Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 61

YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

HINDU SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE

YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT


DELHI

Thesis Report submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirement for the degree of
Bachelor of Architecture (B. ARCH.)

PUNEET KOCHAR
13025006020

PUNEET KOCHAR 1
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

HINDU SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE

Certified that this thesis titled ‘YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT“ is the bonafide
work of PUNEET KOCHAR, 13025006020 who carried out the work under my supervision.
Certified further that to the best of my knowledge the work reported herein does not form part of
any other thesis or dissertation on the basis of which a degree or award was conferred on an earlier
occasion on this or any other candidate.

Thesis Supervisor

……………………………………..
Asstt Prof. Kusum Choudhary …………………..
Ar. Kirti Arora
( Thesis Coordinator ) ( Thesis guide )

PUNEET KOCHAR 2
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
I have completed my thesis for bachelor degree with the help of my faculties, govt.
authorities, my dearest friend and family members, without them this work was like to
search water in the desert.

First and foremost I offer my sincerest gratitude to my Main guide, AR. Kirti arora sir,
who have supported me throughout my thesis.

I thank to the HOD of department Prof. Heeramani thapliyal sir for his valuable
suggestion, precious time for the discussion and his support in completion of this thesis.

I would like to thank the staff of Hindu school of Architecture who helped me in
secondary data collection.

I would like to express my gratitude to my friends for their possible support in primary
data collection and their suggestion to complete this thesis.

Finally I offer my sincerest gratitude to my parents and brothers for their love and their
support which helped me to cross all the hurdles coming in my successful education life.

PUNEET KOCHAR 3
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

HINDU SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE, SONIPAT

STATEMENT OF SOURCES

I hereby declare that I PUNEET KOCHAR, 13025006020, am the sole author of this thesis,
titled, “YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT, DELHI” and that no part of this thesis, in part or
full, has been submitted for the award of a Degree or Diploma to any other University or Institution.
I certify that, to the best of my knowledge, my thesis does not infringe upon anyone’s copyright nor violate
any proprietary rights. Further, any ideas, techniques, quotations, or any other material,
published or otherwise, drawn from the work of other people and included in my thesis,
have been fully acknowledged in accordance with standard referencing practices.

(PUNEET KOCHAR, 13025006020)

Thesis Supervisor

……………………………..
Asstt. Prof. Kusum Chaudhary
Thesis Coordinator

……………………
Ar. Kirti Arora
(Thesis Guide)

PUNEET KOCHAR 4
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

ABSTRACT
Rivers are an inherent part of the development of the human settlement. They have
been fundamentally involved in the process of settlement location and its continuous
formation.

The greatest civilizations of the world have formed and flourished along the banks of
rivers. Whether it was the Egyptian civilization along the Nile River or the Indus valley
civilization, rivers have been vital as the providers of water for sustaining life as well as
the agrarian societies. Thus strong relationships existed between man and rivers, the
later often being revered as Gods, not only in ancient times but till date. From daily
activities to religious ceremonies, fairs and festivals, the river formed an integral part of
human life.

Monuments developed along the banks of river. Delhi’s oldest city, Indraprastha, dating
to the Mahabharata era (circa 1450 BC), to the great Mughal city of Shahjahanabad
(1638–1649), all were set with the Yamuna and other water bodies as their backdrop.
The major monuments of the city of Delhi present strong evidences of the relationship of
the past cities with the river. However with the 20th century and modernist city planning
paradigms, the river was considered more as a functional component rather than
recreational, with which the masses had no everyday connection. The city faced its
back to the river.

Today, with the abysmal state of drainage and solid-waste management of the city, the
Yamuna has become a huge drain carrying the waste of this mega city. Millions of
rupees have been spent by successive governments in order to clean the river, but to
no significant change in the situation. The spaces around the river are also rather ‘lost
spaces’ with either agricultural fields, derelict power stations, stadiums or memorials.

With very high densities in the residential areas, it has to be realized that Delhi is in dire
need of a large public open space. The study aims at reconnecting the city to the river
not only metaphorically, but to establish physical linkages and improve the quality of the
environment and create opportunities to activate the riverfront.

