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# The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda

## Faculty/College of <<Faculty of Science >>, ACADEMIC YEAR

Department of <<Physics >> 2015-2016

## <<Name of the Programme: B.Sc.>> : <<B.Sc. Physics >>

YEAR III CORE: CREDIT 4
Semester V <<PHY1501C13>> : <<CLASSICAL MECHANICS>> HOURS 60

OBJECTIVES:

## COURSE CONTENT / SYLLABUS

<< >>
<<Motion in a central field, General features of motion, The central force
(inverse square law) equation and eccentricity, circular and elliptical orbits,
UNIT-I 15 hrs.
the Kepler’s problem, the two body-problem, reduced mass, inelastic
collision of equal masses, chemical reactions Example: vibration of a
diatomic molecule, problems.>>
<< >>
<<Rotation of a rigid body about a fixed axis, time dependence of motion,
behaviour of angular momentum vector, moments and products of inertia (Euler’s
UNIT-II 15 hrs.
equation), Torque –free motion, Euler’s angles, spinning of a top(symmetrical top/
heavy symmetrical top), precession of equinox.>>

<< >>
<<Fluid motion and Lagrange’s equations: Kinematics of moving fluid; equation of
UNIT-III continuity and irrotational flow, equations of motion of an ideal fluid, Euler’s 15 hrs.
equation of motion, Type of constraints, classification and examples. Generalized
coordinates, principle of virtual work, D’Alembert principle.>>

<< >>
<<Lagrange’s equation, examples, systems subject to constraints, generalized
UNIT-IV kinetic energy with example, constants of motion and ignorable coordinates, 15 hrs.
examples, electromagnetic forces and velocity dependent potentials, problems.>>

## REFERENCES (Text Books)

Classical Mechanics – N. C. Rana and P. S. Jog 1991,
1.
Tata McGraw-Hill Pub. Co. td, New Delhi.
2. Classical Mechanics by Goldstein, Poole and Salko, Pearson Asia Ed. 3rd Ed. (2002)
3. Classical Mechanics – Simon, 4th Edition, 1977, Addison-Wesley, NY
4. Classical Mechanics – R. G. Takwale and P. S. Puranik, 1979, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi
Berkeley Physics Course – Vol. I (Mechanics), Kittle, Knight, Ruderman, Helmholtz, Mayer
5.
2nd Edition, 1981, McGraw Hill International, (Asia Student edition).
The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda
Faculty/College of <<Faculty of Science >>, ACADEMIC YEAR
Department of <<Physics >> 2015-2016

## <<Name of the Programme: B.Sc.>> : <<B.Sc. Physics >>

YEAR III CORE: CREDIT 2
Semester V <<PHY1502C14>> : <<WAVE AND QUANTUM MECHANICS>> HOURS 30

OBJECTIVES:

## COURSE CONTENT / SYLLABUS

<< >>
<<linear vector space, linear operator eigen function and eigen values of an
operator, Hermition operator.

## Time-dependent Schrödinger wave equation (one- and three-dimensional

UNIT-I 15 hrs.
equations), theorem. simple problems related to wave equations,
uncertainty principle and calculation of expectation Interpretation of the
wave function, Time-independent Schrödinger equation. Schrödinger
equation, completeness of eigen functions, expectation values of an
operator, Ehrenfest’s theorem.>>
<< >>
<<Basic postulates of quantum mechanics of N-particle system, probability
density and continuity equation, admissibility condition on wave function, physical
UNIT-II interpretation of wave function, 15 hrs.

