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TUTORIAL : PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY

CLB 10703
January Semester 2019

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Student ID : Group :

Tutorial 7

1. Discuss the terms “acid” and “base” according to the Arrhenius theory and the BrØnsted-
Lowery theory. Illustrate your answers by giving suitable examples.

2. Identify the acid, base, conjugate acid and conjugate base in the following reactions:
a) HSO4¯ + H2O ↔ SO4²¯ + H3O⁺

b) N2H4 + H2O ↔ N2H5⁺ + OH¯

c) H2O + CO3²¯ ↔ HCO3¯ + OH¯

d) HCl + NH3 ↔ Cl¯ + NH4⁺

e) NH3 + H2O ↔ NH4⁺ + OH¯

f) HPO4²¯ + HSO4¯ ↔ H2PO4¯ + SO4²¯

g) HC2O4¯ + HCO3¯ ↔ C2O4²¯ + H2CO3

3. Give the formula of the conjugate acid for each of the following bases.
a) C2H5O¯ b) CO3²¯

c) HCO3¯ d) NH3

e) ClO4¯
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4. Give the formula of the conjugate base for each of the following acids.
b) HCO3¯ b) (CH3)3NH⁺

d) H3BO4 d) CH3NH3⁺

1 Universiti Kuala Lumpur | Malaysian Institute of Chemical and Bioengineering Technology


TUTORIAL : PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY
CLB 10703
January Semester 2019

5. At a normal body temperature (37°C) Kw = 4.72 x 10-14. Calculate [H⁺] if [OH¯] = 6.82 x 10-7 M
at this temperature.

6. The table below shows the Ka and pKa values for some acids.

Acids Ka value pKa


Ethanoic acid, CH3COOH 4.67
Chloric (I) acid, HOCl 2.92 x 10-8
Benzoic acid, C6H5COOH 4.18
Methanoic acid, HCOOH 3.66
Nitrous acid, HNO2 7.08 x 10-4
Sulfurous acid, H2SO3 1.82

a) Complete the table with the correct Ka and pKa values.


b) Arrange the acids in descending order of their acid strength.

7. A weak acid solution HA with a concentration of 8.2 x 10-3 M, has a pH of 3.34. Calculate the
pKa value of the acid by using an ICE table method.

8. Calculate the pH of a strong acid when 2.42 g of nitric acid is dissolves in water to make 1750
mL of total solution. (Given : molar mass of HNO3= 63.02 g/mol)
hanizakahar@unikl.edu.my

2 Universiti Kuala Lumpur | Malaysian Institute of Chemical and Bioengineering Technology


TUTORIAL : PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY
CLB 10703
January Semester 2019

9. Calculate the amount of KOH (in grams) that should be added to prepare a solution with a
total volume of 575 ml if the pH is 13.86. (Given : molar mass of KOH = 56.11 g/mol)

10. Given the Ka value for benzoic acid, C7H7O3 = 6.5 x 10-5 at 25°C. Calculate :
a) The concentration of hydrogen ion, [H⁺] in 0.485 mol dm-3 solution of benzoic acid.

b) The degree of dissociation (in percentage) of the benzoic acid.

11. Determine pH of a weak acid solution of 0.035 M which is 38.4% ionized.

12. At 25°C, the Kb value for 0.65 mol dm-3 of NH3 solution is 1.8 x 10-5. Calculate pH of the
solution.
hanizakahar@unikl.edu.my

3 Universiti Kuala Lumpur | Malaysian Institute of Chemical and Bioengineering Technology


TUTORIAL : PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY
CLB 10703
January Semester 2019

13. Calculate the pH of 0.65 M of NH4OH at 25°C. (given : pKb = 4.82)

14. Predict whether the following salts produce an acidic, basic, or neutral solution. Justify your
answer.
(a) K2SO4 (b) NaCN

(c) Na2HPO4 (d) NH4Br

(e) Ca(Cl)2

15. Explain about buffer solutions.

16. Determine the pH of a buffer solution that contains 0.84 M HF and 0.42 M NaF. Given the Ka of
HF is 4.79 x 10-4.
hanizakahar@unikl.edu.my

4 Universiti Kuala Lumpur | Malaysian Institute of Chemical and Bioengineering Technology


TUTORIAL : PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY
CLB 10703
January Semester 2019

17. A buffer solution is prepared by mixing 0.75 M of cyanic acid (HOCN) into 0.53 M of sodium
cyanate (NaOCN). If Ka for the cyanic acid is 4.88 x 10-4, calculate the pH.

18. Calculate pH of a buffer solution that is prepared by dissolving 1.28 g of NH4Cl in 365 cm3 of
aqueous ammonia, NH3. Given that the concentration of aqueous NH3 = 0.22 mol dm-3 and Kb
for NH3 (aq) = 1.78 x 10-5.

hanizakahar@unikl.edu.my

5 Universiti Kuala Lumpur | Malaysian Institute of Chemical and Bioengineering Technology