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ASME B30.

6-2015
ASME B30.6-2015
(Revision of
(Revision of ASME
ASMEB30.6-2010)
B30.6-2010)

Derricks
Derricks
Safety Standard
Safety Standard for
for Cableways,
Cableways,
Cranes, Derricks,
Cranes, Hoists, Hooks,
Derricks, Hoists, Hooks, Jacks,
Jacks,
and Slings
and Slings

A N AMERICAN
AN A M E R I C A N NATIONAL
N A T I O N A L STANDARD
STA N DA R D

The American Society o


Mechanical Engineers

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ASME B30.6-2015
ASME B30.6-2015
(Revision of
(Revision of ASME
ASME B30.6-2010)
B30.6-2010)

Derricks
Standard for
Safety Standard for Cableways,
Cableways,
Hoists, Hooks,
Cranes, Derricks, Hoists, Hooks, Jacks,
Jacks,
and Slings

A N AMERICAN
AN A M E R I C A N NATIONAL
N A T I O N A L STANDARD
STANDARD

The American Society of


Mechanical Engineers Two Park
Two ParkAvenue
Avenue•• New
New York,
York,NY
NY•• 10016
10016 USA
USA

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Date
Date of
of Issuance:
Issuance: August
August 10,
10, 2015

The next
The next edition
edition of
of this Standard is scheduled
scheduled for
for publication
publication in
in 2020.
2020. This
This Standard
Standard will
will become
effective
effective 11 year
year after
after the
the Date of Issuance.

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registered trademark of The American
American Society of Mechanical Engineers.

This code
This code or standard was was developed
developed under
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meetingthe thecriteria
criteriafor
forAmerican
American National
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The Standards Committee
Standards. The Committee thatthat approved
approved thethe code or standard was balancedbalanced to to assure
assure that
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individuals from
from
competent and concerned interests have had an an opportunity
opportunity to participate. The The proposed
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or standard was made
available for public
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that provides
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connection withwith any
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The American
American Society
Society of
of Mechanical Engineers
Two Park
Two Park Avenue, New York,
York, NY
NY10016-5990
10016-5990

Copyright
Copyright© © 2015
2015 by
AMERICAN SOCIETY
THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL
MECHANICAL ENGINEERS
All rights
All rights reserved
Printed in
in U.S.A.
U.S.A.

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CONTENTS

Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iviv
Committee Roster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi vi
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . viii
viii
Summary of Changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi xi

Chapter 6-0 Scope,


Chapter Scope, Definitions,Translations,
Definitions, Translations,Personnel PersonnelCompetence,Competence, and
References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Section 6-0.1
6-0.1 Scope
Scope of
of B30.6
B30.6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Section 6-0.2
6-0.2 Definitions
Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Section 6-0.3
6-0.3 Translations
Translations of Safety-Related
Safety-Related Information Information and Control Designations . . . . . . 6
Section 6-0.4
6-0.4 Personnel
Personnel Competence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Section 6-0.5
6-0.5 References
References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

Chapter 6-1
Chapter Construction and
6-1 Construction and Installation
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Section 6-1.1 Load Ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Section 6-1.1 8
Section 6-1.2 Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Section 6-1.2 8
6-1.3 Ropes
Section 6-1.3 Ropes and
and Reeving
Reeving Accessories
Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Section 6-1.4 Anchoring and Guying . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Section 6-1.4 10
Section 6-1.5
6-1.5 Winches
Winches and Swingers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 10
Section 6-1.6
6-1.6 General
General Requirements
Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 10

Chapter 6-2
Chapter Inspection,Testing,
6-2 Inspection, Testing,and
andMaintenance
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
11
Section 6-2.1 Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Section 6-2.1 11
11
Section 6-2.2
6-2.2 Testing
Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
12
Section 6-2.3
6-2.3 Maintenance
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
12
Section 6-2.4
6-2.4 Rope
Rope Inspection,
Inspection, Replacement, and Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
13

Chapter 6-3
Chapter Operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-3 Operation 15
Section 6-3.1
6-3.1 Qualifications,
Qualifications, Responsibilities,
Responsibilities, and and Operating Practices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
15
Section 6-3.2
6-3.2 Responsibilities
Responsibilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
16
Section 6-3.3 Handling the Load . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Section 6-3.3 18
18
Section 6-3.4
6-3.4 Signals
Signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
19
Section 6-3.5
6-3.5 Miscellaneous
Miscellaneous . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
22

Figures
6-0.2.1-1 A-Frame Derrick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
6-0.2.1-2 Basket Derrick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
6-0.2.1-3 Breast Derrick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
6-0.2.1-4 Chicago Boom Derrick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
6-0.2.1-5 Gin Pole Derrick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
6-0.2.1-6 Guy Derrick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
6-0.2.1-7 Shearleg Derrick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
6-0.2.1-8 Stiffieg
Stiffleg Derrick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
6-3.4.2-1 Standard Hand
Hand Signals
Signals for for Controlling
Controlling Derricks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 20
6-3.5.3-1 Danger Zone for Derricks and Lifted Lifted Loads Loads Operating
Operating Near Near Electrical
Electrical
Transmission Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 23

Table
6-3.5.3-1 Required Clearance for Normal Voltage Voltage in Operation Near Near High-Voltage
High-Voltage
Power Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
24

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FOREWORD

This American National Standard, Safety Safety Standard


Standard for for Cableways,
Cableways, Cranes,
Cranes, Derricks,
Derricks, Hoists,
Jacks, and
Hooks, Jacks, and Slings,
Slings,has
has been
been developed
developed under under the procedures accredited by the American
National Standards Institute (ANSI). (ANSI). This This Standard had its its beginning
beginning in in December
December 1916 1916 when
an eight-page Code of Safety Standards for Cranes, prepared by an an ASME
ASME Committee
Committee on the
Protection of Industrial Workers,
Workers, was was presented
presented at the annual annual meeting
meeting of of the
the ASME.
ASME.
Meetings and discussions regarding regarding safetysafety on on cranes,
cranes, derricks, and and hoists
hoists were
were heldheld from
from 1920
1920
to 1925 involving the ASME
1925 involving ASME SafetySafety Code Code Correlating
Correlating Committee,
Committee, the the Association
Association of of Iron
Iron and
Steel Electrical
Electrical Engineers,
Engineers, thethe American
American Museum Museum of Safety, Safety,thethe American
American Engineering
Engineering Standards
Standards
Committee (AESC) [later changed
(AESC) [later changed to American Standards Association (ASA), (ASA), then then toto the
the United
States of America Standards Institute Institute (USASI),
(USASI), and finally to ANSI], ANSI], Department of Labor Labor — —
State of New Jersey,
Jersey, Department
Department of Labor Labor and and Industry
Industry — State of Pennsylvania,
Pennsylvania, and the Locomo-
tive Crane
Crane Manufacturers
ManufacturersAssociation.
Association.On OnJune
June11, 11, 1925,
1925, AESC approved
approved the the ASME
ASME Safety Code
Correlating Committee’s
Committee's recommendation
recommendation and authorized the the project
project with
with thethe U.S.
U.S. Department
of the Navy, Bureau of Yards Yards and and Docks, and ASME ASME as sponsors.
In March
March 1926, invitations were
1926, invitations were issued
issued to to 50
50 organizations
organizations to to appoint representatives
representatives to to a
Sectional Committee. The call call for
for organization
organization of this SectionalSectional Committee
Committee was sent out October
2,1926, committee organized
2, 1926, and the committee organized November
November4, 4, 1926, with
with 5757 members
members representing
representing 29 national
national
organizations. Commencing June 1, 1927, 1927,and and using
using the eight-page code published published by by ASME
ASME in
1916
1916 asas a basis, the Sectional Committee developed the Safety Code for Cranes, Derricks,
Sectional Committee Derricks, and
Hoists. The early
Hoists. The early drafts
drafts of
of this safety code code included requirements
requirements for for jacks,
jacks, but,
but, due
due to
to inputs
and
and comments
comments on on those
those drafts,
drafts, thethe Sectional
Sectional Committee decided decided in in 1938
1938 to to make
make thethe requirements
requirements
for jacks a separate code. In JanuaryJanuary 1943,1943, ASA ASA B30.2-1943
B30.2-1943was waspublished
publishedaddressing
addressingaamultitude
multitude
of equipment types types and
andininAugust
August1943, 1943,ASA ASAB30.1-1943
B30.1-1943 was was published
published just addressing jacks. jacks.
Both documents
Both documents were were reaffirmed
reaffirmed in in 1952
1952and and widely
widely accepted
accepted as as safety
safety standards.
standards.
Due to changes in design,
design, advancement
advancement in in techniques,
techniques, and and general interest
interest ofof labor
laborandand industry
industry
in safety, the
the Sectional
Sectional Committee,
Committee, under the the joint sponsorship
sponsorship of of ASME
ASME and and thethe Bureau
Bureau of of Yards
and Docks
Docks (now the the Naval
Naval Facilities
Facilities Engineering Command), Command), was reorganized on January January 31, 31,
1962, with 39
1962, with 39 members
members representing
representing 27 27 national
national organizations.
organizations. The The newnew committee
committee changed the
format
format of ASA
ASA B30.2-1943
B30.2-1943sosothat thatthe
themultitude
multitudeofofequipment
equipmenttypes typesititaddressed
addressed couldcould bebepublished
published
in separate
separate volumes that could completely cover the construction, installation, inspection, testing,
maintenance,
maintenance, and and operation of each type of equipment that was included included in in the
the scope
scope of of ASA
ASA
B30.2. This
B30.2. This format
format change resulted
resulted in inthetheinitial
initialpublication
publicationofof B30.3,
B30.3,B30.5,
B30.5,B30.6,
B30.6, B30.11,
B30.11, and
B30.16being
B30.16 beingdesignated
designated as as revisions
revisions of of B30.2,
B30.2,with with the
the remainder
remainder of the B30 B30 volumes being
published as
published as totally
totallynew
newvolumes.
volumes.ASA ASAchanged
changedits itsname
nametotoUSASI
USASIin in1966
1966 andand totoANSI
ANSI in in 1969,
1969,
which resulted
resulted in in B30
B30 volumes
volumes from from 19431943 to to 1968
1968 being designated
designated as aseither
eitherASA ASAB30, B30, USAS
USAS
B30, or
B30, or ANSI
ANSIB30, B30,depending
dependingon on their
their date
date of publication.
In 1982,
1982, thethe Committee
Committee was was reorganized
reorganized as as anan Accredited
Accredited Organization
Organization Committee,
Committee, operating
operating
under
under procedures
procedures developed
developedby byASME
ASME and and accredited
accredited by by ANSI. Standard presents a coordi-
ANSI. This Standard
nated set of rules that may may serve
serve as as aa guide
guide to to government
government and and other
other regulatory
regulatory bodies
bodies and
municipal authorities
authorities responsible for the guarding and and inspection of the equipment falling within
its scope.
scope. TheThe suggestions leading to
suggestions leading to accident prevention are
accident prevention are given
given bothboth as as mandatory
mandatory and
advisory
advisory provisions;
provisions; compliance with with both
both types
types may be required by employers of their their employees.
employees.
In case ofof practical
practical difficulties,
difficulties,new newdevelopments,
developments,or orunnecessary
unnecessaryhardship,
hardship, the the administrative
administrative
or regulatory authority may grant variances variances from from the literal requirements
requirements or or permit the use of of
other devices or methods
methods butbut only whenwhen it is clearly evident evident that an equivalent degree of protection protection
is thereby secured. To Tosecure
secureuniform
uniformapplication
applicationand and interpretation
interpretation of of this
this Standard,
Standard, administra-
administra-
tive or regulatory
regulatory authorities are are urged
urged to to consult
consult the theB30B30 Committee,
Committee, in accordance
accordance with the
format described in Section IX IX of ofthe
theIntroduction,
Introduction,before beforerendering
rendering decisions
decisionson ondisputed
disputed points.

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Safety codes and standards
standards are
are intended
intendedto toenhance
enhancepublic
publicsafety.
safety. Revisions result from commit-
tee consideration
consideration of factors such
such as
as technological
technologicaladvances,
advances,newnewdata,
data,and
and changing
changing environmental
environmental
and industry needs.
needs. Revisions
Revisions do not imply that previous editions were inadequate.
B30.6 was
B30.6 was first
first published
published inin 1969;
1969; new
new editions
editionswere
werepublished
publishedinin1977,
1977,1984,
1984,1990,
1990,1995,
1995, 2003,
2003,
and 2010. This 2015
2010. This 2015 Edition
Edition incorporates
incorporates manymany global
global B30
B30 changes,
changes, including
including the
the addition of
of
sections
sections on personnel
personnel competence, translation, and responsibilities,
competence, translation, along with several other
responsibilities, along
revisions.
This Volume
Volume of of the
the Standard,
Standard, which was approved
approved by
by the
the B30
B30 Committee andand by
by ASME,
ASME, was
approved byby ANSI
ANSI and designated
designated as as an
anAmerican
American National
National Standard
StandardononJune
June18,
18, 2015.
2015.

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B30COMMITTEE
ASME B30 COMMITTEE
Standard for
Safety Standard for Cableways, Cranes,
Cranes, Derricks,
Derricks, Hoists,
Hooks,
Hooks, Jacks,
Jacks, and
and Slings
Slings
(The
(The following
followingisisthe
theroster
roster of
of the
the Committee
Committeeat
at the
the time of approval
approval of
of this Standard.)

STANDARDS COMMITTEE
COMMITTEE OFFICERS
OFFICERS
Closson, Chair
B. D. Closson,
T. L Blanton,
T. L. Blanton, Vice Chair
K. M. Hyam,
Hyam, Secretary

STANDARDS COMMITTEE PERSONNEL


STANDARDS PERSONNEL
N. E. Andrew, LTS LTSCranes
Cranes Mechanical
Mechanical E. K. Marburg, Columbus McKinnon McKinnon Corp.
M.
M. Eggenberger,
Eggenberger, Alternate, Berry Berry Contracting,
Contracting, Inc. J. R. Burkey, Alternate, Columbus McKinnon
J. McKinnon Corp.
G. Austin, Terex Corp. L
L. D.
D. Means,
Means, Means Engineering
Engineering and Consulting
Consulting
T. L Blanton,
T. L. Blanton, NACB
NACBGroup,
Group, Inc. D. A. Henninger, Alternate, Bridon American
R. Ohman, Alternate, Verde Verde Concepts, Inc. M. W.
W. Mills, Liberty
Liberty Mutual
Mutual Insurance
P. A. Boeckman, The Crosby Group D. M. Gordon,
Gordon, Alternate, LibertyLiberty Mutual
Mutual Insurance
C. E. Lucas, Alternate, The Crosby Group D. L.
L Morgan,
Morgan, Critical Lift Lift Consultants
Consultants LLCLLC
P. W. Boyd, The Boeing Co. Co. T.
T. C. Mackey, Alternate, WRPS WRPS Hanford
Hanford
M. E.E. Brunet,
Brunet, The Manitowoc Co. W. E. Osborn, Ingersoll Rand
A.
A. LL. Calta,
Calta, Alternate, The Manitowoc Co. S. D. Wood, Alternate, Link-Belt
Link-BeltConstruction
Construction Equipment
Equipment Co.
B. D. Closson, Craft
B. Craft Forensic
Forensic Services R. M. Parnell,
Parnell, Industrial Training
Training International
B. A. Pickett, Alternate, Systems Engineering
Engineering and Forensic
Forensic Services W. C. Dickinson, Jr., Jr., Alternate, Industrial Training
Training International
J.
J. A. Danielson, The Boeing Co. J. T.
T. Perkins, Solarex
D. Decker, Becket LLC
Becket LLC J.
J. R. Schober, Alternate, American Bridge Co.
L
L. D.
D. DeMark,
DeMark, Equipment TrainingTraining Solutions
SolutionsLLC
LLC J.
J. E. Richardson, NavyNavy Crane
Crane Center
D. F.
F. Jordan, Alternate, BP BP America K.
K. Kennedy, Alternate, Navy Navy Crane
Crane Center
D. W. Eckstine, Eckstine
Eckstine andand Associates D. W. Ritchie, Dave Ritchie Consultant
ConsultantLLC LLC
G. J.
J. Brent, Alternate, NCCCO L. K.
L K. Shapiro,
Shapiro, Alternate, HowardHoward I.I. Shapiro
Shapiro and
and Associates
J. Edwards, NBIS
R. J. NBISClaims
Claimsand and Risk
Risk Management,
Management, Inc.
J. W. Rowland
J. W. Rowland III,
III, Consultant
A. J.
J. Egging, National Oilwell
Oilwell Varco
Varco D. A. Moore, Alternate, UnifiedUnified Engineering
J.
J. C. Ryan, Boh Bros. Construction Co. Co.
R. Stanoch, Alternate, National Oilwell Oilwell Varco
Varco
A. R. Ruud,
Ruud, Alternate, Atkinson Construction
E. D. Fidler, The Manitowoc Co.
D. W. Smith, STISTI Group
G. D. Miller, Alternate, Manitowoc
Manitowoc Cranes
Rammelsberg, Alternate, Chicago
S. K. Rammelsberg, Chicago Bridge
Bridge and Iron
Iron Co.
Co.
J. A.
J. A. Gilbert, Associated Wire Wire Rope Fabricators
W. J.
J. Smith, Jr.,
Jr., Nations Builder
Builder Insurance Service
J. L.
J. Gordon, Associated Chain and
L Gordon, and Lifting
Lifting Products
J. Schoppert, Alternate, NBIS
J. NBISClaims
Claimsand
and Risk
Risk Management,
Management, Inc.
N. C. Hargreaves, Hargreaves ConsultingLLC
Hargreaves Consulting LLC
R. S. Stemp, Lampson International
InternationalLLCLLC
G. B. Hetherston, E. E. I.I. DuPont
E. P.
P. Vliet, Alternate, Turner
Turner Industries Group
Group
R. J.
J. Bolen, Alternate, E. E. I.
I. DuPont
R. G. Strain, Advanced Crane Crane Technologies
TechnologiesLLC LLC
K. M. Hyam,
Hyam, The American
American SocietySociety of
of Mechanical Engineers J. Sturm, Sturm Corp.
J.
M. M.M. Jaxtheimer,
Jaxtheimer, Navy
Navy Crane
Crane Center P.
P. D. Sweeney, General Dynamics Electric Boat
S. R. Gridley, Alternate, Navy Navy Crane
Crane Center M. Casey,
B. M. Casey, Alternate, General Dynamics Electric Boat
P. R. Juhren, Morrow Equipment
EquipmentCo. Co.LLC
LLC J. D.
J. D. Wiethorn,
Wiethom, Haag Engineering Co. Co.
M. J.J. Quinn, Alternate, Morrow Equipment
EquipmentCo. Co.LLC
LLC M.
M. Gardiner,
Gardiner, Alternate, Haag Engineering Co. Co.
R. M. Kohner,
Kohner, Landmark
Landmark Engineering
Engineering Services, Ltd.Ltd. R. C. Wild, CJ
CJ Drilling,
Drilling, Inc.
D. Duerr, Alternate, 2DM2DM Associates,
Associates, Inc. J. Dudley, Alternate, Archer
J. Archer Western Contractors
A. J.
J. Lusi, Jr.,
Jr., Lumark Consulting
Consulting LLP LLP D. N. Wolff, National Crane/Manitowoc Crane Group
K. J.
J. Shinn, Alternate, K. K. J.J. Shinn,
Shinn, Inc. J.
J. A. Pilgrim, Alternate, Manitowoc Cranes

