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GRAMMAR FOR MEDIA

ANALYSIS OF MEDIA

Lacture: M. Syaichul Muchyidin. M.Pd

BY:

CHOLIFATUR ROHMAH

(17020230007)

KEDIRI ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY OF KADIRI


FACULTY OF TEACHING TRAINING AND EDUCATION
ENGLISH DEPARTMENT
2018
PREFACE

First at all, give thanks for God’s love and grace for us.

Thanks to God for helping me and give me chance to finish this assignment timely. And I
would like to say thank you to Mr. M. Syaichul Muchyidin, S.Pd., M.Pd as the lecturer that
always teaches us and gives much knowledge about grammar for media.

This assignment is the task for Grammar For Media subject. I realized this assignment is not
perfect. But I hope it can be useful for us. Critics and suggestion is needed here to make this
assignment be better.

Hopefully we as a student in “Kediri Islamic University of Kadiri Faculty of Teaching


Training and Education - English Education Department” can work more professional by
using English as the second language whatever we done. Thank you.

Compiler Cholifatur Rohmah

NPM: 17020230007

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CONTENTS
PREFACE.............................................................................................................................................. 2
CHAPTER 1 .......................................................................................................................................... 4
INTRODUCTION................................................................................................................................. 4
1.1 BACKGROUND ......................................................................................................................... 4
1.2 FOCUS ......................................................................................................................................... 4
1.3 GOAL ........................................................................................................................................... 4
CHAPTER 2 .......................................................................................................................................... 5
DISCUSSION ........................................................................................................................................ 5
2.1 TENSE ......................................................................................................................................... 5
2.2 ADJECTIVE CLAUSES ............................................................................................................ 7
2.3 CLAUSE OF CONTRAST......................................................................................................... 9
CHAPTER 3 ........................................................................................................................................ 11
RESULT OF ANALYSIS ................................................................................................................... 11
3.1 TENSES ..................................................................................................................................... 11
3.2 ADJECTIVE CLAUSE ............................................................................................................ 11
3.3 CLAUSE OF CONTRAST....................................................................................................... 11
CHAPTER 4 ........................................................................................................................................ 12
4.1 CONCLUTION ......................................................................................................................... 12
4.2 REFERENCES .......................................................................................................................... 12
4.3 APPENDIX ................................................................................................................................ 12

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CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND
Media, The main means of mass communication (broadcasting, publishing, and the
Internet) regarded collectively. Modern media comes in many different formats, including print
media (books, magazines, newspapers), television, movies, video games, music, cell phones,
various kinds of software, and the Internet. We have to know that writing a media must use a
good and correct language structure. So from that there is the term Grammar for Media.

When the student wants to know more and use it, student must use every method that
makes helps them for mastering English grammar, one method that is very useful is analysing
a media to get structural of sentences, and this way is used by the student of English department
faculty for every university, it is all happen because, when the student use a method of
analysing media, the student is able to remember their lesson that has been studied by the
student, another beneficial effect when the student use this method is making their brain
working to get every structural in the media.

So, in this paper, I am as the author in this paper will make an example and way to
analyst the tenses, adjective clause, and clause of contrast in the media. Base on a poster and
literature that we collect. We also hope this paper will be useful for all of us.

1.2 FOCUS
This assignment will focus on explaining the grammar analysis in the media that I take.

a. Tenses and the way to use it


b. Adjective clause and the way to use it
c. Clause of contrast and the way to use it
d. Analysis an English media

1.3 GOAL
a. To understand about Tenses
b. Knowing about adjective clause
c. Understanding about clause of contrast
d. The result of analyzing media

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CHAPTER 2

DISCUSSION

2.1 TENSE
Tenses is a verb in English to show the time (present, past, future) that happen in some
actions. (Modern English: Marcella Frank).

Tenses are changes in verbs that are influenced by the time and nature of the event.
(Englsh Mp Concept: Hadi S)

Tense a set of forms taken by a verb to indicate the time (and sometimes also the
continuance or completeness) of the action in relation to the time of the utterance. (Oxford
Dictionary)

Constract: based on the explanation above, Tense is a form of a verb in English to


indicate the time (present, future, or past) the occurrence of an action or event.

Kinds use of tenses:

1. Simple Present tense

Simple present tense is used to express general time, usually the simple present
tense timeless or has no terminal points in time and also simple present tense is used to
express present time.

2. Present progressive tense

Present progressive tense is used to suggest action in progress this form suggest that
an event began and still continuing but it does not necessary include the end of the
action.

3. Present perfect tense

Present perfect tense expresses indefinite time that begins in the past and extends to
the present.

4. Present perfect progressive tense

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It stresses the duration of a single past to present action that has a beginning and an
ending occasionally, it can be used for repeat events.

5. Simple past

It Indicates definite time terminating in the past, whether a time word is given or
not.

6. Past progressive tense

It emphasizes the duration of one past event that has a possible beginning and
ending.

7. Past perfect tense

It expresses one past time before another past, so it talks the action that has been
done.

8. Past perfect progressive

It Emphasize the duration of one past event taking places before another past event,
it also, may so of past event in progress before it is interrupted by another past event.

9. Simple future tense

It is used to show that happen in the future time.

10. Future progressive tense

This Form of the future tense expresses duration of a single future event, so it is the
same of another progressive form, but the time is in the future.

