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1. Several famous scientists are doing _______ into the disease.

A. research B. humanitarian C. trade D. business

2. " Please, don't _______ me while I'm lecturing", said the teacher.
A. interrupt B. receive C. earn D. award
3. As a brilliant and mature student, Marie Curie _______ the dream of a scientific career.
A. determined B. harboured C. obtained D. interrupted
4. She found it hard to _______ her dream because at that time it was impossible for a woman to become a
A. make B. do C. take D. realize
5. A _______ is a private teacher who teaches only one student or a very small group of students.
A. headmaster B. professor C. scientist D. tutor
6. Tony seems _______ for a boy of twelve years old.
A. international B. mature C. scientific D. tragic
7. She earned a degree in Physics with flying colours.
A. having a fully developed mind B. making less severe
C. very well, with a very high mark/ grade. D. keeping in the mind
8. Soon after, she was awarded a Nobel Prize in Chemistry for determining the atomic weight of radium.
A. finding out exactly B. having fully developed mind
C. making less severe D. keeping in the mind
9. As a schoolgirl, Marie Curie's dream was to follow a _______ career.
A. extreme B. atomic C. scientific D. easing
10. Together with her husband, Marie Curie was _______ a Nobel Prize in Physics, and later another Nobel
Prize in Chemistry.
A. realized B. taken up C. founded D. awarded
11. The blind child __________ a great effort to learn
a. did b. got c. created d. made
12. My grandmother can hardly read because she had very little _____________ in the past.
a. books b. schooling c. schools d. homework
13. In spite of her deafness, she played the violin very well.
a. inability to speak b. inability to see c. inability to hear d. mentally impairment.
14. The President expressed his deep sorrow over the bombing deaths.
a. regret b. anger c. passion d. sadness
15. She volunteered to teach in a school for the handicapped children.
a. disabled b. naughty c. badly-behaved d. stupid
16. Parents realized that young teachers were making great ________ to help their poor kid.
a. sorrow b. efforts c. exhibitions d. opposition
17. She works as a nurse in a big hospital. Every day she takes care of ______________
a. the poor b. the unemployed c. the sick d. the rich
18. Jim doesn’t have a girlfriend now, but he__________
a. didn’t use to b. was using to c. was used to d. used to
19. He can’t speak. He is ________________
a. deaf b. dumb c. disabled d. poor
20. Life is all right if you have a job, but things are not easy for___________
a. the deaf b. the rich c. the blind d. the unemployed
21. ______ is any program that is used to operate a computer.
A. Hardware B. CPU C. Software D. Keyboard
22. What makes a computer such a ______ device?
A. miraculous B. appropriate C. personal D. beautiful
23. A personal computer can help you ______ with other people in the world.
A. interrupt B. meet C. see D. interact
24. If you want to have one or two days off, you must make a ______ for leave.
A. suggestion B. request C. question D. proposal
25. " What is the ______?". - "It is the set of keys for operating a computer".
A. keyboard B. printer C. CPU D. CD-ROM
26. ______ is used to keep the air cool and warm when it is cold or hot.
A. A fax machine B. An air conditioner C. An electric cooker D. A radio
27. Computers are considered miraculous ______ that help people solve most difficult problems.
A. components B. creatures C. devices D. animals
28. We can read newspapers and magazines which have been ______ on computers.
A. interacted B. produced C. succeeded D. communicated
29. With the development of information technology we can now ______ long distance meetings in which
the participants can see each other on a screen.
A. receive B. hold C. transmit D. design
30. With the development of information technology we can now ______ messages from one computer to
A. process B. hold C. send D. store
31. All the information that is stored by a computer is called ______ .
A. VDU B. data C. memos D. hardware
32. We visit shops, offices, and places of ______ with the help of computers.
A. beautiful B. beauty C. beautify D. beautifully
33. If you feel tired, you can ______ for a few minutes and get to work again.
A. relax B. reply C. operate D. try
34. The computer is an electronic storage device which manages large ______ of data.
A. receptions B. productions C. documents D. collections
35. A computer also ______ you to type and print any kind of document.
A. lets B. succeeds C. makes D. allows
36. A computer can do complicated calculations with lightning speed and ______.
A. accuracy B. accurately C. accurate D. inaccurate
