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RATE LAW :m

here
'
.si

'÷s¥m : =m@
±*a
not the law
products in rate

do appear
" is them IEIENEE.IE?iIHIFfEIifHftt#

Rate =
K[ A ]m[
B]
A ( usually o
,
I ,
or 2 on DAT )

reaction
's overall reaction order
A

Factors that affect zero order rxns


:

Temperature
-

k=
slope
-

µ,

'¥toc
inoiepcnactuan .

changes in concentration

ZERO ORDER

COORDINATE DIAGRAMS
E

v.
difference between the
activation energy the energy level
= =
a
^
of the reactants and of the hill
the top
is
y
-

For exothermic
,
Ea e
refersthan
larger Ea forward
Fifwaard For Ea reverse is smaller than Ea forward
endothermic
-

"

.IE?ksIEeEEIEEEnIEEnntIEIFs reactants
=
-
-
-
-
- -
-
- -
- - If products are at lower level than ,

AH is
negative
→ reaction is exothermic

E€t¥Iff±
Entomic
if level
Reaction Coordinate products are at a
higher
reactants AH is
than the positive
; .

If reactants and products are at the same level ,

the is
isotherm
EXERGONIC reaction

Multistep Reaction
Transition States exist at the TOP
of the 't '

.info#tfELEEitfhaknftFE*tEEts
a. by ;

:
"

EIMWMI.ie
¥÷:fiItIIi¥
t.fm#ErFHEiEtfEeo*.sp*s Time
go.ae#ieti
hillsytvrearnupititornanssjitenzt Intermediate
×

ktauans
.
non .

spontaneous
Reaction Coordinate
-
- - -
- -
-
- -
-

Ratterman
'

Time
-

slowest step
-

step with the largest Ea / largest hill


COLLISION THEORY
.
The rate of a reaction is proportional to the number of collisions
second molecules
per between reacting .

An effective collision that leads to the formation of


products

→ one

must collide in correct orientation


'

Molecules
-

Must collide with enough energy to break current bonds and


form new ones

Minimum
energy of collision for reaction to take place
=
Ea

TRANSITION STATE THEORY


-
When molecules collide with sufficient energy → form a transition state
bonds weakened and bonds form
Old are new
begin to
°

formed
Transition state then dissociates into products and new bonds are
fully
-

Transition state has than both the products and


-

greater energy
reactants

Factorsaffectingp.at#-catai@ah@raanon&lnaayemainaewrneinenesitnt@

intermolecular forces )
Temperature