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Design Manual

For Effective Use of Parallel


Flange Sections
Preface
Hot rolled sections occupy a very important place in the sphere of structural engineering.
While structural engineering has undergone a tremendous change around the world and
leading organisations have adopted the latest technologies in their effort to ever increasing
efficiency and optimisation, India has lagged behind in this regard.
Though various types of beam sections have been referred in IS: 808 & SP 6(1), most of them
are not manufactured in India. The availability of rolled I sections was very limited in India
till Jindal Steel & Power Limited pioneered the production and introduction of efficient
parallel flange (PF) sections and incorporated in IS 12778 & 12779 for physical &
dimensional properties and tolerances.
Only limited Indian Standard Medium Beam Sections are available (in one size only for each
beam depth) for use in construction leading to uneconomical designs. The variation in beam
weight between two consecutive sections is as high as 31%. However, in case of parallel
flange beams (in view of the Universal Rolling Technology) more number of sections having
the same depth but with varying flange and web thickness, flange widths and weight per unit
length will be available offering more flexibility to the designers & economy to the end users.
With the introduction of parallel flange sections in large number, the difference in weight is
only about 10% between two consecutive sections leading to lower volume of use. PF
sections have better statical properties apart from the flexibility in choosing the right section.
For effective utilization of PF sections, this design manual has been prepared with
information received from JSPL.
This manual contains six chapters. Chapter 1 contains introduction of parallel flange sections.
The statical properties including that of detailing and surface protection requirements are
given in chapter 2. The design calculations as per IS: 800 (Limit State Method) for
Compression and tension, Bending, and Combined Forces have been given in examples and
tables in Chapters 3 to 5. Examples also cover design using Working Stress Method. Capacity
tables and comparison charts have been given for the benefit of the designers. Chapter 6
contains conclusions and recommendations. The saving in material is more if high strength
parallel flange sections are used. From the various tables & charts, it is clear that the use of
parallel flange sections offers significant savings in material and thus achieves overall
economy and efficiency in use in structures.
This design manual was developed to bring a comparative study between Parallel Flange
sections and Tapered Flange sections (ISMB) by involving the engineers of INSDAG
(Institute for Steel Development & Growth, an institute jointly promoted by Ministry of Steel
& Steel Producers). They have conducted extensive studies to bring out the design manual on
the parameters required for structural engineers.
This manual is published so that it encourages structural engineers to utilise advanced
structural steel products and achieve ever more amazing feats of engineering which will stand
testament to the engineering excellence of India.
CONTENTS

Chapter 1: Introduction

Chapter 2: Notations and Formulae

2.1. Notations
2.2. Formulae
2.3. Properties of Parallel Flange Sections

Chapter 3: Bending Capacity of PF Section

3.1. Bending Capacity for Yield Strength 250 MPa


3.1.1. Worked out Example (Limit State Method)
3.1.2. Worked out Example (Working Stress Method)
3.1.3. Major axis Bending Capacity Table for PF Section
3.1.4. Comparison between Tapered and PF Section
3.2. Bending Capacity for Yield Strength 300 MPa
3.2.1. Worked out Example (Limit State Method)
3.2.2. Worked out Example (Working Stress Method)
3.2.3. Major axis Bending Capacity Table for PF Section
3.2.4. Comparison between Tapered and PF Section
3.3. Bending Capacity for Yield Strength 350 MPa
3.3.1. Worked out Example (Limit State Method)
3.3.2. Worked out Example (Working Stress Method)
3.3.3. Major axis Bending Capacity Table for PF Section
3.3.4. Comparison between Tapered and PF Section
3.4. Bending Capacity for Yield Strength 410 MPa
3.4.1. Worked out Example (Limit State Method)
3.4.2. Worked out Example (Working Stress Method)
3.4.3. Major axis Bending Capacity Table for PF Section
3.4.4. Comparison between Tapered and PF Section

Chapter 4: Compression & Tension Capacity of PF Section

4.1. Axial Compression Capacity for Yield Strength 250 MPa


4.1.1. Design Procedure & Worked out Example
4.1.2. Axial Compression Capacity Table for PF Section
4.2. Axial Compression Capacity for Yield Strength 300 MPa
4.2.1. Worked out Example
4.2.2. Axial Compression Capacity Table for PF Section
4.3. Axial Compression Capacity for Yield Strength 350 MPa
4.3.1. Worked out Example
4.3.2. Axial Compression Capacity Table for PF Section
4.4. Axial Compression Capacity for Yield Strength 410 MPa
4.4.1. Worked out Example
4.4.2. Axial Compression Capacity Table for PF Section
4.5. Comparison between Tapered and PF Section of Axial Compression
for Fy 250, Fy 300, Fy 350, Fy 410
4.6. Comparison between Tapered and PF Section of Almost Same Weight
4.7. Tension capacity Table for Parallel Flange Sections As Per
IS 800-2007 (LSM) & IS 800-1984(WSM)

Chapter 5: Interaction of bending and axial compression for PF sections

5.1. Interaction for fy = 250 MPa


5.1.1. Worked out example in Limit State Method
5.1.2. Combined Capacity table for Biaxial bending and direct compression
5.1.3. Overall strength calculation for PF sections
5.2. Interaction for fy = 300 MPa
5.2.1. Worked out example in Limit State Method
5.2.2. Combined Capacity table for Biaxial bending and direct compression
5.2.3. Overall strength calculation for PF sections
5.3. Interaction for fy = 350 MPa
5.3.1. Worked out example in Limit State Method
5.3.2. Combined Capacity table for Biaxial bending and direct compression
5.3.3. Overall strength calculation for PF sections

5.4. Interaction for fy = 410 MPa


5.4.1. Worked out example in Limit State Method
5.4.2. Combined Capacity table for Biaxial bending and direct compression
5.4.3. Overall strength calculation for PF sections

Chapter 6: Conclusions & Recommendations

Annexure – 1: Graphs & Charts


Executive Summary
A structural engineer’s responsibility is to design the structural steel members of buildings,
bridges, dams, offshore platforms etc, with maximum efficiency and minimum cost satisfying
the strength and stiffness requirement. Selecting good structural arrangement, design
methodology and choosing the right structural sections of required strength can achieve economy
and efficiency in use. Also, the present Indian standard medium sections are available in one size
only for each beam depth. However, in case of parallel flange beams (in view of the Universal
Rolling Technology) more number of beams having the same beam depth but with varying
flange and web thickness, flange widths and weight per unit length will be available giving more
flexibility to the designers & economy to the end user. This helps customers to choose from
more options in terms of unit weights and sectional properties.

JSPL is a pioneer in the Indian market to produce hot rolled parallel flange beams and columns
of wide range upto 900 mm depth from their Rail & Universal Beam Rolling Mill at Raigarh
works in Chhattisgarh.

Consultants, designers and fabricators made use of these sections because of their substantial
cost benefit over conventionally available tapered beams or built up sections. These sections are
available in different grades with yield strength of 250 to 450 Mpa. These sections can be welded
without any preheating. Parallel flange I-Sections to be used as beams of nominal size ranges
from 200x100 mm to 900x300 mm and column sections from 150x150 mm to 400x400 mm are
being produced and supplied in domestic market by JSPL leading to significant economy in steel
construction.

These sections are divided in 3 categories as per IS: 12778-2004. They are Narrow parallel
Flange sections (NPB), Wide Parallel Flange Sections (WPB) and Bearing Pile Sections. The
NPB’s are mostly used as beam members, WPB’s are used for both Beams and Columns and
Bearing Pile Sections are used for Compression members. Also PF sections are available as per
international standards such as UB, UC, IPE etc.

The major advantages of Parallel Flange Beams are:


• Possibility of broad range of statical properties having the same depth of beams
permitting selection of the most optimum flange width & thickness and web thickness
• Much better sectional properties such as section modulus and radius of gyration. Parallel
flange beams exhibit much higher load carrying capacity under direct compression
• Parallel flange I sections used as beams offer substantial savings in cost
• Connections to the flanges are simpler since no tappeared washers are required
• Butt Welding of plates at the edge of flanges is easier and high welding efficiency can be
achived.

Manufactured as per Indian & International standards, these sections are superior in terms of
strength, efficiency, higher axial and bending load bearing capacity, workability and economy
vis-à-vis conventional tapered flange beams. These Parallel Flange Beams & Columns enable
complex fabrications in high volumes due to inherent functional advantages of these sections.
The load carrying capacity of parallel flange I sections under direct compression are much higher
than that of I sections available today. Also connections to the flanges are simpler since no
tapered washers etc. are required.

This design manual contains statical properties of parallel flange sections, design of members
subjected to compression & tension, bending and combined forces. Also strength tables for
different structural grades have been given for the benefit of designers. Also comparison tables
are provided to give an idea of how parallel flange sections are better compared to
conventionally available ISMB sections.

Parallel Flange sections are extensively used in construction of multi-storied buildings, bridges,
utility buildings, car parking lots, refineries, airports, flyovers, metro rail projects, cement plants,
steel plants and industrial sheds & structures, material handling systems, shopping malls, power
plants and stadiums etc. The availability of Parallel Flange Sections with improved yield and
other accompanying features would bridge the long felt need of the designers and users with an
aim for more innovativeness, strength and flexibility.
Chapter 1
Introduction
Chapter 1

INTRODUCTION
A structural engineer’s responsibility is to design the structural members of buildings, bridges,
dams, offshore platforms etc, with maximum efficiency and minimum cost satisfying the
strength and stiffness requirement. Selecting the good structural arrangement, design
methodology and choosing the right structural sections of required strength can accomplish the
economy. Also, the present Indian standard medium sections are available in one size only for
each beam depth. However, in case of parallel flange beams (in view of the Universal Rolling
Technology) more number of beams having the same beam depth but with varying flange and
web thickness, flange widths and weight per unit length are available giving more flexibility to
the designers & economy to the owner.

Hot rolled parallel flange beams and columns of wide range upto 900 mm depth are now
available in Indian market. These beams and columns are well accepted by consultants, designers
and fabricators because of their substantial cost benefit over conventionally available tapered
beams or built up sections.

Jindal’s parallel flange sections are available in different grades with yield strength of 250 to 450
Mpa. These sections can be welded without any preheating. Parallel flange I-Sections to be used
as beams of nominal size ranges from 200x100 mm to 900x300 mm and column sections from
150x150 mm to 400x400 mm are being produced and supplied in domestic market by JSPL
leading to significant economy in steel construction.

With the availability of large number of beams with different statical properties having the same
beam depth besides the advantage of parallel flange over taper flange will give the designers,
architects and construction agencies great flexibility in choosing the right sections depending on
applications. Also these sections have better sectional properties (section modulus, radius of
gyration) compared to conventional I beams. The load carrying capacity of parallel flange I
sections under direct compression are much higher than that of I sections available today. Also
connections to the flanges are simpler since no tapered washers etc. are required.

In view of above it is highly recommended to have the efficient parallel flange sections in
construction industry to bring down the overall cost of the structures. Almost all the countries
(Germany, Japan, USA etc.) use these efficient parallel flange sections and have their own
national standard for the same.

The present IS: 12778-2004 dealing with parallel flange section covers sections upto 900 mm
beam depth. This IS code incorporate a wide range of sections with proper grouping upto 900
mm depth.

Availability

Parallel flange beams are available in three categories:


Narrow Parallel Flange Beams, NPB: These are doubly symmetric shapes generally used as
beams whose inside flange surfaces are substantially parallel. Beams under this standard have
flange widths generally lower than the depth. Beams are manufactured with heavy, medium and
light flange and web thickness. Beams shall be designated by nominal depth and nominal flange
width and weight of section in kg/m. For example NPB 300 x 150 x 36.7 would mean narrow
parallel flange beam having nominal beam depth of 300 mm, nominal flange width of 150 mm
and beam weight of 36.7 kg/m.

Wide Parallel Flange Beams, WPB: these are doubly symmetric shapes, generally used as
beams or columns whose inside flange surfaces are substantially parallel. Beams or columns
under the standard have nominal flange width same as depth up to nominal depth 300 mm. Beam
depth larger than 300 mm have nominal flange width 300 mm to 400 mm. Columns may have
flange widths more than the depths. Beams and column section are manufactured with heavy,
medium and light flange and web thickness. Beams and columns are designated by nominal
depth and nominal flange width and weight in kg/m. For example WPB 600 x 300 x 120 would
mean wide parallel flange beam having nominal depth 600 mm nominal flange width of 300 mm
and beam weight of 120 kg/m WPB 360 x 400 x 287 would mean wide parallel flange columns
having nominal depth of 360 mm and nominal flange width of 400 mm and a weight of 287
kg/m.

Parallel flange Bearing Pile Sections, PBP: these are doubly symmetric wide flange shapes
generally used as bearing piles whose flanges and webs are of same nominal thickness and
whose depth and width are essentially the same. Bearing piles are generally designated by
nominal depth of the section and weight is kg/m. for example PEP 360 x 174 would mean
bearing pile section having nominal depth of 360 mm and nominal flange width of 360 mm and
weight of 174 kg/m.

Narrow & wide flange beams can be supplied in any of the three sub-categories
1. Light weight
2. Standard weight
3. Heavy weight

Parallel Flange Sections as per British (Universal beams UB, Universal Columns UC), European
(IPE, HE etc.), German, American or any other international specifications in addition to the
Indian specification shall be manufactured and supplied by JSPL as per their brochure.

As per the information available from M/s Jindal Steel & Power Limited, upto a maximum depth
of 900 mm and width 300 mm with varying flange and web thickness as per the customer’s
requirement are proposed to be rolled in their state-of the art Universal Rolling Mill. Sections
will confirm to the tolerance limits of IS: 1852 and they can also be produced to any other
international standard.

Material Grades
These sections are available in material grades conforming to IS: 2062-2011.

Major Advantages of Parallel Flange Beams


• Possibility of broad range of statical properties having the same depth of beams
permitting selection of the most optimum flange width & thickness and web thickness
• Much better sectional properties such as section modulus and radius of gyration. Parallel
flange beams exhibit much higher load carrying capacity under direct compression
• Parallel flange I sections used as beams offer substantial savings in cost
• Connections to the flanges are simpler since no tapered washers are required
• Butt Welding of plates at the edge of flanges is easier
• Greater choice of profile
• Facilitate bolted or welded construction
• Ensured quality of material and construction
• Reduced steel consumption
• Enhanced life cycle performance and durability
• Time saving construction
• Efficiency in construction
• Fire safety

Fig.1: Various Shapes With Equal


Fig. 2: Easy Connections Using
Chamber Size
Parallel Flange Sections

Application of Parallel Flange Sections


Parallel flange sections are invariably used in developed countries in almost all civil engineering
structures like bridges, railway stations, car parks, buildings, stadiums, shopping complexes etc.,
due to their excellent statical properties and flexibility in choosing right section. Connections are
simpler in case of parallel flange sections. This will help to reduce the overall structure cost.
Parallel Flange Sections can be used in all civil engineering structures like buildings, carparks,
bridges & flyovers. Parallel Flange Sections particularly UC sections are very good for columns.
Large column free spans are possible using parallel flange sections with high grade steel.

Bantam Beams are some of the lightest weight per foot hot rolled beams produced in the world.
Most of these products are used in the frames of recreational vehicles (RV) and manufactured
homes. Other companies have also found these sections to be very competitive in purling
applications and steel tonnage applications. These sections are produced by JSPL in different
structural grades.
Chapter 2
Notations &
Formulae
Chapter 2

Notations and Formulae

2.1 Notations
Notations and symbols used in this report shall have the following meanings with respect to the
structure or member or condition, unless otherwise defined elsewhere in this report:
A Area of cross section
Ae Effective cross sectional area
bf Width of the flange
cm Moment reduction factor for lateral torsional buckling strength calculation
D Overall depth/diameter of the cross section
d Depth of web, Nominal diameter
fcc Elastic buckling stress of a column, Euler buckling stress
fcd Design compressive stress
fcr,b Extreme fibre compressive stress corresponding elastic lateral buckling moment
fv Applied shear stress in the panel designed utilizing tension field action
G Modulus of rigidity for steel
h Depth of the section
Iw Warping constant
Iy Moment of inertia about the minor axis of the cross section
Iz Moment of inertia about the major axis of the cross section
Kb Effective stiffness of the beam and column
Kh Reduction factor to account for the HSFG connection bolts in over sized
and slotted holes
KL Effective length of the member
KL/r Appropriate effective slenderness ratio of the section
KL/ry Effective slenderness ratio of the section about the minor axis of the section
KL/rz Effective slenderness ratio of the section about the major axis of the section
L Actual length, unsupported length, Length centre to centre distance of the
intersecting members, Cantilever length
M Bending moment
Ma Applied bending moment
Mcr Elastic critical moment corresponding to lateral torsional buckling of the beam.
Md Design flexural strength
Mdv Moment capacity of the section under high shear
Mdy Design bending strengthabout the minor axis of the cross section
Mdz Design bending strength about the major axis of the cross section
Mfd Design plastic resistance of the flange alone
Mndy, Mndz Design bending strength under combined axial force and the respective uniaxial
moment acting alone
Mp Plastic moment capacity of the section
My Factored applied moment about the minor axis of the cross section
Mz Factored applied moment about the major axis of the cross section
Nd Design strength in tension or in compression
P Factored applied axial force
Pcc Elastic buckling strength under axial compression
Pd Design axial compressive strength
Pdy, Pdz Design compression strength as governed by flexural buckling about the
respective axis
r Appropriate radius of gyration
ry Radius of gyration about the minor axis
rz Radius of gyration about the major axis
tf Thickness of flange
tw Thickness of web,
V Factored applied shear force
Vd Design shear strength
Vn Nominal shear strength
xt Torsional index
Ze Elastic section modulus
Zec Elastic section modulus of the member with respect to extreme compression
fibre
Zet Elastic section modulus of the member with respect to extreme tension fibre
Zp Plastic section modulus
Zv Contribution to the plastic section modulus of the total shear area of the cross
section
α Imperfection factor for buckling strength in columns and beams
βM Ratio of smaller to the larger bending moment at the ends of a beam column
βMy,βMz Equivalent uniform moment factor for flexural buckling for y-y and z-z axes
respectively
βMLT Equivalent uniform moment factor for lateral torsional buckling
χ Strength reduction factor to account for buckling under compression
χm Strength reduction factor,χ, at fym
χ LT Strength reduction factor to account for lateral torsional buckling of beams
γ Unit weight of steel
γf Partial safety factor for load
γm Partial safety factor for material
γm0 Partial safety factor against yield stress and buckling
γm1 Partial safety factor against ultimate stress
ε Yield stress ratio, (250/fy) 1/2
λ Non dimensional slenderness ratio = (KL/r) / π 2 E / f y = f y / fcc = Py / Pcc
λcr Elastic buckling load factor
λe Equivalent slenderness ratio
λscr Elastic buckling load factor of each storey
µ Poisson’s ratio
θ Ratio of the rotation at the hinge point to the relative elastic rotation of the far
end of the beam segment containing plastic hinge
ρ Unit mass of steel
τ Actual shear stress range for the detail category
τb Buckling shear stress
ψ Ratio of the moments at the ends of the laterally unsupported length of a beam

Note: the subscripts y, z denote the y-y and z-z axes of the section, respectively. For symmetrical
sections, y-y denotes the minor principal axis whilst z-z denotes the major principal axis
Units − For the purpose of design calculations the following units are used
• Forces and Loads kN, kN/m, kN/m2
• Unit Mass kg/m3
• Unit Weight kN/m3
• Stresses and Strengths N/mm2 (= MN/m2 or MPa)
• Moments (bending, etc.) kNm
Properties
The properties of structural steel, for use in design, may be taken as given below.
Physical properties of structural steel irrespective of its grade may be taken as:
a) Unit mass of steel, ρ = 7850 kg/m3
b) Modulus of elasticity, E = 2.0 × 105 N/mm2 (MPa)
c) Poisson ratio, µ = 0.3
d) Modulus of rigidity, G = 0.769 × 105 N/mm2 (MPa)
e) Coefficient of thermal expansion αt = 12 × 10-6 /o C
Convention for Member Axes
Unless otherwise specified convention used for member axes is as follows:
y
x-x along the member
y-y an axis of the cross section
• perpendicular to the flanges z z
• perpendicular to the smaller leg in an angle section
z-z an axis of the cross section
• axis parallel to flanges
• axis parallel to smaller leg in angle section y
2.2 Formulae
Root Radius = R
Depth of the web, h = D-2(tf + R)

Area of the Section,  = 2  +  − 2  + (4 − ) 

Moment of Inertia about X-X axis,



        
 = + 2    −   + + 0.03 " + 0.2146   − 2 − 0.4468
 

Moment of Inertia about Y-Y axis,



    
' = + + 0.03 " + 0.2146  (  + 0.4468)
 

)*
Modulus of Section about X-X axis, ( = +
 
,
)-
Modulus of Section about X-X axis, (' = .
 
,
)
Radius of Gyration about X-X axis, / = 0 *
1
)-
Radius of Gyration about X-X axis, /' = 0
1
  4
Plastic Section Modulus, (2 =   − [(   +  ( − 2 )(  − "
) + 0.8584   +
0.2234 ]

 ,   ,  
Plastic Section Modulus (2' = 
+
"
+ 0.8584  (  + 0.2234)

Weight of Section, w kg/m 7 =  ∗ 7850/10;


End clearance, c < = +2


 
Notch, N = + 10 mm to the nearest 2mm above


[(>? @ A)]
== mm to the nearest 2mm above


C= t/2 +2 mm to the nearest mm


DE ,
Surface Area per meter length, SA_m BC = 2 − 2 + 4 − 2 +
;

GGG
Surface Area per tonne of Steel B_ = (  )B_H
Buckling Parameter, U1 I = [(4(2

J ∗ 1000000)/( ℎ )]G.L
Buckling Parameter, U2 I = [' ((2

J ∗ 100000)/( M )]G.L

Torsional Index N = 1.132[(M)/(' O ∗ 1000000)]G.L


Warping Constant, Cw M =   P ( −  ) /24
Torsional Constant, J
2 1 2 0.1   
O =  − 0.63  P +  − 2  P + (0.145 + )[{R + S +  + 
3 3   2
"
−   }/2 +  ]
2.3 PROPERTIES OF PARALLEL FLANGE SECTIONS

Sectional Properties
Nominal Web Flange Elastic Properties Plastic Modulus Fillet Rad
SECTION Weight Depth Thick Width Thick Area Axis -XX Axis - YY Rad At
d tw bf tf A Ix Zx rx Iy Zy ry Zpx Zpy r Toe
kg/m mm mm mm mm mm
2
x10 mm
6 4
x103 mm3 mm x106 mm4 x103 mm3 mm x103 mm3 x103 mm3 mm mm
INDIAN STANDARD NARROW FLANGE BEAMS (IS: 12778 -2004)
NPB 100x55x8.1 8.10 100 4.1 55 5.7 1032.3 1.71 34.20 40.70 0.16 5.78 12.40 39.41 9.15 7
NPB 120x60x10.4 10.37 120 4.4 64 6.3 1321.0 3.18 52.96 49.04 0.28 8.64 14.46 60.73 13.58 7
NPB 140x70x12.9 12.89 140 4.7 73 6.9 1642.6 5.41 77.32 57.40 0.45 12.30 16.53 88.34 19.25 7
NPB 160x80x15.8 15.77 160 5.0 82 7.4 2009.1 8.69 108.66 65.78 0.68 16.64 18.43 123.86 26.10 9
NPB 180x90x15.4 15.37 177 4.3 91 6.5 1957.7 10.63 120.08 73.68 0.82 17.98 20.44 135.33 27.96 9
NPB 180x90x18.8 18.80 180 5.3 91 8.0 2394.7 13.17 146.33 74.16 1.01 22.14 20.51 166.41 34.60 9
NPB 180x90x21.3 21.27 182 6.0 92 9.0 2709.5 15.05 165.41 74.53 1.17 25.48 20.80 189.15 39.91 9
NPB 200x100x18.4 18.42 197 4.5 100 7.0 2347.1 15.91 161.57 82.34 1.17 23.39 22.32 181.65 36.54 12
NPB 200x100x22.4 22.36 200 5.6 100 8.5 2848.4 19.43 194.32 82.59 1.42 28.42 22.34 220.64 44.61 12
NPB 200x100x25.1 25.09 202 6.2 102 9.5 3196.2 22.11 218.92 83.17 1.69 33.06 22.97 249.42 51.89 12
NPB 200x130x27.2 27.17 207 5.8 133 8.4 3461.2 26.43 255.34 87.38 3.30 49.60 30.87 285.76 76.58 12
NPB 200x130x31.6 31.55 210 6.4 134 10.0 4019.6 31.53 300.33 88.57 4.02 59.95 31.61 337.17 92.45 12
NPB 220x110x22.2 22.18 217 5.0 110 7.7 2825.6 23.17 213.50 90.54 1.71 31.12 24.61 240.21 48.49 12
NPB 220x110x26.2 26.20 220 5.9 110 9.2 3337.1 27.72 251.99 91.14 2.05 37.20 24.76 285.41 58.11 12
NPB 220x110x29.4 29.35 222 6.6 112 10.2 3739.0 31.34 282.35 91.55 2.40 42.77 25.31 321.15 66.91 12
NPB 240x120x26.2 26.15 237 5.2 120 8.3 3331.2 32.90 277.68 99.39 2.40 39.93 26.82 311.57 62.40 15
NPB 240x120x30.7 30.71 240 6.2 120 9.8 3911.6 38.92 324.30 99.74 2.83 47.17 26.90 366.65 73.92 15
NPB 240x120x34.3 34.31 242 7.0 122 10.8 4371.1 43.69 361.10 99.98 3.28 53.75 27.39 410.27 84.40 15
NPB 270x135x30.7 30.73 267 5.5 135 8.7 3914.9 49.17 368.34 112.07 3.57 52.95 30.22 412.49 82.34 15
NPB 270x135x36.1 36.07 270 6.6 135 10.2 4594.5 57.90 428.87 112.26 4.19 62.11 30.21 484.00 96.95 15
NPB 270x135x42.3 42.26 274 7.5 136 12.2 5383.5 69.47 507.08 113.60 5.13 75.41 30.86 574.65 117.71 15
NPB 300x150x36.5 36.52 297 6.1 150 9.2 4652.6 71.73 483.06 124.17 5.18 69.12 33.38 541.79 107.33 15
NPB 300x150x42.2 42.24 300 7.1 150 10.7 5381.2 83.56 557.07 124.61 6.03 80.42 33.48 628.36 125.22 15
NPB 300x150x49.3 49.32 304 8.0 152 12.7 6282.7 99.94 657.51 126.12 7.45 98.03 34.44 743.82 152.59 15
NPB 350x170x50.2 50.21 357.6 6.6 170 11.5 6396.5 145.15 811.83 150.64 9.43 110.96 38.40 906.77 171.85 18
NPB 350x170x57.1 57.09 360 8.0 170 12.7 7272.9 162.66 903.65 149.55 10.42 122.61 37.85 1019.15 191.10 18
NPB 350x170x66 66.04 364 9.2 172 14.7 8413.2 190.47 1046.56 150.47 12.50 145.33 38.54 1186.08 226.92 18
NPB 400x180x57.4 57.38 397 7.0 180 12.0 7309.6 202.93 1022.30 166.62 11.69 129.84 39.98 1143.90 202.07 21
NPB 400x180x66.3 66.30 400 8.6 180 13.5 8446.4 231.28 1156.42 165.48 13.16 146.17 39.47 1307.15 229.00 21
2.3 PROPERTIES OF PARALLEL FLANGE SECTIONS

Sectional Properties
Nominal Web Flange Elastic Properties Plastic Modulus Fillet Rad
SECTION Weight Depth Thick Width Thick Area Axis -XX Axis - YY Rad At
d tw bf tf A Ix Zx rx Iy Zy ry Zpx Zpy r Toe
kg/m mm mm mm mm mm
2 6
x10 mm
4
x103 mm3 mm x106 mm4 x103 mm3 mm x103 mm3 x103 mm3 mm mm
NPB 400x180x75.7 75.66 404 9.7 182 15.5 9638.7 267.47 1324.11 166.58 15.62 171.62 40.25 1502.17 269.10 21
NPB 450x190x67.2 67.15 447 7.6 190 13.1 8554.6 297.59 1331.49 186.51 15.00 157.92 41.88 1494.29 245.75 21
NPB 450x190x77.6 77.57 450 9.4 190 14.6 9882.1 337.43 1499.69 184.79 16.73 176.15 41.15 1701.79 276.38 21
NPB 450x190x92.4 92.36 456 11.0 192 17.6 11765.8 409.23 1794.89 186.50 20.83 216.94 42.07 2046.26 340.99 21
NPB 500x200x79.4 79.36 497 8.4 200 14.5 10109.8 429.33 1727.70 206.08 19.37 193.70 43.77 1945.87 301.62 21
NPB 500x200x90.7 90.68 500 10.2 200 16.0 11552.2 481.99 1927.94 204.27 21.39 213.91 43.03 2193.98 335.88 21
NPB 500x200x107.3 107.31 506 12.0 202 19.0 13670.6 577.77 2283.69 205.59 26.19 259.30 43.77 2612.84 408.53 21
NPB 600x220x107.6 107.56 597 9.8 220 17.5 13702.0 829.19 2777.85 246.01 31.12 282.94 47.66 3140.96 442.07 24
NPB 600x220x122.4 122.45 600 12.0 220 19.0 15598.4 920.83 3069.45 242.97 33.83 307.53 46.57 3512.40 485.65 24
NPB 600x220x154.5 154.46 610 15.0 224 24.0 19676.4 1183.02 3878.76 245.20 45.16 403.17 47.90 4471.04 640.08 24

INDIAN STANDARD WIDE FLANGE BEAMS (IS: 12778 -2004)


WPB 320x300x74.2 74.24 301 8.0 300 11.0 9457.8 164.47 1092.85 131.87 49.54 330.26 72.37 1196.20 505.74 27
WPB 320x300x97.6 97.63 310 9.0 300 15.5 12436.8 229.29 1479.26 135.78 69.80 465.31 74.91 1628.09 709.74 27
WPB 320x300x126.7 126.65 320 11.5 300 20.5 16134.3 308.24 1926.47 138.22 92.32 615.49 75.65 2149.24 939.10 27
WPB 320x300x245 244.96 359 21.0 309 40.0 31204.8 681.35 3795.81 147.77 196.99 1275.04 79.45 4435.03 1950.72 27
WPB 600x300x128.8 128.79 571 12.0 300 15.5 16405.8 918.72 3217.93 236.64 69.87 465.79 65.26 3623.06 724.47 27
WPB 600x300x177.8 177.77 590 13.0 300 25.0 22645.8 1412.08 4786.71 249.71 112.64 750.95 70.53 5350.39 1155.66 27
WPB 600x300x211.9 211.92 600 15.5 300 30.0 26995.8 1710.41 5701.37 251.71 135.22 901.49 70.77 6425.14 1391.06 27
WPB 600x300x285.5 285.47 620 21.0 305 40.0 36365.8 2374.47 7659.60 255.53 189.66 1243.64 72.22 8772.09 1930.38 27
WPB 700x300x149.9 149.89 670 13.0 300 17.0 19093.8 1427.21 4260.31 273.40 76.66 511.07 63.36 4840.14 799.71 27
WPB 700x300x204.5 204.48 690 14.5 300 27.0 26047.8 2153.01 6240.62 287.50 121.71 811.42 68.36 7031.82 1256.74 27
WPB 700x300x240.5 240.51 700 17.0 300 32.0 30637.8 2568.88 7339.67 289.56 144.32 962.16 68.63 8327.13 1495.04 27
WPB 700x300x300.7 300.67 716 21.0 304 40.0 38301.8 3292.78 9197.71 293.21 187.88 1236.02 70.04 10538.99 1928.78 27
WPB 800x300x171.5 171.51 770 14.0 300 18.0 21848.6 2088.82 5425.51 309.20 81.23 541.55 60.98 6224.80 856.55 30
WPB 800x300x224.4 224.37 790 15.0 300 28.0 28582.6 3034.42 7682.09 325.83 126.28 841.85 66.47 8699.49 1312.26 30
2.3 PROPERTIES OF PARALLEL FLANGE SECTIONS

Sectional Properties
Nominal Web Flange Elastic Properties Plastic Modulus Fillet Rad
SECTION Weight Depth Thick Width Thick Area Axis -XX Axis - YY Rad At
d tw bf tf A Ix Zx rx Iy Zy ry Zpx Zpy r Toe
kg/m mm mm mm mm mm
2
x10 mm
6 4
x103 mm3 mm x106 mm4 x103 mm3 mm x103 mm3 x103 mm3 mm mm
WPB 800x300x262.3 262.33 800 17.5 300 33.0 33417.6 3590.83 8977.09 327.80 148.91 992.76 66.75 10228.71 1553.13 30
WPB 800x300x317.3 317.35 814 21.0 303 40.0 40426.6 4425.98 10874.64 330.88 186.13 1228.61 67.85 12487.70 1930.39 30
WPB 900x300x198 198.00 870 15.0 300 20.0 25222.6 3011.45 6922.87 345.54 90.30 602.03 59.84 7998.81 957.66 30
WPB 900x300x251.6 251.61 890 16.0 300 30.0 32052.6 4220.75 9484.83 362.88 135.36 902.40 64.99 10811.04 1414.48 30
WPB 900x300x291.5 291.45 900 18.5 300 35.0 37127.6 4940.65 10979.21 364.79 158.03 1053.54 65.24 12584.10 1658.34 30

INDIAN STANDARD NARROW PARALLEL FLANGE BEAMS//EUROPIAN I- BEAMS


IPEO 300/NPB 300x150x49.3 49.32 304 8.0 152 12.7 6282.7 99.94 657.51 126.12 7.45 98.03 34.44 743.82 152.59 15
IPEO 360/NPB 350x170x66 66.04 364 9.2 172 14.7 8413.2 190.47 1046.56 150.47 12.50 145.33 38.54 1186.08 226.92 18
IPEO 400/NPB 400x180x75.7 75.66 404 9.7 182 15.5 9638.7 267.47 1324.11 166.58 15.62 171.62 40.25 1502.17 269.10 21
IPEO 450/NPB 450x190x92.4 92.36 456 11.0 192 17.6 11765.8 409.23 1794.89 186.50 20.83 216.94 42.07 2046.26 340.99 21
IPEO 500/NPB 500x200x107.3 107.31 506 12.0 202 19.0 13670.6 577.77 2283.69 205.58 26.19 259.30 43.77 2612.98 408.53 21
IPEO 600/NPB 600x220x154.5 154.46 610 15.0 224 24.0 19676.4 1183.02 3878.76 245.20 45.16 403.17 47.90 4471.04 640.08 24
IPE 300/NPB 300x150x42.2 42.24 300 7.1 150 10.7 5381.2 83.56 557.07 124.61 6.03 80.42 33.48 628.36 125.22 15
IPE 360/NPB 350x170x57.1 57.09 360 8.0 170 12.7 7272.9 162.66 903.65 149.55 10.42 122.61 37.85 1019.15 191.10 18
IPE 400/NPB 400x180x66.3 66.30 400 8.6 180 13.5 8446.4 231.28 1156.42 165.48 13.16 146.17 39.47 1307.15 229.00 21
IPE 450/NPB 450x190x77.6 77.57 450 9.4 190 14.6 9882.1 337.43 1499.69 184.79 16.73 176.15 41.15 1701.79 276.38 21
IPE 500/NPB 500x200x90.7 90.68 500 10.2 200 16.0 11552.2 481.99 1927.94 204.26 21.39 213.91 43.03 2194.12 335.88 21
IPE 600/NPB 600x220x122.4 122.45 600 12.0 220 19.0 15598.4 920.83 3069.45 242.97 33.83 307.53 46.57 3512.40 485.65 24
IPE A360/NPB 350x170x50.2 50.21 357.6 6.6 170 11.5 6396.5 145.15 811.83 150.64 9.43 110.96 38.40 906.77 171.85 18
IPEA 300/NPB 300x150x36.5 36.52 297 6.1 150 9.2 4652.6 71.73 483.06 124.17 5.18 69.12 33.38 541.79 107.33 15
IPEA 400/NPB 400x180x57.4 57.38 397 7.0 180 12.0 7309.6 202.93 1022.30 166.62 11.69 129.84 39.98 1143.90 202.07 21
IPEA 450/NPB 450x190x67.2 67.15 447 7.6 190 13.1 8554.6 297.59 1331.49 186.51 15.00 157.92 41.88 1494.29 245.75 21
IPEA 500/NPB 500x200x79.4 79.36 497 8.4 200 14.5 10109.8 429.33 1727.70 206.08 19.37 193.70 43.77 1946.01 301.62 21
IPEA 600/NPB 600x220x107.6 107.56 597 9.8 220 17.5 13702.0 829.19 2777.85 246.00 31.12 282.94 47.66 3141.18 442.07 24

UNIVERSAL BEAMS AS PER BS4-1:1993


UB 203x133x25 25.10 203.2 5.7 133.2 7.8 3196.8 23.40 230.33 85.56 3.08 46.18 31.02 257.73 70.94 7.6
UB 203x133x30 30.00 206.8 6.4 133.9 9.6 3821.1 28.96 280.04 87.05 3.85 57.44 31.73 314.37 88.22 7.6
UB 254x146x31 31.15 251.4 6.0 146.1 8.6 3967.7 44.13 351.11 105.47 4.47 61.26 33.58 393.06 94.13 7.6
2.3 PROPERTIES OF PARALLEL FLANGE SECTIONS

Sectional Properties
Nominal Web Flange Elastic Properties Plastic Modulus Fillet Rad
SECTION Weight Depth Thick Width Thick Area Axis -XX Axis - YY Rad At
d tw bf tf A Ix Zx rx Iy Zy ry Zpx Zpy r Toe
kg/m mm mm mm mm mm
2
x10 mm
6 4
x103 mm3 mm x106 mm4 x103 mm3 mm x103 mm3 x103 mm3 mm mm
UB 254x146x37 37.03 256 6.3 146.4 10.9 4716.6 55.37 432.56 108.35 5.71 77.95 34.78 483.23 119.37 7.6
UB 254x146x43 43.00 259.6 7.2 147.3 12.7 5477.2 65.44 504.14 109.30 6.77 91.96 35.16 566.33 141.08 7.6
UB 305x165x40 40.29 303.4 6.0 165 10.2 5132.0 85.03 560.49 128.72 7.64 92.64 38.59 623.08 141.73 8.9
UB 305x165x46 46.12 306.6 6.7 165.7 11.8 5874.6 98.99 645.71 129.81 8.96 108.09 39.04 720.05 165.53 8.9
UB 305x165x54 53.77 310.4 7.9 165.9 13.7 6849.4 116.36 749.71 130.34 10.44 125.84 39.04 842.01 193.35 8.9
UB 356x171x45 45.00 351.4 7.0 171.1 9.7 5732.6 120.66 686.72 145.08 8.11 94.79 37.61 774.62 146.57 10.2
UB 356x171x51 50.95 355 7.4 171.5 11.5 6490.6 141.36 796.39 147.58 9.68 112.90 38.62 896.00 174.20 10.2
UB 356x171x57 56.96 358 8.1 172.2 13.0 7255.7 160.38 896.00 148.68 11.08 128.69 39.08 1010.14 198.75 10.2
UB 356x171x67 67.11 363.4 9.1 173.2 15.7 8549.0 194.63 1071.15 150.88 13.62 157.26 39.91 1210.86 242.97 10.2
UB 406x178x54 54.13 402.6 7.7 177.7 10.9 6895.3 187.22 930.07 164.78 10.21 114.91 38.48 1054.64 178.29 10.2
UB 406x178x60 60.07 406.4 7.9 177.9 12.8 7651.9 215.96 1062.81 168.00 12.03 135.23 39.65 1199.47 209.05 10.2
UB 406x178x67 67.15 409.4 8.8 178.8 14.3 8554.0 243.31 1188.61 168.65 13.65 152.65 39.94 1346.03 236.55 10.2
UB 406x178x74 74.19 412.8 9.5 179.5 16.0 9450.9 273.10 1323.15 169.99 15.45 172.17 40.44 1500.81 266.98 10.2
UB 457x152x52 52.32 449.8 7.6 152.4 10.9 6664.4 213.69 950.15 179.06 6.45 84.62 31.10 1096.04 133.30 10.2
UB 457x152x60 59.84 454.6 8.1 152.9 13.3 7623.2 255.00 1121.87 182.89 7.94 103.92 32.28 1287.27 163.05 10.2
UB 457x152x67 67.16 458 9.0 153.8 15.0 8555.3 289.27 1263.17 183.88 9.12 118.64 32.66 1453.07 186.68 10.2
UB 457x152x74 74.16 462 9.6 154.4 17.0 9447.7 326.74 1414.46 185.97 10.46 135.53 33.28 1626.59 213.13 10.2
UB 457x152x82 82.06 465.8 10.5 155.3 18.9 10453.6 365.89 1571.00 187.09 11.84 152.51 33.66 1811.49 240.39 10.2
UB 457x191x67 67.12 453.4 8.5 189.9 12.7 8550.8 293.80 1296.00 185.36 14.52 152.92 41.21 1471.02 237.31 10.2
UB 457x191x74 74.28 457 9.0 190.4 14.5 9462.9 333.19 1458.18 187.64 16.71 175.52 42.02 1652.73 272.10 10.2
UB 457x191x82 82.02 460 9.9 191.3 16.0 10448.1 370.51 1610.93 188.31 18.71 195.57 42.31 1831.28 303.90 10.2
UB 457x191x89 89.31 463.4 10.5 191.9 17.7 11376.6 410.15 1770.18 189.87 20.89 217.73 42.85 2013.64 338.38 10.2
UB 457x191x98 98.33 467.2 11.4 192.8 19.6 12526.3 457.27 1957.49 191.06 23.47 243.44 43.28 2232.41 378.90 10.2
UB 533x210x82 82.18 528.3 9.6 208.8 13.2 10469.0 475.39 1799.70 213.09 20.07 192.22 43.78 2058.62 300.36 12.7
UB 533x210x92 92.14 533.1 10.1 209.3 15.6 11737.8 552.27 2071.93 216.91 23.89 228.25 45.11 2360.09 355.58 12.7
UB 533x210x101 101.01 536.7 10.8 210 17.4 12867.0 615.19 2292.48 218.66 26.91 256.33 45.74 2612.01 399.45 12.7
UB 533x210x109.8 109.80 539.5 11.8 210.8 18.8 13987.0 670.33 2484.99 218.92 29.43 279.18 45.87 2841.02 436.39 12.7
UB 533x210x122 121.99 544.5 12.7 211.9 21.3 15539.5 760.43 2793.11 221.21 33.87 319.67 46.69 3195.59 499.71 12.7
UB 610x229x101 101.20 602.6 10.5 227.6 14.8 12891.9 757.80 2515.10 242.45 29.14 256.08 47.54 2881.13 400.25 12.7
UB 610x229x113 113.00 607.6 11.1 228.2 17.3 14394.5 873.18 2874.21 246.29 34.33 300.92 48.84 3280.81 469.26 12.7
2.3 PROPERTIES OF PARALLEL FLANGE SECTIONS

Sectional Properties
Nominal Web Flange Elastic Properties Plastic Modulus Fillet Rad
SECTION Weight Depth Thick Width Thick Area Axis -XX Axis - YY Rad At
d tw bf tf A Ix Zx rx Iy Zy ry Zpx Zpy r Toe
kg/m mm mm mm mm mm
2
x10 mm
6 4
x103 mm3 mm x106 mm4 x103 mm3 mm x103 mm3 x103 mm3 mm mm
UB 610x229x125.1 125.08 612.2 11.9 229 19.6 15934.0 986.10 3221.50 248.77 39.32 343.37 49.67 3675.88 535.42 12.7
UB 610x229x139.9 139.88 617.2 13.1 230.2 22.1 17819.6 1117.77 3622.08 250.45 45.05 391.37 50.28 4142.07 611.44 12.7

UNIVERSAL COLUMNS AS PER BS4-1:1993


UC 152X152X23 22.96 152.4 5.8 152.2 6.8 2924.5 12.50 164.02 65.37 4.00 52.54 36.98 181.98 80.16 7.6
UC 152X152X30 30.04 157.6 6.5 152.9 9.4 3826.3 17.48 221.83 67.59 5.60 73.30 38.27 247.67 111.59 7.6
UC 152X152X37 36.98 161.8 8.0 154.4 11.5 4711.2 22.10 273.23 68.50 7.06 91.47 38.72 308.76 0.10 7.6
UC 203X203X46.1 46.10 203.2 7.2 203.6 11.0 5873.1 45.68 449.59 88.19 15.48 152.07 51.34 497.44 230.86 10.2
UC 203X203X52 52.03 206.2 7.9 204.3 12.5 6628.3 52.59 510.07 89.07 17.77 174.00 51.78 567.40 264.25 10.2
UC 203X203X60 59.95 209.6 9.4 205.8 14.2 7637.3 61.25 584.40 89.55 20.64 200.62 51.99 656.08 305.34 10.2
UC 203X203X71 70.99 215.8 10.0 206.4 17.3 9042.7 76.18 706.03 91.78 25.37 245.84 52.97 798.76 373.68 10.2
UC 203X203X86.1 86.06 222.2 12.7 209.1 20.5 10963.6 94.49 850.48 92.83 31.27 299.11 53.41 976.73 456.24 10.2
UC 254X254X73.1 73.08 254.1 8.6 254.6 14.2 9310.1 114.07 897.85 110.69 39.07 306.94 64.78 992.07 465.39 12.7
UC 254X254X89.5 89.49 260.3 10.3 258.3 17.3 11400.3 143.70 1104.12 112.27 49.72 384.94 66.04 1232.27 584.21 12.7
UC 254X254X107.1 107.06 266.7 12.8 258.8 20.5 13638.2 175.10 1313.11 113.31 59.27 458.04 65.92 1484.43 697.04 12.7
UC 254X254X132 131.99 276.3 15.3 261.3 25.3 16813.4 225.29 1630.74 115.76 75.31 576.40 66.92 1869.41 878.37 12.7
UC 254X254X167.1 167.09 289.1 19.2 265.2 31.7 21285.6 299.98 2075.24 118.71 98.69 744.28 68.09 2423.67 1137.27 12.7
UC 305X305X97 96.91 307.9 9.9 305.3 15.4 12344.9 222.49 1445.21 134.25 73.07 478.66 76.93 1592.07 726.15 15.2
UC 305X305X118 117.91 314.5 12.0 307.4 18.7 15020.3 276.72 1759.75 135.73 90.58 589.34 77.66 1957.53 895.37 15.2
UC 305X305X137 136.92 320.5 13.8 309.2 21.7 17441.6 328.14 2047.69 137.16 106.98 692.01 78.32 2296.55 1052.54 15.2
UC 305X305X158 158.07 327.1 15.8 311.2 25.0 20136.5 387.47 2369.11 138.72 125.68 807.73 79.00 2680.44 1230.10 15.2
UC 305X305X198 198.15 339.9 19.1 314.5 31.4 25241.5 509.04 2995.24 142.01 162.98 1036.41 80.35 3439.98 1580.73 15.2
UC 305X305X240 240.05 352.5 23.0 318.4 37.7 30579.0 642.03 3642.70 144.90 203.13 1275.94 81.50 4247.07 1950.59 15.2
UC 305X305X283 282.93 365.3 26.8 322.2 44.1 36042.6 788.72 4318.19 147.93 246.33 1529.05 82.67 5105.20 2342.16 15.2
UC 356X368X129 129.00 355.6 10.4 368.6 17.5 16433.6 402.46 2263.53 156.49 146.10 792.75 94.29 2479.27 1199.20 15.2
UC 356X368X153 152.92 362 12.3 370.5 20.7 19480.4 485.89 2684.49 157.93 175.52 947.49 94.92 2964.73 1434.77 15.2
UC 356X368X177 177.02 368.2 14.4 372.6 23.8 22550.7 571.18 3102.55 159.15 205.28 1101.89 95.41 3455.24 1670.81 15.2
UC 368X368X202 201.92 374.6 16.5 374.7 27.0 25722.0 662.61 3537.72 160.50 236.87 1264.33 95.96 3971.74 1919.53 15.2
UC 356X406x235 235.05 381 18.4 394.8 30.2 29943.3 790.85 4151.43 162.52 309.92 1570.00 101.74 4686.50 2383.23 15.2
2.3 PROPERTIES OF PARALLEL FLANGE SECTIONS

Sectional Properties
Nominal Web Flange Elastic Properties Plastic Modulus Fillet Rad
SECTION Weight Depth Thick Width Thick Area Axis -XX Axis - YY Rad At
d tw bf tf A Ix Zx rx Iy Zy ry Zpx Zpy r Toe
kg/m mm mm mm mm mm
2 6
x10 mm
4
x103 mm3 mm x106 mm4 x103 mm3 mm x103 mm3 x103 mm3 mm mm
INDIAN STANDARD WIDE PARALLEL FLANGE BEAMS//EUROPIAN WIDE FLANGE BEAMS
HE 800x373 372.55 826 25.0 308 46.0 47458.6 5239.06 12685.38 332.25 225.11 1461.76 68.87 14696.62 2311.39 30
HEA 320/WPB 320x300x97.6 97.63 310 9.0 300 15.5 12436.8 229.29 1479.26 135.78 69.80 465.31 74.91 1628.09 709.74 27
HEA 600/WPB 600x300x177.8 177.77 590 13.0 300 25.0 22645.8 1412.08 4786.71 249.71 112.64 750.95 70.53 5350.39 1155.66 27
HEA 700/WPB 700x300x204.5 204.48 690 14.5 300 27.0 26047.8 2153.01 6240.62 287.50 121.71 811.42 68.36 7031.82 1256.74 27
HEA 800/WPB 800x300x224.4 224.37 790 15.0 300 28.0 28582.6 3034.42 7682.09 325.83 126.28 841.85 66.47 8699.49 1312.26 30
HEA 900/WPB 900x300x251.6 251.61 890 16.0 300 30.0 32052.6 4220.75 9484.83 362.88 135.36 902.40 64.99 10811.04 1414.48 30
HEAA 320/WPB 320x300x74.2 74.24 301 8.0 300 11.0 9457.8 164.47 1092.85 131.87 49.54 330.26 72.37 1196.20 505.74 27
HEAA 600/WPB 600x300x128.8 128.79 571 12.0 300 15.5 16405.8 918.72 3217.93 236.64 69.87 465.79 65.26 3623.06 724.47 27
HEAA 700/WPB 700x300x149.9 149.89 670 13.0 300 17.0 19093.8 1427.21 4260.31 273.40 76.66 511.07 63.36 4840.14 799.71 27
HEAA 800/WPB 800x300x171.5 171.51 770 14.0 300 18.0 21848.6 2088.82 5425.51 309.20 81.23 541.55 60.98 6224.80 856.55 30
HEAA 900/WPB 900x300x198 198.00 870 15.0 300 20.0 25222.6 3011.45 6922.87 345.54 90.30 602.03 59.84 7998.81 957.66 30
HEB 320/WPB 320x300x126.7 126.65 320 11.5 300 20.5 16134.3 308.24 1926.47 138.22 92.32 615.49 75.65 2149.24 939.10 27
HEB 600/WPB 600x300x211.9 211.92 600 15.5 300 30.0 26995.8 1710.41 5701.37 251.71 135.22 901.49 70.77 6425.14 1391.06 27
HEB 700/WPB 700x300x240.5 240.51 700 17.0 300 32.0 30637.8 2568.88 7339.67 289.56 144.32 962.16 68.63 8327.13 1495.04 27
HEB 800/WPB 800x300x262.3 262.33 800 17.5 300 33.0 33417.6 3590.83 8977.09 327.80 148.91 992.76 66.75 10228.71 1553.13 30
HEB 900/WPB 900x300x291.5 291.45 900 18.5 300 35.0 37127.6 4940.65 10979.21 364.79 158.03 1053.54 65.24 12584.10 1658.34 30
HEM 320/WPB 320x300x245 244.96 359 21.0 309 40.0 31204.8 681.35 3795.81 147.77 196.99 1275.04 79.45 4435.03 1950.72 27
HEM 600/WPB 600x300x285.5 285.47 620 21.0 305 40.0 36365.8 2374.47 7659.60 255.53 189.66 1243.64 72.22 8772.09 1930.38 27
HEM 700/WPB 700x300x300.7 300.67 716 21.0 304 40.0 38301.8 3292.78 9197.71 293.21 187.88 1236.02 70.04 10538.99 1928.78 27
HEM 800/WPB 800x300x317.3 317.35 814 21.0 303 40.0 40426.6 4425.98 10874.64 330.88 186.13 1228.61 67.85 12487.70 1930.39 30
HEM 900/WPB 900x300x332.5 332.55 910 21.0 302 40.0 42362.6 5704.34 12537.01 366.95 184.38 1221.04 65.97 14441.76 1928.88 30
2.3 PROPERTIES OF PARALLEL FLANGE SECTIONS

Sectional Properties
Nominal Web Flange Elastic Properties Plastic Modulus Fillet Rad
SECTION Weight Depth Thick Width Thick Area Axis -XX Axis - YY Rad At
d tw bf tf A Ix Zx rx Iy Zy ry Zpx Zpy r Toe
kg/m mm mm mm mm mm
2
x10 mm
6 4
x103 mm3 mm x106 mm4 x103 mm3 mm x103 mm3 x103 mm3 mm mm

INDIAN STANDARD TAPERED FLANGE MEDIUM WEIGHT BEAMS/I-SECTIONS (IS:808)


ISMB 100 (IS808) 8.9 100 4.7 50 7.0 1140.0 1.83 36.60 40.00 0.129 5.16 10.50 42.40 9.53 9 4.5
ISMB 125 (IS808) 13.3 125 5.0 70 8.0 1700.0 4.45 71.20 51.60 0.385 11.00 15.10 81.86 20.59 9 4.5
ISMB 150 (IS808) 15 150 5.0 75 8.0 1910.0 7.18 95.70 61.30 0.468 12.50 15.70 109.95 23.65 9 4.5
ISMB 175 (IS808) 19.6 175 5.8 85 9.0 2500.0 12.6 144.00 71.30 0.767 18.00 17.60 166.96 34.27 10 5
ISMB 200 (IS808) 24.2 200 5.7 100 10.0 3080.0 21.2 212.00 82.90 1.370 27.40 21.10 240.28 52.01 11 5.5
ISMB 250 (IS808) 37.3 250 6.9 125 12.5 4750.0 51.3 410.00 104.00 3.350 53.50 26.50 465.25 101.26 13 6.5
ISMB 300 (IS808) 46 300 7.7 140 13.1 5860.0 89.9 599.00 124.00 4.860 69.50 28.60 680.32 133.61 14 7
ISMB 350 (IS808) 52.4 350 8.1 140 14.2 6670.0 136 779.00 143.00 5.380 76.80 28.40 889.68 145.64 14 7
ISMB 400 (IS808) 61.5 400 8.9 140 16.0 7840.0 205 1020.00 162.00 6.220 88.90 28.20 1175.22 165.36 14 7
ISMB 450 (IS808) 72.4 450 9.4 150 17.4 9220.0 304 1350.00 182.00 8.340 111.00 30.10 1552.05 206.48 15 7.5
ISMB 500 (IS808) 86.9 500 10.2 180 17.2 11100.0 452 1810.00 202.00 13.700 152.00 35.20 2082.06 292.96 17 8.5
ISMB 550 (IS808) 104 550 11.2 190 19.3 13200.0 649 2360.00 222.00 18.300 193.00 37.30 2709.91 367.08 18 9
ISMB 600 (IS808) 123 600 12.0 210 20.3 15600.0 918 3060.00 242.00 26.500 252.00 41.20 3509.90 471.35 20 10

ISMB SECTION PROPERTIES (As Per SP: 6(1)-1964 & Reference Manual for Structural Engineers -INS/PUB/003- Page 28 & 29)
ISMB 100 x11.5 11.5 100 4.0 75 7.2 1460.0 2.575 51.5 42.00 0.408 10.9 16.7 58.68 20.87 9 4.5
ISMB 125 x13 13.0 125 4.4 75 7.6 1660.0 4.49 71.8 52.01 0.437 11.7 16.2 81.82 22.20 9 4.5
ISMB 150 x14.9 14.9 150 4.8 80 7.6 1900.0 7.264 96.9 61.83 0.526 13.2 16.6 110.49 25.40 9 4.5
ISMB 175 x19.3 19.3 175 5.5 90 8.6 2462.0 12.72 145.4 71.88 0.850 18.9 18.6 166.14 36.45 10 5
ISMB 200 x25.4 25.4 200 5.7 100 10.8 3233.0 22.354 223.5 83.15 1.500 30.0 21.5 253.92 56.00 11 5.5
ISMB 250 x37.3 37.3 250 6.9 125 12.5 4755.0 51.316 410.5 103.88 3.345 53.5 26.5 465.87 101.26 13 6.5
ISMB 300 x44.2 44.2 300 7.5 140 12.4 5626.0 86.036 573.6 123.66 4.539 64.8 28.4 652.16 126.55 14 7
ISMB 350 x52.4 52.4 350 8.1 140 14.2 6671.0 136.303 778.9 142.94 5.377 76.8 28.4 889.85 145.64 14 7
ISMB 400 x61.6 61.6 400 8.9 140 16.0 7846.0 204.584 1022.9 161.48 6.221 88.9 28.2 1176.42 165.36 14 7
ISMB 450 x72.4 72.4 450 9.4 150 17.4 9227.0 303.908 1350.7 181.49 8.340 111.2 30.1 1553.62 206.48 15 7.5
ISMB 500 x86.9 86.9 500 10.2 180 17.2 11074.0 452.183 1808.7 202.07 13.698 152.2 35.2 2075.56 292.96 17 8.5
ISMB 550 x103.7 103.7 550 11.2 190 19.3 13211.0 648.936 2359.8 221.63 18.338 193.0 37.3 2712.94 367.08 18 9
ISMB 600 x122.6 122.6 600 12.0 210 20.3 15621.0 918.130 3060.4 242.44 26.510 252.5 41.2 3516.20 471.35 20 10
2.3 PROPERTIES OF PARALLEL FLANGE SECTIONS

Dimension for Detailing Buckling Parameter Torsional Section Class


Nominal End Notch Surface Area Index Warping Torsional
SECTION Weight Clearance Per Meter Per Tonne Constant Constant Bending Comp
C N n SA_m SA_t U1 U2 xt Cw J
kg/m mm mm mm x103 mm2 x103 mm2 mm
6
mm
4

INDIAN STANDARD NARROW FLANGE BEAMS (IS: 12778 -2004)


NPB 100x55x8.1 8.10 4 36 14 399 49190 0.9873 0.8792 15.6 3.51E+08 1.20E+04 PL PL
NPB 120x60x10.4 10.37 4 40 14 472 45480 0.9698 0.8799 17.7 8.90E+08 1.74E+04 PL PL
NPB 140x70x12.9 12.89 4 45 14 545 42237 0.9582 0.8804 19.5 1.98E+09 2.45E+04 PL PL
NPB 160x80x15.8 15.77 5 49 18 624 39584 0.9646 0.8814 20.4 3.96E+09 3.60E+04 PL PL
NPB 180x90x15.4 15.37 4 54 16 699 45504 0.9538 0.8831 26.0 5.93E+09 2.70E+04 PL PL
NPB 180x90x18.8 18.80 5 53 18 697 37094 0.9565 0.8818 21.7 7.43E+09 4.79E+04 PL PL
NPB 180x90x21.3 21.27 5 53 18 700 32906 0.9583 0.8811 19.6 8.74E+09 6.76E+04 PL PL
NPB 200x100x18.4 18.42 4 58 20 785 42621 0.9680 0.8861 25.7 1.05E+10 4.11E+04 PL PL
NPB 200x100x22.4 22.36 5 58 22 783 35022 0.9685 0.8832 21.9 1.30E+10 6.98E+04 PL PL
NPB 200x100x25.1 25.09 5 58 22 790 31482 0.9713 0.8835 20.0 1.56E+10 9.45E+04 PL PL
NPB 200x130x27.2 27.17 5 74 22 929 34195 0.9641 0.8823 22.8 3.25E+10 8.43E+04 PL PL
NPB 200x130x31.6 31.95 5 74 22 931 29520 0.9716 0.8855 20.0 4.01E+10 1.29E+05 PL PL
NPB 220x110x22.2 22.18 5 63 20 861 38839 0.9598 0.8846 26.4 1.87E+10 5.69E+04 PL PL
NPB 220x110x26.2 26.20 5 63 22 860 32818 0.9628 0.8843 22.9 2.27E+10 9.07E+04 PL PL
NPB 220x110x29.4 29.35 5 63 24 866 29515 0.9641 0.8835 20.9 2.68E+10 1.23E+05 PL PL
NPB 240x120x26.2 26.15 5 68 24 955 36505 0.9726 0.8880 25.8 3.13E+10 8.35E+04 PL PL
NPB 240x120x30.7 30.71 5 67 26 953 31023 0.9737 0.8862 22.7 3.74E+10 1.29E+05 PL PL
NPB 240x120x34.3 34.31 6 68 26 959 27948 0.9738 0.8844 20.8 4.37E+10 1.72E+05 PL PL
NPB 270x135x30.7 30.73 5 75 24 1072 34895 0.9613 0.8868 28.5 5.95E+10 1.03E+05 PL PL
NPB 270x135x36.1 36.07 5 75 26 1070 29673 0.9613 0.8843 24.9 7.06E+10 1.59E+05 PL PL
NPB 270x135x42.3 42.26 6 75 28 1072 25376 0.9673 0.8865 21.8 8.76E+10 2.49E+05 PL PL
NPB 300x150x36.5 36.52 5 82 26 1189 32560 0.9499 0.8832 30.3 1.07E+11 1.34E+05 PL PL
NPB 300x150x42.2 42.24 6 82 26 1187 28104 0.9512 0.8823 26.8 1.26E+11 2.01E+05 PL PL
NPB 300x150x49.3 49.32 6 82 28 1193 24197 0.9572 0.8848 23.4 1.58E+11 3.11E+05 PL PL
NPB 350x170x50.2 50.21 5 92 30 1400 27874 0.9582 0.8904 30.4 2.82E+11 2.65E+05 PL SC
NPB 350x170x57.1 57.09 6 91 32 1397 24466 0.9529 0.8840 27.4 3.14E+11 3.73E+05 PL PL
NPB 350x170x66 66.04 7 92 34 1402 21235 0.9554 0.8839 24.3 3.80E+11 5.58E+05 PL PL
NPB 400x180x57.4 57.38 6 97 34 1539 26815 0.9581 0.8888 31.6 4.32E+11 3.48E+05 PL SC
NPB 400x180x66.3 66.30 6 96 36 1535 23157 0.9530 0.8824 28.1 4.90E+11 5.11E+05 PL PL
2.3 PROPERTIES OF PARALLEL FLANGE SECTIONS

Dimension for Detailing Buckling Parameter Torsional Section Class


Nominal End Notch Surface Area Index Warping Torsional
SECTION Weight Clearance Per Meter Per Tonne Constant Constant Bending Comp
C N n SA_m SA_t U1 U2 xt Cw J
kg/m mm mm mm x103 mm2 x103 mm2 mm
6
mm
4

NPB 400x180x75.7 75.66 7 97 38 1541 20369 0.9559 0.8830 25.2 5.88E+11 7.31E+05 PL PL
NPB 450x190x67.2 67.15 6 102 36 1673 24913 0.9480 0.8862 33.6 7.05E+11 4.57E+05 PL SC
NPB 450x190x77.6 77.57 7 101 36 1669 21520 0.9415 0.8787 29.9 7.91E+11 6.69E+05 PL PL
NPB 450x190x92.4 92.36 8 101 16 1674 18127 0.8932 0.8812 25.7 9.98E+11 1.09E+06 PL SC
NPB 500x200x79.4 79.36 6 106 36 1806 22756 0.9397 0.8834 34.6 1.13E+12 6.28E+05 PL SC
NPB 500x200x90.7 90.68 7 105 38 1802 19875 0.9336 0.8765 31.1 1.25E+12 8.93E+05 PL PL
NPB 500x200x107.3 107.31 8 105 40 1807 16836 0.9364 0.8765 26.9 1.55E+12 1.43E+06 PL PL
NPB 600x220x107.6 107.56 7 116 42 2098 19502 0.9355 0.8815 35.2 2.61E+12 1.19E+06 PL SC
NPB 600x220x122.4 122.45 8 114 44 2093 17094 0.9273 0.8729 31.9 2.85E+12 1.65E+06 PL SC
NPB 600x220x154.5 154.46 10 115 48 2103 13616 0.9312 0.8731 26.0 3.86E+12 3.18E+06 PL PL

INDIAN STANDARD WIDE FLANGE BEAMS (IS: 12778 -2004)


WPB 320x300x74.2 74.24 6 156 38 1885 25392 0.9694 0.8541 21.3 1.04E+12 5.59E+05 SC SC
WPB 320x300x97.6 97.63 7 156 44 1883 19289 0.9851 0.8612 17.9 1.51E+12 1.08E+06 CO CO
WPB 320x300x126.7 126.65 8 155 48 1878 14829 0.9955 0.8630 14.3 2.07E+12 2.25E+06 PL PL
WPB 320x300x245 244.96 13 154 68 1895 7737 1.0321 0.8671 8.2 5.00E+12 1.50E+07 PL PL
WPB 600x300x128.8 128.79 8 154 44 2399 18629 0.9346 0.8746 32.9 5.38E+12 1.50E+06 CO CO
WPB 600x300x177.8 177.77 9 154 52 2397 13485 0.9658 0.8960 24.1 8.98E+12 3.98E+06 PL PL
WPB 600x300x211.9 211.92 10 153 58 2392 11288 0.9695 0.8956 20.5 1.10E+13 6.67E+06 PL PL
WPB 600x300x285.5 285.47 13 152 68 2401 8411 0.9758 0.8938 15.8 1.59E+13 1.56E+07 PL PL
WPB 700x300x149.9 149.89 9 154 44 2589 17274 0.9205 0.8695 36.5 8.16E+12 1.95E+06 PL SC
WPB 700x300x204.5 204.48 9 153 54 2586 12648 0.9493 0.8898 26.7 1.34E+13 5.14E+06 PL PL
WPB 700x300x240.5 240.51 11 152 60 2581 10732 0.9526 0.8896 22.9 1.61E+13 8.31E+06 PL PL
WPB 700x300x300.7 300.67 13 152 68 2589 8611 0.9582 0.8898 18.8 2.14E+13 1.59E+07 PL PL
WPB 800x300x171.5 171.51 9 153 48 2817 16423 0.9104 0.8625 39.2 1.15E+13 2.57E+06 PL SC
WPB 800x300x224.4 224.37 10 153 58 2815 12545 0.9403 0.8848 29.8 1.83E+13 5.97E+06 PL SC
2.3 PROPERTIES OF PARALLEL FLANGE SECTIONS

Dimension for Detailing Buckling Parameter Torsional Section Class


Nominal End Notch Surface Area Index Warping Torsional
SECTION Weight Clearance Per Meter Per Tonne Constant Constant Bending Comp
C N n SA_m SA_t U1 U2 xt Cw J
kg/m mm mm mm x103 mm2 x103 mm2 mm
6
mm
4

WPB 800x300x262.3 262.33 11 152 64 2810 10711 0.9430 0.8846 25.8 2.18E+13 9.46E+06 PL PL
WPB 800x300x317.3 317.35 13 151 70 2815 8870 0.9472 0.8847 21.7 2.78E+13 1.65E+07 PL PL
WPB 900x300x198 198.00 10 153 50 3007 15186 0.9007 0.8580 41.7 1.63E+13 3.35E+06 PL SC
WPB 900x300x251.6 251.61 10 152 60 3005 11942 0.9284 0.8791 32.1 2.50E+13 7.37E+06 PL SC
WPB 900x300x291.5 291.45 11 151 66 3000 10293 0.9307 0.8788 27.9 2.95E+13 1.14E+07 PL PL

INDIAN STANDARD NARROW PARALLEL FLANGE BEAMS//EUROPIAN I- BEAMS


IPEO 300/NPB 300x150x49.3 49.32 6 82 28 1193 24197 0.9572 0.8848 23.4 1.58E+11 3.11E+05 PL PL
IPEO 360/NPB 350x170x66 66.04 7 92 34 1402 21235 0.9554 0.8839 24.3 3.80E+11 5.58E+05 PL PL
IPEO 400/NPB 400x180x75.7 75.66 7 97 38 1541 20369 0.9559 0.8830 25.2 5.88E+11 7.31E+05 PL PL
IPEO 450/NPB 450x190x92.4 92.36 8 101 40 1674 18127 0.9458 0.8799 25.7 9.98E+11 1.09E+06 PL PL
IPEO 500/NPB 500x200x107.3 107.31 8 105 40 1807 16835 0.9364 0.8765 26.9 1.55E+12 1.43E+06 PL PL
IPEO 600/NPB 600x220x154.5 154.46 10 115 48 2103 13616 0.9312 0.8731 26.0 3.86E+12 3.18E+06 PL PL
IPE 300/NPB 300x150x42.2 42.24 6 82 26 1187 28104 0.9512 0.8823 26.8 1.26E+11 2.01E+05 PL PL
IPE 360/NPB 350x170x57.1 57.09 6 91 32 1397 24466 0.9529 0.8840 27.4 3.14E+11 3.73E+05 PL PL
IPE 400/NPB 400x180x66.3 66.30 6 96 36 1535 23157 0.9530 0.8824 28.1 4.90E+11 5.11E+05 PL PL
IPE 450/NPB 450x190x77.6 77.57 7 101 36 1669 21520 0.9415 0.8787 29.9 7.91E+11 6.69E+05 PL PL
IPE 500/NPB 500x200x90.7 90.68 7 105 38 1802 19874 0.9336 0.8765 31.1 1.25E+12 8.93E+05 PL PL
IPE 600/NPB 600x220x122.4 122.45 8 114 44 2093 17094 0.9273 0.8729 31.9 2.85E+12 1.65E+06 PL SC
IPE A360/NPB 350x170x50.2 50.21 5 92 30 1400 27874 0.9582 0.8904 30.4 2.82E+11 2.65E+05 PL SC
IPEA 300/NPB 300x150x36.5 36.52 5 82 26 1189 32560 0.9499 0.8832 30.3 1.07E+11 1.34E+05 PL PL
IPEA 400/NPB 400x180x57.4 57.38 6 97 34 1539 26815 0.9581 0.8888 31.6 4.32E+11 3.48E+05 PL SC
IPEA 450/NPB 450x190x67.2 67.15 6 102 36 1673 24913 0.9480 0.8862 33.6 7.05E+11 4.57E+05 PL SC
IPEA 500/NPB 500x200x79.4 79.36 6 106 36 1806 22754 0.9397 0.8834 34.6 1.13E+12 6.28E+05 PL SC
IPEA 600/NPB 600x220x107.6 107.56 7 116 42 2098 19501 0.9355 0.8815 35.2 2.61E+12 1.19E+06 PL SC

UNIVERSAL BEAMS AS PER BS4-1:1993


UB 203x133x25 25.10 5 74 16 908 36180 0.9336 0.8772 25.3 2.93E+10 6.10E+04 PL PL
UB 203x133x30 30.00 5 74 18 909 30316 0.9428 0.8818 21.3 3.73E+10 1.04E+05 PL PL
UB 254x146x31 31.15 5 81 18 1052 33781 0.9261 0.8798 29.4 6.59E+10 8.68E+04 PL PL
2.3 PROPERTIES OF PARALLEL FLANGE SECTIONS

Dimension for Detailing Buckling Parameter Torsional Section Class


Nominal End Notch Surface Area Index Warping Torsional
SECTION Weight Clearance Per Meter Per Tonne Constant Constant Bending Comp
C N n SA_m SA_t U1 U2 xt Cw J
kg/m mm mm mm x103 mm2 x103 mm2 mm
6
mm
4

UB 254x146x37 37.03 5 81 20 1053 28433 0.9413 0.8900 24.3 8.56E+10 1.54E+05 PL PL


UB 254x146x43 43.00 6 81 22 1055 24526 0.9455 0.8908 21.1 1.03E+11 2.40E+05 PL PL
UB 305x165x40 40.29 5 90 20 1230 30521 0.9346 0.8890 31.0 1.64E+11 1.47E+05 PL SC
UB 305x165x46 46.12 5 90 22 1231 26693 0.9389 0.8907 27.1 1.94E+11 2.22E+05 PL PL
UB 305x165x54 53.77 6 89 24 1229 22864 0.9405 0.8894 23.6 2.29E+11 3.47E+05 PL PL
UB 356x171x45 45.00 6 93 20 1355 30107 0.9152 0.8743 36.4 2.36E+11 1.62E+05 PL SC
UB 356x171x51 50.95 6 93 22 1356 26607 0.9248 0.8811 32.0 2.85E+11 2.40E+05 PL SC
UB 356x171x57 56.96 6 93 24 1357 23825 0.9285 0.8828 28.7 3.29E+11 3.36E+05 PL PL
UB 356x171x67 67.11 7 93 26 1359 20251 0.9363 0.8868 24.3 4.11E+11 5.59E+05 PL PL
UB 406x178x54 54.13 6 95 22 1477 27295 0.9085 0.8718 37.9 3.91E+11 2.35E+05 PL SC
UB 406x178x60 60.07 6 95 24 1478 24603 0.9194 0.8801 33.6 4.65E+11 3.35E+05 PL SC
UB 406x178x67 67.15 6 95 26 1480 22035 0.9211 0.8801 30.3 5.32E+11 4.64E+05 PL PL
UB 406x178x74 74.19 7 95 28 1481 19963 0.9252 0.8821 27.5 6.07E+11 6.31E+05 PL PL
UB 457x152x52 52.32 6 83 22 1471 28115 0.8915 0.8597 43.5 3.10E+11 2.17E+05 PL SC
UB 457x152x60 59.84 6 83 24 1472 24595 0.9031 0.8685 37.3 3.86E+11 3.40E+05 PL SC
UB 457x152x67 67.16 7 83 26 1474 21942 0.9056 0.8694 33.4 4.46E+11 4.79E+05 PL SC
UB 457x152x74 74.16 7 83 28 1475 19886 0.9117 0.8732 30.0 5.16E+11 6.62E+05 PL SC
UB 457x152x82 82.06 7 83 30 1477 17994 0.9146 0.8742 27.3 5.89E+11 8.97E+05 PL PL
UB 457x191x67 67.12 6 101 24 1619 24120 0.9072 0.8728 37.6 7.04E+11 3.75E+05 PL SC
UB 457x191x74 74.28 7 101 26 1620 21809 0.9139 0.8775 33.7 8.17E+11 5.21E+05 PL SC
UB 457x191x82 82.02 7 101 28 1622 19774 0.9154 0.8776 30.7 9.20E+11 6.97E+05 PL PL
UB 457x191x89 89.31 7 101 28 1623 18174 0.9198 0.8801 28.1 1.04E+12 9.13E+05 PL PL
UB 457x191x98 98.33 8 101 30 1625 16524 0.9229 0.8812 25.6 1.17E+12 1.22E+06 PL PL
UB 533x210x82 82.18 7 110 26 1851 22529 0.8987 0.8649 41.1 1.33E+12 5.25E+05 PL SC
UB 533x210x92 92.14 7 110 30 1852 20105 0.9086 0.8723 36.3 1.60E+12 7.63E+05 PL SC
UB 533x210x101 101.01 7 110 32 1854 18354 0.9128 0.8748 33.0 1.81E+12 1.02E+06 PL SC
UB 533x210x109.8 109.80 8 110 32 1855 16895 0.9130 0.8740 30.6 1.99E+12 1.29E+06 PL PL
UB 533x210x122 121.99 8 110 34 1858 15229 0.9185 0.8772 27.5 2.31E+12 1.80E+06 PL PL
UB 610x229x101 101.20 7 119 28 2067 20425 0.8946 0.8640 42.7 2.51E+12 7.82E+05 PL SC
UB 610x229x113 113.00 8 119 30 2068 18304 0.9033 0.8704 37.8 2.98E+12 1.12E+06 PL SC
2.3 PROPERTIES OF PARALLEL FLANGE SECTIONS

