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# Unit 1 PHYSICS

From v = u + at Till both are in air (From t = 0 to t = 8 second)
v=0–g×t x = x2 – x1 = 30t
 v = –gt  x  t
And just after collision velocity is upwarded then When second stone hits ground and first stone is
after some time it becomes zero and then negative. in air x decreases.
Same process repeats. 4. Answer (3)
1 Acceleration is constant and negative
From S  ut  at 2
2
1 2 v
h  4.9  gt
2

4.9 m

Options (1), (3) and (4) correspond to uniformly
So, graph will be downward parabola.
accelerated motion in a straight line with positive
2. Answer (3) initial velocity and constant negative acceleration,
whereas option (2) does not correspond to this
motion.
  
v  u  at
H
 (3iˆ  4 ˆj )  10(0.4iˆ  0.3 ˆj )
u2 + 2gH
 (3iˆ  4 ˆj )  (4iˆ  3 ˆj )
u
Time taken to reach highest point is t1   7iˆ  7 jˆ
g

2 | v |  7 2 units
Speed on reaching ground  u  2gh
Now, v = u + at 7. Answer (1)

dx dy
 u 2  2gh  –u  gt  Ky ;  Kx
dt dt
u  u 2  2gH nu dy x
 t    ydy = xdx
g g dx y
 2gH  n(n – 2)u 2  y2 = x2 + constant

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2 ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS ARCHIVE - JEE (Main)

##  –v 2 v2 aA(along vertical)  g sin2 60º

a= cosθ iˆ – sin θ ˆj
R R
aB (along vertical)  g sin2 30º

⎛3 1⎞ g 2
(R, )  a( A / B ) along vertical  g ⎜ – ⎟   4.9 m/s
a  ⎝ 4 4 ⎠ 2

F1 = mg(sin + cos)
F2 = mg(sin – cos)

## 9. Answer (1) F1 2sin   tan  cos 

F2 2sin   tan  cos 
S = t3 + 5
=3
dS
 3t 2 15. Answer (2)
dt
1
v = 3t2 k
l
dv k1l1 = kl
 6t
dt
kl
k1 
At t = 2 s l1
v = 12 m/s
5 l 5k
 k1  k 
2l 2
(12)2 144
 ac    7.2 m/s 16. Answer (2)
20 20
 12 m/s2
dt
dy x 2
tan = 
a  ac2  at2  122  (7.2)2 dx 2
At limiting equilibrium,
 14 m/s2 m
 = tan
y
2
0.5 =
2
gx 2  x = ±1
y  x tan  
2u 2 cos2 
1
Now, y =
vy 1 6
Here tan    2 also cos   , u 5

fs
10 x 2 2
 y  2x   2x  5 x A B
1 F N
25
5
20 N 100 N
12. Answer (3) Clearly fs = 120 N (for vertical equilibrium of the
I = p = m|v| = 0.4 × (1 + 1) = 0.8 Ns system)

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ARCHIVE - JEE (Main) ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS 3
⇒ 
Work done by friction along PQ x13 x 7
= work done by friction along QR 2a
6
⇒ x 
b
h
mg cos  = mg x
sin30º a b b 2 b 2 b 2
⇒ U(at equilibrium)  2
   
 x = 3.5 m ⎛ 2a ⎞ ⎛ 2a ⎞ 4a 2a 4a
⎜ b ⎟ ⎜ b ⎟
Now, according to work energy theorem ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎠

## mgh = wf(PQ) + wf(QOR) At x =  , U = 0

Since, wf(PQ) = wf(QR)
b2
⇒ D
h 4a
mg(2) = 2 × mg cos 30°
  = 0.29 k  t
21. Answer (4)  v2  t
The roller will turn left as a force of friction will or v t
develop on rail AB in the backward direction.
dv 1
dt t
To stop the moving block m2, acceleration of m2
should be opposite to velocity of m2 27. Answer (4)
m1g < (m + m2)g 28. Answer (4)
 5 < 0.15(10 + m2) Maximum energy loss is
 m2 > 23.33 kg M ⎛1
1 Mm 2⎞
(v  0)2 = ⎜ 2 mv ⎟
 Minimum mass = 27.3 kg (according to given 2M m M  m ⎝ ⎠
options)
So, Statement-1 is wrong.
k
m2R  k R –n 
Rn ∫ dW  ∫ F  dl
1 1 L L
W  ∫ ax dx  ∫ bx 2 dx 
aL2 bL3
   .
T2 R n 1 0 0 2 3
⎛ n 1 ⎞ 30. Answer (3)
⎜ 2 ⎟
 T  R⎝ ⎠
m 2v
If the particle moving in same direction lose all = 2mv 2
v'
their energy, final momentum will become zero, 3m
whereas initial momentum is not zero. 2m
1 1
m  2v    2m  v 2
2
KE loss =
a b 2 2
U  12  6
x x 2
1 ⎛ 2mv 2 ⎞ 5
   3m  ⎜⎜ ⎟⎟  mv
2
dU 2 ⎝ 3 m ⎠ 3
At equilibrium 0
dx
5
mv 2
12a 6b Required % = 3  100  56%
⇒  7 0
x13 x 2mv 2  mv 2

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4 ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS ARCHIVE - JEE (Main)

Let x kg of fat is burned then
–dU ⎡ k ⎤
F ⎢U  – 2 ⎥
20 dr ⎣ 2r ⎦
x × 3.8 × 107 × = 10 × 9.8 × 1000
100 mv 2 k
 3 [This force provides necessary
 x = 12.89 × 10–3 kg r r centripetal force]
2 k
 mv 
1 r2
kf mv 02
8 1
  k
ki 1 2 4  K.E 
mv 0 2r 2
2
k
vf 1  P.E  –
 2r 2
vi 2
Total energy = Zero
vf 
2 It is a case of superelastic collision
mdv mv0 = mv1 + mv2 ...(i)
 kv 2 
dt  v1 + v2 = v0

1
 3⎛1 ⎞

v0
2 t0 m v12  v 22  ⎜ mv 02 ⎟
dv  kdt 2 2⎝2 ⎠
∫ v2 ∫ 
m
v0 0
 v 2
1  v 22   3 2
2
v0 ...(ii)
v0
⎡ 1⎤ 2 k
⎢  v ⎥  m t0  (v1  v 2 )2  v12  v 22  2v1v 2
⎣ ⎦v 0
3v 02
 v 02   2v1v 2
1 2 k 2
   t0
v0 v0 m
v 02
 2v1v 2  – ...(iii)
1 k 2
   t0
v0 m 2 2
 (v1 – v2)2 = (v1 + v2)2 – 4v1v2 = v 0  v 0
m 102
k  = 10–4 kg m–1  v1 – v 2  2 v 0
v 0 t0 10  10
mu = mv1 + 2m × v2 ...(i)
dv u = (v2 – v1) ...(ii)
6t  1
dt
u
v
 v1  
3
∫ dv  ∫ 6t dt
0 2
1 1 ⎛u ⎞
mu 2  m ⎜ ⎟
1 E 2 2 ⎝3⎠ 8
⎡t2 ⎤   pd    0.89
v  6 ⎢ ⎥ = 3 ms–1 E 1 2 9
mu
⎣ 2 ⎦0 2

## 1 And mu = mv1 + (12m) × v2 ...(iii)

W = KE   1  9  4.5 J
2 u = (v2 – v1) ...(iv)

