Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 5

Design and construction[edit]

After the commissioning of the last of four Cobra class torpedo boats for


the Austro-Hungarian Navy in 1900, there was a four-year hiatus in Austro-
Hungarian construction of destroyers and torpedo boats. In 1904,
a prototype of a new torpedo boat was ordered from Yarrow
Shipbuilders at Poplar, London, and this became the lead boat of
the Kaiman class. Two Austro-Hungarian naval shipbuilders then received
plans and engineering assistance from the British and commenced
construction; 13 boats were built by Stabilimento Tecnico Triestino, located
at Trieste, and the remaining 10 boats by Ganz-Danubius at their shipyards
at Fiume. All boats used a single four-cylinder vertical triple expansion
engine driving one propeller shaft using steam generated by two coal-
fired Yarrow boilers. They had a waterline length of 56 m (183 ft 9 in),
a beam of 5.5 m (18 ft 1 in), and a normal draught of 1.3 m (4 ft 3 in). They
had a standard displacement of about 209–211 tonnes (206–208 long
tons). The crew consisted of 31 officers and enlisted men.[a] Their
machinery was rated at 3,000 indicated horsepower(2,200 kW) and was
designed to propel the boats to a top speed of 26 knots (48 km/h; 30 mph).
They carried 47 tonnes (46 long tons) of coal, which gave them a radius of
action of 500 nautical miles (930 km; 580 mi) at 26 knots (48 km/h;
30 mph), or 1,030 nmi (1,910 km; 1,190 mi) at 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph).
[1][2]

They were armed with four Škoda 47 mm (1.9 in) L/33[b] guns and three


450 mm (17.7 in) torpedo tubes.[3] The 47 mm guns were license-built
versions of the British QF 3-pounder Hotchkiss gun; they had a rate of
fire of 25 rounds per minute and an effective range of 3,000 m (9,800 ft).
[4] The 450 mm torpedoes were the L/5 type, which carried a 95 kg

(209 lb) warhead and had a range of 3,000 m at a speed of 32 knots


(59 km/h; 37 mph). Later variants increased the warhead to 110 kg (240 lb)
and the range to 6,000 m (20,000 ft) at 27 knots (50 km/h; 31 mph).[5] In
1915, one 8 mm (0.31 in) machine gun was added.[1] The boats were
initially given names, but were redesignated with numbers on 1 January
1914, with three suffixes; E for the Yarrow boat built in England, T for the
boats built in Trieste, and F for the boats built in Fiume.[3]
Construction of Kaiman-class torpedo boats[3]
Initial name
Laid down
Launched
Completed
Redesignated
Kaiman
October 1904
3 June 1905
14 September 1905
50 E
Anaconda
11 October 1905
8 May 1906
21 September 1906
51 T
Alligator
20 October 1905
30 June 1906
31 December 1906
52 T
Krokodil
14 November 1905
25 July 1906
31 December 1906
53 T
Wal
12 December 1905
10 September 1906
15 June 1907
54 T
Seehund
29 December 1905
15 September 1906
15 June 1907
55 T
Delphin
12 May 1906
29 November 1906
15 June 1907
56 T
Narwal
19 June 1906
17 December 1906
15 June 1908
57 T
Hai
9 July 1906
24 March 1907
15 June 1908
58 T
Möve
1 August 1906
30 March 1907
15 June 1908
59 T
Schwalbe
14 September 1906
8 April 1907
20 March 1909
60 T
Pinguin
18 September 1906
18 April 1907
20 March 1909
61 T
Drache
January 1907
13 July 1907
20 March 1909
62 T
Greif
January 1907
8 July 1907
20 March 1909
63 T
Triton
26 July 1907
18 July 1908
31 December 1908
64 F
Hydra
31 July 1907
11 October 1908
19 January 1909
65 F
Skorpion
14 August 1907
15 November 1908
22 January 1909
66 F
Phönix
7 January 1908
10 January 1909
3 August 1909
67 F
Krake
2 June 1908
7 February 1909
15 September 1909
68 F
Polyp
27 July 1908
17 April 1909
15 September 1909
69 F
Echse
22 October 1908
8 May 1909
15 June 1910
70 F
Molch
21 November 1908
14 July 1909
15 June 1910
71 F
Kormoran
13 January 1909
31 July 1909
5 March 1910
72 F
Alk
12 February 1909
2 October 1909
15 June 1910
73 F

Оценить