PUNEET KOCHAR 5
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

AIM

1. CONNECTING the City back to its River using Landscape.


2. Creating PHYSICAL ACCESS to the River
3. Improve quality of ENVIRONMENT, opportunity for RECREATION.
CONSERVE places of historic significance.

OBJECTIVE

This study deals with the waterfront developments through the perspective of
Tourism and recreation and investigates the waterfront development through the
Available research examples in the world to formulate the design criteria as a
Theory of urban waterfront design guideline of Yamuna waterside.

PUNEET KOCHAR 6
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

CONTENTS

CHAPTER–1. ABOUT THE RIVER AND DELHI?

1.1. RIVER YAMUNA

1.2. RIVER YAMUNA IN DELHI

1.3. DELHI METRO ROUTES

1.4. DELHI- PLANNING ZONES

1.5. ZONE ’O’- LANDUSE

1.6. ZONE ‘O’ SUBZONES

1.7. DELHI- EVOLUTION OF A CITY

CHAPTER-2 CASE STUDY

2.1. TRIVENI GHAT

2.2. DHASHWAMEDH GHAT

2.3. SABARMATI RIVER FRONT

CHAPTER -3. SITE INTRODUCTION

3.1. PROPOSED AREA FOR DEVELOPMENT

3.2. SITE POTENTIAL

3.3. SITE CHALLENGES

3.4. IMMEDIATE CONTEXT

3.5. LAND USE

3.6. LAND USE- ANALYSIS

3.7. DENSITY STUDY

3.8. HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE

PUNEET KOCHAR 7
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

CHAPTER -4 DESIGN

4.1. INTRODUCTION

4.2. CASE STUDY

4.3. CASE STUDY 2

4.4. ABOUT THE SITE

4.5. ZONE O

4.6. SITE

4.7. LANDUSE

4.8. CONCEPT

4.9. SITE PLAN

4.10. EXHIBITION GALLARY

4.11. BOTANICAL GARDEN

4.12. AMPHITHEATER

4.13. PLANTS ON SITE

4.14. VIEWS

CHAPTER -5
5.1. NEWSPAPERS ARTICLES
5.2. REFRENCE

PUNEET KOCHAR 8
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

1. ABOUT THE RIVER AND DELHI


1.1 RIVER YAMUNA

Yamuna River Map Yamuna: at Yamunotri Yamuna River: Delhi Stretch

Yamunotri Temple and Ashram Yamuna near the Himalayas

ORIGIN

The Yamuna begins at Yamunotri, north of Haridwar, in the Himalayas.

The source of the Yamuna technically is Saptrishi Kund, a glacial lake.

At Tajewala, 75 km upstream of Wazirabad, there is a barrage for the waters of the river
to low into the Western and the Eastern Yamuna Canal.

The Yamuna enters Delhi from Palla Village, at a height of 211 meters above sea level.
It exits the city at 197 meters above sea level, thus lowing along a very gentle gradient
of 1 in 3000.

PUNEET KOCHAR 9
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

MYTHOLOGICAL HISTORY

According to legend, the Yamuna is the daughter of Surya (the Sun God) and his wife
Saranya, and the twin sister of Yama (the God of Death).
A dip in the Yamuna is believed to free a person from all past sins and contaminations
of the material world.
As a part of timeless civilization, the River Yamuna, other than being a traditional water
source, is also a cultural icon and is worshipped as a Goddess in Indian culture.
Many temple towns are situated along her banks and their characters are based on the
river.
The Mahabharata also mentions Yamuna as being one of the seven tributaries of the
Ganges.
Bathing in and drinking Yamuna’s waters is believed to remove sin since time
immemorial.
Later, Yamuna is associated with the God Krishna. Krishna’s association with the river
began right from his birth, when he let her surging waters touch his feet.
Folklore and stories about his childhood and youth are told and retold today with a pure
and beautiful Yamuna as the backdrop; this is further reinforced through most of our
traditional and folk poetry and dance forms.
According to legend, Krishna jumped into the river to tame the poisonous Kaliya snake,
who was polluting the river with his noxious fumes.
Mythology is a complex science. Century-old tales and stories can be interpreted by
generation after generation with their ever complicated contexts and changing ethos.
Kaliya’s modern day equivalents are the industrial units that release effluents into the
river.

