Maths holiday H.W to be done in Maths Lab Manual.

2.Be creative, use colours /coloured papers/draw party symbols with names for drawing

graphs.
PHYSICS & CHEMISTRY
NUCLEAR ENERGY - AN ALTERNATIVE SOURCE
Man has always been curious. In his quest for development, new sources of energy were
discovered. Among these, an alternative source of energy called Nuclear Energy came into light.
The nucleus of an atom has immense energy and if used for constructive purpose can definitely

## solve the problem of energy crisis.

Nuclear energy can be exploited by two different ways - Nuclear fission & Nuclear fusion. When
a heavy unstable nucleus breaks into two medium weight nuclei releasing enormous energy,
nuclear fission occurs.

## 235 U+1 p^141 Ba+92 Kr +3 1 n + Ene|.gy

When two or more small nuclei combine together, under special conditions, to get a comparatively
bigger nucleus nuclear fusion takes place.

4^ H>i He + 2^ e + Energy
This is the nuclear fusion reaction taking place inside sun. Where four hydrogen nuclei combine
with themselves to form a helium nucleus, two positrons and enormous energy.
The nuclear fission reaction can be carried out when a slow neutron (thermal neutron) disturbs the
delicate balance of U-nucleus and breaks it into smaller ones. In this reaction the particle i.e.
neutron which initiates the reaction is also produced in the reaction itself to continue the reaction
on its own. That is why it is called nuclear fission chain reaction. This reaction may be controlled
or uncontrolled. The controlled nuclear reaction is carried out in a nuclear reactor for generating
electricity using heavy water as moderator, liquid sodium as coolant and cadmium & boron rods
as control rods. All these things work together to carry out a controlled fission reaction. The result
of an uncontrolled nuclear fission chain reaction was witnessed by the world during Second World
War in form of atom bombs dropped on Hiroshima & Nagasaki. The basic science behind both the
reactions is same, they only differ in the way they are carried out.

## How is nuclear energy released?

Whenever a nuclear reaction occurs, whether fission or fusion, it is found that total mass of
reactants is always slightly greater than the total mass of the products resulting into some loss in
mass called mass defect. This loss in mass is converted into energy by the relation E=Amc2.
Where Am is mass defect, c is speed of light and E is the energy released.

M F C 0 0 L A N T N
0 A C F D K L D F C
D W S U J L K S J H
E P 0 S 1 T R 0 N Z
R N D 1 D A E E H X
A V K 0 R E U S A F
T C G N M T F H R H
0 D F K R K 1 E D J
R H D 0 D H L B C U
E 1 N S T E 1 N W T
Search for the words corresponding to the clues given :
a.Loss in Mass.
b.Particle produced in the fusion reaction of sun.

c.
Scientist who derived mass energy relation.
d. Substance use to slow down a neutron in a reaction.

e.
Substance used to absorb heat in a nuclear reactor.
f. Particle which initiates a fission chain reaction.

g-
Type of nuclear reaction in Hydrogen bomb.

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II.NUCLEAR POWER FOR WAR AND PEACE
The emergence of nuclear weapons has been a source of big impact on the international power

structure. The initial U.S. monopoly changed to bipolarity in international relations when USSR also

became successful in securing nuclear weapons. Now with the entry of France, Britain & China,

## bipolar power structure has been transformed into a multipolar structure.

The emergence of nuclear armament race between the two superpowers during 1950's intensified

the cold war and became a major factor of international relations in cold war period.

Today the nations possessing nuclear weapons have acquired the overkill capacity i.e. capacity to

destroy the entire world several times. Such nations have become capable of achieving their

interests in the world even in complete disregard to the opinion and wishes of other states. The non-

nuclear states have come to live in a state of defencelessness and are quite helpless in securing

their interests vis-a-vis the nuclear powers. The presence of nuclear weapons has also in a way

become a blessing in disguise because it has created a peace in the shadow of terror i.e. a peace

imposed by technology, a peace of preparedness for a total war, a tense peace and a peace

characterised by fear, inequalities, risks and distrust as a nuclear war would be a totally destructive

