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= GRADE 1-12 School Grade Level 10

DAILY LESSON Teachers Learning Area MATHEMATICS


LOG Teaching Dates Quarter THIRD

MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY THURDAY FRIDAY


I. OBJECTIVES Objectives must be met over the week and connected to the curriculum standards. To meet the objectives necessary procedures must be
followed and if needed, additional lessons, exercises, and remedial activities may be done for developing content knowledge and competencies.
These are assessed using Formative Assessment strategies. Valuing objectives support the learning of content and competencies and enable
children to find significance and joy in learning the lessons. Weekly objectives shall be derived from the curriculum guides.
.
A. Content Standard The learner demonstrates understanding of the key concepts of combination and probability.
B. Performance Standard The learner is able to use precise counting technique and probability in formulating conclusions and
making decisions.
C. Learning The learner illustrates The learner derives the The learner solves The learner solves
Competencies/Objectives the permutation of formula for finding the problems involving problems involving
Write the LC code for each. objects. number of permutations of permutations permutations.
(M10SP-IIIa-1) n objects taken r at a time. (M10SP-IIIb-1) (M10SP-IIIb-1)
(M10SP-IIIa-2)
a. Illustrate the a. Solve problems
permutation of objects. a. Formulate the number of a. Solve problems involving linear
b. List the possible ways permutation of n objects involving circular permutations and
a certain task or activity taken r at a time. permutations and permutations taken r
can be done b. Find the number of permutations with at a time
c. Appreciate permutation of n objects repetitions. b. Analyze each word
permutations as vital part taken at a time. b. Analyze each word problem to identify
of one’s life. C. Appreciate permutations problem to identify the the given information
as a vital part of one’s life. given information c. Value accumulated
c. Value accumulated knowledge as means
knowledge as means of new
of new understanding understanding

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II. CONTENT Content is what the lesson is all about. It pertains to the subject matter that the teacher aims to teach in the CG, the content can be tackled
in a week or two.

Illustration of Permutation of n objects Problem Solving Involving Problem Solving


Permutation taken at r time Permutation Involving Permutation

III. LEARNING RESOURCES


A. References
1. Teacher’s Guide pages pp. 248-252 252-255 256 – 257 256 – 257
2. Learner’s Materials pages pp. 283-285 286-290 283 – 300 283 – 300
3. Textbook pages
Basic Probability and Basic Probability and
Statistics, pp. 120-121 Statistics, pp. 120-121
Elementary Statistics: A Elementary Statistics: A
Step by Step Approach, pp. Step by Step Approach,
221-223 pp. 221-223

4. Additional Materials from


Learning Resource Worksheets and power Worksheets and power Worksheets and power
(LR)portal point point presentation point presentation
B. Other Learning Resource
https://onlinecourses.scie http://www.mathsisfun.com
nce.psu.edu/stat414/nod /data/basic-counting-
e/29 principle.html
http://www.analyzemath. http://www.math-
com/statistics/counting.ht play.com/Permutations/per
ml mutations%20millionaire.ht
ml

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IV. PROCEDURES
A. Reviewing previous lesson or Think-Pair-Share
presenting the new lesson
Answer the
following with your
seatmate.

1. You have 3 shirts


and 4 pants. How
many possible
A. Preliminaries outfits can you
have? Drill
Activating Prior
Knowledge The class will be divided Compute the
into 4 with uneven number permutations of the
Erna invited her close of members. Each group following mentally.
friends Chona, Mary will be asked to arrange
Grace and Emilie to her themselves in a circle. In 1. P (4,2)
18th birthday at Patio how many ways can this be 2. P (5,2)
Buendia in Amadeo. She possible? 3. P (6,1)
prepared a special table 4. P (3,3)
with chairs placed in a 5. P (7,4)
row to be occupied by
her three friends.
2. There are 6 flavors
1. List all the possible of ice-cream, and
seating arrangements. 3 different cones in
2. How many ways they a grocery store.
can be seated in a row? How many orders
3. Show another way/s of of ice cream can
finding the answer in you make?
item 1.

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B. Establishing a purpose for the For personal password in Answer the following with
lesson a computer account, did your seatmate.
you know why a shorter Your task in this activity is
password is “weak” while to think on how many
the longer password is ways the following objects
“strong”? can be arranged.
Mr. Calix lost his ATM
card which can be opened
Give real-life situations with a 4-digit password.
where circular permutations Should he be worried
1. and permutations with overnight without
repeated elements. reporting the lost of his
card to the bank?