Yamuna: in Mathura
Ghats located on the River Yamuna in Mathura.
There are total number of 25 Ghats in Mathura.

Yamuna: in Agra
In Agra, the Yamuna forms the backdrop to one of the world’s seven wonders, The Taj
Mahal.

PUNEET KOCHAR 10
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

1.2. RIVER YAMUNA IN DELHI

The Delhi stretch of River Yamuna is barely 22 kms of its entire 1,370-km long journey
from Yamunotri (its birthplace) to the ocean. Although barely 2 per cent of the length of
the river basin, it contributes to over 80 percent of the pollution load in the entire stretch
of the river.

There is no water in the river for virtually nine months of the year. Delhi impounds water
at the barrage constructed at Wazirabad where the river enters the city. What lows in
the river subsequently is only sewage and waste from Delhi’s 22 drains. In other words,
the river ceases to exist at Wazirabad.

Wazirabad Barrage

ITO Barrage

Okhla Barrage

PUNEET KOCHAR 11
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

POLLUTION IN RIVER YAMUNA

Increasing pollution load is deteriorating the water quality of River Yamuna. Domestic
wastewater, agricultural runoffs, mass bathing, offering of religious materials, clay idols,
etc., increases the pollution.

Due to the presence of large numbers of towns and cities along the banks of the
Yamuna, which use the river to dump waste makes its condition even worse.

Therefore, it is now imperative to identify viable remedial methods to clean the River
Yamuna.

The Main Sources of Pollution in the Yamuna

1. Industrial wastewaters

2. Dumping of garbage 4. Unauthorized settlements on riverbed

PUNEET KOCHAR 12
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

1.3. DELHI METRO ROUTES

The site is well connected by Metro routes.


The nearest Metro station is Indraprastha
Metro Station which falls on the Blue Line.
In the Metro Phase III proposal there will
be a Metro station on Bahadur Shah Zafar
Marg which will also provide access to the
site and the historically significant
monument of Feroz Shah Kotla.

Indraprastha Metro Station

PUNEET KOCHAR 13
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

1.4. DELHI PLANNING-ZONES

Zonal Plan ‘O’

As per MPD 2021 notified on 07.02.2007, the National Capital Territory of Delhi is
divided into 15 Planning Zones (divisions) designated ‘A’ to ‘P’ (except zone ‘I’), eight in
urban Delhi (‘A’ to ‘H’), six in Urban Extension (‘J’ to ‘N’ and ‘P’) and one for the River
Yamuna Riverfront which has been designated as Zone ‘O’.

The River Yamuna enters from Palla (north side), traverses a length of 48 kms (22 kms
in the urban area) through the National Capital Territory of Delhi and leaves the city at
Jaitpur (south side).

The Zone ‘O’ covers an area of about 9700 ha (as per MPD 2001), and 8070 ha (as per
MPD 2021).

PUNEET KOCHAR 14
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

1.5. ZONE ‘O’- LAND USE

The River Yamuna/Riverfront, Zone ‘O’,


is bounded as under:
North: NCTD Boundary
South: NCTD Boundary
East: Marginal Bund and NCTD Boundary
West: Marginal Bund, Ring Road
and proposed NH 2 bypass along
Agra Canal

The spread of the Yamuna varies


from 1.5 kms to 3.0 kms.

Nine road bridges and two railway bridges


and three fair-weather pontoon bridges
cross River Yamuna.

Nineteen major drains discharge untreated


effluents into the river.

The river bed gently slopes from 210 MSL


in the north to 199 MSL in the south.

The area has an assortment of authorized


and unauthorized uses like Delhi Secretariat,
samadhis, cremation grounds, sports,
complexes, and thermal and gas
power stations.

