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Solaris™ Fibre Channel and Storage

Multipathing Administration Guide

Sun Microsystems, Inc.


www.sun.com

Part No. 819-0139-12


December 2006, Revision A

Submit comments about this document at: http://www.sun.com/hwdocs/feedback


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Contents

Preface ix

1. Product Overview 1
Software Features 2
Fibre Channel Software Features 2
Multipathing Software Features With Fibre Channel Storage 3
Supported Standards 4

2. Configuration Overview 5
Configuration Task Overview 6
Configuration Considerations 7

3. Administering Multipathing Devices Through mpathadm Commands 9


▼ To Get a List of Multipathing Support That Can Be Administered by the
mpathadm Command 10
▼ To Get the Multipathing Support Properties 10
▼ To Get a List of Initiator Ports Discovered on the System 12
▼ To Get the Properties of a Particular Initiator Port 12
▼ To Get a List of Logical Units Discovered on the System 13
▼ To Get the Properties and Associated Path Information of a Particular
Logical Unit by Name 13
▼ To List All Logical Units Associated With a Particular Target Port 15

iii
▼ To List a Logical Unit With a Particular Name Derived From the Hardware
Used by the System 17
▼ To Configure Auto-Failback for a Particular Multipathing Support 19
▼ To Fail Over a Logical Unit 21
▼ To Enable a Path 25
▼ To Disable a Path 27

4. Configuring Multipathing Software 31


Configuring Multipathing 31
Enabling or Disabling Multipathing 32
Enabling or Disabling Multipathing on SPARC Based Systems 33
▼ To Enable Multipathing on SPARC Based Systems 33
▼ To Disable Multipathing on SPARC Based Systems 34
Enabling or Disabling Multipathing on x86 Based Systems 35
Enabling or Disabling Multipathing on a Per-Port Basis 36
Considerations for Per-Port Configuration 36
▼ To Configure Multipathing by Port 37
▼ To Configure an HBA Controller Port on a SPARC System 39
▼ To Configure an HBA Controller Port on an x86 Based System 40
Disabling Multipathing on Third-Party Devices 41
Configuring Automatic Failback 43
Configuring Third-Party Storage Devices 44
Considerations for Third-Party Device Configuration 44
▼ To Configure Third-Party Devices 44
Displaying Device Name Changes 46

5. Configuring SAN Devices 49


SAN Device Considerations 50
Adding SAN Devices 50
▼ To Add a SAN Device 51

iv Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
Configuring Fabric Boot Devices on SPARC 51
Boot Considerations 51

6. Configuring IPFC SAN Devices 53


IPFC Considerations 53
Determining Fibre Channel Adapter Port Instances 54
▼ To Determine Port Instances 54
▼ To Plumb an IPFC Instance 55
Invoking and Configuring IPFC 57
▼ To Start a Network Interface Manually 57
▼ To Configure the Host for Automatic Plumbing Upon Reboot 58

7. Sun Solaris 10, Update 1, x86/x64 Fibre Channel Operating System Booting
Procedure 61
Requirements 62
Minimum QLogic Corporation HBA BIOS levels 62
Minimum Emulex Corporation HBA BIOS levels 62
Setup Requirements 62
Installation Overview 63
Installation Procedure 64
▼ To Perform a CD ROM, DVD ROM, or Network-Based OS Installation 64
Post-Installation Patches for the Sun Solaris 10 Update 1 OS 72

8. Persistent Binding for Tape Devices 73


Background 73
Approach 74
Notes 74
Configuration Steps 75
▼ To Detect Fabric Devices Visible on a Host 79
▼ To Configure an Individual Device Without Multipathing 81

Contents v
▼ To Configure Multiple Devices Without Multipathing 83
▼ To Configure Individual Devices With Solaris Multipathing Software 85
▼ To Configure Multiple Devices With Multipathing 88
▼ To Unconfigure a Fabric Device 90
▼ To Unconfigure all Fabric Devices on a Fabric-Connected Host Port 91
▼ To Unconfigure a Fabric Device Associated With Solaris FC and Storage
Multipathing Enabled Devices 92
▼ To Unconfigure One Path to a Multipathing Device 94
▼ To Unconfigure all Fabric-Connected Devices With Multipathing
Enabled 95

vi Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
Tables

TABLE 2-1 Tasks to Configure Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing Software 6

TABLE 6-1 IPFC (NFS/NAS and SNDR) 53

TABLE 6-2 PCI Single FC Network Adapter /etc/path_to_inst Device Path Entry 55

vii
viii Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
Preface

The Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide provides an
overview of the Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing software for the SolarisTM
10 Operating System This guide includes instructions about how to install and
configure the software and devices.

This guide is intended for system, storage, and network administrators who create
and maintain storage area networks (SANs) and have a high level of expertise in the
management and maintenance of SANs.

Note – The Traffic Manager Multipathing functionality has been incorporated into
the Solaris Operating System. This document refers only to the multipathing
functionality and not to the Traffic Manager product.

Before You Read This Document


Before you read this book, read the Solaris 10 Operating System 3/05 Release Notes.

ix
How This Document Is Organized
Chapter 1 provides an overview of Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing
software.

Chapter 2 provides an overview of configuring the Solaris Fibre Channel and


Storage Multipathing software.

Chapter 3 explains how to configure multipathing feature for FC devices provided in


the Solaris Operating System.

Chapter 4 provide an overview of steps used to configure SAN devices.

Chapter 5 explains the considerations to configure IPFC SAN Devices.

Appendix A explains Manual configuration for Fabric Connected Devices.

Appendix B provides details on Supported FC-HBA API.

Appendix C provides trouble shooting information for potential problems that may
occur while you run the Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing software.

Using UNIX Commands


This document might not contain information about basic UNIX® commands and
procedures such as shutting down the system, booting the system, and configuring
devices. Refer to the following for this information:
■ Software documentation that you received with your system
■ Solaris™ Operating System documentation, which is at:
http://docs.sun.com

x Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
Shell Prompts
Shell Prompt

C shell machine-name%
C shell superuser machine-name#
Bourne shell and Korn shell $
Bourne shell and Korn shell superuser #

Typographic Conventions
Typeface* Meaning Examples

AaBbCc123 The names of commands, files, Edit your.login file.


and directories; on-screen Use ls -a to list all files.
computer output % You have mail.
AaBbCc123 What you type, when contrasted % su
with on-screen computer output Password:
AaBbCc123 Book titles, new words or terms, Read Chapter 6 in the User’s Guide.
words to be emphasized. These are called class options.
Replace command-line variables You must be superuser to do this.
with real names or values.
To delete a file, type rm filename.
* The settings on your browser might differ from these settings.

Preface xi
Related Documentation
The documents listed as online are available at:

http://www.sun.com/products-n-solutions/hardware/docs/

Application Title Part Number

Installation Solaris 10 Operating System 3/05 817-7741-10


Release Notes
Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage 801-xxxx-xx
Multipathing Administration Guide

Documentation, Support, and Training


Sun Function URL

Documentation http://www.sun.com/documentation/
Support http://www.sun.com/support/
Training http://www.sun.com/training/

Third-Party Web Sites


Sun is not responsible for the availability of third-party web sites mentioned in this
document. Sun does not endorse and is not responsible or liable for any content,
advertising, products, or other materials that are available on or through such sites
or resources. Sun will not be responsible or liable for any actual or alleged damage
or loss caused by or in connection with the use of or reliance on any such content,
goods, or services that are available on or through such sites or resources.

xii Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
Sun Welcomes Your Comments
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suggestions. You can submit your comments by going to:
http://www.sun.com/hwdocs/feedback

Please include the title and part number of your document with your feedback:

Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide, part number
819-0139-12

Preface xiii
xiv Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
CHAPTER 1

Product Overview

This chapter provides an overview of the Solaris Fibre Channel (FC) and Storage
Multipathing software. This information will prove helpful during installation and
configuration of the software.

The Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing software is integrated in the Solaris 10 OS.
Whether the system that is being upgraded has prior version of the Solaris FC and
Storage Multipathing software installed or not, there is no need to separately install
the software package during or after the Solaris 10 OS installation. That applies to
the Solaris 10 OS new (initial) install as well.

In Solaris 10 OS, fabric-connected devices are configured and made available to the
host automatically during install and boot time.

Note – If performing an upgrade and if you want to make any FC devices


unavailable after upgrade, those devices have to be manually unconfigured using
"cfgadm -c unconfigure" commands. However, to make those devices
permanently unavailable to the system, you may want to consider using switch
zoning and/or LUN masking. The changes made by cfgadm unconfigure will not
persist after a reboot unless manual configuration for fabric-connected devices has
been turned on. To disable the fabric devices discovery during boot or install, please
refer to Appendix A titled, “Manual Configuration for Fabric Connected Devices” on
page 77.

This chapter contains the following sections:


■ “Software Features” on page 2
■ “Supported Standards” on page 4

1
Software Features
In general, the Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing software enables FC
connectivity for the Solaris hosts. The software resides on the server and identifies
the storage and switch devices on your SAN. It allows you to attach either loop or
fabric SAN storage devices while providing a standard interface with which to
manage them.

Fibre Channel Software Features


The Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing software provides the following key
features:
■ Dynamic Storage Discovery – The Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing software
automatically recognizes devices and any modifications made to device
configurations. This makes devices available to the system without requiring you
to reboot or manually change information in configuration files.
■ Persistent Device Naming – Devices that are configured within the Solaris FC
and Storage Multipathing software maintain their device naming through reboots
and/or reconfiguration. The only exception to this are tape devices, found in
/dev/rmt, will not change unless they are removed and later regenerated.
■ FCAL Support – OpenBootΤΜ Prom (OBP) commands that are used on servers
can access Fibre Channel-Arbitrated Loop (FCAL) attached storage for scanning
the FC loop.
■ Fabric Booting – Sun supports booting from fabric devices as well as non-fabric
Fibre Channel devices. Fabric topologies with Fibre Channel switches provide
higher speed, more connections, and port isolation.
■ FC-HBA Library – What was previously known as the Storage Networking
Industry Association (SNIA) Fibre Channel HBA(FC-HBA) library is now known
as the FC-HBA library. The FC-HBA library application programming interface
(API) enables management of FC HBAs and provides a standards-based interface
for other applications (such as Sun StorEdgeΤΜ Enterprise Storage Manager) that
can be used to gather information about FC HBAs.

Man pages for common FC-HBA APIs are included in the Solaris 10 Operating
System. For additional information on FC specifications refer to
http://www.t11.org.

2 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
Multipathing Software Features With Fibre
Channel Storage
The Solaris 10 OS contains the Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing software. This is
enabled by default for x86-based platforms and optional for SPARC-based platforms.
The software contains the following features:
■ Path Management – The Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing software
dynamically manages the paths to any storage devices it supports. The addition
or removal of paths to a device is done automatically when a path is brought
online or removed from a service. This allows hosts configured with the Solaris
FC and Storage Multipathing software to begin with a single path to a device and
add more host controllers, increasing bandwidth and RAS, without changing
device names or modifying applications. For Sun storage, there are no
configuration files to manage or databases to keep current. For Storage other than
Sun, contact your storage vendor for methods to enable support and to ensure it
is qualified with the multipathing software.
■ Single Device Instances - Unlike other multipathing solutions, the Solaris FC and
Storage Multipathing software is fully integrated with the Solaris 10 OS. This
allows the Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing software to display multipath
devices as single device instances instead of as one device, or device link, per
path. This reduces the cost of managing complex storage architectures, since it
enables utilities, such as format(1M) or higher level applications such as the
Solaris Volume Manager, to “see” one representation of a storage device instead
of a separate device for each path.
■ Failover Support – Implementing higher levels of RAS requires redundant host
connectivity to storage devices. The Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing software
manages the failure of storage paths while maintaining host I/O connectivity
through available secondary paths.
■ Symmetrical/Asymmetrical Device Support – The Solaris FC and Storage
Multipathing software support the following disk storage devices.
■ All Sun disk storage - both symmetric and asymmetric
■ All T10/T11 standards complaint non-Sun symmetrical disk devices
■ Many non-Sun Asymmetrical disk arrays.

Please contact your storage vendor to see if your device is supported.

In addition, T10 ALUA support has been added for those asymmetrical devices that
support this T10 standard.
■ I/O Load Balancing – In addition to providing simple fail over support, the
Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing software can use any active paths to a
storage device to send and receive I/O. With I/O routed through multiple host
connections, bandwidth can be increased by the addition of host controllers. The
Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing software uses a round-robin load-balancing
algorithm, by which individual I/O requests are routed to active host controllers
in a series, one after the other.

Chapter 1 Product Overview 3


■ Queue Depth – SCSI storage arrays present storage to a host in the form of a
LUN. LUNs have a finite set of resources available, such as the amount of data
that can be stored, as well as the number of active commands that a device or
LUN can process at one time. The number of active commands that can be issued
before a device blocks further I/O is know as queue depth. When the Solaris FC
and Storage Multipathing software is enabled, a single queue is created for each
LUN regardless of the number of distinct or separate paths it may have to the
host.This allows the disk driver to maintain and balance 1 queue to the LUN,
effectively managing queue depth. No other multipathing softwares available for
the Solaris 10 OS can claim this.
■ stmsboot Command – The Solaris 10 OS cannot be installed initially onto the
Solaris multipathing software devices. However, the stmsboot command, which
is included with the Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing software, allows you to
enable the Solaris Multipathing software on the boot device after the installation
has been completed for SPARC devices.
■ Dynamic Reconfiguration – The Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing Software
supports the Solaris 10 OS Dynamic Reconfiguration (DR).

Supported Standards
The Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing software is based on open standards for
communicating with devices and device management, ensuring interoperability
with other standards-based devices and software. The following standards are
supported by the Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing software:
■ T10 standards, including SCSI-3, SAM, FCP, SPC, and SBC
■ T11.3 FC standards, including FC-PH, FC-AL, FC-LS, and FC-GS
■ T11.5 storage management standards, including FC-HBA
■ IETF standards, including RFC 2625

4 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
CHAPTER 2

Configuration Overview

This chapter provides information about configuring the Solaris FC and Storage
Multipathing software.

This chapter contains the following sections:


■ “Configuration Task Overview” on page 6
■ “Configuration Considerations” on page 7

5
Configuration Task Overview
This section provides a high level overview of the tasks that you should perform to
configure the Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing software.

The following table lists the configuration tasks, description about each task and the
reference information where you can find the procedures to perform each task.

TABLE 2-1 Tasks to Configure Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing Software

Configuration Task Task Description Reference Information

Enable Multipathing capability is provided by The steps for enabling


Multipathing the Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing multipathing are outlined
software in the Solaris 10 OS. This in “Configuring
software enables multipathing: Multipathing” on page 31.
* By default on x86 platforms.
* By manual configuration on SPARC
platforms.
Configure Devices In the Solaris 10 OS, FCAL and fabric- Please refer to the chapter
connected devices are made available to “Configuring SAN
the host. This differs from previous Devices” on page 49 for
versions of the multipathing software more information.
running on the Solaris 8 or 9 OS. In
those versions, manual configuration
steps were required to achieve fabric-
connected device availability on the
Solaris host.
Set up FC Boot The Solaris FC and Storage Please refer to the section
Device Multipathing software allows a Solaris “SAN Device
server to boot from a fabric device. Considerations” on
page 50 for more
information.
Configure IPFC You can configure host recognition of This information is
SAN devices IPFC devices and implementation of IP outlined in “Configuring
over FC in a SAN. Configuration of IPFC SAN Devices” on
IPFC depends on the instance of the page 53.
Fabric Port (FP) driver for the FC
adapter ports.

