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SECTION 2

TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION

Westcoast Energy Inc., a Spectra Energy Company CS-8A Compressor Station Upgrade
Section 2: Technical Description

2.0 Engineering

2.1 Project Components

The new compressor unit and all associated auxiliaries will be located within the existing CS-8A Station
site and will consist of the following principal components:

1. One (1) new Gas Turbine Driven Centrifugal Compressor unit of approximately 31 MW,
equipped with 914.4 mm (36 inches) compressor suction and discharge nozzles.
2. One (1) new Forced Air Main Gas Cooler
3. One (1) new building for operations personnel
4. One (1) new Inlet Liquids Scrubber
5. Associated Auxiliary Equipment including:
(a) Utility Heat Medium System
(b) Instrument and Utility Air System
(c) Backup Electrical Power Generation and Distribution Equipment
(d) Facility Control System utilizing Programmable Logic Controllers
(e) Fuel and Power Gas System
(f) Potable Water System

The Project also includes the following installations:

1. Approximately 300 m of new 1066.8 mm (NPS 42”) main gas inlet and outlet piping to connect
the new unit to the existing CS-8A piping and 30” & 36” pipelines. The NPS 42” piping will be
CSA Z245.1 GR. 448 CAT II M45C with a wall thickness of 23.8 mm.
2. One new rigid frame compressor building to house the new compressor unit and associated
equipment, as well as several smaller buildings to house the above listed auxiliary equipment.
3. Station and unit isolation valves, station and unit blowdown valves, unit purge valves and
associated piping and fittings, instrumentation, and electrical and control equipment.
4. A new compressor unit control panel (“UCP”) and station control panel (“SCP”) to monitor and
control the new compressor unit and associated equipment. The UCP will interface to the
station control panel and will house a local operating console. The unit will be controlled and
operated in a new control room. The UCP and SCP will control all emergency shutdowns,
overpressure controls and other safety functions.

2.2 Fluid Composition

The Project will be designed and operated to handle sweet natural gas. The gas is considered to be
neither corrosive, nor abrasive. The chemical compositions of the gas are shown below in Table 2.2-1:

Westcoast Energy Inc., a Spectra Energy Company 1 CS-8A Compressor Station Upgrade
Section 2: Technical Description

Table 2.2-1 – Gas Chemical Composition


Design Inlet Compositions (mol %)
Hydrogen 0.000
Helium 0.000
Nitrogen 0.461
Carbon Dioxide 0.346
Methane 93.369
Ethane 4.297
Propane 1.088
i-Butane 0.162
n-Butane 0.174
i-Pentane 0.041
n-Pentane 0.028
n-Hexane 0.016
n-Heptane 0.012
n-Octane 0.006
Total 100%

2.3 Specifications, Codes and Standards

The Project will be designed, constructed and tested in accordance with the provisions of the NEB Act,
the Onshore Pipeline Regulations (NEB OPR), SET West Specifications (in conformance with OPR codes
and standards), SET West Safe Work Practices and the following codes and standards:

General:
• NFPA – National Fire Protection Association
• British Columbia Oil and Gas Commission Codes, Regulations and Guidelines where applicable
• The Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) Regulation – British Columbia where applicable
• ANSI A14.3 – American National Standard for Ladders – Fixed – Safety Requirements
• BC Safety Authority

Mechanical and Piping:

• CSA Z662-15, Oil and Gas Pipeline Systems


• ASME B31.3-2014, Process Piping
• CSA Z245.1-14, Steel Pipe
• CSA Z245.11-13, Steel Fittings
• CSA Z245.12-13, Steel Flanges
• CSA Z245.15-13, Steel Valves
• CSA B51-14, Boiler, Pressure Vessel and Pressure Piping Code
• 2015 ASME SECTION V, Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code: Non Destructive Examination
• 2015 ASME SECTION VIII, Div.1, Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code: Pressure Vessels

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• 2015 ASME SECTION IX, Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code: Welding, Brazing and Fusing
Qualifications
• API 614 – Lubrication, Shaft-sealing and Oil-control Systems and Auxiliaries
• API 616 – Gas Turbines for the Petroleum, Chemical and Gas Industry Services
• API 617 – Axial and Centrifugal Compressors and Expander-Compressors for Petroleum,
Chemical and Gas Industry Services
• API 661 – Air-Cooled Heat Exchangers for General Refinery Service
• 2014 API 520/521 – Sizing, Selection and Installation of Pressure-Relieving Devices in Refineries
• CSA B149.3 – Code for the Field Approval of Fuel-Related Components on Appliances and
Equipment
• All pressure vessels shall be registered with British Columbia’s Boiler Branch

