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FACULTY OF APPLIED SCIENCE

DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY

COURSE ND: ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY Pages

ND: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING 4

SUBJECT INORGANIC CHEMISTRY II

SUBJECT CODE INC200S

DATE 01 November 2011

MARKS 60marks

TIME 90min

EXAMINER S ADONIS

MODERATOR F WEWERS

INSTRUCTIONS

 Read all question carefully before starting.

 Please answer all questions

Question 1: Please answer the following questions on the answer sheet provided

1
1.1 Which of the following statements concerning the element lithium and its compounds is not correct?
(a) Lithium’s oxides are basic.
(b) Lithium nitrate decomposes on heating to the oxide
(c) The carbonate and phosphate of lithium is insoluble in water
(d) Lithium hydrogencarbonate is a solid.
(e) Lithium carbonate and lithium hydroxide are unstable to heat.

1.2 Beryllium is an alkali earth metal. Which of these statements is likely to be incorrect?

(a) Compounds of this element are covalent.


(b) The element will decompose water, liberating hydrogen.
(c) The oxide of the element will be amphoteric.
(d) Beryllium chloride is an electron deficient compound.
(e) Beryllium can form only the monoxide not the peroxide.

1.3 Which of the following statements is incorrect? The Group 3 elements B to Tl;

(a) all display appreciable metallic character except boron, which is mainly
non – metallic in its properties
(b) all form basic oxides
(c) all form trihalides, with the formula MX3
(d) all form halides that function as Lewis acids
(e) all exhibit an oxidation state of +3

1.4 Which of the following statements is not true for boron?

(a) Forms simple B3+ ions.


(b) All its compounds are almost exclusively covalent.
(c) Forms trivalent compounds that serve as Lewis acids.
(d) It resembles silicon in some ways especially its affinity for oxygen.
(e) Forms covalent halides that are readily hydrolyzed.

1.5 Which one of the following decreases on descending Group 2 (from Be to Ba)?
(a) solubilities of the hydroxides in water
(b) basic strength of oxides
(c) thermal stabilities of the carbonates
(d) sum of the first two ionisation energies
(e) electropositive character of the element

/5 x 2=10/

Question 2

2
2.1 Draw the molecular orbital diagram for O2-. Calculate the bond order & indicate the magnetism of the molecule
(6)

2.2 For each of the compounds listed below, use Lewis structures to determine
(a) electron-domain geometry, (b) molecular geometry (c) polarity and (d) mode of hybridization in the
central atom:

2.2.1 I3 (6)
2.2.2 SF5 (6)

2.3 The hydrogen sulphate ion, HSO4-, is a weak conjugate base of sulphuric acid. The ion exists as a
resonance hybrid of two structures.
2.3.1 Draw the Lewis structure for each of the two resonance hybrids. (4)
2.3.2 Assign formal charges to each of the atoms in the two structures drawn in (a). (2)
2.3.3 Use your answer in (a), together with the fact that HSO 4- accepts a proton (H+)
during protolysis, to determine which of the two possible structures contributes most
to the resonance structures of the ion. Motivate your answer fully. (2)

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Question 3

3.1 Give a balanced equations for the production of Portland Cement (3)

3.2 Complete the following equations for the extraction of aluminium from bauxite:

(i) + OH- + H 2O  (ii)

(ii)  Al(OH)3 + OH-



Al(OH)3  (iii) + H 2O (3)

3.3 Give three uses of aluminium. (3)

3.4 Explain why aluminium is corrosion resistant (2)


3
3.5 Complete and balance the following reactions for the extraction of boron from borax:
B4O72-(aq) + (i) + H2O(l)  H3BO3(aq)

2H3BO3 (ii) + (iii)

(ii) + Mg(s)  (iv) + (v) (5)

3.6 Identify the group 3 elements that best fits each of the following descriptions.
(i) is the most abundant element of the group
(ii) has an unusually low melting point
(iii) is a semiconductor
(3)

3.7 What is silica glass? Give two advantages and one disadvantage of silica glass over ordinary glass. (5)

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TOTAL = 60 marks