vi
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HONORARY
HONORARY MEMBERS
J. W.
J. W. Downs, Jr., Downs
Downs, Jr., Downs Crane
Crane and Hoist
Hoist Co.
Co.
J. L.
J. Franks, Consultant
L Franks,
W. Ireland, National Oilwell
C. W. Oilwell Varco
Varco
Klibert, Lift-All
J. M. KUbert, Lift-AllCo.,
Co., Inc.
R. W. Parry, Consultant
P.
P. S. Zorich,
Zorich, Consultant

B30.6 SUBCOMMITTEE PERSONNEL


B30.6 SUBCOMMITTEE PERSONNEL
D. W. Smith, Chair, STI
D. W. STI Group H.
H. G. Leidich, Leidich
Leidich Consulting
Consulting Services, Inc.
T. L.
T. L Blanton, NACB
NACBGroup,
Group, Inc. L. D. Means, Means Engineering
L D. Engineering and Consulting
J. Egging, National Oilwell
A. J. Oilwell Varco
Varco K. Rammelsberg, Chicago
S. K. Chicago Bridge
Bridge and Iron
Iron Co.
Co.
B. S. Hope,
Hope, Crane U
U R.
R. Stanoch, National Oilwell
Oilwell Varco
Varco
C. W.
C. W. Ireland, National Oilwell
Oilwell Varco
Varco R.
R. S. Stamp,
Stemp, Lampson International
InternationalLLC
LLC

B30 INTEREST REVIEW


B30 INTEREST REVIEW GROUP
O. Akinboboye, Ropetech Engineering Services
0. Akinboboye, A. C. Mattoli, Prowinch LLC
Prowinch LLC
J. D. Cannon, Consultant
J. M. W.
W. Osborne, E-Crane
E-Crane International USA
International USA
M. J.
J. Eggenberger, Berry
Berry Contracting,
Contracting, Inc. G. L.
G. L Owens, Consultant
Rocha, Belgo
A. Gomes Rocha, Belgo Bekaert Arames W. Rumburg, Crane
W. Crane Consultants, Inc.
H.
H. A.
A. Hashem, Saudi
Saudi Aramco
Aramco C.-C. Tsaur, Institute of Occupational Safety and
and Health,
Health,Taiwan
Taiwan
J. Hui, School of Civil
J. Civil Engineering,
Engineering, People’s
People's Republic of China

B30 REGULATORY AUTHORITY


B30 REGULATORY AUTHORITY COUNCIL
COUNCIL
C. Shelhamer, Chair, New
C. New York
YorkCity
CityDepartment
Department of
of Buildings C. Harris, City
City of
of Chicago
Chicago ——Department
Department of Buildings
O. Omran,
A. 0. Omran, Alternate, New
New York
YorkCity
CityDepartment
Department of
of Buildings J. L.
J. Lankford, State
L Lankford, State ofof Nevada/OSHA
Nevada/OSHA
K.
K. M. Hyam, Secretary, The American
American Society
Society of Mechanical A. Lundeen, State of of Washington
Washington — — Department of Labor
Labor and
Engineers Industries
G. Beer, Iowa OSHA
OSHA G. E.
G. E. Pushies,
Pushies, Michigan
Michigan Occupational
Occupational Safety
Safety and Health
Health
L. G. Campion,
L G. Campion, U.S.
U.S. Department of Labor/OSHA
Department of Labor/OSHA Administration
W. L. Cooper, Arizona
L Cooper, Arizona Department
Department of
of Occupational
Occupational Safety
Safety and Stribling, Jr.,
C. N. Stribling, Jr., Kentucky
Kentucky Labor
Labor Cabinet
Health T. Taylor, State of
T. of Minnesota
Minnesota — — Department of Labor
Labor and Industry
R.
R. Feidt, Stephenson
Stephenson Equipment,
Equipment, Inc.
Inc. C. Tolson, State
C. State ofof California
California —
— OSH
OSH Standards
Standards Board

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SAFETY STANDARD
SAFETY STANDARD FOR
FOR CABLEWAYS,
CABLEWAYS, CRANES,
CRANES, DERRICKS,
DERRICKS, HOISTS,
HOISTS,
JACKS, AND SLINGS
HOOKS, JACKS,

(15) B30 STANDARD


B30 STANDARD INTRODUCTION

SECTION I:I: SCOPE


SECTION SCOPE B30.23 Personnel Lifting Systems
B30.24 Container Cranes
The ASME
ASME B30 B30Standard
Standardcontains
contains provisions
provisions that B30.25 Scrap and Material Handlers
apply
apply to the construction, installation, operation, inspec-
B30.26 Rigging
Rigging Hardware
tion, testing, maintenance,
maintenance, and use of cranes and other
B30.27 Material Placement Systems
lifting and material-movement
material-movement related equipment. For For
B30.28 Balance Lifting Units
Balance Lifting
the convenience
convenience of of the
the reader,
reader, the
the Standard
Standard has been
B30.29 Self-Erecting Tower
Tower Cranes
divided into separate
separate volumes.
volumes. Each volume has been
B30.30 Ropes1
Ropes1
written under
underthethedirection
directionof
ofthe
theASME
ASME B30B30 Standard
Committee andand has
has successfully completed a consensus
approval process under the generalgeneral auspices
auspices of the SECTION II:
SECTION SCOPEEXCLUSIONS
II: SCOPE EXCLUSIONS
American National Standards Institute
Institute (ANSI).
(ANSI).
As
As of
of the date
date of
of issuance
issuance ofof this
this Volume,
Volume, the Any exclusion
exclusion of,
of, or
or limitations applicable to the
B30 Standard comprises the following volumes:
B30 Standard equipment, requirements, recommendations,
recommendations, or opera-
tions contained
contained in this Standard are established
established in the
B30.1 Jacks, Industrial Rollers,
Jacks, Industrial Rollers, Air
Air Casters,
Casters, and volume's scope.
affected volume’s
Hydraulic Gantries
B30.2
B30.2 Overhead
Overheadand andGantry
GantryCranes
Cranes(Top
(Top Running
Running
Single or Multiple Girder,
Bridge, Single Girder, Top
Top SECTION III:
SECTION PURPOSE
III: PURPOSE
Running Trolley
Trolley Hoist) The B30
B30 Standard
Standard isis intended
intended to
B30.3
B30.3 Tower
TowerCranes
Cranes (a)
(a) prevent or minimize injury to workers, and other-
B3Q.4
B30.4 Portal and Pedestal Cranes wise provide
provide for the protection
protection of life,
life, limb,
limb,and
andproperty
property
B30.5
B30.5 Mobile
MobileandandLocomotive
Locomotive Cranes
Cranes by prescribing safety requirements
B30.6 Derricks (b)
(b) provide direction to manufacturers, owners,
B30.7
B30.7 Winches
Winches employers, users, and others concerned with, or respon-
B30.8
B30.8 Floating
FloatingCranes
CranesandandFloating
Floating Derricks
Derricks sible for,
for, its application
B30.9 Slings (c)
(c) guide governments
governments and other regulatory
regulatory bodies
bodies
B30.10
B30.10 Hooks
Hooks in the development, promulgation, and and enforcement
enforcement of
B30.11
B30.11 Monorails
Monorails andand Underhung
Underhung Cranes
Cranes appropriate safety
safety directives
B30.12
B30.12 Handling
HandlingLoads
LoadsSuspended
SuspendedFromFrom Rotorcraft
Rotorcraft
B30.13
B30.13 Storage/Retrieval
Storage/Retrieval (S/R)
(S/R) Machines
Machines and
Associated Equipment SECTION IV: USE
SECTION USEBY
BYREGULATORY
REGULATORY AGENCIES
AGENCIES
B30.14
B30.14 Side
SideBoom
Boom Tractors
Tractors
These volumes may
These volumes may bebe adopted
adopted inin whole
whole or
or in
in part
B30.15
B30.15 Mobile
Mobile Hydraulic
Hydraulic Cranes
Cranes
for governmental or regulatory use. If adopted for gov-
(withdrawn 1982
(withdrawn 1982— - requirements
requirements found in
ernmental use,
ernmental use, the references
references to to other national
national codes
codes
latest revision
revision of
of B30.5)
B30.5)
and standards
standards inin the
the specific
specific volumes may be changed
B30.16
B30.16 Overhead
OverheadHoists
Hoists (Underhung)
(Underhung) to refer to the corresponding regulations of the govern-
B30.17
B30.17 Overhead
Overheadand andGantry
GantryCranes
Cranes (Top
(Top Running mental authorities.
Bridge, Single
Bridge, Single Girder,
Girder, Underhung
Underhung Hoist)
B30.18
B30.18 Stacker
StackerCranes
Cranes (Top
(Top or Under Running
Bridge, Multiple Girder With Top
Bridge, Top or
or Under SECTION V:
SECTION EFFECTIVE DATE
V: EFFECTIVE DATE
Running Trolley
Trolley Hoist)
B30.19
B30.19 Cableways
Cableways
(a) Effective
Effective Date. The effective date
date of this
this Volume of
B30.20
B30.20 Below-the-Hook
Below-the-Hook Lifting
Lifting Devices
Devices
the B30 Standard shall be 11 yr
B30 Standard yr after its date of issuance.
B30.21
B30.21 Lever
Lever Hoists
Hoists
1
B30.22
B30.22 Articulating
Articulating Boom
Boom Cranes 1 This volume is currently in the development process.

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Construction,
Construction, installation,
installation, inspection,
inspection, testing, mainte- Upon
Upon receipt
receipt by the the Secretary, the request
Secretary, the request will be
nance,
nance, and operation of equipment manufactured and forwarded
forwarded toto the
the relevant
relevant B30
B30 Subcommittee for consid-
facilities constructed after the effective
effective date of this eration and action. Correspondence will be provided to
Volume shall conform
Volume shall conform to to the mandatory requirements
requirements the requester
requester defining
defining the actions undertaken by the
actions undertaken
of this Volume.
Volume. B30 Standard Committee.
B30 Standard
(b) Existing
Existing Installations.
Installations. Equipment manufactured
and facilities constructed prior to the
facilities constructed the effective
effective date of
of SECTION IX: REQUESTS
SECTION REQUESTSFOR
FORINTERPRETATION
INTERPRETATION
this Volume
Volume of of the B30
B30 Standard
Standard shall
shall be subject
subject to the
inspection, testing, maintenance, and and operation require- The B30
B30Standard
Standard Committee
Committee will
will render
render an
an interpre-
interpre-
ments of this Standard after the the effective
effective date. tation of
of the
the provisions
provisions of
of the
the B30
B30 Standard. SuchSuch
It is not the intent
intent of
of this
this Volume
Volume of the B30 Standard
B30 Standard requests should be directed to
to require retrofitting of existing equipment. However,
However, Secretary, B30Standard
Secretary, B30 Standard Committee
when
when anan item is being modified,
modified, its
its performance
performance require-
require- ASME Codes and
ASME Codes and Standards
ments
ments shall be reviewed
reviewed relative to the the requirements
requirements Two Park Avenue
within the current volume. The need to meet the current New
New York,
York, NY
NY 10016-5990
10016-5990
requirements shall
requirements shall be
be evaluated
evaluated by a qualified person
selected
selected by the owner
owner (user).
(user). Recommended
Recommended changeschanges Requests
Requests should be in the following
following format:
shall be made by the owner (user) (user) within 1 yr. Volume:
Volume: Cite
Citethe
thedesignation
designation and
and title
title of
of the
volume.
SECTION VI: REQUIREMENTS AND
AND
Edition: Cite the applicable edition of the volume.
SECTION VI: REQUIREMENTS
Subject: Cite the applicable paragraph number(s)
RECOMMENDATIONS
and the
the relevant
relevant heading(s).
Requirements
Requirements of of this
this Standard
Standard are characterized
characterized by Question:
Question: Phrase
Phrasethethequestion
question as
as aa request
request for an
use of the
the word
word shall. Recommendations
Recommendations of this Standard
Standard interpretation of
of a specific
specific provision suit-
are characterized by the word should. able for
for general
general understanding
understanding and use,
not as a request for approval of a proprie-
tary design or situation. Plans or draw-
SECTION VII:
SECTION USEOF
VII: USE OFMEASUREMENT
MEASUREMENT UNITS ings that explain the question may be
submitted to clarify
clarify the question. How-
This
This Standard
Standard contains
contains SISI (metric)
(metric) units
units as
as well
well as ever, they
ever, they should not contain any proprie-
U.S. Customary units.
U.S. Customary units. The
The values
values stated in in U.S.
U.S. tary names or information.
information.
Customary units are
Customary units are to
to be regarded
regarded as the standard.
standard.
The SI
SI units are a direct (soft)
(soft) conversion from the
the U.S.
U.S. Upon
Upon receipt
receipt by the the Secretary, the request
Secretary, the request will be
Customary units. forwarded
forwarded toto the
the relevant
relevant B30
B30 Subcommittee for a draft
response, which will then be subject to approval by the
B30 Standard Committee
B30 Standard Committee prior
prior to its formal issuance.
SECTION VIII:
SECTION REQUESTS FOR
VIII: REQUESTS FOR REVISION
REVISION Interpretations
Interpretations toto the
the B30 Standard will be published
B30 Standard
in the subsequent edition of the respective volume, and
The B30 Standard Committee
B30 Standard Committee will
will consider requests will be available
availableonline
onlineatathttp://cstools.asme.org/.
http://cstools.asme.org/.
for
for revision
revision ofof any
any ofof the
the volumes
volumes within
within the
the
B30 Standard.
B30 Standard. Such
Such requests
requests should
should be
be directed to
SECTION X:
SECTION ADDITIONALGUIDANCE
X: ADDITIONAL GUIDANCE
Secretary, B30Standard
Secretary, B30 Standard Committee
ASME Codes and
ASME Codes and Standards The equipment
equipment covered
covered by
by the
the B30 Standard is subject
B30 Standard
Two Park Avenue to hazards that
that cannot
cannot be abated
abated byby mechanical
mechanical means,
New
New York,
York, NY
NY 10016-5990
10016-5990 but only
only by
by the
the exercise
exercise of
of intelligence, care, and com-
intelligence, care,
mon sense. It isis therefore
therefore essential
essential to have
have personnel
personnel
involved
involved inin the use and operation
operation of of equipment
equipment who
Requests should be in the following
following format: are competent, careful, physically and
careful, physically and mentally quali-
fied, and trained in the proper operation of the equip-
Volume: Cite the designation and title of the ment and
and the handling
handling of loads. Serious hazards
hazards include,
volume. but are not limited to, improper or inadequate mainte-
Edition: Cite the applicable edition of the volume. nance, overloading, dropping
nance, overloading, dropping oror slipping
slipping of
of the load,
Subject: Cite the applicable paragraph number(s) obstructing
obstructing the
the free passage of the
the load,
load, and
and using
using equip-
equip-
and the
the relevant
relevant heading(s). ment for a purpose for which
ment for which it was not intended
intended or
Request: Indicate the suggested revision. designed.
Rationale:
Rationale: State
State the
the rationale
rationale for
for the
the suggested
suggested The B30
B30Standard
Standard Committee
Committee fully
fully realizes
realizes the
the impor-
impor-
revision. tance of proper design factors, minimum or maximum

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dimensions,
dimensions, and other limiting criteria of wire rope or (d)
(d) the type of attachments
chain and their
their fastenings,
fastenings, sheaves,
sheaves, sprockets,
sprockets, drums, (e)
(e) the number, size, and arrangement of sheaves or
and similar
similar equipment covered
covered by the standard, all ofof other parts
which are closely connected
connected with safety.
safety Sizes, strengths,
strengths, (f)
(f) environmental conditions causing corrosion or
and similar
similar criteria
criteria are dependent
dependent onon many
many different
different
wear
factors, often varying
factors, often varying with
with the installation
installation and uses.
uses.
These factors
factors depend
depend on (g)
(g) many variables
variables that must be considered
considered in each
each
(a)
(a) the condition of the equipment or material individual case
(b)
(b) the loads The requirements
requirements and recommendations provided in
(c)
(c) the acceleration
acceleration or speed of the ropes, chains, the volumes must be interpreted
interpreted accordingly, and judg-
accordingly, and
sheaves, sprockets,
sprockets, oror drums ment used in determining their application.