## war after which there could be no victor and no vanquished.

i :

i
WL.
_
ACROSS
4.CODE NAME FOR NAGASAKI N BOMB
8.ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARD NOT CAUSED BY NUCLEAR POWER BUT FOSSIL FUELS
9.THE NORTH ATLANTIC ALLIANCE,
11.LARGEST PRODUCER OF NUCLEAR POWER
DOWN
1.COUNTRY TO WITHDRAW FROM NUCLEAR TREATY
2.COUNTRY ON WHICH N BOMBS WERE DROPPED IN WWII
3.INDIA'S NAME FOR ITS FIRST SUCCESSFUL N BOMB TEST
5.CODE NAME FOR HIROSHIMA N BOMB
6.COUNTRY WITH NUCLEAR WEAPONS BUT NOT A PART OF NPT
7.FUEL USED IN NUCLEAR REACTORS
III.CREATE A COMIC STRIP OF ATLEAST 3 FRAMES ON ANY ONE OF FOLLOWING
THEMES:
i.Reaction of USA and China to India's nuclear tests,

## v. Use of mass communication for election campaigns.

4"
The dimension of each frame should be 4"x4". 4"r~l V~~\ V~\

Note : Holidays Home work for I and II to be done in Physics FC and III in Chemistry FC.

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BIOLOGY
Rights of Flora and Fauna
Do the following activities in Biology F.C.•

## Activity 1: Find the names of endangered animals in the following:

NDAN
^^"""

_.

G C G E P S H L E A E R
R O T I G E R 0 L L I A
E N P O I A R B E A R L
Y D A B A T WR P S H E
WO N D N U O H H G i O
0 R D U F R F U A H N P
L M A N A T E E N L O A
F E o T S L A E T T E R
0 N A C H E E T A H A D

CHEETAH LEOPARD
MANATEE RHINO
SEA TURTLE ELEPHANT
WHALE polar mm At '

TIGER CONDOR
PANDA GREY WOLF

0
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Activity 2 : Let us do research on an endangered animal and fill up the following worksheet:

## Endangered Animal Profile

Conservation status:

Habitat:

Diet:

Main Threats:

## What can be done to help?

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Activity 3 : Solve the following cross word

M H

N rrn
R K

R
Hints are given below :
Across

1.Which act restricts State government from conversion of forests land to non forests
purpose without Central Government's approval?
2.Indian state having maximum number of national parks.
3.Full form of PLPA
4.A protected area reserved for the conservation of only animals, where human
interference in any form of harvesting of timber, collecting minor forest products and
private ownership rights is not allowed.
Down
5.A Protected area reserved for the conservation of only animal and human activities
like harvesting of timber, collecting minor forest products and private ownership rights
are allowed as long as they do not interfere with the well-being of animals.

6.Forest in Haryana home to over 400 species of native trees and wildlife that includes
leopards, jackals, hyenas, mongoose and civet cats.

## 7.Project initiated in 1972 for conservation of tigers.

8.State in which Sariska National Park is located.

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Protection of Flora and Fauna in Democracy

## FOREST CONSERVATION ACT, 1980

The Forest Conservation Act of 1980 (FCA) can be seen as a single biggest legislative
initiative in Indian history to slow deforestation caused by the conversion of forestlands to
non-forest purposes. Under this Act, no State Government can authorise such conversion
without securing Central Government's approval.

CONSTITUTION OF INDIA
The Constitution of India has significant provisions for environmental
protection and environmental rights and duties of the people. Under the
Directive Principle of State Policy, Article 48-A of the Constitution, enjoins
that the State shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and
to safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country. Article 51-A (g) which
proclaims it to be the fundamental duty of every citizen of India to protect
and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and
wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures. Thus, by raising
environmental concerns to the constitutional level, India has provided its
citizens with a powerful legal tool to protect wildlife.

## PUNJAB LAND PRESERVATION ACT (PLPA)

In 1900,the then Government of Punjab enacted the Punjab Land Preservation Act (PLPA),
aimed at "conservation of sub-soil water" and "prevention of erosion" by giving the state
power to "regulate, restrict or prohibit" certain activities, including "clearing or breaking up"
of land. As a result, for the last 118 years, the Act provided notified tracts of land in the
Aravallis protection against real estate construction, urbanisation and mining.
The Aravallis in Haryana are home to over 400 species of native trees, shrubs and herbs,
more than 200 native and migratory bird species, and wildlife that includes leopards,
jackals, hyenas, mongoose and civet cats.

