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40.1: a) 6 °) 4) No. The spacing between energy levels is so small that the energy appears continuous and the balls particle-like (as opposed to wave-like). 40.2: 40.4: a) The energy of the given photon is The energy levels ofa particle in a box are given by Eq. 40.9 b) The ground state energy for an electron in a box of the calculated dimensions is (one-third of the original photon energy), which does not correspond to the ground state energy of the hydrogen atom. Note that the energy levels for a particle in a box are proportional to, whereas the energy levels for the hydrogen atom are proportional to ») 40.6: a) The wave function for vanishes only at and in the range ) Inthe range for the sine term is a maximum only at the middle of the box, ©) The answers to parts (a) and (b) are consistent with the figure. 40.7: The first excited state or wave function is So a) If the probability amplitude is zero, then So probability is zero for b) The probability is largest if So probability is largest for ©) These answers are consistent with the zeros and maxima of Fig. 40.5. 40.8: a) The third excited state is 50 b) 40.9: Recall a) b) °) 40.10: and for to be a solution of Eq. b) The wave funetion must vanish at the rigid walls; the given fumetion will vanish at for any but to vanish at for integer 40.11: a) b) This is not an acceptable wave function for a box with rigid walls since we need but this has maxima there. It doesn’t satisfy the boundary condition, 40.12: and so isa solution to with the same energy.