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EXPERIMENT 2: DETERMINATION OF SPECIFIC GRAVITY OF SOLID

OBJECT

2.1. Student Outcomes (SOs) Addressed by the Activity

a. ability to design and conduct experiments, as well as to analyze and interpret data
b. ability to function on multidisciplinary teams

2.2. Activity’s Intended Learning Outcomes (AILOs)


At the end of this experiment the student shall be able to:
a. Identify and assemble the materials/equipment that are essential for the determination
of specific gravity of any solid objects
b. Calculate the specific gravity of any solid objects
c. Compare the computed values to the standard specific gravity of any solid objects

2.3. Objectives of the Activity


The objective of this activity is to:
a. Determine the weights of aluminum, brass, and plastic whether it is in air or submerged
in water
b. Calculate the specific gravities of aluminum, brass, and plastic from their
predetermined weights

2.4. Principle of the Activity

Specific gravity SG is the ratio of the density or specific weight of a substance to the density or
specific weight of a reference substance. The reference substance is usually water. Below is the
formula of specific gravity.
𝛾𝑠𝑢𝑏𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑛𝑐𝑒
𝑆𝐺 =
𝛾𝑤𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑟

Also specific gravity can be calculated by determining the weight of solid material in air and the
weight of solid material in water or a fluid with predetermined specific weight.

𝑊𝑖𝑛 𝑎𝑖𝑟
𝑆𝐺 =
𝑊𝑖𝑛 𝑎𝑖𝑟 − 𝑊𝑖𝑛 𝑤𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑟

REVISION STATUS/DATE 1/November 2017


2.5. Materials/Equipment
1 unit Spring balance
1 unit Stand
1 unit Water
1 unit Water basin
1 Set Weights (aluminum, brass, and plastic)

2.6. Procedures
1. Determine the weight in air of aluminum, brass, and plastic using a spring balance.
2. Determine the weight in water of aluminum, brass, and plastic using a spring balance
attached to the stand. Make sure that the object will be fully submerged in water.
3. Repeat the procedures above in able to gather five trials for each of the three objects.
4. Record the gathered data and compute for the specific gravities of the three objects.

2.7. Activity Report

Group No.: 5 Course: FLUIDSLAB


Group QUEBRAL, ROCHELLE DIANNE C. Section: V121
Members: REYES, JULIUS CAESAR D. Activity No.: 2
SAAVEDRA, GAVRYL NYNIO S. Date Performed: 12 APRIL 2019
TISMO, JOHN LOUIE A. Date Submitted: 12 APRIL 2019
VILAGA, DIVINE GRACE F. Instructor: ENGR. JOHN RINCHON

2.7.1. Data and Results

Table 2.1: Data for determination of specific gravity of aluminum


Trial Weight in Air Weight in Water Specific Gravity
1 2.4 1.6 3
2 2.4 1.6 3
3 2.4 1.6 3
4 2.4 1.6 3
5 2.4 1.6 3

Table 2.2: Data for determination of specific gravity of brass


Trial Weight in Air Weight in Water Specific Gravity
1 4.8 4.2 8
2 4.8 4.2 8
3 4.8 4.2 8
4 4.8 4.2 8
5 4.8 4.2 8

REVISION STATUS/DATE 1/November 2017


Table 2.3: Data for determination of specific gravity of plastic
Trial Weight in Air Weight in Water Specific Gravity
1 1.3 0.4 1.44444
2 1.3 0.4 1.44444
3 1.3 0.4 1.44444
4 1.3 0.4 1.44444
5 1.3 0.4 1.44444

2.8. Solution
Solution for determination of specific gravity of aluminum
1 2.4
𝑆𝐺𝑎𝑙𝑢𝑚𝑖𝑛𝑢𝑚 = =3
2.4 − 1.6
2 2.4
𝑆𝐺𝑎𝑙𝑢𝑚𝑖𝑛𝑢𝑚 = =3
2.4 − 1.6
3 2.4
𝑆𝐺𝑎𝑙𝑢𝑚𝑖𝑛𝑢𝑚 = =3
2.4 − 1.6
4 2.4
𝑆𝐺𝑎𝑙𝑢𝑚𝑖𝑛𝑢𝑚 = =3
2.4 − 1.6
5 2.4
𝑆𝐺𝑎𝑙𝑢𝑚𝑖𝑛𝑢𝑚 = =3
2.4 − 1.6
Solution for determination of specific gravity of brass
1
4.8
𝑆𝐺𝑏𝑟𝑎𝑠𝑠 = =8
4.8 − 4.2
2
4.8
𝑆𝐺𝑏𝑟𝑎𝑠𝑠 = =8
4.8 − 4.2
3
4.8
𝑆𝐺𝑏𝑟𝑎𝑠𝑠 = =8
4.8 − 4.2
4
4.8
𝑆𝐺𝑏𝑟𝑎𝑠𝑠 = =8
4.8 − 4.2
5
4.8
𝑆𝐺𝑏𝑟𝑎𝑠𝑠 = =8
4.8 − 4.2

Solution for determination of specific gravity of plastic


1 1.3
𝑆𝐺𝑝𝑙𝑎𝑠𝑡𝑖𝑐 = = 1.44444
1.3 − 0.4
2 1.3
𝑆𝐺𝑝𝑙𝑎𝑠𝑡𝑖𝑐 = = 1.44444
1.3 − 0.4
3 1.3
𝑆𝐺𝑝𝑙𝑎𝑠𝑡𝑖𝑐 = = 1.44444
1.3 − 0.4
4 1.3
𝑆𝐺𝑝𝑙𝑎𝑠𝑡𝑖𝑐 = = 1.44444
1.3 − 0.4
5 1.3
𝑆𝐺𝑝𝑙𝑎𝑠𝑡𝑖𝑐 = = 1.44444
1.3 − 0.4

2.9. Conclusion

We have determined the weight of each object in air and when it is submerged in water. The specific gravity of
aluminum that we got is 3 for all trials because the weight of an object doesn’t change for all trials. Then the
specific gravity for brass is 8 and lastly the specific gravity of the plastic is 1.44. All of the specific gravity that
we have determined are near to the theoretical values that we have got in the internet. So, I can now conclude that
the experiment is achieved because of this.

REVISION STATUS/DATE 1/November 2017


2.10. Documentation

2.11. References

Franzini, J. B., & Finnemore, E. J. (2002). Fluid mechanics with engineering applications
(10th ed.) New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Higher Education.

REVISION STATUS/DATE 1/November 2017