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Republic of the Philippines

Department of Education
Region VII, Central Visayas
Division of Cebu Province
Poblacion, Tabuelan, Cebu
Email: juanpamplonanhs@yahoo.com
School ID No.: 303103

Grade 12 – Practical Research 1 (Qualitative Research)

S.Y. 2018-2019

Multiple Choice: Read each of the following statements /questions and choose the item that
answers correctly the question or the best completes the statements. Write the letter of your choice.

Name : ____________________________________

1. The purpose of research presents a picture of the specific of the details of a situation,
social setting or relationship.
a) Exploratory
b) Descriptive
c) Explanatory
d) Quantitative
2. Educational qualifications of teachers affect their socioeconomic status because the
higher the educational qualification, the higher the salary will be. Educational qualification is.

a) Intervening variable
b) Independent variable
c) Dependent variable
d) Moderator variable
3. The characteristics of good research that any conclusion drawn is based upon hard
evidence gathered from information collected from real life experience or observation is?

a) Rigorous
b) Empirical
c) Systematic
d) Critical

4. A type of applied research that is a discipline process of inquiry conducted by and for
those taking the action.

a) Impact assessment research

b) Action research
c) Evaluation research
d) Basic research

5. The third type of research aims to explore and describe.

a) Quantitative method
b) Mixed method
c) Qualitative method
d) Scientific research
6. The quantitative research is concerned with cause - and - effect relationship.

a) Non- experimental design

b) Experimental design
c) Correlation design
d) Survey research

7. This type of qualitative research describes experiences as they lived.

a) Ethnography
b) Phenomenology
c) Historical
d) Case study

8. An abstract form _________or idea, often conveyed on a single word which serves as a
springboard or building blocks of theory.

a) Theory
b) Concept
c) Framework
d) Paradigm

9. A method of acquiring knowledge based on the scientific method of inquiry to enrich the
system of objective knowledge in the field of natural and social sciences.

a) Discipline
b) Research
c) Theory
d) Model

10. The research considers the protection of research participants by obtaining approval from
participants through voluntary written consents.

a) Validation
b) Informed consent
c) Reliability
d) Interview

11. Since a study involves people, special care is taken into consideration to ensure that
respondents are treated ethically in all aspects.

a) Open coding
b) Ethical consideration
c) Benchmarking
d) Bracketing

12. A research process that uses more than one source of data to strengthen the validity of
research by telling a more comprehensive story of the things to be examined.

a) Correlation
b) Triangulation
c) Complementarity
d) Expansion
13. Civil status affects the performance of teachers in performing their duties. To which of
the variables does civil status belong?

a) Dependent variables
b) Control variable
c) Intervening variable
d) Moderate variable

14. The purpose of research is to formulate more precise questions that future research can

a) Descriptive
b) Exploratory
c) Explanatory
d) Combination

15. Treatment of time is another dimension in research. Researcher capture features of people
or other unit at more than time.

a) Cross- sectional
b) Longitudinal
c) Summative
d) Formative

16. One important goal in conducting research is to

a) Advance the personal and professional qualification of practitioner
b) Produce evidence based practice
c) Focus direction of the research
d) Describe characteristics of a population
17. The first step in the research process begins with generating research ideas for research
problems and synthesis.
a) Formulating research designs and methodology
b) Establishing problems and synthesis
c) Collecting data
d) Drawing conclusion and recommendations
18. Salinity is a variable that affect the growth of seaweeds. To which of the variables does
salinity fall?

a) Independent variable
b) Dependent variable
c) Control variable
d) moderate variable

