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15000

10000

Force Resultant (N)


5000

0
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4
-5000

-10000

-15000
Time (s)

4 Bar 3 Bar 2 Bar 1 Bar

Fig 4.10 : Force Wave (Y-Dir) - K1 spring action

4.2.6 Non-Linear TH analysis output


This section shall came out with the comparison of ideal and
existing conditions. The difference of both (fixed and spring base) beam
displacement value are displayed in graphical results below to see the
behavior.

At figure 4.11, the displacement from unbalance force, creates


arbitrary wave with high-dense fluctuation with value alternating at ±0.8mm.
And for the displacement from steady force, it has value ±0.06mm with near-
zero excitation on it. While at figure 4.12, the displacement from unbalance
force, creates arbitrary wave with rapid fluctuation with value alternating at
±0.2 mm. And for the displacement from steady force, it has value ±0.01 mm
with near-zero excitation on it. Finally at figure 4.13, the displacement from
unbalance force, creates arbitrary fluctuate wave with value around -6.4 mm.
And for the displacement from steady force, it has value -1.6 mm (not seen at
the figure’s range).

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1.05

0.85

0.65

0.45
Deflection X-Dir

0.25

0.05
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4
-0.15

-0.35

-0.55

-0.75
Time (s)

Unbalance Force Steady Force

Fig 4.11 : X-Dir Beam Displacement at 4 bar pressure (120 rad/s)

0.15

0.1

0.05

0
Deflection Y-Dir

0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4


-0.05

-0.1

-0.15

-0.2

-0.25

-0.3
Time (s)

Unbalance Force Steady Force

Fig 4.12 : Y-Dir beam displacement at 4 bar pressure (120 rad/s)

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Steady Force

-1.5

Deflection Y-Dir
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4

-1.6

-1.7
Time (s)

-6
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4

-6.1

-6.2
Deflection Z-Dir

-6.3

-6.4

-6.5

-6.6
Time (s)

Unbalance Force

Fig 4.13 : Z-Dir beam displacement at 4 bar pressure (120 rad/s)

At figure 4.14, the displacement from unbalance force, creates


arbitrary wave with high-dense fluctuation with value alternating at +0.3 mm.
And for the displacement from steady force, it has value ±0.06 mm with near-
zero excitation on it. While at figure 4.15, the displacement from unbalance
force, creates arbitrary wave with rapid fluctuation with value alternating at -
0.07 mm. And for the displacement from steady force, it has value ±0.01 mm
with near-zero excitation on it. Finally for figure 4.16, the displacement from
unbalance force, creates arbitrary fluctuate wave with value around -6.325
mm. And for the displacement from steady force, it has value -1.6 mm (not
seen at the figure’s range).

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0.6

0.5

0.4
Deflection X-Dir

0.3

0.2

0.1

0
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4

-0.1
Time (s)

Unbalance Force Steady Force

Fig 4.14 : X-Dir Beam Displacement at 1 bar pressure (88 rad/s)

0.05

0
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4
Deflection Y-Dir

-0.05

-0.1

-0.15

-0.2
Time (s)

Unbalance Force Steady Force

Fig 4.15 : Y-Dir beam displacement at 1 bar pressure (88 rad/s)

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Steady Force

-1.5

Deflection Z-Dir
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4
-1.6

-1.7
Time (s)

-6.275
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4

-6.3
Deflection Y-Dir

-6.325

-6.35

-6.375
Time (s)

Unbalance Force

Fig 4.16 : Z-Dir beam displacement at 1 bar pressure (88 rad/s)

The analysis from above might simplify with the tabulature 4.18 below, it is
a small recap which gives description of analysis steps.

Table 4.18 : Summary of experimental step


Fixed Spring Base
Analysis Type Aim
Base (various value)
Resonate
Step 1 Modal √ √
frequency
Step 2 Static Displacement √ √
Flow Simulation (using
Step 3 Forces by Fluid - -
varius angular speed)
Cumulative
Step 4 ODS √ √
Reaction
Step 5 NLTH STR Behavior √ √

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4.3 SUMMARY
From this parametric study, the following summary can be drawn:
 First conducted analysis is a modal frequency analysis (from both fixed
and spring base) and is resulting as table 4.1 and table 4.2. which
represent all frequency values within 40 modes.

 Graphic in figure 4.1 and figure 4.2 decribes the significant change of the
frequencies, which can be suspected as the effect of the base rigidity.

 To look further what’s the connection between base rigidity and the
deformed shape of the building/structure, the supplement graphic from
figure 4.3 hence produced.

 Geometric change in structural element of the building mainly caused by


the base rigidity, which is shown by the values in table 4.3 to table 4.9
or in other word, figure 4.3 as the representative of it.

 The next analysis is CFD analysis, which aimed to reveal the fluid
dynamic effect on the structure. Several analysis conducted with
changing variable of fluid pressure, and resulted as in the table 4.11 to
table 4.15

 It is drawn a value of 4 bar pressure output, will need the rotational


velocity 120 rad/s. And for 1 bar pressure output, will rotate at 88 rad/s
(radian per second)

 Figure 4.6 to figure 4.8 represent the maximum and minimum reaction
force at the impeller of the pump, which may applied to the adjacent shaft
parts.

 Both soil (geometrically effect) and fluid (force effect) are then analyzed
once more using method of ODS (operational deflected shape) and
resulting in sub chapter 4.2.5

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 Figure 4.9 to figure 4.11 are the reaction force from the ODS method,
which can be seen that the reaction force from rotating elements, at all
direction/3-axis always create sinusoidal wave pattern.

 The figures of wave-like form of reaction forces, shall be the main


loading component which mandatory to be checked on the NLTH
analysis at sub-chapter 4.26

 Figure 4.11 to figure 4.16 display the graph visualization of all possible
soil and fluids conditions/effects in related to the displacement of the
structure.

 At higher rotational velocity, building’s likely to experiencing mid-rapid


wave with high deflection value. And in the lower rotational velocity, it
goes to high-rapid wave with less deflection value.

 The deflection wave from steady / balance rotational condition, creates


infinitely small non-zero wave.

 The proposed Kspring-rotation relation might be approached with power


curve graph, and resulting with this equation below :
.
= 5.3619

Where, is the magnification of shaft geometric rotation from the

fixed condition.

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