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Summative test

I. IDENTIFICATION
1._______ is the genetic change in a population over time.
EVOLUTION
2._______ is the preserved remains or traces of an organism.
FOSSILS
3._______ a kind of rock where fossils usually found.
SEDEMENTARY ROCK
4._________ a structure in organisms that is similar but vary in function.
HOMOLOGOUS STRUCTURE
5. ________ a structure in organisms that have the same function but have different structure and have a common
decent.
ANALOGOUS STRUCTURE
6.________ reduced body parts that have little to no function; remnant of an ancestor
VESTIGIAL STRUCTURE
7.________ French naturalist thought that organisms could pass on traits to their offspring that they acquired during
their lives.
JEAN-BAPTISTE LAMARCK
8. ________ a naturalist who observed that the animals on the islands were similar to those on the mainland
CHARLES DARWIN
9. _________ Organisms that are better adapted to an environment are more likely to survive and reproduce than
organisms that are less well adapted.
NATURAL SELECTION
10. _________ the ability of an organism to survive to its environment.
ADAPTATION
11. _________the process by which an organism produces offspring
REPRODUCTION
12. ________ the difference in traits of organism in a population.
VARIATION
13._________ is the splitting of an ancestral population into two or more subpopulations that are geographically
isolated from one another
DIVERGENT EVOLUTION
14. __________ is an increase in similarities among species derived from different ancestors as a result of similar
adaptation to similar environment
CONVERGENT EVOLUTION
II. ENUMERATION

15-18. types of evidences that scientist have gathered in support of evolution.


FOSSILS
COMPARATIVE ANATOMY & STRUCTURES
EMBRYOLOGY
BIOCHEMISTRY
19-25. seven(7) kinds of fossils
IMPRINT
MOLD
CAST
PETRIFICATION
AMBER
FROZEN
TRACE
26-29. two kinds of limiting factors and describe each. (2pts each)
Density-dependent factors -Limiting factors that depend on population size (2pts)
Density-independent-Factors that affect populations regardless of their size (2pts)
30-32. three (3) examples of density-dependent factors
Competition
Predation
Parasitism
33-38. six (6) examples of density-independent factors.
Typhoon
Landslide
Drought
Hurricanes
Season cycles
Human activities
Etc.
39-40. two (2) observation of Lamarck in his theory
Use it or lost it
Inheritance of acquired traits

III. TRUE OR FALSE


41. Organisms are not part of biodiversity FALSE
42. Organisms products are source of food, medicine, clothing, shelter, and energy. TRUE
43. Organisms are also important in maintaining balance in the ecosystem as they performing their specific roles.
TRUE
44. A population is a group of organisms of the same species that live in a certain area. TRUE
45. The number of births in a population is called the birth rate (natality). TRUE

IV. ESSAY
46-50. GIVE ATLEAST FIVE (5) EXAMPLES OF ORGANISMS AND THEIR VALUE TO THE ENVIRONMENT.(1point each)
51-60. GIVE ATLEAST FIVE ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS AND ISSUES AND DESCRIBE EACH. (2PTS EACH)
Summative test
Name:_________________________________ Section:_________________

I. IDENTIFICATION
1._______ is the genetic change in a population over time.
2._______ is the preserved remains or traces of an organism.
3._______ a kind of rock where fossils usually found.
4._________ a structure in organisms that is similar but vary in function.
5. ________ a structure in organisms that have the same function but have different structure and have a common
decent.
6.________ reduced body parts that have little to no function; remnant of an ancestor
7.________ French naturalist thought that organisms could pass on traits to their offspring that they acquired during
their lives.
8. ________ a naturalist who observed that the animals on the islands were similar to those on the mainland
9. _________ Organisms that are better adapted to an environment are more likely to survive and reproduce than
organisms that are less well adapted.
10. _________ the ability of an organism to survive to its environment.
11. _________the process by which an organism produces offspring
12. ________ the difference in traits of organism in a population.
13._________ is the splitting of an ancestral population into two or more subpopulations that are geographically
isolated from one another
14. __________ is an increase in similarities among species derived from different ancestors as a result of similar
adaptation to similar environment.
II. ENUMERATION

15-18. types of evidences that scientist have gathered in support of evolution.

19-25. seven(7) kinds of fossils

26-29. two kinds of limiting factors and describe each. (2pts each)

30-32. three (3) examples of density-dependent factors

33-38. six (6) examples of density-independent factors.


39-40. two (2) observation of Lamarck in his theory

III. TRUE OR FALSE


41. Organisms are not part of biodiversity____________
42. Organisms products are source of food, medicine, clothing, shelter, and energy___________
43. Organisms are also important in maintaining balance in the ecosystem as they performing their specific roles.
______________
44. A population is a group of organisms of the same species that live in a certain area. _________
45. The number of births in a population is called the birth rate (natality).____________

IV. ESSAY
46-50. GIVE ATLEAST FIVE (5) EXAMPLES OF ORGANISMS AND THEIR VALUE TO THE ENVIRONMENT.(1point each)
51-60. GIVE ATLEAST FIVE ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS AND ISSUES AND DESCRIBE EACH. (2PTS EACH)

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