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ASME B30.6-2015
ASME B30.6-2015
SUMMARY OF
SUMMARY OF CHANGES
CHANGES

Following approval by
by the
the ASME
ASME B30 Committee and ASME,
B30 Committee ASME, andand after
after public review,
ASME B30.6-2015was
ASME B30.6-2015 wasapproved
approvedby
bythe
theAmerican
American National
National Standards Institute
Institute on
onJune
June18,
18, 2015.
2015.

ASME B30.6-2015includes
ASME B30.6-2015 includeseditorial
editorialchanges,
changes,revisions,
revisions,andand corrections
corrections introduced
introduced in
ASME B30.6-2010,asaswell
ASME B30.6-2010, wellasasthe
thefollowing
followingchanges
changes identified
identified by (15).
Page Location Change
viii—x
viii–x B30 Standard Introduction
B30 Standard Updated
1 Chapter 6-0
6-0 Title revised
Section 6-0.1
6-0.1 Revised
6-0.2.1 Definition of derrick revised
4, 6, 7 6-0.2.2 (1) Definitions of appointed, authorized,
designated person, and director deleted
(2) Definitions of minimum
minimum breaking
breaking force
force
and operational aid added
Section 6-0.3 Added
Section 6-0.4
6-0.4 Added
Section 6-0.5
6-0.5 Updated
8 6-1.1.1 Revised
6-1.1.2 Subparagraph
Subparagraph (a)(3)
(a)(3) revised
9 6-1.3.2 Subparagraph (b)
(b) revised
6-1.3.3 Subparagraphs (b) and (c)
(c) revised
6-1.3.4 Subparagraphs (b) and (c)
(c) and Note in
subpara. (e)
(e) revised
6-1.3.5 (1) Subparagraphs
(1) Subparagraphs (a)(a) and (f) revised
(2) Figure 6-1.3.5-1
(2) deleted
6-1.3.5-1 deleted
10 Section 6-1.5 Revised
Revised in its entirety
6-1.6.5 Added
11, 12 Section 6-2.1 Revised
Revised in its entirety
6-2.2.1 Subparagraph
Subparagraph (a)(4)
(a)(4) revised
6-2.2.2 Subparagraph
Subparagraph (a)(2)(-a)
(a)(2)(-a) revised
6-2.3.1 Subparagraph (a) revised
6-2.3.2 Subparagraphs
Subparagraphs (a)(2)
(a)(2) through
through (a)(4),
(a)(4),
(a)(6), and (a)(7) revised
(a)(6), and
13, 14 6-2.3.4 Subparagraph (a) revised
6-2.4.1 (1) First
(1) First paragraph
paragraph added
(2) Subparagraphs
(2) Subparagraphs (b)(2),
(b)(2), (b)(2)(-b),
(b)(2)(-b), (f),
and (d) revised

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Page Location Change
15 Section 6-3.1 (1)
(1) Former Section 6-3.1
6-3.1 deleted,
deleted, and
remaining sections redesignated
(2)
(2) Revised in its entirety
16-19,
16–19, 22 Section 6-3.2
6-3.2 (1)
(1) Added
(2)
(2) Former para. 6-3.2.3
6-3.2.3 deleted
Section 6-3.3 Revised in its entirety
6-3.4.4 Revised

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ASME B30.6-2015
ASME B30.6-2015

DERRICKS

Chapter 6-0
Chapter (15)

Translations, Personnel
Scope, Definitions, Translations, Personnel Competence, and
References

(15) SECTION 6-0.1:


SECTION SCOPE OF
6-0.1: SCOPE OF B30.6 Fig. 6-0.2.1-1
Fig. A-Frame Derrick
6-0.2.1-1 A-Frame Derrick
Volume B30.6includes
Volume B30.6 includesprovisions
provisionsthat
thatapply
apply to
to the
construction, installation, operation, inspection, testing,
and
and maintenance
maintenanceof of guy,
guy, stiffleg, basket, breast, gin pole,
Chicago boom, shearleg,
Chicago boom, shearleg, and A-frame
A-frame derricks.
derricks. These
These
derricks, powered by winches through systems of wire
rope reeving, are used for lifting,
reeving, are lifting, lowering,
lowering, and hori-
zontal movement of of freely
freely suspended
suspended unguided loads.
Derricks are usually
Derricks are usually stationary
stationary mounted
mounted and may be
temporarily
temporarily or permanently
permanently installed.
installed. The
The provisions
provisions
included
included in this
this Volume also apply
Volume also apply to any
any variations
variations
of these types of derricks with the same same fundamental
fundamental
characteristics, except
characteristics, except those
those specified
specified for
for floating
floating der-
ricks in ASME B30.8,Floating
ASME B30.8, FloatingCranes
Cranes and
and Floating
Derricks.

SECTION 6-0.2:
SECTION DEFINITIONS
6-0.2: DEFINITIONS through
through aa sheave or block secured to the top of the pole
(see Fig.
Fig. 6-0.2.1-2).
6-0.2.1-2).
(15) 6-0.2.1 Types
6-0.2.1 Types of
of Equipment
Equipment
derrick, breast: a derrick without aa boom.boom. The mast con-
derrick: an apparatus
apparatus consisting
consisting of a mast or equivalent sists of
of two side members spread farther
members spread farther apart
apart at the
member
member heldheld atat the
the end byby guys
guys oror braces,
braces, with or base than at the top, and tied together
base than together at the top and
without a boom,
boom, for use with
with aa winching
winching mechanism
mechanism bottom by rigid members. The mast is prevented from
and operating ropes. tipping forward by guys connected
connected to its top. The load
is lifted and lowered by ropes through
through aa sheave
sheave oror block
derrick, A-frame: a derrick in which the boom is hinged
from
from a cross member
member or pedestal between the bottom secured to to the
the top
topofofthe
thecrosspiece
crosspiece(see(seeFig.
Fig.6-0.2.1-3).
6-0.2.1-3).
ends of two upright members spread apart at the lower derrick, Chicago boom: a boom that is attached to a struc-
ends and joined
joined at the top,
top, the
the boom
boom point
point is
is secured
secured ture, an outside upright member member of the host host structure
structure
to the junction of the side members, and the side mem- serving
serving as as the mast, and the boom boom being mounted in
bers are braced or guyed from from this
this junction
junction point (see
(see a pivoting
pivoting seat secured
secured to the upright.
upright. The
The derrick is
Fig. 6-0.2.1-1). complete with load, boom, and boom point swing line
falls (see Fig.
Fig. 6-0.2.1-4).
6-0.2.1-4).
derrick, basket: a derrick without
without a boom, similar to a gin
base supported
pole, with its base supported by ropes attached
attached to corner derrick, gin pole:
pole: a boom without
without a mast that has guys
posts or other parts of the structure.
posts structure. The base is
The base is at a arranged from its top to permit leaning the mast in one
lower
lower elevation than its supports. The location
elevation than location of the or more directions.
directions. TheThe load
load is
is lifted
lifted and lowered by
base of a basket derrick can be changed by varying the ropes reeved through
through sheaves
sheaves or blocks at the top of the
length
length of the rope supports.
supports. The
The top
top of the pole is secured
secured mast andand the
thelower
lowerblock
block(see
(seeFig.
Fig.6-0.2.1-5).
6-0.2.1-5).
with multiple reeved guys
multiple reeved guys toto position
position thethe top of the derrick, guy: a fixed derrick consisting of a mast capable
pole to the desired location by varying the length of the of being rotated 360 deg, but not continuous rotation,
360 deg,
upper
upper guy
guy lines.
lines. The load is lifted and lowered by ropes supported in aa vertical
vertical position by guys and a boom, boom,

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ASME B30.6-2015

Fig. 6-0.2.1-2
Fig. BasketDerrick
6-0.2.1-2 Basket Derrick

Fig. 6-0.2.1-3
Fig. BreastDerrick
6-0.2.1-3 Breast Derrick

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ASME B30.6-2015

Fig. 6-0.2.1-4 Chicago


Fig. ChicagoBoom
Boom Derrick
Derrick

Fig. 6-0.2.1-5
Fig. GinPole
6-0.2.1-5 Gin PoleDerrick
Derrick

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ASME B30.6-2015

Fig. 6-0.2.1-6
Fig. GuyDerrick
6-0.2.1-6 Guy Derrick

the bottom end of which is hinged or pivoted to move through the sheaves
sheaves or a block
block at the boom point and
in a vertical plane with a reeved rope between the head the load block. The
The length
length of
of the boom shall be taken
of the mast and the the boom
boom harness for lifting and low- as the straight line distance between the the axis
axis of the foot
ering the boom, and a reeved rope from the boom point pin and
and the
the axis of the boom point sheave pin, or where
for lifting and
and lowering
loweringthe theload
load(see
(seeFig.
Fig.6-0.2.1-6).
6-0.2.1-6). used, the axis of the upper load blockblock attachment pin.
derrick, shearleg:
shearleg: a boom
boom withwith or without
without a mast,
mast, not
not boom angle: the angle above or below horizontal of the
capable
capable of of swinging,
swinging, hinged
hinged atat the bottom and raised longitudinal axis of the boom base section.
and lowered by a boom hoist mechanism or a hydraulic boom angle indicator: an accessory device
device that measures
cylinder
cylinder (see
(see Fig.
Fig. 6-0.2.1-7).
6-0.2.1-7). the angle of the boom
boom base
base section
section center line to the
center line
derrick, stiffieg:
stiffleg: a derrick similar to a guy derrick, except horizontal.
that the mast is supported or held in place place by two or boom harness: the block and sheave arrangement on the
more stiff members, called stifflegs,
stifflegs, which are capable boom point to which the topping
topping lift
lift cable
cable is reeved for
of resisting either
either tensile
tensile oror compressive
compressive forces.
forces. Sills
Sills are changing the boom angle.
generally provided to
generally provided to connect
connect thethe lower
lower ends
ends of the
stifflegs to the
the foot
foot of
of the
themast
mast(see
(seeFig.
Fig.6-0.2.1-8).
6-0.2.1-8). boom point: the outward end of the
boom the top
top section
section of the
boom.
(15) General
6-0.2.2 General crossover points: in multiple-layer spooling of of rope on a
abnormal operating conditions: environmental conditions drum, those points of rope contact where the rope
that are unfavorable, harmful, or
unfavorable, harmful, or detrimental
detrimental to or for crosses the preceding rope layer.
crosses layer.
the operation ofof aa derrick,
derrick, such
such as
as excessively
excessively high or derrick bullwheel: a horizontal ring or wheel fastened to
low ambient temperatures,
temperatures, exposure
exposure to adverse weather, the mast base of a derrick for the purpose of swinging
corrosive fumes, dust-laden or moisture-laden atmo-
corrosive fumes, the derrick by means of ropes leading from this wheel
spheres, and hazardous locations.
locations. to a powered drum.
administrative or regulatory authority: governmental derrick service:
agency, or the
agency, or the employer in the absence of governmental
governmental (a) normal: that service
(a) service which involves operating at
involves operating
jurisdiction. less than 85% rated capacity
85% rated capacity and not more than 10 10 lift
boom: a timber or metal section or strut, pivoted or cycles per
cycles per hour except for isolated instances.
hinged
hinged at the heel
heel (lower
(lower end) at aa location
location fixed
fixed in (b) heavy: that service
(b) service which involves
involves operating at
height on a frame,
frame, mast,
mast, or
or vertical
vertical member,
member, with its 85%
85% toto 100%
100% of of rated
rated capacity, or in excess
capacity, or excess of 10 lift
point (upper end) supported by by chains,
chains, ropes, or rods cycles per
cycles per hour as a regular
regular specified
specified procedure.
to the upper
upper end
end of
of the
the frame,
frame, mast, or vertical member. (c) severe: that service which involves normal or
(c)
A rope
rope for
for lifting and lowering the load is reeved service with abnormal operating conditions.
heavy service

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ASME B30.6-2015

Fig. 6-0.2.1-7
Fig. ShearlegDerrick
6-0.2.1-7 Shearleg Derrick

Hoist

Fig. 6-0.2.1-8
Fig. StifflegDerrick
6-0.2.1-8 Stiffleg Derrick

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ASME B30.6-2015

eye: a loop formed at the end of a rope by securing the reeving: a rope system in which the rope travels around
dead end to the the live
live end atat the
the base
base of the loop. drums and sheaves.
sheaves.
fiddle block:
block: a block consisting of of sheaves
sheaves held in place repetitive pickup point: when operating
repetitive operating on a repetitive
repetitive
by the same
same cheek plates; at least two sheaves are not cycle operation,
cycle operation, that
that part of the rope which is leaving
leaving
on the same shaft. the drum when the the load
load is
is first applied to the rope.
flange point: a point of contact between rope
contact between rope and
and drum rock anchor: an anchoring
anchoring device inserted
inserted in a hole drilled
drilled
flange where the rope changes changes layers. into rock or concrete. The The device
device is
is secured
secured in the hole
to withstand a predetermined load.
foot
foot bearing
bearing or block
block (still block):
block): the lower
lower support on
which the mast rotates. rope: refers to wire rope unless otherwise specified.
specified.