Dimension for Detailing Buckling Parameter Torsional Section Class


Nominal End Notch Surface Area Index Warping Torsional
SECTION Weight Clearance Per Meter Per Tonne Constant Constant Bending Comp
C N n SA_m SA_t U1 U2 xt Cw J
kg/m mm mm mm x103 mm2 x103 mm2 mm
6
mm
4

UB 610x229x125.1 125.08 8 119 34 2070 16548 0.9086 0.8739 34.0 3.44E+12 1.55E+06 PL SC
UB 610x229x139.9 139.88 9 119 36 2072 14814 0.9120 0.8754 30.4 3.98E+12 2.18E+06 PL PL

UNIVERSAL COLUMNS AS PER BS4-1:1993


UC 152X152X23 22.96 5 84 16 886 38599 0.9112 0.8397 20.2 2.12E+10 4.86E+04 SC SC
UC 152X152X30 30.04 5 84 18 888 29549 0.9291 0.8487 15.9 3.07E+10 1.07E+05 PL PL
UC 152X152X37 36.98 6 84 20 891 24080 0.9353 0.8484 13.2 3.98E+10 1.95E+05 PL PL
UC 203X203X46.1 46.10 6 109 22 1183 25656 0.9255 0.8466 17.6 1.43E+11 2.23E+05 PL PL
UC 203X203X52 52.03 6 109 24 1184 22760 0.9307 0.8481 15.8 1.67E+11 3.20E+05 PL PL
UC 203X203X60 59.95 7 109 26 1187 19803 0.9327 0.8463 14.0 1.97E+11 4.78E+05 PL PL
UC 203X203X71 70.99 7 109 28 1188 16742 0.9472 0.8527 11.9 2.50E+11 8.06E+05 PL PL
UC 203X203X86.1 86.06 8 109 32 1194 13871 0.9520 0.8503 10.2 3.18E+11 1.38E+06 PL PL
UC 254X254X73.1 73.08 6 133 28 1484 20309 0.9288 0.8488 17.2 5.62E+11 5.77E+05 PL PL
UC 254X254X89.5 89.49 7 134 30 1496 16713 0.9343 0.8483 14.4 7.34E+11 1.03E+06 PL PL
UC 254X254X107.1 107.06 8 133 34 1493 13942 0.9402 0.8482 12.3 8.97E+11 1.74E+06 PL PL
UC 254X254X132 131.99 10 133 38 1498 11347 0.9518 0.8504 10.3 1.18E+12 3.21E+06 PL PL
UC 254X254X167.1 167.09 12 133 46 1505 9010 0.9650 0.8516 8.4 1.63E+12 6.34E+06 PL PL
UC 305X305X97 96.91 7 158 32 1801 18585 0.9256 0.8502 19.2 1.56E+12 9.18E+05 CO CO
UC 305X305X118 117.91 8 158 34 1805 15310 0.9309 0.8502 16.1 1.98E+12 1.62E+06 PL PL
UC 305X305X137 136.92 9 158 38 1809 13211 0.9361 0.8508 14.1 2.39E+12 2.51E+06 PL PL
UC 305X305X158 158.07 10 158 42 1813 11468 0.9418 0.8513 12.4 2.87E+12 3.82E+06 PL PL
UC 305X305X198 198.15 12 158 48 1819 9182 0.9544 0.8537 10.2 3.87E+12 7.41E+06 PL PL
UC 305X305X240 240.05 14 158 54 1827 7612 0.9649 0.8545 8.7 5.02E+12 1.29E+07 PL PL
UC 305X305X283 282.93 15 158 60 1835 6485 0.9758 0.8556 7.6 6.34E+12 2.06E+07 PL PL
UC 356X368X129 129.00 7 190 34 2140 16590 0.9109 0.8440 19.8 4.17E+12 1.53E+06 SC SC
UC 356X368X153 152.92 8 190 36 2144 14020 0.9156 0.8443 17.0 5.11E+12 2.51E+06 PL PL
UC 356X368X177 177.02 9 190 40 2148 12135 0.9193 0.8440 14.9 6.08E+12 3.83E+06 PL PL
UC 368X368X202 201.92 10 190 44 2152 10660 0.9236 0.8440 13.3 7.15E+12 5.61E+06 PL PL
UC 356X406x235 235.05 11 199 46 2229 9483 0.9171 0.8343 12.0 9.53E+12 8.18E+06 PL PL
2.3 PROPERTIES OF PARALLEL FLANGE SECTIONS

Dimension for Detailing Buckling Parameter Torsional Section Class


Nominal End Notch Surface Area Index Warping Torsional
SECTION Weight Clearance Per Meter Per Tonne Constant Constant Bending Comp
C N n SA_m SA_t U1 U2 xt Cw J
kg/m mm mm mm x103 mm2 x103 mm2 mm
6
mm
4

INDIAN STANDARD WIDE PARALLEL FLANGE BEAMS//EUROPIAN WIDE FLANGE BEAMS


HE 800x373 372.55 15 152 76 2827 7588 0.9481 0.8824 19.0 3.41E+13 2.55E+07 PL PL
HEA 320/WPB 320x300x97.6 97.63 7 156 44 1883 19289 0.9851 0.8612 17.9 1.51E+12 1.08E+06 CO CO
HEA 600/WPB 600x300x177.8 177.77 9 154 52 2397 13485 0.9658 0.8960 24.1 8.98E+12 3.98E+06 PL PL
HEA 700/WPB 700x300x204.5 204.48 9 153 54 2586 12648 0.9493 0.8898 26.7 1.34E+13 5.14E+06 PL PL
HEA 800/WPB 800x300x224.4 224.37 10 153 58 2815 12545 0.9403 0.8848 29.8 1.83E+13 5.97E+06 PL SC
HEA 900/WPB 900x300x251.6 251.61 10 152 60 3005 11942 0.9284 0.8791 32.1 2.50E+13 7.37E+06 PL SC
HEAA 320/WPB 320x300x74.2 74.24 6 156 38 1885 25392 0.9694 0.8541 21.3 1.04E+12 5.59E+05 SC SC
HEAA 600/WPB 600x300x128.8 128.79 8 154 44 2399 18629 0.9346 0.8746 32.9 5.38E+12 1.50E+06 CO CO
HEAA 700/WPB 700x300x149.9 149.89 9 154 44 2589 17274 0.9205 0.8695 36.5 8.16E+12 1.95E+06 PL SC
HEAA 800/WPB 800x300x171.5 171.51 9 153 48 2817 16423 0.9104 0.8625 39.2 1.15E+13 2.57E+06 PL SC
HEAA 900/WPB 900x300x198 198.00 10 153 50 3007 15186 0.9007 0.8580 41.7 1.63E+13 3.35E+06 PL SC
HEB 320/WPB 320x300x126.7 126.65 8 155 48 1878 14829 0.9955 0.8630 14.3 2.07E+12 2.25E+06 PL PL
HEB 600/WPB 600x300x211.9 211.92 10 153 58 2392 11288 0.9695 0.8956 20.5 1.10E+13 6.67E+06 PL PL
HEB 700/WPB 700x300x240.5 240.51 11 152 60 2581 10732 0.9526 0.8896 22.9 1.61E+13 8.31E+06 PL PL
HEB 800/WPB 800x300x262.3 262.33 11 152 64 2810 10711 0.9430 0.8846 25.8 2.18E+13 9.46E+06 PL PL
HEB 900/WPB 900x300x291.5 291.45 11 151 66 3000 10293 0.9307 0.8788 27.9 2.95E+13 1.14E+07 PL PL
HEM 320/WPB 320x300x245 244.96 13 154 68 1895 7737 1.0321 0.8671 8.2 5.00E+12 1.50E+07 PL PL
HEM 600/WPB 600x300x285.5 285.47 13 152 68 2401 8411 0.9758 0.8938 15.8 1.59E+13 1.56E+07 PL PL
HEM 700/WPB 700x300x300.7 300.67 13 152 68 2589 8611 0.9582 0.8898 18.8 2.14E+13 1.59E+07 PL PL
HEM 800/WPB 800x300x317.3 317.35 13 151 70 2815 8870 0.9472 0.8847 21.7 2.78E+13 1.65E+07 PL PL
HEM 900/WPB 900x300x332.5 332.55 13 151 70 3003 9030 0.9333 0.8789 24.7 3.47E+13 1.67E+07 PL PL
2.3 PROPERTIES OF PARALLEL FLANGE SECTIONS

Dimension for Detailing Buckling Parameter Torsional Section Class


Nominal End Notch Surface Area Index Warping Torsional
SECTION Weight Clearance Per Meter Per Tonne Constant Constant Bending Comp
C N n SA_m SA_t U1 U2 xt Cw J
kg/m mm mm mm x103 mm2 x103 mm2 mm
6
mm
4

INDIAN STANDARD TAPERED FLANGE MEDIUM WEIGHT BEAMS/I-SECTIONS (IS:808)


ISMB 100 (IS808) 8.90 4 33 16 379 42529 1.0270 0.8517 12.9 3.15E+08 2.14E+04 PL PL
ISMB 125 (IS808) 13.30 5 43 18 504 37888 1.0057 0.8496 15.7 1.57E+09 3.62E+04 PL PL
ISMB 150 (IS808) 15.00 5 45 18 574 38261 0.9796 0.8456 19.5 2.84E+09 3.89E+04 PL PL
ISMB 175 (IS808) 19.60 5 50 20 662 33778 0.9720 0.8435 20.3 6.35E+09 6.43E+04 PL PL
ISMB 200 (IS808) 24.20 5 58 22 772 31916 0.9773 0.8486 21.6 1.50E+10 9.26E+04 PL PL
ISMB 250 (IS808) 37.30 5 70 26 969 25989 0.9756 0.8506 21.9 5.74E+10 2.17E+05 PL PL
ISMB 300 (IS808) 46.00 6 77 28 1131 24580 0.9585 0.8420 25.4 1.23E+11 2.95E+05 PL PL
ISMB 350 (IS808) 52.40 6 76 30 1226 23387 0.9436 0.8418 28.0 1.83E+11 3.71E+05 PL PL
ISMB 400 (IS808) 61.50 6 76 30 1317 21410 0.9318 0.8419 28.9 2.70E+11 5.23E+05 PL PL
ISMB 450 (IS808) 72.40 7 81 34 1456 20108 0.9284 0.8417 30.2 4.58E+11 7.10E+05 PL PL
ISMB 500 (IS808) 86.90 7 95 36 1688 19420 0.9252 0.8323 33.8 9.74E+11 8.86E+05 PL SC
ISMB 550 (IS808) 104.00 8 100 38 1824 17539 0.9227 0.8334 33.3 1.55E+12 1.30E+06 PL SC
ISMB 600 (IS808) 123.00 8 109 42 2013 16369 0.9240 0.8387 34.1 2.63E+12 1.71E+06 PL SC

ISMB SECTION PROPERTIES (As Per SP: 6(1)-1964 & Reference Manual for Structural Engineers -INS/PUB/003- Page 28 & 29)
ISMB 100 x11.5 11.50 4 46 18 479 41662 1.0444 0.8446 14.0 1.09E+09 2.56E+04 PL PL
ISMB 125 x13 13.00 4 46 18 527 40516 1.0100 0.8494 17.0 1.84E+09 3.11E+04 PL PL
ISMB 150 x14.9 14.90 4 48 18 596 39994 0.9793 0.8417 20.7 3.29E+09 3.56E+04 PL PL
ISMB 175 x19.3 19.30 5 53 20 684 35453 0.9727 0.8406 21.4 7.23E+09 5.85E+04 PL PL
ISMB 200 x25.4 25.40 5 58 22 769 30282 0.9849 0.8556 20.2 1.61E+10 1.09E+05 PL PL
ISMB 250 x37.3 37.30 5 70 26 969 25989 0.9757 0.8505 21.9 5.74E+10 2.17E+05 PL PL
ISMB 300 x44.2 44.20 6 77 28 1134 25654 0.9554 0.8378 26.8 1.17E+11 2.59E+05 PL PL
ISMB 350 x52.4 52.40 6 76 30 1226 23387 0.9437 0.8417 28.0 1.83E+11 3.71E+05 PL PL
ISMB 400 x61.6 61.60 6 76 30 1317 21375 0.9319 0.8420 28.9 2.70E+11 5.23E+05 PL PL
ISMB 450 x72.4 72.40 7 81 34 1456 20108 0.9285 0.8418 30.2 4.58E+11 7.10E+05 PL PL
ISMB 500 x86.9 86.90 7 95 36 1688 19420 0.9248 0.8319 33.7 9.74E+11 8.86E+05 PL SC
ISMB 550 x103.7 103.70 8 100 38 1824 17590 0.9228 0.8340 33.2 1.55E+12 1.30E+06 PL SC
ISMB 600 x122.6 122.60 8 109 42 2013 16422 0.9242 0.8390 34.1 2.63E+12 1.71E+06 PL SC
Chapter 3
Bending Capacity of
PF Sections
Chapter 3
Major Axis Bending Capacity of a Parallel Flange Sections

3.1 General
Members subjected to predominant bending shall have adequate design strength to resist bending
moment, shear force, and concentrated forces imposed upon and their combinations. Further, the
members shall satisfy the deflection limitation presented, as serviceability criteria. Member
subjected to other forces in addition to bending or biaxial bending shall be designed.
Effective Span of Beams − The effective span of a beam shall be taken as the distance between
the centres of the supports, except where the point of application of the reaction is taken as eccentric
at the support, when it shall be permissible to take the effective span as the length between the
assumed lines of the reactions.
3.2 Design Strength in Bending (Flexure)
The design bending strength of beam, adequately supported against lateral torsional buckling
(laterally supported beam) is governed by the yield stress. When a beam is not adequately supported
against lateral buckling (laterally un-supported beams), the design bending strength may be
governed by lateral torsional buckling strength.
The factored design moment, M at any section, in a beam due to external actions, shall satisfy
M ≤ Md
where Md =design bending strength of the section, calculated as given below,

3.3 Laterally Supported Beam:


A beam may be assumed to be adequately supported at supports, provided the compression
flange has full lateral restraint and nominal torsional restraint at supports supplied by web cleats,
partial depth end plates, fin plates or continuity with the adjacent span. Full lateral restraint to
compression flange may be assumed to exist, if the frictional or other positive restraint of a floor
connection to the compression flange of the member is capable of resisting a lateral force not less
than 2.5% of the maximum force in the compression flange of the member. This may be considered
to be uniformly distributed along the flange, provided gravity loads constitute the dominant loading
on the member and the floor construction is capable of resisting this lateral force.
The design bending strength of a section which are not susceptible to web buckling under shear
before yielding (where d/tw≤ 67ε) shall be determined according to Section 8.2.1.2 of IS 800:2007.

3.4 Section with Webs susceptible to shear buckling before yielding :


When the flanges are plastic, compact or semi-compact but the web is susceptible to shear
buckling before yielding (i.e. d/tw >67ε), the design bending strength shall be calculated using one of
the following methods:
a) The bending moment and axial force acting on the section may be assumed to be
resisted by flanges only and the web is designed only to resist shear.
b) The bending moment and axial force acting on the section may be assumed to be
resisted the whole section. In such a case, the web shall be designed for combined
shear and normal stresses using simple elastic theory in case of semi-compact webs
and simple plastic theory in the case of compact and plastic webs.
When the factored design shear force does not exceed 0.6 Vd, where Vd is the design shear strength
of the cross section , the design bending strength, Md, shall be taken as
Md = βb Z p fy / γm0
To avoid irreversible deformation under serviceability loads, Md shall be less than 1.2 Ze fy /γ m0
incase of simply supported and 1.5 Ze fy /γ m0 in cantilever beams.
where
βb =1.0 for plastic and compact sections
βb = Ze/ Zp for semi-compact sections
Zp, Ze = plastic and elastic section modulii of the cross section, respectively
fy = yield stress of the material
γm0 = partial safety factor
When the design shear force (factored), V, exceeds 0.6Vd, where Vd, is the design shear strength of
the cross section , the design bending strength, Md, shall be taken as:
Md = Mdv
where Mdv= design bending strength under high shear as defined

Shear Lag Effects:


The shear lag effects in flanges may be disregarded provided:
a) For outstand elements (supported along one edge), bo ≤ Lo / 20
b) For internal elements (supported along two edges), bi ≤ Lo / 10
where
Lo = length between points of zero moment (inflection) in the span,
bo = width of the flange with outstand,
bi = width of the flange as an internal element
When these limits are exceeded, the effective width of flange for design strength may be
calculated using specialist literature, or conservatively taken as the value satisfying the limit given
above.

3.5 Laterally Unsupported Beams:


Resistance to lateral torsional buckling need not be checked separately (member may be treated
on laterally supported in the following cases:
Bending is about the minor axis of the section,
section is hollow (rectangular/ tubular) or solid bars;
in case of major axis bending, λLT (as defined below) is less than 0.4
The design bending strength of laterally unsupported beam as governed by lateral torsional
buckling is given by:
Md = βb Zp fbd
where
βb = 1.0 for plastic and compact sections
= Ze/Zp for semi-compact sections
Zp, Ze = plastic section modulus and elastic section modulus with respect to extreme compression
fibre.
fbd = design bending compressive stress, obtained as given below
fbd = χLT fy /γm0
χLT = bending stress reduction factor to account for lateral torisonal buckling, given by:
1
χ LT =
{φ + [φ
LT
2
LT − λ2LT ] 0 .5
}≤ 1.0
[
φ LT = 0.5 1 + α LT (λLT − 0.2) + λLT 2 ]
αLT, the imperfection parameter is given by:
αLT = 0.21 for rolled steel section
αLT = 0.49 for welded steel section
The non-dimensional slenderness ratio, λLT, is given by
λ LT = β b Z p f y / M cr
fy
=
f cr ,b
where Mcr= elastic critical moment as calculated
fcr ,b = extreme fibre bending compressive stress corresponding to elastic lateral buckling
moment

3.6 Elastic Lateral Torsional Buckling Moment:


In case of simply supported, prismatic members with symmetric cross section, the elastic lateral
buckling moment, Mcr, can be determined from:
 π 2 EI   π 2 EI w  
M cr = 
y 
GIt + 
 (LLT )   (LLT )2  
2

The following simplified equation may be used in the case of prismatic members made of standard
rolled I-sections and welded doubly symmetric I-sections, for calculating the elastic lateral buckling
moment, Mcr., (table 8.2).
0.5
π 2 EI y h f 
2
L /r 
M cr = 1 + 1  LT y   = βb Zp fcr,b
2 L2LT  20  h f / t f  
   

It = torsional constant = ∑b t 3
i i / 3 for open section
Iw = warping constant
Iy,,ry = moment of inertia, radius of gyration about the weak axis, respectively
LLT = effective length for lateral torsional buckling
hf = Center to center distance between flanges
tf = thickness of the flange
Mcr for different beam sections, considering loading, support condition, and non-symmetric
section, shall be calculated using the method given in Appendix F of IS 800: 2007.
3.7 Effective Length for Lateral Torsional Buckling:
For simply supported beams and girders of span length, L, where no lateral restraint to the
compression flanges is provided, but where each end of the beam is restrained against torsion, the
effective length LLT of the lateral buckling to be used shall be taken as given (Table 15 of IS:800-
2007) below.
Effective Length for Simply Supported Beams, LLT
Conditions of restraint at supports Loading condition
Torsional restraint1 Warping Restraint2 Normal Destabilisin
g
Fully restrained Both flanges fully restrained 0.70 L 0.85 L
Fully restrained Compression flange fully restrained 0.75 L 0.90 L
Fully restrained Both flanges fully restrained 0.80 L 0.95 L
Fully restrained Compression flange partially restrained 0.85 L 1.00 L
Fully restrained Warping not restrained in both flanges 1.00 L 1.20 L
Partially restrained by bottom Warping not restrained in both flanges 1.0 L+ 2D 1.2 L+2D
flange support connection
Partially restrained by bottom Warping not restrained in both flanges 1.2 L+2D 1.4 L+2D
flange bearing support
1
Torsional restraint prevents rotation about the longitudinal axis
2
Warping restraint prevents rotation of the flange in its plane
3
D is the overall depth of the beam
In simply supported beams with intermediate lateral restraints against lateral torsional buckling, the
effective length for lateral torsional buckling to be used LLT, shall be taken as the length of the
relevant segment in between the lateral restraints. The effective length shall be equal to 1.2 times
the length of the relevant segment in between the lateral restraints.
Restraint against torsional rotation at supports in these beams may be provided by:
i) web or flange cleats, or
ii) bearing stiffeners acting in conjunction with the bearing of the beam, or
iii) lateral end frames or external supports provide lateral restraint to the compression
flanges at the ends, or
iv) their being built into walls
For beams, which are provided with members giving effective lateral restraint to the compression
flange at intervals along the span, in addition to the end torsional restraint required, the effective
length for lateral torsional buckling shall be taken as the distance, centre-to-centre, of the restraint
members in the relevant segment under normal loading condition and 1.2 times this distance, where
the load is not acting on the beam at the shear and is acting towards the shear centre so as to have
destabilizing effect during lateral torsional buckling deformation.
For cantilever beams of projecting length, L, the effective length LLT to be used, shall be taken as in
Table 16 of IS:800-2007 for different support conditions.
Where a member is provided intermediate lateral supports to improve the lateral buckling strength,
these restraints should have sufficient strength and stiffness to prevent lateral movement of the
compression flange at that point, relative to the end supports. The intermediate lateral restraints
should be either connected to an appropriate bracing system capable of transferring the restraint
force to the effective lateral support at the ends of the member, or should be connected to an
independent robust part of the structure capable of transferring the restraint force. Two or more
parallel member requiring such lateral restraint shall not be simply connected together assuming
mutual dependence for the lateral restraint.
The intermediate lateral restraints should be connected to the member as close to the compression
flange as practicable. Such restraints should be closer to the shear centre of the compression flange
than to the shear centre of the section. However, if torsional restraint preventing relative rotation
between the two flanges is provided, they intermediate lateral restraint may be connected at any
appropriate level.
For beams which are provided with members giving effective lateral restraint at intervals along the
span, the effective lateral restraint shall be capable of resisting a force of 2.5 percent of the
maximum force in the compression flange taken as divided equally between the points at which the
restraint members are provided. Further, each restraint point should be capable of resisting 1 percent
of the maximum force in the compression flange.
In a series of such beams, with solid webs, which are connected together by the same system of
restraint members, the sum of the restraining forces required shall be taken as 2.5 percent of the
maximum flange force in one beam only.
In the case of a series of latticed beams, girders or roof trusses which are connected together by the
same system of restraint members, the sum of the restraining forces required shall be taken as 2.5
percent of the maximum force in the compression flange plus 1.25 percent of this force for every
member of the series other than the first, up to a maximum total of 7.5 percent.
Purlins adequately restrained by sheeting need not be normally checked for the restraing forces
required by rafters, roof trusses or portal frames that carry predominately roof loads provided there is
bracing of adequate stiffness in the plane of rafters or roof sheeting which is capable of acting as a
stressed skin diaphragm.
3.1. Calculation of Bending Capacity of a Parallel Flange Section for Yield
Strength 250 N/mm2 as per IS: 800 - 2007
3.1.1. Worked out Example Limit State Method
Design Inputs:
Effective span of the beam (L E) = 5.00 m
2
Yied strength of steel (f y) = 250.00 N/mm
2
Elastic modulus of steel (E) = 205000 N/mm
Section used = NPB 300x150x36.5
Partial safety factor (γm0) = 1.1
(refer Table 5.1 of IS 800:2007)
Classification of section (refer Table 2 of IS 800:2007)
Flange thickness (tf) = 9.2 mm
Flange outstand width (b) = 75 mm
b/tf = 8.2
Flange is Plastic
Depth of web (d) = 278.6 mm
Web thickness (tw) = 6.1 mm
d/tw = 45.7
Web is Plastic
So, design the section as Plastic Class 1
Checking of major axis bending strength
Case I> Shear force is less than 60% of shear capacity
a. When the beam is laterally supported
Design bending strength (M d) is minimum of 1.2*Ze*fy/γm0 = 131.74 kN-m
and βbZpfy/γm0 = 123.13 kN-m
β b= Zx/Zpx (for Class 1 = 1.00
So, Md = 123.13 kN-m
B. When the beam is laterally unsupported
Design bending strength (M d) = βbZpfbd = 57.12 kN-m
2
Where, fbd = Bending strength = X LT*fy/γm0 = 105.43 N/mm
Where, X LT = Bending strength reduction factor to account for lateral torsional buckling,
given by,
XLT = 1/{φLT+[φ2LT-λ2LT]0.5} < 1.0 = 0.46
2
φLT = 0.5*[1+αLT(λLT-0.2)+λ LT] = 1.48
For rolled section, the imperfection factor αLT = 0.21
Nondimensional slenderness ratio λLT = Ѵ (fy/fcr,b) = 1.31
>0.4, Check for torsional buckling
fcr,b = extreme fibre bending compressive stress corresponding to elastic lateral buckling
2
moment= 1.1*∏2*E/(LLT/ry)2*[1+1/20*{(LLT/ry)/(hf/tf)}2]0.5 = 145.3 N/mm
Where , LLT = Effective length for torsional buckling= 1.0 X 5. m = 5m
hf= centre to centre distance between flanges = 287.80 mm
Case II> Shear force is more than 60% of shear capacity
Maximum shear force on the section, V = 300 kN
Shear capacity of the section Vd = Av*fyw/√3 = 411.75 kN
2
Av = Shear area of the section = h*t w = 1811.7 mm
V/Vd = 0.73
Check the bending capacity reduction due to high shear.
For, Plastic and compact section,
Moment capacity of the section M dv = Md-β*(Md-Mfd) or 1.2*Ze*fy/γm0 whichever is less.
Where β = (2V/Vd-1)2 = 0.21
and Mfd = Zpf*fy/γm0 = 30.57 kN-m
3
Zpf = Plastic modulus of shear area = t w*d2/4 = 134518.73 mm
Mdv = 103.79 kN-m
3.1.2. Worked out Example Working Stress Method

Checking of major axis bending strength


Case I> Shear force is less than 60% of shear capacity

a. When the beam is laterally supported


Design bending strength (M s) = 0.66*fy*Zx = 79.71 kN-m
β b= Zx/Zpx (for class 3) = 1.00

b. When the beam is laterally unsupported,


Design bending strength as per Limit State (M d) = βbZpfbd = 57.12 kN-m
bending strength as per working stress method (M s) =0.6*Md = 34.27 kN-m

Case II> Shear force is more than 60% of shear capacity


Maximum shear force on the section, V = 300 kN
Bending capacity as Limit State Method Mdv = 103.79 kN
bending capacity as per working stress method Ms = 62.27 kN-m
The capacity table furnished in the next section (2.1.3) is based on the assumption that the shear
force is less than 60% of te shear capacity of the sections.
3.1.3. Major axis Bending Capacity Table for PF Section
Table 3.1
Assumptions: i. For rolled sections α = 0.21
Assumptions: ii. Shear force < 60% of Shear capacity
"False" in table indicates that the sections are Slender and out of scope
Values for L/ry < 250 are only considered fy= 250 MPa
Md = Design strength as per limit state method and Ms = Design strength as per working stress method
Shear lag effect and shear buckling need to checked whenever required.

Laterally
Supported Laterally Unsupported Beam

LLT = 1 m LLT = 2 m LLT = 3 m LLT = 4 m LLT = 5 m LLT = 6 m LLT = 7 m LLT = 8 m LLT = 9 m LLT = 10 m
Weigh
t Md Ms
Sections Class
(kg/m (kN-m) (kN-m) Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms
) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m)

INDIAN STANDARD NARROW FLANGE BEAMS (IS: 12778 -2004)


NPB 100x55x8.1 8.1 Plastic 9.0 5.6 7.6 4.5 5.3 3.2 3.8 2.3
NPB 120x60x10.4 10.4 Plastic 13.8 8.7 12.1 7.2 8.8 5.3 6.3 3.8
NPB 140x70x12.9 12.9 Plastic 20.1 12.8 18.0 10.8 13.7 8.2 9.9 5.9 7.6 4.6
NPB 160x80x15.8 15.8 Plastic 28.1 17.9 25.7 15.4 20.2 12.1 14.7 8.8 11.2 6.7
NPB 180x90x15.4 15.4 Plastic 30.8 19.8 28.4 17.1 22.4 13.4 15.7 9.4 11.6 7.0 9.2 5.5
NPB 180x90x18.8 18.8 Plastic 37.8 24.1 35.1 21.1 28.6 17.2 21.3 12.8 16.3 9.8 13.1 7.9
NPB 180x90x21.3 21.3 Plastic 43.0 27.3 40.0 24.0 33.4 20.0 25.8 15.5 20.2 12.1 16.4 9.8
NPB 200x100x18.4 18.4 Plastic 41.3 26.7 38.7 23.2 31.6 18.9 22.8 13.7 16.8 10.1 13.2 7.9
NPB 200x100x22.4 22.4 Plastic 50.1 32.1 47.0 28.2 39.3 23.6 29.8 17.9 22.8 13.7 18.3 11.0
NPB 200x100x25.1 25.1 Plastic 56.7 36.1 53.4 32.1 45.6 27.4 35.9 21.6 28.2 16.9 22.9 13.7
NPB 200x130x27.2 27.2 Plastic 64.9 42.1 62.9 37.8 56.9 34.2 48.4 29.0 39.1 23.4 31.7 19.0 26.4 15.8 22.6 13.5
NPB 200x130x31.6 31.6 Plastic 76.6 49.6 74.4 44.7 68.0 40.8 59.5 35.7 50.0 30.0 41.8 25.1 35.5 21.3 30.7 18.4
NPB 220x110x22.2 22.2 Plastic 54.6 35.2 51.7 31.0 43.9 26.3 33.1 19.8 24.7 14.8 19.4 11.6 15.9 9.5
NPB 220x110x26.2 26.2 Plastic 64.9 41.6 61.6 36.9 53.1 31.9 41.7 25.0 32.3 19.4 25.9 15.5 21.6 12.9
NPB 220x110x29.4 29.4 Plastic 73.0 46.6 69.5 41.7 60.8 36.5 49.3 29.6 39.0 23.4 31.8 19.1 26.7 16.0
NPB 240x120x26.2 26.2 Plastic 70.8 45.8 67.7 40.6 59.0 35.4 46.1 27.7 34.9 20.9 27.4 16.4 22.4 13.5
NPB 240x120x30.7 30.7 Plastic 83.3 53.5 79.8 47.9 70.2 42.1 56.7 34.0 44.3 26.6 35.6 21.3 29.6 17.7
NPB 240x120x34.3 34.3 Plastic 93.2 59.6 89.5 53.7 79.5 47.7 65.8 39.5 52.7 31.6 42.9 25.7 36.0 21.6
NPB 270x135x30.7 30.7 Plastic 93.7 60.8 90.6 54.4 81.0 48.6 66.2 39.7 50.8 30.5 39.8 23.9 32.3 19.4 27.2 16.3
NPB 270x135x36.1 36.1 Plastic 110.0 70.8 106.4 63.8 95.6 57.4 79.7 47.8 63.1 37.8 50.5 30.3 41.7 25.0 35.4 21.3
NPB 270x135x42.3 42.3 Plastic 130.6 83.7 126.6 76.0 115.0 69.0 98.9 59.4 81.5 48.9 67.1 40.3 56.5 33.9 48.6 29.2
NPB 300x150x36.5 36.5 Plastic 123.1 79.7 120.0 72.0 109.2 65.5 92.5 55.5 72.8 43.7 57.1 34.3 46.2 27.7 38.6 23.2 33.2 19.9
NPB 300x150x42.2 42.2 Plastic 142.8 91.9 139.2 83.5 127.1 76.3 109.3 65.6 88.3 53.0 70.8 42.5 58.3 35.0 49.3 29.6 42.7 25.6
NPB 300x150x49.3 49.3 Plastic 169.0 108.5 165.2 99.1 152.1 91.2 133.9 80.4 112.3 67.4 93.0 55.8 78.1 46.8 67.0 40.2 58.5 35.1
NPB 350x170x50.2 50.2 Plastic 206.1 134.0 202.7 121.6 188.3 113.0 167.4 100.4 139.8 83.9 113.2 67.9 92.7 55.6 77.7 46.6 66.7 40.0 58.4 35.0
NPB 350x170x57.1 57.1 Plastic 231.6 149.1 227.7 136.6 211.4 126.8 188.2 112.9 158.3 95.0 129.7 77.8 107.3 64.4 90.7 54.4 78.4 47.1 69.0 41.4
NPB 350x170x66 66.0 Plastic 269.6 172.7 265.3 159.2 247.3 148.4 223.1 133.9 192.4 115.4 161.7 97.0 136.4 81.8 117.0 70.2 102.1 61.3 90.5 54.3
NPB 400x180x57.4 57.4 Plastic 260.0 168.7 256.3 153.8 239.0 143.4 214.2 128.5 180.2 108.1 146.1 87.6 119.1 71.5 99.4 59.6 84.9 50.9 74.0 44.4
NPB 400x180x66.3 66.3 Plastic 297.1 190.8 292.7 175.6 272.9 163.7 244.9 147.0 207.8 124.7 170.6 102.4 140.9 84.5 118.8 71.3 102.3 61.4 89.8 53.9
NPB 400x180x75.7 75.7 Plastic 341.4 218.5 336.8 202.1 315.2 189.1 286.0 171.6 248.1 148.8 208.8 125.3 175.7 105.4 150.1 90.1 130.6 78.4 115.5 69.3 103.5 62.1
NPB 450x190x67.2 67.2 Plastic 339.6 219.7 335.7 201.4 314.5 188.7 284.6 170.7 242.9 145.7 198.6 119.1 162.2 97.3 135.0 81.0 115.1 69.0 100.0 60.0 88.4 53.0
3.1.3. Major axis Bending Capacity Table for PF Section
Table 3.1
Assumptions: i. For rolled sections α = 0.21
Assumptions: ii. Shear force < 60% of Shear capacity
"False" in table indicates that the sections are Slender and out of scope
Values for L/ry < 250 are only considered fy= 250 MPa
Md = Design strength as per limit state method and Ms = Design strength as per working stress method
Shear lag effect and shear buckling need to checked whenever required.

Laterally
Supported Laterally Unsupported Beam

LLT = 1 m LLT = 2 m LLT = 3 m LLT = 4 m LLT = 5 m LLT = 6 m LLT = 7 m LLT = 8 m LLT = 9 m LLT = 10 m
Weigh
t Md Ms
Sections Class
(kg/m (kN-m) (kN-m) Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms
) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m)

NPB 450x190x77.6 77.6 Plastic 386.8 247.4 382.0 229.2 357.6 214.5 323.5 194.1 277.1 166.3 228.6 137.2 188.6 113.2 158.6 95.2 136.2 81.7 119.2 71.5 106.0 63.6
NPB 450x190x92.4 92.4 Plastic 465.1 296.2 460.0 276.0 432.2 259.3 395.6 237.4 347.7 208.6 296.0 177.6 250.7 150.4 214.8 128.9 187.1 112.2 165.4 99.3 148.2 88.9
NPB 500x200x79.4 79.4 Plastic 442.2 285.1 438.3 263.0 412.3 247.4 376.5 225.9 326.3 195.8 270.2 162.1 221.9 133.1 185.0 111.0 157.6 94.6 136.9 82.1 120.9 72.5
NPB 500x200x90.7 90.7 Plastic 498.6 318.1 493.7 296.2 464.1 278.4 423.5 254.1 367.8 220.7 306.6 184.0 254.0 152.4 213.7 128.2 183.3 110.0 160.2 96.1 142.2 85.3
NPB 500x200x107.3 107.3 Plastic 593.8 376.8 588.6 353.2 554.8 332.9 510.7 306.4 452.4 271.5 387.4 232.4 328.6 197.2 281.4 168.8 244.7 146.8 216.1 129.6 193.3 116.0
NPB 600x220x107.6 107.6 Plastic 713.9 458.3 710.5 426.3 673.2 403.9 624.0 374.4 555.6 333.4 473.0 283.8 394.6 236.7 331.1 198.7 282.5 169.5 245.2 147.1 216.3 129.8
NPB 600x220x122.4 122.4 Plastic 798.3 506.5 793.7 476.2 750.9 450.5 694.7 416.8 617.4 370.5 526.2 315.7 441.0 264.6 372.4 223.4 319.6 191.8 279.0 167.4 247.2 148.3
NPB 600x220x154.5 154.5 Plastic 1016.1 640.0 1011.8 607.1 960.6 576.4 897.2 538.3 815.0 489.0 718.2 430.9 622.4 373.4 539.7 323.8 472.6 283.6 419.0 251.4 375.8 225.5

INDIAN STANDARD WIDE FLANGE BEAMS (IS: 12778 -2004)


WPB 320x300x74.2 74.2 Semicompact
248.4 163.9 248.4 149.0 243.4 146.1 234.9 140.9 224.9 134.9 212.8 127.7 198.4 119.0 182.1 109.2 165.2 99.1 149.2 89.5 134.8 80.9
WPB 320x300x97.6 97.6 Compact 370.0 244.1 370.0 222.0 363.7 218.2 352.2 211.3 339.6 203.7 325.4 195.2 309.4 185.6 291.8 175.1 273.3 164.0 254.6 152.8 236.8 142.1
WPB 320x300x126.7 126.7 Plastic 488.5 317.9 488.5 293.1 480.9 288.5 466.9 280.1 452.4 271.4 437.0 262.2 420.7 252.4 403.3 242.0 385.1 231.1 366.5 219.9 347.9 208.7
WPB 320x300x245 245.0 Plastic 1008.0 626.3 1008.0 604.8 998.8 599.3 977.7 586.6 958.9 575.3 941.3 564.8 924.3 554.6 907.5 544.5 890.6 534.4 873.5 524.1 856.1 513.7
WPB 600x300x128.8 128.8 Compact 823.4 531.0 823.4 494.1 800.6 480.4 766.7 460.0 723.9 434.3 668.4 401.0 600.2 360.1 527.1 316.3 458.7 275.2 400.2 240.1 352.0 211.2
WPB 600x300x177.8 177.8 Plastic 1216.0 789.8 1216.0 729.6 1190.1 714.0 1147.8 688.7 1099.3 659.6 1042.1 625.3 975.4 585.2 901.6 540.9 825.9 495.5 753.5 452.1 687.9 412.7
WPB 600x300x211.9 211.9 Plastic 1460.3 940.7 1460.3 876.2 1430.2 858.1 1381.5 828.9 1327.6 796.6 1266.3 759.8 1197.2 718.3 1121.9 673.1 1043.8 626.3 967.3 580.4 895.4 537.3
WPB 600x300x285.5 285.5 Plastic 1993.7 1263.8 1993.7 1196.2 1957.3 1174.4 1897.4 1138.4 1835.2 1101.1 1769.2 1061.5 1698.7 1019.2 1623.9 974.3 1545.9 927.5 1466.7 880.0 1388.3 833.0
WPB 700x300x149.9 149.9 Plastic 1100.0 703.0 1100.0 660.0 1067.0 640.2 1019.2 611.5 957.9 574.7 877.0 526.2 778.5 467.1 675.5 405.3 582.2 349.3 504.3 302.6 441.2 264.7
WPB 700x300x204.5 204.5 Plastic 1598.1 1029.7 1598.1 958.9 1560.4 936.2 1501.6 901.0 1432.7 859.6 1349.3 809.6 1251.0 750.6 1142.9 685.7 1034.6 620.8 934.2 560.5 845.7 507.4
WPB 700x300x240.5 240.5 Plastic 1892.5 1211.0 1892.5 1135.5 1849.2 1109.5 1782.2 1069.3 1705.9 1023.6 1617.0 970.2 1514.9 909.0 1403.6 842.2 1290.3 774.2 1182.4 709.4 1084.1 650.5
WPB 700x300x300.7 300.7 Plastic 2395.2 1517.6 2395.2 1437.1 2345.4 1407.2 2267.1 1360.3 2182.4 1309.4 2088.7 1253.2 1985.4 1191.3 1874.2 1124.5 1759.1 1055.4 1644.7 986.8 1535.5 921.3
WPB 800x300x171.5 171.5 Plastic 1414.7 895.2 1414.7 848.8 1367.7 820.6 1301.9 781.1 1215.3 729.2 1099.4 659.7 960.4 576.2 821.0 492.6 699.7 419.8 601.2 360.7 522.8 313.7
WPB 800x300x224.4 224.4 Plastic 1977.2 1267.5 1977.2 1186.3 1926.0 1155.6 1849.3 1109.6 1756.7 1054.0 1642.1 985.3 1505.2 903.1 1356.5 813.9 1211.6 726.9 1081.6 649.0 970.1 582.1
WPB 800x300x262.3 262.3 Plastic 2324.7 1481.2 2324.7 1394.8 2266.2 1359.7 2179.0 1307.4 2076.7 1246.0 1954.1 1172.4 1811.0 1086.6 1655.7 993.4 1501.6 900.9 1359.3 815.6 1233.9 740.3
WPB 800x300x317.3 317.3 Plastic 2838.1 1794.3 2838.1 1702.9 2771.6 1663.0 2671.6 1603.0 2559.2 1535.5 2430.2 1458.1 2284.2 1370.5 2126.3 1275.8 1965.6 1179.4 1811.3 1086.8 1669.4 1001.6
WPB 900x300x198 198.0 Plastic 1817.9 1142.3 1817.9 1090.7 1754.5 1052.7 1667.3 1000.4 1551.1 930.7 1395.3 837.2 1210.7 726.4 1029.2 617.5 874.1 524.4 749.4 449.7 650.9 390.5
WPB 900x300x251.6 251.6 Plastic 2457.1 1565.0 2457.1 1474.2 2389.2 1433.5 2289.9 1374.0 2168.3 1301.0 2015.6 1209.4 1833.0 1099.8 1637.2 982.3 1450.8 870.5 1287.1 772.3 1149.0 689.4
WPB 900x300x291.5 291.5 Plastic 2860.0 1811.6 2860.0 1716.0 2782.9 1669.7 2670.8 1602.5 2537.0 1522.2 2373.9 1424.3 2182.4 1309.4 1976.7 1186.0 1776.9 1066.1 1596.7 958.0 1441.0 864.6

INDIAN STANDARD NARROW PARALLEL FLANGE BEAMS//EUROPIAN I- BEAMS


IPEO 300/NPB 300x150x49.3 49.3 Plastic 169.0 108.5 165.2 99.1 152.1 91.2 133.9 80.4 112.3 67.4 93.0 55.8 78.1 46.8 67.0 40.2 58.5 35.1
3.1.3. Major axis Bending Capacity Table for PF Section
Table 3.1
Assumptions: i. For rolled sections α = 0.21
Assumptions: ii. Shear force < 60% of Shear capacity
"False" in table indicates that the sections are Slender and out of scope
Values for L/ry < 250 are only considered fy= 250 MPa
Md = Design strength as per limit state method and Ms = Design strength as per working stress method
Shear lag effect and shear buckling need to checked whenever required.

Laterally
Supported Laterally Unsupported Beam

LLT = 1 m LLT = 2 m LLT = 3 m LLT = 4 m LLT = 5 m LLT = 6 m LLT = 7 m LLT = 8 m LLT = 9 m LLT = 10 m
Weigh
t Md Ms
Sections Class
(kg/m (kN-m) (kN-m) Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms
) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m)

IPEO 360/NPB 350x170x66 66.0 Plastic 269.6 172.7 265.3 159.2 247.3 148.4 223.1 133.9 192.4 115.4 161.7 97.0 136.4 81.8 117.0 70.2 102.1 61.3 90.5 54.3
IPEO 400/NPB 400x180x75.7 75.7 Plastic 341.4 218.5 336.8 202.1 315.2 189.1 286.0 171.6 248.1 148.8 208.8 125.3 175.7 105.4 150.1 90.1 130.6 78.4 115.5 69.3 103.5 62.1
IPEO 450/NPB 450x190x92.4 92.4 Plastic 465.1 296.2 460.0 276.0 432.2 259.3 395.6 237.4 347.7 208.6 296.0 177.6 250.7 150.4 214.8 128.9 187.1 112.2 165.4 99.3 148.2 88.9
IPEO 500/NPB 500x200x107.3 107.3 Plastic 593.9 376.8 588.6 353.2 554.8 332.9 510.8 306.5 452.5 271.5 387.4 232.4 328.6 197.2 281.4 168.8 244.7 146.8 216.1 129.6 193.3 116.0
IPEO 600/NPB 600x220x154.5 154.5 Plastic 1016.1 640.0 1011.8 607.1 960.6 576.4 897.2 538.3 815.0 489.0 718.2 430.9 622.4 373.4 539.7 323.8 472.6 283.6 419.0 251.4 375.8 225.5
IPE 300/NPB 300x150x42.2 42.2 Plastic 142.8 91.9 139.2 83.5 127.1 76.3 109.3 65.6 88.3 53.0 70.8 42.5 58.3 35.0 49.3 29.6 42.7 25.6
IPE 360/NPB 350x170x57.1 57.1 Plastic 231.6 149.1 227.7 136.6 211.4 126.8 188.2 112.9 158.3 95.0 129.7 77.8 107.3 64.4 90.7 54.4 78.4 47.1 69.0 41.4
IPE 400/NPB 400x180x66.3 66.3 Plastic 297.1 190.8 292.7 175.6 272.9 163.7 244.9 147.0 207.8 124.7 170.6 102.4 140.9 84.5 118.8 71.3 102.3 61.4 89.8 53.9
IPE 450/NPB 450x190x77.6 77.6 Plastic 386.8 247.4 382.0 229.2 357.6 214.5 323.5 194.1 277.1 166.3 228.6 137.2 188.6 113.2 158.6 95.2 136.2 81.7 119.2 71.5 106.0 63.6
IPE 500/NPB 500x200x90.7 90.7 Plastic 498.7 318.1 493.8 296.3 464.1 278.4 423.5 254.1 367.8 220.7 306.6 184.0 254.0 152.4 213.7 128.2 183.3 110.0 160.2 96.1 142.2 85.3
IPE 600/NPB 600x220x122.4 122.4 Plastic 798.3 506.5 793.7 476.2 750.9 450.5 694.7 416.8 617.4 370.5 526.2 315.7 441.0 264.6 372.4 223.4 319.6 191.8 279.0 167.4 247.2 148.3
IPE A360/NPB 350x170x50.2 50.2 Plastic 206.1 134.0 202.7 121.6 188.3 113.0 167.4 100.4 139.8 83.9 113.2 67.9 92.7 55.6 77.7 46.6 66.7 40.0 58.4 35.0
IPEA 300/NPB 300x150x36.5 36.5 Plastic 123.1 79.7 120.0 72.0 109.2 65.5 92.5 55.5 72.8 43.7 57.1 34.3 46.2 27.7 38.6 23.2 33.2 19.9
IPEA 400/NPB 400x180x57.4 57.4 Plastic 260.0 168.7 256.3 153.8 239.0 143.4 214.2 128.5 180.2 108.1 146.1 87.6 119.1 71.5 99.4 59.6 84.9 50.9 74.0 44.4
IPEA 450/NPB 450x190x67.2 67.2 Plastic 339.6 219.7 335.7 201.4 314.5 188.7 284.6 170.7 242.9 145.7 198.6 119.1 162.2 97.3 135.0 81.0 115.1 69.0 100.0 60.0 88.4 53.0
IPEA 500/NPB 500x200x79.4 79.4 Plastic 442.3 285.1 438.3 263.0 412.3 247.4 376.5 225.9 326.3 195.8 270.2 162.1 221.9 133.1 185.1 111.0 157.6 94.6 136.9 82.1 120.9 72.5
IPEA 600/NPB 600x220x107.6 107.6 Plastic 713.9 458.3 710.6 426.3 673.2 403.9 624.1 374.4 555.6 333.4 473.0 283.8 394.6 236.7 331.1 198.7 282.5 169.5 245.3 147.2 216.3 129.8

UNIVERSAL BEAMS AS PER BS4-1:1993


UB 203x133x25 25.1 Plastic 58.6 38.0 56.8 34.1 51.3 30.8 43.3 26.0 34.6 20.8 27.9 16.7 23.1 13.8 19.6 11.8
UB 203x133x30 30.0 Plastic 71.4 46.2 69.4 41.7 63.4 38.0 55.3 33.2 46.3 27.8 38.5 23.1 32.6 19.6 28.2 16.9
UB 254x146x31 31.1 Plastic 89.3 57.9 87.1 52.3 79.5 47.7 68.1 40.9 54.7 32.8 43.6 26.2 35.7 21.4 30.1 18.1 26.0 15.6
UB 254x146x37 37.0 Plastic 109.8 71.4 107.4 64.4 99.0 59.4 87.6 52.6 74.0 44.4 61.5 36.9 51.8 31.1 44.5 26.7 39.0 23.4
UB 254x146x43 43.0 Plastic 128.7 83.2 126.0 75.6 116.8 70.1 105.0 63.0 91.1 54.6 77.7 46.6 66.7 40.0 58.1 34.9 51.3 30.8
UB 305x165x40 40.3 Plastic 141.6 92.5 139.3 83.6 129.6 77.7 115.6 69.4 97.3 58.4 79.4 47.6 65.4 39.2 55.1 33.1 47.4 28.5 41.6 25.0
UB 305x165x46 46.1 Plastic 163.6 106.5 161.2 96.7 150.3 90.2 135.6 81.4 116.6 70.0 97.5 58.5 81.8 49.1 69.9 41.9 60.8 36.5 53.7 32.2
UB 305x165x54 53.8 Plastic 191.4 123.7 188.5 113.1 176.2 105.7 160.3 96.2 140.4 84.3 120.1 72.1 102.7 61.6 88.9 53.4 78.2 46.9 69.6 41.8
UB 356x171x45 45.0 Plastic 176.1 113.3 172.9 103.7 159.9 96.0 140.2 84.1 114.0 68.4 89.8 53.9 72.1 43.3 59.6 35.8 50.6 30.4 43.9 26.4
UB 356x171x51 51.0 Plastic 203.6 131.4 200.4 120.2 186.3 111.8 165.9 99.6 139.0 83.4 112.8 67.7 92.5 55.5 77.6 46.6 66.7 40.0 58.4 35.0
UB 356x171x57 57.0 Plastic 229.6 147.8 226.1 135.7 210.8 126.5 189.5 113.7 161.7 97.0 134.0 80.4 111.6 66.9 94.7 56.8 82.1 49.2 72.3 43.4
UB 356x171x67 67.1 Plastic 275.2 176.7 271.4 162.9 254.2 152.5 231.9 139.1 203.7 122.2 174.4 104.6 149.0 89.4 128.9 77.3 113.2 67.9 100.7 60.4
UB 406x178x54 54.1 Plastic 239.7 153.5 235.8 141.5 218.7 131.2 192.9 115.7 157.9 94.8 124.9 74.9 100.2 60.1 82.7 49.6 70.1 42.0 60.7 36.4
3.1.3. Major axis Bending Capacity Table for PF Section
Table 3.1
Assumptions: i. For rolled sections α = 0.21
Assumptions: ii. Shear force < 60% of Shear capacity
"False" in table indicates that the sections are Slender and out of scope
Values for L/ry < 250 are only considered fy= 250 MPa
Md = Design strength as per limit state method and Ms = Design strength as per working stress method
Shear lag effect and shear buckling need to checked whenever required.

Laterally
Supported Laterally Unsupported Beam

LLT = 1 m LLT = 2 m LLT = 3 m LLT = 4 m LLT = 5 m LLT = 6 m LLT = 7 m LLT = 8 m LLT = 9 m LLT = 10 m
Weigh
t Md Ms
Sections Class
(kg/m (kN-m) (kN-m) Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms
) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m)

UB 406x178x60 60.1 Plastic 272.6 175.4 268.7 161.2 250.4 150.2 224.3 134.6 189.0 113.4 153.8 92.3 125.9 75.5 105.4 63.3 90.4 54.2 79.0 47.4
UB 406x178x67 67.1 Plastic 305.9 196.1 301.7 181.0 281.7 169.0 254.0 152.4 217.3 130.4 179.8 107.9 149.3 89.6 126.4 75.8 109.1 65.5 96.0 57.6
UB 406x178x74 74.2 Plastic 341.1 218.3 336.6 202.0 315.2 189.1 286.4 171.8 249.1 149.4 210.1 126.1 177.2 106.3 151.6 91.0 132.0 79.2 116.8 70.1 104.7 62.8
UB 457x152x52 52.3 Plastic 249.1 156.8 241.2 144.7 215.5 129.3 172.8 103.7 127.5 76.5 95.8 57.5 75.5 45.3 61.9 37.1
UB 457x152x60 59.8 Plastic 292.6 185.1 284.3 170.6 256.9 154.1 213.4 128.1 164.4 98.6 127.3 76.4 102.3 61.4 85.2 51.1 72.9 43.7
UB 457x152x67 67.2 Plastic 330.2 208.4 321.2 192.7 291.6 175.0 246.2 147.7 194.2 116.5 153.2 91.9 124.7 74.8 104.8 62.9 90.3 54.2
UB 457x152x74 74.2 Plastic 369.7 233.4 360.2 216.1 328.9 197.3 283.0 169.8 229.5 137.7 184.9 111.0 152.7 91.6 129.5 77.7 112.4 67.4
UB 457x152x82 82.1 Plastic 411.7 259.2 401.6 240.9 368.3 221.0 321.3 192.8 266.3 159.8 218.5 131.1 182.6 109.5 156.2 93.7 136.3 81.8
UB 457x191x67 67.1 Plastic 334.3 213.8 330.2 198.1 308.7 185.2 277.9 166.7 234.7 140.8 189.9 113.9 153.9 92.4 127.6 76.5 108.3 65.0 93.9 56.4 82.9 49.7
UB 457x191x74 74.3 Plastic 375.6 240.6 371.4 222.9 348.3 209.0 316.2 189.7 272.3 163.4 225.2 135.1 185.8 111.5 156.0 93.6 133.7 80.2 116.8 70.1 103.7 62.2
UB 457x191x82 82.0 Plastic 416.2 265.8 411.8 247.1 386.7 232.0 352.8 211.7 307.2 184.3 257.9 154.7 215.5 129.3 182.7 109.6 157.8 94.7 138.6 83.2 123.6 74.2
UB 457x191x89 89.3 Plastic 457.6 292.1 453.1 271.9 426.4 255.8 391.4 234.8 345.3 207.2 294.8 176.9 249.9 150.0 214.1 128.5 186.4 111.8 164.8 98.9 147.5 88.5
UB 457x191x98 98.3 Plastic 507.4 323.0 502.7 301.6 473.9 284.4 437.4 262.5 390.7 234.4 339.0 203.4 291.6 174.9 252.6 151.5 221.6 133.0 197.0 118.2 177.3 106.4
UB 533x210x82 82.2 Plastic 467.9 297.0 463.6 278.2 435.8 261.5 396.5 237.9 339.9 203.9 276.6 165.9 223.2 133.9 183.4 110.1 154.3 92.6 132.7 79.6 116.1 69.7
UB 533x210x92 92.1 Plastic 536.4 341.9 532.4 319.4 502.2 301.3 461.2 276.7 403.9 242.3 337.7 202.6 278.8 167.3 233.0 139.8 198.5 119.1 172.4 103.4 152.2 91.3
UB 533x210x101 101.0 Plastic 593.6 378.3 589.7 353.8 557.2 334.3 514.3 308.6 455.5 273.3 387.2 232.3 324.4 194.7 274.2 164.5 235.7 141.4 206.1 123.7 182.9 109.8
UB 533x210x109.8 109.8 Plastic 645.7 410.0 641.5 384.9 606.6 364.0 561.2 336.7 500.2 300.1 429.3 257.6 363.3 218.0 309.5 185.7 267.8 160.7 235.3 141.2 209.6 125.8
UB 533x210x122 122.0 Plastic 726.3 460.9 722.3 433.4 684.5 410.7 637.0 382.2 575.2 345.1 503.4 302.0 433.9 260.3 375.1 225.1 328.0 196.8 290.5 174.3 260.5 156.3
UB 610x229x101 101.2 Plastic 654.8 415.0 651.6 391.0 616.8 370.1 569.9 341.9 502.5 301.5 420.3 252.2 343.9 206.3 283.7 170.2 238.6 143.1 204.6 122.8 178.6 107.2
UB 610x229x113 113.0 Plastic 745.6 474.2 743.0 445.8 705.1 423.1 655.8 393.5 586.9 352.2 502.1 301.3 419.7 251.8 352.0 211.2 299.8 179.9 259.7 155.8 228.6 137.2
UB 610x229x125.1 125.1 Plastic 835.4 531.5 833.2 499.9 792.0 475.2 739.8 443.9 669.0 401.4 581.9 349.1 494.8 296.9 420.7 252.4 362.2 217.3 316.5 189.9 280.5 168.3
UB 610x229x139.9 139.9 Plastic 941.4 597.6 939.4 563.7 894.2 536.5 838.3 503.0 764.7 458.8 674.9 404.9 583.2 349.9 502.8 301.7 437.5 262.5 385.5 231.3 343.9 206.3

UNIVERSAL COLUMNS AS PER BS4-1:1993


UC 152X152X23 23.0 Semicompact37.3 24.6 36.6 22.0 34.0 20.4 30.7 18.4 26.5 15.9 22.5 13.5 19.2 11.5 16.6 9.9 14.6 8.7 13.0 7.8
UC 152X152X30 30.0 Plastic 56.3 36.6 55.4 33.3 52.1 31.3 48.2 28.9 43.9 26.3 39.3 23.6 34.9 21.0 31.2 18.7 28.0 16.8 25.4 15.2
UC 152X152X37 37.0 Plastic 70.2 45.1 69.2 41.5 65.4 39.2 61.4 36.9 57.1 34.2 52.5 31.5 47.9 28.7 43.6 26.2 39.8 23.9 36.5 21.9
UC 203X203X46 46.1 Plastic 113.1 74.2 113.0 67.8 108.0 64.8 102.5 61.5 96.1 57.7 88.9 53.3 81.2 48.7 73.7 44.2 66.9 40.2 61.0 36.6 55.8 33.5
UC 203X203X52 52.0 Plastic 129.0 84.2 128.9 77.4 123.4 74.1 117.6 70.6 111.1 66.7 104.0 62.4 96.3 57.8 88.7 53.2 81.5 48.9 75.0 45.0 69.2 41.5
UC 203X203X60 60.0 Plastic 149.1 96.4 149.1 89.5 143.0 85.8 136.8 82.1 130.1 78.0 122.8 73.7 115.2 69.1 107.4 64.5 99.9 59.9 92.8 55.7 86.3 51.8
UC 203X203X71 71.0 Plastic 181.5 116.5 181.5 108.9 174.9 104.9 168.2 100.9 161.6 96.9 154.6 92.8 147.4 88.4 139.9 83.9 132.3 79.4 124.8 74.9 117.7 70.6
UC 203X203X86 86.1 Plastic 222.0 140.3 222.0 133.2 214.5 128.7 207.3 124.4 200.4 120.2 193.4 116.0 186.2 111.7 178.7 107.2 171.0 102.6 163.3 98.0 155.6 93.3
3.1.3. Major axis Bending Capacity Table for PF Section
Table 3.1
Assumptions: i. For rolled sections α = 0.21
Assumptions: ii. Shear force < 60% of Shear capacity
"False" in table indicates that the sections are Slender and out of scope
Values for L/ry < 250 are only considered fy= 250 MPa
Md = Design strength as per limit state method and Ms = Design strength as per working stress method
Shear lag effect and shear buckling need to checked whenever required.

Laterally
Supported Laterally Unsupported Beam

LLT = 1 m LLT = 2 m LLT = 3 m LLT = 4 m LLT = 5 m LLT = 6 m LLT = 7 m LLT = 8 m LLT = 9 m LLT = 10 m
Weigh
t Md Ms
Sections Class
(kg/m (kN-m) (kN-m) Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms
) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m)

UC 254X254X73 73.1 Plastic 225.5 148.1 225.5 135.3 219.6 131.8 211.5 126.9 202.7 121.6 192.8 115.7 181.9 109.1 170.3 102.2 158.6 95.2 147.3 88.4 136.7 82.0
UC 254X254X89 89.5 Plastic 280.1 182.2 280.1 168.0 273.5 164.1 264.3 158.6 254.8 152.9 244.7 146.8 233.9 140.3 222.5 133.5 210.8 126.5 199.1 119.4 187.7 112.6
UC 254X254X107 107.1 Plastic 337.4 216.7 337.4 202.4 329.8 197.9 319.5 191.7 309.3 185.6 298.8 179.3 287.9 172.8 276.6 166.0 264.9 158.9 253.0 151.8 241.1 144.7
UC 254X254X132 132.0 Plastic 424.9 269.1 424.9 254.9 416.4 249.9 405.0 243.0 394.1 236.5 383.4 230.1 372.7 223.6 361.6 217.0 350.3 210.2 338.6 203.2 326.7 196.0
UC 254X254X167 167.1 Plastic 550.8 342.4 550.8 330.5 541.7 325.0 528.8 317.3 517.1 310.2 506.0 303.6 495.0 297.0 484.0 290.4 472.9 283.7 461.4 276.8 449.7 269.8
UC 305X305X97 96.9 Compact 361.8 238.5 361.8 217.1 356.2 213.7 345.3 207.2 333.4 200.1 320.1 192.1 305.1 183.1 288.6 173.2 271.1 162.6 253.3 152.0 236.0 141.6
UC 305X305X118 117.9 Plastic 444.9 290.4 444.9 266.9 438.5 263.1 425.8 255.5 412.5 247.5 398.1 238.9 382.6 229.6 366.0 219.6 348.4 209.1 330.4 198.3 312.5 187.5
UC 305X305X137 136.9 Plastic 521.9 337.9 521.9 313.2 515.0 309.0 500.8 300.5 486.4 291.8 471.4 282.9 455.7 273.4 439.1 263.5 421.8 253.1 403.9 242.3 385.8 231.5
UC 305X305X158 158.1 Plastic 609.2 390.9 609.2 365.5 601.7 361.0 586.1 351.6 570.6 342.4 555.1 333.1 539.2 323.5 522.7 313.6 505.6 303.4 488.0 292.8 470.1 282.1
UC 305X305X198 198.1 Plastic 781.8 494.2 781.8 469.1 773.8 464.3 755.7 453.4 738.8 443.3 722.4 433.4 706.2 423.7 689.9 413.9 673.3 404.0 656.3 393.8 638.9 383.3
UC 305X305X240 240.0 Plastic 965.2 601.0 965.2 579.1 957.2 574.3 936.8 562.1 918.5 551.1 901.2 540.7 884.5 530.7 868.0 520.8 851.5 510.9 834.6 500.8 817.5 490.5
UC 356X368X129 129.0 Semicompact
514.4 339.5 514.4 308.7 512.0 307.2 499.6 299.8 486.6 291.9 472.4 283.5 456.8 274.1 439.6 263.8 420.8 252.5 400.7 240.4 379.8 227.9
UC 356X368X153 152.9 Plastic 673.8 442.9 673.8 404.3 671.0 402.6 655.3 393.2 639.1 383.5 622.0 373.2 603.8 362.3 584.1 350.5 563.1 337.9 541.0 324.6 517.9 310.8
UC 305X305X283 282.9 Plastic 1160.3 712.5 1160.3 696.2 1152.7 691.6 1130.2 678.1 1110.6 666.3 1092.4 655.5 1075.2 645.1 1058.3 635.0 1041.6 624.9 1024.7 614.8 1007.6 604.6
UC 356X368X177 177.0 Plastic 785.3 511.9 785.3 471.2 782.4 469.4 764.6 458.8 746.7 448.0 728.3 437.0 709.1 425.5 688.9 413.3 667.7 400.6 645.5 387.3 622.5 373.5
UC 356X368X202 201.9 Plastic 902.7 583.7 902.7 541.6 899.9 539.9 880.1 528.1 860.6 516.4 841.0 504.6 821.0 492.6 800.4 480.3 779.1 467.5 757.0 454.2 734.3 440.6
UC 356X406x235 235.1 Plastic 1065.1 685.0 1065.1 639.1 1064.8 638.9 1043.3 626.0 1022.5 613.5 1002.1 601.3 981.7 589.0 961.2 576.7 940.2 564.1 918.8 551.3 896.8 538.1

INDIAN STANDARD WIDE PARALLEL FLANGE BEAMS//EUROPIAN WIDE FLANGE BEAMS


HE 800x373 372.5 Plastic 3340.1 2093.1 3340.1 2004.1 3267.0 1960.2 3155.6 1893.3 3034.6 1820.7 2900.3 1740.2 2752.1 1651.3 2593.0 1555.8 2428.8 1457.3 2267.0 1360.2 2113.2 1267.9
HEA 320/WPB 320x300x97.6 97.6 Compact 370.0 244.1 370.0 222.0 363.7 218.2 352.2 211.3 339.6 203.7 325.4 195.2 309.4 185.6 291.8 175.1 273.3 164.0 254.6 152.8 236.8 142.1
HEA 600/WPB 600x300x177.8 177.8 Plastic 1216.0 789.8 1216.0 729.6 1190.1 714.0 1147.8 688.7 1099.3 659.6 1042.1 625.3 975.4 585.2 901.6 540.9 825.9 495.5 753.5 452.1 687.9 412.7
HEA 700/WPB 700x300x204.5 204.5 Plastic 1598.1 1029.7 1598.1 958.9 1560.4 936.2 1501.6 901.0 1432.7 859.6 1349.3 809.6 1251.0 750.6 1142.9 685.7 1034.6 620.8 934.2 560.5 845.7 507.4
HEA 800/WPB 800x300x224.4 224.4 Plastic 1977.2 1267.5 1977.2 1186.3 1926.0 1155.6 1849.3 1109.6 1756.7 1054.0 1642.1 985.3 1505.2 903.1 1356.5 813.9 1211.6 726.9 1081.6 649.0 970.1 582.1
HEA 900/WPB 900x300x251.6 251.6 Plastic 2457.1 1565.0 2457.1 1474.2 2389.2 1433.5 2289.9 1374.0 2168.3 1301.0 2015.6 1209.4 1833.0 1099.8 1637.2 982.3 1450.8 870.5 1287.1 772.3 1149.0 689.4
HEAA 320/WPB 320x300x74.2 74.2 Semicompact
248.4 163.9 248.4 149.0 243.4 146.1 234.9 140.9 224.9 134.9 212.8 127.7 198.4 119.0 182.1 109.2 165.2 99.1 149.2 89.5 134.8 80.9
HEAA 600/WPB 600x300x128.8 128.8 Compact 823.4 531.0 823.4 494.1 800.6 480.4 766.7 460.0 723.9 434.3 668.4 401.0 600.2 360.1 527.1 316.3 458.7 275.2 400.2 240.1 352.0 211.2
HEAA 700/WPB 700x300x149.9 149.9 Plastic 1100.0 703.0 1100.0 660.0 1067.0 640.2 1019.2 611.5 957.9 574.7 877.0 526.2 778.5 467.1 675.5 405.3 582.2 349.3 504.3 302.6 441.2 264.7
HEAA 800/WPB 800x300x171.5 171.5 Plastic 1414.7 895.2 1414.7 848.8 1367.7 820.6 1301.9 781.1 1215.3 729.2 1099.4 659.7 960.4 576.2 821.0 492.6 699.7 419.8 601.2 360.7 522.8 313.7
HEAA 900/WPB 900x300x198 198.0 Plastic 1817.9 1142.3 1817.9 1090.7 1754.5 1052.7 1667.3 1000.4 1551.1 930.7 1395.3 837.2 1210.7 726.4 1029.2 617.5 874.1 524.4 749.4 449.7 650.9 390.5
HEB 320/WPB 320x300x126.7 126.7 Plastic 488.5 317.9 488.5 293.1 480.9 288.5 466.9 280.1 452.4 271.4 437.0 262.2 420.7 252.4 403.3 242.0 385.1 231.1 366.5 219.9 347.9 208.7
HEB 600/WPB 600x300x211.9 211.9 Plastic 1460.3 940.7 1460.3 876.2 1430.2 858.1 1381.5 828.9 1327.6 796.6 1266.3 759.8 1197.2 718.3 1121.9 673.1 1043.8 626.3 967.3 580.4 895.4 537.3
3.1.3. Major axis Bending Capacity Table for PF Section
Table 3.1
Assumptions: i. For rolled sections α = 0.21
Assumptions: ii. Shear force < 60% of Shear capacity
"False" in table indicates that the sections are Slender and out of scope
Values for L/ry < 250 are only considered fy= 250 MPa
Md = Design strength as per limit state method and Ms = Design strength as per working stress method
Shear lag effect and shear buckling need to checked whenever required.

Laterally
Supported Laterally Unsupported Beam

LLT = 1 m LLT = 2 m LLT = 3 m LLT = 4 m LLT = 5 m LLT = 6 m LLT = 7 m LLT = 8 m LLT = 9 m LLT = 10 m
Weigh
t Md Ms
Sections Class
(kg/m (kN-m) (kN-m) Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms
) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m)

HEB 700/WPB 700x300x240.5 240.5 Plastic 1892.5 1211.0 1892.5 1135.5 1849.2 1109.5 1782.2 1069.3 1705.9 1023.6 1617.0 970.2 1514.9 909.0 1403.6 842.2 1290.3 774.2 1182.4 709.4 1084.1 650.5
HEB 800/WPB 800x300x262.3 262.3 Plastic 2324.7 1481.2 2324.7 1394.8 2266.2 1359.7 2179.0 1307.4 2076.7 1246.0 1954.1 1172.4 1811.0 1086.6 1655.7 993.4 1501.6 900.9 1359.3 815.6 1233.9 740.3
HEB 900/WPB 900x300x291.5 291.5 Plastic 2860.0 1811.6 2860.0 1716.0 2782.9 1669.7 2670.8 1602.5 2537.0 1522.2 2373.9 1424.3 2182.4 1309.4 1976.7 1186.0 1776.9 1066.1 1596.7 958.0 1441.0 864.6
HEM 320/WPB 320x300x245 245.0 Plastic 1008.0 626.3 1008.0 604.8 998.8 599.3 977.7 586.6 958.9 575.3 941.3 564.8 924.3 554.6 907.5 544.5 890.6 534.4 873.5 524.1 856.1 513.7
HEM 600/WPB 600x300x285.5 285.5 Plastic 1993.7 1263.8 1993.7 1196.2 1957.3 1174.4 1897.4 1138.4 1835.2 1101.1 1769.2 1061.5 1698.7 1019.2 1623.9 974.3 1545.9 927.5 1466.7 880.0 1388.3 833.0
HEM 700/WPB 700x300x300.7 300.7 Plastic 2395.2 1517.6 2395.2 1437.1 2345.4 1407.2 2267.1 1360.3 2182.4 1309.4 2088.7 1253.2 1985.4 1191.3 1874.2 1124.5 1759.1 1055.4 1644.7 986.8 1535.5 921.3
HEM 800/WPB 800x300x317.3 317.3 Plastic 2838.1 1794.3 2838.1 1702.9 2771.6 1663.0 2671.6 1603.0 2559.2 1535.5 2430.2 1458.1 2284.2 1370.5 2126.3 1275.8 1965.6 1179.4 1811.3 1086.8 1669.4 1001.6
HEM 900/WPB 900x300x332.5 332.5 Plastic 3282.2 2068.6 3282.2 1969.3 3197.6 1918.5 3074.2 1844.5 2931.1 1758.6 2761.5 1656.9 2566.1 1539.7 2355.5 1413.3 2146.5 1287.9 1952.5 1171.5 1780.1 1068.1

INDIAN STANDARD TAPERED FLANGE MEDIUM WEIGHT BEAMS/I-SECTIONS (IS:808)


ISMB 100 (IS808) @ 8.9 8.9 Plastic 9.6 6.0 8.0 4.8 5.7 3.4
ISMB 125 (IS808) @ 13.3 13.3 Plastic 18.6 11.7 16.6 10.0 13.2 7.9 10.1 6.1
ISMB 150 (IS808) @ 15 15.0 Plastic 25.0 15.8 22.3 13.4 16.9 10.2 12.4 7.4
ISMB 175 (IS808) @ 19.6 19.6 Plastic 37.9 23.8 34.5 20.7 27.3 16.4 20.3 12.2 15.7 9.4
ISMB 200 (IS808) @ 24.2 24.2 Plastic 54.6 35.0 51.0 30.6 42.8 25.7 33.3 20.0 26.1 15.7 21.3 12.8
ISMB 250 (IS808) @ 37.3 37.3 Plastic 105.7 67.7 101.2 60.7 90.0 54.0 75.5 45.3 61.5 36.9 50.8 30.5 43.0 25.8
ISMB 300 (IS808) @ 46 46.0 Plastic 154.6 98.8 148.9 89.3 133.3 80.0 111.6 67.0 89.8 53.9 73.1 43.9 61.2 36.7 52.6 31.6
ISMB 350 (IS808) @ 52.4 52.4 Plastic 202.2 128.5 194.5 116.7 173.2 103.9 142.7 85.6 112.8 67.7 90.8 54.5 75.5 45.3 64.5 38.7
ISMB 400 (IS808) @ 61.5 61.5 Plastic 267.1 168.3 256.8 154.1 228.1 136.9 187.0 112.2 147.1 88.2 118.1 70.8 98.0 58.8 83.7 50.2
ISMB 450 (IS808) @ 72.4 72.4 Plastic 352.7 222.8 341.0 204.6 306.5 183.9 256.2 153.7 203.5 122.1 163.3 98.0 135.2 81.1 115.2 69.1
ISMB 500 (IS808) @ 86.9 86.9 Plastic 473.2 298.7 462.8 277.7 425.5 255.3 370.6 222.3 302.7 181.6 243.4 146.0 199.8 119.9 168.5 101.1 145.5 87.3
ISMB 550 (IS808) @ 104 104.0 Plastic 615.9 389.4 604.8 362.9 560.5 336.3 497.0 298.2 415.7 249.4 339.0 203.4 280.0 168.0 236.7 142.0 204.5 122.7 180.0 108.0
ISMB 600 (IS808) @ 123 123.0 Plastic 797.7 504.9 788.0 472.8 737.9 442.8 668.9 401.3 575.9 345.5 478.1 286.9 396.7 238.0 335.0 201.0 288.7 173.2 253.3 152.0 225.5 135.3

ISMB SECTION PROPERTIES (As Per SP: 6(1)-1964 & Reference Manual for Structural Engineers -INS/PUB/003- Page 28 & 29)
ISMB 100 x11.5 11.5 Plastic 13.3 8.5 12.2 7.3 10.3 6.2 8.4 5.0 6.8 4.1
ISMB 125 x13 13.0 Plastic 18.6 11.9 16.8 10.1 13.5 8.1 10.3 6.2 8.2 4.9
ISMB 150 x14.9 14.9 Plastic 25.1 16.0 22.6 13.6 17.4 10.4 12.7 7.6 9.8 5.9
ISMB 175 x19.3 19.3 Plastic 37.8 24.0 34.6 20.8 27.6 16.6 20.6 12.4 15.9 9.5
ISMB 200 x25.4 25.4 Plastic 57.7 36.9 54.1 32.5 46.2 27.7 37.1 22.2 29.6 17.8 24.4 14.6
ISMB 250 x37.3 37.3 Plastic 105.9 67.7 101.4 60.8 90.2 54.1 75.7 45.4 61.7 37.0 51.0 30.6 43.1 25.9
ISMB 300 x44.2 44.2 Plastic 148.2 94.6 142.6 85.6 127.1 76.3 105.1 63.1 83.4 50.0 67.3 40.4 56.1 33.6 48.0 28.8
3.1.3. Major axis Bending Capacity Table for PF Section
Table 3.1
Assumptions: i. For rolled sections α = 0.21
Assumptions: ii. Shear force < 60% of Shear capacity
"False" in table indicates that the sections are Slender and out of scope
Values for L/ry < 250 are only considered fy= 250 MPa
Md = Design strength as per limit state method and Ms = Design strength as per working stress method
Shear lag effect and shear buckling need to checked whenever required.