19. The first step in research is identifying a topic, conceptualizing a research topic would
a) Title of research
b) Finding a focus
c) Where to start
d) Discuss with fellow researchers
20. A statement that makes a specific prediction between one to two variables.
a) Problem
b) Hypotheses
c) Gap in literature
d) Proposition
21. One important basic question asked about the research title.
a) Do they meet basic questions asked?
b) Does the title describe what the study is all about?
c) What are the factors that affect the skills of teachers
d) Thinks of a topic in research which can be made and used as the title of the study.
22. An introduction answers question about the problem, one of these is.
a) What is the methodology?
b) Why is it a problem?
c) What are the conclusions?
d) What are the recommendations?
23. The problem statement is
a) Background of the study
b) The verbalization and articulation as well as the analysis of the “question” in which
the researcher wants the research to answer.
c) Description of the issues
d) Analysis of the question
24. The purpose of a background study is to
a) Report observation or research results.
b) Help you to prove the relevance of your research question and to further develop
the thesis
c) Go to the library to gather data
d) Complete the research
25. A hypothesis is not the research answer , but rather
a) A theory to be tested
b) A proposal to be tested and evaluated
c) Imaginary terms or situations
d) It is an assumption in a thesis
26. A statement about the population or populations being examined that states that there is
no effect, no change or relationship.
a) Alternative hypothesis
b) Null hypothesis
c) Research hypothesis
d) Independent and dependent hypothesis
27. There are several sources of research. These are published writings and reports that
critique or reports on primary sources and can be found in periodical and references books.
a) Primary sources
b) Secondary sources
c) Tertiary sources
d) Non- documentary searching
28. Organized related literature and studies to inform the reader of what is
a) A researchable area
b) A known and conflicting area
c) A research area of interest
d) A broad area of research
29. Component of research process wherein it describes properly the relationship of variables
a) Assumptions
b) Data processing
c) Research design
d) Theoretical framework
30. A popular system of referencing is the APA format also called
a) A brief citation of the sources in text and full citations and all work cited in the
b) Author- date method of parenthetical documentation or in text citation.
c) Footnotes and endnotes used to acknowledge the source of the idea or authorship.
d) A list of citation of sources whereby each citation is given description historical and
textual explanation.

31. Plagiarism is to
a) Use inappropriate statistical techniques in order to obtain favorable results and
enhance the significance of one’s research.
b) Present someone else’s ideas or work as your own.
c) Publish the same paper in two different journals without informing the editor.
d) Discuss with your colleagues data from the paper that you are reviewing for a
32. Paraphrasing is
a) Harm that is physical, financial, or psychological experienced by the participants.
b) Using someone’s idea in own words to restate the author’s ideas and acknowledge
to give credits to the original author.
c) Minimizing harm and risk to human lives
d) Making derogatory comments and personal attacks in the review of author’s
submitted work.
33. Written documents such as books, periodicals, magazines, journals, newspapers and legal
a) Primary sources
b) Related literature
c) Secondary sources
d) Related studies
34. Previous studies that involves similar variables including theses, dissertations, scholarly
written papers, studies, published and unpublished.

a) Primary sources
b) Related studies
c) Related literature
d) Secondary sources

35. The purpose of review of related literature and studies is to inform the reader about what
already is known, what is not known or research blank spots.

a) Blind spots/ conflicting areas

b) Unexplored areas
c) Research gap
d) Irrelevant statement

36. A written or visual presentation that explains either graphically or in narrative form, the
main things to be studies, the key factors, concepts or variables and the assumed relationship
among them.

a) Independent variable
b) Conceptual variable
c) Theoretical variable
d) Dependent variable
37. One of the qualities of good researcher that he keeps on inventing unique, new, and
original researches is

a) Efficient
b) Creative
c) Resourceful
d) Scientific

38. It is response variable which is observed and measured to determine the effect of stimulus
variable is

a) Intervening variable
b) Moderate variable
c) Independent variable
d) Dependent variable

39. A statement showing the research design and methodology or the entire process of
research using a theory or theories for developing a hypothesis.
a) Conceptual framework
b) Theoretical framework
c) Independent variable
d) Dependent variable
40. In interpreting hypothesis test result, any result that lies outside of the confidence level,
can be _______________.

a) Confirmed
b) Rejected
c) Accepted
d) Alternated

41. In a final research output, the ____________ is referred to the “bottom line”.

a) Appendices
b) References
c) Conclusions
d) Recommendations

42. In a non-random sampling technique, the researcher uses _________ sampling when they
include people that are available as they are easily recruited.