## Free particle, particle in a box: Energy quantization, wave functions and

momentum quantization, the particle in a non-rigid box.>>
REFERENCES
Quantum Mechanics by L. I. Schiff, International student Edition, Mcgraw Hill, New York, 1868.
1.
Quantum Mechanics – J. L. Powell and B. Craseman, 2nd edition, B. I. Publication, Delhi,
2. 1971.
3. Perspectives of Modern Physics – Arthur Beiser, McGraw Hill, New York 1969
Introduction to Modern physics – H. S. Mani and G. K. Mehta, Affiliated East-West Publication
4. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi 1988 (Reprint 1999)
Modern physics by R. Murugeshan & K. Sivaprasath, 13th edition S. Chand Company Ltd., New
5. Delhi 2007
REFERENCES (Text Books)
1. Quantum Mechanics – G. Aruldhas; Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Ltd. 2002

2. Modern Physics (Concepts and Applications) – Sanjiv Puri; Narosa Publishing House. 2004
The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda
Faculty/College of <<Faculty of Science >>, ACADEMIC YEAR
Department of <<Physics >> 2015-2016

## <<Name of the Programme: B.Sc.>> : <<B.Sc. Physics >>

YEAR III CORE: CREDIT 4
Semester V <<PHY1503C15>> : << SOLID STATE PHYSICS >> HOURS 60

OBJECTIVES:

## COURSE CONTENT / SYLLABUS

<<The Crystalline State >>
<<Basics of Crystal Structures, Unit Cell- Primitive Cell Structures,
Symmetry Operations, Crystal Types, Indices of a Lattice Direction and a
UNIT-I 15 hrs.
Lattice Plane, Introduction to Crystal Point Groups and Space groups,
Common Crystal Structures, Introduction of amorphous, Glass and Liquid
crystal materials, Quasi-crystals.>>
<<Reciprocal Lattice and Determination of Crystal Structure>>
<<Reciprocal Lattice, Bragg Law, Laue’s Interpretation of X-ray Diffraction
by Crystals, Construction of Reciprocal Lattice, Relationships between a,
UNIT-II b, c and a*,b*,c*, Application to Some Crystals Lattices, Analysis of X-ray 15 hrs.
powder diffraction Pattern from Crystals, Measurements of diffraction
Pattern of Crystals, Determination of Lattice Constants, Selection of
Incident Beam.>>
<<Lattice Vibrations>>
<<The ‘Balls and Springs’ Model of a Harmonic Crystal, Normal Modes of a One-
dimensional Monatomic Chain, Normal Modes of One -dimensional Diatomic
UNIT-III Chain, The Reststrahlen Band, General Theory of Harmonic Approximation, 15 hrs.
Normal Modes of Real Crystals, Quantization of Lattice Vibrations, Measurement
of Phonon Dispersion by Inelastic Neutron Scattering>>

## <<Free Electron Theory of Metals & Superconductivity>>

<<The Drude Model, Lorentz Modification of the Drude Model, The Fermi-Dirac
Distribution Function, The Sommerfeld Model, Free electron Model, density of
UNIT-IV states, The Electron Heat Capacity, The Sommerfeld Theory of Electric 15 hrs.
Conduction in Metals, Matthiessen’s Rule, Thermoelectric Effects.
Phenomena without Observable Quantization, Energy Gap, Properties Dependent
on Energy Gap, Isotope Effect, Meissner effect, Type-I and Type-II
superconductor, BCS Theory: A Qualitative Approach.>>
REFERENCES (Text Books)
1. Elements of Solid State Physics by J. P. Srivastava (Second Edition)
Prentice-Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi 2007.
th
2. Solid State Physics by R. L. Singhal. 7 revised Edition, 2001, Kedarnath, Ramnath and company Meerut
REFERENCES
th th
1. Concepts of Modern Physics – Arthur Beiser, 6 Edition, 11 reprint, 2005, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi.
2. Perspectives of Modern Physics – Arthur Beiser, McGraw Hill, New York 1969.
The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda
Faculty/College of <<Faculty of Science >>, ACADEMIC YEAR
Department of <<Physics >> 2015-2016