PROJECT TIGER
It was initiated in 1972 and has contributed to the conservation of
tigers. This project is sponsored by Ministry of Environment, Forest
and Climate Change. About 47 tiger reserves situated in more than 17
regions including Corbett National Park and Ranthambore National
Park are part of this project which conducts assessment of number of
tigers, their habitat, hunting habits under the supervision of the Tiger

## PROTECTED AREAS IN INDIA

As of July 2016, the Protected Areas (PAs) in India comprising national parks, wildlife
sanctuaries, and conservation and community reserves cover about 4.89% of the country's
maximum numbers of national parks followed by Kerala, Maharashtra and Uttarakhand and
West Bengal.
National parks and sanctuaries are areas of significant ecological, floral, faunal and natural
significance. A National park is a protected area which is reserved for the conservation of
only animals, where no human interference in any form of harvesting of timber, collecting
minor forest products and private ownership rights is allowed; while a wildlife sanctuary is
a protected area which is reserved for the conservation of only animal and human activities
like harvesting of timber, collecting minor forest products and private ownership rights are
allowed as long as they do not interfere with the well-being of animals.

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KANHA NATIONAL PARK
The lush sal and bamboo forests, grassy meadows and ravines of Kanha provided
inspiration to Rudyard Kipling for his famous novel "Jungle Book". The Kanha National
Park in Madhya Pradesh came into being in 1955 and forms the core of the Kanha Tiger
Reserve, created in 1974 under Project Tiger. The Park's landmark achievement is the
preservation of the rare hardground Swamp Deer (Barasingha), saving it from near
extinction.

## JIM CORBETT NATIONAL PARK

It lies in the Nainital district of Uttarakhand. Established in the year
1936 as Hailey National Park, Corbett has the glory of being India's
oldest and most prestigious National Park. It is also being honored as
the place where Project Tiger was first launched in 1973.

## Sheltering a healthy population of tigers and rare species like Otters

and the endemic fish eating crocodile, the national park is one of the
most sought after destinations for the wildlife buffs.

## SIMIPAL NATIONAL PARK

Simlipal national park originated primarily as a hunting ground for the
royalty. It was formally designated a tiger reserve in 1956 under
Project Tiger in May 1972. It was elevated to a national park status in
1979. Located in the Mayurbhanj district of India's coastal state of
Orissa, Simlipal is an ecosystem complete with forest vegetation
(mainly sal trees), fauna (tiger, leopard, sambar, bison, elephant,

## chital, wild boar)

GIR NATIONAL PARK
Gir, the royal kingdom of the Asiatic lions is the perfect dwelling place
for most of the wildlife creatures and with the presence of great
environs and topography thronging along this region, the area has
really got its true importance. Also known as Sasan-Gir, or Gir forest
this is a forest and wildlife sanctuary in Gujarat, established in 1965
and the adjoining Santhal tribal settlements.

## Flora and Fauna- a priceless treasure, save it with pleasure!

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SOCIAL SCIENCE
LET'S ELECT

Search}-

3 F s 3 R p D K X S E R N F D
N G c E H 0 14
Y c Y A V 0 T E
G A E E z ^ R I T L V W M N B
I M T H s A T A L Y 0 M R E A
A H Z Q M I R Y T L Q S 0 0 T
P Z E 1-4 L C G 0 T N V X F I E
n p R 0 0 K L L S R 3 K T s T
A P P M 0 L U B L E A L A E A
C M E R A H N H I H y P L R G
G D V B C P T B
D E w S P P E
3 1 K G A B 0 G E W R 1 S 3 L
Y V 3 U M X L R R K R K 0 1 E
A 0 C N L L 0 p A S Q Q s B D
L U P W T E D 1 L S D N A L S
S 0 0 c N 0 I T € E L E R I P

## BALLOT DEMOCRAT PARTYPRIMARY

CAMPAIGN ELECTION PUT FORM RALLY
CAUCUS ISSUES POLITICS VOTE.

## DEBATE LANDSLIDE POLL

DELEGATE LIBERAL PRESIDENT

## Holiday Homework to be done in History/Civics FC.

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Identify the Symbols of different Political Parties

15
Mention the relevance of the pictures on the given page and also write the
flaws in democracy.

MOCK ELECTIONS
Activity on mock elections will be conducted in which each section will be choosing their two

representatives. They will create a manifesto along with the name and symbol of their party.

The speeches of the representatives will include socio- economic aspects and environmental
issues.

## The process will be campaigning and making of the poster.

The whole process of election will take place that is the date of voting, campaigning Election day

Declaration of results.

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(Yellow Slip)* (Orange Slip)

T>
(Red A-4 size
sheet)

1. 3Tf^M|c^H^i)^1H1
2. Hld*HI
3.