6 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
Configuration Considerations
Before you configure the Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing software, consider the
following:
■ Configure ports and zones according to the vendor-specific documentation for
storage and switches.
■ LUN masking enables specific LUNs to be seen by specific hosts. See your
vendor-specific storage documentation that describes masking.
■ Power Management needs to be disabled for hosts and devices on a SAN. See
power.conf (4) for details about power management.

Chapter 2 Configuration Overview 7


8 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
CHAPTER 3

Administering Multipathing
Devices Through mpathadm
Commands

The Sun Solaris OS multipathing support can be determined and configured by


using mpathadm commands. Starting with Solaris 10 Update 3, the mpathadm
command enables multipathing administration through the ANSI standard
Multipath Management API. The terms used in this chapter to denote a path,
initiator port, target port, and logical unit are consistent with the T10 specification.
This chapter contains the following sections:
■ “To Get a List of Multipathing Support That Can Be Administered by the
mpathadm Command” on page 10
■ “To Get the Multipathing Support Properties” on page 10
■ “To Get a List of Initiator Ports Discovered on the System” on page 12
■ “To Get the Properties of a Particular Initiator Port” on page 12
■ “To Get a List of Logical Units Discovered on the System” on page 13
■ “To Get the Properties and Associated Path Information of a Particular Logical
Unit by Name” on page 13
■ “To List All Logical Units Associated With a Particular Target Port” on page 15
■ “To List a Logical Unit With a Particular Name Derived From the Hardware Used
by the System” on page 17
■ “To Configure Auto-Failback for a Particular Multipathing Support” on page 19
■ “To Fail Over a Logical Unit” on page 21
■ “To Enable a Path” on page 25
■ “To Disable a Path” on page 27

9
▼ To Get a List of Multipathing Support That Can
Be Administered by the mpathadm Command
The multipathing support is identified with the Multipath Management API plug-in
library name.

● Run the mpathadm list mpath-support command.

# mpathadm list mpath-support


mpath-support: libmpscsi_vhci.so

(Only one result is shown in the preceding example.)

▼ To Get the Multipathing Support Properties


The multipathing support properties are associated with Multipath Management
API plug-in properties.

1. Run the mpathadm list mpath-support command.

# mpathadm list mpath-support


mpath-support: libmpscsi_vhci.so

(Only one result is shown in the preceding example.)

2. Choose the mpath support name from the output list.

10 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
3. Run the mpathadm show mpath-support mpath-support-name command.

# mpathadm show mpath-support libmpscsi_vhci.so


mpath-support: libmpscsi_vhci.so
Vendor: Sun Microsystems
Driver Name: scsi_vhci
Default Load Balance: round-robin
Supported Load Balance Types:
round-robin
logical-block
Allows To Activate Target Port Group Access: yes
Allows path Override: no
Supported Auto Failback Config: yes
Auto Failback: on
Failback Polling Rate (current/max): 0/0
Supported Auto Probing config: no
Auto Probing: NA
probing Polling Rate (current/max): NA/NA
Supported Devices:
Vendor: SUN
Product: T300
Revision:
Supported Load Balance Types:
round-robin
Vendor: SUN
Product: T4
Revision:
Supported Load Balance Types:
round-robin

The command output also shows a list of device products that is supported by the
multipathing support software. The multipathing support libmpscsi_vhci.so
supports T10 target port group compliant devices by default.

Chapter 3 Administering Multipathing Devices Through mpathadm Commands 11


▼ To Get a List of Initiator Ports Discovered on the
System
An initiator port is part of a path that consists of an initiator port, target port, and a
logicalunit.

● Run the mpathadm list initiator-port command.

# mpathadm list initiator-port


Initiator-Port: iqn.1986-03.com.sun:01:080020b7ac2b.437a3b3e,4000002affff
Initiator-Port: 2000000173018713

▼ To Get the Properties of a Particular Initiator


Port
The properties of an initiator port can be displayed through the show command.

1. Run the mpathadm list initiator-port command.

# mpathadm list initiator-port


Initiator-Port: iqn.1986-03.com.sun:01:080020b7ac2b.437a3b3e,4000002affff
Initiator-Port: 2000000173018713

2. Select an initiator port to use from the output.

3. Run the mpathadm show initiator-port initiator-port-name command.

# mpathadm show initiator-port 2000000173018713


initiator-port: 2000000173018713
Transport Type: Fibre Channel
OS Device File: /devices/pci@1f,2000/SUNW,gle@4/fp@0,0

12 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
▼ To Get a List of Logical Units Discovered on the
System
The mpathadm list lu command displays the list of logical units attached to the
initiator. This list displays the number of paths and the operational path count to
each logical unit listed.

● Run the mpathadm list lu command.

# mpathadm list lu
/dev/rdsk/c4t60020F20000035AF4267CCCB0002CEE2d0s2
Total Path Count: 2
Operational Path Count: 2
/dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC2B000DAB00d0s2
Total Path Count: 2
Operational Path Count: 2
/dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC1A000F1D6Cd0s2
Total Path Count: 2
Operational Path Count: 2

▼ To Get the Properties and Associated Path


Information of a Particular Logical Unit by
Name
The list of logical units, along with the properties for each logical unit, can be
displayed through the mpathadm command. The list of logical units contains logical
unit names that in turn can be used to display the properties of a particular logical
unit.

1. Run the mpathadm list lu command.

# mpathadm list lu
/dev/rdsk/c4t60020F20000035AF4267CCCB0002CEE2d0s2
Total Path Count: 2
Operational Path Count: 2
/dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC2B000DAB00d0s2
Total Path Count: 2
Operational Path Count: 2
/dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC1A000F1D6Cd0s2
Total Path Count: 2
Operational Path Count: 2

Chapter 3 Administering Multipathing Devices Through mpathadm Commands 13


2. Select a logical unit name from the output.

3. Run the mpathadm show lu logical-unit-name command.

# mpathadm show lu /dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC2B000DAB00d0s2


logical unit: /dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC2B000DAB00d0s2
mpath-support libmpscsi_vhci.so
Vendor: SUN
Product: T4
Revision: 0301
Name Type: SCSI Inquiry VPD page 83 type 3
Name: 60003ba27d2120004204ac2b000dab00
Asymmetric: yes
Current Load Balance: round-robin
Logical Unit Group ID: NA
Auto Failback: on
Auto Probing: NA

Paths:
Initiator Port Name: 2000000173818713
Target Port Name: 20030003ba27d212
Override Path: NA
Path State: OK
Disabled: no

Initiator Port Name: 2000000173018713


Target Port Name: 20030003ba27d095
Override path: NA
Path State: OK
Disabled: no

Target Port Groups:


ID: 2
Explicit Failover: yes
Access State: standby
Target Ports:
Name: 20030003ba27d212
Relative ID: 0

ID: 5
Explicit Failover: yes
Access State: active
Target Ports:
Name: 20030003ba27d095
Relative ID: 0

14 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
▼ To List All Logical Units Associated With a
Particular Target Port
A list of paths through a target port can be displayed through the show command of
a logical unit. First, retrieve the list of target ports associated with a logical unit.
Then use the target port to list all logical units associated with this target port.

1. Run the mpathadm list lu command.

# mpathadm list lu
/dev/rdsk/c4t60020F20000035AF4267CCCB0002CEE2d0s2
Total Path Count: 2
Operational Path Count: 2
/dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC2B000DAB00d0s2
Total Path Count: 2
Operational Path Count: 2
/dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC1A000F1D6Cd0s2
Total Path Count: 2
Operational Path Count: 2

2. Select a logical unit name from the output.

Chapter 3 Administering Multipathing Devices Through mpathadm Commands 15


3. Run the mpathadm show lu logical-unit-name command.

# mpathadm show lu /dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC2B000DAB00d0s2


logical unit: /dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC2B000DAB00d0s2
mpath-support libmpscsi_vhci.so
Vendor: SUN
Product: T4
Revision: 0301
Name Type: SCSI Inquiry VPD page 83 type 3
Name: 60003ba27d2120004204ac2b000dab00
Asymmetric: yes
Current Load Balance: round-robin
Logical Unit Group ID: NA
Auto Failback: on
Auto Probing: NA

Paths:
Initiator Port Name: 2000000173818713
Target Port Name: 20030003ba27d212
Override Path: NA
Path State: OK
Disabled: no

Initiator Port Name: 2000000173018713


Target Port Name: 20030003ba27d095
Override path: NA
Path State: OK
Disabled: no

Target Port Groups:


ID: 2
Explicit Failover: yes
Access State: standby
Target Ports:
Name: 20030003ba27d212
Relative ID: 0

ID: 5
Explicit Failover: yes
Access State: active
Target Ports:
Name: 20030003ba27d095
Relative ID: 0

4. Select a target port from the output list.

16 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
5. Run the mpathadm list lu -t target-port-name command.

# mpathadm list lu -t 20030003ba27d212


/dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC2B000DAB00d0s2
Total Path Count: 2
Operational Path Count: 2
/dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC1A000F1D6Cd0s2
Total Path Count: 2
Operational Path Count: 2

▼ To List a Logical Unit With a Particular Name


Derived From the Hardware Used by the System
1. Run the mpathadm list lu command.

# mpathadm list lu
/dev/rdsk/c4t60020F20000035AF4267CCCB0002CEE2d0s2
Total Path Count: 2
Operational Path Count: 2
/dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC2B000DAB00d0s2
Total Path Count: 2
Operational Path Count: 2
/dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC1A000F1D6Cd0s2
Total Path Count: 2
Operational Path Count: 2

2. Select a logical unit name from the output.

Chapter 3 Administering Multipathing Devices Through mpathadm Commands 17


3. Run the mpathadm show lu logical-unit-name command.

# mpathadm show lu /dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC2B000DAB00d0s2


logical unit: /dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC2B000DAB00d0s2
mpath-support libmpscsi_vhci.so
Vendor: SUN
Product: T4
Revision: 0301
Name Type: SCSI Inquiry VPD page 83 type 3
Name: 60003ba27d2120004204ac2b000dab00
Asymmetric: yes
Current Load Balance: round-robin
Logical Unit Group ID: NA
Auto Failback: on
Auto Probing: NA

Paths:
Initiator Port Name: 2000000173818713
Target Port Name: 20030003ba27d212
Override Path: NA
Path State: OK
Disabled: no

Initiator Port Name: 2000000173018713


Target Port Name: 20030003ba27d095
Override path: NA
Path State: OK
Disabled: no

Target Port Groups:


ID: 2
Explicit Failover: yes
Access State: standby
Target Ports:
Name: 20030003ba27d212
Relative ID: 0

ID: 5
Explicit Failover: yes
Access State: active
Target Ports:
Name: 20030003ba27d095
Relative ID: 0

4. Select an inquiry-string-name from the output.

18 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
5. Run the mpathadm list LU -n inquiry-string-name command.

# mpathadm list LU -n 60003ba27d2120004204ac2b000dab00


mpath-support: libmpscsi_vhci.so
/dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC2B000DAB00d0s2
Total Path Count: 2
Operational Path Count: 2

▼ To Configure Auto-Failback for a Particular


Multipathing Support
Symmetrical devices allow for automatic failback to a possible optimal path. If a
failover occurs on the initial path, the standby path becomes the new online path.
Usually the standby path is a suboptimal path. When Auto-Failback is enabled, the
initial path comes back online, failover to the initial path automatically occurs.

1. Run the mpathadm list mpath-support command.

# mpathadm list mpath-support


mpath-support: libmpscsi_vhci.so

(Only one result is shown in the preceding example.)

2. Select an mpath support name from the output list.

3. Run the mpathadm modify mpath-support -a [on | off] mpath-support-


name command.

# mpathadm modify mpath-support -a off libmpscsi_vhci.so

Chapter 3 Administering Multipathing Devices Through mpathadm Commands 19


4. Run the mpathadm show mpath-support mpath-support-name command to check
the change.

# mpathadm show mpath-support libmpscsi_vhci.so


mpath-support: libmpscsi_vhci.so
Vendor: Sun Microsystems
Driver Name: scsi_vhci
Default Load Balance: round-robin
Supported Load Balance Types:
round-robin
logical-block
Allows To Activate Target Port Group Access: yes
Allows path Override: no
Supported Auto Failback Config: yes
Auto Failback: on
Failback Polling Rate (current/max): 0/0
Supported Auto Probing config: no
Auto Probing: NA
probing Polling Rate (current/max): NA/NA
Supported Devices:
Vendor: SUN
Product: T300
Revision:
Supported Load Balance Types:
round-robin
Vendor: SUN
Product: T4
Revision:
Supported Load Balance Types:
round-robin

Note – The Auto-Failback display initiated by the mpathadm modify command


setting is effective while the system is running. However, to keep the changed
setting persistent, you must update the /kernel/drv/scsi_vhci.conf file. Refer
to “Configuring Automatic Failback” on page 43.

20 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
▼ To Fail Over a Logical Unit
This operation is applicable only to devices that fall under the following two
categories:
■ Asymmetric devices with a proprietary failover mechanism recognized and
supported by multipathing support
■ Devices conforming to the T10 Standard Target Port Group Support
libmpscsi_vhci.so and providing explicit mode asymmetric logical unit access

1. Run the mpathadm list lu command.

# mpathadm list lu
/dev/rdsk/c4t60020F20000035AF4267CCCB0002CEE2d0s2
Total Path Count: 2
Operational Path Count: 2
/dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC2B000DAB00d0s2
Total Path Count: 2
Operational Path Count: 2
/dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC1A000F1D6Cd0s2
Total Path Count: 2
Operational Path Count: 2

2. Select a logical unit name from the output.

Chapter 3 Administering Multipathing Devices Through mpathadm Commands 21


3. Run the mpathadm show lu logical-unit-name command.

# mpathadm show lu /dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC2B000DAB00d0s2


logical unit: /dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC2B000DAB00d0s2
mpath-support libmpscsi_vhci.so
Vendor: SUN
Product: T4
Revision: 0301
Name Type: SCSI Inquiry VPD page 83 type 3
Name: 60003ba27d2120004204ac2b000dab00
Asymmetric: yes
Current Load Balance: round-robin
Logical Unit Group ID: NA
Auto Failback: on
Auto Probing: NA

Paths:
Initiator Port Name: 2000000173818713
Target Port Name: 20030003ba27d212
Override Path: NA
Path State: OK
Disabled: no

Initiator Port Name: 2000000173018713


Target Port Name: 20030003ba27d095
Override path: NA
Path State: OK
Disabled: no

Target Port Groups:


ID: 2
Explicit Failover: yes
Access State: standby
Target Ports:
Name: 20030003ba27d212
Relative ID: 0

ID: 5
Explicit Failover: yes
Access State: active
Target Ports:
Name: 20030003ba27d095
Relative ID: 0

22 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
4. Run the mpathadm failover LU logical-unit-name command.