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2.

C. Presenting examples/Instances Permutation is The different


of the new lesson an arrangement of all or One of the schools in the
arrangements which can
parts of a set of objects be made out of a given province of Cavite will
Your mother made pickles,
with proper order. number of things by taking gelatin, leche plan, ube jam, conduct a beauty pageant
Permutations can be some or all at a time are sapin-sapin and graham. “Search for Binibining
determined by listing, called permutation. You are to arrange the side Kalikasan”. For this year,
Let r and n be the dishes and desserts in a 10 students join on the
using table, tree said event. In how many
positive integers such that round table. Find the
diagramming, and by 1  r  n. Then the numbers circular permutation that you ways can second runner
using the Fundamental of all permutations of n can make. up, first runner up and the
Counting Principle. FCP things taken at a time is title holder be selected?
is use to calculate the denoted by P(n,r) or nPr.
Let 1  r  n. Then the
total number of
number of all permutations
permutations in a given of n different things taken r
situation. The principle at a time is given by
may not tell what exactly P (n,r)=n!
those permutations are, (n-r)!
The number of
but it gives the exact permutations of n things
number of permutations taken r at a time is the
there should be. The same as the number of Solution:
FCP tells that you can different ways in which r Given: n = 10

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multiply the number of place in a row can be filled students
with n different things. r = 3 winners
ways each event can
The first place can be
occur. filled up by any one of ( )
Illustrative Example 1: these n things. So. Tthere ( )
Suppose that you secure are n ways of filling up the
your bike using a first place.
We are left with (n-1)
combination lock. Later, things. So, there are (n-1)
you forgot the 4- digit ways of filling the second There are 720 ways to
code. You can only place. select top three winners.
remember that the code
Now, we are left with
contains the digits 1, 3,
n-2 things. So there are n-
4, and 7. 2 ways of filling up the
a. List all possible codes third place.
out of the given digits. By the fundamental
principle of counting, the Given: n = 6
b. How many possible Solution: P = (n – 1)!
number of ways of filling up
codes are there? the first three places is = (6 – 1)!
c. Use the Fundamental n(n-1)(n-2). = 5!
counting principle to Continuing this = 120
manner, the r place can
th There are 120 ways to
check if the number of arrange the side dishes and
be filled up with any of
permutations is correct. desserts in a round table.
these n-(r-1) things. So
Answer: there are n-r+1 ways of
a. Possible codes filling up the rth place.
containing the four digits Thus, the total number
of ways is
7, 4, 3, 1: P(n,r) = n(n-1)(n-2)…(n-r+1)
(The list must be made =n(n-1)(n-2)…(n-r+1)((nr)…..3.2.1
(n-r)(n-r-1)….3.2.1
systematically to ensure = n!
completeness.) (n-r)!

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1347 3147 4137 7134

1374 3174 4173 7143

1437 3417 4317 7314

1473 3471 4371 7341

1734 3714 4713 7413

1743 3741 4731 7431

b. There are 24 possible


outcomes.
c. Using the
Fundamental Counting
Principle:
1st digit 2nd digit 3rd digit
4th digit

4 choices × 3 choices
× 2 choices × 1 choice
= 24

Illustrative Example 2:
In how many ways can
Aling Rosa arrange 6
potted plants in a row?
Using the Fundamental
Counting Principle
Let N = number of
possible arrangements of

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the plants
N = (6) (5) (4) (3) (2)
(1)

N = 720 because there


are 6 choices for the 1st
position, 5 choices left
for the 2nd position, 4
choices for the 3rd, and
so on.

