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Store 1:

MINIMUM THICKNESS OF SLAB:


𝑃𝑒𝑟𝑖𝑚𝑒𝑡𝑒𝑟 𝑜𝑓 𝑡ℎ𝑒 𝑃𝑎𝑛𝑒𝑙
ℎ=
180
2(5 + 5)(1000)
ℎ= = 111.111 𝑚𝑚;
180
𝑢𝑠𝑒 𝒉 = 𝟏𝟏𝟏 𝒎𝒎

𝒅𝒆 = 𝟖𝟓 𝒎𝒎

DEAD LOADS
Floor finish 1.58 kPa
Ceiling 0.48 kPa
Partition Load 1.19 kPa
Weight of Slab(h x 23.5) 2.61kPa
TOTAL 5.86 kPa

LIVE LOADS
Store (Retail) 4.80 kPa
TOTAL 4.80 kPa

BAR DIAMETERS
Long direction 12 mm
Short direction 12 mm

DESIGN CONSTRAINTS:
Fy 414.0 MPa
f'c 21.0 MPa
β 0.85
ρmax 0.01626415
ρmin 0.00338
γconcrete 23.5 kN/cu.m.
Store 1:

𝐿𝐿 = 1.6(4.8) = 𝟕. 𝟔𝟖𝒌𝑷𝒂

𝐷𝐿 = 1.2(5.86) = 𝟕. 𝟎𝟑𝟑𝒌𝑷𝒂

𝜔 = 7.68 + 7.032 = 𝟏𝟒. 𝟕𝟏𝟑𝒌𝑷𝒂

CONSIDERING 1-meter STRIP:

𝜔 = 𝟏𝟒. 𝟕𝟏𝟑 𝒌𝑵/𝒎


𝐿𝑎 5
𝑚= = = 𝟏. 𝟎𝟎𝟎
𝐿𝑏 5

USING COEFFICIENT METHOD:


CASE 8: from Table of coefficients for moments and shear in two-way slab panels according
to the ACI CODE

NEGATIVE MOMENTS

𝒎𝒄𝒐𝒎𝒑
m 1 1 1.000
𝑪𝒂,𝒏𝒆𝒈 0.033 0.033 0.033
𝑪𝒃,𝒏𝒆𝒈 0.061 0.061 0.061

POSTIVE MOMENTS
m 1 1 1
𝑪𝒂,𝒑𝒐𝒔,𝒅𝒍 0.020 0.020 0.020
𝑪𝒃,𝒑𝒐𝒔,𝒅𝒍 0.023 0.023 0.023
𝑪𝒂,𝒑𝒐𝒔,𝒍𝒍 0.028 0.028 0.028
𝑪𝒃,𝒑𝒐𝒔,𝒍𝒍 0.030 0.030 0.030

MOMENT COEFFICIENT 𝑪𝒂 𝑪𝒃
Negative Moment 0.033 0.061
Positive Moment (DL) 0.020 0.023
Positive Moment (LL) 0.028 0.030
NEGATIVE MOMENT:

Short Direction:

𝑴𝒂,𝒏𝒆𝒈 = 𝐶𝑎 𝜔𝑢 𝐿𝑎 2 = .033(14.713)(5)2 = 𝟏𝟐. 𝟏𝟑𝟖 𝒌𝑵 − 𝒎

Long Direction:

𝑴𝒃,𝒏𝒆𝒈 = 𝐶𝑏 𝜔𝑢 𝐿𝑏 2 = .061(14.713)(5)2 = 𝟐𝟐. 𝟒𝟑𝟕 𝒌𝑵 − 𝒎

POSITIVE MOMENT:

 DEAD LOAD

Short Direction:

𝑴𝒂,𝒑𝒐𝒔,𝑫𝑳 = 𝐶𝑎 𝜔𝐷𝐿 𝐿𝑎 2 = 0.020(7.033)(5)2 = 𝟑. 𝟓𝟏𝟕 𝒌𝑵 − 𝒎

Long Direction:

𝑴𝒃,𝒑𝒐𝒔,𝑫𝑳 = 𝐶𝑏 𝜔𝐷𝐿 𝐿𝑏 2 = 0.023(7.033)(5)2 = 𝟒. 𝟎𝟒𝟒 𝒌𝑵 − 𝒎

 LIVE LOAD

Short Direction:

𝑴𝒂,𝒑𝒐𝒔,𝑳𝑳 = 𝐶𝑎 𝜔𝐿𝐿 𝐿𝑎 2 = 0.028(7.68)(5)2 = 𝟓. 𝟑𝟕𝟔 𝒌𝑵 − 𝒎

Long Direction:

𝑴𝒃,𝒑𝒐𝒔,𝑳𝑳 = 𝐶𝑏 𝜔𝐿𝐿 𝐿𝑏 2 = 0.030(7.68)(5)2 = 𝟓. 𝟕𝟔 𝒌𝑵 − 𝒎

TOTAL POSITVE MOMENT:

Short Direction:

𝑴𝒂,𝒑𝒐𝒔,𝑻𝑶𝑻𝑨𝑳 = 𝑴𝒂,𝒑𝒐𝒔,𝑫𝑳 + 𝑴𝒂,𝒑𝒐𝒔,𝑳𝑳 = 3.517 + 5.376 = 𝟖. 𝟖𝟗𝟑 𝒌𝑵 − 𝒎

Long Direction:

𝑴𝒃,𝒑𝒐𝒔,𝑻𝑶𝑻𝑨𝑳 = 𝑴𝒃,𝒑𝒐𝒔,𝑫𝑳 + 𝑴𝒃,𝒑𝒐𝒔,𝑳𝑳 = 4.044 + 5.76 = 𝟗. 𝟖𝟎𝟒 𝒌𝑵 − 𝒎


COMPUTATION OF REQUIRED REINFORCEMENT:

ALONG SHORT DIRECTION:

 AT MIDSPAN:

𝑀𝑈 = 8.893 𝑘𝑁 − 𝑚4

𝑀𝑈 8.893𝑥106
𝑅𝑛 = = = 𝟏. 𝟑𝟔𝟕𝟔𝟑 𝑴𝑷𝒂
𝜙𝑏𝑑2 0.90(1000)(85)2

0.85𝑓 ′ 𝑐 2𝑅𝑛 0.85(21) 2(1.36763)


𝜌𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑢𝑎𝑙 = [1 − √1 − ′ ]= [1 − √1 − ] = 𝟎. 𝟎𝟎𝟑𝟒𝟒
𝑓𝑦 0.85𝑓 𝑐 414 0.85(21)

1.4 1.4
𝜌𝑚𝑖𝑛 = = = 𝟎. 𝟎𝟎𝟑𝟑𝟖
𝑓𝑦 414

Use: 𝜌𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑢𝑎𝑙

𝐴𝑠 = 𝜌𝑏𝑑 = 0.00344(1000)(85) = 𝟐𝟗𝟐. 𝟎𝟒𝟓 𝒎𝒎𝟐

For the spacing of reinforcement:

𝜋(12)2
[( 4 ) 𝑥1000]
= 387.2599
292.045

𝑆 = 387.2599mm ≈ 𝟑𝟑𝟎 𝐦𝐦

 AT THE CONTINUOUS EDGE:

𝑀𝑈 = 12.138 𝑘𝑁 − 𝑚

𝑀𝑈 12.1381𝑥106
𝑅𝑛 = = = 𝟏. 𝟖𝟔𝟏𝟗𝟏 𝑴𝑷𝒂
𝜙𝑏𝑑2 0.90(1000)(85)2

0.85𝑓 ′ 𝑐 2𝑅𝑛 0.85(21) 2(1.86191 )


𝜌𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑢𝑎𝑙 = [1 − √1 − ′ ]= [1 − √1 − ] = 𝟎. 𝟎𝟎𝟒𝟕𝟔
𝑓𝑦 0.85𝑓 𝑐 414 0.85(21)

1.4 1.4
𝜌𝑚𝑖𝑛 = = = 𝟎. 𝟎𝟎𝟑𝟑𝟖
𝑓𝑦 414
Use: 𝜌𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑢𝑎𝑙