gudgeon pin: a pin connecting the mast cap to the mast, rotation-resistant rope:
rope: a wire rope consisting of an inner
allowing rotation of the mast. layer of strand
strand laid
laid in one direction
direction covered
covered byby aa layer of
strand
strand laid
laid in
in the
the opposite
opposite direction.
direction. This
This has
has the
the effect
effect
guy: a rope used to steady
steady oror secure
secure the mast, boom, or of counteracting torque by reducing the tendency of the
other member in the desired position. finished rope to rotate.
hairpin anchor: a hairpin-shaped, guy-supporting anchor side loading: a load applied
applied at an angle to the
the vertical
vertical plane
plane
that is
is placed
placed in in footings
footings oror walls
walls before
before concrete
concrete is of the boom.
poured and is is held
held inin place
place byby the
the cured
cured concrete.
concrete.
sill: a member
member connecting
connecting the
the foot
foot block and
and stiffleg, or a
latch, hook:
hook: a device used to bridge the throat opening member connecting the lower ends of a double-member
of a hook. mast.
load, rated: the maximum allowable working load in standby
standby derrick: a derrick not in regular service that is used used
pounds (kilograms)
(kilograms) established by the manufacturer in occasionally or or intermittently
intermittently as required.
required.
accordance withwith Section
Section 6-1.1.
6-1.1. stiffleg: a rigid member supporting the mast at the head.
load, working: the external load in pounds pounds (kilograms)
(kilograms) swing: rotation
rotation of of the
the mast
mast or
or boom
boom for movements of
applied
applied to the the derrick,
derrick, including
including the weight of load- load- loads in a horizontal direction about the axis of rotation.
rotation.
attaching equipment such as hoisting ropes, lower load
block, shackles,
shackles, and slings. two-blocking: the condition
condition in which the lower load block
or hook assembly comes comes in
in contact
contact with
with the
the upper
upper load
load block, lower: the assembly
assembly of shackle, swivel, sheaves, block or boom point sheave assembly.
pins, and frame suspended by the hoisting rope.
load block, upper: the assembly of sheaves, pins, pins, and
and frame SECTION 6-0.3:
SECTION TRANSLATIONSOF
6-0.3: TRANSLATIONS OFSAFETY-
SAFETY- (15)
suspended from the boom. RELATED
RELATEDINFORMATION
INFORMATION AND
mast: the upright membermember of the derrick. CONTROL DESIGNATIONS
mast cap
cap (spider):
(spider): the fitting
fitting atat the
the top of the mast to This Section
Section specifies
specifies translations
translations of safety-related
safety-related
which the guys are connected. information and control designations.
minimum
minimum breaking
breaking force:
force: the minimum load at which a (a)
(a) Translation
Translation of non-English
non-English documentation
documentation into
new and unused wire wire rope
rope will break when loaded to English
destruction in direct tension. (1) The
The wording
wording of written
written non-English
non-English safety infor-
mation and manuals
mation and manuals regarding
regarding use, inspection, and main-
main-
operational aid: an accessory
accessory that provides information
information tenance shall be translated
translated onto English by professional
to facilitate operation of of a derrick or that takes control
control translation
translation industry
industrystandards,
standards,which
whichinclude,
include, but
but are not
of particular functions
functions without actionaction of the operator
operator limited to, the following:
when a limiting
limiting condition
condition isis sensed.
sensed. Examples
Examples of such (-a) translation of the complete paragraph
(-a) paragraph mes-
devices include, but
devices include, but are not limited
limited to,
to, the
the following:
following: sage, instead of word by word
anti-two
anti-two block
block device,
device, rated capacity
capacity indicator,
indicator, rated (-b) grammatical accuracy
(-b)
capacity load limiter,
capacity load boom angle
limiter, boom angle or radius indicator,
indicator, (-c) respectfulness
(-c) respectfulness of the source
source document
document content
content
drum
drum rotation
rotation indicator,
indicator, load indicator,
indicator, and
and wind speed without omitting or expanding the text
indicator.
(-d) accurate translation of the terminology
(-d)
qualified person: a person who, by possession of a recog- (-e) reflection of the level of
(-e) of sophistication
sophistication of the
nized degree
degree in in an
an applicable
applicable field,
field, certificate
certificate of profes- original document
sional
sional standing, or by by extensive
extensive knowledge,
knowledge, training,
training, (2) The
The finished
finished translation
translationshall
shallbe
be verified
verified for com-
and experience, has successfully
successfully demonstrated
demonstrated the abil- pliance with
pliance with (a)(1)(-a) through
through (a)(1)(-e) quali-
(a)(1)(-e) above by a quali-
ity to solve
solve or resolve
resolve problems relating to the subject subject fied person having an understanding
understanding of of the technical
matter and work. content of the subject matter.

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(3) Pictograms
Pictograms used
used toto identify
identify controls
controls shall be SECTION 6-0.5:
SECTION REFERENCES
6-0.5: REFERENCES (15)
described
described in the manuals.
manuals. The pictograms
pictograms should
should comply
comply The following isis aa list
list of
of standards
standards and specifications
with
with ISO 7000
7000ororanother
anotherrecognized
recognized source,
source, ififpreviously
previously referenced in this Volume, showing
showing the year of approval:
approval:
defined. The text description shall meet the criteriacriteria of
and (a)(2) above.
(a)(1) and above. ANSI/AWS
ANSI/AWS D1.1/D1.1M:2010, Structural Structural Welding Code
(b) Any non-English documentation
documentation provided
provided in addi-
addi- ANSI/AWS D14.3 /D14.3M:2010, Specification
D14.3/D14.3M:2010, Specification for
tion to English shall be
be translated
translated and reviewed
reviewed in accor- Welding Earth-moving,
Earth-moving, Construction
Construction and
and Agricultural
Agricultural
dance with the requirements listed above. Equipment
Publisher: American
American Welding
WeldingSociety
Society (AWS),
(AWS), 8669 NW
36 Street, No. 130, Miami,
Miami, FL FL 33166
33166(www.aws.org)
(www.aws.org)
ASME B30.7-2011, Winches
B30.7-2011, Winches
(15) SECTION 6-0.4:
SECTION PERSONNELCOMPETENCE
6-0.4: PERSONNEL COMPETENCE ASME B30.8-2010,
B30.8-2010,Floating
FloatingCranes
Cranesand
andFloating
Floating Derricks
Derricks
ASME B30.10-2009, Hooks
B30.10-2009, Hooks
Persons performing the functions identified in this ASME B30.23-2011,
B30.23-2011,Personnel
PersonnelLifting
Lifting Systems
Systems
Volume shall, through
Volume shall, through education, training, experience, ASME B30.26-2010,
B30.26-2010,Rigging
RiggingHardware
Hardware
skill, and physical
physical fitness, as necessary,
necessary, be
becompetent
competent and
and Publisher:
Publisher: TheThe American
American Society Society ofof Mechanical
Mechanical
capable to
capable to perform
perform the functions
functions as
as determined by the Engineers
Engineers (ASME),
(ASME), Two Two Park
Park Avenue, New York,
employer's representative.
employer or employer’s NY 10016-5990
10016-5990(www.asme.org)
(www.asme.org)

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ASME B30.6-2015

Chapter 6-1
Chapter 6-1
Construction and
Construction and Installation

SECTION 6-1.1:
SECTION LOADRATINGS
6-1.1: LOAD RATINGS (b) For published ratings, the manufacturer shall fur-
nish complete guy information recommending
(15) Basis
6-1.1.1 Basis
(1)
(1) the number
Load ratings are dependent on such
dependent on such factors as anchor- (2) the spacing around the mast
(2)
age, structural competence, rope strength, winch rating, (3) the maximum vertical slope
(3)
lengths.
supports, and guy lengths. (4)
(4) the size, grade, and construction of rope to be
used in each
(15) 6-1.1.2 Rated
6-1.1.2 RatedLoad
Load (Working
(Working Load)
Load) Marking
(5)
(5) initial sag or tension
(a)
(a) For permanently installed derricks with fixed fixed (6)
(6) tension in guy line rope at anchor
lengths of boom, guy,guy, and
and mast, a substantial, durable, (c) The
The mast
mast base
base shall
shall permit free
free rotation
rotation of the
and clearly
clearly legible rating chart
legible rating chart shall
shall be
be provided with mast with allowance for slight tilting of the mast caused
each derrick and affixed where it is visible to personnel by guy slack.
slack.
responsible for the operation
responsible operation of the equipment.
equipment. The chart (d) The mast cap shall
necessarily be limited to, the fol-
shall include, but not necessarily (1)
(1) permit free rotation of the mast
lowing data: (2) withstand
(2) withstand tilting
tilting and
and cramping
cramping action imposed
(1)
(1) manufacturer's
manufacturer’s approved
approved loadload ratings
ratings at
at corres- by the guy loads
ponding ranges of boom angle or operating radii. be secured
(3) be secured to prevent disen-
to the mast to prevent disen-
(2) specific
(2) specific lengths
lengths of of components
components on which the
on which gagement during erection
load ratings are based. (4) be provided with
(4) with means
means for
for attachment
attachment ofof
(3) required parts
(3) required parts for reeving. SizeSize and
and construction
construction guy ropes
of rope may
may bebe shown
shown either
either onon the rating chart or in
6-1.2.3 Stiffleg
6-1.2.3 StifflegDerricks
Derricks
the operating manual.
(b) For nonpermanent installations, the manufacturer (a)
(a) The mast shall be supported in the the vertical
vertical posi-
shall provide information from which which rated
rated load charts tion
tion by atat least
least two
two stifflegs,
stifflegs, one
one end ofof each
each being
being
can be prepared by a qualified person for the particular connected
connectedto to the
the top
top of
of the mast and
the mast other end
and the other end
installation. The rated load charts shall be located either securely anchored.
anchored. The The stifflegs shall be capable of with-
with-
at the derrick
derrick or
or at
at the
the job
job site
site office.
office. standing the loads imposed at any point point of
of operation
operation
within the rated load chart range.
(b) The mast base shall
SECTION 6-1.2:
SECTION CONSTRUCTION
6-1.2: CONSTRUCTION (1)
(1) permit free rotation of the mast, when required
General
6-1.2.1 General (2)
(2) permit deflection
deflection ofof the
the mast
mast without binding
(3) provide means to prevent the mast from lifting
(3)
(a)
(a) Derricks shall be constructed to meet all stresses
Derricks shall
out of its socket
socket when the mast is in tension
imposed on members
imposed members and components
components under normal
normal
(c) The stiffleg
stiffleg connecting
connecting member
member at
at the
the top of the
operating conditions when properly installed and han- mast shall
dling loads not exceeding manufacturer's load ratings
exceeding manufacturer’s
(1)
(1) permit free rotation of the mast, when required
with recommended reeving.
(2) withstand the loads
(2) loads imposed
imposed by the
the action
action of
of
(b) Welding
(b) Welding of load-sustaining members
of load-sustaining members shall con-
con-
the stifflegs
form to recommended practices of the the American
American
(3)
(3) be so secured as to oppose separating forces forces at
Welding Society as
Welding Society as outlined in ANSI/AWS
ANSI/AWS D14.3
D14.3 or
all times
ANSI/AWS D1.1.
D1.1.
6-1.2.4 Gin
6-1.2.4 GinPole
PoleDerricks
Derricks
6-1.2.2 Guy
6-1.2.2 GuyDerricks
Derricks (a)
(a) Guy
Guy lines should be
lines should be sized
sized and
and spaced so as
spaced so as to
(a)
(a) The recommended minimum number
recommended minimum number of of guys is make the gin pole stable in both boomed
boomed and vertical
vertical
six. Preferably,
Preferably,guy
guy length
length and
and spacing should be equal. positions.
Variations from
Variations from these
these requirements are acceptable pro- (b) The base of the gin pole shall
(b)
vided original
original rated load or rerated
rerated load
load is
is calculated
calculated (1) permit movement of the pole, when required
(1)
by a qualified
qualified person or derrick
derrick manufacturer
manufacturer to com-com- (2)
(2) provide means to anchor the pole against hori-
pensate for these variations. forces, when required
zontal forces,

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ASME B30.6-2015

6-1.2.5 ChicagoBoom
6-1.2.5 Chicago BoomDerricks
Derricks (d) Rotation-resistant ropes shall have a design factor
(d)
The fittings for
for stepping
stepping the boom and
and for attachment
attachment greater. [The
of 5 or greater. [The design
design factor
factor of
of 55 or greater
greater for
for
of the topping lift shall be
be arranged to rotation-resistant ropes may be modified by the derrick
(a) permit the derrick to swing at all permitted
(a) user by complying with the provisions
complying with provisions of of para.
6-3.3.1(c)].
operating radii and mounting
mounting heights
heights between
between fittings
(b)
(b) accommodate attachment
attachment to the upright member (e) Rotation-resistant ropes
(e) Rotation-resistant ropes shall
shall be given special care
of the host structure more susceptible
in installation as they are more susceptible to damage
(c) withstand the
(c) the forces
forces applied during normal
normal than other types of rope.
operation with rated loads at permitted operating NOTE: The
NOTE: Therope
ropedesign
designfactors,
factors,as
asgiven
givenin inparas.
paras.6-1.3.2
6-1.3.2 through
through
configurations 6-1.3.4 above,
6-1.3.4 above,shall
shallbe
bedetermined
determined on on the
the basis
basis of
of rope loads
(d) prevent the boom or topping lift
(d) lift from lifting out resulting from rated loads, specified reeving,
reeving, and
and published mini-
tensile forces
under tensile forces mum breaking force of new rope. Consideration shall be given to
frictional losses
frictional losses where
where appropriate.
Ropes of
Ropes of material
material other
other than
than steel may may be
be used only in
SECTION 6-1.3: ROPESAND
ANDREEVING
REEVING accordance with
accordance with the
the manufacturer
manufacturer's, ’s, or a qualified person’s,
person's,
SECTION 6-1.3: ROPES
recommendation.
ACCESSORIES
ACCESSORIES
6-1.3.1 General
General 6-1.3.5 Reeving
Reeving Accessories
Accessories (15)

Wherever exposed to to temperatures


temperaturesin
inexcess
excessof
of 180°F
180°F (a) Poured, swaged, compressed, or wedge socket fit-
(a)
(82°C),rope
(82°C), ropehaving
having an
an independent
independent wire rope core, wire tings shall
tings shall be applied
applied as as recommended
recommended by rope,
by the rope,
strand core, or other temperature
strand temperature damage-resistant core derrick, or fitting manufacturer. Any new poured socket
shall be used. or swaged
swaged socket assembly used as a boom boom pendant
pendant shall
be proof tested to the derrick or fitting manufacturer's
manufacturer’s
(15) 6-1.3.2 Guy
Guy Ropes
Ropes recommendation but but in
in no
no case
case greater
greater than
than 50%
50% of the
(a) Guy ropes shall be of a size, grade, and construc-
(a) minimum breaking force of the component wire ropes,
tion to withstand the the maximum
maximum load imposed. structural strands, or fittings.
(b)
(b) The minimum breaking force of each rope shall
force of (b) Rope
(b) Rope end shall be be anchored
anchored to to the drum.
not be less than
than 33 times
times the
the static
static load
load applied
applied to the
the rope.
rope. (c) Eyes
(c) shall be
Eyes shall be made in aa recommended
recommended manner, manner,
(c) Guy attachments such as turnbuckles shall have
(c) and rope thimbles should be used in the eye.
• provision
provision to prevent loosening
loosening during usage. (d) Rope clips
(d) Rope clips attached U-bolts shall
attached with U-bolts shall have the
U-bolt on
U-bolt on the
the dead or shortshort end
end of
of the
the rope.
rope. Spacing
Spacing
(15) 6-1.3.3 Boom
Boom Hoist
Hoist Ropes
Ropes number of
and number of all
all types
types of
of clips
clips shall
shall be
be in
in accordance
accordance
(a) Boom
(a) Boom hoist
hoist ropes
ropes shall
shall be
be of
of a size,
size, grade,
grade, and with the clip manufacturer’s
manufacturer's recommendations. Nuts on
construction to withstand the maximum load imposed. clip bolts shall
shall be
betightened
tightened evenly
evenly totothe
themanufacturer’s
manufacturer's
(b)
(b) The live rope-reeving
rope-reeving system
system inin a boom suspen- recommended
recommended torque.torque. After
After the
the initial
initial load is applied
sion shall withstand the maximum load imposed and installed rope
to newly installed rope and the rope is under tension,tension,
length to
be of a length to permit
permit lowering
lowering the boom
boom point to the nuts on on the
the clip
clip bolts
bolts should
should be be tightened
tightened again
again
horizontal position with at least two full wraps of rope to the required torque in order to to compensate
compensate for any
remaining on
remaining on the drum. decrease in
decrease in rope diameter caused by the load.
(c) The minimum breaking force of the most heavily
(c) (e) Where a half-wedge socket
(e) socket isis used, it shall be of
loaded rope in a system shall not be less than 31 31/2⁄2 times a positive-locking type.
the load applied to that rope. (f) Wire
(f) rope clips
Wire rope clips used in conjunction
conjunction with wedge
(d)
(d) Rotation resistant
resistant ropes
ropes shall not be used for boom sockets shall
sockets shall be
be attached
attached to to the
the unloaded dead end of of
hoist reeving. rope only.
the rope only. Refer
Refer toto ASME
ASME B30.26,
B30.26, Chapter
Chapter 3,
26-3.1.4, and
Section 26-3.1.4, and Fig. 26-3.1.1-2
26-3.1.1-2for foraamore
more complete
complete
(15) 6-1.3.4 Load Hoist
6-1.3.4 Load Hoist Ropes
Ropes instruction in the use use of
of wedge
wedge sockets.
sockets.
(a) Load
(a) Load hoist
hoist ropes
ropes shall
shall be
be of size, grade,
of a size, grade, and (g) If a load is supported by more than one part of
(g) of
construction to withstand the maximum load imposed. rope, the tension in the parts shall shall be equalized.
(b)
(b) Ropes
Ropes in the load-hoisting systems
systems shall
shall be of a
entire range
length for the entire range ofof movement
movement specified
specified for Sheaves
6-1.3.6 Sheaves
application with
the application with at least two
at least two full wraps of rope rope (a) Sheave
(a) Sheave grooves
grooves shall
shall be
be smooth
smooth and free
free from
from
remaining on
remaining on the drum. surface conditions that could cause rope damage or
(c) The minimum breaking force of the most heavily
(c) accelerated rope wear. The cross-sectional
cross-sectional radius
radius at the
loaded rope in a system shall not be less than 31 31/2⁄2 times bottom of the groove should be such as to form a close-
the load applied to
to that
that rope,
rope, except
except as
as specified
specified in (d) fitting saddle
fitting saddle for
for the size
size rope
rope used, and thethe sides
sides of
of
below. groove should
the groove should be
be tapered outward to facilitate

