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Tilted building straightening method

russianpatents.com/patent/227/2275473.html

FIELD: building, particularly straightening, lifting, or lowering of foundation structures or


of constructions erected on non-uniformly compressible ground.

SUBSTANCE: method involves creating screen around outer building perimeter, spaced
1.5-2.0 m from building foundation and extending for active zone depth by injection
ground consolidation; injecting compacting mortar into active zone of building base
characterized with maximal compressibility up to base ground stabilization with the use
of injectors spaced 0.5-1.0 m from foundation or from outer and inner borders thereof
and located on 2-3 m pitch, wherein the injectors are submersed for active zone depth;
supplying consolidation mortar under decreasing pressure to create hydraulic fracturing
cavities in the ground; providing following consolidation mortar under constant pressure
of 2-10 atm to create consolidated ground zone with 1.5-2.5 m radius around injectors;
softening ground zone having lesser compressibility to provide building settlement by
drilling inclined uncased wells having 73-146 mm diameters and recovering cores from
wells, wherein the wells are grouped in fan-like clusters or spaced 0.5-1.5 m apart;
performing additional consolidation mortar injection in softened base ground zone up to
core leveling and filling wells not closed with consolidation mortar up to full building
base settlement stabilization.

EFFECT: elimination of non-uniform building base ground compression.

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3 cl, 1 ex, 1 dwg

The invention relates to the construction, in particular for correcting tilt of buildings
resulting from uneven compressibility of the soil at the base of the buildings. The
method is applicable for previously built and newly constructed buildings facing the roll
due to incorrect calculations or underestimation of engineering-geological conditions or
the changes of the latter during operation of the building.

The known method of correcting tilt of buildings based on the use of flat jacks (1). It
allows you to lift the most degraded part of the building and enter into the construction
of the foundations of the new items, leveling the slope of the building. This procedure
requires complex special equipment and highly skilled performers.

The disadvantage of this method is that it does not eliminate the heterogeneity in
compressibility of soil strata at the base of the structures, which cause differential
settlement of the building, which could lead to the resumption of non-uniform sediment
when changing the operating conditions of the building, its reconstruction, the add-on,
or under the influence of various external influences.

There is also known a method, based on the fact that after correcting the roll of a
building by means of jacks under the Foundation of the most degraded part of the
building down piles (2). The disadvantage of this method lies in the complexity of
production of the servant of the t and the inadmissibility of dynamic effects, which can
have a harmful effect on the building and its Foundation.

The task of the invention is to eliminate the above drawback and to provide a method of
correcting the tilt of the building with the simultaneous elimination of uneven thickness
compressibility of the soil at its base.

The invention consists in the following.

The method of correcting tilt of buildings includes creating screen on the external
contour of the building at a distance of 1.5-2.0 m from its Foundation to the depth of the
active zone by injecting soil compaction, injectiona the active zone is the most
compressible of the base sealing solution to stabilize the Foundation soil by spaced at
0.5-1.0 m from the Foundation or from its external and internal contours in increments
of 2-3 m injectors, submerged to the depth of the active zone, and feeding the sealing
solution is performed under growing pressure to education in soil cavities fracturing, and
further filing under constant pressure 2-10 bar, providing around injectors reinforced
area soil with a radius of 1.5-2.5 m, softening the least compressible part of the array of
the Foundation soil of the building to ensure precipitation of the building by drilling with
coring inclined wells without tubing diameter 73-146 mm, arranged in a fan-shaped
bushes or in the interval of 0.5-1.5 m, and Firawn is of the roll perform additional
injectiona sealing solution in rasuplotnenie base with the filling of open wells to
complete stabilization rainfall ground. To speed up the process of correcting the tilt of
the building in Newtonian soils vyburivanija at the base of the buildings and structures
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wells filled with water to moisten the soil in the walls of the wells and increase their
compressibility. In addition, increasing the compressibility of soils, additional
precipitation and reducing the time of correcting the roll is produced by application to
the injectors dynamic load with a frequency of 0.5-2 Hz and excitation energy of 40-60 J.

Installing Necronomicon on the floor of the building allows you to control the process of
correcting the roll, and thus allows to control the whole process works. An advantage of
the proposed method is that it can be applied without the eviction of residents and
suspension of the operation of the building.

The drawing shows a strip Foundation of the building, leaning to the West due to the
greater compressibility of the soil at the base of the left side of the building compared to
the right part.

The method is as follows.

On the outer contour of the building at a distance of 1.5-2.0 m from its Foundation to the
depth of the active zone is created, the external screen is densified zone soil using two -
or trendlewood injector. The distance between the points of injection 2 is 3-4 meters In
the left part of the building facing the greatest compressible is th on the outer contour of
the building at a distance of 0.5-1.0 m from the Foundation, as well as inside the building
from his basement in the internal contour of the Foundation in the case of strip
Foundation or over the entire area of the Foundation in the case of slab Foundation
plunge the injectors 3 on the depth h of the active zone of the building. Usually h is 3-10
m Along the outer and inner contour strip Foundation the injectors come in increments
of 2-3 m, and under the slab Foundation (inside the building) on a grid with step l=2×2 m,
3×3 m or 2×3 m step Size due to the ground conditions (density, moisture content) and
the compressibility of the array. The lower the density of the soil and above its
compressibility, the smaller the value of l.

Through the injectors 3 the injection of sealing solution - sandy-cementos mixture (for
example, stamps 200)used for sealing and reinforcement of the soil.