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ARCHIVE - JEE (Main) ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS 5
11
 v1   u
13  = mg  l sin . (Direction parallel to plane of
rotation of particle)
2
1 1 ⎛ 11 ⎞ 
mu 2  m ⎜ u ⎟
E 2 2 ⎝ 13 ⎠ 48
  pc    0.28
E 1 169 
mu 2
2 l l

Loss in kinetic energy = Gain in potential energy 
as  is perpendicular to L , direction of L changes
1 2
I   mgh but magnitude remains same.
2

1 ⎛ m 2 ⎞ 2 2 2 dm  r 2 .dy .
 ⎜ ⎟⎟   mgh  h 
2 ⎜⎝ 3 ⎠ 6g

  y
Angular momentum, L  ∫  dt
r h

L  – ∫ mg x dt kˆ

= – ∫ mg v0 cos  t dt kˆ
R
mg v0 cos  t 2 ˆ
= – k h
2 2

y CM 
∫ ydm  ∫0 r dy    y 
3h
39. Answer (1) 1 2 4
∫ dm 3
R h
L = mu cos  × h
3 v 2 sin2 30 3mv 3
= mv   =
2 2g 16g d  2R  a 3
2
By conservation of angular momentum about a  a R
3
point on ground
mr2r = mr2w + mvr 4
R 3
 mr20 = 2 mvr M 3 3
  
M  ⎛ 2 ⎞3 2
r 0 ⎜ R⎟
 v ⎝ 3 ⎠
2
 M' 
a = R  3
mg – T = ma R
mR2 M ' a 2 2M 4 2 1
T×R=
T I   R 
6 3 3 6
or T = ma
T
g m a 4MR 2
 a= I
2 mg 9 3

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6 ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS ARCHIVE - JEE (Main)

 M 2
I = Mg sin   I 
 ⎡R ⎤ 2 3
In option 1, correct L should be mv ⎢  a ⎥ kˆ
⎣ 2 ⎦
M 2 
when the particle is moving from C to D.    Mg sin 
3 2
 mv ˆ
In option 3, correct L should be Rk  sin 
2 g
3 2
3g sin 

2
l
MR 2 ⎛ MR 2 ⎞
I0   6⎜  M (2R )2 ⎟
2 ⎜ 2 ⎟
⎝ ⎠
mR 2 m2
I  IP = I0 + 7M(3R)2
4 12
181
m ⎡ 2 2 ⎤ m ⎡ v 2 ⎤ = MR 2
I ⎢ R  ⎥  ⎢  ⎥ 2
4 ⎣⎢ 3 ⎥⎦ 4 ⎢⎣  3 ⎦⎥
dI m ⎡ v 2 ⎤ m
  0
d  4 ⎢⎣ 2 3 ⎥⎦ m
(9M )
M
9
v 2
2

 3 9M

23
v
3

23 (9M )  R 2
R 2   I1 
3 2

2 3 2
2
 ⎛R ⎞
R 2 M ⎜ ⎟ 2 2
I2  ⎝ 3 ⎠  M  ⎛ 2R ⎞  MR
2 ⎜ 3 ⎟ 2
 3 ⎝ ⎠

R 2
 Ireq = I1 – I2
Torque at angle  9 MR 2
 MR 2 –
2 2

  Mg sin   = 4MR2
2
,
g
As, g (h )  2
(M, l) ⎛ h⎞
 ⎜1  R ⎟
⎝ ⎠

Mg
g g
  2
9 ⎛ h⎞
1
⎜ R⎟
= I ⎝ ⎠
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ARCHIVE - JEE (Main) ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS 7
⎛ h⎞
 ⎜1  ⎟  3
⎝ R⎠ V0  gR

h Ve  2gR
  2 ⇒ h  2R
R
51. Answer (3) V  ( 2  1) gR
mv 2 Gm2

R (2R )2 g

Gm gs
v
4R
d
GMm
At surface, E   Variation of g inside earth surface
R
GMm GMm Gm
In orbit, E    d Rg  d
2(3R ) 6R R2

5 GMm d  R  gs 
Gm
 Required energy =
6R R2

d Rg 
M F M d2
F F Mv 2
  F  v
F
2 2 R R 58. Answer (3)
F
O F Δl
2  GM 2 GM 2 Mv 2 =Y
  A l
2(R 2)2 4R 2 R M M
ΔlA2 ΔlA2
 F= Y = Y
GM 2 ⎡ 1 1 ⎤ 2 Al V
 ⎥  Mv
R ⎢⎣ 4 2⎦  F  A2

F 1
Gm ⎛ 2  4 ⎞ 1 Gm 
v  ⎜ ⎟ 
R ⎜⎝ 4 2 ⎟⎠ 2 R
1 2 2   F
=
9
 F  = 9F
V = V1 – V2
l
⎡ 2 ⎛ R ⎞2 ⎤  t
GM l
V1   ⎢3R  ⎜ ⎟ ⎥
2R 3 ⎣ ⎝2⎠ ⎦ Stress = Yt
M
3G ⎛⎜ ⎞⎟
V2   ⎝8⎠
vf
R  93
2 ⎜ ⎞⎟

vi
⎝2⎠

## GM ∵ Density remains same

 V 
R So, mass  Volume

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8 ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS ARCHIVE - JEE (Main)

 93 L
Ag kx0
mi For equilibrium, 2

(Area)f L
 92 Mg  Ag  kx0
(Area)i 2

Mg ⎛ LA ⎞
(Mass)  g  x0  1
Stress = k ⎜⎝ 2M ⎟⎠ Mg
Area
2 ⎛ mf ⎞ ⎛ Ai ⎞
 This could happen if dm × L =dA × T
1 ⎜⎝ mi ⎟⎠ ⎜⎝ Af ⎟⎠
4R2dR ×  × L =8 RdR × T
93 2T
 9 R
92 L
dP Equating pressure at A
K  V
dV

dV dP mg
⇒  
V K Ka R d2 R sin

3dr mg
⇒   R
r Ka Rcos
(R cos – R sin)
dr mg
⇒  d1 A
r 3Ka
(Rcos + Rsin)d2g = (Rcos – Rsin)d1g
 > oil , ball must sink in oil alone. d1 cos   sin  1  tan 
  
As  < water , ball must float in water. d2 cos  – sin  1– tan 

SE = T × SA When the bubble gets detached,
=T× 4R2 Buoyant force = force due to surface tension
Now, R3 = 2r3
R = 21/3r
 SE = T × 422/3r2
R 

2r 2 r
T × dl
v (   )
9g 4 3
∫ T  dl sin   3 R w g
v     
   r 4
v    T  2r   R 3w g
R 3
7.8  1.2 8.5  104 2R 4w g
=   r2 
13.2 7.8  1 3
v = 6.25 × 10–4 cm s–1 2w g
2
 r R
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ARCHIVE - JEE (Main) ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS 9
l  l
x = A sin(t + ) TM  2 ...(ii)
g
a = – A 2 sin (t + )
Fl Mgl
aT Y  ⇒ l  ...(iii)
So = – 2T (which is constant) Al AY
x
2
71. Answer (3) 1 A ⎡⎛ TM ⎞ ⎤
⇒  ⎢⎜ ⎟  1⎥
Frestoring = –(Ax)g Y Mg ⎢⎣⎝ T ⎠ ⎥⎦

## m l 3d 76. Answer (2)

T = 2 = 2
k Ag
1
KE  m2 ( A2  d 2 )
ld 2
Now, A = l 2  T  2
g
1
PE  m2d 2
73. Answer (3) At d = ± A,
In 10 seconds it will become (0.9)3 = 0.729 times. PE = maximum while KE = 0.
As it starts from rest, we have
2
⎛ 2A ⎞  5A
x = Acost. At t = 0, x = A    A2  ⎜ ⎟ 
⎝ 3 ⎠ 3
when t = , x = A – a
when t = 2, x = A – 3a
 5A
 A – a = Acos Now, V   3 
3
A – 3a = Acos2
2
As cos2 = 2cos2 – 1 ⎛ 2A ⎞ 7A
Now, V    A  ⎜ ⇒ A 
2