Laterally
Supported Laterally Unsupported Beam

LLT = 1 m LLT = 2 m LLT = 3 m LLT = 4 m LLT = 5 m LLT = 6 m LLT = 7 m LLT = 8 m LLT = 9 m LLT = 10 m
Weigh
t Md Ms
Sections Class
(kg/m (kN-m) (kN-m) Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms
) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m)

ISMB 350 x52.4 52.4 Plastic 202.2 128.5 194.6 116.7 173.2 103.9 142.7 85.6 112.8 67.7 90.8 54.5 75.5 45.3 64.5 38.7
ISMB 400 x61.6 61.6 Plastic 267.4 168.8 257.0 154.2 228.2 136.9 187.0 112.2 147.0 88.2 118.0 70.8 97.9 58.8 83.6 50.2
ISMB 450 x72.4 72.4 Plastic 353.1 222.9 341.3 204.8 306.7 184.0 256.3 153.8 203.5 122.1 163.3 98.0 135.2 81.1 115.1 69.1
ISMB 500 x86.9 86.9 Plastic 471.7 298.4 461.4 276.8 424.1 254.5 369.2 221.5 301.5 180.9 242.4 145.5 199.0 119.4 167.8 100.7 144.9 86.9
ISMB 550 x103.7 103.7 Plastic 616.6 389.4 605.4 363.2 561.0 336.6 497.3 298.4 415.7 249.4 339.0 203.4 279.9 168.0 236.6 142.0 204.5 122.7 180.0 108.0
ISMB 600 x122.6 122.6 Plastic 799.1 505.0 789.4 473.6 739.2 443.5 670.0 402.0 576.9 346.1 478.9 287.4 397.4 238.4 335.6 201.3 289.1 173.5 253.7 152.2 225.9 135.6
3.1.4. Bending Strength Comparison Table of ISMB and Parallel Flange Profiles
Table 3.2
For Span = 4.0m fy = 250 MPa
ISMB Profile Parallel Flange Profile Comparison Result
Capacity
Weight
Major Major Axis Increase
Weight in Weight savings in
ISMB Profile axis BM Parallel Flange Profile BM in
kg/m in kg/m percentag
Capacity Capacity percentag
e
e
ISMB 175 (IS808) 19.60 16 NPB 180x90x18.8 18.80 16 2.4 4.1
ISMB 200 (IS808) 25.40 30 UB 203x133x25 25.10 35 17.0 1.2
ISMB 225 (IS808) 31.10 43 UB 203x133x30 30.00 55 29.2 3.5
ISMB 250 (IS808) 37.30 62 UB 254x146x37 37.03 74 19.9 0.7
ISMB 300 (IS808) 46.00 83 UB 305x165x40 40.00 116 38.6 13.0
ISMB 350 (IS808) 52.40 113 UB 356x171x51 51.00 166 47.1 2.7
ISMB 400 (IS808) 61.50 147 UB 356x171x57 57.00 190 28.9 7.3
ISMB 450 (IS808) 72.40 203 UB 457x191x67 67.12 278 36.6 7.3
ISMB 500 (IS808) 86.90 302 NPB 500x200x79.4 79.40 377 24.9 8.6
ISMB 550 (IS808) 104.00 416 UB 533x210x101 101.00 514 23.7 2.9
ISMB 600 (IS808) 123.00 577 NPB 600x220x122.4 122.40 695 20.4 0.5
Table 3.3
For Span = 6.0m fy = 250 MPa
ISMB Profile Parallel Flange Profile Comparison Result

Major Major Axis Capacity Weight


Weight in Weight in
ISMB Profile axis BM Parallel Flange Profile BM Increase in savings in
kg/m kg/m
Capacity Capacity percentage percentage

ISMB 250 (IS808) 37.30 43 UB 254x146x37 37.03 52 20.1 0.7


ISMB 300 (IS808) 46.00 56 UB 305x165x40 40.29 65 16.6 12.4
ISMB 350 (IS808) 52.40 75 UB 305x165x46 46.12 82 8.4 12.0
ISMB 400 (IS808) 61.50 98 UB 305x165x54 53.77 103 4.9 12.6
ISMB 450 (IS808) 72.40 135 NPB 400x180x66.3 66.30 141 4.2 8.4
ISMB 500 (IS808) 86.90 198 WPB 320x300x74.2 74.24 198 0.0 14.6
ISMB 550 (IS808) 104.00 279 UB 533x210x92 92.14 279 0.0 11.4
ISMB 600 (IS808) 123.00 397 UB 610x229x113 113.00 420 5.6 8.1

Table 3.4
For Span = 8.0m fy = 250 MPa
ISMB Profile Parallel Flange Profile Comparison Result

Major Major Axis Capacity Weight


Weight in
ISMB Profile axis BM Parallel Flange Profile Weight BM Increase in savings in
kg/m
Capacity Capacity percentage percentage

ISMB 500 (IS808) 86.90 145 UC 254X254X73 73.08 182 25.5 15.9
ISMB 550 (IS808) 104.00 204 NPB 500x200x79.4 79.36 222 8.5 23.7
ISMB 600 (IS808) 123.00 289 UC 305X305X97 96.91 305 5.5 21.2
3.2. Calculation of Bending Capacity of a Parallel Flange Section for Yield
2
Strength 300 N/mm as per IS: 800 - 2007
3.2.1. Worked out Example Limit State Method
Design Inputs:
Effective span of the beam (LE) = 5.00 m
2
Yied strength of steel (fy) = 300.00 N/mm
2
Elastic modulus of steel (E) = 205000 N/mm
Section used = NPB 220x110x29.4
Partial safety factor (γm0) = 1.1
(refer Table 5.1 of IS 800:2007)
Classification of section (refer Table 2 of IS 800:2007)
Flange thickness (tf) = 10.2 mm
Flange outstand width (b) = 56 mm
b/tf = 5.5
Flange is Plastic
Depth of web (d) = 201.6 mm
Web thickness (tw) = 6.6 mm
d/tw = 30.5
Web is Plastic
So, design the section as Plastic Class 1
Checking of major axis bending strength
Case I> Shear force is less than 60% of shear capacity
a. When the beam is laterally supported
Design bending strength (Md) is minimum of 1.2*Ze*fy/γm0 = 92.40 kN-m
and βbZpfy/γm0 = 87.59 kN-m
β b= Zx/Zpx (for Class 1 = 1.00
So, Md = 87.59 kN-m
B. When the beam is laterally unsupported
Design bending strength (Md) = βbZpfbd = 32.77 kN-m
2
Where, fbd = Bending strength = X LT*fy/γm0 = 102.04 N/mm
Where, X LT = Bending strength reduction factor to account for lateral torsional buckling, given by,

XLT = 1/{φLT+[φ2LT-λ2LT]0.5} < 1.0 = 0.37


2
φLT = 0.5*[1+αLT(λLT-0.2)+λ LT] = 1.75
For rolled section, the imperfection factor αLT = 0.21
Nondimensional slenderness ratio λLT = Ѵ (fy/fcr,b) = 1.50
>0.4, Check for torsional buckling
fcr,b = extreme fibre bending compressive stress corresponding to elastic lateral buckling
2
moment = 1.1*∏2*E/(LLT/ry)2*[1+1/20*{(L LT/ry)/(hf/tf)}2]0.5 = 134.1 N/mm
Where , LLT = Effective length for torsional buckling= 1.0 X 5. m = 5m
hf= centre to centre distance between flanges = 211.80 mm

Case II> Shear force is more than 60% of shear capacity


Maximum shear force on the section, V = 300 kN
Shear capacity of the section Vd = Av*fyw/√3 = 399.60 kN
2
Av = Shear area of the section = h*tw = 1465.2 mm
V/Vd = 0.75
Check the bending capacity reduction due to high shear.
For, Plastic and compact section,
Moment capacity of the section Mdv = Md-β*(Md-Mfd) or 1.2*Ze*fy/γm0 whichever is less.
2
Where β = (2V/Vd-1) = 0.25
and Mfd = Zpf*fy/γm0 = 22.18 kN-m
2 3
Zpf = Plastic modulus of shear area = tw*d /4 = 81318.60 mm
Mdv = 71.14 kN-m
3.2.2. Worked out Example Working Stress Method

Checking of major axis bending strength


Case I> Shear force is less than 60% of shear capacity

a. When the beam is laterally supported


Design bending strength (Ms) = 0.66*fy*Zx = 55.90 kN-m
β b= Zx/Zpx (for class 3) = 1.00

b. When the beam is laterally unsupported,


Design bending strength as per Limit State (Md) = βbZpfbd = 32.77 kN-m
bending strength as per working stress method (Ms) =0.6*Md = 19.66 kN-m

Case II> Shear force is more than 60% of shear capacity


Maximum shear force on the section, V = 300 kN
Bending capacity as Limit State Method Mdv = 71.14 kN
bending capacity as per working stress method Ms = 42.68 kN-m
The capacity table furnished in the next section (2.1.3) is based on the assumption that the shear
force is less than 60% of te shear capacity of the sections.
3.2.3. Major axis Bending Capacity Table for PF Section
Table 3.5
Assumptions: i. For rolled sections α = 0.21
Assumptions: ii. Shear force < 60% of Shear capacity
"False" in table indicates that the sections are Slender and out of scope
Values for L/ry < 250 are only considered fy= 300 MPa
Md = Design strength as per limit state method and Ms = Design strength as per working stress method
Shear lag effect and shear buckling need to checked whenever required.

Laterally Laterally Unsupported Beam


LLT = 1 m LLT = 2 m LLT = 3 m LLT = 4 m LLT = 5 m LLT = 6 m LLT = 7 m LLT = 8 m LLT = 9 m LLT = 10 m
Weight Md Ms
Sections Class Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms
(kg/m) (kN-m) (kN-m)
(kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m)
INDIAN STANDARD NARROW FLANGE BEAMS (IS: 12778 -2004)
NPB 100x55x8.1 8.1 Plastic 10.7 6.8 8.7 5.2 5.6 3.4 3.9 2.4
NPB 120x60x10.4 10.4 Plastic 16.6 10.5 14.0 8.4 9.4 5.7 6.5 3.9
NPB 140x70x12.9 12.9 Plastic 24.1 15.3 21.1 12.7 14.9 8.9 10.3 6.2 7.8 4.7
NPB 160x80x15.8 15.8 Plastic 33.8 21.5 30.3 18.2 22.2 13.3 15.4 9.2 11.6 6.9
NPB 180x90x15.4 15.4 Plastic 36.9 23.8 33.6 20.1 24.7 14.8 16.4 9.9 11.9 7.2 9.3 5.6
NPB 180x90x18.8 18.8 Plastic 45.4 29.0 41.4 24.9 31.8 19.1 22.4 13.5 16.8 10.1 13.4 8.0
NPB 180x90x21.3 21.3 Plastic 51.6 32.8 47.3 28.4 37.5 22.5 27.4 16.4 20.9 12.5 16.8 10.1
NPB 200x100x18.4 18.4 Plastic 49.5 32.0 45.7 27.4 35.3 21.2 23.9 14.4 17.3 10.4 13.5 8.1
NPB 200x100x22.4 22.4 Plastic 60.2 38.5 55.7 33.4 44.2 26.5 31.6 19.0 23.6 14.1 18.7 11.2
NPB 200x100x25.1 25.1 Plastic 68.0 43.3 63.3 38.0 51.7 31.0 38.5 23.1 29.3 17.6 23.5 14.1
NPB 200x130x27.2 27.2 Plastic 77.9 50.6 74.9 44.9 66.3 39.8 53.6 32.2 41.5 24.9 32.9 19.8 27.1 16.3 23.1 13.8
NPB 200x130x31.6 31.6 Plastic 92.0 59.5 88.6 53.2 79.5 47.7 66.7 40.0 53.8 32.3 43.9 26.3 36.7 22.0 31.5 18.9
NPB 220x110x22.2 22.2 Plastic 65.5 42.3 61.3 36.8 49.8 29.9 35.2 21.1 25.5 15.3 19.8 11.9 16.2 9.7
NPB 220x110x26.2 26.2 Plastic 77.8 49.9 73.0 43.8 60.5 36.3 44.8 26.9 33.6 20.2 26.6 16.0 22.0 13.2
NPB 220x110x29.4 29.4 Plastic 87.6 55.9 82.5 49.5 69.7 41.8 53.4 32.0 40.9 24.5 32.8 19.7 27.3 16.4
NPB 240x120x26.2 26.2 Plastic 85.0 55.0 80.4 48.3 67.6 40.5 49.6 29.8 36.3 21.8 28.1 16.9 22.9 13.7
NPB 240x120x30.7 30.7 Plastic 100.0 64.2 94.8 56.9 80.7 48.4 61.5 36.9 46.4 27.8 36.7 22.0 30.2 18.1
NPB 240x120x34.3 34.3 Plastic 111.9 71.5 106.3 63.8 91.7 55.0 72.0 43.2 55.5 33.3 44.4 26.6 36.9 22.1
NPB 270x135x30.7 30.7 Plastic 112.5 72.9 107.8 64.7 93.9 56.3 72.4 43.4 53.3 32.0 41.0 24.6 33.0 19.8 27.6 16.6
NPB 270x135x36.1 36.1 Plastic 132.0 84.9 126.6 75.9 111.0 66.6 87.8 52.7 66.6 39.9 52.2 31.3 42.7 25.6 36.1 21.7
NPB 270x135x42.3 42.3 Plastic 156.7 100.4 150.7 90.4 134.0 80.4 110.2 66.1 87.0 52.2 70.1 42.0 58.3 35.0 49.8 29.9
NPB 300x150x36.5 36.5 Plastic 147.8 95.6 142.9 85.7 127.5 76.5 102.8 61.7 77.2 46.3 59.2 35.5 47.4 28.4 39.4 23.6 33.7 20.2
NPB 300x150x42.2 42.2 Plastic 171.4 110.3 165.8 99.5 148.6 89.2 122.0 73.2 94.1 56.5 73.7 44.2 59.9 36.0 50.4 30.2 43.5 26.1
NPB 300x150x49.3 49.3 Plastic 202.9 130.2 196.8 118.1 178.2 106.9 151.1 90.7 121.3 72.8 97.7 58.6 80.8 48.5 68.8 41.3 59.8 35.9
NPB 350x170x50.2 50.2 Plastic 247.3 160.7 241.8 145.1 221.6 132.9 190.4 114.2 151.6 90.9 118.9 71.3 95.8 57.5 79.7 47.8 68.1 40.8 59.4 35.6
NPB 350x170x57.1 57.1 Plastic 277.9 178.9 271.5 162.9 248.6 149.2 214.1 128.5 172.0 103.2 136.5 81.9 111.1 66.7 93.2 55.9 80.1 48.1 70.3 42.2
NPB 350x170x66 66.0 Plastic 323.5 207.2 316.4 189.9 291.3 174.8 255.2 153.1 211.0 126.6 171.7 103.0 142.2 85.3 120.7 72.4 104.7 62.8 92.5 55.5
NPB 400x180x57.4 57.4 Plastic 312.0 202.4 305.8 183.5 281.7 169.0 244.6 146.8 196.3 117.8 153.8 92.3 123.3 74.0 101.9 61.1 86.6 52.0 75.2 45.1
NPB 400x180x66.3 66.3 Plastic 356.5 229.0 349.2 209.5 321.5 192.9 279.9 167.9 226.8 136.1 180.1 108.1 146.1 87.7 122.0 73.2 104.6 62.7 91.4 54.9
NPB 400x180x75.7 75.7 Plastic 409.7 262.2 401.9 241.1 371.8 223.1 328.4 197.0 273.3 164.0 222.2 133.3 183.4 110.0 155.0 93.0 134.0 80.4 117.9 70.8 105.4 63.2
NPB 450x190x67.2 67.2 Plastic 407.5 263.6 400.7 240.4 371.3 222.8 326.8 196.1 266.5 159.9 210.1 126.1 168.3 101.0 138.7 83.2 117.5 70.5 101.8 61.1 89.8 53.9
NPB 450x190x77.6 77.6 Plastic 464.1 296.9 455.8 273.5 421.9 253.1 371.2 222.7 304.2 182.5 242.2 145.3 196.1 117.6 163.2 97.9 139.3 83.6 121.5 72.9 107.7 64.6
NPB 450x190x92.4 92.4 Plastic 558.1 355.4 549.0 329.4 510.6 306.4 456.4 273.9 385.9 231.6 317.1 190.3 262.8 157.7 222.4 133.4 192.3 115.4 169.2 101.5 151.2 90.7
NPB 500x200x79.4 79.4 Plastic 530.7 342.1 523.2 313.9 487.4 292.4 434.4 260.7 360.9 216.5 287.6 172.6 231.1 138.7 190.6 114.3 161.2 96.7 139.5 83.7 122.8 73.7
NPB 500x200x90.7 90.7 Plastic 598.4 381.7 589.3 353.6 548.3 329.0 488.3 293.0 406.7 244.0 326.7 196.0 264.9 159.0 220.3 132.2 187.8 112.7 163.4 98.1 144.6 86.8
NPB 500x200x107.3 107.3 Plastic 712.6 452.2 702.7 421.6 656.1 393.7 591.1 354.7 504.8 302.9 416.8 250.1 345.4 207.3 291.9 175.1 251.8 151.1 221.2 132.7 197.2 118.3
NPB 600x220x107.6 107.6 Plastic 856.6 550.0 848.6 509.2 797.5 478.5 725.8 435.5 623.7 374.2 510.4 306.2 414.7 248.8 343.0 205.8 290.1 174.1 250.6 150.4 220.3 132.2
NPB 600x220x122.4 122.4 Plastic 957.9 607.8 947.8 568.7 889.2 533.5 806.9 484.1 691.8 415.1 567.3 340.4 463.5 278.1 385.9 231.5 328.4 197.1 285.2 171.1 251.9 151.2
NPB 600x220x154.5 154.5 Plastic 1219.4 768.0 1208.6 725.1 1138.6 683.2 1046.5 627.9 923.2 553.9 785.8 471.5 662.8 397.7 565.0 339.0 489.6 293.8 431.2 258.7 385.0 231.0

INDIAN STANDARD WIDE FLANGE BEAMS (IS: 12778 -2004)


WPB 320x300x74.2 74.2 Semicompact 298.0 196.7 298.0 178.8 290.2 174.1 278.4 167.0 264.1 158.4 246.1 147.6 224.4 134.7 201.0 120.6 178.4 107.1 158.4 95.1 141.5 84.9
WPB 320x300x97.6 97.6 Semicompact 403.4 266.3 403.4 242.1 394.1 236.5 379.8 227.9 363.4 218.1 344.4 206.6 322.6 193.5 298.8 179.3 274.6 164.8 251.6 151.0 230.7 138.4
WPB 320x300x126.7 126.7 Plastic 586.2 381.4 586.2 351.7 573.6 344.1 554.4 332.7 534.0 320.4 511.6 306.9 487.1 292.3 461.0 276.6 434.0 260.4 407.1 244.3 381.3 228.8
WPB 320x300x245 245.0 Plastic 1209.6 751.6 1209.6 725.7 1192.3 715.4 1163.8 698.3 1137.8 682.7 1113.0 667.8 1088.6 653.1 1064.0 638.4 1038.9 623.4 1013.4 608.0 987.2 592.3
WPB 600x300x128.8 128.8 Semicompact 877.6 579.2 877.6 526.6 846.8 508.1 804.7 482.8 749.0 449.4 674.9 405.0 587.7 352.6 502.1 301.3 428.6 257.2 369.3 221.6 322.3 193.4
3.2.3. Major axis Bending Capacity Table for PF Section
Table 3.5
Assumptions: i. For rolled sections α = 0.21
Assumptions: ii. Shear force < 60% of Shear capacity
"False" in table indicates that the sections are Slender and out of scope
Values for L/ry < 250 are only considered fy= 300 MPa
Md = Design strength as per limit state method and Ms = Design strength as per working stress method
Shear lag effect and shear buckling need to checked whenever required.

Laterally Laterally Unsupported Beam


LLT = 1 m LLT = 2 m LLT = 3 m LLT = 4 m LLT = 5 m LLT = 6 m LLT = 7 m LLT = 8 m LLT = 9 m LLT = 10 m
Weight Md Ms
Sections Class Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms
(kg/m) (kN-m) (kN-m)
(kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m)
WPB 600x300x177.8 177.8 Plastic 1459.2 947.8 1459.2 875.5 1418.4 851.0 1360.1 816.1 1290.3 774.2 1204.9 722.9 1104.9 663.0 998.3 599.0 895.7 537.4 803.9 482.3 724.9 435.0
WPB 600x300x211.9 211.9 Plastic 1752.3 1128.9 1752.3 1051.4 1704.8 1022.9 1637.8 982.7 1560.4 936.2 1469.3 881.6 1365.5 819.3 1254.6 752.7 1145.1 687.1 1043.8 626.3 953.7 572.2
WPB 600x300x285.5 285.5 Plastic 2392.4 1516.6 2392.4 1435.4 2333.9 1400.3 2251.8 1351.1 2163.4 1298.0 2066.4 1239.8 1960.6 1176.4 1848.3 1109.0 1733.4 1040.1 1620.7 972.4 1513.8 908.3
WPB 700x300x149.9 149.9 Compact 1320.0 843.5 1320.0 792.0 1270.1 762.1 1203.2 721.9 1112.7 667.6 991.7 595.0 852.0 511.2 719.6 431.8 609.3 365.6 521.9 313.2 453.4 272.0
WPB 700x300x204.5 204.5 Plastic 1917.8 1235.6 1917.8 1150.7 1859.1 1115.5 1777.9 1066.7 1677.9 1006.7 1553.0 931.8 1406.7 844.0 1254.0 752.4 1111.8 667.1 988.5 593.1 885.0 531.0
WPB 700x300x240.5 240.5 Plastic 2271.0 1453.3 2271.0 1362.6 2203.5 1322.1 2110.9 1266.5 2000.7 1200.4 1867.9 1120.7 1715.0 1029.0 1554.3 932.6 1400.6 840.3 1263.0 757.8 1144.1 686.5
WPB 700x300x300.7 300.7 Plastic 2874.3 1821.1 2874.3 1724.6 2795.6 1677.3 2687.8 1612.7 2566.4 1539.9 2427.5 1456.5 2272.2 1363.3 2107.3 1264.4 1942.9 1165.8 1788.0 1072.8 1647.2 988.3
WPB 800x300x171.5 171.5 Plastic 1697.7 1074.3 1697.7 1018.6 1627.2 976.3 1534.6 920.8 1406.1 843.7 1233.6 740.2 1041.5 624.9 867.8 520.7 728.0 436.8 619.5 371.7 535.6 321.4
WPB 800x300x224.4 224.4 Plastic 2372.6 1521.1 2372.6 1423.6 2294.1 1376.5 2187.4 1312.5 2052.5 1231.5 1880.4 1128.2 1678.9 1007.3 1474.3 884.6 1290.3 774.2 1135.6 681.4 1008.8 605.3
WPB 800x300x262.3 262.3 Plastic 2789.6 1777.5 2789.6 1673.8 2699.6 1619.8 2578.5 1547.1 2429.9 1457.9 2246.0 1347.6 2033.4 1220.1 1814.8 1088.9 1612.9 967.7 1438.3 863.0 1291.6 775.0
WPB 800x300x317.3 317.3 Plastic 3405.7 2153.2 3405.7 2043.4 3302.4 1981.5 3164.1 1898.5 3001.8 1801.1 2809.1 1685.5 2590.3 1554.2 2361.1 1416.7 2140.8 1284.5 1941.6 1164.9 1767.7 1060.6
WPB 900x300x198 198.0 Plastic 2181.5 1370.7 2181.5 1308.9 2086.9 1252.2 1963.7 1178.2 1791.0 1074.6 1560.0 936.0 1307.8 784.7 1084.7 650.8 907.6 544.5 771.2 462.7 666.1 399.6
WPB 900x300x251.6 251.6 Plastic 2948.5 1878.0 2948.5 1769.1 2845.1 1707.0 2706.6 1624.0 2528.6 1517.2 2299.2 1379.5 2033.0 1219.8 1768.9 1061.3 1537.1 922.2 1345.7 807.4 1190.7 714.4
WPB 900x300x291.5 291.5 Plastic 3432.0 2173.9 3432.0 2059.2 3314.2 1988.5 3158.1 1894.9 2962.8 1777.7 2717.9 1630.7 2435.9 1461.5 2151.9 1291.1 1896.3 1137.8 1680.2 1008.1 1501.5 900.9

INDIAN STANDARD NARROW PARALLEL FLANGE BEAMS//EUROPIAN I- BEAMS


IPEO 300/NPB 300x150x49.3 49.3 Plastic 202.9 130.2 196.8 118.1 178.2 106.9 151.1 90.7 121.3 72.8 97.7 58.6 80.8 48.5 68.8 41.3 59.8 35.9
IPEO 360/NPB 350x170x66 66.0 Plastic 323.5 207.2 316.4 189.9 291.3 174.8 255.2 153.1 211.0 126.6 171.7 103.0 142.2 85.3 120.7 72.4 104.7 62.8 92.5 55.5
IPEO 400/NPB 400x180x75.7 75.7 Plastic 409.7 262.2 401.9 241.1 371.8 223.1 328.4 197.0 273.3 164.0 222.2 133.3 183.4 110.0 155.0 93.0 134.0 80.4 117.9 70.8 105.4 63.2
IPEO 450/NPB 450x190x92.4 92.4 Plastic 558.1 355.4 549.0 329.4 510.6 306.4 456.4 273.9 385.9 231.6 317.1 190.3 262.8 157.7 222.4 133.4 192.3 115.4 169.2 101.5 151.2 90.7
IPEO 500/NPB 500x200x107.3 107.3 Plastic 712.6 452.2 702.7 421.6 656.1 393.7 591.2 354.7 504.8 302.9 416.9 250.1 345.4 207.3 291.9 175.1 251.8 151.1 221.2 132.7 197.2 118.3
IPEO 600/NPB 600x220x154.5 154.5 Plastic 1219.4 768.0 1208.6 725.1 1138.6 683.2 1046.5 627.9 923.2 553.9 785.8 471.5 662.8 397.7 565.0 339.0 489.6 293.8 431.2 258.7 385.0 231.0
IPE 300/NPB 300x150x42.2 42.2 Plastic 171.4 110.3 165.8 99.5 148.6 89.2 122.0 73.2 94.1 56.5 73.7 44.2 59.9 36.0 50.4 30.2 43.5 26.1
IPE 360/NPB 350x170x57.1 57.1 Plastic 277.9 178.9 271.5 162.9 248.6 149.2 214.1 128.5 172.0 103.2 136.5 81.9 111.1 66.7 93.2 55.9 80.1 48.1 70.3 42.2
IPE 400/NPB 400x180x66.3 66.3 Plastic 356.5 229.0 349.2 209.5 321.5 192.9 279.9 167.9 226.8 136.1 180.1 108.1 146.1 87.7 122.0 73.2 104.6 62.7 91.4 54.9
IPE 450/NPB 450x190x77.6 77.6 Plastic 464.1 296.9 455.8 273.5 421.9 253.1 371.2 222.7 304.2 182.5 242.2 145.3 196.1 117.6 163.2 97.9 139.3 83.6 121.5 72.9 107.7 64.6
IPE 500/NPB 500x200x90.7 90.7 Plastic 598.4 381.7 589.4 353.6 548.4 329.0 488.3 293.0 406.7 244.0 326.7 196.0 264.9 159.0 220.3 132.2 187.8 112.7 163.4 98.1 144.6 86.8
IPE 600/NPB 600x220x122.4 122.4 Plastic 957.9 607.8 947.8 568.7 889.2 533.5 806.9 484.1 691.8 415.1 567.3 340.4 463.5 278.1 385.9 231.5 328.4 197.1 285.2 171.1 251.9 151.2
IPE A360/NPB 350x170x50.2 50.2 Plastic 247.3 160.7 241.8 145.1 221.6 132.9 190.4 114.2 151.6 90.9 118.9 71.3 95.8 57.5 79.7 47.8 68.1 40.8 59.4 35.6
IPEA 300/NPB 300x150x36.5 36.5 Plastic 147.8 95.6 142.9 85.7 127.5 76.5 102.8 61.7 77.2 46.3 59.2 35.5 47.4 28.4 39.4 23.6 33.7 20.2
IPEA 400/NPB 400x180x57.4 57.4 Plastic 312.0 202.4 305.8 183.5 281.7 169.0 244.6 146.8 196.3 117.8 153.8 92.3 123.3 74.0 101.9 61.1 86.6 52.0 75.2 45.1
IPEA 450/NPB 450x190x67.2 67.2 Plastic 407.5 263.6 400.7 240.4 371.3 222.8 326.8 196.1 266.5 159.9 210.1 126.1 168.3 101.0 138.7 83.2 117.5 70.5 101.8 61.1 89.8 53.9
IPEA 500/NPB 500x200x79.4 79.4 Plastic 530.7 342.1 523.2 313.9 487.4 292.4 434.5 260.7 360.9 216.5 287.6 172.6 231.1 138.7 190.6 114.3 161.3 96.8 139.5 83.7 122.8 73.7
IPEA 600/NPB 600x220x107.6 107.6 Plastic 856.7 550.0 848.7 509.2 797.6 478.5 725.8 435.5 623.7 374.2 510.4 306.3 414.7 248.8 343.0 205.8 290.2 174.1 250.6 150.4 220.3 132.2

UNIVERSAL BEAMS AS PER BS4-1:1993


UB 203x133x25 25.1 Plastic 70.3 45.6 67.6 40.5 59.7 35.8 47.9 28.7 36.7 22.0 28.9 17.3 23.7 14.2 20.0 12.0
UB 203x133x30 30.0 Plastic 85.7 55.4 82.7 49.6 74.1 44.4 62.0 37.2 49.7 29.8 40.4 24.2 33.8 20.3 28.9 17.4
UB 254x146x31 31.1 Plastic 107.2 69.5 103.7 62.2 92.9 55.8 76.0 45.6 58.2 34.9 45.3 27.2 36.7 22.0 30.7 18.4 26.4 15.9
UB 254x146x37 37.0 Plastic 131.8 85.6 128.0 76.8 116.2 69.7 99.1 59.4 80.1 48.0 64.7 38.8 53.7 32.2 45.8 27.5 39.9 23.9
UB 254x146x43 43.0 Plastic 154.5 99.8 150.2 90.1 137.2 82.3 119.5 71.7 99.7 59.8 82.6 49.6 69.7 41.8 60.1 36.0 52.7 31.6
UB 305x165x40 40.3 Plastic 169.9 111.0 166.2 99.7 152.5 91.5 131.7 79.0 105.8 63.5 83.6 50.2 67.7 40.6 56.5 33.9 48.4 29.1 42.4 25.4
UB 305x165x46 46.1 Plastic 196.4 127.8 192.3 115.4 177.1 106.3 155.2 93.1 127.8 76.7 103.4 62.0 85.2 51.1 72.0 43.2 62.3 37.4 54.8 32.9
UB 305x165x54 53.8 Plastic 229.6 148.4 224.9 134.9 207.8 124.7 184.1 110.4 155.1 93.1 128.4 77.0 107.6 64.6 92.1 55.3 80.4 48.2 71.3 42.8
UB 356x171x45 45.0 Compact 211.3 136.0 206.2 123.7 187.9 112.8 158.5 95.1 122.4 73.5 93.7 56.2 74.2 44.5 60.9 36.5 51.5 30.9 44.6 26.7
UB 356x171x51 51.0 Plastic 244.4 157.7 239.0 143.4 219.2 131.5 188.9 113.3 150.9 90.5 118.6 71.2 95.7 57.4 79.6 47.8 68.0 40.8 59.4 35.6
UB 356x171x57 57.0 Plastic 275.5 177.4 269.7 161.8 248.3 149.0 216.5 129.9 176.8 106.1 141.7 85.0 115.9 69.6 97.5 58.5 84.0 50.4 73.7 44.2
3.2.3. Major axis Bending Capacity Table for PF Section
Table 3.5
Assumptions: i. For rolled sections α = 0.21
Assumptions: ii. Shear force < 60% of Shear capacity
"False" in table indicates that the sections are Slender and out of scope
Values for L/ry < 250 are only considered fy= 300 MPa
Md = Design strength as per limit state method and Ms = Design strength as per working stress method
Shear lag effect and shear buckling need to checked whenever required.

Laterally Laterally Unsupported Beam


LLT = 1 m LLT = 2 m LLT = 3 m LLT = 4 m LLT = 5 m LLT = 6 m LLT = 7 m LLT = 8 m LLT = 9 m LLT = 10 m
Weight Md Ms
Sections Class Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms
(kg/m) (kN-m) (kN-m)
(kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m)
UB 356x171x67 67.1 Plastic 330.2 212.1 323.8 194.3 299.9 179.9 266.7 160.0 225.4 135.3 186.7 112.0 156.3 93.8 133.6 80.2 116.4 69.9 103.1 61.9
UB 406x178x54 54.1 Plastic 287.6 184.2 281.2 168.7 257.2 154.3 218.8 131.3 170.3 102.2 130.5 78.3 103.1 61.9 84.5 50.7 71.3 42.8 61.6 37.0
UB 406x178x60 60.1 Plastic 327.1 210.4 320.5 192.3 295.0 177.0 256.1 153.6 205.9 123.5 162.0 97.2 130.4 78.2 108.2 64.9 92.2 55.3 80.4 48.2
UB 406x178x67 67.1 Plastic 367.1 235.3 359.9 215.9 332.1 199.3 290.8 174.5 238.0 142.8 190.4 114.2 155.2 93.1 130.0 78.0 111.7 67.0 97.8 58.7
UB 406x178x74 74.2 Plastic 409.3 262.0 401.6 241.0 371.8 223.1 329.1 197.4 274.7 164.8 224.0 134.4 185.1 111.1 156.6 94.0 135.5 81.3 119.3 71.6 106.6 64.0
UB 457x152x52 52.3 Plastic 298.9 188.1 287.1 172.3 249.9 149.9 188.2 112.9 133.0 79.8 98.3 59.0 76.9 46.1 62.8 37.7
UB 457x152x60 59.8 Plastic 351.1 222.1 338.5 203.1 299.1 179.5 235.3 141.2 173.1 103.9 131.4 78.8 104.6 62.8 86.7 52.0 73.9 44.4
UB 457x152x67 67.2 Plastic 396.3 250.1 382.5 229.5 340.1 204.0 273.0 163.8 205.6 123.4 158.7 95.2 127.9 76.7 106.8 64.1 91.7 55.0
UB 457x152x74 74.2 Plastic 443.6 280.1 429.0 257.4 384.4 230.6 316.2 189.7 244.9 146.9 192.6 115.6 157.1 94.3 132.4 79.4 114.4 68.7
UB 457x152x82 82.1 Plastic 494.0 311.1 478.4 287.0 431.0 258.6 361.0 216.6 286.1 171.6 228.7 137.2 188.6 113.2 160.1 96.1 139.1 83.5
UB 457x191x67 67.1 Plastic 401.2 256.6 394.0 236.4 364.2 218.5 318.2 190.9 256.4 153.9 200.2 120.1 159.4 95.6 130.8 78.5 110.5 66.3 95.5 57.3 84.1 50.4
UB 457x191x74 74.3 Plastic 450.7 288.7 443.3 266.0 411.3 246.8 363.7 218.2 299.7 179.8 239.1 143.4 193.3 116.0 160.5 96.3 136.8 82.1 119.1 71.4 105.4 63.2
UB 457x191x82 82.0 Plastic 499.4 319.0 491.4 294.9 456.8 274.1 406.5 243.9 339.8 203.9 275.1 165.1 225.0 135.0 188.6 113.2 161.8 97.1 141.5 84.9 125.8 75.5
UB 457x191x89 89.3 Plastic 549.2 350.5 540.9 324.5 504.0 302.4 452.2 271.3 384.2 230.5 316.5 189.9 262.4 157.4 221.9 133.2 191.7 115.0 168.6 101.2 150.5 90.3
UB 457x191x98 98.3 Plastic 608.8 387.6 600.1 360.0 560.4 336.3 506.7 304.0 437.2 262.3 366.4 219.8 307.8 184.7 262.9 157.8 228.7 137.2 202.2 121.3 181.2 108.7
UB 533x210x82 82.2 Plastic 561.4 356.3 553.4 332.1 515.1 309.0 456.9 274.1 374.3 224.6 293.0 175.8 231.6 139.0 188.3 113.0 157.5 94.5 134.9 80.9 117.8 70.7
UB 533x210x92 92.1 Plastic 643.7 410.2 635.7 381.4 594.1 356.5 533.9 320.3 449.1 269.4 361.2 216.7 291.3 174.8 240.4 144.2 203.4 122.0 175.8 105.5 154.7 92.8
UB 533x210x101 101.0 Plastic 712.4 453.9 704.1 422.5 659.5 395.7 596.6 357.9 509.2 305.5 416.6 250.0 340.6 204.4 284.0 170.4 242.2 145.3 210.7 126.4 186.4 111.8
UB 533x210x109.8 109.8 Plastic 774.8 492.0 766.0 459.6 718.1 430.9 651.6 391.0 560.7 336.4 463.6 278.2 382.6 229.5 321.3 192.8 275.6 165.4 240.9 144.5 213.9 128.3
UB 533x210x122 122.0 Plastic 871.5 553.0 862.6 517.6 810.8 486.5 741.6 445.0 649.1 389.5 548.3 329.0 460.4 276.2 391.7 235.0 339.1 203.5 298.5 179.1 266.5 159.9
UB 610x229x101 101.2 Plastic 785.8 498.0 778.2 466.9 730.6 438.4 662.0 397.2 561.7 337.0 451.0 270.6 359.7 215.8 292.7 175.6 244.3 146.6 208.6 125.1 181.5 108.9
UB 610x229x113 113.0 Plastic 894.8 569.1 887.5 532.5 835.8 501.5 764.0 458.4 661.1 396.6 543.7 326.2 442.0 265.2 365.0 219.0 308.1 184.9 265.5 159.3 232.9 139.7
UB 610x229x125.1 125.1 Plastic 1002.5 637.9 995.3 597.2 939.3 563.6 863.5 518.1 757.4 454.5 634.5 380.7 524.4 314.6 438.4 263.0 373.6 224.2 324.5 194.7 286.4 171.8
UB 610x229x139.9 139.9 Plastic 1129.7 717.2 1122.4 673.4 1060.9 636.5 980.0 588.0 869.6 521.8 741.0 444.6 622.1 373.3 526.7 316.0 453.2 271.9 396.6 237.9 352.2 211.3

UNIVERSAL COLUMNS AS PER BS4-1:1993


UC 152X152X23 23.0 Semicompact 44.7 29.5 43.6 26.2 40.0 24.0 35.0 21.0 29.1 17.4 23.9 14.3 20.0 12.0 17.1 10.3 14.9 9.0 13.3 8.0
UC 152X152X30 30.0 Plastic 67.5 43.9 66.1 39.7 61.5 36.9 55.8 33.5 49.2 29.5 42.8 25.7 37.3 22.4 32.8 19.7 29.2 17.5 26.2 15.7
UC 152X152X37 37.0 Plastic 84.2 54.1 82.6 49.5 77.3 46.4 71.5 42.9 64.9 39.0 58.2 34.9 52.0 31.2 46.6 27.9 42.0 25.2 38.1 22.9
UC 203X203X46 46.1 Compact 135.7 89.0 135.0 81.0 128.2 76.9 120.4 72.2 110.9 66.5 100.1 60.0 89.2 53.5 79.4 47.6 70.9 42.6 63.9 38.3 58.0 34.8
UC 203X203X52 52.0 Plastic 154.7 101.0 154.1 92.4 146.6 88.0 138.4 83.0 128.7 77.2 117.9 70.8 106.9 64.1 96.5 57.9 87.3 52.4 79.3 47.6 72.5 43.5
UC 203X203X60 60.0 Plastic 178.9 115.7 178.2 106.9 169.9 102.0 161.1 96.6 151.2 90.7 140.3 84.2 129.1 77.4 118.1 70.9 108.0 64.8 99.1 59.4 91.2 54.7
UC 203X203X71 71.0 Plastic 217.8 139.8 217.3 130.4 207.9 124.8 198.6 119.2 188.8 113.3 178.4 107.1 167.5 100.5 156.5 93.9 145.8 87.5 135.8 81.5 126.5 75.9
UC 203X203X86 86.1 Plastic 266.4 168.4 265.9 159.5 255.2 153.1 245.2 147.1 235.1 141.1 224.7 134.8 213.8 128.3 202.6 121.6 191.4 114.8 180.4 108.2 169.9 101.9
UC 254X254X73 73.1 Compact 270.6 177.8 270.6 162.3 261.6 156.9 250.4 150.2 237.5 142.5 222.8 133.7 206.4 123.8 189.5 113.7 173.3 104.0 158.5 95.1 145.4 87.2
UC 254X254X89 89.5 Plastic 336.1 218.6 336.1 201.6 325.8 195.5 313.2 187.9 299.5 179.7 284.5 170.7 268.3 161.0 251.3 150.8 234.4 140.6 218.1 130.9 203.0 121.8
UC 254X254X107 107.1 Plastic 404.8 260.0 404.8 242.9 393.0 235.8 378.9 227.3 364.3 218.6 348.8 209.3 332.5 199.5 315.4 189.3 298.1 178.9 281.0 168.6 264.5 158.7
UC 254X254X132 132.0 Plastic 509.8 322.9 509.8 305.9 496.4 297.9 480.7 288.4 465.4 279.2 449.8 269.9 433.8 260.3 417.2 250.3 400.2 240.1 382.8 229.7 365.5 219.3
UC 254X254X167 167.1 Plastic 661.0 410.9 661.0 396.6 646.0 387.6 628.4 377.0 612.1 367.2 596.1 357.7 580.1 348.1 563.8 338.3 547.0 328.2 529.8 317.9 512.2 307.3
UC 305X305X97 96.9 Semicompact 394.1 260.1 394.1 236.5 385.7 231.4 372.2 223.3 356.9 214.1 339.1 203.5 318.7 191.2 296.3 177.8 273.2 163.9 251.0 150.6 230.6 138.3
UC 305X305X118 117.9 Plastic 533.9 348.4 533.9 320.3 523.1 313.9 505.8 303.5 487.0 292.2 466.1 279.6 442.9 265.7 417.9 250.7 391.9 235.1 366.0 219.6 341.4 204.8
UC 305X305X137 136.9 Plastic 626.3 405.4 626.3 375.8 614.4 368.7 595.1 357.1 574.9 344.9 553.2 331.9 529.8 317.9 504.8 302.9 478.9 287.3 452.7 271.6 426.9 256.1
UC 305X305X158 158.1 Plastic 731.0 469.1 731.0 438.6 718.0 430.8 696.7 418.0 675.2 405.1 652.8 391.7 629.2 377.5 604.5 362.7 578.9 347.3 552.6 331.6 526.4 315.8
UC 305X305X198 198.1 Plastic 938.2 593.1 938.2 562.9 923.6 554.2 899.1 539.5 875.6 525.4 852.3 511.4 828.7 497.2 804.5 482.7 779.6 467.7 754.0 452.4 727.9 436.8
UC 305X305X240 240.0 Plastic 1158.3 721.3 1158.3 695.0 1142.7 685.6 1115.3 669.2 1089.9 654.0 1065.6 639.4 1041.6 625.0 1017.4 610.5 992.8 595.7 967.6 580.6 941.8 565.1
UC 305X305X283 282.9 Plastic 1392.3 855.0 1392.3 835.4 1376.4 825.8 1346.2 807.7 1319.2 791.5 1293.9 776.3 1269.3 761.6 1244.9 746.9 1220.2 732.1 1195.2 717.1 1169.6 701.8
UC 356X368X129 129.0 Semicompact 617.3 407.4 617.3 370.4 611.5 366.9 594.8 356.9 576.8 346.1 556.6 333.9 533.7 320.2 507.9 304.7 479.6 287.7 449.9 269.9 420.1 252.1
3.2.3. Major axis Bending Capacity Table for PF Section
Table 3.5
Assumptions: i. For rolled sections α = 0.21
Assumptions: ii. Shear force < 60% of Shear capacity
"False" in table indicates that the sections are Slender and out of scope
Values for L/ry < 250 are only considered fy= 300 MPa
Md = Design strength as per limit state method and Ms = Design strength as per working stress method
Shear lag effect and shear buckling need to checked whenever required.

Laterally Laterally Unsupported Beam


LLT = 1 m LLT = 2 m LLT = 3 m LLT = 4 m LLT = 5 m LLT = 6 m LLT = 7 m LLT = 8 m LLT = 9 m LLT = 10 m
Weight Md Ms
Sections Class Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms
(kg/m) (kN-m) (kN-m)
(kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m)
UC 356X368X153 152.9 Compact 808.6 531.5 808.6 485.1 801.4 480.9 780.3 468.2 758.0 454.8 733.7 440.2 707.0 424.2 677.7 406.6 646.1 387.7 613.0 367.8 579.3 347.6
UC 356x368X177 177.0 Plastic 942.3 614.3 942.3 565.4 934.6 560.7 910.7 546.4 886.1 531.6 860.0 516.0 832.0 499.2 802.0 481.2 770.1 462.1 736.8 442.1 702.7 421.6
UC 356X368X202 201.9 Plastic 1083.2 700.5 1083.2 649.9 1074.9 645.0 1048.4 629.1 1021.7 613.0 994.0 596.4 965.1 579.1 934.7 560.8 902.7 541.6 869.5 521.7 835.4 501.2
UC 356X406x235 235.1 Plastic 1278.1 822.0 1278.1 766.9 1272.3 763.4 1243.6 746.1 1215.2 729.1 1186.7 712.0 1157.6 694.6 1127.6 676.6 1096.5 657.9 1064.4 638.6 1031.3 618.8

INDIAN STANDARD WIDE PARALLEL FLANGE BEAMS//EUROPIAN WIDE FLANGE BEAMS


HE 800x373 372.5 Plastic 4008.2 2511.7 4008.2 2404.9 3893.5 2336.1 3739.9 2243.9 3566.0 2139.6 3366.5 2019.9 3143.7 1886.2 2908.5 1745.1 2675.9 1605.6 2458.3 1475.0 2261.9 1357.2
HEA 320/WPB 320x300x97.6 97.6 Semicompact 403.4 266.3 403.4 242.1 394.1 236.5 379.8 227.9 363.4 218.1 344.4 206.6 322.6 193.5 298.8 179.3 274.6 164.8 251.6 151.0 230.7 138.4
HEA 600/WPB 600x300x177.8 177.8 Plastic 1459.2 947.8 1459.2 875.5 1418.4 851.0 1360.1 816.1 1290.3 774.2 1204.9 722.9 1104.9 663.0 998.3 599.0 895.7 537.4 803.9 482.3 724.9 435.0
HEA 700/WPB 700x300x204.5 204.5 Plastic 1917.8 1235.6 1917.8 1150.7 1859.1 1115.5 1777.9 1066.7 1677.9 1006.7 1553.0 931.8 1406.7 844.0 1254.0 752.4 1111.8 667.1 988.5 593.1 885.0 531.0
HEA 800/WPB 800x300x224.4 224.4 Plastic 2372.6 1521.1 2372.6 1423.6 2294.1 1376.5 2187.4 1312.5 2052.5 1231.5 1880.4 1128.2 1678.9 1007.3 1474.3 884.6 1290.3 774.2 1135.6 681.4 1008.8 605.3
HEA 900/WPB 900x300x251.6 251.6 Plastic 2948.5 1878.0 2948.5 1769.1 2845.1 1707.0 2706.6 1624.0 2528.6 1517.2 2299.2 1379.5 2033.0 1219.8 1768.9 1061.3 1537.1 922.2 1345.7 807.4 1190.7 714.4
HEAA 320/WPB 320x300x74.2 74.2 Semicompact 298.0 196.7 298.0 178.8 290.2 174.1 278.4 167.0 264.1 158.4 246.1 147.6 224.4 134.7 201.0 120.6 178.4 107.1 158.4 95.1 141.5 84.9
HEAA 600/WPB 600x300x128.8 128.8 Semicompact 877.6 579.2 877.6 526.6 846.8 508.1 804.7 482.8 749.0 449.4 674.9 405.0 587.7 352.6 502.1 301.3 428.6 257.2 369.3 221.6 322.3 193.4
HEAA 700/WPB 700x300x149.9 149.9 Compact 1320.0 843.5 1320.0 792.0 1270.1 762.1 1203.2 721.9 1112.7 667.6 991.7 595.0 852.0 511.2 719.6 431.8 609.3 365.6 521.9 313.2 453.4 272.0
HEAA 800/WPB 800x300x171.5 171.5 Plastic 1697.7 1074.3 1697.7 1018.6 1627.2 976.3 1534.6 920.8 1406.1 843.7 1233.6 740.2 1041.5 624.9 867.8 520.7 728.0 436.8 619.5 371.7 535.6 321.4
HEAA 900/WPB 900x300x198 198.0 Plastic 2181.5 1370.7 2181.5 1308.9 2086.9 1252.2 1963.7 1178.2 1791.0 1074.6 1560.0 936.0 1307.8 784.7 1084.7 650.8 907.6 544.5 771.2 462.7 666.1 399.6
HEB 320/WPB 320x300x126.7 126.7 Plastic 586.2 381.4 586.2 351.7 573.6 344.1 554.4 332.7 534.0 320.4 511.6 306.9 487.1 292.3 461.0 276.6 434.0 260.4 407.1 244.3 381.3 228.8
HEB 600/WPB 600x300x211.9 211.9 Plastic 1752.3 1128.9 1752.3 1051.4 1704.8 1022.9 1637.8 982.7 1560.4 936.2 1469.3 881.6 1365.5 819.3 1254.6 752.7 1145.1 687.1 1043.8 626.3 953.7 572.2
HEB 700/WPB 700x300x240.5 240.5 Plastic 2271.0 1453.3 2271.0 1362.6 2203.5 1322.1 2110.9 1266.5 2000.7 1200.4 1867.9 1120.7 1715.0 1029.0 1554.3 932.6 1400.6 840.3 1263.0 757.8 1144.1 686.5
HEB 800/WPB 800x300x262.3 262.3 Plastic 2789.6 1777.5 2789.6 1673.8 2699.6 1619.8 2578.5 1547.1 2429.9 1457.9 2246.0 1347.6 2033.4 1220.1 1814.8 1088.9 1612.9 967.7 1438.3 863.0 1291.6 775.0
HEB 900/WPB 900x300x291.5 291.5 Plastic 3432.0 2173.9 3432.0 2059.2 3314.2 1988.5 3158.1 1894.9 2962.8 1777.7 2717.9 1630.7 2435.9 1461.5 2151.9 1291.1 1896.3 1137.8 1680.2 1008.1 1501.5 900.9
HEM 320/WPB 320x300x245 245.0 Plastic 1209.6 751.6 1209.6 725.7 1192.3 715.4 1163.8 698.3 1137.8 682.7 1113.0 667.8 1088.6 653.1 1064.0 638.4 1038.9 623.4 1013.4 608.0 987.2 592.3
HEM 600/WPB 600x300x285.5 285.5 Plastic 2392.4 1516.6 2392.4 1435.4 2333.9 1400.3 2251.8 1351.1 2163.4 1298.0 2066.4 1239.8 1960.6 1176.4 1848.3 1109.0 1733.4 1040.1 1620.7 972.4 1513.8 908.3
HEM 700/WPB 700x300x300.7 300.7 Plastic 2874.3 1821.1 2874.3 1724.6 2795.6 1677.3 2687.8 1612.7 2566.4 1539.9 2427.5 1456.5 2272.2 1363.3 2107.3 1264.4 1942.9 1165.8 1788.0 1072.8 1647.2 988.3
HEM 800/WPB 800x300x317.3 317.3 Plastic 3405.7 2153.2 3405.7 2043.4 3302.4 1981.5 3164.1 1898.5 3001.8 1801.1 2809.1 1685.5 2590.3 1554.2 2361.1 1416.7 2140.8 1284.5 1941.6 1164.9 1767.7 1060.6
HEM 900/WPB 900x300x332.5 332.5 Plastic 3938.7 2482.3 3938.7 2363.2 3808.7 2285.2 3637.3 2182.4 3429.2 2057.5 3175.0 1905.0 2884.4 1730.6 2586.7 1552.0 2310.8 1386.5 2070.6 1242.4 1867.4 1120.4

INDIAN STANDARD TAPERED FLANGE MEDIUM WEIGHT BEAMS/I-SECTIONS (IS:808)


ISMB 100 (IS808) @ 8.9 8.9 Plastic 11.6 7.2 9.2 5.5 6.1 3.6
ISMB 125 (IS808) @ 13.3 13.3 Plastic 22.3 14.1 19.5 11.7 14.5 8.7 10.6 6.4
ISMB 150 (IS808) @ 15 15.0 Plastic 30.0 18.9 26.0 15.6 18.4 11.0 12.9 7.8
ISMB 175 (IS808) @ 19.6 19.6 Plastic 45.5 28.5 40.5 24.3 30.0 18.0 21.3 12.8 16.2 9.7
ISMB 200 (IS808) @ 24.2 24.2 Plastic 65.5 42.0 60.3 36.2 48.1 28.9 35.5 21.3 27.1 16.3 21.9 13.1
ISMB 250 (IS808) @ 37.3 37.3 Plastic 126.9 81.2 120.3 72.2 103.9 62.4 82.8 49.7 65.1 39.1 52.8 31.7 44.3 26.6
ISMB 300 (IS808) @ 46 46.0 Plastic 185.5 118.6 177.1 106.2 154.4 92.6 122.7 73.6 94.9 56.9 75.8 45.5 62.9 37.7 53.7 32.2
ISMB 350 (IS808) @ 52.4 52.4 Plastic 242.6 154.2 231.3 138.8 200.2 120.1 156.1 93.7 118.7 71.2 93.9 56.3 77.3 46.4 65.8 39.5
ISMB 400 (IS808) @ 61.5 61.5 Plastic 320.5 202.0 305.3 183.2 263.4 158.1 204.2 122.5 154.5 92.7 121.9 73.2 100.3 60.2 85.3 51.2
ISMB 450 (IS808) @ 72.4 72.4 Plastic 423.3 267.3 405.8 243.5 355.9 213.5 282.2 169.3 214.9 129.0 169.2 101.5 138.7 83.2 117.5 70.5
ISMB 500 (IS808) @ 86.9 86.9 Plastic 567.8 358.4 551.6 331.0 498.8 299.3 416.7 250.0 324.6 194.8 254.1 152.4 205.8 123.5 172.4 103.4 148.2 88.9
ISMB 550 (IS808) @ 104 104.0 Plastic 739.1 467.3 721.1 432.7 658.9 395.3 564.1 338.5 450.2 270.1 356.2 213.7 289.6 173.8 242.8 145.7 208.8 125.3 183.2 109.9
ISMB 600 (IS808) @ 123 123.0 Plastic 957.2 605.9 940.3 564.2 870.8 522.5 768.2 460.9 633.3 380.0 507.6 304.5 412.9 247.8 345.0 207.0 295.5 177.3 258.2 154.9 229.4 137.6

ISMB SECTION PROPERTIES (As Per SP: 6(1)-1964 & Reference Manual for Structural Engineers -INS/PUB/003- Page 28 & 29)
ISMB 100 x11.5 11.5 Plastic 16.0 10.2 14.4 8.6 11.6 7.0 9.0 5.4 7.1 4.3
ISMB 125 x13 13.0 Plastic 22.3 14.2 19.7 11.8 14.8 8.9 10.9 6.5 8.4 5.1
ISMB 150 x14.9 14.9 Plastic 30.1 19.2 26.5 15.9 18.9 11.3 13.2 7.9 10.0 6.0
3.2.3. Major axis Bending Capacity Table for PF Section
Table 3.5
Assumptions: i. For rolled sections α = 0.21
Assumptions: ii. Shear force < 60% of Shear capacity
"False" in table indicates that the sections are Slender and out of scope
Values for L/ry < 250 are only considered fy= 300 MPa
Md = Design strength as per limit state method and Ms = Design strength as per working stress method
Shear lag effect and shear buckling need to checked whenever required.

Laterally Laterally Unsupported Beam


LLT = 1 m LLT = 2 m LLT = 3 m LLT = 4 m LLT = 5 m LLT = 6 m LLT = 7 m LLT = 8 m LLT = 9 m LLT = 10 m
Weight Md Ms
Sections Class Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms
(kg/m) (kN-m) (kN-m)
(kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m)
ISMB 175 x19.3 19.3 Plastic 45.3 28.8 40.7 24.4 30.5 18.3 21.6 13.0 16.4 9.8
ISMB 200 x25.4 25.4 Plastic 69.3 44.3 64.0 38.4 52.4 31.4 39.8 23.9 30.9 18.5 25.1 15.1
ISMB 250 x37.3 37.3 Plastic 127.1 81.3 120.4 72.3 104.1 62.5 83.0 49.8 65.2 39.1 52.9 31.7 44.4 26.6
ISMB 300 x44.2 44.2 Plastic 177.9 113.6 169.6 101.7 147.0 88.2 115.1 69.1 87.8 52.7 69.6 41.8 57.5 34.5 48.9 29.4
ISMB 350 x52.4 52.4 Plastic 242.7 154.2 231.3 138.8 200.2 120.1 156.1 93.7 118.7 71.2 93.8 56.3 77.3 46.4 65.8 39.5
ISMB 400 x61.6 61.6 Plastic 320.8 202.5 305.5 183.3 263.5 158.1 204.1 122.5 154.5 92.7 121.9 73.1 100.3 60.2 85.2 51.1
ISMB 450 x72.4 72.4 Plastic 423.7 267.4 406.1 243.7 356.1 213.6 282.2 169.3 214.9 128.9 169.1 101.5 138.7 83.2 117.5 70.5
ISMB 500 x86.9 86.9 Plastic 566.1 358.1 549.8 329.9 497.1 298.3 415.2 249.1 323.3 194.0 253.0 151.8 205.0 123.0 171.7 103.0 147.6 88.6
ISMB 550 x103.7 103.7 Plastic 739.9 467.2 721.8 433.1 659.4 395.7 564.4 338.6 450.2 270.1 356.1 213.7 289.6 173.7 242.8 145.7 208.8 125.3 183.1 109.9
ISMB 600 x122.6 122.6 Plastic 959.0 606.0 942.0 565.2 872.4 523.4 769.5 461.7 634.4 380.6 508.4 305.0 413.6 248.2 345.6 207.4 296.0 177.6 258.7 155.2 229.7 137.8
3.2.4. Bending Strength Comparison Table of ISMB and Parallel Flange Profiles
Table 3.6
For Span = 4.0m fy = 300 MPa
ISMB Profile Parallel Flange Profile Comparison Result
Capacity
Weight
Major Major Axis Increase
Weight in Weight savings in
ISMB Profile axis BM Parallel Flange Profile BM in
kg/m in kg/m percentag
Capacity Capacity percentag
e
e
ISMB 175 (IS808) 19.60 16 NPB 200x100x18.4 18.42 17 6.8 6.0
ISMB 200 (IS808) 25.40 27 UC 152X152X23 22.96 29 7.1 9.6
ISMB 250 (IS808) 37.30 65 UB 254x146x37 37.03 80 23.0 0.7
ISMB 300 (IS808) 46.00 95 UB 305x165x40 40.00 106 11.5 13.0
ISMB 350 (IS808) 52.40 119 UB 356x171x45 45.00 122 3.2 14.1
ISMB 400 (IS808) 61.50 155 UB 305x165x54 53.77 155 0.4 12.6
ISMB 450 (IS808) 72.40 215 NPB 400x180x66.3 66.30 227 5.5 8.4
ISMB 500 (IS808) 86.90 325 NPB 500x200x79.4 79.36 361 11.2 8.7
ISMB 550 (IS808) 104.00 450 UB 533x210x101 101.00 509 13.1 2.9
ISMB 600 (IS808) 123.00 633 UB 610x229x113 113.00 661 4.4 8.1

Table 3.7
For Span = 6.0m fy = 300 MPa
ISMB Profile Parallel Flange Profile Comparison Result
Capacity
Weight
Major Major Axis Increase
Weight in Weight savings in
ISMB Profile axis BM Parallel Flange Profile BM in
kg/m in kg/m percentag
Capacity Capacity percentag
e
e
ISMB 250 (IS808) 37.30 44 UB 254x146x37 37.03 54 21.3 0.7
ISMB 300 (IS808) 46.00 63 UB 305x165x40 40.29 68 7.6 12.4
ISMB 350 (IS808) 52.40 77 UB 305x165x46 46.12 85 10.2 12.0
ISMB 400 (IS808) 61.50 100 UC 203X203X52 52.03 107 6.5 15.4
ISMB 450 (IS808) 72.40 139 NPB 400x180x66.3 66.30 146 5.3 8.4
ISMB 500 (IS808) 86.90 206 UC 254X254X73 73.08 206 0.3 15.9
ISMB 550 (IS808) 104.00 290 UB 533x210x92 92.14 291 0.6 11.4
ISMB 600 (IS808) 123.00 413 NPB 600x220x107.6 107.56 415 0.4 12.6

Table 3.8
For Span = 8.0m fy = 300 MPa
ISMB Profile Parallel Flange Profile Comparison Result
Capacity
Weight
Major Major Axis Increase
Weight in savings in
ISMB Profile axis BM Parallel Flange Profile Weight BM in
kg/m percentag
Capacity Capacity percentag
e
e
ISMB 500 (IS808) 86.90 148 UC 254X254X73 73.08 173 16.9 15.9
ISMB 550 (IS808) 104.00 209 UC 254X254X89 89.49 234 12.2 13.9
ISMB 600 (IS808) 123.00 295 UC 254X254X107 107.06 298 0.9 13.0
3.3. Calculation of Bending Capacity of a Parallel Flange Section for Yield
2
Strength 350 N/mm as per IS: 800 - 2007
3.3.1. Worked out Example Limit State Method

Design Inputs:
Effective span of the beam (LE) = 5.00 m
2
Yied strength of steel (fy) = 350.00 N/mm
2
Elastic modulus of steel (E) = 205000 N/mm
Section used = UB 457x191x74
Partial safety factor (γm0) = 1.1
(refer Table 5.1 of IS 800:2007)
Classification of section (refer Table 2 of IS 800:2007)
Flange thickness (tf) = 14.5 mm
Flange outstand width (b) = 95.2 mm
b/tf = 6.6
Flange is Plastic
Depth of web (d) = 428 mm
Web thickness (tw) = 9 mm
d/tw = 47.6
Web is Plastic
So, design the section as Plastic Class 1

Checking of major axis bending strength


Case I> Shear force is less than 60% of shear capacity

a. When the beam is laterally supported


Design bending strength (Md) is minimum of 1.2*Ze*fy/γm0 = 556.76 kN-m
and βbZpfy/γm0 = 525.87 kN-m
β b= Zx/Zpx (for Class 1 = 1.00
So, Md = 525.87 kN-m
B. When the beam is laterally unsupported
Design bending strength (Md) = βbZpfbd = 248.67 kN-m
2
Where, fbd = Bending strength = X LT*fy/γm0 = 150.46 N/mm
Where, X LT = Bending strength reduction factor to account for lateral torsional buckling,
given by,
XLT = 1/{φLT+[φ2LT-λ2LT]0.5} < 1.0 = 0.47
φLT = 0.5*[1+αLT(λLT-0.2)+λ2LT] = 1.45
For rolled section, the imperfection factor αLT = 0.21
Nondimensional slenderness ratio λLT = Ѵ (fy/fcr,b) = 1.30
>0.4, Check for torsional buckling
fcr,b = extreme fibre bending compressive stress corresponding to elastic lateral buckling
2
moment = 1.1*∏2*E/(LLT/ry)2*[1+1/20*{(L LT/ry)/(hf/tf)}2]0.5 = 208.5 N/mm
Where , LLT = Effective length for torsional buckling= 1.0 X 5. m = 5m
hf= centre to centre distance between flanges = 442.50 mm

Case II> Shear force is more than 60% of shear capacity


Maximum shear force on the section, V = 300 kN
Shear capacity of the section Vd = Av*fyw/√3 = 1308.68 kN
2
Av = Shear area of the section = h*tw = 4113 mm
V/Vd = 0.23
No influence of shear on bending capacity.
For, Plastic and compact section,
Moment capacity of the section Mdv = Md-β*(Md-Mfd) or 1.2*Ze*fy/γm0 whichever is less.
2
Where β = (2V/Vd-1) = 0.29
and Mfd = Zpf*fy/γm0 = 149.52 kN-m
2 3
Zpf = Plastic modulus of shear area = tw*d /4 = 469910.25 mm
Mdv = 415.50 kN-m
3.3.2. Worked out Example Working Stress Method

Checking of major axis bending strength


Case I> Shear force is less than 60% of shear capacity

a. When the beam is laterally supported


Design bending strength (Ms) = 0.66*fy*Zx = 336.84 kN-m
β b= Zx/Zpx (for class 3) = 1.00

b. When the beam is laterally unsupported,


Design bending strength as per Limit State (Md) = βbZpfbd = 248.67 kN-m
bending strength as per working stress method (Ms) =0.6*Md = 149.20 kN-m

Case II> Shear force is more than 60% of shear capacity


Maximum shear force on the section, V = 300 kN
Bending capacity as Limit State Method Mdv = 415.50 kN
bending capacity as per working stress method Ms = 249.30 kN-m
The capacity table furnished in the next section (2.1.3) is based on the assumption that the shear
force is less than 60% of te shear capacity of the sections.
3.3.3. Major axis Bending Capacity Table for PF Section
Table 3.9
Assumptions: i. For rolled sections α = 0.21
Assumptions: ii. Shear force < 60% of Shear capacity
"False" in table indicates that the sections are Slender and out of scope
Values for L/ry < 250 are only considered fy= 350 MPa
Md = Design strength as per limit state method and Ms = Design strength as per working stress method
Shear lag effect and shear buckling need to checked whenever required.

Laterally Supported Laterally Unsupported Beam


Weight Md Ms LLT = 1 m LLT = 2 m LLT = 3 m LLT = 4 m LLT = 5 m LLT = 6 m LLT = 7 m LLT = 8 m LLT = 9 m LLT = 10 m
Sections Class Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms
(kg/m) (kN-m) (kN-m)
(kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m)

INDIAN STANDARD NARROW FLANGE BEAMS (IS: 12778 -2004)


NPB 100x55x8.1 8.1 Plastic 12.5 7.9 9.7 5.8 5.9 3.5 4.0 2.4
NPB 120x60x10.4 10.4 Plastic 19.3 12.2 15.8 9.5 9.9 5.9 6.7 4.0
NPB 140x70x12.9 12.9 Plastic 28.1 17.9 24.0 14.4 15.7 9.4 10.6 6.3 7.9 4.8
NPB 160x80x15.8 15.8 Plastic 39.4 25.1 34.6 20.8 23.6 14.2 15.8 9.5 11.8 7.1
NPB 180x90x15.4 15.4 Plastic 43.1 27.7 38.5 23.1 26.4 15.8 16.9 10.1 12.1 7.3 9.4 5.7
NPB 180x90x18.8 18.8 Plastic 53.0 33.8 47.6 28.5 34.3 20.6 23.2 13.9 17.1 10.3 13.6 8.2
NPB 180x90x21.3 21.3 Plastic 60.2 38.2 54.4 32.6 40.7 24.4 28.5 17.1 21.4 12.8 17.1 10.3
NPB 200x100x18.4 18.4 Plastic 57.8 37.3 52.6 31.6 38.2 22.9 24.7 14.8 17.6 10.6 13.6 8.2
NPB 200x100x22.4 22.4 Plastic 70.2 44.9 64.1 38.4 48.2 28.9 32.8 19.7 24.1 14.5 19.0 11.4
NPB 200x100x25.1 25.1 Plastic 79.4 50.6 72.9 43.7 56.8 34.1 40.3 24.2 30.1 18.1 24.0 14.4
NPB 200x130x27.2 27.2 Plastic 90.9 59.0 86.7 52.0 74.8 44.9 57.6 34.6 43.2 25.9 33.8 20.3 27.7 16.6 23.4 14.0
NPB 200x130x31.6 31.6 Plastic 107.3 69.4 102.6 61.6 90.1 54.0 72.5 43.5 56.5 33.9 45.3 27.2 37.6 22.6 32.1 19.3
NPB 220x110x22.2 22.2 Plastic 76.4 49.3 70.7 42.4 54.6 32.8 36.6 22.0 26.1 15.7 20.1 12.1 16.4 9.8
NPB 220x110x26.2 26.2 Plastic 90.8 58.2 84.3 50.6 66.8 40.1 46.9 28.2 34.5 20.7 27.1 16.3 22.3 13.4
NPB 220x110x29.4 29.4 Plastic 102.2 65.2 95.2 57.1 77.3 46.4 56.3 33.8 42.2 25.3 33.5 20.1 27.7 16.6
NPB 240x120x26.2 26.2 Plastic 99.1 64.1 92.9 55.7 75.0 45.0 52.1 31.3 37.2 22.3 28.6 17.2 23.2 13.9
NPB 240x120x30.7 30.7 Plastic 116.7 74.9 109.5 65.7 89.9 53.9 65.0 39.0 47.8 28.7 37.4 22.5 30.7 18.4
NPB 240x120x34.3 34.3 Plastic 130.5 83.4 122.9 73.7 102.6 61.6 76.5 45.9 57.4 34.5 45.4 27.3 37.6 22.5
NPB 270x135x30.7 30.7 Plastic 131.2 85.1 124.7 74.8 105.5 63.3 77.0 46.2 55.0 33.0 41.8 25.1 33.5 20.1 28.0 16.8
NPB 270x135x36.1 36.1 Plastic 154.0 99.1 146.5 87.9 124.9 75.0 93.8 56.3 69.0 41.4 53.5 32.1 43.5 26.1 36.6 22.0
NPB 270x135x42.3 42.3 Plastic 182.8 117.1 174.4 104.7 151.4 90.9 118.9 71.4 90.9 54.5 72.1 43.2 59.5 35.7 50.6 30.4
NPB 300x150x36.5 36.5 Compact 172.4 111.6 165.5 99.3 144.5 86.7 110.7 66.4 80.2 48.1 60.6 36.3 48.2 28.9 39.9 23.9 34.1 20.4
NPB 300x150x42.2 42.2 Plastic 199.9 128.7 192.1 115.3 168.6 101.2 132.1 79.2 98.2 58.9 75.7 45.4 61.1 36.7 51.1 30.7 44.0 26.4
NPB 300x150x49.3 49.3 Plastic 236.7 151.9 228.1 136.9 202.9 121.7 165.1 99.1 127.7 76.6 100.9 60.5 82.7 49.6 70.1 42.0 60.8 36.5
NPB 350x170x50.2 50.2 Plastic 288.5 187.5 280.4 168.2 253.3 152.0 209.6 125.8 160.0 96.0 122.8 73.7 97.9 58.8 81.0 48.6 69.0 41.4 60.1 36.1
NPB 350x170x57.1 57.1 Plastic 324.3 208.7 314.9 188.9 284.2 170.5 235.8 141.5 181.8 109.1 141.1 84.7 113.7 68.2 94.9 56.9 81.3 48.8 71.2 42.7
NPB 350x170x66 66.0 Plastic 377.4 241.8 367.1 220.2 333.4 200.1 282.7 169.6 224.7 134.8 178.6 107.1 146.1 87.7 123.2 73.9 106.5 63.9 93.8 56.3
NPB 400x180x57.4 57.4 Plastic 364.0 236.2 354.8 212.9 322.6 193.6 270.5 162.3 208.0 124.8 159.1 95.5 126.1 75.7 103.7 62.2 87.8 52.7 76.2 45.7
NPB 400x180x66.3 66.3 Plastic 415.9 267.1 405.1 243.1 368.1 220.9 309.6 185.8 240.7 144.4 186.6 112.0 149.7 89.8 124.3 74.6 106.1 63.7 92.6 55.6
NPB 400x180x75.7 75.7 Plastic 478.0 305.9 466.3 279.8 426.2 255.7 365.2 219.1 292.1 175.3 231.6 139.0 188.7 113.2 158.4 95.0 136.3 81.8 119.7 71.8 106.7 64.0
NPB 450x190x67.2 67.2 Plastic 475.5 307.6 465.0 279.0 425.9 255.6 363.5 218.1 284.0 170.4 218.1 130.8 172.5 103.5 141.3 84.8 119.3 71.6 103.1 61.8 90.7 54.4
NPB 450x190x77.6 77.6 Plastic 541.5 346.4 529.0 317.4 483.8 290.3 412.6 247.5 324.3 194.6 251.6 151.0 201.2 120.7 166.4 99.8 141.5 84.9 123.1 73.8 108.9 65.4
NPB 450x190x92.4 92.4 Plastic 651.1 414.6 637.2 382.3 586.2 351.7 510.3 306.2 415.2 249.1 332.0 199.2 271.1 162.7 227.7 136.6 195.9 117.5 171.9 103.2 153.2 91.9
NPB 500x200x79.4 79.4 Plastic 619.1 399.1 607.4 364.4 560.0 336.0 485.8 291.5 387.0 232.2 299.7 179.8 237.5 142.5 194.4 116.6 163.8 98.3 141.3 84.8 124.2 74.5
NPB 500x200x90.7 90.7 Plastic 698.1 445.4 684.1 410.5 629.8 377.9 545.6 327.4 436.2 261.7 340.7 204.4 272.4 163.5 224.9 134.9 190.9 114.5 165.7 99.4 146.4 87.8
NPB 500x200x107.3 107.3 Plastic 831.4 527.5 815.8 489.5 754.2 452.5 663.3 398.0 545.6 327.3 437.7 262.6 357.0 214.2 299.1 179.4 256.7 154.0 224.8 134.9 200.0 120.0
NPB 600x220x107.6 107.6 Plastic 999.4 641.7 985.7 591.4 918.6 551.2 818.7 491.2 678.0 406.8 537.0 322.2 428.6 257.1 351.1 210.7 295.5 177.3 254.4 152.6 223.2 133.9
NPB 600x220x122.4 122.4 Plastic 1117.6 709.0 1100.8 660.5 1023.7 614.2 908.9 545.3 750.7 450.4 596.5 357.9 479.0 287.4 395.1 237.1 334.6 200.8 289.7 173.8 255.3 153.2
NPB 600x220x154.5 154.5 Plastic 1422.6 896.0 1403.8 842.3 1312.2 787.3 1184.3 710.6 1012.5 607.5 835.4 501.3 690.8 414.5 582.3 349.4 501.3 300.8 439.6 263.8 391.4 234.8

INDIAN STANDARD WIDE FLANGE BEAMS (IS: 12778 -2004)


WPB 320x300x74.2 74.2 Slender FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0
WPB 320x300x97.6 97.6 Semicompact 470.7 310.6 470.7 282.4 457.1 274.2 438.2 262.9 416.0 249.6 389.3 233.6 358.5 215.1 326.0 195.6 294.6 176.8 266.3 159.8 241.6 145.0
WPB 320x300x126.7 126.7 Plastic 683.8 445.0 683.8 410.3 665.4 399.2 640.3 384.2 612.5 367.5 581.3 348.8 546.8 328.1 510.2 306.1 473.5 284.1 438.3 263.0 405.9 243.6
WPB 320x300x245 245.0 Plastic 1411.1 876.8 1411.1 846.7 1384.2 830.5 1347.3 808.4 1312.9 787.7 1279.3 767.6 1245.6 747.4 1211.3 726.8 1176.1 705.6 1139.9 683.9 1103.0 661.8
WPB 600x300x128.8 128.8 Semicompact 1023.9 675.8 1023.9 614.3 980.6 588.4 924.3 554.6 846.4 507.9 742.9 445.7 628.7 377.2 525.9 315.6 443.2 265.9 378.9 227.3 328.9 197.4
3.3.3. Major axis Bending Capacity Table for PF Section
Table 3.9
Assumptions: i. For rolled sections α = 0.21
Assumptions: ii. Shear force < 60% of Shear capacity
"False" in table indicates that the sections are Slender and out of scope
Values for L/ry < 250 are only considered fy= 350 MPa
Md = Design strength as per limit state method and Ms = Design strength as per working stress method
Shear lag effect and shear buckling need to checked whenever required.