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ASME B30.6-2015

entrance
entrance of of the rope
rope into
into the
the groove.
groove. Flange
Flange corners
corners 6-1.4.3 Load-Anchoring Data
6-1.4.3 Load-Anchoring Data
should be rounded, and the rims should run true about For permanent
permanent fixed installations, the owner shall pro-
the axis of rotation. vide load-anchoring
load-anchoring data referred to in in paras.
paras.6-1.4.1
6-1.4.1
(b)
(b) Sheaves carrying ropes
Sheaves carrying ropes that can be momentarily and 6-1.4.2 forthe
6-1.4.2 for theconditions
conditions stipulated
stipulated for the applica-
unloaded shall be provided with with close-fitting
close-fitting guards or tion. For nonpermanent installations, such data shall be
other devices
devices to to guide the rope
rope back
back into
into the
the groove
groove determined by a qualified person.
when the load is applied again.
(c)
(c) The
The sheaves
sheaves in in the lower load block block should be
equipped with close-fitting
close-fitting guards that will reduce the SECTION 6-1.5:
SECTION WINCHESAND
6-1.5: WINCHES ANDSWINGERS
SWINGERS (15)
possibility of ropes becoming
becoming fouled when the block is (a)
(a) The boom,
boom, load winch, and swinger mechanisms
lying on the ground with the the ropes
ropes loose.
loose. shall be suitable for
for the
the derrick
derrick work
work intended
intended and shall
(d)
(d) Means should
should be provided,
provided, ifif necessary, to prevent
prevent be anchored to prevent displacement from the imposed
chafing of the ropes. loads. Caution
Caution should
should be
be exercised in the use of winches
(e)
(e) All running sheaves shall be be equipped
equipped with means having excessive
having line pull
excessive line pull or braking capacity for the
capacity for
for lubrication or with permanently lubricated, sealed, application.
or shielded bearings. (b)
(b) Winch requirements
requirements of of ASME
ASME B30.7
B30.7 shall apply.
(f)
(f) Hoisting sheaves shall
Hoisting sheaves shall have
have pitch
pitch diameters not
less than 18 times
times the
the nominal
nominal diameter
diameter of the the rope
rope used.
used.
SECTION 6-1.6:
SECTION GENERALREQUIREMENTS
6-1.6: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
(g)
(g) Boom
Boom pointpoint sheaves
sheaves should
should be be provided with
guides to limit the offlead angle of of the
the rope
rope when
when enter- 6-1.6.1 Guards
Guards
ing the grooves from either side. (a)
(a) Exposed moving parts,
Exposed moving parts, such
such as gears, ropes, set
(h)
(h) Boom hoist
hoist sheaves
sheaves shall
shall have
have pitch
pitch diameters
diameters not screws, projecting
projecting keys,
keys, chains,
chains, chain
chain sprockets,
sprockets, and
less than 15 times
times the
the nominal
nominal diameter
diameter of the the rope
rope used.
used. reciprocating components,
reciprocating components, thatthat constitute a hazard
under normal operating conditions shall be guarded.
(b)
(b) Guards shall be fastened in place.
SECTION 6-1.4:
SECTION ANCHORINGAND
6-1.4: ANCHORING ANDGUYING
GUYING
(c)
(c) Each guard
guard shall be
be capable
capableofofsupporting,
supporting, without
without
6-1.4.1 Guy
6-1.4.1 GuyDerricks
Derricks permanent distortion,
permanent distortion, the
the weight
weight ofof a 200
200 lb (90
(90 kg)
kg)
person, unless the guard
guard is located where it is not proba-
proba-
(a)
(a) The mast base shall be anchored. Maximum hori- ble that a person will step on it.
zontal and vertical
vertical forces encountered when handling
forces encountered
rated loads with the particular
particular guy slope
slope and spacing
spacing 6-1.6.2 Lubrication
6-1.6.2 Lubrication
stipulated
stipulated for
for the
the application
application are among the design fac-
Lubricating points should bebe accessible
accessible without
tors for which provision shall be made. removing guards
removing guards or other parts.
(b)
(b) The guys shall
shall be
be secured
secured to
to the
the ground or other
firm anchorage. Maximum horizontal
horizontal and
and vertical
vertical forces 6-1.6.3 Hooks
Hooks
encountered while handling rated loads with the partic- (a)
(a) Hooks shall meet the manufacturer's
manufacturer’s recommen-
recommen-
ular guy slope and spacing stipulated
stipulated for the application
application dations and shall
dations shall not
not be
be overloaded.
overloaded. If hooks
hooks are ofof
are among
among the factors for which provision shall be made.
made. the swiveling type, they should
should rotate
rotate freely.
freely. Refer
Refer to
ASME B30.10.
6-1.4.2 Stiffieg
6-1.4.2 StifflegDerricks
Derricks
(b)
(b) Hooks
Hooks with latches should be used wherever
(a)
(a) The mast base shall be anchored. Maximum hori- possible.
zontal and vertical
vertical forces
forces encountered while handling
rated
rated loads stipulated
stipulated for the application with the partic- 6-1.6.4 BoomAngle
6-1.6.4 Boom AngleIndicator
Indicator
ular stiffleg spacing and
stiffleg spacing and slope are among the design
slope are design angle indicator
Boom angle indicator should
should be provided
provided and be read-
read-
factors for which provision shall be made. able by the operator
able by operator or thethe signal
signal person,
person, unless the
(b)
(b) The stifflegs shall be anchored. Maximum hori-
stifflegs shall derrick has one rating for all boom angles.
zontal and vertical
vertical forces
forces encountered while
while handling
rated
rated loads with the particular
particular stiffleg arrangement
arrangement stip- 6-1.6.5 Controls Marking
6-1.6.5 Controls Marking (15)

ulated for the application


application are
are among
among the factors
factors for Refer
Refer to ASME B30.7for
ASME B30.7 for the
the requirements
requirements for
for the
which provision shall be made. marking of controls.

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ASME B30.6-2015

Chapter 6-2
Chapter
Inspection, Testing,
Testing, and Maintenance

(15) SECTION 6-2.1:


SECTION INSPECTION
6-2.1: INSPECTION (c) tension in guys
(c) guys —
— inspect daily, by observation
Inspections shall be
Inspections shall be performed
performed byby a designated per- (d) plumb of the mast
(d) mast —— inspect visually
son. Any deficiencies identified
identified shall be examined
examined and a (e) external indication of deterioration or leakage in
(e)
determination
determination made
made byby a qualified person as to whether air or hydraulic
hydraulic systems
systems —
— inspect
inspect daily,
daily, visually
they constitute a hazard. (f) derrick
(f) derrick hooks
hooks for deformation
deformation or cracks
cracks —— for
for
hooks with cracks
cracks or having
having more
more than
than 15%
15% in excess
excess
6-2.1.1 Inspection
6-2.1.1 InspectionClassification
Classification of normal throat opening
opening or more than
than 10-deg twist from
(a)
(a) Initial Inspection. Prior to initial use, all new, new, the plane
plane of
of the
the unbent
unbenthook,
hook,refer
refertotopara.
para.6-2.3.3(c)(1)
6-2.3.3(c)(1)
reinstalled, altered, or or modified
modified derricks
derricks shall be (g) rope reeving — visual inspection for noncompli-
(g)
inspected to verify
verify compliance
compliance with the provisions
provisions of ance with derrick manufacturer's
manufacturer’s recommendations
this Volume. (h) brakes,
(h) brakes, clutches,
clutches, and operating
operating levers
levers —— check
check
(b)
(b) Inspection Procedure. Inspection procedure for der- daily for proper
proper functioning before beginning
beginning operations
operations
regular service is divided
ricks in regular divided into two general classi- (i) electrical
(i) electrical apparatus
apparatus — for malfunctioning,
malfunctioning, signs
fications based upon
fications based upon the
the intervals
intervals at which
which the of excessive
excessive deterioration,
deterioration, and
and dirt and moisture
inspection
inspection should
should be
be performed.
performed. The intervals in turn are accumulation
dependent
dependent uponuponthethenature
natureof
of the
the critical
critical components
components of
the derrick and the the degree
degree ofof their
their exposure
exposure to wear,
wear, 6-2.1.3 Periodic
6-2.1.3 Periodic Inspection
Inspection
deterioration, or malfunction.
malfunction. The two general
general classifi-
classifi-
cations are
cations are herein
herein designated
designated as frequent and periodic, (a) Complete inspections of of the derrick shall be per-
with respective intervals between inspections as defined formed at intervals,
intervals, asas defined
definedin inpara.
para.6-2.1.1(b)(2).
6-2.1.1(b)(2).
below. These inspections shall include the requirements of para. para.
(1) Frequent Inspection. Visual examinations with
Visual examinations 6-2.1.2 and, in
6-2.1.2 and, in addition,
addition, items such as the following:
following:
records not required. (1)
(1) structural members
members for for deformation,
deformation, cracks,
cracks,
(-a)
(-a) normal service — monthly and corrosion
corrosion
(-b)
(-b) heavy service — — weekly
weekly to monthly (2)
(2) bolts and rivets for tightness
(-c)
(-c) severe service — — daily to weekly (3)
(3) parts such as pins, bearings,
bearings, shafts, gears,
(-d)
(-d) special
special or infrequent
infrequent service
service —— as recom-
recom- sheaves,
sheaves, drums, rollers, and locking and clamping
mended
mended by a qualified
qualified person
person before
before and after
after each
each devices for wear,
wear, cracks,
cracks, and
and distortion
occurrence (4)
(4) gudgeon pin for cracks, wear,
for cracks, wear, and
and distortion
(2) Periodic
Periodic Inspection. Visual inspection with rec-
Visual inspection (5)
(5) power plants for performance
performance andand compliance
compliance
ords of apparent external conditions to provide the basis with applicable safety requirements
for a continuing evaluation. (b) Foundation
Foundation oror supports
supportsshall
shall be
be inspected
inspected for con-
(-a)
(-a) normal service — equipment
equipment in place: yearly tinued ability to sustain the imposed loads.
(-b)
(-b) heavy service — — equipment in place: yearly
(-c)
(-c) severe service — — as
as in (b):
(b): quarterly
quarterly 6-2.1.4 Derricks
6-2.1.4 Derricks Not
Not in
in Regular
Regular Use
Use
(-d)
(-d) special
special or infrequent
infrequent service
service —— as recom-
recom-
mended by a qualified person (a) A derrick that has been idle for 1 month or more,
(a)
but less
less than
than 66 months,
months, shall
shall be
be given
given an
an inspection
inspection
6-2.1.2 Frequent
6-2.1.2 Frequent Inspection
Inspection conforming with the requirements
requirements of of paras.
paras. 6-2.1.2
6-2.1.2 and
Items
Items such as thethe following
following shall be
be inspected
inspected for
for 6-2.4.1(a) beforebeing
6-2.4.1(a) before being placed
placed in service.
deficiencies and damage
deficiencies and damage at intervals as defined in para. (b) A derrick that has been idle for more than 6
(b)
6-2.1.1(b)(1), oras
6-2.1.1(b)(1), or as specifically
specificallyindicated,
indicated, including
including months
months shall be given a complete
complete inspection
inspection conforming
observation
observation during operation for any any deficiencies
deficiencies and with the
the requirements
requirements of of paras.
paras.6-2.1.2,
6-2.1.2, 6-2.1.3,
6-2.1.3, and
damage that might appear between regular inspections. 6-2.4.1(d).
(a)
(a) all control mechanisms — — inspect
inspect daily
daily for adjust-
adjust- (c) Standby derricks, before
(c) being used, shall be
before being
ment, wear, and lubrication inspected
inspected inin accordance with
with (a) or (b)
(b) above,
above,depending
depending
(b)
(b) all chords and
and lacing
lacing —
— inspect daily, visually upon the interval
interval since they were last used.

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ASME B30.6-2015

6-2.1.5Inspection
6-2.1.5 InspectionRecords
Records (for
(for Periodic
Periodic Inspections)
Inspections) (b) Repaired,
Repaired, Altered,
Altered, or Modified Derricks. The need for
Dated inspection reports or comparable records shall load testing
testing a repaired, altered, or modified derrick shall
be made on
on critical
critical items,
items, such
such as
as hoisting
hoisting machinery,
machinery, be determined by a qualified person. When a load test
sheaves, hooks, chains, ropes, and other lifting devices. is required, testing shall
shall be
be in
in accordance
accordance with
with (a)(1)
(a)(1)
Dated records should be maintained. above.

SECTION 6-2.2:
SECTION TESTING
6-2.2: TESTING SECTION 6-2.3:
SECTION MAINTENANCE
6-2.3: MAINTENANCE

(15) 6-2.2.1 Operational


6-2.2.1 Operational Tests
Tests 6-2.3.1 Preventive
6-2.3.1 Preventive Maintenance
Maintenance (15)
(a) New
Neworor Reinstalled
Reinstalled Derricks.
Derricks. Prior to initial use, all (a)
(a) A preventive maintenance program
program shall be estab-
new or reinstalled derricks shall be tested with no hook lished and should
should be
be based on the
the recommendations
recommendations of
load, under
under the
the direction
direction of a designated
designated person
person to verify the derrick manufacturer or a qualified
qualified person. Dated
compliance with this Volume, including, but
Volume, including, but not limited records should be maintained.
records
to, the following: (b)
(b) Replacement parts shall
Replacement parts shall be
be at
at least
least equal
equal to the
(1)
(1) Lift
Lift and lower the hook(s)
hook(s) through full range original parts.
of hook travel.
(2)
(2) Raise and lower
Raise and lower the boom through full range 6-2.3.2 Maintenance
6-2.3.2 MaintenanceProcedure
Procedure (15)
of boom travel. Before adjustments
(a) Before adjustmentsand and repairs
repairs are
are started,
started, the
(3)
(3) Swing each direction full range of swing. following precautions shall be taken:
(4)
(4) Operate clutches and brakes. (1)
(1) The derrick to be repaired shall be be arranged to
(5)
(5) Operate over-hoist limit devices (when pro- cause the least interference
cause with other equipment and
interference with
vided).
vided). The
The actuating
actuating mechanism
mechanism of of the limit
limit device
device operations in the area.
shall be located so it will
will trip
trip the device under
under all condi- (2)
(2) All drum dogs shall be engaged.
tions in sufficient
sufficient time to prevent two-blocking.
two-blocking. (3)
(3) If an electric winch is
electric winch is used,
used, the main or emer-
(6)
(6) Operate locking, limiting, and
locking, limiting, and indicating switch shall
gency switch shall be
be locked
locked in in the open position.
devices,
devices, when provided. (4)
(4) Warning
Warning or out-of-order signs shall
out-of-order signs shall be placed
(b) Anchorages.
Anchorages. All anchorages
anchorages shall
shall be
be approved by on the derrick and winch.
a qualified
qualified person. Rock
Rock and hairpin anchorages
anchorages may
(5)
(5) The repairs of booms of derricks shall be made
require special testing. when the booms are either loweredlowered and and supported or
(c) Repaired,
Repaired, Altered,
Altered, or Modified Derricks. Prior to use, tied off.
a repaired, altered, or modified derrick shall be tested. (6)
(6) AA communication
communication system system shall
shall bebe set
set up
limited to the function(s) affected by the
Testing may be limited
between
between the derrick operator and the user before
derrick operator before any
repair. work on the equipment is started.
(15) 6-2.2.2 Load
6-2.2.2 Load Test
Test (7)
(7) Welding repairs
repairs shall be
be approved
approved by thethe manu-
manu-
facturer or a qualified person.
(a) New
New oror Reinstalled
Reinstalled Derricks
Derricks (b) After
After adjustments
adjustments and repairs have been made,
(1)
(1) Prior to initial use, all new or reinstalled
reinstalled der- the
the derrick
derrick shall not be returned
shall not returned to to service
service until all
all
shall be
ricks shall be inspected
inspected andand load
load tested
tested by oror under
under the guards have been reinstalled, safety devices reactivated,
guards
direction
direction of of a designated person.
person. A A written test report and maintenance equipment removed.
shall be prepared by the designated person and placed
on file. Test loads shall
Test loads shall not be less than
than 100%
100% or more 6-2.3.3 Adjustments
6-2.3.3 Adjustments and
and Repairs
Repairs
than 110%
110% of of the
the rated load,
load, unless
unless otherwise
otherwise recom-
recom-
mended by the manufacturer or a qualified qualified person. (a)
(a) Any hazardous
hazardous conditions
conditions disclosed
disclosed by the inspec-
(2)
(2) The load test shall consist of the the following
following oper-
oper- tion and
and requirements
requirementsofofSection
Section 6-2.1
6-2.1 shall be corrected
ations as a minimum requirement:
requirement: before operation of the derrick is resumed.
resumed. Adjustments
(-a)
(-a) Hoist the test load a few inchesinches and
and hold to and repairs shall be done only by designated
designated personnel.
verify that the load is is supported
supported by the derrick and held (b)
(b) Adjustments shall be maintained to assure correct
by the brake(s).
brake(s). functioning of components such as the following:
following:
(-b)
(-b) Swing the derrick,
derrick, if applicable, the full range
range (1)
(1) all functioning operating mechanisms
of its swing, at the maximum allowableallowable working
working radius
radius (2)
(2) tie-downs or anchorages
for the test load. (3)
(3) signal system
(-c) Boom the
(-c) Boom the derrick
derrick up
up and
and down within the (4)
(4) brakes and clutches
allowable working radius
allowable working radius for the test load. (5)
(5) power plants
(-d)
(-d) Lower the test load, stop, stop, and hold the load (6)
(6) guys
with the brake(s).
brake(s). (7)
(7) limit devices, if provided

