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Concrete
History of Concrete

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Concrete
History of Concrete

Pyramids has shown that concrete may have been employed in their construction
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Concrete
History of Concrete

The Dome of Pantheon in Rome, Italy, is an example of Roman concrete construction


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Concrete
History of Concrete

The Colosseum considered one of the greatest works of Roman


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Concrete
History of Concrete

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Concrete
History of Concrete

Smeaton's Tower (England) is the third and most notable Eddystone Lighthouse
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Concrete
History of Concrete
Thomas Cochrane and Marc Isambard Brunel

The Thames Tunnel (London) is an underwater tunnel, 11 m wide by 6 m high and is


396 m long, running at a depth of 23 m below the river's surface
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Concrete
History of Concrete

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Concrete
History of Concrete

The Ingalls Building, built in 1903 (Ohio) was the first reinforced concrete skyscraper
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Concrete
History of Concrete

The Hoover Dam (build in 1931) is a concrete arch-gravity dam in Colorado


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Concrete
History of Concrete

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Concrete
Concrete is a composite construction material,
composed of ;
Cement (commonly Portland cement)
Cementitious materials or Aggregate
Water
Chemical admixtures (optional)
Concrete solidifies and hardens after mixing with
water and placement due to a chemical process
known as hydration.

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Concrete Technology
Concrete Mixer
Cement
Cement paste
Water (admixtures)
Mortar
Sand Concrete
Aggregate
Crushed Stone

Steel

Fiber
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Reinforced Concrete
Concrete and Steel
Material Density Tensile Compressive
(kg/m3) Strength Strength
(ksc) (ksc)
Concrete 2,300-2,400 30 300
General Steel 7,800 3,000 -
High Strength Steel 7,800 10,000 -

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Concrete Properties
Workability
ความสามารถในการเทได้
Strength
กาลังในการรับแรงอัด
Permeability
ต้านการซึมผ่านของนา
Durability
ความทนทาน

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Concrete production
Material Preparing

Mix Design

Mixing

Transport

Casting

Curing

28 day Concrete

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Hydration Reaction

min hour day

Dormant Setting Hardening I Ordinary Portland Cement


Period II Modified Portland Cement
III High Early Strength Portland Cement
IV Low Heat Portland Cement
V Sulphate Resistance Portland Cement

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Notifications

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