2
⎝ 3 ⎠ 3
A – 3a ⎛A–a⎞
  2⎜ ⎟ –1 78. Answer (4)
A ⎝ A ⎠
1
A – 3a 2 A2  2a 2 – 4 Aa – A2 K.E  m2 A2 cos2 t
 2
A A2
A2 – 3aA = A2 + 2a2 – 4Aa
a2 = 2aA
A = 2a
Now, A – a = Acos T T
4 2
1
 cos  

2  x

T 3
 T = 6
Kx = ma  a = (K/m)x

l m
T  2 ...(i) T  2
g K

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10 ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS ARCHIVE - JEE (Main)

1 1 K
f    1012 86. Answer (2)
T 2 m

1 K 1 T 1 Stress 1   strain
   1024 f   
42 m 2l  2l Density 2l Density

4  10  108  103 1
K  42 m  1024   1024 2.2  1011 
6.02  1023 1 100
 f  
2  1.5 7.7  103
= 7.1 N/m
1 2
=  106
If we assume that all the three waves are in same 3 7
phase at t = 0 they will be again in same phase
at t = 1
1000 2
=   178.2 Hz
⎛ v – v 0 ⎞⎟ ⎛ ⎞
⎜ ⎟ ⎜⎜ v = speed of sound ⎟⎟ 87. Answer (3)
f = f ⎜⎜ ⎜⎝⎜v = speed of observer ⎠⎟⎟
⎝ v ⎠⎟⎟ 0
(2n  1)v
f   1250
4L
 0.94 = 1 – v 0
v
(2n  1)  340
v0   1250
 = 0.06 0.85  4
v
 2n – 1  12.5
 v0 = 19.8 m/s
 Distance covered = = 98 m
2a
⎡ v ⎤ ⎡ 320 ⎤ 320
82. Answer (1) f1  f ⎢ ⎥f ⎢ ⎥  f  300 Hz
⎣ v  v s⎦ ⎣ 320  20 ⎦
⎛ 2 ⎞
 ⎜⎝ 0.04 ⎟⎠ 0.50 ⎡ v ⎤
f2  f ⎢
320
    12.5 m/s ⎥f Hz
k ⎛ 2  ⎞ 0.04 ⎣v  vs ⎦ 340
⎜ 0.50 ⎟
⎝ ⎠
⎛f ⎞ ⎛f f ⎞
100  ⎜ 2  1⎟  ⎜ 2 1 ⎟  100
T ⎝ f1 ⎠ ⎝ f1 ⎠
 ⇒T  v 2  (12.5)2  0.04 = 6.25 N

⎡ 300 ⎤
 100 ⎢  1⎥  12%
83. Answer (2) ⎣ 340 ⎦
y = 2Asint coskx 89. Answer (2)
At nodes,
T
coskx = 0 

(2n  1)
⇒ kx  dx xg
2 
dt 
L
dx t
1
I  2 A2v ∫ xg
 ∫0 dt
2 0

I  A2, I  2  t= 2 2 s

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ARCHIVE - JEE (Main) ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS 11
Before dipping The temperature will decrease exponentially with
time.
v
2L
As length is constant,
After dipping
L
v Strain = = Q
f  f L
4L
2 Now pressure = stress = Y × strain
= 2 × 1011 × 1.1 × 10–5 × 100
= 2.2 × 108 Pa
V 1 Y 98. Answer (3)
f0  
2L 2L 
100°C

1 9.27  1010 Cu
=  4.88 kHz  5 kHz
2  0.6 2.7  103
T
Steel
As rate of heat flow through the rod is constant 0°C
through each section. 0°C

T1     T2 Q = Q1 + Q2

x x
k0 A k0 A 0.92  4(100  T ) 0.26  4  (T  0) 0.12  4  T
 
46 13 12
T1  T2
 200 – 2T = 2T + T
(T1 > T2)
 T = 40°C
x
0.92  4  60
(T  T )x  Q= = 4.8 cal/s
    1 2  T1 46

So, graph is
1
 (40  T )  86400  12s ...(i)
 2

1
 (T  20)  86400  4 ...(ii)
2
On dividing (i) by (ii) and solving
x T = 25°C
100 × 0.1 × (t – 75)
V = V(3) T
= 100 × 0.1 × 45 + 170 × 1 × 45
4 3 6
= (10)  3  23  10  100 10t – 750 = 450 + 7650
3
= 28.9 cc 10t = 1200 + 7650

## 94. Answer (4) 10t = 8850

95. Answer (1) t = 885°C

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12 ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS ARCHIVE - JEE (Main)

P n1 = initial number of moles
K=
⎛ V ⎞
⎜– V ⎟ PV
5
10  30 3
⎝ ⎠ n1 = 1 1
  1.24  10
RT1 8.3  290
V P
=
V K n2 = final number of moles
 V = V0 (1 + t)  = 3 5
P2V2 10  30 3
=   1.20  10
V RT2 8.3  300
V0 = t
Change of number of molecules :
P P P
 = t  t = = nf – ni = (n2 – n1) × 6.023 × 1023
K K 3 K
 – 2.5 × 1025
f
E  PV F = nmvcos × 2
2
5 F 2.nmv cos 
E PV P 
2 A A
5 m
 P 
2  2  1023  3.32  10 27  103
 4
N/m2
2  2  10
5  8  104  1
  5  104 J
2 4 = 2.35 × 103 N/m2
Since process is isobaric
(54 – x)
54 cm P WAB = 2 × R × 200 = 400R
8 cm
Since process is isothermal

⎛ 1⎞
 WDA = 2.303 × 2 × R × 300 log ⎜ ⎟
⎝2⎠
P + x = P0 = –415.8R J
P = (76 – x) So, work done on the gas = 415.8R J
8  A  76 = (76 – x)  A  (54 – x) Remarks : The exact answer is 415.8R J but the
x = 38 option given in the question is approximate.
Length of air column = 54 – 38 = 16 cm. 109. Answer (1)
104. Answer (3) Wtotal = WDA + WBC , since WAB + WCD = 0
 1
  ...(i) ⎛ 1⎞
3RT = 2.303 × 2 × R × 300 log ⎜ ⎟ + 2.303 ×
2d 2 ⎜ ⎞⎟

v rms N
⎝V ⎠ M ⎝2⎠
2 × R × 500 log(2)
V
 ...(ii)
T = 2.303 × 2R × 200 log(2)
TV – 1 = k ...(iii) = 277.2R
 1 Remarks : The exact answer is 277.2R but the
  V 2 option given in the question is approximate.