12
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(c) Repairs or replacements shall be be made


made as needed. (2)
(2) Care
Care shall
shall be taken
taken whenwhen inspecting
inspecting sections
sections
The following are examples: of rapid deterioration
deterioration such such as as flange
flange points,
points, crossover
crossover
(1)
(1) Hooks showing defects
Hooks showing defects described
described in in para. points, and repetitive pickup points on drums.
6-2.1.2(f) shall be
6-2.1.2(f ) shall be discarded.
discarded. Repairs
Repairs by welding or (b) Periodic
Periodic Inspection
reshaping are not recommended. (1)
(1) The inspection frequency
frequency shall shall be determined
(2)
(2) All critical
critical parts
parts that are cracked, broken, bent, by a qualified person and shall be based on such factors
or excessively worn should be replaced.
excessively worn as expected rope life, as as determined
determined by experience on the
(3)
(3) Pitted or burned
burned electrical
electrical contacts
contacts should be particular
particular installation
installation or or similar
similar installations;
installations; severity
severity of
corrected only
corrected only by replacement
replacement and in in sets.
sets. Controller
Controller environment; percentage of capacity lifts; lifts; frequency
parts should
should be lubricated only as recommended by the rates of operation; and exposure
exposure to to shock loads. Inspec-
manufacturer. tions need not be at equal calendar intervals and and should
(d) All replacement
replacement and and repaired
repaired parts shall have at be more frequent
frequent as as the roperope approaches
approaches the the end of of
least the original design factor.
factor. its useful
useful life.
life. This
This inspection
inspection shall shall be
be made
made at least
least
annually.
(15) 6-2.3.4 Lubrication
6-2.3.4 Lubrication (2)
(2) This inspection shall cover the entire length of
(a)
(a) All
All moving parts of
moving parts of the derrick
derrick and winch
winch for
for rope. The individual
rope. The individual wireswires in in the
the strands
strands of of the rope
which lubrication is specified, including
including rope and chain, shall be visible to to this
this person
person during
during the inspection. Any
should be regularly lubricated.
lubricated. Lubricating
Lubricating systems deterioration
deterioration resulting
resulting in appreciable
appreciable loss of original original
should
should be checked for proper
proper delivery
delivery of lubricant. Care strength, such as described below, shall be
below, shall be noted, and
should be taken to follow manufacturer’s
manufacturer's recommenda- a determination
determination shall be made as to whether whether further use
tions as to points and
and frequency
frequency of lubrication, mainte- of the rope would constitute a hazard:
nance of lubricant
nance of levels, and
lubricant levels, and types
types of lubricant
lubricant to be (-a)
(-a) points listed in (a) (a) above
used. (-b) reduction of rope diameter
(-b) reduction diameter due dueto to loss
loss of core
(b)
(b) Machinery shall be stationary while lubricants are support or or internal
internal oror external
external corrosion
corrosion
being applied and protection provided as called for in (-c)
(-c) severely corroded or broken wires at end
paras. 6-2.3.2(a)(1) through (a)(3),
6-2.3.2(a)(1) through (a)(3),unless
unless equipped
equipped for connections
automatic or remote lubrication. (-d)
(-d) severely corroded, cracked,
severely corroded, cracked, bent,
bent, worn,
worn, or
improperly applied end connections
connections
SECTION 6-2.4:
SECTION ROPEINSPECTION,
6-2.4: ROPE INSPECTION, (3)
(3) Care shall be taken when when inspecting
inspecting sections
sections of
REPLACEMENT,
REPLACEMENT, AND rapid deterioration, such as the the following:
following:
MAINTENANCE (-a)
(-a) sections
sections in contact with saddles, saddles, equalizer
equalizer
sheaves, or other sheaves where rope travel is limited
(15) Inspection
6-2.4.1 Inspection (-b)
(-b) sections of of the
the rope
rope atat or near terminal ends
Inspections shall be
Inspections shall be performed
performed by by a designated per- where corroded or broken wires may protrude
son. Any deficiencies identified
identified shall be examined
examined and a (c) Rope
Rope Replacement
Replacement
determination
determination made
made byby a qualified person as to whether (1)
(1) No precise rules can be be given
given for
for determination
determination
they constitute a hazard. of the exact time for rope replacement, since many vari-
(a) Frequent
Frequent Inspection able factors are involved.
involved. Once Once aa rope reaches any one
(1)
(1) All running ropes in continuous service should of the specified removal criteria, itit may
removal criteria, may be allowed to
be visually inspected once each working day. A visual operate to the end of the work shift, based on the judg-
inspection shall consist
inspection shall consist ofof observation
observation ofof all
all rope
rope that ment of a qualified person. The rope shall be replaced
expected to
can be expected to be
be in
in use
useduring
during the
the day’s
day's operations.
operations. after that work
after that work shift, at the
shift, at the end of the day, day, oror at the
These visual observations should be concerned with dis- latest time prior to the
latest time the equipment
equipment being used by the
being used
covering damage,
covering damage, such as listed below, that may be an
below, that next work shift.
immediate hazard. (2)
(2) Removal criteria for
Removal criteria for rope replacement shall be
(-a) distortion of the rope such as kinking, crush-
(-a) distortion as follows:
ing, unstranding,
unstranding, birdcaging, main strand displacement, (-a)
(-a) in running ropes other than than rotation-resistant
rotation-resistant
or core protrusion. ropes, six randomly
randomly distributed
distributed broken wires in one lay
(-b)
(-b) general corrosion. or three broken wires in one strand strand in in one
one lay
lay — consult
(-c)
(-c) broken or cut strands. rope manufacturer for broken wire criteria for rotation-
(-d) distribution, and
(-d) number, distribution, and type
type of
of visible bro- resistant rope
ken wires [see (c) below for further guidance].
guidance]. When
When (-b)
(-b) one outer wire broken at the the contact
contact point
such damage is discovered, the rope shall be either with the core of the rope which has worked its way out
removed from service or given given an
an inspection
inspection as detailed
detailed of the rope structure and protrudes or loops loops out fromfrom
in (b) below. the rope structure

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(-c)
(-c) wear of one-third the original diameter
diameter of the removed from service so that
removed that a relationship
relationship can be estab-
estab-
outside individual wires lished between visual observation and actual condition
(-d)
(-d) kinking, crushing, birdcaging,
kinking, crushing, birdcaging, or or any other of the internal structure.
damage resulting in distortion of the rope structure 6-2.4.2 Rope
6-2.4.2 Rope Maintenance
Maintenance
(-e) evidence of
(-e) evidence of heat damage from any cause (a)
(a) Rope shall be
Rope shall be stored
stored to prevent damage damage or
(-f)
(-f) reductions
reductions fromfrom nominal
nominal diameter of more deterioration.
than 5%5% (b)
(b) Unreeling or uncoiling of rope shall be performed performed
(-g)
(-g) in standing ropes,ropes, more than two broken broken as recommended by the rope rope manufacturer,
manufacturer, with care care
wires in one lay in sections beyond end connections, or taken to avoid kinking or inducing a twist.
more than one broken wire at an end end connection
connection (c)
(c) Before cutting aa rope,
Before cutting rope, seizings
seizings shall
shall be be placed on
(3) Broken wire
(3) Broken wire removal
removal criteria
criteria cited
cited in this vol- each side ofof the location
location wherewhere the the rope
rope is is to be cut to
ume apply to wire rope operating on steel sheaves and prevent unlaying
prevent unlaying of of the strands. On On preformed
preformed rope,rope,
drums. The user shall contact the sheave, sheave, drum,
drum, or der- one seizing on each side of of the cut is required. On non-
7
preformed ropes of 7/8 ⁄8 in. (22 mm) diameter or smaller,
rick manufacturer, or a qualified person, for broken wire
removal criteria for wirewire ropes
ropes operating
operating on sheaves and two seizings
seizings on each side of the cut cut are
are required;
required; for
nonpreformed rope
nonpreformed ropeof of 11 in. (25
(25 mm)
mm) diameter
diameter and larger,
drums made of material other than steel.
three seizings on each side of the cut are required.
(4)
(4) Replacement
Replacement rope rope shall
shall have
have aa strength
strength rating (d)
(d) During
During installation,
installation,care careshall
shall be
be exercised
exercised to avoid
at least
least as great
great as thethe original
original rope furnished by the dragging the
dragging the rope
rope in dirt or or around
around objects
objects that willwill
derrick manufacturer.
manufacturer. Any Any deviation from the original scrape, nick,
nick, crush,
crush, or or induce
induce sharp
sharp bends in it.
size, grade, or construction shall be specified by a rope (e)
(e) Rope
Rope should be maintainedmaintained in in aa well-lubricated
well-lubricated
manufacturer,
manufacturer, the derrick manufacturer,
manufacturer, or a qualified
qualified condition. It
condition. It is
is important
important that lubricant
lubricant applied as part
person. of a maintenance program shall be compatible with the
(d) Ropes
Ropes Not
Not in
in Regular
Regular Use. All ropes that have been original lubricant, and to this end end the rope
rope manufacturer
manufacturer
idle for a period of 1 month or more more due to shutdown should be consulted; lubricant applied shall be the type
or storage of the derrick on which it is is installed
installed shall that does not
not hinder
hinder visualvisual inspection.
inspection. ThoseThose sections
sections
be inspected in accordance
accordance with (b) (b) above before being of rope
rope that
that are
are located
located over over sheaves
sheaves or orotherwise
otherwise hidden
hidden
placed in service. during inspection and maintenancemaintenance procedures require
(e) Inspection
Inspection Records
Records special
special attention when lubricatinglubricating rope.
rope. TheThe object
object of
of
rope lubrication
rope lubrication is is to reduce
reduce internal
internal friction and to
friction and
(1)
(1) Frequent inspection — — no records required.
prevent corrosion. Periodic
Periodic fieldfield lubrication
lubrication is is particu-
(2)
(2) Periodic inspection — — in
in order
order to
to establish
establish data
data larly important for rotation-resistant rope.
as a basis for judging the proper time time for
for replacement,
replacement, (f) When an operating
(f) When operating rope shows shows greater
greater wear
wear at
a dated
dated report
report of
of rope condition
condition at each periodic inspec- well-defined localized areas
well-defined localized areas than
than onon the remainder
remainder of of
tion shall be kept on file. file. This report shall cover points the rope, rope life can be extended, extended, in cases cases where a
of deterioration listed
listed inin (b)(2)
(b)(2) above. reduced rope length is adequate,adequate, by by cutting
cutting offoff a section
(f) A
A long-range inspection program should be estab- at one end, thus
thus shifting
shifting the the wear
wear to to different
different areas
areas of
of
lished and include records on examination of ropes the rope.

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Chapter 6-3
Chapter
Operation

(15) SECTION 6-3.1:


SECTION QUALIFICATIONS,
6-3.1: QUALIFICATIONS, (5)
(5) a negative result on a substance abuse test. The
RESPONSIBILITIES, AND level of
of testing will
will be
be determined
determined by the current stan-
OPERATING PRACTICES dard of practice for the industry in which the derrick is
employed, and the test resultsresults shall
shall be confirmed by a
Operators
6-3.1.1 Operators
recognized laboratory service.
(a)
(a) Derricks shall
shall be
be operated only by the following
following (c) Evidence
Evidence of of physical
physical limitations or emotional
personnel: instability that could
instability that could bebe aa hazard
hazard to the operator
operator or
(1)
(1) designated persons. others,
others, oror that in
in the
the opinion
opinion of of the
the examiner
examiner could
could
(2)
(2) trainees under the supervision of a designated interfere with the operator's
operator’s safesafe performance,
performance, may be
person. TheThe number of of trainees
trainees permitted
permitted to be super- disqualification. In such cases, specialized clin-
cause for disqualification.
vised by a single designated person, the the physical
physical loca-
loca- ical or medical judgements
judgements and tests may be required.
tion of the
the designated
designated person while supervising, and the (d) Evidence that an operator
operator is is subject to seizures or
type of communication
communication required
required between thethe designated
designated loss of physical control shall be reason for disqualifica-
person and
person and the trainee
trainee shall be determined
determined by a qualified tion. Specialized medical tests tests may
may bebe required
required toto deter-
deter-
person. mine these conditions.
(3)
(3) maintenance and test personnel, when when it
it is nec- (e) Operators and operator trainees should have nor-
essary in the performance of their duties.
mal depth
depth perception,
perception,field
field of vision, reaction time, man- man-
(4)
(4) inspectors (derrick). ual dexterity, coordination, and no tendencies to
dexterity, coordination,
(b) No one, other than personnel specified in (a) dizziness or similar undesirable characteristics.
characteristics.
above, shall enter
above, shall enter the
the cab
cab or operate the derrick with (f) Operator requirements
(f) requirements shall shall include,
include, but
but not be
the exception of persons such as oilers,
oilers, supervisors,
supervisors, and limited to, the following:
following:
those specific persons authorized
specific persons authorized byby supervisors
supervisors and
then only in the performance
performance of of their
their duties
duties and with (1)
(1) evidence of successfully passing a physical
the knowledge of the operator. examination as defined in (b) (b) above
(2)
(2) satisfactory completion of
satisfactory completion of a written examina-
examina-
6-3.1.2 Qualifications
6-3.1.2 Qualifications for
for Operators
Operators tion covering operational
operational characteristics, controls, emer-
gency control
control skills
skills such as response to fire, control
(a)
(a) Operators shall be
Operators shall be required
required by the employer
employer to
pass a written or or oral
oral examination
examination and a practical
malfunction, as well as characteristics and and performance
operating examination, unless able to furnish satisfac-satisfac-
questions
questions appropriate
appropriateto to the
the derrick
derrick type
type for which qual-
tory evidence of qualifications and experience.
experience. Qualifi-
ification is being sought
cations shall be limited to the specific type
type of
of equipment
equipment (3)
(3) demonstrated ability to read, write, compre-
for which the operator is examined. hend, and use arithmetic
arithmetic and a load/capacity chart in
(b)
(b) Operators
Operators and operator trainees
trainees shall
shall meet
meet the the English language
following physical qualifications, unless it can be shownshown (4)
(4) satisfactory completion
completion of of a combination writ-
that failure to meet thethe qualification
qualification will not affect the ten and verbal
verbal test on load/capacity
load/capacity chartchart usage that
operation
operation ofof the derrick.
derrick. In such
such cases, specialized clini- selection of
covers a selection of the
the configurations
configurations the derrick may
cal and/or
cal and/or medical
medical judgments
judgments and tests tests may
may bebe be equipped to handle,
handle, for the derrick
derrick type for for which
which
required. qualification
qualification isis being sought
(1)
(1) vision of at least 20/30 Snellen in one eye and (5)
(5) satisfactory completion of of testing by appro-
20/50 in the
the other,
other, with or
or without
without corrective
corrective lenses. priate written, oral, or practical
practical methods
methods demonstrating
demonstrating
(2)
(2) ability to distinguish color,
color, regardless of the proficiency in operating
operating the specific derrick
derrick type,
type, includ-
includ-
position of colors, if color
color differentiation is required for ing prestart and poststart
poststart inspections,
inspections, shutdown, and
operation. securing procedures
(3)
(3) adequate hearing, with or without hearing aid, (6)
(6) demonstrated understanding of of the
the applicable
applicable
for the specific operation. sections of the B30
B30Standard
Standard and and federal, state, and local
(4)
(4) sufficient strength, endurance,
endurance, agility, coordina- requirements
tion,
tion, and speed
speed of of reaction
reaction to meet
meet the
the demands
demands of of (g) Operators who who havehave successfully
successfully qualified to
equipment operation. operate a specific derrick type
specific derrick type shall
shall be
be required
required to be