# mpathadm failover LU /dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC2B000DAB00d0s2

If this operation is successful, the access state of the devices’ target port groups
changes. This is a result of the logical unit failover.

Chapter 3 Administering Multipathing Devices Through mpathadm Commands 23


5. Run the mpathadm show lu logical-unit-name command to verify the access state
change.

# mpathadm show lu /dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC2B000DAB00d0s2


logical unit: /dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC2B000DAB00d0s2
mpath-support libmpscsi_vhci.so
Vendor: SUN
Product: T4
Revision: 0301
Name Type: SCSI Inquiry VPD page 83 type 3
Name: 60003ba27d2120004204ac2b000dab00
Asymmetric: yes
Current Load Balance: round-robin
Logical Unit Group ID: NA
Auto Failback: on
Auto Probing: NA

Paths:
Initiator Port Name: 2000000173818713
Target Port Name: 20030003ba27d212
Override Path: NA
Path State: OK
Disabled: no

Initiator Port Name: 2000000173018713


Target Port Name: 20030003ba27d095
Override path: NA
Path State: OK
Disabled: no

Target Port Groups:


ID: 2
Explicit Failover: yes
Access State: active
Target Ports:
Name: 20030003ba27d212
Relative ID: 0

ID: 5
Explicit Failover: yes
Access State: standby
Target Ports:
Name: 20030003ba27d095
Relative ID: 0

24 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
▼ To Enable a Path
If the path to a logical unit is disabled, the enable command changes the path back
to enabled. The full path must be specified using the initiator port name, target port
name, and the logical unit. To verify the change, run the show command for the
logical unit.

1. Run the mpathadm list lu command.

# mpathadm list lu
/dev/rdsk/c4t60020F20000035AF4267CCCB0002CEE2d0s2
Total Path Count: 2
Operational Path Count: 2
/dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC2B000DAB00d0s2
Total Path Count: 2
Operational Path Count: 2
/dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC1A000F1D6Cd0s2
Total Path Count: 2
Operational Path Count: 2

2. Select a logical unit name from the output.

Chapter 3 Administering Multipathing Devices Through mpathadm Commands 25


3. Run the mpathadm show lu logical-unit-name command.

# mpathadm show lu /dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC2B000DAB00d0s2


logical unit: /dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC2B000DAB00d0s2
mpath-support libmpscsi_vhci.so
Vendor: SUN
Product: T4
Revision: 0301
Name Type: SCSI Inquiry VPD page 83 type 3
Name: 60003ba27d2120004204ac2b000dab00
Asymmetric: yes
Current Load Balance: round-robin
Logical Unit Group ID: NA
Auto Failback: on
Auto Probing: NA

Paths:
Initiator Port Name: 2000000173818713
Target Port Name: 20030003ba27d212
Override Path: NA
Path State: OK
Disabled: no

Initiator Port Name: 2000000173018713


Target Port Name: 20030003ba27d095
Override path: NA
Path State: OK
Disabled: no

Target Port Groups:


ID: 2
Explicit Failover: yes
Access State: standby
Target Ports:
Name: 20030003ba27d212
Relative ID: 0

ID: 5
Explicit Failover: yes
Access State: active
Target Ports:
Name: 20030003ba27d095
Relative ID: 0

4. Select an initiator port and a target port name.

26 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
5. Run the mpathadm enable path -i initiator-port-name -t target-port-name
-l logical-unit-name command.

# mpathadm enable path -i 2000000173018713 -t 20030003ba27d095 -l


/dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC2B000DAB00d0s2

▼ To Disable a Path
This operation makes the path unavailable for the logical unit, regardless of its
operational state.

1. Run the mpathadm list lu command.

# mpathadm list lu
/dev/rdsk/c4t60020F20000035AF4267CCCB0002CEE2d0s2
Total Path Count: 2
Operational Path Count: 2
/dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC2B000DAB00d0s2
Total Path Count: 2
Operational Path Count: 2
/dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC1A000F1D6Cd0s2
Total Path Count: 2
Operational Path Count: 2

2. Select a logical unit name from the output.

Chapter 3 Administering Multipathing Devices Through mpathadm Commands 27


3. Run the mpathadm show lu logical-unit-name command.

# mpathadm show lu /dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC2B000DAB00d0s2


logical unit: /dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC2B000DAB00d0s2
mpath-support libmpscsi_vhci.so
Vendor: SUN
Product: T4
Revision: 0301
Name Type: SCSI Inquiry VPD page 83 type 3
Name: 60003ba27d2120004204ac2b000dab00
Asymmetric: yes
Current Load Balance: round-robin
Logical Unit Group ID: NA
Auto Failback: on
Auto Probing: NA

Paths:
Initiator Port Name: 2000000173818713
Target Port Name: 20030003ba27d212
Override Path: NA
Path State: OK
Disabled: no

Initiator Port Name: 2000000173018713


Target Port Name: 20030003ba27d095
Override path: NA
Path State: OK
Disabled: no

Target Port Groups:


ID: 2
Explicit Failover: yes
Access State: standby
Target Ports:
Name: 20030003ba27d212
Relative ID: 0

ID: 5
Explicit Failover: yes
Access State: active
Target Ports:
Name: 20030003ba27d095
Relative ID: 0

4. Select an initiator port and a target port name.

28 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
5. Run the mpathadm disable path -i initiator-port-name -t target-port-name
-l logical-unit-name command.

# mpathadm disable path -i 2000000173018713 -t 20030003ba27d095 -l


/dev/rdsk/c4t60003BA27D2120004204AC2B000DAB00d0s2

Note – The disabled state is not persistent across rebooting. If the path is
operational before the next boot sequence, it is enabled by default.

Note – This operation is not allowed when the given path is the last operational
path remaining.

Chapter 3 Administering Multipathing Devices Through mpathadm Commands 29


30 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
CHAPTER 4

Configuring Multipathing Software

This chapter explains how to configure multipathing feature for FC devices provided
in the Solaris 10 OS. It also provides the considerations while enabling or disabling
multipathing feature on SPARC based systems, x86 based systems, per-port basis
and third-party storage devices.

This chapter contains the following sections:


■ “Configuring Multipathing” on page 31
■ “Enabling or Disabling Multipathing” on page 32
■ “Enabling or Disabling Multipathing on SPARC Based Systems” on page 33
■ “Enabling or Disabling Multipathing on x86 Based Systems” on page 35
■ “Enabling or Disabling Multipathing on a Per-Port Basis” on page 36
■ “Disabling Multipathing on Third-Party Devices” on page 41
■ “Configuring Automatic Failback” on page 43
■ “Configuring Third-Party Storage Devices” on page 44
■ “Displaying Device Name Changes” on page 46

Configuring Multipathing
The multipathing feature for FC devices can be configured to control all Sun
supported FC HBAs. Multipathing is disabled by default for FC devices on SPARC
based systems, but is enabled by default on x86 based systems. Configuration of the
multipathing software depends on how you intend to use your system.

Note – The multipathing feature is not available for parallel SCSI devices but is
available for FC disk devices. Multipathing is not supported on tape drives or
libraries, or on IP over FC.

31
Enabling or Disabling Multipathing
Before you change multipathing configuration consider the following and then
follow the instructions for your machine architecture (SPARC or x86) described in
the subsequent sections.
■ Device Specific Considerations

Some devices need to be properly configured to work with the multipathing


software. Refer to your storage array documentation for details on the device
specific configuration for your device.
■ Device Name Change Considerations

In the /dev and /devices trees, multipath-enabled devices receive new names that
indicate that they are under multipath control. This means a device will have a
different name from its original name when it is under multipath control.

Example device name with multipath disabled:

/dev/dsk/c1t1d0s0

Example device name with multipath enabled:

/dev/dsk/c3t2000002037CD9F72d0s0

Because of this, if you have applications that directly consume device names, they
must be configured to use the new names whenever you change multipath
configuration from disabled to enabled or vice-versa.

The system's /etc/vfstab file and the dump configuration also contains references
to device names. On SPARC based systems, the stmsboot(1M) command described
in the following sections automatically updates the /etc/vfstab and the dump
configuration with the new device names. On x86 based systems this must be
performed manually. You need to do this only if the device names listed in
/etc/vfstab or your dump device are affected by the device name changes. For
updating /etc/vfstab, simply edit the file with any text editor and substitute new
device names in place of old device names. Use dumpadm(1M) command to update
the dump configuration.

32 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
Enabling or Disabling Multipathing on
SPARC Based Systems
On SPARC based systems, you can enable or disable multipathing on FC devices
using the stmsboot(1M) command. The command also updates /etc/vfstab and
dump configuration to reflect devices name changes during the next reboot.

The following consideration apply (for stmsboot -e, -d, and -u options):
■ You should plan to reboot immediately after running the stmsboot command.
■ Ensure that eeprom(1M) boot-device is set to boot from your current boot device.
This is needed as stmsboot command reboots the machine to complete the
operation.
■ The stmsboot command saves a copy of your original /kernel/drv/fp.conf and
/etc/vfstab files before modifying them. The saved files can be used to recover
from any unexpected problems. See Appendix C, “Multipathing Troubleshooting”
on page 101, if you encounter unexpected problems during stmsboot.

Note – The behavior of stmsboot command in the Solaris 10 differs from the
stmsboot command provided by Sun StorEdge SAN Foundation software in the
Solaris 8 and 9 OS. In the Solaris 8 and 9 OS, stmsboot command is used to enable or
disable multipathing on the boot device only. In the Solaris 10, the command is used to
enable or disable multipathing on all devices. The stmsboot(1M) is available only on
SPARC based systems.

▼ To Enable Multipathing on SPARC Based


Systems
Perform the following steps to enable multipathing on all FC devices on SPARC
based systems. If you want to enable multipathing only on specific FC ports refer to
the section “Enabling or Disabling Multipathing on a Per-Port Basis” on page 36.

1. The multipathing software automatically recognizes Sun supported devices. If


you want to enable multipathing on third-party devices, add entries to
/kernel/drv/scsi_vhci.conf file as mentioned in the section “Device Name
Change Considerations” on page 32.

Chapter 4 Configuring Multipathing Software 33


2. Run the stmsboot -e command:

# stmsboot -e
WARNING: This operation will require a reboot.
Do you want to continue ? [y/n] (default: y) y
The changes will come into effect after rebooting the system.
Reboot the system now ? [y/n] (default: y) y

3. You are prompted to reboot. During the reboot, /etc/vfstab and the dump
configuration will be updated to reflect the device name changes.

After the reboot, if necessary, configure your applications to use new device names
as described in “Device Name Change Considerations” on page 32.

▼ To Disable Multipathing on SPARC Based


Systems
Perform the following steps to disable multipathing on all FC devices on SPARC
based systems, if you have enabled it before. If you want to disable multipathing
only on specific FC ports refer to the section “Enabling or Disabling Multipathing on
a Per-Port Basis” on page 36.

1. Run the stmsboot -d command:

# stmsboot -d
WARNING: This operation will require a reboot.
Do you want to continue? [y/n] (default: y) y
The changes will come into effect after rebooting the system.
Reboot the system now? [y/n] (default: y) y

2. You are prompted to reboot. During the reboot, /etc/vfstab and the dump
configuration will be updated to reflect the device name changes.

After the reboot, if necessary, configure your applications to use new device names
as described in “Device Name Change Considerations” on page 32.

34 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
Enabling or Disabling Multipathing on
x86 Based Systems
Multipathing is enabled by default on x86 based systems. Use the following steps to
disable multipathing or to enable multipathing if you have disabled it previously.

Caution – If the critical file systems needed for booting, such as the root (the
‘/’), /usr, or /var file systems, are on FC disks, you should not disable
multipathing on them otherwise your system will not boot. You may disable
multipathing on all FC devices if the critical file systems are not on FC disks. If the
critical file systems are on FC disks, you may disable multipathing only on those FC
HBA controller ports which aren't connected to the disks containing the critical file
systems using the instructions in the section “Enabling or Disabling Multipathing on
a Per-Port Basis” on page 36.

1. The multipathing software automatically recognizes Sun supported devices. If


you want to enable multipathing on third-party devices, add entries to
/kernel/drv/scsi_vhci.conf file as mentioned in the section “To Configure
Third-Party Devices” on page 44.

2. Open the /kernel/drv/fp.conf file in a text editor

3. If you want to enable multipathing:


Change the value of mpxio-disable to “no”. If the entry doesn't exist add a new
entry.

mpxio-disable="no";

If you want to disable multipathing:


Change the value of mpxio-disable to “yes”. If the entry doesn't exist add a new
entry.

mpxio-disable=”yes";

Note – This will not affect your per-port multipathing configuration. For
information on per-port configuration refer to the section “Enabling or Disabling
Multipathing on a Per-Port Basis” on page 36.

Chapter 4 Configuring Multipathing Software 35


4. Save and exit the fp.conf file.

5. Perform a reconfiguration reboot.

# touch /reconfigure
# shutdown -g0 -y -i6

6. If necessary, perform device name updates as described in “Device Name Change


Considerations” on page 32.

Enabling or Disabling Multipathing on a


Per-Port Basis
Multipathing can be enabled or disabled on specific FC Host Bus Adapter (HBA)
controller ports for finer control. If you enable multipathing on a specific HBA
controller port, all supported devices connected to the controller port will have
multipathing enabled on them.

The procedure described below applies for both SPARC and x86 based machines.

Considerations for Per-Port Configuration


Before you start configuring the software by port, consider the following:
■ You use the /kernel/drv/fp.conf file to set both global and per-port multipath
settings. Per-port multipath settings have priority over the global setting. That
means, if global multipathing is enabled but a specific port has been disabled for
multipathing, the port will be unable to run multipathing. Conversely, even if
global multipathing has been disabled, but a specific port has been enabled for
multipathing, the specific port will be enabled for multipathing.
■ Load balancing is controlled by the global load-balance property in
/kernel/drv/scsi_vhci.conf file and can not be applied on a per-port basis.
■ If a device has more than one path to the host, all paths to the device must be
configured with multipathing enabled or disabled.
■ Configuring multipathing by port enables the multipathing software to co-exist
with other multipathing solutions like VERITAS Dynamic Multipathing (DMP),
or EMC PowerPath. However, devices and paths should not be shared between
the multipathing software and other multipathing solutions.