1.6. ZONE ’O’ SUB ZONES

PUNEET KOCHAR 15
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

Sub zone 4 extends from Old Yamuna Bridge


to ITO Barrage.
Development in and along Sub zone 4
includes:
West: Red Fort Electric Crematorium, Vijay
Ghat, Shanti Van, Shakti Sthal, IG Stadium,
Power Plant and Delhi Secretariat
East: Unauthorized encroachments,
agriculture and cremation grounds.
Proposed Predominant Use
West: Recreation
East: Recreation, Poundage
(water harvesting)
Sub zone 5 extends from ITO Barrage to
New Railway Bridge Development in and
along
Sub zone 5 includes
West: Indraprastha Power Plant,
Indraprastha Metro Station, Bus Depot
East: Unauthorized encroachment,
agriculture, Yamuna Bank Metro Station

PUNEET KOCHAR 16
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

1.8. DELHI EVOLUTION OF CITY

PUNEET KOCHAR 17
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

PUNEET KOCHAR 18
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

2. CASE STUDY
2.1 TRIVENI GHAT

Rishikesh surrounded by three district:- tehri garhwal, Pauri Garhwal and Haridwar.
Saints and yogis have been meditating on the bank of ganges since antiquity
Over the years it has established itself as a yoga capital of the world.
ADVENTURE SPORTS
Rishikesh is becoming a popular spot for white water rafting enthusiasts, both from India
and abroad, as the Ganges offers medium to rough rapids rated class 3 and class
4. The rafting season starts in March and ends in September. Rishikesh is also a center
for backpacking, bungee jumping, hiking, kayaking, mountain biking, rock
climbing, rappelling, and zip lining.

Site is located inside the boundaries of Rishikesh near river Ganga, Triveni Ghat.

A confluence of three holy important Rivers the Ganges, the Yamuna and the Sarasvati.
Triveni Ghats is a most revered sacred bathing spot in Rishikesh and is situated on the
banks of Ganges River.
It is of belief that those who take a dip in water at Triveni Ghat washes away all the sins
and purifies the soul and will have salvation, a relief from all sins carried out; the water
at Triveni Ghat has the power to purify them.
Daily in the morning and evening there are thousands who take bath at Triveni Ghat
and enjoy the Maha Aarti being performed.

PUNEET KOCHAR 19
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

2.2 DASHWAMEDH GHAT


Popularly known as the Cultural capital of India, Varanasi(Benares or Kashi) is a very
old timeless city in India.
The main city spreads over an area of 84.55km2 and is inhabited by nearly 1.21 million
people.
Natural landscape as well as aesthetic importance makes this city specificinal.
It too has an outstanding expression of architectural assemblage and landscape.
The beauty of the Varanasi city is that it is situated near the sacred river Ganga along
with long uninterrupted stretch of nearly eighty four Ghats.
The present case is to visualize the architectural setting and analysing the space and
volume sat the Ghats associated with these activities
The Ghat is abuzz with activity through the day with people taking baths and performing
rituals as soon as dawn breaks.
The Ghat also provides a livelihood to barbers who shave the hair of relatives of the
dead before they perform the last rites, pandas who help pilgrims with the rituals, chai-
wallahs, Diya sellers, and so on.

Popularly known as the Cultural capital of India, Varanasi(Banares or Kashi) is a very


old timeless city in India.
The main city spreads over an area of 84.55km2 and is inhabited by nearly 1.21 million
people.

PUNEET KOCHAR 20
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

2.3. SABRMATI RIVER FRONT

The Sabarmati Riverfront project is an environmental improvement, social upliftment


and urban rejuvenation project that will renew Ahmedabad.
The project is being developed by the Sabarmati Riverfront Development Corporation
Ltd. (SRFDCL), a company wholly owned by the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation.

The project aims to reclaim the private river edge as a Public asset and restore the
city’s relationship with its river. The Riverfront project presents a great opportunity to
create a public edge to the river on the eastern and western sides of Ahmedabad.

THE CHALLENGES
12000 hutments on both banks of the river occupying nearly 20% of critical project area.

Unorganized Gujari Bazaar of more than 1200 vendors on the eastern bank and Court
Litigation.

Nearly 200 Dhobis using both the banks of the river for washing activities.
Thoroughly polluted and contaminated Sabarmati through 40 storm water outlets.

