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VISVESVARAYA TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

Jnana Sangama, Belagavi


A Project Report on
Treatment of Leachate by Electrocoagulation- Flotation Method Using Aluminium Iron
Electrodes and Punched Aluminium Electrodes

Submitted by

Amos Alexis 1AY15CV011

Sayed Najibullah Hashimi 1AY15CV079

Sona V 1AY15CV087

1AY15CV095
Thivyashree Karunakaran

Under the Guidance of Mrs. Sneha MK

Professor

Civil Engineering Department


DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
ACHARYA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Road, Soladevanhalli
Bengaluru-560107
2018-2019
DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
ACHARYA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOLGY.

CERTIFICATE
Certified that the project work entitled “Treatment of Leachate by Electrocoagulation-
Flotation method using Aluminium-Iron Electrodes and Punhed Aluminium Electrodes”
carried out by Mr. Amos Alexis (1AY15CV011), Mr. Sayed Najibullah Hashimi
(1AY15CV079), Ms. Sona.V (1AY15CV087), Ms. Thivyashree Karunakaran (1AY15CV095),
are bonafide student of Acharya Institute of Technology in partial fulfillment for the award of
Bachelor of Engineering in Civil Engineering of the Visvesvaraya Technological University,
Belagavi during the year 2018-19. It is certified that all corrections/suggestions indicated for
Internal Assessment have been incorporated in the report deposited in the departmental library.
The project report has been approved as it satisfies the academic requirements in respect of
Project work prescribed for the said Degree.

GUIDE HOD PRINCIPAL


Mrs. Sneha MK Dr. T.K Gunashekar Dr. M.R. Prakash

External viva

Name of the Examiners Signature with date

1
2
DECLARATION

We the students of final semester Civil Engineering, Acharya Institute of Technology,

Soladevanhalli Bengaluru -560107 declare that work entitled “Treatment of Leachate by


Electrocoagulation-Flotation Using Aluminium-Iron Electrodes and Punched Aluminium

Electrodes” has been successfully completed under the guidance of Prof. Mrs. Sneha MK,

Department of Civil Engineering, Acharya Institute of Technology, Bengaluru. This dissertation

work is submitted to Visvesvaraya Technological University in partial fulfillment of the

requirements for the award of Degree of Bachelor of engineering In Civil Engineering during the
academic year 2018-2019. Further the matter embodied in the project report has not been

submitted previously by anybody for the award of any degree or diploma to any university.

Place: Bengaluru
Date: 23/05/2019

Project Group:
1AY15CV011
Amos Alexis
1AY15CV079

1AY15CV087

1AY15CV095
Sayed Najibullah Hashimi

Sona V

Thivyashree Karunakaran
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
We are highly grateful to Dr. M.R. Prakash, Principal, Acharya Institute of Technology for his
encouragement at the various stages of out project.

We also thank Dr. N Balasubramanya, Dean, Department of Civil Engineering, Acharya


Institute of Technology for his expert advice and support throughout the journey of our project.

We also thank Dr. T.K Gunashekar, Head of the Department, Acharya Institute of Technology,
for his support and guidance throughout our project.
We are very grateful to our project guide, Mrs. Sneha MK, whose timely and valuable
suggestions have helped us enormously in completing the project.

We also thank our project coordinator, Mr. Jithendra S for his timely information regarding the
project.

We also thank all our beloved teachers in the department who have helped us in various ways
regarding our project work.
Lastly, we would all like to thank all our friends and family who have helped us directly or
indirectly to complete this project work.

Project Group:
1AY15CV011

1AY15CV079

1AY15CV087

1AY15CV095
Amos Alexis

Sayed Najibullah Hashimi

Sona V

Thivyashree Karunakaran
ABSTRACT
Electrocoagulation is a physiochemical process used in the purification of waste water. The
concept of this process is when waste water is passed through an electrocoagulation cell, which
is an assembly of conducting electrodes dipped in a chemical solution, used to cause chemical
reactions using electric current, multiple reactions take place simultaneously. At first, a metal
ion is driven into the waste water, on the surface of cathode, water is hydrolysed into hydrogen
gas and hydroxyl ion groups. Meanwhile, electrons flow freely to destabilize surface charges on
impurities. As the reaction continues, formation of flocs accelerate and they can be separated by
removing them. The efficiency of this process is tested by adopting different elements for the
electrodes (based on the redox potentials of the elements), usage of catalysts in varied
proportions, varying the pH of waste water, varying electrode potentials, etc. The effect of
punched aluminium electrodes in the treatment of leachate is investigated. The effect of SDS
(Sodium dodecyl sulphate) when used as an anionic surfactant to bring about coagulation and
flotation of flocs is also investigated.