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ARCHIVE - JEE (Main) ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS 13
110. Answer (3) In AB, Q = nCPT
5R
Q  n  ( T )
T1V1 –1 = T2V2 –1 2

 –1 5
T1 ⎛ V2 ⎞  (4 p0v 0  2 p0v 0 )  5 p0v 0
⎜V ⎟
7 2
T2 =
⎝ 1⎠
=  32 5 – 1 = (32)2/5 = 4
In DA, Q = nCVT
T2 1 3R 3
 = 1– = 1– = 0.75  n  ( T )  ( p0v 0 )
T1 4 2 2
13
Total = p0v 0
This is free expansion T will remain same, while 2
pressure is halved.
PV = constant
T2
Differentiating after taking log
Heat energy required = m ∫ c dT
T1
dP dV
 0
20 K 3 P V
⎛ T ⎞
= ∫ 0.1 32 ⎜ ⎟ dT
⎝ 400 ⎠ P dV
4K dP  
V
 0.002 kJ
Now, refrigerator is working at 27°C (= 300 K). P Ax
dP  
Now, if the temperature remains constant at 20°K, V
then work done by refrigerator
P A2 x
Frestoring   Take P = P0, V = V0
Q(T1  T2 ) (0.002)(300  20) V
= = = 0.028 kJ
T2 20
1 k 1 P0 A2
Work done by refrigerator if temperature remains f  
constant at 4°K 2 M 2 V0M

## (0.002)(300  4) 117. Answer (4)

= = 0.148 kJ
4 5R
U  nCV T  1 T
As the temperature is varying from 20°K  4°K, 2
thus the work by refrigerator will be between
For BC, T = –200 K
0.148 kJ and 0.028 kJ.
 U = –500R
115. Answer (2) 1⎛U ⎞ 1 4
P ⎜ ⎟  kT ...(i)
p 3 ⎝V ⎠ 3
2p0 A B PV = RT ...(ii)

RT 1 4
p0  kT
D C V 3
 V  T–3
v0 2v0 v
1
R
Heat is extracted from source in AB & DA T

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14 ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS ARCHIVE - JEE (Main)

TV  – 1 = Constant
P0
P V  3P0 5
V0 –1
⎛ V ⎞3
Tf  300 ⎜ ⎟  189 K
⎝ 2V ⎠
P0v 2 3P0v
T   …(i) 3R
V0 nR nR U  nCv T  2   [189 – 300]
2
For Tmax = –2.7 kJ
dT
0
dv q Q

3
 v v …(ii)
2 0
Using (i) & (ii)
q
9 P0V0 Q
Tmax 
4 nR

## 120. Answer (1) Either of Q or q must be negative for equilibrium.

C  CV 
R
⇒ C  CV 
R kQq kQ 2
2 
1 n 1 n l2 2l 2

R nR |Q |
or C  CP  R  ⇒ C  CP  2 2
1 n 1 n |q|

## C  CP 124. Answer (2)

 n
C  CV

Let molar heat capacity at constant pressure = Xp
and molar heat capacity at constant volume = Xv R
Xp – Xv = R
MCp – MCv = R Consider a gaussian surface of radius r1
  Q
Cp – Cv =
R
M ∫ E. dA  en
0

1
For hydrogen; a =
R
2
E 4r12 
0 ∫  dV
R r1
1
∫ R
For N2; b = Qr
28  4r 2 dr
0 4
0
a
= 14
b Qr14 Qr12
E 
a = 14b 40 R 4 r12 40 R 4

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ARCHIVE - JEE (Main) ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS 15

## By symmetry, ∫ dE cos  = 0 K = Q(VA – V0)

 q q
E  – ∫ dE sin  ˆj V0  0, VA  2 2
40a 40 ( 5a )
 ⎡ dq ⎤
E  – ⎢∫ 2
sin ⎥ ˆj 1 2qQ ⎡ 1 ⎤
⎣ 40r ⎦  K ⎢1  ⎥
40 a ⎣ 5⎦

dq
q A q

 + d
 O 2a
 (0, 0)
–q –q
dE
Now, dq = d

q –q ˆ F F
E= – ∫ 42 r 2 sin  d  ˆj =
22  0 r 2
j
0 0
 y

(
q o q
Charge enclosed by a Gaussian sphere of radius a a
r(< R) is
Fnet = 2F cos
r
⎛5 r ⎞
Qin  ∫  dV  ∫ 0 ⎜ – ⎟4r 2dr 2  kq 2 y
0 ⎝4 R⎠ =  2
2(a  y ) (a  y 2 )1/2
2 2
r
⎡5 r 3 4r 4 ⎤
 0 ⎢  4  – ⎥ kq 2 y
⎣⎢ 4 3 4R ⎦⎥ 0 F
a3
⎡5 r 4 ⎤ Fy
 0 ⎢ r 3 – ⎥
⎢⎣ 3 R ⎥⎦
Qin 0 r ⎡ 5 r ⎤ The field line should resemble that of a dipole.
E  –
40 r 2
40 ⎢⎣ 3 R ⎥⎦ 132. Answer (4)

T a
dr
F
r

mg
For equilibrium, F = mg tan
At r = a
in oil F   mg  tan 
kQ
Ea 
F g 1 1 a2
 ⇒k   2
F  g ⎛  ⎞ 1  0.8 Take a shell at r = r
⎜1   ⎟ 1.6
⎝ ⎠ (a  r  b )

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16 ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS ARCHIVE - JEE (Main)

dq = 4r2dr
r We = – q (Vf – Vi) It depends on initial and final
point only, because electrostatic field is a
 q from r = a to r = r
conservative field.
r

## q  4A ∫ rdr  2A[r 2  a 2 ] 136. Answer (4)

a

q 2 (q0 )2 –2t / RC
 Charge from r = a to r = b U  e  U0e –2t / RC
2C 2C
q = 2A[b2 – a2]

2A[b 2  a 2 ]  Q q  q0e – t / RC
Now, field at r = b is Eb 
0  4b 2
1
Q When charge becomes times, energy becomes
Now, Ea = Eb gives, A  4
2a 2
1
16
y
So, t1 = one half life, while t2 = 4 half lives
 x
For this, charge must be same Q = C1V1 = C2V2
 120C1 = 200C2
z
  3C1 = 5C2
p  p cos i  p sin j 139. Answer (4)

E 1  Ei kdq
   V ∫
Lx
T 1  p  E1


L
= ( p cos i  p sin j )  E i
kQ dL kQ
L O∫ L  x
V  ln 2
L

k  pE sin  
k   …(i)
Q
 V ln2
40L
E 2  3E1j
T2  ( p cos i  p sin j )  3E1j  
dV  E  dx

k  3 pE1 cos 
k …(ii)
VA 2
From (i) & (ii)
∫ dV   ∫ 30 x 2dx
VO 0
pE sin   3 pE cos 
VA  VO  [10 x 3 ]02  80 J
tan   3
 = 60°
E
Q = 100e = –100 × 1.6 × 10–19 = –1.6 × 10–17C K 0
V = –14 V  = K0 E
 W = Q V = 14 × 1.6 × 10–17 = 2.24 × 10–16 J = 2.2 × 8.85 ×10–12 × 3 ×104  6 × 10–7 C/m2

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ARCHIVE - JEE (Main) ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS 17
Following arrangement will do the needful :
Q
V0  k ...(i)
R 8 capacitors of 1F in parallel with four such
branches in series.
kQ
VI   3R 2  r 2  1 1 1 1
2R 3
2 2 2 2
3 3 3 3
3
V  V0 R1 = 0 8 8 8 8
2

5 kQ  2 2
 kQ 3R 3 r
1000 V
4 R 2R
8 F 8 F 8 F 8 F
R
 R2  250 V 250 V 250 V 250 V
2
1000 V
3 kQ kQ
 3
4 R R 146. Answer (2)
C
4R B
 R3 
3 +
A –
+
1 kQ kQ a

4 R R4
b
 R4 = 4R  R4 > 2R
c

## 3C ⎡ 4a 2 4b 2 4c 2 ⎤

Caq = ...(i) VB  ⎢  
3 C ⎥
⎣⎢ 40 b 40 b 40 c ⎦⎥
⎛ 3C ⎞
Total charges q  ⎜ ⎟E ...(ii)  ⎡ a2  b2 ⎤
⎝3 C ⎠ VB   c⎥