36 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
▼ To Configure Multipathing by Port
1. Log in as superuser.
Determine the HBA controller ports that you want the multipathing software to
control. For example, to select the desired device, perform an ls -l command on
/dev/fc. The following is an example of the ls -l command output.

lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 49 Apr 17 18:14 fp0 ->


../../devices/pci@6,2000/SUNW,qlc@2/fp@0,0:devctl
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 49 Apr 17 18:14 fp1 ->
../../devices/pci@7,2000/SUNW,qlc@2/fp@0,0:devctl
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 49 Apr 17 18:14 fp2 ->
../../devices/pci@a,2000/SUNW,qlc@2/fp@0,0:devctl
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 49 Apr 17 18:14 fp3 ->
../../devices/pci@b,2000/SUNW,qlc@2/fp@0,0:devctl
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 50 Apr 17 18:14 fp4 ->
../../devices/pci@12,2000/SUNW,qlc@2/fp@0,0:devctl
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 56 Apr 17 18:14 fp5 ->
../../devices/pci@13,2000/pci@2/SUNW,qlc@4/fp@0,0:devctl
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 56 Apr 17 18:14 fp6 ->
../../devices/pci@13,2000/pci@2/SUNW,qlc@5/fp@0,0:devctl
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 56 Apr 17 18:14 fp7 ->
../../devices/sbus@7,0/SUNW,qlc@0,30400/fp@0,0:devctl

Note – The fp7 is a SBus HBA. The fp5 and fp6 include two /pci elements. This
indicates a dual PCI HBA. The rest of the entries do not have additional PCI bridges
and are single PCI HBAs.

2. Open the /kernel/drv/fp.conf file and explicitly enable or disable multipathing


on an HBA controller port. This file allows you to enable or disable both the
global multipath setting, as well as multipath settings for specific ports.
Change the value of global mpxio-disable property. If the entry doesn't exist add a
new entry. The global setting applies to all ports except the ports specified by the
per-port entries.

a. To enable multipathing globally, change to

mpxio-disable="no";

Chapter 4 Configuring Multipathing Software 37


b. To disable multipathing globally, change to

mpxio-disable="yes";

Add the per-port mpxio-disable entries - one entry for every HBA controller port
you want to configure. Per-port settings override the global setting for the
specified ports.

a. To enable multipathing on a HBA port, add

name=”fp” parent=”parent name" port=port-number mpxio-disable=


"no";

b. To disable multipathing on a HBA port, add

name=”fp” parent="parent name" port=port-number mpxio-disable=


"yes";

The following example disables multipathing on all HBA controller ports except
the two specified ports:

mpxio-disable="yes";
name="fp" parent="/pci@6,2000/SUNW,qlc@2" port=0 mpxio-disable=
"no";
name="fp" parent="/pci@13,2000/pci@2/SUNW,qlc@5" port=0 mpxio-
disable="no";

38 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
3. If running on a SPARC based system, perform the following:
Run the stmsboot -u command:

# stmsboot -u
WARNING: This operation will require a reboot.
Do you want to continue ? [y/n] (default: y) y
The changes will come into effect after rebooting the system.
Reboot the system now ? [y/n] (default: y) y

You are prompted to reboot. During the reboot, /etc/vfstab and the dump
configuration will be updated to reflect the device name changes.
If running on a x86 based system, perform a reconfiguration reboot.

# touch /reconfigure
# shutdown -g0 -y -i6

4. If necessary, perform device name updates as described in “Device Name Change


Considerations” on page 32.

▼ To Configure an HBA Controller Port on a


SPARC System
The following steps show the configuration of a sample single PCI HBA. fp0 -
>../../devices/pci@6,2000/SUNW,qlc@2/fp@0,0:devctl This sample entry from
the ls -l command output shown in “To Configure Multipathing by Port” on
page 37 indicates a single PCI HBA.

1. Open the /kernel/drv/fp.conf file in a text editor

Chapter 4 Configuring Multipathing Software 39


2. To explicitly enable multipathing on this HBA port, but disable on the rest of the
HBA ports, add the following:

mpxio-disable="yes";
name=”fp” parent="/pci@6,2000/SUNW,qlc@2" port=0 mpxio-disable=
"no";

To explicitly disable multipathing on this HBA port, but enable on the rest of the
HBA ports, add the following:

mpxio-disable="no";
name="fp" parent="/pci@6,2000/SUNW,qlc@2" port=0 mpxio-disable=
"yes";

3. Save and exit the file.

4. Run the stmsboot -u command:

# stmsboot -u
WARNING: This operation will require a reboot.
Do you want to continue ? [y/n] (default: y) y
The changes will come into effect after rebooting the system.
Reboot the system now ? [y/n] (default: y) y

You are prompted to reboot. During the reboot, /etc/vfstab and the dump
configuration will be updated to reflect the device name changes.

5. After the reboot, if necessary, configure your applications to use new device
names as described in “Device Name Change Considerations” on page 32.

▼ To Configure an HBA Controller Port on an x86


Based System
The following steps show the configuration of a sample dual PCI HBA. fp6 ->
../../devices/pci@13,2000/pci@2/SUNW,qlc@5/fp@0,0:devctl This sample entry
from the ls -l command output shown in “To Configure Multipathing by Port” on
page 37 indicates a dual PCI HBA.

1. Open the /kernel/drv/fp.conf file in a text editor

40 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
2. To explicitly enable multipathing on this HBA port, but disable on the rest of the
HBA ports, add the following:

mpxio-disable="yes";
name="fp" parent="/pci@13,2000/pci@2/SUNW,qlc@5” port=0 mpxio-
disable=”no”;

To explicitly disable multipathing on this HBA port, but enable on the rest of the
HBA ports, add the following:

mpxio-disable=”no”;
name="fp" parent="/pci@13,2000/pci@2/SUNW,qlc@5" port=0 mpxio-
disable="yes";

3. Save and exit the file.

4. Perform a reconfiguration reboot.

# touch /reconfigure
# shutdown -g0 -y -i6

5. If necessary, perform device name updates as described in “Device Name Change


Considerations” on page 32.

Disabling Multipathing on Third-Party


Devices
Multipathing can be disabled for all devices of a certain Vendor ID/Product ID
combination (from Inquiry data). This exclusion is specified in scsi_vhci.conf.

1. Open the /kernel/drv/scsi_vhci.conf file in a text editor

2. Add the vendor ID and product ID entries.


The vendor ID and product ID are the vendor and product indentification strings
that the device returns in SCSI INQUIRY data. The vendor ID must be eight
characters long. You must specify all eight characters (even if the trailing characters
are spaces). The product ID can be up to 16 characters long.

Chapter 4 Configuring Multipathing Software 41


device-type-scsi-options-list =
“VendorID1ProductID1”, “disable-option”,
“VendorID2ProductID2”, “disable-option”,
...
“VendorIDnProductIDn”, “disable-option”;
disable-option = 0x7000000;

The entries in the preceding example are separated by the ’,’ character and the last
vendor/product entry is terminated by the ’;’ character. For example, to add a device
from a "ACME" vendor with a product ID of "MSU", you would add:

device-type-scsi-options-list =
“ACME MSU”, “disable-option”;
disable-option = 0x7000000;

In addition to "ACME," to add a device from the "XYZ" vendor with a product ID of
"ABC", you would add:

device-type-scsi-options-list =
“ACME MSU”, “disable-option”,
“XYZ ABC”, “disable-option”;
disable-option = 0x7000000;

3. Save and exit the scsi_vhci.conf file.

4. Perform one of the following:


■ If running on a SPARC based system, issue the stmsboot -u command.

# stmsboot -u
WARNING: This operation will require a reboot.
Do you want to continue ? [y/n] (default: y) y
The changes will come into effect after rebooting the system.
Reboot the system now ? [y/n] (default: y) y

You are prompted to reboot. During the reboot, /etc/vfstab and the dump
configuration are updated to reflect the device name changes.
■ If running on a x86 based system, perform a reconfiguration reboot.

42 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
# touch /reconfigure
# shutdown -g0 -y -i6

5. If necessary, perform the device name updates as described under the bullet titled
“Device Name Change Considerations” on page 32.

Configuring Automatic Failback


Some storage devices have controllers configured as PRIMARY and SECONDARY as
part of the array configuration. The SECONDARY paths may operate at a lower
performance level than the PRIMARY paths. The multipathing software uses the
PRIMARY path to talk to the storage device and keeps the SECONDARY path on
standby. In the event of a PRIMARY path failure, the multipathing software
automatically directs all I/O traffic over the SECONDARY path, with the PRIMARY
path taken offline. This is called a "failover" operation. When the failure associated
with the PRIMARY path has been repaired, the multipathing software automatically
directs all I/O traffic over the PRIMARY path and keeps the SECONDARY path
standby as before. This is called a "failback" operation.

If you want, you may disable the automatic failback operation, in which case, the
multipathing software will not automatically failback to the PRIMARY path. Later,
after the failure associated with the PRIMARY path has been repaired, you may do a
manual failback operation using the luxadm(1M) command.

1. Open the /kernel/drv/scsi_vhci.conf file in a text editor.

2. To disable automatic failback capability, change the auto-failback entry to:

auto-failback="disable";

To enable automatic failback capability (if you disabled it before), change the auto-
failback entry to:

auto-failback="enable";

3. Save and exit the file.

Chapter 4 Configuring Multipathing Software 43


4. Reboot the system.

# shutdown -g0 -y -i6

Configuring Third-Party Storage


Devices
Multipathing can be configured on third-party symmetric storage devices. A
symmetric storage device is defined as a storage device in which all paths to the
storage device are active and I/O commands can be issued through any path.

Note – Before configuring any third-party device, ensure that they are supported.
Refer to your third-party user documentation, or third-party vendor for information
on proper vendor and product IDs, modes and various settings required for the
device to work with multipathing software.

Considerations for Third-Party Device


Configuration
Before you configure third-party devices for multipathing, be aware of the following:
■ The device must support the REPORT LUNS SCSI command, and SCSI-3 INQUIRY
command VPD Device Identification Page (0x83).
■ You will need the vendor ID and product ID of the device. You can obtain them
by using the format command followed by the inquiry option on your system.
See the format(1M) man page.

▼ To Configure Third-Party Devices


Perform the following steps to configure third-party devices if your system already
has multipathing enabled. If your system has multipathing disabled, you can
configure third-party devices while enabling multipathing as described earlier in
this chapter.

1. Open the /kernel/drv/scsi_vhci.conf file in a text editor.

44 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
2. Add the vendor ID and product ID entries.
The vendor ID and product ID are the vendor and product identification strings that
the device returns in SCSI INQUIRY data. The vendor ID must be eight characters
long. You must specify all eight characters (even if the trailing characters are spaces).
The product Id can be up to 16 characters long.

device-type-scsi-options-list =
“VendorID1ProductID1", "symmetric-option",
"VendorID2ProductID2", "symmetric-option",
...
"VendorIDnProductIDn", "symmetric-option";
symmetric-option = 0x1000000;

Note that the entries are separated by the ',' character and the last vendor/product
entry is terminated by the ';' character.
For example, to add a device from a "ACME" vendor with a product ID of "MSU",
you would add:

device-type-scsi-options-list =
"ACME MSU", "symmetric-option";
symmetric-option = 0x1000000;

In addition to "ACME", to add a device from a "XYZ" vendor with a product ID of


"ABC", you would add:

device-type-scsi-options-list =
"ACME MSU", "symmetric-option",
"XYZ ABC", "symmetric-option";
symmetric-option=0x1000000;

3. Save and exit the scsi_vhci.conf file.

Chapter 4 Configuring Multipathing Software 45


4. If running on a SPARC based system, perform the following:
Run the stmsboot -u command:

# stmsboot -u
WARNING: This operation will require a reboot.
Do you want to continue ? [y/n] (default: y) y
The changes will come into effect after rebooting the system.
Reboot the system now ? [y/n] (default: y) y

You are prompted to reboot. During the reboot, /etc/vfstab and the dump
configuration will be updated to reflect the device name changes.
If running on a x86 based system, perform a reconfiguration reboot.

# touch /reconfigure
# shutdown -g0 -y -i6

5. If necessary, perform device name updates as described in “Device Name Change


Considerations” on page 32.

Displaying Device Name Changes


The stmsboot(1M) command, available only on SPARC based systems, can be used
to display the mapping between non-multipath enabled and multipath enabled
devices names, after the changes made to the multipath configuration by stmsboot
-e, -d or -u options take effect. Both the non-multipath enabled and multipath
enabled device names must exist in order to show the mapping.

46 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
The -L option displays the mapping of devices on all controllers.

# stmsboot -L
non-STMS device name STMS device name
----------------------------------------------------------------
/dev/rdsk/c2t8d0 /dev/rdsk/c10t500000E01046DEE0d0
/dev/rdsk/c2t0d0 /dev/rdsk/c10t500000E01046B070d0
/dev/rdsk/c2t3d0 /dev/rdsk/c10t20000020372A40AFd0
/dev/rdsk/c2t12d0 /dev/rdsk/c10t500000E01046DEF0d0
/dev/rdsk/c2t11d0 /dev/rdsk/c10t500000E01046E390d0
/dev/rdsk/c3t8d0 /dev/rdsk/c10t500000E01046DEE0d0
/dev/rdsk/c3t0d0 /dev/rdsk/c10t500000E01046B070d0
/dev/rdsk/c3t3d0 /dev/rdsk/c10t20000020372A40AFd0
/dev/rdsk/c3t12d0 /dev/rdsk/c10t500000E01046DEF0d0
/dev/rdsk/c3t11d0 /dev/rdsk/c10t500000E01046E390d0

The -l option displays the mapping of devices on only the specified controller.The
following example displays the mapping of controller 3.

# stmsboot -l3
non-STMS device name STMS device name
----------------------------------------------------------------
/dev/rdsk/c3t8d0 /dev/rdsk/c10t500000E01046DEE0d0
/dev/rdsk/c3t0d0 /dev/rdsk/c10t500000E01046B070d0
/dev/rdsk/c3t3d0 /dev/rdsk/c10t20000020372A40AFd0
/dev/rdsk/c3t12d0 /dev/rdsk/c10t500000E01046DEF0d0
/dev/rdsk/c3t11d0 /dev/rdsk/c10t500000E01046E390d0

Chapter 4 Configuring Multipathing Software 47


48 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
CHAPTER 5

Configuring SAN Devices

This section provides the high level overview of the steps used to configure SAN
devices. In Solaris 10, FCAL and fabric-connected devices are made available to the
host automatically. This differs from previous versions of the SAN Foundation
software running on the Solaris 8 or the Solaris 9 OS. In those versions, manual
configuration steps were required to achieve fabric-connected device availability on
the host. If you want to manually configure fabric-connected devices, please refer to
Appendix A,“Manual Configuration for Fabric Connected Devices” on page 77.

This chapter contains the following sections:


■ “SAN Device Considerations” on page 50
■ “Adding SAN Devices” on page 50
■ “Configuring Fabric Boot Devices on SPARC” on page 51

49
SAN Device Considerations
You should be aware of the following considerations before configuring the Solaris
FC and Storage Multipathing software.
■ Configure ports and zones according to the vendor-specific documentation for
storage and switches.
■ With the Solaris 10 you no longer have to manually configure devices unless you
enable manual device configuration.
■ LUN masking enables specific LUNs to be seen by specific hosts. See your
vendor-specific storage documentation that describes masking.
■ Turn off power management on servers connected to the SAN to prevent
unexpected results as one server attempts to power down a device while another
attempts to gain access. See power.conf(1M) for details about power
management.
■ Connect arrays and other storage devices to the SAN with or without
multipathing capability. The Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing software is an
associated application that is bundled with the product name.

Adding SAN Devices


Adding and removing SAN devices requires knowledge of the following commands:
■ luxadm(1M)
■ format(1M)
■ fsck(1M)
■ newfs(1M)
■ cfgadm(1M) and cfgadm_fp(1M)

Note – If you use the format command when Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing
is enabled, you will see only one instance of a device identifier for each LUN.
Without the Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing, you will see one identifier for each
path.