PUNEET KOCHAR 21
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

First proposal by architect Bernard Kohn

PUNEET KOCHAR 22
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

The main declared goals for the implementation of such


actions are:

- The elimination of the danger of floods in the current context of climate change;

- The establishment of better hygienic conditions through a new sewerage system;

- The ground water recharge through the storage of water within the river bed;

- The improvement of the living conditions of the slum dwellers.

PUNEET KOCHAR 23
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

Riverbanks of the Sabarmati before the project

Riverbanks of the Sabarmati after the project

PUNEET KOCHAR 24
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

PUNEET KOCHAR 25
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

PUNEET KOCHAR 26
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

PUNEET KOCHAR 27
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

PUNEET KOCHAR 28
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

PUNEET KOCHAR 29
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

PUNEET KOCHAR 30
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

PUNEET KOCHAR 31
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

3. INTRODUCTION TO SITE
3.1 PROPOSED AREA FOR DEVELOPMENT

Delhi officially the National Capital Territory of


Delhi (NCT), is a city and a union territory of India.
It is bordered by Haryana on three sides and by
Uttar Pradesh to the east.
The NCT covers an area of 1,484 square kilometres
(573 sq mi).

3.2 SITE POTENTIAL

The site has a magnificent setting. The river forms an


excellent opportunity to provide for an active public space.

Natural Feature: River

The historical monument of Feroz Shah Kotla is in close


proximity to the site.
It is well connected to adjoining historically significant
monuments like Purana Qila, Red Fort, India Gate, etc.

Rich historical culture

PUNEET KOCHAR 32
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

The site has memorials of significant Indian leaders


situated in close proximity.
The vehicular road connecting the ghats to the site has
very low traffic density and can serve as good connection
to the site.

National Significance Monuments

The site has an existing ‘Chhath Ghat’, which is


Extensively used during the ‘Chhath’ festival and people
gather here in large numbers during the festival.

Religious

The site has many institutional buildings and commercial


newspaper offices, making this a very active area during
weekdays.

Active during work hours

Few of the roads like, Indraprastha Marg already have a


wide, well-connected pedestrian pathway and foot
over bridge, providing safe and convenient access for
the pedestrians.

Potential for Pedestrian Connections


and Walking

PUNEET KOCHAR 33
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

3.3. SITE CHALLANGES

Disconnected Waterfront Weak Public Life Pattern Minimal Open Space Identity

Challenge Challenge Challenge


The site has a beautiful The site is well The public space network
setting at the connected, yet there is a is unclear, since the site
water’s edge that has not fragile pattern of urban lacks interesting, inviting
been fully embraced. life with few informal and varied public
recreational activities spaces. The public
taking place. space hierarchy is
Most of the activities unclear – where
taking place are is the heart of the city?
considered necessary Where are the places for
.
activities, such as offices quiet reelection or the
and commercial places for physical
operations. activities and play?

Consequences Consequences Consequences


The riverfront is poorly The site does not have a The poor public spaces
connected in distinct character, and is and the office/ institution
terms of pedestrian poorly denied. There are focused activities in this
links, functions, views a great deal of important area cause fragile user
and vistas, destinations on-site, but patterns. A strong public
The waterfront itself they are poorly life culture demands a
could be much more connected and fail to place that is more
vibrant and interesting, generate public life inviting throughout the
The waterfront’s activities. It is not a place day, week and the year.
potential has been that succeeds in inviting
underutilized. people to go to for
informal activities such
as strolling, biking or
hanging out.

PUNEET KOCHAR 34
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

3.4. IMMEDIATE CONTEXT

The site precinct has number of mixed-uses.


The predominant ones being professional
institutes and offices. It has numerous nationally
significant monuments (Refer Annexure) located
in close proximity. Four major sports activity
buildings, namely IG Indoor Stadium, Yamuna
Velodrome, Feroz Shah Kotla Stadium and
Ambedkar Stadium. Two parks – Shaheed
Bhagat Singh Park and Jai Prakash Narayan Park.
Two major power stations, Rajghat Power Plant
and Indraprastha Power Plant, and historically
Significant monuments Feroz Shah Kotla and
Khooni Darwaza. As such there is no residential
area in the site precinct other than Vinod Nagar
located close to the Feroz Shah Monument.
Daryaganj, one of the oldest residential areas of
the city, is located nearby but is not part of the
study area.

