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Food & TB - Food for a person with TB, diet, food groups | TB Facts | TB, tests, drugs, statistics

Types of food, essential nutrients

An essential nutrient is a nutrient that must be provided by a person’s diet. These nutrients are necessary for the body to function properly. The six essential nutrients include carbohydrates, protein, fat, vitamins, minerals & water. Types of food


Major Nutrients


Energy rich foods

Carbohydrates & fats

Whole grain cereals, millets. Vegetable oils, ghee, butter. Nuts and oil seeds. Sugars

Body building foods


Pulses, nuts and some oilseeds. Milks & milk products Meat, fish, poultry

Protective foods

Vitamins & minerals

Green leafy vegetables. Other vegetables & fruits. Eggs, milk & milk products and flesh foods.

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Attempts should be made to increase the energy and protein content of the food in meals and snacks without increasing its volume. So, for example, addition of oil or butter to chapatti or rice can increase the energy content of the diet. A person with TB should also be encouraged to eat pulses in other forms e.g. roasted chana.

People with TB need a variety of foods from different groups

People with TB need a variety of foods from different groups

Oils & fats are a source of energy. In terms of oil, soyabean oil, mustard oil and coconut oil, are all acceptable. Nuts like ground nuts are good sources of energy and protein and can be taken as snacks in either fried or roasted form. Ground nuts are equivalent in nutritional terms to more expensive nuts like almonds, cashews.

Proteins can be of animal origin like milk, eggs, meat and fish or of plant origin as in cereals & pulses. For vegetarians, a combination of cereals &

pulses can give a quantity of protein equivalent to that of animal proteins. The daily consumption of milk and milk products is also beneficial. In the case of non vegetarians, consumption of eggs on a daily basis can provide the same benefit as meat and fish at a lower cost.

Vegetables, especially leafy vegetables and fruits are vital sources of vitamins & minerals and should be part of the daily diet. Locally available fruits are as good as more expensive fruits transported over long distances.