Laterally Supported Laterally Unsupported Beam


Weight Md Ms LLT = 1 m LLT = 2 m LLT = 3 m LLT = 4 m LLT = 5 m LLT = 6 m LLT = 7 m LLT = 8 m LLT = 9 m LLT = 10 m
Sections Class Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms
(kg/m) (kN-m) (kN-m)
(kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m)
WPB 600x300x177.8 177.8 Plastic 1702.4 1105.7 1702.4 1021.4 1644.1 986.5 1567.0 940.2 1470.7 882.4 1350.3 810.2 1211.7 727.0 1072.0 643.2 945.9 567.5 838.9 503.4 750.4 450.2
WPB 600x300x211.9 211.9 Plastic 2044.4 1317.0 2044.4 1226.6 1976.3 1185.8 1887.7 1132.6 1781.4 1068.8 1653.2 991.9 1507.8 904.7 1359.0 815.4 1220.1 732.1 1098.3 659.0 994.2 596.5
WPB 600x300x285.5 285.5 Plastic 2791.1 1769.4 2791.1 1674.7 2706.4 1623.8 2598.4 1559.0 2478.0 1486.8 2342.3 1405.4 2193.0 1315.8 2036.7 1222.0 1882.4 1129.4 1737.2 1042.3 1605.1 963.1
WPB 700x300x149.9 149.9 Compact 1540.0 984.1 1540.0 924.0 1470.3 882.2 1380.4 828.2 1253.6 752.2 1085.5 651.3 906.0 543.6 750.3 450.2 627.8 376.7 534.1 320.5 461.9 277.2
WPB 700x300x204.5 204.5 Plastic 2237.4 1441.6 2237.4 1342.4 2154.3 1292.6 2046.3 1227.8 1907.8 1144.7 1731.7 1039.0 1531.5 918.9 1336.2 801.7 1166.1 699.7 1025.8 615.5 911.9 547.2
WPB 700x300x240.5 240.5 Plastic 2649.5 1695.5 2649.5 1589.7 2553.5 1532.1 2430.7 1458.4 2278.6 1367.2 2091.2 1254.7 1879.6 1127.8 1669.1 1001.5 1479.9 888.0 1319.2 791.5 1185.4 711.3
WPB 700x300x300.7 300.7 Plastic 3353.3 2124.7 3353.3 2012.0 3240.6 1944.4 3098.3 1859.0 2931.7 1759.0 2736.2 1641.7 2518.1 1510.9 2294.1 1376.5 2081.8 1249.1 1891.4 1134.9 1725.6 1035.4
WPB 800x300x171.5 171.5 Compact 1980.6 1253.3 1978.3 1187.0 1882.8 1129.7 1757.6 1054.6 1577.0 946.2 1340.4 804.2 1099.8 659.9 900.1 540.1 747.4 448.5 632.3 379.4 544.5 326.7
WPB 800x300x224.4 224.4 Plastic 2768.0 1774.6 2768.0 1660.8 2657.5 1594.5 2515.2 1509.1 2327.4 1396.4 2085.3 1251.2 1814.3 1088.6 1559.4 935.6 1345.0 807.0 1172.7 703.6 1035.3 621.2
WPB 800x300x262.3 262.3 Plastic 3254.6 2073.7 3254.6 1952.8 3127.5 1876.5 2966.2 1779.7 2759.9 1656.0 2500.7 1500.4 2211.0 1326.6 1932.3 1159.4 1691.3 1014.8 1492.8 895.7 1331.2 798.7
WPB 800x300x317.3 317.3 Plastic 3973.4 2512.0 3973.4 2384.0 3826.8 2296.1 3643.2 2185.9 3419.0 2051.4 3147.2 1888.3 2843.7 1706.2 2541.5 1524.9 2267.9 1360.7 2033.0 1219.8 1835.5 1101.3
WPB 900x300x198 198.0 Plastic 2545.1 1599.2 2540.0 1524.0 2414.1 1448.4 2247.2 1348.3 2004.2 1202.5 1689.4 1013.6 1377.1 826.2 1122.9 673.7 930.6 558.3 786.3 471.8 676.7 406.0
WPB 900x300x251.6 251.6 Plastic 3439.9 2191.0 3439.9 2063.9 3294.8 1976.9 3109.6 1865.8 2861.1 1716.7 2539.5 1523.7 2186.1 1311.6 1862.6 1117.6 1596.6 958.0 1385.9 831.5 1219.5 731.7
WPB 900x300x291.5 291.5 Plastic 4004.0 2536.2 4004.0 2402.4 3838.5 2303.1 3630.0 2178.0 3358.0 2014.8 3013.4 1808.0 2633.9 1580.3 2278.9 1367.3 1979.6 1187.7 1737.5 1042.5 1543.1 925.8

INDIAN STANDARD NARROW PARALLEL FLANGE BEAMS//EUROPIAN I- BEAMS


IPEO 300/NPB 300x150x49.3 49.3 Plastic 236.7 151.9 228.1 136.9 202.9 121.7 165.1 99.1 127.7 76.6 100.9 60.5 82.7 49.6 70.1 42.0 60.8 36.5
IPEO 360/NPB 350x170x66 66.0 Plastic 377.4 241.8 367.1 220.2 333.4 200.1 282.7 169.6 224.7 134.8 178.6 107.1 146.1 87.7 123.2 73.9 106.5 63.9 93.8 56.3
IPEO 400/NPB 400x180x75.7 75.7 Plastic 478.0 305.9 466.3 279.8 426.2 255.7 365.2 219.1 292.1 175.3 231.6 139.0 188.7 113.2 158.4 95.0 136.3 81.8 119.7 71.8 106.7 64.0
IPEO 450/NPB 450x190x92.4 92.4 Plastic 651.1 414.6 637.2 382.3 586.2 351.7 510.3 306.2 415.2 249.1 332.0 199.2 271.1 162.7 227.7 136.6 195.9 117.5 171.9 103.2 153.2 91.9
IPEO 500/NPB 500x200x107.3 107.3 Plastic 831.4 527.5 815.8 489.5 754.3 452.6 663.3 398.0 545.6 327.4 437.7 262.6 357.0 214.2 299.1 179.5 256.7 154.0 224.8 134.9 200.0 120.0
IPEO 600/NPB 600x220x154.5 154.5 Plastic 1422.6 896.0 1403.8 842.3 1312.2 787.3 1184.3 710.6 1012.5 607.5 835.4 501.3 690.8 414.5 582.3 349.4 501.3 300.8 439.6 263.8 391.4 234.8
IPE 300/NPB 300x150x42.2 42.2 Plastic 199.9 128.7 192.1 115.3 168.6 101.2 132.1 79.2 98.2 58.9 75.7 45.4 61.1 36.7 51.1 30.7 44.0 26.4
IPE 360/NPB 350x170x57.1 57.1 Plastic 324.3 208.7 314.9 188.9 284.2 170.5 235.8 141.5 181.8 109.1 141.1 84.7 113.7 68.2 94.9 56.9 81.3 48.8 71.2 42.7
IPE 400/NPB 400x180x66.3 66.3 Plastic 415.9 267.1 405.1 243.1 368.1 220.9 309.6 185.8 240.7 144.4 186.6 112.0 149.7 89.8 124.3 74.6 106.1 63.7 92.6 55.6
IPE 450/NPB 450x190x77.6 77.6 Plastic 541.5 346.4 529.0 317.4 483.8 290.3 412.6 247.5 324.3 194.6 251.6 151.0 201.2 120.7 166.4 99.8 141.5 84.9 123.1 73.8 108.9 65.4
IPE 500/NPB 500x200x90.7 90.7 Plastic 698.1 445.4 684.2 410.5 629.8 377.9 545.6 327.4 436.2 261.7 340.7 204.4 272.4 163.5 224.9 134.9 190.9 114.5 165.7 99.4 146.4 87.8
IPE 600/NPB 600x220x122.4 122.4 Plastic 1117.6 709.0 1100.8 660.5 1023.7 614.2 908.9 545.3 750.7 450.4 596.5 357.9 479.0 287.4 395.1 237.1 334.6 200.8 289.7 173.8 255.3 153.2
IPE A360/NPB 350x170x50.2 50.2 Plastic 288.5 187.5 280.4 168.2 253.3 152.0 209.6 125.8 160.0 96.0 122.8 73.7 97.9 58.8 81.0 48.6 69.0 41.4 60.1 36.1
IPEA 300/NPB 300x150x36.5 36.5 Compact 172.4 111.6 165.5 99.3 144.5 86.7 110.7 66.4 80.2 48.1 60.6 36.3 48.2 28.9 39.9 23.9 34.1 20.4
IPEA 400/NPB 400x180x57.4 57.4 Plastic 364.0 236.2 354.8 212.9 322.6 193.6 270.5 162.3 208.0 124.8 159.1 95.5 126.1 75.7 103.7 62.2 87.8 52.7 76.2 45.7
IPEA 450/NPB 450x190x67.2 67.2 Plastic 475.5 307.6 465.0 279.0 425.9 255.6 363.5 218.1 284.0 170.4 218.1 130.8 172.5 103.5 141.3 84.8 119.3 71.6 103.1 61.8 90.7 54.4
IPEA 500/NPB 500x200x79.4 79.4 Plastic 619.2 399.1 607.4 364.5 560.0 336.0 485.8 291.5 387.1 232.2 299.7 179.8 237.5 142.5 194.4 116.6 163.8 98.3 141.3 84.8 124.2 74.5
IPEA 600/NPB 600x220x107.6 107.6 Plastic 999.5 641.7 985.7 591.4 918.7 551.2 818.8 491.3 678.0 406.8 537.1 322.2 428.6 257.1 351.1 210.7 295.5 177.3 254.4 152.7 223.2 133.9

UNIVERSAL BEAMS AS PER BS4-1:1993


UB 203x133x25 25.1 Compact 82.0 53.2 78.2 46.9 67.4 40.4 51.4 30.8 38.1 22.9 29.6 17.8 24.1 14.5 20.3 12.2
UB 203x133x30 30.0 Plastic 100.0 64.7 95.7 57.4 83.9 50.4 67.3 40.4 52.2 31.3 41.7 25.0 34.5 20.7 29.5 17.7
UB 254x146x31 31.1 Compact 125.1 81.1 120.2 72.1 105.4 63.2 82.2 49.3 60.7 36.4 46.5 27.9 37.4 22.4 31.2 18.7 26.8 16.1
UB 254x146x37 37.0 Plastic 153.8 99.9 148.3 89.0 132.3 79.4 108.5 65.1 84.4 50.7 67.0 40.2 55.0 33.0 46.7 28.0 40.5 24.3
UB 254x146x43 43.0 Plastic 180.2 116.5 174.1 104.5 156.6 93.9 131.8 79.1 106.0 63.6 86.0 51.6 71.7 43.0 61.4 36.9 53.7 32.2
UB 305x165x40 40.3 Compact 198.3 129.5 192.8 115.7 174.4 104.7 145.3 87.2 111.9 67.1 86.5 51.9 69.3 41.6 57.6 34.5 49.2 29.5 42.9 25.7
UB 305x165x46 46.1 Plastic 229.1 149.2 223.0 133.8 202.8 121.7 171.9 103.2 136.1 81.7 107.5 64.5 87.5 52.5 73.5 44.1 63.3 38.0 55.6 33.4
UB 305x165x54 53.8 Plastic 267.9 173.2 260.9 156.5 238.0 142.8 204.7 122.8 166.2 99.7 134.2 80.5 111.0 66.6 94.3 56.6 81.9 49.2 72.5 43.5
UB 356x171x45 45.0 Compact 246.5 158.6 239.1 143.5 214.5 128.7 173.5 104.1 128.4 77.1 96.4 57.8 75.6 45.4 61.8 37.1 52.1 31.3 45.0 27.0
UB 356x171x51 51.0 Plastic 285.1 184.0 277.2 166.3 250.7 150.4 208.2 124.9 159.4 95.7 122.6 73.5 97.8 58.7 81.0 48.6 69.0 41.4 60.1 36.1
UB 356x171x57 57.0 Plastic 321.4 207.0 312.9 187.7 284.2 170.5 239.6 143.8 187.8 112.7 147.1 88.2 118.9 71.4 99.4 59.6 85.3 51.2 74.7 44.8
UB 356x171x67 67.1 Plastic 385.3 247.4 375.8 225.5 343.8 206.3 297.2 178.3 242.0 145.2 195.3 117.2 161.3 96.8 136.8 82.1 118.7 71.2 104.8 62.9
3.3.3. Major axis Bending Capacity Table for PF Section
Table 3.9
Assumptions: i. For rolled sections α = 0.21
Assumptions: ii. Shear force < 60% of Shear capacity
"False" in table indicates that the sections are Slender and out of scope
Values for L/ry < 250 are only considered fy= 350 MPa
Md = Design strength as per limit state method and Ms = Design strength as per working stress method
Shear lag effect and shear buckling need to checked whenever required.

Laterally Supported Laterally Unsupported Beam


Weight Md Ms LLT = 1 m LLT = 2 m LLT = 3 m LLT = 4 m LLT = 5 m LLT = 6 m LLT = 7 m LLT = 8 m LLT = 9 m LLT = 10 m
Sections Class Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms
(kg/m) (kN-m) (kN-m)
(kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m)
UB 406x178x54 54.1 Compact 335.6 214.8 326.1 195.7 293.9 176.4 240.2 144.1 179.0 107.4 134.3 80.6 105.2 63.1 85.8 51.5 72.2 43.3 62.3 37.4
UB 406x178x60 60.1 Plastic 381.6 245.5 371.8 223.1 337.8 202.7 283.1 169.8 218.2 130.9 167.6 100.6 133.4 80.1 110.1 66.1 93.6 56.1 81.3 48.8
UB 406x178x67 67.1 Plastic 428.3 274.6 417.6 250.5 380.4 228.3 322.5 193.5 253.2 151.9 197.7 118.6 159.3 95.6 132.6 79.6 113.5 68.1 99.1 59.5
UB 406x178x74 74.2 Plastic 477.5 305.6 466.1 279.6 426.3 255.8 366.3 219.8 293.9 176.4 233.6 140.2 190.5 114.3 160.1 96.1 137.9 82.7 121.1 72.7 108.0 64.8
UB 457x152x52 52.3 Plastic 348.7 219.5 332.3 199.4 280.9 168.6 199.4 119.7 136.8 82.1 100.1 60.0 77.9 46.7 63.4 38.1
UB 457x152x60 59.8 Plastic 409.6 259.2 391.9 235.2 337.9 202.7 251.8 151.1 179.1 107.5 134.2 80.5 106.3 63.8 87.7 52.6 74.7 44.8
UB 457x152x67 67.2 Plastic 462.3 291.8 443.0 265.8 384.9 230.9 293.6 176.1 213.5 128.1 162.5 97.5 130.1 78.0 108.3 65.0 92.8 55.7
UB 457x152x74 74.2 Plastic 517.6 326.7 497.0 298.2 436.1 261.6 342.2 205.3 255.6 153.4 197.8 118.7 160.2 96.1 134.5 80.7 115.9 69.6
UB 457x152x82 82.1 Plastic 576.4 362.9 554.3 332.6 489.8 293.9 392.7 235.6 300.0 180.0 235.7 141.4 192.8 115.7 162.9 97.7 141.1 84.7
UB 457x191x67 67.1 Plastic 468.1 299.4 457.2 274.3 417.5 250.5 353.0 211.8 272.3 163.4 207.3 124.4 163.1 97.9 133.1 79.9 112.1 67.2 96.6 58.0 84.9 51.0
UB 457x191x74 74.3 Plastic 525.9 336.8 514.5 308.7 471.9 283.2 405.1 243.1 320.3 192.2 248.7 149.2 198.4 119.1 163.7 98.2 139.0 83.4 120.6 72.4 106.6 64.0
UB 457x191x82 82.0 Plastic 582.7 372.1 570.4 342.2 524.4 314.6 453.9 272.4 364.5 218.7 287.1 172.3 231.6 139.0 192.7 115.6 164.6 98.8 143.6 86.2 127.4 76.5
UB 457x191x89 89.3 Plastic 640.7 408.9 627.8 376.7 579.0 347.4 506.5 303.9 414.3 248.6 331.8 199.1 270.9 162.5 227.3 136.4 195.4 117.2 171.3 102.8 152.6 91.6
UB 457x191x98 98.3 Plastic 710.3 452.2 696.6 418.0 644.2 386.5 569.0 341.4 473.8 284.3 386.0 231.6 319.0 191.4 270.0 162.0 233.7 140.2 205.9 123.5 184.1 110.4
UB 533x210x82 82.2 Plastic 655.0 415.7 642.5 385.5 591.7 355.0 510.1 306.0 400.1 240.1 304.4 182.7 237.4 142.4 191.8 115.1 159.8 95.9 136.5 81.9 119.0 71.4
UB 533x210x92 92.1 Plastic 750.9 478.6 738.1 442.9 683.3 410.0 599.0 359.4 483.9 290.4 377.6 226.6 299.8 179.9 245.5 147.3 206.8 124.1 178.3 107.0 156.6 94.0
UB 533x210x101 101.0 Plastic 831.1 529.6 817.7 490.6 758.9 455.4 671.0 402.6 551.4 330.8 437.4 262.5 351.7 211.0 290.7 174.4 246.7 148.0 213.9 128.4 188.9 113.3
UB 533x210x109.8 109.8 Plastic 904.0 574.0 889.6 533.8 826.5 495.9 733.7 440.2 608.7 365.2 488.1 292.8 395.8 237.5 329.4 197.6 281.1 168.6 244.8 146.9 216.9 130.1
UB 533x210x122 122.0 Plastic 1016.8 645.2 1001.8 601.1 933.8 560.3 837.5 502.5 709.2 425.5 580.9 348.5 478.7 287.2 403.0 241.8 346.8 208.1 304.1 182.5 270.8 162.5
UB 610x229x101 101.2 Plastic 916.7 581.0 903.9 542.4 841.4 504.8 745.7 447.4 608.3 365.0 472.5 283.5 370.4 222.3 298.9 179.3 248.3 149.0 211.4 126.8 183.6 110.2
UB 610x229x113 113.0 Plastic 1043.9 663.9 1031.0 618.6 963.3 578.0 863.5 518.1 720.9 432.5 573.4 344.0 457.4 274.4 374.0 224.4 313.9 188.3 269.6 161.8 236.0 141.6
UB 610x229x125.1 125.1 Plastic 1169.6 744.2 1156.4 693.8 1083.1 649.9 978.2 586.9 830.2 498.1 672.9 403.7 544.8 326.9 450.5 270.3 381.6 228.9 330.1 198.1 290.6 174.4
UB 610x229x139.9 139.9 Plastic 1317.9 836.7 1304.0 782.4 1223.7 734.2 1112.1 667.3 957.4 574.4 789.9 474.0 649.2 389.5 543.0 325.8 464.0 278.4 404.3 242.6 357.9 214.8

UNIVERSAL COLUMNS AS PER BS4-1:1993


UC 152X152X23 23.0 Semicompact 52.2 34.4 50.6 30.4 45.8 27.5 38.7 23.2 30.9 18.6 24.9 14.9 20.6 12.3 17.5 10.5 15.2 9.1 13.5 8.1
UC 152X152X30 30.0 Compact 78.8 51.2 76.7 46.0 70.5 42.3 62.5 37.5 53.5 32.1 45.4 27.2 38.9 23.4 33.9 20.3 30.0 18.0 26.8 16.1
UC 152X152X37 37.0 Plastic 98.2 63.1 95.8 57.5 88.8 53.3 80.6 48.4 71.5 42.9 62.6 37.6 55.0 33.0 48.6 29.2 43.4 26.1 39.2 23.5
UC 203X203X46 46.1 Semicompact 143.1 94.4 141.8 85.1 133.8 80.3 124.1 74.5 112.0 67.2 98.6 59.2 86.0 51.6 75.3 45.2 66.6 40.0 59.6 35.8 53.9 32.3
UC 203X203X52 52.0 Compact 180.5 117.8 179.0 107.4 169.4 101.6 158.1 94.9 144.5 86.7 129.5 77.7 115.0 69.0 102.1 61.3 91.3 54.8 82.3 49.4 74.8 44.9
UC 203X203X60 60.0 Plastic 208.8 135.0 207.1 124.3 196.4 117.8 184.3 110.6 170.4 102.3 155.2 93.1 140.0 84.0 126.0 75.6 113.9 68.3 103.4 62.1 94.6 56.7
UC 203X203X71 71.0 Plastic 254.2 163.1 252.5 151.5 240.5 144.3 227.9 136.7 214.3 128.6 199.6 119.7 184.4 110.7 169.7 101.8 156.0 93.6 143.6 86.2 132.7 79.6
UC 203X203X86 86.1 Plastic 310.8 196.5 309.1 185.4 295.3 177.2 281.8 169.1 267.9 160.7 253.2 151.9 237.9 142.7 222.4 133.5 207.5 124.5 193.3 116.0 180.4 108.2
UC 254X254X73 73.1 Semicompact 285.7 188.5 285.7 171.4 274.2 164.5 260.7 156.4 244.6 146.8 225.8 135.5 205.2 123.1 185.0 111.0 166.6 100.0 150.7 90.4 137.0 82.2
UC 254X254X89 89.5 Plastic 392.1 255.1 392.1 235.3 377.5 226.5 360.8 216.5 342.0 205.2 320.9 192.5 298.0 178.8 274.8 164.9 252.5 151.5 232.1 139.3 213.9 128.4
UC 254X254X107 107.1 Plastic 472.3 303.3 472.3 283.4 455.4 273.3 436.8 262.1 416.8 250.1 395.2 237.1 372.1 223.3 348.3 209.0 324.9 194.9 302.5 181.5 281.8 169.1
UC 254X254X132 132.0 Plastic 594.8 376.7 594.8 356.9 575.6 345.3 554.9 332.9 534.1 320.5 512.5 307.5 489.9 294.0 466.5 279.9 442.7 265.6 419.0 251.4 396.0 237.6
UC 254X254X167 167.1 Plastic 771.2 479.4 771.2 462.7 749.3 449.6 726.3 435.8 704.3 422.6 682.5 409.5 660.1 396.1 637.1 382.2 613.3 368.0 589.2 353.5 564.8 338.9
UC 305X305X97 96.9 Semicompact 459.8 303.5 459.8 275.9 447.5 268.5 429.7 257.8 408.9 245.3 384.0 230.4 355.2 213.1 324.4 194.6 294.1 176.5 266.4 159.8 242.1 145.3
UC 305X305X118 117.9 Compact 622.9 406.5 622.9 373.7 606.9 364.2 584.2 350.5 558.8 335.3 529.7 317.8 496.9 298.2 462.0 277.2 426.7 256.0 393.2 235.9 362.5 217.5
UC 305X305X137 136.9 Plastic 730.7 473.0 730.7 438.4 712.9 427.8 687.8 412.7 660.5 396.3 630.4 378.2 597.4 358.4 562.3 337.4 526.4 315.8 491.3 294.8 458.1 274.9
UC 305X305X158 158.1 Plastic 852.9 547.3 852.9 511.7 833.3 500.0 805.5 483.3 776.6 466.0 745.7 447.4 712.7 427.6 677.8 406.7 641.8 385.1 605.8 363.5 570.9 342.5
UC 305X305X198 198.1 Plastic 1094.5 691.9 1094.5 656.7 1072.2 643.3 1040.3 624.2 1009.0 605.4 977.2 586.3 944.3 566.6 910.3 546.2 875.1 525.0 839.1 503.5 803.0 481.8
UC 305X305X240 240.0 Plastic 1351.3 841.5 1351.3 810.8 1326.8 796.1 1291.2 774.7 1257.7 754.6 1224.8 734.9 1191.7 715.0 1157.9 694.8 1123.2 673.9 1087.6 652.6 1051.3 630.8
UC 305X305X283 282.9 Plastic 1624.4 997.5 1624.4 974.6 1598.4 959.0 1559.5 935.7 1523.9 914.3 1489.9 893.9 1456.3 873.8 1422.5 853.5 1388.0 832.8 1352.7 811.6 1316.5 789.9
UC 356X368X129 129.0 Semicompact 720.2 475.3 720.2 432.1 710.3 426.2 688.7 413.2 664.8 398.9 637.1 382.3 605.0 363.0 568.6 341.2 529.2 317.5 489.1 293.5 450.7 270.4
UC 356X368X153 152.9 Semicompact 854.2 563.7 854.2 512.5 843.0 505.8 818.3 491.0 791.5 474.9 761.5 456.9 727.8 436.7 690.4 414.2 650.2 390.1 608.9 365.3 568.3 341.0
UC 356X368X177 177.0 Plastic 1099.4 716.7 1099.4 659.6 1085.6 651.4 1054.9 632.9 1022.3 613.4 986.9 592.1 948.0 568.8 905.8 543.5 860.8 516.5 814.3 488.6 767.9 460.7
3.3.3. Major axis Bending Capacity Table for PF Section
Table 3.9
Assumptions: i. For rolled sections α = 0.21
Assumptions: ii. Shear force < 60% of Shear capacity
"False" in table indicates that the sections are Slender and out of scope
Values for L/ry < 250 are only considered fy= 350 MPa
Md = Design strength as per limit state method and Ms = Design strength as per working stress method
Shear lag effect and shear buckling need to checked whenever required.

Laterally Supported Laterally Unsupported Beam


Weight Md Ms LLT = 1 m LLT = 2 m LLT = 3 m LLT = 4 m LLT = 5 m LLT = 6 m LLT = 7 m LLT = 8 m LLT = 9 m LLT = 10 m
Sections Class Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms
(kg/m) (kN-m) (kN-m)
(kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m)
UC 356X368X202 201.9 Plastic 1263.7 817.2 1263.7 758.2 1248.8 749.3 1214.6 728.8 1179.3 707.6 1141.9 685.2 1101.9 661.2 1059.2 635.5 1014.1 608.4 967.4 580.4 920.2 552.1
UC 356X406x235 235.1 Plastic 1491.2 959.0 1491.2 894.7 1478.5 887.1 1441.6 865.0 1404.5 842.7 1366.2 819.7 1326.4 795.8 1284.6 770.8 1240.9 744.5 1195.4 717.3 1148.9 689.3

INDIAN STANDARD WIDE PARALLEL FLANGE BEAMS//EUROPIAN WIDE FLANGE BEAMS


HE 800x373 372.5 Plastic 4676.2 2930.3 4676.2 2805.7 4512.7 2707.6 4309.4 2585.6 4070.4 2442.2 3789.3 2273.6 3477.2 2086.3 3159.4 1895.6 2861.1 1716.7 2595.8 1557.5 2366.0 1419.6
HEA 320/WPB 320x300x97.6 97.6 Semicompact 470.7 310.6 470.7 282.4 457.1 274.2 438.2 262.9 416.0 249.6 389.3 233.6 358.5 215.1 326.0 195.6 294.6 176.8 266.3 159.8 241.6 145.0
HEA 600/WPB 600x300x177.8 177.8 Plastic 1702.4 1105.7 1702.4 1021.4 1644.1 986.5 1567.0 940.2 1470.7 882.4 1350.3 810.2 1211.7 727.0 1072.0 643.2 945.9 567.5 838.9 503.4 750.4 450.2
HEA 700/WPB 700x300x204.5 204.5 Plastic 2237.4 1441.6 2237.4 1342.4 2154.3 1292.6 2046.3 1227.8 1907.8 1144.7 1731.7 1039.0 1531.5 918.9 1336.2 801.7 1166.1 699.7 1025.8 615.5 911.9 547.2
HEA 800/WPB 800x300x224.4 224.4 Plastic 2768.0 1774.6 2768.0 1660.8 2657.5 1594.5 2515.2 1509.1 2327.4 1396.4 2085.3 1251.2 1814.3 1088.6 1559.4 935.6 1345.0 807.0 1172.7 703.6 1035.3 621.2
HEA 900/WPB 900x300x251.6 251.6 Plastic 3439.9 2191.0 3439.9 2063.9 3294.8 1976.9 3109.6 1865.8 2861.1 1716.7 2539.5 1523.7 2186.1 1311.6 1862.6 1117.6 1596.6 958.0 1385.9 831.5 1219.5 731.7
HEAA 320/WPB 320x300x74.2 74.2 Slender FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0
HEAA 600/WPB 600x300x128.8 128.8 Semicompact 1023.9 675.8 1023.9 614.3 980.6 588.4 924.3 554.6 846.4 507.9 742.9 445.7 628.7 377.2 525.9 315.6 443.2 265.9 378.9 227.3 328.9 197.4
HEAA 700/WPB 700x300x149.9 149.9 Compact 1540.0 984.1 1540.0 924.0 1470.3 882.2 1380.4 828.2 1253.6 752.2 1085.5 651.3 906.0 543.6 750.3 450.2 627.8 376.7 534.1 320.5 461.9 277.2
HEAA 800/WPB 800x300x171.5 171.5 Compact 1980.6 1253.3 1978.3 1187.0 1882.8 1129.7 1757.6 1054.6 1577.0 946.2 1340.4 804.2 1099.8 659.9 900.1 540.1 747.4 448.5 632.3 379.4 544.5 326.7
HEAA 900/WPB 900x300x198 198.0 Plastic 2545.1 1599.2 2540.0 1524.0 2414.1 1448.4 2247.2 1348.3 2004.2 1202.5 1689.4 1013.6 1377.1 826.2 1122.9 673.7 930.6 558.3 786.3 471.8 676.7 406.0
HEB 320/WPB 320x300x126.7 126.7 Plastic 683.8 445.0 683.8 410.3 665.4 399.2 640.3 384.2 612.5 367.5 581.3 348.8 546.8 328.1 510.2 306.1 473.5 284.1 438.3 263.0 405.9 243.6
HEB 600/WPB 600x300x211.9 211.9 Plastic 2044.4 1317.0 2044.4 1226.6 1976.3 1185.8 1887.7 1132.6 1781.4 1068.8 1653.2 991.9 1507.8 904.7 1359.0 815.4 1220.1 732.1 1098.3 659.0 994.2 596.5
HEB 700/WPB 700x300x240.5 240.5 Plastic 2649.5 1695.5 2649.5 1589.7 2553.5 1532.1 2430.7 1458.4 2278.6 1367.2 2091.2 1254.7 1879.6 1127.8 1669.1 1001.5 1479.9 888.0 1319.2 791.5 1185.4 711.3
HEB 800/WPB 800x300x262.3 262.3 Plastic 3254.6 2073.7 3254.6 1952.8 3127.5 1876.5 2966.2 1779.7 2759.9 1656.0 2500.7 1500.4 2211.0 1326.6 1932.3 1159.4 1691.3 1014.8 1492.8 895.7 1331.2 798.7
HEB 900/WPB 900x300x291.5 291.5 Plastic 4004.0 2536.2 4004.0 2402.4 3838.5 2303.1 3630.0 2178.0 3358.0 2014.8 3013.4 1808.0 2633.9 1580.3 2278.9 1367.3 1979.6 1187.7 1737.5 1042.5 1543.1 925.8
HEM 320/WPB 320x300x245 245.0 Plastic 1411.1 876.8 1411.1 846.7 1384.2 830.5 1347.3 808.4 1312.9 787.7 1279.3 767.6 1245.6 747.4 1211.3 726.8 1176.1 705.6 1139.9 683.9 1103.0 661.8
HEM 600/WPB 600x300x285.5 285.5 Plastic 2791.1 1769.4 2791.1 1674.7 2706.4 1623.8 2598.4 1559.0 2478.0 1486.8 2342.3 1405.4 2193.0 1315.8 2036.7 1222.0 1882.4 1129.4 1737.2 1042.3 1605.1 963.1
HEM 700/WPB 700x300x300.7 300.7 Plastic 3353.3 2124.7 3353.3 2012.0 3240.6 1944.4 3098.3 1859.0 2931.7 1759.0 2736.2 1641.7 2518.1 1510.9 2294.1 1376.5 2081.8 1249.1 1891.4 1134.9 1725.6 1035.4
HEM 800/WPB 800x300x317.3 317.3 Plastic 3973.4 2512.0 3973.4 2384.0 3826.8 2296.1 3643.2 2185.9 3419.0 2051.4 3147.2 1888.3 2843.7 1706.2 2541.5 1524.9 2267.9 1360.7 2033.0 1219.8 1835.5 1101.3
HEM 900/WPB 900x300x332.5 332.5 Plastic 4595.1 2896.0 4595.1 2757.1 4412.0 2647.2 4183.6 2510.2 3894.5 2336.7 3536.1 2121.7 3139.4 1883.6 2758.3 1655.0 2427.0 1456.2 2152.3 1291.4 1927.2 1156.3

INDIAN STANDARD TAPERED FLANGE MEDIUM WEIGHT BEAMS/I-SECTIONS (IS:808)


ISMB 100 (IS808) @ 8.9 8.9 Plastic 13.5 8.5 10.2 6.1 6.3 3.8
ISMB 125 (IS808) @ 13.3 13.3 Plastic 26.0 16.4 22.1 13.3 15.4 9.3 11.0 6.6
ISMB 150 (IS808) @ 15 15.0 Plastic 35.0 22.1 29.6 17.7 19.4 11.6 13.3 8.0
ISMB 175 (IS808) @ 19.6 19.6 Plastic 53.1 33.3 46.3 27.8 31.9 19.2 21.9 13.2 16.5 9.9
ISMB 200 (IS808) @ 24.2 24.2 Plastic 76.5 49.0 69.3 41.6 52.4 31.5 37.0 22.2 27.8 16.7 22.3 13.4
ISMB 250 (IS808) @ 37.3 37.3 Plastic 148.0 94.7 138.9 83.4 116.2 69.7 88.2 52.9 67.5 40.5 54.1 32.5 45.1 27.1
ISMB 300 (IS808) @ 46 46.0 Plastic 216.5 138.4 204.8 122.9 173.3 104.0 131.0 78.6 98.4 59.1 77.7 46.6 64.1 38.4 54.5 32.7
ISMB 350 (IS808) @ 52.4 52.4 Plastic 283.1 179.9 267.4 160.5 224.3 134.6 166.0 99.6 122.7 73.6 96.0 57.6 78.6 47.2 66.7 40.0
ISMB 400 (IS808) @ 61.5 61.5 Plastic 373.9 235.6 352.9 211.8 294.9 176.9 216.7 130.0 159.6 95.8 124.6 74.8 102.0 61.2 86.4 51.9
ISMB 450 (IS808) @ 72.4 72.4 Plastic 493.8 311.9 469.5 281.7 400.7 240.4 301.6 181.0 222.8 133.7 173.2 103.9 141.2 84.7 119.2 71.5
ISMB 500 (IS808) @ 86.9 86.9 Plastic 662.5 418.1 639.3 383.6 567.7 340.6 453.8 272.3 340.0 204.0 261.4 156.8 210.0 126.0 175.1 105.1 150.2 90.1
ISMB 550 (IS808) @ 104 104.0 Plastic 862.2 545.2 836.2 501.7 752.4 451.4 619.8 371.9 475.0 285.0 368.0 220.8 296.3 177.8 247.1 148.3 211.8 127.1 185.5 111.3
ISMB 600 (IS808) @ 123 123.0 Plastic 1116.8 706.9 1091.2 654.7 998.7 599.2 854.6 512.8 676.1 405.7 527.9 316.8 424.1 254.5 352.0 211.2 300.3 180.2 261.8 157.1 232.1 139.3

ISMB SECTION PROPERTIES (As Per SP: 6(1)-1964 & Reference Manual for Structural Engineers -INS/PUB/003- Page 28 & 29)
ISMB 100 x11.5 11.5 Plastic 18.7 11.9 16.4 9.9 12.6 7.5 9.4 5.6 7.3 4.4
ISMB 125 x13 13.0 Plastic 26.0 16.6 22.5 13.5 15.9 9.5 11.2 6.7 8.6 5.2
ISMB 150 x14.9 14.9 Plastic 35.2 22.4 30.1 18.1 20.0 12.0 13.6 8.1 10.2 6.1
ISMB 175 x19.3 19.3 Plastic 52.9 33.6 46.6 28.0 32.7 19.6 22.3 13.4 16.7 10.0
ISMB 200 x25.4 25.4 Plastic 80.8 51.6 73.6 44.2 57.4 34.4 41.7 25.0 31.8 19.1 25.6 15.4
ISMB 250 x37.3 37.3 Plastic 148.2 94.8 139.1 83.5 116.4 69.9 88.4 53.1 67.7 40.6 54.3 32.6 45.2 27.1
3.3.3. Major axis Bending Capacity Table for PF Section
Table 3.9
Assumptions: i. For rolled sections α = 0.21
Assumptions: ii. Shear force < 60% of Shear capacity
"False" in table indicates that the sections are Slender and out of scope
Values for L/ry < 250 are only considered fy= 350 MPa
Md = Design strength as per limit state method and Ms = Design strength as per working stress method
Shear lag effect and shear buckling need to checked whenever required.

Laterally Supported Laterally Unsupported Beam


Weight Md Ms LLT = 1 m LLT = 2 m LLT = 3 m LLT = 4 m LLT = 5 m LLT = 6 m LLT = 7 m LLT = 8 m LLT = 9 m LLT = 10 m
Sections Class Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms
(kg/m) (kN-m) (kN-m)
(kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m)
ISMB 300 x44.2 44.2 Plastic 207.5 132.5 196.1 117.6 164.7 98.8 122.4 73.5 90.9 54.5 71.2 42.7 58.5 35.1 49.6 29.8
ISMB 350 x52.4 52.4 Plastic 283.1 179.9 267.5 160.5 224.3 134.6 165.9 99.6 122.7 73.6 95.9 57.6 78.6 47.2 66.7 40.0
ISMB 400 x61.6 61.6 Plastic 374.3 236.3 353.2 211.9 294.9 177.0 216.6 130.0 159.5 95.7 124.5 74.7 101.9 61.2 86.4 51.8
ISMB 450 x72.4 72.4 Plastic 494.3 312.0 469.9 281.9 400.8 240.5 301.6 181.0 222.7 133.6 173.1 103.9 141.1 84.7 119.2 71.5
ISMB 500 x86.9 86.9 Plastic 660.4 417.8 637.3 382.4 565.7 339.4 452.1 271.2 338.6 203.2 260.3 156.2 209.2 125.5 174.4 104.6 149.6 89.7
ISMB 550 x103.7 103.7 Plastic 863.2 545.1 837.1 502.2 753.0 451.8 620.0 372.0 474.9 284.9 367.9 220.7 296.2 177.7 247.0 148.2 211.8 127.1 185.4 111.3
ISMB 600 x122.6 122.6 Plastic 1118.8 707.0 1093.2 655.9 1000.5 600.3 856.1 513.7 677.3 406.4 528.8 317.3 424.8 254.9 352.6 211.5 300.8 180.5 262.2 157.3 232.5 139.5
3.3.4. Bending Strength Comparison Table of ISMB and Parallel Flange Profiles
Table 3.10
For Span = 3.0m fy = 350 MPa
ISMB Profile Parallel Flange Profile Comparison Result

Major Major Axis Capacity Weight


Weight in axis BM BM Increase in savings in
ISMB Profile kg/m Capacity Parallel Flange Profile Weight Capacity percentage percentage

ISMB 125 (IS808) 13.3 10.97 UB 127x76x13 12.97 12.8 16.5 2.5
ISMB 150 (IS808) 15.0 13.27 WPB 120x120x14.6 14.56 15.6 17.9 2.9
ISMB 175 (IS808) 19.6 21.92 NPB 180x90x18.8 18.80 23.2 5.9 4.1
ISMB 200 (IS808) 24.2 36.96 UC 152X152X23 22.96 38.7 4.7 5.1
ISMB 225 (IS808) 31.1 60.56 WPB 180x180x28.7 28.68 61.3 1.1 7.8
ISMB 250 (IS808) 37.3 88.24 NPB 250x150x34.1 34.08 92.6 5.0 8.6
ISMB 300 (IS808) 46.0 130.99 NPB 300x165x39.9 39.88 143.7 9.7 13.3
ISMB 350 (IS808) 52.4 165.97 UB 356x171x45 45.00 173.5 4.5 14.1
ISMB 400 (IS808) 61.5 216.69 UB 406x178x54 54.13 240.2 10.8 12.0
ISMB 450 (IS808) 72.4 301.62 NPB 400x180x66.3 66.30 309.6 2.6 8.4
ISMB 500 (IS808) 86.9 453.80 NPB 500x200x79.4 79.36 485.8 7.0 8.7
ISMB 550 (IS808) 104.0 619.81 NPB 550x210x92.1 92.07 630.3 1.7 11.5
ISMB 600 (IS808) 123.0 854.61 UB 610x229x113 113.00 863.5 1.0 8.1
Table 3.11
For Span = 6.0m fy = 350 MPa
ISMB Profile Parallel Flange Profile Comparison Result

Major Major Axis Capacity Weight


Weight in axis BM BM Increase in savings in
ISMB Profile kg/m Capacity Parallel Flange Profile Weight Capacity percentage percentage
ISMB 250 (IS808) 37.3 45.12 WPB 140x140x33.7 33.7205 46.5 3.1 9.6
ISMB 300 (IS808) 46 64.07 NPB 300x165x39.9 39.875 65.9 2.9 13.3
ISMB 350 (IS808) 52.4 78.65 NPB 250x175x43.9 43.9376 79.9 1.6 16.1
ISMB 400 (IS808) 61.5 102.01 WPB 220x220x50.5 50.5079 102.9 0.8 17.9
ISMB 450 (IS808) 72.4 141.17 NPB 300x200x59.6 59.5638 155.6 10.2 17.7
ISMB 500 (IS808) 86.9 210.03 NPB 300x200x75.4 75.3683 223.7 6.5 13.3
ISMB 550 (IS808) 104 296.27 WPB 360x300x83.7 83.6871 300.3 1.4 19.5
ISMB 600 (IS808) 123 424.09 WPB 500x300x107.4 107.449 477.2 12.5 12.6
Table 3.12
For Span = 7.0m fy = 350 MPa
ISMB Profile Parallel Flange Profile Comparison Result

Major Major Axis Capacity Weight


Weight in axis BM BM Increase in savings in
ISMB Profile kg/m Capacity Parallel Flange Profile Weight Capacity percentage percentage
ISMB 300 (IS808) 46.00 54.54 NPB 300x165x39.9 39.88 54.4 0% 13%
ISMB 350 (IS808) 52.40 66.68 NPB 250x175x43.9 43.94 68.1 2% 16%
ISMB 400 (IS808) 61.50 86.42 WPB 220x220x50.5 50.51 90.3 4% 18%
ISMB 450 (IS808) 72.40 119.18 NPB 300x200x59.6 59.56 132.6 11% 18%
ISMB 500 (IS808) 86.90 175.13 UC 254X254X73 73.08 185.0 6% 16%
ISMB 550 (IS808) 104.00 247.09 WPB 360x300x83.7 83.69 261.4 6% 20%
ISMB 600 (IS808) 123.00 351.99 WPB 450x300x99.7 99.74 358.1 2% 19%
3.4. Calculation of Bending Capacity of a Parallel Flange Section for Yield
2
Strength 410 N/mm as per IS: 800 - 2007
3.4.1. Worked out Example Limit State Method

Design Inputs:
Effective span of the beam (LE) = 5.00 m
2
Yied strength of steel (fy) = 410.00 N/mm
2
Elastic modulus of steel (E) = 205000 N/mm
Section used = UC 203X203X86
Partial safety factor (γm0) = 1.1
(refer Table 5.1 of IS 800:2007)
Classification of section (refer Table 2 of IS 800:2007)
Flange thickness (tf) = 20.5 mm
Flange outstand width (b) = 104.55 mm
b/tf = 5.1
Flange is Plastic
Depth of web (d) = 181.2 mm
Web thickness (tw) = 12.7 mm
d/tw = 14.3
Web is Plastic
So, design the section as Plastic Class 1

Checking of major axis bending strength


Case I> Shear force is less than 60% of shear capacity

a. When the beam is laterally supported


Design bending strength (Md) is minimum of 1.2*Ze*fy/γm0 = 380.40 kN-m
and βbZpfy/γm0 = 364.05 kN-m
β b= Zx/Zpx (for Class 1 = 1.00
So, Md = 364.05 kN-m
B. When the beam is laterally unsupported
Design bending strength (Md) = βbZpfbd = 283.55 kN-m
2
Where, fbd = Bending strength = X LT*fy/γm0 = 290.31 N/mm
Where, X LT = Bending strength reduction factor to account for lateral torsional buckling,
given by,
XLT = 1/{φLT+[φ2LT-λ2LT]0.5} < 1.0 = 0.78
φLT = 0.5*[1+αLT(λLT-0.2)+λ2LT] = 0.91
For rolled section, the imperfection factor αLT = 0.21
Nondimensional slenderness ratio λLT = Ѵ (fy/fcr,b) = 0.83
>0.4, Check for torsional buckling
fcr,b = extreme fibre bending compressive stress corresponding to elastic lateral buckling
2
moment = 1.1*∏2*E/(LLT/ry)2*[1+1/20*{(L LT/ry)/(hf/tf)}2]0.5 = 597.0 N/mm
Where , LLT = Effective length for torsional buckling= 1.0 X 5. m = 5m
hf= centre to centre distance between flanges = 201.70 mm
Case II> Shear force is more than 60% of shear capacity
Maximum shear force on the section, V = 300 kN
Shear capacity of the section Vd = Av*fyw/√3 = 1051.81 kN
2
Av = Shear area of the section = h*tw = 2821.94 mm
V/Vd= 0.29
No influence of shear on bending capacity.
For, Plastic and compact section,
Moment capacity of the section Mdv = Md-β*(Md-Mfd) or 1.2*Ze*fy/γm0 whichever is less.
2
Where β = (2V/Vd-1) = 0.18
and Mfd = Zpf*fy/γm0 = 58.43 kN-m
2 3
Zpf = Plastic modulus of shear area = tw*d /4 = 156758.77 mm
Mdv = 307.66 kN-m
3.4.2. Worked out Example Working Stress Method

Checking of major axis bending strength


Case I> Shear force is less than 60% of shear capacity

a. When the beam is laterally supported


Design bending strength (Ms) = 0.66*fy*Zx = 230.14 kN-m
β b= Zx/Zpx (for class 3) = 1.00

b. When the beam is laterally unsupported,


Design bending strength as per Limit State (Md) = βbZpfbd = 283.55 kN-m
bending strength as per working stress method (Ms) =0.6*Md = 170.13 kN-m

Case II> Shear force is more than 60% of shear capacity


Maximum shear force on the section, V = 300 kN
Bending capacity as Limit State Method Mdv = 307.66 kN
bending capacity as per working stress method Ms = 184.60 kN-m
The capacity table furnished in the next section (2.1.3) is based on the assumption that the shear
force is less than 60% of te shear capacity of the sections.
3.4.3. Major axis Bending Capacity Table for PF Section
Table 3.13
Assumptions: i. For rolled sections α = 0.21
Assumptions: ii. Shear force < 60% of Shear capacity
"False" in table indicates that the sections are Slender and out of scope
Values for L/ry < 250 are only considered fy= 410 MPa
Md = Design strength as per limit state method and Ms = Design strength as per working stress method
Shear lag effect and shear buckling need to checked whenever required.

Laterally Supported Laterally Unsupported Beam


Weight Md Ms LLT = 1 m LLT = 2 m LLT = 3 m LLT = 4 m LLT = 5 m LLT = 6 m LLT = 7 m LLT = 8 m LLT = 9 m LLT = 10 m
Sections Class Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms
(kg/m) (kN-m) (kN-m)
(kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m)

INDIAN STANDARD NARROW FLANGE BEAMS


NPB 100x55x8.1 8.1 Plastic 14.7 9.3 10.8 6.5 6.0 3.6 4.1 2.4
NPB 120x60x10.4 10.4 Plastic 22.6 14.3 17.8 10.7 10.2 6.1 6.8 4.1
NPB 140x70x12.9 12.9 Plastic 32.9 20.9 27.2 16.3 16.4 9.8 10.8 6.5 8.0 4.8
NPB 160x80x15.8 15.8 Plastic 46.2 29.4 39.5 23.7 24.9 14.9 16.2 9.7 12.0 7.2
NPB 180x90x15.4 15.4 Plastic 50.4 32.5 44.1 26.5 27.9 16.7 17.3 10.4 12.3 7.4 9.6 5.7
NPB 180x90x18.8 18.8 Plastic 62.0 39.6 54.6 32.8 36.6 22.0 23.9 14.3 17.5 10.5 13.8 8.3
NPB 180x90x21.3 21.3 Plastic 70.5 44.8 62.5 37.5 43.7 26.2 29.4 17.7 21.8 13.1 17.4 10.4
NPB 200x100x18.4 18.4 Plastic 67.7 43.7 60.5 36.3 40.8 24.5 25.4 15.2 17.9 10.7 13.8 8.3
NPB 200x100x22.4 22.4 Plastic 82.2 52.6 73.8 44.3 51.8 31.1 33.9 20.3 24.6 14.7 19.3 11.6
NPB 200x100x25.1 25.1 Plastic 93.0 59.2 84.1 50.4 61.6 37.0 41.8 25.1 30.8 18.5 24.3 14.6
NPB 200x130x27.2 27.2 Compact 106.5 69.1 100.6 60.4 84.0 50.4 61.2 36.7 44.6 26.8 34.5 20.7 28.1 16.9 23.7 14.2
NPB 200x130x31.6 31.6 Plastic 125.7 81.3 119.2 71.5 101.7 61.0 77.8 46.7 58.8 35.3 46.5 27.9 38.3 23.0 32.7 19.6
NPB 220x110x22.2 22.2 Plastic 89.5 57.8 81.7 49.0 59.2 35.5 37.8 22.7 26.6 16.0 20.4 12.2 16.6 9.9
NPB 220x110x26.2 26.2 Plastic 106.4 68.2 97.3 58.4 72.9 43.8 48.8 29.3 35.3 21.2 27.5 16.5 22.6 13.6
NPB 220x110x29.4 29.4 Plastic 119.7 76.4 110.1 66.1 85.0 51.0 58.8 35.3 43.3 26.0 34.1 20.4 28.1 16.9
NPB 240x120x26.2 26.2 Plastic 116.1 75.1 107.5 64.5 82.4 49.5 54.2 32.5 38.0 22.8 29.0 17.4 23.5 14.1
NPB 240x120x30.7 30.7 Plastic 136.7 87.8 126.7 76.0 99.2 59.5 68.0 40.8 49.0 29.4 38.1 22.8 31.1 18.7
NPB 240x120x34.3 34.3 Plastic 152.9 97.7 142.3 85.4 113.9 68.3 80.5 48.3 59.1 35.5 46.3 27.8 38.1 22.9
NPB 270x135x30.7 30.7 Compact 153.7 99.7 144.7 86.8 117.8 70.7 80.9 48.5 56.5 33.9 42.5 25.5 34.0 20.4 28.3 17.0
NPB 270x135x36.1 36.1 Plastic 180.4 116.1 169.9 101.9 139.8 83.9 99.0 59.4 71.0 42.6 54.5 32.7 44.1 26.5 37.1 22.3
NPB 270x135x42.3 42.3 Plastic 214.2 137.2 202.5 121.5 170.3 102.2 126.8 76.1 94.2 56.5 73.8 44.3 60.6 36.3 51.4 30.8
NPB 300x150x36.5 36.5 Compact 201.9 130.7 192.3 115.4 163.0 97.8 117.8 70.7 82.7 49.6 61.8 37.1 48.9 29.3 40.4 24.2 34.4 20.6
NPB 300x150x42.2 42.2 Plastic 234.2 150.7 223.2 133.9 190.6 114.3 141.2 84.7 101.7 61.0 77.4 46.4 62.1 37.3 51.8 31.1 44.5 26.7
NPB 300x150x49.3 49.3 Plastic 277.2 177.9 265.1 159.1 230.3 138.2 178.3 107.0 133.1 79.9 103.6 62.2 84.4 50.6 71.2 42.7 61.6 36.9
NPB 350x170x50.2 50.2 Compact 338.0 219.7 326.3 195.8 289.2 173.5 228.2 136.9 167.3 100.4 126.1 75.7 99.8 59.9 82.2 49.3 69.9 41.9 60.8 36.5
NPB 350x170x57.1 57.1 Plastic 379.9 244.5 366.3 219.8 324.3 194.6 256.7 154.0 190.2 114.1 145.1 87.1 116.0 69.6 96.3 57.8 82.4 49.4 72.0 43.2
NPB 350x170x66 66.0 Plastic 442.1 283.2 427.2 256.3 381.3 228.8 309.9 186.0 236.7 142.0 184.4 110.6 149.5 89.7 125.5 75.3 108.1 64.9 95.0 57.0
NPB 400x180x57.4 57.4 Compact 426.4 276.6 413.0 247.8 369.2 221.5 296.0 177.6 218.1 130.8 163.6 98.2 128.6 77.2 105.3 63.2 88.9 53.4 77.0 46.2
NPB 400x180x66.3 66.3 Plastic 487.2 312.9 471.5 282.9 421.1 252.7 338.9 203.4 252.7 151.6 192.2 115.3 152.8 91.7 126.3 75.8 107.5 64.5 93.7 56.2
NPB 400x180x75.7 75.7 Plastic 559.9 358.3 542.9 325.7 488.3 293.0 402.3 241.4 308.7 185.2 239.5 143.7 193.2 115.9 161.3 96.8 138.4 83.0 121.2 72.7 108.0 64.8
NPB 450x190x67.2 67.2 Plastic 557.0 360.3 541.5 324.9 488.6 293.2 400.4 240.3 299.3 179.6 224.8 134.9 176.1 105.7 143.6 86.1 120.8 72.5 104.2 62.5 91.6 55.0
NPB 450x190x77.6 77.6 Plastic 634.3 405.8 616.0 369.6 554.6 332.8 454.2 272.5 341.8 205.1 259.6 155.8 205.5 123.3 169.1 101.5 143.4 86.0 124.5 74.7 110.0 66.0
NPB 450x190x92.4 92.4 Plastic 762.7 485.7 742.1 445.3 673.3 404.0 565.7 339.4 441.4 264.8 344.5 206.7 278.1 166.9 232.2 139.3 199.1 119.4 174.3 104.6 155.1 93.1
NPB 500x200x79.4 79.4 Plastic 725.3 467.5 707.5 424.5 643.7 386.2 538.7 323.2 410.3 246.2 310.0 186.0 242.9 145.7 197.7 118.6 166.1 99.6 143.0 85.8 125.5 75.3
NPB 500x200x90.7 90.7 Plastic 817.8 521.7 796.8 478.1 723.6 434.1 604.4 362.6 462.4 277.4 352.5 211.5 278.8 167.3 228.8 137.3 193.6 116.2 167.7 100.6 147.9 88.8
NPB 500x200x107.3 107.3 Plastic 973.9 618.0 950.3 570.2 867.6 520.5 738.7 443.2 582.6 349.5 455.4 273.2 366.8 220.1 305.2 183.1 261.0 156.6 228.0 136.8 202.5 121.5
NPB 600x220x107.6 107.6 Plastic 1170.7 751.7 1148.9 689.3 1059.5 635.7 918.2 550.9 728.1 436.9 559.8 335.9 440.3 264.2 358.1 214.9 300.1 180.1 257.8 154.7 225.7 135.4
NPB 600x220x122.4 122.4 Plastic 1309.2 830.6 1282.8 769.7 1179.9 707.9 1017.4 610.4 804.8 482.9 621.4 372.8 492.1 295.3 403.1 241.8 339.9 204.0 293.5 176.1 258.2 154.9
NPB 600x220x154.5 154.5 Plastic 1666.5 1049.6 1636.4 981.8 1514.5 908.7 1333.9 800.3 1097.5 658.5 878.5 527.1 714.6 428.7 597.0 358.2 511.3 306.8 446.9 268.2 397.0 238.2

INDIAN STANDARD WIDE FLANGE BEAMS


WPB 320x300x74.2 74.2 Slender FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0
WPB 320x300x97.6 97.6 Semicompact 551.4 363.9 551.4 330.8 531.8 319.1 506.7 304.0 475.7 285.4 437.7 262.6 394.6 236.8 351.5 210.9 312.3 187.4 278.9 167.3 250.9 150.6
WPB 320x300x126.7 126.7 Plastic 801.1 521.3 801.1 480.6 774.3 464.6 741.0 444.6 702.7 421.6 658.4 395.0 609.4 365.6 558.9 335.3 510.4 306.2 466.3 279.8 427.4 256.5
WPB 320x300x245 245.0 Plastic 1653.1 1027.1 1653.1 991.8 1612.4 967.5 1564.1 938.4 1517.7 910.6 1471.4 882.8 1424.1 854.4 1375.3 825.2 1325.0 795.0 1273.7 764.2 1222.0 733.2
WPB 600x300x128.8 128.8 Semicompact 1199.4 791.6 1197.4 718.5 1138.9 683.3 1062.1 637.2 951.6 571.0 808.6 485.1 664.8 398.9 546.1 327.7 455.5 273.3 387.0 232.2 334.7 200.8
3.4.3. Major axis Bending Capacity Table for PF Section
Table 3.13
Assumptions: i. For rolled sections α = 0.21
Assumptions: ii. Shear force < 60% of Shear capacity
"False" in table indicates that the sections are Slender and out of scope
Values for L/ry < 250 are only considered fy= 410 MPa
Md = Design strength as per limit state method and Ms = Design strength as per working stress method
Shear lag effect and shear buckling need to checked whenever required.

Laterally Supported Laterally Unsupported Beam


Weight Md Ms LLT = 1 m LLT = 2 m LLT = 3 m LLT = 4 m LLT = 5 m LLT = 6 m LLT = 7 m LLT = 8 m LLT = 9 m LLT = 10 m
Sections Class Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms
(kg/m) (kN-m) (kN-m)
(kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m)
WPB 600x300x177.8 177.8 Plastic 1994.2 1295.3 1994.2 1196.5 1911.6 1147.0 1807.8 1084.7 1672.6 1003.5 1501.6 900.9 1313.5 788.1 1137.4 682.5 988.9 593.3 868.6 521.2 771.9 463.1
WPB 600x300x211.9 211.9 Plastic 2394.8 1542.8 2394.8 1436.9 2298.1 1378.8 2179.2 1307.5 2030.2 1218.1 1847.7 1108.6 1647.1 988.3 1454.2 872.5 1285.6 771.3 1144.7 686.8 1028.5 617.1
WPB 600x300x285.5 285.5 Plastic 3269.6 2072.7 3269.6 1961.8 3148.3 1889.0 3004.1 1802.4 2836.8 1702.1 2643.8 1586.3 2432.7 1459.6 2219.5 1331.7 2019.4 1211.6 1840.3 1104.2 1684.1 1010.4
WPB 700x300x149.9 149.9 Semicompact 1587.9 1048.0 1583.1 949.9 1502.4 901.4 1394.0 836.4 1235.5 741.3 1033.6 620.2 838.9 503.3 683.2 409.9 566.5 339.9 479.3 287.6 413.1 247.9
WPB 700x300x204.5 204.5 Plastic 2621.0 1688.7 2621.0 1572.6 2503.8 1502.3 2357.8 1414.7 2162.3 1297.4 1913.7 1148.2 1647.5 988.5 1408.0 844.8 1212.4 727.4 1057.5 634.5 934.8 560.9
WPB 700x300x240.5 240.5 Plastic 3103.7 1986.1 3103.7 1862.2 2968.2 1780.9 2802.5 1681.5 2588.3 1553.0 2322.5 1393.5 2036.1 1221.6 1771.2 1062.7 1548.1 928.8 1366.8 820.1 1220.4 732.2
WPB 700x300x300.7 300.7 Plastic 3928.2 2488.9 3928.2 2356.9 3768.2 2260.9 3577.0 2146.2 3344.0 2006.4 3065.6 1839.3 2762.2 1657.3 2467.4 1480.5 2204.6 1322.8 1980.4 1188.3 1792.3 1075.4
WPB 800x300x171.5 171.5 Semicompact 2022.2 1334.7 2012.4 1207.4 1903.8 1142.3 1753.6 1052.2 1530.0 918.0 1254.1 752.5 1002.1 601.3 808.3 485.0 665.9 399.5 560.7 336.4 481.4 288.9
WPB 800x300x224.4 224.4 Plastic 3242.5 2078.8 3240.1 1944.1 3087.4 1852.4 2894.2 1736.5 2628.3 1577.0 2289.2 1373.5 1936.9 1162.2 1632.5 979.5 1391.3 834.8 1204.1 722.4 1057.9 634.8
WPB 800x300x262.3 262.3 Plastic 3812.5 2429.2 3810.6 2286.4 3633.9 2180.3 3415.3 2049.2 3123.7 1874.2 2758.5 1655.1 2375.0 1425.0 2034.7 1220.8 1758.0 1054.8 1538.8 923.3 1364.8 818.9
WPB 800x300x317.3 317.3 Plastic 4654.5 2942.7 4654.5 2792.7 4447.8 2668.7 4199.9 2520.0 3884.2 2330.5 3498.6 2099.2 3085.9 1851.6 2703.0 1621.8 2377.5 1426.5 2110.6 1266.3 1892.9 1135.7
WPB 900x300x198 198.0 Compact 2981.4 1873.3 2964.1 1778.4 2799.7 1679.8 2569.2 1541.5 2224.6 1334.7 1807.3 1084.4 1436.2 861.7 1155.2 693.1 950.2 570.1 799.4 479.6 686.1 411.6
WPB 900x300x251.6 251.6 Plastic 4029.6 2566.6 4022.4 2413.4 3826.6 2295.9 3574.3 2144.6 3221.9 1933.1 2774.6 1664.8 2322.7 1393.6 1942.7 1165.6 1646.9 988.2 1419.9 852.0 1244.0 746.4
WPB 900x300x291.5 291.5 Plastic 4690.4 2971.0 4683.2 2809.9 4458.5 2675.1 4175.0 2505.0 3789.6 2273.7 3307.2 1984.3 2813.6 1688.1 2388.3 1433.0 2050.1 1230.0 1786.0 1071.6 1578.4 947.0

INDIAN STANDARD NARROW PARALLEL FLANGE BEAMS//EUROPIAN I- BEAMS


IPEO 300/NPB 300x150x49.3 49.3 Plastic 277.2 177.9 265.1 159.1 230.3 138.2 178.3 107.0 133.1 79.9 103.6 62.2 84.4 50.6 71.2 42.7 61.6 36.9
IPEO 360/NPB 350x170x66 66.0 Plastic 442.1 283.2 427.2 256.3 381.3 228.8 309.9 186.0 236.7 142.0 184.4 110.6 149.5 89.7 125.5 75.3 108.1 64.9 95.0 57.0
IPEO 400/NPB 400x180x75.7 75.7 Plastic 559.9 358.3 542.9 325.7 488.3 293.0 402.3 241.4 308.7 185.2 239.5 143.7 193.2 115.9 161.3 96.8 138.4 83.0 121.2 72.7 108.0 64.8
IPEO 450/NPB 450x190x92.4 92.4 Plastic 762.7 485.7 742.1 445.3 673.3 404.0 565.7 339.4 441.4 264.8 344.5 206.7 278.1 166.9 232.2 139.3 199.1 119.4 174.3 104.6 155.1 93.1
IPEO 500/NPB 500x200x107.3 107.3 Plastic 973.9 618.0 950.4 570.2 867.6 520.6 738.7 443.2 582.6 349.5 455.4 273.2 366.8 220.1 305.3 183.2 261.0 156.6 228.0 136.8 202.5 121.5
IPEO 600/NPB 600x220x154.5 154.5 Plastic 1666.5 1049.6 1636.4 981.8 1514.5 908.7 1333.9 800.3 1097.5 658.5 878.5 527.1 714.6 428.7 597.0 358.2 511.3 306.8 446.9 268.2 397.0 238.2
IPE 300/NPB 300x150x42.2 42.2 Plastic 234.2 150.7 223.2 133.9 190.6 114.3 141.2 84.7 101.7 61.0 77.4 46.4 62.1 37.3 51.8 31.1 44.5 26.7
IPE 360/NPB 350x170x57.1 57.1 Plastic 379.9 244.5 366.3 219.8 324.3 194.6 256.7 154.0 190.2 114.1 145.1 87.1 116.0 69.6 96.3 57.8 82.4 49.4 72.0 43.2
IPE 400/NPB 400x180x66.3 66.3 Plastic 487.2 312.9 471.5 282.9 421.1 252.7 338.9 203.4 252.7 151.6 192.2 115.3 152.8 91.7 126.3 75.8 107.5 64.5 93.7 56.2
IPE 450/NPB 450x190x77.6 77.6 Plastic 634.3 405.8 616.0 369.6 554.6 332.8 454.2 272.5 341.8 205.1 259.6 155.8 205.5 123.3 169.1 101.5 143.4 86.0 124.5 74.7 110.0 66.0
IPE 500/NPB 500x200x90.7 90.7 Plastic 817.8 521.7 796.9 478.1 723.6 434.2 604.4 362.7 462.4 277.4 352.5 211.5 278.8 167.3 228.9 137.3 193.6 116.2 167.7 100.6 148.0 88.8
IPE 600/NPB 600x220x122.4 122.4 Plastic 1309.2 830.6 1282.8 769.7 1179.9 707.9 1017.4 610.4 804.8 482.9 621.4 372.8 492.1 295.3 403.1 241.8 339.9 204.0 293.5 176.1 258.2 154.9
IPE A360/NPB 350x170x50.2 50.2 Compact 338.0 219.7 326.3 195.8 289.2 173.5 228.2 136.9 167.3 100.4 126.1 75.7 99.8 59.9 82.2 49.3 69.9 41.9 60.8 36.5
IPEA 300/NPB 300x150x36.5 36.5 Compact 201.9 130.7 192.3 115.4 163.0 97.8 117.8 70.7 82.7 49.6 61.8 37.1 48.9 29.3 40.4 24.2 34.4 20.6
IPEA 400/NPB 400x180x57.4 57.4 Compact 426.4 276.6 413.0 247.8 369.2 221.5 296.0 177.6 218.1 130.8 163.6 98.2 128.6 77.2 105.3 63.2 88.9 53.4 77.0 46.2
IPEA 450/NPB 450x190x67.2 67.2 Plastic 557.0 360.3 541.5 324.9 488.6 293.2 400.4 240.3 299.3 179.6 224.8 134.9 176.1 105.7 143.6 86.1 120.8 72.5 104.2 62.5 91.6 55.0
IPEA 500/NPB 500x200x79.4 79.4 Plastic 725.3 467.5 707.6 424.6 643.8 386.3 538.7 323.2 410.3 246.2 310.0 186.0 242.9 145.7 197.7 118.6 166.1 99.6 143.0 85.8 125.5 75.3
IPEA 600/NPB 600x220x107.6 107.6 Plastic 1170.8 751.7 1149.0 689.4 1059.6 635.7 918.3 551.0 728.1 436.9 559.8 335.9 440.3 264.2 358.1 214.9 300.1 180.1 257.8 154.7 225.7 135.4

UNIVERSAL BEAMS AS PER BS4-1:1993


UB 203x133x25 25.1 Semicompact 85.9 56.7 81.1 48.7 67.6 40.5 48.7 29.2 35.2 21.1 27.0 16.2 21.9 13.1 18.4 11.0
UB 203x133x30 30.0 Plastic 117.2 75.8 111.1 66.7 94.7 56.8 72.1 43.3 54.3 32.6 42.8 25.7 35.2 21.1 29.9 18.0
UB 254x146x31 31.1 Semicompact 130.9 86.4 124.7 74.8 106.4 63.8 78.4 47.0 56.1 33.6 42.4 25.5 33.9 20.3 28.2 16.9 24.2 14.5
UB 254x146x37 37.0 Plastic 180.1 117.1 172.4 103.5 150.3 90.2 117.4 70.4 88.2 52.9 68.8 41.3 56.2 33.7 47.4 28.4 41.1 24.6
UB 254x146x43 43.0 Plastic 211.1 136.4 202.4 121.4 178.3 107.0 143.7 86.2 111.5 66.9 88.8 53.3 73.5 44.1 62.6 37.6 54.6 32.7
UB 305x165x40 40.3 Compact 232.2 151.7 224.3 134.6 199.3 119.6 158.5 95.1 117.2 70.3 88.9 53.3 70.7 42.4 58.4 35.1 49.8 29.9 43.4 26.0
UB 305x165x46 46.1 Plastic 268.4 174.7 259.6 155.7 232.0 139.2 188.6 113.1 143.3 86.0 110.9 66.6 89.5 53.7 74.8 44.9 64.2 38.5 56.3 33.8
UB 305x165x54 53.8 Plastic 313.8 202.9 303.6 182.2 272.5 163.5 225.5 135.3 175.9 105.6 139.1 83.5 113.9 68.3 96.2 57.7 83.3 50.0 73.5 44.1
UB 356x171x45 45.0 Semicompact 256.0 168.9 246.6 148.0 216.7 130.0 166.3 99.8 118.4 71.0 87.4 52.5 68.1 40.9 55.5 33.3 46.7 28.0 40.3 24.2
UB 356x171x51 51.0 Compact 334.0 215.5 322.6 193.6 286.4 171.8 226.9 136.1 166.8 100.1 125.9 75.6 99.7 59.8 82.2 49.3 69.9 41.9 60.8 36.5
UB 356x171x57 57.0 Plastic 376.5 242.5 364.1 218.5 325.0 195.0 262.4 157.5 197.4 118.5 151.6 90.9 121.5 72.9 101.0 60.6 86.5 51.9 75.6 45.4
UB 356x171x67 67.1 Plastic 451.3 289.9 437.4 262.5 394.1 236.4 328.1 196.9 256.7 154.0 202.6 121.6 165.6 99.3 139.6 83.8 120.7 72.4 106.3 63.8
3.4.3. Major axis Bending Capacity Table for PF Section
Table 3.13
Assumptions: i. For rolled sections α = 0.21
Assumptions: ii. Shear force < 60% of Shear capacity
"False" in table indicates that the sections are Slender and out of scope
Values for L/ry < 250 are only considered fy= 410 MPa
Md = Design strength as per limit state method and Ms = Design strength as per working stress method
Shear lag effect and shear buckling need to checked whenever required.

Laterally Supported Laterally Unsupported Beam


Weight Md Ms LLT = 1 m LLT = 2 m LLT = 3 m LLT = 4 m LLT = 5 m LLT = 6 m LLT = 7 m LLT = 8 m LLT = 9 m LLT = 10 m
Sections Class Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms
(kg/m) (kN-m) (kN-m)
(kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m)
UB 406x178x54 54.1 Compact 393.1 251.7 379.5 227.7 335.4 201.2 260.6 156.4 186.5 111.9 137.6 82.6 107.0 64.2 86.9 52.1 73.0 43.8 62.9 37.7
UB 406x178x60 60.1 Plastic 447.1 287.6 432.8 259.7 386.4 231.8 309.6 185.8 228.7 137.2 172.4 103.4 136.1 81.6 111.8 67.1 94.8 56.9 82.2 49.3
UB 406x178x67 67.1 Plastic 501.7 321.6 486.1 291.6 435.6 261.3 354.0 212.4 266.5 159.9 203.9 122.3 162.7 97.6 134.8 80.9 115.0 69.0 100.3 60.2
UB 406x178x74 74.2 Plastic 559.4 358.0 542.6 325.6 488.6 293.2 403.8 242.3 310.9 186.6 241.7 145.0 195.2 117.1 163.1 97.8 140.0 84.0 122.7 73.6 109.3 65.6
UB 457x152x52 52.3 Plastic 408.5 257.1 385.6 231.4 313.7 188.2 209.1 125.5 140.0 84.0 101.6 60.9 78.7 47.2 64.0 38.4
UB 457x152x60 59.8 Plastic 479.8 303.6 455.1 273.1 379.6 227.8 266.3 159.8 184.2 110.5 136.6 82.0 107.7 64.6 88.7 53.2 75.4 45.2
UB 457x152x67 67.2 Plastic 541.6 341.8 514.6 308.7 433.5 260.1 311.9 187.1 220.2 132.1 165.7 99.4 132.0 79.2 109.6 65.7 93.7 56.2
UB 457x152x74 74.2 Plastic 606.3 382.8 577.4 346.5 492.7 295.6 365.9 219.5 264.7 158.8 202.3 121.4 162.9 97.7 136.3 81.8 117.2 70.3
UB 457x152x82 82.1 Plastic 675.2 425.1 644.1 386.4 554.6 332.8 422.1 253.3 311.9 187.1 241.6 145.0 196.3 117.8 165.3 99.2 142.9 85.7
UB 457x191x67 67.1 Compact 548.3 350.7 532.4 319.4 478.5 287.1 387.6 232.6 286.1 171.6 213.3 128.0 166.3 99.8 135.1 81.1 113.4 68.1 97.6 58.6 85.7 51.4
UB 457x191x74 74.3 Plastic 616.0 394.6 599.2 359.5 541.6 325.0 447.2 268.3 338.3 203.0 256.8 154.1 202.8 121.7 166.5 99.9 140.9 84.5 122.1 73.2 107.7 64.6
UB 457x191x82 82.0 Plastic 682.6 435.9 664.3 398.6 602.1 361.3 502.4 301.5 386.4 231.8 297.2 178.3 237.2 142.3 196.2 117.7 167.0 100.2 145.4 87.3 128.8 77.3
UB 457x191x89 89.3 Plastic 750.5 479.0 731.3 438.8 665.4 399.3 562.7 337.6 441.4 264.8 344.8 206.9 278.1 166.9 231.9 139.1 198.6 119.2 173.7 104.2 154.5 92.7
UB 457x191x98 98.3 Plastic 832.1 529.7 811.5 486.9 741.0 444.6 634.3 380.6 507.3 304.4 402.7 241.6 328.5 197.1 276.1 165.6 237.9 142.7 209.0 125.4 186.5 111.9
UB 533x210x82 82.2 Compact 767.3 487.0 748.5 449.1 680.0 408.0 564.5 338.7 422.8 253.7 314.0 188.4 242.4 145.4 194.7 116.8 161.8 97.1 138.0 82.8 120.1 72.1
UB 533x210x92 92.1 Plastic 879.7 560.7 860.0 516.0 786.5 471.9 667.0 400.2 515.3 309.2 391.5 234.9 307.1 184.3 249.9 149.9 209.7 125.8 180.4 108.3 158.3 95.0
UB 533x210x101 101.0 Plastic 973.6 620.3 952.8 571.7 874.2 524.5 749.6 449.8 589.9 353.9 455.1 273.1 361.1 216.6 296.4 177.9 250.6 150.3 216.8 130.1 191.0 114.6
UB 533x210x109.8 109.8 Plastic 1058.9 672.4 1036.7 622.0 952.3 571.4 820.9 492.5 652.8 391.7 508.9 305.3 407.1 244.2 336.3 201.8 285.8 171.5 248.3 149.0 219.5 131.7
UB 533x210x122 122.0 Plastic 1191.1 755.8 1167.6 700.6 1076.9 646.1 940.7 564.4 765.6 459.3 609.1 365.4 494.2 296.5 412.7 247.6 353.5 212.1 309.0 185.4 274.5 164.7
UB 610x229x101 101.2 Compact 1073.9 680.6 1053.6 632.1 970.2 582.1 834.7 500.8 650.7 390.4 490.8 294.5 379.6 227.8 304.3 182.6 251.8 151.1 213.8 128.3 185.5 111.3
UB 610x229x113
UB 610x229x125.1 125.1 Plastic 1370.1 871.7 1348.2 808.9 1251.0 750.6 1103.1 661.9 899.4 539.6 706.0 423.6 562.1 337.3 460.8 276.5 388.4 233.0 335.0 201.0 294.3 176.6
UB 610x229x139.9 139.9 Plastic 1543.9 980.1 1520.4 912.3 1414.1 848.5 1257.0 754.2 1042.3 625.4 832.7 499.6 672.2 403.3 556.9 334.1 473.3 284.0 410.9 246.6 363.0 217.8

UNIVERSAL COLUMNS AS PER BS4-1:1993


UC 152X152X23 23.0 Semicompact 61.1 40.3 58.9 35.3 52.2 31.3 42.3 25.4 32.6 19.5 25.7 15.4 21.1 12.6 17.8 10.7 15.4 9.3 13.6 8.2
UC 152X152X30 30.0 Compact 92.3 60.0 89.3 53.6 80.9 48.5 69.5 41.7 57.5 34.5 47.7 28.6 40.3 24.2 34.8 20.9 30.6 18.4 27.3 16.4
UC 152X152X37 37.0 Plastic 115.1 73.9 111.5 66.9 102.1 61.3 90.5 54.3 77.9 46.7 66.6 40.0 57.5 34.5 50.3 30.2 44.7 26.8 40.2 24.1
UC 203X203X46 46.1 Semicompact 167.6 110.6 165.3 99.2 154.9 92.9 141.3 84.8 124.1 74.5 106.2 63.7 90.7 54.4 78.4 47.0 68.7 41.2 61.1 36.7 55.0 33.0
UC 203X203X52 52.0 Compact 211.5 138.0 208.8 125.3 196.1 117.7 180.4 108.2 161.1 96.7 140.7 84.4 122.2 73.3 107.0 64.2 94.7 56.8 84.8 50.9 76.7 46.0
UC 203X203X60 60.0 Plastic 244.5 158.1 241.6 144.9 227.5 136.5 210.8 126.5 191.0 114.6 169.8 101.9 150.1 90.0 133.0 79.8 118.8 71.3 107.1 64.3 97.4 58.5
UC 203X203X71 71.0 Plastic 297.7 191.1 294.5 176.7 278.7 167.2 261.5 156.9 242.1 145.3 221.3 132.8 200.7 120.4 181.7 109.0 164.9 99.0 150.4 90.3 138.0 82.8
UC 203X203X86 86.1 Plastic 364.1 230.1 360.5 216.3 342.6 205.5 324.2 194.5 304.5 182.7 283.6 170.1 262.1 157.3 241.4 144.8 222.2 133.3 204.8 122.9 189.4 113.6
UC 254X254X73 73.1 Semicompact 334.7 220.9 334.1 200.5 318.6 191.1 300.3 180.2 277.6 166.5 250.8 150.5 222.9 133.7 197.1 118.3 175.1 105.1 156.8 94.1 141.6 85.0
UC 254X254X89 89.5 Compact 459.3 298.8 459.0 275.4 438.8 263.3 416.2 249.7 389.9 233.9 359.8 215.9 327.9 196.7 296.9 178.2 268.9 161.3 244.4 146.6 223.3 134.0
UC 254X254X107 107.1 Plastic 553.3 355.3 553.0 331.8 529.4 317.7 504.3 302.6 476.5 285.9 445.7 267.4 413.1 247.8 380.5 228.3 349.7 209.8 321.8 193.1 296.9 178.2
UC 254X254X132 132.0 Plastic 696.8 441.3 696.8 418.1 669.4 401.6 641.8 385.1 613.0 367.8 582.4 349.5 550.3 330.2 517.3 310.4 484.6 290.7 453.2 271.9 423.9 254.3
UC 254X254X167 167.1 Plastic 903.4 561.6 903.4 542.0 871.9 523.1 841.3 504.8 811.3 486.8 780.7 468.4 748.9 449.4 716.1 429.7 682.5 409.5 649.0 389.4 616.0 369.6
UC 305X305X97 96.9 Semicompact 538.7 355.5 538.7 323.2 520.7 312.4 497.1 298.3 468.3 281.0 432.8 259.7 392.3 235.4 350.9 210.6 312.8 187.7 279.7 167.8 251.9 151.1
UC 305X305X118 117.9 Semicompact 655.9 432.9 655.9 393.5 635.1 381.0 608.0 364.8 576.4 345.9 539.3 323.6 497.6 298.5 454.2 272.5 412.7 247.6 375.2 225.1 342.4 205.4
UC 305X305X137 136.9 Plastic 856.0 554.1 856.0 513.6 830.0 498.0 796.6 478.0 759.2 455.5 716.6 430.0 669.6 401.8 620.4 372.3 572.0 343.2 526.7 316.0 485.8 291.5
UC 305X305X158 158.1 Plastic 999.1 641.1 999.1 599.4 970.2 582.1 933.6 560.1 894.0 536.4 850.6 510.3 803.5 482.1 754.1 452.4 704.4 422.6 656.4 393.8 611.6 367.0
UC 305X305X198 198.1 Plastic 1282.2 810.5 1282.2 769.3 1248.8 749.3 1206.9 724.1 1164.4 698.6 1120.1 672.0 1073.6 644.1 1025.0 615.0 975.1 585.1 925.1 555.1 876.1 525.7
UC 305X305X240 240.0 Plastic 1583.0 985.7 1583.0 949.8 1545.7 927.4 1499.1 899.5 1454.0 872.4 1408.6 845.2 1362.1 817.3 1314.1 788.5 1264.6 758.8 1214.1 728.5 1163.3 698.0
UC 305X305X283 282.9 Plastic 1902.8 1168.5 1902.8 1141.7 1862.6 1117.6 1811.7 1087.0 1764.2 1058.5 1717.7 1030.6 1670.9 1002.6 1623.2 973.9 1574.1 944.4 1523.7 914.2 1472.4 883.4
UC 356X368X129 129.0 Semicompact 843.7 556.8 843.7 506.2 827.9 496.7 799.7 479.8 767.3 460.4 728.8 437.3 683.1 409.9 631.5 378.9 577.6 346.6 525.4 315.2 477.8 286.7
UC 356X368X153 152.9 Semicompact 1000.6 660.4 1000.6 600.4 982.6 589.6 950.4 570.2 914.3 548.6 872.6 523.6 824.8 494.9 771.5 462.9 715.5 429.3 660.2 396.1 608.2 364.9
UC 356X368X177 177.0 Compact 1287.9 839.6 1287.9 772.7 1265.6 759.3 1225.4 735.3 1181.7 709.0 1132.6 679.6 1077.6 646.6 1017.4 610.4 954.0 572.4 890.4 534.2 829.2 497.5
3.4.3. Major axis Bending Capacity Table for PF Section
Table 3.13
Assumptions: i. For rolled sections α = 0.21
Assumptions: ii. Shear force < 60% of Shear capacity
"False" in table indicates that the sections are Slender and out of scope
Values for L/ry < 250 are only considered fy= 410 MPa
Md = Design strength as per limit state method and Ms = Design strength as per working stress method
Shear lag effect and shear buckling need to checked whenever required.