Electrical and Instrumentation:


• ANSI/ISA 51.1 – Process Instrumentation Terminology
• ANSI/ISA 75.01 – Flow Equations for Sizing Control Valves
• API RP 505 – Recommended Practice for Classification of Locations for Electrical Installations at
Petroleum Facilities Classified as Class I, Zone 0, Zone 1, and Zone 2
• API RP 2003 – Protection Against Ignitions Arising Out of Static, Lightning, and Stray Currents
• CSA C22.1 – Canadian Electrical Code, Part I, Safety Standard for Electrical Installations
• CSA C22.2 Series – Canadian Electrical Code, Part II - Standards for the Construction, Testing and
Making of Electrical Equipment
• CSA C22.3 Series – Canadian Electrical Code, Part III - Electricity Distribution and Transmission
• CSA S37-01 – Antennas, Towers and Antenna-Supporting Structures
• EEMUA 191 Alarm Systems – A Guide to Design, Management and Procurement
• ISA-5.1-2009 – Instrumentation Symbols and Identification
• API 541 – American Petroleum Institute Standard 541- Form-Wound Squirrel-Cage Induction
Motors – 500 HP and Larger
• NEMA MG 1 – National Electrical Manufactures Association - Motors and Generators
• IEEE 841 – Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers – IEEE Standard for Petroleum and
Chemical Industry – Severe Duty Totally Enclosed Fan-Cooled (TEFC) Squirrel Cage Induction
Motors – Up to and Including 370 kW (500 hp)
• ISA12.27.01– Requirements for Process Sealing Between Electrical Systems and Flammable or
Combustible Process Fluids

Civil and Structural:


• CSA S16-14 – Design of Steel Structures
• CISC Handbook of Steel Construction
• CSA A23.3 – Design of Concrete Structures
• CISC Handbook of Steel Construction, Tenth Edition
• CSA A660-04, Certification of Manufactures of Steel Building Systems

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• CSA S136-01, North American Specification for the Design of Cold Formed Steel Structural
Members
• CSA W59-03, Welded Steel Construction (Metal-Arc Welding)
• CSA W47.1, Certification of Companies for Fusion Welding of Steel
• CSA G40.20-04, General Requirements for Rolled or Welded Structural Quality Steel
• CSA G40.21-04, Structural Quality Steels
• CSA A23.1-04, Concrete Materials and Methods of Concrete Construction
• CSA A23.2-04, Methods of Testing for Concrete
• CSA A23.3-04, Design of Concrete Structures
• CSA Concrete Design Handbook, 3rd Edition
• CSA A23.4-00, Pre-cast Concrete- Materials and Construction
• CSA G30.18-M92, Billet Steel Bars for Concrete Reinforcement
• British Columbia Building Code, 2012
• National Building Code of Canada, 2010 including Structural Commentaries, 2005

2.4 Building Dimensions and Uses

The Project will require the construction of several new buildings to house the new compressor unit and
associated auxiliary systems. All buildings will be shipped to site, fully constructed, with the exception of
the compressor building, which will be pre-framed and erected at site. Preliminary building dimensions
are presented below in Table 2.4-1. Building dimensions will be finalized during the detailed design
phase of the Project.

Table 2.4-1 – Preliminary Building Dimension and Use


Building L (m) W (m) H (m) Use
Compressor 27 20 14.5 House Compressor Unit and Auxiliaries
Operations 12.2 7.3 3.5 Operations personnel needs & control room
MCC 10.5 4.2 3.8 House motor control systems
Generator 14 4.88 3.66 House backup power generator
Instrument Air 15.85 4.57 3.96 House air compressors and receivers
Utility Heat Medium 15.85 4.57 3.96 House glycol heaters and pumps
Fuel/Power Gas 4.27 3.05 3.66 House gas heaters, pressure regulators, etc.
Maintenance Shop TBD TBD TBD Space for operations equipment maintenance

2.5 Project Design

The following provides a high level overview of the design conditions and process flow of the proposed
Project.

2.5.1 Process Flow Diagrams

Currently, gas arrives at CS-8A through 30” and 36” gas pipelines. From the receiving barrels, a small
portion of gas is directed to the utility gas takeoff points. New station valves will be added at the 30”

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Section 2: Technical Description

and 36” pipeline receiving barrels which will direct the main flow of gas towards the new compressor.
The gas will flow from the receiving barrel towards a new inlet scrubber, through to the new
compressor, and finally through a new gas cooler before exiting the facility through the existing pipeline
sending barrels. Preliminary Process Flow Diagrams (“PFDs”) for the Project are presented in Section 1 of
this application.

