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Nature of Donations (725-734) (2) That before his death, the transfer should be revocable by the transferor at

will, ad nutum; but revocability may be provided for indirectly by means of a

Maglasang vs Heirs of Cabatingan reserved power in the donor to dispose of the properties conveyed;

Facts: Conchita Cabatingan executed four deeds of donation in favor of and

Estela Maglasang, her brother Nicolas Cabatingan, and Merly Cabatingan
bestowing upon them Conchita’s properties in Cebu and Masbate. (3) That the transfer should be void if the transferor should survive the
The deeds of donation contain a similar provision:

"That for and in consideration of the love and affection of the DONOR for the In the present case, the donations do not contain any clear provision that
DONEE, x x x the DONOR does hereby, by these presents, transfer, convey, intends to pass proprietary rights to petitioners prior to Conchita’s death. The
by way of donation, unto the DONEE the above-described property, together phrase "to become effective upon the death of the DONOR" admits of no
with the buildings and all improvements existing thereon, to become other interpretation but that Conchita did not intend to transfer the ownership
effective upon the death of the DONOR; PROVIDED, HOWEVER, that in of the properties during her lifetime.
the event that the DONEE should die before the DONOR, the present
donation shall be deemed automatically rescinded and of no further Moreover, one of the decisive characteristics of a donation mortis causa is
force and effect; x x x" that the transfer should be considered void if the donor should survive the
donee. This is exactly what Conchita provided for in her donations.
About four months thereafter, Conchita died.
Considering that the disputed donations are donations mortis causa, the
Conchita’s heirs now seek the annulment of the four deeds of donation
same partake of the nature of testamentary provisions and as such, said
alleging that the documents are void for failing to comply with the provisions deeds must be executed in accordance with the requisites on solemnities of
of the Civil Code regarding formalities of wills and testaments, considering wills and testaments under Articles 805 and 806 of the Civil Code.
that these are donations mortis causa.

On the contrary, Estela, Nicolas and Merly insist that the donations are inter Here, although the deeds in question were acknowledged before a notary
vivos donations. public, the documents were not executed in the manner provided for under
the provisions of law. Therefore, the subject deeds of donation are null and
Issue: WON the donations are donations mortis causa and are therefore void.
void for not having complied with the formalities under the Civil Code

Ruling: The donations are donations mortis causa.

In a donation mortis causa, "the right of disposition is not transferred to the

donee while the donor is still alive." In determining whether a donation is one
of mortis causa, the following characteristics must be taken into account:

(1) It conveys no title or ownership to the transferee before the death of the
transferor; or what amounts to the same thing, that the transferor should retain
the ownership (full or naked) and control of the property while alive;