Laterally Supported Laterally Unsupported Beam


Weight Md Ms LLT = 1 m LLT = 2 m LLT = 3 m LLT = 4 m LLT = 5 m LLT = 6 m LLT = 7 m LLT = 8 m LLT = 9 m LLT = 10 m
Sections Class Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms
(kg/m) (kN-m) (kN-m)
(kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m)
UC 356X368X202 201.9 Plastic 1480.4 957.3 1480.4 888.2 1455.8 873.5 1411.3 846.8 1364.0 818.4 1312.5 787.5 1256.0 753.6 1195.1 717.1 1131.1 678.7 1066.1 639.7 1002.3 601.4
UC 356X406x235 235.1 Plastic 1746.8 1123.4 1746.8 1048.1 1724.3 1034.6 1676.4 1005.8 1627.0 976.2 1574.8 944.9 1519.1 911.5 1459.8 875.9 1397.5 838.5 1333.1 799.9 1268.2 760.9

INDIAN STANDARD WIDE PARALLEL FLANGE BEAMS//EUROPIAN WIDE FLANGE BEAMS


HE 800x373 372.5 Plastic 5477.8 3432.7 5477.8 3286.7 5246.4 3147.8 4972.8 2983.7 4637.6 2782.6 4237.7 2542.6 3805.5 2283.3 3390.4 2034.2 3024.0 1814.4 2713.6 1628.2 2454.2 1472.5
HEA 320/WPB 320x300x97.6 97.6 Semicompact 551.4 363.9 551.4 330.8 531.8 319.1 506.7 304.0 475.7 285.4 437.7 262.6 394.6 236.8 351.5 210.9 312.3 187.4 278.9 167.3 250.9 150.6
HEA 600/WPB 600x300x177.8 177.8 Plastic 1994.2 1295.3 1994.2 1196.5 1911.6 1147.0 1807.8 1084.7 1672.6 1003.5 1501.6 900.9 1313.5 788.1 1137.4 682.5 988.9 593.3 868.6 521.2 771.9 463.1
HEA 700/WPB 700x300x204.5 204.5 Plastic 2621.0 1688.7 2621.0 1572.6 2503.8 1502.3 2357.8 1414.7 2162.3 1297.4 1913.7 1148.2 1647.5 988.5 1408.0 844.8 1212.4 727.4 1057.5 634.5 934.8 560.9
HEA 800/WPB 800x300x224.4 224.4 Plastic 3242.5 2078.8 3240.1 1944.1 3087.4 1852.4 2894.2 1736.5 2628.3 1577.0 2289.2 1373.5 1936.9 1162.2 1632.5 979.5 1391.3 834.8 1204.1 722.4 1057.9 634.8
HEA 900/WPB 900x300x251.6 251.6 Plastic 4029.6 2566.6 4022.4 2413.4 3826.6 2295.9 3574.3 2144.6 3221.9 1933.1 2774.6 1664.8 2322.7 1393.6 1942.7 1165.6 1646.9 988.2 1419.9 852.0 1244.0 746.4
HEAA 320/WPB 320x300x74.2 74.2 Slender FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0 FALSE 0.0
HEAA 600/WPB 600x300x128.8 128.8 Semicompact 1199.4 791.6 1197.4 718.5 1138.9 683.3 1062.1 637.2 951.6 571.0 808.6 485.1 664.8 398.9 546.1 327.7 455.5 273.3 387.0 232.2 334.7 200.8
HEAA 700/WPB 700x300x149.9 149.9 Semicompact 1587.9 1048.0 1583.1 949.9 1502.4 901.4 1394.0 836.4 1235.5 741.3 1033.6 620.2 838.9 503.3 683.2 409.9 566.5 339.9 479.3 287.6 413.1 247.9
HEAA 800/WPB 800x300x171.5 171.5 Semicompact 2022.2 1334.7 2012.4 1207.4 1903.8 1142.3 1753.6 1052.2 1530.0 918.0 1254.1 752.5 1002.1 601.3 808.3 485.0 665.9 399.5 560.7 336.4 481.4 288.9
HEAA 900/WPB 900x300x198 198.0 Compact 2981.4 1873.3 2964.1 1778.4 2799.7 1679.8 2569.2 1541.5 2224.6 1334.7 1807.3 1084.4 1436.2 861.7 1155.2 693.1 950.2 570.1 799.4 479.6 686.1 411.6
HEB 320/WPB 320x300x126.7 126.7 Plastic 801.1 521.3 801.1 480.6 774.3 464.6 741.0 444.6 702.7 421.6 658.4 395.0 609.4 365.6 558.9 335.3 510.4 306.2 466.3 279.8 427.4 256.5
HEB 600/WPB 600x300x211.9 211.9 Plastic 2394.8 1542.8 2394.8 1436.9 2298.1 1378.8 2179.2 1307.5 2030.2 1218.1 1847.7 1108.6 1647.1 988.3 1454.2 872.5 1285.6 771.3 1144.7 686.8 1028.5 617.1
HEB 700/WPB 700x300x240.5 240.5 Plastic 3103.7 1986.1 3103.7 1862.2 2968.2 1780.9 2802.5 1681.5 2588.3 1553.0 2322.5 1393.5 2036.1 1221.6 1771.2 1062.7 1548.1 928.8 1366.8 820.1 1220.4 732.2
HEB 800/WPB 800x300x262.3 262.3 Plastic 3812.5 2429.2 3810.6 2286.4 3633.9 2180.3 3415.3 2049.2 3123.7 1874.2 2758.5 1655.1 2375.0 1425.0 2034.7 1220.8 1758.0 1054.8 1538.8 923.3 1364.8 818.9
HEB 900/WPB 900x300x291.5 291.5 Plastic 4690.4 2971.0 4683.2 2809.9 4458.5 2675.1 4175.0 2505.0 3789.6 2273.7 3307.2 1984.3 2813.6 1688.1 2388.3 1433.0 2050.1 1230.0 1786.0 1071.6 1578.4 947.0
HEM 320/WPB 320x300x245 245.0 Plastic 1653.1 1027.1 1653.1 991.8 1612.4 967.5 1564.1 938.4 1517.7 910.6 1471.4 882.8 1424.1 854.4 1375.3 825.2 1325.0 795.0 1273.7 764.2 1222.0 733.2
HEM 600/WPB 600x300x285.5 285.5 Plastic 3269.6 2072.7 3269.6 1961.8 3148.3 1889.0 3004.1 1802.4 2836.8 1702.1 2643.8 1586.3 2432.7 1459.6 2219.5 1331.7 2019.4 1211.6 1840.3 1104.2 1684.1 1010.4
HEM 700/WPB 700x300x300.7 300.7 Plastic 3928.2 2488.9 3928.2 2356.9 3768.2 2260.9 3577.0 2146.2 3344.0 2006.4 3065.6 1839.3 2762.2 1657.3 2467.4 1480.5 2204.6 1322.8 1980.4 1188.3 1792.3 1075.4
HEM 800/WPB 800x300x317.3 317.3 Plastic 4654.5 2942.7 4654.5 2792.7 4447.8 2668.7 4199.9 2520.0 3884.2 2330.5 3498.6 2099.2 3085.9 1851.6 2703.0 1621.8 2377.5 1426.5 2110.6 1266.3 1892.9 1135.7
HEM 900/WPB 900x300x332.5 332.5 Plastic 5382.8 3392.5 5377.5 3226.5 5125.8 3075.5 4816.0 2889.6 4407.2 2644.3 3902.1 2341.3 3375.8 2025.5 2908.2 1744.9 2526.0 1515.6 2221.3 1332.8 1977.9 1186.7

INDIAN STANDARD TAPERED FLANGE MEDIUM WEIGHT BEAMS/I-SECTIONS (IS:808)


ISMB 100 (IS808) @ 8.9 8.9 Plastic 15.8 9.9 11.2 6.7 6.5 3.9
ISMB 125 (IS808) @ 13.3 13.3 Plastic 30.5 19.3 25.1 15.0 16.2 9.7 11.3 6.8
ISMB 150 (IS808) @ 15 15.0 Plastic 41.0 25.9 33.4 20.1 20.3 12.2 13.6 8.1
ISMB 175 (IS808) @ 19.6 19.6 Plastic 62.2 39.0 52.8 31.7 33.7 20.2 22.5 13.5 16.8 10.1
ISMB 200 (IS808) @ 24.2 24.2 Plastic 89.6 57.4 79.7 47.8 56.4 33.8 38.2 22.9 28.4 17.0 22.6 13.6
ISMB 250 (IS808) @ 37.3 37.3 Plastic 173.4 110.9 160.8 96.5 128.9 77.3 93.0 55.8 69.6 41.8 55.3 33.2 45.9 27.5
ISMB 300 (IS808) @ 46 46.0 Plastic 253.6 162.1 237.4 142.4 193.2 115.9 138.3 83.0 101.4 60.9 79.3 47.6 65.1 39.0 55.2 33.1
ISMB 350 (IS808) @ 52.4 52.4 Plastic 331.6 210.8 309.9 186.0 249.4 149.6 174.5 104.7 126.2 75.7 97.8 58.7 79.8 47.9 67.5 40.5
ISMB 400 (IS808) @ 61.5 61.5 Plastic 438.0 276.0 409.0 245.4 327.4 196.4 227.5 136.5 164.0 98.4 126.9 76.1 103.5 62.1 87.4 52.5
ISMB 450 (IS808) @ 72.4 72.4 Plastic 578.5 365.3 544.7 326.8 448.2 268.9 318.7 191.2 229.5 137.7 176.6 106.0 143.3 86.0 120.7 72.4
ISMB 500 (IS808) @ 86.9 86.9 Plastic 776.0 489.8 743.3 446.0 644.2 386.5 488.2 292.9 353.0 211.8 267.6 160.6 213.6 128.2 177.5 106.5 151.9 91.1
ISMB 550 (IS808) @ 104 104.0 Plastic 1010.1 638.6 972.8 583.7 857.8 514.7 673.2 403.9 496.2 297.7 377.9 226.8 302.0 181.2 250.8 150.5 214.5 128.7 187.5 112.5
ISMB 600 (IS808) @ 123 123.0 Plastic 1308.2 828.0 1270.6 762.3 1145.2 687.1 941.8 565.1 713.6 428.2 545.2 327.1 433.6 260.1 358.0 214.8 304.5 182.7 264.9 158.9 234.6 140.7

ISMB SECTION PROPERTIES (As Per SP: 6(1)-1964 & Reference Manual for Structural Engineers -INS/PUB/003- Page 28 & 29)
ISMB 100 x11.5 11.5 Plastic 21.9 13.9 18.8 11.3 13.5 8.1 9.7 5.8 7.5 4.5
ISMB 125 x13 13.0 Plastic 30.5 19.4 25.5 15.3 16.8 10.1 11.6 6.9 8.8 5.3
ISMB 150 x14.9 14.9 Plastic 41.2 26.2 34.2 20.5 21.0 12.6 13.9 8.3 10.4 6.2
ISMB 175 x19.3 19.3 Plastic 61.9 39.3 53.3 32.0 34.6 20.7 22.9 13.7 17.0 10.2
ISMB 200 x25.4 25.4 Plastic 94.6 60.5 84.8 50.9 62.2 37.3 43.3 26.0 32.5 19.5 26.1 15.6
ISMB 250 x37.3 37.3 Plastic 173.6 111.1 161.1 96.6 129.1 77.5 93.2 55.9 69.7 41.8 55.4 33.2 46.0 27.6
3.4.3. Major axis Bending Capacity Table for PF Section
Table 3.13
Assumptions: i. For rolled sections α = 0.21
Assumptions: ii. Shear force < 60% of Shear capacity
"False" in table indicates that the sections are Slender and out of scope
Values for L/ry < 250 are only considered fy= 410 MPa
Md = Design strength as per limit state method and Ms = Design strength as per working stress method
Shear lag effect and shear buckling need to checked whenever required.

Laterally Supported Laterally Unsupported Beam


Weight Md Ms LLT = 1 m LLT = 2 m LLT = 3 m LLT = 4 m LLT = 5 m LLT = 6 m LLT = 7 m LLT = 8 m LLT = 9 m LLT = 10 m
Sections Class Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms Md Ms
(kg/m) (kN-m) (kN-m)
(kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m) (kN-m)
ISMB 300 x44.2 44.2 Plastic 243.1 155.2 227.2 136.3 183.2 109.9 128.8 77.3 93.5 56.1 72.6 43.6 59.3 35.6 50.2 30.1
ISMB 350 x52.4 52.4 Plastic 331.7 210.8 310.0 186.0 249.4 149.6 174.5 104.7 126.1 75.7 97.8 58.7 79.8 47.9 67.5 40.5
ISMB 400 x61.6 61.6 Plastic 438.5 276.8 409.3 245.6 327.4 196.5 227.4 136.4 163.9 98.3 126.8 76.1 103.4 62.0 87.4 52.4
ISMB 450 x72.4 72.4 Plastic 579.1 365.5 545.1 327.1 448.3 269.0 318.6 191.2 229.4 137.6 176.6 105.9 143.2 85.9 120.6 72.4
ISMB 500 x86.9 86.9 Plastic 773.6 489.4 740.9 444.5 642.0 385.2 486.3 291.8 351.6 210.9 266.5 159.9 212.8 127.7 176.8 106.1 151.3 90.8
ISMB 550 x103.7 103.7 Plastic 1011.2 638.6 973.8 584.3 858.4 515.0 673.3 404.0 496.0 297.6 377.8 226.7 301.9 181.1 250.8 150.5 214.4 128.7 187.4 112.5
ISMB 600 x122.6 122.6 Plastic 1310.6 828.2 1272.8 763.7 1147.3 688.4 943.4 566.0 714.8 428.9 546.1 327.6 434.3 260.6 358.6 215.2 305.0 183.0 265.3 159.2 234.9 141.0
3.4.4. Bending Strength Comparison Table of ISMB and Parallel Flange Profiles
Table 3.14
For Span = 3.0m fy =410 MPa
ISMB Profile Parallel Flange Profile Comparison Result
Capacity
Major Major Axis Weight
Weight in Increase in
ISMB Profile axis BM Parallel Flange Profile Weight BM savings in
kg/m percentag
Capacity Capacity percentage
e
ISMB 125 (IS808) 13.30 11.26 UB 127x76x13 12.97 13.20 0.17 0.02
ISMB 150 (IS808) 15.00 13.56 WPB 120x120x14.6 14.56 16.67 0.23 0.03
ISMB 175 (IS808) 19.60 22.48 IPEAA 200 17.95 23.84 0.06 0.08
ISMB 200 (IS808) 24.20 38.22 UB 203x133x25 25.10 48.73 0.28 -0.04
ISMB 225 (IS808) 31.10 63.21 WPB 180x180x28.7 28.68 68.65 0.09 0.08
ISMB 250 (IS808) 37.30 92.95 NPB 250x150x34.1 34.08 98.89 0.06 0.09
ISMB 300 (IS808) 46.00 138.25 NPB 300x165x39.9 39.88 140.38 0.02 0.13
ISMB 350 (IS808) 52.40 174.50 NPB 300x165x45.8 45.76 185.57 0.06 0.13
ISMB 400 (IS808) 61.50 227.54 NPB 350x170x50.2 50.21 228.22 0.00 0.18
ISMB 450 (IS808) 72.40 318.72 NPB 400x180x66.3 66.30 338.93 0.06 0.08
ISMB 500 (IS808) 86.90 488.21 NPB 500x200x79.4 79.36 538.69 0.10 0.09
ISMB 550 (IS808) 104.00 673.25 NPB 550x210x92.1 92.07 702.56 0.04 0.11
ISMB 600 (IS808) 123.00 941.76 UB 610x229x113 113.00 970.92 0.03 0.08
Table 3.15
For Span = 6.0m fy = 410 MPa
ISMB Profile Parallel Flange Profile Comparison Result
Capacity
Major Major Axis Weight
Weight in Weight Increase in
ISMB Profile axis BM Parallel Flange Profile BM savings in
kg/m in kg/m percentag
Capacity Capacity percentage
e
ISMB 250 (IS808) 37.30 45.86 WPB 140x140x33.7 33.72 49.01 0.07 0.10
ISMB 300 (IS808) 46.00 65.08 UB 305x165x40 40.29 70.68 0.09 0.12
ISMB 350 (IS808) 52.40 79.79 NPB 250x175x43.9 43.94 82.30 0.03 0.16
ISMB 400 (IS808) 61.50 103.46 WPB 220x220x50.5 50.51 109.08 0.05 0.18
ISMB 450 (IS808) 72.40 143.30 NPB 300x200x59.6 59.56 161.77 0.13 0.18
ISMB 500 (IS808) 86.90 213.65 UC 254X254X73 73.08 222.88 0.04 0.16
ISMB 550 (IS808) 104.00 301.98 WPB 300x300x88.3 88.33 333.29 0.10 0.15
ISMB 600 (IS808) 123.00 433.58 WPB 450x300x99.7 99.74 447.39 0.03 0.19
Table 3.16
For Span = 7.0m fy = 410 MPa
ISMB Profile Parallel Flange Profile Comparison Result
Capacity
Major Major Axis Weight
Weight in Increase in
ISMB Profile axis BM Parallel Flange Profile Weight BM savings in
kg/m percentag
Capacity Capacity percentage
e
ISMB 300 (IS808) 46.00 55.24 UB 305x165x40 40.29 58.44 0.06 0.12
ISMB 350 (IS808) 52.40 67.48 NPB 250x175x43.9 43.94 69.61 0.03 0.16
ISMB 400 (IS808) 61.50 87.44 WPB 220x220x50.5 50.51 94.31 0.08 0.18
ISMB 450 (IS808) 72.40 120.66 NPB 300x200x59.6 59.56 136.43 0.13 0.18
ISMB 500 (IS808) 86.90 177.53 UC 203X203X71 70.99 181.72 0.02 0.18
ISMB 550 (IS808) 104.00 250.82 WPB 300x300x88.3 88.33 295.63 0.18 0.15
ISMB 600 (IS808) 123.00 358.01 WPB 450x300x99.7 99.74 375.44 0.05 0.19
Chapter 4
Compression and
Tension Capacity of
PF Sections
Chapter 4
DESIGN OF AXIAL COMPRESSION & TENSION MEMBERS

4.1 Design Strength


Rolled and built-up steel members, used for carrying axial compression, usually fail by
flexural buckling. The buckling strength of these members is affected by residual stresses,
initial bow and accidental eccentricities of load. To account for all these factors, the
strength of members subjected to axial compression is given by buckling class a, b, c, or d,
as given below:
The design compressive strength of a member is given by P < Pd
where, Pd = Ae fcd
where,
Ae = effective sectional area
fcd = design stress in compression
The design compressive stress, fcd, of axially loaded compression members shall be
calculated using the following equation:
f y / γ m0
f cd = = χ f y / γ m0 ≤ f y / γ m0
φ + [φ 2 − λ2 ]
0.5

where φ = 0.5[1+α (λ - 0.2)+ λ2]

λ = non-dimensional effective slenderness ratio = f y f cc = (


f y KL
r
)
2
π 2E
fcc = Euler buckling stress = π2E/(KL/r)2
KL/r = Effective slenderness ratio, ratio of effective length KL, to appropriate radius of
gyration, r
α = Imperfection factor
χ = Stress reduction factor for different buckling class slenderness ratio and yield
 
 1 
stress =  0 .5  


φ + φ

( 2
− λ2 )  
γm0 = Partial safety factor for material strength

The imperfection factor, α is considered as given in the following table ,

Buckling Class a b c d
Imperfection Factor, α 0.21 0.34 0.49 0.76

The classification of parallel flange beam sections under different buckling class a, b, c
or d, is given in below Table.

The curves corresponding to different buckling class are presented in non-dimensional


form as shown in fig given below.
1

0.9

0.8 a

0.7 b
fcd/fy

c
0.6
d
0.5

0.4

0.3

0.2

0.1

0
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3
λ
COLUMN BUCKLING CURVES
4.1.1 Effective Length of Compression Members
The effective length, KL, is calculated from the actual length, L, of the member,
considering the rotational and relative translational boundary conditions at the ends. The
actual length shall be taken as the length from center to center of its intersections with the
supporting members in the plane of the buckling deformation. In the case of a member with
a free end, the free standing length from the center of the intersecting member at the
supported end, shall be taken as the actual length.
Effective Length – Where the boundary conditions in the plane of buckling can be
assessed, the effective length, KL, can be calculated on the basis of Table 11 of IS:800.
Where frame analysis does not consider the equilibrium of a framed structure in the
deformed shape (Second-order analysis or Advanced analysis), the effective length of
compression members in such cases can be calculated using the procedure given in
Appendix D.1 of IS:800. The effective length of stepped column in single storey buildings
can be calculated using the procedure given in Appendix D.2 of IS:800.
Eccentric Beam Connection – In cases where the beam connections are eccentric in plan
with respect to the axes of the column, the same conditions of restraint as in concentric
connection, shall be deemed to apply, provided the connections are carried across the flange
or web of the columns as the case may be, and the web of the beam lies within, or in direct
contact with the column section. Where practical difficulties prevent this, the effective
length shall be taken as equal to the distance between points of restraint, in non-sway
frames.
BUCKLING CLASS OF CROSS SECTIONS
(Ref: Table 10 of IS:800:2007) ( Part of the table used)
Buckling Buckling
Cross Section Limits
about axis Class
Rolled I-Sections h/bf > 1.2 : tf ≤ 40 mm z-z a
y y-y b
tf
40 mm< tf ≤ 100 mm z-z b
h y-y c
z dtw
z h/bf < 1.2 : tf ≤ 100 mm z-z b
y-y c
bf
tf >100 mm z-z d
y
y-y d

EFFECTIVE LENGTH OF PRISMATIC COMPRESSION MEMBERS


(Ref: Table 11 of IS:800:2007)

Boundary Conditions
Schematic Effective
At one end At the other end
representation Length
Translation Rotation Translation Rotation

Restrained Restrained Free Free

2.0L

Free Restrained Restrained Free

Restrained Free Restrained Free 1.0L

Restrained Restrained Free Restrained 1.2L


Restrained Restrained Restrained Free 0.8L

0.65 L
Restrained Restrained Restrained Restrained

Note – L is the unsupported length of the compression member

Compression Members in Trusses – In the case of bolted, riveted or welded trusses and
braced frames, the effective length, KL, of the compression members shall be taken as 0.7 to
1.0 times the distance between centers of connections, depending on the degree of end
restraint provided. In the case of members of trusses, buckling in the plane perpendicular to
the plane of the truss, the effective length, KL shall be taken as the distance between the
centers of intersection.

4.1.2 Design Details


Effective Sectional Area, Ae− Except as modified in Section 3.7.2(class 4) of
IS800:2000, the gross sectional area shall be taken as the effective sectional area for all
compression members fabricated by welding, bolting and riveting so long as the section is
semi-compact or better. Holes not filled with rivets, bolts or pins shall be deducted from
gross area to calculate effective sectional area.
Eccentricity for Stanchions and Columns
For the purpose of determining the stress in a stanchion or column section, the beam
reactions or similar loads shall be assumed to be applied at an eccentricity of 100 mm from
the face of the section or at the center of bearing whichever dimension gives the greater
eccentricity, and with the exception of the following two cases:
a) In the case of cap connection, the load shall be assumed to be applied at the face
of the column or stanchion section or at the edge of packing, if used towards the
span of the beam.
b) In the case of a roof truss bearing on a cap, no eccentricity need to be taken for
simple bearings without connections capable of developing any appreciable
moment. In case of web member connection with face, actual eccentricity is to be
considered.
In continuous columns, the bending moments due to eccentricities of loading
on the columns at any floor may be divided equally between the columns above and below
that floor level, provided that the moment of inertia of one column section, divided by its
effective length does not exceed 1.5 times the corresponding value of the other column.
Where this ratio is exceeded, the bending moment shall be divided in proportion to the
moment of inertia of the column sections divided by their respective effective lengths.
4.1.3 STEPS IN DESIGN OF AXIALLY LOADED COLUMNS AS PER IS: 800
The procedure for the design of an axially compressed column as stipulated in IS: 800 is as

follows:

(i) Assume a suitable trial section and classify the section in accordance with the
classification as detailed in Table 3.1 (Limiting Width to Thickness Ratios) of the
Chapter 3 of IS: 800. (If, the section is slender then apply appropriate correction
factor).
(ii) Calculate effective sectional area, Ae as defined in Clause 7.3.2 of IS: 800
(iii) Calculate effective slenderness ration, KL/r, ratio of effective length KL, to
appropriate radius of gyration, r
(iv) Calculate λ from the equation, λ = non-dimensional effective slenderness ratio =
f y f cc
=
( r)
f y KL
2
π 2E

(v) Calculate φ from the equation, φ = 0.5[1+α (λ - 0.2)+ λ2]


Where,

α = Imperfection factors for various Column Buckling Curves a, b, c and d are given

in the following Table: (Table 7.1 of IS: 800)

TABLE 5: IMPERFECTION FACTOR, α


Buckling Class a b c d
α 0.21 0.34 0.49 0.76

 
 1 
 0 .5  
 (
φ + φ 2
− λ2 ) 
 
(vi) Calculate χ from equation, χ =
(vii) Choose appropriate value of Partial safety factor for material strength, γm0 from
Table 5.2 of Chapter 5 of IS: 800
(viii) Calculate design stress in compression, fcd , as per the following equation (Clause
7.1.2.1 of IS: 800):
f y / γ m0
f cd = = χ f y / γ m0 ≤ f y / γ m0
[
φ + φ 2 − λ2 ] 0.5

(ix) Compute the load Pd, that the compression member can resist Pd = Ae fcd
Calculate the factored applied load and check whether the column is safe against the given

loading. The most economical section can be arrived at by trial and error, i.e. repeating the

above process.
4.2 Tension Members
Tension members are linear members in which axial forces act causing elongation
(stretch). Such members can sustain loads upto ultimate load, at which stage they may fail
by rupture at a critical section. However, if the gross area of the member yields over a
major portion of its length before the rupture load is reached, the member may become
nonfunctional due to the excessive elongation. Plates and other rolled sections in tension
may also fail by block shear of end bolted regions, see (6.4.1).
The factored design tension T, in the members shall satisfy the following requirement
T < Td
where
Td = design strength of the member as given below
The design strength of a member under axial tension, Td, is the lowest of the design
strength due to yielding of gross section, Tdg, rupture of critical section; Tdn and block shear
Tdb, given below
4.2.1 Design Strength due to Yielding of Gross Section
The design strength of members under axial tension, Tdg, as governed by yielding of
gross section, is given by
Tdg = Ag fy /γm0
where
fy = yield stress of the material
Ag = gross area of cross section
γm0 = partial safety factor for failure in tension by yielding (Table 5.2)
4.2.2 Design Strength due to Rupture of Critical Section
Plates − The design strength in tension of a plate, Tdn, as governed by rupture of net
cross sectional area, An, at the holes is given by
Tdn =0.9 An fu / γm1
where
γm1 = partial safety factor for failure at ultimate stress (Table 5.2)
fu = ultimate stress of the material
An = net effective area of the member given by, p
s
 p 
2
An =  b − n d h +


i
si
 t
4 g i 

g
dh
g
b
g
g

where PLATES WITH BOLTS HOLES IN TENSION


b, t = width and thickness of the plate, respectively
dh = diameter of the bolt hole (2 mm in addition to the diameter of the hole, in case
the directly punched holes)
g = gauge length between the bolt holes, as shown in Fig 6.1
ps = staggered pitch length between line of bolt holes as shown in Fig 6.1
n = number of bolt holes in the critical section
i = subscript for summation of all the inclined legs.
Threaded Rods − The design strength of threaded rods in tension, Tdn, as governed by
rupture is given by
Tdn =0.9 An. fu / γm1
where
An = net root area at the threaded section
Single Angles − The rupture strength of an angle connected through one leg is affected
by shear lag. The design strength, Tdn, as governed by rupture at net section is given by
Tdn = 0.9 Anc fu / γm1 +β Ago. fy /γm0
where
β = 1.4 – 0.076 (w / t) (fy / fu) (bs / Lc ) ≤ (fuγm0 / fyγm1)
≥ 0.7
where w is out stand leg width and bs shear lag width, as shown in Fig 6.2
Lc = Length of the end connection, i.e., distance between the outermost bolts in the
end joint measured along the load direction or length of the weld along the
load direction
For preliminary sizing, the rupture strength of net section may be approximately taken as
Tdn = α An fu /γm1
where
α = 0.6 for one or two bolts, 0.7 for three bolts and 0.8 for four or more bolts along
the length in the end connection or equivalent weld length
An = net area of the total cross section
Anc= net area of the connected leg
Ago= gross area of the outstanding leg
t = thickness of the leg

t
w w

wl
bs = w + wl -t bs = w
Angles with Single Leg Connections
Other Sections – The rupture strength, Tdn, of the double angles, channels, I sections and
other rolled steel sections, connected by one or more elements to an end gusset is also
governed by shear lag effects. The design tensile strength of such sections as governed by
tearing of net section may also be calculated using equation in 6.3.3, where β is calculated
based on the shear lag distance, bs, taken from the farthest edge of the outstanding leg to the
nearest bolt/weld line in the connected leg of the cross section.
4.2.3 Design Strength due to Block Shear ─ The strength as governed by block shear
at an end connection of plates and angles is calculated as given below:
Bolted Connections – The block shear strength, Tdb, of connection shall be taken as
the smaller of
Tdb = ( Avg fy /( 3 γm0) + 0.9Atn fu /γm1 )
or
Tdb = (0.9Avn fu /( 3 γm1) + Atg fy /γm0 )
where
Avg, Avn = minimum gross and net area in shear along bolt line parallel to external force,
respectively (1-2 and 3-4 as shown in Fig 6.3a and 1-2 as shown in Fig 6.3b)
Atg, Atn = minimum gross and net area in tension from the bolt hole to the toe of the angle,
end bolt line, perpendicular to the line of force, respectively (2-3 as shown in Fig
6.3b)
fu, fy = ultimate and yield stress of the material, respectively

1 2
4 3 1 2
4 3

(a) Plate (b) Angle

BLOCK SHEAR FAILURE

Welded Connection – The block shear strength, Tdb, shall be checked for welded
end connections by taking an appropriate section in the member around the end
weld, which can shear off as a block.
4.1. Axial Compression Capacity for Yeild Strength 250 Mpa Grade Fy
4.1.1. Worked Out Example of steel 250

1.0 Calculate design axial load of Parallel Flange section


WPB 100x100x12.2
given that the height of column is 4.0 m and that it is pin-ended.
Also assume the following: fy = 250 N/mm2 ; E = 2 x 10^5.
Use IS 800:2007 (Limit State Method).

Solution Span
As the member is pin- ended 4000
Member Length ,Lz = 4000 mm
Ly = 4000 mm

Material
Yield Strength , fy = 250 Mpa
Youngs Modulus , Es = 2.0E+05 Mpa
Code : IS:800-2007

Section Properties 3
Section Designation WPB 100x100x12.2
Overall Depth of Section, h = 91.00 mm
Flange Width , bf = 100.00 mm
Flange Thickness, tf = 5.50 mm
Web Thickness , tw = 4.20 mm
Depth of Web, d = 56.00 mm
Root radious = 12.00
Weight of Section, w = 12.24 Kg/m
=
2
Area of Section , A = 1559.61 mm
4
Moment of Inertia , Izz = 2365067.64 mm
4
Moment of Inertia , Iyy = 918449.93 mm
3
Section Modulus , Zzz = 51979.51 mm
3
Section Modulus , Zyy = 18369.00 mm
Radius of gyration , rzz = 38.94 mm
Radius of gyration, ryy = 24.27 mm

From Table 11 of of IS 800:2007


Effective Length Factor in x - Direction Kz 1.00
Effective Length Factor in y - Direction Ky 1.00

From Table 2 of of IS 800:2007


(i) Check For Class of section
For Rolled Section and for Axial compression
check for web d/tw = 13.3 < 42 €
Hence the section is NOT SLENDER

From Table 10 of of IS 800:2007


(ii) Check For Buckling Class of section h/bf = 0.9 < 1.2
tf = 5.5 < 40
In z-z direction buckling curve b
In y-y direction buckling curve c
As per Section 7 of IS 800:2007
Yield Stress (Effective for tf) 250.00
About z-z axis
Effective slenderness ratio, KLz/rz = 1x4000/38.94 102.7 < 180

Non dimensional effective slenderness ration ,λzz = (fy/fcc)^0.5 =


[250x(4000/38.94)^2/(3.14^2x
2x10^5)] 1.16
Table 7, IS 800:2007 α = 0.34
Ф = 0.5[1+α(λ-0.2)+λ^2] =
0.5[1+0.34(1.16-
0.2)+1.16^2] = 1.3

stress reduction factor, X = 1/[Ф+(Ф2-λ2 )^0.5] =


1/[1.3+(1.3^2-1.16^2)^0.5]
= 0.5
partial safety factor for material strength , γmo = 1.10

fy/[(Ф+(Ф2-λ2)^0.5) *Υmo]
Design compressive stress , fcd in z-z dirn.
= = 114.2 Mpa

About y-y axis


Effective slenderness ratio, KLy/ryy = 164.8 < 180
Non dimensional effective slenderness ration , λyy = (fy/fcc)^0.5 = 1.86
fccy 72.7
Table 7, IS 800:2007 α = 0.49
Ф = 0.5[1+α(λ-0.2)+λ^2] = 2.6
X = 1/[Ф+(Ф2-λ2)^0.5] = 0.2

Design compressive stress , fcd in y-y dirn. = fy/[(Ф+(Ф2-λ2)^0.5)*Υmo] 50.7 Mpa

Design Stress , fcd crritical = Min of fcd zz and fcdyyy = 50.7 Mpa
As the section is not slender Eff Area , Ae = Agross
Design Strength, Pd = Ae x fcd, critical = 79 KN

79.0
4.1. Axial Compression Capacity for Yeild Strength 250 Mpa Grade Fy
4.1.1. Worked Out Example of steel 250

2.0 Calculate design axial load of Parallel Flange section


NPB 220x110x22.2
given that the height of column is 3.0 m and that it is pin-ended.
Also assume the following: fy = 250 N/mm2 ; E = 2 x 10^5.
Use IS 800:2007 (Limit State Method).

Solution Span
As the member is pin- ended 3000
Member Length ,Lz = 3000 mm
Ly = 3000 mm

Material
Yield Strength , fy = 250 Mpa
Youngs Modulus , Es = 2.0E+05 Mpa
Code : IS:800-2007

Section Properties 3
Section Designation NPB 220x110x22.2
Overall Depth of Section, h = #REF! mm
Flange Width , bf = #REF! mm
Flange Thickness, tf = #REF! mm
Web Thickness , tw = #REF! mm
Depth of Web, d = #REF! mm
Root radious = #REF!
Weight of Section, w = #REF! Kg/m
=
2
Area of Section , A = #REF! mm
4
Moment of Inertia , Izz = #REF! mm
4
Moment of Inertia , Iyy = #REF! mm
3
Section Modulus , Zzz = #REF! mm
3
Section Modulus , Zyy = #REF! mm
Radius of gyration , rzz = #REF! mm
Radius of gyration, ryy = #REF! mm

From Table 11 of of IS 800:2007


Effective Length Factor in x - Direction Kz 1.00
Effective Length Factor in y - Direction Ky 1.00

From Table 2 of of IS 800:2007


(i) Check For Class of section
For Rolled Section and for Axial compression
check for web d/tw = #REF! < 42 €
Hence the section is #REF!

From Table 10 of of IS 800:2007


(ii) Check For Buckling Class of section h/bf = #REF! ### 1.2
tf = #REF! ### 40
In z-z direction buckling curve #REF!
In y-y direction buckling curve #REF!
As per Section 7 of IS 800:2007
Yield Stress (Effective for tf) #REF!
About z-z axis
Effective slenderness ratio, KLz/rz = 1.0x 4000/38.94 = #REF! ### 180

Non dimensional effective slenderness ration ,λzz = (fy/fcc)^0.5 =

#REF! #REF!
Table 7, IS 800:2007 α = #REF!
Ф = 0.5[1+α(λ-0.2)+λ^2] =

#REF! #REF!

stress reduction factor, X = 1/[Ф+(Ф2-λ2 )^0.5] =

#REF! #REF!
partial safety factor for material strength , γmo = 1.10

fy/[(Ф+(Ф2-λ2)^0.5) *Υmo]
Design compressive stress , fcd in z-z dirn.
= = #REF! Mpa

About y-y axis


Effective slenderness ratio, KLy/ryy = #REF! ### 180
Non dimensional effective slenderness ration , λyy = (fy/fcc)^0.5 = #REF!
fccy #REF!
Table 7, IS 800:2007 α = #REF!
Ф = 0.5[1+α(λ-0.2)+λ^2] = #REF!
X = 1/[Ф+(Ф2-λ2)^0.5] = #REF!

Design compressive stress , fcd in y-y dirn. = fy/[(Ф+(Ф2-λ2)^0.5)*Υmo] #REF! Mpa

Design Stress , fcd crritical = Min of fcd zz and fcdyyy = #REF! Mpa
As the section is not slender Eff Area , Ae = Agross
Design Strength, Pd = Ae x fcd, critical = #REF! KN

#REF! #REF!

#REF!
4.1. Axial Compression Capacity for Yeild Strength 250 Mpa Grade Fy
4.1.1. Worked Out Example of steel 250

3.0 Calculate design axial load of Parallel Flange section


ISMB 200 (IS808)
given that the height of column is 3.0 m and that it is pin-ended.
Also assume the following: fy = 250 N/mm2 ; E = 2 x 10^5.
Use IS 800:2007 (Limit State Method).

Solution Span
As the member is pin- ended 3000
Member Length ,Lz = 3000 mm
Ly = 3000 mm

Material
Yield Strength , fy = 250 Mpa
Youngs Modulus , Es = 2.0E+05 Mpa
Code : IS:800-2007

Section Properties 3
Section Designation ISMB 200 (IS808)
Overall Depth of Section, h = #REF! mm
Flange Width , bf = #REF! mm
Flange Thickness, tf = #REF! mm
Web Thickness , tw = #REF! mm
Depth of Web, d = #REF! mm
Root radious = #REF!
Weight of Section, w = #REF! Kg/m
=
2
Area of Section , A = #REF! mm
4
Moment of Inertia , Izz = #REF! mm
4
Moment of Inertia , Iyy = #REF! mm
3
Section Modulus , Zzz = #REF! mm
3
Section Modulus , Zyy = #REF! mm
Radius of gyration , rzz = #REF! mm
Radius of gyration, ryy = #REF! mm

From Table 11 of of IS 800:2007


Effective Length Factor in x - Direction Kz 1.00
Effective Length Factor in y - Direction Ky 1.00

From Table 2 of of IS 800:2007


(i) Check For Class of section
For Rolled Section and for Axial compression
check for web d/tw = #REF! < 42 €
Hence the section is #REF!

From Table 10 of of IS 800:2007


(ii) Check For Buckling Class of section h/bf = #REF! ### 1.2
tf = #REF! ### 40
In z-z direction buckling curve #REF!
In y-y direction buckling curve #REF!
As per Section 7 of IS 800:2007
Yield Stress (Effective for tf) #REF!
About z-z axis
Effective slenderness ratio, KLz/rz = 1.0x 4000/38.94 = #REF! ### 180

Non dimensional effective slenderness ration ,λzz = (fy/fcc)^0.5 =

#REF! #REF!
Table 7, IS 800:2007 α = #REF!
Ф = 0.5[1+α(λ-0.2)+λ^2] =

#REF! #REF!

stress reduction factor, X = 1/[Ф+(Ф2-λ2 )^0.5] =

#REF! #REF!
partial safety factor for material strength , γmo = 1.10

fy/[(Ф+(Ф2-λ2)^0.5) *Υmo]
Design compressive stress , fcd in z-z dirn.
= = #REF! Mpa

About y-y axis


Effective slenderness ratio, KLy/ryy = #REF! ### 180
Non dimensional effective slenderness ration , λyy = (fy/fcc)^0.5 = #REF!
fccy #REF!
Table 7, IS 800:2007 α = #REF!
Ф = 0.5[1+α(λ-0.2)+λ^2] = #REF!
X = 1/[Ф+(Ф2-λ2)^0.5] = #REF!

Design compressive stress , fcd in y-y dirn. = fy/[(Ф+(Ф2-λ2)^0.5)*Υmo] #REF! Mpa

Design Stress , fcd crritical = Min of fcd zz and fcdyyy =#REF! Mpa
As the section is not slender Eff Area , Ae = Agross
Design Strength, Pd = Ae x fcd, critical = #REF! KN

#REF! #REF!
Proflie Wt Capacity
ISMB 200 (IS808) #REF! #REF!
NPB 220x110x22.2 22.2 252.9

Advantages in case of NPB Profile (Kg) #REF! #REF! By Weight


Advantages in case of NPB Profile(kN) #REF! #REF! By Strength

The weight saving is 8.3% and increase in axial load carrying capacity is 17.4% in this case.
From this example it is observed that the parallel flange section (NPB) takes higher
compression load compared to ISMB section for same span of the member. From the tables
we can conclude that parallel flange sections can take higher load due to their better
statical properties.
4.1. Axial Compression Capacity for Yeild Strength 250 Mpa Grade Fy
4.1.1. Worked Out Example of steel 250

4.0 Calculate design axial load of Parallel Flange section


WPB 400x300x92.4
given that the height of column is 2.0 m and that it is pin-ended.
Also assume the following: fy = 250 N/mm2 ; E = 2 x 10^5.
Comapre between IS 800:2007 (LSM) & IS 800-1984(WSM).

Solution Span
As the member is pin- ended 2000
Member Length ,Lz = 2000 mm
Ly = 2000 mm

Material
Yield Strength , fy = 250 Mpa
Youngs Modulus , Es = 2.0E+05 Mpa
Limit State Method
Code : IS:800-2007
Section Properties 3
Section Designation WPB 400x300x92.4
Overall Depth of Section, h = 378.00 mm
Flange Width , bf = 300.00 mm
Flange Thickness, tf = 13.00 mm
Web Thickness , tw = 9.50 mm
Depth of Web, d = 298.00 mm
Root radious = 27.00
Weight of Section, w = 92.39 Kg/m
=
2
Area of Section , A = 11769.78 mm
4
Moment of Inertia , Izz = 312520549.71 mm
4
Moment of Inertia , Iyy = 58556571.22 mm
3
Section Modulus , Zzz = 1653547.88 mm
3
Section Modulus , Zyy = 390377.14 mm
Radius of gyration , rzz = 162.95 mm
Radius of gyration, ryy = 70.53 mm

From Table 11 of of IS 800:2007


Effective Length Factor in x - Direction Kz 1.00
Effective Length Factor in y - Direction Ky 1.00

From Table 2 of of IS 800:2007


(i) Check For Class of section
For Rolled Section and for Axial compression
check for web d/tw = 31.4 < 42 €
Hence the section is NOT SLENDER

From Table 10 of of IS 800:2007


(ii) Check For Buckling Class of section h/bf = 1.3 > 1.2
tf = 13.0 < 40
In z-z direction buckling curve a
In y-y direction buckling curve b
As per Section 7 of IS 800:2007
Yield Stress (Effective for tf) 250.00
About z-z axis
Effective slenderness ratio, KLz/rz = 1x2000/162.95 12.3 < 180

Non dimensional effective slenderness ration ,λzz = (fy/fcc)^0.5 =


[250x(2000/162.95)^2/(3.14^2
x2x10^5)] 0.14
Table 7, IS 800:2007 α = 0.21
Ф = 0.5[1+α(λ-0.2)+λ^2] =
0.5[1+0.21(0.14-
0.2)+0.14^2] = 0.5

stress reduction factor, X = 1/[Ф+(Ф2-λ2 )^0.5] =


1/[0.5+(0.5^2-0.14^2)^0.5]
= 1.0
partial safety factor for material strength , γmo = 1.10

fy/[(Ф+(Ф2-λ2)^0.5) *Υmo]
Design compressive stress , fcd in z-z dirn.
= = 230.3 Mpa

About y-y axis


Effective slenderness ratio, KLy/ryy = 28.4 < 180
Non dimensional effective slenderness ration , λyy = (fy/fcc)^0.5 = 0.32
fccy 2455.1
Table 7, IS 800:2007 α = 0.34
Ф = 0.5[1+α(λ-0.2)+λ^2] = 0.6
X = 1/[Ф+(Ф2-λ2)^0.5] = 1.0

Design compressive stress , fcd in y-y dirn. = fy/[(Ф+(Ф2-λ2)^0.5)*Υmo] 217.5 Mpa

Design Stress , fcd crritical = Min of fcd zz and fcdyyy = 217.5 Mpa
As the section is not slender Eff Area , Ae = Agross
Design Strength, Pd = Ae x fcd, critical = 2560 KN

2560.1
Working Stress Method
Code : IS:800-1984
λz = KLz/rz = 12.3 mm
λy = KLy/ry = 28.4 mm
λcritical = 28.4 mm
fcc = 2455.1 Mpa
n = 1.4
σac, perm = 145.8 Mpa

Axial Compression load Capacity of the


= 1716 KN
Section

Section Designation Method Compression Load Capacity


WPB 400x300x92.4 LSM 2560 KN
WSM 1716 KN
4.1. Axial Compression Capacity for Yeild Strength 250 Mpa Grade Fy
4.1.1. Worked Out Example of steel 250

5.0 Calculate design axial load of Parallel Flange section


WPB 400x300x92.4
given that the height of column is 4.0 m and that it is pin-ended.
Also assume the following: fy = 250 N/mm2 ; E = 2 x 10^5.
Comapre between IS 800:2007 (LSM) & IS 800-1984(WSM).

Solution Span
As the member is pin- ended 4000
Member Length ,Lz = 4000 mm
Ly = 4000 mm

Material
Yield Strength , fy = 250 Mpa
Youngs Modulus , Es = 2.0E+05 Mpa
Limit State Method
Code : IS:800-2007
Section Properties 3
Section Designation WPB 400x300x92.4
Overall Depth of Section, h = 378.00 mm
Flange Width , bf = 300.00 mm
Flange Thickness, tf = 13.00 mm
Web Thickness , tw = 9.50 mm
Depth of Web, d = 298.00 mm
Root radious = 27.00
Weight of Section, w = 92.39 Kg/m
=
2
Area of Section , A = 11769.78 mm
4
Moment of Inertia , Izz = 312520549.71 mm
4
Moment of Inertia , Iyy = 58556571.22 mm
3
Section Modulus , Zzz = 1653547.88 mm
3
Section Modulus , Zyy = 390377.14 mm
Radius of gyration , rzz = 162.95 mm
Radius of gyration, ryy = 70.53 mm

From Table 11 of of IS 800:2007


Effective Length Factor in x - Direction Kz 1.00
Effective Length Factor in y - Direction Ky 1.00

From Table 2 of of IS 800:2007


(i) Check For Class of section
For Rolled Section and for Axial compression
check for web d/tw = 31.4 < 42 €
Hence the section is NOT SLENDER

From Table 10 of of IS 800:2007


(ii) Check For Buckling Class of section h/bf = 1.3 > 1.2
tf = 13.0 < 40
In z-z direction buckling curve a
In y-y direction buckling curve b
As per Section 7 of IS 800:2007
Yield Stress (Effective for tf) 250.00
About z-z axis
Effective slenderness ratio, KLz/rz = 1x4000/162.95 24.5 < 180

Non dimensional effective slenderness ration ,λzz = (fy/fcc)^0.5 =


[250x(4000/162.95)^2/(3.14^2
x2x10^5)] 0.28
Table 7, IS 800:2007 α = 0.21
Ф = 0.5[1+α(λ-0.2)+λ^2] =
0.5[1+0.21(0.28-
0.2)+0.28^2] = 0.5

stress reduction factor, X = 1/[Ф+(Ф2-λ2 )^0.5] =


1/[0.5+(0.5^2-0.28^2)^0.5]
= 1.0
partial safety factor for material strength , γmo = 1.10

fy/[(Ф+(Ф2-λ2)^0.5) *Υmo]
Design compressive stress , fcd in z-z dirn.
= = 223.4 Mpa

About y-y axis


Effective slenderness ratio, KLy/ryy = 56.7 < 180
Non dimensional effective slenderness ration , λyy = (fy/fcc)^0.5 = 0.64
fccy 613.8
Table 7, IS 800:2007 α = 0.34
Ф = 0.5[1+α(λ-0.2)+λ^2] = 0.8
X = 1/[Ф+(Ф2-λ2)^0.5] = 0.8

Design compressive stress , fcd in y-y dirn. = fy/[(Ф+(Ф2-λ2)^0.5)*Υmo] 185.8 Mpa

Design Stress , fcd crritical = Min of fcd zz and fcdyyy = 185.8 Mpa
As the section is not slender Eff Area , Ae = Agross
Design Strength, Pd = Ae x fcd, critical = 2187 KN

2186.6
Working Stress Method
Code : IS:800-1984
λz = KLz/rz = 24.5 mm
λy = KLy/ry = 56.7 mm
λcritical = 56.7 mm
fcc = 613.8 Mpa
n = 1.4
σac, perm = 125.4 Mpa

Axial Compression load Capacity of the


= 1476 KN
Section

Section Designation Method Compression Load Capacity


WPB 400x300x92.4 LSM 2187 KN
WSM 1476 KN
4.1.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.1 AS PER IS 800:2007 (LIMIT STATE METHOD) GRADE Fy
COMPRESSION CAPACITY (Pd) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 250
DESIGNATION tf bf d tw ry rz Area Weight Class 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm2) (Kg/m) Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd
INDIAN STANDARD NARROW FLANGE BEAMS (IS: 12778 -2004)
NPB 100x55x8.1 5.7 55.0 100.0 4.1 12.40 40.70 1032.32 8.10 PL 154 58
NPB 120x60x10.4 6.3 64.0 120.0 4.4 14.46 49.04 1321.02 10.37 PL 222 97
NPB 140x70x12.9 6.9 73.0 140.0 4.7 16.53 57.40 1642.60 12.89 PL 297 149
NPB 160x80x15.8 7.4 82.0 160.0 5 18.43 65.78 2009.13 15.77 PL 380 213 112
NPB 180x90x15.4 6.5 91.0 177.0 4.3 20.44 73.68 1957.73 15.37 PL 383 238 130
NPB 180x90x18.8 8.0 91.0 180.0 5.3 20.51 74.16 2394.73 18.80 PL 469 292 160
NPB 180x90x21.3 9.0 92.0 182.0 6 20.80 74.53 2709.53 21.27 PL 533 336 185
NPB 200x100x18.4 7.0 100.0 197.0 4.5 22.32 82.34 2347.11 18.42 PL 471 316 180 110
NPB 200x100x22.4 8.5 100.0 200.0 5.6 22.34 82.59 2848.41 22.36 PL 571 383 219 134
NPB 200x100x25.1 9.5 102.0 202.0 6.2 22.97 83.17 3196.21 25.09 PL 645 443 257 158
NPB 200x130x27.2 8.4 133.0 207.0 5.8 30.87 87.38 3461.17 27.17 PL 739 603 424 282 194
NPB 200x130x31.6 10.0 134.0 210.0 6.4 31.61 88.57 4019.61 31.55 PL 862 710 507 340 235
NPB 220x110x22.2 7.7 110.0 217.0 5 24.61 90.54 2825.61 22.18 PL 580 419 253 157
NPB 220x110x26.2 9.2 110.0 220.0 5.9 24.76 91.14 3337.05 26.20 PL 685 497 301 188
NPB 220x110x29.4 10.2 112.0 222.0 6.6 25.31 91.55 3738.97 29.35 PL 772 568 349 219
NPB 240x120x26.2 8.3 120.0 237.0 5.2 26.82 99.39 3331.22 26.15 PL 695 530 339 215
NPB 240x120x30.7 9.8 120.0 240.0 6.2 26.90 99.74 3911.62 30.71 PL 817 624 399 254
NPB 240x120x34.3 10.8 122.0 242.0 7 27.39 99.98 4371.14 34.31 PL 916 706 458 292
NPB 270x135x30.7 8.7 135.0 267.0 5.5 30.22 112.07 3914.94 30.73 PL 833.581 674 467.05 308 211.37
NPB 270x135x36.1 10.2 135.0 270.0 6.6 30.21 112.26 4594.50 36.07 PL 978.237 791 547.95 361 247.96
NPB 270x135x42.3 12.2 136.0 274.0 7.5 30.86 113.60 5383.54 42.26 PL 1149.97 938 659.32 438 301.63
NPB 300x150x36.5 9.2 150.0 297.0 6.1 33.38 124.17 4652.60 36.52 PL 1004.88 844 623.63 427 298.25 217
NPB 300x150x42.2 10.7 150.0 300.0 7.1 33.48 124.61 5381.20 42.24 PL 1163 977 724 497 347 252
NPB 300x150x49.3 12.7 152.0 304.0 8 34.44 126.12 6282.74 49.32 PL 1362 1156 870 605 424 310
NPB 350x170x50.2 11.5 170.0 357.6 6.6 38.40 150.64 6396.48 50.21 SC 1405 1227 981 717 516 381
NPB 350x170x57.1 12.7 170.0 360.0 8 37.85 149.55 7272.92 57.09 PL 1595 1388 1101 800 574 423
NPB 350x170x66 14.7 172.0 364.0 9.2 38.54 150.47 8413.24 66.04 PL 1849 1616 1294 948 683 505
NPB 400x180x57.4 12.0 180.0 397.0 7 39.98 166.62 7309.56 57.38 SC 1613 1421 1157 864 629 467 357
NPB 400x180x66.3 13.5 180.0 400.0 8.6 39.47 165.48 8446.36 66.30 PL 1861 1635 1324 982 712 528 403
NPB 400x180x75.7 15.5 182.0 404.0 9.7 40.25 166.58 9638.66 75.66 PL 2128 1877 1534 1149 838 623 477
NPB 450x190x67.2 13.1 190.0 447.0 7.6 41.88 186.51 8554.64 67.15 SC 1897 1686 1401 1070 790 591 454
NPB 450x190x77.6 14.6 190.0 450.0 9.4 41.15 184.79 9882.08 77.57 PL 2187 1938 1599 1210 889 663 508
NPB 450x190x92.4 17.6 192.0 456.0 11 42.07 186.50 11765.76 92.36 PL 2610 2322 1933 1480 1094 819 629
NPB 500x200x79.4 14.5 200.0 497.0 8.4 43.77 206.08 10109.76 79.36 SC 2251 2017 1705 1331 997 751 579
NPB 500x200x90.7 16.0 200.0 500.0 10.2 43.03 204.26 11552.16 90.68 PL 2568 2294 1927 1491 1111 835 643
NPB 500x200x107.3 19.0 202.0 506.0 12 43.77 205.58 13670.56 107.31 PL 3044 2727 2305 1799 1348 1016 783
NPB 600x220x107.6 17.5 220.0 597.0 9.8 47.66 246.00 13702.04 107.56 SC 3074 2791 2426 1970 1522 1167 908 722
NPB 600x220x122.4 19.0 220.0 600.0 12 46.57 242.97 15598.44 122.45 SC 3493 3161 2728 2192 1679 1281 994 789
NPB 600x220x154.5 24.0 224.0 610.0 15 47.90 245.20 19676.44 154.46 PL 4247 3870 3387 2781 2170 1673 1307 1040

INDIAN STANDARD WIDE FLANGE BEAMS (IS: 12778 -2004)


WPB 320x300x74.2 11.0 300.0 301.0 8 72.37 131.87 9457.78 74.24 SC 2199 2028 1852 1660 1454 1246 1054 888 751 639
WPB 320x300x97.6 15.5 300.0 310.0 9 74.91 135.78 12436.78 97.63 CO 2899 2682 2460 2218 1958 1693 1443 1224 1039 887
WPB 320x300x126.7 20.5 300.0 320.0 11.5 75.65 138.22 16134.28 126.65 PL 3618.51 3356 3088.66 2800 2487.96 2167 1859.4 1585 1351.2 1157
WPB 320x300x245 40.0 309.0 359.0 21 79.45 147.77 31204.78 244.96 PL 7023.27 6540 6050.18 5526 4959.61 4369 3790.0 3260 2798.5 2409
WPB 600x300x128.8 15.5 300.0 571.0 12 65.26 236.64 16405.78 128.79 CO 3764.94 3532 3267.91 2943 2555.40 2145 1768.3 1456 1207.2 1012
WPB 600x300x177.8 25.0 300.0 590.0 13 70.53 249.71 22645.78 177.77 PL 5017.26 4740 4435.35 4072 3634.83 3146 2661.0 2230 1871.2 1581
WPB 600x300x211.9 30.0 300.0 600.0 15.5 70.77 251.71 26995.78 211.92 PL 5982.16 5653 5291.45 4861 4342.83 3762 3185.7 2672 2242.8 1895
WPB 600x300x285.5 40.0 305.0 620.0 21 72.22 255.53 36365.78 285.47 PL 8067.27 7634 7159.46 6598 5924.73 5164 4396.2 3702 3116.6 2638
WPB 700x300x149.9 17.0 300.0 670.0 13 63.36 273.40 19093.78 149.89 SC 4374 4094 3773 3375 2903 2413 1975 1619 1338 1119
WPB 700x300x204.5 27.0 300.0 690.0 14.5 68.36 287.50 26047.78 204.48 PL 5761 5432 5065 4624 4094 3510 2944 2452 2049 1726
WPB 700x300x240.5 32.0 300.0 700.0 17 68.63 289.56 30637.78 240.51 PL 6778 6392 5963 5449 4829 4145 3481 2901 2426 2044
4.1.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.1 AS PER IS 800:2007 (LIMIT STATE METHOD) GRADE Fy
COMPRESSION CAPACITY (Pd) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 250
DESIGNATION tf bf d tw ry rz Area Weight Class 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm2) (Kg/m) Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd
WPB 700x300x300.7 40.0 304.0 716.0 21 70.04 293.21 38301.78 300.67 PL 8483 8011 7490 6868 6120 5285 4462 3735 3131 2643
WPB 800x300x171.5 18.0 300.0 770.0 14 60.98 309.20 21848.57 171.51 SC 4993 4658 4269 3782 3210 2636 2139 1743 1436 1198
WPB 800x300x224.4 28.0 300.0 790.0 15 66.47 325.83 28582.57 224.37 SC 6311 5939 5521 5013 4403 3742 3116 2582 2150 1807
WPB 800x300x262.3 33.0 300.0 800.0 17.5 66.75 327.80 33417.57 262.33 PL 7381 6947 6461 5872 5165 4394 3663 3038 2531 2128
WPB 800x300x317.3 40.0 303.0 814.0 21 67.85 330.88 40426.57 317.35 PL 8937 8422 7848 7155 6322 5406 4526 3765 3143 2646
WPB 900x300x198 20.0 300.0 870.0 15 59.84 345.54 25222.57 198.00 SC 5757 5362 4899 4319 3641 2972 2402 1952 1606 1338
WPB 900x300x251.6 30.0 300.0 890.0 16 64.99 362.88 32052.57 251.61 SC 7068 6640 6155 5564 4854 4095 3390 2799 2325 1951
WPB 900x300x291.5 35.0 300.0 900.0 18.5 65.24 364.79 37127.57 291.45 PL 8189 7695 7137 6457 5640 4764 3948 3261 2710 2275

INDIAN STANDARD NARROW PARALLEL FLANGE BEAMS//EUROPIAN I- BEAMS


IPEO 300/NPB 300x150x49.3 12.7 152.0 304.0 8 34.44 126.12 6282.74 49.32 PL 1362 1156 870 605 424 310
IPEO 360/NPB 350x170x66 14.7 172.0 364.0 9.2 38.54 150.47 8413.24 66.04 PL 1849 1616 1294 948 683 505
IPEO 400/NPB 400x180x75.7 15.5 182.0 404.0 9.7 40.25 166.58 9638.66 75.66 PL 2128 1877 1534 1149 838 623 477
IPEO 450/NPB 450x190x92.4 17.6 192.0 456.0 11 42.07 186.50 11765.76 92.36 PL 2610 2322 1933 1480 1094 819 629
IPEO 500/NPB 500x200x107.3 19.0 202.0 506.0 12 43.77 205.58 13670.56 107.31 PL 3044 2727 2305 1799 1348 1016 783
IPEO 600/NPB 600x220x154.5 24.0 224.0 610.0 15 47.90 245.20 19676.44 154.46 PL 4247 3870 3387 2781 2170 1673 1307 1040
IPE 300/NPB 300x150x42.2 10.7 150.0 300.0 7.1 33.48 124.61 5381.20 42.24 PL 1163 977 724 497 347 252
IPE 360/NPB 350x170x57.1 12.7 170.0 360.0 8 37.85 149.55 7272.92 57.09 PL 1595 1388 1101 800 574 423
IPE 400/NPB 400x180x66.3 13.5 180.0 400.0 8.6 39.47 165.48 8446.36 66.30 PL 1861 1635 1324 982 712 528 403
IPE 450/NPB 450x190x77.6 14.6 190.0 450.0 9.4 41.15 184.79 9882.08 77.57 PL 2187 1938 1599 1210 889 663 508
IPE 500/NPB 500x200x90.7 16.0 200.0 500.0 10.2 43.03 204.26 11552.16 90.68 PL 2568 2294 1927 1491 1111 835 643
IPE 600/NPB 600x220x122.4 19.0 220.0 600.0 12 46.57 242.97 15598.44 122.45 SC 3493 3161 2728 2192 1679 1281 994 789
IPE A360/NPB 350x170x50.2 11.5 170.0 357.6 6.6 38.40 150.64 6396.48 50.21 SC 1405 1227 981 717 516 381
IPEA 300/NPB 300x150x36.5 9.2 150.0 297.0 6.1 33.38 124.17 4652.60 36.52 PL 1005 844 624 427 298 217
IPEA 400/NPB 400x180x57.4 12.0 180.0 397.0 7 39.98 166.62 7309.56 57.38 SC 1613 1421 1157 864 629 467 357
IPEA 450/NPB 450x190x67.2 13.1 190.0 447.0 7.6 41.88 186.51 8554.64 67.15 SC 1897 1686 1401 1070 790 591 454
IPEA 500/NPB 500x200x79.4 14.5 200.0 497.0 8.4 43.77 206.08 10109.76 79.36 SC 2251 2017 1705 1331 997 751 579
IPEA 600/NPB 600x220x107.6 17.5 220.0 597.0 9.8 47.66 246.00 13702.04 107.56 SC 3074 2791 2426 1970 1522 1167 908 722

UNIVERSAL BEAMS AS PER BS4-1:1993


UB 203x133x25 7.8 133.2 203.2 5.7 31.02 85.56 3196.82 25.10 PL 683 559 394 262 181
UB 203x133x30 9.6 133.9 206.8 6.4 31.73 87.05 3821.10 30.00 PL 820 676 484 325 225
UB 254x146x31 8.6 146.1 251.4 6 33.58 105.47 3967.70 31.15 PL 858 722 535 368 257 187
UB 254x146x37 10.9 146.4 256.0 6.3 34.78 108.35 4716.56 37.03 PL 1024 871 660 461 324 237
UB 254x146x43 12.7 147.3 259.6 7.2 35.16 109.30 5477.24 43.00 PL 1191 1016 775 543 383 280
UB 457x152x52 10.9 152.4 449.8 7.6 31.10 179.06 6664.43 52.32 SC 1425 1167 824 549 378
UB 457x152x60 13.3 152.9 454.6 8.1 32.28 182.89 7623.25 59.84 SC 1639 1361 984 665 462
UB 457x152x67 15.0 153.8 458.0 9 32.66 183.88 8555.31 67.16 SC 1842 1536 1119 760 528
UB 457x152x74 17.0 154.4 462.0 9.6 33.28 185.97 9447.71 74.16 SC 2040 1711 1262 864 603
UB 457x152x82 18.9 155.3 465.8 10.5 33.66 187.09 10453.65 82.06 PL 2260 1903 1414 972 680 495
UB 305x165x40 10.2 165.0 303.4 6 38.59 128.72 5131.99 40.29 SC 1128 986 790 579 418 309
UB 305x165x46 11.8 165.7 306.6 6.7 39.04 129.81 5874.61 46.12 PL 1293 1133 913 673 487 361 275
UB 305x165x54 13.7 165.9 310.4 7.9 39.04 130.34 6849.35 53.77 PL 1507 1321 1064 785 568 420 321
UB 356x171x45 9.7 171.1 351.4 7 37.61 145.08 5732.65 45.00 SC 1256 1092 863 625 448 330
UB 356x171x51 11.5 171.5 355.0 7.4 38.62 147.58 6490.61 50.95 SC 1427 1247 1000 733 529 391
UB 356x171x57 13.0 172.2 358.0 8.1 39.08 148.68 7255.71 56.96 PL 1597 1400 1128 833 602 446 341
UB 356x171x67 15.7 173.2 363.4 9.1 39.91 150.88 8548.99 67.11 PL 1886 1661 1352 1008 734 545 417
UB 406x178x54 10.9 177.7 402.6 7.7 38.48 164.78 6895.33 54.13 SC 1515 1324 1059 775 559 413
UB 406x178x60 12.8 177.9 406.4 7.9 39.65 168.00 7651.87 60.07 SC 1687 1483 1204 895 650 482 369
UB 406x178x67 14.3 178.8 409.4 8.8 39.94 168.65 8554.03 67.15 PL 1887 1662 1353 1010 735 546 417
UB 406x178x74 16.0 179.5 412.8 9.5 40.44 169.99 9450.91 74.19 PL 2088 1843 1509 1133 828 616 471
UB 457x191x67 12.7 189.9 453.4 8.5 41.21 185.36 8550.77 67.12 SC 1893 1677 1385 1049 771 575 441
UB 457x191x74 14.5 190.4 457.0 9 42.02 187.64 9462.91 74.28 SC 2099 1867 1553 1188 879 657 505
4.1.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.1 AS PER IS 800:2007 (LIMIT STATE METHOD) GRADE Fy
COMPRESSION CAPACITY (Pd) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 250
DESIGNATION tf bf d tw ry rz Area Weight Class 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm2) (Kg/m) Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd
UB 457x191x82 16.0 191.3 460.0 9.9 42.31 188.31 10448.11 82.02 PL 2319 2065 1723 1323 980 734 564
UB 457x191x89 17.7 191.9 463.4 10.5 42.85 189.87 11376.57 89.31 PL 2528 2257 1892 1462 1088 817 628
UB 457x191x98 19.6 192.8 467.2 11.4 43.28 191.06 12526.27 98.33 PL 2786 2492 2097 1628 1215 914 704
UB 533x210x82 13.2 208.8 528.3 9.6 43.78 213.09 10469.01 82.18 SC 2331 2089 1766 1378 1033 778 600
UB 533x210x92 15.6 209.3 533.1 10.1 45.11 216.91 11737.80 92.14 SC 2621 2360 2016 1596 1209 916 708 561
UB 533x210x101 17.4 210.0 536.7 10.8 45.74 218.66 12866.97 101.01 SC 2876 2596 2227 1775 1351 1027 795 630
UB 533x210x109.8 18.8 210.8 539.5 11.8 45.87 218.92 13986.95 109.80 PL 3128 2824 2425 1935 1474 1121 869 688
UB 533x210x122 21.3 211.9 544.5 12.7 46.69 221.21 15539.52 121.99 PL 3347 3039 2641 2144 1657 1270 988 785
UB 610x229x101 14.8 227.6 602.6 10.5 47.54 242.45 12891.91 101.20 SC 2892 2625 2279 1849 1427 1094 851 676
UB 610x229x113 17.3 228.2 607.6 11.1 48.84 246.29 14394.47 113.00 SC 3236 2948 2580 2117 1651 1273 994 791
UB 610x229x125.1 19.6 229.0 612.2 11.9 49.67 248.77 15933.95 125.08 SC 3587 3275 2879 2380 1868 1446 1131 902
UB 610x229x139.9 22.1 230.2 617.2 13.1 50.28 250.45 17819.59 139.88 PL 3861 3540 3137 2627 2089 1630 1281 1024 834

UNIVERSAL COLUMNS AS PER BS4-1:1993


UC 152X152X23 6.8 152.2 152.4 5.8 36.98 65.37 2924.54 22.96 SC 629 519 393 283 204 152
UC 152X152X30 9.4 152.9 157.6 6.5 38.27 67.59 3826.30 30.04 PL 828 689 531 387 282 211
UC 152X152X37 11.5 154.4 161.8 8 38.72 68.50 4711.18 36.98 PL 1021 853 661 484 353 265
UC 203X203X46 11.0 203.6 203.2 7.2 51.34 88.19 5873.15 46.10 PL 1322 1170 1002 820 649 510 405 327 268
UC 203X203X52 12.5 204.3 206.2 7.9 51.78 89.07 6628.29 52.03 PL 1493.13 1324 1136.10 932 740.27 583 463.6 374 307.0
UC 203X203X60 14.2 205.8 209.6 9.4 51.99 89.55 7637.31 59.95 PL 1721.19 1527 1311.78 1078 857.01 676 537.5 434 356.2
UC 203X203X71 17.3 206.4 215.8 10 52.97 91.78 9042.75 70.99 PL 2042.11 1817 1568.10 1297 1037.14 821 655.0 530 435.3
UC 203X203X86 20.5 209.1 222.2 12.7 53.41 92.83 10963.65 86.06 PL 2384.18 2130 1851.06 1545 1247.27 994 796.4 646 531.9
UC 254X254X73 14.2 254.6 254.1 8.6 64.78 110.69 9310.11 73.08 PL 2144.42 1957 1758.53 1540 1310.30 1091 901.8 747 623.8 526
UC 254X254X89 17.3 258.3 260.3 10.3 66.04 112.27 11400.34 89.49 PL 2630.27 2405 2167.81 1907 1631.06 1365 1132.7 941 787.2 665
UC 254X254X107 20.5 258.8 266.7 12.8 65.92 113.31 13638.21 107.06 PL 3025.56 2772 2505.43 2213 1902.53 1600 1332.8 1110 930.8 787
UC 254X254X132 25.3 261.3 276.3 15.3 66.92 115.76 16813.44 131.99 PL 3734.71 3426 3104.12 2751 2374.23 2005 1675.2 1399 1174.5 995
UC 254X254X167 31.7 265.2 289.1 19.2 68.09 118.71 21285.57 167.09 PL 4734.86 4351 3951.65 3514 3046.89 2585 2167.4 1815 1526.7 1295
UC 305X305X97 15.4 305.3 307.9 9.9 76.93 134.25 12344.86 96.91 CO 2883 2674 2459 2228 1978 1722 1476 1258 1072 917
UC 305X305X118 18.7 307.4 314.5 12 77.66 135.73 15020.29 117.91 PL 3511 3258 3000 2722 2422 2112 1815 1549 1321 1132
UC 305X305X137 21.7 309.2 320.5 13.8 78.32 137.16 17441.59 136.92 PL 3922 3648 3369 3071 2748 2413 2087 1790 1534 1318
UC 305X305X158 25.0 311.2 327.1 15.8 79.00 138.72 20136.51 158.07 PL 4530 4217 3899 3558 3190 2806 2431 2089 1792 1541
UC 305X305X198 31.4 314.5 339.9 19.1 80.35 142.01 25241.54 198.15 PL 5686 5299 4908 4490 4038 3566 3101 2673 2299 1981
UC 305X305X240 37.7 318.4 352.5 23 81.50 144.90 30578.99 240.05 PL 6895 6432 5966 5469 4932 4369 3811 3294 2839 2450
UC 305X305X283 44.1 322.2 365.3 26.8 82.67 147.93 36042.65 282.93 PL 7807 7302 6795 6258 5680 5069 4456 3878 3360 2912
UC 356X368X129 17.5 368.6 355.6 10.4 94.29 156.49 16433.57 129.00 SC 3891 3661 3433 3195 2940 2669 2390 2116 1861 1632
UC 356X368X153 20.7 370.5 362.0 12.3 94.92 157.93 19480.41 152.92 PL 4435 4180 3928 3666 3386 3088 2779 2473 2185 1923
UC 356X368X177 23.8 372.6 368.2 14.4 95.41 159.15 22550.73 177.02 PL 5136 4842 4552 4250 3928 3586 3230 2877 2544 2241
UC 356X368X202 27.0 374.7 374.6 16.5 95.96 160.50 25722.03 201.92 PL 5860 5527 5198 4856 4492 4104 3701 3300 2920 2575
UC 356X406x235 30.2 394.8 381.0 18.4 101.74 162.52 29943.29 235.05 PL 6844 6477 6117 5745 5352 4934 4495 4052 3621 3220