0 ⎢⎣ b ⎥⎦
Charge upon capacitor 2 F,
2 3CE 2CE 2E
q     C' = KC0
3 (3  C ) 3  C 1  3
C Q = KC0V

dQ 2 ⎛ 1⎞
dQ
 0, 0 Qinduced  Q ⎜ 1– ⎟
Now, ⎝ K⎠
dC dC 2
144. Answer (2) 5 ⎛ 3⎞
  90  10 –12  20 ⎜ 1– ⎟
Cnet = 5 F 3 ⎝ 5⎠
Qnet = 5 × 8 = 40 = 1.2 nC
Q4 F = 24 148. Answer (3)
Q9 F = 18
As relation R = R0(1 + t) is valid only when
Q = Q4 F + Q9 F = 42 C R < < R0 .
kQ 9  104  42  10 –6 Hence statement 1 is false and statement 2 is
E   420 N/C
r2 30  30 true.
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18 ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS ARCHIVE - JEE (Main)

RS = R1 + R2 6

## dRS dR1 dR2 120 V Heater

  ; Rs  R11  R2 2 60 W
dT dT dT (240 W)
As R1 = R2  R = R1 + R2 = 2R1

## 1   2 Assuming that both bulb and the heater has a

  rating of 120 V
2

1 1 1 120  120
  Rbulb   240 
RP R1 R2 60
Rheater = 60 
1 dRP 1 dR1 1 dR2
 2  2
2
RP dT R1 dT R2 dT 120 120
Initial current is i  
240  6 246
P 1  2
  New current is
RP R1 R2
120 60 120 1 24
i     
1   2 48  6 60  240 54 5 54
⇒ P 
2  Decrease in voltage
⎛ 120 24 ⎞
parallel = R(2C) = 240  ⎜  ⎟  10.4V
⎝ 246 54 ⎠
⎛C ⎞
series = R ⎜ ⎟ Nearest answer is (4)
⎝2⎠
parallel Statement - I is false as shunt is added in parallel.
⇒ series 
151. Answer (1) 15  40 + 5  100 + 5  80 + 1000 = V  I

## V iR 600 + 500 + 400 + 1000 = 220 I

=
l l 2500
I  11.36
 220
= i
A I = 12 A.
4  107  0.2 158. Answer (4)
=
8  107 l
V  IR  I 
= 0.1 V/m A
152. Answer (3) VA VA V
⇒  
R = R1 + R2 + R3 + R4 Il lneAd l  n  e  d
R = R1 + R2 + R3 + R4
5
R = 5 + 5 + 5 + 5 = 20  ⇒
0.1 2.5  1019  1.6  1019  8  1028
R = 400  = 1.6 × 10–5 m
 100  5%
R From KVL,
153. Answer (2) 9 = 6I1 – I2 …(i)
154. Answer (3) 6 = 4I2 – I1 …(ii)

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ARCHIVE - JEE (Main) ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS 19
Solving, I1 – I2 = –0.13A Applying KVL in loops
12 – x – 10(x + y) = 0
6V
I2 P 2
I1  12 = 11x + 10y ...(i)
13 = 10x + 12y ...(ii)
I1–I2
3 9V 7 23
1
Solving x  A, y  A
16 32
Q V = 10(x + y) = 11.56 V
3
Aliter : req   , R = 10 
Ig = 10–3 A 3
Rg = 100 
Eeq E1 E2 37
Ig (Rg )   ⇒ Eeq  V
RS (shunt resistance) =  0.01  req r1 r2 3
I  Ig
Eeq
In steady state, flow of current through capacitor V  R  11.56 V
R  req
will be zero.

## E E 166. Answer (2)

r
i= ∵ E  l1
r  r2
i and E – ir  l2
Er2C r1
VC = i r2C = r  r
2 E l
C   1
E  ir l 2
r2
VC = CE r2
r  r2
E 52
 
162. Answer (4) ⎛ E ⎞ 40
E ⎜ ⎟r
The potential difference in each loop is zero. ⎝r 5⎠
 No current will flow.
r  5 13
5 10
ig = 5 × 10–3 A
 r = 1.5 
G = 15 
Let series resistance be R.
R1 l
V = ig (R + G) 
R2 (100 – l )
10 = 5 × 10–3 (R + 15)
R = 2000 – 15 = 1985 = 1.985 × 103  R2 (l – 10)

164. Answer (2) R1 (110 – l )
In a balanced Wheatstone bridge, the null point
(100 – l)(110 – l) = l(l – 10)
remains unchanged even if cell and galvanometer
are interchanged. 11000 + l2 – 210l = l2 – 10l
165. Answer (2)  l = 55 cm
y y
13 V, 2 
⎛ 55 ⎞
R1  R2 ⎜ ⎟
x ⎝ 45 ⎠
x
12 V, 1  R1 + R2 = 1000 
x +y 10  R1 = 550 

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20 ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS ARCHIVE - JEE (Main)

Magnetic field due to AB and CD is zero    
F  qE  q(v  B )
  I   I 
 Bnet  0   kˆ  0   ( kˆ )   
4 a 6 4 b 6 F  q [(3iˆ  jˆ  2kˆ )  v  B]

0 ⎧1 1⎫ y-component = 11q
  I ⎨  ⎬ kˆ
24 ⎩ a b ⎭ 173. Answer (1)
0I (b  a ) ˆ 174. Answer (2)
 k
B = 3.0 × 10 e
B
B
l=3m
I = 10 A z
A
x
a work
I1 Average Power =
time
b
2
D W = ∫0 Fdx
In wire DA C
2
  –4 –0.2 x
B  d 
= ∫0 3.0  10 e  10  3 dx

 FDA = 0 2
= 9  10–3 ∫ e –0.2 x dx
  0
In wire AB, d   B is upwards
  9  10–3 ⎡ –0.22 ⎤
In wire BC, B  d   FBC  0 = –e  1⎦
0.2 ⎣
 
In wire CD, d   B is downwards.
9  10–3 ⎡
Since, AB and CD are symmetrical to I1 =  ⎣1– e –0.4 ⎤⎦
0.2
 
So, FAB  FCD  0. = 9 × 10–3 × (0.33)
170. Answer (2) = 2.97 × 10–3 J
Taking up as positive, in region 1, field will remain
negative, and as one moves from – to A, field 2.97  10 –3
P  2.97 W
increases in magnitude from zero to large value. (0.2)  5  10 –3

(1) A (2) B (3) Net force on each of them would be zero.