D. Discussing new concepts and Complete the table Do you want to be a THINK-PAIR-SHARE
practicing new skills # 1 below: Millionaire? Let’s Play!
Permutation Millionaire! How many arrangements
can be made from the word
You have to answer every TAGAYTAY?
question for 10 seconds. Solution:
Every correct answer has a let T equals n1. THINK-PAIR-SHARE
corresponding point. The A equals n2
highest score a student G equals n3 Analyze the given
can earn will be an Y equals n4 problem.
additional point to become n= _____ n1 = _____
a millionaire. n2 = _____ n3 = _____ In how many ways can a
1. In how many ways can n4 = _____ coach assign the starting
three runners line up on positions in a basketball
the starting line? game to nine equally
A. three B. Nine qualified men?
C. Six D. Five
=
2. In how many ways can 4 _____________
books be arranged in a The word TAGAYTAY can
shelf? be arranged into _______
A. 24 B. 12 ways.
C. 8 D. 4

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3. In how many ways can a
scoop of chocolate, a
scoop of vanilla and one of
strawberry be arranged on
an ice cream cone?
A. Six B. Nine
C. Ten D. Three

4. A class has 10 students.


How many choices for a
president and a vice-
president are possible?
A. 90 B. 1000
C. 100 D. 10,000

5. A couch can hold five


people. In how many ways
can five people sit on a
couch?
A. 120 B.125
C. 150 D.100

E. Discussing new concepts and How did you determine 1. How did you find the
practicing new skills # 2 the different possibilities activity? 1. How did you find the
asked for in the given 2. What concepts of activity?
Using the numbered heads permutations did you use to
situations? 2. What concepts of
together answer the solve the problem?
What mathematics permutations did you use
following.
concept or principle did 3. How did you apply the to solve the problem?
you use to determine the principles of permutation in
Find the number of
exact number of ways solving the problem? 3. How did you apply the
permutations of the letters
asked in each activity? 4. Can you cite other real-life principles of permutation
in the word PAPAYA .
How was the principle problems that can be solved in solving the problem?
applied? using permutation? 4. Can you cite other real-
life problems that can be

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solved using permutation?

F. Developing mastery Solve the following


(leads to Formative Assessment 3) problems individually.
Solve the following
1. In how many ways can Solve the following
problems.
you place 9 different Answer the problem problems
1. Two raffle tickets
books on a shelf if there individually. are drawn from
is enough space for only 1. In how many ways
20 tickets for the
five books? Give 3 How many can 5 different
first and second
possible ways. plants be planted in
permutations does prizes. Find the
2. In how many ways can a circle?
each word have? number of sample
5 people arrange 2. There are 4 copies
points in the
themselves in a row for of Mathematics
1. KURBADA sample spaces.
picture taking? Give 3 book, 5 copies of
possible ways. English book and 3
2. PALIKO 2. A teacher wants
3. An apartment has 7 copies of Science
to assign 4
different units. There are book. In how many
3. TUWID different tasks to
seven tenants waiting to ways can they be
her 4 students. In
be assigned. In how arranged on a
how many ways
many ways can they be shelf?
can she do it?
assigned to the different
units? Give 3 possible
ways?
G. Finding practical application of Solve the following (The students will be (The students will be
concepts and skills in daily living problems individually. Group activity: In a working in groups and will working in groups and will
worksheet try to answer be presenting their output in be presenting their output
1. In how many ways can the following using strips of class.) in class.)
you place 9 different paper.
books on a shelf if there Solve the following Solve the following
is enough space for only problems. problems.
Directions: Find
five books? Give 3 1. In how many ways can 1. How many different
the number of
possible ways. 4 students be seated at ways can a president
2. In how many ways can permutations. Use the around table? and a vice-president

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5 people arrange formula and concepts you be selected for
themselves in a row for learn from this lesson. 2. How many classroom officers if
picture taking? Give 3 arrangements can be there are 30 students
possible ways. 1. MALAYA made from the word in a class?
3. An apartment has 7 CALCULATOR? 2. How many ways can
different units. There are 10 students line up in
seven tenants waiting to 2. MAMAYA 3. Find the number of a food counter?
be assigned. In how different ways that a 3. In how many different
many ways can they be family of 6 can be ways can 5 bicycles
assigned to the different seated around a circular be parked if there are
3. MAMA
units? Give 3 possible table with 6 chairs. 7 available parking
ways? spaces?
4. How many 4. In how many different
distinguishable ways can 12 people
permutations are occupy the 12 seats in
possible with all the a front row of a mini-
letters of the word theater?
ELLIPSES?