INDIAN STANDARD WIDE PARALLEL FLANGE BEAMS//EUROPIAN WIDE FLANGE BEAMS


HE 800x373 46.0 308.0 826.0 25 68.87 332.25 47458.57 372.55 PL 10144 9350 8529 7634 6673 5708 4820 4057 3427 2914
HEA 320/WPB 320x300x97.6 15.5 300.0 310.0 9 74.91 135.78 12436.78 97.63 CO 2899 2682 2460 2218 1958 1693 1443 1224 1039 887
HEA 600/WPB 600x300x177.8 25.0 300.0 590.0 13 70.53 249.71 22645.78 177.77 PL 5017 4740 4435 4072 3635 3146 2661 2230 1871 1581
HEA 700/WPB 700x300x204.5 27.0 300.0 690.0 14.5 68.36 287.50 26047.78 204.48 PL 5761 5432 5065 4624 4094 3510 2944 2452 2049 1726
HEA 800/WPB 800x300x224.4 28.0 300.0 790.0 15 66.47 325.83 28582.57 224.37 SC 6311 5939 5521 5013 4403 3742 3116 2582 2150 1807
HEA 900/WPB 900x300x251.6 30.0 300.0 890.0 16 64.99 362.88 32052.57 251.61 SC 7068 6640 6155 5564 4854 4095 3390 2799 2325 1951
HEAA 320/WPB 320x300x74.2 11.0 300.0 301.0 8 72.37 131.87 9457.78 74.24 SC 2199 2028 1852 1660 1454 1246 1054 888 751 639
HEAA 600/WPB 600x300x128.8 15.5 300.0 571.0 12 65.26 236.64 16405.78 128.79 CO 3765 3532 3268 2943 2555 2145 1768 1456 1207 1012
HEAA 700/WPB 700x300x149.9 17.0 300.0 670.0 13 63.36 273.40 19093.78 149.89 SC 4374 4094 3773 3375 2903 2413 1975 1619 1338 1119
HEAA 800/WPB 800x300x171.5 18.0 300.0 770.0 14 60.98 309.20 21848.57 171.51 SC 4993 4658 4269 3782 3210 2636 2139 1743 1436 1198
HEAA 900/WPB 900x300x198 20.0 300.0 870.0 15 59.84 345.54 25222.57 198.00 SC 5757 5362 4899 4319 3641 2972 2402 1952 1606 1338
HEB 320/WPB 320x300x126.7 20.5 300.0 320.0 11.5 75.65 138.22 16134.28 126.65 PL 3619 3356 3089 2800 2488 2167 1859 1585 1351 1157
4.1.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.1 AS PER IS 800:2007 (LIMIT STATE METHOD) GRADE Fy
COMPRESSION CAPACITY (Pd) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 250
DESIGNATION tf bf d tw ry rz Area Weight Class 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm2) (Kg/m) Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd
HEB 600/WPB 600x300x211.9 30.0 300.0 600.0 15.5 70.77 251.71 26995.78 211.92 PL 5982 5653 5291 4861 4343 3762 3186 2672 2243 1895
HEB 700/WPB 700x300x240.5 32.0 300.0 700.0 17 68.63 289.56 30637.78 240.51 PL 6778 6392 5963 5449 4829 4145 3481 2901 2426 2044
HEB 800/WPB 800x300x262.3 33.0 300.0 800.0 17.5 66.75 327.80 33417.57 262.33 PL 7381 6947 6461 5872 5165 4394 3663 3038 2531 2128
HEB 900/WPB 900x300x291.5 35.0 300.0 900.0 18.5 65.24 364.79 37127.57 291.45 PL 8189 7695 7137 6457 5640 4764 3948 3261 2710 2275
HEM 320/WPB 320x300x245 40.0 309.0 359.0 21 79.45 147.77 31204.78 244.96 PL 7023 6540 6050 5526 4960 4369 3790 3260 2799 2409
HEM 600/WPB 600x300x285.5 40.0 305.0 620.0 21 72.22 255.53 36365.78 285.47 PL 8067 7634 7159 6598 5925 5164 4396 3702 3117 2638
HEM 700/WPB 700x300x300.7 40.0 304.0 716.0 21 70.04 293.21 38301.78 300.67 PL 8483 8011 7490 6868 6120 5285 4462 3735 3131 2643
HEM 800/WPB 800x300x317.3 40.0 303.0 814.0 21 67.85 330.88 40426.57 317.35 PL 8937 8422 7848 7155 6322 5406 4526 3765 3143 2646
HEM 900/WPB 900x300x332.5 40.0 302.0 910.0 21 65.97 366.95 42362.57 332.55 PL 9350 8794 8167 7405 6490 5502 4572 3784 3149 2645

INDIAN STANDARD TAPERED FLANGE MEDIUM WEIGHT BEAMS/I-SECTIONS (IS:808)


ISMB 100 (IS808) @ 8.9 7.0 50.0 100.0 4.7 10.50 40.00 1140.00 8.90 PL 143
ISMB 125 (IS808) @ 13.3 8.0 70.0 125.0 5 15.10 51.60 1700.00 13.30 PL 293 134
ISMB 150 (IS808) @ 15 8.0 75.0 150.0 5 15.70 61.30 1910.00 15.00 PL 336 160
ISMB 175 (IS808) @ 19.6 9.0 85.0 175.0 5.8 17.60 71.30 2500.00 19.60 PL 464 248 128
ISMB 200 (IS808) @ 24.2 10.0 100.0 200.0 5.7 21.10 82.90 3080.00 24.20 PL 608 389 216
ISMB 250 (IS808) @ 37.3 12.5 125.0 250.0 6.9 26.50 104.00 4750.00 37.30 PL 989 749 475 301
ISMB 300 (IS808) @ 46 13.1 140.0 300.0 7.7 28.60 124.00 5860.00 46.00 PL 1237 975 651 421 287
ISMB 350 (IS808) @ 52.4 14.2 140.0 350.0 8.1 28.40 143.00 6670.00 52.40 PL 1406 1105 734 474 323
ISMB 400 (IS808) @ 61.5 16.0 140.0 400.0 8.9 28.20 162.00 7840.00 61.50 PL 1651 1293 855 551 375
ISMB 450 (IS808) @ 72.4 17.4 150.0 450.0 9.4 30.10 182.00 9220.00 72.40 PL 1962 1584 1095 721 494
ISMB 500 (IS808) @ 86.9 17.2 180.0 500.0 10.2 35.20 202.00 11100.00 86.90 SC 2414 2061 1572 1103 778 569
ISMB 550 (IS808) @ 104 19.3 190.0 550.0 11.2 37.30 222.00 13200.00 104.00 SC 2890 2506 1974 1423 1017 749
ISMB 600 (IS808) @ 123 20.3 210.0 600.0 12 41.20 242.00 15600.00 123.00 SC 3322 2955 2460 1882 1392 1042 800

ISMB SECTION PROPERTIES (As Per SP: 6(1)-1964 & Reference Manual for Structural Engineers -INS/PUB/003- Page 28 & 29)
ISMB 100 x11.5 7.2 75.0 100.0 4 16.72 42.00 1460.00 11.46 PL 265 134 68
ISMB 125 x13 7.6 75.0 125.0 4.4 16.23 52.01 1660.00 13.03 PL 297 146
ISMB 150 x14.9 7.6 80.0 150.0 4.8 16.64 61.83 1900.00 14.92 PL 344 174
ISMB 175 x19.3 8.6 90.0 175.0 5.5 18.58 71.88 2462.00 19.33 PL 467 264 139
ISMB 200 x25.4 10.8 100.0 200.0 5.7 21.54 83.15 3233.00 25.38 PL 642 418 234
ISMB 250 x37.3 12.5 125.0 250.0 6.9 26.52 103.88 4755.00 37.33 PL 990 750 476 301
ISMB 300 x44.2 12.4 140.0 300.0 7.5 28.40 123.66 5626.00 44.16 PL 1186 932 619 400 272
ISMB 350 x52.4 14.2 140.0 350.0 8.1 28.39 142.94 6671.00 52.37 PL 1406 1105 734 474 323
ISMB 400 x61.6 16.0 140.0 400.0 8.9 28.16 161.48 7846.00 61.59 PL 1652 1293 854 550 374
ISMB 450 x72.4 17.4 150.0 450.0 9.4 30.06 181.49 9227.00 72.43 PL 1963 1584 1094 720 494
ISMB 500 x86.9 17.2 180.0 500.0 10.2 35.17 202.07 11074.00 86.93 SC 2408 2055 1567 1099 775 567
ISMB 550 x103.7 19.3 190.0 550.0 11.2 37.26 221.63 13211.00 103.71 SC 2892 2507 1973 1422 1016 748
ISMB 600 x122.6 20.3 210.0 600.0 12 41.20 242.44 15621.00 122.62 SC 3326 2959 2463 1885 1393 1043 801
4.1.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.2 AS PER IS 800:1984 (WORKING STRESS METHOD) GRADE Fy
CAPACITY (Pallow) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 250

Weight 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
DESIGNATION ry (mm) rz (mm) Class
Area(mm2) Kg/m Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow
INDIAN STANDARD NARROW FLANGE BEAMS (IS: 12778 -2004)
NPB 100x55x8.1 12.40 40.70 1032.32 8.10 PL 103 42
NPB 120x60x10.4 14.46 49.04 1321.02 10.37 PL 149 68
NPB 140x70x12.9 16.53 57.40 1642.60 12.89 PL 200 103
NPB 160x80x15.8 18.43 65.78 2009.13 15.77 PL 257 146 80
NPB 180x90x15.4 20.44 73.68 1957.73 15.37 PL 260 162 92
NPB 180x90x18.8 20.51 74.16 2394.73 18.80 PL 318 198 113
NPB 180x90x21.3 20.80 74.53 2709.53 21.27 PL 361 228 131
NPB 200x100x18.4 22.32 82.34 2347.11 18.42 PL 319 213 127 79
NPB 200x100x22.4 22.34 82.59 2848.41 22.36 PL 387 258 154 96
NPB 200x100x25.1 22.97 83.17 3196.21 25.09 PL 438 298 180 113
NPB 200x130x27.2 30.87 87.38 3461.17 27.17 PL 498 406 288 197 138
NPB 200x130x31.6 31.61 88.57 4019.61 31.55 PL 580 477 343 237 167
NPB 220x110x22.2 24.61 90.54 2825.61 22.18 PL 393 281 176 112
NPB 220x110x26.2 24.76 91.14 3337.05 26.20 PL 465 334 210 134
NPB 220x110x29.4 25.31 91.55 3738.97 29.35 PL 523 381 242 156
NPB 240x120x26.2 26.82 99.39 3331.22 26.15 PL 470 355 233 153
NPB 240x120x30.7 26.90 99.74 3911.62 30.71 PL 553 418 275 180
NPB 240x120x34.3 27.39 99.98 4371.14 34.31 PL 619 474 315 207
NPB 270x135x30.7 30.22 112.07 3914.94 30.73 PL 562 453 318 216 151
NPB 270x135x36.1 30.21 112.26 4594.50 36.07 PL 660 531 373 254 177
NPB 270x135x42.3 30.86 113.60 5383.54 42.26 PL 775 631 447 307 215
NPB 300x150x36.5 33.38 124.17 4652.60 36.52 PL 675 569 421 297 212 155
NPB 300x150x42.2 33.48 124.61 5381.20 42.24 PL 781 659 488 345 246 181
NPB 300x150x49.3 34.44 126.12 6282.74 49.32 PL 914 780 586 418 300 222
NPB 350x170x50.2 38.40 150.64 6396.48 50.21 SC 938 830 657 490 362 271
NPB 350x170x57.1 37.85 149.55 7272.92 57.09 PL 1066 939 739 548 403 301
NPB 350x170x66 38.54 150.47 8413.24 66.04 PL 1234 1094 867 648 479 359
NPB 400x180x57.4 39.98 166.62 7309.56 57.38 SC 1074 962 776 588 439 331 256
NPB 400x180x66.3 39.47 165.48 8446.36 66.30 PL 1241 1107 888 669 498 375 289
NPB 400x180x75.7 40.25 166.58 9638.66 75.66 PL 1417 1272 1028 781 584 442 341
NPB 450x190x67.2 41.88 186.51 8554.64 67.15 SC 1261 1143 940 725 549 418 324
NPB 450x190x77.6 41.15 184.79 9882.08 77.57 PL 1455 1313 1072 821 618 469 363
NPB 450x190x92.4 42.07 186.50 11765.76 92.36 PL 1734 1574 1296 1002 759 579 449
NPB 500x200x79.4 43.77 206.08 10109.76 79.36 SC 1493 1368 1144 898 689 529 413
NPB 500x200x90.7 43.03 204.26 11552.16 90.68 PL 1704 1556 1293 1008 769 589 458
NPB 500x200x107.3 43.77 205.58 13670.56 107.31 PL 2019 1850 1547 1215 931 716 558
4.1.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.2 AS PER IS 800:1984 (WORKING STRESS METHOD) GRADE Fy
CAPACITY (Pallow) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 250

Weight 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
DESIGNATION ry (mm) rz (mm) Class
Area(mm2) Kg/m Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow
NPB 600x220x107.6 47.66 246.00 13702.04 107.56 SC 2030 1893 1632 1323 1041 815 643 332
NPB 600x220x122.4 46.57 242.97 15598.44 122.45 SC 2309 2143 1834 1474 1151 897 705 374
NPB 600x220x154.5 47.90 245.20 19676.44 154.46 PL 2801 2623 2281 1867 1480 1165 924 478

INDIAN STANDARD WIDE FLANGE BEAMS (IS: 12778 -2004)


WPB 320x300x74.2 72.37 131.87 9457.78 74.24 SC 1413 1381 1310 1200 1065 924 790 213 572 489
WPB 320x300x97.6 74.91 135.78 12436.78 97.63 CO 1859 1821 1734 1600 1432 1252 1079 274 791 678
WPB 320x300x126.7 75.65 138.22 16134.28 126.65 PL 2316 2272 2172 2015 1815 1599 1387 353 1026 883
WPB 320x300x245 79.45 147.77 31204.78 244.96 PL 4481 4407 4236 3963 3608 3214 2818 660 2119 1835
WPB 600x300x128.8 65.26 236.64 16405.78 128.79 CO 2448 2375 2216 1982 1713 1448 1212 390 851 719
WPB 600x300x177.8 70.53 249.71 22645.78 177.77 PL 3248 3174 3007 2751 2439 2113 1806 518 1306 1115
WPB 600x300x211.9 70.77 251.71 26995.78 211.92 PL 3872 3785 3588 3285 2914 2527 2161 616 1564 1336
WPB 600x300x285.5 72.22 255.53 36365.78 285.47 PL 5217 5106 4853 4461 3978 3465 2977 820 2169 1856
WPB 700x300x149.9 63.36 273.40 19093.78 149.89 SC 2848 2756 2558 2271 1947 1633 1359 460 946 797
WPB 700x300x204.5 68.36 287.50 26047.78 204.48 PL 3735 3642 3435 3122 2746 2360 2004 606 1435 1221
WPB 700x300x240.5 68.63 289.56 30637.78 240.51 PL 4393 4285 4044 3678 3239 2787 2368 711 1698 1445
WPB 700x300x300.7 70.04 293.21 38301.78 300.67 PL 5493 5366 5079 4639 4106 3551 3030 879 2186 1865
WPB 800x300x171.5 60.98 309.20 21848.57 171.51 SC 3257 3141 2893 2542 2155 1791 1478 533 1018 855
WPB 800x300x224.4 66.47 325.83 28582.57 224.37 SC 4097 3987 3744 3381 2952 2520 2127 674 1510 1281
WPB 800x300x262.3 66.75 327.80 33417.57 262.33 PL 4790 4663 4382 3961 3463 2959 2500 787 1777 1508
WPB 800x300x317.3 67.85 330.88 40426.57 317.35 PL 5796 5649 5322 4828 4239 3637 3083 944 2202 1872
WPB 900x300x198 59.84 345.54 25222.57 198.00 SC 3758 3618 3319 2900 2446 2023 1663 619 1140 956
WPB 900x300x251.6 64.99 362.88 32052.57 251.61 SC 4593 4462 4175 3749 3254 2763 2320 764 1636 1385
WPB 900x300x291.5 65.24 364.79 37127.57 291.45 PL 5320 5170 4840 4351 3781 3213 2701 883 1906 1614

INDIAN STANDARD NARROW PARALLEL FLANGE BEAMS//EUROPIAN I- BEAMS


IPEO 300/NPB 300x150x49.3 34.44 126.12 6282.74 49.32 PL 914 780 586 418 300 222
IPEO 360/NPB 350x170x66 38.54 150.47 8413.24 66.04 PL 1234 1094 867 648 479 359
IPEO 400/NPB 400x180x75.7 40.25 166.58 9638.66 75.66 PL 1417 1272 1028 781 584 442 341
IPEO 450/NPB 450x190x92.4 42.07 186.50 11765.76 92.36 PL 1734 1574 1296 1002 759 579 449
IPEO 500/NPB 500x200x107.3 43.77 205.58 13670.56 107.31 PL 2019 1850 1547 1215 931 716 558
IPEO 600/NPB 600x220x154.5 47.90 245.20 19676.44 154.46 PL 2801 2623 2281 1867 1480 1165 924 478
IPE 300/NPB 300x150x42.2 33.48 124.61 5381.20 42.24 PL 781 659 488 345 246 181
IPE 360/NPB 350x170x57.1 37.85 149.55 7272.92 57.09 PL 1066 939 739 548 403 301
IPE 400/NPB 400x180x66.3 39.47 165.48 8446.36 66.30 PL 1241 1107 888 669 498 375 289
IPE 450/NPB 450x190x77.6 41.15 184.79 9882.08 77.57 PL 1455 1313 1072 821 618 469 363
IPE 500/NPB 500x200x90.7 43.03 204.26 11552.16 90.68 PL 1704 1556 1293 1008 769 589 458
4.1.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.2 AS PER IS 800:1984 (WORKING STRESS METHOD) GRADE Fy
CAPACITY (Pallow) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 250

Weight 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
DESIGNATION ry (mm) rz (mm) Class
Area(mm2) Kg/m Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow
IPE 600/NPB 600x220x122.4 46.57 242.97 15598.44 122.45 SC 2309 2143 1834 1474 1151 897 705 374
IPE A360/NPB 350x170x50.2 38.40 150.64 6396.48 50.21 SC 938 830 657 490 362 271
IPEA 300/NPB 300x150x36.5 33.38 124.17 4652.60 36.52 PL 675 569 421 297 212 155
IPEA 400/NPB 400x180x57.4 39.98 166.62 7309.56 57.38 SC 1074 962 776 588 439 331 256
IPEA 450/NPB 450x190x67.2 41.88 186.51 8554.64 67.15 SC 1261 1143 940 725 549 418 324
IPEA 500/NPB 500x200x79.4 43.77 206.08 10109.76 79.36 SC 1493 1368 1144 898 689 529 413
IPEA 600/NPB 600x220x107.6 47.66 246.00 13702.04 107.56 SC 2030 1893 1632 1323 1041 815 643 332

UNIVERSAL BEAMS AS PER BS4-1:1993


UB 203x133x25 31.02 85.56 3196.82 25.10 PL 460 376 267 184 129
UB 203x133x30 31.73 87.05 3821.10 30.00 PL 552 455 327 227 160
UB 254x146x31 33.58 105.47 3967.70 31.15 PL 576 486 361 255 182 134
UB 254x146x37 34.78 108.35 4716.56 37.03 PL 687 588 444 318 229 169
UB 254x146x43 35.16 109.30 5477.24 43.00 PL 798 686 521 375 271 200
UB 305x165x40 38.59 128.72 5131.99 40.29 SC 753 667 530 396 293 220
UB 305x165x46 39.04 129.81 5874.61 46.12 PL 862 767 612 459 341 256 197
UB 305x165x54 39.04 130.34 6849.35 53.77 PL 1005 895 714 535 397 299 230
UB 356x171x45 37.61 145.08 5732.65 45.00 SC 840 738 579 428 314 235
UB 356x171x51 38.62 147.58 6490.61 50.95 SC 952 844 670 501 370 278
UB 356x171x57 39.08 148.68 7255.71 56.96 PL 1065 948 756 568 421 317 244
UB 356x171x67 39.91 150.88 8548.99 67.11 PL 1257 1125 906 686 512 387 298
UB 406x178x54 38.48 164.78 6895.33 54.13 SC 1011 896 710 530 391 294
UB 406x178x60 39.65 168.00 7651.87 60.07 SC 1124 1005 807 609 454 342 264
UB 406x178x67 39.94 168.65 8554.03 67.15 PL 1257 1126 907 687 513 387 299
UB 406x178x74 40.44 169.99 9450.91 74.19 PL 1390 1249 1012 770 577 436 337
UB 457x152x52 31.10 179.06 6664.43 52.32 SC 960 784 559 384 270
UB 457x152x60 32.28 182.89 7623.25 59.84 SC 1103 916 665 464 328
UB 457x152x67 32.66 183.88 8555.31 67.16 SC 1239 1034 756 529 375
UB 457x152x74 33.28 185.97 9447.71 74.16 SC 1370 1153 851 600 428
UB 457x152x82 33.66 187.09 10453.65 82.06 PL 1518 1283 953 675 482 354
UB 457x191x67 41.21 185.36 8550.77 67.12 SC 1259 1137 928 712 536 407 315
UB 457x191x74 42.02 187.64 9462.91 74.28 SC 1395 1266 1042 805 610 465 361
UB 457x191x82 42.31 188.31 10448.11 82.02 PL 1540 1400 1156 895 680 519 403
UB 457x191x89 42.85 189.87 11376.57 89.31 PL 1678 1530 1270 988 753 576 448
UB 457x191x98 43.28 191.06 12526.27 98.33 PL 1849 1690 1407 1100 840 644 502
UB 533x210x101 45.74 218.66 12866.97 101.01 SC 1903 1761 1497 1195 928 720 565 306
UB 533x210x109.8 45.87 218.92 13986.95 109.80 PL 2069 1915 1630 1303 1013 786 617 333
UB 533x210x122 46.69 221.21 15539.52 121.99 PL 2210 2060 1777 1440 1133 887 700 373
4.1.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.2 AS PER IS 800:1984 (WORKING STRESS METHOD) GRADE Fy
CAPACITY (Pallow) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 250

Weight 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
DESIGNATION ry (mm) rz (mm) Class
Area(mm2) Kg/m Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow
UB 533x210x82 43.78 213.09 10469.01 82.18 SC 1546 1417 1185 930 713 548 428
UB 533x210x92 45.11 216.91 11737.80 92.14 SC 1735 1601 1354 1075 832 643 504 277
UB 610x229x101 47.54 242.45 12891.91 101.20 SC 1910 1780 1534 1242 976 764 603 312
UB 610x229x113 48.84 246.29 14394.47 113.00 SC 2134 1999 1737 1421 1126 887 703 352
UB 610x229x125.1 49.67 248.77 15933.95 125.08 SC 2364 2220 1940 1597 1272 1005 799 391
UB 610x229x139.9 50.28 250.45 17819.59 139.88 PL 2540 2398 2116 1762 1418 1129 902 439 596

UNIVERSAL COLUMNS AS PER BS4-1:1993


UC 152X152X23 36.98 65.37 2924.54 22.96 SC 428 374 291 214 156 117
UC 152X152X30 38.27 67.59 3826.30 30.04 PL 561 496 392 292 215 161
UC 152X152X37 38.72 68.50 4711.18 36.98 PL 691 613 488 365 270 203
UC 203X203X46 51.34 88.19 5873.15 46.10 PL 872 823 727 605 487 388 310 145 205
UC 203X203X52 51.78 89.07 6628.29 52.03 PL 984 931 823 688 555 443 354 164 235
UC 203X203X60 51.99 89.55 7637.31 59.95 PL 1134 1073 951 795 642 513 411 189 272
UC 203X203X71 52.97 91.78 9042.75 70.99 PL 1344 1275 1135 955 776 623 500 224 333
UC 203X203X86 53.41 92.83 10963.65 86.06 PL 1565 1490 1337 1136 931 753 608 272 407
UC 254X254X107 65.92 113.31 13638.21 107.06 PL 1955 1901 1783 1607 1400 1193 1005 323 711 603
UC 254X254X132 66.92 115.76 16813.44 131.99 PL 2410 2347 2206 1995 1745 1493 1262 395 897 762
UC 254X254X167 68.09 118.71 21285.57 167.09 PL 3052 2975 2805 2546 2237 1922 1630 496 1166 991
UC 254X254X73 64.78 110.69 9310.11 73.08 PL 1389 1347 1255 1121 967 816 682 222 477 403
UC 254X254X89 66.04 112.27 11400.34 89.49 PL 1701 1652 1545 1386 1202 1019 855 270 602 509
UC 305X305X118 77.66 135.73 15020.29 117.91 PL 2246 2204 2109 1958 1767 1558 1354 323 1003 864
UC 305X305X137 78.32 137.16 17441.59 136.92 PL 2504 2461 2362 2204 2001 1777 1553 373 1162 1005
UC 305X305X158 79.00 138.72 20136.51 158.07 PL 2891 2843 2731 2552 2322 2065 1808 428 1357 1175
UC 305X305X198 80.35 142.01 25241.54 198.15 PL 3625 3567 3433 3217 2936 2621 2304 530 1739 1508
UC 305X305X240 81.50 144.90 30578.99 240.05 PL 4392 4324 4168 3914 3583 3209 2828 635 2146 1864
UC 305X305X283 82.67 147.93 36042.65 282.93 PL 4962 4893 4731 4467 4117 3715 3298 740 2534 2211
UC 305X305X97 76.93 134.25 12344.86 96.91 CO 1846 1811 1730 1604 1444 1271 1102 267 814 700
UC 356X368X129 94.29 156.49 16433.57 129.00 SC 2460 2434 2370 2264 2119 1946 1759 303 1394 1232
UC 356X368X153 94.92 157.93 19480.41 152.92 PL 2800 2772 2705 2592 2436 2247 2041 357 1633 1449
UC 356X368X177 95.41 159.15 22550.73 177.02 PL 3242 3209 3133 3004 2825 2609 2372 412 1901 1688
UC 356X368X202 95.96 160.50 25722.03 201.92 PL 3698 3661 3575 3430 3229 2985 2717 467 2181 1939
UC 356X406x235 101.74 162.52 29943.29 235.05 PL 4306 4270 4184 4038 3831 3576 3288 517 2693 2414

INDIAN STANDARD WIDE PARALLEL FLANGE BEAMS//EUROPIAN WIDE FLANGE BEAMS


HE 800x373 68.87 332.25 47458.57 372.55 PL 6523 6373 6037 5520 4890 4234 3617 1100 2613 2230
HEA 320/WPB 320x300x97.6 74.91 135.78 12436.78 97.63 CO 1859 1821 1734 1600 1432 1252 1079 274 791 678
HEA 600/WPB 600x300x177.8 70.53 249.71 22645.78 177.77 PL 3248 3174 3007 2751 2439 2113 1806 518 1306 1115
4.1.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.2 AS PER IS 800:1984 (WORKING STRESS METHOD) GRADE Fy
CAPACITY (Pallow) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 250

Weight 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
DESIGNATION ry (mm) rz (mm) Class
Area(mm2) Kg/m Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow
HEA 700/WPB 700x300x204.5 68.36 287.50 26047.78 204.48 PL 3735 3642 3435 3122 2746 2360 2004 606 1435 1221
HEA 800/WPB 800x300x224.4 66.47 325.83 28582.57 224.37 SC 4097 3987 3744 3381 2952 2520 2127 674 1510 1281
HEA 900/WPB 900x300x251.6 64.99 362.88 32052.57 251.61 SC 4593 4462 4175 3749 3254 2763 2320 764 1636 1385
HEAA 320/WPB 320x300x74.2 72.37 131.87 9457.78 74.24 SC 1413 1381 1310 1200 1065 924 790 213 572 489
HEAA 600/WPB 600x300x128.8 65.26 236.64 16405.78 128.79 CO 2448 2375 2216 1982 1713 1448 1212 390 851 719
HEAA 700/WPB 700x300x149.9 63.36 273.40 19093.78 149.89 SC 2848 2756 2558 2271 1947 1633 1359 460 946 797
HEAA 800/WPB 800x300x171.5 60.98 309.20 21848.57 171.51 SC 3257 3141 2893 2542 2155 1791 1478 533 1018 855
HEAA 900/WPB 900x300x198 59.84 345.54 25222.57 198.00 SC 3758 3618 3319 2900 2446 2023 1663 619 1140 956
HEB 320/WPB 320x300x126.7 75.65 138.22 16134.28 126.65 PL 2316 2272 2172 2015 1815 1599 1387 353 1026 883
HEB 600/WPB 600x300x211.9 70.77 251.71 26995.78 211.92 PL 3872 3785 3588 3285 2914 2527 2161 616 1564 1336
HEB 700/WPB 700x300x240.5 68.63 289.56 30637.78 240.51 PL 4393 4285 4044 3678 3239 2787 2368 711 1698 1445
HEB 800/WPB 800x300x262.3 66.75 327.80 33417.57 262.33 PL 4790 4663 4382 3961 3463 2959 2500 787 1777 1508
HEB 900/WPB 900x300x291.5 65.24 364.79 37127.57 291.45 PL 5320 5170 4840 4351 3781 3213 2701 883 1906 1614
HEM 320/WPB 320x300x245 79.45 147.77 31204.78 244.96 PL 4481 4407 4236 3963 3608 3214 2818 660 2119 1835
HEM 600/WPB 600x300x285.5 72.22 255.53 36365.78 285.47 PL 5217 5106 4853 4461 3978 3465 2977 820 2169 1856
HEM 700/WPB 700x300x300.7 70.04 293.21 38301.78 300.67 PL 5493 5366 5079 4639 4106 3551 3030 879 2186 1865
HEM 800/WPB 800x300x317.3 67.85 330.88 40426.57 317.35 PL 5796 5649 5322 4828 4239 3637 3083 944 2202 1872
HEM 900/WPB 900x300x332.5 65.97 366.95 42362.57 332.55 PL 6071 5905 5539 4992 4351 3708 3124 1003 2212 1876

INDIAN STANDARD TAPERED FLANGE MEDIUM WEIGHT BEAMS/I-SECTIONS - IS:808


ISMB 100 (IS808) @ 8.9 10.50 40.00 1140.00 8.95 PL 97
ISMB 125 (IS808) @ 13.3 15.10 51.60 1700.00 13.35 PL 197 94
ISMB 150 (IS808) @ 15 15.70 61.30 1910.00 14.99 PL 226 112
ISMB 175 (IS808) @ 19.6 17.60 71.30 2500.00 19.63 PL 313 171 92
ISMB 200 (IS808) @ 24.2 21.10 82.90 3080.00 24.18 PL 412 263 152
ISMB 250 (IS808) @ 37.3 26.50 104.00 4750.00 37.29 PL 670 502 327 213
ISMB 300 (IS808) @ 46 28.60 124.00 5860.00 46.00 PL 836 654 445 297 205
ISMB 350 (IS808) @ 52.4 28.40 143.00 6670.00 52.36 PL 950 741 502 335 231
ISMB 400 (IS808) @ 61.5 28.20 162.00 7840.00 61.54 PL 1116 867 585 389 268
ISMB 450 (IS808) @ 72.4 30.10 182.00 9220.00 72.38 PL 1323 1064 745 506 353
ISMB 500 (IS808) @ 86.9 35.20 202.00 11100.00 87.14 SC 1618 1391 1057 761 550 407
ISMB 550 (IS808) @ 104 37.30 222.00 13200.00 103.62 SC 1932 1695 1324 976 715 534
ISMB 600 (IS808) @ 123 41.20 242.00 15600.00 122.46 SC 2207 2003 1650 1275 966 736 571

ISMB SECTION PROPERTIES ( As Per SP: 6(1) & Reference mnual for Structural Engineers- INS/PUB/003-Page 28 & 29)
ISMB 100 x11.5 16.72 42.00 1460.00 11.46 PL 179 93 49
ISMB 125 x13 16.23 52.01 1660.00 13.03 PL 200 102
ISMB 150 x14.9 16.64 61.83 1900.00 14.92 PL 232 121
4.1.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.2 AS PER IS 800:1984 (WORKING STRESS METHOD) GRADE Fy
CAPACITY (Pallow) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 250

Weight 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
DESIGNATION ry (mm) rz (mm) Class
Area(mm2) Kg/m Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow
ISMB 175 x19.3 18.58 71.88 2462.00 19.33 PL 316 181 99
ISMB 200 x25.4 21.54 83.15 3233.00 25.38 PL 436 282 165
ISMB 250 x37.3 26.52 103.88 4755.00 37.33 PL 670 503 328 214
ISMB 300 x44.2 28.40 123.66 5626.00 44.16 PL 801 625 424 282 195
ISMB 350 x52.4 28.39 142.94 6671.00 52.37 PL 950 741 502 335 231
ISMB 400 x61.6 28.16 161.48 7846.00 61.59 PL 1116 867 585 388 268
ISMB 450 x72.4 30.06 181.49 9227.00 72.43 PL 1324 1064 744 505 353
ISMB 500 x86.9 35.17 202.07 11074.00 86.93 SC 1614 1387 1053 759 548 405
ISMB 550 x103.7 37.26 221.63 13211.00 103.71 SC 1934 1696 1324 975 714 533
ISMB 600 x122.6 41.20 242.44 15621.00 122.62 SC 2210 2006 1652 1276 967 737 572
4.2. Axial Compression Capacity for Yeild Strength 300 Mpa Grade Fy
4.2.1. Worked Out Example of steel 300

Calculate design axial load of Parallel Flange section


WPB 100x100x12.2
given that the height of column is 4.0 m and that it is pin-ended.
Also assume the following: fy = 300 N/mm2 ; E = 2 x 10^5.
Use IS 800:2007 (Limit State Method).

Solution Span
As the member is pin- ended 4000
Member Length ,Lz = 4000 mm
Ly = 4000 mm

Material
Yield Strength , fy = 300 Mpa
Youngs Modulus , Es = 2.0E+05 Mpa
Code : IS:800-2007

Section Properties 3
Section Designation WPB 100x100x12.2
Overall Depth of Section, h = 91.00 mm
Flange Width , bf = 100.00 mm
Flange Thickness, tf = 5.50 mm
Web Thickness , tw = 4.20 mm
Depth of Web, d = 56.00 mm
Root radious = 12.00
Weight of Section, w = 12.24 Kg/m
=
2
Area of Section , A = 1559.61 mm
4
Moment of Inertia , Izz = 2365067.64 mm
4
Moment of Inertia , Iyy = 918449.93 mm
3
Section Modulus , Zzz = 51979.51 mm
3
Section Modulus , Zyy = 18369.00 mm
Radius of gyration , rzz = 38.94 mm
Radius of gyration, ryy = 24.27 mm

From Table 11 of of IS 800:2007


Effective Length Factor in x - Direction Kz 1.00
Effective Length Factor in y - Direction Ky 1.00

From Table 2 of of IS 800:2007


(i) Check For Class of section
For Rolled Section and for Axial compression
check for web d/tw = 13.3 < 42 €
Hence the section is NOT SLENDER

From Table 10 of of IS 800:2007


(ii) Check For Buckling Class of section h/bf = 0.9 < 1.2
tf = 5.5 < 40
In z-z direction buckling curve b
In y-y direction buckling curve c
As per Section 7 of IS 800:2007
Yield Stress (Effective for tf) 300.00
About z-z axis
Effective slenderness ratio, KLz/rz = 1.0x 4000/38.94 = 102.7 < 180

Non dimensional effective slenderness ration ,λzz = (fy/fcc)^0.5 =


[300x(4000/38.94)^2/(3.14^2x
2x10^5)] 1.27
Table 7, IS 800:2007 α = 0.34
Ф = 0.5[1+α(λ-0.2)+λ^2] =
0.5[1+0.34(1.27-
0.2)+1.27^2] = 1.5

stress reduction factor, X = 1/[Ф+(Ф2-λ2 )^0.5] =


1/[1.5+(1.5^2-1.27^2)^0.5]
= 0.4
partial safety factor for material strength , γmo = 1.10

fy/[(Ф+(Ф2-λ2)^0.5) *Υmo]
Design compressive stress , fcd in z-z dirn.
= = 120.9 Mpa

About y-y axis


Effective slenderness ratio, KLy/ryy = 164.8 < 180
Non dimensional effective slenderness ration , λyy = (fy/fcc)^0.5 = 2.03
fccy 72.7
Table 7, IS 800:2007 α = 0.49
Ф = 0.5[1+α(λ-0.2)+λ^2] = 3.0
X = 1/[Ф+(Ф2-λ2)^0.5] = 0.2

Design compressive stress , fcd in y-y dirn. = fy/[(Ф+(Ф2-λ2)^0.5)*Υmo] 52.1 Mpa

Design Stress , fcd crritical = Min of fcd zz and fcdyyy = 52.1 Mpa
As the section is not slender Eff Area , Ae = Agross
Design Strength, Pd = Ae x fcd, critical = 81 KN
4.2.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.3 AS PER IS 800:2007 (LIMIT STATE METHOD) GRADE Fy
COMPRESSION CAPACITY (Pd) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 300
DESIGNATION tf bf d tw ry rz Area Weight Class 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm2) (Kg/m) Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd
INDIAN STANDARD NARROW FLANGE BEAMS (IS: 12778 -2004)
NPB 100x55x8.1 5.7 55.0 100.0 4.1 12.40 40.70 1032.32 8.10 PL 169 60
NPB 120x60x10.4 6.3 64.0 120.0 4.4 14.46 49.04 1321.02 10.37 PL 249 100
NPB 140x70x12.9 6.9 73.0 140.0 4.7 16.53 57.40 1642.60 12.89 PL 339 155
NPB 160x80x15.8 7.4 82.0 160.0 5 18.43 65.78 2009.13 15.77 PL 439 224 114
NPB 180x90x15.4 6.5 91.0 177.0 4.3 20.44 73.68 1957.73 15.37 PL 446 253 133
NPB 180x90x18.8 8.0 91.0 180.0 5.3 20.51 74.16 2394.73 18.80 PL 546 312 164
NPB 180x90x21.3 9.0 92.0 182.0 6 20.80 74.53 2709.53 21.27 PL 621 359 190
NPB 200x100x18.4 7.0 100.0 197.0 4.5 22.32 82.34 2347.11 18.42 PL 551 341 186 112
NPB 200x100x22.4 8.5 100.0 200.0 5.6 22.34 82.59 2848.41 22.36 PL 668 414 226 136
NPB 200x100x25.1 9.5 102.0 202.0 6.2 22.97 83.17 3196.21 25.09 PL 756 480 266 161
NPB 200x130x27.2 8.4 133.0 207.0 5.8 30.87 87.38 3461.17 27.17 PL 874 685 452 291 198
NPB 200x130x31.6 10.0 134.0 210.0 6.4 31.61 88.57 4019.61 31.55 PL 1020 808 542 352 240
NPB 220x110x22.2 7.7 110.0 217.0 5 24.61 90.54 2825.61 22.18 PL 681 459 263 161
NPB 220x110x26.2 9.2 110.0 220.0 5.9 24.76 91.14 3337.05 26.20 PL 806 546 314 192
NPB 220x110x29.4 10.2 112.0 222.0 6.6 25.31 91.55 3738.97 29.35 PL 907 626 364 224
NPB 240x120x26.2 8.3 120.0 237.0 5.2 26.82 99.39 3331.22 26.15 PL 819 589 355 221
NPB 240x120x30.7 9.8 120.0 240.0 6.2 26.90 99.74 3911.62 30.71 PL 963 694 419 260
NPB 240x120x34.3 10.8 122.0 242.0 7 27.39 99.98 4371.14 34.31 PL 1080 788 481 300
NPB 270x135x30.7 8.7 135.0 267.0 5.5 30.22 112.07 3914.94 30.73 SC 985 763 497 318 216
NPB 270x135x36.1 10.2 135.0 270.0 6.6 30.21 112.26 4594.50 36.07 PL 1156 895 583 373 253
NPB 270x135x42.3 12.2 136.0 274.0 7.5 30.86 113.60 5383.54 42.26 PL 1360 1065 703 453 308
NPB 300x150x36.5 9.2 150.0 297.0 6.1 33.38 124.17 4652.60 36.52 SC 1190 966 673 445 306 221
NPB 300x150x42.2 10.7 150.0 300.0 7.1 33.48 124.61 5381.20 42.24 PL 1377 1119 781 517 356 257
NPB 300x150x49.3 12.7 152.0 304.0 8 34.44 126.12 6282.74 49.32 PL 1615 1327 944 631 436 316
NPB 350x170x50.2 11.5 170.0 357.6 6.6 38.40 150.64 6396.48 50.21 SC 1668 1422 1083 758 534 391
NPB 350x170x57.1 12.7 170.0 360.0 8 37.85 149.55 7272.92 57.09 PL 1894 1608 1213 844 593 433
NPB 350x170x66 14.7 172.0 364.0 9.2 38.54 150.47 8413.24 66.04 PL 2195 1874 1429 1003 707 517
NPB 400x180x57.4 12.0 180.0 397.0 7 39.98 166.62 7309.56 57.38 SC 1916 1652 1286 918 653 479 364
NPB 400x180x66.3 13.5 180.0 400.0 8.6 39.47 165.48 8446.36 66.30 SC 2210 1899 1468 1041 738 541 411
NPB 400x180x75.7 15.5 182.0 404.0 9.7 40.25 166.58 9638.66 75.66 PL 2528 2184 1706 1222 870 639 486
NPB 450x190x67.2 13.1 190.0 447.0 7.6 41.88 186.51 8554.64 67.15 SC 2254 1966 1568 1144 823 608 463
NPB 450x190x77.6 14.6 190.0 450.0 9.4 41.15 184.79 9882.08 77.57 SC 2599 2257 1784 1291 924 681 519
NPB 450x190x92.4 17.6 192.0 456.0 11 42.07 186.50 11765.76 92.36 PL 3102 2708 2165 1584 1140 842 643
NPB 500x200x79.4 14.5 200.0 497.0 8.4 43.77 206.08 10109.76 79.36 SC 2677 2358 1920 1432 1043 774 592
NPB 500x200x90.7 16.0 200.0 500.0 10.2 43.03 204.26 11552.16 90.68 SC 3053 2679 2165 1601 1160 860 657
NPB 500x200x107.3 19.0 202.0 506.0 12 43.77 205.58 13670.56 107.31 PL 3619 3188 2596 1937 1410 1047 801
NPB 600x220x107.6 17.5 220.0 597.0 9.8 47.66 246.00 13702.04 107.56 SC 3659 3275 2762 2149 1607 1210 932 737
NPB 600x220x122.4 19.0 220.0 600.0 12 46.57 242.97 15598.44 122.45 SC 4156 3705 3097 2383 1768 1326 1019 804
NPB 600x220x154.5 24.0 224.0 610.0 15 47.90 245.20 19676.44 154.46 PL 5090 4573 3887 3057 2304 1741 1345 1064

INDIAN STANDARD WIDE FLANGE BEAMS (IS: 12778 -2004)


WPB 320x300x74.2 11.0 300.0 301.0 8 72.37 131.87 9457.78 74.24 SC 2619 2394 2158 1899 1624 1360 1128 937 784 663
WPB 320x300x97.6 15.5 300.0 310.0 9 74.91 135.78 12436.78 97.63 SC 3454 3169 2871 2545 2197 1856 1551 1295 1088 922
WPB 320x300x126.7 20.5 300.0 320.0 11.5 75.65 138.22 16134.28 126.65 PL 4340 3993 3631 3236 2813 2393 2011 1687 1421 1206
WPB 320x300x245 40.0 309.0 359.0 21 79.45 147.77 31204.78 244.96 PL 8427 7787 7127 6411 5640 4857 4127 3489 2957 2521
WPB 600x300x128.8 15.5 300.0 571.0 12 65.26 236.64 16405.78 128.79 SC 4492 4182 3818 3362 2830 2307 1862 1513 1244 1037
WPB 600x300x177.8 25.0 300.0 590.0 13 70.53 249.71 22645.78 177.77 PL 6030 5659 5237 4721 4103 3447 2845 2343 1944 1630
WPB 600x300x211.9 30.0 300.0 600.0 15.5 70.77 251.71 26995.78 211.92 PL 7189 6749 6249 5637 4905 4125 3407 2808 2331 1954
WPB 600x300x285.5 40.0 305.0 620.0 21 72.22 255.53 36365.78 285.47 PL 9696 9116 8462 7666 6711 5681 4716 3901 3244 2724
WPB 700x300x149.9 17.0 300.0 670.0 13 63.36 273.40 19093.78 149.89 SC 5217 4845 4401 3842 3199 2584 2074 1678 1377 1145
WPB 700x300x204.5 27.0 300.0 690.0 14.5 68.36 287.50 26047.78 204.48 SC 6922 6481 5973 5346 4600 3826 3133 2568 2124 1776
WPB 700x300x240.5 32.0 300.0 700.0 17 68.63 289.56 30637.78 240.51 PL 8144 7627 7033 6301 5429 4521 3706 3040 2515 2104
4.2.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.3 AS PER IS 800:2007 (LIMIT STATE METHOD) GRADE Fy
COMPRESSION CAPACITY (Pd) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 300
DESIGNATION tf bf d tw ry rz Area Weight Class 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm2) (Kg/m) Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd
WPB 700x300x300.7 40.0 304.0 716.0 21 70.04 293.21 38301.78 300.67 PL 10194 9562 8842 7958 6901 5785 4766 3921 3250 2723
WPB 800x300x171.5 18.0 300.0 770.0 14 60.98 309.20 21848.57 171.51 SC 5954 5508 4968 4285 3516 2807 2236 1802 1474 1224
WPB 800x300x224.4 28.0 300.0 790.0 15 66.47 325.83 28582.57 224.37 SC 7582 7082 6501 5778 4925 4060 3303 2696 2224 1857
WPB 800x300x262.3 33.0 300.0 800.0 17.5 66.75 327.80 33417.57 262.33 PL 8868 8285 7611 6772 5780 4771 3886 3174 2619 2187
WPB 800x300x317.3 40.0 303.0 814.0 21 67.85 330.88 40426.57 317.35 PL 10739 10047 9251 8265 7094 5886 4812 3940 3256 2722
WPB 900x300x198 20.0 300.0 870.0 15 59.84 345.54 25222.57 198.00 SC 6864 6337 5695 4880 3976 3157 2506 2015 1647 1366
WPB 900x300x251.6 30.0 300.0 890.0 16 64.99 362.88 32052.57 251.61 SC 8491 7915 7241 6397 5410 4427 3584 2917 2401 2002
WPB 900x300x291.5 35.0 300.0 900.0 18.5 65.24 364.79 37127.57 291.45 SC 9837 9174 8397 7427 6290 5153 4176 3400 2799 2335

INDIAN STANDARD NARROW PARALLEL FLANGE BEAMS//EUROPIAN I- BEAMS


IPEO 300/NPB 300x150x49.3 12.7 152.0 304.0 8 34.44 126.12 6282.74 49.32 PL 1615 1327 944 631 436 316
IPEO 360/NPB 350x170x66 14.7 172.0 364.0 9.2 38.54 150.47 8413.24 66.04 PL 2195 1874 1429 1003 707 517
IPEO 400/NPB 400x180x75.7 15.5 182.0 404.0 9.7 40.25 166.58 9638.66 75.66 PL 2528 2184 1706 1222 870 639 486
IPEO 450/NPB 450x190x92.4 17.6 192.0 456.0 11 42.07 186.50 11765.76 92.36 PL 3102 2708 2165 1584 1140 842 643
IPEO 500/NPB 500x200x107.3 19.0 202.0 506.0 12 43.77 205.58 13670.56 107.31 PL 3619 3188 2596 1937 1410 1047 801
IPEO 600/NPB 600x220x154.5 24.0 224.0 610.0 15 47.90 245.20 19676.44 154.46 PL 5090 4573 3887 3057 2304 1741 1345 1064
IPE 300/NPB 300x150x42.2 10.7 150.0 300.0 7.1 33.48 124.61 5381.20 42.24 PL 1377 1119 781 517 356 257
IPE 360/NPB 350x170x57.1 12.7 170.0 360.0 8 37.85 149.55 7272.92 57.09 PL 1894 1608 1213 844 593 433
IPE 400/NPB 400x180x66.3 13.5 180.0 400.0 8.6 39.47 165.48 8446.36 66.30 SC 2210 1899 1468 1041 738 541 411
IPE 450/NPB 450x190x77.6 14.6 190.0 450.0 9.4 41.15 184.79 9882.08 77.57 SC 2599 2257 1784 1291 924 681 519
IPE 500/NPB 500x200x90.7 16.0 200.0 500.0 10.2 43.03 204.26 11552.16 90.68 SC 3053 2679 2165 1601 1160 860 657
IPE 600/NPB 600x220x122.4 19.0 220.0 600.0 12 46.57 242.97 15598.44 122.45 SC 4156 3705 3097 2383 1768 1326 1019 804
IPE A360/NPB 350x170x50.2 11.5 170.0 357.6 6.6 38.40 150.64 6396.48 50.21 SC 1668 1422 1083 758 534 391
IPEA 300/NPB 300x150x36.5 9.2 150.0 297.0 6.1 33.38 124.17 4652.60 36.52 SC 1190 966 673 445 306 221
IPEA 400/NPB 400x180x57.4 12.0 180.0 397.0 7 39.98 166.62 7309.56 57.38 SC 1916 1652 1286 918 653 479 364
IPEA 450/NPB 450x190x67.2 13.1 190.0 447.0 7.6 41.88 186.51 8554.64 67.15 SC 2254 1966 1568 1144 823 608 463
IPEA 500/NPB 500x200x79.4 14.5 200.0 497.0 8.4 43.77 206.08 10109.76 79.36 SC 2677 2358 1920 1432 1043 774 592
IPEA 600/NPB 600x220x107.6 17.5 220.0 597.0 9.8 47.66 246.00 13702.04 107.56 SC 3659 3275 2762 2149 1607 1210 932 737

UNIVERSAL BEAMS AS PER BS4-1:1993


UB 203x133x25 7.8 133.2 203.2 5.7 31.02 85.56 3196.82 25.10 PL 808 634 420 271 185
UB 203x133x30 9.6 133.9 206.8 6.4 31.73 87.05 3821.10 30.00 PL 970 770 518 337 230
UB 254x146x31 8.6 146.1 251.4 6 33.58 105.47 3967.70 31.15 PL 1016 827 578 383 264 191
UB 254x146x37 10.9 146.4 256.0 6.3 34.78 108.35 4716.56 37.03 PL 1214 1002 717 481 333 241
UB 254x146x43 12.7 147.3 259.6 7.2 35.16 109.30 5477.24 43.00 PL 1412 1170 843 569 394 286
UB 457x152x52 10.9 152.4 449.8 7.6 31.10 179.06 6664.43 52.32 SC 1686 1325 880 568 387
UB 457x152x60 13.3 152.9 454.6 8.1 32.28 182.89 7623.25 59.84 SC 1940 1552 1057 691 473
UB 457x152x67 15.0 153.8 458.0 9 32.66 183.88 8555.31 67.16 SC 2181 1754 1204 790 541
UB 457x152x74 17.0 154.4 462.0 9.6 33.28 185.97 9447.71 74.16 SC 2416 1959 1362 899 618
UB 457x152x82 18.9 155.3 465.8 10.5 33.66 187.09 10453.65 82.06 SC 2678 2181 1528 1013 697 504
UB 305x165x40 10.2 165.0 303.4 6 38.59 128.72 5131.99 40.29 SC 1339 1144 873 613 432 316
UB 305x165x46 11.8 165.7 306.6 6.7 39.04 129.81 5874.61 46.12 SC 1535 1315 1011 713 504 369 280
UB 305x165x54 13.7 165.9 310.4 7.9 39.04 130.34 6849.35 53.77 PL 1790 1533 1178 831 588 431 327
UB 356x171x45 9.7 171.1 351.4 7 37.61 145.08 5732.65 45.00 SC 1491 1264 950 659 462 337
UB 356x171x51 11.5 171.5 355.0 7.4 38.62 147.58 6490.61 50.95 SC 1694 1447 1105 776 547 400
UB 356x171x57 13.0 172.2 358.0 8.1 39.08 148.68 7255.71 56.96 SC 1897 1625 1249 882 624 457 347
UB 356x171x67 15.7 173.2 363.4 9.1 39.91 150.88 8548.99 67.11 PL 2240 1931 1502 1071 761 559 425
UB 406x178x54 10.9 177.7 402.6 7.7 38.48 164.78 6895.33 54.13 SC 1799 1535 1169 820 578 423
UB 406x178x60 12.8 177.9 406.4 7.9 39.65 168.00 7651.87 60.07 SC 2004 1724 1336 949 674 494 376
UB 406x178x67 14.3 178.8 409.4 8.8 39.94 168.65 8554.03 67.15 SC 2242 1932 1504 1072 762 560 425
UB 406x178x74 16.0 179.5 412.8 9.5 40.44 169.99 9450.91 74.19 PL 2480 2145 1680 1205 859 632 481
UB 457x191x67 12.7 189.9 453.4 8.5 41.21 185.36 8550.77 67.12 SC 2249 1954 1546 1119 802 591 450
UB 457x191x74 14.5 190.4 457.0 9 42.02 187.64 9462.91 74.28 SC 2494 2177 1739 1272 915 676 516
4.2.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.3 AS PER IS 800:2007 (LIMIT STATE METHOD) GRADE Fy
COMPRESSION CAPACITY (Pd) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 300
DESIGNATION tf bf d tw ry rz Area Weight Class 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm2) (Kg/m) Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd
UB 457x191x82 16.0 191.3 460.0 9.9 42.31 188.31 10448.11 82.02 SC 2756 2410 1931 1417 1022 755 576
UB 457x191x89 17.7 191.9 463.4 10.5 42.85 189.87 11376.57 89.31 SC 3005 2635 2125 1569 1135 841 642
UB 457x191x98 19.6 192.8 467.2 11.4 43.28 191.06 12526.27 98.33 PL 3313 2911 2358 1750 1270 941 720
UB 533x210x82 13.2 208.8 528.3 9.6 43.78 213.09 10469.01 82.18 SC 2772 2442 1989 1484 1080 802 614
UB 533x210x92 15.6 209.3 533.1 10.1 45.11 216.91 11737.80 92.14 SC 3117 2763 2280 1727 1268 946 725 571
UB 533x210x101 17.4 210.0 536.7 10.8 45.74 218.66 12866.97 101.01 SC 3422 3041 2523 1924 1420 1061 815 642
UB 533x210x109.8 18.8 210.8 539.5 11.8 45.87 218.92 13986.95 109.80 SC 3721 3308 2749 2099 1550 1159 890 702
UB 533x210x122 21.3 211.9 544.5 12.7 46.69 221.21 15539.52 121.99 PL 4010 3587 3021 2347 1753 1318 1016 802
UB 610x229x101 14.8 227.6 602.6 10.5 47.54 242.45 12891.91 101.20 SC 3442 3080 2595 2017 1507 1134 874 690
UB 610x229x113 17.3 228.2 607.6 11.1 48.84 246.29 14394.47 113.00 SC 3853 3463 2946 2320 1749 1323 1022 808
UB 610x229x125.1 19.6 229.0 612.2 11.9 49.67 248.77 15933.95 125.08 SC 4271 3849 3294 2615 1983 1505 1164 922
UB 610x229x139.9 22.1 230.2 617.2 13.1 50.28 250.45 17819.59 139.88 SC 4629 4191 3619 2912 2233 1704 1323 1050 850

UNIVERSAL COLUMNS AS PER BS4-1:1993


UC 152X152X23 6.8 152.2 152.4 5.8 36.98 65.37 2924.54 22.96 SC 743 594 431 299 212 156
UC 152X152X30 9.4 152.9 157.6 6.5 38.27 67.59 3826.30 30.04 PL 979 792 584 411 293 217
UC 152X152X37 11.5 154.4 161.8 8 38.72 68.50 4711.18 36.98 PL 1207 981 728 514 368 273
UC 203X203X46 11.0 203.6 203.2 7.2 51.34 88.19 5873.15 46.10 CO 1569 1368 1141 902 694 536 420 337 275
UC 203X203X52 12.5 204.3 206.2 7.9 51.78 89.07 6628.29 52.03 PL 1773 1548 1294 1027 793 613 481 386 315
UC 203X203X60 14.2 205.8 209.6 9.4 51.99 89.55 7637.31 59.95 PL 2044 1786 1495 1188 918 710 558 447 365
UC 203X203X71 17.3 206.4 215.8 10 52.97 91.78 9042.75 70.99 PL 2425 2126 1790 1433 1113 864 681 546 447
UC 203X203X86 20.5 209.1 222.2 12.7 53.41 92.83 10963.65 86.06 PL 2851 2510 2129 1720 1347 1051 831 668 547
UC 254X254X73 14.2 254.6 254.1 8.6 64.78 110.69 9310.11 73.08 CO 2552 2304 2038 1743 1444 1174 954 781 646 542
UC 254X254X89 17.3 258.3 260.3 10.3 66.04 112.27 11400.34 89.49 PL 3130 2833 2515 2163 1802 1473 1200 985 817 686
UC 254X254X107 20.5 258.8 266.7 12.8 65.92 113.31 13638.21 107.06 PL 3625 3287 2926 2526 2114 1735 1418 1165 968 814
UC 254X254X132 25.3 261.3 276.3 15.3 66.92 115.76 16813.44 131.99 PL 4475 4065 3628 3145 2644 2178 1785 1470 1223 1029
UC 254X254X167 31.7 265.2 289.1 19.2 68.09 118.71 21285.57 167.09 PL 5675 5165 4623 4025 3400 2814 2314 1910 1592 1341
UC 305X305X97 15.4 305.3 307.9 9.9 76.93 134.25 12344.86 96.91 SC 3436 3160 2874 2562 2227 1894 1592 1335 1125 955
UC 305X305X118 18.7 307.4 314.5 12 77.66 135.73 15020.29 117.91 PL 4183 3851 3507 3132 2729 2327 1959 1646 1388 1179
UC 305X305X137 21.7 309.2 320.5 13.8 78.32 137.16 17441.59 136.92 PL 4705 4342 3967 3559 3120 2678 2268 1913 1618 1378
UC 305X305X158 25.0 311.2 327.1 15.8 79.00 138.72 20136.51 158.07 PL 5436 5020 4592 4126 3625 3118 2645 2235 1892 1612
UC 305X305X198 31.4 314.5 339.9 19.1 80.35 142.01 25241.54 198.15 PL 6823 6310 5784 5213 4598 3971 3382 2865 2431 2075
UC 305X305X240 37.7 318.4 352.5 23 81.50 144.90 30578.99 240.05 PL 8274 7662 7035 6356 5623 4874 4164 3537 3007 2570
UC 305X305X283 44.1 322.2 365.3 26.8 82.67 147.93 36042.65 282.93 PL 9439 8763 8075 7334 6533 5705 4909 4193 3580 3069
UC 356X368X129 17.5 368.6 355.6 10.4 94.29 156.49 16433.57 129.00 SC 4642 4342 4040 3720 3375 3011 2647 2303 1995 1729
UC 356X368X153 20.7 370.5 362.0 12.3 94.92 157.93 19480.41 152.92 CO 5328 4991 4654 4298 3915 3510 3100 2709 2356 2048
UC 356X368X177 23.8 372.6 368.2 14.4 95.41 159.15 22550.73 177.02 PL 6170 5782 5394 4985 4544 4078 3605 3154 2745 2387
UC 356X368X202 27.0 374.7 374.6 16.5 95.96 160.50 25722.03 201.92 PL 7040 6600 6160 5697 5198 4670 4134 3620 3154 2745
UC 356X406x235 30.2 394.8 381.0 18.4 101.74 162.52 29943.29 235.05 PL 8225 7740 7260 6757 6220 5648 5059 4481 3941 3457

INDIAN STANDARD WIDE PARALLEL FLANGE BEAMS//EUROPIAN WIDE FLANGE BEAMS


HE 800x373 46.0 308.0 826.0 25 68.87 332.25 47458.57 372.55 PL 12248 11182 10056 8816 7510 6263 5180 4294 3587 3027
HEA 320/WPB 320x300x97.6 15.5 300.0 310.0 9 74.91 135.78 12436.78 97.63 SC 3454 3169 2871 2545 2197 1856 1551 1295 1088 922
HEA 600/WPB 600x300x177.8 25.0 300.0 590.0 13 70.53 249.71 22645.78 177.77 PL 6030 5659 5237 4721 4103 3447 2845 2343 1944 1630
HEA 700/WPB 700x300x204.5 27.0 300.0 690.0 14.5 68.36 287.50 26047.78 204.48 SC 6922 6481 5973 5346 4600 3826 3133 2568 2124 1776
HEA 800/WPB 800x300x224.4 28.0 300.0 790.0 15 66.47 325.83 28582.57 224.37 SC 7582 7082 6501 5778 4925 4060 3303 2696 2224 1857
HEA 900/WPB 900x300x251.6 30.0 300.0 890.0 16 64.99 362.88 32052.57 251.61 SC 8491 7915 7241 6397 5410 4427 3584 2917 2401 2002
HEAA 320/WPB 320x300x74.2 11.0 300.0 301.0 8 72.37 131.87 9457.78 74.24 SC 2619 2394 2158 1899 1624 1360 1128 937 784 663
HEAA 600/WPB 600x300x128.8 15.5 300.0 571.0 12 65.26 236.64 16405.78 128.79 SC 4492 4182 3818 3362 2830 2307 1862 1513 1244 1037
HEAA 700/WPB 700x300x149.9 17.0 300.0 670.0 13 63.36 273.40 19093.78 149.89 SC 5217 4845 4401 3842 3199 2584 2074 1678 1377 1145
HEAA 800/WPB 800x300x171.5 18.0 300.0 770.0 14 60.98 309.20 21848.57 171.51 SC 5954 5508 4968 4285 3516 2807 2236 1802 1474 1224
HEAA 900/WPB 900x300x198 20.0 300.0 870.0 15 59.84 345.54 25222.57 198.00 SC 6864 6337 5695 4880 3976 3157 2506 2015 1647 1366
HEB 320/WPB 320x300x126.7 20.5 300.0 320.0 11.5 75.65 138.22 16134.28 126.65 PL 4340 3993 3631 3236 2813 2393 2011 1687 1421 1206
4.2.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.3 AS PER IS 800:2007 (LIMIT STATE METHOD) GRADE Fy
COMPRESSION CAPACITY (Pd) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 300
DESIGNATION tf bf d tw ry rz Area Weight Class 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm2) (Kg/m) Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd
HEB 600/WPB 600x300x211.9 30.0 300.0 600.0 15.5 70.77 251.71 26995.78 211.92 PL 7189 6749 6249 5637 4905 4125 3407 2808 2331 1954
HEB 700/WPB 700x300x240.5 32.0 300.0 700.0 17 68.63 289.56 30637.78 240.51 PL 8144 7627 7033 6301 5429 4521 3706 3040 2515 2104
HEB 800/WPB 800x300x262.3 33.0 300.0 800.0 17.5 66.75 327.80 33417.57 262.33 PL 8868 8285 7611 6772 5780 4771 3886 3174 2619 2187
HEB 900/WPB 900x300x291.5 35.0 300.0 900.0 18.5 65.24 364.79 37127.57 291.45 SC 9837 9174 8397 7427 6290 5153 4176 3400 2799 2335
HEM 320/WPB 320x300x245 40.0 309.0 359.0 21 79.45 147.77 31204.78 244.96 PL 8427 7787 7127 6411 5640 4857 4127 3489 2957 2521
HEM 600/WPB 600x300x285.5 40.0 305.0 620.0 21 72.22 255.53 36365.78 285.47 PL 9696 9116 8462 7666 6711 5681 4716 3901 3244 2724
HEM 700/WPB 700x300x300.7 40.0 304.0 716.0 21 70.04 293.21 38301.78 300.67 PL 10194 9562 8842 7958 6901 5785 4766 3921 3250 2723
HEM 800/WPB 800x300x317.3 40.0 303.0 814.0 21 67.85 330.88 40426.57 317.35 PL 10739 10047 9251 8265 7094 5886 4812 3940 3256 2722
HEM 900/WPB 900x300x332.5 40.0 302.0 910.0 21 65.97 366.95 42362.57 332.55 PL 11233 10485 9614 8529 7250 5962 4843 3949 3255 2717

INDIAN STANDARD TAPERED FLANGE MEDIUM WEIGHT BEAMS/I-SECTIONS (IS:808)


ISMB 100 (IS808) @ 8.9 7.0 50.0 100.0 4.7 10.50 40.00 1140.00 8.90 PL 153
ISMB 125 (IS808) @ 13.3 8.0 70.0 125.0 5 15.10 51.60 1700.00 13.30 PL 331 138
ISMB 150 (IS808) @ 15 8.0 75.0 150.0 5 15.70 61.30 1910.00 15.00 PL 382 165
ISMB 175 (IS808) @ 19.6 9.0 85.0 175.0 5.8 17.60 71.30 2500.00 19.60 PL 534 260 131
ISMB 200 (IS808) @ 24.2 10.0 100.0 200.0 5.7 21.10 82.90 3080.00 24.20 PL 710 416 222
ISMB 250 (IS808) @ 37.3 12.5 125.0 250.0 6.9 26.50 104.00 4750.00 37.30 PL 1165 831 497 308
ISMB 300 (IS808) @ 46 13.1 140.0 300.0 7.7 28.60 124.00 5860.00 46.00 PL 1460 1095 688 434 293
ISMB 350 (IS808) @ 52.4 14.2 140.0 350.0 8.1 28.40 143.00 6670.00 52.40 PL 1660 1240 775 488 329
ISMB 400 (IS808) @ 61.5 16.0 140.0 400.0 8.9 28.20 162.00 7840.00 61.50 PL 1948 1449 901 567 382
ISMB 450 (IS808) @ 72.4 17.4 150.0 450.0 9.4 30.10 182.00 9220.00 72.40 SC 2319 1792 1164 744 505
ISMB 500 (IS808) @ 86.9 17.2 180.0 500.0 10.2 35.20 202.00 11100.00 86.90 SC 2862 2372 1711 1154 800 580
ISMB 550 (IS808) @ 104 19.3 190.0 550.0 11.2 37.30 222.00 13200.00 104.00 SC 3430 2899 2169 1499 1050 766
ISMB 600 (IS808) @ 123 20.3 210.0 600.0 12 41.20 242.00 15600.00 123.00 SC 3974 3466 2765 2019 1452 1072 818

ISMB SECTION PROPERTIES (As Per SP: 6(1)-1964 & Reference Manual for Structural Engineers -INS/PUB/003- Page 28 & 29)
ISMB 100 x11.5 7.2 75.0 100.0 4 16.72 42.00 1460.00 11.46 PL 303 140 70
ISMB 125 x13 7.6 75.0 125.0 4.4 16.23 52.01 1660.00 13.03 PL 339 152
ISMB 150 x14.9 7.6 80.0 150.0 4.8 16.64 61.83 1900.00 14.92 PL 394 181
ISMB 175 x19.3 8.6 90.0 175.0 5.5 18.58 71.88 2462.00 19.33 PL 540 278 142
ISMB 200 x25.4 10.8 100.0 200.0 5.7 21.54 83.15 3233.00 25.38 PL 750 449 241
ISMB 250 x37.3 12.5 125.0 250.0 6.9 26.52 103.88 4755.00 37.33 PL 1166 833 498 309
ISMB 300 x44.2 12.4 140.0 300.0 7.5 28.40 123.66 5626.00 44.16 PL 1400 1046 653 412 278
ISMB 350 x52.4 14.2 140.0 350.0 8.1 28.39 142.94 6671.00 52.37 PL 1660 1240 774 488 329
ISMB 400 x61.6 16.0 140.0 400.0 8.9 28.16 161.48 7846.00 61.59 PL 1949 1448 900 566 381
ISMB 450 x72.4 17.4 150.0 450.0 9.4 30.06 181.49 9227.00 72.43 SC 2320 1792 1163 743 504
ISMB 500 x86.9 17.2 180.0 500.0 10.2 35.17 202.07 11074.00 86.93 SC 2855 2365 1705 1150 797 578
ISMB 550 x103.7 19.3 190.0 550.0 11.2 37.26 221.63 13211.00 103.71 SC 3432 2900 2168 1498 1049 765
ISMB 600 x122.6 20.3 210.0 600.0 12 41.20 242.44 15621.00 122.62 SC 3979 3471 2769 2021 1454 1073 819
4.2.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.4 AS PER IS 800:1984 (WORKING STRESS METHOD) GRADE Fy
CAPACITY (Pallow) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 300

Weight 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
DESIGNATION ry (mm) rz (mm) Class
Area(mm2) Kg/m Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow
INDIAN STANDARD NARROW FLANGE BEAMS (IS: 12778 -2004)
NPB 100x55x8.1 12.40 40.70 1032.32 8.10 PL 114 43
NPB 120x60x10.4 14.46 49.04 1321.02 10.37 PL 167 71
NPB 140x70x12.9 16.53 57.40 1642.60 12.89 PL 228 109
NPB 160x80x15.8 18.43 65.78 2009.13 15.77 PL 296 155 82
NPB 180x90x15.4 20.44 73.68 1957.73 15.37 PL 302 174 95
NPB 180x90x18.8 20.51 74.16 2394.73 18.80 PL 370 214 117
NPB 180x90x21.3 20.80 74.53 2709.53 21.27 PL 420 246 135
NPB 200x100x18.4 22.32 82.34 2347.11 18.42 PL 373 232 132 80
NPB 200x100x22.4 22.34 82.59 2848.41 22.36 PL 453 281 160 98
NPB 200x100x25.1 22.97 83.17 3196.21 25.09 PL 513 325 188 115
NPB 200x130x27.2 30.87 87.38 3461.17 27.17 PL 591 459 310 206 142
NPB 200x130x31.6 31.61 88.57 4019.61 31.55 PL 689 542 371 248 172
NPB 220x110x22.2 24.61 90.54 2825.61 22.18 PL 462 309 185 115
NPB 220x110x26.2 24.76 91.14 3337.05 26.20 PL 546 368 220 137
NPB 220x110x29.4 25.31 91.55 3738.97 29.35 PL 615 421 255 160
NPB 240x120x26.2 26.82 99.39 3331.22 26.15 PL 555 396 247 157
NPB 240x120x30.7 26.90 99.74 3911.62 30.71 PL 652 466 291 186
NPB 240x120x34.3 27.39 99.98 4371.14 34.31 PL 732 529 334 214
NPB 270x135x30.7 30.22 112.07 3914.94 30.73 SC 666 512 341 225 155
NPB 270x135x36.1 30.21 112.26 4594.50 36.07 PL 782 600 400 264 181
NPB 270x135x42.3 30.86 113.60 5383.54 42.26 PL 919 714 482 320 221
NPB 300x150x36.5 33.38 124.17 4652.60 36.52 SC 803 649 457 312 218 159
NPB 300x150x42.2 33.48 124.61 5381.20 42.24 PL 929 752 531 363 254 184
NPB 300x150x49.3 34.44 126.12 6282.74 49.32 PL 1087 893 640 441 311 226
NPB 350x170x50.2 38.40 150.64 6396.48 50.21 SC 1118 960 728 523 378 279
NPB 350x170x57.1 37.85 149.55 7272.92 57.09 PL 1270 1085 816 584 420 310
NPB 350x170x66 38.54 150.47 8413.24 66.04 PL 1471 1265 961 692 500 370
NPB 400x180x57.4 39.98 166.62 7309.56 57.38 SC 1282 1117 863 631 460 342 261
NPB 400x180x66.3 39.47 165.48 8446.36 66.30 SC 1480 1283 986 717 520 386 295
NPB 400x180x75.7 40.25 166.58 9638.66 75.66 PL 1691 1476 1145 839 612 456 349
NPB 450x190x67.2 41.88 186.51 8554.64 67.15 SC 1505 1331 1051 782 577 432 332
NPB 450x190x77.6 41.15 184.79 9882.08 77.57 SC 1737 1527 1197 884 649 485 372
NPB 450x190x92.4 42.07 186.50 11765.76 92.36 PL 2070 1833 1452 1082 799 599 460
NPB 500x200x79.4 43.77 206.08 10109.76 79.36 SC 1783 1597 1287 975 728 550 424
NPB 500x200x90.7 43.03 204.26 11552.16 90.68 SC 2036 1814 1451 1092 811 611 470
NPB 500x200x107.3 43.77 205.58 13670.56 107.31 PL 2411 2160 1740 1318 984 743 573
4.2.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.4 AS PER IS 800:1984 (WORKING STRESS METHOD) GRADE Fy
CAPACITY (Pallow) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 300

Weight 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
DESIGNATION ry (mm) rz (mm) Class
Area(mm2) Kg/m Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow
NPB 600x220x107.6 47.66 246.00 13702.04 107.56 SC 2427 2221 1854 1452 1111 853 664 332
NPB 600x220x122.4 46.57 242.97 15598.44 122.45 SC 2760 2512 2078 1612 1225 936 727 374
NPB 600x220x154.5 47.90 245.20 19676.44 154.46 PL 3372 3101 2610 2062 1588 1224 957 478

INDIAN STANDARD WIDE FLANGE BEAMS (IS: 12778 -2004)