2.5.2 Flow Simulation

The calculations of gas flows, pressure drops and compression requirements for the main gas system
were carried out using a computer model to simulate the operation of the system.

2.5.3 Main Gas Mechanical Design Parameters

The main gas piping within the compressor station will be designed, constructed and tested in
accordance with CSA Z662-15 and OPR. The maximum design stress levels to be utilized are those
permitted by the applicable codes. The mechanical design parameters for the station are shown in Table
2.5-1 below.

Table 2.5-1 – Main Gas Mechanical Design Parameters


Description Value
Design Pressures – Station Suction Piping (MOP) 9,930/1,440 (kPag/psig)
Design Pressures – Station Discharge Piping (MOP) 9,930/1,440 (kPag/psig)
Design Pressures – Pressure Vessels Suction Scrubber (Design) 10,923/1,580 (kPag/psig)
Design Pressures – Aftercooler (Design) 10,923/1,580 (kPag/psig)
Design Pressures – Fuel Gas, High Pressure 9,930/1,440 (kPag/psig)
Design Temperatures
Pressure Vessel and Station Piping Design Temperature:
o
Compressor Suction (Design Max) : 93 C
o
Compressor Discharge (Design Max): 93 C
Minimum Design Metal Temperature:
o
Below ground piping: -45 C
o
Above ground piping: -45 C
o
Above Ground inside a building -29 C
CSA Z662-07 Factors for Station Piping
F = Design Factor: 0.8
L = Location Factor: 0.625
J = Joint Factor: 1.0
T = Temperature Derating Factor: 1.0
Other
Maximum station ESD isolation and blowdown time:
Station: Ten (10) minutes to 690 kPag
Service:
Main Gas Sweet Natural Gas
Fuel Gas: Sweet Natural Gas
Notes: For the new main gas suction and discharge piping, the minimum wall thickness for each diameter pipe will be equal to or greater than
that required by the standard for a maximum design pressure of 9,930 kPag with the complete main gas system pressure tested to a minimum
pressure of 13,900 kPag.

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2.5.4 Utilities Design Conditions

The utility piping will be designed, constructed and tested in accordance with the requirements of ASME
B31.3-2014 and OPR. The maximum design stress levels to be utilized are those permitted by the codes.
Based on the anticipated loads, the utility systems for the compressor station will be designed to the
operating parameters defined in Table 2.5-2 below.

Table 2.5-2 – Utilities Design Conditions


o
Parameter Temperature ( C) Pressure (kPag/psig)
Fuel Gas Piping (Auxiliary) -45 to 54 1,035/150
Instrument/Utility Air Design -45 to 121 1,035/150
Lube Oil Piping 120 1,207/175
Low Pressure Vent Piping -45/120 950/138
Utility Heat Medium 121 1,103/160
Potable Water System 90 414/60
Hydrocarbon Drains -45/120 1,035/150

2.5.5 Control Systems

The control system for the Project will be a Programmable Logic Controller-based system with
input/output modules. Monitoring and control inputs will be from the Unit and Station Control system
and a personal computer based operator console in the operations building. The control system will
perform both facility control and safety shutdowns. The facility control will include controls for unit
speed, discharge pressure and temperature. The pressure controller will control unit speed to bring the
measured pressure to control set points and also to prevent overpressure. The discharge temperature
control will effect action on the forced air cooler fans and bypass valves to achieve the operating set
point. Emergency shutdown pushbuttons will permit a total facility shutdown regardless of the state of
the control system. There will be an auto unit shutdown on high temperature, high pressure and high
vibration.

Fire detectors and combustible gas detectors in the compressor building will be continuously monitored
by the control system. The activation of any one of these detectors will trigger system alarms, which will
activate horns and area beacon lights to alert personnel of potential danger. The control system will
activate appropriate block and blow-down functions based on the level of alarm. Ventilation equipment
will be activated for gas detection, but will shut down for fire.

The compressor unit will be equipped with anti-surge protection, complete with hot recycle loop and
cold recycle loop from air cooler discharge to compressor suction.

2.5.6 Over Pressure Protection

Equipment and appropriate instrumentation will be installed to provide both pressure control and over
pressure protection on the inlet and discharge of the facility in order to suitably protect both the facility
and downstream pipelines.

Westcoast Energy Inc., a Spectra Energy Company 6 CS-8A Compressor Station Upgrade
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2.6 Integrity Management

Throughout the Project’s lifecycle, measures will be taken to ensure the quality and integrity of design,
procurement, construction, turnover and commissioning.