H. Making generalizations and Permutation with


abstractions about the lesson Remember: Permutation Repeated Elements. The Permutation is an
A permutation is an is an arrangement, listing, number of distinct arrangement of n objects
arrangement of all or part of objects in which the permutation of n objects of taken in a specific order.
of a set of objects with order is important. which n1 are one of a kind, Linear Permutation. The
proper regard to order. number of permutations of
n2 of second kind, nk of a kth
We determine the In general, when we are kind is n distinct of distinct
different permutations by given a problem involving objects is n!
listing. We also use permutations, where we Factorial Notation. n! is
table, tree diagram and are choosing r members the product of the first n
as well as the from a set with n members where n1+ n2+ n3+…. = n consecutive natural
Fundamental Counting and the order is important, numbers.
Principle. the number of Circular Permutation. Permutation of n
permutations is given by When things are arranged in elements taken r at a
places along a closed curve time

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the expression or circle, in which any place ( )
may be regarded as the first where 0
( )
nPr=n · (n - 1) · (n - 2) · … or last place, they form a
·(n - r + 2) · (n - r + 1). circular permutation. Thus ≤r≤n
with n distinguishable
The first factor indicates objects we have (n-1)!
we can choose the first Arrangements. In symbol,
member in n ways, the ( )
second factor indicates we
can choose the second
member in n - 1 ways once
the first member has been
chosen, and so on.

I. Evaluating learning Study the following Quiz Solve the following Solve the following
situations. Identify which Answer each permutation problems. problems.
situations illustrate problem completely.
permutation. Then give 1. In how many ways 1. A man flips ten coins 1. A store manager
an example of possible can 10 people line among his ten children. The wishes to display 8
arrangements. up at a ticket coins are two one-centavo different brands of
window of a coins, three five-centavo shampoo in a row.
1. Determining the top cinema hall? coins, and five twenty-five How many ways can
three winners in a 2. Seven students centavo coins. If each item this be done?
Mathematics Quiz Bee. are contesting is to get one coin, in how 2. Mar, Marlon, Marvin,
2. Choosing five group election for the many ways can the children Martin and Marco
mates for your president of the share the coins? decided to go to SM
Mathematics project. student union. In Dasmarinas. Each of
3. Three people posing how many ways 2. A bracelet needs 10 them has their own
for a picture. can their names chains of different colors. In motorcycle. Upon
4. Assigning 4 practice be listed on the how many ways can the arriving at the parking
teachers to 4 different ballot paper? chains be arranged or lot, there are 7

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grade levels. 3. There are 3 blue joined to form a bracelet? available parking
5. Picking 2 questions balls, 4 red balls spaces. In how many
from a bowl. and 5 green balls. different ways can
In how many ways their motorcycle be
can they be parked?
arranged in a row?

J. Additional activities for application 1. Follow-up


or remediation It is in international
summits that major world
1. Follow-up
decisions happen. Suppose
that you were the overall in
In how many ways
charge of the seating in an
can a jack, a queen and a
international convention
king be chosen from a
wherein 12 country-
deck of 52 cards?
1. Follow-up: How many representatives were
A. Follow-up.
numbers consisting of 3 invited. They are the prime
Find the 2. Study : Circular
digits can be made from ministers/presidents of the
permutation of the Permutation and
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 if countries of Canada, China,
following. Permutation with
a. Repetition is France, Germany, India,
1. PACKAGE Repetition
allowed Japan, Libya, Malaysia,
2. MOUNTAIN a. Give the formula for
b. Repetition is not Philippines, South Korea,
3. SCOUT circular permutation
allowed USA, and United Kingdom.
and permutation with
1. If the seating
B. Study permutation repetition.
2. Study permutation of n arrangement is to be
with repetition.
objects taken r at a time. circular, how many seating
b. Give real-life
arrangements are possible?
situations where
circular permutation
2. Study : Combination
and permutation with
a. Differentiate
repetition can be
combination from
applied.
permutation
c. Give real-life situations
where combination can

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be applied.
1. REMARKS
2. REFLECTION Reflect on your teaching and assess yourself as a teacher. Think about your students’ progress this week. What works? What
else needs to be done to help the students learn? Identify what help your instructional supervisors can provide for you so when
you meet them, you can ask them relevant questions.
A. No. of learners who earned 80%
in the evaluation
B. No. of learners who require
additional activities for
remediation who scored below
80%
C. Did the remedial lessons work?
No. of learners who have caught
up with the lesson
D. No. of learners who continue to
require remediation
E. Which of my teaching strategies
worked well? Why did these
work?
F. What difficulties did I encounter
which my principal or supervisor
can help me solve?
G. What innovation or localized
materials did I use/discover
which I wish to share with other
teachers?

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