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Numerical Feeder protection relay for MV & LV switchgears with a combination of Protection,

Monitoring, Control & Communication features as stated below:

I. Protection elements:
1. Phase Over Current (50) –
a. This protection is intended to protect the feeder & connected power cable
against phase to phase faults, flashovers occurring at terminations & connected
b. To avoid tripping during startup as a result of asymmetric CT saturation a defined
time delay element settable from minimum 10ms shall be available.
c. Shall have four user selectable stages having non-directional overcurrent
element with Time delayed & Inverse time characteristics with enabling &
disabling selective function.
d. There shall be user selectable inverse characteristic curves when IDMT is
employed for protection.
e. The relay shall be suitable for Circuit Breaker applications.

2. Earth fault (50N & 51N) –

a. This protection is intended to protect the feeder against phase to earth faults,
occurring at terminations & connected cable.
b. The relay shall derive the ground current from the phase CTs & also shall have
element for sensitive CBCT input with user configurable.
c. The relay shall be suitable for isolated, solidly grounded & resistance grounded
electrical network.
d. Shall have atleast two user selectable stages having non-directional overcurrent
element with Time delayed & Inverse time characteristics with enabling &
disabling selective function.
e. There shall be user selectable inverse characteristic curves when IDMT is
employed for protection.

3. Check Synchronism (25) –

a. This feature shall check the voltage, phase angle, frequency across the circuit
breaker (live bus bar / live line, live bus bar / dead line, live line / dead bus bar
condition) and permit the selected breaker to close with a time delay.
b. There shall be additional line voltage analog input for connecting other source
reference for check synchronism.
c. The settings for voltage, phase angle & frequency shall be user settable.
d. There shall be user programmable digital output for permitting the close
operation of breaker.

4. Under voltage (27) –

a. This protection is intended to protect the feeder / switchgear from under
voltage causing due to increased loads, faults occurring on system in a reduction
in voltage of faulty phases, excessive voltage dips from high inrush current of
motor during starting.
b. There shall be 2 user defined stages in order to provide multiple outputs such as
alarm & trip stages.
c. Two user defined time delayed under voltage elements shall be available.
d. The Under voltage element shall be configurable for phase voltage or phase to
phase voltage at site.

5. CT supervision –
a. The current circuit supervision function compares the residual current from a
three phase set of current transformer cores with the neutral point current on a
separate input taken from another set of cores on the current transformer.
a. A detection of a difference indicates a fault in the circuit and is used as alarm or
to block protection functions expected to give unwanted tripping.

6. Trip circuit supervision (95) – Pre & Post close –

a. The relay shall provide continuous supervision of the trip circuits of the circuit
breaker in either “Open” or “Close” (i.e., pre-close & post-close)

7. Circuit Breaker / Contactor failure protection (50BF) –

a. This protection shall detect slow fault clearance which monitors the circuit
breaker has opened within a reasonable time.
b. User programmable output contacts shall be available to back trip the upstream
circuit breaker.
c. Shall have two stage element with adjustable time delay set for alarm & trip
d. User programmable logics for assigning breaker status shall be available.
e. The relay shall have a high drop off to pick up ratio and fast operating and
resetting times.

II. Metering & Monitoring Functions:

1. Currents - Input currents, Neutral current, residual ground currents, average current,
Negative sequence current, current unbalance.
2. Voltage - Phase voltages, Line voltages, Average voltage, Negative sequence voltage,
voltage unbalance.
3. Power – KW, KVARs, KVA
4. Energy – MWh, MVARh, MVAh
5. Power factor – Leading or Lagging
6. Frequency – Instantaneous frequency

III. Relay & Logic settings Software:

1. The relay software shall be simple and shall provide the following
a. Develop settings offline with the settings editor that only allows valid settings.
b. Shall have drop & text editor for creating logic fucntions.
c. Shall support configuration of settings through online.
d. Organise settings with the relay data base manager
e. Load and retrieve using a simple PC communication link.

IV. Analog Inputs:

1. Shall have current inputs for phase A, B, C & Neutral.
2. Shall have user selectable 1A or 5A current input.
3. Current inputs Burden / phase - <0.01VA @ 1A
4. Secondary thermal current – 100A
5. Shall have voltage inputs for 3 phase
6. PT ratio – 110V L-L
7. Voltage inputs Burden – <0.1W
8. All analog inputs shall have sampling frequency of 32 samples / cycle.

V. Power supply:
1. Auxilliary supply - 110-240VAC @ 50 Hz & 110-250VDC
2. Input voltage range – 85-250 Vac & 85-300 Vdc
3. Relay start up time : < 10 seconds

VI. Output contacts:

1. The relay shall have 2NO & 1 Changeover dry outputs with voltage protection across
open contacts.
2. Rated operational voltage – 250VDC & 250VAC
3. Contact Make rating – 30A @ 250VDC as per IEEE C37.90
4. Di-electric test voltage – 2.5kV
5. Mechanical durability – 1,00,000 no load operations.
6. All output contacts shall be time tagged with the set time in the relay.

VII. Opto-isolated Control inputs:

1. Shall have 4 number of opto-isolated control inputs.
2. All control inputs shall be user selectable for control logic.
3. Control signal voltage range – 250VDC & 250VAC
4. Maximum pickup time – Approx 1 cycle

VIII. Time synchronisation:

1. The relay shall have dedicated demodulated IRIG-B input
2. Synchronisation accuracy shall not be less than +/- 1 micro seconds

IX. Communication ports & protocol:

1. Front port – RS 232 with data speed of 300-38400 bps
2. Rear port – Ethernet port (RJ45) 10/100base
3. Modbus protocol

X. Front panel visualisation:

1. The front panel shall be capable of displaying measured values, calculated values, I/O
status, device status, and configuration parameters on a front-panel LCD display.
2. The display shall have a capability to show rotating custom messages and data. Thirty-
two display messages shall be provided.
3. The front panel shall also have a minimum of six user-programmable LEDs and with
sixteen programmable tricolor LEDs.
4. Shall have front key pad for navigation of settings, status and access to event reports

XI. Monitoring & Reporting functions:

1. Motor start reports (as many as five of the latest starts). Start data including currents,
voltages, calculated percent slip, and percent rotor thermal capacity used.
2. Motor start trends - Starting time, maximum start current, minimum start voltage
optional, total running hours and maximum start percent rotor thermal capacity used.
3. Motor operating statistics - Starts, running time, peak/average data, and trip/alarm
4. Breaker wear monitoring
5. Event summaries - Fault type and trip data including time of tripping
6. Event reports – 50 cycle length with 16 samples/cycle resolution
7. Sequential Events Recorder (SER) - As many as 512 time-tagged, most recent input,
output, and element transitions.
8. Data to be stored in non-volatile memory.
9. Broken rotor bar detection (BBD) event reports and FFT data

XII. Enclosure:
1. Relay front panel shall meet the requirements of NEMA 12/IP 65
2. CE, UL, and cUL for Class I, Division 2 hazardous locations applications, ATEX, and RCM
3. Flush mounted type

XIII. Service and support:

1. Reliability - The manufacturer shall supply the actual measured mean time between
failures (MTBF) for the device.
2. Warranty - The device shall include a ten-year UNCONDITIONAL warranty for all
material and workmanship defects.