PUNEET KOCHAR 35
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

3.5. LAND USE- Institutional

Institutional
Important government and semi-
government institutional buildings
are located in this area. The most
important being the Secretariat,
Vikas Minar, Police Headquarters,
ITO. Educational institutions like SPA
and IIPM are also located in close
proximity to the site

Potential
These institutions should have a
better access to the riverfront site.

PUNEET KOCHAR 36
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

INDUSTRIAL

Industrial
Three main power plants are
located in close proximity to the site.
Indraprastha Power Plant, Rajghat
Power Plant and Pragati Maidan
Power Plant..

Potential
The site is located between
Indraprastha Power Plant and River
Yamuna.

PUNEET KOCHAR 37
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL SIGNIFICANCE

Historic/National
Significance
The heritage monuments Feroz Shah
Kotla and Khooni Darwaza are
located in close proximity to the site.
Other places of national significance
close to site are: Rajghat, Shanti Van,
Gandhi Smarak.

Potential
A shuttle service along with
provisions for bike/pedestrian
connections from the historically
significant monuments to the site
can/should be created.

PUNEET KOCHAR 38
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

COMMERCIAL

Commercial
Most newspaper offices are situated
in close proximity of the site.

Potential
As the newspaper industry is such that
it remains open for 365 days a year,
irrespective of holidays, there is an
opportunity to give the people
working here abreathing space on the
riverfront where they can unwind and
relax.

PUNEET KOCHAR 39
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

3.6. LAND USE- ANALYSIS

Institutional
Important government and semi-government institutional buildings are located in this area. Most
important being Secretariat, Vikas Minar, Police Headquarters, ITO. Educational institutions like
SPA and IIPM are also located in close proximity to the site
These institutions should have abetter access to the Riverfront Site.

Industrial
Three main power plants are located in close proximity to the site. Indraprastha Power Plant,
Rajghat Power Plant and Pragati Maidan Power Plant.

Historic/National Significance
The heritage monuments of Feroz Shah Kotla and Khooni Darwaza are located in close proximity
to the site. Other places of national significance close to site are: Rajghat, Shanti Van and Gandhi
Smarak.
A visual link along with providing bike/pedestrian connections from the historically significant
monuments to the site can/should be created.

Religious Significance
‘Chhath Puja Ghat’ which is located on-site is used extensively during the Chhath Puja festival.
Chhath puja is aonce in ayear event, and the site remains un-utilized for rest of the year and lacks
activity. Need to create activity to bring people to the site.

Commercial
Most newspaper offices are situated in close proximity of the site.
As the newspaper industry is such that it remains open for 365 days a year irrespective of
holidays, there is an opportunity to give the people working there abreathing space on the
riverfront where they can unwind and relax.

Residential
The residential area of Vikram Nagar is located adjacent to Feroz Shah Kotla Monument.
Daryaganj, one of the oldest residential settlements of Delhi City, is also located in the immediate
context of the site. Anna Nagar, which is an unauthorized colony is situated along the railway and
Metro line.
Few of the residences in Vikram Nagar share the wall of the historically signiicant Feroz Shah
Kotla Monument.

Sports Facility
Indira Gandhi Indoor Stadium, and Yamuna Velodrome are located within 5-10 minutes walking
distance from the site. Feroz Shah Kotla Stadium and Dr Ambedkar Stadium are also located in
close proximity to the site.
The stadiums act asactivity generators and this activity can be dispersed to the riverfront site,
creating an active area.

Open Spaces
Most of the public ‘open spaces’ are located around the heritage monuments and other places
of interest: Rajghat, Feroz Shah Kotla and also Yamuna Riverfront behind Indraprastha Power
Plant.
The open spaces are not easily accessible. They need to be well connected to the adjoining
areas and Metro station and roads.