The cfgadm and cfgadm_fp commands are used most frequently to configure storage
devices on a SAN. Refer to the appropriate man page for detailed instructions about
how to use each command.

50 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
▼ To Add a SAN Device
1. Create the LUN(s) desired on the SAN device.

2. If necessary, apply LUN masking for HBA control on the SAN device.

3. Connect the storage device to the system.

4. If necessary, create port-based or WWN zones on the switch on the SAN device.

5. Run the fsck or newfs commands on the device, if used for file systems.

6. Mount any existing file systems available on the storage device’s LUNs or disk
groups.

Note – You might need to run the fsck command to repair any errors in the LUNs
listed in the /etc/vfstab file.

Configuring Fabric Boot Devices on


SPARC
The Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing software allows a Solaris 10 SPARC server
to be booted from a fabric disk device.

Boot Considerations
Fabric boot devices can be added via the Solaris 10 interactive installation GUI or
text installer just as internal boot devices have been added in the previous Solaris OS
releases. Please refer to the Solaris 10 install guide for details. This feature is
included on the SPARC platform only. You should consider the following points
while enabling a fabric boot device.
■ Minimize interference to boot device by:
■ Ensuring the boot device is not an overly subscribed target or LUN.
■ Avoiding installation of applications and software on target or LUN.
■ Reducing physical distance between host and fabric device, as well as the
number of hops.
■ Remove boot disk from volume manager control prior to beginning fabric boot
procedure.

Chapter 5 Configuring SAN Devices 51


■ Ensuring the latest HBA Fcode and drivers are loaded for the install HBA’s on the
system.
■ Whether multipathing is desired on the boot device. This is handled by the
stmsboot commands as described in “Configuring Multipathing Software” on
page 31.

52 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
CHAPTER 6

Configuring IPFC SAN Devices

Configuring IPFC on the host system, describes host recognition of IPFC devices and
implementation of IP over FC in a SAN. The IPFC driver is based on RFC 2625 and
it allows IP traffic to run over FC.

This chapter contains the following topics:


■ “IPFC Considerations” on page 53
■ “Invoking and Configuring IPFC” on page 57

IPFC Considerations
The following table shows the supported features available for IPFC.

TABLE 6-1 IPFC (NFS/NAS and SNDR)

Feature Supported

Cascading Yes, with fabric zones only


Zone type Fabric zone (with the HBA configured as an F-port point-to-point
connection)
Maximum number 253
of device ports per
zone

The following restrictions apply:


■ IPFC is not supported on 1 Gbit Sun switches.
■ Promiscuous mode is not supported. The snoop(1M) utility cannot be used.
■ Multicasting is supported through broadcasting only.
■ Network cards using IPFC cannot be used as routers. The /etc/notrouter file
must be present on the host.

53
■ Any standard network commands can be used after IPFC is attached. There are
not any usage differences when these commands (telnet, ping, or ftp) are used
in an Ethernet setup.

Determining Fibre Channel Adapter Port


Instances
This section explains how to configure the desired host system for IPFC. It includes
the procedures to determine the port instance and to plumb an IPFC instance.

▼ To Determine Port Instances


1. Determine the HBA PCI adapter slot and the I/O board PCI slot.
You need this information to perform the calculation in Step 2.

For example, assume you have an array with an HBA card located in PCI adapter
slot 5, and the PCI adapter is in slot 1 of the I/O board.

2. Determine the instance number.

a. Use an editor to search for the fp driver binding name in the


/etc/path_to_inst file.
Entries have fp on the line.

Note – Determine the correct entry by finding the hardware path described in your
server hardware manual or Sun System Handbook. The Sun System Handbook is
available at http://sunsolve.sun.com/handbook_pub/.

b. Narrow the search by using the I/O board and slot information from Step 1.

Note – The following method of deriving the Solaris 10 device path of an HBA from
its physical location in server may not work for all Sun server hardware.

i. Multiply the PCI adapter slot number by the number of adapter ports.
For example, if the HBA has two ports, multiply by 2. Using the array with an
HBA in the PCI adapter slot 5, multiply 5 by 2 to get 10.

ii. Add the PCI adapter I/O board slot number to the number derived in Step i.
Using an HBA in PCI adapter slot 5 and PCI slot 1 of the I/O board, add 1 to
10 for a sum of 11.

54 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
iii. Convert the number derived in Step ii to hexadecimal.

The number 11 converts to b in hexadecimal.

iv. Search for the fp entry with pci@hex where hex is the number you derived
in Step iii.

The following Table 1-2, shows a single FC network adapter device path and
describes the elements of the device path.

PCI Single FC Network Adapter Device Path.

"/pci@b,2000/SUNW,qlc@2/fp@0,0" 7 "fp"

TABLE 6-2 PCI Single FC Network Adapter /etc/path_to_inst Device Path Entry

Entry Item Entry Value

Physical Name /pci@b,2000/sunw,qlc@2/fp@0,0


Instance Number 7
Driver Binding fp
Name

3. Manually plumb each FP instance.


Use the ifconfig <interface_number> plumb command. In this example, the value
of <interface_number> is fcip7.

# ifconfig fcip7 plumb

When the command is successful, a message appears on both the console and in the
messages file. For example:

Sep 13 15:52:30 bytownite ip: ip: joining multicasts failed (7) on


fcip0 - will use link layer broadcasts for multicast

▼ To Plumb an IPFC Instance


Each FP instance on the system has an entry in /dev/fc. If HBAs have been
removed, some stale links might exist. Use this procedure to load and plumb IPFC.

Chapter 6 Configuring IPFC SAN Devices 55


1. For each entry in /dev/fc, issue a luxadm -e dump_map command to view all the
devices that are visible through that HBA port:

# luxadm -e dump_map /dev/fc/fp0


Pos Port_ID Hard_Addr Port WWN Node WWN Type
0 610100 0 210000e08b049f53 200000e08b049f53 0x1f
(Unknown Type)
1 620d02 0 210000e08b02c32a 200000e08b02c32a 0x1f
(Unknown Type)
2 620f00 0 210000e08b03eb4b 200000e08b03eb4b 0x1f
(Unknown Type)
3 620e00 0 210100e08b220713 200100e08b220713 0x1f
(Unknown Type,Host Bus Adapter)
# luxadm -e dump_map /dev/fc/fp1
No FC devices found. - /dev/fc/fp1

2. Based on the list of devices, determine which destination HBAs are visible to the
remote host with which you want to establish IPFC communications.
In the example for this procedure, the destination HBAs have port IDs 610100 and
620d02. The originating HBA’s port ID is 620e00.

3. List the physical path of the originating HBA port from which you can see the
destination HBA port, where originating-hba-link is a variable for the link
determined in Step 2.

# ls -l /dev/fc/fp originating-hba-link

For example, here 0 is the number for the originating-hba-link:

# ls -l /dev/fc/fp0
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 51 Sep 4 08:23 /dev/fc/fp0 ->
../../devices/pci@8,600000/SUNW,qlc@1/fp@0,0:devctl

4. Search the physical path identified in Step 3.


You must remove the leading ../../devices from the path name output. For
example

# grep pci@8,600000/SUNW,qlc@1/fp@0,0 /etc/path_to_inst


"/pci@8,600000/SUNW,qlc@1/fp@0,0" 0 "fp"

56 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
5. Determine the fp instance for the originating HBA port from the output of the
command in Step 4.
The instance number precedes “fp” in the output. In the following example output,
the instance number is 0.

"/pci@8,600000/SUNW,qlc@1/fp@0,0" 0 "fp"

6. Use the instance number from Step 5 to load IPFC and plumb the IPFC interface.
In this example, the instance is 0.

# ifconfig fcip0 plumb

Invoking and Configuring IPFC


Immediately upon installation, start IPFC manually with the ifconfig command.
You can configure the host so that on subsequent reboot, the IPFC network interface
starts automatically. This section describes the procedures to start a network
interface manually and to configure the host for automatic plumbing upon reboot.

▼ To Start a Network Interface Manually


Use this procedure when you want to plumb IPFC with specific netmask values and
get the IPFC interface up and running.

1. Use the ifconfig command with the appropriate interface.


Ask your network administrator for an appropriate IP address and netmask
information. For example, to enable an IPFC interface associated with fp instance 0
and an IP address of 192.9.201.10, type:

# touch /etc/notrouter
# ifconfig fcip0 inet 192.9.201.10 netmask 255.255.255.0 up

The ifconfig command is described in more detail in the ifconfig(1M)


manpage.

Chapter 6 Configuring IPFC SAN Devices 57


2. Use the command ifconfig -a to verify the network is functioning.
The output of ifconfig -a should look like this:

lo0: flags=1000849<UP,LOOPBACK,RUNNING,MULTICAST,IPv4> mtu 8232


index 1
inet 127.0.0.1 netmask ff000000
fcip0: flags=
1001843<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST,MULTI_BCAST,IPv4> mtu 1500
index 2
inet 192.9.201.10 netmask ffffff00 broadcast 192.9.201.255 ether
0:e0:8b:1:3c:f7
hme0: flags=1000843<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST,IPv4> mtu 1500
index 3
inet 192.9.200.70 netmask ffffff00 broadcast 192.9.200.255
ether 8:0:20:fc:e9:49

▼ To Configure the Host for Automatic Plumbing


Upon Reboot
Each network interface must have an /etc/hostname.interface file defining the
name of the IP address associated with it. For example, IPFC network interface
fcip0 has a file named /etc/hostname.fcip0.

1. Manually create a /etc/hostname.interface file with a text editor so it contains a


single line that identifies the host name or interface IP address.

2. Use a text editor to make any additional entries to the /etc/inet/hosts file.
The Solaris 10 installation program creates the /etc/inet/hosts file with minimum
entries. You must manually make additional entries with a text editor. (See the
hosts(4) man page for additional information.)
The /etc/inet/hosts file contains the hosts database. This file contains the host
names and the primary network interface IP addresses, as well as the IP addresses of
other network interfaces attached to the system and of any other network interfaces
that the machine must know about.
The following code shows an example of an etc/inet/host file.
CODE EXAMPLE 6-1 sun1 machine etc/inet/hosts

127.0.0.1 localhost loghost


192.9.200.70 sun1 #This is the local host name
192.9.201.10 fcip0 #Interface to network 192.9.201.10

58 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
3. Edit the /etc/nsswitch.conf file so that all un-commented entries have the
word files before any other nameservice.
The /etc/nsswitch.conf specifies which name service to use for a particular
machine. The following code shows an example of an /etc/nsswitch.conf file.
CODE EXAMPLE 6-2 sun1 machine /etc/nsswitch.conf File

hosts: files nis

Chapter 6 Configuring IPFC SAN Devices 59


60 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
CHAPTER 7

Sun Solaris 10, Update 1, x86/x64


Fibre Channel Operating System
Booting Procedure

Starting with Sun Solaris 10 Update 1 (1/06), x86/x64 Operating System (OS), Fibre
Channel (FC) devices now appear in the disk selection portion of Solaris Suninstall.
An interactive Solaris 10, Update 1, installation is now required due to the
potentially large number of devices that might appear in the disk selection portion
of Solaris Suninstall.

This chapter describes how to manually install the Sun Solaris 10, Update 1 (1/06),
x86/x64 FC OS. This OS includes Sun StorageTek SAN Foundation software with the
Sun 2-Gbit and 4-Gbit Fibre Channel (FC) HBA drivers, and the Sun Solaris Fibre
Channel and storage multipathing software.

The Sun Solaris 10, Update 1 (1/06), x64/x86 OS can be installed from a CD-ROM,
DVD-ROM, or network.

This chapter contains the following topics:


■ “Requirements” on page 62
■ “Installation Overview” on page 63
■ “Installation Procedure” on page 64
■ “Post-Installation Patches for the Sun Solaris 10 Update 1 OS” on page 72

61
Requirements
This sections provides the requirements for installation.

Minimum QLogic Corporation HBA BIOS levels


The minimum HBA BIOS level for compatibility with the Sun Solaris FC and storage
multipathing software can be downloaded from:

http://qlogic.com/support/sun_page.html

Minimum Emulex Corporation HBA BIOS levels


The minimum HBA BIOS level for compatibility with the Sun Solaris FC and storage
multipathing software can be downloaded from:

http://emulex.com/ts/docoem/sun/10k.htm

Setup Requirements
You must have the following for installation.
■ Solaris 10 Update 1 (1/06)
■ 10/100/1000 Mbit/sec Ethernet network for network-based OS installation
■ One of the following for installation support
■ Jumpstart server for a network-based OS installation
■ CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive for a CD-ROM or DVD-ROM based OS
installation

62 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
Installation Overview
This overview serves to familiarize you, before you begin the installation procedure.
In order to successfully complete the installation, use an FC-based device during the
“disk selection” portion of the installation. At the end of the interactive installation,
you must select “Manual Reboot”.

After OS installation and before rebooting, gather the configuration information by


issuing the luxadm command on the newly installed logical unit number (LUN).
The luxadm command output provides a map from c#t#d# to the array WWN and
LUN number. Record the HBA World Wide Name (WWN) and array WWN port
information.

During rebooting, use the WWN and LUN number to set the HBA BIOS for each
HBA to be used to boot from each LUN on the same array. Change the system BIOS
to perform booting from “CD-ROM” or “Network” to “disk”

Note – Console access is required for HBA and system BIOS changes.

In addition, the following notes must be observed during the Sun Solaris OS
installation.
■ If using a custom disk layout, do not remove the overlap (s2) partition. The x86
boot installer has a dependency on this partition.
■ By default, the Sun Solaris FC and storage multipathing software manages the FC
boot devices with multiple paths to a single boot device.

Chapter 7 Sun Solaris 10, Update 1, x86/x64 Fibre Channel Operating System Booting Procedure 63
Installation Procedure
1. Install the HBA hardware.
Follow the instructions in the appropriate Sun HBA installation guide found at
http://docs.sun.com/app/docs?q=StorageTek+Host+Bus+Adapter.

2. Install the Sun Solaris OS as described in the next section, “To Perform a CD
ROM, DVD ROM, or Network-Based OS Installation” on page 64

▼ To Perform a CD ROM, DVD ROM, or Network-


Based OS Installation
After installing the HBA (see “Installation Procedure” on page 64), perform the
following steps for an interactive network-based installation of the Sun Solaris 10,
Update 1 (1/06), x86/x64 OS.

For more information, refer to Solaris 10 Installation Guide: Basic Installations,


817-0544-xx, found at http://docs.sun.com/.

1. If you are installing from a CD-ROM or DVD-ROM rather than over a network,
insert the Sun Solaris Software into the CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive.

64 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
2. Upon initial power up, enter the system BIOS (method differs for each BIOS
vendor) and configure it to boot from either the network or CD-ROM (DVD-
ROM) as applicable.
See FIGURE 7-1 for an example of one of several BIOS setup screens.

Note – The system BIOS setup screens are different for each system BIOS vendor.