## As one moves from A to B, field changes sign from

positive to negative, becoming zero at mid point. 
As one moves in region 3, from B to +, field
T
decreases from a large value to zero.
F
2 2 4
R mR R 
M   
2m 2 4 (l)g

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ARCHIVE - JEE (Main) ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS 21
Tcos = gl …(i) 181. Answer (3)

 
2
0 I  Il m = I(R2), m  2m  I   2R
.
2  2L sin  
Tsin = …(ii)

 R   2R
gL
⇒ I  2 sin  0I
0 cos  B1 
2R
0I
  B2 
Stable equilibrium M | B 2  2R 
z B1
  2
B2

Bnet = B1 + B2 + BH
I
I y
I N S
x I

  South B1 + B2 + BH
Unstable equilibrium M | B  
N S
z
⎛ ⎞ M 1.20
B1  ⎜ 0 ⎟  3 = 10 7  = 1.2 × 10–4 T
B ⎝ 4 ⎠ r 10 3

## I B2 = 1 × 10–4 T, BH = 3.6 × 10–5 T

I y
I Bnet = 2.56 × 10–4 T
x I
179. Answer (3) B = 0 n i
For A For B B
 ni
2R = L 4a = L 0

L L NI 100  i
R= a= 3  103  
2 4 L 10  10 2

⎡  i ⎛   ⎞⎤ I = 3 A.
0 i
BA  BB  4 ⎢ 0 ⎜ sin  sin ⎟ ⎥
2R ⎣ 4  a / 2 ⎝ 4 4 ⎠⎦ 184. Answer (3)
For electromagnets, electric generators and
BA 2 transformers energy loss should be less.
Now 
BB 8 2 Hence, (B) should be used

2mk I
r  T = 2
qB MB

## r 2m qp ⎡m  4mp ⎤ 2

  ⎢ ⎥ 7.5  10 –6  1.06
rp q = 2 =
2mp ⎢⎣q  2q p ⎥⎦ 6.7  10 –2
 0.01 10
=1 For 10 oscillations,
Mass of electron is least and charge qe = e t = 10T = 2 × 1.06
So, re < rp = r = 6.6568  6.65 s

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22 ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS ARCHIVE - JEE (Main)

Given circuit is 
2l
l
L
3l 3l
R1 E ⎛ x2 ⎞ 5Bl 2
  ∫ B( x )dx  B ⎜⎜ ⎟⎟ 
2l ⎝ 2 ⎠2l 2
R2
It is a simple RC charging circuit.
I through inductor as a function of time is
q = CV (1 – e–t/)
E
 
–t
I 1– e L / R2  q = CV (1 – e–2), when t = 2
R2
R2t
dI – Applying Kirchhoff's law in closed loop, –VR – VC = 0
VL  L  Ee L
dt  VR/VC = –1
= 12 e –5t Note : The sense of voltage drop has not been
At t = 0, no current flows through inductor 194. Answer (4)
t
V  L
So, I  I  I0 e  ,  
R2 R

1103
At t = , inductor behaves as a conductor 15  1/5103
 e  0.67 mA
150
V
So, I 
(R1  R2 )
d
=

d
I1 I I2 iR =
dt
 = Bvl
R R
∫ d   R ∫ idt
R
Magnitude of change in flux
= R × area under current vs time graph

 2 1 1
I  = 100 × × × 10
R 3R 2 2
R
2
= 250 Wb
 
I1  , I2  196. Answer (1)
3R 3R
where  = Bvl The series LCR will be in resonance

## 189. Answer (3) So, P = vIvcos

 = Bvl v 2  2
 cos   v
= 0.30 × 10–4 × 5 × 20 Z R
= 3 mV (220)2 48400
   242 W
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ARCHIVE - JEE (Main) ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS 23
For a damped pendulum, A = A0e–bt/2m
E
 c E = cB = 3 × 108 × 20 × 10–9 = 6 V/m
⎛⎜
R ⎞ B
⎟t
 A  A0 e ⎝ 2L ⎠
(Since L plays the same role as m) Energy is equally divided between electric and
V
R  8 (a) Infrared rays are used to treat muscular strain
I
(c) X-rays are used to detect fracture of bones
10 A 8 314 L
(d) Ultraviolet rays are absorbed by ozone

P
I  Uav  c ...(i)
4r 2
(220)2 = (10 × 8)2 + (314 × L × 10)2
1
 L = 0.065 H Uav  0E02 ...(ii)
2
P 1
Pav = Erms Irms cos ⇒ 2
 0E02  c
4r 2
100 20 1 1000
    2P
2 2 2 2 ⇒ E0   2.45 V/m
4r 20c
20 1
iwattless = irms sin     10 207. Answer (4)
2 2
200. Answer (1) According to electromagnetic spectrum D, B, A, C
0
Quality factor, Q 
(2)  ⎡ ⎛z ⎞⎤
E1  E01xˆ cos ⎢ 2 ⎜ – t ⎟ ⎥ air
L ⎣ ⎝c ⎠⎦
Q 0 
R
E2  E02 xˆ cos ⎣⎡ k  2z – ct  ⎦⎤ medium
202. Answer (1) During refraction, frequency remains unchanged,
whereas wavelength gets changed.
By the principle of reversibility, we can take the
same current through the bigger coil and calculate  k' = 2k (From equations)
the flux through smaller coil.
2 ⎛ 2 ⎞
2   2⎜ ⎟
0 2  i R ' ⎝ 0 ⎠
B  2
4 (R  x 2 )3/2
0
7 2 2
 ' 
10  2  2    (20  10 ) 2
=
[(20  102 )2  (15  102 )2 ]3/2 c
 v
2
107  2  2    4  102
=
(25  102 )3 1

1

1
 0  2 2 0 1
= 1.024 × 10–6 T
 = 1.024 × 10–6 × (0.3 × 10–2)2 1 1
 
= 9.1 × 10–11 weber 2 4

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24 ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS ARCHIVE - JEE (Main)

c
  1.5
v
R2 = 32 + (R – 0.3)2
 R2 = 9 + R2 + 0.09 – 0.6R

⎛ 1 ⎟⎞  0.6R = 9.09
⎜ ⎟
f + C = 90° C = sin– ⎜
⎜⎝ μ ⎟⎟⎠ 9.09
 R=  15 cm.
0.6
Using Snell's law
R 15
sin  Now, f   = 30 cm.
=   1 0.5
sin 
 sin =  cos C
1 By Lens maker's formula
 sin = µ 1 – 2 = µ2 – 1
µ
1 ⎛ 3/2 ⎞⎛ 1 1 ⎞
⎜ – 1⎟ ⎜ – ⎟
⎛ 1⎞ f1 ⎝ 4/3 ⎠ ⎝ R1 R2 ⎠
  = sin ⎜⎜ ⎟⎟⎟⎟
–1
⎜⎝ 3 ⎠
1 ⎛ 3/2 ⎞⎛ 1 1 ⎞
⎜ – 1⎟ ⎜ – ⎟
210. Answer (4) f2 ⎝ 5/3 ⎠ ⎝ R1 R2 ⎠
|u|
At point P
1 ⎛3 ⎞⎛ 1 1 ⎞
|u| = |v| = x  – 1⎟ ⎜ – ⎟
f ⎜⎝ 2 ⎠⎝ 1R R2⎠
1 1 1
Since   P  f1 = 4f & f2 = –5f
v u f 45°
 u = 2f |v|
211. Answer (3) sin c  1