Westcoast has developed an Operations Management System (OMS) that encompasses all operations
and integrity programs. The programs allow Westcoast to identify and manage significant operational
risks to achieving objectives for asset integrity reliability compliance and, personal and process safety
and environmental protection. They assure compliance with all company policy procedures and
applicable codes and regulations.

The operation, inspection and maintenance of this facility will be driven by all the OMS programs and
processes used by Westcoast.

2.6.1 Corrosion Prevention

The Project will be designed to have minimal underground piping. All buried piping will be protected
from external corrosion by using an external coating system supplemented with impressed current
cathodic protection. Above-ground steel materials will be protected from external corrosion by applying
a coating system. External coating for buried service will be in accordance with Westcoast Specification
CS-ABC.R1, Painting and Coating, July 28, 2015.

2.6.2 Fire Prevention

Fire detection at the new compressor building will include flame detection via UV-IR detection.
Combustible gas detection will be by means of electro-catalytic detection. These devices will be
connected to the main station control system, which will indicate the appropriate alarms and shutdowns
according to the Compressor Station Shutdown Key drawings.

2.6.3 Risk Management Plan

A hazard and operability study (“HAZOP”) will be conducted during the detailed design phase of the
Project. A site safety assessment will be performed prior to commencement of construction.

2.6.4 Materials

All valves, fittings and flanges will comply with the requirements of CSA-Z245.15-09, CSA Z245.11-09 and
CSA Z245.12-09, respectively, for Class 3 service, as well as ASME B31.3 approved standards, as
applicable.

All auxiliary piping will conform to ASME B31.3-2014 The main gas pipe to be used on this Project will
conform to Westcoast Specification SP-51-33, Rev. 5, November 2006, Piping Materials for CSA Z662
Compressor Stations and Meter Stations Sweet Natural Gas Service, CSA Z245.1-07 or ASTM
Specifications.

Westcoast Energy Inc., a Spectra Energy Company 7 CS-8A Compressor Station Upgrade
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2.6.5 Joining

All joining for the Project will be conducted in accordance with the requirements of CSA Z662- 15, ASME
B31.3-2014, and 2015 ASME VIII Division 1, as well as OPR.

2.6.6 Non-Destructive Examination

The main gas piping within the compressor facilities will be designed, constructed and tested in
accordance with the requirements of CSA Z662-15. The maximum design stress levels and the types and
minimum extent of non-destructive examination (“NDE”) to be used are those permitted by the codes
and standards.

Auxiliary and utility piping will be designed and constructed in accordance with the requirements of
ASME B31.3-2014. Westcoast will test to the maximum design stress levels and types to the
requirements for NDE as per the codes and standards, subject to receiving approval of the requested
exemption set out in the Exemptions/Relief Requested section of the Online Application System form,
summarized below:

Westcoast is requesting an order pursuant to subsection 48(2.1) of the NEB Act exempting it
from section 17 of the Onshore Pipeline Regulations, 1999 and NEB Order MO-08-2000 for the
non-destructive examination of all welds for the auxiliary and utility piping systems which are
designed and constructed in accordance with ASME B31.3-2014 and have a design pressure of 1
965 kPa or less. Westcoast requests approval for the non-destructive testing of welds for the
auxiliary and utility piping systems to be carried out in accordance with ASME B31.3-2014,
Article 341.4.1(b)(1). Westcoast submits that compliance with ASME B31.3-2014 will not
compromise the safety of Westcoast’s employees, the environment, or the public.

Section 344 of ASME B31.3-2014 allows the following as acceptable NDE methodologies:

• visual examination
• magnetic particle examination (MP)
• liquid penetrant examination (LP)
• radiographic examination (R)
• ultrasonic examination (U)

The general requirements for the piping to be designed to ASME B31.3-2014 requirements are
summarized in Table 2.6-1 below. The Project piping specifications allow the use of either ASTM A106
Gr. B or A333 Gr. 6 material for all of the above service classes. The maximum allowable stress level for
these materials for normal operating temperatures is 138 MPa. Code allowed maximum stress levels
would not be exceeded for any operating conditions.