FIGURE 7-1 Example System BIOS for Selecting Disk, CD-ROM, or Network Boot Device Priority

Chapter 7 Sun Solaris 10, Update 1, x86/x64 Fibre Channel Operating System Booting Procedure 65
3. Install the Sun Solaris OS using the Solaris Interactive Installation (Suninstall).
See FIGURE 7-2 for an example of one of several Suninstall screens.

FIGURE 7-2 Example of Selecting an FC-based Boot Disk During the “Disk Selection” Portion of the
Installation

4. During installation, select a desired array and its associated LUN.

5. Select “Manual reboot” at the end of the Suninstall utility screens and then verify
your selections to start the Sun Solaris OS installation.

6. Before rebooting after the installation completes, issue the luxadm display
command on the boot LUN. See FIGURE 7-3.

66 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
# luxadm display /dev/rdsk/c0t600015D0002028000000000000001142d0s2
DEVICE PROPERTIES for disk: /dev/rdsk/c0t600015D0002028000000000000001142d0s2
Vendor: SUN
Product ID: SE6920
Revision: 0202
Serial Num: 00500057
Unformatted capacity: 10240.000 MBytes
Read Cache: Enabled
Minimum prefetch: 0x0
Maximum prefetch: 0xffff
Device Type: Disk device
Path(s):

/dev/rdsk/c0t600015D0002028000000000000001142d0s2
/devices/scsi_vhci/disk@g600015d0002028000000000000001142:c,raw
Controller /dev/cfg/c4
Device Address 213600015d207200,0
Host controller port WWN 210100e08b206812
Class primary
State ONLINE
Controller /dev/cfg/c11
Device Address 213600015d207200,0
Host controller port WWN 210100e08b30a2f2
Class primary
State ONLINE

FIGURE 7-3 Example of luxadm display Command and Output

The following luxadm command output from the example in FIGURE 7-3 can be used
to map the MPxIO based c#t#d# to the HBA WWN and array WWN:
■ MPxIO c#t#d# = c0t600015d00020280000000000000001142d0
■ Array WWN = 213600015d207200, LUN 0
■ HBA WWNs = 210100e08b206812 and 210100e08b30a2f2

7. During the reboot process, watch the monitor so you can enter the HBA #1 BIOS
screen and specify the boot device to be the FC LUN onto which you just installed
the Sun Solaris OS. Follow this step for each HBA to be used for multipathing,
and specify the boot device to be the FC LUN on which you installed the Sun
Solaris OS. See FIGURE 7-4 and FIGURE 7-5.
■ For the QLogic HBA BIOS, perform the following steps.

a.During host rebooting, press CTRL-Q to display the HBA BIOS screen.

b. Select the HBA that you want to enable as the boot device. Enable boot.

Chapter 7 Sun Solaris 10, Update 1, x86/x64 Fibre Channel Operating System Booting Procedure 67
c. Configure the boot device:

i. Select “Configuration Settings.”

ii. Select “Selectable Boot Settings.”

iii. Make sure that Selectable Boot is set to enable.


In this menu, you can select the boot device/LUN by the array WWPN.

d. Save and exit the HBA BIOS screen.


■ For the Emulex HBA BIOS, perform the following steps.

a.During host rebooting, press ALT-E to display the HBA BIOS screen.

b. Select the HBA that you want to enable as the boot device. Enable boot.

c. Select “Configure Boot Devices.”

d. Select a boot entry.

e. Select the WWPN of the desired boot device.

f. Enter the LUN number.

g. Select the boot LUN.

h. Select “boot device via the array WWPN.”

i. Save and exit the HBA BIOS screen.

68 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
FIGURE 7-4 Example of the HBA BIOS Screen for an HBA WWN

Chapter 7 Sun Solaris 10, Update 1, x86/x64 Fibre Channel Operating System Booting Procedure 69
FIGURE 7-5 Example of the HBA BIOS screen for Enabling Boot from the FC LUN

Note – As an example, the following modifications were made and entered and the
resulting screen is shown in FIGURE 7-5:

• Selectable boot = Enabled


• ARRAY WWN = 213600015d207200
• ARRAY LUN = 0
• HBA WWN = 210100e08b206812

8. Repeat the appropriate modifications for all HBAs and all LUNs.

9. Enter the system BIOS (per the vendor’s access method) and specify the boot
device to be the FC LUN on which you installed the Solaris 10 Update 1 OS. See
FIGURE 7-6 for an example of one screen in a vendor’s system BIOS.

70 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
FIGURE 7-6 Example System BIOS for Enabling Booting from an FC LUN

10. Reboot to the newly installed Solaris 10 Update 1 OS using the FC LUN specified
in the system BIOS.

Chapter 7 Sun Solaris 10, Update 1, x86/x64 Fibre Channel Operating System Booting Procedure 71
Post-Installation Patches for the Sun
Solaris 10 Update 1 OS
The following patches are recommended for the OS.
■ 120223-xx Emulex-Sun LightPulse FC adapter driver
■ 119131-xx FC device drivers
■ 119716-xx MPxIO
■ 119471-xx luxadm

These patches can be found on the SunSolve web site at:

http://sunsolve.sun.com

72 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
CHAPTER 8

Persistent Binding for Tape Devices

To simplify management of servers in SAN-based data-centers, the Sun StorageTek™


SAN Foundation software stack in the Sun Solaris™ Operating System (OS)
dynamically detects devices in a SAN and builds associated /dev tree entries
without requiring you to edit configuration files.

In most cases, this greatly simplifies SAN management. However, for tape devices,
you might like the ability to explicitly specify how that /dev entries are created and
to ensure the /dev entries are identical across multiple servers on a SAN. This
chapter describes how you can specify this tape binding in the Sun Solaris OS while
retaining the benefits of automatic discovery and addition for disk-based devices.

Background
The /dev/rmt directory contains links to physical devices under /devices for tape
devices. Each tape LUN seen by the system is represented by 24 minor nodes in the
form of /dev/rmt/N, /dev/rmt/Nb, and /dev/rmt/Nbn, where N is an integer
counter starting from 0. This number is picked by devfsadm during enumeration of
new devices. Every new tape logical unit number (LUN) found by devfsadm gets
the next available number in /dev/rmt.

Since the /dev/rmt name depends on the order in which devices appear in the
device tree, it changes from host to host. For a given tape drive that is seen by two
or more different hosts, the /dev/rmt link can be different on each of these hosts.
This breaks the most common usage of Symantec (VERITAS) NetBackup (SSO
option). Also, if the drive is replaced the links change unless the vendor provides a
way to retain the port World-Wide Name (PWWN) of the drive.

73
Approach
The /etc/devlink.tab file is called the default device table file. It specifies rules
that devfsadm uses to create links in the /dev directory. Type man devlinks on
the command-line interface (CLI) for more information. Currently there are no
entries in this file for tapes, because devfsadm is already able to create links for tape
drives, but rules can be added that will modify the default behavior for creating tape
links.

The following is a sample entry for tape in the devlink.tab file.

type=ddi_byte:tape;addr=w&lt;PWWN>,&lt;LUN>; rmt/&lt;rmt #>\M0

Change the rmt # to whatever /dev/rmt/N is required. Then change the PWWN
and LUN to match the desired tape device. You can obtain this by running the ls -
l command on the existing /dev/rmt/ link as shown below.

# ls -l /dev/rmt/4
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 69 Oct 6 14:57 /dev/rmt/4 ->
../../devices/pci@1f,700000/SUNW,qlc@2/fp@0,0/st@w5005076300617717,0:
#

If, for example, you wanted the /dev/rmt/ number to be 40, you would create an
entry in /etc/devlink.tab will look like that shown below.

type=ddi_byte:tape;addr=w5005076300617717,0; rmt/40\M0

You can then add this line to the devlink file on every Solaris server on the SAN
that uses this drive so that it always appears as minor node 40.

Notes
1. For any tape drive visible to the Sun Solaris OS but not specified in the devlink
file, devfsadm automatically assigns a minor node number starting from 0. These
minor node numbers will conflict with any lower numbers assigned manually in
/etc/devlink.tab, so be sure to assign numbers there that are high enough to
avoid conflicts.

74 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
2. This approach can easily lead to duplicate links in /dev/rmt. Any tapes
discovered before entries were specified in /etc/devlink.tab have
automatically created links. When entries are added and devfsadm is run, the
original links will remain in /dev/rmt, resulting in duplicate links. To remove
the original links in /dev/rmt, run the rm /dev/rmt/* command before
running devfsadm.

3. This approach cannot be used with multi-ported tape drives that are attached to
multiple HBA ports. If there are multiple HBA ports attached to the same tape
LUN, the system detects two tape drives instead of one. The one that appears last
in the prtconf output gets the link generated by the /etc/devlink.tab.

Configuration Steps
1. Create the entries in /etc/devlink.tab as described in “Approach” on page 74.
If devfsadm has previously discovered the devices, you must determine the device
address by running the ls -l command on the existing link.

Note – Be sure to assign /dev/rmt/N numbers to avoid conflicts with any


automatically configured devices, as described above.

2. Remove existing links from /dev/rmt by running the rm /dev/rmt/* command.

3. Run devfsadm.
This creates new links as per the entries in /etc/devlink.tab in addition to
automatically creating links for any unspecified devices.

Chapter 8 Persistent Binding for Tape Devices 75


76 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
APPENDIX A

Manual Configuration for Fabric


Connected Devices

This appendix explains about configuring and unconfiguring the fabric devices in
Solaris 10. It explains how the visible fabric devices on a host are detected and
configured without enabling the multipathing feature and enabling the multipathing
software.

This appendix contains the following sections:


■ “Manual Configuration” on page 77
■ “Fabric Device Node Configuration” on page 78
■ “Configuring Device Nodes Without Multipathing Enabled” on page 81
■ “Configuring Device Nodes With Solaris Multipathing Software Enabled” on
page 85
■ “Unconfiguring Fabric Devices” on page 89

Manual Configuration
In Solaris 10, fabric-connected devices are made available to the Solaris host. This
differs from previous versions of the Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing software
running on the Solaris 8 or the Solaris 9 OS. In those versions, manual configuration
steps were required to achieve fabric-connected device availability on the Solaris 10
host. If you want to manually configure the fabric-connected devices, use the
following steps to change the default behavior on the Solaris 10 host. Note that
changing the default behavior makes all of your fabric-connected devices
unavailable. This can cause problem for fabric-connected devices that are required to
be available at boot time.

77
1. Edit the file /kernel/drv/fp.conf and uncomment the line.

# manual_configuration_only=1;

By removing the leading '#

manual_configuration_only=1;

Please refer to the fp(7D) man page and the cfgadm_fp(1M) man page for further
information on this setting.

2. Reboot the host.

3. For each fabric-connected device that will need to be made available, follow the
steps in “Configuring Device Nodes Without Multipathing Enabled” on page 81
or “Configuring Device Nodes With Solaris Multipathing Software Enabled” on
page 85 dependent upon whether you are using the Solaris FC and Storage
Multipathing Software for multipathing.
If the original default behavior for fabric-connected devices is desired, use the
following steps:

4. Edit the file “/kernel/drv/fp.conf” and comment the line

manual_configuration_only=1;

By adding a leading '#'

# manual_configuration_only=1;

Please refer to the fp(7D) man page and the cfgadm_fp(1M) man page for further
information on this setting.

5. Reboot the host

Fabric Device Node Configuration


After you configure the hardware in your direct-attach system or SAN, you must
ensure that the hosts recognize the devices. This section explains host recognition of
fabric devices, also known as 24-bit FC addressing devices on the SAN. After

78 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
configuring the devices, ports, and zones in your SAN, you need to make sure that
the host is aware of the devices. You can have up to 16 million fabric devices
connected together on a SAN with FC support.

This section is limited to the operations required from the perspective of the Solaris
10 OS. It does not cover other aspects, such as device availability and device-specific
management. If devices are managed by other software, such as a volume manager,
refer to the volume manager product documentation for additional instructions.

Ensuring That LUN Level Information is Visible


You need to follow the steps mentioned below to ensure the visibility of LUN level
information.

1. Use the cfgadm -al -o show_SCSI_LUN <controller_id> command to identify LUN


level information.
If you issue the cfgadm -al -o show_SCSI_LUN <controller_id> command
immediately after a system boots up, the output might not show the Fibre Channel
Protocol (FCP) SCSI LUN level information. The information does not appear
because the storage device drivers, such as the ssd and st driver, are not loaded on
the running system.

2. Use the modinfo command to check whether the drivers are loaded. After the
drivers are loaded, the LUN level information is visible in the cfgadm output.

▼ To Detect Fabric Devices Visible on a Host


This section provides an example of the procedure for detecting fabric devices using
FC host ports c0 and c1. This procedure also shows the device configuration
information that is displayed with the cfgadm(1M) command.

Note – In the following examples, only failover path attachment point IDs (Ap_Ids)
are listed. The Ap_Ids displayed on your system depend on your system
configuration.

1. Become superuser.

Appendix A Manual Configuration for Fabric Connected Devices 79


2. Display the information about the attachment points on the system.

# cfgadm -l
Ap_Id Type Receptacle Occupant Condition
c0 fc-fabric connected unconfigured unknown
c1 fc-private connected configured unknown

In this example, c0 represents a fabric-connected host port, and c1 represents a


private, loop-connected host port. Use the cfgadm(1M) command to manage the
device configuration on fabric-connected host ports.
By default, the device configuration on private, loop-connected host ports is
managed by a host using the Solaris 10 OS.

3. Display information about the host ports and their attached devices.

# cfgadm -al
Ap_Id Type Receptacle Occupant Condition
c0 fc-fabric connected unconfigured unknown
c0::50020f2300006077 disk connected unconfigured unknown
c0::50020f23000063a9 disk connected unconfigured unknown
c0::50020f2300005f24 disk connected unconfigured unknown
c0::50020f2300006107 disk connected unconfigured unknown
c1 fc-private connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b69c32b disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708ba7d832 disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b8d45f2 disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b9b20b2 disk connected configured unknown

Note – The cfgadm -l command displays information about FC host ports. Also
use the cfgadm -al command to display information about FC devices. The lines
that include a port world wide name (WWN) in the Ap_Id field associated with c0
represent a fabric device. Use the cfgadm configure and unconfigure commands to
manage those devices and make them available to hosts using the Solaris 10 OS. The
Ap_Id devices with port WWNs under c1 represent private-loop devices that are
configured through the c1 host port.

80 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
Configuring Device Nodes Without
Multipathing Enabled
This section describes fabric device configuration tasks on a host that does not have
multipathing enabled.

The procedures in this section use specific devices as examples to illustrate how to
use the cfgadm(1M) command to detect and configure fabric devices.

The procedures in this section show how to detect fabric devices that are visible on a
host and to configure and make them available to a host using the Solaris 10 OS.

The device information that you supply and that is displayed by the cfgadm(1M)
command depends on your system configuration.

▼ To Configure an Individual Device Without


Multipathing
This sample procedure describes how to configure a fabric device that is attached to
the fabric-connected host port c0.