1 ⎛ 1 1 ⎞
 (  1) ⎜  ⎟
f ⎝ R1 R2 ⎠ air

## Now, blue > red c Water

 fblue < fred
212. Answer (4) For greater wavelength (i.e. lesser frequency) is
less
⎡ 1⎤
Apparent shift = t ⎢1  ⎥ So, c would be more. So, they will not suffer
⎣ ⎦ reflection and come out at angles less then 90°.
214. Answer (3) sin  =  sin r1

sin
 sin r1 =
R 

R 1 ⎛ sin  ⎞
 r
6 cm  r1 = sin ⎜ ⎟ 1 r2
0.3 cm ⎝  ⎠

⎛ sin  ⎞
r2 = A – sin1 ⎜ ⎟
⎝  ⎠

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ARCHIVE - JEE (Main) ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS 25
1 ⎛ 1 ⎞
 r2 < sin ⎜ ⎟ As 4 th bright fringe of unknown wavelength
⎝⎠
coincides with 3 rd bright fringe of known
wavelength
⎛ sin  ⎞ 1 ⎛ 1 ⎞
A  sin1 ⎜ ⎟  sin ⎜ ⎟ 4 D (590 nm)D
⎝  ⎠ ⎝⎠  3
d d
⎛ 1⎞ ⎛ sin  ⎞ 3  590
 A  sin1 ⎜ ⎟  sin1 ⎜ ⎟    442.5 nm
⎝⎠ ⎝  ⎠ 4
⎛ 1 ⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎞ sin 
 sin ⎜ A  sin ⎜ ⎟ ⎟  As the beam is initially parallel, the shape of
⎝ ⎝  ⎠⎠  wavefront is planar.
⎛ ⎛ 1 ⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎞ ⎞
  ⎜⎜ sin ⎜ A  sin ⎜ ⎟ ⎟ ⎟⎟  sin  Given  = 0 + 2I
⎝ ⎝ ⎝  ⎠⎠⎠
c c
Also,   ⇒v
v 0  2I
1 ⎛ ⎛ 1 ⎛ 1 ⎞ ⎞ ⎞
 sin ⎜⎜  sin ⎜ A  sin ⎜ ⎟ ⎟ ⎟⎟  
⎝ ⎝ ⎝  ⎠⎠⎠ As intensity is maximum at centre, so  is
minimum on the axis.
By defination of magnification in telescope object As the beam enters the medium, axial ray will
will appear 20 times nearer to the observer. travel slowest. So, it will lag behind. To
220. Answer (4) compensate for the path, the rays will bend towards
axis.
From the given data, A = i + e –  = 74°,  = 40°

⎛ A  m ⎞ ⎛ A⎞
sin ⎜ ⎟ sin ⎜ ⎟
⎝ 2 ⎠ ⎝ 2 ⎠ axial ray
Now,  
⎛ A⎞ ⎛ A⎞
sin ⎜ ⎟ sin ⎜ ⎟
2
⎝ ⎠ ⎝2⎠

sin57
  ⇒   1.39 226. Answer (3)
sin37

 
2
Nearest value is 1.5 I1  I0  I0
221. Answer (1) I2 = I0 + I0

f1 = 25 cm f2 = 20 cm I1
2
I2

I1
When polarised light is passed through a calcite
crystal, its intensity changes on rotation of crystal.

## 25 cm 15 cm 228. Answer (3)

IP = 4I0
For converging lens
⎛⎞
u = –40 cm which is equal to 2f IQ  4I0 cos2 ⎜ ⎟
⎝2⎠
 Image will be real and at a distance of 40 cm 
from convergent lens. Now,   ⇒ IQ  2I0
2
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26 ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS ARCHIVE - JEE (Main)

L
I 2 I L sin   L 
I1  0 , I2  I1 cos 45  0
Q
a a
2 4
On any circle with centre at O, path difference will
remain constant.
L
b  a
a

## For b to be min, a  L bmin  2 L

O
For relativistic motion

c v
232. Answer (4) f = f0 ; v = relative speed of approach
c v
By law of Malus, I = I0cos2
Now, IA = IAcos230
c
IB = IBcos260 c
f = 10 2  10 3  17.3 GHz
c
As IA = IB c
2
 I 3 I 1
4 4
For 1 For 2
IA 1

IB 3 m1D n 2 D
y y
d d
Consider a plane wavefront travelling horizontally. m 2 4
As it moves, its different parts move with different   
n 1 5
speeds. So, its shape will change as shown
 Light bends upward For 1

m1D
y , 1 = 650 nm
d

= 7.8 mm
234. Answer (2) Polaroids A and B are oriented with parallel pass
axis
1.22 1.22  (500  109 m)
RP   Let polaroid C is at angle  with A then it makes
2 sin  ⎛ 1 ⎞
2  1 ⎜ ⎟  with B also.
⎝ 100 ⎠
I ⎛I ⎞
∵   cos2  ⎟  cos2 
 8 ⎜⎝ 2 ⎠
0.25 cm

25 cm 2 1
 cos  
= 3.05 × 10–5 m 2

= 30 m   = 45°

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ARCHIVE - JEE (Main) ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS 27
dsin =  245. Answer (4)
When wavelength exceeds a certain wavelength,
photoelectric effect ceases to exist.
d
mv 2m eV 1 2m
r  = = V
qB eB B e

30° B 2 r 2e
d  V = 0.8 V
2m

For transition between 3 to 2,
d
 [d = 1 × 10–6 m] ⎛ 1 1⎞
2 E  13.6 ⎜  ⎟
⎝4 9⎠
  = 5000 Å
13.6  5
 = 1.88 eV
D 36
Fringe width, B  (d ' is slit separation)
d' Work function = 1.88 eV – 0.8 eV
= 1.08 eV = 1.1 eV
5000  10 –10  0.5
10 –2  247. Answer (3)
d'
Franck-Hertz exp.– Discrete energy level.
 d' = 25 × 10–6 m = 25 m
Photo-electric effect– Particle nature of light
Davison-Germer exp.– Diffraction of electron beam.
According to Einstein photo electric equation
hc
–   K max
 hc 1
   mv 2 ...(i)
 2
 (3.10 eV – 1.68 eV) = Kmax
 Kmax = 1.42 eV hc 1
4    mv12 ...(ii)

## X-rays frequency is more than that of UV rays. 4  1 1 4

So, KE max and stopping potential increase. (ii) –  (i) gives, = mv  mv 1 
2 2

3 3 2 2 3
Statement-2 is incorrect. Photoelectrons are emitted
with a range of kinetic energies because different 1
electrons have different binding energies. 4 ⎛ 4 ⎞2
 V  V  ⇒ V1  ⎜ ⎟ V
1
2 2

## 242. Answer (2) 3 ⎝3⎠

P = nh 249. Answer (2)
4× 103 = 1020 × 6.63 × 10–34 ×
m1  m
(m1  m2 )v
4 v1  0 m
  1017 Hz . This is range of X-rays. m1  m2 m2 
6.63 2
v
3
As initial momentum is zero, so final momentum
⎡v ⎤
must also be zero.  p1  m. ⎢ ⎥
⎣3 ⎦
 The two nuclei have equal and opposite
momentum.
2m1v 4v
v2  0=
 Same wavelength m1  m2 3

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28 ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS ARCHIVE - JEE (Main)

m ⎡ 4v ⎤ 2mv 13.6
p2   KE  eV , As n decreases, KE
2 ⎢⎣ 3 ⎥⎦ 3 n2
 A p2
 de-Broglie wavelength   2 :1 27.2
B p1 PE   eV , as n decreases, PE
n2
13.6
Energy gap between 4th and 3rd state is more than TE   eV , as n decreases, TE
n2
the gap between 5th and 4th state,
hc
And E  In X-ray tube

5 – 4 >  4 – 3 hc
min 
eV
252. Answer (3) ⎛ hc ⎞
ln min  ln ⎜ ⎟  lnV
253. Answer (4) ⎝ e ⎠

⎛ 1 Slope is negative
1 ⎞
f ⎜ 2
 ⎟
⎝ (n  1) (n )2 ⎠ Intercept on y-axis is positive

## n 2  (n  1)2 log min

f
n 2 (n  1)2

n 2  n 2  1  2n
f
n 2 (n  1)2

2n  1
f 
n 2 (n  1)2
log V
1
n >> 1  f 
254. Answer (3) From energy level diagram