Westcoast Energy Inc., a Spectra Energy Company 8 CS-8A Compressor Station Upgrade
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Table 2.6-1 – Auxiliary and Utility Piping Requested Non-destructive Examination Testing
Requirements
Service Design Pressures Design Joint Type Minimum
(kPag/psi) Temperature (°C) NDE
Fuel Gas 1 035/150 -45/54 Butt weld 10% R
(Auxiliary) Socket weld 10% MP
Instrument/Utility 1 035/150 -45/121 Butt weld 10% R
Air Socket weld 10% MP
Lube Oil Piping 1207/175 120 Butt weld 10% R
Socket weld 10% MP
Low Pressure 950/138 -45/120 Butt weld 10% R
Vent Piping Socket weld 10% MP
Utility Heat 1 103/160 121 Butt weld 10% R
Medium Socket weld 10% MP
Potable Water 414/60 90 Butt weld 10% R
Socket weld 10% MP
Hydrocarbon 1035/150 -45/120 Butt weld 10% R
Drains
Socket weld 10% MP

2.6.7 Pressure Testing

All piping will be tested in accordance with OPR and all other applicable codes and standards. A detailed
Pressure Testing Plan will be developed during the detailed engineering phase of the Project.

Auxiliary and utility piping will be pressure tested in accordance with Westcoast Specification SP-50-09,
Rev. 2, October 26, 2011, Field Pressure Testing. Main gas piping will be pressure tested in accordance
with Westcoast’s Specification CS-TST.1, Rev. 1, September 18, 2012, Pipeline Construction – Pressure
Testing.

2.6.8 Quality Assurance and Quality Control

A quality assurance program will be used for the engineering, procurement and construction of the
Project. The quality assurance program will ensure that the supplied products and services conform to
the specified requirements during design/development, production and installation. Detailed design
completed to date follows the program for the Project. Completion of the engineering will follow the
quality assurance program used by the engineering consulting firm. Supplied products will follow the
manufacturer’s quality program. Construction will follow the quality assurance program used by the
construction contractors. Westcoast representatives will periodically audit the programs of engineering
consulting firms and construction contractors.

Westcoast Energy Inc., a Spectra Energy Company 9 CS-8A Compressor Station Upgrade
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2.6.9 Operation, Maintenance and Emergency Response Manuals

Westcoast will update and develop specific operating and maintenance procedures for the equipment at
compression site and integrate these new facilities into the following existing management systems and
programs: Environment, Health and Safety Management Systems; Emergency Management Manual and
the Transmission Southern Region Field Emergency Response Plan; Operator Training Manual; and the
Pipeline Integrity Program.

2.7 Construction

A Construction Safety Manual that applies to the Project was submitted to the NEB on February 4, 2015
and will be accessible to construction personnel.

Construction contracting will conform to Westcoast’s Contractor Management Program and


construction work will be performed in accordance with Westcoast’s Construction Safety Manual and
the contractors’ safety programs as applicable.

The successful contractor will be responsible for the health and safety of all personnel employed by it or
its subcontractors, as well as any other personnel at the Project site who are connected with the
contractor’s construction activities.

The successful contractor will supply Westcoast with a site specific construction security plan for
approval prior to the commencement of any site work. The site specific security plan will be reviewed to
ensure it meets or exceeds the requirements of the Westcoast Operations Security Plan and the
requirements of the NEB Proposed Regulatory Change 2010-01.

2.8 Leave to Open

Westcoast is requesting an exemption from the provisions of subsection 47(1) of the NEB Act in respect
of the requirement to obtain leave to open for the auxiliary and utility systems set out in Table 2.8-1
below. The exemption of these auxiliary and utility systems from the leave to open requirement will not
compromise the environment or the safety of Westcoast employees and the public as the systems are
low pressure, low volume auxiliary and utility systems designed and tested in accordance with the
applicable codes and standards. This exemption will allow Westcoast to commission the auxiliary and
utility systems and to perform preliminary tests on the compressor unit in a timely manner prior to the
in-service date of the main facilities.

Westcoast Energy Inc., a Spectra Energy Company 10 CS-8A Compressor Station Upgrade
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Table 2.8-1 – Leave to Open Exemption Request Sections


o
Service Design Pressure (kPag/psig) Design Temperature ( C)
Instrument/Utility Air 1 035/150 -45/121
Fuel Gas (Auxiliary) 1 035/150 -45/54
Lube Oil 1207/175 100
Low Pressure Vents 950/138 -45/120
Utility Heat Medium 1 103/160 121
Potable water System 621/90 90

2.9 Project Milestone Dates

The Project’s major milestones are set out in Table 2.9-1 below.

Table 2.9-1 – Project Milestone Dates


Project Activity Estimated Date
Section 58 Submission November 2015
Requested Section 58 Approval March 2016
Construction Kick-off Q2 2016
In-service Q4 2017

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