𝐴𝑠 = 𝜌𝑏𝑑 = 0.00476(1000)(85) = 𝟒𝟎𝟓. 𝟏𝟑𝟎 𝒎𝒎𝟐

For the spacing of reinforcement:

𝜋(12)2
[( 4 ) 𝑥1000]
= 279.163
405.130

𝑆 = 279.163 ≈ 𝟐𝟖𝟎 𝐦𝐦

ALONG LONG DIRECTION:

 AT MIDSPAN:

𝑀𝑈 = 9.804𝑘𝑁 − 𝑚

𝑀𝑈 9.804𝑥106
𝑅𝑛 = = = 𝟏. 𝟓𝟎𝟕𝟕𝟐 𝑴𝑷𝒂
𝜙𝑏𝑑2 0.90(1000)(85)2

0.85𝑓 ′ 𝑐 2𝑅𝑛 0.85(21) 2(1.50772 )


𝜌𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑢𝑎𝑙 = [1 − √1 − ′ ]= [1 − √1 − ] = 𝟎. 𝟎𝟎𝟑𝟖𝟏
𝑓𝑦 0.85𝑓 𝑐 414 0.85(21)

1.4 1.4
𝜌𝑚𝑖𝑛 = = = 𝟎. 𝟎𝟎𝟑𝟑𝟖
𝑓𝑦 414

Use: 𝜌𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑢𝑎𝑙

𝐴𝑠 = 𝜌𝑏𝑑 = 0.00381(1000)85 = 𝟑𝟐𝟑. 𝟖𝟓 𝒎𝒎𝟐

For the spacing of reinforcement:

𝜋(12)2
[( 4 ) 𝑥1000]
= 349.228
323.85

𝑆 = 349.85 ≈ 𝟑𝟑𝟎 𝐦𝐦

 AT THE CONTINUOUS EDGE:

𝑀𝑈 = 22.437𝑘𝑁 − 𝑚
𝑀𝑈 22.437𝑥106
𝑅𝑛 = = = 𝟑. 𝟒𝟓𝟎𝟓𝟐 𝑴𝑷𝒂
𝜙𝑏𝑑2 0.90(1000)(85)2

0.85𝑓 ′ 𝑐 2𝑅𝑛 0.85(21) 2(3.45052 )


𝜌𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑢𝑎𝑙 = [1 − √1 − ]= [1 − √1 − ] = 𝟎. 𝟎𝟎𝟗𝟑𝟓
𝑓𝑦 0.85𝑓 ′ 𝑐 414 0.85(21)

1.4 1.4
𝜌𝑚𝑖𝑛 = = = 𝟎. 𝟎𝟎𝟑𝟑𝟖
𝑓𝑦 414

Use: 𝜌𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑢𝑎𝑙

𝐴𝑠 = 𝜌𝑏𝑑 = 0.00935(1000)(85) = 𝟕𝟗𝟒. 𝟕𝟓 𝒎𝒎𝟐

For the spacing of reinforcement:

𝜋(12)2
[( 4 ) 𝑥1000]
= 144.119
784.75

𝑆 = 144.119mm ≈ 𝟏𝟒𝟓 𝐦𝐦

SUMMARY TABLE OF STORE - 1

SHORT DIRECTION LONG DIRECTION


Store - 1
Cont. Edge Midspan Discont. Edge Cont. Edge Midspan Discont. Edge
Moment,
kN - m 12.139 8.893 2.964 22.438 9.804 0
h, mm 111.112 111.112 111.112 111.112 111.112 111.112
d, mm 85.112 85.112 85.112 85.112 79 85.112
Rn, MPa 1.86191 1.36403 0.45463 3.44160 1.74545 0
Req'd ρ 0.00476 0.00343 0.00111 0.00932 0.00445 0
use ρ 0.00476 0.00343 0.00338 0.00932 0.00445 0
As, mm2 405.130 292.045 287.679 793.282 351.171 0
Req'd s, mm 280 385 395 145 330 0
use s, mm 280 333.36 333.36 145 330 0