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Foundation Bearing Capacity (Pad and Strip Base: EC2) Page 1 of 3

Foundation Bearing Capacity (Pad and Strip Base: EC2)


Annex A of EC7 allows bearing capacity to be checked using two sets of partial factors: A1 and
A2.
In Tekla Structural Designer the bearing capacity check is performed on STR load combinations
using set A1 and on GEO load combinations using set A2.

Topics in this section


• Check for Pad Base Bearing Capacity
• Check for Strip Base Bearing Capacity

Check for Pad Base Bearing Capacity


Total vertical force:

Fdz = γG*(Fswt + Fsoil + Fsur,G) + γQ* Fsur,Q ­ Fz,sup

Moment about X axis:

Mx,c = Mx,sup +Fz,sup* y1 + h*Fy,sup

Moment about Y axis:

My,c = My,sup +Fz,sup* x1 + h*Fx,sup

Where:

Lx = Length of foundation in X­direction

Ly = Length of foundation in Y­direction

A = Lx * Ly = Foundation area

h = Depth of foundation

hsoil = Depth of soil above the foundation

lx = Length of column/wall in X­direction

ly = Length of column/wall in Y­direction

x1 = Offset in X­axis. (Distance between centre of the pad to the centre of the support in
X­direction)

y1 =

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Foundation Bearing Capacity (Pad and Strip Base: EC2) Page 2 of 3

Offset in Y­axis. (Distance between centre of the pad to the


centre of the support in Y­direction)

γG = 1.35 = Permanent partial factor ­ unfavourable action when Set A1 used

= 1.0 = Permanent partial factor ­ unfavourable action when Set A2 used

γQ = 1.5 = Variable partial factor ­ unfavourable action when Set A1 used

= 1.3 = Variable partial factor ­ unfavourable action when Set A2 used

Fswt = A * h * γconc = foundation self­weight

Fsoil = (A ­ Ac)*hsoil*γsoil = Unfactored load from soil

γsoil = Density of soil ­ user input

Fsur,G = (A ­ Ac)*scG = Unfactored load from surcharge for permanent load case

Fsur,Q = (A ­ Ac)*scQ = Unfactored load from surcharge for variable load case

scG = Surcharge in permanent load case ­ user input

scQ = Surcharge in variable load case ­ user input

Ac = cross section of the column/wall

Fz,sup = Vertical load acting on support in STR/GEO limit states– (from analysis)

Mx,sup = Moment acting on support around X­axis in STR/GEO limit states– from analysis

My,sup = Moment acting on support around Y­axis in STR/GEO limit states – from analysis

Fx,sup = Horizontal force acting on support X­direction in STR/GEO limit states – from analysis

Fy,sup = Horizontal force acting on support Y­direction in STR/GEO limit states – from analysis

Eccentricity in X­direction:

ex = My,c / Fdz

Eccentricity in Y­direction:

ey = Mx,c / Fdz

Effective length in X­direction:

L’x = Lx ­ 2ex when ex > 0

L’x = Lx + 2ex when ex < 0

Effective length in Y­direction:

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Foundation Bearing Capacity (Pad and Strip Base: EC2) Page 3 of 3

L’y = Ly ­ 2ey when ey > 0

L’y = Ly + 2ey when ey < 0

Design bearing pressure:

fdz = Fdz / (L’x * L’y )

Check for Strip Base Bearing Capacity


The principles used in the strip base bearing capacity calculations are similar to those for pad
foundations. Only the direction X is checked (around Y­axis) using segment widths.
Design bearing pressure:

fdz = Fdz / (L’x * Ly )

Parent topic
• Pad and Strip Base Design to EC2 and EC7

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