PUNEET KOCHAR 40
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

3.7. DENSITY STUDY

Density Study of the West and East Bank

Building afootprint study of the East and West Bank along the river for the site precinct shows that the East Bank
is more densely populated than the West Bank. And is in dire need of an open space that provides respite and a
breathing lung space for the residents. The riverfront has a high potential open space available in
the heart of the city.

 People in higher density dwellings need greater access and quality open space and public
realm – their backyard is the public domain.
 Connectivity is also an important consideration there is a need to improve the connectivity
between the densely populated areas and the open spaces. Recreation facilities and open
spaces should be well connected by means of public transport, walking tracks and bike
paths.

PUNEET KOCHAR 41
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

Open Space and Land Use Study for East and West Bank
The West Bank has numerous open spaces, while the East Bank clearly lacks open green spaces.
The West Bank has mostly institutional buildings and the East Bank mainly residential.
By creating an active Riverside Green Space, we will provide an area for the residents of the East Bank to visit during
weekends. Due to the commercial and professional nature of land use on the West Bank, the site will remain active
during weekdays and provide arespite from hectic work schedules.
Land Use Study

PUNEET KOCHAR 42
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

3.8. HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE

The city of Delhi has enormous numbers and varieties of historic sites like the Qutub Minar, Humayun’s Tomb and,
most recently, the Red Fort, that have been inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Others, like the Old
Fort and JamaMasjid, are part of popular tourist circuits. There are many more sites of equal significance; however,
they lie ‘buried’ within the modern city, neglected and forgotten
The site continues to possess historical, archaeological, architectural and artistic value asthe walls of the ruins merge with
the newer constructions around.
The significance of this site, needs to be protected, preserved and enhanced for the experience of people who visit or
live in Delhi.
The constituent structures hold the potential to continue the original design intention or suggest interventions for
adaptive reuse or new use, consequently reinstating the cultural relevance of the site, whilst making it a place for people to
enjoy and experience their own heritage.

PUNEET KOCHAR 43
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

4. DESIGN PROPOSAL

4.1. INTRODUCTION

4.2. CASE STUDY

4.3. CASE STUDY 2

4.4. ABOUT THE SITE

4.5. ZONE O

4.6. SITE

4.7. LANDUSE

4.8. CONCEPT

4.9. SITE PLAN

4.10. EXHIBITION GALLARY

4.11. BOTANICAL GARDEN

4.12. AMPHITHEATER

4.13. PLANTS ON SITE

4.14. VIEWS

PUNEET KOCHAR 44
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

PUNEET KOCHAR 45
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

PUNEET KOCHAR 46
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

PUNEET KOCHAR 47
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

PUNEET KOCHAR 48
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

PUNEET KOCHAR 49
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

PUNEET KOCHAR 50
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

PUNEET KOCHAR 51
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

PUNEET KOCHAR 52
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

PUNEET KOCHAR 53
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

PUNEET KOCHAR 54
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

PUNEET KOCHAR 55
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

PUNEET KOCHAR 56
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

PUNEET KOCHAR 57
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

PUNEET KOCHAR 58
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

CHAPTER 5

5.1 NEWSPAPER ARTICLES

PUNEET KOCHAR 59
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

PUNEET KOCHAR 60
YAMUNA RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT

5.2. REFRENCES

http://yamunakatha.blogspot.com/
http://dda.org.in/greens/biodiv/yamuna-biodiversity-park.html
http://www.azadindia.org/save-yamuna-campaign.html
http://www.moef.nic.in/sites/default/iles/NRCD/index.html
http://www.artoliving.org/meri-dilli-meri-yamuna
http://www.rainwaterharvesting.org/crisis/River-yamuna.htm
http://www.brajfoundation.org/yamuna_revitalisation.html

http://www.yamunawaterkeeper.org/subject-tags/yamuna-action-plan
http://fore.research.yale.edu/iles/Sharma_and_Kansal-
Yamuna_Action_Plan.pdf
http://www.rowfoundation.org/row/gysummary.html

http://moef.gov.in/report/0102/chap06.html#rd_nrcpgapry

PUNEET KOCHAR 61