11. Future Perfect tense

In general, it may be characterized as future before future time, this tense


emphasizes the fact that one future is completed before another future time.

12. Future perfect progressive

It does not occur very often, it stresses duration of a single event in the future that
takes place before another future event.

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2.2 ADJECTIVE CLAUSES
In an adjective clause, a full of subject and predicate is changed by means of a special
introductory word which has the same referent as the preceding noun or pronoun. The
adjective clause modifies a preceding noun or a pronoun. The noun or pronoun being
modified is called the antecedent. (Modern English: Marcella Frank).

Clause: A clause is a group of words containing a subject and a verb.

Independent clause: An independent clause is a complete sentence. It contains the


main subject and verb of a sentence.

Dependent clause: A dependent clause is not a complete sentence. It must be


connected to an independent clause.

Adjective clause: An adjective clause is a dependent clause that modifies a noun. It


describes, identifies, or gives furthure information about a noun. An adjective clause is
also called a relative clause. (Understanding and Using English Grammar: Betty
Schrampfer Azar)

Constract: based on the explanation above, Adjective clause or relative clause is a


dependent clause that acts as an adjective that explains the noun or pronoun on the main
clause of a complex sentence (a sentence consisting of an independent clause and one or
more dependent clause).

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Types of adjective clauses:

Noun Antecedent Meaning Introductory Word Illustrative Sentences


(1) relative pronoun: Introductory word function as:
A person Who (whom or Subject-He paid the money to the
whose) or that man who (or that) had done the
work.

Object of verb-He paid the man from


whom (or that) he had hired.

Object of preposition-He paid the


man from whom he had borrowed
the money.

Possessive adjective-This is the girl


whose picture you saw.
A thing Which or that Subject-Here is a book which (or
that) describes animal.

Object of verb-The chair which (or


that) he broke is being repaired.

Object of preposition-She was


wearing the coat for which she had
paid $2,000.
(2) relative adverb:
A time When This is the year when the Olympic
Games are held.
A place Where Here is the house where I live.
A reason Why Give me one good reason why you
did that.

(Modern English: Marcella Frank)

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2.3 CLAUSE OF CONTRAST
There are two types of clauses of contrast, concessive and adversative. The concessive
clause offers a partial contrast-it states a reservation that does not invalidate the truth of
the main clause. The adversative clause makes a stronger contrast that may range all the
way to complete opposition.(Modern English: Marcella Frank).

These clauses are used to make two statements, one of which contrast with the other
or make it seem surprising. They are introduced by the subordinating conjunctions like
“although, though, even though, despite, in spite of, whereas, while, even if and
however. (learnesl.net)

Constract: based on the explanation above, clause of contrast is one type of adverb
prase or clause of information used to express or indicate the existence of a contradiction
or contrary where between two events or more there are interrelated relations.

Kinds of clause of contrast:

A. Concessive Clauses
Conjuctions:
a. Although
b. Though
c. Even though
d. While
e. Granted (that)
f. Granting (that)
g. Conceded that
h. Admitted that (less common)
i. In spite of the fact that
j. Despite the fact that
k. Regardless of the fact that
l. Not with standing the fact that
These three conjunctions have practically the same meaning. Though is a little less
formal than although; even though adds the most force to the concession.
Some concession clausess are reversible-Although he married a brunette, he had
always preferred blondes. In such cases, the predication that is to recieve greater
emphasis is put in the main clause.

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Prepositions of concession may function as conjuction by the addition of the fact
that.
Example:
Although today is holiday, my friends go to school.

Although she was, she is late again.

Even though many people speak loudly, Krissh sleeps.

Even though a dog has bitten her, she is not fear.

B. Adversative Clauses
Conjuctions:
a. While
b. Where
c. Whereas
d. When

Example:

I like traveling by plane, while/ whereas my husband doesn’t.

While there was no conclusive evidence, most people thought he was guilty.

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CHAPTER 3

RESULT OF ANALYSIS

The Media:

“Inspite of everything, I shall rise again: I will take up my pencil, which I have
forsaken in my great discouragement, and I will go on with my drawing.”

- Vincent Van Gogh –

3.1 TENSES
Future Tense: (Subject + Will/Shall + Verb 1 + Complement)

1. I shall rise again


2. I will take up my pencil
3. I will go on with my drawing

Present Perfect Tense: (Subject + Have/Has + Verb 3 + Complement)

1. I have forsaken in my great discouragement

3.2 ADJECTIVE CLAUSE


I will take up my pencil, which I have forsaken in my great discouragement

Main Clause : I will take up my pencil

Sub Clause : Which I have forsaken in my great discouragement

3.3 CLAUSE OF CONTRAST


Inspite of everything, I shall rise again
Despite/In spite of + Noun phrase/Verb-ing

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CHAPTER 4

4.1 CONCLUTION
The conclution from the result of analyzing the media above is 66,6% Tenses, 16,66%
Adjective clause and 16,66% Clause of contrast.

4.2 REFERENCES
Alan, Evision. 2008. Oxford Learner’s Pocket Dictionary. New York : Oxford University Press.

Azar, Betty S. 1989. Understanding and Using English Grammar. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.

Frank, Marcella. 1972. Modern English. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc Englewood Cliffs.

S, Hadi. English Map Concept. Pare: Beswan.

4.3 APPENDIX

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