1 ⎡ 1 1⎤ hc
 RZ 2 ⎢ 2 – 2 ⎥ 1 
 ⎣⎢ n1 n ⎥⎦ E

hc
1 2 
  for given n1 & n2 ⎛E ⎞
Z2 ⎜3⎟
⎝ ⎠
 1 = 2 = 43 = 94
 
2 3
z2
PE  27.2 eV 258. Answer (1)
n2
h h
13.6z 2 Pn  , Pg 
TE   eV n g
n2

13.6 z 2 P2 h2 h2
KE  eV k  2 , E  –k  –
2m 2m 2m 2
n2
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ARCHIVE - JEE (Main) ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS 29
h2 h2
En  – , Eg  – Energy released Q = mc2
2m n2 2m 2g
1⎛ M ⎞ 2 1⎛ M ⎞ 2
Q v  ⎜ ⎟v
h ⎛ 1 1 ⎞ hc
2
2 ⎜⎝ 2 ⎟⎠ 2⎝ 2 ⎠
En – Eg  ⎜ – 2⎟
2m ⎜  g  n ⎟  n
2
⎝ ⎠
M 2
mc 2  v
2 2 2
h2 ⎛ n – g ⎞ hc
⎜ ⎟
2m ⎜  2g  2n ⎟ n 2m
⎝ ⎠ v c
M
2 2
2mc ⎛  g  n ⎞
n  ⎜ ⎟
h ⎜  2n –  2g ⎟
⎝ ⎠ As energy is released, binding energy per nucleon
of products is more than that of reactants.
2mc  2g  2n  E2 > E1.
n 
h ⎛  2g ⎞ 263. Answer (3)
 n2 ⎜ 1– ⎟
⎜  n2 ⎟ For each  emission, 2 proton and 2 neutron are
⎝ ⎠
lost. For each position emission, 1 proton is lost,
1 neutron is increased
–1
2mc  g2 ⎡  g2 ⎤ np = Z – 2 × 3 – 2 × 1 = Z – 8
 ⎢1– ⎥
h ⎢⎣  n2 ⎥⎦ nn = (A – Z) – 2 × 3 + 2 = A – Z – 4
2mc  2g ⎡  2g ⎤ Statement-2 is correct, but it is the conclusion
 ⎢1  2 ⎥
h ⎢⎣  n ⎥⎦ drawn from statement-1.
2mc  2g ⎛ 2mc  g4 ⎞ 1 266. Answer (3)
 ⎜ ⎟
h ⎜ h ⎟  2n
⎝ ⎠ T 1 of A = 20 minutes
2
B
 A
 2n T 1 of B  40 minutes
2

## 2mc  2g 2mc  g4 After 80 minutes

A , B
h h 4
N A (decayed) ⎛ 1⎞
259. Answer (4)  1 ⎜ ⎟ …(i)
N0 ⎝ 2⎠
⎡ 1 1⎤
hL  E ⎢ – ⎥  E 2
⎣12  ⎦ NB (decayed) ⎛ 1⎞
 1 ⎜ ⎟ …(ii)
N0 ⎝ 2⎠
⎡ 1 1⎤ E
hP  E ⎢ 2 – ⎥ 
⎣5  ⎦ 25 NA 5

NB 4
L
 P 
N0  N0 e t
In reactions (i) & (iv), The B.E per nucleon  0.3
N0 e t
increases. This makes nuclei more stable so
energy will be released in these reactions.  et = 1.3

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30 ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS ARCHIVE - JEE (Main)

##  t = ln 1.3 272. Answer (4)

⎛ ln 2 ⎞
⎜ T ⎟ t  ln 1.3 The LED emitting red colour will have a smaller
⎝ ⎠
energy gap between conduction band and valance
ln(1.3) band. Accordingly its knee voltage would be less.
t  T.

log(1.3)
t T
log2
p n
268. Answer (4) For forward Bias, p-side must be at higher potential
than n-side.
(
y = A+B = A.B ) 275. Answer (2)

The combination represents AND Gate Truth table. For metals, resistance increases upon increase in
temperature. For undoped Si, resistance decreases
A B Y upon decrease in temperature.
0 0 0 276. Answer (4)
0 1 0 Information based question.
1 0 0 277. Answer (2)
1 1 1
OR gate as output is 1 when any of the input is 1.
Let input be Ie = Ib + Ic
vi
Ie I b
 1
Ic Ic
T T t
2 1 1
 1
 
T 
From 0  Diode is in forward bias so or 
2 1 
there will be current
T In common emitter configuration for n-p-n transistor,
From T Diodes is in reverse bias so
2 phase difference between output and input voltage
current through resistor will be is 180°.
200 

A
A
A· B = A + B
NOT =A+B

B NAND 3V
B
V – Vdiode
NOT I
R
⎡ 3 – 0.7 ⎤
The output is ⎢  1000 ⎥ mA
⎣ 200 ⎦
y  ( A  B) = 11.5 mA

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ARCHIVE - JEE (Main) ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS 31
Modulation is done to attain transmission at higher 23.023  5
frequency which has all the advantages mentioned
0.0003  1
in choice 1, 3, 4.
2.1 × 10–3  2
1
2RCm
0 = 8.85 × 10–12 C2N–1m–2
[0] = L–2A2T2 (MLT–2)–1
Frequencies of resultant signal are
= L–3 A+2 M–1 T4 = [M–1L–3T4A2]
fe + fm, fe and fe – fm
(2000 + 5) kHz, 2000 kHz, (2000 – 5) kHz,
I = (e1000 V/T – 1)mA
2005 kHz, 2000 kHz, 1995 kHz
When I = 5 mA, e1000 V/T = 6 mA
By definition of amplitude modulation. 1000 V /T 1000
Also, dI  (e )  dV
T
Modulated wave has frequency range. 1000
 (6 mA)   (0.01)
300
c ± m
 Since c >> m = 0.2 mA

##  m is excluded. 294. Answer (2)

287. Answer (3) As measured value is 3.50 cm, the least count
must be 0.01 cm = 0.1 mm
Frequency of carrier = 10 × 109 Hz
For vernier scale with 1 MSD = 1 mm and
Available bandwidth = 10% of 10 × 109 Hz 9 MSD = 10 VSD,
= 109 Hz Least count = 1 MSD – 1 VSD
Bandwidth for each telephonic channel = 5 kHz = 0.1 mm

 Number of channels  3
= 2 × 105
5  10
l
g  4 2 .
29 Div of M.S = 30 Div of V.S
g l T
  100   100  2  100
g l T
29
1 Div of V.S = Div of M.S
30
l t
=  100  2.  100
Least count = 1 Div of M.S – 1 Div V.S l t

1 0.1 1
= Div. of M.S =  100  2   100
30 20.0 90

1 1 1 100 200 1 20
=    1 minute =     3%
30 2 60 200 90 2 9

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32 ANSWERS AND SOLUTIONS ARCHIVE - JEE (Main)

T1  T2  T3  T4 T D h
T   100   100   100
4 T D h
0.01 0.01
| T  T |  | T2  T |  | T3  T |  | T4  T | =  100   100
T  1 1.25 1.45
4
= 1.5 s  2 s (Since least count is 1 s) 100 100
= 
125 145
 final answer is 92 ± 2 s
= 0.8 + 0.689
= 1.489
Zero error = –5 division of circular scale  1.5%
1 division of circular scale 299. Answer (3)
m
0.5 
=  10 –2 mm = 0.01 mm l3
50
d  dm dl
 Zero error = –5 × 10–2 = –0.05 mm  3
 m l
Zero correction = + 0.05 mm
= (1.5 + 3 × 1)
Reading = 0.5 + 25 × 0.01 + 0.05 = 0.80 mm = 4.5%

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