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ASME B30.6-2015

requalified if supervision
supervision deems
deems itit necessary.
necessary. Requalifi- (h) ensuring that the designated
(h) ensuring designated personnel
personnel are compe-
cation shall include, but not be limited to, requirements tent to perform
perform their
their assigned
assigned duties
duties as required
required by
listed in (f)(1)
(f)(1) through
through (f)(6)
(f)(6) above. Section 6-0.4
6-0.4
6-3.2.1.2 The derrick user's user’s responsibilities
responsibilities shall
(15)
(15) 6-3.2:RESPONSIBILITIES
6-3.2: RESPONSIBILITIES include the following:
following:
The organizational structure of various projects may (a)
(a) complying with the the requirements
requirements ofof this
this Volume,
Volume,
differ. The listed
differ. The listed roles
roles are
are described
described for
for the purpose of the derrick manufacturer’s
manufacturer's requirements, and those reg-
defining responsibilities. All listed responsibilities shall ulations applicable
applicable at the work site
be assigned in the work site organization. A single per- (b) designating personnel
personnel to supervise derrick
son may perform one or more more of
of these
these roles.
roles. activities
(a)
(a) derrick operator:
operator: directly controls the derrick (c) ensuring
ensuring thatthat the derrick is in proper
proper operating
operating
functions. condition prior to initial
condition initial use at the work site by
(b)
(b) derrick owner: has custodial control of the derrick (1)
(1) verifying
verifying that the derrick owner has provided
by virtue of lease or ownership. documentation that
documentation that the derrick
derrick meets
meets the
the inspection
inspection
(c)
(c) derrick user: arranges for the derrick's
derrick’s presence on requirements of
requirements of paras.
paras.6-2.1.3,
6-2.1.3, 6-2.2.1,
6-2.2.1, and
and 6-2.4.1
6-2.4.1
the work site andand controls
controls its use while there. (2)
(2) verifying that a frequent
verifying that frequent inspection
inspection has been
(d)
(d) lift director:
director: directly oversees
oversees the
the work performed performed as defined
defined in in para.
para.6-2.1.2
6-2.1.2
by the derrick andand the
the assigned
assigned rigging
rigging crew.
crew. (d) verifying that the derrick has the necessary lifting
(e)
(e) site supervisor exercises supervisory
supervisor exercises supervisory control over capacity to
capacity to perform
perform the proposed lifting operations in
the work site on which the derrick is being used and the planned configuration
configuration
over the work being performed on that site. (e) using derrick operators that meet the requirements
requirements
of para. 6-3.1.2 and are
6-3.1.2 and are qualified
qualified to
to perform
perform the tasks
6-3.2.1 Responsibilities
6-3.2.1 Responsibilitiesofofthe
theDerrick
Derrick Owner
Owner and that will be required with the derrick they are assigned
Derrick
Derrick User to operate
In some situations, derrick owner
situations, the derrick owner and user may (f) ensuring
ensuring the
the designated
designated operator(s)
operator(s) has been noti-
be the same
same entity
entity and
and isis therefore
therefore accountable
accountable for all fied
fied of adjustments
adjustments or or repairs
repairs that
that have
have not yet been
been
of the following responsibilities. In other cases, the user completed, prior to commencing derrick operations
may
may lease or rent a derrick
lease or derrick from
from the owner
owner without
without (g) designating personnel for inspections as required
supervisory, operational, maintenance,
maintenance, support
support person- in Sections 6-2.1 and 6-2.4
6-2.1 and 6-2.4
nel, or services from
from the
the owner.
owner. In Inthese
thesesituations,
situations, paras.
paras. (h) designating personnel for the purpose of mainte-
6-3.2.1.1 and 6-3.2.1.2
6-3.2.1.1 and shall apply.
6-3.2.1.2 shall nance, repair, transport, assembly,
assembly, and disassembly,
disassembly, as
applicable
owner's responsibilities shall
6-3.2.1.1 The derrick owner’s (i) ensuring
ensuring that all all personnel
personnel involved
involved in mainte-
mainte-
include the following:
following: nance, repair, transport,
transport, assembly,
assembly, disassembly, and
(a) providing
(a) providing a derrick that
that meets the requirements
requirements of inspection, as applicable, are aware of their responsibili-
Chapters
Chapters6-16-1 and
and 6-2, specific job
6-2, as well as specific jobrequirements
requirements ties, assigned
assigned duties,
duties, and the associated hazards
defined by the user (j) ensuring that the inspection, testing, and mainte-
(b) providing a derrick and all necessary components
(b) nance programs specified by the derrick owner are
as specified by the manufacturer, necessary to meet the followed
user's
user’s requested configuration
configuration and capacity
capacity
(c) providing all applicable
(c) applicable load/capacity chart(s)
chart(s) 6-3.2.2 Responsibilities of
6-3.2.2 Responsibilities of the
theSite
SiteSupervisor
Supervisor and
and
and diagrams Lift
Lift Director
(d) providing
(d) providing additional technical
technical information
information per-
In some situations, the Site
Site Supervisor and Lift
Lift
taining to the derrick,
derrick, necessary for the derrick opera-
Director may be
Director may be the same person.
tion, when requested by the derrick user
(e) providing field
(e) field assembly,
assembly, disassembly,
disassembly, operation, 6-3.2.2.1 The Site
Site Supervisor
Supervisor's’s responsibilities
and maintenance information, plus warning decals shall include the following:
following:
and placards
placards installed
installed asas prescribed
prescribed by by the derrick
derrick (a)
(a) ensuring that the derrick meets the requirements
manufacturer of Chapter 6-2
6-2 prior to initial site usage.
(f) establishing
(f) establishing anan inspection, testing, and mainte-
inspection, testing, mainte- (b)
(b) determining if additional regulations are applica-
nance program in accordance
accordance with Chapter 6-2 6-2 and ble to the derrick operations.
informing
informing thethe derrick
derrick user of the requirements
requirements of the (c)
(c) ensuring that a qualified person is designated as
program the Lift
Lift Director.
(g) designating personnel for the purpose of inspec-
(g) (d)
(d) ensuring that derrick operations are coordinated
tion, maintenance, repair, transport, assembly,assembly, and with other jobsite
jobsite activities
activities that will be affected by or
disassembly will affect lift
lift operations.

16
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ensuring that
(e) ensuring that the area for the derrick is is adequately
adequately criteria for safe
safe operation
operation and the requirements of this
prepared. The The preparation includes,
includes, but is not limited Volume shall
Volume shall be
be adhered to.)
to, the following: (g) designating a signal person(s) and conveying that
(1) sufficient room to assemble
(1) assemble and and disassemble
disassemble the information to the derrick operator.
derrick, as applicable (h) allowing derrick operation near electric power
(2) an operating
(2) operating area thatthat is suitable for the derrick lines only when the the requirements
requirements of of para.
para. 6-3.5.3
6-3.5.3 and
with respect to water conditions, support support capability,
capability, any additional requirements determined by the site
proximity
proximity to lines, and obstructions
to power lines, obstructions to derrick
derrick supervisor have been met.
operation (i) ensuring precautions are implemented when haz-
(3)
(3) traffic control as
traffic control as necessary
necessary to to restrict
restrict unautho-
unautho- ards associated with special lifting operations are pres-
rized access
access to the derrick working area ent. Such
Such operations
operations include,
include, but are not limited to, the
(f) ensuring
(f) ensuring that work work involving
involving the assembly
assembly and following:
disassembly, as
disassembly, as applicable,
applicable, of of the
the derrick
derrick is is supervised (1)
(1) multiple derrick lifts
by a qualified person. (2)
(2) personnel lifting
(g) ensuring that derrick operators meet the require- (3) operating on barges
(3)
ments of of para.
para. 6-3.1.2.
6-3.1.2. (j) ensuring that the applicable requirements of para.
(h) ensuring that conditions
ensuring that conditions that
that may
may adversely
adversely affect 6-3.3.4 are
6-3.3.4 are met
met when
when lifting personnel.
derrick operations are are addressed.
addressed. Such Such conditions (k) informing
informing the the derrick
derrick operator
operator of the weight
weight ofof
include, but are not limited
limited to,to, the
the following:
following: loads to be be lifted,
lifted, as well
well as
as the
the lifting,
lifting, moving,
moving, and
(1) wind velocity
(1) velocity or gusting winds placing locations for the loads.
(2) heavy rain
(2) (l) obtaining the derrick operator's
(1) obtaining operator’s verification
verification that
(3)
(3) fog the load weight does not exceed exceed the the derrick’s
derrick's rated
(4)
(4) extreme cold capacity.
(5) artificial lighting
(5) (m)
(m) ensuring that a derrick'sderrick’s load rigging is per-
(i) allowing derrick operation near near electric
electric power formed by designated personnel.
lines only when
when the
the requirements
requirementsof of para.
para.6-3.5.3 met.
6-3.5.3 are met. (n) ensuring that the load is properly rigged and
(n)
(j) permitting special lifting operations only when balanced.
equipment
equipment and and procedures
procedures required
required by by this
this Volume,
Volume, the
derrick manufacturer,
derrick manufacturer, or or aa qualified
qualified person are are 6-3.2.3 Responsibilities
6-3.2.3 Responsibilities of
ofDerrick
Derrick Operators
Operators
employed. Such operations include, but are not limited The operator shall not be responsible for for hazards or
to, the following: conditions that are not under his direct control and that
(1)
(1) multiple derrick lifts adversely affect the
the lift
lift operations.
operations. Whenever
Whenever thethe opera-
opera-
(2) personnel lifting
(2) tor has doubt
doubt as to the safety of operations,
operations, the operator
(k) ensuring that work
ensuring that work performed
performed by the rigging crew shall stop the derrick's
derrick’s functions in a controlled manner.
is supervised by a designated person. Lift operations shall resume only after safety
Lift safety concerns
(1) ensuring
(l) ensuring that derrick
derrick maintenance
maintenance is performed
performed have been addressed
addressed or the continuation
continuation of derrick oper-
oper-
by a designated person. ations is directed by by the
the Lift
Lift Director.
Director.
The operator shall be responsible
The responsible for the the following
following
6-3.2.2.2 The Lift Director’s
Director's responsibilities shall listed items:
following:
include the following: (a) reviewing
(a) reviewing thethe requirements
requirements for for the derrick with
(a) being
being present
present at at the
the jobsite
jobsite during
during lifting
lifting commencing operations.
the Lift Director before commencing
operations. (b) knowing what types of site conditions could
(b) knowing
(b) stopping
(b) stopping derrick
derrick operations
operations if alerted to an unsafe adversely affect
adversely affect the
the operation
operation of of the derrick and con-
the derrick con-
condition affecting
affecting these operations. sulting with the
the Lift
Lift Director
Director concerning
concerning the possible
possible
(c) ensuring that the preparation of the area needed
(c) presence of these conditions.
to support derrick operations
support derrick operations has
has been completed
completed before (c) understanding
(c) understanding and and applying
applying thethe information
information con-
commencing derrick operations.
commencing tained in the derrick manufacturer’s
manufacturer's operating manual.
(d)
(d) ensuring necessary traffic controls
controls are in place to (d) understanding the
(d) understanding the derrick's
derrick’s functions and limita-
restrict
restrict unauthorized access
access to the derrick work area. tions as well as its particular operating
operating characteristics.
characteristics.
(e)
(e) ensuring that personnel
personnel involved in derrick opera- (e) using the derrick’s
(e) derrick's load/capacity
load/capacity chart(s) and dia-
tions understand
understand their
their responsibilities,
responsibilities, assigned duties, grams and applying all notes and warnings related to
associated hazards.
and the associated the charts to
to confirm
confirm the the correct
correct derrick
derrick configuration
configuration
(f) addressing safety concerns raised by the operator
(f) to suit the load,
load, site,
site, and
and lift
lift conditions.
conditions.
or other personnel andand being
being responsible
responsible if it is decided (f)
(f) refusing to operate the derrick when any portion
concerns and derrick operations are
to overrule those concerns of the load or derrick would enter the danger danger zone
zone of
of
directed continue. (In all cases,
directed to continue. cases, the manufacturer's
manufacturer’s power lines
energized power lines shown
shownininFig.Fig.6-3.5.3-1.
6-3.5.3-1.

17
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ASME B30.6-2015

(g)
(g) performing a frequent inspection of the derrick as apply. The operator
apply. The operator shall
shall be
be situated
situated where
where any entry
specified in para.
para. 6-2.1.2.
6-2.1.2. to the derrick controls position can be observed.
(h)
(h) promptly reporting the need for any adjustments (6)
(6) considering the recommendations of the manu-
or repairs to a designated person. facturer for securing the derrick, when a local
local weather
(i)
(i) following applicable
applicable lock-out/tag-out
lock-out/tag-out procedures. storm warning exists.
exists.
(j)
(j) not operating the derrick when physically or men-
tally unfit. SECTION 6-3.3:
SECTION HANDLINGTHE
6-3.3: HANDLING THE LOAD
LOAD (15)
(k)
(k) ensuring that all controls are in the off or neutral
position
position and that all all personnel
personnel are are in
in the
the clear
clear before
before Sizeof
6-3.3.1 Size of Load
Load
energizing derrick or starting the engine.
energizing the derrick (a)
(a) No derrick shall be be loaded
loaded beyond the rated load
(l) not engaging in any practice
(1) practice that
that will
will divert
divert his/
his/ for the particular derrick
derrick configuration,
configuration, except for test
her attention while operating the the derrick
derrick controls.
controls. purposes as provided
provided in in para.
para.6-2.2.2.
6-2.2.2.
(m)
(m) testing the derrick
derrick function controls that will be (b)
(b) When loads approach the maximum rating of the
used and operating
operating only only if if those
those function
function controls
controls derrick, the Lift Director
Director shall
shall ascertain
ascertain that
that the weight
respond properly. of the load has been been determined
determined within
within ±10%
±10% before it
(n)
(n) operating the derrick derrick functions, under normal is lifted.
operating conditions, in aa smooth smooth and controlled
controlled (c)
(c) When
When rotation-resistant
rotation-resistant ropesropes are
are used
used with
with an
manner. operating design factor less less than 5, but in no casecase less
(o) knowing and following
following the procedures
procedures specified
specified than 3.5, the special provisions
provisions that follow shall apply:
by the manufacturer or approved by a qualified person, (1)
(1) For each such lifting assignment
for assembly, disassembly,setting
assembly, disassembly, settingup,
up, and
and reeving the (-a) a qualified
(-a) qualified person
person shall ascertain that the
ascertain that
derrick, as applicable. rope is
rope is inin satisfactory
satisfactory condition
condition [see [see paras.
paras.
(p) ensuring that the load and and rigging
rigging weight(s)
weight(s) have 6-2.4.1(a)(1)(-a) through (a)(1)(-d)]
6-2.4.1(a)(1)(-a) through (a)(1)(-d)]both
both before
before and
and after
been provided. each lift,
each lift, but
but if
if more
more than one broken wire in any one
(q) calculating or determining the net capacity for all lay is found, the lift shall not be made
configurations
configurations that that will
will bebe used and verifying,
verifying, using (-b) operations
(-b) operations shall be conducted
conducted in such a man-
the load/capacity
load/capacity chart(s),
chart(s), that
that the
the derrick
derrick has
has sufficient
sufficient ner and at at such
such speeds
speeds as
as to
to reduce
reduce dynamic
dynamic effects
effects
net capacity for the proposed lift. (2)
(2) Each
Each liftlift under these provisions
provisions shall be
(r) considering
considering all factors known that that might
might affect
affect the recorded in the derrick inspection record, and and such prior
derrick capacity and informing the Lift Lift Director of the uses shall be considered before before permitting another
need to make appropriate adjustments.adjustments. such lift.
(s) knowing
knowing the the standard
standardand andspecial
special signals
signals as speci-
fied in Fig. 6-3.4.2-1
6-3.4.2-1and andresponding
responding to to such
such signals
signals from 6-3.3.2 Attaching
6-3.3.2 Attaching the
the Load
Load
the designated signal person. (When a signal person is (a)
(a) The hoist rope
The hoist rope shall
shall not
not be
be wrapped around the
not required as part of of the
the lift
lift operation,
operation, the operator
operator load.
is then
then responsible
responsible for the movement movement of the derrick. derrick. (b)
(b) The load shall be attached to the hook by means
However,
However, the the operator
operator shallshall obey
obey aa stop
stop signal
signal at all of slings or other
other devices
devices of
of sufficient
sufficient capacities.
times, no matter who gives gives it.)
(t) understanding
understanding basic basic load-rigging
load-rigging procedures. 6-3.3.3 Moving
6-3.3.3 Moving the
the Load
Load
(u) if power fails during operations (a)
(a) The
The person
person directing
directing the
the lift
lift shall see that the load
(1)
(1) setting all brakes and locking locking devices is well secured
secured and properly balanced
balanced in in the sling or
(2)
(2) moving all all clutch
clutch and/or
and/or other
other power
power controls
controls lifting device
device when it is initially lifted.
to the off or neutral position Before starting
(b) Before starting the
the lift, note the the following
following
(3)
(3) landing any suspended load under brake brake con- conditions:
trol if practical (1)
(1) Hoist rope shall not be kinked.
(v)
(v) before leaving
leaving the the derrick
derrick unattended (2)
(2) Multiple part lines shall not be be twisted around
(1)
(1) landing any suspended load. each other.
(2)
(2) disengaging the master clutch. (3)
(3) The hook shall be brought
brought over the load in such
(3)
(3) setting winch brakes, swing brakes, boom boom a manner as to prevent swinging.
brakes, and other
other locking
locking devices. (4)
(4) If there is a slack rope condition,
condition, it should be
(4)
(4) placing all controls in the the off
offororneutral
neutral position.
position. determined that
determined that the
the rope is properly seated on the the drum
drum
(5)
(5) stopping the engine.
engine. An exception to this may and in the
the sheaves.
sheaves.
exist
exist when derrick operation is frequently interrupted (c) During lifting, care
care shall
shall bebe taken that
during a shift and the the operator
operator mustmust leave
leave the derrick
derrick (1)
(1) there is no sudden
sudden acceleration
acceleration or deceleration
controls. Under these circumstances,
controls. Under circumstances, the the engine may of the moving load
remain running, and and (v)(1)
(v)(1) through
through (v)(4)
(v)(4) above shall (2)
(2) the load does not contact
contact any obstructions