a) Quota
b) Purposive
c) Convenience
d) Cluster

43. This technique is not a non-random sampling technique

a) Quota
b) Purposive
c) Convenience
d) Cluster
44. In one of the items below, it illustrates how recommendation in a research report should
be stated: “Increase enrollment through marketing campaign” this illustrates a recommendation
that is ______________.

a) Specifically stated
b) Measurable
c) Time - bound
d) Result orient

45. The element in the front matter of a thesis that ensures the use of other works cited is in
accordance with legal requirements.

a) Title page
b) Approval sheet
c) Copyright page
d) Acknowledgement

46. Which of the following refers to large scale collaboration in research?

a) Information and computer technology
b) Middleware
c) Cyber infrastructure
d) E - research
47. In writing the front matter of a thesis, the ________carries the names and signature of
adviser and panel of examiners.

a) Title page
b) Acknowledgement
c) Copyright page
d) Approval sheet

48. Which of the following qualitative approaches describe individual experiences of a


a) Phenomenology
b) Ethnography
c) Case studies
d) Grounded theory

49. In organizing the research report, the chapter title assumes the ____________headings.

a) Multilevel headings
b) Third level
c) First level
d) Second level

50. For appropriate sub - heading of thesis elements, the statistical tools or treatment are
cited in.
a) Sampling techniques
b) Data analysis
c) Data gathering procedure
d) Research problem
51. Which is not validating procedure?

a) Triangulation
b) Focus group discussion
c) Reliability testing
d) Clustering

52. In citing references, the notes- bibliography format list using __________ as heading.

a) Bibliography
b) Work cited
c) References
d) End notes

53. Which contain s the brief summary of a research report?

a) Acknowledgement
b) Abstract
c) Dedication
d) Approval sheet

54. This qualitative approach provides comprehensive description of the culture of group of
people in a study.

a) Case studies
b) Ethnography
c) Grounded theory
d) Phenomenology

55. In the preliminaries, which elements provide the list of all content of front matter, body
and back manner?

a) Acknowledge
b) Table of contents
c) Abstract
d) Copyright page

56. The use of footnote is common with _______ format.

a) Notes bibliography
b) Parenthetical reference
c) Modern language Association
d) APA Format
57. The sentence style capitalization of book title and other references are associated with
form and style of a
a) Chicago style
b) APA
c) Modern Language
d) Turabian Form and Style
58. It refers to the following ethical considerations below, the “no harm”, “do good”, the focus
a) Informed consent
b) Non- malefience and beneficence
c) Justice and fairness
d) Right to full disclosure
59. “Giving credit where credit is due”, illustrative which of the following ethical concerns.
a) Informed consent
b) Non- malefience and beneficence
c) Justice and fairness
d) Right to full disclosure
60. This is unethical when a researcher copy material intensively from others.
a) Informed consent
b) Non- malefience and beneficence
c) Justice and fairness
d) Right to full disclosure
61. When a researcher said, “there is no need to inform the parents of the pupils that we are
changing the lunch schedule for few minutes, anyway what they don’t know won’t hurt them”.
a) Informed consent
b) Non- malefience and beneficence
c) Justice and fairness
d) Right to full disclosure

62. Sampling design in which the investigator simply takes the closest individuals as subjects
of the study because they are most available is

a) Quota sampling
b) Purposive sampling
c) Incidental sampling
d) Cluster sampling

63. Sampling design in which the population is grouped into small units such as blocks or
districts is

a) Cluster sampling
b) Quota sampling
c) Cluster sampling
d) Incidental sampling

64. The best random sampling design since every member in the population is given equal
chance of inclusion in the sample is.
a) Systematic random sampling
b) Restricted random sampling
c) Stratified random sampling
d) Unrestricted random sampling
65. Sampling design intended to improve the validity of the sample and is applicable when the
population being studied is homogeneous is.
a) Unrestricted random sampling
b) Stratified random sampling
c) Restricted random sampling
d) Systematic random sampling