The flow of sealing solution is performed under growing pressure to education in soil
cavities fracturing. Further submission under constant pressure 2-10 bar. The upper limit
of the pressure is limited by the fact that with increasing pressure above 10
atmospheres is often observed output sand-cement mixture to the surface along the
injector. The pressure value for each array of the soil is determined by its density and
humidity.

The volume of the injected sealing solution is calculated according to the helicine
porosity, you need to get to achieve the condition of the ground, the corresponding
compressibility within guideline values (for load equivalent to the load of the building).
For example, when the value of porosity silt loam 43% of this density is achieved when
the porosity of 38%, therefore, the volume of sand and cementos mixture required for
the seal 1 m3soil is 0.05 m 3.
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After fixing the left part of the reason is the drilling of deviated boreholes 4 under the
right and middle parts of the building. Drilling under the middle part of the building is
carried out in a case under this part of the building, as well as under his right part, there
are no soils increased compressibility. If such soils are present under the Central part of
the building, the drilling of this part of the array of the soil is not performed.

Drilling is carried out without their casing with a full lifting of the core. The diameter of
the wells may vary from 73 to 146 mm Wells are placed in a fan-shaped bushes or in
increments of 0.5-1.5 m from one another. After drilling a borehole filled with water
(when drilling in newtoniana array) to moisten the soil in the walls of the wells and
increase its compressibility at a rate of 0.15 m3water 1 L.M. wells.

In the result of the drilling of the soil from the active zone of the structure Foundation,
soaking and VI is operating impact provoked additional compressibility of the soil at the
base of the right and partly Central parts of the building and there is a uniform lower
these parts of the building relative to the stationary (stable) the left part of the building
that leads to the correction of the roll.

The whole process of correcting the roll is controlled by known methods using geodetic
measurements or installation of Necronomicon.

When reducing roll and bring it to zero further drilling of soil from beneath the building
Foundation shall be terminated and transferred to the final stage - the injection of
sealing solution in the right and Central part of the building in order to achieve
stabilization of the Foundation under the building. Injectiona is carried out by the same
procedure as it was performed at the base of the left side of the building. Injectiona
stops as soon as stabilized sludge buildings around the circuit. In the process of injection
is soil compaction in the middle and right portions of the building and, thus, the building
becomes more uniform in its physical and mechanical properties compared to its initial
state. In addition, in the process of injection of the sealing solution fills the barrels drilled
wells that are not completely closed in the compaction process of the array, which is an
additional reinforcement of the array.

Example. At the base of a 22-storey building lies layered tutu alluvial, salesgeneric soil
soft and plastic consistency. Power is ü tutu changes in the basis construction from 2.0
m (North-Eastern part of the site) to 7 m (South-Western part of the site). Normative
values of modulus of soil that packs range from 7 to 12 MPa. Uneven compressibility of
soil Foundation led to the rejection of the building at 92 mm from the vertical (top of
building) in the South-Western direction. In the southwestern part of the building was
injective 85 m3sand-cement mixture brand M200 under the pressure of 10 ATM for its
stabilization. It was then drilled 48 wells at the base of the Northern and North-Eastern
part of the building and 57 wells in the Central part and the withdrawal of the core from
the densest layers of the incision. In 57 wells in the Central part of the building was
uploaded 25.6 m3water; in 48 wells in the Northern and North-Eastern parts of the
building uploaded 25,2 m 3water. During the soaking of the soil on the injectors and the

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Foundation from the vibrator was transferred to a dynamic load with a frequency of 0.5-
2 Hz and excitation energy of 40-60 j. Of the 186 mm total precipitation in the Northern
part of the building 63 mm occur in precipitation due to dynamic loads.

After alignment of the building at the base of the North-Eastern and Central parts of the
building was injective 98 m3sand-cement mixture under a pressure of 10 ATM. Re
electrodynamic sensing in 16 points of soil strata at the base of the building showed that
in the array of ground after its confirmation no interbeds with modulus less than 20-25
MPa. Will the local geodetic control, lasted 6 months after completion of the work,
showed the preservation of the vertical position of the building and the gradual
attenuation of precipitation across his path.

Sources of information

1. Ukhov S. B., Semenov V.V., Znamensky CENTURIES and other Mechanics of soils and
foundations. M., Izd-vo DIA, 1994, 527 S.

2. The patent of Russian Federation № 2059044.

1. The method of correcting the roll of the buildings, including the creation screen on the
external contour of the building at a distance of 1.5-2.0 m from its Foundation to the
depth of the active zone by injecting soil compaction, injectiona the active zone is the
most compressible of the base sealing solution to stabilize the Foundation soil by spaced
at 0.5-1.0 m from the Foundation or from its external and internal contours in
increments of 2-3 m injectors, submerged to the depth of the active zone, and feeding
the sealing solution is performed before the formation of the soil cavities fracturing, and
further filing under constant pressure 2-10 ATM., providing around the injectors
reinforced area of ground with a radius of 1.5-2.5 m, softening the least compressible
part of the array of the Foundation soil of the building to ensure precipitation of the
building by drilling with coring inclined wells without tubing diameter 73-146 mm,
arranged in a fan-shaped bushes or in the interval of 0.5-1.5 m, and expression is niania
roll perform additional injectiona sealing solution in rasuplotnenie base with filling them
not abandoned wells prior to complete stabilization rainfall ground.

2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that Newtonian soils vyburivanija at


the base of the buildings and structures wells filled with water to moisten the soil in the
walls of the wells and increase their compressibility.

3. The method according to claim 2, characterized in that the increase in the


compressibility of soils, additional precipitation and reducing the time of correcting the
roll is produced by application to the injectors dynamic load with a frequency of 0.5-2 Hz
and excitation energy of 40-60 J.

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