WPB 320x300x74.2 72.37 131.87 9457.78 74.24 SC 1694 1645 1538 1380 1197 1015 852 213 600 508
WPB 320x300x97.6 74.91 135.78 12436.78 97.63 SC 2228 2170 2040 1846 1615 1382 1168 274 831 706
WPB 320x300x126.7 75.65 138.22 16134.28 126.65 PL 2796 2727 2575 2343 2065 1778 1512 353 1084 923
WPB 320x300x245 79.45 147.77 31204.78 244.96 PL 5410 5294 5033 4628 4126 3596 3090 660 2252 1928
WPB 600x300x128.8 65.26 236.64 16405.78 128.79 SC 2933 2822 2586 2258 1901 1571 1290 390 883 740
WPB 600x300x177.8 70.53 249.71 22645.78 177.77 PL 3920 3805 3552 3180 2751 2328 1950 518 1369 1158
WPB 600x300x211.9 70.77 251.71 26995.78 211.92 PL 4673 4537 4238 3798 3288 2785 2334 616 1641 1388
WPB 600x300x285.5 72.22 255.53 36365.78 285.47 PL 6297 6123 5739 5168 4499 3830 3224 820 2280 1932
WPB 700x300x149.9 63.36 273.40 19093.78 149.89 SC 3412 3272 2979 2578 2152 1765 1442 460 979 819
WPB 700x300x204.5 68.36 287.50 26047.78 204.48 SC 4507 4363 4050 3597 3085 2590 2155 606 1500 1265
WPB 700x300x240.5 68.63 289.56 30637.78 240.51 PL 5302 5134 4769 4240 3640 3059 2548 711 1776 1498
WPB 700x300x300.7 70.04 293.21 38301.78 300.67 PL 6630 6431 5996 5359 4626 3908 3269 879 2291 1936
WPB 800x300x171.5 60.98 309.20 21848.57 171.51 SC 3901 3724 3360 2873 2371 1926 1561 533 1051 877
WPB 800x300x224.4 66.47 325.83 28582.57 224.37 SC 4943 4773 4406 3884 3305 2755 2279 674 1575 1324
WPB 800x300x262.3 66.75 327.80 33417.57 262.33 PL 5780 5583 5158 4553 3878 3236 2680 787 1854 1559
WPB 800x300x317.3 67.85 330.88 40426.57 317.35 PL 6994 6766 6271 5559 4758 3987 3313 944 2301 1939
WPB 900x300x198 59.84 345.54 25222.57 198.00 SC 4502 4287 3849 3272 2685 2170 1754 619 1175 979
WPB 900x300x251.6 64.99 362.88 32052.57 251.61 SC 5541 5338 4906 4298 3633 3011 2480 764 1703 1429
WPB 900x300x291.5 65.24 364.79 37127.57 291.45 SC 6419 6186 5690 4990 4223 3503 2888 883 1985 1666

INDIAN STANDARD NARROW PARALLEL FLANGE BEAMS//EUROPIAN I- BEAMS


IPEO 300/NPB 300x150x49.3 34.44 126.12 6282.74 49.32 PL 1087 893 640 441 311 226
IPEO 360/NPB 350x170x66 38.54 150.47 8413.24 66.04 PL 1471 1265 961 692 500 370
IPEO 400/NPB 400x180x75.7 40.25 166.58 9638.66 75.66 PL 1691 1476 1145 839 612 456 349
IPEO 450/NPB 450x190x92.4 42.07 186.50 11765.76 92.36 PL 2070 1833 1452 1082 799 599 460
IPEO 500/NPB 500x200x107.3 43.77 205.58 13670.56 107.31 PL 2411 2160 1740 1318 984 743 573
IPEO 600/NPB 600x220x154.5 47.90 245.20 19676.44 154.46 PL 3372 3101 2610 2062 1588 1224 957 478
IPE 300/NPB 300x150x42.2 33.48 124.61 5381.20 42.24 PL 929 752 531 363 254 184
IPE 360/NPB 350x170x57.1 37.85 149.55 7272.92 57.09 PL 1270 1085 816 584 420 310
IPE 400/NPB 400x180x66.3 39.47 165.48 8446.36 66.30 SC 1480 1283 986 717 520 386 295
IPE 450/NPB 450x190x77.6 41.15 184.79 9882.08 77.57 SC 1737 1527 1197 884 649 485 372
IPE 500/NPB 500x200x90.7 43.03 204.26 11552.16 90.68 SC 2036 1814 1451 1092 811 611 470
4.2.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.4 AS PER IS 800:1984 (WORKING STRESS METHOD) GRADE Fy
CAPACITY (Pallow) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 300

Weight 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
DESIGNATION ry (mm) rz (mm) Class
Area(mm2) Kg/m Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow
IPE 600/NPB 600x220x122.4 46.57 242.97 15598.44 122.45 SC 2760 2512 2078 1612 1225 936 727 374
IPE A360/NPB 350x170x50.2 38.40 150.64 6396.48 50.21 SC 1118 960 728 523 378 279
IPEA 300/NPB 300x150x36.5 33.38 124.17 4652.60 36.52 SC 803 649 457 312 218 159
IPEA 400/NPB 400x180x57.4 39.98 166.62 7309.56 57.38 SC 1282 1117 863 631 460 342 261
IPEA 450/NPB 450x190x67.2 41.88 186.51 8554.64 67.15 SC 1505 1331 1051 782 577 432 332
IPEA 500/NPB 500x200x79.4 43.77 206.08 10109.76 79.36 SC 1783 1597 1287 975 728 550 424
IPEA 600/NPB 600x220x107.6 47.66 246.00 13702.04 107.56 SC 2427 2221 1854 1452 1111 853 664 332

UNIVERSAL BEAMS AS PER BS4-1:1993


UB 203x133x25 31.02 85.56 3196.82 25.10 PL 546 426 288 192 132
UB 203x133x30 31.73 87.05 3821.10 30.00 PL 655 516 354 237 164
UB 254x146x31 33.58 105.47 3967.70 31.15 PL 685 556 393 269 188 137
UB 254x146x37 34.78 108.35 4716.56 37.03 PL 817 674 485 336 237 173
UB 254x146x43 35.16 109.30 5477.24 43.00 PL 950 787 570 397 280 205
UB 305x165x40 38.59 128.72 5131.99 40.29 SC 898 772 587 423 305 226
UB 305x165x46 39.04 129.81 5874.61 46.12 SC 1028 888 679 492 356 264 201
UB 305x165x54 39.04 130.34 6849.35 53.77 PL 1199 1036 792 573 415 308 234
UB 356x171x45 37.61 145.08 5732.65 45.00 SC 1001 852 639 456 327 241
UB 356x171x51 38.62 147.58 6490.61 50.95 SC 1135 977 743 535 387 286
UB 356x171x57 39.08 148.68 7255.71 56.96 SC 1270 1098 839 608 440 326 249
UB 356x171x67 39.91 150.88 8548.99 67.11 PL 1499 1305 1008 736 536 399 304
UB 406x178x54 38.48 164.78 6895.33 54.13 SC 1206 1036 786 566 408 302
UB 406x178x60 39.65 168.00 7651.87 60.07 SC 1341 1165 897 653 475 353 269
UB 406x178x67 39.94 168.65 8554.03 67.15 SC 1500 1306 1009 737 537 399 305
UB 406x178x74 40.44 169.99 9450.91 74.19 PL 1659 1450 1127 827 605 451 345
UB 457x152x52 31.10 179.06 6664.43 52.32 SC 1139 889 602 401 277
UB 457x152x60 32.28 182.89 7623.25 59.84 SC 1310 1042 721 486 338
UB 457x152x67 32.66 183.88 8555.31 67.16 SC 1472 1178 820 555 387
UB 457x152x74 33.28 185.97 9447.71 74.16 SC 1629 1316 925 631 441
UB 457x152x82 33.66 187.09 10453.65 82.06 SC 1805 1466 1037 710 497 362
UB 457x191x67 41.21 185.36 8550.77 67.12 SC 1503 1322 1037 767 563 421 322
UB 457x191x74 42.02 187.64 9462.91 74.28 SC 1665 1474 1166 869 642 481 369
UB 457x191x82 42.31 188.31 10448.11 82.02 SC 1839 1631 1295 968 716 537 413
UB 457x191x89 42.85 189.87 11376.57 89.31 SC 2004 1784 1425 1070 794 597 460
UB 457x191x98 43.28 191.06 12526.27 98.33 PL 2208 1971 1581 1192 887 669 515
UB 533x210x101 45.74 218.66 12866.97 101.01 SC 2275 2061 1692 1304 986 751 582 306
UB 533x210x109.8 45.87 218.92 13986.95 109.80 SC 2473 2243 1843 1422 1076 820 636 333
UB 533x210x122 46.69 221.21 15539.52 121.99 PL 2660 2432 2027 1585 1212 929 724 373
4.2.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.4 AS PER IS 800:1984 (WORKING STRESS METHOD) GRADE Fy
CAPACITY (Pallow) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 300

Weight 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
DESIGNATION ry (mm) rz (mm) Class
Area(mm2) Kg/m Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow
UB 533x210x82 43.78 213.09 10469.01 82.18 SC 1847 1654 1333 1010 754 569 439
UB 533x210x92 45.11 216.91 11737.80 92.14 SC 2074 1872 1528 1172 882 670 518 277
UB 610x229x101 47.54 242.45 12891.91 101.20 SC 2283 2088 1741 1362 1042 799 623 312
UB 610x229x113 48.84 246.29 14394.47 113.00 SC 2553 2348 1978 1564 1205 930 727 352
UB 610x229x125.1 49.67 248.77 15933.95 125.08 SC 2827 2611 2213 1761 1364 1056 828 391
UB 610x229x139.9 50.28 250.45 17819.59 139.88 SC 3060 2842 2434 1958 1530 1192 939 439 610

UNIVERSAL COLUMNS AS PER BS4-1:1993


UC 152X152X23 36.98 65.37 2924.54 22.96 SC 510 431 321 227 163 120
UC 152X152X30 38.27 67.59 3826.30 30.04 PL 669 574 434 312 225 166
UC 152X152X37 38.72 68.50 4711.18 36.98 PL 824 710 540 390 282 209
UC 203X203X46 51.34 88.19 5873.15 46.10 CO 1043 970 832 670 524 409 322 145 209
UC 203X203X52 51.78 89.07 6628.29 52.03 PL 1178 1097 943 762 598 467 369 164 240
UC 203X203X60 51.99 89.55 7637.31 59.95 PL 1358 1265 1089 882 693 542 427 189 278
UC 203X203X71 52.97 91.78 9042.75 70.99 PL 1608 1503 1303 1062 839 659 521 224 341
UC 254X254X73 64.78 110.69 9310.11 73.08 CO 1664 1600 1464 1275 1072 884 725 222 495 415
UC 203X203X86 53.41 92.83 10963.65 86.06 PL 1887 1771 1547 1272 1013 800 636 272 418
UC 254X254X89 66.04 112.27 11400.34 89.49 PL 2039 1964 1804 1580 1336 1107 911 270 626 525
UC 305X305X97 76.93 134.25 12344.86 96.91 SC 2213 2159 2038 1855 1634 1407 1196 267 858 731
UC 254X254X107 65.92 113.31 13638.21 107.06 PL 2358 2275 2097 1844 1566 1302 1076 323 741 623
UC 305X305X118 77.66 135.73 15020.29 117.91 PL 2693 2628 2485 2266 2001 1727 1471 323 1059 902
UC 356X368X129 94.29 156.49 16433.57 129.00 SC 2951 2910 2813 2656 2447 2207 1959 303 1504 1313
UC 254X254X132 66.92 115.76 16813.44 131.99 PL 2908 2810 2597 2294 1956 1633 1353 395 936 788
UC 305X305X137 78.32 137.16 17441.59 136.92 PL 3023 2956 2805 2571 2285 1984 1700 373 1233 1054
UC 356X368X153 94.92 157.93 19480.41 152.92 CO 3382 3338 3234 3063 2834 2569 2291 357 1774 1553
UC 305X305X158 79.00 138.72 20136.51 158.07 PL 3491 3415 3244 2979 2653 2309 1981 428 1441 1233
UC 254X254X167 68.09 118.71 21285.57 167.09 PL 3683 3564 3305 2933 2512 2107 1752 496 1218 1027
UC 356X368X177 95.41 159.15 22550.73 177.02 PL 3915 3864 3746 3550 3288 2983 2664 412 2066 1810
UC 305X305X198 80.35 142.01 25241.54 198.15 PL 4376 4286 4080 3760 3362 2937 2530 530 1850 1586
UC 356X368X202 95.96 160.50 25722.03 201.92 PL 4466 4409 4276 4056 3760 3415 3053 467 2372 2080
UC 356X406x235 101.74 162.52 29943.29 235.05 PL 5201 5144 5011 4788 4482 4117 3722 517 2952 2609
UC 305X305X240 81.50 144.90 30578.99 240.05 PL 5303 5197 4957 4580 4108 3602 3112 635 2287 1963
UC 305X305X283 82.67 147.93 36042.65 282.93 PL 6036 5926 5673 5273 4764 4207 3659 740 2718 2342

INDIAN STANDARD WIDE PARALLEL FLANGE BEAMS//EUROPIAN WIDE FLANGE BEAMS


HE 800x373 68.87 332.25 47458.57 372.55 PL 7931 7694 7175 6413 5538 4679 3914 1100 2744 2319
HEA 320/WPB 320x300x97.6 74.91 135.78 12436.78 97.63 SC 2228 2170 2040 1846 1615 1382 1168 274 831 706
HEA 600/WPB 600x300x177.8 70.53 249.71 22645.78 177.77 PL 3920 3805 3552 3180 2751 2328 1950 518 1369 1158
4.2.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.4 AS PER IS 800:1984 (WORKING STRESS METHOD) GRADE Fy
CAPACITY (Pallow) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 300

Weight 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
DESIGNATION ry (mm) rz (mm) Class
Area(mm2) Kg/m Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow
HEA 700/WPB 700x300x204.5 68.36 287.50 26047.78 204.48 SC 4507 4363 4050 3597 3085 2590 2155 606 1500 1265
HEA 800/WPB 800x300x224.4 66.47 325.83 28582.57 224.37 SC 4943 4773 4406 3884 3305 2755 2279 674 1575 1324
HEA 900/WPB 900x300x251.6 64.99 362.88 32052.57 251.61 SC 5541 5338 4906 4298 3633 3011 2480 764 1703 1429
HEAA 320/WPB 320x300x74.2 72.37 131.87 9457.78 74.24 SC 1694 1645 1538 1380 1197 1015 852 213 600 508
HEAA 600/WPB 600x300x128.8 65.26 236.64 16405.78 128.79 SC 2933 2822 2586 2258 1901 1571 1290 390 883 740
HEAA 700/WPB 700x300x149.9 63.36 273.40 19093.78 149.89 SC 3412 3272 2979 2578 2152 1765 1442 460 979 819
HEAA 800/WPB 800x300x171.5 60.98 309.20 21848.57 171.51 SC 3901 3724 3360 2873 2371 1926 1561 533 1051 877
HEAA 900/WPB 900x300x198 59.84 345.54 25222.57 198.00 SC 4502 4287 3849 3272 2685 2170 1754 619 1175 979
HEB 320/WPB 320x300x126.7 75.65 138.22 16134.28 126.65 PL 2796 2727 2575 2343 2065 1778 1512 353 1084 923
HEB 600/WPB 600x300x211.9 70.77 251.71 26995.78 211.92 PL 4673 4537 4238 3798 3288 2785 2334 616 1641 1388
HEB 700/WPB 700x300x240.5 68.63 289.56 30637.78 240.51 PL 5302 5134 4769 4240 3640 3059 2548 711 1776 1498
HEB 800/WPB 800x300x262.3 66.75 327.80 33417.57 262.33 PL 5780 5583 5158 4553 3878 3236 2680 787 1854 1559
HEB 900/WPB 900x300x291.5 65.24 364.79 37127.57 291.45 SC 6419 6186 5690 4990 4223 3503 2888 883 1985 1666
HEM 320/WPB 320x300x245 79.45 147.77 31204.78 244.96 PL 5410 5294 5033 4628 4126 3596 3090 660 2252 1928
HEM 600/WPB 600x300x285.5 72.22 255.53 36365.78 285.47 PL 6297 6123 5739 5168 4499 3830 3224 820 2280 1932
HEM 700/WPB 700x300x300.7 70.04 293.21 38301.78 300.67 PL 6630 6431 5996 5359 4626 3908 3269 879 2291 1936
HEM 800/WPB 800x300x317.3 67.85 330.88 40426.57 317.35 PL 6994 6766 6271 5559 4758 3987 3313 944 2301 1939
HEM 900/WPB 900x300x332.5 65.97 366.95 42362.57 332.55 PL 7326 7068 6515 5732 4866 4049 3345 1003 2306 1938

INDIAN STANDARD TAPERED FLANGE MEDIUM WEIGHT BEAMS/I-SECTIONS - IS:808


ISMB 100 (IS808) @ 8.9 10.50 40.00 1140.00 8.95 PL 105
ISMB 125 (IS808) @ 13.3 15.10 51.60 1700.00 13.35 PL 222 98
ISMB 150 (IS808) @ 15 15.70 61.30 1910.00 14.99 PL 256 117
ISMB 175 (IS808) @ 19.6 17.60 71.30 2500.00 19.63 PL 360 181 94
ISMB 200 (IS808) @ 24.2 21.10 82.90 3080.00 24.18 PL 480 284 158
ISMB 250 (IS808) @ 37.3 26.50 104.00 4750.00 37.29 PL 790 558 346 220
ISMB 300 (IS808) @ 46 28.60 124.00 5860.00 46.00 PL 989 734 475 308 210
ISMB 350 (IS808) @ 52.4 28.40 143.00 6670.00 52.36 PL 1124 831 536 347 236
ISMB 400 (IS808) @ 61.5 28.20 162.00 7840.00 61.54 PL 1320 971 624 403 274
ISMB 450 (IS808) @ 72.4 30.10 182.00 9220.00 72.38 SC 1569 1201 799 527 362
ISMB 500 (IS808) @ 86.9 35.20 202.00 11100.00 87.14 SC 1926 1596 1157 805 569 416
ISMB 550 (IS808) @ 104 37.30 222.00 13200.00 103.62 SC 2302 1955 1460 1039 744 548
ISMB 600 (IS808) @ 123 41.20 242.00 15600.00 122.46 SC 2653 2346 1854 1380 1018 763 586

ISMB SECTION PROPERTIES ( As Per SP: 6(1) & Reference mnual for Structural Engineers- INS/PUB/003-Page 28 & 29)
ISMB 100 x11.5 16.72 42.00 1460.00 11.46 PL 204 98 50
ISMB 125 x13 16.23 52.01 1660.00 13.03 PL 228 107
ISMB 150 x14.9 16.64 61.83 1900.00 14.92 PL 265 127
4.2.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.4 AS PER IS 800:1984 (WORKING STRESS METHOD) GRADE Fy
CAPACITY (Pallow) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 300

Weight 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
DESIGNATION ry (mm) rz (mm) Class
Area(mm2) Kg/m Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow
ISMB 175 x19.3 18.58 71.88 2462.00 19.33 PL 364 193 102
ISMB 200 x25.4 21.54 83.15 3233.00 25.38 PL 508 306 171
ISMB 250 x37.3 26.52 103.88 4755.00 37.33 PL 791 559 347 221
ISMB 300 x44.2 28.40 123.66 5626.00 44.16 PL 948 701 452 293 199
ISMB 350 x52.4 28.39 142.94 6671.00 52.37 PL 1124 831 536 347 236
ISMB 400 x61.6 28.16 161.48 7846.00 61.59 PL 1320 971 623 402 273
ISMB 450 x72.4 30.06 181.49 9227.00 72.43 SC 1570 1201 799 526 361
ISMB 500 x86.9 35.17 202.07 11074.00 86.93 SC 1921 1592 1153 802 567 414
ISMB 550 x103.7 37.26 221.63 13211.00 103.71 SC 2304 1956 1460 1038 743 547
ISMB 600 x122.6 41.20 242.44 15621.00 122.62 SC 2657 2349 1857 1382 1019 764 586
4.3. Axial Compression Capacity for Yeild Strength 350 Mpa Grade Fy
4.3.1. Worked Out Example of steel 350

Calculate design axial load of Parallel Flange section


WPB 100x100x12.2
given that the height of column is 4.0 m and that it is pin-ended.
Also assume the following: fy = 350 N/mm2 ; E = 2 x 10^5.
Use IS 800:2007 (Limit State Method).

Solution Span
As the member is pin- ended 4000
Member Length ,Lz = 4000 mm
Ly = 4000 mm

Material
Yield Strength , fy = 350 Mpa
Youngs Modulus , Es = 2.0E+05 Mpa
Code : IS:800-2007

Section Properties 3
Section Designation WPB 100x100x12.2
Overall Depth of Section, h = 91.00 mm
Flange Width , bf = 100.00 mm
Flange Thickness, tf = 5.50 mm
Web Thickness , tw = 4.20 mm
Depth of Web, d = 56.00 mm
Root radious = 12.00
Weight of Section, w = 12.24 Kg/m
=
2
Area of Section , A = 1559.61 mm
4
Moment of Inertia , Izz = 2365067.64 mm
4
Moment of Inertia , Iyy = 918449.93 mm
3
Section Modulus , Zzz = 51979.51 mm
3
Section Modulus , Zyy = 18369.00 mm
Radius of gyration , rzz = 38.94 mm
Radius of gyration, ryy = 24.27 mm

From Table 11 of of IS 800:2007


Effective Length Factor in x - Direction Kz 1.00
Effective Length Factor in y - Direction Ky 1.00

From Table 2 of of IS 800:2007


(i) Check For Class of section
For Rolled Section and for Axial compression
check for web d/tw = 13.3 < 42 €
Hence the section is NOT SLENDER

From Table 10 of of IS 800:2007


(ii) Check For Buckling Class of section h/bf = 0.9 < 1.2
tf = 5.5 < 40
In z-z direction buckling curve b
In y-y direction buckling curve c
As per Section 7 of IS 800:2007
Yield Stress (Effective for tf) 350.00
About z-z axis
Effective slenderness ratio, KLz/rz = 1.0x 4000/38.94 = 102.7 < 180

Non dimensional effective slenderness ration ,λzz = (fy/fcc)^0.5 =


[350x(4000/38.94)^2/(3.14^2x
2x10^5)] 1.37
Table 7, IS 800:2007 α = 0.34
Ф = 0.5[1+α(λ-0.2)+λ^2] =
0.5[1+0.34(1.37-
0.2)+1.37^2] = 1.6

stress reduction factor, X = 1/[Ф+(Ф2-λ2 )^0.5] =


1/[1.6+(1.6^2-1.37^2)^0.5]
= 0.4
partial safety factor for material strength , γmo = 1.10

fy/[(Ф+(Ф2-λ2)^0.5) *Υmo]
Design compressive stress , fcd in z-z dirn.
= = 125.9 Mpa

About y-y axis


Effective slenderness ratio, KLy/ryy = 164.8 < 180
Non dimensional effective slenderness ration , λyy = (fy/fcc)^0.5 = 2.19
fccy 72.7
Table 7, IS 800:2007 α = 0.49
Ф = 0.5[1+α(λ-0.2)+λ^2] = 3.4
X = 1/[Ф+(Ф2-λ2)^0.5] = 0.2

Design compressive stress , fcd in y-y dirn. = fy/[(Ф+(Ф2-λ2)^0.5)*Υmo] 53.1 Mpa

Design Stress , fcd crritical = Min of fcd zz and fcdyyy = 53.1 Mpa
As the section is not slender Eff Area , Ae = Agross
Design Strength, Pd = Ae x fcd, critical = 83 KN

82.8
4.3.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.5 AS PER IS 800:2007 (LIMIT STATE METHOD) GRADE Fy
COMPRESSION CAPACITY (Pd) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 350
DESIGNATION tf bf d tw ry rz Area Weight Class 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm2) (Kg/m) Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd
INDIAN STANDARD NARROW FLANGE BEAMS (IS: 12778 -2004)
NPB 100x55x8.1 5.7 55.0 100.0 4.1 12.40 40.70 1032.32 8.10 PL 181 61
NPB 120x60x10.4 6.3 64.0 120.0 4.4 14.46 49.04 1321.02 10.37 PL 272 102
NPB 140x70x12.9 6.9 73.0 140.0 4.7 16.53 57.40 1642.60 12.89 PL 377 159
NPB 160x80x15.8 7.4 82.0 160.0 5 18.43 65.78 2009.13 15.77 PL 493 232 116
NPB 180x90x15.4 6.5 91.0 177.0 4.3 20.44 73.68 1957.73 15.37 PL 505 265 136
NPB 180x90x18.8 8.0 91.0 180.0 5.3 20.51 74.16 2394.73 18.80 PL 618 326 167
NPB 180x90x21.3 9.0 92.0 182.0 6 20.80 74.53 2709.53 21.27 PL 704 376 194
NPB 200x100x18.4 7.0 100.0 197.0 4.5 22.32 82.34 2347.11 18.42 PL 626 360 190 114
NPB 200x100x22.4 8.5 100.0 200.0 5.6 22.34 82.59 2848.41 22.36 PL 760 437 231 138
NPB 200x100x25.1 9.5 102.0 202.0 6.2 22.97 83.17 3196.21 25.09 PL 861 509 272 163
NPB 200x130x27.2 8.4 133.0 207.0 5.8 30.87 87.38 3461.17 27.17 PL 1006 754 473 299 201
NPB 200x130x31.6 10.0 134.0 210.0 6.4 31.61 88.57 4019.61 31.55 PL 1174 893 569 361 244
NPB 220x110x22.2 7.7 110.0 217.0 5 24.61 90.54 2825.61 22.18 SC 778 491 270 163
NPB 220x110x26.2 9.2 110.0 220.0 5.9 24.76 91.14 3337.05 26.20 PL 921 584 322 195
NPB 220x110x29.4 10.2 112.0 222.0 6.6 25.31 91.55 3738.97 29.35 PL 1038 671 375 228
NPB 240x120x26.2 8.3 120.0 237.0 5.2 26.82 99.39 3331.22 26.15 SC 939 638 367 225
NPB 240x120x30.7 9.8 120.0 240.0 6.2 26.90 99.74 3911.62 30.71 PL 1103 751 433 265
NPB 240x120x34.3 10.8 122.0 242.0 7 27.39 99.98 4371.14 34.31 PL 1238 855 498 306
NPB 270x135x30.7 8.7 135.0 267.0 5.5 30.22 112.07 3914.94 30.73 SC 1133 838 519 326 219
NPB 270x135x36.1 10.2 135.0 270.0 6.6 30.21 112.26 4594.50 36.07 PL 1330 984 608 382 257
NPB 270x135x42.3 12.2 136.0 274.0 7.5 30.86 113.60 5383.54 42.26 PL 1565 1173 736 464 313
NPB 300x150x36.5 9.2 150.0 297.0 6.1 33.38 124.17 4652.60 36.52 SC 1372 1074 710 458 312 224
NPB 300x150x42.2 10.7 150.0 300.0 7.1 33.48 124.61 5381.20 42.24 PL 1587 1245 825 532 362 261
NPB 300x150x49.3 12.7 152.0 304.0 8 34.44 126.12 6282.74 49.32 PL 1862 1481 1000 651 445 320
NPB 350x170x50.2 11.5 170.0 357.6 6.6 38.40 150.64 6396.48 50.21 SC 1927 1602 1163 788 547 397
NPB 350x170x57.1 12.7 170.0 360.0 8 37.85 149.55 7272.92 57.09 SC 2186 1809 1301 876 607 440
NPB 350x170x66 14.7 172.0 364.0 9.2 38.54 150.47 8413.24 66.04 PL 2536 2112 1537 1042 724 526
NPB 400x180x57.4 12.0 180.0 397.0 7 39.98 166.62 7309.56 57.38 SC 2214 1866 1390 958 670 488 369
NPB 400x180x66.3 13.5 180.0 400.0 8.6 39.47 165.48 8446.36 66.30 SC 2554 2144 1584 1085 757 551 417
NPB 400x180x75.7 15.5 182.0 404.0 9.7 40.25 166.58 9638.66 75.66 PL 2922 2469 1846 1275 893 651 493
NPB 450x190x67.2 13.1 190.0 447.0 7.6 41.88 186.51 8554.64 67.15 SC 2606 2228 1705 1199 847 620 470
NPB 450x190x77.6 14.6 190.0 450.0 9.4 41.15 184.79 9882.08 77.57 SC 3004 2555 1936 1351 950 694 526
NPB 450x190x92.4 17.6 192.0 456.0 11 42.07 186.50 11765.76 92.36 PL 3587 3070 2356 1661 1174 859 652
NPB 500x200x79.4 14.5 200.0 497.0 8.4 43.77 206.08 10109.76 79.36 SC 3096 2679 2101 1509 1076 791 602
NPB 500x200x90.7 16.0 200.0 500.0 10.2 43.03 204.26 11552.16 90.68 SC 3531 3042 2363 1684 1196 878 667
NPB 500x200x107.3 19.0 202.0 506.0 12 43.77 205.58 13670.56 107.31 SC 4187 3622 2840 2040 1455 1070 814
NPB 600x220x107.6 17.5 220.0 597.0 9.8 47.66 246.00 13702.04 107.56 SC 4236 3737 3055 2288 1670 1241 950 748
NPB 600x220x122.4 19.0 220.0 600.0 12 46.57 242.97 15598.44 122.45 SC 4810 4223 3416 2529 1833 1359 1038 816
NPB 600x220x154.5 24.0 224.0 610.0 15 47.90 245.20 19676.44 154.46 PL 5756 5113 4241 3232 2383 1781 1367 1078

INDIAN STANDARD WIDE FLANGE BEAMS (IS: 12778 -2004)


WPB 320x300x74.2 11.0 300.0 301.0 8 72.37 131.87 9457.78 74.24 SL 3034 2751 2448 2113 1768 1451 1186 974 809 680
WPB 320x300x97.6 15.5 300.0 310.0 9 74.91 135.78 12436.78 97.63 SC 4002 3643 3262 2841 2401 1988 1635 1350 1125 948
WPB 320x300x126.7 20.5 300.0 320.0 11.5 75.65 138.22 16134.28 126.65 PL 4912 4490 4046 3556 3039 2542 2108 1750 1464 1236
WPB 320x300x245 40.0 309.0 359.0 21 79.45 147.77 31204.78 244.96 PL 9540 8763 7953 7066 6118 5184 4342 3633 3054 2590
WPB 600x300x128.8 15.5 300.0 571.0 12 65.26 236.64 16405.78 128.79 SC 5213 4817 4337 3729 3050 2428 1931 1554 1271 1055
WPB 600x300x177.8 25.0 300.0 590.0 13 70.53 249.71 22645.78 177.77 SC 6834 6380 5852 5194 4419 3636 2955 2410 1987 1659
WPB 600x300x211.9 30.0 300.0 600.0 15.5 70.77 251.71 26995.78 211.92 PL 8148 7609 6983 6204 5285 4353 3541 2889 2383 1989
WPB 600x300x285.5 40.0 305.0 620.0 21 72.22 255.53 36365.78 285.47 PL 10991 10281 9463 8450 7247 6009 4910 4018 3320 2775
WPB 700x300x149.9 17.0 300.0 670.0 13 63.36 273.40 19093.78 149.89 SC 6053 5577 4991 4247 3434 2711 2145 1721 1405 1165
WPB 700x300x204.5 27.0 300.0 690.0 14.5 68.36 287.50 26047.78 204.48 SC 7844 7303 6666 5867 4937 4022 3247 2637 2168 1806
WPB 700x300x240.5 32.0 300.0 700.0 17 68.63 289.56 30637.78 240.51 PL 9229 8596 7851 6918 5829 4755 3842 3122 2567 2140
4.3.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.5 AS PER IS 800:2007 (LIMIT STATE METHOD) GRADE Fy
COMPRESSION CAPACITY (Pd) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 350
DESIGNATION tf bf d tw ry rz Area Weight Class 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm2) (Kg/m) Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd
WPB 700x300x300.7 40.0 304.0 716.0 21 70.04 293.21 38301.78 300.67 PL 11553 10779 9877 8751 7427 6097 4948 4032 3321 2772
WPB 800x300x171.5 18.0 300.0 770.0 14 60.98 309.20 21848.57 171.51 SC 6907 6335 5620 4714 3754 2933 2307 1845 1502 1244
WPB 800x300x224.4 28.0 300.0 790.0 15 66.47 325.83 28582.57 224.37 SC 8591 7978 7248 6327 5269 4255 3415 2764 2267 1887
WPB 800x300x262.3 33.0 300.0 800.0 17.5 66.75 327.80 33417.57 262.33 SC 10048 9334 8486 7418 6187 5003 4019 3254 2671 2223
WPB 800x300x317.3 40.0 303.0 814.0 21 67.85 330.88 40426.57 317.35 PL 12169 11322 10321 9065 7607 6183 4984 4044 3322 2767
WPB 900x300x198 20.0 300.0 870.0 15 59.84 345.54 25222.57 198.00 SC 7961 7285 6434 5357 4235 3293 2583 2062 1677 1387
WPB 900x300x251.6 30.0 300.0 890.0 16 64.99 362.88 32052.57 251.61 SC 9619 8913 8064 6991 5772 4630 3700 2986 2446 2033
WPB 900x300x291.5 35.0 300.0 900.0 18.5 65.24 364.79 37127.57 291.45 SC 11145 10331 9354 8119 6714 5392 4312 3482 2852 2371

INDIAN STANDARD NARROW PARALLEL FLANGE BEAMS//EUROPIAN I- BEAMS


IPEO 300/NPB 300x150x49.3 12.7 152.0 304.0 8 34.44 126.12 6282.74 49.32 PL 1862 1481 1000 651 445 320
IPEO 360/NPB 350x170x66 14.7 172.0 364.0 9.2 38.54 150.47 8413.24 66.04 PL 2536 2112 1537 1042 724 526
IPEO 400/NPB 400x180x75.7 15.5 182.0 404.0 9.7 40.25 166.58 9638.66 75.66 PL 2922 2469 1846 1275 893 651 493
IPEO 450/NPB 450x190x92.4 17.6 192.0 456.0 11 42.07 186.50 11765.76 92.36 PL 3587 3070 2356 1661 1174 859 652
IPEO 500/NPB 500x200x107.3 19.0 202.0 506.0 12 43.77 205.58 13670.56 107.31 SC 4187 3622 2840 2040 1455 1070 814
IPEO 600/NPB 600x220x154.5 24.0 224.0 610.0 15 47.90 245.20 19676.44 154.46 PL 5756 5113 4241 3232 2383 1781 1367 1078
IPE 300/NPB 300x150x42.2 10.7 150.0 300.0 7.1 33.48 124.61 5381.20 42.24 PL 1587 1245 825 532 362 261
IPE 360/NPB 350x170x57.1 12.7 170.0 360.0 8 37.85 149.55 7272.92 57.09 SC 2186 1809 1301 876 607 440
IPE 400/NPB 400x180x66.3 13.5 180.0 400.0 8.6 39.47 165.48 8446.36 66.30 SC 2554 2144 1584 1085 757 551 417
IPE 450/NPB 450x190x77.6 14.6 190.0 450.0 9.4 41.15 184.79 9882.08 77.57 SC 3004 2555 1936 1351 950 694 526
IPE 500/NPB 500x200x90.7 16.0 200.0 500.0 10.2 43.03 204.26 11552.16 90.68 SC 3531 3042 2363 1684 1196 878 667
IPE 600/NPB 600x220x122.4 19.0 220.0 600.0 12 46.57 242.97 15598.44 122.45 SC 4810 4223 3416 2529 1833 1359 1038 816
IPE A360/NPB 350x170x50.2 11.5 170.0 357.6 6.6 38.40 150.64 6396.48 50.21 SC 1927 1602 1163 788 547 397
IPEA 300/NPB 300x150x36.5 9.2 150.0 297.0 6.1 33.38 124.17 4652.60 36.52 SC 1372 1074 710 458 312 224
IPEA 400/NPB 400x180x57.4 12.0 180.0 397.0 7 39.98 166.62 7309.56 57.38 SC 2214 1866 1390 958 670 488 369
IPEA 450/NPB 450x190x67.2 13.1 190.0 447.0 7.6 41.88 186.51 8554.64 67.15 SC 2606 2228 1705 1199 847 620 470
IPEA 500/NPB 500x200x79.4 14.5 200.0 497.0 8.4 43.77 206.08 10109.76 79.36 SC 3096 2679 2101 1509 1076 791 602
IPEA 600/NPB 600x220x107.6 17.5 220.0 597.0 9.8 47.66 246.00 13702.04 107.56 SC 4236 3737 3055 2288 1670 1241 950 748

UNIVERSAL BEAMS AS PER BS4-1:1993


UB 203x133x25 7.8 133.2 203.2 5.7 31.02 85.56 3196.82 25.10 CO 930 699 440 278 188
UB 203x133x30 9.6 133.9 206.8 6.4 31.73 87.05 3821.10 30.00 PL 1116 851 544 345 234
UB 254x146x31 8.6 146.1 251.4 6 33.58 105.47 3967.70 31.15 SC 1171 920 611 394 269 193
UB 254x146x37 10.9 146.4 256.0 6.3 34.78 108.35 4716.56 37.03 PL 1400 1119 761 497 340 245
UB 254x146x43 12.7 147.3 259.6 7.2 35.16 109.30 5477.24 43.00 PL 1629 1308 896 587 402 290
UB 457x152x52 10.9 152.4 449.8 7.6 31.10 179.06 6664.43 52.32 SC 1940 1461 921 582 393
UB 457x152x60 13.3 152.9 454.6 8.1 32.28 182.89 7623.25 59.84 SC 2234 1720 1111 709 481
UB 457x152x67 15.0 153.8 458.0 9 32.66 183.88 8555.31 67.16 SC 2512 1946 1268 812 551
UB 457x152x74 17.0 154.4 462.0 9.6 33.28 185.97 9447.71 74.16 SC 2784 2177 1437 925 629
UB 457x152x82 18.9 155.3 465.8 10.5 33.66 187.09 10453.65 82.06 SC 3086 2428 1614 1043 710 511
UB 305x165x40 10.2 165.0 303.4 6 38.59 128.72 5131.99 40.29 SC 1547 1289 939 637 443 322
UB 305x165x46 11.8 165.7 306.6 6.7 39.04 129.81 5874.61 46.12 SC 1774 1484 1089 742 517 376 284
UB 305x165x54 13.7 165.9 310.4 7.9 39.04 130.34 6849.35 53.77 PL 2068 1730 1269 865 603 438 331
UB 356x171x45 9.7 171.1 351.4 7 37.61 145.08 5732.65 45.00 SC 1722 1421 1018 684 473 343
UB 356x171x51 11.5 171.5 355.0 7.4 38.62 147.58 6490.61 50.95 SC 1957 1631 1188 807 561 407
UB 356x171x57 13.0 172.2 358.0 8.1 39.08 148.68 7255.71 56.96 SC 2191 1833 1346 918 640 465 352
UB 356x171x67 15.7 173.2 363.4 9.1 39.91 150.88 8548.99 67.11 PL 2589 2181 1622 1117 781 569 431
UB 406x178x54 10.9 177.7 402.6 7.7 38.48 164.78 6895.33 54.13 SC 2078 1729 1257 852 592 430
UB 406x178x60 12.8 177.9 406.4 7.9 39.65 168.00 7651.87 60.07 SC 2315 1946 1442 990 691 503 381
UB 406x178x67 14.3 178.8 409.4 8.8 39.94 168.65 8554.03 67.15 SC 2590 2183 1625 1119 782 570 431
UB 406x178x74 16.0 179.5 412.8 9.5 40.44 169.99 9450.91 74.19 SC 2867 2425 1818 1259 883 644 488
UB 457x191x67 12.7 189.9 453.4 8.5 41.21 185.36 8550.77 67.12 SC 2600 2212 1677 1171 824 602 457
UB 457x191x74 14.5 190.4 457.0 9 42.02 187.64 9462.91 74.28 SC 2884 2468 1893 1333 942 690 524
4.3.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.5 AS PER IS 800:2007 (LIMIT STATE METHOD) GRADE Fy
COMPRESSION CAPACITY (Pd) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 350
DESIGNATION tf bf d tw ry rz Area Weight Class 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm2) (Kg/m) Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd
UB 457x191x82 16.0 191.3 460.0 9.9 42.31 188.31 10448.11 82.02 SC 3187 2733 2104 1487 1052 771 585
UB 457x191x89 17.7 191.9 463.4 10.5 42.85 189.87 11376.57 89.31 SC 3476 2990 2318 1648 1170 858 652
UB 457x191x98 19.6 192.8 467.2 11.4 43.28 191.06 12526.27 98.33 SC 3831 3305 2576 1841 1309 962 731
UB 533x210x82 13.2 208.8 528.3 9.6 43.78 213.09 10469.01 82.18 SC 3206 2774 2176 1563 1115 820 624
UB 533x210x92 15.6 209.3 533.1 10.1 45.11 216.91 11737.80 92.14 SC 3607 3144 2504 1825 1312 968 738 579
UB 533x210x101 17.4 210.0 536.7 10.8 45.74 218.66 12866.97 101.01 SC 3960 3463 2777 2038 1470 1087 829 651
UB 533x210x109.8 18.8 210.8 539.5 11.8 45.87 218.92 13986.95 109.80 SC 4306 3768 3025 2223 1605 1187 906 712
UB 533x210x122 21.3 211.9 544.5 12.7 46.69 221.21 15539.52 121.99 SC 4534 4007 3288 2473 1810 1347 1032 812
UB 610x229x101 14.8 227.6 602.6 10.5 47.54 242.45 12891.91 101.20 SC 3985 3514 2869 2146 1565 1163 890 700
UB 610x229x113 17.3 228.2 607.6 11.1 48.84 246.29 14394.47 113.00 SC 4461 3955 3267 2477 1821 1359 1042 821
UB 610x229x125.1 19.6 229.0 612.2 11.9 49.67 248.77 15933.95 125.08 SC 4947 4400 3660 2798 2068 1547 1189 937
UB 610x229x139.9 22.1 230.2 617.2 13.1 50.28 250.45 17819.59 139.88 SC 5237 4693 3966 3095 2319 1747 1347 1065 860

UNIVERSAL COLUMNS AS PER BS4-1:1993


UC 152X152X23 6.8 152.2 152.4 5.8 36.98 65.37 2924.54 22.96 SC 854 663 460 311 218 160
UC 152X152X30 9.4 152.9 157.6 6.5 38.27 67.59 3826.30 30.04 CO 1126 885 627 429 302 222
UC 152X152X37 11.5 154.4 161.8 8 38.72 68.50 4711.18 36.98 PL 1389 1098 782 537 379 279
UC 203X203X46 11.0 203.6 203.2 7.2 51.34 88.19 5873.15 46.10 SC 1812 1556 1263 969 729 555 432 344 280
UC 203X203X52 12.5 204.3 206.2 7.9 51.78 89.07 6628.29 52.03 CO 2048 1761 1434 1104 833 635 495 394 321
UC 203X203X60 14.2 205.8 209.6 9.4 51.99 89.55 7637.31 59.95 PL 2361 2032 1657 1278 965 736 574 457 372
UC 203X203X71 17.3 206.4 215.8 10 52.97 91.78 9042.75 70.99 PL 2802 2421 1988 1544 1172 897 701 559 455
UC 203X203X86 20.5 209.1 222.2 12.7 53.41 92.83 10963.65 86.06 PL 3219 2802 2330 1837 1410 1087 852 682 556
UC 254X254X73 14.2 254.6 254.1 8.6 64.78 110.69 9310.11 73.08 SC 2954 2641 2297 1920 1552 1239 993 806 664 554
UC 254X254X89 17.3 258.3 260.3 10.3 66.04 112.27 11400.34 89.49 PL 3624 3249 2838 2387 1941 1556 1251 1018 839 702
UC 254X254X107 20.5 258.8 266.7 12.8 65.92 113.31 13638.21 107.06 PL 4100 3688 3241 2749 2255 1821 1471 1199 991 830
UC 254X254X132 25.3 261.3 276.3 15.3 66.92 115.76 16813.44 131.99 PL 5062 4562 4022 3426 2824 2288 1853 1514 1253 1050
UC 254X254X167 31.7 265.2 289.1 19.2 68.09 118.71 21285.57 167.09 PL 6419 5798 5129 4390 3639 2961 2406 1969 1632 1369
UC 305X305X97 15.4 305.3 307.9 9.9 76.93 134.25 12344.86 96.91 SC 3982 3635 3269 2865 2440 2034 1682 1394 1165 983
UC 305X305X118 18.7 307.4 314.5 12 77.66 135.73 15020.29 117.91 CO 4849 4431 3990 3505 2993 2501 2072 1720 1438 1214
UC 305X305X137 21.7 309.2 320.5 13.8 78.32 137.16 17441.59 136.92 PL 5326 4886 4425 3919 3381 2854 2383 1989 1670 1414
UC 305X305X158 25.0 311.2 327.1 15.8 79.00 138.72 20136.51 158.07 PL 6154 5649 5123 4546 3931 3325 2782 2325 1954 1656
UC 305X305X198 31.4 314.5 339.9 19.1 80.35 142.01 25241.54 198.15 PL 7724 7103 6456 5749 4992 4242 3562 2985 2513 2133
UC 305X305X240 37.7 318.4 352.5 23 81.50 144.90 30578.99 240.05 PL 9369 8626 7856 7015 6114 5214 4391 3689 3111 2643
UC 305X305X283 44.1 322.2 365.3 26.8 82.67 147.93 36042.65 282.93 PL 10733 9909 9059 8135 7140 6135 5201 4390 3716 3165
UC 356X368X129 17.5 368.6 355.6 10.4 94.29 156.49 16433.57 129.00 SC 5387 5010 4626 4214 3769 3307 2858 2450 2098 1803
UC 356X368X153 20.7 370.5 362.0 12.3 94.92 157.93 19480.41 152.92 CO 6036 5629 5217 4778 4303 3806 3316 2862 2464 2125
UC 356X368X177 23.8 372.6 368.2 14.4 95.41 159.15 22550.73 177.02 PL 6990 6521 6047 5542 4996 4424 3858 3334 2872 2478
UC 356X368X202 27.0 374.7 374.6 16.5 95.96 160.50 25722.03 201.92 PL 7977 7444 6907 6335 5717 5069 4426 3828 3301 2851
UC 356X406x235 30.2 394.8 381.0 18.4 101.74 162.52 29943.29 235.05 PL 9322 8736 8149 7530 6865 6159 5446 4764 4145 3605

INDIAN STANDARD WIDE PARALLEL FLANGE BEAMS//EUROPIAN WIDE FLANGE BEAMS


HE 800x373 46.0 308.0 826.0 25 68.87 332.25 47458.57 372.55 PL 13913 12608 11210 9666 8076 6618 5403 4438 3685 3096
HEA 320/WPB 320x300x97.6 15.5 300.0 310.0 9 74.91 135.78 12436.78 97.63 SC 4002 3643 3262 2841 2401 1988 1635 1350 1125 948
HEA 600/WPB 600x300x177.8 25.0 300.0 590.0 13 70.53 249.71 22645.78 177.77 SC 6834 6380 5852 5194 4419 3636 2955 2410 1987 1659
HEA 700/WPB 700x300x204.5 27.0 300.0 690.0 14.5 68.36 287.50 26047.78 204.48 SC 7844 7303 6666 5867 4937 4022 3247 2637 2168 1806
HEA 800/WPB 800x300x224.4 28.0 300.0 790.0 15 66.47 325.83 28582.57 224.37 SC 8591 7978 7248 6327 5269 4255 3415 2764 2267 1887
HEA 900/WPB 900x300x251.6 30.0 300.0 890.0 16 64.99 362.88 32052.57 251.61 SC 9619 8913 8064 6991 5772 4630 3700 2986 2446 2033
HEAA 320/WPB 320x300x74.2 11.0 300.0 301.0 8 72.37 131.87 9457.78 74.24 SL 3034 2751 2448 2113 1768 1451 1186 974 809 680
HEAA 600/WPB 600x300x128.8 15.5 300.0 571.0 12 65.26 236.64 16405.78 128.79 SC 5213 4817 4337 3729 3050 2428 1931 1554 1271 1055
HEAA 700/WPB 700x300x149.9 17.0 300.0 670.0 13 63.36 273.40 19093.78 149.89 SC 6053 5577 4991 4247 3434 2711 2145 1721 1405 1165
HEAA 800/WPB 800x300x171.5 18.0 300.0 770.0 14 60.98 309.20 21848.57 171.51 SC 6907 6335 5620 4714 3754 2933 2307 1845 1502 1244
HEAA 900/WPB 900x300x198 20.0 300.0 870.0 15 59.84 345.54 25222.57 198.00 SC 7961 7285 6434 5357 4235 3293 2583 2062 1677 1387
HEB 320/WPB 320x300x126.7 20.5 300.0 320.0 11.5 75.65 138.22 16134.28 126.65 PL 4912 4490 4046 3556 3039 2542 2108 1750 1464 1236
4.3.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.5 AS PER IS 800:2007 (LIMIT STATE METHOD) GRADE Fy
COMPRESSION CAPACITY (Pd) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 350
DESIGNATION tf bf d tw ry rz Area Weight Class 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm2) (Kg/m) Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd
HEB 600/WPB 600x300x211.9 30.0 300.0 600.0 15.5 70.77 251.71 26995.78 211.92 PL 8148 7609 6983 6204 5285 4353 3541 2889 2383 1989
HEB 700/WPB 700x300x240.5 32.0 300.0 700.0 17 68.63 289.56 30637.78 240.51 PL 9229 8596 7851 6918 5829 4755 3842 3122 2567 2140
HEB 800/WPB 800x300x262.3 33.0 300.0 800.0 17.5 66.75 327.80 33417.57 262.33 SC 10048 9334 8486 7418 6187 5003 4019 3254 2671 2223
HEB 900/WPB 900x300x291.5 35.0 300.0 900.0 18.5 65.24 364.79 37127.57 291.45 SC 11145 10331 9354 8119 6714 5392 4312 3482 2852 2371
HEM 320/WPB 320x300x245 40.0 309.0 359.0 21 79.45 147.77 31204.78 244.96 PL 9540 8763 7953 7066 6118 5184 4342 3633 3054 2590
HEM 600/WPB 600x300x285.5 40.0 305.0 620.0 21 72.22 255.53 36365.78 285.47 PL 10991 10281 9463 8450 7247 6009 4910 4018 3320 2775
HEM 700/WPB 700x300x300.7 40.0 304.0 716.0 21 70.04 293.21 38301.78 300.67 PL 11553 10779 9877 8751 7427 6097 4948 4032 3321 2772
HEM 800/WPB 800x300x317.3 40.0 303.0 814.0 21 67.85 330.88 40426.57 317.35 PL 12169 11322 10321 9065 7607 6183 4984 4044 3322 2767
HEM 900/WPB 900x300x332.5 40.0 302.0 910.0 21 65.97 366.95 42362.57 332.55 SC 12727 11810 10714 9332 7750 6245 5005 4047 3317 2760

INDIAN STANDARD TAPERED FLANGE MEDIUM WEIGHT BEAMS/I-SECTIONS (IS:808)


ISMB 100 (IS808) @ 8.9 7.0 50.0 100.0 4.7 10.50 40.00 1140.00 8.90 PL 161
ISMB 125 (IS808) @ 13.3 8.0 70.0 125.0 5 15.10 51.60 1700.00 13.30 PL 364 141
ISMB 150 (IS808) @ 15 8.0 75.0 150.0 5 15.70 61.30 1910.00 15.00 PL 422 170
ISMB 175 (IS808) @ 19.6 9.0 85.0 175.0 5.8 17.60 71.30 2500.00 19.60 PL 597 268 133
ISMB 200 (IS808) @ 24.2 10.0 100.0 200.0 5.7 21.10 82.90 3080.00 24.20 PL 805 437 226
ISMB 250 (IS808) @ 37.3 12.5 125.0 250.0 6.9 26.50 104.00 4750.00 37.30 PL 1335 898 513 314
ISMB 300 (IS808) @ 46 13.1 140.0 300.0 7.7 28.60 124.00 5860.00 46.00 PL 1677 1195 714 443 297
ISMB 350 (IS808) @ 52.4 14.2 140.0 350.0 8.1 28.40 143.00 6670.00 52.40 SC 1905 1352 804 498 334
ISMB 400 (IS808) @ 61.5 16.0 140.0 400.0 8.9 28.20 162.00 7840.00 61.50 SC 2236 1578 935 578 387
ISMB 450 (IS808) @ 72.4 17.4 150.0 450.0 9.4 30.10 182.00 9220.00 72.40 SC 2666 1968 1215 762 513
ISMB 500 (IS808) @ 86.9 17.2 180.0 500.0 10.2 35.20 202.00 11100.00 86.90 SC 3301 2652 1818 1192 816 589
ISMB 550 (IS808) @ 104 19.3 190.0 550.0 11.2 37.30 222.00 13200.00 104.00 SC 3960 3258 2322 1554 1074 778
ISMB 600 (IS808) @ 123 20.3 210.0 600.0 12 41.20 242.00 15600.00 123.00 SC 4488 3851 2969 2101 1488 1090 828

ISMB SECTION PROPERTIES (As Per SP: 6(1)-1964 & Reference Manual for Structural Engineers -INS/PUB/003- Page 28 & 29)
ISMB 100 x11.5 7.2 75.0 100.0 4 16.72 42.00 1460.00 11.46 PL 338 144 71
ISMB 125 x13 7.6 75.0 125.0 4.4 16.23 52.01 1660.00 13.03 PL 376 156
ISMB 150 x14.9 7.6 80.0 150.0 4.8 16.64 61.83 1900.00 14.92 PL 438 186
ISMB 175 x19.3 8.6 90.0 175.0 5.5 18.58 71.88 2462.00 19.33 PL 607 288 144
ISMB 200 x25.4 10.8 100.0 200.0 5.7 21.54 83.15 3233.00 25.38 PL 852 472 246
ISMB 250 x37.3 12.5 125.0 250.0 6.9 26.52 103.88 4755.00 37.33 PL 1336 899 514 315
ISMB 300 x44.2 12.4 140.0 300.0 7.5 28.40 123.66 5626.00 44.16 PL 1607 1140 678 420 281
ISMB 350 x52.4 14.2 140.0 350.0 8.1 28.39 142.94 6671.00 52.37 SC 1905 1351 804 498 333
ISMB 400 x61.6 16.0 140.0 400.0 8.9 28.16 161.48 7846.00 61.59 SC 2237 1577 933 577 386
ISMB 450 x72.4 17.4 150.0 450.0 9.4 30.06 181.49 9227.00 72.43 SC 2668 1968 1213 761 512
ISMB 500 x86.9 17.2 180.0 500.0 10.2 35.17 202.07 11074.00 86.93 SC 3293 2644 1812 1187 813 587
ISMB 550 x103.7 19.3 190.0 550.0 11.2 37.26 221.63 13211.00 103.71 SC 3962 3259 2320 1553 1073 777
ISMB 600 x122.6 20.3 210.0 600.0 12 41.20 242.44 15621.00 122.62 SC 4494 3856 2973 2104 1490 1092 829
4.3.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.6 AS PER IS 800:1984 (WORKING STRESS METHOD) GRADE Fy
CAPACITY (Pallow) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 350

Weight 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
DESIGNATION ry (mm) rz (mm) Class
Area(mm2) Kg/m Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow
INDIAN STANDARD NARROW FLANGE BEAMS (IS: 12778 -2004)
NPB 100x55x8.1 12.40 40.70 1032.32 8.10 PL 123 43
NPB 120x60x10.4 14.46 49.04 1321.02 10.37 PL 183 73
NPB 140x70x12.9 16.53 57.40 1642.60 12.89 PL 253 112
NPB 160x80x15.8 18.43 65.78 2009.13 15.77 PL 331 162 83
NPB 180x90x15.4 20.44 73.68 1957.73 15.37 PL 341 183 97
NPB 180x90x18.8 20.51 74.16 2394.73 18.80 PL 417 225 120
NPB 180x90x21.3 20.80 74.53 2709.53 21.27 PL 475 260 139
NPB 200x100x18.4 22.32 82.34 2347.11 18.42 PL 424 246 135 82
NPB 200x100x22.4 22.34 82.59 2848.41 22.36 PL 514 299 165 99
NPB 200x100x25.1 22.97 83.17 3196.21 25.09 PL 583 347 193 117
NPB 200x130x27.2 30.87 87.38 3461.17 27.17 PL 681 506 327 212 144
NPB 200x130x31.6 31.61 88.57 4019.61 31.55 PL 794 598 392 256 175
NPB 220x110x22.2 24.61 90.54 2825.61 22.18 SC 528 333 191 117
NPB 220x110x26.2 24.76 91.14 3337.05 26.20 PL 624 396 228 140
NPB 220x110x29.4 25.31 91.55 3738.97 29.35 PL 704 454 264 163
NPB 240x120x26.2 26.82 99.39 3331.22 26.15 SC 637 429 258 161
NPB 240x120x30.7 26.90 99.74 3911.62 30.71 PL 748 506 304 190
NPB 240x120x34.3 27.39 99.98 4371.14 34.31 PL 840 575 349 219
NPB 270x135x30.7 30.22 112.07 3914.94 30.73 SC 768 562 359 232 157
NPB 270x135x36.1 30.21 112.26 4594.50 36.07 PL 901 660 422 272 184
NPB 270x135x42.3 30.86 113.60 5383.54 42.26 PL 1060 787 509 330 225
NPB 300x150x36.5 33.38 124.17 4652.60 36.52 SC 927 721 487 323 223 161
NPB 300x150x42.2 33.48 124.61 5381.20 42.24 PL 1073 835 565 376 259 187
NPB 300x150x49.3 34.44 126.12 6282.74 49.32 PL 1257 994 683 459 318 230
NPB 350x170x50.2 38.40 150.64 6396.48 50.21 SC 1296 1079 786 549 389 285
NPB 350x170x57.1 37.85 149.55 7272.92 57.09 SC 1471 1217 880 612 432 315
NPB 350x170x66 38.54 150.47 8413.24 66.04 PL 1705 1422 1038 726 515 377
NPB 400x180x57.4 39.98 166.62 7309.56 57.38 SC 1486 1259 936 664 475 349 265
NPB 400x180x66.3 39.47 165.48 8446.36 66.30 SC 1716 1445 1068 754 537 394 299
NPB 400x180x75.7 40.25 166.58 9638.66 75.66 PL 1961 1665 1243 884 633 466 354
NPB 450x190x67.2 41.88 186.51 8554.64 67.15 SC 1746 1505 1146 827 598 443 337
NPB 450x190x77.6 41.15 184.79 9882.08 77.57 SC 2015 1725 1302 934 672 496 378
NPB 450x190x92.4 42.07 186.50 11765.76 92.36 PL 2403 2074 1583 1145 829 614 468
NPB 500x200x79.4 43.77 206.08 10109.76 79.36 SC 2070 1812 1410 1035 757 564 432
NPB 500x200x90.7 43.03 204.26 11552.16 90.68 SC 2363 2056 1587 1158 843 626 478
NPB 500x200x107.3 43.77 205.58 13670.56 107.31 SC 2800 2450 1906 1400 1024 763 584
NPB 600x220x107.6 47.66 246.00 13702.04 107.56 SC 2821 2532 2048 1556 1164 880 680 332
4.3.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.6 AS PER IS 800:1984 (WORKING STRESS METHOD) GRADE Fy
CAPACITY (Pallow) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 350

Weight 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
DESIGNATION ry (mm) rz (mm) Class
Area(mm2) Kg/m Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow
NPB 600x220x122.4 46.57 242.97 15598.44 122.45 SC 3207 2860 2290 1724 1282 965 743 374
NPB 600x220x154.5 47.90 245.20 19676.44 154.46 PL 3826 3466 2844 2190 1655 1260 977 478

INDIAN STANDARD WIDE FLANGE BEAMS (IS: 12778 -2004)


WPB 320x300x74.2 72.37 131.87 9457.78 74.24 SL 1974 1904 1755 1543 1310 1089 900 213 620 521
WPB 320x300x97.6 74.91 135.78 12436.78 97.63 SC 2597 2513 2332 2070 1774 1488 1238 274 861 726
WPB 320x300x126.7 75.65 138.22 16134.28 126.65 PL 3178 3086 2884 2585 2240 1898 1591 353 1120 947
WPB 320x300x245 79.45 147.77 31204.78 244.96 PL 6151 5995 5647 5121 4494 3855 3267 660 2333 1983
WPB 600x300x128.8 65.26 236.64 16405.78 128.79 SC 3417 3258 2933 2501 2058 1667 1350 390 906 756
WPB 600x300x177.8 70.53 249.71 22645.78 177.77 SC 4456 4300 3966 3491 2966 2469 2041 518 1408 1183
WPB 600x300x211.9 70.77 251.71 26995.78 211.92 PL 5313 5128 4733 4170 3546 2955 2444 616 1687 1419
WPB 600x300x285.5 72.22 255.53 36365.78 285.47 PL 7159 6924 6415 5683 4861 4071 3381 820 2347 1977
WPB 700x300x149.9 63.36 273.40 19093.78 149.89 SC 3974 3775 3371 2847 2322 1868 1504 460 1003 835
WPB 700x300x204.5 68.36 287.50 26047.78 204.48 SC 5123 4928 4515 3940 3317 2739 2250 606 1539 1290
WPB 700x300x240.5 68.63 289.56 30637.78 240.51 PL 6026 5799 5318 4646 3916 3237 2661 711 1822 1528
WPB 700x300x300.7 70.04 293.21 38301.78 300.67 PL 7536 7268 6693 5880 4985 4143 3419 879 2354 1977
WPB 800x300x171.5 60.98 309.20 21848.57 171.51 SC 4542 4291 3792 3161 2547 2030 1624 533 1074 892
WPB 800x300x224.4 66.47 325.83 28582.57 224.37 SC 5618 5388 4906 4246 3545 2907 2374 674 1613 1349
WPB 800x300x262.3 66.75 327.80 33417.57 262.33 SC 6569 6303 5745 4978 4161 3416 2793 787 1899 1589
WPB 800x300x317.3 67.85 330.88 40426.57 317.35 PL 7950 7641 6990 6086 5112 4214 3456 944 2360 1977
WPB 900x300x198 59.84 345.54 25222.57 198.00 SC 5241 4936 4338 3593 2878 2284 1821 619 1200 995
WPB 900x300x251.6 64.99 362.88 32052.57 251.61 SC 6298 6024 5456 4689 3888 3171 2579 764 1742 1455
WPB 900x300x291.5 65.24 364.79 37127.57 291.45 SC 7295 6981 6329 5446 4521 3691 3004 883 2031 1697

INDIAN STANDARD NARROW PARALLEL FLANGE BEAMS//EUROPIAN I- BEAMS


IPEO 300/NPB 300x150x49.3 34.44 126.12 6282.74 49.32 PL 1257 994 683 459 318 230
IPEO 360/NPB 350x170x66 38.54 150.47 8413.24 66.04 PL 1705 1422 1038 726 515 377
IPEO 400/NPB 400x180x75.7 40.25 166.58 9638.66 75.66 PL 1961 1665 1243 884 633 466 354
IPEO 450/NPB 450x190x92.4 42.07 186.50 11765.76 92.36 PL 2403 2074 1583 1145 829 614 468
IPEO 500/NPB 500x200x107.3 43.77 205.58 13670.56 107.31 SC 2800 2450 1906 1400 1024 763 584
IPEO 600/NPB 600x220x154.5 47.90 245.20 19676.44 154.46 PL 3826 3466 2844 2190 1655 1260 977 478
IPE 300/NPB 300x150x42.2 33.48 124.61 5381.20 42.24 PL 1073 835 565 376 259 187
IPE 360/NPB 350x170x57.1 37.85 149.55 7272.92 57.09 SC 1471 1217 880 612 432 315
IPE 400/NPB 400x180x66.3 39.47 165.48 8446.36 66.30 SC 1716 1445 1068 754 537 394 299
IPE 450/NPB 450x190x77.6 41.15 184.79 9882.08 77.57 SC 2015 1725 1302 934 672 496 378
IPE 500/NPB 500x200x90.7 43.03 204.26 11552.16 90.68 SC 2363 2056 1587 1158 843 626 478
IPE 600/NPB 600x220x122.4 46.57 242.97 15598.44 122.45 SC 3207 2860 2290 1724 1282 965 743 374
4.3.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.6 AS PER IS 800:1984 (WORKING STRESS METHOD) GRADE Fy
CAPACITY (Pallow) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 350

Weight 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
DESIGNATION ry (mm) rz (mm) Class
Area(mm2) Kg/m Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow
IPE A360/NPB 350x170x50.2 38.40 150.64 6396.48 50.21 SC 1296 1079 786 549 389 285
IPEA 300/NPB 300x150x36.5 33.38 124.17 4652.60 36.52 SC 927 721 487 323 223 161
IPEA 400/NPB 400x180x57.4 39.98 166.62 7309.56 57.38 SC 1486 1259 936 664 475 349 265
IPEA 450/NPB 450x190x67.2 41.88 186.51 8554.64 67.15 SC 1746 1505 1146 827 598 443 337
IPEA 500/NPB 500x200x79.4 43.77 206.08 10109.76 79.36 SC 2070 1812 1410 1035 757 564 432
IPEA 600/NPB 600x220x107.6 47.66 246.00 13702.04 107.56 SC 2821 2532 2048 1556 1164 880 680 332

UNIVERSAL BEAMS AS PER BS4-1:1993


UB 203x133x25 31.02 85.56 3196.82 25.10 CO 630 469 304 198 135
UB 203x133x30 31.73 87.05 3821.10 30.00 PL 756 570 374 245 167
UB 254x146x31 33.58 105.47 3967.70 31.15 SC 791 617 418 278 192 139
UB 254x146x37 34.78 108.35 4716.56 37.03 PL 945 751 519 350 243 176
UB 254x146x43 35.16 109.30 5477.24 43.00 PL 1099 878 610 413 287 208
UB 305x165x40 38.59 128.72 5131.99 40.29 SC 1040 868 634 444 315 230
UB 305x165x46 39.04 129.81 5874.61 46.12 SC 1192 1000 735 516 367 269 204
UB 305x165x54 39.04 130.34 6849.35 53.77 PL 1390 1165 856 602 428 314 238
UB 356x171x45 37.61 145.08 5732.65 45.00 SC 1159 956 689 478 337 246
UB 356x171x51 38.62 147.58 6490.61 50.95 SC 1316 1098 803 562 398 292
UB 356x171x57 39.08 148.68 7255.71 56.96 SC 1472 1235 908 638 454 333 252
UB 356x171x67 39.91 150.88 8548.99 67.11 PL 1738 1471 1093 775 554 407 309
UB 406x178x54 38.48 164.78 6895.33 54.13 SC 1397 1164 849 594 421 308
UB 406x178x60 39.65 168.00 7651.87 60.07 SC 1555 1312 972 687 490 360 273
UB 406x178x67 39.94 168.65 8554.03 67.15 SC 1739 1472 1095 776 555 408 310
UB 406x178x74 40.44 169.99 9450.91 74.19 SC 1924 1636 1224 872 625 460 350
UB 457x152x52 31.10 179.06 6664.43 52.32 SC 1313 980 636 414 282
UB 457x152x60 32.28 182.89 7623.25 59.84 SC 1511 1153 764 503 345
UB 457x152x67 32.66 183.88 8555.31 67.16 SC 1699 1305 870 574 395
UB 457x152x74 33.28 185.97 9447.71 74.16 SC 1882 1460 984 654 450
UB 457x152x82 33.66 187.09 10453.65 82.06 SC 2085 1628 1105 736 508 367
UB 457x191x67 41.21 185.36 8550.77 67.12 SC 1743 1493 1128 809 583 431 327
UB 457x191x74 42.02 187.64 9462.91 74.28 SC 1932 1667 1272 919 665 493 375
UB 457x191x82 42.31 188.31 10448.11 82.02 SC 2135 1846 1413 1024 742 551 420
UB 457x191x89 42.85 189.87 11376.57 89.31 SC 2326 2021 1557 1134 825 613 468
UB 457x191x98 43.28 191.06 12526.27 98.33 SC 2563 2234 1729 1265 922 686 524
UB 533x210x101 45.74 218.66 12866.97 101.01 SC 2643 2344 1862 1392 1029 773 594 306
UB 533x210x109.8 45.87 218.92 13986.95 109.80 SC 2873 2551 2028 1518 1124 844 649 333
UB 533x210x122 46.69 221.21 15539.52 121.99 SC 3018 2715 2204 1680 1261 955 738 373
UB 533x210x82 43.78 213.09 10469.01 82.18 SC 2144 1876 1460 1073 784 585 447
4.3.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.6 AS PER IS 800:1984 (WORKING STRESS METHOD) GRADE Fy
CAPACITY (Pallow) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 350

Weight 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
DESIGNATION ry (mm) rz (mm) Class
Area(mm2) Kg/m Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow
UB 533x210x92 45.11 216.91 11737.80 92.14 SC 2409 2128 1679 1248 920 689 529 277
UB 610x229x101 47.54 242.45 12891.91 101.20 SC 2654 2380 1923 1460 1091 825 637 312
UB 610x229x113 48.84 246.29 14394.47 113.00 SC 2967 2681 2191 1681 1266 962 745 352
UB 610x229x125.1 49.67 248.77 15933.95 125.08 SC 3287 2983 2454 1896 1435 1094 849 391
UB 610x229x139.9 50.28 250.45 17819.59 139.88 SC 3473 3182 2662 2089 1602 1231 960 439 617

UNIVERSAL COLUMNS AS PER BS4-1:1993


UC 152X152X23 36.98 65.37 2924.54 22.96 SC 590 483 345 238 167 122
UC 152X152X30 38.27 67.59 3826.30 30.04 CO 775 644 469 327 231 169
UC 152X152X37 38.72 68.50 4711.18 36.98 PL 955 798 584 409 290 213
UC 203X203X46 51.34 88.19 5873.15 46.10 SC 1214 1110 925 724 553 425 331 145 212
UC 203X203X52 51.78 89.07 6628.29 52.03 CO 1370 1256 1050 824 632 486 379 164 244
UC 203X203X60 51.99 89.55 7637.31 59.95 PL 1579 1448 1213 954 732 563 439 189 283
UC 203X203X71 52.97 91.78 9042.75 70.99 PL 1871 1723 1454 1151 888 686 537 224 346
UC 254X254X73 64.78 110.69 9310.11 73.08 SC 1939 1847 1659 1411 1159 937 758 222 508 423
UC 203X203X86 53.41 92.83 10963.65 86.06 PL 2142 1988 1700 1365 1066 830 653 272 424
UC 254X254X89 66.04 112.27 11400.34 89.49 PL 2375 2268 2047 1752 1447 1176 954 270 643 536
UC 305X305X97 76.93 134.25 12344.86 96.91 SC 2579 2501 2332 2084 1800 1520 1271 267 891 753
UC 254X254X107 65.92 113.31 13638.21 107.06 PL 2680 2568 2334 2015 1678 1373 1120 323 759 635
UC 305X305X118 77.66 135.73 15020.29 117.91 CO 3138 3046 2845 2548 2206 1868 1565 323 1100 930
UC 356X368X129 94.29 156.49 16433.57 129.00 SC 3441 3381 3244 3026 2745 2436 2128 303 1591 1374
UC 254X254X132 66.92 115.76 16813.44 131.99 PL 3305 3172 2893 2509 2099 1724 1410 395 960 803
UC 305X305X137 78.32 137.16 17441.59 136.92 PL 3438 3347 3145 2843 2486 2125 1795 373 1276 1083
UC 356X368X153 94.92 157.93 19480.41 152.92 CO 3847 3786 3647 3422 3128 2797 2462 357 1863 1617
UC 305X305X158 79.00 138.72 20136.51 158.07 PL 3969 3867 3639 3296 2888 2474 2094 428 1493 1268
UC 254X254X167 68.09 118.71 21285.57 167.09 PL 4186 4025 3685 3212 2701 2228 1829 496 1250 1047
UC 356X368X177 95.41 159.15 22550.73 177.02 PL 4453 4384 4225 3967 3630 3250 2863 412 2171 1886
UC 305X305X198 80.35 142.01 25241.54 198.15 PL 4977 4854 4580 4164 3665 3152 2678 530 1919 1633
UC 356X368X202 95.96 160.50 25722.03 201.92 PL 5080 5002 4823 4533 4152 3722 3283 467 2495 2169
UC 356X406x235 101.74 162.52 29943.29 235.05 PL 5916 5839 5660 5364 4968 4507 4023 517 3120 2733
UC 305X305X240 81.50 144.90 30578.99 240.05 PL 6030 5887 5566 5076 4484 3870 3298 635 2373 2023
UC 305X305X283 82.67 147.93 36042.65 282.93 PL 6894 6743 6402 5875 5227 4545 3897 740 2831 2421

INDIAN STANDARD WIDE PARALLEL FLANGE BEAMS//EUROPIAN WIDE FLANGE BEAMS


HE 800x373 68.87 332.25 47458.57 372.55 PL 9055 8731 8038 7059 5982 4970 4101 1100 2822 2370
HEA 320/WPB 320x300x97.6 74.91 135.78 12436.78 97.63 SC 2597 2513 2332 2070 1774 1488 1238 274 861 726
HEA 600/WPB 600x300x177.8 70.53 249.71 22645.78 177.77 SC 4456 4300 3966 3491 2966 2469 2041 518 1408 1183
HEA 700/WPB 700x300x204.5 68.36 287.50 26047.78 204.48 SC 5123 4928 4515 3940 3317 2739 2250 606 1539 1290
4.3.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.6 AS PER IS 800:1984 (WORKING STRESS METHOD) GRADE Fy
CAPACITY (Pallow) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 350

Weight 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
DESIGNATION ry (mm) rz (mm) Class
Area(mm2) Kg/m Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow
HEA 800/WPB 800x300x224.4 66.47 325.83 28582.57 224.37 SC 5618 5388 4906 4246 3545 2907 2374 674 1613 1349
HEA 900/WPB 900x300x251.6 64.99 362.88 32052.57 251.61 SC 6298 6024 5456 4689 3888 3171 2579 764 1742 1455
HEAA 320/WPB 320x300x74.2 72.37 131.87 9457.78 74.24 SL 1974 1904 1755 1543 1310 1089 900 213 620 521
HEAA 600/WPB 600x300x128.8 65.26 236.64 16405.78 128.79 SC 3417 3258 2933 2501 2058 1667 1350 390 906 756
HEAA 700/WPB 700x300x149.9 63.36 273.40 19093.78 149.89 SC 3974 3775 3371 2847 2322 1868 1504 460 1003 835
HEAA 800/WPB 800x300x171.5 60.98 309.20 21848.57 171.51 SC 4542 4291 3792 3161 2547 2030 1624 533 1074 892
HEAA 900/WPB 900x300x198 59.84 345.54 25222.57 198.00 SC 5241 4936 4338 3593 2878 2284 1821 619 1200 995
HEB 320/WPB 320x300x126.7 75.65 138.22 16134.28 126.65 PL 3178 3086 2884 2585 2240 1898 1591 353 1120 947
HEB 600/WPB 600x300x211.9 70.77 251.71 26995.78 211.92 PL 5313 5128 4733 4170 3546 2955 2444 616 1687 1419
HEB 700/WPB 700x300x240.5 68.63 289.56 30637.78 240.51 PL 6026 5799 5318 4646 3916 3237 2661 711 1822 1528
HEB 800/WPB 800x300x262.3 66.75 327.80 33417.57 262.33 SC 6569 6303 5745 4978 4161 3416 2793 787 1899 1589
HEB 900/WPB 900x300x291.5 65.24 364.79 37127.57 291.45 SC 7295 6981 6329 5446 4521 3691 3004 883 2031 1697
HEM 320/WPB 320x300x245 79.45 147.77 31204.78 244.96 PL 6151 5995 5647 5121 4494 3855 3267 660 2333 1983
HEM 600/WPB 600x300x285.5 72.22 255.53 36365.78 285.47 PL 7159 6924 6415 5683 4861 4071 3381 820 2347 1977
HEM 700/WPB 700x300x300.7 70.04 293.21 38301.78 300.67 PL 7536 7268 6693 5880 4985 4143 3419 879 2354 1977
HEM 800/WPB 800x300x317.3 67.85 330.88 40426.57 317.35 PL 7950 7641 6990 6086 5112 4214 3456 944 2360 1977
HEM 900/WPB 900x300x332.5 65.97 366.95 42362.57 332.55 SC 8326 7978 7252 6261 5216 4269 3482 1003 2361 1974

INDIAN STANDARD TAPERED FLANGE MEDIUM WEIGHT BEAMS/I-SECTIONS - IS:808


ISMB 100 (IS808) @ 8.9 10.50 40.00 1140.00 8.95 PL 111
ISMB 125 (IS808) @ 13.3 15.10 51.60 1700.00 13.35 PL 244 101
ISMB 150 (IS808) @ 15 15.70 61.30 1910.00 14.99 PL 283 120
ISMB 175 (IS808) @ 19.6 17.60 71.30 2500.00 19.63 PL 401 189 95
ISMB 200 (IS808) @ 24.2 21.10 82.90 3080.00 24.18 PL 544 301 162
ISMB 250 (IS808) @ 37.3 26.50 104.00 4750.00 37.29 PL 905 605 361 225
ISMB 300 (IS808) @ 46 28.60 124.00 5860.00 46.00 PL 1137 803 498 316 213
ISMB 350 (IS808) @ 52.4 28.40 143.00 6670.00 52.36 SC 1292 908 561 356 239
ISMB 400 (IS808) @ 61.5 28.20 162.00 7840.00 61.54 SC 1516 1060 653 413 278
ISMB 450 (IS808) @ 72.4 30.10 182.00 9220.00 72.38 SC 1807 1320 842 542 368
ISMB 500 (IS808) @ 86.9 35.20 202.00 11100.00 87.14 SC 2227 1781 1238 838 583 422
ISMB 550 (IS808) @ 104 37.30 222.00 13200.00 103.62 SC 2666 2192 1572 1086 765 558
ISMB 600 (IS808) @ 123 41.20 242.00 15600.00 122.46 SC 3006 2602 1995 1447 1050 779 594

ISMB SECTION PROPERTIES ( As Per SP: 6(1) & Reference mnual for Structural Engineers- INS/PUB/003-Page 28 & 29)
ISMB 100 x11.5 16.72 42.00 1460.00 11.46 PL 226 102 51
ISMB 125 x13 16.23 52.01 1660.00 13.03 PL 252 110
ISMB 150 x14.9 16.64 61.83 1900.00 14.92 PL 294 131
ISMB 175 x19.3 18.58 71.88 2462.00 19.33 PL 408 202 103
4.3.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.6 AS PER IS 800:1984 (WORKING STRESS METHOD) GRADE Fy
CAPACITY (Pallow) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 350

Weight 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
DESIGNATION ry (mm) rz (mm) Class
Area(mm2) Kg/m Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow
ISMB 200 x25.4 21.54 83.15 3233.00 25.38 PL 576 324 176
ISMB 250 x37.3 26.52 103.88 4755.00 37.33 PL 906 606 361 225
ISMB 300 x44.2 28.40 123.66 5626.00 44.16 PL 1090 766 473 300 202
ISMB 350 x52.4 28.39 142.94 6671.00 52.37 SC 1292 908 561 355 239
ISMB 400 x61.6 28.16 161.48 7846.00 61.59 SC 1517 1060 652 412 277
ISMB 450 x72.4 30.06 181.49 9227.00 72.43 SC 1807 1320 841 541 367
ISMB 500 x86.9 35.17 202.07 11074.00 86.93 SC 2222 1776 1234 835 581 421
ISMB 550 x103.7 37.26 221.63 13211.00 103.71 SC 2668 2192 1572 1085 764 557
ISMB 600 x122.6 41.20 242.44 15621.00 122.62 SC 3010 2605 1997 1449 1051 780 595
4.4. Axial Compression Capacity for Yeild Strength 410 Mpa Grade Fy
4.4.1. Worked Out Example of steel 410

Calculate design axial load of Parallel Flange section


WPB 100x100x12.2
given that the height of column is 4.00 m and that it is pin-ended.
Also assume the following: fy = 410.00 N/mm2 ; E = 2 x 10^5.
Use IS 800:2007 (Limit State Method).