4. f^f5rt ^^cTT
5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

17
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GERMAN
Lessen Sie Uns fuhren

## I. Wahlen Sie die Antwort

Map of Germany

Use the map below, a^d yovtr knowledge of social studies, to answer the

fallowing questions.

!. J*
Z^' ^ .'^lek 3.What country borders German^ to the
north?
(mtutg
a.Belgium

V
*Birmiri
BERUW b.Denmark
c.Luxembourg
•* \ ifJ^a* d.Switzerland.
^^* ton
^ E*¥t^fifiR*
4.Which of the following rivers does not
4 V^tttNK* ^i, ^Frarskhjtl flow through Germany?
a.Danube
"-VKSflSTMJS b.Elbe
/SssJUgart
^CE , c.Rhine
d.Tiber
"^^^*\^
5.Approximately how many miles
1.What is the capital city of Germany? separate Munich and Stuttgart?
a.Berlin a.20
b.Bremen b.70
c.Kiel c.120
d_ Munich d.170

## 2.Which of the following countries does 6.What body of water borders

not border Germans1? northeastern Germany?
a.Belgium a.Atlantic Ocean
b.Czech Republic b.Baltic Sea
c.Italy c.Bering Strait
d.Poland d.North Sea

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

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ii. Schreibt iiber Deutsche Politik
forschen Sie zu diesen Themen und schreiben Sie dariiber:

## 1.1st DeutSChland eine Republik? (is Germany a republic?)

2.1st es ein ^^^derales System?(ls there a federal system?)
3.Gibt es ein konstitutionelles System?
(is there a constitutional system?)

## 4.In wie vielen Jahren werden Wahlen abgehalten?

(in how many years will elections be held?)

## 5.Wie haben die Deutschen ihre Kanzler gewahlt?

(How's the Germans elect their chancellors?)

## in. Wer ist sie?

schreibt iiber ihr fiinfzig Worter.

20
mm.
10.p

## NOTE : Holiday homework to be done in Manipuri F.C.

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FRENCH
Q.1 Regardez I'images et comprenez le systeme de I'election etTraduisez les mots en
fran^ais avec I1 internet.

pays?

## =le pouvoir aux mains de tous = Badge d'encouragement a voter

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Comment faire la campagne ?

## Ces differentes personnes font du "canvassing", c'est-a-dire du porte-a-porte, <

programmes des candidats) et essayant de rencontrer et parler avec les futurs
gagner des voix en persuadant les auditeurs qu'un candidat est le meiileur.
1925.

## dans une laverie

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Votes are secret=Voter est secret Ballot booths= tsololrs

Termes g^neraux:

A ballot: un scrutin.

## The government: le gouvernement.

A ministry : un min!stre.

## An opinion poll: un sondage d'opinion.

A parliament: un parlement.

A party : un parti.

A politician : un politicien.

To vote : voter.

## 1.les candidate de votre pays.

2.Campagne electrole

3.Carte de lecture

4. Campaign promises

5. le resultat del'election

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Bien connaitre le vocabulaire des elections (2)

## est inscrit sur une liste ^lectorale, c'est

Lecandidat ••
celui qui a ie droit de voter.

## est un morceau de papier oil est

L'ilecteur • inscrit le choix de l'^lecteur.

## est une cabine ou l'^lecteur s'isole

L'isoloir • pour preparer son bulletin de vote.

## est celul qui se prsente <i une

L'urne electorate •
election.

## est une boTte destinee k recevoir les

Le bulletin de vote •
bulletins devote.

Complite sur les point/lies pour indiquer f'ordre des operations de vote.

Passer a l'isoloir. Prendre une enveloppe et les bulletins. Introduire I'enveloppe dans l'urne.

n* n* n'

## 2*m* partie : etude du document: resultats du 22 avril 2012

Ecris dans I'ordre, les trois candidats ayant obtenu le plus de suffrages (de voix).

Quels sont les deux candidats qui ont obtenu le trains de suffrages ?

## Nicolas Sarkozy peut participer au second tour. vrai faux

Quelle est la date du second tour Quel est le pourcentage des personnes qui ant vote
au 1™" tour (faux de participation) ?

## • Holiday Homework to be done in French FC.

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ART
only toay we can create globle -peace is not only through educating
our minds but also our hearts and our souls.

- Malala Yousafzai

Research on any one of the Nobel Peace Laureates and prepare a PowerPoint
Presentation depicting his / her life and works. Send the PPT on class8hhw1 @gmail.com

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