## <<Name of the Programme: B.Sc.>> : <<B.Sc. Physics >>

YEAR III CORE: CREDIT 4
Semester V <<PHY1504C16>> : <<NUCLEAR PHYSICS>> HOURS 60

OBJECTIVES:

## COURSE CONTENT / SYLLABUS

<<Review of disintegration and displacement law, growth and decay of
radioactivity. Determination of the velocity of alpha particles, alpha disintegration 15 hrs.
UNIT-I
energy, range of alpha particles, range-energy relationship for alpha particles,
Geiger-Nuttal law, alpha particle spectra, long range alpha particles and fine
structure, nuclear energy levels, theory of alpha decay.>>
<< >>
<<β-decay, condition for spontaneous emission, energy measurement of beta
particles, origin of continuous beta spectrum, neutrino hypothesis, Fermi theory of
beta decay (qualitative), life time of beta decay and strength of the interaction
matrix element, energy levels and decay schemes, selection rules in beta decay,
UNIT-II symmetry law, parity non-conservation in beta decay, the neutrino and helicity of 15 hrs.
the neutrino.

## Introduction to gamma emission: selection rules, internal conversion, nuclear

isomerism, interaction of gamma rays with matter, e- - e+ pair production by
gamma rays.>>
<< >>
<<Structure of atomic nuclei, non existence of electrons in nucleus, Qualitative
discussion on: Angular momentum, Magnetic dipole moment, Electric quadrupole
moment, Parity, Statistics of nuclei, Isospin Qualitative discussion on two body
UNIT-III nuclear forces. 15 hrs.

Binding energy, feature of binding energy versus mass number curve, Liquid
drop model, Semi empirical mass formula, Shell model.>>

<< >>
<<Types of the nuclear reactions, Reaction cross-section, Conservation laws,
Kinematics of nuclear reaction, Q-value and its physical significance, Bohr
UNIT-IV hypothesis of compound nucleus. Distribution of fission products, Energy release 15 hrs.
in fission process, Neutron emission in fission process, Theory of nuclear fission,
Chain reaction, Nuclear reactor, Fusion, Thermonuclear reaction, Classification of
particles, Elementary particles and fundamental interactions.>>

## REFERENCES (Text Books)

1. Nuclear Physics – S. B. Patel, Wiley – Eastern Ltd. 1991.
2. Atomic and Nuclear Physics – S. N. Ghoshal (Physics Vol.-II) 1st Edition, 1964, S. Chand
Company Ltd, New Delhi
REFERENCES
Concepts of Modern Physics – Arthur Beiser, 6th Edition, 11th reprint, 2005, Tata McGraw Hill,
1
New Delhi.
2 Perspectives of Modern Physics – Arthur Beiser, McGraw Hill, New York 1969
3 Nuclear Physics – D. C. Tayal, Himalaya Publication, Delhi,1982.

4 Nuclear Physics by Roy and Nigam, Wiley-Eastern, 1st Edition 1967, first reprint 1979.

## Introduction to Nuclear physics by Herald Engge 2nd Edition, 1966, Addison-Wesley

The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda
Faculty/College of <<Faculty of Science >>, ACADEMIC YEAR
Department of <<Physics >> 2015-2016

## <<Name of the Programme: B.Sc.>> : <<B.Sc. Physics >>

YEAR III CORE: CREDIT 2
Semester V <<PHY1506E14>> : <<ELECTIVE: Numerical Analysis>> HOURS 30

OBJECTIVES:

## COURSE CONTENT / SYLLABUS

<<Numerical Methods >>
<<Experimental errors and their analysis, Roots of polynomial equation
using Newton –Raphson’s and Laggurre’s methods. Least square
UNIT-I 15 hrs.
approximation: (a) Linear regression (b) Polynomial regression (c) Fitting of
exponential and trigonometric functions (d) Curve fitting by interpolation
and extrapolation, related problems.>>
<<Numerical Methods >>
<<Lagrange’s interpolation formula, forward and backward differences,
UNIT-II derivatives of function, Detection of error in data table, maxima and minima 15 hrs.
of a tabulated function, Gaussian integration, Double integration, related
problems.>>
REFERENCES
1. Advance Engineering Mathematics by Kreyszig 8th edition, 2006, John Wiley & Sons, (Asia Pvt.)
Singapore
2. Computer Oriented Numerical Methods by V. Rajaraman 2004, Prentice Hall Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.