1. Become superuser.

2. Identify the device to be configured.

# cfgadm -al
Ap_Id Type Receptacle Occupant Condition
c0 fc-fabric connected unconfigured unknown
c0::50020f2300006077 disk connected unconfigured unknown
c0::50020f23000063a9 disk connected unconfigured unknown
c0::50020f2300005f24 disk connected unconfigured unknown
c0::50020f2300006107 disk connected unconfigured unknown
c1 fc-private connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b69c32b disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708ba7d832 disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b8d45f2 disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b9b20b2 disk connected configured unknown

Appendix A Manual Configuration for Fabric Connected Devices 81


3. Configure the fabric device.

# cfgadm -c configure c0::50020f2300006077

4. Verify that the selected fabric device is configured.

# cfgadm -al
Ap_Id Type Receptacle Occupant Condition
c0 fc-fabric connected configured unknown
c0::50020f2300006077 disk connected configured unknown
c0::50020f23000063a9 disk connected unconfigured unknown
c0::50020f2300005f24 disk connected unconfigured unknown
c0::50020f2300006107 disk connected unconfigured unknown
c1 fc-private connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b69c32b disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708ba7d832 disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b8d45f2 disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b9b20b2 disk connected configured unknown

Notice that the Occupant column for both c0 and c0::50020f2300006077 displays as
configured, indicating that the c0 port has a configured occupant and that the
c0::50020f2300006077 device is configured.

5. Use the show_SCSI_LUN option to display FCP SCSI LUN information for multi-
LUN SCSI devices.
The following code example shows that the physical devices connected through
Ap_Id c0:50020f2300006077 have four LUNs configured.

CODE EXAMPLE A-1 shows cfgadm output for four LUN devices
# cfgadm -al -o show_SCSI_LUN c0
Ap_Id Type Receptacle Occupant Condition
c0 fc-fabric connected configured unknown
c0::50020f2300006077,0 disk connected configured unknown
c0::50020f2300006077,1 disk connected configured unknown
c0::50020f2300006077,2 disk connected configured unknown
c0::50020f2300006077,3 disk connected configured unknown

The device is now available on the host using the Solaris 10 OS. The paths represent
each SCSI LUN in the physical device represented by c0::50020f2300006077.

82 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
▼ To Configure Multiple Devices Without
Multipathing
Make sure you first identify the devices visible to the host with the procedure “To
Detect Fabric Devices Visible on a Host” on page 79. This procedure describes how
to configure all unconfigured fabric devices that are attached to a fabric-connected
host port. The port used as an example is c0.

1. Become superuser.

2. Identify the devices to be configured.

# cfgadm -al
Ap_Id Type Receptacle Occupant Condition
c0 fc-fabric connected unconfigured unknown
c0::50020f2300006077 disk connected unconfigured unknown
c0::50020f23000063a9 disk connected unconfigured unknown
c0::50020f2300005f24 disk connected unconfigured unknown
c0::50020f2300006107 disk connected unconfigured unknown
c1 fc-private connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b69c32b disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708ba7d832 disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b8d45f2 disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b9b20b2 disk connected configured unknown

3. Configure all of the unconfigured devices on the selected port.

# cfgadm -c configure c0

Note – This operation repeats the configure operation of an individual device for
all the devices on c0. This can be time consuming if the number of devices on c0 is
large.

Appendix A Manual Configuration for Fabric Connected Devices 83


4. Verify that all devices on c0 are configured.

# cfgadm -al
Ap_Id Type Receptacle Occupant Condition
c0 fc-fabric connected configured unknown
c0::50020f2300006077 disk connected configured unknown
c0::50020f23000063a9 disk connected configured unknown
c0::50020f2300005f24 disk connected configured unknown
c0::50020f2300006107 disk connected configured unknown
c1 fc-private connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b69c32b disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708ba7d832 disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b8d45f2 disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b9b20b2 disk connected configured unknown

5. Use the show_SCSI_LUN command to display FCP SCSI LUN information for
multi-LUN SCSI devices.
The following code example shows that the physical devices represented by
c0::50020f2300006077 and c0::50020f2300006107 each have four LUNs
configured. The physical devices represented by c0::50020f23000063a9 and
c0::50020f2300005f24 each have two LUNs configured.

CODE EXAMPLE A-2 show_SCSI_LUN Output for Multiple LUNs and Two Devices

# cfgadm -al -o show_SCSI_LUN c0


Ap_Id Type Receptacle Occupant Condition
c0 fc-fabric connected configured unknown
c0::50020f2300006077,0 disk connected configured unknown
c0::50020f2300006077,1 disk connected configured unknown
c0::50020f2300006077,2 disk connected configured unknown
c0::50020f2300006077,3 disk connected configured unknown
c0::50020f23000063a9,0 disk connected configured unknown
c0::50020f23000063a9,1 disk connected configured unknown
c0::50020f2300005f24,0 disk connected configured unknown
c0::50020f2300005f24,1 disk connected configured unknown
c0::50020f2300006107,0 disk connected configured unknown
c0::50020f2300006107,1 disk connected configured unknown
c0::50020f2300006107,2 disk connected configured unknown
c0::50020f2300006107,3 disk connected configured unknown

84 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
Configuring Device Nodes With Solaris
Multipathing Software Enabled
This section describes how to perform fabric device configuration steps on a host
that has the Solaris Multipathing software enabled.

The devices attached to the fabric-connected host port are not configured by default
and so are not available to the host using the Solaris 10 OS. Use the cfgadm(1M)
configure and unconfigure commands to manage device node creation for fabric
devices. See the cfgadm_fp(1M) man page for additional information. The
procedures in this section illustrate steps to detect fabric devices that are visible on a
host and to configure them as multipathing devices to make them available to the
host using the Solaris 10 OS.

The device information that you supply, and that is displayed by the cfgadm(1M)
command, depends on your system configuration. For more information on the
cfgadm command, see the cfgadm_fp(1M) and cfgadm(1M) man pages.

▼ To Configure Individual Devices With Solaris


Multipathing Software
This sample procedure uses fabric-connected host ports c0 and c2 to configure fabric
devices as multipath devices on a host that has the Solaris FC and Storage
Multipathing software enabled.

The cfgadm -c configure command for fabric devices is the same regardless of
whether or not multipathing is enabled.

1. Become superuser.

Appendix A Manual Configuration for Fabric Connected Devices 85


2. Identify the port WWN of the device to be configured as the Solaris FC and
Storage Multipathing software device.
Look for devices on a fabric-connected host port, marked as fc-fabric. These are
the devices you can configure with the cfgadm -c configure command.

CODE EXAMPLE A-3 cfgadm Listing of Fabric and Private-Loop Devices


# cfgadm -al
Ap_Id Type Receptacle Occupant Condition
c0 fc-fabric connected unconfigured unknown
c0::50020f2300006077 disk connected unconfigured unknown
c0::50020f23000063a9 disk connected unconfigured unknown
c1 fc-private connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b69c32b disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708ba7d832 disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b8d45f2 disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b9b20b2 disk connected configured unknown
c2 fc-fabric connected unconfigured unknown
c2::50020f2300005f24 disk connected unconfigured unknown
c2::50020f2300006107 disk connected unconfigured unknown

In Code example A-3, the c0::50020f2300006077 and c2::50020f2300006107


Ap_Ids represent the same storage device with different port WWNs for the storage
device controllers. The c0 and c2 host ports are enabled for use by the Solaris FC
and Storage Multipathing software.

3. Configure the fabric device and make the Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing
software devices available to the host.

# cfgadm -c configure c0::50020f2300006077 c2::50020f2300006107

86 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
4. Verify that the selected devices are configured.

# cfgadm -al
Ap_Id Type Receptacle Occupant Condition
c0 fc-fabric connected configured unknown
c0::50020f2300006077 disk connected configured unknown
c0::50020f23000063a9 disk connected unconfigured unknown
c1 fc-private connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b69c32b disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708ba7d832 disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b8d45f2 disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b9b20b2 disk connected configured unknown
c2 fc-fabric connected configured unknown
c2::50020f2300005f24 disk connected unconfigured unknown
c2::50020f2300006107 disk connected configured unknown

Notice that the Occupant column of c0 and c0::50020f2300006077 specifies


configured, which indicates that the c0 port has at least one configured occupant
and that the c0::50020f2300006077 device is configured. The same change has been
made in c2 and c2::50020f2300006107.
When the configure operation has been completed without an error, multipathing-
enabled devices are created on the host. If the physical device represented by
c0::50020f2300006077 and c2::50020f2300006107 has multiple SCSI LUNs
configured, each LUN is configured as a Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing
software device. Code example A-4, shows that two LUNs are configured through
c0::50020f2300006077 and c2::50020f2300006107. Each Ap_Id is associated with a
path to those Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing software devices.

CODE EXAMPLE A-4 show_SCSI_LUN Output for Two LUNs on a Device


# cfgadm -al -o show_SCSI_LUN c0::50020f2300006077\
c2::50020f2300006107
Ap_Id Type Receptacle Occupant Condition
c0::50020f2300006077,0 disk connected configured unknown
c0::50020f2300006077,1 disk connected configured unknown
c2::50020f2300006107,0 disk connected configured unknown
c2::50020f2300006107,1 disk connected configured unknown

In code example A-4, notice that the following two multipathing-enabled devices are
created for the device represented by c0::50020f2300006077 and
c2::50020f2300006107:

Appendix A Manual Configuration for Fabric Connected Devices 87


▼ To Configure Multiple Devices With
Multipathing
Before you configure or remove device nodes, be sure to first identify the fabric
devices by using the procedure “To Detect Fabric Devices Visible on a Host” on
page 79.

In this example, an Ap_Id on a fabric-connected host port is a path to the Solaris FC


and Storage Multipathing software device. For example, all devices with a path
through c2 are to be configured, but none through c0 are to be configured. c2 is an
attachment point from the host to the fabric, whereas c2::50020f2300006107 is an
attachment point from the storage to the fabric. A host detects all the storage devices
in a fabric for which it is configured.

Configuring an Ap_Id on the Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing software device


that has already been configured through another Ap_Id results in an additional
path to the previously configured device. Note that a new device node is not created
in this case. The device node is created only the first time an Ap_Id to the
corresponding Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing device is configured.

1. Become superuser.

2. Identify the fabric-connected host port to be configured.

# cfgadm -al
Ap_Id Type Receptacle Occupant Condition
c0 fc-fabric connected configured unknown
c0::50020f2300006077 disk connected configured unknown
c0::50020f23000063a9 disk connected configured unknown
c1 fc-private connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b69c32b disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708ba7d832 disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b8d45f2 disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b9b20b2 disk connected configured unknown
c2 fc-fabric connected unconfigured unknown
c2::50020f2300005f24 disk connected unconfigured unknown
c2::50020f2300006107 disk connected unconfigured unknown

Devices represented by Ap_Ids c0::50020f2300006077 and c2::50020f2300006107


are two paths to the same physical device, with c0::50020f2300006077 already
configured. Configure the unconfigured devices on the selected port. This operation
repeats the configure command of an individual device for all the devices on c2.
This can be time-consuming if the number of devices on c2 is large.

# cfgadm -c configure c2

88 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
3. Verify that all devices on c2 are configured.

# cfgadm -al
Ap_Id Type Receptacle Occupant Condition
c0 fc-fabric connected configured unknown
c0::50020f2300006077 disk connected configured unknown
c0::50020f23000063a9 disk connected configured unknown
c1 fc-private connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b69c32b disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708ba7d832 disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b8d45f2 disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b9b20b2 disk connected configured unknown
c2 fc-fabric connected configured unknown
c2::50020f2300005f24 disk connected configured unknown
c2::50020f2300006107 disk connected configured unknown

Notice that the Occupant column of c2 and all of the devices under c2 is marked as
configured.
The show_SCSI_LUN command displays FCP SCSI LUN information for multiple
LUN SCSI devices. Code example A-5, shows that the physical devices connected
through by c2::50020f2300006107 and c2::50020f2300005f24 each have two
LUNs configured.

CODE EXAMPLE A-5 show_SCSI_LUN Output for Multiple LUNs and Multiple Physical
Devices
# cfgadm -al -o show_SCSI_LUN c2
Ap_Id Type Receptacle Occupant Condition
c2 fc-fabric connected configured unknown
c2::50020f2300005f24,0 disk connected configured unknown
c2::50020f2300005f24,1 disk connected configured unknown
c2::50020f2300006107,0 disk connected configured unknown
c2::50020f2300006107,1 disk connected configured unknown

Unconfiguring Fabric Devices


This section provides information about unconfiguring the Solaris FC and Storage
Multipathing software.

Appendix A Manual Configuration for Fabric Connected Devices 89


Unconfiguring a Fabric Device
Before you unconfigure a fabric device, stop all activity to the device and unmount
any file systems on the fabric device. See the administration documentation for the
Solaris 10 OS for unmounting instructions. If the device is under any volume
manager’s control, see the documentation for your volume manager before
unconfiguring the device.

▼ To Unconfigure a Fabric Device


This procedure describes how to unconfigure a fabric device that is attached to the
fabric-connected host port c0.

1. Become superuser.

2. Identify the device to be unconfigured.


Only devices on a fabric-connected host port can be unconfigured.

# cfgadm -al
Ap_Id Type Receptacle Occupant Condition
c0 fc-fabric connected configured unknown
c0::50020f2300006077 disk connected configured unknown
c0::50020f23000063a9 disk connected configured unknown
c1 fc-private connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b69c32b disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708ba7d832 disk connected configured unknown

3. Unconfigure the fabric device.

# cfgadm -c unconfigure c0::50020f2300006077

4. Verify that the selected fabric device is unconfigured.

# cfgadm -al
Ap_Id Type Receptacle Occupant Condition
c0 fc-fabric connected configured unknown
c0::50020f2300006077 disk connected unconfigured unknown
c0::50020f23000063a9 disk connected configured unknown
c1 fc-private connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b69c32b disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708ba7d832 disk connected configured unknown

90 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
▼ To Unconfigure all Fabric Devices on a Fabric-
Connected Host Port
This procedure describes how to unconfigure all configured fabric devices that are
attached to a fabric-connected host port.

1. Become superuser.

2. Identify the fabric devices to be unconfigured.


Only devices on a fabric-connected host port can be unconfigured.

# cfgadm -al
Ap_Id Type Receptacle Occupant Condition
c0 fc-fabric connected configured unknown
c0::50020f2300006077 disk connected configured unknown
c0::50020f23000063a9 disk connected configured unknown
c1 fc-private connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b69c32b disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708ba7d832 disk connected configured unknown

3. Stop all activity to each fabric device on the selected port and unmount any file
systems on each fabric device. If the device is under any volume manager’s
control, see the documentation for your volume manager before unconfiguring the
device.

# cfgadm -c unconfigure c0

4. Unconfigure all of the configured fabric devices on a selected port.

Note – This operation repeats the unconfigure operation of an individual device


for all the devices on c0. This can be time-consuming if the number of devices on c0
is large.

