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Institute of Technology, Bhandu

Department of Mechanical Engineering

Date: 03/05/2019
Subject Name : Oil Hydraulics and Pneumatics
Subject Code : 3720823
Semester : 2nd Mechanical(Machine Design)
Subject Coordinator : Prof. Sarthak M Thakar

1 Introduction :
1. Differentiate between a hydrostatic and hydrodynamic system W-16
2. Compare advantages and disadvantages of pneumatic and hydraulic system? S-17
Draw the general layout of hydraulic system. Explain the function of each
3. W-17
4. Distinguish between Hydraulic system & Pneumatic system. W-17
5. List the electric devices used in the control of fluid power system. W-17
6. Classify basic system of hydraulic. S-18
7. Discuss hydrostatic transmission system with its advantages S-18
2 System Components, Hydraulic Oils, Fluid Properties and Filter:
1. Basic Components of a Hydraulic System W-16
2. What is a by-pass filter? State its advantages and disadvantages. W-16
3. Name and explain the properties of hydraulic oil used in hydraulic circuit.
Draw the symbols of pressure reducing valve & pressure relief valve used in
4. W-17
hydraulic system.
Give ISO/ANSI symbol of following.
1. Unidirectional fixed displacement hydraulic pump
2. Single acting cylinder with spring return
3. 4/3 DCV
5. W-17
4. FRL unit
5. Variable restriction flow control valve
6. Spring loaded accumulator
7. Air filter
6. Draw ISO/ANSI symbol of hydraulic supply elements. S-18
7. Write short note on synthetics oil. S-18
8. List properties of hydraulic oil S-18
9. With the help of sketch explain different locations of filters. S-18
3 Hydraulic Pumps, Motors and Actuators:
1. Construction and working of an internal gear pump. W-16,S-17
Classify hydraulic pumps. Explain the principle of working of a positive
2. S-17
displacement pump.
3. Explain the working of balanced vane pump with the help of neat sketch. S-17
4. Show the construction of double acting cylinder with labeled diagram. S-17
5. Give the classification of Pumps. Sketch & Explain working of internal gear pump. W-17
6. Sketch & Explain the working of Ge- rotor pump. W-17
7. ) Discuss pump noise characteristics S-18
8. List out rules to eliminate cavitation. S-18
9. Write short note on axial piston type hydraulic pump. S-18
4 Hydraulic Valves and Hydraulic System Accessories:
Cite the classification of check valves and explain the function of pilot-operated
1. W-16
check valve, giving the necessary drawing.
2. State the different ways of control of DCVs. W-16
Explain the control of a surface grinder table by pilot-operated valve with detail
3. W-16
Differentiate between direct and indirect control. Draw simple hydraulic circuit
4. W-16
diagrams of both and explain the differences.
5. Advantages and disadvantages of High - Water Content Fluid (HWCF). W-16
Draw the symbols for following hydraulic components according to ISO:
(A) Double acting cylinder with cushioning on both sides
6. (B) Lever operated, spring returned, 3/2 DCV S-17
(C) Pilot operated check valve
(D) Sequence valve.
7. Draw the symbols of Pressure control valves used in hydraulic systems. W-16
List different types of accumulators and describe functioning of any two with the
8. S-17
help of neat sketch.
Explain the working of “Pilot operated, spring centered 4-port, 3-position direction
9. S-17
control (spool) valve” with the help of neat sketch.
With the help of neat sketch, explain the principle and working of Shuttle valve
10. S-17
(OR gate) and Twin Pressure valve (AND gate).
11. What is the requirement of control valves? S-18
12. Classify pressure control valve. Explain any in brief. S-18
13. Discuss control techniques used in DCV. S-18
14. Discuss principle of flow control valve. S-18
15. List out various accessories of reservoirs. S-18
16. Explain non-return valve with suitable sketch S-18
5 Design of hydraulic circuits:
Explain open loop closed circuits and closed loop closed circuits for hydrostatic
1. W-16
2. Explain control of a bi-directional motor by 4/2 way valve. W-16
Draw a hydraulic circuit diagram of a hydraulic system having a double acting
3. cylinder which has a rapid approach speed, than slow feed motion and at the end of W-16
the stroke the cylinder returns rapidly.
4. Explain Brahma’s press principle with the help of neat sketch. S-17
5. Draw and explain the function and principle of open loop system servo mechanism. S-17
Draw and explain the working of ‘Regenerative circuit’ for achieving same speed
6. S-17
of double acting cylinder in both strokes.
7. Draw speed controlled actuator, Meter- out circuits for DAC for extension. W-17

8. Draw the hydraulic circuit for Drilling machine & explain its working. W-17

9. Explain 4/3 sliding spool direction control valve working W-17

10. Bleed off Circuits – sketch & explain its working. W-17

11. Develop and explain speed control of double acting cylinder. S-18

12. Explain meter in circuit. S-18

13. What is regeneration? S-18

14. List some basic and industrial hydraulic circuits. S-18

15. Draw basic circuit for control of single acting cylinder. S-18
6 Introduction to Pneumatic Systems:
1. List the six basic components used in a pneumatic system. W-16
List different pressure control valves giving its application. Explain construction
2. S-17
and working of any one in detail with the help of neat sketch.
Design a circuit to control speed of a double acting pneumatic cylinder in both the
3. S-17
strokes and explain its working
4. Explain construction & working of pressure regulator used in pneumatic system. S-17
5. Explain hydro dynamic Transmission & Hydro static Transmission. W-17
6. Draw general layout of pneumatic system & write function of each components. W-17
What do you mean by pressure relief valve? sketch & explain with neat sketch the
7. W-17
working of pilot operated pressure relief valve (Compound Relief valve)
8. Sketch & explain shuttle valve construction & its working W-17
9. Draw Symbol of filter & explain the working of by-pass type filter W-17
10. State the advantages and disadvantages of pneumatic system. S-18
11. Draw and explain twin lobe compressor. S-18
12. Explain lubricator with sketch used in FRL unit. S-18
7 Pneumatic circuits:
1. Construction and working of time delay valve of pneumatic systems. W-16
2. Explain memory circuit and speed control of the cylinder for pneumatic systems. W-16
A single acting cylinder is to be operated from two different sources A and B such
3. that its forward motion can be actuated from either of the two locations. Draw and
explain a circuit diagram.
Draw and explain the working of ‘Sequential circuit’ for sequential operation of
4. S-17
two - double acting cylinders, using two sequence valves.
What is functional diagram in pneumatic circuit? Explain Movement diagram,
5. S-17
Travel-Time diagram and Position-step diagram with the help of an example
6. List the Power loss in flow control circuits & explain in detail. W-17
7. Sketch & explain Pneumatic Circuit using Quick Exhaust valve. W-17
8. Draw Pneumatic circuit for operating DAC by 4/3 DCV W-17
9. Draw Throttle-out circuits for extension stroke for pneumatic system W-17
10. Describe Working of sequence valve with neat sketch & draw its symbol W-17
1. What do you mean Automation? Give classification of Automation. W-17
2. Classify automation by control system. S-18
3. State advantages and dis advantages of automation S-18