3. Numerical Method by Kalavathi 2006, Thomson Pub. : Learning Vijay Nicole Imprint Pvt. Ltd. (2004)

## 4. Numerical Methods by E. Balaguruswami 2006, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi.

The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda
Faculty/College of <<Faculty of Science >>, ACADEMIC YEAR
Department of <<Physics >> 2015-2016

## <<Name of the Programme: B.Sc.>> : <<B.Sc. Physics >>

YEAR III CORE: CREDIT 2
Semester V <<PHY1507F01>> : << Foundation: Elements of Mathematical Physics >> HOURS 30

OBJECTIVES:

## COURSE CONTENT / SYLLABUS

<< >>
2
<<Orthogonal curvilinear coordinates, Grad, div and curl and V in spherical and

cylindrical systems, Resolution of Cartesian unit vectors into their spherical polar co-

UNIT-I ordinates, conversion of d/dx, d/dy and d/dz into their corresponding form in spherical 15 hrs.
2
polar co-ordinates, Expression for angular momentum, Lz and L in spherical polar co-
ordinates, elementary ideas on tensors.>>

## <<Matrices and Differential equations >>

<< Definitions and types of matrices – rank of matrices – solution of linear algebraic

## equations (Cramer’s rule) – test of consistency – eigenvalue equation and diagonalization

Power series solution of 2nd order differential equations validity of the power series
UNIT-II 15 hrs.
method, Power series solutions of Legendre’s and Bessel’s equation, recurrence
relations, polynomials and generating functions of Legendre’s, functions and generating
functions of Bessel’s equations, orthogonality of Legendre’s and Bessel functions.>>

REFERENCES
1. Mathematical Methods for Physicists, by G. Arfken and Weber.
2. Advanced Engineering Mathematics, by E. Kreyszig , Wiley Pub.
3. Mathematics for Physicists, by Mary L. Boas
4. Mathematical Physics, by B.D. Gupta
5. Mathematical Physics, by H.K. Dass
6. Mathematical Physics, by Rajput
The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda
Faculty/College of <<Faculty of Science >>, ACADEMIC YEAR
Department of <<Physics >> 2015-2016

## <<Name of the Programme: B.Sc.>> : <<B.Sc. Physics >>

YEAR III CORE: CREDIT 6
Semester V <<PHY1505C17>> : << LAB COURSE GENERAL PHYSICS >> HOURS 90

OBJECTIVES:

## COURSE CONTENT / SYLLABUS

<<LIST OF PRACTICALS >>

<<
1. QUARTER WAVE PLATE
2. FABRY PEROT ETALON
3. LLOYD`S MIRROR
4. HARTMAN`S FORMULA
5. GONIOMETER
6. APPLICATION OF C. R. O.
7. BRIDGE RECTIFIER (FOR MUTUAL INDUCTANCE)
8. THERMISTOR 90hrs.
9. PHOTOCELL
10. ANCHOR RING
11. MUTAUAL INDUCTANCE
12. SUSCEPTIBILITY OF A SOLUTION
13. R. P. OF A PRISM
14. DOUBLE SLIT SOURCE METHOD
15. R. C. COUPLED AMPLIFIER(TRANSISTORISED)
16. SERIES AND PARALLEL RESONANCE
17. STAFAN`S CONSTANT
18. FILTER CIRCUITS : RIPPLE FACTOR AND VOLTAGE REGULATION
19. Logic Gates>>
REFERENCES
1.
2.
3.