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MACHINE ELECTRICAL

SYSTEMS
• Battery
• Charging System
• Starting System
D.C. CHARGING CIRCUIT A.C. CHARGING CIRCUIT

REGULATOR IGNITION
SWITCH

REGULATOR

AMMETER AMMETER
GENERATOR

ALTERNATOR

GROUND
GROUND

BATTERY
BATTERY
ALT
+ R BATTERY LOAD

ALTERNATOR

ALT
+ R BATTERY LOAD

ALTERNATOR

ALT
+ R BATTERY LOAD

ALTERNATOR
FIELD
CIRCUIT

FIELD
CIRCUIT
B A
S N S N
A B

FIRST HALF OF REVOLUTION SECOND HALF OF REVOLUTION


AT STATIC "NEUTRAL POINT"
NO VOLTAGE IS GENERATED

GAPS BETWEEN
COMMUTATOR HALVES
A

B
LOAD ROTATING MAGNETIC
CIRCUIT FIELD
CHANGED
POLARITY

A
A

B
B
STRONG WEAK
FIELD FIELD

ROTOR ROTOR

CONDUCTOR
AIR PATH- AIR PATH-
HIGH RELUCTANCE LOW RELUCTANCE
A1A B1B C1C
C1

C1 A B

LOOP VOLTAGE
A
S
B
0° 120° 240° 360°

N
B1
B1 A1
A1 90° 120° 120° 30°
C C

ONE CYCLE
AC1
A1B

AC1
A1B

B1C
B1C
BA CB AC
PHASE VOLTAGE

ONE CYCLE
A B BA CB AC

B1

PHASE VOLTAGE
A1 C1
A
B
A1B1C1
C

ONE CYCLE
RECTIFIER
A B R

B1
GRD BAT
A1 C1

C
BATTERY
A1 A B1 B C1 C

LOOP VOLTAGE
8

BA CB AC
16
1 3 5
PHRASE VOLTAGE

6 2 4 6
A A

B B

BA BA BA BA
CURRENT

TIME
D. C. CURRENT

BC BA CA CB AB AC BC

TIME
R
RECTIFIER
A B
GRD BAT

STATOR C

BATTERY

BA CB AC
16
1 3 5
PHRASE VOLTAGE

6 2 4 6
16
16 O
A B O 15

8 C

BATTERY
ALTERNATOR

FIELD
REGULATOR
TERMINAL

STARTER GROUND
STARTING (IGNITION
MOTOR SWITCH)
OUTPUT

ALTERNATOR
INDICATOR R1 R2
LAMP FIELD
DISCHARGE
R3
DIODE

TR1
R4

TR2
R5 ZENER
TRANSISTORIZED Rt
BATTERY DIODE
REGULATOR
R7 R8 R9
ALTERNATOR

FIELD
REGULATOR
TERMINAL

STARTER GROUND
STARTING (IGNITION
MOTOR SWITCH)
OUTPUT

ALTERNATOR
INDICATOR R1 R2
LAMP
FIELD
DISCHARGE
R3 DIODE

TR1
R4

TR2
R5 ZENER Rt
BATTERY DIODE
REGULATOR
R7 R8 R9
ALTERNATOR

FIELD
REGULATOR
TERMINAL

STARTER GROUND
STARTING (IGNITION
MOTOR SWITCH)
OUTPUT

ALTERNATOR
INDICATOR R1 R2
LAMP FIELD
DISCHARGE
R3 DIODE

TR1
R4

TR2 ZENER
R5 Rt
BATTERY DIODE
REGULATOR
R7 R8 R9
RESISTOR

SWITCH
INDICATOR
LAMP

BATTERY
BAT.

DIODE
TRIO
R1
R2 ROTOR
TR2 (FIELD)

R3 C1 TR1
R4

RECTIFIED
STATOR BRIDGE
DIODES STATOR

ALTERNATOR FIELD

ISOLATION
DIODE
REGULATOR FIELD
KEYSWITCH TERMINAL TERMINAL
OUTPUT
TERMINAL

ALTERNATOR
INDICATOR LAMP

TR2

TRANSISTORIZED
TERMINAL