37. The computer can add, subtract, multiply, and divide with lightning speed and ______ accuracy.
A. capable B. miraculous C. magical D. perfect
38. Information technology is very useful to our lives. It allows us to ______ houses, bridges, gardens and
A. process B. transmit C. store D. design
39. If you do something ______, that means you do it every day.
A. occasionally B. daily C. weekly D. monthly
40. With appropriate hardware and software, the computer is ______ of doing almost anything you ask it to.
A. capable B. miraculous C. magical D. mysterious
41. He is going to have a _______ trip to Hanoi.
A. two-day B. two-days C. day - two D. today
42. Put all the _______ in a bag and put it in the dustbin over there!.
A. right handed B. left behinds C. left handed D. left - overs
43. When the night came, the campers sat around the _______ telling stories and singing songs.
A. documentary B. pagoda C. permission D. campfire
44. She is writing a letter to tell her brother a _______ of news.
A. bar B. piece C. couple D. group
45. She was very stubborn. No one could _______ her to change her mind.
A. persuade B. share C. permit D. fascinate
46. Would you like to look at the photographs I _______ during my visit to Hanoi?
A. got B. received C. caught D. took
47. Some students got _______ after the picnic because they had stayed in the sun all day.
A. sun-burnt B. sun - set C. sun - flower D. sunshine
48. We stayed in a hotel room on the fifth floor, where we had a good _______ of the city.
A. apartment B. view C. campfire D. way
49. "Were you bored during the movie?". - " No, I thought it was _______."
A. permitting B. persuading C. spacious D. fascinating
50. She will try to persuade her parents so that she will be able to _______ her classmates on the excursion.
A. join B. take C. link D. combine
1. My sister ( work) ____________ in a shop every day.
2. My brother ( work) ____________ in a shop this summer.
3. Sometimes she ( arrive) ____________ late because she ( get) ____________ stuck in a traffic jam.
4. While I ( clean) ____________ the floor, he was cooking dinner.
5. When the manager opened the safe, all the money ( disappear) ______________.
6. By the time you got to the bus station, the bus ( leave) ____________.
7. Please, be quiet! The baby ( sleep) ____________.
8. Before she left the office, she ( finish) ____________ her work.
9. Carol refused to go to the cinema with us because she ( already see) ____________ the film before.
10. Lien ( be) ____________ late for school yesterday afternoon. When she ( get) ____________ to the
classroom, the lesson ( start) ____________.
11. I ( listen) _____________ to the radio when you rang the bell.
12. It has been raining but it ( stop) _____________ now.
13. _____________ that man ( catch) _____________ any fish yet?
14. As a boy I was always reading. I ( have) _____________ my nose in a book.
15. We ( eat) _____________ all the bread last night.
16. Despite the city’s many attractions, Laurie ( prefer) _____________ his cottage in the country.
17. In spite of the clear scientific evidence, people still refused to believe that cigarette smoking ( be)
_____________ dangerous.
18. We must emphasize the need for greater care when acid ( be) _____________ used.
19. A week ago the guilty man ( sentence) _____________ to five years in prison.
20. We are going to London next month. This will be the second time I ( be) _____________ there.
21. I (already meet) ________________ this man.
22. She (just come) ________________ back from Japan.
23. ________________ you (ever see) ________________ this film ?
24. I don’t know where to go now. I think I (lose) ________________ my way.
25. He (return) ________________ to his hometown recently.
26. The secretary (make) ________________ many mistakes so far.
27. I (work) ________________ as a taxi driver since I (be) ________________ten.
28. The porter (bring) ________________ my luggage here.
29. ________________ you (just have) ________________ a mechanic repair your lorry?
30. The air-hostess (announce) ________________ the estimated time several times.
31. She (have) ___________ a holiday in Da Lat next year.
32. Mary (always wash) ___________ her hands before meals.
33. I (finish) ___________ my homework two hours ago.
34. She (do) ___________ her homework since 7 o’clock.
35. By the time everybody (leave) ___________ the party, the cake (be) ___________ cut.
36. After she (buy) ___________ a new car, she (decide) ___________ to sell her motorbike.
37. I (study) ____ an English course at this time last year.
38. While she (have) ___________ a bath, her husband (prepare) ___________ dinner.
39. I (start) ___________ learning French in 2007.
40. We (have) ___________ a birthday party in the garden when it (start) ___________ to rain.