Appendix A Manual Configuration for Fabric Connected Devices 91


5. Verify that all the devices on c0 are unconfigured.

# cfgadm -al
Ap_Id Type Receptacle Occupant Condition
c0 fc-fabric connected unconfigured unknown
c0::50020f2300006077 disk connected unconfigured unknown
c0::50020f23000063a9 disk connected unconfigured unknown
c1 fc-private connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b69c32b disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708ba7d832 disk connected configured unknown

Notice that the Occupant column of c0 and all the fabric devices attached to it are
displayed as unconfigured.

▼ To Unconfigure a Fabric Device Associated With


Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing Enabled
Devices
This procedure shows fabric-connected host ports c0 and c2 to illustrate how to
unconfigure fabric devices associated with Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing
software devices.

1. Become superuser.

2. Identify the port WWN of the fabric device to be unconfigured.

# cfgadm -al
Ap_Id Type Receptacle Occupant Condition
c0 fc-fabric connected configured unknown
c0::50020f2300006077 disk connected configured unknown
c0::50020f23000063a9 disk connected configured unknown
c1 fc-private connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b69c32b disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708ba7d832 disk connected configured unknown
c2 fc-fabric connected configured unknown
c2::50020f2300005f24 disk connected configured unknown
c2::50020f2300006107 disk connected configured unknown

In this example, the c0::50020f2300006077 and c2::50020f2300006107 Ap_Ids


represent different port WWNs for the same device associated with a Solaris FC and
Storage Multipathing software device. The c0 and c2 host ports are enabled for use
by the Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing software.

92 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
3. Stop all device activity to each fabric device on the selected port and unmount any
file systems on each fabric device. If the device is under any volume manager’s
control, see the documentation for your volume manager for maintaining the
fabric device.

4. Unconfigure fabric devices associated with the Solaris FC and Storage


Multipathing software device.
Only devices on a fabric-connected host port can be unconfigured through the
cfgadm -c unconfigure command.

# cfgadm -c unconfigure c0::50020f2300006077 c2::50020f2300006107

Note – You can remove a device from up to eight paths individually, as in the
example command cfgadm -c unconfigure c0::1111, c1::2222, c3::3333, etc.
As an alternative, you can remove an entire set of paths from the host, as in the
example cfgadm -c unconfigure c0.

5. Verify that the selected devices are unconfigured.

# cfgadm -al
Ap_Id Type Receptacle Occupant Condition
c0 fc-fabric connected configured unknown
c0::50020f2300006077 disk connected unconfigured unknown
c0::50020f23000063a9 disk connected configured unknown
c1 fc-private connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b69c32b disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708ba7d832 disk connected configured unknown
c2 fc-fabric connected configured unknown
c2::50020f2300005f24 disk connected configured unknown
c2::50020f2300006107 disk connected unconfigured unknown

Notice that the Ap_Ids c0::50020f2300006077 and c2::50020f2300006107 are


unconfigured. The Occupant column of c0 and c2 still displays those ports as
configured because they have other configured occupants.
The Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing software devices associated with the
Ap_Ids c0::50020f2300006077 and c2::50020f2300006107 are no longer available
to the host using the Solaris 10 OS. The following two Solaris FC and Storage
Multipathing devices are removed from the host:

/dev/rdsk/c6t60020F20000061073AC8B52D000B74A3d0s2

/dev/rdsk/c6t60020F20000061073AC8B4C50004ED3Ad0s2

Appendix A Manual Configuration for Fabric Connected Devices 93


▼ To Unconfigure One Path to a Multipathing
Device
In contrast to the procedure in the preceding section, this procedure shows how to
unconfigure one device associated with c2::50020f2300006107 and leave the other
device, 50020f2300006077, configured. Only devices on a fabric-connected host port
can be unconfigured through the cfgadm unconfigure command.

1. Become superuser.

2. Identify the Ap_Id of the Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing software device to
be unconfigured.

# cfgadm -al
Ap_Id Type Receptacle Occupant Condition
c0 fc-fabric connected configured unknown
c0::50020f2300006077 disk connected configured unknown
c0::50020f23000063a9 disk connected configured unknown
c1 fc-private connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b69c32b disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708ba7d832 disk connected configured unknown
c2 fc-fabric connected configured unknown
c2::50020f2300005f24 disk connected configured unknown
c2::50020f2300006107 disk connected configured unknown

In this example, c0::50020f2300006077 and c2::50020f2300006107 Ap_Ids


represent different port WWNs for the same device.

3. Unconfigure the Ap_Id associated with Solaris FC Storage Multipathing software


device.

Note – If the Ap_Id represents the last configured path to the Solaris FC and Storage
Multipathing software device, stop all activity to the path and unmount any file
systems on it. If the multipathing device is under any volume manager’s control, see
the documentation for your volume manager for maintaining the fabric device.

In the example that follows, the path represented as c2::50020f2300006107 is


unconfigured, and c0::50020f2300006077 remains configured to show how you can
unconfigure just one of multiple paths for a multipathing device.

# cfgadm -c unconfigure c2::50020f2300006107

94 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
4. Verify that the selected path c2::50020f2300006107 is unconfigured.

# cfgadm -al
Ap_Id Type Receptacle Occupant Condition
c0 fc-fabric connected configured unknown
c0::50020f2300006077 disk connected configured unknown
c0::50020f23000063a9 disk connected configured unknown
c1 fc-private connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b69c32b disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708ba7d832 disk connected configured unknown
c2 fc-fabric connected configured unknown
c2::50020f2300005f24 disk connected configured unknown
c2::50020f2300006107 disk connected unconfigured unknown

The Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing software devices associated with that
Ap_Id are still available to a host using the Solaris 10 OS through the other path,
represented by c0::50020f2300006077. A device can be connected to multiple
Ap_Ids and an Ap_Id can be connected to multiple devices..

/dev/rdsk/c6t60020F20000061073AC8B52D000B74A3d0s2

and

/dev/rdsk/c6t60020F20000061073AC8B4C50004ED3Ad0s2

▼ To Unconfigure all Fabric-Connected Devices


With Multipathing Enabled
An Ap_Id on a fabric-connected host port is a path to the Solaris FC and Storage
Multipathing software device.

When a Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing software device has multiple Ap_Ids
connected to it, the device is still available to the host using the Solaris 10 OS after
you unconfigure an Ap_Id. After you unconfigure the last Ap_Id, no additional
paths remain and the Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing software device is
unavailable to the host using the Solaris 10 OS. Only devices on a fabric-connected
host port can be unconfigured.

1. Become superuser.

Appendix A Manual Configuration for Fabric Connected Devices 95


2. Identify the devices to be unconfigured.

# cfgadm -al
Ap_Id Type Receptacle Occupant Condition
c0 fc-fabric connected configured unknown
c0::50020f2300006077 disk connected configured unknown
c0::50020f23000063a9 disk connected configured unknown
c1 fc-private connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b69c32b disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b9b20b2 disk connected configured unknown
c2 fc-fabric connected configured unknown
c2::50020f2300005f24 disk connected configured unknown

3. Unconfigure all of the configured devices on the selected port.

# cfgadm -c unconfigure c2

Note – This operation repeats the unconfigure command of an individual device


for all devices on c2. This can be time-consuming if the number of devices on c2 is
large.

4. Verify that all devices on c2 are unconfigured.

# cfgadm -al
Ap_Id Type Receptacle Occupant Condition
c0 fc-fabric connected configured unknown
c0::50020f2300006077 disk connected configured unknown
c1 fc-private connected configured unknown
c1::220203708b69c32b disk connected configured unknown
c1::220203708ba7d832 disk connected configured unknown
c2 fc-fabric connected unconfigured unknown
c2::50020f2300005f24 disk connected unconfigured unknown
c2::50020f2300006107 disk connected unconfigured unknown

Notice that the Occupant column lists c2 and all the devices attached to c2 as
unconfigured.

96 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
APPENDIX B

Supported FC-HBA API

This appendix contains the list of supported and unsupported FC-HBA Interfaces.
For further information regarding the API, refer to the Solaris FC and Storage
Multipathing “Software Features” on page 2.
.
TABLE B-1 Supported and Un-Supported FC-HBA Interfaces

Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing Software


FC - HBA Supported

HBA_GetVersion Yes
HBA_LoadLibrary Yes
HBA_FreeLibrary Yes
HBA_GetNumberofAdapters Yes
HBA_GetAdapterName Yes
HBA_OpenAdapter Yes
HBA_CloseAdapter Yes
HBA_GetAdapterAttributes Yes
HBA_GetAdapterPortAttributes Yes
HBA_GetDiscoveredPortAttributes Yes
HBA_GetPortAttributesbyWWN Yes
HBA_SendCTPassThru Yes
HBA_SendCTPassThruV2 Yes
HBA_RefreshInformation Yes
HBA_GetFcpTargetMapping Yes
HBA_SendScsiInquiry Yes
HBA_SendReportLuns Yes
HBA_SendReadCapacity Yes

97
TABLE B-1 Supported and Un-Supported FC-HBA Interfaces

Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing Software


FC - HBA Supported

HBA_GetPortStatistics Yes
HBA_ResetStatistics No
HBA_GetFcpPersistentBinding No
HBA_GetEventBuffer No
HBA_SetRNIDMgmtInfo Yes
HBA_GetRNIDMgmtInfo Yes
HBA_SendRNID Yes
HBA_SendRNIDV2 Yes
HBA_ScsiInquiryV2 Yes
HBA_ScsiReportLUNsV2 Yes
HBA_ScsiReadCapacityV2 Yes
HBA_OpenAdapterByWWN Yes
HBA_RefreshAdapterConfiguration Yes
HBA_GetVendorLibraryAttributes Yes
HBA_GetFcpTargetMappingV2 Yes
HBA_SendRPL No
HBA_SendRPS No
HBA_SendSRL No
HBA_SendLIRR No
HBA_SendRLS Yes
HBA_RemoveCallback Yes
HBA_RegisterForAdapterEvents Yes
HBA_RegisterForAdapterAddEvents Yes
HBA_RegisterForAdapterPortEvents Yes
HBA_RegisterForAdapterPortStatEvents No
HBA_RegisterForTargetEvents Yes
HBA_RegisterForAdapterLinkEvents No
HBA_RegisterForAdapterTargetEvents Yes
HBA_GetFC4Statistics No
HBA_GetFCPStatistics No

98 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
TABLE B-1 Supported and Un-Supported FC-HBA Interfaces

Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing Software


FC - HBA Supported

HBA_GetBindingCapability No
HBA_GetBindingSupport No
HBA_SetBindingSupport No
HBA_SetPersistentBindingV2 No
HBA_GetPersistentBindingV2 No
HBA_RemovePersistentBinding No
HBA_RemoveAllPersistentBindings No

Appendix B Supported FC-HBA API 99


100 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
APPENDIX C

Multipathing Troubleshooting

This appendix provides solutions to potential problems that may occur while
running the Solaris FC and Storage Multipathing software.

This appendix contains the following sections:


■ “System Fails to Boot During stmsboot” on page 101
■ “System Crashes During stmsboot” on page 102

System Fails to Boot During stmsboot


During the reboot following stmsboot enable (-e), disable (-d), or update (-u)
operations if the system fails to boot but lets you enter single user mode, perform
the following to recover.

1. Type the root password and enter single user mode.

2. Restart the mpxio-upgrade service.

# svcadm restart svc:/platform/sun4u/mpxio-upgrade:default

If it doesn't work follow the instructions in the next section to recover your original
configuration.

101
System Crashes During stmsboot
During the reboot following stmsboot enable (-e), disable (-d), or update (-u)
operations, if your system hangs, panics, or fails to boot follow the instructions
below to recover your original configuration.

1. Boot the system from another disk, CD, DVD, or over the network.

2. Run the fsck <your-root-device> command where <your-root-device> is your


original root device.

# fsck <your-root-device>

3. Mount your original root device.

# mount <your-root-device> /mnt

4. Restore your original fp.conf file by performing one of the following steps:
If you ran stmsboot -e or -d:

# cp /mnt/etc/mpxio/fp.conf /mnt/kernel/drv/fp.conf

The /mnt/etc/mpxio/fp.conf file is a copy of your original fp.conf


file that stmsboot command saved prior to updating your fp.conf
file.

If you ran the stmsboot -u command, and you modified the fp.conf file prior to
running the stmsboot command, undo the changes you made to this file by editing
/mnt/kernel/drv/fp.conf file.

5. Undo any other changes you made to the multipathing configuration prior to
running the stmsboot command.
For example, if you modified the scsi_vhci.conf file, undo the changes you
made to this file by editing the /mnt/kernel/drv/scsi_vhci.conf file.
If you modified the device settings of your storage arrays, restore their original
settings.

102 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
6. Restore your original /etc/vfstab file:

# cp /mnt/etc/mpxio/vfstab /mnt/etc/vfstab

The /mnt/etc/mpxio/vfstab file is a copy your original /etc/vfstab file that


the stmsboot command saved prior to updating your vfstab file. A
/mnt/etc/mpxio/vfstab file will not exist if the stmsboot command has not
modified your vfstab file.

7. Disable the mpxio-upgrade service:

# /usr/sbin/svccfg -f /mnt/etc/mpxio/svccfg_recover

8. Unmount the device.

# umount /mnt

9. Reboot.

Appendix C Multipathing Troubleshooting 103


104 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006
Index

Numerics multipathing feature, 31


24-bit FC addressing devices, 78 SAN devices, 49
third-party devices, 44
A
ANSI standard Multipath Management API, 9 D
Ap_Id, 79 device
asymmetrical, 3
configuration, 81
B
names, 32
boot device, 4 storage, 3
boot disk, 51 device management, 4
Booting, 2 Device Name Change Considerations, 34
broadcasting, 53 devices
tape, 2
C
cfgadm, 50 F
-c, 82
fabric device configuration, 81
-l, 80
fabric-connected host ports, 80, 85
cfgadm -al -o show_SCSI_LUN, 79
FCAL, 2
cfgadm -c unconfigure, 93
fc-fabric, 86
cfgadm configure, 80
Fibre Channel HBA, 2
cfgadm(1M), 80
Fibre Channel-Arbitrated Loop, 2
cfgadm_fp(1M), 85
configuration L
device, 79
LUN
dump, 32
level information, 79
fabric devices, 81
masking, 50
manual, 77
recognition, 51
multipathing, 32
SCSI devices, 89
tasks, 6
luxadm(1M), 43
configure
fabric-connected devices, 49

105
M
modinfo, 79
mpathadm commands, 9
automatic failback, configuring, 19
configure automatic failback, 19
disable a path, 27
enable a path, 25
initiator ports
discovered, 12
properties, 12
logical unit with a particular name, 17
logical units
associated with target port, 15
discovered, 13
fail over, 21
properties and associated path, 13
Multipath Management API plug-in
library, 10
properties, 10
multipathing support, 9

P
persistent binding of tape devices, 73
physical device, 82
Promiscuous mode, 53

R
REPORT LUNS SCSI, 44

S
show_SCSI_LUN, 82, 89
single PCI HBA, 37
snoop(1M), 53
Solaris 10 x86/x64 FC OS booting procedure, 61
ssd, 79
st driver, 79
storage device, 43

T
T10 specification, 9
tape device persistent binding, 73
To Detect Fabric Devices Visible on a Host, 88

106 Solaris Fibre Channel and Storage Multipathing Administration Guide • December 2006