Solution Span
As the member is pin- ended 4000.00
Member Length ,Lz = 4000.00 mm
Ly = 4000.00 mm

Material
Yield Strength , fy = 410.00 Mpa
Youngs Modulus , Es = 200000.00 Mpa
Code : IS:800-2007

Section Properties 3.00


Section Designation WPB 100x100x12.2
Overall Depth of Section, h = 91.00 mm
Flange Width , bf = 100.00 mm
Flange Thickness, tf = 5.50 mm
Web Thickness , tw = 4.20 mm
Depth of Web, d = 56.00 mm
Root radious = 12.00
Weight of Section, w = 12.24 Kg/m
=
2
Area of Section , A = 1559.61 mm
4
Moment of Inertia , Izz = 2365067.64 mm
4
Moment of Inertia , Iyy = 918449.93 mm
3
Section Modulus , Zzz = 51979.51 mm
3
Section Modulus , Zyy = 18369.00 mm
Radius of gyration , rzz = 38.94 mm
Radius of gyration, ryy = 24.27 mm

From Table 11 of of IS 800:2007


Effective Length Factor in x - Direction Kz 1.00
Effective Length Factor in y - Direction Ky 1.00

From Table 2 of of IS 800:2007


(i) Check For Class of section
For Rolled Section and for Axial compression
check for web d/tw = 13.33 < 42.00
Hence the section is NOT SLENDER

From Table 10 of of IS 800:2007


(ii) Check For Buckling Class of section h/bf = 0.91 < 1.20
tf = 5.50 < 40.00
In z-z direction buckling curve b
In y-y direction buckling curve c
As per Section 7 of IS 800:2007
Yield Stress (Effective for tf) 410.00
About z-z axis
Effective slenderness ratio, KLz/rz = 1.0x 4000/38.94 = 102.72 < 180.00

Non dimensional effective slenderness ration ,λzz = (fy/fcc)^0.5 =


[410x(4000/38.94)^2/(3.14^2x
2x10^5)] 1.48
Table 7, IS 800:2007 α = 0.34
Ф = 0.5[1+α(λ-0.2)+λ^2] =
0.5[1+0.34(1.48-
0.2)+1.48^2] = 1.81

stress reduction factor, X = 1/[Ф+(Ф2-λ2 )^0.5] =


1/[1.8+(1.8^2-
1.48^2)^0.5] = 0.35
partial safety factor for material strength , γmo = 1.10

fy/[(Ф+(Ф2-λ2)^0.5) *Υmo]
Design compressive stress , fcd in z-z dirn.
= = 130.29 Mpa

About y-y axis


Effective slenderness ratio, KLy/ryy = 164.83 < 180.00
Non dimensional effective slenderness ration , λyy = (fy/fcc)^0.5 = 2.38
fccy 72.65
Table 7, IS 800:2007 α = 0.49
Ф = 0.5[1+α(λ-0.2)+λ^2] = 3.85
X = 1/[Ф+(Ф2-λ2)^0.5] = 0.15

Design compressive stress , fcd in y-y dirn. = fy/[(Ф+(Ф2-λ2)^0.5)*Υmo] 54.09 Mpa

Design Stress , fcd crritical = Min of fcd zz and fcdyyy = 54.09 Mpa
As the section is not slender Eff Area , Ae = Agross
Design Strength, Pd = Ae x fcd, critical = 84.37 KN

84.37
4.4.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.7 AS PER IS 800:2007 (LIMIT STATE METHOD) GRADE Fy
COMPRESSION CAPACITY (Pd) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 410
DESIGNATION tf bf d tw ry rz Area Weight Class 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm2) (Kg/m) Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd
INDIAN STANDARD NARROW FLANGE BEAMS (IS: 12778 -2004)
NPB 100x55x8.1 5.7 55.0 100.0 4.1 12.40 40.70 1032.32 8.10 PL 192 61
NPB 120x60x10.4 6.3 64.0 120.0 4.4 14.46 49.04 1321.02 10.37 PL 295 104
NPB 140x70x12.9 6.9 73.0 140.0 4.7 16.53 57.40 1642.60 12.89 PL 416 163
NPB 160x80x15.8 7.4 82.0 160.0 5 18.43 65.78 2009.13 15.77 PL 551 239 118
NPB 180x90x15.4 6.5 91.0 177.0 4.3 20.44 73.68 1957.73 15.37 SC 570 275 138
NPB 180x90x18.8 8.0 91.0 180.0 5.3 20.51 74.16 2394.73 18.80 PL 698 339 170
NPB 180x90x21.3 9.0 92.0 182.0 6 20.80 74.53 2709.53 21.27 PL 795 392 197
NPB 200x100x18.4 7.0 100.0 197.0 4.5 22.32 82.34 2347.11 18.42 SC 712 377 194 115
NPB 200x100x22.4 8.5 100.0 200.0 5.6 22.34 82.59 2848.41 22.36 PL 864 458 236 140
NPB 200x100x25.1 9.5 102.0 202.0 6.2 22.97 83.17 3196.21 25.09 PL 980 535 278 165
NPB 200x130x27.2 8.4 133.0 207.0 5.8 30.87 87.38 3461.17 27.17 CO 1159 825 492 305 204
NPB 200x130x31.6 10.0 134.0 210.0 6.4 31.61 88.57 4019.61 31.55 PL 1353 979 593 369 248
NPB 220x110x22.2 7.7 110.0 217.0 5 24.61 90.54 2825.61 22.18 SC 889 520 277 166
NPB 220x110x26.2 9.2 110.0 220.0 5.9 24.76 91.14 3337.05 26.20 PL 1052 619 330 198
NPB 220x110x29.4 10.2 112.0 222.0 6.6 25.31 91.55 3738.97 29.35 PL 1188 714 384 231
NPB 240x120x26.2 8.3 120.0 237.0 5.2 26.82 99.39 3331.22 26.15 SC 1077 683 378 229
NPB 240x120x30.7 9.8 120.0 240.0 6.2 26.90 99.74 3911.62 30.71 PL 1266 805 446 270
NPB 240x120x34.3 10.8 122.0 242.0 7 27.39 99.98 4371.14 34.31 PL 1421 919 513 311
NPB 270x135x30.7 8.7 135.0 267.0 5.5 30.22 112.07 3914.94 30.73 SC 1305 914 538 332 222
NPB 270x135x36.1 10.2 135.0 270.0 6.6 30.21 112.26 4594.50 36.07 SC 1531 1073 631 390 261
NPB 270x135x42.3 12.2 136.0 274.0 7.5 30.86 113.60 5383.54 42.26 PL 1803 1283 765 474 318
NPB 300x150x36.5 9.2 150.0 297.0 6.1 33.38 124.17 4652.60 36.52 SC 1584 1187 744 469 317 227
NPB 300x150x42.2 10.7 150.0 300.0 7.1 33.48 124.61 5381.20 42.24 SC 1833 1376 865 546 368 264
NPB 300x150x49.3 12.7 152.0 304.0 8 34.44 126.12 6282.74 49.32 PL 2151 1642 1051 668 452 324
NPB 350x170x50.2 11.5 170.0 357.6 6.6 38.40 150.64 6396.48 50.21 SC 2231 1798 1239 815 559 403
NPB 350x170x57.1 12.7 170.0 360.0 8 37.85 149.55 7272.92 57.09 SC 2531 2027 1384 905 620 447
NPB 350x170x66 14.7 172.0 364.0 9.2 38.54 150.47 8413.24 66.04 PL 2936 2371 1638 1078 740 534
NPB 400x180x57.4 12.0 180.0 397.0 7 39.98 166.62 7309.56 57.38 SC 2565 2103 1489 993 685 496 374
NPB 400x180x66.3 13.5 180.0 400.0 8.6 39.47 165.48 8446.36 66.30 SC 2958 2412 1693 1124 774 560 422
NPB 400x180x75.7 15.5 182.0 404.0 9.7 40.25 166.58 9638.66 75.66 SC 3386 2783 1979 1324 914 662 500
NPB 450x190x67.2 13.1 190.0 447.0 7.6 41.88 186.51 8554.64 67.15 SC 3022 2520 1838 1249 868 631 477
NPB 450x190x77.6 14.6 190.0 450.0 9.4 41.15 184.79 9882.08 77.57 SC 3482 2886 2082 1405 974 706 533
NPB 450x190x92.4 17.6 192.0 456.0 11 42.07 186.50 11765.76 92.36 SC 4159 3473 2542 1730 1204 875 661
NPB 500x200x79.4 14.5 200.0 497.0 8.4 43.77 206.08 10109.76 79.36 SC 3592 3039 2279 1578 1106 807 611
NPB 500x200x90.7 16.0 200.0 500.0 10.2 43.03 204.26 11552.16 90.68 SC 4095 3447 2558 1758 1228 894 677
NPB 500x200x107.3 19.0 202.0 506.0 12 43.77 205.58 13670.56 107.31 SC 4857 4110 3082 2134 1496 1091 826
NPB 600x220x107.6 17.5 220.0 597.0 9.8 47.66 246.00 13702.04 107.56 SC 4919 4263 3353 2415 1726 1270 966 758
NPB 600x220x122.4 19.0 220.0 600.0 12 46.57 242.97 15598.44 122.45 SC 5585 4811 3738 2663 1892 1388 1055 827
NPB 600x220x154.5 24.0 224.0 610.0 15 47.90 245.20 19676.44 154.46 SC 6743 5885 4701 3437 2474 1827 1393 1094

INDIAN STANDARD WIDE FLANGE BEAMS (IS: 12778 -2004)


WPB 320x300x74.2 11.0 300.0 301.0 8 72.37 131.87 9457.78 74.24 SL 3527 3166 2774 2342 1912 1538 1239 1009 833 697
WPB 320x300x97.6 15.5 300.0 310.0 9 74.91 135.78 12436.78 97.63 SC 4654 4197 3703 3158 2607 2115 1714 1401 1159 972
WPB 320x300x126.7 20.5 300.0 320.0 11.5 75.65 138.22 16134.28 126.65 PL 5762 5218 4635 3991 3330 2725 2222 1824 1514 1272
WPB 320x300x245 40.0 309.0 359.0 21 79.45 147.77 31204.78 244.96 PL 11194 10195 9135 7965 6742 5589 4601 3802 3169 2670
WPB 600x300x128.8 15.5 300.0 571.0 12 65.26 236.64 16405.78 128.79 SC 6070 5560 4919 4108 3257 2538 1993 1592 1295 1072
WPB 600x300x177.8 25.0 300.0 590.0 13 70.53 249.71 22645.78 177.77 SC 8031 7440 6729 5830 4811 3857 3081 2487 2036 1692
WPB 600x300x211.9 30.0 300.0 600.0 15.5 70.77 251.71 26995.78 211.92 PL 9576 8874 8032 6967 5757 4620 3693 2981 2442 2030
WPB 600x300x285.5 40.0 305.0 620.0 21 72.22 255.53 36365.78 285.47 PL 12918 11995 10895 9510 7918 6394 5131 4152 3406 2834
WPB 700x300x149.9 17.0 300.0 670.0 13 63.36 273.40 19093.78 149.89 SC 7047 6431 5648 4661 3653 2825 2209 1760 1430 1182
WPB 700x300x204.5 27.0 300.0 690.0 14.5 68.36 287.50 26047.78 204.48 SC 9217 8511 7651 6561 5350 4249 3375 2715 2218 1841
WPB 700x300x240.5 32.0 300.0 700.0 17 68.63 289.56 30637.78 240.51 SC 10844 10018 9013 7740 6321 5027 3996 3215 2627 2181
4.4.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.7 AS PER IS 800:2007 (LIMIT STATE METHOD) GRADE Fy
COMPRESSION CAPACITY (Pd) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 410
DESIGNATION tf bf d tw ry rz Area Weight Class 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm2) (Kg/m) Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd
WPB 700x300x300.7 40.0 304.0 716.0 21 70.04 293.21 38301.78 300.67 PL 13576 12568 11353 9814 8077 6462 5155 4157 3402 2827
WPB 800x300x171.5 18.0 300.0 770.0 14 60.98 309.20 21848.57 171.51 SC 8038 7297 6340 5146 3975 3047 2371 1884 1527 1261
WPB 800x300x224.4 28.0 300.0 790.0 15 66.47 325.83 28582.57 224.37 SC 10093 9291 8304 7051 5686 4481 3543 2841 2317 1921
WPB 800x300x262.3 33.0 300.0 800.0 17.5 66.75 327.80 33417.57 262.33 SC 11804 10872 9725 8270 6681 5272 4170 3346 2730 2263
WPB 800x300x317.3 40.0 303.0 814.0 21 67.85 330.88 40426.57 317.35 PL 14297 13192 11841 10128 8234 6527 5178 4161 3398 2820
WPB 900x300x198 20.0 300.0 870.0 15 59.84 345.54 25222.57 198.00 SC 9265 8388 7246 5832 4473 3414 2651 2103 1704 1406
WPB 900x300x251.6 30.0 300.0 890.0 16 64.99 362.88 32052.57 251.61 SC 11298 10375 9225 7767 6209 4863 3831 3066 2497 2068
WPB 900x300x291.5 35.0 300.0 900.0 18.5 65.24 364.79 37127.57 291.45 SC 13091 12026 10703 9025 7226 5666 4466 3575 2913 2413

INDIAN STANDARD NARROW PARALLEL FLANGE BEAMS//EUROPIAN I- BEAMS


IPEO 300/NPB 300x150x49.3 12.7 152.0 304.0 8 34.44 126.12 6282.74 49.32 PL 2151 1642 1051 668 452 324
IPEO 360/NPB 350x170x66 14.7 172.0 364.0 9.2 38.54 150.47 8413.24 66.04 PL 2936 2371 1638 1078 740 534
IPEO 400/NPB 400x180x75.7 15.5 182.0 404.0 9.7 40.25 166.58 9638.66 75.66 SC 3386 2783 1979 1324 914 662 500
IPEO 450/NPB 450x190x92.4 17.6 192.0 456.0 11 42.07 186.50 11765.76 92.36 SC 4159 3473 2542 1730 1204 875 661
IPEO 500/NPB 500x200x107.3 19.0 202.0 506.0 12 43.77 205.58 13670.56 107.31 SC 4857 4110 3082 2134 1496 1091 826
IPEO 600/NPB 600x220x154.5 24.0 224.0 610.0 15 47.90 245.20 19676.44 154.46 SC 6743 5885 4701 3437 2474 1827 1393 1094
IPE 300/NPB 300x150x42.2 10.7 150.0 300.0 7.1 33.48 124.61 5381.20 42.24 SC 1833 1376 865 546 368 264
IPE 360/NPB 350x170x57.1 12.7 170.0 360.0 8 37.85 149.55 7272.92 57.09 SC 2531 2027 1384 905 620 447
IPE 400/NPB 400x180x66.3 13.5 180.0 400.0 8.6 39.47 165.48 8446.36 66.30 SC 2958 2412 1693 1124 774 560 422
IPE 450/NPB 450x190x77.6 14.6 190.0 450.0 9.4 41.15 184.79 9882.08 77.57 SC 3482 2886 2082 1405 974 706 533
IPE 500/NPB 500x200x90.7 16.0 200.0 500.0 10.2 43.03 204.26 11552.16 90.68 SC 4095 3447 2558 1758 1228 894 677
IPE 600/NPB 600x220x122.4 19.0 220.0 600.0 12 46.57 242.97 15598.44 122.45 SC 5585 4811 3738 2663 1892 1388 1055 827
IPE A360/NPB 350x170x50.2 11.5 170.0 357.6 6.6 38.40 150.64 6396.48 50.21 SC 2231 1798 1239 815 559 403
IPEA 300/NPB 300x150x36.5 9.2 150.0 297.0 6.1 33.38 124.17 4652.60 36.52 SC 1584 1187 744 469 317 227
IPEA 400/NPB 400x180x57.4 12.0 180.0 397.0 7 39.98 166.62 7309.56 57.38 SC 2565 2103 1489 993 685 496 374
IPEA 450/NPB 450x190x67.2 13.1 190.0 447.0 7.6 41.88 186.51 8554.64 67.15 SC 3022 2520 1838 1249 868 631 477
IPEA 500/NPB 500x200x79.4 14.5 200.0 497.0 8.4 43.77 206.08 10109.76 79.36 SC 3592 3039 2279 1578 1106 807 611
IPEA 600/NPB 600x220x107.6 17.5 220.0 597.0 9.8 47.66 246.00 13702.04 107.56 SC 4919 4263 3353 2415 1726 1270 966 758

UNIVERSAL BEAMS AS PER BS4-1:1993


UB 203x133x25 7.8 133.2 203.2 5.7 31.02 85.56 3196.82 25.10 SC 1072 765 458 284 190
UB 203x133x30 9.6 133.9 206.8 6.4 31.73 87.05 3821.10 30.00 PL 1287 934 567 353 237
UB 254x146x31 8.6 146.1 251.4 6 33.58 105.47 3967.70 31.15 SC 1352 1017 640 404 273 196
UB 254x146x37 10.9 146.4 256.0 6.3 34.78 108.35 4716.56 37.03 SC 1618 1242 800 510 346 248
UB 254x146x43 12.7 147.3 259.6 7.2 35.16 109.30 5477.24 43.00 PL 1883 1454 944 604 409 294
UB 457x152x52 10.9 152.4 449.8 7.6 31.10 179.06 6664.43 52.32 SC 2236 1600 959 595 399
UB 457x152x60 13.3 152.9 454.6 8.1 32.28 182.89 7623.25 59.84 SC 2578 1892 1160 726 488
UB 457x152x67 15.0 153.8 458.0 9 32.66 183.88 8555.31 67.16 SC 2900 2144 1325 831 560
UB 457x152x74 17.0 154.4 462.0 9.6 33.28 185.97 9447.71 74.16 SC 3214 2405 1505 948 640
UB 457x152x82 18.9 155.3 465.8 10.5 33.66 187.09 10453.65 82.06 SC 3564 2685 1693 1070 722 517
UB 305x165x40 10.2 165.0 303.4 6 38.59 128.72 5131.99 40.29 SC 1791 1447 1001 659 452 327
UB 305x165x46 11.8 165.7 306.6 6.7 39.04 129.81 5874.61 46.12 SC 2054 1668 1162 769 528 382 288
UB 305x165x54 13.7 165.9 310.4 7.9 39.04 130.34 6849.35 53.77 SC 2395 1944 1355 896 616 445 335
UB 356x171x45 9.7 171.1 351.4 7 37.61 145.08 5732.65 45.00 SC 1993 1592 1082 706 483 348
UB 356x171x51 11.5 171.5 355.0 7.4 38.62 147.58 6490.61 50.95 SC 2266 1831 1267 834 573 414
UB 356x171x57 13.0 172.2 358.0 8.1 39.08 148.68 7255.71 56.96 SC 2537 2061 1437 951 654 472 356
UB 356x171x67 15.7 173.2 363.4 9.1 39.91 150.88 8548.99 67.11 SC 2999 2457 1737 1158 799 578 436
UB 406x178x54 10.9 177.7 402.6 7.7 38.48 164.78 6895.33 54.13 SC 2406 1941 1340 881 605 436
UB 406x178x60 12.8 177.9 406.4 7.9 39.65 168.00 7651.87 60.07 SC 2682 2191 1543 1026 707 511 386
UB 406x178x67 14.3 178.8 409.4 8.8 39.94 168.65 8554.03 67.15 SC 3001 2459 1740 1160 800 579 437
UB 406x178x74 16.0 179.5 412.8 9.5 40.44 169.99 9450.91 74.19 SC 3322 2735 1951 1307 903 654 494
UB 457x191x67 12.7 189.9 453.4 8.5 41.21 185.36 8550.77 67.12 SC 3014 2499 1804 1218 844 613 463
UB 457x191x74 14.5 190.4 457.0 9 42.02 187.64 9462.91 74.28 SC 3344 2792 2041 1389 966 702 531
4.4.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.7 AS PER IS 800:2007 (LIMIT STATE METHOD) GRADE Fy
COMPRESSION CAPACITY (Pd) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 410
DESIGNATION tf bf d tw ry rz Area Weight Class 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm2) (Kg/m) Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd
UB 457x191x82 16.0 191.3 460.0 9.9 42.31 188.31 10448.11 82.02 SC 3696 3093 2271 1550 1080 785 594
UB 457x191x89 17.7 191.9 463.4 10.5 42.85 189.87 11376.57 89.31 SC 4031 3388 2508 1720 1201 874 662
UB 457x191x98 19.6 192.8 467.2 11.4 43.28 191.06 12526.27 98.33 SC 4444 3747 2791 1923 1345 980 742
UB 533x210x82 13.2 208.8 528.3 9.6 43.78 213.09 10469.01 82.18 SC 3720 3148 2361 1635 1146 836 633
UB 533x210x92 15.6 209.3 533.1 10.1 45.11 216.91 11737.80 92.14 SC 4187 3574 2728 1915 1351 988 750 587
UB 533x210x101 17.4 210.0 536.7 10.8 45.74 218.66 12866.97 101.01 SC 4597 3940 3031 2141 1515 1109 842 660
UB 533x210x109.8 18.8 210.8 539.5 11.8 45.87 218.92 13986.95 109.80 SC 4999 4288 3304 2337 1654 1212 921 721
UB 533x210x122 21.3 211.9 544.5 12.7 46.69 221.21 15539.52 121.99 SC 5310 4606 3631 2621 1875 1380 1051 824
UB 610x229x101 14.8 227.6 602.6 10.5 47.54 242.45 12891.91 101.20 SC 4627 4007 3148 2265 1617 1190 905 710
UB 610x229x113 17.3 228.2 607.6 11.1 48.84 246.29 14394.47 113.00 SC 5182 4517 3598 2623 1885 1391 1061 833
UB 610x229x125.1 19.6 229.0 612.2 11.9 49.67 248.77 15933.95 125.08 SC 5747 5029 4039 2969 2144 1586 1210 951
UB 610x229x139.9 22.1 230.2 617.2 13.1 50.28 250.45 17819.59 139.88 SC 6138 5415 4424 3313 2417 1797 1375 1082 872

UNIVERSAL COLUMNS AS PER BS4-1:1993


UC 152X152X23 6.8 152.2 152.4 5.8 36.98 65.37 2924.54 22.96 SC 984 736 489 323 224 163
UC 152X152X30 9.4 152.9 157.6 6.5 38.27 67.59 3826.30 30.04 CO 1297 986 668 446 310 226
UC 152X152X37 11.5 154.4 161.8 8 38.72 68.50 4711.18 36.98 PL 1601 1224 835 559 389 284
UC 203X203X46 11.0 203.6 203.2 7.2 51.34 88.19 5873.15 46.10 SC 2099 1769 1392 1034 762 573 443 351 285
UC 203X203X52 12.5 204.3 206.2 7.9 51.78 89.07 6628.29 52.03 CO 2372 2003 1582 1179 871 656 507 402 326
UC 203X203X60 14.2 205.8 209.6 9.4 51.99 89.55 7637.31 59.95 PL 2735 2312 1828 1365 1009 760 588 467 378
UC 203X203X71 17.3 206.4 215.8 10 52.97 91.78 9042.75 70.99 PL 3247 2757 2197 1653 1228 928 719 571 463
UC 203X203X86 20.5 209.1 222.2 12.7 53.41 92.83 10963.65 86.06 PL 3762 3219 2599 1982 1485 1128 877 698 567
UC 254X254X73 14.2 254.6 254.1 8.6 64.78 110.69 9310.11 73.08 SC 3430 3030 2584 2103 1658 1299 1030 829 680 566
UC 254X254X89 17.3 258.3 260.3 10.3 66.04 112.27 11400.34 89.49 CO 4210 3730 3198 2620 2078 1635 1299 1048 860 716
UC 254X254X107 20.5 258.8 266.7 12.8 65.92 113.31 13638.21 107.06 PL 4803 4271 3683 3042 2430 1923 1533 1239 1018 849
UC 254X254X132 25.3 261.3 276.3 15.3 66.92 115.76 16813.44 131.99 PL 5931 5285 4575 3797 3049 2421 1934 1566 1288 1075
UC 254X254X167 31.7 265.2 289.1 19.2 68.09 118.71 21285.57 167.09 PL 7522 6720 5840 4875 3936 3138 2513 2039 1678 1402
UC 305X305X97 15.4 305.3 307.9 9.9 76.93 134.25 12344.86 96.91 SC 4631 4190 3716 3193 2657 2170 1767 1449 1202 1009
UC 305X305X118 18.7 307.4 314.5 12 77.66 135.73 15020.29 117.91 SC 5640 5108 4539 3910 3263 2671 2179 1789 1485 1247
UC 305X305X137 21.7 309.2 320.5 13.8 78.32 137.16 17441.59 136.92 PL 6249 5682 5079 4413 3719 3072 2522 2079 1731 1457
UC 305X305X158 25.0 311.2 327.1 15.8 79.00 138.72 20136.51 158.07 PL 7220 6571 5882 5122 4328 3583 2946 2432 2027 1707
UC 305X305X198 31.4 314.5 339.9 19.1 80.35 142.01 25241.54 198.15 PL 9064 8265 7419 6487 5508 4580 3779 3127 2610 2201
UC 305X305X240 37.7 318.4 352.5 23 81.50 144.90 30578.99 240.05 PL 10995 10040 9033 7925 6756 5638 4666 3869 3233 2729
UC 305X305X283 44.1 322.2 365.3 26.8 82.67 147.93 36042.65 282.93 PL 12656 11590 10472 9243 7939 6672 5553 4623 3874 3277
UC 356X368X129 17.5 368.6 355.6 10.4 94.29 156.49 16433.57 129.00 SC 6274 5796 5304 4769 4193 3610 3066 2591 2195 1871
UC 356X368X153 20.7 370.5 362.0 12.3 94.92 157.93 19480.41 152.92 SC 7091 6569 6034 5456 4831 4192 3585 3047 2592 2216
UC 356X368X177 23.8 372.6 368.2 14.4 95.41 159.15 22550.73 177.02 CO 8212 7611 6995 6330 5612 4875 4174 3551 3023 2585
UC 356X368X202 27.0 374.7 374.6 16.5 95.96 160.50 25722.03 201.92 PL 9371 8689 7991 7238 6425 5589 4791 4081 3476 2975
UC 356X406x235 30.2 394.8 381.0 18.4 101.74 162.52 29943.29 235.05 PL 10955 10204 9445 8632 7754 6837 5937 5111 4390 3781

INDIAN STANDARD WIDE PARALLEL FLANGE BEAMS//EUROPIAN WIDE FLANGE BEAMS


HE 800x373 46.0 308.0 826.0 25 68.87 332.25 47458.57 372.55 PL 16383 14686 12834 10796 8783 7043 5664 4606 3798 3176
HEA 320/WPB 320x300x97.6 15.5 300.0 310.0 9 74.91 135.78 12436.78 97.63 SC 4654 4197 3703 3158 2607 2115 1714 1401 1159 972
HEA 600/WPB 600x300x177.8 25.0 300.0 590.0 13 70.53 249.71 22645.78 177.77 SC 8031 7440 6729 5830 4811 3857 3081 2487 2036 1692
HEA 700/WPB 700x300x204.5 27.0 300.0 690.0 14.5 68.36 287.50 26047.78 204.48 SC 9217 8511 7651 6561 5350 4249 3375 2715 2218 1841
HEA 800/WPB 800x300x224.4 28.0 300.0 790.0 15 66.47 325.83 28582.57 224.37 SC 10093 9291 8304 7051 5686 4481 3543 2841 2317 1921
HEA 900/WPB 900x300x251.6 30.0 300.0 890.0 16 64.99 362.88 32052.57 251.61 SC 11298 10375 9225 7767 6209 4863 3831 3066 2497 2068
HEAA 320/WPB 320x300x74.2 11.0 300.0 301.0 8 72.37 131.87 9457.78 74.24 SL 3527 3166 2774 2342 1912 1538 1239 1009 833 697
HEAA 600/WPB 600x300x128.8 15.5 300.0 571.0 12 65.26 236.64 16405.78 128.79 SC 6070 5560 4919 4108 3257 2538 1993 1592 1295 1072
HEAA 700/WPB 700x300x149.9 17.0 300.0 670.0 13 63.36 273.40 19093.78 149.89 SC 7047 6431 5648 4661 3653 2825 2209 1760 1430 1182
HEAA 800/WPB 800x300x171.5 18.0 300.0 770.0 14 60.98 309.20 21848.57 171.51 SC 8038 7297 6340 5146 3975 3047 2371 1884 1527 1261
HEAA 900/WPB 900x300x198 20.0 300.0 870.0 15 59.84 345.54 25222.57 198.00 SC 9265 8388 7246 5832 4473 3414 2651 2103 1704 1406
HEB 320/WPB 320x300x126.7 20.5 300.0 320.0 11.5 75.65 138.22 16134.28 126.65 PL 5762 5218 4635 3991 3330 2725 2222 1824 1514 1272
4.4.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.7 AS PER IS 800:2007 (LIMIT STATE METHOD) GRADE Fy
COMPRESSION CAPACITY (Pd) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 410
DESIGNATION tf bf d tw ry rz Area Weight Class 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
(mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm) (mm2) (Kg/m) Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd Pd
HEB 600/WPB 600x300x211.9 30.0 300.0 600.0 15.5 70.77 251.71 26995.78 211.92 PL 9576 8874 8032 6967 5757 4620 3693 2981 2442 2030
HEB 700/WPB 700x300x240.5 32.0 300.0 700.0 17 68.63 289.56 30637.78 240.51 SC 10844 10018 9013 7740 6321 5027 3996 3215 2627 2181
HEB 800/WPB 800x300x262.3 33.0 300.0 800.0 17.5 66.75 327.80 33417.57 262.33 SC 11804 10872 9725 8270 6681 5272 4170 3346 2730 2263
HEB 900/WPB 900x300x291.5 35.0 300.0 900.0 18.5 65.24 364.79 37127.57 291.45 SC 13091 12026 10703 9025 7226 5666 4466 3575 2913 2413
HEM 320/WPB 320x300x245 40.0 309.0 359.0 21 79.45 147.77 31204.78 244.96 PL 11194 10195 9135 7965 6742 5589 4601 3802 3169 2670
HEM 600/WPB 600x300x285.5 40.0 305.0 620.0 21 72.22 255.53 36365.78 285.47 PL 12918 11995 10895 9510 7918 6394 5131 4152 3406 2834
HEM 700/WPB 700x300x300.7 40.0 304.0 716.0 21 70.04 293.21 38301.78 300.67 PL 13576 12568 11353 9814 8077 6462 5155 4157 3402 2827
HEM 800/WPB 800x300x317.3 40.0 303.0 814.0 21 67.85 330.88 40426.57 317.35 PL 14297 13192 11841 10128 8234 6527 5178 4161 3398 2820
HEM 900/WPB 900x300x332.5 40.0 302.0 910.0 21 65.97 366.95 42362.57 332.55 SC 14950 13751 12270 10389 8354 6570 5188 4158 3390 2809

INDIAN STANDARD TAPERED FLANGE MEDIUM WEIGHT BEAMS/I-SECTIONS (IS:808)


ISMB 100 (IS808) @ 8.9 7.0 50.0 100.0 4.7 10.50 40.00 1140.00 8.90 PL 167
ISMB 125 (IS808) @ 13.3 8.0 70.0 125.0 5 15.10 51.60 1700.00 13.30 PL 397 144
ISMB 150 (IS808) @ 15 8.0 75.0 150.0 5 15.70 61.30 1910.00 15.00 PL 462 173
ISMB 175 (IS808) @ 19.6 9.0 85.0 175.0 5.8 17.60 71.30 2500.00 19.60 PL 664 276 134
ISMB 200 (IS808) @ 24.2 10.0 100.0 200.0 5.7 21.10 82.90 3080.00 24.20 PL 911 455 230
ISMB 250 (IS808) @ 37.3 12.5 125.0 250.0 6.9 26.50 104.00 4750.00 37.30 PL 1530 961 528 319
ISMB 300 (IS808) @ 46 13.1 140.0 300.0 7.7 28.60 124.00 5860.00 46.00 PL 1927 1293 738 451 301
ISMB 350 (IS808) @ 52.4 14.2 140.0 350.0 8.1 28.40 143.00 6670.00 52.40 SC 2190 1461 831 507 338
ISMB 400 (IS808) @ 61.5 16.0 140.0 400.0 8.9 28.20 162.00 7840.00 61.50 SC 2569 1704 965 589 392
ISMB 450 (IS808) @ 72.4 17.4 150.0 450.0 9.4 30.10 182.00 9220.00 72.40 SC 3070 2145 1260 777 520
ISMB 500 (IS808) @ 86.9 17.2 180.0 500.0 10.2 35.20 202.00 11100.00 86.90 SC 3816 2949 1916 1225 831 597
ISMB 550 (IS808) @ 104 19.3 190.0 550.0 11.2 37.30 222.00 13200.00 104.00 SC 4583 3646 2464 1604 1096 789
ISMB 600 (IS808) @ 123 20.3 210.0 600.0 12 41.20 242.00 15600.00 123.00 SC 5248 4389 3220 2196 1529 1111 840

ISMB SECTION PROPERTIES (As Per SP: 6(1)-1964 & Reference Manual for Structural Engineers -INS/PUB/003- Page 28 & 29)
ISMB 100 x11.5 7.2 75.0 100.0 4 16.72 42.00 1460.00 11.46 PL 373 148 71
ISMB 125 x13 7.6 75.0 125.0 4.4 16.23 52.01 1660.00 13.03 PL 414 160
ISMB 150 x14.9 7.6 80.0 150.0 4.8 16.64 61.83 1900.00 14.92 PL 484 191
ISMB 175 x19.3 8.6 90.0 175.0 5.5 18.58 71.88 2462.00 19.33 PL 678 297 146
ISMB 200 x25.4 10.8 100.0 200.0 5.7 21.54 83.15 3233.00 25.38 PL 965 493 251
ISMB 250 x37.3 12.5 125.0 250.0 6.9 26.52 103.88 4755.00 37.33 PL 1532 963 529 320
ISMB 300 x44.2 12.4 140.0 300.0 7.5 28.40 123.66 5626.00 44.16 SC 1847 1232 701 428 285
ISMB 350 x52.4 14.2 140.0 350.0 8.1 28.39 142.94 6671.00 52.37 SC 2190 1460 830 507 338
ISMB 400 x61.6 16.0 140.0 400.0 8.9 28.16 161.48 7846.00 61.59 SC 2570 1702 964 588 391
ISMB 450 x72.4 17.4 150.0 450.0 9.4 30.06 181.49 9227.00 72.43 SC 3072 2144 1259 776 519
ISMB 500 x86.9 17.2 180.0 500.0 10.2 35.17 202.07 11074.00 86.93 SC 3806 2940 1909 1221 828 595
ISMB 550 x103.7 19.3 190.0 550.0 11.2 37.26 221.63 13211.00 103.71 SC 4586 3647 2462 1602 1094 788
ISMB 600 x122.6 20.3 210.0 600.0 12 41.20 242.44 15621.00 122.62 SC 5255 4395 3224 2198 1531 1113 841
4.4.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.8 AS PER IS 800:1984 (WORKING STRESS METHOD) GRADE Fy
CAPACITY (Pallow) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 410

Weight 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
DESIGNATION ry (mm) rz (mm) Class
Area(mm2) Kg/m Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow
INDIAN STANDARD NARROW FLANGE BEAMS (IS: 12778 -2004)
NPB 100x55x8.1 12.40 40.70 1032.32 8.10 PL 131 44
NPB 120x60x10.4 14.46 49.04 1321.02 10.37 PL 199 74
NPB 140x70x12.9 16.53 57.40 1642.60 12.89 PL 279 116
NPB 160x80x15.8 18.43 65.78 2009.13 15.77 PL 370 169 84
NPB 180x90x15.4 20.44 73.68 1957.73 15.37 SC 383 192 99
NPB 180x90x18.8 20.51 74.16 2394.73 18.80 PL 470 236 122
NPB 180x90x21.3 20.80 74.53 2709.53 21.27 PL 536 273 141
NPB 200x100x18.4 22.32 82.34 2347.11 18.42 SC 480 261 139 82
NPB 200x100x22.4 22.34 82.59 2848.41 22.36 PL 583 317 168 100
NPB 200x100x25.1 22.97 83.17 3196.21 25.09 PL 662 369 198 118
NPB 200x130x27.2 30.87 87.38 3461.17 27.17 CO 786 554 343 218 147
NPB 200x130x31.6 31.61 88.57 4019.61 31.55 PL 917 657 412 263 178
NPB 220x110x22.2 24.61 90.54 2825.61 22.18 SC 602 356 197 119
NPB 220x110x26.2 24.76 91.14 3337.05 26.20 PL 712 423 235 142
NPB 220x110x29.4 25.31 91.55 3738.97 29.35 PL 804 487 273 166
NPB 240x120x26.2 26.82 99.39 3331.22 26.15 SC 730 463 267 164
NPB 240x120x30.7 26.90 99.74 3911.62 30.71 PL 858 546 315 193
NPB 240x120x34.3 27.39 99.98 4371.14 34.31 PL 964 622 362 223
NPB 270x135x30.7 30.22 112.07 3914.94 30.73 SC 885 614 376 237 159
NPB 270x135x36.1 30.21 112.26 4594.50 36.07 SC 1038 721 441 278 187
NPB 270x135x42.3 30.86 113.60 5383.54 42.26 PL 1222 861 534 339 228
NPB 300x150x36.5 33.38 124.17 4652.60 36.52 SC 1073 796 514 334 227 163
NPB 300x150x42.2 33.48 124.61 5381.20 42.24 SC 1241 923 597 388 264 189
NPB 300x150x49.3 34.44 126.12 6282.74 49.32 PL 1456 1101 724 474 324 233
NPB 350x170x50.2 38.40 150.64 6396.48 50.21 SC 1505 1208 843 572 399 289
NPB 350x170x57.1 37.85 149.55 7272.92 57.09 SC 1708 1361 943 637 443 321
NPB 350x170x66 38.54 150.47 8413.24 66.04 PL 1980 1592 1114 757 528 383
NPB 400x180x57.4 39.98 166.62 7309.56 57.38 SC 1728 1414 1009 695 488 356 268
NPB 400x180x66.3 39.47 165.48 8446.36 66.30 SC 1994 1622 1149 788 552 401 303
NPB 400x180x75.7 40.25 166.58 9638.66 75.66 SC 2280 1872 1341 925 651 475 358
NPB 450x190x67.2 41.88 186.51 8554.64 67.15 SC 2032 1697 1241 869 617 452 342
NPB 450x190x77.6 41.15 184.79 9882.08 77.57 SC 2343 1942 1408 980 693 506 383
NPB 450x190x92.4 42.07 186.50 11765.76 92.36 SC 2796 2340 1716 1204 855 627 474
NPB 500x200x79.4 43.77 206.08 10109.76 79.36 SC 2411 2050 1534 1093 783 577 438
NPB 500x200x90.7 43.03 204.26 11552.16 90.68 SC 2751 2324 1724 1220 871 640 486
NPB 500x200x107.3 43.77 205.58 13670.56 107.31 SC 3260 2772 2075 1478 1059 780 593
NPB 600x220x107.6 47.66 246.00 13702.04 107.56 SC 3289 2883 2250 1656 1213 905 693 332
4.4.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.8 AS PER IS 800:1984 (WORKING STRESS METHOD) GRADE Fy
CAPACITY (Pallow) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 410

Weight 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
DESIGNATION ry (mm) rz (mm) Class
Area(mm2) Kg/m Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow
NPB 600x220x122.4 46.57 242.97 15598.44 122.45 SC 3738 3251 2509 1831 1333 991 757 374
NPB 600x220x154.5 47.90 245.20 19676.44 154.46 SC 4501 3983 3152 2349 1734 1300 998 478

INDIAN STANDARD WIDE FLANGE BEAMS (IS: 12778 -2004)


WPB 320x300x74.2 72.37 131.87 9457.78 74.24 SL 2309 2208 1999 1718 1424 1161 944 213 638 533
WPB 320x300x97.6 74.91 135.78 12436.78 97.63 SC 3038 2917 2663 2312 1937 1593 1304 274 888 743
WPB 320x300x126.7 75.65 138.22 16134.28 126.65 PL 3751 3615 3325 2916 2467 2047 1687 353 1160 974
WPB 320x300x245 79.45 147.77 31204.78 244.96 PL 7261 7030 6529 5802 4979 4182 3482 660 2426 2045
WPB 600x300x128.8 65.26 236.64 16405.78 128.79 SC 3994 3767 3317 2755 2212 1759 1404 390 927 769
WPB 600x300x177.8 70.53 249.71 22645.78 177.77 SC 5258 5029 4553 3911 3241 2642 2148 518 1450 1211
WPB 600x300x211.9 70.77 251.71 26995.78 211.92 PL 6269 5997 5434 4673 3877 3163 2573 616 1739 1453
WPB 600x300x285.5 72.22 255.53 36365.78 285.47 PL 8448 8101 7375 6382 5327 4368 3567 820 2423 2027
WPB 700x300x149.9 63.36 273.40 19093.78 149.89 SC 4645 4359 3805 3127 2489 1965 1560 460 1024 848
WPB 700x300x204.5 68.36 287.50 26047.78 204.48 SC 6044 5757 5172 4399 3611 2921 2361 606 1583 1319
WPB 700x300x240.5 68.63 289.56 30637.78 240.51 SC 7109 6776 6093 5190 4266 3453 2794 711 1874 1562
WPB 700x300x300.7 70.04 293.21 38301.78 300.67 PL 8892 8497 7679 6582 5444 4429 3597 879 2425 2024
WPB 800x300x171.5 60.98 309.20 21848.57 171.51 SC 5308 4948 4266 3457 2719 2128 1680 533 1095 905
WPB 800x300x224.4 66.47 325.83 28582.57 224.37 SC 6627 6290 5608 4727 3847 3090 2485 674 1656 1377
WPB 800x300x262.3 66.75 327.80 33417.57 262.33 SC 7749 7359 6569 5544 4519 3633 2924 787 1950 1622
WPB 800x300x317.3 67.85 330.88 40426.57 317.35 PL 9378 8925 8002 6790 5562 4490 3625 944 2426 2020
WPB 900x300x198 59.84 345.54 25222.57 198.00 SC 6124 5688 4873 3922 3066 2389 1881 619 1222 1009
WPB 900x300x251.6 64.99 362.88 32052.57 251.61 SC 7428 7026 6226 5207 4209 3362 2693 764 1786 1483
WPB 900x300x291.5 65.24 364.79 37127.57 291.45 SC 8604 8144 7224 6051 4897 3915 3139 883 2083 1730

INDIAN STANDARD NARROW PARALLEL FLANGE BEAMS//EUROPIAN I- BEAMS


IPEO 300/NPB 300x150x49.3 34.44 126.12 6282.74 49.32 PL 1456 1101 724 474 324 233
IPEO 360/NPB 350x170x66 38.54 150.47 8413.24 66.04 PL 1980 1592 1114 757 528 383
IPEO 400/NPB 400x180x75.7 40.25 166.58 9638.66 75.66 SC 2280 1872 1341 925 651 475 358
IPEO 450/NPB 450x190x92.4 42.07 186.50 11765.76 92.36 SC 2796 2340 1716 1204 855 627 474
IPEO 500/NPB 500x200x107.3 43.77 205.58 13670.56 107.31 SC 3260 2772 2075 1478 1059 780 593
IPEO 600/NPB 600x220x154.5 47.90 245.20 19676.44 154.46 SC 4501 3983 3152 2349 1734 1300 998 478
IPE 300/NPB 300x150x42.2 33.48 124.61 5381.20 42.24 SC 1241 923 597 388 264 189
IPE 360/NPB 350x170x57.1 37.85 149.55 7272.92 57.09 SC 1708 1361 943 637 443 321
IPE 400/NPB 400x180x66.3 39.47 165.48 8446.36 66.30 SC 1994 1622 1149 788 552 401 303
IPE 450/NPB 450x190x77.6 41.15 184.79 9882.08 77.57 SC 2343 1942 1408 980 693 506 383
IPE 500/NPB 500x200x90.7 43.03 204.26 11552.16 90.68 SC 2751 2324 1724 1220 871 640 486
IPE 600/NPB 600x220x122.4 46.57 242.97 15598.44 122.45 SC 3738 3251 2509 1831 1333 991 757 374
IPE A360/NPB 350x170x50.2 38.40 150.64 6396.48 50.21 SC 1505 1208 843 572 399 289
4.4.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.8 AS PER IS 800:1984 (WORKING STRESS METHOD) GRADE Fy
CAPACITY (Pallow) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 410

Weight 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
DESIGNATION ry (mm) rz (mm) Class
Area(mm2) Kg/m Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow
IPEA 300/NPB 300x150x36.5 33.38 124.17 4652.60 36.52 SC 1073 796 514 334 227 163
IPEA 400/NPB 400x180x57.4 39.98 166.62 7309.56 57.38 SC 1728 1414 1009 695 488 356 268
IPEA 450/NPB 450x190x67.2 41.88 186.51 8554.64 67.15 SC 2032 1697 1241 869 617 452 342
IPEA 500/NPB 500x200x79.4 43.77 206.08 10109.76 79.36 SC 2411 2050 1534 1093 783 577 438
IPEA 600/NPB 600x220x107.6 47.66 246.00 13702.04 107.56 SC 3289 2883 2250 1656 1213 905 693 332

UNIVERSAL BEAMS AS PER BS4-1:1993


UB 203x133x25 31.02 85.56 3196.82 25.10 SC 727 514 319 203 137
UB 203x133x30 31.73 87.05 3821.10 30.00 PL 873 627 394 252 170
UB 254x146x31 33.58 105.47 3967.70 31.15 SC 916 682 442 287 196 140
UB 254x146x37 34.78 108.35 4716.56 37.03 SC 1095 833 551 362 248 178
UB 305x165x40 38.59 128.72 5131.99 40.29 SC 1208 972 681 463 323 234
UB 254x146x43 35.16 109.30 5477.24 43.00 PL 1273 975 649 427 293 211
UB 356x171x45 37.61 145.08 5732.65 45.00 SC 1345 1069 738 497 345 250
UB 305x165x46 39.04 129.81 5874.61 46.12 SC 1385 1121 790 539 377 274 206
UB 356x171x51 38.62 147.58 6490.61 50.95 SC 1528 1230 862 586 409 297
UB 457x152x52 31.10 179.06 6664.43 52.32 SC 1516 1074 668 425 286
UB 305x165x54 39.04 130.34 6849.35 53.77 SC 1615 1307 921 628 439 319 240
UB 406x178x54 38.48 164.78 6895.33 54.13 SC 1623 1304 911 619 432 313
UB 356x171x57 39.08 148.68 7255.71 56.96 SC 1711 1385 976 667 466 339 255
UB 457x152x60 32.28 182.89 7623.25 59.84 SC 1747 1269 805 517 350
UB 406x178x60 39.65 168.00 7651.87 60.07 SC 1807 1473 1047 718 504 367 276
UB 356x171x67 39.91 150.88 8548.99 67.11 SC 2020 1652 1178 810 569 415 313
UB 457x191x67 41.21 185.36 8550.77 67.12 SC 2028 1682 1220 849 601 439 332
UB 406x178x67 39.94 168.65 8554.03 67.15 SC 2022 1654 1180 812 570 415 313
UB 457x152x67 32.66 183.88 8555.31 67.16 SC 1965 1438 918 592 401
UB 457x152x74 33.28 185.97 9447.71 74.16 SC 2177 1612 1040 674 459
UB 406x178x74 40.44 169.99 9450.91 74.19 SC 2237 1840 1321 913 643 469 354
UB 457x191x74 42.02 187.64 9462.91 74.28 SC 2248 1881 1378 966 686 503 381
UB 457x191x82 42.31 188.31 10448.11 82.02 SC 2484 2084 1533 1078 767 562 426
UB 457x152x82 33.66 187.09 10453.65 82.06 SC 2413 1800 1169 760 518 371
UB 533x210x82 43.78 213.09 10469.01 82.18 SC 2496 2123 1589 1132 812 598 454
UB 457x191x89 42.85 189.87 11376.57 89.31 SC 2708 2284 1691 1194 852 626 475
UB 533x210x92 45.11 216.91 11737.80 92.14 SC 2806 2414 1834 1321 954 706 538 277
UB 457x191x98 43.28 191.06 12526.27 98.33 SC 2984 2527 1880 1333 953 701 532
UB 533x210x101 45.74 218.66 12866.97 101.01 SC 3079 2662 2036 1475 1069 792 604 306
UB 610x229x101 47.54 242.45 12891.91 101.20 SC 3094 2710 2112 1554 1137 848 649 312
UB 533x210x109.8 45.87 218.92 13986.95 109.80 SC 3348 2897 2219 1610 1167 866 660 333
4.4.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.8 AS PER IS 800:1984 (WORKING STRESS METHOD) GRADE Fy
CAPACITY (Pallow) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 410

Weight 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
DESIGNATION ry (mm) rz (mm) Class
Area(mm2) Kg/m Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow
UB 610x229x113 48.84 246.29 14394.47 113.00 SC 3460 3057 2413 1794 1322 990 760 352
UB 533x210x122 46.69 221.21 15539.52 121.99 SC 3549 3115 2436 1797 1317 984 753 373
UB 610x229x125.1 49.67 248.77 15933.95 125.08 SC 3834 3405 2708 2027 1501 1128 867 391
UB 610x229x139.9 50.28 250.45 17819.59 139.88 SC 4088 3669 2966 2253 1685 1275 984 439 625

UNIVERSAL COLUMNS AS PER BS4-1:1993


UC 152X152X23 36.98 65.37 2924.54 22.96 SC 685 539 369 247 171 123
UC 152X152X30 38.27 67.59 3826.30 30.04 CO 900 721 503 341 237 172
UC 152X152X37 38.72 68.50 4711.18 36.98 PL 1110 894 627 427 298 216
UC 203X203X46 51.34 88.19 5873.15 46.10 SC 1416 1269 1024 777 581 439 338 145 215
UC 203X203X52 51.78 89.07 6628.29 52.03 CO 1599 1437 1164 886 663 502 388 164 247
UC 203X203X60 51.99 89.55 7637.31 59.95 PL 1843 1658 1345 1025 769 582 450 189 286
UC 203X203X71 52.97 91.78 9042.75 70.99 PL 2184 1974 1614 1240 934 710 550 224 351
UC 254X254X73 64.78 110.69 9310.11 73.08 SC 2266 2135 1876 1554 1245 988 788 222 519 430
UC 203X203X86 53.41 92.83 10963.65 86.06 PL 2523 2299 1906 1483 1129 863 671 272 430
UC 254X254X89 66.04 112.27 11400.34 89.49 CO 2777 2623 2318 1933 1558 1242 993 270 657 546
UC 305X305X97 76.93 134.25 12344.86 96.91 SC 3017 2905 2667 2334 1970 1631 1342 267 921 772
UC 254X254X107 65.92 113.31 13638.21 107.06 PL 3162 2997 2666 2241 1819 1458 1171 323 779 647
UC 305X305X118 77.66 135.73 15020.29 117.91 SC 3672 3539 3255 2856 2418 2006 1654 323 1137 955
UC 356X368X129 94.29 156.49 16433.57 129.00 SC 4028 3941 3746 3443 3069 2673 2296 303 1672 1431
UC 254X254X132 66.92 115.76 16813.44 131.99 PL 3899 3704 3309 2795 2280 1834 1477 395 985 820
UC 305X305X137 78.32 137.16 17441.59 136.92 PL 4058 3924 3634 3217 2750 2301 1910 373 1325 1116
UC 356X368X153 94.92 157.93 19480.41 152.92 SC 4543 4454 4250 3930 3529 3097 2678 357 1971 1693
UC 305X305X158 79.00 138.72 20136.51 158.07 PL 4685 4534 4206 3732 3198 2682 2231 428 1551 1307
UC 254X254X167 68.09 118.71 21285.57 167.09 PL 4938 4702 4220 3585 2939 2375 1918 496 1285 1070
UC 356X368X177 95.41 159.15 22550.73 177.02 CO 5259 5157 4924 4558 4098 3600 3117 412 2297 1975
UC 305X305X198 80.35 142.01 25241.54 198.15 PL 5875 5693 5298 4722 4065 3424 2858 530 1997 1686
UC 356X368X202 95.96 160.50 25722.03 201.92 PL 5999 5884 5623 5210 4690 4126 3576 467 2641 2272
UC 356X406x235 101.74 162.52 29943.29 235.05 PL 6987 6873 6610 6188 5640 5028 4412 517 3324 2880
UC 305X305X240 81.50 144.90 30578.99 240.05 PL 7118 6907 6444 5764 4981 4211 3525 635 2473 2090
UC 305X305X283 82.67 147.93 36042.65 282.93 PL 8178 7952 7454 6712 5843 4974 4187 740 2962 2510

INDIAN STANDARD WIDE PARALLEL FLANGE BEAMS//EUROPIAN WIDE FLANGE BEAMS


HE 800x373 68.87 332.25 47458.57 372.55 PL 10734 10252 9257 7925 6547 5322 4318 1100 2909 2427
HEA 320/WPB 320x300x97.6 74.91 135.78 12436.78 97.63 SC 3038 2917 2663 2312 1937 1593 1304 274 888 743
HEA 600/WPB 600x300x177.8 70.53 249.71 22645.78 177.77 SC 5258 5029 4553 3911 3241 2642 2148 518 1450 1211
HEA 700/WPB 700x300x204.5 68.36 287.50 26047.78 204.48 SC 6044 5757 5172 4399 3611 2921 2361 606 1583 1319
HEA 800/WPB 800x300x224.4 66.47 325.83 28582.57 224.37 SC 6627 6290 5608 4727 3847 3090 2485 674 1656 1377
4.4.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.8 AS PER IS 800:1984 (WORKING STRESS METHOD) GRADE Fy
CAPACITY (Pallow) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 410

Weight 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
DESIGNATION ry (mm) rz (mm) Class
Area(mm2) Kg/m Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow
HEA 900/WPB 900x300x251.6 64.99 362.88 32052.57 251.61 SC 7428 7026 6226 5207 4209 3362 2693 764 1786 1483
HEAA 320/WPB 320x300x74.2 72.37 131.87 9457.78 74.24 SL 2309 2208 1999 1718 1424 1161 944 213 638 533
HEAA 600/WPB 600x300x128.8 65.26 236.64 16405.78 128.79 SC 3994 3767 3317 2755 2212 1759 1404 390 927 769
HEAA 700/WPB 700x300x149.9 63.36 273.40 19093.78 149.89 SC 4645 4359 3805 3127 2489 1965 1560 460 1024 848
HEAA 800/WPB 800x300x171.5 60.98 309.20 21848.57 171.51 SC 5308 4948 4266 3457 2719 2128 1680 533 1095 905
HEAA 900/WPB 900x300x198 59.84 345.54 25222.57 198.00 SC 6124 5688 4873 3922 3066 2389 1881 619 1222 1009
HEB 320/WPB 320x300x126.7 75.65 138.22 16134.28 126.65 PL 3751 3615 3325 2916 2467 2047 1687 353 1160 974
HEB 600/WPB 600x300x211.9 70.77 251.71 26995.78 211.92 PL 6269 5997 5434 4673 3877 3163 2573 616 1739 1453
HEB 700/WPB 700x300x240.5 68.63 289.56 30637.78 240.51 SC 7109 6776 6093 5190 4266 3453 2794 711 1874 1562
HEB 800/WPB 800x300x262.3 66.75 327.80 33417.57 262.33 SC 7749 7359 6569 5544 4519 3633 2924 787 1950 1622
HEB 900/WPB 900x300x291.5 65.24 364.79 37127.57 291.45 SC 8604 8144 7224 6051 4897 3915 3139 883 2083 1730
HEM 320/WPB 320x300x245 79.45 147.77 31204.78 244.96 PL 7261 7030 6529 5802 4979 4182 3482 660 2426 2045
HEM 600/WPB 600x300x285.5 72.22 255.53 36365.78 285.47 PL 8448 8101 7375 6382 5327 4368 3567 820 2423 2027
HEM 700/WPB 700x300x300.7 70.04 293.21 38301.78 300.67 PL 8892 8497 7679 6582 5444 4429 3597 879 2425 2024
HEM 800/WPB 800x300x317.3 67.85 330.88 40426.57 317.35 PL 9378 8925 8002 6790 5562 4490 3625 944 2426 2020
HEM 900/WPB 900x300x332.5 65.97 366.95 42362.57 332.55 SC 9821 9310 8285 6965 5656 4535 3642 1003 2422 2014

INDIAN STANDARD TAPERED FLANGE MEDIUM WEIGHT BEAMS/I-SECTIONS - IS:808


ISMB 100 (IS808) @ 8.9 10.50 40.00 1140.00 8.95 PL 116
ISMB 125 (IS808) @ 13.3 15.10 51.60 1700.00 13.35 PL 267 103
ISMB 150 (IS808) @ 15 15.70 61.30 1910.00 14.99 PL 310 124
ISMB 175 (IS808) @ 19.6 17.60 71.30 2500.00 19.63 PL 445 195 96
ISMB 200 (IS808) @ 24.2 21.10 82.90 3080.00 24.18 PL 613 316 165
ISMB 250 (IS808) @ 37.3 26.50 104.00 4750.00 37.29 PL 1037 652 373 229
ISMB 300 (IS808) @ 46 28.60 124.00 5860.00 46.00 PL 1307 872 519 323 216
ISMB 350 (IS808) @ 52.4 28.40 143.00 6670.00 52.36 SC 1485 985 584 363 242
ISMB 400 (IS808) @ 61.5 28.20 162.00 7840.00 61.54 SC 1743 1150 679 422 281
ISMB 450 (IS808) @ 72.4 30.10 182.00 9220.00 72.38 SC 2082 1442 881 555 373
ISMB 500 (IS808) @ 86.9 35.20 202.00 11100.00 87.14 SC 2581 1977 1316 867 595 428
ISMB 550 (IS808) @ 104 37.30 222.00 13200.00 103.62 SC 3094 2447 1682 1130 783 566
ISMB 600 (IS808) @ 123 41.20 242.00 15600.00 122.46 SC 3527 2957 2173 1527 1086 796 603

ISMB SECTION PROPERTIES ( As Per SP: 6(1) & Reference mnual for Structural Engineers- INS/PUB/003-Page 28 & 29)
ISMB 100 x11.5 16.72 42.00 1460.00 11.46 PL 250 105 51
ISMB 125 x13 16.23 52.01 1660.00 13.03 PL 277 114
ISMB 150 x14.9 16.64 61.83 1900.00 14.92 PL 324 136
ISMB 175 x19.3 18.58 71.88 2462.00 19.33 PL 455 210 105
ISMB 200 x25.4 21.54 83.15 3233.00 25.38 PL 651 342 180
4.4.2. AXIAL COMPRESSION CAPACITY TABLE FOR PARALLEL FLANGE SECTION
Table 4.8 AS PER IS 800:1984 (WORKING STRESS METHOD) GRADE Fy
CAPACITY (Pallow) IN IN FOR DIFFERENT SPANS IN M OF STEEL 410

Weight 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
DESIGNATION ry (mm) rz (mm) Class
Area(mm2) Kg/m Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow Pallow
ISMB 250 x37.3 26.52 103.88 4755.00 37.33 PL 1039 653 374 229
ISMB 300 x44.2 28.40 123.66 5626.00 44.16 SC 1253 831 493 306 204
ISMB 350 x52.4 28.39 142.94 6671.00 52.37 SC 1485 985 584 363 242
ISMB 400 x61.6 28.16 161.48 7846.00 61.59 SC 1743 1149 678 421 280
ISMB 450 x72.4 30.06 181.49 9227.00 72.43 SC 2083 1441 880 555 372
ISMB 500 x86.9 35.17 202.07 11074.00 86.93 SC 2575 1971 1311 864 593 426
ISMB 550 x103.7 37.26 221.63 13211.00 103.71 SC 3097 2447 1681 1129 782 566
ISMB 600 x122.6 41.20 242.44 15621.00 122.62 SC 3532 2961 2176 1529 1087 797 604
4.5. COMPARISON BETWEEN TAPERED AND PARRALLEL FLANGE SECTIONS FOR AXIAL COMPRESSION
TABLE 4.9 SPAN 2.0 m
METHOD USED: LIMIT STATE METHOD AS PER IS 800:2007

Grade of Steel Fy 250 Fy 250 Fy 300 Fy 350 Fy 410


Load Section Weight Capacity Section Weight Capacity Saving in Section Weight Capacity Saving in Section Weight Capacity Saving in Section Weight Capacity Saving in
kN kg/m kN kg/m kN Wt. (%) kg/m kN Wt. (%) kg/m kN Wt. (%) kg/m kN Wt. (%)
100 ISMB 125 (IS808) 13.3 134 NPB 120x60x10.4 10.4 97 21.8 NPB 120x60x10.4 10.4 100 22 NPB 120x60x10.4 10.4 102 22 NPB 120x60x10.4 10.4 104 22
200 ISMB 175 (IS808) 19.6 248 WPB 100x100x12.2 12.2 207 37.5 WPB 100x100x12.2 12.2 226 38 WPB 100x100x12.2 12.2 241 38 WPB 100x100x12.2 12.2 256 38
300 ISMB 200 (IS808) 24.2 389 WPB 120x120x14.6 15.5 308 36.1 WPB 120x120x14.6 15.5 345 36 WPB 120x120x14.6 15.5 377 36 WPB 120x120x14.6 15.5 408 36
400 ISMB 225 (IS808) 31.1 561 WPB 120x120x19.9 19.9 401 36.0 WPB 140x140x18.1 18.1 450 42 WPB 140x140x18.1 18.1 498 42 WPB 120x120x15.5 15.5 408 50
500 ISMB 225 (IS808) 31.1 561 UC 152X152X23 23.0 519 26.2 UC 152X152X23 23.0 594 26 UC 152X152X23 23.0 663 26 WPB 140x140x18.1 18.1 550 42
600 ISMB 250 (IS808) 37.3 749 NPB 200x130x27.2 27.2 603 27.2 WPB 160x160x23.8 23.8 640 36 UC 152X152X23 23.0 663 38 UC 152X152X23 23.0 736 38
700 ISMB 250 (IS808) 37.3 749 WPB 160x160x30.4 30.4 710 18.4 WPB 180x180x28.7 28.7 811 23 WPB 180x180x28.7 28.7 916 23 UC 152X152X23 23.0 736 38
800 ISMB 300 (IS808) 46.0 975 WPB 200x200x34.6 34.6 869 24.7 WPB 180x180x28.7 28.7 811 38 WPB 180x180x28.7 28.7 916 38 WPB 160x160x23.8 23.8 802 48
900 ISMB 300 (IS808) 46.0 975 NPB 200x165x36.2 36.2 901 21.3 WPB 200x200x34.6 34.6 1014 25 WPB 180x180x28.7 28.7 916 38 WPB 180x180x28.7 28.7 1033 38
1000 ISMB 300 (IS808) 46.0 975 WPB 220x220x40.4 40.4 1040 12.2 WPB 200x200x34.6 34.6 1014 25 WPB 200x200x34.6 34.6 1151 25 WPB 180x180x28.7 28.7 1033 38
1500 ISMB 450 (IS808) 72.4 1584 NPB 300x200x59.6 59.6 1556 17.7 WPB 220x220x50.5 50.5 1530 30 UC 203X203X46 46.1 1556 36 WPB 220x220x40.4 40.4 1582 44
2000 ISMB 500 (IS808) 86.9 2061 WPB 320x300x74.2 74.2 2028 14.6 NPB 300x200x66.7 66.7 2050 23 NPB 300x200x59.6 59.6 2088 31 UC 203X203X52 52.0 2003 40
2500 ISMB 550 (IS808) 104.0 2506 WPB 400x300x92.4 92.4 2560 11.2 PBP 300X78.4 78.4 2531 25 WPB 300x300x69.8 69.8 2590 33 WPB 280x280x61.2 61.2 2577 41
3000 ISMB 600 (IS808) 123.0 2955 PBP 360X108.9 108.9 3068 11.5 WPB 400x300x92.4 92.4 3035 25 WPB 360x300x83.7 83.7 3090 32 UC 254X254X73 73.1 3030 41
3500 WPB 500x300x128.7 128.7 3565 WPB 500x300x107.4 107.4 3511 WPB 400x300x92.4 92.4 3501 WPB 360x300x83.7 83.7 3555
4000 PBP 320X146.7 146.7 4019 PBP 400X122.4 122.4 4119 WPB 500x300x107.4 107.4 4046 WPB 400x300x92.4 92.4 4047
4500 WPB 360x370x165.3 165.3 4514 WPB 360x370x137.3 137.3 4612 WPB 550x300x120 120.0 4503 WPB 340x300x104.8 104.8 4500
5000 PBP 400X176.1 176.1 5010 WPB 360x370x150.9 150.9 5070 UC 368X368X129 129.0 2010 WPB 300x300x117 117.0 5043
6000 WPB 400x400x219.7 219.7 6045 WPB 650x300x189.7 189.7 6028 PBP 400X158.1 158.1 6150 WPB 360x370x137.3 137.3 6154
7000 WPB 450x300x263.3 263.3 7081 WPB 400x400x219.7 219.7 7222 WPB 400x400x189.9 189.9 7037 PBP 400X158.1 158.1 7695
8000 WPB 700x300x300.7 300.7 8011 WPB 340x300x247.9 247.9 8006 WPB 400x400x219.7 219.7 8150 WPB 400x400x189.9 189.9 8217
9000 HEM 900/WPB 900x300x371.6
371.6 9756 WPB 600x300x285.5 285.5 9116 WPB 340x300x247.9 247.9 9039 PBP 400X212.5 212.5 9165
10000 WPB 800x300x317.3 317.3 10047 WPB 550x300x278.2 278.2 10044 UC 356X406x235.1 235.1 10204

Note: Section Capacity considered for L/r <180. Values are not Shown for Slenderness ration >180

Weight of Section for Different Axial Load Values


400.0
Span 2m (PF, Fy 250)
350.0
Span 2m (PF, Fy 300)
300.0
Section wt. kg/m

Span 2m (PF, Fy 350)


250.0
Span 2m PF, (Fy 410)
200.0
Span 2m (ISMB, Fy 250)
150.0

100.0

50.0

0.0

Load in kN

NOTE: ISMB, NPB, WPB,PBP, UB, UC SECTIONS ARE CONSIDERED IN COMPARISON


4.5. COMPARISON BETWEEN TAPERED AND PARRALLEL FLANGE SECTIONS FOR AXIAL COMPRESSION
TABLE 4.10 SPAN 3.0 m
METHOD USED: LIMIT STATE METHOD AS PER IS 800:2007

Grade of Steel Fy 250 Fy 250 Fy 300 Fy 350 Fy 410


Load Section Weight Load Section Weight Load Saving in Section Weight Load Saving in Section Weight Load Saving in Section Weight Load Saving in
kN kg/m kN kg/m kN Wt. (%) kg/m kN Wt. (%) kg/m kN Wt. (%) kg/m kN Wt. (%)
100 ISMB 175 (IS808) 19.63 128 NPB 160x80x15.8 15.8 112 20 WPB 100x100x12.2 12.2 131 38 NPB 160x80x15.8 15.8 116 20 NPB 160x80x15.8 15.8 118 20
200 ISMB 200 (IS808) 24.18 216 WPB 120x120x14.6 15.5 208 36 WPB 120x120x14.6 15.5 221 36 NPB 200x100x22.4 22.4 231 8 NPB 200x100x22.4 22.4 236 8
300 ISMB 225 (IS808) 31.16 329 NPB 220x110x26.2 26.2 301 16 WPB 140x140x18.1 18.1 314 42 WPB 120x120x19.9 19.9 305 36 WPB 120x120x19.9 19.9 318 36
400 ISMB 250 (IS808) 37.29 475 WPB 140x140x24.7 24.7 403 34 UC 152X152X23 23.0 431 38 WPB 120x120x26.7 26.7 417 28 WPB 120x120x26.7 26.7 435 28
500 ISMB 300 (IS808) 46.00 651 WPB 100x100x41.8 41.8 506 9 WPB 180x180x28.7 28.7 642 38 WPB 160x160x23.8 23.8 518 48 NPB 240x120x34.3 34.3 513 25
600 ISMB 300 (IS808) 46.00 651 NPB 300x150x36.5 36.5 624 21 WPB 180x180x28.7 28.7 642 38 NPB 270x135x36.1 36.1 608 22 NPB 200x130x32 32.0 603 31
700 ISMB 350 (IS808) 52.36 734 WPB 180x180x35.5 35.5 715 32 WPB 200x200x34.6 34.6 833 34 WPB 180x180x28.7 28.7 702 45 WPB 160x160x30.4 30.4 711 42
800 ISMB 400 (IS808) 61.54 855 NPB 250x150x46 46.0 817 25 WPB 200x200x34.6 34.6 833 44 NPB 250x150x39.8 39.8 800 35 UB 254x146x37 37.0 800 40
900 ISMB 450 (IS808) 72.38 1095 WPB 220x220x40.4 40.4 902 44 WPB 220x220x40.4 40.4 1032 44 NPB 330x160x43 43.0 901 41 WPB 120x120x52.1 52.1 919 28
1000 ISMB 450 (IS808) 72.38 1095 UB 356x171x51 51.0 1000 30 WPB 220x220x40.4 40.4 1032 44 NPB 300x150x49.3 49.3 1000 32 UB 305x165x40 40.3 1001 44
1500 ISMB 500 (IS808) 87.14 1572 WPB 280x280x61.2 61.2 1502 30 NPB 300x200x59.6 59.6 1558 32 NPB 350x170x66 66.0 1537 24 UB 457x152x74 74.2 1505 15
2000 ISMB 550 (IS808) 103.62 1974 UB 533x210x92 92.1 2016 11 WPB 300x300x69.8 69.8 2034 33 WPB 200x200x73 73.0 2024 30 WPB 240x240x60.3 60.3 2039 42
2500 ISMB 600 (IS808) 122.46 2460 WPB 250x250x104 104.0 2501 15 PBP 360X84.3 84.3 2593 31 UB 533x210x92 92.1 2504 25 UB 457x191x89 89.3 2508 27
3000 UC 305X305X118 117.9 3000 WPB 450x300x99.7 99.7 3010 UB 533x210x109.8 109.8 3025 UB 533x210x101 101.0 3031
3500 PBP 360X133 133.0 3503 UC 305X305X118 117.9 3507 WPB 250x250x117.6 117.6 3547 NPB 550x210x122.5 122.5 3557
4000 WPB 360x370x150.9 150.9 4007 UC 368X368X129 129.0 4040 UC 254X254X132 132.0 4022 WPB 250x250x117.6 117.6 4028
4500 UC 368X368X177 177.0 4552 WPB 360x370x150.9 150.9 4713 WPB 360x300x141.8 141.8 4514 UC 305X305X117.9 117.9 4539
5000 PBP 400X194.2 194.2 5008 WPB 360x370x165.3 165.3 5020 PBP 400X140.2 140.2 5035 PBP 400X122.4 122.4 5032
6000 WPB 320x300x245 245.0 6050 WPB 360x370x199.9 199.9 6082 NPB 750x270x197.7 197.7 6033 UC 368X368X152.9 152.9 6034
7000 WPB 550x300x278.2 278.2 7003 PBP 400X230.9 230.9 7076 PBP 300X222.9 222.9 7214 PBP 360X180.2 180.2 7032
8000 HEM 900/WPB 900x300x332.5 332.5 8167 WPB 500x300x270.3 270.3 8075 WPB 900x300x251.6 251.6 8064 WPB 600x300x211.9 211.9 8032
9000 WPB 800x300x317.3 317.3 9251 WPB 500x300x270.3 270.3 9040 WPB 700x300x240.5 240.5 9013
10000 HEM 900/WPB 900x300x371.6 371.6 10562 WPB 800x300x317.3 317.3 10321 WPB 450x300x263.3 263.3 10213

Note: Section Capacity considered for L/r <180. Values are not Shown for Slenderness ration >180

Weight of Section for Different Axial Load Values


400.0
Span 3m (PF, Fy 250)
350.0
Span 3m (PF, Fy 300)
300.0 Span 3m (PF, Fy 350)
Section wt. kg/m

Span 3m (PF, Fy 410)


250.0
Span 3m (ISMB, Fy 250)
200.0

150.0

100.0

50.0

0.0

Load in kN

NOTE: ISMB, NPB, WPB,PBP, UB, UC SECTIONS ARE CONSIDERED IN COMPARISON


4.5. COMPARISON BETWEEN TAPERED AND PARRALLEL FLANGE SECTIONS FOR AXIAL COMPRESSION
TABLE 4.11 SPAN 4.0 m
METHOD USED: LIMIT STATE METHOD AS PER IS 800:2007

Grade of Steel Fy 250 Fy 250 Fy 300 Fy 350 Fy 410


Load Section Weight Load Section Weight Load Saving in Section Weight Load Saving in Section Weight