Htại S + V1 S + AM/IS/ARE + V3/ED

đơn Eg: Jane types a letter. Eg: A letter is typed by Jane.


Tdiễn Eg : Jane is typing a letter. Eg: A letter is being typed by Jane.


Hthành Eg : Jane has typed the letter. Eg : The letter has been typed by Jane.

Qkhứ S + V2/ED S + WAS/WERE + V3/ED

đơn Eg : Jane typed the letter. Eg : The letter was typed by Jane.


Tdiễn Eg : Jane was typing the letter. Eg : The letter was being typed by Jane.

Qkhứ S + HAD + V3/ED S + HAD + BEEN + V3/ED

Hthành Eg : Jane had typed the letter. Eg : The letter had been typed by Jane.

Tlai S + WILL + V0 S + WILL + BE + V3/ED

đơn Eg : Jane will type the letter. Eg : The letter will be typed by Jane.


gần Eg: Jane is going to type the letter. Eg : The letter is going to be typed by Jane.


Verbs Eg: Jane can type the letter. Eg: The letter can be typed by Jane.

Theo thứ tự CHỐN (nơi chốn) – NHÂN (by O) – GIAN (thời gian)
Các chủ ngữ I, You, We, They, People,... khi chuyển qua câu bị động bỏ by O.

eg : They haven’t finished the homework yet.

 The homework hasn’t been finished yet. (bỏ “by them”)
PRESENT PERFECT TENSE (Thì hiện tại hoàn thành)
1) Form :

(+) S + HAVE/HAS + V3/ED

(-) S + HAVEN’T / HASN’T + V3/ED
(?) HAVE/HAS + S + V3/ED ?

Dấu hiệu : ever, never, before, already, yet, just, so far, up to now, …
Since + mốc thời gian (when I was young, 1935,…)
For + khoảng thời gian (“bao nhiêu” : 3 years, 4 months. 2 days,…)

2) Present Perfect Tense  Simple Past Tense

1. This is the first time I have seen him (đây là lần đầu tôi thấy anh ta)
=> I have never/haven’t seen him before. (tôi chưa bao giờ thấy anh ta trước đây)

 The first time : lần đầu tiên

Never ... before : chưa bao giờ trước đây

2. I started / began studying English 3 years ago. (tôi bắt đầu học TA cách đây 3 năm)
=> I have studied English for 3 years. (tôi học TA được 3 năm)

 Nếu ago  for ; Nếu when/in  since

3. I last saw him when I was a student. (lần cuối cùng tôi thấy anh ta là khi tôi là SV)
=> I haven't seen him since I was a student. (tôi đã không thấy anh ta từ khi tôi là SV)

4. The last time she went out with him was two years ago. (lần cuối cô ta đi chơi với anh ta cách đây 2 năm)
=> She hasn't gone out with him for two years. (cô ta đã không đi chơi với anh ta đã 2 năm nay)

5. It's ten years since I last met him. (đã 10 năm từ khi tôi gặp anh ta lần cuối)
=> I haven't met him for ten years. (tôi đã không gặp anh ta 10 năm rồi)

6. When did you buy it? (bạn đã mua nó khi nào?)

=> How long have you bought it? (bạn đã mua nó được bao lâu?)
 Conditional sentence type 1 (có thật, có thể xảy ra ở hiện tại và tương lai)

IF + S + V(Hiện tại đơn) , S + WILL / CAN / MAY / SHOULD / MUST + V0

V(S/ES) --- nếu đó là sự thât hiển nhiên

Eg : If we recycle paper, we will save a lot of trees.

If more people use public transportation, the streets will be less crowded.
- Có thể đổi vị trí 2 mệnh đề :
Eg : We will save a lot of trees if we recycle paper.
The streets will be less crowded if more people use public transportation.

*Unless = If…not (nếu không)

Eg : If you don’t work harder, you’ll fail the exam.
= Unless you work harder, you’ll fail the exam.
You’ll fail the exam if you don’t work harder.
= You’ll fail the exam unless you work harder.

Dạng bài tập : 1/ Study hard or you’ll fail the exam.

 If you don’t study hard, you’ll fail the exam. - Giữ nguyên MĐề chính
- Nếu là or : đổi MĐề If (+)  (-)
2/ Study hard and you’ll pass the exam. - Nếu là and : giữ MĐề If (+) -> (+)
 If you study hard, you’ll pass the exam. Và (-) -> (-)

 Conditional sentence type 2 (không có thật hoặc không xảy ra ở hiện tại)

IF + S + V2/ED , S + WOULD /COULD / MIGHT + V0

(nhớ: dùng were cho tất cả các ngôi)

Dạng bài tập : Đề cho câu ở thì Hiện tại đơn => If loại 2.
Eg : 1/ I can’t go to school because it rains heavily.
 If it didn’t rained heavily, I could go to school.
2/ She is tired, so she doesn’t do her homework.
 If she weren’t tired, she would do her homework.

3/ Đề cho dạng câu lời khuyên (should = had better = would rather, …)
John should/had better/ should come to see the doctor.
 If I were John, I would come to see the doctor.