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ASME B30.6-2015

(d)
(d) A derrick shall not be used for side loading except may leave his position at the controls,
controls, provided, prior
when specifically authorized by a qualified person who
specifically authorized to that time,
time, the Lift
Lift Director
Director and operator have estab-
has determined that the various
various structural components lished the requirements for dogging the winch and pro-
will not be overstressed. viding
viding notices,
notices, barricades,
barricades, or or whatever
whatever other
other
(e)
(e) The operator should avoid carrying loads over precautions may
may be
be necessary.
necessary.
people.
6-3.3.6 Use
6-3.3.6 Useof
ofWinch
Winch Heads
Heads
(f)
(f) The operator shall test the brakes each time a load
approaching the rated
rated load
load is
is handled
handled byby lifting
lifting it a few (a) Ropes shall not
(a) not be
be handled
handled on a winch
winch head
head with-
inches and applying the brakes. out the knowledge
knowledge of the operator.
(g)
(g) Neither the load nor boom shall be lowered below (b) While
(b) While aa winch
winch head is being used, the operator
operator
the point where less than two full wraps of rope remain shall be within reach of the power unit
unit control
control lever.
lever.
on their respective drums. 6-3.3.7 Securing
6-3.3.7 Securing Boom
Boom
(h)
(h) When rotating a derrick,
derrick, sudden
sudden starts and stops
shall be avoided. Rotational speed shall be such that the Dogs, pawls, or other positive
Dogs, pawls, positive holding
holding mechanisms
mechanisms
load does not swing out beyond the radius at which it on the winch
winch shall be engaged. When not
engaged. When not in use, the
can be controlled.
can controlled. AA tag
tag or restraint
restraint line should alsoalso derrick boom shall be either
be used. (a) laid down
(a)
(i)
(i) Boom
Boom andand hoisting
hoisting rope systems shall not be (b) secured to a stationary member, as nearly under
(b)
twisted. the head asas possible,
possible, by attachment
attachment of of aa sling
sling to the
(j)
(j) The operator shall not hoist, lower, or swing while load block
anyone is on the load or hook. (c) lifted to a vertical position
(c) position and secured to the mast
for guy derricks
6-3.3.4 Personnel
6-3.3.4 Personnel Lifting (d) secured against stiffleg
(d) stiffleg for stiffleg derrick
This
This Volume recognizes that
Volume recognizes that derricks
derricks are designed
designed
and intended
intended for handling materials and not personnel. SECTION 6-3.4:
SECTION SIGNALS
6-3.4: SIGNALS
Personnel are onlyonly permitted
permitted to be lifted in a personnel 6-3.4.1 Standard
6-3.4.1 Standard Signals
Signals
platform under the the following
following conditions:
(a)
(a) The Site
Site Supervisor
Supervisor shallshall determine
determine that there is Standard
Standard signals
signals to
to the
the operator
operator shall
shall be in accordance
no practical alternative way to performperform the
the needed
needed work with
with the
the standard
standardprescribed
prescribedininparas.
paras.6-3.4.2
6-3.4.2 and
and6-3.4.3,
6-3.4.3,
or to gain access
access to to the
the area
area and
and shall
shall authorize
authorize its usage unless voice communication equipment (telephone,
voice communication
in writing. radio, or equivalent) is utilized. Signals shall be discern-
(b)
(b) Communication between the derrick operator,
ible or audible at all times. No response shall be made
signal person, and person(s)person(s) being lifted shall be
unless signals are clearly
clearly understood.
maintained. Hand Signals
6-3.4.2 Hand Signals
(c)
(c) In all aspects, personnel lifting operations shall be
Hand
Hand signals
signalsshall
shallbe
bein
inaccordance
accordancewith
withFig.
Fig.6-3.4.2-1
6-3.4.2-1
done in accordance
accordance with the the applicable
applicable provisions
provisions of of
and shall
shall be
be posted
posted conspicuously.
conspicuously.
ASME B30.23,except
ASME B30.23, except as as listed
listed below.
(1)
(1) Derricks are not required to have a boom angle 6-3.4.3 Bell
6-3.4.3 Bellor
orLight
Light Signals
Signals
indicator. If aa boom
boom angle
angle indicator
indicator is
is not
not installed,
installed, alter-
alter- Bells of
Bells of different
different tones
tones shall
shall be
be used
used for boom, load,
nate means to verify lift radius shall be provided. runner (whip),
(whip), andand swinger.
swinger. Where
Where electrically
electrically acti-
(d)
(d) The derrick
derrick shall
shall not
not be
be used for other purposes vated,
vated, both
both bell and light signal systems shall have safety
while handling personnel. lights of a different color lit
different color lit to
to indicate
indicate that the signal
system is effective.
effective. The signals shall be as follows:
6-3.3.5 Holding
6-3.3.5 Holding the
the Load
Load
(a) When operating,
(a) operating, one bell or light means stop.
(a)
(a) The operator shall not leave the controls while the (b) When stopped, one bell or light means lift; two bells
(b)
load is suspended unless
unless the precautions
precautions in the
the excep-
excep- or lights means lower.
tions as listed in (b) through (d) below have been taken. (c) When temporarily stopped,
(c) stopped, three or four bells
bells or
(b)
(b) People should not
People should not be
be permitted
permitted to
to stand or pass lights alternately on the boom and load mean dog it off
under a load on the hook.
hook. or stopping for some time.
(c)
(c) If the load
load must
must remain suspended
suspended for any consid- (d) When dogged
(d) dogged off, before starting, ring three or four
erable length of time, a dog,
dog, aa pawl
pawl and
and ratchet, or other bells or light three or four
four lights alternately
alternately on the boom
equivalent means,
equivalent means, rather than the brake
brake alone,
alone, shall be and load, meaning get ready to start work work again.
again.
used to hold the load.
(d)
(d) As an exception to (a) above,
above, under
under such circum- 6-3.4.4 Special
6-3.4.4 Special Signals
Signals (15)
stances where a load is toto be
be held
held suspended
suspended for a period
period Some special
special operations
operations may
may require
require additions to, or
of time
time exceeding
exceeding normal
normal lifting
lifting operations,
operations, the
the operator
operator modifications of,
of, the
the basic
basic signals
signals standardized
standardized herein.

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ASME B30.6-2015

Fig. 6-3.4.2-1
Fig. StandardHand
6-3.4.2-1 Standard HandSignals
Signalsfor
forControlling
Controlling Derricks
Derricks

I
,

!A

LI
r
A
.
lii
V i 3
t
t ,I,
HOIST LOWER
With forearm vertical, fore- With arm extended downward,
downward,
finger pointing up, move hand forefinger pointing down, move
in small horizontal circle. hand in small horizontal circles.

AI.
-..
1 -

i,
ITI .-
1,-1 i II
_) _1

r
V

RAISE BOOM LOWER BOOM


Arm extended, fingers closed, Arm extended, fingers closed,
thumb pointing upward. thumb pointing downward.

.j.

14
A
MOVE SLOWLY
MOVE SLOWLY
RAISE THE BOOM AND
Use one hand to give any LOWER THE LOAD
motion
motion signal and place other
With arm extended, thumb
hand motionless in front of
pointing up, flex fingers in
hand giving the motion signal.
and out as long as load
(Hoist slowly shown as
movement is desired.
example.)

20
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ASME B30.6-2015
ASME B30.6-2015

Fig. 6-3.4.2-1
Fig. StandardHand
6-3.4.2-1 Standard HandSignals
Signalsfor
forControlling
ControllingDerricks
Derricks (Cont'd)
(Cont’d)

''''
a --- ..._. I A. A
_ ' \ \ 1 '‘ 16

.
((. as 11

LOWER THE BOOM AND SWING


RAISE THE LOAD Arm extended, point with
With arm extended, thumb finger in direction of swing
pointing down, flex fingers of boom.
in and out as long as load
movement is desired.

Alk
,...
iP
1.`_•--- ,.• 1
A -.- .., \ -.1 0./ i 1.8....
ct... ,. _ •. .- -
1
. I
II -‘-- j _ f,9
ik
1t
E c t9
0
A
STOP EMERGENCY STOP
Arm extended, palm down, Both arms extended, palms
move arm back and forth. down, move arms back and
forth.

A
1 .,:•-
,i v
.,

DOG EVERYTHING
Clasp hands
hands in
in front
front of body.

21
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ASME B30.6-2015
ASME B30.6-2015

In all such cases, these special


special signals
signals should
should be agreed (3)
(3) Caution shall be exercised
exercised when working near
upon; thoroughly
thoroughly understood
understoodbybythe
theLift
Lift Director,
Director, signal overhead lines because
because they can move horizontally or
person, and the operator; and should
should not
not be
be in
in conflict
conflict vertically due
due to wind, moving the danger zone to new
with the standard signals.
signals. positions.
(4)
(4) In transit with no load and and boom
boom lowered,
lowered, the
Instructions
6-3.4.5 Instructions clearance shall be a minimum minimum of of 44 ft
ft (1.2
(1.2 m)
m) (see
If it isis desired
desired to
to give
giveinstructions
instructions to
to the
the operator
operator other Table 6-3.5.3-1).
than those provided for in the standard
standard signal
signal system,
system, (5)
(5) A qualified signal
signal person shall be assigned to
the derrick motions shall be stopped. observe
observe the the clearance
clearance and give give warning
warning beforebefore
approaching the above limits.
(b)
(b) If cage-type
cage-type boomboom guards,
guards, insulating links, or
SECTION 6-3.5:
SECTION MISCELLANEOUS
6-3.5: MISCELLANEOUS
proximity warning
proximity warning devices
devices areare used on derricks,
derricks, such
6-3.5.1 Fire
6-3.5.1 Fire Extinguishers
Extinguishers devices shall
devices shall not be considered
considered aa substitute for the
requirements of (a) above, even if such devices are
(a)
(a) A portable fire
fire extinguisher, with a basic
extinguisher, with basic mini-
mini-
required by law or regulation. Limitations Limitations of such
mum extinguisher rating
rating of
of 10
10 BC, shall
shall be installed in
shall be
devices shall be understood
understood by the operating personnel
the cab or at the machinery
machinery housing.
and
and tested
tested in the manner prescribed by the the manufacturer
manufacturer
(b)
(b) Operating and maintenance
maintenance personnel shall be
of the device.
familiar with the use and
and care
care of
of the fire
fire extinguishers
provided.
(c)
(c) Before thethe commencement
commencement of of operations
operations near elec-
trical lines, the person responsible
responsible for the job shall notify
Refueling
6-3.5.2 Refueling the owners of the lines or their authorized representa- representa-
tives, providing them with all pertinent
pertinent information and
(a)
(a) When refueling with a portable container, it shall requesting their cooperation.
be of
of aa safety-type
safety-type can equipped
equipped with an
an automatic
automatic (d)
(d) Any overhead wire shall shall be considered
considered to to be an
closing
closing cap and flame arrester. unless and
energized line unless and until the person owning such
(b)
(b) The machine shall not be refueled with the engine line or the electrical utility authorities
electrical utility authorities verify
verify that
that it is
running. not an energized line.
(c)
(c) Smoking or open flames shall be prohibited
prohibited in the (e)
(e) Exceptions
Exceptions to to this
this procedure,
procedure, ifif approved
approved by the
refueling area. owner
owner of the electrical lines, may
electrical lines, may bebe granted
granted by by the
6-3.5.3 Operating
6-3.5.3 OperatingNear
NearElectric
Electric Power
Power Lines
Lines administrative
administrative or or regulatory authority if
regulatory authority if the alternate
procedure provides
procedure provides protection
protection andand is set forth in writing.
writing.
(a)
(a) Derricks shall be
Derricks shall be operated
operated so
so that
that no part of the (f)
(f) Durable signs shall
Durable signs shall be
be installed
installed at
at the operator’s
operator's
derrick or load enters
derrick or into the danger zone shown in
enters into station and on the outside
outside ofof the derrick, warning that
Fig. 6-3.5.3-1. electrocution or serious bodily injury may occur unless
EXCEPTIONS: a minimum
minimum clearance
clearance of of 10
10 ft (3.0
(3.0 m) is is maintained
maintained
(1) The danger zone may be entered if
(1) if the
the electrical
electrical distribution between the derrick or the load being being handled
handled and ener-
transmission lines have been
and transmission been de-energized
de-energized and visibly
visibly gized power lines. Greater clearances are required
grounded at the point of work. because
because of higher
higher voltage
voltage as as stated
statedinin(a)(2)
(a)(2) above. These
(2)
(2) The danger zone may be entered if insulating barriers (not a signs shall be revised but not removed when when local juris-
part of or an
an attachment
attachment to
to the
the derrick)
derrick) have been erected to
diction requires greater clearances.
clearances.
prevent physical contact with the lines.
(1)
(1) For lines rated
rated 50 kV or below,
below, minimum
minimum clear- 6-3.5.4 Cabor
6-3.5.4 Cab orOperating
Operating Enclosure
Enclosure
ance between the
ance between the lines
lines and
and anyany part of the derrick
derrick or (a)
(a) Necessary clothing
clothing and personal belongings shall
load shall bebe 10
10 ft
ft (3.0
(3.0 m). be stored in such a manner
manner as not to interfere with access
(2)
(2) For lines rated
rated over
over 5050 kV, minimum clearance or operation.
between
between thethe lines
lines and
and any part of the derrick
derrick or load (b)
(b) Tools, oil
oil cans,
cans,waste,
waste, extra
extra fuses,
fuses, and
and other
other neces-
shall
shall be
be 10
10 ft (3.0 m) plus
plus 0.4 in. (10.2 mm)
mm) for each 1 kV sary articles shall be stored in the toolbox and shall not
over 50 kV,
kV,oror use
use twice
twice thethe length
length of the line insulator, be permitted to lie loose in or about the cab operating
but
but never
never less
lessthan
than10 10ftft(3.0
(3.0m)m)(see
(seeTable
Table6-3.5.3-1).
6-3.5.3-1). enclosure.

22
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ASME B30.6-2015
ASME B30.6-2015

Fig. 6-3.5.3-1
Fig. DangerZone
6-3.5.3-1 Danger ZoneforforDerricks
Derricksand
andLifted
LiftedLoads
LoadsOperating
OperatingNear
NearElectrical
ElectricalTransmission
Transmission Lines
Lines

This area should be avoided.

Danger zone area


[Note (1)]
rTh

NOTE:
(1) For
For minimum radial
radial distance
distance of
of danger
danger zone,
zone, see para. 6-3.5.3.

23
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Copyright ASME
ASMEInternational
Intimational
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networking permitted
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ASME B30.6-2015
ASME B30.6-2015

Table 6-3.5.3-1
Table RequiredClearance
6-3.5.3-1 Required Clearancefor
for Normal
Normal
Operation Near
Voltage in Operation Near High
High-Voltage
Voltage
Power Lines
Minimum Required
Normal Clearance
Normal Voltage, kV
kV
(Phase to Phase) ft m

When Operating Near High Voltage Power Lines


Up
Up to
to 50 10 3.05
Over
Over 50
50 to 200 15 4.57
Over
Over 200
200 to 350 20 6.10
Over
Over 350
350 to 500 25 7.62
Over
Over 500
500 to 750 35 10.67
Over
Over 750
750 to
to 1 000 45 13.72

Transit With
While in Transit With No
No Lead
Lead and
and Boom or Mast Lowered
Lowered
Up
Up to
to 0.75 4 1.22
Over
Over 0.75
0.75 to 50 6 1.83
Over
Over 50
50 to 345 10 3.05
Over
Over 345
345 to 750 16 4.88
Over
Over 750
750 to
to 1 000 20 6.10

24
24

Copyright ASME
ASME International
International
Provided by IHS under licensewith
under license with ASME
ASME Licensee=Univemity of Alberta/5966844001, User=ahmadi, rozita
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS
license from Not for Resale, 08/17/2015 01:00:13 MDT
ASME B30.6-2015
ASME B30.6-2015

ISBN 978-0-7918-7022-8

100
9 780791 870228

1111111 111111111
Copyright ASME International
J09315
Provided by IHS under license with ASME Licensee=Univemity of Alberta/5966844001, User=ahmadi, rozita
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale, 08/17/2015 01:00:13 MDT