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Digital Communications

Course and Exercises with Solutions

Pierre Jarry
Jacques N. Beneat

Color Section
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Figure 4.15. Transmission of a pulse train on a noisy channel

Figure 4.18. The eye pattern

Figure 4.19. Eye pattern on the scope

Figure 4.21. The equalizer


Figure 4.22. Total gain

Figure 5.5. Samples of the signal

Figure 5.9. Realist filter


Figure 5.10. Raised cosine

Figure 5.11. Comparison of h0  t  and h1  t 

Figure 6.3. Quantization’s maximum and minimum values


Figure 6.5. Signal input qi and quantizing levels xi

Figure 6.6. Quantized signal xQ

Figure 6.7. Linear quantization

Figure 6.9. Restored signal


Figure 6.10. American law

Figure 6.11. Noise output at time off

Figure 6.12. Quantization

Figure 6.14. Quantization levels


Figure 6.16. Error of limitation

Figure 6.18. Compression

Figure 6.19. Linear quantization for n  3


Figure 6.20. Compression gain

Figure 6.21. Linear and nonlinear parts of the compression law


Figure 6.22. Compression law in the case of n  3

Figure 6.23. Noise ripples

Figure 6.25. Principle of the  encoder


Figure 6.27.  encoder with an RC memory

Figure 6.28. Possibilities of encoder error

Figure 7.1. AM modulation


Figure 7.2. FM modulation

Figure 7.3. PSK modulation

Figure 7.4. Realization of a PSK of order 2

Figure 7.5. PSK signal of order 2


Figure 7.6. Modulated PSK signal

Figure 7.7. Phases’ plane of the PSK of order 2

Figure 7.8. Transmission PSK of the trains A and B.


Figure 7.9. Phases’ plane of the PSK of order 4

Figure 7.11. Influence of the two modulators

Figure 8.6. Mechanism of the modulators


Figure 10.3. Effect of the noise on the modulation of order 2

Figure 10.4. Effect of the noise on the modulation of order 4

Figure 11.6. Antenna formed with four localized and punctual charges
Figure 11.8. Input and output waves of a three port

Figure 11.9. A circulator closed on one port

Figure 12.4. VS in function of the time t (red curve) when (D1,D4) or


(D2,D3) are conductive

Figure 12.5. VS in function of the time t (red curve) when all the diodes
are at a zero voltage
Figure 12.6. Logic number "1","0","1" with a non-limited and a limited band

Figure 12.7. Square signal S C 

Figure 12.10. Response of the high pass filter

Figure 12.15. The LP to recover m1  t  and m2  t 


Figure 12.16. Influence of the LP filter to s1  t 

Figure 12.17. The two FT do not overlap

Figure 13.3. Representations of r  t  and y1  t 


Figure 13.6. Gaussian symmetric noise

Figure 13.7. Important rate with I.I.

Figure 13.8. Increase rate without I.I.